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CHICAGO, ILL,SATDRDAY KAY 6, 1922.
CHARLES E. STUMP WHO IS KNOWN
FAR AND NEAR AS THE REGULAR
FOR THE BROAD AX, HAS SPENT
THE PAST WEEK IN VISITING
WITH FRIENDS IN WASHINGTON,
D. C, PHILADELPHIA, PA, NEW
YORK CITY AND OTHER POINTS
IN THE EAST.
Montgomery, Alabama. If you
tale the time to get the solid founda
tion, Howard University will do the
rest, and without a foundation this in
stitution has no place for you. In
other words, it is truly all it says, and
,t xs not part grammar school, part
high school, and what not.
Have you been to Howard Univer
sity in the past "year? If you have
not, you would hardly know it, and
TCt it is nothing to what it is gointj
jo be m the future, and then the whole
race will take off hats and heads to
Dr J Stanley Durkee, president, and
Dr Emmett J. Scott, secretary-treasurer
When I wrote to you last week I
-as aronnd and about Philadelphia.
and I accepted an invitation to spend
a day at Howard University, and I
never spent such a day in all my life,
and 1 navc Decn shouting ever since
1 left there looking at so many edu
cated men and women of our race, and
tho preparing to become educated.
The mere I saw the many improve
ments, and the more I saw Dr. Scott
at his office with the large number
of clerks and stenographers under him
the more I felt like thanking God for
Emmett J. Scott. He is one of the
great men of our race.
Reaching the city. Dr. W. H. Jer
nagin. president -of the National Race
Congress, toted me up to Howard
University in his automobile. This
made me go to the school in style.
I reported to the office of the Secretary-Treasurer,
but he had gone to
the city. This of course then put me
to report to others. They were will
ing to give me a guide, but I decided
that I would guide myself, and out I
struck on a tour to study Howard
University, but, beb'eve me. honey, it
would just take you a month to study
this rreat institution, and then the
v,K vmij not be told. I will just
- efit of my getting around.
i. . -ound me in the office of
' - " Miller. He is dean of the
.,.- l-;e. His secretary escort-
t p j the room where he was
i class in something. The
' -ncJed his hand, and told me
-&. myself right at home with
mem. he told me what they were
having. It was a class of about 30
young men and women from all parts
of the country, and some from for
eign countries. I looked at them, and
heard them talk over affairs, and then
Dean Miller asked me to have a few
tilings to say. I had my say, and
then to another room, and another
room, and another. This is not a
child's school, and you will believe me
when I tell yon they are not having
the child's study, but problems requir
ing brains to grapple with.
I found that among other things
they have there were Liberal Arts,
Edncation. Applied Science, Com
merce and Finance, Journalism, Re
fcpon. Medicine. Music. General Serv
ice, and Law. Then to come in touch
with the heads of the departments.
He president is one of the finest men
it has been my lot to meet. His heart
is in the right place, and with him
education is not a play or a mockery
it is either education or no education.
It is like that fellow in some kind of
sphere who said:
"To be or not to be,
That is the .question.'
I had the pleasure of talking with
hun for a few- minutes, and found him
a congenial, polished. Christian gen-
tlenian. who is interested in his work.
His name in full is J. Stanley Durkee.
A. 3L, PhJ., D.D and right by bis
side is that modest young man of
onrs, Emmett J. Scott, A.M., IX.D-,
a philosopher, a thinker, and a leader
of men. And now I will give you the
sanies of the deans and directors and
Perhaps the other officers: Dean
Jntrior College. Kelly Miller, A3L,
LL. D.; Dean School of Liberal Arts,
Dudley W. Woodard, S3L; Dean
School of Commerce and Finance,
George W. Cook, L.I-M;. Dean
School of Education, Dvrigbt O. W.
Holmes, A, TUT.; Dean School of Ap
plied Science. Harold D- Hatfield,
LE.; Director School of Music, Lulu
v Childers, Mus. B.; Director School
of PubBc Health, Algernon B. Jack
son, 1LD.; Deaa School of Religion,
D Butler Pratt, D.D.; Dean School
of Law, Fenton W. Booth. LLB.;
Dean School of U edldae, Edward 'A.
BoIIoch, M.D.J Dean, of Mes, Edward
L. Parks. DJX; Acting- Dean of
Women, Helen H. Tack; AJB.
I made the rounds to the depart
ments. I noticed one Had of open
oEce where the word "Sj&staaf "was
there in Kg letters so into it I
Pionged. I made knows to them that
I was a. "lessor ,aad desired to have
3 - f aL. AfcltMJ
have to earn it, but he took my name
and address, and said, that he would
write to the schools where I had been
and get my standing and let me hear
from him later. But there was an
other man in the office who invited
me to come in, and carried me back
into a private room for a conference.
In so many words he told me that I
was displaying ignorance, and wanted
to let me know about this education
business. He was F. D. Wilkerson.
He talked to me like a father to his
son and gave me a little fat book
called "Howard University Bulletin.
Annual Catalogue Howard Univer
sity. Washington. D. C" He told mc
to look it over, get my measure, so
to speak. I am not going to be able
to give you all the people I met
Now then around to look at the
buildings and grounds, to come in
touch with what was going on. I
could see here and there a new How
ard. I saw that wonderful building
being completed which will be the
most complete, and the finest of its
kind, in the United States. It is n
building in a building. I could see
other improvements going on, and
could see that the Lord is doing great
things for us.
Dr. Scott had returned, and again
to his office. It is an education with
in itself just to see how he conducts
his office I mean offices, for there
are many under his direction. About
40 of them and in this number are
Assistant Treasurer Clarence E. Lu
cas, LL. B.: Chief Clerk Lawrence
Whaley: and Daniel W. Edmonds.
Ph.B., cashier and bookkeeper. Then
I started to name the bookkeepers,
the stenographers, the telephone oper
ator, and many others. It is with
ease and dignity that Mr. Scott keeps
them all busy and at the same time
he looks after every business interest
of the university. He is demonstrat
ing to the world the business ability
of the race to handle large programs,
and all of this is just elevating him
step by step in the world, and the
race at the same time.
I shall have to tell you more about
Howard and Emmett J. Scott and
President Durkee from time to time.
I have enough gathered about the
improvements to fill several papers,
and will let you have it on the in
There are so many things you want
to ask me about and would like to
have me tell you that I fear I am not
going to be able to do so this week
but there will be another time, and I
will just roll up my sleeves and let
you have it.
The Church Extension Board of the
African Methodist Episcopal Church
held an interesting meeting last week
at headquarters, 1535 14th Street N.
W, and a full board was present pre
sided over by Bishop John Hurst.
TJ.D-. of Baltimore, the chairman.
While Dr. B. F. Watson was not
able to be down, his report was made
in good shape, and was read by a
member of the board. The efficient
clerk. Miss' Marie Thomas, was there
to answer all questions and to give
information. It is wonderful how she
has the business of that large office
at her fingers ends and can just give
out information as fast as you can ask
for it. The work in that office will
just go right along.. She was given
power of attorney by the board and
all business of the office will' receive
I have had much .pleasure in this
world. I have been to New York.
Philadelphia. Baltimore, Washington.
Atlanta. Montgomery, and all in a
week. I had many things to inspire
me. but none, so much as Howard
They are now getting ready for
other big meetings. I had the pleas
ure of meeting Dr. S. S. Morris. Gen
eral. Secretary of the All-Christian
Endeavor League. He informs me
that there is much interest manifested
in the national convention to be held
in Chicago in August I agree with
him. for as I get over the country I
find that the young people are all get
tinsr ready for that great meeting.
Yon will see the brain of the African
Methodist Church on hand at this
time. They are just going to be there.
Teachers should make this great
meeting a part of their vacation. Edi
tors, stenographers, teachers, college
oreadeats. orofessors and public
school people will all be ou hand at
this 'wonderful meeting'.
The National Baptist Sunday
School and B. Y- P. U. Congress wifl
meet next month in New Orleans.
The Grand Lodge Knights of Pythias
will meet next month" in San Antonio.
Texas; and -so .many other meetings
Trill be held. I wfll let jrea Jcaow
Rubber and Maple Sugar.
An interesting parallel has been
drawn between the different varieties
of rubber trees in the tropics and
those of maple trees In this country.
Out of about 1,000 varieties of trees,
all of which produce more or less rub
ber sap, only forty or fifty have been
found whose product is considered
When a .would-be cultivator of rub
ber goes to a tropical country and sets
out a plantation of rubber trees, which
th- natives know do not belong to the
right variety, he causes amused com
ment such as would be excited bv a
South American who canie to the Uni
ted States and bored holes In soft
maples with the expectation of ob
taining sugar sap. Experience has
shown that excellent rubber tres
transplanted from their native habi
tat or other regions having apparent
ly identical soil and climate may flour
ish in growth, yet lose their producing
power. Rubber culture requires great
Largest Known Coin.
Probably the largest coin in the
world is one belonging to Farren Zer
be, international!) famous expert on
rare coins. It is a piece of stamped
copper plate 10 indies square, and
weighs 6Vi pounds. It has a value of
"4 Daler" (the daler was u coin of
varying value) stamped on it, and the
Such coins were commonly used in
Sweden for some time during and after
the wars of Charles XIL It Is part of
a collection of more Uian 30,000 sped
mens, representing mediums of ex
change of all countries and periods
from the earliest times to the pres
ent day. The total face, or original
exchange, value of the collection Is
counted in millions, but no present val
ue has ever been placed on it.
Few industries uue shown more
develoDment within a century than
that of making fireworks. The fire
works makers have not only made Im
portant contributions to the art them
selves, but have taken advantage of
many discoveries and refinements
made by others in chemistry and me
chanics. The colors given to fireworks axe
produced by mineral salts, copper be
ing made to produce green and blue;
barium, green; sodium, yellow; cal
cium, red, and strontium, crimson.
These salts are arranged In combina
tion with meal gunpowder and the
recipes for star compositions, rockets,
squibs, roman candles and the like
are almost without number. Among
the "set pieces" are portraits, lettered
designs, -fixed suns," fountains, palm
trees, mosaic work and ships.
First Method of Advertising.
In Old Testament times, when the
countries bordering on the Nile, the
Euphrates and Tigris rivers were the
nter of trade, the Carthaginians
nl to sail along the Mediterranean
ith a. boatload of their manufactures
which they would unload on the coast
Trhia. and having lighted a bonfire
Of LyDia. ana caTiug u" . .,
near the goods, returned to their ships.
The Inhabitants, knowing by the bon
fire that the Carthaginians had some
thing to sell, would come out of their
dty to Inspect it. Then they would
pile up gold near thd merchandise and
retire Into the dty. The Carthagi
nians would land again, examine the
gold, and If In their Judgment It was
equal In value to the goods they left,
they would take It and sail away.
Thtu bonfire custom is the first
method of advertising of which his
Hew Arizana City Cot Name
Phoenix, ArbL, was bant near the
weH-deaaed rslss of an andest
paeblo. Dsrell Dappa, a scholar who
was with the men who chose the spot,
auar "Let as call It Phoenix. 1st
Jure, spoa the old, a aew dty ahxH
ztee." and told them of the bird te
Mythology called phoaaix w&Icb ares
HON. KICKHAM SCANLAN
The Bold and Fearless Chief Justice of the Criminal Court of
Cook County Who Has Proven Himself toBea Terror to
the Criminal Element in This City and Vicinity.
FRANKLIN'S COLD-AIR BATH
Homely Philosopher Was On of the
Earlisst American Advocates of
tht Open Window.
The cold bath in the morning Is a
social fetich that makes two dear
divisions of mankind the thoroughly
virtuous who do not shrink from the)
full rigors and the Laodiceans who
play with the hot water tap. As a cus
tom it may be peculiarly English, but
one hears less of a variation of it
that has respectable authority, says
the Manchester Guardian.
Benjamin Franklin, while represent
ing the American colonies in London,
wrote in one of his informing letters
to a French correspondent that the
"shock of cold water hath always ap
peared to me as too violent, and 1 have
found It much more agreeable to my
constitution to bathe in another de
ment I mean cold. air. With this
view I rise early almost every morning
and sit in my chamber, without any
clothes on whatever, half an hour or
an hour, according to the season, either
reading or writing. The practice is not
in the least painful, but, on jhe con
trary, agreeable, and if I return to
bed afterward, before I dress myself.
i as It sometimes happens, I make a
supplement to my nights rest of one
or two hours of the most pleasing sleep
that can be imagined.''
Franklin was sixty-two at the time.
He had still to live twenty-two of the
most active years of his extraordinary
career, so that in bis case cold-air
baths seem to have done no harm.
Franklin was before bis time in his
belief In fresh air, and be wrote some
savage things about' the "aerophobia
that at present distresses weak minds
and makes them choose to be stifled
and poisoned rather than leave open
the window of a bedchamber or put
down the glass of a coach."
FLOWER-POT AS BRIDEGROOM
Unique Ceremony Which Transforms
Chinese Qlrl Into a Full-Fledged
and Privileged Widow.
China is still a land of strange cus
toms, one of the most curious being
the ceremony of a flower-pot mar
riage. When the man whom a Chinese girl
is to marry dies shortly before the
date fixed for the wedding, the grief
stricken bride-elect sometimes takes
a vow never to marry. Should she
do so, she goes through the ceremony
of wedding an ordinary flower-pot.
She Is now considered a widow, and'
upon the parents of her Intended hus
band falls the responsibility of main
taining her. Usually she goes to live
In many cases, especially where the
family Is poor, great sacrifices are nec
essary in order that the daughter-in-law
(as she Is now regarded) may be
properly cared for. But the parents
have no option In the matter. And,
actually, they have no desire to shirk
acruaiiy. T " no oesire wiw
" roponsuuiaes. xor -
ness Mow" brings great
honor tn th nrMrmom' fumllv. It
being considered quite a disgrace
should the bride-elect not wish to
go through the ceremony of marrying
In the days before China was a re
public, the emperor, upon the facts
being brought to his notice, bad a
handsome monument erected In com
memoration of the "widow's" faith
fulness. Picturesque Sight.
One of the most picturesque sights
In the world Is the elephants at work
In the dty of Bsngoon, at the mouth of
the Irrawaddy river, where the logs ar
tfre. At Bsngoon the logs float Inst aa
BSdTsturbed Inlet. Here they are re
leased from their lndoring boon
easlas. Then elephants take the lot
out of the water sad pile la the asfA
yards such legs as are set retain
far Jassealate sawiag. ss4 which amy
Krook is the name of a rather prom
inent but most uncanny character in
Dickens' novel. "Bleak House," which
has much to do with the then dilatory
procedure of the Court of Chancery.
The system Dickens describes ceased
to exist many years.
Krook is the proprietor of a rag and
warehouse, where everything
seems to be bought and nothing sold.
He Is a grasping drunkard, who even
tually dies of spontaneous combustion,
that Is. he Is so saturated with liquor
that be takes Are and is consumed.
In a note to this chapter of "Bleak
House" Dickens cites a case of spon
taneous combustion that took place
in Paris, France, and which, he said,
was well verified by medical authority.
It was probably from that case that
Dickens obtained the Idea which be
made use of In describing Krook's won
Ambition is more than a wish; it Is
desire intensified Into determined pur
pose. All that is needed for the ac
complishment of our ambitions is a de
sire so strong that we will sacrifice
whatever may stand in the way of our
success. The law of compensation
never falls. If we would gain one
thing we must give up another. How
many people have you known who
complain of failure through bad luck,
when your own knowledge of them
tells you that their downfall came
through lack of really trying? They
were not willing to forego pleasures
or extravagances which Interfered
with their success.
BEGIN "GOING" AND KEEP ON
Life's Prizes Belong to Those Who Get
a Good Start and Refuse to
It Isnt a good thing to see every
thing. Make "this one thing I do" your
motto and keep on going. A few extra
criticisms will only smart you up a lit
tle and supply the grit that keeps folks
And bearing everything won't help
you to advance, either. Suppose folks
do complain. Bemember, they wouldn't
feel happy If they didn't have some
thing to whine about. Let them whine.
You're too busy to do anything but to
keep on going.
IT you're ever going to lead, you musi
start going now. Every fellow is go
ing to wear the blue ribbon one of
these days. To excel, you must begin
as a youth to make good. Old-age
prodigies are scarcer than hen's teeth.
The habit of success will spare you
many a heart-ache. Thoughts of fail
ure are the best means of Insuring it.
Vision that sees only life's promise,
and will that thinks only In terms of
victory, rises from what threatens de
feat able to cope with any circum
stance. If keeps on going. Grit.
Elephants on Rampage.
Stories of how an elephant occasion
ally upsets a circus are not uncom
mon, but one rarely hears of an orgy
of destruction like that which oc
curred In the Malay apnlnsnla. A herd
of wild elephants attacked a railway
station, pulling down the statlonmas
ters kitchen and bathroom. They did
the same to the derk's quarters and
then tackled the station while the of
fice force looked on from trees. One
elephant took off an automatic weigh
ing raur1'" as a souvenir of the raid,
but flnd'ng it heavy, threw It down on
the track. One of the elephants
trumpeted the recall and they an went
back Into the jungle except one who
fell In a well and had to be got oat by
human aid, bat was sot detained.
By the time help arrived after a gen
eral telegraphic alarm the hags beaste
had entirely disappeared.
Worth Trying, Anyway.
Cheerful smiles not only help those
who see thaa, bat actasliy fceJp Omm
irho irmllit these t
BOOK CHAT BY MARY WHITE
OVINGTON, CHAIRMAN OF THE
BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR
THE ADVANCEMENT OF COL
-WHITE AND BLACK"
By H. A. Shands. Published by Har
court. Brace & Co., New York
City. Price $1.90. Postage 10c
"White and Black" is the story of
a small rural community in Texas.
You have the Negro tenant farmer,
the 'poor white, the landlord, the white
and the colored preacher. You have
these people in their relation to white
and colored women. And this picture
is presented by a white Texan.
My last .sentence makes me want to
indulge in retrospect If a book with
this setting had been sent me to re
view ten years ago, I should have
been able to size it up pretty accu
rately without reading it. Its treat
ment would have resembled the sec
ond half of the "Birth of the Xation."
Everyone in the Negro world would
have been objectionable except the
trusted servants: and everyone in the
white world would have been noble
except a stray poor-white. The North
would have been censored for recon
struction, and the South praised for
its patience with the colored race.
The South has produced many
books on this pattern, by Page and
Dixon and others; books not written
to tell the truth, but to defend the
white South. To review "White and
Black" on any such basis, however,
would be ridiculously incorrect. One
must read this story to see what a
keen observer Shands is, how he picks
out a bit of Texas and holds it up
to us as it really i. The former pic
ture of the Southerner was like the
photograph mother has taken of her
small boy hair neatly brushed, boots
shined, best jacket, necktie straight,
and on the angel's face a look of
pious resignation. But father now ap
pears with his kodak and snaps his
offspring with tousled hair, torn
shirt, scaling a fence to chase a stray
cat. deviltry in his eyes.
Shands has used his camera, and
he has not been afraid of catching
his white characters under some very
shady circumstances. It is a remark
able sign of the times that within a
few weeks of one another, Stribling's
"Birthright" and Shands' "White and
Black" should be published in New
Of the, two, Stribling's story, which
I reviewed as it was appearing in the
Century, is the more artistic This
young man from Tennessee is a mas
Timepieces Royal Hobby.
Louis XVI bad a passion for time
pieces, anfl it Is said that he had so
difficult a time in adjusting bis clocks
and watches that he reflected on the
"absurdity of his having attempted to
bring men to anything like uniformity
of belief in matters of faith when
he could not make any two of his
timepieces agree with each other." On
one occasion his royal chef at his wit's
end for variety in his dishes said: "I
really do not know what to do, unless
It be to serve up your majesty a
fricassee of watches."
A Dog's Devotion.
Lovers of dogs will be Interested In
the story tola at an inquest at the
London hospital on the body of a man
who committed sulcld by throwing
himself out of a window. In a letter
written Just before his death he
wrote: "My dog Teddy follows me
about. He know things are very bad
with me. I do Lope he will be taken
care of. As I pace up and down my
room he walks with me." A witness
said that the dog was very fond of
his master and always seemed to un
derstand when be wax worried and in
HON. CARL R.
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Member of Congress freas tke Testis Ceagressioajd District ef
IHmoi Wio Will Be Re-EIecte? to CoBgre frwej tie Same
District Tkis Cons Fall, Wko Made tic.Speeci K
life m. Farer ef tic Paacafe
m tke Lower Hevae f
ter of style and has produced a beau
tiful piece of work, all the more re
markable since it deals with such sor
did material. For this reason I like
it the better of the two books but
it does not get so quick a hold upon
one's sympathy. Perhaps this is be
cause Stribling- has dared to make a
colored man his hero, to center his
story about a Negro college graduate,
and he has not sufficient knowledge
of the race to make his figure wholly
real Whereas, Shands has sketched
his educated Negro very lightly, mak
ing his hero a white man. But it is
not the people who count for so much
in Shands' novel, it is the things that
happen, the lynching, the Ku KIux,
the part the young people play.
Events move rapidly and the ending
is powerful. But of this I must not
tell you. It is unforgivable to spoil
a good story.
Don't miss this book. I have re
viewed many volumes since last Oc
tober, and I cannot speak too strong
ly of the necessity of reading this
stoVy- Read it and then read "Birth
right" and tell me which one you like
the better There has been a battle
royal at the N. A. A. C P. office re
garding the relative value of these
two works. Of course, you will find
things to criticize, but when you are
through, go to the library and pick
up Page's "Red Rock" or "Dixon's
"Clansman." Then you will see the
immense distance we have progressed.
The lynchers and the Ku Klux Klan
are still with us, but the Southern
youth of today, as exemolified bv
Phands and Stribling, is not defend
ing them. On the contrary, he is re
lentlessly showing their weakness.
And let us take a little credit to
ourselves for bringing this about. The
colored press, the N. A. A. C P. with
its constant stress upon publicity, the
many daring investigations of lynch
ings that its staff have made, the fight
going on today in Congress for the
Anti-Lynching Bill, all these things
have awakened the country. Perhaps
when John R. Shillady was beaten up
in Austin, Texas, he helped to make
this book of Shands. Who knows?
What we do know is that when self
criticism begins a community takes on
new life. Self-satisfaction, self-complacency,
is killing much today that
was fine in America. Let us rejoice
that an opposite tendency is to be no
ticed in this attack upon the race
question, and be glad that here we
are beginning today to face the truth
that alone can make us free.
NEW ATTRACTIONS AT THE
AVENUE THEATRE, INDIANA
AVENUE NEAR THIRTY-FIRST
STREET, MR. TOM NORMAN.
Wednesday evening, May 3, open
ing night the Avenue Theatre will
present the great sensational drama,
"Scandal," with a good high class
capable company of players. Also
high class vaudeville between the acts
of the play and orchestra concert, to
enliven the whole show, with highly
interesting Photo Plays interwoven.
It will be known as a combination
show and it goes without saying, that
it will greatly please the many patrons
of the Avenue Theatre.
Its manager, Mr. Tom Norman,
leaves no stones unturned in an effort
to secure the best moving pictures
and the best vaudeville' acts in exist-
i Um Dyer Ad-Lyc3uaf KH
Joung naa desk teM m tat taem ? '.
seed to be stored for
CHAS. EL STUMP. I
Mx own ashes.
1 could aet asy a flea&, tt ww '