Newspaper Page Text
Iron County Register
By ELI D. AKE.
IRON TON. - MISSOURI
SEARCH FOR NEGRO
HIS FLYING MACHINE.
ADDCCT in Din
Efforts are being made In London to
further the emigration of llrltish wom
en to South Africa.
Mm. Jeanne Marnl has Just won
the Chauchard prize given by the
Societe des Gens de Leltres of France.
Alfred Sodermau of Worcester
xfass.. has succeeded In growing po
tatoes and tomatoes on the came vine.
The schools of Louden are to have
foghoras, but not, it may be, as a
symbol ul the pedagogy of old Eng
land. It is proposed to build a medical col
lege at Luekuow as a memorial of the
visit of the prince of Wales in 1905,
lit a ceet of $1,250,000.
One point in favor of the direct oire
Kown is the fact that it could not pos
sibly be as bad as some of this imag
inative artists picture it.
Sweden is sending to the Vnited
States for some of her sons who have
forsaken her and have made a success
of careen in this country.
In oriel- to keep up the supply of
billiard balls several hundred ele
phants have to be killed every year.
Ililliards is an expensive game.
Japan's new prime minister says
his one aim will be to preserve the
world's peace, but thus far he has not
ordered the Japanese navy to sink
Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller,
Jr., have a second son. The outlook
for that youngster is brighter than it
Is for the scond son of the king of
Tito Pan-American idea continues to
find favor. The president has ap
pointed nine delegates to the Pan
American scientific congress, to be
held in Santiago, Chile, in December.
A Wilkesbarre Judge has an
nounced that debts for sheath gowns
are uncollectable in his court. It Is
a poor style that cannot chronicle its
own pecu'iur foolishness at the
Wu Ting-Fang has eight ancient
rules which assure a person that he
can live for 200 years. The rules must
be the limit of unbearableness, or
somebody would have tested them by
A co-educational college in Ohio is
reported to have been responsible for
10,000 weddings during its career of 50
years. This looks as if the co-educational
system is not as bad as some
persons say it is. ,
Tests of reinforced concrete barges
and pontoons have been conducted by
the Italian government since 1S97, and
the results have been so gratifying
that several more of the strange con
structions have been ordered.
Tho English papers have combined
to boycott the word suffragette. They
discovered that its use was no assur
ance that a circulation solicitor
wouldn't get a panful of dishwater
where he had been counting on a kind
John Ruskln proposed old-age pen
sions more than 50 years ago. In his
lectures at Manchester in 1857 on
"The Political Economy of Art" he
pleaded for pensions to "soldiers of
the plowshare as well as soldiers of
A Chicago professor predicts that
English will be among the dead lan
guages in the year 4000. However,
when it Is considered that the lan
guage has been pretty well used and
abused without showing the wear
most persons are sanguine enough to
hope that It will live a little longer.
Who denies that the world Is grow
ing better? asks the Omaha Bee, A
man has been sentenced to seven
years in prison at Goldfield, Nev., for
selling fake mining stock. Life is go
ing to lose some of Us attractiveness
in tho west If it Is made a crime to
fleece a tenderfoot by the mining
One want begets another. The
harvest is uncommonly big this year,
and the demand for agricultural imple
ments is on a corresponding scale. In
some quarters the announcement is
that all records have been broken.
Such activity means busy times and
lots ot work in the manufactories of
mowers and reapers and other up-to-date
machinery for farmers.
"Vodka" bottles in Russia carry the
Imperial eagle on the labels the
"vodka" trade is a government mo
nopoly but a commission of the
Duma, appointed to consider the drink
evil, has lately recommended that the
eagle be removed from the label, and
a skull and crossbones be put in its
place, with appropriate warningB
against the use of the poison.
It looks as though the potato bug,
like the elm tree beetle, the cotton
boll weevil and the wicked flea, which
have on their backs lesser critters to
bite 'era, Is going to get his. Farmers
in Maine, which Is a big potato state,
are rejoicing over the alleged dis
covery of a parasite which is exter
minating the potato bug. That In
sect has been for many years one of
the scourges of the country, Infest
ing evory region where tubers are
raised. If the parasite proves to be
all that is claimed the days of the po
tato bug are numbered.
. Another proof of the growing lm.
portance of Interior waterways. Traf
fic on the Missouri river has so in
creased that larger steamboats and
juore of them are demanded to meet
requirements. The Missouri is a mighty
stream, 3,000 miles long, though the
tortuous course and uncertain depth,
with fiuctsatlng currents, make navi
gation difficult and dangerous. Never
theless there are long stretches where
boats of considerable draft can be em
ployed, and witlr water transportation
for a large portion of the products of a
tig region the gaffe would be .great.
76 PERISH IN A MINE
RESCUERS FIGHT FLAMES AND
GASES TO RECOVER BODIES.
FRENZIED MOB AT SHAFT
Relatives, Grief Stricken, Keep an
Ail-Night Vigil in Vain
Wigan. England After ;he re
covery Wednesday of the 20 burned
and mutilated bodies from the May
Pole colliery, where an explosion oc
curred Tuesday evening, flame? drove
the rescuers back, with 50 or CO bodies
Heroic efforts are now being made
to subdue the flames so that tho reseu
ng party can re-enter the wrecked
mine, but there is no hope of jlndlng
any of the entombed men alive.
The rescuers are working against
fearful odds and at risk of losing their
own lives in the flames and gases that
fill the mine. The men are equipped
with an oxygen apparatus.
Many were overcome by the fumes
and brought to the top of the mine un
conscious. Eighty men were in the
mine when the explosion occurred find
only four escaped. Most of the bodies
recovered are either headless or limb
less, showing the terrific force of the
explosion. Many mine ponies were
A frenzied and grief stricken mob,
after an all night vigil, is still hover
ing near the shaft, vainly hoping that
some of the entombed miners may yet
The cause of the explosion has not
POSSE SAVES NEGROES.
Blacks Accused of Dynamiting Ala
bama Home Roughly Handled.
Birmingham, Ala. Only Ihe pres
ence of a big posse of deputies
prevented the lynching Wednesday of
two negro strikers who were arrested
at Pratt City for dynamiting the house
of Thomas Duggan, a prominent mine
The dynamite was thrown against a
window inside of which Duggan's two
daughters were sleeping. They barely
escaped death and were badly cut by
flying glass and splinters of the win
dow frame. The house of a negro
miner, which stood nearby, was com
MOUNTAIN TOWNS IN PERIL.
Forest Fires in British Columbia Drive
Refugees to Cities.
Cranbrook, B. C. Fear is grow
ing that the great calamity of
Elk Valley will be repeated in
this section any moment on account
of increasing forest fires in all direc
tions. The sky Is obscured by smoke and
the roar of flames coming from the
neighboring hills drownB all other
sounds. Klberly, Moyer and other
small mountain towns are fighting for
their very existence. Refugees are
Hocking to this city from the surround
ing fire zone.
Prayers Win Election,
Neosho, Mo. Prohibition won in
Tuesday's local option city elec
tion by 55 majority. A continu
ous prayer meeting from 5 a. m. until
7 p. m. and the ringing of church bells
at two-hour intervals were features of
the fight made by the temperance ad
vocates. Child Refuses to Wed; Slain.
Altus, Okla. Alice Carter, 11 years
old, refused to marry Charles Fisher,
a farm hand, against her parents'
wishes, whereupon he drew a revolver
and shot and Instantly killed her and
then committed suicide.
, Fund for Radium Research.
Vienna A friend of learning, who
wishes to remain anonymous, has ot
tered the sum of $10,000 to the Vi
enna Imperial academy of science fd 1
the establishment of a great Institute
for radium research.
Clopk Weight Kills a Doctor.
Columbus, Miss. Dr. A. C. Halbert,
one ot the best-known citizens of
Columbus, was killed the other after
noon when a weight fell from the
clock in the courthouse and struck
him on the head, killing him Instantly.
Auto's Plunge Kililt One.
Buffalo, ff. Y. One man was killed
and two were injured, one possibly
fatally, when a speeding automobile
dashed over an embankment in Dela
ware Park and into an abandoned
i je quarry.
JAP HELD ON PRETENSE.
Is Suspected of Seeking Secret of
Pittsburg, Pa. Sam Flue, a Jap
anese, stylishly dressed, showing
evidence of wealth and apparently
educated, was lodged In jail here
Wednesday night, charged with tres
passing on railroad property. He Is
held in default of bail. It is intimated
the trespass charge is merely made
to nold Flu pending investigation of a
suspicion that as a representative of
the Japanese government he has been
seeking the secrets of the manufact
ure of projectiles at the plant of the
Firth-Sterling Steel Co., near Mc
Keesport. When arrested he is said to have
told the railroad detective that he
Vas employed at that plant.
The officials of the plant say no
such person Is known to the company
and. if he worked there it was in dis
guise. Nebraska Corn Crops Assured.
Lincoln, Neb. A heavy rain that
covered practically every section
of Nebraska fell late Tuesday
night and Wednesday. Railroad
men aud crop experts say it is all that
was needed to assure a corn crop. In
some sections the- rain was heavier
than desired. At Culberson there
was a flood and Burlington tracks
were washed out. At Strong and
Axtell hall fell, but little damage was
Auto Takes to Water.
Mlnot, N. D. William H. W'in
ney and John Ginsberg were speed
ing in Mr. Wlnney's touring auto
mobile along the Mouse river Wednes
day, when the steering gear of the
car became unmanageable and the
machine headed for the -iO-foot em
bankment of the river. Both men
jumped just in time to escape being
carried over with the machine. The
automobile went to the bottom of the
Irregularities in Cuba Schools.
Havana, Cuba In consequence of
the discovery of extensive Irregu
larities in the department of public
Instruction, of which Lincoln de
Zayas is superintendent, Lieut. Col.
Bullard has been appointed surveyor
and ordered to institute a rigid investi
gation. It Is alleged by the officials
ot provisional government that the
payrolls have been padded and ex
orbitant amounts charged for the rent
of the public schools.
Ruef Held on Bribe Charge.
San Francisco, Cal. After a pre
liminary examination, the longest
in the history of the local police
court, which consumed C7 days, Abra
ham Ruef, former political boss in this
city, was Wednesday held by Judge
Cabinlss for trial In the superior court
upon a' charge of bribing former Su
pervisor J. J. Fuerey to vote for an
electric street railway franchise. Bail
was fixed at $3,000, which was prompt
Goodrich, Senior Rear Admiral.
Washington, D. C The retire
ment of Rear Admiral Robley D.
Evans placed Rear Admiral Casper E.
Goodrich, commandant of the navy
yard at New York, at the head of the
active list of rear admirals of the
navy. Admiral Goodrich will be re
tired in January next.
Indiana Miners' Strike Ends.
Terre Haute, Ind. The strike in
the bituminous coal field Is ended of
ficially by the announcement that the
Operators' association had agreed to
the demands of the United Mine
Workers of District No. 11, and 12,
000 miners are at work.
Child Choked By Olive Seed.
Sharon, Pa. While eating olives,
Mildred, the 10-year-old daughter of
Stephen Evans, was choked to death
by one of the seeds lodging In her
Big Lumber Mills Burn.
Wilmington, Vt The Mountain
Mills, owned by the Deerfleld Lumber
Co., " were destroyed by fire. Three
tenement houses, all of the store
houses of the lumber company and
nine lumber-laden freight cars were
Child Drowns in a Tub.
Parkersburg, W. Va. The 10-month-old
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William
Cales was drowned when she tell into
a tub of water In which she had been
HOUSEWIFE KNOCKED DOWN
WHILE HUSBAND IS ABSENT.
TIN BOX AND $30 IS MISSING
Mrs. Kennedy Fails to Identify Negro
Suspect Arrested and He It
St. Louis, Mo. Mrs. James Ken
nedy of Dwyer, St. Louis county,
who was knocked down and assaulted
by a negro in her home, went to Clay
ton Friday and said that William
Clemens, a Klrkwood negro locked up
there as a suspect, was not her assail
ant. Clemens then was reelased.
She said the negro who followed
her Into her home as she returned
from a visit to St. Louis Thursday
night was heavy set, copper colored,
weighed about 180 pounds and wore a
dark blue suit and a straw hat.
Dwyer Is on the Danny road, four
miles west of Clayton. The Kennedys
live In a farm house and the husband
was away from home the early part
of Thursdy evening.
Was Expecting Husband.
Mrs. Kennedy, who is 25 years old
and of frail physique, was in St. Louis
Thursday afternoon with her baby.
She took a train on the Creve Coeur
division of the Missouri Pacific, ex
pecting her husband to get on the
train at Benton station, in the city.
Kennedy failed to board the train,
and Mrs. Kennedy got off. at Emerson
station, which is a short distance from
her home. Sho had to carry her baby
so left two baskets at the station, and
returned there to get them, leaving
her baby at the house.
It was after her return that the
negro entered the Souse and attacked
TROOPS LEAVE SPRINGFIELD.
Only One Regiment Remains Grand
Jury Indicts Two.
Springfield, 111. Only one regi
ment, the Seventh, remains in
Springfield Friday. The First Cavalry
departed Friday morning. The city Is
quiet and business Is fust resuming
Mrs. Kate Howard, who was indict
ed Thursday on four counts and her
bond fixed at $10,000, Friday was able
to give ball and has been released.
Abe Rehmer cannot give bond as he is
indicted for murder.
The coroner's jury Friday morning
decided to exhume the body of Louis
Johnson, the first killed in the riots.
His body was found in Loper's base
ment, but there has always been a
dispute whether he died of Bhotgun
wounds or from cuts from glass.
It is announced that the grand jury
is not yet through with Mrs. Howard,
but that many other Indictments are
to be returned against both of them
Oklahoma Banks Denationalizing.
Guthrie, Okla. Eight national
banks in Oklahoma have an
nounced that they will denationalize
and become state banks to enable
them to take advantage of the state
banking guaranty law. The comptrol
ler of the currency has notified all na
tional banks in Oklahoma that they
may not operate under this law. One
national bank has announced that it
will orgaize a savings bank under the
guaranty law, thereby enjoying the
prestige of both a national and a
Catcher Bushong Dead.
New York Dr. Albert J. Bush
ong, famous as a baseball catch
er when a member Of the St. Louis
Browns and the Brooklyn teams, died
at his home in Brooklyn late Thursday
afternoon. Bushong was born In
Philadelphia 52 years ago and in the
80's vied with "King" Kelly for first
honors as a backstop. He retired from
baseball in 1900, taking up dentistry.
Newest in Campaign Speeches,
Washington, D. C. Canned ora
tory was used for the first time In the
presidential campaign at a meeting
here Thursday night by the District
of Columbia Demooratlc association.
William J. Bryan's voice was repro
duced by graphophone in a disserta
tion on publicity in campaign contribu
tions and the election of United
States senators by direct vote.
Seventy-Six Miners Perished. "
Wigan It 1b now known that
7C miners have perished In the ex
plosion and the fire that followed It
in the Maypole mine. Finding that
it would be Impossible to recover the
bodies still In the pit, the fire having
taken stich a firm hold, the directors
Thursday night decided to flood the
Mrs. Hayes Acquitted.
Centralia, 111. Mrs. Virginia B.
Hayes, charged with attempting
to poison Elmer Riley, her son-in-law,
by putting poison in his lunch,
was acquitted Thursday.
Pension Vouchers Carried Free,
Washington Hereafter all pension
ers will be alldwed the free use of
the mals to return their pension
vouchers, as the result of an order is
sued by Postmaster General Meyer,
amending the postal regulations.
Morocco's Sultan Prisoner,
Tangier It is reported here that
the army of Abd-El-Aziz, sultan of Mo
rocco, has been routed by the forces
of his brother, Mulal Hand, 60 miles
from Morocco City, and that the sul
tan has been taken prisoner.
Memphis Hat a $100,000 Fire.
Memphis, Tenn. Fire gutted tho
Rowena building on Main street, near
Washington, occupied by J. C. Adklns
& Co., hardware. Tho estimated loss
is $100,000. Braun's hotel, adjoining,
Buffered a small loss.
Japt Rebel Against Taxes.
San Francisco I. K. Friedman, the
Chicago author, who arrived here
from Japan, predicts a revolution in
that country. Heavy taxation, he says,
is spreading a spirit of revolt among
THEFT HAS BAFFLED SECRET
SERVICE MEN FOR YEAR
AND A HALF.
SUB-TREASURY LOST $173,QC0
Friend Declares George W. Fitzgerald,
Now In Custody, Is Innocent.
Was Formerly an
Chicago The mystery of the theft
of $173,000 from the United States
subtreasury a year and a half ago, one
of the largest losses the government
has ever suffered in this manner, 18
believed to have been solved by the
arrest' Sunday of George W. Fitzger
ald. Others are believed to have been
implicated in the crime, which for
months completely baffled government
secret service men.
Fitzgerald was an assorting teller
under Assistant United States Treas
urer William Boldenweck. Suspicion
at the time of the theft, Feb. 20, 1907,
rested on him, but so plausible was
his story and so intense his apparent
interest in discovering the real culprit
that Interest ceased to center in him.
Much work was done on the theory
that the crime had been perpetrated
by a negro.
Bills of Large Denomination.
Meanwhile Fitzgerald was dis
charged from the government employ
for culpable negligence in allowing
such a theft to be consummated un
der his eyes. The money stolen had
been used and was tied in packages,
some of which having been marked
for destruction at Washington. Any
of them would reudily havo passed
anywhere except for their large de
uominafions. None of the bills was
under $500 and some were of the $1,
000 and $5,000 denominations, tho $1,
000 ones predominating.
Meanwhile Herber t F. Young, a for
mer Chicago newspaper reporter and
now head of the Young Secret Service
agency, became interested in the case,
at first without official connection, but
later as the agent of Mr. Boldenweck.
It had not been Intended to arrest
Fitzgerald at this time, as further evi
dence was not only wanted against
him, but developments were expected
which would conclusively involve oth
ers. However, it is stated those under
suspicion had obtained an inkling
that untoward developments were go
ing forward aud It was deemed best
to lose no time in making an arrest.
The case being one properly under
federal jurisdiction, a United States
judge was first sought, but none could
be found. Assistant State's Attorney
Barbour was next approached, and
shortly after midnight Sunday morn
ing Judge Chetlain at his home issued
a bench warrant for the arrest ot
Fitzgerald on the charge of larceny
of $173,000 from the government
COULD HAVE FIRED SHOT.
Physicians Find Stein Suicide Was
Not an Impossibility.
Des Moines, Iowa Morris 11. P.
Stein, the young Des Moines man
who was mysteriously Hilled at Lou
donvllle, O., a week ftgo last Friday,
could have fired the shot which ended
his life, In tho opinion of three Des
Moines physicians, who Sunday morn
ing made a post-mortem examination
of Stein's body.
Should the autopsy over the body of
Miss Porter at Loudonville reveal that
the same caliber bulleta caused her
death, it will be settled beyond ques
tion that the same gun was used In
the killing of both. Three chambers
of the revolver found near the bodies
were empty. It is probable that should
Mrs. Stein and Mrs. Mayard be tried
at Loudonville for the murder, the por
tions of the dead man's anatomy would
be taken there and used in the case.
Has Spoken In Six States.
Eau Claire, Wls.-E. W. Cha
fln, Prohibition candidate for tho
presidency, -and W. D. Cox, nominee
for governor of Wisconsin on the Pro-'
hibitlon ticket, Sunday spoke here to
4,000 people. Chafin left for Minne
apolis Sunday night, where he will
deliver five speeches Monday. Chafin
Sunday said that ho had spoken in six
states already and Intended to cover
the remaining states before Novem
ber. New Monetary System in China.
London, Eng. A dispatch from
Shanghai to the Morning Post says
that It is reported that China has de
cided to adopt the Japanese monetary
World's Fair for Brussels.
Brussels An international and uni
versal exhibition is to take place in ,
Brussels In 1910. The British, French,
German, Italian and American gov
ernments have announced thnt they
will take an active share in It.
Prisoner Jumps from Train.
Memphis, Tenn.-C. H. Doyle,
charged with passing $25,000 in checks
In 60 different cities, and who was be
ing taken from Sherman, Tox., to
Chattanooga, Term., escaped by jump
ing from a Rock Island train.
Brewer Poth Will Recover.
Trenton, N. J. Frank Poth, the
millionaire brewer of Philadelphia,
who was stricken Hi at a hotel In this
city a few days ago while here on a
business trip, has been removed by
his physician to bis borne.
"Ik Marvel" Critically III.
New Haven, Conn. Donald N O.
Mitchell, known in the literary world
at "Ik Marvel," Is critically 111 at the
fine old mansion he has occupied here
for E0 years, and his physicians be
lieve he is near the onri
A VOTE FOR TRUSTS
IS EVERY BALLOT CAST FOR RE
Higher Tariff Rates Assured if Pres
ent Party Is Continued in Power,
and Protected Monopoliet
Will Continue to Rob.
Tariff protection nas been imposed
upon the American people by a set of
political charlatans working under the
guise of Republicanism. Protection
ism has had a fair trial and has at
last broken down of its own weight.
The Republican party that became
obsessed by this devil of greed has
gone so far as to declare that protec
tion produces prosperity, and yet the
words were hardly out of its mouth
before tariff protection was helping to
produce the causes that culminated in
a panic from which the country it
There is no true principle or science
in protection, but it stands for that In
fernal Republican doctrine that the
few shall profit at the expense of the
many. Under protectionism the manu
facturing class is subsidized at the ex
pense of other classics, and very
naturally begot monopolies which we
call trusts. Foreign competition is
warded off by high import duties, so
that instead of the government col
lecting all the tariff taxes most of the
tariff taxes are collected by the trusts,
for the less imports there are the
more the trusts are able to collect by
Increasing the price of their products
to what the price of imported prod
ucts would be.
Still, Bome of the trusts are not sat
isfied and want higher rates of duty,
because some people are so unpatri
otic that they will buy imported
goods. So the Republican platform
has declared for a maximum tariff un
der which the rate will be bo high as
to be absolutely prohibitive and pre
vent any Importation of manufactured
With such a promise of complete
monopoly of the home market, no
wonder the trusts' stocks are selling
higher in Wall street, although under
the present panic conditions they are
doing but 75 per cent., or less, of
normal business. To deceive the voters
and those who speculate in stocks, the
trust managers are trying to appear
prosperous. Sunshine clubs are busy,
through their press bureau, publishing
statements of works starting up, more
men being hired and goods being sold,
but after all these efforts, business
still drags, for high trust prices con
tinue. The trusts control the markets
and plunder the people at their own
will, for competition is dead, protec
tionism has killed it.
The price for this tariff protection
will be paid by the trusts in cam
If the Republicans win at the com
ing election the trusts will receive
their reward In greater protection. If
the Democrats succeed the tariff will
be revised and the trusts will be com
pelled to reduce prices, which will
lead to greater consumption and
eventually much more prosperity than
ever known before. For it must be
remembered that tariff taxes are an
embargo on business and by raising
prices prevent the people from buy
ing, for a man cannot spend more
money than he earns.
The Republican idea that high
prices of manufactured products pro
duce prosperity to anyone except tho
trusts or manufacturers, is so absurd
that it is a wonder that any voter is
deceived by it. For instance, less
than one out of a hundred people are
able to wear or use woolen goods, be
cause tho price is too high. They have
Wall Street and Politics.
The steel trust is reported to have
but 56 per cent, of the capacity of its
plants producing, and yet the shares
are constantly enhancing in price in
Wall street. The steel trust common
stock dividend for the last quarter
was one-half of one per cent, or at the
rate of two per cent, per annum. The
stock is now quoted at 45, so It pays
a little over four per cent., but
whether thnt dividend Is now being
earned Is very doubtful. The price
of steel has been cut, but wages are
the same, so that the profits must
show a large decrease from last year,
with not much over 50 per cent, of the
business. Why does the steel stock
advance so greatly under such circum
stances? It must be caused by ma
pure and simple, and that
must be influenced by something that
la expected to happen In the future. Is
it the promise of the Republican lead
ers that the tariff which protects the
steel trust from foreign competition Is
to be increased. Instead of revised
'ownward? Or will wages be put
down "after election," so that tho
trust can i av I nor dividends?
to be satisfied with mercerized cotton
and shoddy, -with just enough wool, in
some cases, to deceive the eyes of the
buyers. Every one would like to use.
when winter comes, clothes made of
"all wool and a yard wide," but the
tariff-protected woolen trust la pro
tected by the tariff in not only being
able to put down the price of woel, to
the farmer, but to keep up the price
of Its products to the consumers.
The beef trust has been reducing
the price, of cattle and sheep and put
ting up the price of beef and matton,
because it is protected by the tariff in
so doing, and in spite of the so-called
trust busting, the trust is still doing
business at the old stand and hus a
virtual monopoly of the buying Of cat
tle and sheep and the sale of beef and
And these things, and many others
like them, are all done under the
plundering system called protoetion,
which Republicans declare is the
cardinal principle of their party.
PROVES NEED OF REFORM.
Protective Tariff League Provides
Argument for Democrats.
The Protective Tariff league has is
sued a bulletin asking the beneficiaries
of the tariff to get to work at once on
the "scientific facts" as to the cost of
production in foreign countries, com
pared with the cost of production la
the United States. This evidence of
cost is to be presented to the commit
tee on ways and means to show that
It would be ruination to the trusts and
manufacturers to have their tariff pro
tection reduced and be compelled to
compete with foreign producers.
The league has given its members a
hard nut to crack, for the English,
German and French manufacturers
are not likely to furnish the secret of
the cost ot producing their goods to
their competitors here. The read ob
ject of the league is to show that the
foreign manufacturer can produce
much cheaper than the America
manufacturer can, because labor Is
cheaper abroad than here. And the
argument of the league is embalmed
by the stand-patters in the Republican
platform, which declares:
"In all tariff legislation the true
principle of protection Is best main
tained by the imposition of such du
ties as will equal the difference be
tween the cost of production at home
and abroad, together with a reason
able profit to American industries."
There is one serious stumbling
block to putting this standpat theory
of the differences in cost here and
abroad into practical operation, and
that is the well-known aversion of
manufacturers to give away the
secrets of their trade and expose their
profits. Some of our manufacturers
are declaring they must have more
protection, for Instance the potters'
trust, with headquarters at Trenton,
N. J., is demanding higher tarrff rates
on its products, and some Republican
congressmen, including Speaker Can
non, have promised it to them. Prob
ably other trusts have been assured of
greater tariff protection by the Re
publican managers, if they aid lib
erally with contributions to the cam
But how can the Republicans ex
plain away the fact that many of th
protected trusts are selling abroad
cheaper than at home? To do that
successfully the labor cost here must
be even less than the labor cost
abroad, brought about by Ihe use ot
superior machinery and the more agile
and competent American workmen.
Tnat is the very best evidenee of
the necessity of tariff reform, for why
should not the American people have
a chance at the bargain counter which
the trusts and combines offer, as well
as foreigners? . .
There are other Instances of tho
evident manipulation of the price of
stocks in Wall street that have even
less apparent reason for advancing
just now. Is the job already put up
for a general wage reduction "after
election," also an increase of railroad
rates? It certainly looks that way.
There will be a "Bryan scam" due
about September 15, and stocks may
tumble, for the Republican managers
will need something to frighten the
corporations Into furnishing more
boodle to finish the Job of "saving the
Voters Vs. Tariff Baront.
The truth is tbat stand patters have
decreed the tariff shall not be dis
turbed until they choose next year,
or some other year, to make a Jew
trifling "concessions" to public senti
ment How does this comport with the ex
pressions ot tariff reform sentiment
throughout the nation? Are the
wishes of constituents to be repre
sented by the zero mark when tariff
barons get the ear of congressmen.
Chicago Journal (lnd.).