Newspaper Page Text
R 0 A D
Chicago " . v
I VOL. XXVIL
CHICAGO..ILL, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24. 192L
TU t1: D
Mr. and Mrs. Morris Lewis Celebrated Their Twenty
Fifth Wedding Anniversary, Wednesday Evening,
December 21, at Their Beautiful Home, 3633 Giles
Avenue. The Affair Was Attended by Many of the
Best and Most Prominent Citizens Residing in
COMMODORE FERDINAND W. PECK,
WAS THE HIGH HONORED GUEST
OF THE EVENING. HE WAS BE
DECKED WITH HIS LEGION OF
HONOR BADGE, WHICH WAS CON
FERRED ON HIM BY THE OFFI
CIALS OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC,
AT THE CLOSE OF THE PARIS EX
POSITION, IN 1900 COMMODORE
PECK BEING THE AMERICAN COM
MISSIONER AT THAT EXPOSITION.
THE COMMODORE WAS INTRO
DUCED TO THE GUESTS OF THE
EVENING BY MR. JULIUS F. TAY
LOR, AND HE DELIVERED A NICE
SHORT ORATION, EN WHICH HE
SOUNDED THE PRAISE OF MR.
MORRIS LEWIS, WHO HAS BEEN
HIS HONEST AND FAITHFUL SEC
RETARY FOR TWENTY-THREE
MR. AND MRS: LEWIS RECEIVED
MANY RARE AND BEAUTIFUL
PRESENTS, INCLUDING ONE HUN
DRED AND FIFTY DOLLARS IN
SILVER, TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS
FROM COMMODORE PECK.
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BOOK CHAT BY MARY WHITE
OVBNGTON-CHAERMAN OF THE
' BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR
THE ADVANCEMENT OP COL
ORED PEOPLE. AUTHOR OF
"HALF A MAN," "HAZEL," "THE
"THE BRIMMING CUP"
COMMODORE FERDINAND W. PECK
The first citizen of Chicago, rather of grand opera in this city, who
constructed the Auditorium and was chairman of the Finance
Committee of the Columbian Exposition in 1893. Wednesday
evening Commodore Peck attended the Twenty-fifth Wedding
Anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. Morris Lewis and freely mingled
with the best colored men and "women in this great city.
S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Miss Lathrop Urges Expansion
Work of Children's Bureau, in
Ninth Annual Report to the
Secretary of Labor
Mr Bernard B. Lewis, JJiss Caro
E- Lewis, Morris Lewis Jr., and TJor
othy Lewis tendered a reception last
Wednesday evening in celebration of
the twenty-fifth wedding anniversary
of their parents Mr. and Mrs. Mor
ns Lewis, 3633 Giles Avenue. The
details of the affair were arranged by
thr voung people, including most ap
propriate and artistic decorations.
Shortly after the hour of eight
o clock had arrived the guests began
to arrive in pairs, in groups, and auto
mobile parties. Mrs. Lewis -was ex-qui-nely
gowned in rich white satin, and
appeared most charming indeed", she
and her husband occupying a position
heeath a specially arranged canopy in
'he parlor where the many guests were
Presented. In the line -was also Mrs.
Fannie Hall dint, -who "was brides
maid at the wedding in 4896, and is
one of our well-known Chicago girls.
Among the guests -were Commo
dore Ferdinand W.,Peck, Hon. and
Mrs. Edward H.. Wright, Mr. and
Mrs. A. L. Jackson, Mr. and Mrs.
forge T. Kersey; Mr. and Mrs.
Mont Ferguson, Mr. and Mrs. Alex
ander Tillery, Mr. and Mrs. David
Hawley, Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Clint,
Capt and Hxs. James S. Nelson, Mr.
and Mrs. S. S. Paul, Mr. and Mrs.
Ben Martin, Mr. and Mrs. Chisholm,
Mr and Mr FU-W. Wilson. . ,1lr'
Samuel McGowan, Miss York,' Dr.
B K. Palit, Mr. and Mrs. C A. Wn
"on, Mr. and Mrs. Benj. Stovall, Mrs.
McKinney, "Mr. and Mrs. Motts, Missj
Adah Harris, Mrs. Carita Bronston,
Mr.. Isaac Duulap, Mrs. S. C Tate,
Mrs. Drake, Dr. N. Alfred Diggs,
Miss, Eva Roberts, Mrs. America
Brown, Mrs. Ella Erse, Mr. U
H. Handy, Mr. P. G. Hicks, Mr.
Mills, fr. and Mrs. Henry Allen,
Mrs. Mattie J. Young, Mrs. Lydia
Reescer, Mrs. Joseph Patton, Hon.
and Mrs. James A. Scott, Mr. Charles
Morrison,' Mr. Julius F. Taylor, Mr.
i Mrs. S. S. Abfebtt, r, aad Mrs.
Cary B. Lewis, Miss Grace Hart. Mrs.
Apna Hayman, Dr. and Mrs. R. H.
Hardin, Mrs. Tiny Brown, Mrs. James
B. Newsome, Mr. and Mrs. RoDert H.
The occasion was especially hon
ored by the presence of Commodore
Ferdinand W. Peck, by whom Mr.
Lewis has been employed as private
secretary for 23 years. Commodore
Peck was Commissioner General to the
Paris Fjcposition of 1900, appointed
by President McKinley. Mr. Lewis
'served with the Commodore in Pans
at the time the Commodore received
his decoration from the French Ret
public as Grand Officer, Legion of
Honor, which decoration the Commo
dore wore at the anniversary cele
bration. In expressing himself to the gath
ered party, Mr. Peck paid high trib
ute to the loyalty, efficiency, integ
rity and sterling worth of his secre
tary, Mr. Lewis. He acknowledged
his high esteem for Mrs. Lewis, and
bestowed upon the happy pair twen-ty-five
brand new silver dollars, ac
companied with the following senti
ment: Twenty-five Silver years,
May they ripen into Golden ones.
Many gifts of silver articles were
presented to Mr.QAirs. wis uc- - wefl-tolo farmers,
sides bright, shiny dollars, aggregate :niUBXn . . . .
inr finite a handsome little purse, all rersonai msminious
markinsr milestones on the way to a mothers and teachers in the proper
sincerely hoped for Golden celebra- feeding and .general hygienic' care of
tion. Many letters and telegrams children, and -efforts were made to see
Plainly the task of social study is
progressive and can not be completed,
and thus far the bureau has hardly
made a beginning in performing the
vast task assigned to it." says Julia C
Lathrop in her annual report to the
Secretary of Labor, made public to
day. This is her ninth and last report
as Chief, written on the eve, of her res
ignation last August.
The report sets fort the co-operation
which the bureau has effected with
various governmental. State and priv
ate agencies,and urges further correla
tion and co-operation in child welfare.
work. The achievements of the bur
eau during the last year are described
under each of its five divisions, and
progress in the bureau's first child
welfare study in our island posessions
is reported. ,
Included in the year's, work' of the
Child Hygiene Division were chil
dren's health conferences conducted in
small townsjd rural communities by
the staff of theUrareau's Child Welfare
Special, a motor truck fitted up for
healfh consultations. A total of 1,990
children were examined in a section of
Kentucky, and numerous cases of mal
nutrition were found, even among the
were received, one from Messrs. Dan
id J. Schuyler and Charles Weinfeld.
Refreshments were served and all
arramrements conducted by the
happy children. Master Morris Lewis
was master of ceremonies for the oc
The Commodore war presenfed fori
his speech by Mr. Julius F. Taylor,
an old-rime friend of the Commo
dore's, who told many .interesting
things in connection with the career
of Chicago's foremost citizen.
that permanent, active interest in chfld-
welfare measures was established. In
Arkansas the "Speciar made its way
through floods, and over bad roads
and steep .mountains, reaching six
counties in which 1,228 children' were
examined. As a result, the report
states, several communities are under
taking follow-up work.
The orincioal -studies of the Indus
trial Division during the year were
concerned with child-welfare in coal-
! mining camps and in cotton-growing.
u ;ar beet, and truck-fanning area.
The report calls attention to the in
iii' ion- effe t of too early and too
heavy labor, in agricultural no less
of I than in industrial pursuits. An aver
age age of only 11 years was found
among the child workers of the sugar
beet fields studied. An (important
piece of work accomplished through
the industrial division was the prelimi
nary report of the committee appointed
by the bureau to formulate standards
of normal development and sound
health for children entering employ
ment and lhildren at work. These
recommendations will be rcied from
tin-c to time in the light of further re
search and experience.
Juvenile court studies made in ten
courts by the Social Service Division
revealed great diversity in procedure.
organization and method-. A confer
ence on juvenile courts nva held m
June, under the joint auspices of the
Children's Bureau and the National
Probation Association. A a result of
this conference, a committee of. judges,
probation officers, and others inter
ested in the problem was appointed by
the bureau to sen e as an advisory' com
mittee on juvenile court standards A
study of children violating laws of the
United States showed that the total
number of children violating Federal
laws each year is probably at least
1,000 that many of these children
come up for trial in the Federal Courts,
and that the procedure in these courts
is totally unadapted to children's work.
The Department of Justice and the
Post Office Department were most
helpful in making available the data on
which the study was based.
"The child-welfare study in Porto
Rico, undertaken at the request of the
commissioner of education of the island
and approved by the' Governor and the
Buerau of Insular Affairs, is taking the
form of a Children's Year demonstra
tion, with plans for repeating the vari
ous features proved effective here in
1918-19. (It opened -with recreation,
special emphasis being placed cn'ath
fetics and active sports, in close -co
operation with the teachers.
The widening sphere of the bunqan's
influence and the increasing demands
made upon it call for an expanding
program, says Mjss Lathrop. She
recommends three new servicesr First
a diyisien of legal reseach. to enable
the bureau to follow and promptly re
port and analyze the State statute
affecting children; considerable work;
has been accomplished along the line,
but the undertaking is far from com
plete. Second, expert service in the
field or recreation; the report calls at
tention to the value of a study from
the social standpoint of suitable types
of recreation to be provided at public
expense or under public supervision.
Third, the addition of an exhibit expert
to the Maff of the bureau, so hat the
results of its scientific studies tay be
pc ented in new exhibit forms well
as by the usual report. "Little . -ay
amphlets filed away in orderly fash
ion." Miss Lathrop says, "do not an
swer the taxpayers' demand for effec
For the past three years the bureau
has been operating under substantially
the same appropriation, which is al-
-"ot $150,000 less than was available
during Children's Year. For the fiscal
year ending July 1, 1923. a total ap
propriation of $642,860 is recommend
e'. to care for the new services and
the developing needs of the existing
divisions. Word has just come that
the budsret presented to Congress by
President Harding, on the recommen
dation of Director Dawes, calls for an
increase of $50,000 in the bureau's ap
propriations, which would make the
amount available for 1923. $321,040.
Since Miss 'Lanthrop's report was
written Congress has enacted the
Sheppard-Towner law for the promo
tion of the welfare and hygiene of ma
ternity and infancy. This will call for
.... . .. -.
an additional appropriation to trie
Children's Bureau for the current year
of $1,480,000, 50.000 of which will be
available for Federal administration,
the balance to be apportioned to the
States. The bureau thus enters upon
its tenth year with a greatly increased
opportunity for effective work for the
children of the country.
By Dorothy Canfield.
Harcourt, Brace and
York City. Price $2.00.
Among the best sellers of the year
has been Dorothy Canficld's Brimming
Cup. Thousands and thousands of
copies have been poured all over the
country. East, West, North and that
most difficult field for the book-salesman.
Soath. Go into any bookstore
today'and ask for the Brimming Cup
and you "are foceTy-To hesr! "Have- jtrsr
sold out the last consignment, but ex
pect to have more copies in a few
days." This novel tells the story of a few
months in the life of a married wom
an: and it is a tribute ot the American
reading public that so sane a book,
dealing fearlessly with a modern in
stance ancL.yet w"h such healthy in
sistence upon the realities of life,
should be so great a favorite. But our
especial concern is with its sympa
thetic attitude on the Negro question.
The scene is laid in a Vermont vil
lage where an old clerk, retired by the
firm for which he has worked, and
given a pleasant houe, comes to spend
his last years. He finds as his next
door neighbor the family about whom
the story revolves, whose small boy,
Paul, becomes his staunch friend. Mr.
Welles, (the clerk's name), is happily
settled, when he receives a letter from
a relative teaching in a southern
school, giving in detail some of the dis
criminations practiced against colored
people. He tries to explain about it to
Paul's mother: "No. not Iynchings. I
knew about them. But I know they
don't happen every day. What I
hadn't any idea of till her letter came.
was how every day. every minute of
every day. they're subject to indignity
that they can't avoid, how they're
made to feel themselves outsiders and
unwelcome in their own country. She
says the southern white people are
willing to give them anything that will
make pood day-laborers of them, al
most anything in fact except the thing
they can't rise without, ordinary hu
man respect. It seems incredible.
Southern white people won't give the
ordinary title of respect of Mr. or Mrs.
or Dr. even to a highly educated Ne
gro. They call them by their first
names like scervants."
He ponders the problem day after
day and it begins to sadden his life.
He feels that he should not sit still
and do nothing even if what he can
do is very little. He and Paul arejout
by a brook picnicking together, and
having such a happy time that the
thought of leaving the boy is hard to
bear. Nevertheless Mr. Welles tries
to make Paul understand why he be
lieves it to be his duty to go South to
stand up for the Negroes.
"Why don't the Negroes stand up
for themselves?" Paul asks impatient
ly. "It looks to me this way," Mr. Wel
les says, "People can fight for some
things . . . their property and their
vote and their work. And I guess the
colored people have got to fight far
thosfc-thnmselvrs But aherejite qtbex,
things, some of the nicest, why if you
fight for them you tear them all. to ,
pieces trying to get them. (The bold
face is mine. And was there a better
description of why any man, white or
black, who improves his condition and
tries to enforce respect is called bump
tious and impertinent?) "If what you
want is trying to have people respect
what you're worth," Mr. Welles goes
on, "'why if you fight to nftike them,
then you spoil what you're worth.
Anyway," he qualifies, "if you .don't .
spoil it, fighting about it doesn't put
you in any state of mind to go on be- '
ing on your best"
As they are sitting by the brook a
tree falls and Paul describes to the
city man how the brook has washed
the earth away from under the rocks.
"That wrong feeling about colored
people." Mr. Welles comments, "that
not wanting them to be respected as
much as any American is. ... .
That's a tree that's got to come down.
J'm too old to take an axe to it. And
anyway, if you cut that sort of thing
down with an axe, the roots generally
live and start all over again. If we
can just wash the ground out from
under it, with enough people thinking
differently, maybe it'll fall, roots and
all. of its own weight."
And so the old man goes to join his
relative where, through his contact
on a basis of mutual respect with the
Negro, he attains happines.
This is not the first of Dorothy
Canficld's novels that has had a telling" .
word on the Negro question. "The
Bent Twig" had a wonderful interlude
qf two little colored children in a pub-""
lie school. She seems determined to
call her readers' attention to the Ne- .'
gro's status in the United States. Of
all our present day American novelists
she is the finest-grained, the truest to
the best American traditions, and this
is doubly proven by her showing so.
clearly America's great injustice. May
the colored people strengthen her in
her work. .
JULIUS ROSENWALD TELLS
WHY HE GIVES TO UNITED
T. ARNOLD HILL HAS RE
TURNED TO CHICAGO
The Executive Secretary of the
Chicago Urban League, -T. Arnold
Hill, who is also the Western Field
Agent of the National Urban League,
has just returned from a trip in the
interest of the National organization.
While away he visited Louisville,
where a branch of the League already
exist, and Indianapolis, Indiana,
where establishment 'of a branch is
By Julius Rosenwald
r-t.f;ifriiafr-' 'Si?Zi?nJtk-ii v4i&wm4 - -lift - ri MfSfe&iiL
For more than." twenty years I have
contributed to the United Charities of
Chicago, and for several years past
have given $5,000 or more each year.
I have thoroughly satisfied myself at
first hand that this organization is ac
tually helpful: ,
Because it gives emergency relief
when occasion demands butMoes not
make a practice of dispensing cHkrity
Because it aims to preserve whole
some family life by endeavoring to de-
velop within the family itself the ne
cessary mental and physical stamina to
successfully fight the battle with pov
erty. Because it interests, itself in 'every
applicant regardless of creed, or color,
shdwing thus a commendable spirit of
tolerance. " s
Because it provides legal aid andV
Because it finds work for the unem- e
ployed and interests itself in the physW
cat, mental and moral disabilities of .
thousands of unfortunates. '
Because it furnishes free medical aid'
when required and assists in procuring
legislation which will make for greater ""
justice for Widows, orphans,- and other
unprojecleq members of the com
The United Charities should be gen
erously supported to enable it to do
adequately its dry wide work. x
.iftii V fc