Newspaper Page Text
TECB -gyBNlgG- TIKES, SATUBPAY. pOFOWf 81, 1895.
' j -
The Washington Times
(Moasrxa, Evxkcvo, and Socd.it.)
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WASHINGTON, D. C AUGUST 31, 1S91
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"Tlio Washington Times" Is a mem
ber ot the ltochdale Co-operative So
ciety. TAKE THE TIMES WITH TOP.
Summer Outings Will Not Be En
Joyed Unless It Goes Along.
Tlio summer tide ot pleasure and
bcalth-seekors has set In toward
mountains, springs and seashore.
Ko plans for tho season's outing
will bo complete unless The Times
Is included among tho necessaries.
Men und women may go from town
to leiio care behind, but those who
would keep their finger on the pub
lic piilso, or beabreast ot tho world's
happenings, or. Indeed, who need a
golden link between themselves und
tho whirligig of time these must
liuvo The Times sent daily to their
fevlvuu or seaside retreat.
Tim CUNAN" KII-IUUSTEHS.
The announcement that l'lnkerton's de
Vccttvcs Tvere'-niploved to ftrret out the
Cuban filibusters, arrested at Wilmington
Del., last night r is a startling commentary on
tho efficiency of the Gov ernment secret ser
vice force. It Ehows a humiliating state
of affairs when the Secretary of the Treas
ury is obliged to ignore his own detectives
and employ at. Government expense tho
Bleuths of an olmoTlous detective agency.
Turthcr, it Is especially disagreeable to
learn that a Government like ours finds it
ncesary to organize a private smelling
committee to prevent CubanB from sailing
to their own country to oesL1 in the struggle
Jor Cuban liberty.
Neutrality laws may demand reasonable
efforts to prevent Cuban patriots from go
ing to the rescue of their native land, but
they should not be construed as necessi
tating the expenditure ot government funds
to place a force of private detectives at
every seaport in the country. If such is
case, our national secret Mirvice force
might as well be abolished and I'lnkcrtons
given the right of way In government era
ploy, as they now havelfn-ith corporations.
It will be discovered, when too late, that
this method of hunting down Cuban sympa
thizers is not popular, and that the public
generally is not only opposed toFlnkertons,
bj t also favors Cuban independence.
DAV EXPORT'S CASE.
It Is not pleasing to comment upon pecu
niary misfortunes of men and women, but
the remarkable and sensational story of
tiie seizure by his creditors of all the goods
and chattels of John I. Davenport, which
lias been told exclusively In The Times,
is so extraordinary a climax of that latter
gentleman's career that it may be briefly
discussed with entire propriety.
Davenport for long years held an office
until it was abolished, which gave him
astounding powers over the liberties of
citizens of New Tort. As supervisor of
elections he had a "pull" which almost
put him in the position of dictator, lie
was a national character. When he came
to Washington lie suggested laws and
policies to the leaders of his party. Be
stretched his legs with the assurance and
familiarity of ownership under or upon
the mahogany of the White House. Presi
dents and statesmen courted his association
on account of the power possessed by him
tinder the election laws.
He prostituted the office to his own uses.
Excess of authority induced social ex
cess. His official station became a gor
geous stairway by which he mounted to
Uic roof garden of wild variety perform
ances. The office lost, the man was lost.
No ordinary condition could satisfy after
so curious a political and official career.
Tiie result ot it all has been told fully and
exclusively in The Tiroes and the story
hasmadc a sensation througlioutall Ameri -ca.
Bemtor Quay, who lias Just succeeded in
jetting a new grip on the crank of the Re
pjblican machine in rensjlvania, does not
seem to be threatened with retirement into
otecurlty. On the one hand, he is credited
with a determination to be nothing less than
President of the United States, or, at the
very Toast, his party's nominee for that
office, while on the other, he Is said to be so
modest as to fix his eye on no higher game
than the Governorship of Pennsylvania.
it is probable that theseare mere specula
tions, tlio fanciful product of an ldleday in
the news market, but there can be no doubt
that the Senator will be encouraged by his
new lease of political breath to reach out
for new powers and lienors. Of one tiling
the public may be assured. Quay will play
Ms last hand, no matter what cards he may
bold. In making a tremendous bluff to
ronLrol the nomination by his party of the
next Presidential candidate. Quay really
tares less for office, than he docs for the
uaking ot officials. Ha. would rather be
Warwick, the Kingmaker, than the King
limself. Therefore, his nearest conspicuous
'uture performance may be easily antici
pated. Curiously enough, no one names Reed or
UcKlnleyor Allison or Harrison who does
notln the same breath ask whatQuay think
about It, ThoBenator'spowerandschemlng
ate not limited to- Pennsylvania. He is ay
national and not a local force. He will be
chairman ot the national committee, and
will use all the po wer ot that body to make
good his control ot national affairs. He
will not make another mistake like that ot
tho Harrison nomination, which was largely
due to his scheming.
Quay will nominate one who will not get
the "swelled head" disease, flDd go back
on the one who made him as soon as he finds
himself securely seated in the Presidential
chair. In short, and to put the whole meat of
the situation in a nutshell, it Is now a fore
gone conclusion lliat the next Republican
candidate will hare sold himself to Quay
previous-to the meeting of thenominatlng
TWO D1STTXGUI31IKD PERSONS.
Mr. Jim Corbett and Mr. Bismarck are
two of tho most discussed individuals of
the moment, nnd It is a peculiar coincidence
that thoy come to the front under similar
circumstances nt the same time.
Both Corbett and Bismarck are fighters.
Tho one professes to be a roan, the othef
lays claim to no higher development than
that of a dog. One Is a favorite with ad
mirers of the more or less manly art of self
defense, and the other the pet, companion
and friend of a roaster who has much in
-sympathy with blm Bismarck lias been
condemned for a pugnacity which was some
what misplaced, and Corbett Is under the
ban on account of his purpose to be pugna
cious in a place where his calling is ilf
clared to be illegal. The courts have ordered
that Bismarck must be killed. A governor,
sheriff and district attorney In Texas have
decided that Corbett shall be killed If tral
extremity be necessary to stop his pugna
Looking at this Important coincidence
and complication with wholly unprejudiced
eyes, one must conclude that the bulldog
holds the safer position. The courts may
order his killing, but the dog may success
fully refuse to be killed. The master may
suavely say to the court that the dog is nt
Ibe court's disposal, and thus protect him
self from punishment for contempt, but
if the dog refuse to be taken what Is the
court going to do about it? Minions of the
law will bar-lly venture to enter the doml
cllo of the dog's master and do the killing
there, and if the dog refuse to voluntarily
and cheerfully sally forth to welcome the
legal bullet the court will hardly attempt
to fine bis dogship for contempt. Corbett
in entrenched behind no such bulwarks as
his canine prototype, and in contemplation
of the relations to the law of dog and man
one is forced to conclude that the dog holds
the more secure and enviable place.
Information-from Pittsburg, that great
center of iron and steel producing, is that
within a little more than a week pig-Iron
has advanced $3 per ton and steel billets
$2 per ton. This attributed to the large
ly increased demand for railroad use nnd
for structural Iron for bridges and skele
tons for buildings.
No matter whether the ndvance he Jus
tified or whetherltbeduetoa combination
of the manufacturers, the salient fact is
that there Is a vastly increased demand
for the Iron and steel product, and that
means a revival of business, the extent ot
which cannot be measured.
There Is no surer Indication of the pros
perity of a country than that embodied In
repairing ot railroads, extension of lines,
building of bridges and improvement of
all arteries of commerce. For several
years no such healthful condition has been
evident as is now exhibited. The bene
fit of this revival to the wage workers and
shop keepers of the country cannot be esti
mated. It the army of fourth-class postmasters
be put into the civil service category Con
gressmen will have to take to the woods
to find patronage.
One Attorney General has brought suit
against a gigantic trust under the antl
trust law, but It Is a safe bet that he Is
not the Attorney General of the United
Probably no man ever entered the school
f diplomacy who recoived his primary
Icsaons with the accompaniment of so
severe a paddling as Mr. Matt. Ransom has
been compelled to endure.
Gorman and Quay should work together
In the President-making trade, the one dic
tating the Republican nominee, and the
other the Democratic, and so control the
pitrounge machine, no matter which way
the party wind blows.
Judging from the tone of the proclamation
sent out to Republican League Clubs Ins
Issue In the next campaign is to lie "the
un-American blunders" of the present ad
for contest than the two-edged rapiers ot
the tariff and money questions.
The hottest telegram of congratulation re
ceived by Quay Is said to be one from Billy
Chandler. w! great misfortune is that
his magnific t equipment for the role of
boss is almost, useless In so inlgnificaut a
State as New Hampshire.
The anxiety of a man to be Secretary
of the Navy who don't know a bowsprit
from a sheet anchor. Is understood when
one is told that such an official can have
the use of a steam yacht at Government
expense, with ail that the phrase implies;
which means, of course, that no matter
what may be thenecessityofthe vessel, the
Secretary shall never go into the dry dck.
Points About Pilgrims
George P. Hull, of PadUcab, Ky., at the
Metropolitan last evening said: "Senator
BlackbJrn will come to Washington again
as sure as fate. I bslieve with the prospect
of good crops and the general revival of
the times, the free silver sentiment in our
State is gradu-ally dvlng. It Is, of course,
understood everywhere, that it Is the
extreme personal popularity of Senator
Blackbarn that will carry him through;
and though Congressman McCreary is a
pronounced giild advocate, he will stand
no show before his rival. There Is hardly a
man, woman or child In Kentucky who
docs not appear to know Mr. Blackburn
Ex-Gov. E. E. Jackson, of Maryland, is
stopping at Page's.
Messrs. George Buckman and J. R.
Swanton, two students ot Harvard Uni
versity, are registered at WHIard's.
Mr. M. N. Rowe, of Ononta, N. Y-, one
of the most extensive hop growers in the
Empire State. U at WHIard's.
"The hop picking season is now la Its
zenith." said he. "It is not what it used
to be exactly. There are as many pickers,
but they are ot a different class. la past
Tears Uveas Tery common for people tst
come out from the cities and gather hops
just for the. sport nt It. The would form
bop-picking bees, like the old-time 'corn
(bucking. Now people still come out from
the cities, but they come for the money there
Is In it and not for the sport.
"They are frequently rather rough In
character. Men, women and children pick.
Owing to the dry weather the crap this
year will b about one-fourth less than last.
Tho quality will bo of the best, however.
The crop of the State is estimated to be
about 130,000 bales. In a bale are 160
pounds ot hops."
"That," said Mr Henry George, Jr., ns
he yanked an ugly looking blade nut ot
bis bundle of sticks and umbrellas, "is- a
maebctte, the thing the Cuban patriots use
to carve King Alfonso's soldiers with."
Mr. George, wbo is a son of the famous
writer on economical and social subjects,
has just returned from Florida, where he
has for the past two years been building up
the Citizen of Jacksonville. lie brought
the ruachette along to discourage any
sympathizers with Spain. It Is a blade
nearly three feet long and resembles a
huge breadknife or a Japanese snlckersee.
Tho handle Is ot horn and entirely hillles.
Blue steel, cold, cruel blue, is the pre
vailing tint of this delicate argument for
Cuban independence, devoid ot nickle or
ornament. Mr. George says the Cubans
handle them very nicely. It is interesting
to note at the same time that the stamp
and name of a New England firm is im
printed on the blade.
Mr. Noah Jut Ice and cx-Clty Clerk J. W.
Fletcmcyer, of Lafayette, Ind , are taking
in the sigh ts of the Capital.
Gossip of the Day-
A small dog was tied the oilier evening
by a chain of a scant yard in length to the
Iron pole used to support the outer edge
of an F street awning. A stranger canine
f greater size and more ferocious appear
ance made bis debut on the block and
spied his handicapped brother. Dog No. 2
immediately advanced npon the lesser ani
mal. A sudden Instinct must have taken
possession ot the chained dog. He crouched
low and uttered a number of ominous
growls that were calculated to fill the
heart of any dog with evil forebodings.
The big dog advanced still closer, nnd a
formdiablc array of white teeth and an
unusually large growl were made by the
smaller dog. That was sufficient, and the
stranger concealed his tali between his
legs nnd took a I asty departure. "Well,
that Illustrates what a blufr will do,"
said a bystander who witnessed the epi
sode. "I go all over the country and I lave
never seen a city the size of Washington
whose streets assume such a deserted ap
pearance ns soon as the shades of night
begin to fall." said a traveling man in
one of the hotel lobbies last night.
"It Is now only 9 o'clock and Pennsyl
vania avenue looks like the main street of
some ruril town, ns far as the number of
pedestrians is concerned, and it is dollars
to doughnuts tl'at there are not a dozen
people on F street from the Treasury to
Ninth street. I l.ave often noticed this
fact nnd repeatedly spoken of it to my
friends. The people of Washington must
either retire quite early or have lots of
entertainment at home."
As proof that even lnwyers sometimes
manage to twiBt a frntence so as to make
the meaning ambiguous, trie folluvvlng
Is taken from a recent legal decree- The
Judge rendered and decreed that there be
a partltioti of the real estate, whereof
In the proceedings mentioned lately
died seized, amongrt his heirs at law.
The lack of punctuation would lead the
uninitiated to believe the man wascaugtit
by bis helre at law w hen he died.
"There are in existence two relics of the
assassination ot President Lincoln that
have not yet been found by the rellc-hun
tTs," said an old telegraph operator ves
terday. 'Thece relics, which consist of
the feed box ami pitchfork used hi the sta
ble where Booth kept his horse, aro in my
pobs-yslon, and I would not part with them
for coiitlderable money."
"Til's stable whre Booth kept his horse
at the time of the arsaasinatlou was in the.
rear of No. 902 E etreet northwest, and
whn the place was searched these arti
cles wereoverlooked and fell Into my hands."
"Why Is it," said an Inquisitive gentle
man, "that the Chinese laundrymen are so
imitative of each other In the matter of
signs? Did you ever notice that one ot
their number will set the example and nil
the others w ill follow like a flock of sbwp
jumping over an eight-foot ditch?
"If one Iaundryman in a certain neigh
borho'id hangs out a square sign with a
solid maroon-background and plain white
lettering, all of his business competitors
In the same vicinity neither eat nor sleep
until they have obtained one exactly like
It in every respect. There Is not the slight
est variation In size orcolor.
' 'If the proprietor or a washshop in some
other section of the city designs a more
expensive and elaborate public announce
ment of his'occupatlon, all his rivals who
see it will beg, borrow or steal money to
purchase a duplicate of it. I have been
taking a sort ot statistical census on this,
subject, and find that my deductions hold
good in every case."
Folly as It Flies.
The small bov will be back in school In
n few weeks, and already his trouble has
bguu, for he begins to think that he has
not pinB enough to stick Into more thar.
half of his schoolmates. Boston Trans
cript. "Ah." said the visitor at the Eastern
hotel; "there comes'a Chicago alderman "
"I don't care," said tho hotel proprietor,
easily. "All my valuables are locked up
In safety vaults." Chicago Record.
Ennic There's no marrying or giving
In marriage in heaven.
Madge Don't take such a hopeless view
of your case. Life.
She, to waiter Let me see. Have you
Waiter Ycs'ra. How would you like a
She Very full, thank you. Roxbury Ga
zette. Physician Tou must not occupy your
time with anything which requires the
slightest mental attention.
Patint But, doctor, how can I do that?
Physician I will fix it. You are to read
all tho recent "novels with a purpose."
Editor Then write u p bis biography from
tho encyclopaedia, pat in a woodcut, lind
wind up with "Thanking the Senator for
his courtesy, our reporter withdrew.
A country paper declares that "Mr. John
son, a farmer of our village) on returning:
to his house the other day, found in his
ground-floor bedroom, tho door ot which
had bnteftopen,acow, probably astray."
Tho conjecture expressed, la the last two
words may In set down as, on the whole,
a fair one. Presbyterian Messenger.
"And so you saw Niagara Falls la
winter glory? How grand, bow awful, how
sublime is the picture. The swiftly flow
ing river, the. great ice cakes tossing about
ilka so many devoted craft, the terrible
plunge, tho churning waters, the rush, the
roar, the "
She Yes; it was awfully cute. Cincin
Talented author Do you think you WIS
accept my novel?
Publisher Yes, If you will make a few
minor changes. Just make your heroine
immoral. Instead of moral; have her run
away with come other character's husband,
and, instead of having her marry the hero,
bavs them both perish In trying to kill her
aged father, and I'll publish It gladly.
Sent from Washinflton
Gen. Hardin's persistence In repudiating
the platform upon which he was nominated
Is very embarrassing to administration
Democrats, who had hoped that the fight
In Kentucky might result in a pronounced
victory for that style of finance which the
administration advocates. It was Intended
that Secretary Carlisle should go actively
to work in the campaign, but Hardin's attitude-makes
It very questionable whether
the Secretary will make apy speeches In
Kentucky this fan.
It would bo embarrassing for Secretary
Carlisle to go to Kentucky and ndvecate
the election of a candidate for Governor
who repudiates his present financial theo
ries. It would be equally embarrassing for
Mr. Carlisle to enter into the Kentucky
campaign and omit mentioning the name of
the candidate for Governor. He might as
sume the position that It did cot matter
what the financial v iews of the guberna
torial candidate were, since he would have
nothing to do with national iiolltlcs as Gov
ernor, but that would be admitting that
there had been no necessity ot his going
into Kentucky and making a fight for a
6ound money platform and foruslngbomeof
bis employes to gain a victory.
Probably the least embarrassing thing for
the Secretary of the Treasury t.i do would
lie to keep out of Kentucky until election
day, and then go to Covington and vote hit
ticket. Tlio only thing, so it now appear--,
thatwould cause Secretary Carlisle to enter
actively in the campaign i.i Kentucky would
bo a desire to prevent the election of a Re
publican majority in the legislature that
would mean a Uopublk-uuSeuulur.ofcoiirsc
or to by his personal popularity overcome
tbc progress that Senator Blackburn is mak
ing for rc-eicctlon In that case It would
be generally assumed that Secretary Car
llse was a Senatorial candidate He prob
ably Is, bjt a very embarrassed one at pres
ent. Albert Halstead in Cincinnati Com
A good deal of Interest has been shown
hero In reference- to the telegrams of con
gratulations scut by Comptroller Bowler
and Commissioner Pugh, of Ohio, to ex
Governor James E. Cjmplx-U on bis nomina
tion for Governor by the Democrats. Mr
Bowler's telegram not only congratulated
Mr. Campbell, but thanked him for the ser
vice he was rendering the Ohio Democrats
by consenting to rim. In view of the fact
that both Messrs Bowler and Piij.Ii were
lougknovvn as opponents toGov ernor Camp
bell in Hamilton county, these telegrams
have excited comment, and some are so
wicked ns to say that they were really
sarcastic and Intimated uiut the Ohio of
ficeholders In "the city were Unickllu to
themselves that Campbell was again riding
to a fall politically. Others aro saying,
however, thalltshowcd that the administra
tion having compelled Campbell to enter
the forlorn battle, which only meant defeat,
were trying to show that they appreciated
bis sacrifice and that past enmities and op
position would now be forgotten and for
given. J. S. fchriver. In Cincinnati Times
Star. Probably Washington business men lese
more by bad debts than those of any other
city in the country.. By the settlement of
the Mora clilm against the Spanish govern
ment, one groceryman here, alom', will
be paid a bill amouuting to nearly So,C00.
This bill has been running for several jearsr
and, of course, the grocer nun has trusted
to luck ard to the possibility, which at
one time seemed remote, of this government
enforcing the cluim.
All tradesmen, however, have not been so
lucky as Uie groceryman in the Mora case.
It is well known that the debts of the late
William McGarrahan amounted to many
thousands of dollars. His claim was such
a Just one that no onecouldsee howCongress
could refuse him his rights. For this re-a-soa
neither hotel men nor tradesmen hesi
tated to trust the old gentleman for any
thing lie wished. -
The settlement of tbc claim InNcw Mexico
to a vast tract of land known as the
Peralta-Rcavl, grant, adversely to the
claimants, will also mean the loss of
thousamls ot dollars to hotel keepers and
merchants in Washington and tbc East.
This grant was valued at many million dol
lar", and Ueavls and his wife were sup
posed to be the only living heirs, the
grant having been made by the SjanUh
government more than 100 years ago. The
whole scheme was proved to be a gigantic
swindle, and nearly all of the papers in
the case were said to be forgeries. It is
said that Reavis, ou the strength of his
claim, stopped at a hotel In Newport
with his wile, children and a nurse, and
run up an average blllof $25 u day for three
Every winter a half dozen or so of such
claimants arc In Washington prosecuting
their cases before Congress, and they
usually manage to find some hotel or
boarding bojse keeper wbo will take
them on trust, upon the prospect of the suc
cessful termination of their efforts to
secure money from Uncle Sam. J. R.
Yan Antwerp, In Minneapolis Journal.
The reciprocal trade of the United States
from Great Britain was not so large dur
ing 1894, but was still highly significant.
The United States imported from Great
Itrlt.iln .nnd her nosspsslona S178.000.000 I
worth of goods during the year, an amount
equal to 27 per cent ot the total of all Im
"The above figures," says Secretary Mor
ton, "are worthy of consideration la-cause
thoy tench the importance of encouraging
that trade throughout the earth. All legiti
mate trade, if it endures, is gainful to both
parlies thereto; but trade between Individ
ualsthat is, trade where either one Is loser
thereby stops itself. Trade between inell
Tlduals continues so long as it is found to
be mutually advantageous, and whatls true
as to trade between Individuals holds good
as to trade between nations. Therefore, all
trade restrictions, falsely called "protective
tariffs," aro unnecessary because they must
only impede or prevent profitable trade;
while bad trade dies of its own profitlcss
ness." F. H. Uosfurd, in Detroit free
The First T(me.
A young Yankee first heard of Trilby less
than a week ago, and It cost him $20 to make
her acquaintance. lie was going from a
Massachusetts village to Maine, and on the
Portland boat loaned $20 To a smooth
spoken gentleman, on the security of a
check for $150 signed "Trilby." The gen
tlemandldnt come back for his check, and
the young man look it ami his story to the
knew Trilby there. Now York Sun.
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The world of the
Lynching Parties Popular.
Quiet Citizen: "Great Scott, Bill, are yon the leader of this mob?"
Bill: "That's what I am. Wo'ro bound to string him op."
Quiet Citizen: "Did you know tho man who was killed?"
Bill: "No, I never saw him."
Quiet Citizen: "Are you sura tho prisoner is guilty?"
Bill: "I don't know, and I don't koer. I ard leadin this mob be
cause I've always hoard that tho man who carries the rope is the most
prominent citizen in tho place. Don't you know that all lynchin's aro
conducted by the best element in the community? Well, this is my
chance to a good reputation."
HJi 1 Wti I If
She: "I am afraid my sister
Wkat would yas. do about it?"
important as what the great
world is doing.
present week will be reflected "As In a
Looking Glass" in
wa&U a great deal of looking after.
Two Games. FirEt0r23aalled
Admission, - - 25 and 50c.
JERNAN'S LYCEUM THEATER
ALL THIS WEEK
Geo. W.Turner's SSlSS"
The "BEAU BRUMMEL" of the prizs rinj.
Jfext Week-MIACtys CITY CLUB CCX
Prices 25c to SI.
Mats. Wed. and Sat
Next Week THE DEUBV MASCOT.
Seats now on sale
EIGHTH AMMUAL CELEBRATION
No. I, of D. Cat
LABOR DAY, September 2.
Steamer Geo J. Snefferlo leaves wharf, 6tfi
and Osta. aw., at 10 and 11 and hourlr from S to
ll p. ra.
lrizes for Waltzing and Bowling:
Tickets. 25.1. from Committee, and at
steamer s wharf.
He-cent Inventions In tlio Field ot
Jtuttery ami Dynamo.
A filament for iccandcscent lamps form
ed ot vegetable fiber, treated tjefore car
bonlzation Willi hydrofluoric acid.
An electric arc lamp, in which a sec
ondary lircuit l wholly within the frame,
and within the circuit are two movable
electrodes and means for maintaining the)
electrodes in contact.
A flexible carbon filament for the in
candescing conductor ot an electric lamp.
enmpoeed of carbonized uustructural cel
lulose or other carbohydrate.
A system ot electric signals for rallwaj
trains embracing a circuit having therein
gates placed at each cud of each car and a
signal to indicate when they are closed or
when they are open.
A coin signalapnratu3 for telephone
pay statloBSvctmsisting pfa casing having
a signaladapted to sourflen a colt
strikes airalnst a plate arraugecnb contact
with tho wall.
A primary liattery having a spring
attached so that an automatic con
tact Is made when the zinc element Is placed
in the cell.
A method of extinguishing electric aic,
consisting in restraining the path of tho
arc to a line of direction substantially
traDsverse to the lines of force from
an arc-disrupting means tending to ex
An anti inductive conductor for electria
currents, consisting of a wire grooved
spirally in opposite directions, so that the
spirals trill intersect or cut across one
another at each tarn or twist around tha
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