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THJ5 JEVENIKQ TIM'ESr-rtftPAYSEPTJgMBEB 18, 18PS.
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OVER BMOO COtjyiMlIlS FOR- S C
LOTS A MOOTH
(Uosxnta, Evinmi, j.d Somdit.)
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Tbe Washington Times Company.
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WASHINGTON. D. CL, SEPTEMBER IS. 1803.
The Times Is not responsible for
tlic preservation of manuscripts sent
to or Jeft nt this office. YVuen ac
companied by stamps snob inann
svripts will be returned, nltliougli
any obligation to do ho Is especlully
Subscribers to "The Times" will
confer u favor by promptly reporting
nuy diacourtcsy of collectors, or neg
lect of duly on the purt ot carriers.
Couipluluts oltber by mall or In per
son will receive prompt attention.
Tbe Morning Kdlilon should be de
livered to all iiarts ot the city try H 30
o'clock a. m., including Sunday. Tbe
Kvenlns Edition should be In lUo
.linuds of subneribors not later than
6:30 p. in.
TESTER DAY'S CIHCDXATIOX.
Tlie circulation or Tlie Times yesterday
wag larger llian that of tbe Star by nt
leastTen Thousand copies. The Tlrx.es
sold lo liona title purclusers and readers
Thirty-eight Tliousand Two Hundred news
papers, which wan unquestionably the
largest bona fide dally regular circulation
eer published by a Washington news
paper. BEATS THEM ALL
THE STAIt ADMITS IT AT LAST.
The Times Has llio targest Daily
It is gratifying to announce thnt for
flic first time in twenty years the "Star"
has been compelled to -withdraw Its claim
of having a larger circulation than all the
other Washington dallies combined. Tills
It did last Saturday. The "Mar" does not
acknowledge, however, that Its circula
tion is less than Tho Times, although a
strict adherence to the truth would neces
sitate that admission. Tho aggregate
clrciUlion of the "Mar" last week was
only 17.I.1SG, while The Times had a bona
fide circulation of 212,385, or 39,249 more
copies than the Star," ns -will be seen
by the following sworn statement. The
net gain of The Times' circulation last week
Don't bring your "ad." to The Times
If you -waul to bury It. Nothing is pub
lished except live, profitable advertising
District or Columbia, gs
On the ninth day of September. In the
year of ijrtnl one thousand eignthundred
and ninety five, before me. Ernest O.
Thompson, a notary public In and for said
District, personally appeared C. T. Ulcb
ardon and made oath in due fttrm or law
CIRCULATION OF THE WASELNOTON
MONDAY, Sept 2 30,030
TUESDAY, Sept. 3 31,272
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 4 31,100
THURSDAY, fcept S 30.014
FHIDAY. fept o 30,890
SATUKDAYSopt 7 34,690
SUNDAY, Sept, S 23.477
I solemnly (wear that tbe above Is a
correct statement of the dally circulation
of The vVasiliigton Times for the week
ending September 8. 1H9C. nnd that all
the copies were actually fold or mailed
for a valuable consideration nnd delivered
to bona tide purchaser?: also that none
of tucni were returned or remain in the
C. T. RICHARDSON.
Manager of Circulation.
Subscribed and sworn to before me, oa
the day and yearflrst herein above written.
ERNEST O. THOMPSON.
THERE A RE WORSE THINGS TTIAX
Now tbat the show season is here the
district authorities will probably once
again take up their crutadc against liallet
girl pictures and portraits of actresses
whose dresses are made on tbe scant cus
tunie plan. Under some circumstances
this exhibition of official prudery would
be entirely commendable, but to long as
our officers focus their moral telescopes
on shapely limbed pictures alive and per
mit gross violations of both law and mo
rality to thrive unnoticed, most people
Nwlll regard tl'cir conduct as a pretense to
conceal serious neglect of duty.
The most Important duty of an officer
of the law is lo protect the good name of
his city nnd to preserve inviolate as nearly
as possible the moral welfare or its peo
ple. Instead of fostering houses of sin
tbat are made liarlMirlng places for all
kinds or criminals he should stamp them
out and prosecute every attempt to keep
tbem In existtnee. The -plea that such
evils are necessary is tbe apology of a per
son Inclined to slnrul practice's, nnd the ar
gument that their extinction shoald not
be made a public question Is the cowardly
excuse or a prudish mind.
It the press refutes tp advocate tbe blot
ting out of eucIi a disgrace, public senti
ment can never be arourcd In favor of
the movement and the evil "ill continue to
debauch and ruin tbe young of the city.
All pure-minded people will approve of
efforts to prevent tbe growth of wrong
doing, and In Instances when tbe authorities
give aid ami comfort to tin (hey will unite
la supporting measures to punish such,
j YACnT DEFENDER.
' TVnatever-triticIsni may be made of Ihe
decision of the yacht committee In New
Tort, or of the rather sulky conduct of
Xuuraven, who Is blessed with quick ana
obstinate Scotch temper, there can be
tittle doubt tbat the Defender is by ail
'odds the swifter vessel. This was shown
by the first race, and even more plainly by
the second, .wheu, partially dl-w
tgSjS? ?Cp ujjCuS
gained wonderfully on tbe Valkyrie on the
It is perfectly evident from the words as
well as tbe actions of Dunravea that he
recognized tbe superiority ot tbe American
yacht Therefore, while all who are in
terested In this sport of nobles and nabobs,
wilr-regret that a trial ot speed could not
be had dear of all doubtful and un
pleasant Incident, they can congratulate
) themselves that the Queen's cop honestly
remains on this side ot the Atlantic.
Lord Duuraven has ample opportunity to
sail a race or a t cries of races over any
course he may choose and upon a date
unknown to the general public, which
would ensure an avoidance otthe presence
of objectionable craft, lie can have sucb a
race for money or for glory. He must not,
therefore, feel too hardly toward his
American cousins, and the British press and
people must nut make too many ugly mouths
THE THIRD TERM-MOVEMENT.
Notwithstanding the opposition of the
press and calamity howl of non-cuckoo
Democrats the cenllrccnt In favor ot a
third term for President Cleveland is
rapidly growing, and there is reason to be
lieve that tbe object of this especial favor
would not object (o prolonging his pull
on the public parse. The underlying sonrcc
of this third term movement can be found
In the adoration ot corporate Influence.
Every member of our great corporations Is
body and soul In favor of the re-election ot
President Cleveland, and back of his sup
port may also be found the prominent law
yers ot the country.
The power ot this great Influence will be
felt In the national convention, provided
it is deemed advisable to uae President
Cleveland renominated. In every com
munity where railroad and mnnufacturHg
Interests are promluent, corporations tools
will nuke an effort to control convention
delegations This scheme was success
fully worked In tbe last nomination and It
was through .the advice ot Standard Oil
Whitney and the efforts of corporate in
fluence that Mr. 'Cleveland secured a
majority of the national convention's dele
gates. Hut It will be easier to romlnate Presi
dent Cleveland than to secure' his re-elio.
lion. The widespread belief that lie Is
not loyal to the masses would do more to
accomplish his defeat than would any
opi ojltlon to a third term regime. That
movement would, of curse, assist In Mr.
Cleveland's downfall, but the power that
would pull down the cuckoo structure
would be found in the votes of the common
There can be no -disputing these facts,
and ir President Cleveland's friends de
pend entirely upon corporate influence
to reseat him In the White House they will
be bitterly disappointed when tbe returns
of the election are made.
NOVT FOR A IlELLOTV.
The starling information that tbe British
consul at Wen Chow hah been stoned by
a mob excites In the mind so many possi
bilities that one Is a t a loss to make a selec
tion from among them.
Ills not lo be supposed that the consul
at Wen Chow Is In himself a cry important
person. Doubtless he Is not men one of
those younger sons ot an effete nobility
who are so often taken care of by placing
them in tho service of tlie foreign office.
He has probably been unhonorcd and
unsung except as tlie Wen-Chow consul
and who knows the whereabouts of Wen
Chow? But as a consul of the British govern
ment ho Is, in effect, the government, and
the rest of the world which Is aching to get
a whack at China for her atrocities may
now as wcllstand hack and let Johnny Bull
do the business all alone by hlmseir. Tak
ing the past as a criterion, one may expect
British soldiers to invest Wen-Chow at
once and aenge the stoning of this con
sul, who Is yet nameless In the cable dis
patches. ONE JUDGE'S WORDS.
Chicago Is spectacular in many respects.
It has vied with New Tork in the pro
duction ot venial aldermen, but hardly
equaled the metropolis In that field.
Just now, however. It has an unparalleled
sensation in a discovery that millionaire
proprietors of the stockyards, or their
agents, have stolen an Immeasurable
quantity ot water from the -city by tap
ping the mains with or without the knowl
edge of the department of water supply.
A grand Jury was sworn In a day or two
ago, and Judge Payne delivered the
charge to them. Referring directly to
the water thieves, he gave to the Jury and
to the public this declaration:
"The man who is guilty shall be pun
ished, no matter whether he Is too poor to
birea lawyer or rich enough to buy tbe bar."
Judging from the character given to
Judge Payne by bis constituents, the
words came from a sincere man, and one
Is led to have increased "confidence In his
sincerity when one reads that he spoke
of tbe professional grand Jurymen In
scathing terms and tainted strongly that
the body beforo him would be kept under
very close supervision.
In these days when even the Judiciary
arc not free from the Influence of individ
ual and corporative wealth, and are In
clined to be severe with the man who is loo
poor to hire a lawyer and deal tenderly
with the man who Is rich enough to buy
tbe bar, words like those or Judge Payne
are refreshing to hear. The public will
await tlie fate of the water thieves wlta
Seismic disturbances which have of late
alarmed so many regions of the northern
hemisphere are so curious that they must
excite the special attention of those who
niako a study of these phenomena.
Less than o-fortnlgbt ago several strong
shocks were felt upon the Atlantic coast,
extending from the Delaware line through
Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York.
Almost Immediately, as though It were
an echo, there were rumblings and quak
ings in the Northwestern States, tbe cen
ter being somewhere in Montana. From
tills the seismic imp, with a moment of
longing for those classic caves where he
so long had a home, skipped over to Greece
and for weeks disported himself among
tbe Islands ot Calypso and other scenes of
tliat famous voyage of a somewhat well-.
Imown yachtsman In bis day.called Ulysses.
Tiring o( groves of Academe this same
imp hied hlmT to the land ot the Aztecs, and,
as printed In tbe Tiroes this morning, shook
with terrible rage the town and region ot
of property and killing hundreds of human
It is rare that phenomena are presented
showing such an ajpareat sympathy of dis
turbance, and one may half esspect that in
the general condensation and contraction
ot the earth's shell a point has been reached
where there may be a sort of earthquake
clearing house performance, which will
keep vast regions In every part of the
globe in a state of unsteadiness and un
easiness tor a period.
DISMANTLING OF CUBA.
If Spain bad made the least sincere at
tempt to keep her promises to Cuba after
the long period of war which was prac
tically ended by tbe noble intervention ot
President Grant In 1875, whose rote to
the Spanish government bad Its first pub
lication In The Times of Thursday even
ing, possibly there might be a divls'on of
opinion in regard lo ber rlgbtto rule in
Of all the promises made at the close of
that ten years war, only oie that slavery
should be abolished was made good, and
this was of no Importance, as slavery was
at that time virtually abolished. Promises
of a restoration of coiHitutional rights, ot
tbe game provincial Independence enjoyed
by other Spanish colonies, and of fair
representation in the Cortes, have all been
held In contempt.
Cuba has forty members In the Spanish
Cortes, but the laws governing elections
are so manipulated that only a bare half
dozen of tbe forty are genuine Cubans
The remainder are Bpuniarcls, or to-called
Cubans, whose sympathies are wholly
with the Spaniards. Cubans are abso
lutely without Influence la the Cortes, aud
tbe handful of Cuban members are laughed
at wben they protest against tbe out
rageous burdens Imposed upun their be
The people of Cuba are ground Into the
earth with taxation. India under British
rule is a paradise In this respect compared
to Culia. A few over a million and a bait
of people, a vast majority of tbem In a
condlton or pauperism, one-tblrd or them
blacks, are paj ing annual. Interest amount
ing to nearly $12,000,000 upon a debtor
about $200,000,000. Even in time or
peace tbls diminutive nation must support
an army and navy at an annual cost or
from $10,000,000 to $12,000,000. It Is
asserted by high and unpreJudlcedatUhorlty
that the annual taxation for general and
local purroscs amounts to 70 per cent, of
the entire Income of the people. Aside
from tills Spanish officials rob the peo
ple rlgbtand left In their various exactions,
speedily becoming rich, tl ough their sal
aries are paltry; and uponall this tlie-Spanish
government 'ooks strenely and refuses
any reform, even whe-a tlie fire-s of revo
lution light up every part of the Island.
This Is a brier outline or the condition
or Cuba and the dishonor of Spain lu
dealing with lheiland. With the example
of Oen. Grant before It. tbe present Ad
ministration will be disloyal to its doty
If it hesitates to take such action as will
speedily better the condition or Cuba, if
it amount to nothing more.
Lord Dunraven may be a dead game
English lord, but his sporting courage Is
as yellow as a sunflower.
Commissioner Roosevelt's scathing de
nunciation er Senator Hill w as couched in
language tbat bore tho trade mark of a
Tbe effort to dSrrancliiso the negro vote
In South Carolina shi.uld be bottled up
with the dispensary movement.
He Is not yet Dunraven about the inter
ference ot the excursion fleet.
The most serious objection tbe new
woman bns to bloomers Is tbat they can
not be put on by tlie overhead process.
Mr. McKlnley might greatly Improve
his chances with the Louisiana Republican
delegation It he could find a way to Nopo
leonlzu Comptroller Bowler.
When the news gocs.nvcr the waters that
wo have beaten the rcce: for railway
speed It may be expected that the English
locomotive will back out.
In yachting parlance the Defender ta.es
Since Bowler's decision politicians la
Louisiana are considering which will be
most profitable next election day a don
key race or an elephant ride.
It was rather ungenerous for Dunraven
to complain about unusual crowding at
yacht racea in America when over
crowding caused the loss of Valkyrie II
In a regatta nt the mouth of the Clyde sev
eral years ago.
Ambassador Bayard Is an American once
more. When he was asked: "What's the
matter with the New Tork Tacht Club?"
he answered: "They're all right."
It was the goat-that did It, and milord
ot Dunraven deserves tils fate for not be
ing able to distinguish between a mascot
and a hoodoo.
Sir Henry Irving is raid to be stouter
than when was here two years ago and
bears bis blushing honors most becomingly.
Mr. McAlphIn,wholstomarry Miss Rocke
feller, daughter of tbe millionaire, is a
newspaper man The Hot Springs Dally
News, Is chronicling the item, beads it "A
Daniel Spraker, of Fonda, N. T., is tbe
only president the Mohawk River National
Bank has ever had. He has held the office
for 40 yeras, and, although he Is 97 years
old, Roes-to the bank dally end attends to
The Due D'Orleans now looks pale and
emaciated. He avoids all bis former gay
companions and is sold to be a victim of
melancholia. Be has never fully got over
his stabbing in the spring, received while
out on a lark.
Chevalier Eduardo do Martino, marine
painter to Queen Victoria, and an artist
whose plcturcsof yachts in motionare known
everywhere, has arrived in New Tork.
He came to paint a picture of tbclDefender
and Valkyrie III. contesting for the Amer
ica's cup, a ccmmlssicm which be has from
the Royal Tacht B quadrun.
Miss Grace Carew Sheldon, one of Buf
falo's brightest newspaper women, sailed
last week for Europe to deliver a paper on
"Women in Jciurnaliun la America-" at
the Bordeaux. Convention of Intematlnat
Press Clubs. Miss Bbcldon represents the
Scribblers, the woman's press club of Buf
falo. Miss Bbcldon speak week In En
gland, before going" to Bordeaux, with tbe
British, Press CInb Aswocistkin.
The- Uornlnji Times Is the Great
morning newspaperman Washington.
Sent fron Washington.
Having compelled action by the author
ities in the matter of tbe removal of the
trolley poles and wheson New Tork avenue.
The Wash Ing ton .Times has undertaken an
other good work, and ifW not drop tbe
subject until tbe" authorities are driven to
the execution pf tjhe law. Ever since the
civil war a section south of Pennsylvania,
avenue, and fronting on that celebrated
thoroughfare, has been notorious as a
locality entirely given up to abandoned
women and vice-breeding dens nt Ill-fame.
They haie had police protection ot either
a positive nr negative character tor at least
The Commissioners of tbe District ot
Columbia, tbe superintendent of police, the
captain and bis lieutenants in that precinct,
and every patrolman in the city has known
for yearn that tho law is defied, that ice
flaunts its Jeering face there in tbe presence
of tbe law-givers and law-officers ot the
entire nation; and yet, absolutely nothing
has ever been clone to bring order out of
this chaos ot crime', save when the cry ot
"murder" is beard, or some other crime
attracts particular attention, thereby re
quiring action by the police.
The newspaper compelled the recent re
moral of tlie call boxes requiring mes
senger boys to enter those dens of Infamy;
but all ot tlie boxes were quietly put back
again. And now, Instead ot temporizing
wlUi the evil, instead ot removing the call
boxes, the newspaper Is, determined that
tlie cordon ot crime whlch'lsstretchedalong
Pennsylvania avenue, from Tenth to Fif
teenth streets shall be removed. Underex
isting circumstances no respectable lady
or gentleman can go to the Smithsonian
Institution, tlie National Museum, the Agri
cultural Department or tlie Washington
Monument without passing through that In
There is no warrant ot law for the pro
tection ot those law breakers In the section
called "The Division," aud there can be no
excuse offered by tlie superintendent ot
police- the District Commissioners for pro
tecting tliat class ot dally criminals. Tbey
might as well offer excuses ror protecting
a Jack the Ripper, known to be dally en
gaged in assassination, or to permit a no
torious burglar to run at large, as to wink
atrf-rlmo in any form.
Every respectable and law abiding citi
zen ot the National Capital indorses and
encourages the crusade begun by a cour
ageous newspaper; and, it the people of tlie
entire country knew the situation as It ex
ists, and understood this phase of real life
In Washington, they would unanimously
sustain the action which has been taken
by the determined editor and publisher.
Smith D. Fry In Philadelphia Times.
The politicians here are talking about
Senator Quay's strange change of attitude
tow ard ex-Chairman Gllkoon, of the IVnn
8lvanla StalPiCoJnnilttee. It was on ac
count of Mr. Oilkcsun that Senator Quay
had his first falling out with ex President
Harrison, and Iteems strange to those who
know both parlies well that the ex-chalr-man
should agala.be tie cause or a contest
between the Pennsylvania Senator and tbe
Jwit after Gen.-, Harrison was elected
Prcsidrntand -senator Quay hadsosuccess
fully conducted hirf campaign, the latter
asked tbe President that Mr. Gllkeson be
provided .with a good Federal office.
Gllkcoon was a c..d lawjer, and sron,
arter tho inauguration ho was tendered
and accepted theplaceof Second Complrouer
of Ihe Treasury. (Senator Quay was pot
entirely satisfied wllh the ofrlce sjlven his
llcutcn-int, and when a vacancy occarroel on
the Court ot Claims, be bespoke It for the
Thcrewas a Ions contest over Reappoint
ment, benator Quay sought the White
Hoass early and often, but he was rot
successful. Gllkcson did not get liic Judge
ship, and Senator Quay never nter-d the
White House again as long as Harrison
was Prsident J. S. Shrlver, In New York
Mail acd Express. -
The speeches of Ohio Republican leaders
make it clear that McKlnley intends to base
Ills claims entirely upon the protective
system, as illustrated In the law which
bore his name. This being the case, the
supporters of McKlnley ou the floors of
Congress will, in tbe interest oKlic-lr favor
Itc, press the tariff to the front ns the lsue
of greatest consequence to tbe country.
In this attempt Uiey will be met at
the very threshold by determined op
ponents of tbat policy. These opponents
will be sustained, advised, and supported
by Speaker Reed, who Is seeking the Presi
dency himself, but by a route entirely dif
ferent from tbat laid out by McKluIey.
The purpose ot Mr. Reed Is to hac as
little tariff talk and legislation during the
coming session of Congress as will provide
for tbe actual needs or the government.
Fully apprised lu advance- f the purpose
ot the McKlnleyites lu force the tariff
question before Congress with the inten
tion of re-enacting as nearly as practicable
tbe McKlnley law, Mr. Reed will, unless
he lias lost his wonted cunning, so const met
the Ways und-Mcaus Committee ns to
prevent any rurhlng forward of tbe tariff.
This condition in the House may provoke
a conflict between the followers ot Reed
and McKlnley, respectively, and tbat
conflict may spread beyond the limits of
the Capitol. In that event. Gen. Harrison
would be in a positlou to keep his counsel
land await results. F. P. Ferris In Balti
Among thosa named as possible suc
cessors to late Fish Commissioner MarDon
old is Thomas B. Ferguson, at present Min
ister to Norway and Sweden. Tears ago
ho was employed as an assistant in the Flsn
Commission, but owing to some complica
tions which arose after the death of Prof.
Balrd, Mr. Ferguson did not succeed In in
ducing President Cleveland to appoint him
as successor, abd soon after Marshall Mac
Donald was appointed commissioner Fer
guson ceased to has e business relations with
tbe Fish Commission.
Now, however, It Is said, Mr. Ferguson
till "hankers"-., fori this desirable place at
the National Capital, and that he would
gladly relinquish- bis preseut, office and
$7,500 salary in exchange for the fi'h
commissioners.,!! 'at $5,000, with the
chance to be located in Washington. Mr.
rorgucon doesi not seek the of f ice because
ot any necessity tor the salary or perqui
sites, because hj. is reputed to be quite rich.
He married Oj daughter of the late ex-Gov.
and ex-Representative Thomas Swann, of
Maryland, and at her death he became pos
sessed of herIortune. He owns or con
trols an island in Chesapeake Bay, Hog
Island, which, on account of Its similar
same, has been erroneously confounded
with the other Hog Island in tbe Atlantic
Ocean, off the coast of tbe Virginia, penin
sula, on which latter island the last two
Presidents of the United States have enjoyed
first rate sport at duck-shooting and fish
ing. Mr. Ferguson, as the story goes, had a
aeelcss island on his hands, and he very will
ingly traced it to tbe United States Gov
ernment at a mere nominal price, but, after
tbe Government had occupltU It a few years
and erected buildings upon it, tbe owner
put up bis charge for rental to $1,200 a year,
which, by comparison with the former
charge, was deemed an exorbitant price
for an island upon which to establish a Gov
smmeat quarantine station. Cliff War
den, in Concord Monitor.
JDrops ot-dly water. flBcd with germs
and sand, give the drinker typhoid and de
populate tbe land. Toronto Mail-
DAWI OF THE LAID BAROI
Aristocmy el fail Estatts Bfiag CreiW
Henry George Thinks It Is Already
Born Immense Holdings of
Mr. Henry George, whose writings on
economics have attracted more atten
tion and exerted more Influence than any
thing else that has been published since
Adam Smith's "Wealth ot Nations," has
recently expressed his belief that a class
similar to the landed urlstocracy ot Great
Britain is being rapidly, formed in this
Any suggestion made by tbe author ot
"Progress and Poverty" sets many people
to thinking and collecting facts. State
ments contained in the report of the last
census seem to confirm tlie views ot Mr.
George. In most of the old States the size
of farms Is lncreasli 5, while the increase
In the number ot farm tenants is such as
to create alarm. -The number of farmers
who do not own the land they cultivate
will soon be as great In tbls country as it is
in Ireland and Bavaria if things continue
to go on astheyarcrKxvgolng.
A large landlord class can exist only
where there 1 a numerous tenant class.
In several ot the Western States a class
analogous to the peasantry ot A,istria
has already been created.
The professor ot social science In Co
lumbia College, bewever, sees no indi
cations that a great landlord class Is
being created. He declares that the price
of improved land In the older States is not
advancing, and tliat this furnishes evi
dence that rich men are not investing in
But it is well known that poor paying
property of every kind Is likely to fall into
the hands of the rich. They can afford to
bold it though it is not for the time re
munerate. Men of small means cannot
do this, as the annual payment ot taxes
forces them to dispose of property that
yields no Income. Rich men are constantly
foreclosing mortgages on farms, and In that
way are becoming great landed proprietors,
whether they desire to be or not. In the
newly settled States many persons ob
tain land under the homestead lw simply
for the purpose of raising money by means
Tliat certain very rich men In tbls coun
try have during the past few years acquired
last bodies ot agricultural laud is well
known Messrs. John V.,and Charles B.
Farwcll, the great dry goods merchants In
Chicago, received the entire Pan Handle or
Texas as consideration ror erecting a State
No British nobleman possesses so large a
body or land. They have also acquired the
land on each side or the River Brazos for
a distance of ten miles The intention Is
to Improve this river and to build a city at
the mouth of It One or these brothers owns
also large tracts ot farming land In Northern
States. Quite likely they are tbe largest
land owners In the world.
Mr. Austin Corbln, president of the Long
Island Railroad Company, lias recently ac
quired over 26,000 acres of latl In one body
in New Hampshire. Oeorge W. Vanderbilt
has bought 30,000 acres about Biltmore.
N. C. Dr. William Seward Webb, a relative
of the Vamlerbilts by marriage, has ac
quired ir3,000 acres of land among the Adi
rondack In Northern New Tork. These ac
quisitions and many smaller ones certainly
look like tbe formation or a great landed
aristocracy, w ith which that ot Great Brit
ain offers no comparison.
But these men. except the first named,
have not acquired Immense estate with a,
view to establishing a tenantry. Mr. Cor
bin's original molhe was sentiment, of
which we have quite too little in this coun
try. He wished to own the little house in
which he was born and the bard, rocky farm
on which 11 stood.
Having acquired these, he bought out bis
nearest neighbors and soon round tbat most;
ot tho owners of worn-out farms In that
"neck of woods" wished to dispose of them
He accordingly determined to establish a
great game preserve and to stock it with
wild animals or every kind tbat can endure
a Northern climate. In doing this be has
benefited persons who desire to study nat
ural science, poor farmer and tbe general
public. The enterprise was not one ot gain.
Dr. Webb also desired to establish a
vast game and flsb preserve. Incident
ally he wished to Insure the preserva
tion of the flora, fauna and wild, nat
ural scenery of a portion ot tbe Empire
State tbat lumbermen, woodchoppers, char
coal burners and forest fires were rapidly
denuding of trees. With bis own means
be Is doing wbat such men as Seymour,
Tllden, Marcy, Fillmore and Seward rec
ommended the State to do.
They saw that the most Interestlng.por
tlon of It was In a way to be ruined, nnd
tbat the streams that flowed from it
were drying up. This land Is expensive
to clear, and the soil Is ton poor to culti
vate with prorit. Mr. Vanderbilt pur
poses to engage in scientific and practical
forestry, and in this affords the best ob
ject lesson in tbe world. Undoubtedly
North Carolina will be greatly benefited
by bis operations.
To acquire large fortunes Is easier here
than In any other country. Nowhere,' else
are there such natural resources and such
rapid growth of towns But, with the ex
ception or Senatorsblp3.few offices have
been gained by the employment or wealth.
In most places great riches would' cause
a candidate to lose votes at tbe polls.
Should one attempt to Influence tbe votes
of bis tenants and employes, be would
be certain or defeat. Tbe only aristocracy
wc are ever likely to have In thts'countxy
Is one of wealth, and If this wealth Is
expended In the country Instead ot In
great cities the better will it be for farm
ers and rural artisans and laborers.
Editor Bprecber, ot the Schuyler (Neb.)
Quill, owns more bouses than any other
man in that town.
Tbe Cedar County (Mo.) Chronicle has a
foreman of tbe composing room who has
-reached the mature age ot 11.
A writer whose nuni de plume is Tybalt
has been writing about Ihe rowdy wnys ot
the Latin Quarter. To convince him of his
nnstake tbe "etudlanU" Invaded the office
of his pater, tbe Echo de Paris, and smash
The Mexican paper; like some of those
in 'the Netherlands, ore so enterprising
they get out Wednesday's paper on Tues
"Dying about 3 p. to.," says tbe Marian
(Ohio) Star, speaking ot a departed citizen,
"his spirit took Us flight in good time to
attend the evening service in heaven."
Tlie Worninz Times Is tbe Great
morning; newspaper of " Wasnlngroa.
"B'cn fishin', Deacon?" "Nope."
The Deacon would have been saved this em
i barrassment had he stayed at home
with a copy of
The Sunday Times.
He would have found his mind engaged in
its Local Features Absorbing Fiction Fads
and Freaks of Fashion Doings of District Or
ganizations Artistic Illustrations and the
whole would have cost him only
Points About Pilgrims.
Some of tbe Ebbitt Houte guests are Mr.
A. Abbott, of Chicago; Mrs. Adrian Hud
son and Mr. A. E. Reynolds, wire and daugh
ter, or Denver, and Mrs Clark Churchill
and Mr. E. B. Gcodricb, of Phoenix, Ariz.
Upon the register of theShoreham, among
the latest arrivals may be fourd the follow
ing: The Misses Pittman, of Memphis,
Ienn ; Mr. T. C. Jones, or London, England;
Ht James Robertson, ol Hoenchurd. Essex
county. England, a prominent barrister
And lecturer In Ergljsb law; Mr. and Mrs.
Charles 1). Haven ard Mr. I-dward Haven,
ot Oakland, Cal , and Mrs T.D.De Shields,
Jr., or Cumberland, Md.
Mr. J. Frater Relllman, of Philadelphia,
Mr Francis P. Stevens, of Baltimore, ard
Mr. Thomas F. Lane, a banker nnd broker
of Camden, N. J., are at the Normandie.
Benor Francis Urguldl, of New Tork, Mr.
4. D. Brigg, or Rochester, N. T., Mrs. H.
E Brooks and sons, of Milwaukee, and Mr.
W. W. De Weis aLd Mrs. J. H. D wlery, both
of Chicago, arc (topping at thcRalcigb.
Among the guests of the Arlington are
Mr. J. V. Adam, a liurfalo, N Y., at
torney; the Misses Patefson, or Cdinourgh,
Scotland, who -are making a pleasure
Journey of the principal cities of the East
ern States: Mr. Ricbardo S. Gnimunn. of
Guatemala; Mrl M. W. Oliver, representa
tive of a prominent Cincinnati family: Mr.
O. Hermann, of New York, nnd Mr. James
Knox and wife, of Brooklyn.
Hon. Peter McLaren, of Perth, Canada,
a member of tbe upper bOTse c,r th," Cana
dian legislative assembly, and Messrs. D.
M.and A. 8. Fernandesareat Willanl'.
Mr. A. 8. Fernandes balls from Dutch
Guiana, where he Is engaged In the eolfee
trade. He is visiting his brother. Mr. D.
M. Fernandes, a traveling .igent, of Mw
York, and tbe two are touring the larger
cities or tbe Atlantic const prepantory
Ito a visit to tbe Atlanta expositi ,n
Mr. J. C. Emwer and tlie Misses R. M.
and Hallie Emwer, bis daughters, ot Al
legheny, Pa., and Mr. and Mrs. John P.
Bradford, of Chicago, are gu est at Wlllard's.
"People will see a tremendous Demo
cratic vote polled in Kentucky this fall,"
said Mr. W. M. Strange, of Lexington, who
is stopping at Page's. Mr. Strange is
Just back from the Boston conclave.
"It is the first time the people of the
State have ever been thoroughly stirred
up. Benator Blackburn Is the cause acd he
and Hardin will undoubtedly be winners
when the vote is counted. The vote win
fall behind In the cities, but will more than
make It up In the rural districts. Black
burn will win on his popularity, Hardin
on general principles."
Ten More Lies of History.
William Tell did not found tbe Swiss
confederation, and the story ot Gessler bas
no historic basis.
Wellington, at Waterloo, did not say,
"Up guards, and at 'em!" The words were
put into hi mouth by an imaginative writer.
Alexander tbe Great did not weep for
other worlds to conquer. There Is reason
to suspect tbat bis army met with a
serious reverse lb India, a tact that induced
blra" to retrace his steps.
Philip UI., ot Spain, was not masted to
death by a roaring fire because etiquette
forbade any one to come to bis assistance.
He died a natural death, and thesamestory
la told of a dozen different monarchs.
The pass of Thermopylae was defended,
not by 300, but at least 7,000 Greeks, nr,
according to some writers, 12,000. Tho
300 were the Spartan contingent, who
showed no more bravery on that occasion
than their companlnns-in-arms in other
There Is no historic authority for the
statement that little George Washingtoi
cut down the cherry tree.
Charlemagne's paladins bad no existeno
and tbe history ot Charlemagne himself 1
so clouded by myth as to be utterly unre
liable. Seneca was not a half-Christian philoso
pher, but a grasping money-lender and usu
rer, who died worth over $3,000,000.
Tbe "Man fa (be Iron Mask" did not weal
a mask of Iron. It was black velvet secured
by steel spring.
The wonderful Damascus blades (hat cot
bam ot iron in two were not superior to ins
Toledo blades made to-day.
Two g-ames to-day. Beginning
at 2 o'clock.
Admission, 25 and 56c.
Grand Opera House.
EDWARD H. ALLEN. Manager
W EEK OF SEPTEMBER 9.
Every Evening and Saturday SI stlnoa.
Grand Production of
The Black Crook
200 People on the Stage.
Prices, SI. 50, Sl.00, 75c reserved. 50a
and 25c admission.
Next Week "OLD GLORY."
Scats On Sal: at Box Offica.
VfEW NATIONAL THEATER.
JJ Every Evening and ed. and Sat. lints
COOLED BY ELECTRIC FANS
A Unanimous Hit
In the New York and London Success,
.Primrose & WwMsSKu.
Act DEMY Prices Sc Wc, TScaudSLM.
Wed. andSsC Hits. .Uo aud SJcUcsorved.
The Ladles' Favorite Snoot
HEAR AD SEE
In loo Bosmlful Irish Comedy
Introducloc Mr. Mack s own
sweet songs, especially wi li
ma lor tug play -haggis
Sly Own." "I Love You," "I'm
frond I'm Irish," -Doolny's
RoddlnsV "Trie Art of Slak
ine Love." "SIv Sweethsart."
"An Irish Lad's Wooloj, and
'iac s swine 2-oc.c."
Next Week PETER F. IJA1LLY
Siatinees, Tuesday sad Saturday.
Under New Sf&nacement Entirely Refuted
ETerrthlug new ELITE tn.RM.T Tha
WtlriirlDd ot Farce Comedy,
THE NOSS JOLLITY COMPANY,
In their Fantastic, Burlesque, Musical Comedy,
In three snap shots an attraction ot unusual
excellence, headed by
LITTLE ELSIE LOWER.
The Diencinc Sunbeam.
Washington's Popular Favorite,
MR. CHARLES T. ALDRICH.
Tho Original Tramp. Hungry Hawkins.
THE 4 LASSARDS.
European Novelties, direct from London anJ
Paris, in their "Country School" act.
25c. Admission First Floor. 25c.
TTEIcNAVS LYCEUM THEATER.
AL. REEVES' BIG SHOW,
IIMTUAIU Tbe Armless 'Wonder.
UlX 1 slrtll, An, Absolute Nortlty.
nsxtWexx.- The 20th Century Maids.
Tbe Park Acreage) ot Cities.
As for park acreage. It needs only to be
said tbat, with the single exception nt
Brookljn, the number of persons per acre
or park is larger In this city much s larger
Chan in any other otthegreat cities or tbe
country. Cincinnati has 390 acres of parks
and tbe number ot persons tn each acre ot
park is 1,0 "6. Contrast these figures with
those ot three or tour other cities:
uaiumore .. .. j,-imi
St. Louis 2,380
The Boston metropolitan park
embraces 10,000 acres. New York bas
5,175 acres. Tbe 271 pieces ot park prop
erty ot London amounts to 17,876. The
Fontalablean Park, of Paris, embraces
81,740 acres. Cincinnati Commercial Ga-setts.
T. -n- - V 1 'i- k---VI . J .' " 1 . . -r' -
' vr I-?
miMffllftS.-fiffirSiifriyii.lr .iTJ " ' s ll SM