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CHICAGO, ILL, SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1922
IN WINDING UP HIS RACE RIOT CASES MR. WILUXmI
HAS SCORED THE GREATEST LEGAL VICTORY OF
ANY COLORED LAWYER IN THE UNITED STATES,
AND HE HAS COVERED HIMSELF WITH HONOR AND
GLORY WHICH TWLL LINGER WITH HIM TO THE END
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HON. THOMAS G.' WINDES
The Eminent and Most Honorable Dean of the Circuit Court of
Cook County, Who Sat in Judgment on Two of the Race
Riot Cases Tried Before Him by Attorney A. L. Williams in
October. 1921, and Judge Windes at That Time Was Firmly j
or tne upmion iobi. uie ity ui vuiwi);u " uauic iu iuc
Survivors, White and Colored, of All Those Who Lost Their
Lives During the Race Riots in This City in 191 1.
SOUNDS THE PRAISES OF THE
-6514 .Evans Avenue, Chicago, I1L,
June 29, 1922.
Mr. Julius F. Taylor,
Editor of "The Bread Ax,"
Dear Sir: Enclosed please find
J$2.00 for renewal of my subscription
to your valuable paper, -which I take
great pleasure in reading every week.
It is not like some of our other Negro
papers which often contain articles
that are not based upon the truth and
whose editors make no attempt to dis
tinguish between fact and fiction.
They even print articles that they
know are "framed up" to injure others
and satisfy the spite of designing per-
I really become discouraged some
times when I see some of our editors
plead for law, order, honesty and mor
ality on their editorial "pages, while
on the first page of the same paper,
in glaring headlines, they seek to dis
grace some creditable man or woman
who has in no wise injured them.
Worse still, they will retract these
false statements and publish the real
truth of the matter only upon the con
dition that they are to be paid an
extortionate price for so doing. Our
only hope lies in the younger men
and women of the race who are
learning to THINK for themselves.
. In this coming army of thinkers lies
our only salvation. Editors who
plead for justice to the race should,
above all things, be JUST themselves.
They should remember the old legal
maxim which tells us that "He who
asks equity should do equity and must
come into court with clean hands."
Very truly yurs,
,. M. E. McCLURE.
To the above t we say, Amen!
Quinn .Chapel, A. M. E. Church
24th St and Wabash Ave.
H, E. Stewart, Pastor
A biographical sketch of one of the
early pioneers of Quinn will be read
The pastor will deliver a sermon
taken from the text, Jeremiah 12:5:
"How wilt thou do in the swelling of
A special feature of the Sunday
night service will be an illustrated
sermon, showing scenes trom tne
Bible as well as depicting life and
character of the modern day. Illus
trated songs, etc
An advisory board has been organ
ized in Quinn for special service dur
ing the summer.
Mrs. Gertrude Dixon of St., Louis,
Mo., has' returned to her home after
spending a pleasant stay in the city,
the guest of Attorney and Mrs. Wal
ter M. Farmer, 4751 Champlain ave
nue. Mrs. Dixon came to the city to
see the degree of B. S. conferred on
her daughter, Melba Dixon, at the
WUniversity of Chicago, on June 13.
Miss Melba Dixon is now visiting
friends at Cumberland, Md., and Har
per's Ferry, W. Va.
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HON. GEORGE M. MAYPOLE
,jm?r Mea&ec of tke Cky Couacil From the Fourteth
Wrd,CkkTmiic Its Track Elevatlea ComakUe,. Mamr
7&E.4bl$mMmcm Coaauttee, Wie t Its Last Metkt
'y Smcuiitke Matioa to Settle Up the Race Riot Claiau at
J: 0w. -AJ4ecmaa Maype, Like Mk Lite Fatlwr, AWrm
WMiuR T, Myiwe, Is Oae of tfce Bet and Truet.FrW
and as sure as the bright shining sun
rose in the extreme east and set in
the far west that he would meet with
success by and by, and now, after as
sisting Mr. Williams every way that
we possibly could for almost three
years, in connection with his race riot
cases, we are able to greatly rejoice
with him in winning by far the
greatest legal victory that has so far
been won by any colored lawyer in
the United States.
On Wednesday, Max 25, 1921, Mr.
Williams tried his first riot case be
fore Judge Samuel Stough, sitting
in the Superior Court of Cook county,
that of Ada Dozier, widow, vs. City
of Chicago. The jury was composed
of twelve white men, the city was
represented by Hon. Charles Pease,
assistant corporation counsel, and by
several other brainy legal lights and
they fought Mr. Williams to a dead
standstill. They did not hesitate to
resort to every sharp trick known to
the law in their desperate effort to
floor him or defeat him or knock
him out, but in the final end their la
bors were all in vain, for the jury re
turned a verdict against the City of
Chicago and in favor-of Mrs. Ada
Dozier for twenty-three hundred dol
lars (?2,300). Then the leading col
ored lawyers loudly contended that
the city would move onto the higher
state courts and that by the time that
the Supreme court of this state
grabbed Mr. Williams and his un
heard oi race riot case and ripped
him up one side and down the other,
that he would not have one leg to
stand on and that all-of his other
race riot cases would fall flat to the
ground. Such was not the case, how
ever, and that judgment against the
city become final.
On Tuesday morning, October 25,
1921, Mr. Williams began to try his
second and third race riot cases be
fore the Hon. Thomas G. Windes, the
eminent dean of the Circuit court of
Cook county those were the cases of
Joseph Lovings, who resided at 2030
South Dearborn street, and who
worked in a white barber shop at 1304
West 12th street He was well liked
by its owner and his patrons. On
his way home on his bicycle on the
evening of July 29th, he was set upon
by a howling maddened mob, esti
mated at almost 5,000, and the mad
mob fired fifteen to twenty bullets
into his head and body. Then the
mob trampled upon his lifeless body
and defaced his face and skull by
beating it in. A number of white wit
nesses women and men testified s
to viciousness of the mob, and among
that number was Rev. Father Jones,
a Roman Catholic priest, who very
vividly testified as to how he knelt
down by the side of the dead body
of Joseph Lovings, right in the pres
ence of the bloodthirsty mob, and of
fered up prayers for the repose of his
sou! in peace.
It was indeed a very effective scene
to note the good acts and deeds of
this holy father, who waived all race
prejudice aside and had the moral
courage in the presence of the howl
ing mob to perform his sacred duty
Attorney Williams handled the case
in a thorough and most masterful
manner from its beginning to its end.
His closing argument to the jury
was really eloquent, effective and far
reaching in its ramifications. When he
concluded it was perfectly apparent
that he had left a profound impression
on the minds of each one of the jur
ors, and they returned a verdict in
favor of his client, Mrs. Carrie Lov
ings, the widow of Joseph. Lovings.
for three thousand and five hundred
That same week Mr. Williams suc
cessfully tried his third race riot case
before the Hon. Thomas G. Windes
and there was no question about it
He had greatly improved in his argu
ments and so on- -His third case was
that of James G. Grimes vs. Gty of Chi
cago. Mr. unmes was mooDea ai
35tB .and Robey streets, where he re
sided at that time, and most of his
witnesses were white ladies, from his
neighborhood, who were kindly dis
posed towards- Mr. and Mrs. Grimes.
Mr. Grimes received permanent blind
ness from the injury he received at
the hands of the mob.
Mr. Williams delivered a most mas
terly oration in winding up his case
and some of the ladies sitting in the
court room, which was crowded all
the time, cried, out in anguish and
with tears running down their faces.
They were led from the court room.
Even strong, able-bodied men were
tfsea lo wipe tears from their eyes.
The jury, after beiag folly instructed
by Judge Windes as to the law and
the evidence governing that -class of
cases, retired to the jury room and
in fi?e minutes' time they were hack
ra the court room with a verdict in
(Concluded from page 1)
favor of Mr, Grimes for five thou
sand dollaVs ($5,000).
The city waged a strong and bitter
fight against Mr. Williams and left no
stone unturned in its effort to head
him off, but it availed it nothing. Three
lawyers were hurled against him at
one time, namely, Mr. Charles W.
fease, Mr. E. C Lund and Mr. Albert
O. Sullivan. The feeling was so in
tense on the part of the able lawyers
lor the city that during the selection
of the jury a colored man found his
way into the jury box. Mr. Williams
was perfectly willing to go along with
the colored juror, but the lawyers for
the city hustled him out of the jury
box just as soon as they possibly
could, and the jurors in all three of
the race riot cases tried by Mr. Will
tarns were white men.
Shortly after the termination of
those race riot cases Hon. Samuel A.
Ettelson, the great corporation, coun
sel of Chicago, placed all of the re
maining race riot cases in the hands
of Hon. James W. Breen, first as
sistant corporation counsel of Chi
cago, and being one of the most re
sourceful lawyers in this country and
understanding all of the laws of this
city and the laws of the state of
Illinois from A to Z, and after read
ing many law books of other states,
it did not take Mr. Breen long to
firmly arrive at the conclusion that
"the city of Chicago was liable to
the survivors of all those who lost
their lives in this city during the race
riots in 1919."
Affidavit and Resolution Passed by
the City Council, November
In the meantime the following affi
davit which was brought forth by At
torney A. L Williams and referred to
the Finance Committee for action.
The affidavit of Mr. Williams was as
A. L. Williams, being first duly
sworn, says that he is the attorney
of record for twenty-one (21) cases
in the Circuit and Superior Courts of
Cook County for death and serious
personal injury sustained from the
within named causes; that on to-wit:
the 22nd day of June and the 27th,
28th, 29th and30th days of July, 191?,
the within causes grew out of the
riots of said dates by persons being
injured or killed as hereinafter shown;
that suits were filed in the amount
of five thousand dollars ($5,000) in
each case under a statute of Illinois
and known as "The Suppression of
Mob Violence," which statute is un
der the Criminal Code of Illinois be
ginning at Section 256 S to 256 W;
that subsequent to the filing of said
suits, this affiant tried three (3) of
the said cases in the said Circuit and
Superior Courts and obtained verdicts
in each case tried, to-wit: Ada Dozier,
widow, vs. City of Chicago, before
Superior Court Judge Samuel C.
Stough, verdict twenty-three hundred
dollars ($2,300) from the jury; Carrie
Ldvings, widow, vs. City of Chicago,
in the Circuit Court of Cook County
before Judge Thomas G. Windes, ver
dict thirty-five hundred dollars ($3,
500) from the jur and in the case of
James G. Grime's vs. City of Chicago,
who was permanently blinded in said
not, verdict five thousand dollars
This affiant avers that there is now
pending under his supervision eight
een (18) cases as follows:
B-62780, Cornelia Baker (widow)
vs. City of Chicago, $5,000.
B-62781, Julia Jackson (widow) vs.
City of Chicago, $5,000. i
B-6783, Augusta Taylor (widow)
vs. City of Chicago, $5,000.
B-62785, Pearl Mills (widow) vs.
City of Chicago, $5,000.
B-62786, Lewis C. Henry and wife
(son and wife) vs. City of Chicago,
B-63031, Ada Banks (mother) vs.
City of Chicago, $5,000.
B63034, Josephine Dozier (widow)
vs. City of Chicago, $5,000.
B-63035, Gertrude Crawford (wid
ow) vs. City of Chicago, $5,000.
354266, Lillian Bass (widow) vs.
City of Chicago, $5,000.
354267, Lila Williams (widow) vs.
Gty of Chicago, $5,000.
354268, Mary Sandford (widow and
two children) vs. City of Chicago,
354269, Robert Taylor (minor son)
vs. City of Chicago, $5,000.
354270, Attress and Hattie Lee (de
pendent brother and sister) vs. City
of Chicago, $5,000.
354049, OHie Harris (widow and
one child) vs. City of Chicago, $5,000.
354050, Celia Robinson (widow and
six children) vs. City of Chicago,
All of the above causes are for
deaths of persons killed by mob vio
lence as aforesaid. The following for
personal Injury were:
B-655519, William .Stewart vs.. City
of Chicago (was" shot through his
body and leg broken).
B-65520, Lewis Phillips vs. Gty of
Chicago (eye shot out, shot through
head and permanently disabled).
This affiant further avers that all
of the above cases are now pending
and ready for trial in the Circuit and
Superior Courts of Cook County, as
aforesaid, and waiting for the dispo
sition of the Council, so as to avoid
duplicity in the trial of same; that
ninety-five per cent (95C) of the
plaintiffs are pennMcss and without
means to obtain their witnesses at
the hearing of the said causes, in
order to make out their cases, and
will be further handicapped to a great
extent; that the City of Chicago, in
the above cases already tried, has
made absolutely no defense by pro
ducing witnesses at the hearing of
cither of the said causes, and this af
fiant verily believes that they cannot
produce any at the future hearings;
that this affiant has persistently im
plored and pleaded with the city's
representatives to dispose of the said
cause without compelling the said
several plaintiffs to go to any further
expense of paying out witness fees,
and also to save the time it will take
to try said cases for all parties con
cerned, thus reducing the cost to a
minimum for the said plaintiffs afore
said, and prays that the said matter
go before the Common Council of the
City of Chicago, there to be deter
mined as was done in similar cases in
East St. Louis, 111., on or about the
15th day of April, 1921, when the said
Common Council passed an ordinance
appropriating the sum of four hun
dred and fifty-five thousand dollars
($455,000) to pay for suits and claims
pending in the said courts of East St.
Louis as a result of the mob violence
there in 1917, and in the City of
Frankfort, in Franklin County, where
in the suits brought in the United
States Court of the Eastern District
Court of Illinois, and there the same
was determined by a confession of
judgment in said court and the said
plaintiffs were put to the least ex
pense in said cause.
This affiant further avers that he
personally knows of the destitute and
personal need of all of the plaintiffs
in the said causes; that he has been
personally responsible and compelled
to pay rent, .witness fees, railroad
fare and all, even to the extent of
paying for food to feed some of the
little ones left destitute as a result of
the said mob violence, and prays that
he be relieved by the honorable City
Council from further financial respon
Further affiant sayeth not
A. L WILLIAMS, Affiant.
Subscribed and sworn to before me
this 16th day of November, A. D.
1921. WILL N. JOHNSON,
Alderman Henry L. Fick introduced
the resolution and Aldermen E. I.
Frankhauser, Charles G. Hendricks
and John H. Lyle spoke in favor of
its passage, and the following sixty
six aldermen voted for it forty-six
Democrats and twenty Republicans
the membership of the Gty Council
being sixty-six at the present time,
namely, Honorables John J. Cough-
lin, Michael Kenna. Robert R. Jack
son, Louis B. Anderson, U. S.
Schwartz, John H. Johntry, John A.
Richcrt, Timothy A. Hogan, Robert
J. Mulcahy, Jos. B. McDonough,
Chas. S. Eaton, Guy Gurnsey, Martin
S. Furman, Ross A. Woodhull, Shel
don W. Govier, Guy Madderom.
James McNichoIs, Leonard Rutkow
ski, Dennis A. Horan, Joseph Cepak,
Anton J. Cermak, John G. Home,
Samuel O. Shaffer, Joseph H. Smith,
Geo. M. Maypole, Oscar H. Olsen,
Edward J. Kaindl, John A. Piotrow
ski, John Czekala, S. S. Walkowiak,
Thomas P. Devereux, Maurice F.
Kavanaugh, John J. Touhy, James B.
Bowler, John Powers, Matt. Franz,
Henry L Fick, Chas. J. Agnew, Dor-
sey K. Lrowe, Leo. L. Klein, Arthur
F. Albert, Walter P. Steffen, Thos. O.
Wallace, John Haderlein. Leo M.
Brieskc, Frank J. Link, E. I. Frank
hauser, Thos. R. Caspers, Charles G.
Hendricks, Christ A. Jensen, Edward
R. Armitage, Max Adamowski, Henry
Schlegel. Thomas F. Byrne, James F.
Kovarik, Wm. R. OToolc, Wm. J.
Lynch, Terence F. Moran, Scott M.
Hogan, John H. Lyle, Benjamin S.
Wilson, Albert O. Anderson, John P.
Gamer, John Toman, Jos. O. Kost
ner, and John S. Clark.
May 2, the. elaborate and far-reaching
"opinion of the corporation coun
sel, Hon. Samuel A- Ettelson, and his
very able and honorable first assistant
corporation counsel, Hon. James W.
Breen, was transmitted to Hon. John
A. Richert, the best chairman of the
finance committee that Chicago has
ever had, and on Monday1, j June 26,
at the last meeting of the finance com
mittee, Alderman Louis B. Anderson
moved that the race riot cases should
be the first order of business. His
HON. JOHN H. LYLE
High Class and Popular Member of the City Council From the
Th,rty-second Ward, Strong and Influential Member of the
Finance Cornm.ttee Who Delivered an Eloquent and
Earnest Talk Before That Committee in Favor ofPaying the
Survivors of the Colored Men Who Lost Their Lives e
Race Riots m This City in 1919.
motion was seconded by Alderman
George M. Maypole and Aldermen
John Powers, the father of the city
council; John H. Lyle, Joseph O.
Kostncr, Anton J. Cermak, Ross A.
Woodhull, Chairman John A. Richert,
Edward R. Armitage, Max Adamow
ski and several other members of the
finance committee had joined in the
discussion and after Chairman Richert
had stated that the race riot cases had
been in the hands of a subcommittee
namely, Hon. Ross A. Woodhull, Hon.
Max Adamowski and Hon. Edward
K. Armitage and tnat they had re
ported in favor of settling the race
riot cases after a clean cut investiga
tion had been made. Then, on the
motion of Hon. Anton J. Cermak, a
resolution was passed recommending
that the city council should empower
the corporation counsel with the as
sistance of Hon. John A. Richert,
chairman of the finance committee,
to settle the race riot cases with
out any further delay. Hon.. James
W. Breen was on hand to answer any
questions which the members of the
finance committee felt like propound
ing to him. Un Ihursday afternoon.
June 29, at the last meeting of the
city council until after its vacation,
it passed an order authorizing the
corporation counsel and Hon. John A.
Richert, chairman of its finance com
mittee, to clean up or settle up all the
race riot cases in Chicago.
It is estimated that Attorney A. L.
Williams expended well onto $2,000
of his own money in his great and
memorable legal fight for right and
justice in behalf of the colored people
residing in Chicago.
CHARLES E. STUMP, TRAVEL
ING CORRESPONDENT FOR
THE BROAD AX, HAD A
ROYAL TIME AT LOS
Los Angeles, California. "I told
you so. I mean by that that I told
you the next time I sent you a letter
I would be way out here in California,
and yon may put it down that this
gooseberry is right here, and he has
been in some real good company, and
the trip from New Orleans to this
place has been worth while, and I
have been forced to change my mind
on some things.
I started in good company,
was with Rev. R. M. Caver, of
Rock. Ark., pastor of the Mt
Baptist church; Secretary H. V t
loway, of the National Baptist K- -fit
Board: Helena: and Miss.or.
Charles Stewart, of the Nationa
tist convention, Chicago. No
sec I was with gospel enou
know that I must" get close to heaven
and refrain from using "cuss" words
and talk just about Jesus and His
mission on earth. I feel like I can
now preach a real sermon.
When I was informed that we had
a Pullman through Texas. I looked at
Secretary Holloway. and intimated
that he must be dreaming, but it was
really true. Holloway is a man who
doesn't talk much but, honey, he is
one more doer. Now, how them men
got that drawing room from New Or
leans to El Paso, I can never tell
you how, but it happened.
They told .me that they would leave
at 11 o'clock and I was at the South
continued on page 3)
HON. ROSS A. WOODHOLL
Member of the City Council From the Eighth Ward; High
Class and Successful Business Man Who Has Been PromK
nently Mentioned for Mayor of Chicago in 1923, Member of
the Finance Committee of the City Council Who Ably Stood
by the Colored People at the Critical Time When They
Needed a Man of His Courage to Strongly Contend for the
Settlement of the Race Riot Cases.
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