Newspaper Page Text
THE BROAD AX, CHICAGO, ILL, SATURDAY. DECEMBER 17, 1921
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WITH THE CHRISTMAS PUNTS
MR. ARCHIBALD N. FIELDS
An old time newspaper writer, who has contributed logically con-t
structed articles to all the leading newspapers and magazines in
the United States. At the present time Mr. Fields is an attachee
of the State's Attorney's office and he commands the respect of
Hon. Robert E. Crowe, State's Attorney of Cook County.
Trees and Flowers Are Believed to
Owe Peculiarities to Connection
HE legend of the Glaston
bury Thorn Is that aftr the
death of Jesus, Joseph of
Arlmathea came over to
England. Shortly before
Christmas, he rested on the summit
of Weary-all hill, Glastonbury. There
he thrust Into the ground his staff,
and on Christmas eve It was found to
be covered with white blossoms. The
bush Is said to have continued bloom
ing thus each Christmas eve until dur
ing the civil wars, when It was cut
down. Cuttings from the original
thorn are said to bloom In this slime
wonderful way even yet.
The SUIcIan children put penny
royal In their cots on Christmas eve,
believing that at the exact hour and
minute when Jesus was born It will
There Is a cherished legend In the
East that the Rose of Jericho first
blossomed at the birth of Jesus, closed
at the crucifixion, and opened again
at Easter, from which comes its name
of Resurrection flower.
Many plants, trees and flowers are
believed to owe Ihelr peculiarities to
BELIEFS OF THE PEASANTS
Odd Christinas Superstitions Handed
Down From Past Ages to the
OS HE peasantry of Europe
have had certain Christmas
superstitions handed down
to them from past ages.
Just how far these simple
folk can be fooled Is to be wondered.
If the light Is let go out on Christ
mas morning, you will see spirits.
If you are born at sermon time
Christmas eve, some one In the house
will die within the year.
If you steal hay the night before
Christmas, and give the cattle some,
they will thrive and 'you will not be
caught In any future thefts.
If yon eat a raw egg. fasting on
Christmas morn, you can carry heavy
weights. It is unlucky to carry any
thing from the house on Christmas
morning until something has been
It Is unlucky to give a neighbor a
live coal to kindle a fire with on
If the fire burns brightly on Christ
inns morning. It betokens proqerIty
during the year; If It smolders, ad
versity. If n doe howls the night before
1 n.rlclmno If 111 .... mini tvlfhln tho
their connection with the Wrth or the ' .. " '
CONGRESSMAN BRITTEN, THE
ILLINOIS LAWMAKER, HAS
HAD IT RUBBED IN ON HIM
By A. N. Fields.
(Reprinted by request.)
I have observed from press dis
patches that you are much disturbed
over the alleged atrocities of the
French Black Troops on the Rhine,
and being so disturbed you contem
plate a set of resolutions to present
to the Congress of the United States,
calling upon France to withdraw them
from military occupation of the area
herein deigr3i T also learn from
the sane soartt that Mrs. Dntten has
left this country for France for the
-. pnrpo-T3f aAg ncr innu$nce with
iCtMt, -rtwrtb4f wr-l ferglgn eier th ril spirit- of A mar.
rooval may be spectfijyejected.
1 must commend you andrbttfocis
teemabkjvife fororour maiitfestnh
terest in foreign affairs; but may I
courteously inquire if you have been
fully advised concerning existing con
ditions in your own country, and if
you are' not, may I not be permitted
to call your attention to the recent
expose of rapine, murder, peonage and
slavery in the State of Georgia, the
accuracy of which was verified and
vouched for a very few days ago by
the distinguished Governor of that
I take it, Congressman, that in your
manifold duties you have not read
in the public press that Negro citi
zens of your country have been, and
are being burned at stake for the most
trivial causes and their bones taken
for sovenirs by the young men and
women of j'onr race.
It is not my hope to detract the
whole of your attention from the evils
which are effecting the Germans on
the Rhine, but merely to ask that you
be just a bit generous with the suffer
ing humanity in your own country.
I assume, Mr. Congressman, that
you were born upon American soil
and that you are acquainted with the
history of this country, especially that
portion of it having to do with our
recent war, but for fear that your
interest in Foreign affairs may have
precented you from properly acquaint
ing yourself with the history of Amer
ica, may I not, with becoming modes
ty, apprise you of the fact that over
four hunJrH thousand of America's
black soldiers braved the dangers of
sea, pestilence, disease and war in
their effort to make possible upon
childhood of Jesus. "The Star of
Bethlehem" is so called because Its
white starlike flowers resemble the
pictures of the Star of the East
"Our Lady's Bedstraw" received its
name because It was believed that the
manger In which the Babe lay was
filled with this plant
An old account tells the story In
this manner: The broom and the
chick-peas began to rustle and crackle,
and by this noise betrayed the fugi
tives. The flax bristled up. Happily
for her, Mary was near a Juniper; the
hospitable tree opened Its branches as
arms and Inclosed the Virgin and the
Child within their folds, affording
them a secure hiding place. Then the
Virgin uttered a malediction against
the brooms and the chick-peas, nnd
ever since that flay they have always
rustled and crackled. But later the
Virgin pardoned the flax Its weakness
and gave the Juniper her blessing,"
which Is said to account for the use
of the Juniper as Christmas decora
tions in some countries.
ican Democracy. Thousands of these
brave heroes are sleeping in unmarked
graves on the battlefields upon which
they fought while thousands of others
returned to their homes afflicted with
every disease known to the scourage
of war. These black soldiers gave
their all that the capitol at Washing
ton, where you reign, might not be
come a German Territory.
I regard with admiration your in
terest in devastating Germany, and in
the alleged conduct of the French
Black Troops on the Rhine; I simply
hope to interest you in some of the
cruel and savage devestations in your
own country, to the end that through
your broad and magnanimous spirit,
you may some day find time to ad
dress a memorial to the American
people, showing your disapproval of
the inhuman manner in which the
black citizens of America are being
treated by the white citizens of their
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KHIS well-known and great-
Q ly laved Christmas hymn
was used at Benediction g
at Chrlstmastlde In France and 2
England since the close of the a
Eighteenth century. It was sung g
at the Portuguese legation In a
London as early as 1707. The g
most popular musical setting g
was ascribed by Vincent Novel- s
lo, organist tnere, io joun iteua- g
Ing, who was organist at Wla- &
Chester cathedral from 1675-81, g
and later at Winchester college, cj
The hymn Itself has been ay
trlbuted to St Bonaventure, but
Is not found among his works. S
It Is probably of French or Ger-
man authorship. It Invites ail
$ the faithful to come to Bethle-
g hem to worship the new-born
g Savior. Catholic Encyclopedia g
Have your butcher prepare the pig
for roasting and lay him in cold water
for fifteen minutes. Dry him inside
and out with a soft cloth. Make a
stuffing of bread crumbs, seasoned to
tnste with salt, pepper, parsley, sweet
marjoram and thyme: moisten with
butter, and work Into the dressing two
beaten eggs. Stuff the pig so that he
will hold his original size aud shape,
and after sewing him up bend his fore
legs backward and his hind legs for
ward under him. Skewer or tie him
In this attitude and after dredging him
well with flour put him, with a little
water. In a covered roaster. Roast for
an hour and a half before removing
the cover, then rub him well with but
ter, baste him with the gravy In the
pan and roast half an hour longer,
basting twice during that time. Apple
sauce should be served with him, a
lemon should be In his mouth, cran
berries In his eye sockets. The Delineator.
If you steal anything at Christmas
without being caught, you can steal
safely for a year.
On Christmas eve thrash the gar
den with a flail, with only your shirt
on, and the grass will grow well next
Tie wet strawbands around the or
chard trees on Christmas eve and It
will make them fruitful.
On Christmas eve put a stone on
every tree, and they will bear the
Beat the trees oi Christmas night
and they will bear the more.
If after a Christmas dinner you
shake out the tabfecloth over the bare
ground undr the open sky, crumb
wort will grow on the spot.
If on Christmas day or eve, you
hang a washcloth out on the hedge,
and then groom the horses with It
they will grow fat
As often as the cock crows on
Christmas eve, the quarter of corn
will be as dear.
If you burn elder on Christmas eve,
you will have revealed to you all the
witches and sorcers of the neighborhood.
SHOULD MAKE OTHERS HAPPY
CHRISTMAS BAN IN 1643
Yuletldo Observance Was Not Per.
mltted by Edict of "Roundhead
Parliament" In England.
N THE northern part of
Europe the ancient people
kindled great fires to their
gods, Odin and Thor, and
sacrifices of men and cattle
were roada. The ancient Goths and
Saxons termed this festival or feast
"Yule," and we still use the word
"Tuletlde" In our day. Among the
Teutons this holiday season was cele
brated by decorating giant fir trees.
The decorations consisted of lights,
nuts, balls, golden apples and animals.
These were to symbolize flashes of
lightning, moon, stars and sun, while
the animals represented sacrifices.
Christmas was not among the early
festivals of the church. We find the
first evidence of the feast from Egypt
according to the historians of the
church, and December 25 was not the
day on which It was universally cele
brated. It was not until the Fourth
or Fifth centuries that the celebration
of the festival on this day spread to
the East The Nativity was cele
brated December 25 at Rome before
354, and at Constantinople, not prio
As paganism began to be supplanted
by Christianity, many of the old cus
toms were taken and handed down
through the generations. In the Anglo
Saxon days of King Alfred the holi
day season began December IB and
closed January 6. When Puritanism
arose In England the fate of Christ
mas was threatened for a time, and
even extended to this country, since
the Puritans brought along with them
to New England a feeling against the
celebration of Christmas.
In 1643 the "Roundhead parlia
ment" In England put a ban on the
observance of Christmas. The court
of Massachusetts In 1659 followed
England's example nnd Christmas was
put under a ban there. With the
restoration of the English royalty the
restoration of Christmas was brought
about, and Massachusetts again fol
lowed England's example and In 1661
the ban was lifted. From this time
on Christmas has remained, and Is
now celebrated throughout the entire
civil Ized world.
MR. HARVEY A. WATKINS
Prominent real estate broker, member of many lodges or secret so
deties, and he is deeply interested in everything ptrlamingto
the advancement of the colored race.
Best Way to Celebrate Christmas
to Do Something in Memory of
A Christmas "Suppose" X
j. -. - ,, . . ... I,
ft UKttl children's Christmas, ft
i; grown-up people were to say
?l one another: "This year.
T SEEMS that when one
has grown a little old, the
best and the happiest way
to celebrate Christmas is to
tr 1 Krwmpthlnir fnr remem
l', .give our present to some poor
urance in remembrance of one's own t Jr
childhood, for Christmas Is really for
the children, after all.
It is for children more than for oth
era because It Is a day that commem
orates the birth of a child that won
drous Christ child that was born In a
But suppose all the ft
ji stpjul nf mv Hvlnir von b nres- (1
, 0 . r !
.' ent and your giving me a pres- jjj
V- ent let us club together and
yi child who will not have any
t j Christmas. There are hundreds
.r , m l w, sr ..
i1' do not know of such a child, let
ft us give our present to a hospital U
Vi lor cnuaren, a nouie ior cnppieu
!- alkllYAn ff InmiMiriloD v ri
r ".--. ""r-"":::;..:"- a
; ageu, me Diiau, me letine-mmu-
Mr. H. A. Watkins blew into the
city of Chicago seven years ago and
has made wonderful progress. He
is now engaged in the real estate
business at 3510 Indiana avenue, and
is one of the largest real estate men
in Chicago. He is known for his
honesty, veracity and square dealing
with all. He has accumulated a large
amount of property which is located
in the second and third Wards. He
has recently purchased a beautiful
$20,000 residence at 3667 Michigan
avenue and has the distinction of
owning the finest residence in this
city owned by people of color.
Mr. Watkins is trustee and treas-
is responsible for mans
steps taken by it under t'
of Dr. W. D. Cook. He
M-Luuu uegree .wason, a
the Mystic Shrine, kp
Pythias, Odd Fellows, M.
pie of America, the Imj '
tective Order of Elks cm
and many other secret t Jv--na) o
ganizations. He is aKo .i n . mbt-,
the Appomattox Club ami
of the Board of Manage,
Wabash Branch of the
and is interested and
community and civic affair prrta:
ing to the advancement oi -ur racal
group. Mr. Watkins is pronv.nen'Jj
mentioned for Ward Commtteesu
i r i
ait ve in
urcr of the Metropolitan Community
Center, the Peoples Church, and has in the Second Ward in the rnttiat
taken an important paU in furthering ; Hon. T TT W:
the interests of that institution and reed iiiisflt.
.it : .
A. A. C. P. FIGHTS THEATRE
ed." This to be, of course. In
Who Invented the Friction MatchT
X German chemist has made an ex
haustive study of this question and
concludes that no one person can be
considered to be the inventor of the
friction match. Scientific American.
Ostrich Can Move Fast
At full speed an ostrich Is said to
make sixty miles an hour and for a
limited time can outrun a horse. Os
triches can be run down by men on
horseback, because the ostrich rui-. In
more or less of a circle and the horse
man can take advantage 3f the fact.
manger of a stable In the little town , ndn to what we usually give fl
of Bethlehem 2,000 years ago. I to cnanues at wis season, way
Now, there will be scarcely a child Jr couhl wc not tr5" as an eT'
In all the world who will not awuit it lerlment. and see what the re-
the dawn of Christmas morning with j suU wou,, be? Christian Reg-
a wondering soul. It Is the dawn of
that day when the morning stnrs sang
together, and when peace on earth
and good will toward men were pro
claimed from jthe high heavens. But.
there will be many a child to whom
Christmas will not bring Its dearly
The children of the rich will not
be disappointed, nor will the children
of the very poor be disappointed. It
Is the child who has not rich or well-to-do
folks, but who. at the same time.
Is not subject for charity, who will be
unhappy when Christmas comes.
And It Is this child that you should
seek out and make happy for remem
brances. You see. It Is a fact that we can
make a happy Christmas for ourselves
only by making some one else happy.
Do not think that you can make a
happy Christmas for yourself any oth
er way, beciuse you cannot do so.
Try the way he pointed out. The
child Is easily found, and when you
have found that one and have made It
happy, the very angels of God will
envy you the gladness tKat you will
Ffessia's Christmas Comes Late.
In Russia Christmas occurs 13 days
after our own. Pethaps one of the
most Interesting customs of the season
Is the Russian Christmas feast tot
old and young alike, for which they
dress themselves In various masquerad
ing costumes and visit house after
house, accepting the hospitality of
their neighbors. The Christmas sea
son Is also notable for the fact that
the young girls try to find out whether
they will be married during the ensu
ing year or not Some of them at
twelve o'clock on Christmas Eve, se
cretly go out Into the street and ask
the first man they meet what his name
Is. Whatever name he gives will be
that borne by their future husbands
such Is the belief. Some of the girls
are very much disappointed when the
name Is not a ulce one, or when the
man, as be will sometimes, calls him
self Sntnn or something similar.
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, 70
Fifth Avenue, has announced the
result of letters sent to Locw's, In
corporated, against whose theatres in
Harlem complaint of discrimination
had been made by colored patrons.
The first letter sent by James Wel
don Johnson, secretary of the X. A.
A. C P. to Loew's, Incorporated,
"A number of complaints have
come to me regarding the attitude of
certain employees at Locw's Theatres,
especially those located in Harlem.
In certain of these theatres, notably
the Victoria Theatre in 125th Street,
when colored people it matters not
how respectable they may be at
tempt to purchase orchestra seats
they are told that none are vacant
but they will be seated in the balcony.
In some cases when they have pur
chased i-eaii in tat v r '' "
wave been rctuseti arimi-H.
keepers and toW tnat tlrv
only ia the balceny."
Mr. Johnson's letter fwcihcr -ac
cd out that this constitute! a vola
tion of the Xcw York Ma OvJ
In reply, finally, the t '' "2 Iet
ter was received at the n u n i uffi
of the X. A. A. C. P.:
"I have before me vur Ittter -
November 30th, addre- I ' ''
"W'c are thoroughh f ' '
existence of the Civil Ki- t- l.
Employees of theatre, m '' f1 ae
arc interested, arc instriu ' ! b rr
respective managements to
equal accommodation to all jirsocs
irrespective of race, creed, or .olor
"Your ery tmh.
"Loew's Incorpurat. d
v r, ta
Island Has Remarkable Properties.
The Island of Crete has undergone
a remarkable tilting since classical
times, rising at Its western end and
sinking at its eastern. A harbor at
the west end of the Island is now
high and dry, so that one can walk
about Its floor, while the ancient
quays and harbors works at the east
ern end are now under water.
Devil's Food Cake.
Beat to a cream five level table
spoonfuls of butter and one cupful and
a quarter of sugar. Add 3& squares
of unmelted chocolate, three unbeaten
eggs and one teaspoonful of vanilla
and beat together until smooth. Sift
3V4 level teaspoonfuls of baking pow
der with one-half cupful of flour and
stir In with the butter, sugar and egg
mixture. Then add alternately milk
and flour until you have used three
quarters of a cupful of milk and one
cupful of sifted pastry flour. Beat
smooth and bake In a loaf In a mod
erate oven. Pastry flour Is always bet
ter for cake than bread flour.
HON.' WILLIAM J. LYNCH
Member of the City Coanc3 from tke Old Thiikth Ward Who
Stands Very High in the Estkaatioa of AS the Colored FeeJe
eb ;Hk Neck of the Woods. AMcnnn Lynch Wishes Hk Cea
stkuentx aud Friends the Ccmp&meots of the Holiday Seatea.
Uses of "Atomized" Coal.
"Atom!xedn coal different from
merely "powdered" coal because very
minutely divided Is a new product
that Is finding Important uses. It Is
Hsed for making a high-grade paint
and also a substitute for lampblack
In the manufacture of Ink. Another
valuable employment for It Is In "fac
ing" foundry molds, to give the sur
faces a smooth finish In preparation
After Santa Has Filled
the stockings of each girl and boy,
with trumpets and horns made for
blowing, and every known kind of a
toy I wish that he'd buy me a pres
ent a gift that no other could match,
that would make me feel Jolly and
pleasant Mime woolens that never
Origin of the Word Yule.
Many explanations are given of the.
origin of the world Yule. One of the
most probable Is that It Is derived
from the ancient Gothic word, glut or
hlul, the origin of our word wheel.
The Tule festival Is said to have re
ceived its name from being the turning-point
of the yeair when the sun
apparently turns back from the south
and begins to set each evening further
and farther to the north until In June
It goes down almost In the northwest.
In the old clog almanacs of the Mid
dle Ages a wheel Is the device used
for marking Yule-tide or Christmas.
MRS. JESSE BINGA
Monday evening, December 26th, at
half past five o'clock, Mr. and Mrs.
Jesse Binga will give their annual
Twilight Party at the Vincennes Ho
tel. Formal dancing.
Chocolate Sea-Foam Fudge.
Put over the fire In a clean sauce
lun one cupful of light brown sugar,
a half-cupful of water and a third of
a cupful of grated chocolate and boll
without stirring until it spins a thread
from the point of a spoon. Have
beaten stiff the white of an egg ; pour
the boiling mixture upon It and stir
until It begins to stiffen. Drop from a
spoon on waxed paper In little bon
bons, or pour Into a greased pan be
fore It begins to stiffen and mark Into
squares with a buttered knife. The
Sleeps 61000 Days.
A French statistician estimates Qui
at the age of fifty years the average
man has slept 6,000 days, worked 600,
walked S00, amused himself 4.000,
spent L500 eating, and has been 111
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MR. ALEXANDER FLOWER
President of the Roosevelt State Bank, 35th Street and Grand Boijj
vard, and Mr. Flower wishes all of its patrons and friends a Mew
Christmas and a Happy New Year.