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THE EVENEST TIMES, TUESDAY, AUGUST 27, 1895.
THE.THMES: EF! 3,S0 GOLUfiWlMS FOR S CEIMTS A MOIMTH1
;- - . 1 - i T" T " " " ' ' '' ' ...- , . , , -,-.. , . .. ; , , J
(MORKINQ, EVEvXVO, AJ.D SCX3.1T.)
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TLc Washington times Company,
CcrnnrisT Corxeb Pewstivamx Avexce and
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WASHINGTON, D. C., AUGUST 27. 1893.
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ITS STEA UY G 1KHVTII.
RcporK from every part of America make
It apparent that the observance of lb
coming Labor Day -.'.111 be more general ami
enthusiastic tuan 11 ha been during several
recent years It is a (-cniplinicnt and not
an adverse criticism to say that tin labor
movement, as It is called In broad phrase,
teemed to be apathetic lor a rcriui! This
was due iu some sense to discontent with
the course of leaders, who doubtless thought
they were acting for the best Interest of
their respective orders, but iu larger de
gree, it was a result of an advance of
thought and conviction bejoud the lines
upon which the organizations were orlg-lualiy-foraied.
Within the last year or two the masses
have come up to the Mandpoint of this
progressive and advanced Intellectual
leadership The radicalism of the past
Is the conservatism of to-day. A new
coalition of factions which disagreed while
honestly striving for a common purpose Is
evident, and almost without a break they
who are thinking and workli g for a perma
nent bettering of the life of the employed
classes arc uniting to make this Labor
Day n memorable one.
No student of the cvolJtion of thought
In the field of Industrial economy can fall
to recognize that the labor move nicnl Is one
of steady growth, always exhibiting on
adva nee of Intelligence, lucre, se o f st rength,
clearness of purpose, commending Itself
more and more even to those most practical
minds lio have looked upon it as. hating
for its foundation impossible ideals.
AX UNFAIlt OIIDEH.
The 'Washington & Georgetown Street
Railroad management liave Issued an order
to conductors and gripmen directing them
to brirg their trains to a full stop for pas
sengers to get on and off their cars. This
is simply what every einploje of the road
desires to do, and such an order must seen
to l wholly unnecessary. Conductors
and gripmen show themselves to be gentle
man, almost without exception. In their re
sponsible and exceedingly trying position.
Tli"y have no tendency to maim or murder
by brutal manipulation of their cars.
One thought, however, must occur to
nny ona vho lias a thinker that the con
ductors and gripmen cannot compel pas
sengers to wait for the stoppage of the cars.
Many iteople have a sort of Insane impulse
to Jump on or off a vehicle while It 1b in
motion. Some men and women of abso
lute leisure act as though they must always
ru;h at utmost siicetl to get somewhere,
even when they can't tell where the some
where is. If they lie injured, they throw
ifl blame u'ton the railroad employes.
Much more important is the conflict of this
order with that rule which requires con
ductors and gripmen to make their trip
within a limited time, and visits upon them
revere penally it they fall. The most or
Inary Justice would suggest some modi
ficatin1otthlsord'r, in view of una voidable
delay at times, or, at the i ery least, the ac
ptance of a reasonable explanation, and
not In every case n rigid application of an
SESATOH QUAY'S I'EHIL,
There arc few men In public lire moresto
lcnl In temperament than Matthew Stanley
Quay, Senator of the United States from
.Pennsylvania, lie has probably weathered
more political storms than any other politi
cian In the country. Often when lie seemed
upon the vcrjre of political destructlonl'ie, by
the most surprising finesse, put his oppo
nents to rout
Yeara ago, when Quay had held one lucra
tive and honorable office after another by
appointment he was assailed Willi the taunt
that lie dare not go before the people as a
candidate for an elective office. He re
sponded by nominating himself for State
treasurer, and was elected by more than
the usual Republican majority or that year.
Since that time be has been repeatedly
elected to orrice, twice b'y the legislature
to the United 8 tates Senate, and In the latter
body was an advocate of an amendment to
the national constitution providing for the
election of Senators by a popular vote.
Through all the vicissitudes which beset
blm, and when his future seemed to be
hopeless, Senator Quay smiled his se
cretive, confident, stoical smile; but It 1st
now evident that he Is in dire- distress.'
The opposition ot this time has angered
him. Tho men who have been schooled
by blm have combined to defeat him.
Ills actions have declared that ho does not
underestimate their strength. lie Is
bringing lntot'tay extreme methods, which
he would have scorned to employ in those
days when he gave his antagonists knights
and bisl:op3 and then easily defeated them.
Notwithstanding unexpected successes in
Philadelphia, Senator Quay's victory Is by
no means assured. Defeat will embitter
him, and he will continue the factional
fight as long as he has life In him. Victory
by a small margin will encourage his
opponents and perpetuate the party divi
sion. Either way the battle goes, the Re
publican parly in Pennsylvania will be
greatly weakened, and Democratic har
mony, if that be possible, will result In
AGAIN AXD AGAIN.
After the accidents and narrow escapes
from accidents or the last week or two
among tho river boats. It Is almost astound
ing that such a collision as that of the
steamer City of Richmond with a schooner
anchored at the wharf should occur, as de
scribed in The Times this morning. No
explanation can be imagined, except that
of the grossest carelessness on the part of
tho officers of tho steamer. Such care
lessness seems to be contagious. No sooner
Is one Incident of tho kind recorded than
another happens, and those who patronize
these steamers may well wonder what will
bo the next Illustration of incomiietence
Owners of these vessels should seo to it,
lwth for their own and for the public good
that somo change be made in the person
ality of those who handle their property.
That greater damage to life and vessels
has not occurred Is due more to good luck
than good management. Yet It Is remark
able that those in control appear to at
tach little importance to these fearfully
narrow avoidances of disaster, and hotly
resent criticisms which are intended for
their own benefit as well as for the benefit
of their patrons. Sudden and radical re
form is demanded.
The btrauge fate which overtook Mr.
Ransom, minister to Mexico by the grace
of Mr. Cleveland, ard minister at no time
to no place by the fiat ot Treasury and Judi
ciary officials, has excited continued
and Incessant sympathy and commisera
tion. Mr. Ransom has been hanging In the nlr,
as It were. He oscillated like a pendulum
between Washington and Gray Gables hi an
agony of wonder how the President could
fish while Mexico lacked an envoy.
Therefore the news that Mr. Rniihom has
been reappointed to the position which for
several months he Imagined he was filling,
but was not , will be received with universal
Mr Ransom Is not a gentleman of wealth.
He idme forth from the late war In a con
dition which beset too many ot the leader
of the South whose State pride and enthu
siasm led them into a losing contest. Ills
life In the Senate was honorable and con
genial, but not lucrative. Tho whirligig
of politics which ousted him from that high
place was an apparent rectinhiry blessing,
but he found himself sot only without
office and salary, but actually owing the
gov eminent the money which he drew from
the Treasury before the officials who watch
the outgo of gov eminent kopecks discovered
that the supposed minister was not legally
entitled to place or pay.
TheCity of Mexico, the court of thcMonte
zumas, if that unrepublican phra.se bo ad
missible, asked for Mr. Ransom with a voice,
bordering upon command. The unwa
vering dignity, the uncompromising diplo
matic reserve, the unimpeachable ele
gance of the man, cried for speedy recogni
tion Above all his curious. and unprece
dented fate urged Mr. Cleveland to drop
his rod and allow his reel to rest for a
moment while be took up bis pen to write
the reappointment ot the eminent citizen of
the old North State.
Everybody willsbakehands onnccountot
Excitement is measured
yard atllarrisbjrg to-day.
by "the cubic
Ross Bricc and Boss Gorman had an easy
task compared to that of Boss Quay.
One is led to think that officers of some
of the river steamers do basiness with their
Labor Day is a Tourth of July to every
one v, ho sympathizes with the great pur-
poses of the labor movement.
By the way, has any one discovered the
presence of Don Cameron at Ilnrrisburg
during these agonizing Quay days?
It is eminently appropriate that a
citizen ot the Tar Heel State should be
minister lo.the land of the Greasers.
Both Brlcc and Gorman are reported to
be sending up petitions to their polltcial
deities to go to the assistance of Brother
The first bill to pass Congress should be
one appropriating the amount ot his salary
for the lime Mr. Ransom serv ed as Mexican
Republicans ot Pennsj lvania may dis
cover It they defeat, Quay that the "old
man" Is as iiowerful when he is under as
when he Is on lop.
The Boston bean market is simply Im
mense in Its activity, but it has been
cornered by Ihe knights and will be held
down to popular prices.
Minister Ransom, it is In fact, now, and
those immaculate cuffs, a sign manual
and sjmbol immortal ot the man, will now
take on, it possible, an extra I'ss.
That Yreka coroner's Jury, which sat
upon the bodies nt four men who were
lynched yesterday and brought in a ver
dict that the murderers "died Qtstrangula
tion," gave evfdc'nce of the possession of a
humor worthy of a better cause.
A Doubtful Trlbftte.
A Wallstreetman.nowdcad, wasthesub
Jetl of the conversation Two of the bankers
present had known him very well. After a
number of stories Illustrating bis l-ccnness
nnd shrewdness Iiad been toIdVono said:
"The man has been maligned very often.
He was as honest as any man who overcame"
into the street."
There was a dead silence, and the listeners
looked surprised .
"Yes," added the speaker, "he -was.
Only," and he paused here to lend em
phasis to his assertion, "for fear that others
might cheat before he could be always began
flrsl." New York San. .
Tbo Morulnp Times (or enterprise.
Gossip of the Dau.
"There was a queer suit for divorce
brought in our county the other day," said
a gentleman whoeame to Washington from
New Jersey. "It was brought by tho
woman, who charged her husband wltli
desertion. He put In an answer to her
petition by admitting that he left her,
but, he said, hU reasons were good. Ills
wife snored. At rirst he didn't mind it.
Then she snored worse and he turned his
back. Then the snoring became unbear
able, lie said she at times snored so
loudly that H awakened the chickens In
the back-yard, and on several occasions
Ilia fowls set up such a clatter and cackle
during tho night that his rest was very
much broken, and as a result his health
was becoming seriously Impaired. lie there
fore asked to be excused from paying ali
mony." "This is the dullest season I have ever
experienced." said a well-known hotel man.
"The arrivals at the hotels of the higher
class do not average two a day. I account
for it from the fact that the government
officials are absent so much tlmUtlie politi
cians keep away, as they know no business
interesting to them can be transacted. The
hotels that cater to the drummer trade, how.
ever, are doing Well.
"It looks as though the street railway
companies want to add to the cares of the
conductors and motormen."
This was a remark overheard on the
corner ot Ninth street and Pennsylvania
avenue last evening, und the speaker con
tinued: 'Ttit; trainmen on the Ninth street line
seem to have iiow4liutTall they can attend
to, with but.one conductor for two cars, and
motormen struggling with a new system;
but the president ot the road proposes to
make them decide the right of way question
between his line and the Washington &
"It seems to me tho additional cost of
placing a riagmau at this corner, and at
the other places where one would be
necessary, would be ery small, espi'daly
as it would be divided between the two
companies, and I do not believe it is
right to add to the burdens of the motor-
men thedutiesof a flagman."
Points About Pilgrims
Mr. Charles McClure. of Little Rock. Ark.,
la a guest at the Metropolitan. Mr. Mc
Clure Is a planter ot extended reputation.
Since his stay at the Metrojiolitan he has
bleu several times mistaken for Senator
l'effer, because of his long flowing beard.
Rev. J. W. Leo, a Presbyterian divine, of
Greensboro, N. C, Is stopping at the Na
tional. Mr. W. E. nigman, accompanied by his
son, Mr. Brown Iligman, of Sioux City,
Iowa, are registered at the St. James. Mr.
'Never In the history of the West have
the crops presented so flattering an out
look, and the com, wheat nnd oats harvest
promises to surpass anything ever heard
of bfore. To this fact Is traceable the
caueo of the dvlng out ot the silver crazeV
for it undoubtedly is on the decline."
The names ot Mr and Mrs. J. D. Hosklns,
of Sacketl's Harbor, N Y., and J. Stanley
Isaacs, a well-known club man, of New
Yorkjclty, are among the entries at Wll
lard's. Te Oxford is playing host to a large and
interistlngparty from New England, which
made the excursion to Washington by boat.
The members of the party are J M. Daltey,
and wire, Mrs E. Dinnett, Mrs. C. W.Baltey,
Mrs. C. 11. Chaflln, Maurice Lynch, Mrs.
Rlopelle, Mrs. Frank WoK-ott, Mis Ger
trude Towers and Augustus 11 Callahan,
all of Providence, R I.; C. MInahin and
wife, of North Attleboro, Mass ; W. G.
Madden, of Taunton, Mass ; J. O. Scott,
of Pawtucket, R I.; and Messrs. James
MeNally.R. F.Llnton.E.J Flynn.andJohn
Morris, of WoonstKket, R I.
Of Golden Color.
The Turanian rare Is the oldest and most
numerous on earth. It and tho negroid
race appear to have liven the two primeval
types of humauiiy.
The best-known branch's of the Tura
nian race are the Mongol, the Tartar, the
Samoyd and Finiiie-llungnrinn. The Es
quimaux are probably another branch and
the American Indians show many of the
The empire of the Mongols, founded by
Ghengis Khan, the self-styled "Scourge
of God," In the thirteenth century, extended
from Korea to the eastern extremity of
Europe. Even Russia was Invaded, and
from Moscow to Odessa the Mongols
devastated "with file ami sword. Next
year they invaded Poland and Moravia,
and If the holy war had notbcenstaricdthe
yellow races might lie the dominant power
In the world to-day.
Thre-appears no doubt that wherever
the Semitic and Hamitlc races lvenetrated
in Asia they found themselves preceded by
tho yellow-skinned, almond-eyed and gen
erally lieardlcss Turanians. Whether or
no Turanian developments can never travel
beyond a certain limit, certain it is that
the yellow races were thcoriginatorsof civi
lization. The earliest civilization on rec
ord Is that of Cbaldea, and it was founded
by a yellow race. -
The virility ot the Turanian family is as
tounding. It Is inrinitely greater even
than that of tho other primeval race the
Negroid and the physiological tribe is
Just as distinct from the otherraccs of man
klrd as is that of the negro. The pure Tu
ranian typo is the eamo now as it was
6,000 years ago, for even hi the oldest
traces of early Chaldean conization the
features represented arc practically identi
cal with those of Tartars and Chinese to
day, and there are'ev faint traces of the
Those who maintain that by some Inscru
table decree of Providence a barrier has
been set against the full development of civ
ilization in the Turanian race must surely
see reason (o modify their assurance when
they consider the character and develop
ment of the Hungarians and the Japanese
jwo peoples widely separated, but having
common orlglnrnevcrtheless. In the remote
past. The characteristics or the Hunga
rians and the Japanese are strikingly
alike. Both have an hcrioo national spirit.
At the time of the Mogyar incursion Into
Europe both had a common religion In
Shamanism, although in Japan the old
mythology hail been largely superseded by
the Aryan religion of Buddhism.
The Chinese Empire had Its origin at the
very dawn ot civilization, and is the one
empire which has not only survived the
wreck of ages, which, though contempora
neous with tho civilizations of antiquity
and to which the rise and fall of Greece
aud R ome arc bat tho events ot yesterday
still holds its own- If It wero as little con
servative as its Japanese neighbor it might
overshadow all the nations of the earth in
potency as It docs In population. Bach a
contingency Is not beyond the bounds of
possibility. Lord Wolselcy Is one' or these
who consider that It may, perchance, be
realized. Apart from force of arms, on-
checked Chinese lfamlgration might carry
all before it by sheer f6rco of numbers. But
for the restriction of such immigration
Australasia, if cot America and tho whole
of the new world, might ere long have been
mainly peopled by the most ancient race of
the old world. '
Sent from Washington
Railroad men and others who are inter
ested iu legislation affecting railroads have
been generally discussing the report that
the Wagner nnd Pullman car companies aro
to be considered. As a general thing very
little stock is taken In this rumor, although
11 is generally believed that Hie two great
sleeping car companies have entered Into
the offensive and defensive alliance for the J
purpose of preventing unfriendly legisla
tion during the coming session of Congress.
For tho past six or eight years desultory
efforts have been made to bring the sleep
ing car corporations within tho purview
or the interstate commerce Jaw. Time after
time the attention or the Interstate Com
merce Commission has been called, lo the
fact that there is a wide range or charges
ovcrslmllar distances which should be reme
died, but the commission lias held that sleep
ing cars are simply hotels on wheels, over
which the commission has no Jurisdiction.
Senator Sherman during tho last session
Introduced a bill designed to regulate
charges tot the usii or berths in sleeping
cars, but he never pushed his measure, al
though the sentiment at the time In Congress
was strong enough to havo carried it
through. Tiicre wilf be at least a score or
members of the House when that body meets
prepared to offer bills affecting the sleep
ing car corporations, and the sleeping car
companies realize lliat at last there Is great
danger that their Interests may be curtailed
through Congressional action.
Consequently it Is not surprising that ru
mors of a consolidation have arisen, and'
that tho companies arc taking prompt steps
toward heading off hostile legislation.
The result will be that Hie third House
will be augmented In December by the addi
tion of a number of gentlemen engaged to
lookurter sleeping car companies' Interests
and to see that Senators and Members are
amply provided wltli passes which have here
tofore been withheld from them C. A.
Hamilton In Rochester Post-Express.
The best authorities in the Treasury De
partment estimate that the deficit In the
Government finances when Congresss meets
in December will be about $.'0,000,00(l
for the first five months of the fiscal
jcar beginning July 1. It already a moiints
to $15,000,000, but the total Is not ex
pected to Increase more than S.1,000,000
during September, October and November.
That will be a very fair showing undes
the circumstances, for the .Administration
to go before CongteoS on. Leading Demo
crats express confidence that under the
operation of the law as it now stands the
revenues of the Government for the current
fiscal years will very nearly equal ex
penditures. Hard-headed and pradctlcal
men like Gorman, Ilrice, Alilrich, Sher
man and Chandler look for a clef kit or
between $25,000,000 and $10,000,000.
The deficit during the last twenty-six
months approximates $130,000,000. To
meet, uiui suoriue apu lo sirengiiieu mc -j
goiu reserve me Administration nas oor
rowei gold In three Issues of bonds, ag
gregating $iGi,00(,000. There Is still
some talk of another Issue of bonds, but
It would seem at present that there is very
little prospect of this being done. Through
the grace and mercy of J. Plerpout Mor
gan the gold reserve is held at about $100,
000,000, aud the Treasury is strong In
other cash .assets. There will be great
disappointment, not oulyin Administration
Circe!, but throughout the business vrorlil.
If the current of gold does not set in this
way naturally by the 1st of October', on
which date the bond syndicate's moral ob
ligation lo stand by the Government w,ill
expire by limitation. It must beconfess.ed,
however, that "our foreign trade rmllortk
I not as bright as it might be. Our ex
ports are falling short of expectatl ins,
our Imports have Increased to such an
extent that they are a heavy drain upon
our resources, while London has recently
turned very bearish on American securi
ties. A prolongation of these conditions
may cause further and embarrassing de
lay in the return movement of gold tu this
country. W. II. Nicholas In Chicago Even
Secretary ottVar Lamontls going to make
a speech. ItlstheSecretary'smaidenefrort
in public, and that is what makes the
coming eveutsonoleworthy. He has always
b?cn of a modest, retiring disposition, and
has declined up to the present to give the
public an idea of his oratorical ability, lie
has waived h is golden silence rule, however,
in the matter of the ceremonies attendant
upon the opening ot the Chiekamauga and
Chattanooga Nali-mall'ark, and those ho
know anything about the programme pre
pared for this event are looking forward
with a great deal of interest to that feature
which introduces Secretary Latuont to the
world as an orator.
The suggestion has been made that the
Secretary does not know he ls"slated for a
speech, and that when he learns of it he
may delegate tho duty of making the
opening address to some one ele. The
programme was prepared, however, by
the park commissioners, who are su
bordinate to the Secretary of War, and it
does not seem likely they would have put
him down for a speech unless he had indi
cated his willingness to make It.
It has been suggested by some ot the
political gossips here that the Secretary
is paving the way by this speech to an
entrance Into the oratorical arena, with
a view to possible contingencies In the
coming Gubernatorial contest in New York
State. G. W. Itouzer, in New York Herald.
Attorney General Harmon Is sitting
under the patronage tree anxiously
Ing for new political honors to drop'into
Ills lap His friends a're quietly canvassing
the President's closest friends to ascer
tain how Mr. Cleveland would entertain
a suggestion ot Juil"on Harmon's name for
the vacant place oh the Supreme bench
The Prcs-ident himself has not yet been
approached upon-the tubject. bat there
Is -little doubt that (he will be risked to
consider Mr. Harmon's name. The-latter
has discussed his -possible promotion quite
freely the past weelc-with several lawyers
who called upon him nnd expressed his
willingness to actept-the transfer lo the
bench. The. netr Attorney Gcreral hails
from the some jndctal circuit with the
late Justice Jackson, which fact con
stitutes the chief basis for1 his hope of
the appointment. Ills legal c-ualiflcations
But there Is scarcely a doubt in the
minds of the best posted individual here
that the President will go to New York
for the new Justice. J. A. Mathews, in
An Oni,n ot Honesty.
Luther Laflin Mills, the Chicago criminal
lawyer, says that when a boy he frequently
accompanied his father, who was- a whole
sale merchant, on collecting lours through
out life Northwest. They had to travel by
wagon, and as his father would have large
sums of money about blm, it was often
a problem where they could safely put up
for the night.
"My boy," the old man used to say, "it
is safe to stay at 3 touse where there arc
flowers in the window "'--Kansas City Star.
Tbo Mornimj-Tluie. for-e-aterprls).
,- , , Wl
IllM &t (
KJ SDg tir
All the city seems deserted,
Evjry street and park and square
Where the fair Diana, flirted.
And where Laura took the air.
'TU the sad, the somber season.
Fancies turn to sere and brown;
And should you Inquire the reason
By the sands and by the shingle.
And where springs a-sparkllng flow,
In the lonely mountain dingle
Where the rarest wild flowers blow,
He Is napping liko a rover.
Seeking fields ot new renown
All tho wide, wide country over;
Trick3y Cupid's out ot town!
Woe Isme, whostill mast tarry.
Slave to iron circumstance.
While the maid whom I would marry
Treads afar the lightsome dance!
There Youth, hand in hand wltli Pleasure
Blithely foots It up and down;
Here there's mourning without measure
For Dan Cupid's out of town!
Matters oF Interest.
Siberia has an area of .17,000 miles.
Credit Is given reluctantly In China.
Tbcrcaroonly:,000 cows In Arizona.
Asstria-lluogary has 174 paper mills.
The thermometer was inv ented In 1 G20. -
There are forty-seven frog farms In the
were worn In the twelfth
Hallam said that Llvy was the model his
torian. Cowper read only his Bible and his prayer
book. America exported hats to England as
early as 17U2. .
Pennsylvania produces more rye than any
Texas has more working oxen than any
Missouri is almost three tiroes the size of
The favorite classical' author of Voltalro
Athens had the first school for artists and
The Portuguese began to colonize tho
African coast in 420.
Maryland Is almoet as large as the King-,
dom of Denmark.
Korea and Kaissas arc of the tame area,
52,000 square miles.
Vegetable oils were exported last year
to the value of $0,000,000.
The liomaii province i
smaller than Texas.
if Gaul was a little
It to praeii
ented the telescope and
al use In 1C10.
The Hebrew population of Jerusalem is
largely on the increase. "
In the 17th century chickens wcrcterved
with verjuice. '
Talleyrand was. regarded as the most
eminent gourmet in Europe.
There were published in tne United
States 1,031 Journals in lfc40.
Georgia and the Carohnas inlfed 128,
0H0.434 pounds of rice last year.
Inoculation for smallpox was brought
from Turkey to England In 1721.
An 'exclusive diet of Ice cream is pre
scribed to stomach troubles.
The first public library was opened by
subscription in Alliens, B. C. t7.
At the feast of Achilles Fhoulders of
Iambs, a dee and a pig were terved.
In 1S3C Baxter patented a process of
picture printing by different blocks.
At Roman feasts alfforts of meats were
mixed and pounded into a rulp.
American farmers have 5170,000,000
invested in the turkey railing industry.
Tlie farming land of the United States
Is estimated to be worth $14,000,000,000.
Trolley Curs Italxe Windows.
The carelessness of people who have closed
up their houses for the summer is almost
beyond belief, according to the police-men
that patrol the residence sections of the
city. Windows are left unlocked and doofs
unbolted, but, fortunately the trolley cars
have combined to notify a vigilant police
man ot the state of the windows. No sash
Is so tight but that in time the constant.
although almost imperceptible Jar will
ralse'the window unless fie loik Is securely
turned. It was some time b2fore the police
men came to recognize this force of trolley
cars, and windows mysteriously opened,
but without any evidence of intruders,
worried Ihe minds of many conscientious
guardians of the peace. Philadelphia
Perfectly Snre of Tlicm.
Mrs. Gunning (taking up the broken thread
at breakfast) And you are sure of your
grounds, niy dear?
his coffee cup) Yes, love; there isatlcas tan
Inch of them at the bottom. New York Re
corder. Tlio Morning Times tor enterprise.
AH Around the Wheel.
Thomas Caldwell, of Newburgn, N. Y.,
who" Is supposed to have taken out more
patents on lawn mowers than anybody
else in tlie world, says titer New York
Sun, was talking tho other day with
William T. Hilton about arranging chains
and pedablnsuclia way as to driven small
horse mower by man power, when ills nine
tceu-year-old son Harry spoko up:
"Why don't you tako a Ug hand mower
and attach it to the front of a bicycle In
placo of tlie front wheel?" ho asked.
Tlie boy's suggestion was tried and the
Invention of the mower ejele was tho re
sult. The machine is rnjdewithahordlnary
blcj cle hind wheel and a twenty-inch mower
in the place of the front wheel. The mower
wheels liave rubber tires nnd they runjustas
assmoothly asu bicycloltself. Itlsattached
frith long steel prongs or forks and may be
adjusted to cut high or low. The pedals
aro placed directly on the large wheel
shaft, dispensing wltli the chain sprocket
wheels and crank shaft ot the bicycle.
Tlie nicyclo IJlwn Mower.
The strain ot pushing the mower Is taken
off the frame and head ot the machine
by two rods, one on eacii side of the large
wheels, one end ot which is attached to
the frame at the center of the wheel, and
the other to the mower. The machine turns
more readily than a bicycle in fact,
may be turned around in a sis-foot circle.
It take3 no more power to operate it than
to propel an ordinary tricycle. It Is not yet
perfected to run on a side hill, but Mr. Cald
well expects to overcome this little difficulty
and is dcvWug a piece of mechanism by
which the rider will ahvajs retain a per
pendicular position while the mower
may be cutting with one end elevated
higher than the other. The mower-cvcls
is guided Just as the bicycle is, by the
handles, and a lawn can be gone over in
one-third ot the time it takes to do it with
an ordinary hand mower.
The device shown below Is principally
designed for testing bicycles before they
leave the shop , although it has many advan
tages as a home trainer. Unessential that
a bicycle cliouid be tested before It Is de
livered to a purchaser, and by this scheme,
tbe.lnvention of'a Frenchman, this can be
done as effectively as by a spin over a coun
This apparatus is formed ot three large
wooden cylinders, hollow In the center and
rolling with slight friction upon the extrem
ities of their central axis in a wooden
Homo Trainer nnd Bicycle Tester.
frame. Above the cylinders Is a plat
form that permits the tester to mount upon
the apparatus in order to place the machine,
which a support holds in equilibrium at
the moment of the starting or stoppage of
the bicycle. After the operator has given
the pedals a few kicks he lets go the sup
porting bar and rolls In place, keeping the
same equilibrium as In the ordinary use of
It will be remarked that the driving
wheel of the bicycle is brreat the same time
the motor ot the three cylinders. It moves
by friction the twp upon which it rests, ami
through tLe endless chain running over the
tootbeel wheels seen at the bottom of the
figure, likewise actuates the front cylin
!er and consequently carries along the
sleeting wheel of the bicycle.
Ths critlrisra Is sometimes heard that
bicycling develops only the musclesbf the
leg,.- and i therefore inferior In respect to
building up the physical structure to other
Sports'. Experience, declares the New
York TrllHine, disproves this, statement.
Indeed, all the Important mutcles are
brought into play. Of couree, the legs re
ceive the greatest amount of exercise. Tout
the nse of the arms, back and chest Is im
portant. Tlio accompanying cnt shows the chief
muecles -which c-re used in propelling a bi
cycle. The arms are needed not only in
Eteering, bat they and the back are of espe
cial hIp In hill climbing. When a Eteep
incline is encountered, the legs alone would
be unable" lo supply sufficient propulsive
power. Tlie handle bars must be firmly
It Develop Every Muscle in tlie Body.
grasped, and the strain on them is great.
In fact, they might even be broken. It at
all defective. Thl3 shows how much
strength must bo put forth by the arms and
An interesting bicycle will shortly be
placed on exhibition. It was made by a
South American mechanic from a pattern
of a wheel which he saw in a magazine.
In three weeks this native blacksmith
completed a bicyclo ot a Eafety pat
tern, which weighs thirty-two pounds. The
wbol't machine-is made In the best possible
manner. The tires are made of leather
tubes filled with air, and are as easy rid
ing as cushion tires. This is the first wheel
ever built in South America by a man who
never saw a bicycle.
The volunteer service, or militia, of
Great Britain Includes about 7,000 bi
cyclists. For several years the signal
corps of ihe Connecticut militia, has been
equipped with bicycles.' In Belgium the
bicycle Is utilized for the quick' moving
of troops. Gen. Kelson A. Miles recognized
nearly a year ago that in the next war
T ", .06
Bicefi -u -f7
1 M llWfl
!TIAirs ' '
i X,Z vfl '. ."'"nn
Two Games To-day.
First gams called at 2 o'clock, second to foU
ADMISSION Sc and 50c
Next ST. LOUIS throe games.
Prices 25c to SI.
Slats. WoJ. and Sat.
Next Week THE DERBT MAfeCGT.
IERNAN'S LYCEUM THEATER
ALL THIS WEEK.
Geo. W.Turner's SSSSSf'
The "BEAU BBU1I MEL" of the prize rinc.
Next Week-MIACO-S CITY CLUB CO.
the bicycle will become a most important
machine for military purposes.
Something new In the way of a bicycle
trip is claimed for the Journey made by
four rlder3 near Virginia City, Nev., re
cently. They started in at the mouth of
the Sutro Tunnel on two tandems and rode
through the tunnel to the shaft station
on the 1,700-foot level of the Consolidated
California and Virginia mine, a distancu
under ground of four and a half miles.
A fair estimate of the bicycle outpnt
of 1895 would be 310,000. wheels of aU
kinds. t -
William M. Evarts, the senior surviving
United States Senator from New i'ork,
spends most of bis time at his summer
home In Windsor, Vt. It is difficult for
him to either read or write, though he
takes great interest in the news of tbu
day. New York Sun.
Lady Ermyntrude Malet, who married
Sir Edward In 1883, was a daughter of
the ninth Duke of Bedford. She is very
stately, yet makes a gracious hostess. As
a linguist she is veTy fluent and as a taste
ful dresser tets all the fashions in Ber
lin. Her principal beauty lies in her feet,
which are small aud ery arched. Lady
Ermyntrude has tlie largest collection o
footgear In the world. St. Paul's.
Chief Justice Fuller, ot the United States
Supreme Court, said the other day In the
course of an lntervlcv "If we want to
live to a green old age we should stay in
harness The dry rot of alnilessnesscatsoin
Secrctnry of the Navy Herbert was en
lertaiued during his stay at Bar Harbor by
ex-becretnry Whitney at Mossley HalL
The Empress ot Uussia has made selec
tion of English hand-printed chintzes for
curtains and furniture coverings In one ot
the Imperial palaces of St. Petersburg. The
order amounts to several miles of material,
and Is probably lhe largest chintz orelerevci
given for one residence.
Professor Scbmoller, a favorite witH
many American students at the University
of Berlin, is mentioned as the probable
succesror of the late He-inrich von Sybcl,
as head of the bureau in charge of the
Prussian State archives.
Foreign parcrs Eay that the Queen of
England has painted a rortrait of the Ger
man Emperor which she InteLds to pre cnt
to that monarch. Critics pronounce
the likeness elegant.
Prince Henry of Battenburg is constantly
furnishing food for goEfip in England.
His latest vagary consisted in arguing
with his omnipotent motiieHn-law, Queen
Victoria, regarding the best cure for in
somnia Victoria has old fashioned ideas
on this matter, and Prince Henry gets Im
patient when contradicted. It is not known
that he informed her that the only sure an
tidote for insomnia isfltep.l.ut it is certain
that tSey quarreled on this topic. Nev
Tney had a little prize light Just "a
little one for a cent somewhere near San
Antonio a day or two agi,by way of tempt
ing GovernorCuIbcTSoii,""drawiiig his, fire,"'"
so to speak, in order to rhow the calibre
and range of hisguns."And now because
he did i ot fire they flatter themselves he
has no guns at alL They will do well not
to be too confident- He is "loaded for
bear," and no Jack rabbit could tempt him
to waste lead. Wait till "bear time-'
comes in November. Boston Traveler.
Tlio DlMidtautngoot It.
Mrs. Wcanc This is the last time I'll
have a girl who can't speak Erghs h.
Husband Why don't you te-td her off.
Mrs. Wearie I've been trying to for
six weeks, but I can't make her ui.derstaiHl
what the word "discharge" means. She
thinks it means a day off, and when I tell
her she's discharged she goes out and has
a good time. New York Weekly.
Tlie- Mundane Advent of Sin.
Teacher "How did sin come Into the
The New Boy "The preachers picked
out all the things people liked to do and said
they were sins." Irdianapolls Journal.
Why He Didn't Get It.
"There Js no doubt In my mind." mar
mured Weary Atwre-st. "that the world
owes me a living, but," he added bitterly.
"I am not surprised lo find that Brad-stree-t's
re-ports collections slow and un
satisfactory." Col. Coxey A-ruiu.
Colonel Coxey's on the road.
Go It, Colonel Coxeyl
Tor the Governor's alxxle:
Go it. Colonel Coxey!
Tramp! and tramp! La goes again,
In sunshine and the rain;
What cares Coxey (or a train?
Go it. Colonel Coxey!
Colonel Coxey's on the road:
Go It, Colonel- Coxey!
Don't-care If his horse is "blowed"
Go It, Coloc-l Coxeyl
Way this bloomiu country's bent
People wouldn't care a cent
It he ran for President:
Go it. Colonel Coxeyl -
Prices goiu' down and down:
Go it, Colonel Coxeyl
Hard times tacklln' every town;
Go it. Colonel Coxeyl
Things are in an awful muss:
Here they frolic; there they fuss:
Coxey couldn't make It "wuss."
Go It, Colonel Coxey!
TUo Horning Tlniett for enterprise
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