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THE BROAD AX, CHICAGO. ILLINOIS, SATURDAY. DECEMBER 23. 1922
A MERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY NEW YEAR
:' " ;
COODEYE,Old Yearl the fickle World The big round moon and silver stars
Pursues another Flame, That lighted up your sides
And Tmie the ruihlesa, changing Time 'Will shine upon as many loves
Will now eraee your name. Li just as many eyes.
And yet your younger trial wkh
His aspect bright and new
Is but an unread version of
The hopes we hadiayou
The.appk4Iofl8oms of his Spring,
The little seeds mat lie
Deep buried in me Heart of Earth,
Will live again and die.
He, too, will give die warmth of Sun,
And days of slanting rain,
As he deals out our yearly share
Of happiness and pain.
NEW YEAR'S EVE
Customs and Their Origin; Hap
penings of Long Ago.
All Peoples Have Ways of Amusing
Themselves on Special Occasions
and at Fixed Seasons.
AN OLD philosopher, 'who was
none the less a philosopher for
his constant and close observa
tion of men, remarked that we can
best Judge men's temperament and
ideals by watching them at their
work and at their play. A keen ob
server would have very little difficulty
la Judging Americans by their work.
One such has aptly called this country
The Land of the Strenuous Life."
ran ear sports partake so much of
this strennoslty that the medical pro
fession Is beginning to warn as of
arerlndulgence In the more violent
forms ef athletics.
Bat til peoples have ways ef amus
Jag themselves on special occasions
and at axed seasons after a Banner
a Trail established that It has coae
to be retarded & kind of ritual, says
the Haw Tart Herald. This has esse
dawn te hs from the ages when oar
ferebears first pushed their way out
ef the dry tablelands of dvlllaatien.
siren the mighty power of the churches
has not been able to brash aside sesae
practices that hare their roots deep
OM Custom That Continue,
i Probably after Halloween and
Cfcrietmas there Is no festival of the
ysar so girt about with long-estab-Hahed
customs as New Tear's day.
Assess the best known of these are
sJm auguries drawn from what was
oiled the "Candlemas bun." In Scot
lead and ether northern countries the
asm Candlemas, given to this season
ef the year. Is supposed to have had
Ms origin In religious ceremonies per
farmed by candle light. The candles
need were very large and highly oraa
tented, and were bresght In at the
IssilftifTrnrr to the assembled guests,
wfcs, since the falling ef dusk, had
been trk"c freely ef the waasH
aawL Then, In prseesslen, they
searched eat Into the night, aa to
lanagtHsaoBs the gassing
the shape ef n bun.
and fall and general
deads the see
r ted weather. Sometimes, toe,
angaries for the future were gathered
fram the state of the atmosphere an
New Tear's Eire, and also frosa the
force and character ef the wind.
In the Imagination ef most prhnl
tlve peoples, especially those of the
North, who were forced to battle
the elements ef nature fsr
aa snatoaaaca, the eras ef treat
And'he wiH bring the fragrant June
When crimson roses' nod,
And hurry through the Summertime
To flaunt the goldenrod.
The painted pathway of his Fall
Will be with clouds o'ercast,
Because his Winter footsteps reach
The Portal youhave passed.
Good-bye, Old Year! we loved you well;
We found your treasures dear,
But you have died as monarchs dfr
And so Long live the Year!
fan Tend! eed, in N. Y. Times
reasts were considered occasions
when the spirits of pood and evil were
In deadly conflict. The moment of
midnight on New Tear's Eve was al
ways considered a time of special ac
tivity for the spirits of evlL In order
to overcome them holler and more
powerful Influences had to be Invoked.
The evil spirits, or genii, as can be
gathered from the Icelandic and Anglo-Saxon
folklore, ana even from
words In their dialect, could be over
come by an appeal to the good genii,
the hoghmen, or hlllmen.
Probably Imported from Italy was
the superstition that on New Tear's
Eve the "evil eye" was all the more
malignant Then, too, there was a
widespread practice of the "setting of
mete or drynke by nights on the
benche to fede Allholde or Goblyn."
In some of the dialogues of the fa
mous medieval morality play, "Dives
and Pauper," we find mention of this
and many other New Tear's customs
Intended to counteract the activities
of the forces of evil.
Christmas Cheer Continued.
Perhaps what contributed most to
this general fear of sinister influences
was the deep drinking among the peo
ple, which continued almost uninter
ruptedly from Christmas until New
Tear's day. Up to the Ninth century,
except in the Syrian and Coptic
churches. New Tear's was not cele
brated as a special feast day, but was
looked span as merely .the secern af
Christmas. Therefore the Christmas
cheer was continued throughout the
entire octave without abatement. It
flickered up for the last time on New
Tear's day, as Is clear from the one
hundred and ninety-eighth sermon of
Augustine, bishop of Hipp.
In England on New Tear's Bve the
young women went about carrying
the "wassail bowl" and singing from
door to door certain verses a custom
which had much in common with the
hogmanay practice in Scotland. Eet
pint, the strange brew which In that
country was carried about In the
streets at midnight, was composed of
ale, spirits, sugar, nutmeg or cinna
mon. It was a powerful potion, the
effects of which were almost Imme
diately evident BItson in a collection
of ancient songs gives us a few sang
to the quamngs of this "prince of
IfcTBers, old or new." One each k:
A JeDy waaeel bowl,
A waaael of rood ale.
Wn mre the belle's seal
Tnax aetteth thto to sale;
Oat Jelly wasaaU
which It has mat abaca the year l&U,
when many abuses were dfacerered
in the practice, the custom ef harry
ing first across the threshold ef bis
sweetheart has been practiced by
many a young lad la Anglo-Saxea
countries. The young lady listened
attentively from the time the midnight
bells ceesed to ring to eaten the lot
footfall on the floor.
The welfare of the family, particu
larly the fairer portion of It was sup
posed to depend upon the character
of the first comer after the midnight
hour had sounded. Great care was
taken to exclude all Improper persons,
especially as the midnight intruder
enjoyed the privilege of imprinting a
"hearty kiss" on the lips of the ex
The custom of bestowing gifts has
become so inextricably linked with the
New Tear's celebrations In Paris that
New Tear's day is still called the Jour
dEstrennes. This custom seems to
have had its rise In the conduct of the
nobles of the late Middle ages, who
were In the habit of bestowing gifts
upon their sovereign. Naturally the
ruler, not wishing to remain under ob
ligations to them, returned the gift in
a princely fashion. In England, how
ever, especially In the time of Queen
Elizabeth, this custom became so bur
densome that It occasioned genera
protest among the nobles. "Good
Queen Bess" was not slow to Indicate
Just what kind of gifts she expected,
or rather exacted. She let It be
known also what consequences would
follow the withholding of the Jewels
and the silks which she looked for at
tiie hands ef her subjects. She was
so niggardly In her own gifts that ws
can understand how the custom fall
Into disuse and in the time ef George
IV was abandoned.
The giving of gifts was also very
common among the people. On Christ
mas, and often on St Stephen's day,
employers, parents and masters pre
sented Christmas boxes to their de
pendents. It was a form df Christ
mas charity. On New Tear's day,
however, gifts were exchanged be
tween friends and acquaintances as a
sign of good wlIL This custom, per
haps, had its origin In the box which
was taken aboard every vessel that
sailed out of port during the octave
of Christmas and which was not to
be opened until the return of the ves
sel. Contributions were to be dropped
into this box, large or small, according
as the day had been propitious or oth
erwise. The person to whom the con
tents of the box were given was sup
posed to have a mass said for the
mariners who had made the gift
Hence the name of "Christmas boxes,"
which were given up to and Including
New Tear's day. Each one of these
days became known as "boxing day."
January first draws hear.
The light and airy manner
He bad some weeks ago
Has passed from him completely.
His heart is filled with woe,
Far that day U approaching
Ha great dreads to see.
When Friend wife will
Of prosilaes that he
Has Bade those resolutions
That will be hard to keep,
BeeaJriBg such an effort.
TwemA max aa aagH
. lilt. Wutirn Jftwipapv Onion.)
AS WE look Into the immediate
future and greet a New Tear
there Is one figure that we
want to see upon the field of
history, the figure of prosperity.
It may be that we think that
we do see It while we are really
goring upon a mirage. Hope al
ways tells a flattering tale and Is
ready to be the father of thoughts.
Imagination Is ukln to faith, but
requires no renl basis. If our op
timistic outlook is warranted It is
so because we can believe In a
prosperity that Is to be real be
cause It will be the product and
the possession of us nlL
dj Civilization Is the sum of co-op-"erative
intelligence. All the capital
In the world could not mine coal
without miners, and all the miners
In the world could not do It with
out capital. Idle wealth has proved
no more than accumulated useless
nest In eastern countries; men
have starved to death In the midst
of vast but unappreciated natural
resources. While the employment
of money and the wise direction of
labor have given to the West Its
Immense advantages of social and
economic riches and well being.
JRuBsIa Is perishing under the In
"cubus of a stagnant communism
that takes away the Incentives of
progress, banishes leadership, lives
upon past accumulations while
they last, and starves afterwards.
The Interchange of abilities Is cut
off, the social circulation of neces
sary differences In people Is ar
rested, the rewards of a genius for
affairs are withheld, production Is
ended and prosperity lynched. It
Is like a vast body wherein there
Is no circulation of social life
fTAmerica has thriven and must
J" thrive upon the largest encourage
ment of Individualism that a true
collectivism admits of. When the
crew cannot navigate the ship
there is no advantage In killing
the captain. It Isn't necessary to
have tyranny In order to have a
captain, but society and business
must have leaders and governors,
and there cannot be two captains
on any ship.
T After all, men hardly expect to
" pass for more than they are worth.
The real kick In our democracy Is
against false differences. Ours Is
the land of a fair chance. It is
the home of opportunity. No crust
keep merit down. In an Inter
change of values every one here
has had and must have a chance
to make the most of himself,
djfln doing this he will need and
jluae his fellows. No one ever suc
ceeded yet In being great or pros
perous as a hermit. We climb up
upon each other. It takes us all to
make and to keep civilization. A
man owes himself and his fortune
to society In a very large degree.
Are we not all members of a great
and wealthy body politic, wherein
no one can live to himself or die
without loss to the rest?
fJLet a dozen men. each man ow
ning his neighbor five dollars, ait In
a circle. Let one of these take a
five-dollar bill from his pocket and
pay his debt to the man next to
Mm. Let this man pay his neigh
bor and the next man pay his until
the bill shall have gone round the
circle and returned to the man
who started It on Its round. This
sun may return the bin to his
pocket with the happy conscious
ness that he has paid his debt and
also received what was due him,
and that every other man In the
group has the same satisfaction.
But If the first man had not started
the bill going there would hare
been no such results. Ha would
then have Illustrated Russia, in
stead of America.
fTThe secret of civilisation Is the
Circulation ef ability. It is the
secret of prosperity. Let every
man circulate his worth to society,
so shall there be a true commun
ism, also a true capitalism. There
Is a conundrum which asks why
one should prefer a dollar bill to
a gold dollar. The answer is, "Be
cause, when you put it Into your
pocket you double It and when
yon take It out you find It In
creases." Prosperity progresses as
we pass on what we are and have.
A TIMELY RESOLUTION
"Ralph." said his father, "what good
resolutions are you going to make for
the new year?"
Tm not going to fight with Frank
Ross any more," replied Ralph.
Tm glad to bear that my boy,"
said his father; "but why did yea
make that resolution?"
"Cause," was the answer, "I L
ways get licked."
COMES AND GOES
The record shows that the old year
goes out and the new year comes tat
regardless of who la looking, so yen
anight as well get year ncaal sleep.
9 Let's Start With a Clean Slate 1
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ON NEW TEAR'S EVE hi England,
All in the olden day.
The children went a-caroUag;
All In the olden way;
And ever as they Journeyd on.
This chorus would you hear:
"Ood send you happy. Ood send you
Pray Ood send you a happy New Yearl"
Across the fields and meadows
And through the frosty light.
While starry eyes and starry skies
Illumed the wintry night.
The children caroled blithely on.
In chorus sweet and clear: ,
"Ood send you happy. Ood send you
Pray Ood send you a happy New Year!"
Our days are sadly modern.
Our ways are modern, too;
But hearts still beat as high with love
As once they used to do
So take the old-time message.
Good friends, both far and near;
"God send you happy. Ood send you
Pray God send you a happy New Year!
Nora Archibald Smith.
THOUGH every day Is a new be
ginning, and so far as our person
al experience Is concerned a
"new year" may start any time, there is
something about the ending of Decem
ber and the first week or so of Janu
ary that makes even the careless
thoughtful. The passing year has
brought both Joy and sorrow what
may not the next have In store?
Where shall we be when the New Tear
bells fall on our ears again? Who will
be with us? Shall we be 111 or well?
Disquieting questions that disturb our
ease and make us Inclined to fear.
We have blundered sorely, It may be,
in the old year; some of Its pages are
blurred with regret, or the sombre
stains of remorse. And no matter
what happiness may have been ours,
there Is always something we did or
left undone which saddens as as wa
remember. Shall we make the same
mistakes once more, leave the same
blotted record? Our hearts grow chill,
and we turn away, disheartened on the
New Tear's threshold.
This Is quite the wrong spirit in
which to face the battle that lies be
fore us. It Is right that we should
look back to see where we failed, and
how. But this once recognized, with
our plea for forgiveness a plea that
will never be refused if we are truly
sorry we must lift up our hearts
again and set out to slay our enemies.
They are within us. not without. In
side our citadel dwells that evil tem
per, that pride, that Indolence, that
greed or envy which tempts us to de
sert our colors to think that the fight
Is hopeless. Each of us has his own
special temptation, and, once we real
ize the form ours takes, the way Ilea
straight before us.
Ifs the fashion to smile at New
Tear resolutions, so often made only
to be broken; but they are a definite
help If we make them firmly Intending
to keep them I They win only weaken
us if we throw them to a troublesome
conscience merely as a sop something
to keep It quiet for the time, until It
goes to sleep again. Providing that
they be sufficiently elastic to change
their form when there Is reasonable
cause, rales fence In duties that might
oe neglected and ke?p inem In the
forefront of our minds. But to multi
ply rules Is a big mistake, for there
Is one which, faithfully kept, will
make us both blessing and blessed.
The Rule of Love. Just loving our
neighbor as we love ourselves; serving
him, trusting him. hoping for him.
Refraining even under grave provoca
tion from saying what would sting If
he said It to us; forgiving him as we
would be forgiven : considering him as
we would be considered; helping him
when he needs It with the thoughtful
delicacy which makes help acceptable
Instead of humbling; respecting his
weakness, his prejudice, his Infirmity;
laughing with him Instead of at him;
and, should there come a time when
sincerity demands, we should say what
we know will not please him, taking
core to blend truth with charity.
All the "little" rules we make for
ourselves come Into line with this one.
The Rule of Order oh, how many
New Tears have we not begun with
the resolution that we would not leave
our things about, nor lose them, nor
hide them away! For we cannot be
untidy nil to ourselves any more than
we can be III tempered and not spoil
someone else's pleasure; and nothing
Is more upsetting to already wearied
brains than the fuss and worry of
hunting for things which should be
ready to hand. The Rule of Punctil
iousness In little things, that famous
"oiler of the wheels of life." will make
us both polite and punctual, as we
must be If we would be pleasant to
work with (Judging other people's
preferences by our ownl) The Rule
of Gettlng-Up-In-TIme (this almost
deserves all capitals !) means. If kept,
a great deal more than our own con
veniences, since everything we do or
leave undone Is bound to react on our
And even If we often fall' to keep,
even fitfully, the golden rule which
enjoins us to love them as ourselves.
every effort we make In this direction
brings Its own reward, here and now.
An we grow Into the habit of thinking
of people kindly we cease to be an
noyed at their peculiarities, and create
an atmosphere of good feeling la
which they cease to be annoyed at
ours. We must always remember that
the bearing and forbearing Is not
needed on our side alone as Thomas
a Kempls said long ago, when wo find
our neighbor difficult to put up with,
we may be sure that he finds It equally
difficult to put up with us. There win
always be need for self-control and
patience; but when we reckon up gain
and loss on the eve of 1623, In the
measure we have kept the Rule of
Love, so one win outweigh the other.
"We turn and look upon the Taney
cf the past year," says Stopford
Brooke. 'There below are the spots
stained by our evfl and bur fear. But
as we look a glow of sunlight breaks
upon the past, and in the sunshine la
a soft rain falling from heaven. It
washes away the stain, and from the
purity of the upper sky a voice seems
to descend and enter our sobered
hearts. "My child, go forward, abiding
in faith, hope, and love, for lo, I aa
with yes alway . . ."
Kay the New Tear bring aa an near
each ether as children of the seme
dear Father. Exchange.
NEW YEAR DEMANDS OUR BEST.
Whan people calmly talk over taatr
troubles there are few of them that
cannot be adjusted satisfactorily. If a
this aaapidon and hate that btoak
progress. Let men learn the real an
tare of their feUows and there wffl
be a change In their attitude toward
them. There's enough good In every
man to change the nature of the world.
Let's get busy and dig up the noble
sentiments and hopes that are buried
beneath years of unfair thinking and
cheap theories of living. The New
Tear demands the beat wa can pre
GOOD REASON FOR QUITTIHQ
ob Fltxsimmons May Hav Bt
Wrong In Judgment Concerning "
"Gamenesa" of His Son.
The best story observed In print far
some time Is told by Joe Vila in ti.
Sun about young Robert Fltzslmmos.
Toung Fltz Is considerably bigger and
stronger than his father ever waj, j,
Is quick with his hands and with hlj
head, he knows the science of thi
game. But It seems he can't stand m
and take It Mr. Vila continues:
Ten years ago Old Fltz Introdoetd
Toung Fltz to a party of friends at the
former champion's New Jersey home.
The father put on the gloves with hU
son and the latter surprised the rlj.
itors with a dazzling exhibition of
"He's very clever, ain't her re
marked Old Fltz during a short rest
"Well, now I'll show you something
Resuming the tilt. Old Fltz sudden
ly hook'd his right to Toung Flu'i
chin with terrific force. Toung Fits,
staggering, pulled off his gloves and
threw them on the floor, as he walked
hurriedly out of the barn.
"He can box well." said the ancient
Cornlshman. "but he can't take a
punch. He ain't game!"
"I stopped because I didn't want to
lose my temper," explained the kid at
the dinner table. "I didn't care to sing
the old gent !" New Tork Timet
LIGHT ON ANCIENT HISTORY
Discoveries Made In Old Tombt la
Syria Reveal Important Fact Not
Two tombs about 4,000 years old
have been discovered at Bjblo. Sjrla,
by the excavations being carried oa
under the direction of General Gonr
and, the French high commissioner, ac
cording to the Paris correspondent to
The London Times.
The age is established by the dis
covery In one of them of a harpy; a
curved sword with a gold handle; a
seat of gold on which Is engraved the
Egyptian sparrow-hawk; a gold icirt
baeus ring beautifully carved, and a
balm box of obsidian, mounted In gold
and bearing the name of Pharaoh
Amenemhat of the twelfth dynaity.
I This Is stated to be the oldest Inscrip
tion discovered In Syria, and proves
that commercial relations between
Syria, Greece and Egypt were already
active 2,000 years before our era. The
first recorded conquest of Syria bj
Egypt was made my Thotmes I (Teth
mosls) of the eighteenth dynasty dur
ing the Sixteenth century, B. C
A 2200-Ruble Stamp.
The soviet postal service -of RustU
has Just Issued for the benefit of thi
famished people of the Volga, a
postage stamp that, as they say, beat!
It Is a postage stamp of 22.500
rubles. Stamp collectors will gladly
stick It In their albums, the more so
since the purchase of this vignette
will not ruin them.
In Issuing this novelty the soviet
posts hastened to establish the "par
ity" of the modern ruble and the for
mer kopecks that were used In thi
times of the hated czars.
One kopeck equals 10.000 rubles.
This new stamp of 22.500 rubles Ii
therefore worth 2ft kopecks (old
style) ; that is, a few cents.
It is to be added that this stamp
Is colored flesh tint and mauve and
represents a fist clasping a hammer,
with banner bearing humanitarian in
scriptions. Popularity of Rubber Heels.
Sixty per cent of the shoes manu
factured In the United States today
are said to be equipped with rubber
heels. Shoes for men are more often
eauinned with rubber heels than shoM
for women. It is estimated that 71
per cent of the rubber heels mann
"factured are for men. The United
States census of manufactures of
1S2Q, covering production during 191s,
showed that 275,337,206 pairs at
leather boots and shoes were ausa
factured by 1.448 establishments. Thl4
was exclusive of slippers and fiber and
other footwear not of leather. Daring
the seme period the production of rub
bar heels reached 138,468,768 pairs,
and 9,777,065 pairs of rubbers sad
composition fiber soles were nuna
Ask Law t Pretsct Ameriean Names,
At the nineteenth annual meeting
and reunion of the Reade Society for
Genealogical Research, held In this
city, resolutions were passed asking
that a national act be passed by csa
gxess making It unlawful for any per
eon to assume the family surname sC
any one of colonial, revolutionary
r historical fame. It was also voted
that for the protection of such names
and t avoid confusion, nlstazaa or
fraud, the organization sees. pre
rent foreigners from taking ut
colonial or American names wklea
have bean made prominent
New Control for Autee.
TMsnnsnTnr with the present aaMS
geatcy brake and gear-shift levers la
any motor car, the dutch, brakes and
near shifts are controUed by meant
aC pneumatic pressure or rrom w
as pounds, obtained from the motor, la
device of recent Invention. The ap
paratus, according to Popular Me
chanics Magazine, Is mounted on the
fmnsmlcalnn nu In nlace of its COVCT,
and is operated by means of a smaH
pivoted lever, witn me new conuw
it la Imnosalble to strip gears, or t
engage the dutch whan the brakes an