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tMOKXINO, EVENEH, AND SD.VD1T.)
OWNED AND ISSUED Br
The Washington Times Companr.
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WASHINGTON, D. C, SEPTEMBER 16. 1S95.
Tho Times Is not responsible for
tbe preservation ot manuscripts sent
to or left at this office. When ac
companied by stamps such munu
scripts will be returned, although
any obligation to do so is especially
Subscribers to "Tbe Times" will
confer n faror by promptly reporting
any dtHconrtesy of collectors, or nog
lect uf duty on tbe part ot curriers.
Complaints elttier by mall or In pel
son will receive prompt attention.
Tbe Morning Edition sbould be do
Ilvored to all parts ot tlio city by U:UO
o'clock a. iu., Including Sunday. Tile
livening Edition sbould be In tbe
hands of subscribers not later tban
6:30 p. in.
STILL, AT THE TOP.
riieTlmes Has tbe Large-it Bona-Fldo
Notwithstanding tlie vigorous efforts of
rontemporarlea to keep up witli Tlie Times,
that popular newspaper still lieads tlie list.
The total circulation of the Star last week
was 177,833, while, that of The Times
for tlie same period was 218,719, or
40,886 nioro than the EJar. The actual
rain of Tlio Times over its circulation for
luBt week was 6,334, which indicates
a prosperity never before known In 'Wash
ington newspaper circles.
Tho circulation of The Times is bona-fide
and is not padded. It gives advertisers
better display, wider publicity, and hence,
On the lGth day of September, in the
year ofourLordoue thousand eignthundred
and ninotv-five. before me. Ernest G.
Thompson, a ntiry public in and for said
personally uppeareu u.
ardson and mado oat!
in due form of law
CIRCULATION" OF THE WASHINGTON
Monday, Sept-a :iO,784
Tuesday, Sept.lO :tl,l!)l
VMiie-.diiy,Sept.l I ai.IHa
Thursday, Sept. 12..
Friday, Si''t.i:.. .
Saturday, Sept. 14.
Sunday, Sept. 15.. .
I solemnly swear that the above Is
correct statement of tbe daily circulation
of The Washington Timen for the week
ending September 15. 1885. and that all
the copies were actually fold or mailed
for a valuable consideration and delivered
to bona fide purchasers: also that none
of them were returned or remain in the
C. T RICHARDSON.
Manager of Circulation.
Subscribed and sworn to before me. on
the day and year flr6t herein above written.
ERNEST G. THOMPSON.
The demand for short campaigns is
probably made on the principle that a
short horse is soonest curried, and that
the quicker the clash of dirty politics can
be disposed of the better it will be for tho
public. As a rule, campaigns are made
objectionable by their truth and bitterness.
In long campaigns politicians have time
to bring up .personalities and resort to
Questionable methods of defeating each
other, ard in doing to they forget that
the general publio cares little for their
differences, bickerings, or grievances.
To purify politics and make campaigns
respectable it is necessary to nominate a
better class ot candidates and to be more
careful in tlie selection of party mana
gers. There is no reason why campaigns
should not be conducted on the same
clean cut principles that govern the dis
cussions in the lecture field, and they
certainly would be if politicians were as
free from dirty practices as are- our pub
Tbe bct guide to follow In the selection
of a candidate or party manager is bis
private lire. If he stands well as a citizen
and is thrifty and pays bis debts, he will
seldom resort to objectionable politics or
betray his trust as a public servant. Nor
do such men often prove objectionable In
public office, even to those of contrary
politics, for they generally try to do then
duty according to convictions, which Is all
that can be expected ot any public off icer.
DO THEY COMMIT MURDER?
Attention lias before been called to start
ling arguments and statements recently
made at sessions of the recent Medico-Legal
Congress in effect that it was not only
right for. physicians to end the lives of
persons suffering from incurable maladies,
but that physicians are in the habit ot com
mitting murder in this way. Mr. Albert
Bach, vice president of the congress, mado
this argument and assertion, and has re
iterated It In the public press when ho
was sharply criticised, adding that he per
sonally knows that physicians aro accustomed-to
relievo from their misery per
sons afflicted as described.
The moral phases ot tills matter have
been discussed ever since the practice
cf medicine began. Among some peoples
who are not classed as civilized it is a
custom to lake the lives of sufferers for
whom there Is no cure, and of those en
tirely -enfeebled, helpless and mindless
through extreme old age. Philosophers,
metaphysicians and philanthropists have
disagreed In regard to the morality of
such an act, but there can be no dispute
about the legal aspect. No matter wheth
er the purpose of tlie physician may think
It exaltcdly humane, to take life in this
manner is as much murder In the eyes of
the law as any other description of mur
der, and murder, indeed, of the most ag
gravated kind, from a legal standpoint, as
It must, of necessity, bo deliberate and
The allegation ot Mr. Bach U, In truth,
startling. It Is also so sweeping as to
joralve Uia lnttgrlty of toe nhole pro-
fession, and would seem to demand the
formal attention of medical societies everywhere.
Several able writers for the press, this
being the "silly season" on account of a
dearth of important things, have revived
discussion uf the appointment of Mr. John
Wnnamaker to a position In the Cabinet ot
President Harrison as a reward for his own
liberal money contributions for cam
paign purposes, and his collection of an
enormous sum from manufacturers and
others Interested iu perpetuation of a high
Mr. Wanamnkcr's own htatcment is re
called, which, of course, Is In effect that
he was not selected on account of the value
he bad been to the Bcpubllcan party in a
pecuniary way, but simply because Mr.
Harrison wanted him and called lilm.
This is no explanation at all, and the
publlcjnre yet left to come back to a verdict
rendered long ago upon circumstantial
evidence as strong as holy writ. Nobody
supposes for a moment that the great bazar
proprietor would have been thought of by
Mr. Harrison If he had not provided so
liberally of the sinews of party war. The
Inrereuce Is fully justified that ho was
promised the Cabinet position at the out
set if he would raise the lmmenso fund
which went Into the hands'of the national
Probably there was no misdemeanor in
volved in this, either moral -or legal, but
it is not pleasing to think that rich men
may lie elevated to the highest official
stations solely because they have been
the means of providing a vast campaign
fund which may be used for purposes both
corrupt and pure.
Experiments with "scientific rations"
which have just been concluded among a
detachment of the army In the West, nar
rowly escaped fatal results, and will prob
ably iniiel the commissary department
to go back to the old style of supplies until
science produces something more scien
It it were not Ec cerlous a matter the
public would hear of these experiments
with nmuFcruent, but then there is nothing
laughable in the fact that of fifty toldicrs
sent out on n toilsome march for the sole
purpose of testing "coffee tablets" and
"compressed t.oup" thirty-five men were
in a short time doubled up with pain and
rolling over and over-in agony. The arti
ficial coffee and Soup had exactly the' op
posite effect from that which science had
predicted for it.
Just who Is to blame for this painful
blunder is not clear. Whether the scientist
imposed on the head of the commissary
department or upon Mr. Dan Lamont,
head of the War Department, or whether
the experiment was decided upon by officers
in command of troops in the military di
vision where the remarkable Incident
took place, is not divulged, nor is the name
of the "scientist" known.
Simplest instincts of humanity should
have suggested to tlie officers or officials
responsible for the affair that they try
the scientific notions upon themselves,
or, if not, upon a dog, before feeding tbcm
wholesale to soldiers upon a forced march.
LET THEM SAIL AGAIX.
Lord Dunraven's letter to the cup com
mittee of the New York Yacht Club, pub
lished In Tbe Times this morning, was
written for the purpose of Justifying bis
withdrawal from the race on account of
the overcrowding of craft of all sorts In
the waters which sbould have been open
to the yachts. Dunravcn asserts that
when the first step wasaken to arrange,,
a contest he stipulated that the course
should be kept clear, but that he did not
think It necessary to-insert such astipula
tion in the formal agreement.
The noble lord Is quite right in regard
to tbe evil of overcrowding, but he should
remember that It Is almost an invariable
accompaniment of yacht racing; that the
evil Is as great in British as American
waters, and that at the Bandy nook races
there was no such danger imminent as that
which sent his yacbt, Valkyrie II, to the
bottom of the channel at the mouth of the
"Most interesting at this time, however.
In connection with this unpleasant affair,
is the offer of Mr. Iselln to resall the last
two races, or to call all the races off and
sail anew for tbe coveted cup. PoRsibly
his lordship may think it would not be
dignified, after what has occurred, to
have anything more to do with tbe yacht
club, which, according to his view, has
treated him somewhat brusquely: but it
would really be tbe best way out of an
unpleasant situation. Dunravcn is reported
as saying that he has not decided what he
shall do, and this condition of doubt sug
gests that a new contest forbe cup may
yet take place.
When tbe Times trained Its batteries on
tho Trolley Trust the -poles, like Davy
Crockett's coon, came tumbling down.
That comment ot the Westminster Ga
zette that Dunravcn acted like a school
boy in tlie sulks shows that there are Brit
ish newspapers which do not so dearly
love a lord but that they caD be independ
ent critics of ills acts.
The calamity howler about liard times
having been silenced on that subject by
growing prosperity, has broken out in a
new place and now declares that tho
frost has ruined the corn and vegetable
Even Chauncey Depew can't spend a
few weeks In England without contracting
a mild case of anglo-pbobla.
Now that, an act has been discovered
under which Baltimore & Ohio author
ities can be compelled to afford protec
tion for citizens at grade crossings, will
Agent Alvey boycott the law as ho trios
to boycott tho Times?
Did Carlisle have a wink from Buzzard's
Bay before he declined to stump Mary
land for the Gorman-Hurst combine?
The game of croquet has probably more
skillful devotees In Washington
than In any other place in the world, and it
is therefore natural that the annual tourna
ment under the auspices of local players
ifcould bo held here, and that many experts
from other cities sbould come to contest
with the home champions.
Hers croquet is not confined to lawns,
parkings and back yards' There are many
grounds in tbe city made as perfect as is
possible, and this most healthful and harm
less ot all outdoor and Indoor games may be
played upon them with almost the precision
and cunning of buHardi;
Croquet imjgrer-hasqcajaiirftrt bj-ttajlbs. DetxpltTribima
VER 39S0 C
snorting fraternity. Its contests are wholly
free from the odium w hlch attaches to nearly
every other Bport, and therefore the tourna
ment ot next week will commend ltcelt to
that numerous element which shuns other
amusements because of their sinister asso
ciations. The meeting will doubtless give
a great impetus to the game In this city,
and show that the local players arc equal to
tho bent In other places.
Gossip of the Day.
"Tho Treasury building Is the most un
sanitary building in government service,"
said an expert sanitary engineer while
diicusslug the difference between the old
and the new systems ot ventilation.
The officials in charge know it, too, and
have tried their best to get Congress to
appropriate money for the purpose of put
ting it Id good condition. Some time ago
they sent tor me and asked me to go over
the buildin? thoroughly from top (o bot
tom, uud give them auesllmatcot'thcailual
cost of Improving the situation.
"I found it in a dreadful condition, tbe
ventilation as well as the sewerage. The
basement is full of old-time sewer pipes.
I estimated it carefully, and told them I
could put tho whole thing in shape for
$18,000. They held up their hands In
amazement and disappointment, and said
they wouldn't dare go liefore Congress with
such a. bill, and there tbe matter dropped.
A dog, a parrot and the corner grocer re
cently played important parts in an ex
citing drama in a P street house. The
canine was a noble specimen of the Ger
man poodio variety. He was extremely
80 well had he been reared that when
his master's little daughter placed a
small linsket In his mouth and said to him,
scamper off to tlie corner grocer. Of
course an arrangement had been made with
the corner grocer. The candy bill ordi
narily ran to $2 a month. At the end of
last month, though, it sprang to nearly $10.
There was consternation in the household
and only tlie corner grocer's previous
good record redeemed him. Watch was
placed upon the dog. lie and tho parrot
bad become fast friends. Ono day last
week some one was heard to' say, "Fldo
bring some candy," and away scampered
tlio dog. On his return he was seen to
steal quietly around tho room where tlie
parrot sat and deposit the basket beside
The two ate the candy together, when
the parrot took the baBket, that was sim
ilar to tho one used by the little girl, and
hid it behind a picture on the wall.
Considerable amusement was afforded n
large crowd on Tenth street, near Penn
sylvania avenue, Saturday afternoon by
the efforts of a countryman to load on a
light one-horse spring wagon two bed
steads, two large mattresses, a wire bed
spring, several chairs and sundry other
things he had purchased at an auction,
He succeeded In loading everything but
one bedstead. He tried to put It on the top
of the nngon, underneath the wagnii and
on the sides, but In every case failed. The
crowd Jeered him, but he continued his
efforts until patience ceased to be a vir
tue, when he deliberately broke the bed
up and piled thepleces inside of the vehicle.
Turning toward thecrowd.lfe exclaimed.
with an oath:
"See there; I am not such a fool as I
look to be."
When the lime came to start home an
other difficult.-, faced him. His wire and
child, who had been quiet lookers-on, pro
ceeded toward tbe wagon, but all chances
for tiiem to get a seat were gone, unless
some of tbe furniture was sacrificed. He
was equal to the occasion, and, taking the
wire bed-springs and some bed sides, bo
made them fast on tlie top of the wagon,
and he and his family there secured MMts.
A start was made homeward, but tbe
load was too much for the horse, so the
countryman got nut of tbe wagon and
started to walk home. As he left the
crowd a cheer went up. which he acknowl
edged by waving his hat and saying, "I'll
get there all the same. Good-bye."
The patrons of bicycles had a gala day
jesterday on Connecticut avenue extended.
From alxiut 4 o'clock to sundown tlie
thoroughrare was liberally patronized by
ladies and gentlemen oti their bikes.
Some of the ladles wore bloomers, and
nearly all the rjders went as far as Chevy
Chase, which was made a rendezvous.
The return home presented a pretty
fight. In addition to the varied colored
costumes of the riders, each carried a
large bunch of golden rod.
Another party from the Zoo Joined the
Chevy Chase wheelers, and the proces
sion came In line to tbe city, going down
Connecticut avenue, attracting much at
tention and admiration.
"Few people recognize the growing im
portance ot Washington as a manufacturing
city," said a commercial man last night;
"but the fact of tbe matter is it ranks
fifteenth among tho manufacturing cities
of the United States, and tbis statement
can be verified by statistics.
"For a long time tbe National Capital
has been regarded as a place for residence
only, and that idea Is still prevalent. The
ouulde world, however, has realized the
opportunities it offers for commercial pur
poses and have been establishing plants
here for some time. Almost everything
one can think of is manufactured here,
and, ot course, as the country grows, Wash
ington will continue to Improve in tbis
respect, as wo have every facility, both
by land and water.nccessary to bring about
such a result."
"Citizens of Anacostla have taken sides
in no one man's favor in tbe matter of
filling tho place now held by Justice
Smith," said a resident of that place to
day; "but If It shall prove to be necessary
to fill a vacancy, we shall be a unit in
favor of home rule.
"We shall protest vigorously against the
appointment of a citizen of Washington.
Anacostla has two candidates already,
and can f u rnlsli a dozen, either one of whom
will fill the position acceptably.
"What wo ask for is the appointment of
a man from our side of the Eastern Branch."
"It seems to be very well understood that
the saloons In the Division must go," said
one well informed to-day.
"Tho Excise Board, in addition to its gen
eral Information upon the subject, has had
a map prepared comprising the squares
Bouth of tbe Avenue.fromTcnth to Fifteenth
streets, and every barroom has been accur
"There are upward of thirty saloons in
that quarter, and from all tbe Information
I can obtain, it1 IB fair to predict-that not
one of them will be licensed next year."
Hot Alwnys Easy.
"After all," mused the girl from whose
hand had slipped a copy of "Ibsen," it
Is very easy to lose one's good name."
The girl, who on the other hand, had
learned to cook fourteen varieties of bis
cuit 'and to sit still lor an hour without
saying a word, and yet was single, slirug
ged ber shoulders.
The ocean roared in its tumultuous
glee, and tickled a shark nlaTfullv in the
Sent frtfni Washington
Charles H. -Craiip called on Secretary
Herbert at the Navy Department to-day and
tlie question of" Where "tho new battleship
Indiana should be docked was discussed
at length between them. Afterward the
correspondent, found Mr. Cramp at the Ar
lington Hotel and In reply to questions
as to what had taken place he said:
"I told the Secretary that as no heavy
vessel has ever been docked at Port
Royal, 8. C, tlio firm of Win. Cramp's
Bons could not take the responsibility of
docking the Indiana there. Itcsldcs I rep
resented to htm that the Port Royal dock
has itself not yet been accepted by the
United States Government. Navigation
in those waters is under tbe circumstances
not especially to be desired. Mr. Herbert
recognized at once our right to uso our
own 'Judgment In tlds matter, since the
Indiana, not having been finally accepted
by the Government, Is still our property and
any Jeopardy ot her safety would be en
tirely at our risk. Had the Indiana on
tlie other band been accepted by tlie Gov
ernment, It would be tlie Government's
right and duty to take whatever steps
seemed best, including risks.
"So It is settled that the new Gov
ernment dock at Port Royal will not re
ceive the Indiana and this I regret per
sonally on account of the disappointment
It will cause to tlie good peoplo of South
Carolina, who are very much interested
and are desirous that the Indiana should
bo docked nt Port Royal,not fornny poesl
blo gain but from a very laudable pride
and patriotism which we are all glad to
see. Congressman Elliot particularly has
taken an active part in the effort to get
the Indiana down there. He Is a very
clever and enterprising man, and I am
sorry on his account that we cannot go.
"Since we must go elsewhere for a dock
tlie question naturally arose, where? I
said to tbe Secretary that we are negotiat
ing in Halifax for the dock in which the big
English cruiser, the Wake, with 9,000
tons displacement, has been successfully
docked five times. These negotiations are
not complete, but It is probable that he
will go to Halifax." T. G. Alvord, Jr.,
in New York World.
I heard a peculiar explanation as to the
motives of Senator Gray's now celebrated
third term Interview, and as it was given
by a prominent Federal office-holder It
may bo worth repeating.
This official, who stands quite close to
the President, acknowledged that a third
term was an Impossibility, simply because
the American people had emphatically pro
nounced against it, but added that he
thought Senator Gray was playing a very
good political game.
"George Gray has political ambitions
himself," said' this officiat, "and having
long been the personal representative of the
President on the floor of the Senate, he lias
an Idea that by dome chance he might be
come Mr. Cleveland's successor. By advo
cating the third term he still keeps close
to the President and avoids entangling alli
ances with the other candidates' booms.
By placing himself on record In favor of a
rcnomlnallon -of 'Mr. Cleveland Senator
Gray will not have to take sides with either
Whitney. Hill,- Mrrrion or Stevenson."
J.S. Shrlver in New YorkMall and Express.
"What has caused this sudden change in
Amliassador Eutis' social relations with
tlio ruling spirits' of Tarls society?" is
asked. Well, 'nothing to his discredit. He
lias committed the- mortal offense' 6f be
ing too outspoken in his "Americanism."
He has a thorough and unquenchable love
for his country and exalts his voice In
her praise In a manner offensive to he
French aristocracy. The only lialf-repudl-
ed Figaro Interview, tlie Londonspecch and
tlio ambassador's persistence iu tlie Waller
case were the thrcespeclficcliarges brought
against Mr. Eustls, and on them he was
tried and sentenced to social ostracism.
Tlie sentence is being carried out faith
fully. The President and tlie Secretary of
State are puzzling over the case. They
are not unfnendly to Eustls. On the con
trary, they would like to help him out of
his predicament. Theyare willing to trans
fer him toanothcr post, but hehas expressed
a preference for private life and has asked
tliat nothing be done for a time, hoping
that the Waller case maybe disposed of In
tlie near future so he can resign without
leaving Important unfinished business on
the docket W. E. Nicholas in Chicago
Director of the Mint Preston, who has
Just returned from an extended Western
"I wassurprlsedatthccvidenccof business
prosperity in Denver after the reports that
bad been sent East. About the only com
plaint I heard was dullness In real estate,
iut after a depression real estate is one
ot the last things to regain its former
"Everybody in the State who wanted
work seemed to have it. At Lcadville I
saw the mining men who control the Little
Johnnie, and they spoke very hopefully
zi their prospects. They have not yet got
over the silver craze in Colorado, but I
think it is dying ont and the free coinage
sentiment is not so strong as it was some
time ago, and from the development of
their gold mines they feel Tcry much en
couraged. "The reason these mines were not de
veloped previously was because it was
cheaper to mine for silver. Another thing
that has benefited the State greatly Is
the advance In the price of copper. That,
in a measure, compensates for the low
price in silver, as many of these mines con
tain several minerals. It was stated to me
by smelters that the mine owners were real
izing more profits on their silver than
tbey did when the price was higher, this
being due to the Competition ot smelters
to-control the prrfduct of fmrftlng ores."
J. J. Noah, 'in Denver News.
FIVE LIES OF HISTORY,
Fair Rosamond, was not poisoned by
Queen Eleanor, but, after a long residence
as a nun in the convent of Gadstow, died
greatly csteemedi by her associates.
j . .
Diogenes never lived in a tub. The
story that be did .so has no better origin
tlian a comment by a biographer that "a
man so, crabbed ought to have lived in a
tub like a dog."
William Ruf us was not accidentally shot
by an arrow from the bow of Walter
Tyrrell. He was assassinated, nis body,
when found, bore the marks of three or
four sword thrusts.
There was probably no such man as
Romulus. The first historian who men
tioned him lived at a distance ot time so
great as to throw extreme discredit on
the story as told by him.
The story .of King Arthur and his round
table is a myth, although what purports
to be the round table Is still to be seen
In a south ot England town.
"I see, Maria," observed Mr. -Jones at
breakfast, "that the prioe of brooms has
gone up CO per cent."
"I don't-wonder at it," was Mrs. Jones'
plaatd comment, "Just think of all these
new; women tbey talk about; and, ot course,
they all have to have brooms."
MfiB FOR SO CEIM
ELECTRICITT AID THE SOIL
Experiments Show He SiNe Fluid (o Be
a Splendid Fertilizer.
Charged Wires In Gardens Caused
Creator Yield of Vegetables and
a Richer Coloring In Flowers.
(New York Tribune.)
Though It has long been known that
atmospheric electricity plays on important
part In the stimulation of vegetable growth,
hitherto no practical use has been made of
the knowledge. Borne French scientists
have for some time been making experi
ments to learn the exact effect or elec
tricity oti plants, and the results seem
to Indicate that a most valuable aid to
agriculture has been discovered.
The agricultural experiment stations In
this country are now testing several dif
ferent s j stems ot electrocullure. One of
these Is to furnish electricity direct to the
roots of the plant and the soil In which
they grow by means of a dynamo. Another
is the distribution of atmospheric electri
city by similar methods. Tests arc also
being made with arolighU to light up fields
At the Government experimental station
at Amherst, Mass., two plots of ground
are used by -which to ciirnpare.jlie plants
grown naturally with those treated by
electricity. One of the gardens is In a
natural state and tbe other is surrounded
with a timber frame upon which aro
mounted porcelain Insulators. From each
insulator is stretched a copper wire, which
runs under the earth at a depthof about two
Inches. The wire Is continuous all around
the garden and leads Into an adjacent
building containing the dynamo. When tho
dynamo is working a current of electricity
is kept flowing through thesoll by means of
the wired ramifying la all directions under
The electric garden has been found to
bear more heavily than the natural one,
while all the seeds sprouted and plants
blossomed earlier. Some plants come to
maturity earlier than others, but all were
stimulated more or less by the electric
current. Electrical machines are too ex
pensive, however, for a farmer, and though
all right In theory, nrctoocostlyin practice.
Moreover, tho attendance oan expert elec
trician is required to keep tbe dynamo In
The new Invention recently made In
France is much cheaper, and apparent
ly very effective. It is called the geo
magnetlferc. and makes use of the elec
tricity always present In tlie atmosphere.
It consists of an ordinary iwle some 40
or 50 feet In height, surrounded by a
chevaux de frise of copper spikes, which
act as a collector of electricity In the air.
Tho collector Is insulated from the pole
by a porcelain knob and connects with
a copper wire(also Insula tedfromthepole)
which transmits the current to a network
of wires laid under the soil at a depth ct
about six feet. Tht-so wires are made of
galvanized iron and their cost Is insignifi
cant. By the use ot this apparatus the pro
duction ot a plot of ground has licen in
creased 50 per cent. The grapes from
vineyards in which the geomagnetifere Is
used are richer in sugar and alcohol than
ordinary grapes. When stimulated in this
way flowers have a stronger perfume.
"liesides coming to maturity in a shorter
time. The action of apparatus using at
mospcrlc electricity Is not so powerful as
that from a dynamo, but the effect on the
vegetation appears to be more even. Ex
periments with batteries were not so suc
cessful, owing to" the differences in the
resistance of the soil in various places.
When seeds are treated with the powerful
current of a Itumbkorff coll the yield is
far greater than ordinarily. Peas, beans,
and corn grew with astenisbing swiftness,
even date stones have been made to ger
minate, a most unusual thing to happen In
a cold climate. The development of the rows
of plants In an electric garden is very even
in character, except when batteries are
used. In this case the crop varies in char
acter, according as one particular section
receives more or less of the electric current.
At the Ithaca, N. Y., experimental sta
tion plants have been subjected to the action
of the electric light at night. By this means
the growth of the plant proceeds both by
day and night. Artificial light produces the
same effect on plants as does sunlight, only
In a lesser degree. An amber-colored globe
Is placed over the ligbt, because the orange
rays are more valuable to vegetation than
the others. Plants in a greenhouse illu
minated by sunlight djrlng the day and by
an arc light at night were found to mature
much earlier than in a greenhouse llcbted
only by the sun. The nearer the plants are
to the light the faster their growth.
It was noticed that the arc light had a
curious attraction for some plants. These
would be found each morning to lean to
ward It at an angle of 45 degrees. During
the day they would straighten up, but at
night they would again bend toward the
The continued light day and nlgbt caused
the color of flowers to become deeper and
richer. In a few days, however, tbey
lost their intensity of color, at the same
time blossoming more profusely. In the
case of violets it was found that the con
tinuous light made them bloom in three
weeks, while those only receiving sunlight
did not bear a bud for five weeks.
It would seem that the electric current
Is likely to be more efficacious than the
system or continuously keeping the plants
in a bright light. By tbe former method
the growth of tbe plant Is stimulated
during working hours, so to speak, while
in the latter case the plant is kept growing
day and night without any intervals of
rest. Tho exact chemical action wtKcli
the electric current has upon fruits and
vegetables has not yet been determined.
It Is only certain tliat such action takes
place. Somo hold that it acts by aiding
the plants to assimilate the azote or nitro
gen of tho atmosphere, while others think
tliat it favors the assimilation of certain
mineral salts in the soil.
At the present day a successful farmer
has to be something of a chemist, and it
looks as if he would have to turn electrl
School Principal's Sod'h Suicide.
Worcester, Mass., Sept. 16. Philip Rus
sell, son of Principal E. Harl.iw Russell,
ot the State Normal Bchool, at Worcester,
shot and killed himself this morning while
Ternia of the Porte Accepted.
London, Sept. 16. The Central News
correspondent in Vienna asserts that the
governments ot England, France and .Rus
sia have already accepted the proposals
submitted by the Forte in regard to the in
auguration ot reforms in Armenia.
Protested School Bid.
Attorney Wilson was before the Com-mlsi-iouers
this morning -as the repre
sentative ot Mr. W. W. Wlnrree in the
matter ot the protested bids for the
school-house construction. Mr. Wlnltee's
proposal, having been excepted to by Mr.
J. M. Dunn, on account of the failureot Mr.
Winfree to lactone a certificate of deposit
from the collector ot taxes as a guarantee.
Mr, Wilson filed a brief In the case.
FOR HIS TEMPORAL POWER
Aggressive Pastoral Letter Read
in Churches East and West.
SIGNED. BY MAHY BISHOPS
Declaration Against tlio Acts of Vic
tor Knianuel, Who, In tbe Process
of Unifying Italy, Deprived His Holi
ness o f Property and Po wer-Clerey
Asked to Denounce the Hobbery.
Milwaukee, Wis., Sept. 17. A pastoral
letter was read in tbe Catholic churches
In Wisconsin and the northern peninsula
of Michigan yesterday.
It was drawn up at a meeting held in
this city Weduesday.al which were Bishops
Vcrtlu, of Marquette; Sthwabach, of La
Grossc; Messmcr, nt Green Bay, and Bev.
Scbiuncr, administrator ot Milwaukee
diocese, and is signed by those dignitaries.
It Is remarkably strong on the temporal
power question, and will excite a great
deal of discussion. A similar pastoral
letter was read iu the New York diocese
POPE'S TEMPORAL P6WER.
In the letter priests nnd laymen are re
minded ot tbe fact that on September 20,
twenty-five years will have elapsed since
the troops otVIetorEmanuel entered Roma
through the Porta Pla, and robbed the Tope
ot the last remnant of his temporal power,
and since "Free Masonic" Italy will cele
brate this event, all Catholics are exhorted
to show their love and allegiance for the
Holy Father by protesting in most vehement
terms against Ibis piece ot rubbery.
American Catholics are especially warned
from being led astray by tho fake claim
of Italy, that by this atrocious act Italian
unity was secured, and then tbe letter
"NO RIGHT TO ROB."
"As Americans we adhere to the doctrine
of political unity and elf-government of a
people, but we also adhere to the everlasting
principles ot right, justice and lawful
"Tbe fact that nTcople live In the same
country and speak tbe same language is
not a kufficient reason to demand political
unity If thereby other rights and privileges
of the peoplo or tbe sovereign must be
"The leaders of the Italian revolution
had no right to nib the -people of his
provinces and to incite their Inhabitants
to insurrection on the ground that they
speak the Italian language and live in
The letter ends with the request that
divine services be held for tbe Pope on
the 20th or 22d of September throughout
Remarkable Plan for Adjustment of
Grave? Italian Disputes.
London. Sept. 10. The Telegraph will
to-day publMi a document which it claims
it obtained ttnoi abroad through a source
amply guaranteeing that it Is teriously
inspired, tbe writer being in a position to
be well acquainted with the polity of the
The document reviews the financial, so
cial and religious troubles ot the kingdom
of Italy. It then proceeds to elaborate
a modus viveudl between the Papacy and
the Italian government.
It pron.ises that a tract of Italian ter
ritory ami a free port lie given to the
Holy Fee as inalienable temporalities,
under the guarantee of Italy and the
other power, for 20",0C0.0UO sterling,
whicii would redeem the Italian exchequer
from Iiaukruptcy and redeem papal Rome.
The money would be raled by subscrip
tion from Catholics of all countries.
GHAXTED TO THE HUSBAND.
Harry Park Divorced From the Girl
He Married TVlienSlxteen.
Harry Tark, the printer, at No. 920 F
street northwest, was to-day granted a
divorce from Minnie A. Park.
The original suit was brought by the wife
January 8 last. Bhe sued by her next friend,
her mother, Mrs. Henrietta M. Norcora, of
Baltimore, and gave as grounds for the suit
tbe fact that sho was under the age of six
teen years when the marriage was con
tracted. While on a vacation from school visiting
a brother in this city, the wife said, she
was wedded to Park June 26, 1800. About
six months later, sbe said, her mother came
and took her home.
Tbe husband riled a cross bill in reply
to bis wire May 31, 1805, in which he
admitted the statements concerning her
'youth. He In turn asked for -a divorce.
however, saying that his girl wife bad de
serted him to go to Bermuda. West Ih
dies, with a man named Harry B. Smith.
Mrs. Park denied the charge, but the
court granted the divorce to the husband.
Presidential Nomination Pot Alrendy
Beginning to Boll.
Chicago, Sept. 16. An Indianapolis
special says that there will be a conference
of tbe leading Republicans of the State
this week it General Harrison gets home.
Chairman Gowdy has consented to con
McKlnley's friends are moving. Secre
tary Hahn, of the National Committee,
McKlnley's chief manager, has recently
been at Fort Wayne, Munde, Anderson,
ind other places taking second choice
pledges for McKinley.
General Harrison's closest political
friends here doubt if the party managers
will succeed in getting any positive dec
laration from him.
Four Fought Yesterday and Twcnty-fonr-More
London, Sept. 16. A dispatch from Mad
rid to a news agency says:
A serious Quarrel has recently been go
ing on between the editorial staffs ot the
Journals Pais and Nacion which has re
sulted in a nuhiVer of challenges.
Four duels were fought with swonls yes
terday, with the result tliat in each in
stance the Nacion's representative was
Twenty-four other duels are pending.
SOCIETY OF HREW MASTERS.
Beginning ot nn Interesting Sleeting
To-diiy at Baltimore.
Baltimore, Bept. 16. Prominent brewers
and brpwmaklers from all sections of tho.
United Plates met here to-day for a three'
days' session of tbeSucIctyof Brcwmasters.
More than 150 delegates had arrived this
morning, and as many more passive
members were on band when to-day's ses
sion began In tbe Gennanla Mannaerchnr
Little or no business was transacted to
day. To-night there will be a 'corameni"
tor the entertainment nt the delegates. The
business sessions will begin to-morrow with
an address by Praldeat Leo Nlchel, ot
In the afternoon the delegation will be
taken down the bay to Annapolis. A
Two Games To-day.
First game at 2 o'clock p. m. Second camf
Admission-- 25 and 50 Cts.
jsJEW NATIONAL THEATER.
MATINEE SATURDAY ONLY.
Eighth Annual Tour and First Annual Fall Visit
to Washington of
Lyceum Theater Go.
OF NEW YORK.
Moo..Tues., Wad. an-i
Thurs. Nights and
The Case of
by Henry Arthur
Friday Sleht Only,
AN IDEAL HUSBUD.
Sat Nleht Only,
W. J. Lb Horno.
Mrs. Chns. Walcot,
Mrs. Thos. Whlffon,
TtOSaloOf MAtH Hfld twVM will rinn e).a
box office Tburalay morning.
PfflCES Evenings. 2S, SO. 75c. SI.
I iUOiid jiatinces. 25 and 50c, reserved.
THE INIMITABLE COMEDIAN,
PETER F. DAI LEY
JOHN J. McNAlirs Happiest Effort.
The Night Clerk.
Next Weet-SHAFT No 2.
GRAND OPERA HOUSE
Edward H, AU.EK, Manager.
WEEK OF SEPTEMBER IS.
Matinees, Wednesday and Saturday.
WM. A EEADPS Comedy Drama,
By Chas. X Vincent
A graphic story of the Cnluan Incident.
J1.S0, tl.00. T3c, reserved.
NEXT WEEK "The Bachelor's Baby,' with
Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Drew, under tho direc
tion of McKea Rankin.
TVfEW NATIONAL THEATER
l- Erery Evening. Wed. and Sat Mats
The Slighty Monarchs of Minstrelsy
With the greatest com
pany they erer
cluding GEORGE WILSON.
I THREE I
III! ASS I
Next Week-Daniel Frohman's N. Y. Lyceum
THE BIJOU THEATER. Week commencing
" 8E1TKJIBER IB.
Matinees Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday,
The week of i-eusatiou.
Novelty Extravaganza Co.,
WILLIAM T. BRTANT 4 LIZZIE RICHMOND.
Harris and Walters, Jerard and Thompson,
Alice Hanson. Edwards and Kernel, the
ureal urauee, trans and tidoc. May
Adams, Charles I!. Duncan, William
H. Anderson, the wonderful
Admission to first floor, 25c.
MATINEES, CHILDREN, 15c
KERNAN-S LYCEUM THEATER.
ALL THIS WEEK.
"TOO MUCH TRILBY." -
HARRY MORRIS as SLANG VALLEY.
NEST WEEK John F. Field's Praying Cards.
TURNED THE CAPTAIN DOWN
FriYate'Nevins' Discharge Was Cor
rected By a Board;
Howe Ilnd Indorsed UN Character as
Fair, But It Was Made Good by
a Higher Power.
A pretty sharp rebuke has been admin
istered in an indirect way to an officer ot
the Fourth Artillery, now stationed at the
Arsenal. It grows out of the action of a
board in correcting the character indorse
ment on the discharge ot rrivate Michael
I. Nevins, ot Hattery A.
Nevins has completed his term of en
listment and concluded to leave Undo
Sam's service and try life in the capacity
of a civilian. Ho applied for his dis
charge and was very much chagrined to
find that he had been marked as "fair"
regarding his character.
Nevins says that he has always been at
odds with Captain Walter Howe, com
mander of the battery, and that the indorse
ment was simply a piece of spite on that
Consequently be took the matter to a
higher authority. When the circumstances
were explained to Colonel Closson, com
mandant ot the post, he ordered a board to
look Into the matter, and after carefully
investigating the care, I he board Indorsed
the discharge to the cfrcct that it found
Private Nevins fully entitled to the credit
ot "good" character.
FOR SELL-ESG TO MESORS.
Anti-Saloon League Makea a Cams
Against Charles Callahan.
Cbarles W. Callahan, a restaurateur, of
No. 1101 C street northeast, was arrested
tbis morning on a charge uf selling liquors
Tbe Anti-saloon League made the case
and the minor was Arthur Murray, a hill
boy of the Ecklngton & Soldiers' Home
Mr. Callahan appeared before the clerk
of the court, demandrd a Jury trial and
gave bond for bis appearance.
Do you want boarders?
"Ads" bring them.