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The evening times. (Washington, D.C.) 1895-1902, September 19, 1895, Image 4

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TmB, VgyiNG "TIMES'TltmBDXJSJ'EMBEB 39 189&
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TH
00 QQ&iUfflN,
OMTU
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E TOMES
S FLl B CTOTS A M
The Washington Times
(Xoutraa, nam, m bckdat.)
OWNED AND ISSUED Br
The Wasnlngtoa Times Company.
TIMES DDILDLNO.
Covtunrn Cokkkx rontsn-TAKU Avkxck xx
Tenth Stur
Telephone Editorial Rooms, 11V
Bullae Odea, 337.
Tr-'cr Vsrnlni: or Evening" Edition. -One Coat.
Stmday Edition -Throe Cents,
l'ontbly tl Carrier
Morning and Sunday Thlrty-ilvo Cent
Evening Thirty Cents
Uorrdne.
Evenlnc and V ............. ......TxiTrCExrj.
' r ) M
cmiroay.
WASHINGTON, D. C, BErTEMBER 19. 1835.
Subscribers) to "The Times)" will
earlier a favor try promptly reporting
any dlscourtcay of collectors, or lies
lect of duty ou tbe part of carrier.
Complaint elttter by mall or In pur
on will receive prompt attention.
Tile Morning i:dition aliould be de
livered to all lwrta ot ttio city by CU10
o'clock a. m., Including Sanday. Ttie
Evening Edition obould be In tile
muds ot nbacrlbera nut later tbau
6U10 p. m. '
STILL AT THE TOr.
The Times linn tlie Ircwt Ilonn-Flde
Circulation.
Notwithstanding the rigorous efforts of
- contemporaries to keep up with The Times,
that popular uewspaper still heads the list.
The total circulation of the Bur last week
was 177,833, while that or The Times
for the same period was 218,719. or
40,886 more than the Star. The actual
gain of The Times over Its circulation for
last week -ft as 0,334, which Indicates
a prosperity never before known In Wash
ington newspaper circles.
The circulation of The Times 18 bona -fide
.and is not padded, it gives advertisers
belter ttisplay, wider publicity, and hence,
larger returns.
On the 16th day ot September, in tbe
year ofourLirdnne thousand eign r, hundred
and ninety-five, before ute, Ernest Q.
Thompson, a notary publi? in and for said
District, personally appeared C. T. Rich
ardson and ruadu oalb in due form of law
as follows
CIRCULATION OF THE WASHINGTON
TIMES.
Monday, Sept. 9
Tuesday, Sept. 10.. ..
IVrdnesdiiy.bept.H ,
TliurMday.Scpt.12.. .
Friday, Sept. i:i
Saturday, bepr. 14.. .
Sunday, Sept. 15
30,784
31,101
Ul.Sli!)
38,200
31,007
32,020
22,088
Totnl 218.710
I solemnly swear that the above Is a
correct Ftatement of the daily circulation
ot The Washington Time for tbe week
ending September 15, 1805, and that all
tbe copies were actually fold or mailed
for a v alualle consideration and delivered
to bona fide purchasers: also that none
of tht-m v-erc returned or remain in the
flioc undelivered
C. T. HICHARDSOfT.
Manaccr of Circulation
Subscribed and sworn to before me. oa
atae day and year flint bereinnhove written.
EUNEBT Q. THOMPSON.
Notary Public
TAUK GOOD TIMES.
fessimists are Inclined -to a serious
Tlcw of thi- business situation. They can
not see any hope for better. tirnes. nor will
they believe Ihem possible. They point
to the dangerous condition of our Treasury
and prophecy trouble on account, ot the
jolil speculators, aud in anxious sin
cerity ask what tlierc Is In the outlook
to encourage hope ot Increased business
prosperity.
There is this. Since the business de
pression, brought on by financial Juggling
'and Congressional blunders, there has
been no dimipution of our wonderful re
sources nor lessening of the volume of
money in the bands of the people. These
factors of prosperity are undiminished
and it requires only a demand for In
dustrial and agricultural products to open
up our standing raw material to public
consumption and put In active circulation
the millions of money now locked In banks
and places ot deposit. Therefore, the ques
tion is how to create the demand.
That cannot be done by preaching calam
ity. Capitalists will not make investments '
end start up the channels of trade whenev
everybody Is predicting coullnucd disaster.
Money makers are the greatest cowards
known to the category of fear when It comes
to Investing where there Is a possibility
of loss, and they will keep their capital hkl
den a way as long as there Is a cry ot bard
times.
Then what should be doncT Talk good
times, pjt on a look of encouragement, try
to promote the sentiment that prosperity is
near at band, acid almost before it can be
realized there will be a general revival
of trade.
,, In Oils country good times is" entirely a .
Question of sentiment. Tlierc Is an abund
ance ot everything, and if a demand for
products can be Increased by a general
feeling throughout the people that we are
not ready to go Into a business collapse
there will be plenty ofoioney, plenty of
work and a consumption of products that
will create substantial prosperity.
MOllE MOSEY FOR SCHOOLS.
The communication from E. L. Trcbor,
buhlL'-hcd lit The Times this morning, de
scribing how the Business High School has
been kicked about from pillar to post, and
Is now to have a new temporary lodgment
In the old District buildings on First
street, but gives additional emphasis to
the demand for Increased educational ao
ronimodatlous for tbe youth of Washington.
When a weallhy corporation asks a favor
of the District committee of Congress, It
usually not oulygetsanattcmivcnndgrcally
Interested hearing, but Just about all It
wants, cither la Ihc way of increased fran
tbUe or prevention of Interference by
citizens who arc Injured and outraged.
Popular prayers for remedy ot abuses re
ceive no such consideration. andany whout
tempt to plainly criticise tblssuspidous par
tiality arc made to sutferfor it If possible,
just as the Commissioners promptly asked
tor the resignation ot that Incisive .and
fearless trustee, Paul T. Bowen, when bo
dared to apply proper terms of ccusure
to the Congressional committee in a speech
to a citizens' association. ,
The luck of adequate school room for tbe
ptrxdf s i. va ) cou Nciia
children of tbe District Is a chntuc and scan
dal, and It Is merely one nf many cvllsdue to
Congressional neglect. Hot only are com
mittees ruled by such corporations as the
gas monopoly, and-lHCsurfaco steam rail
roads, but .necessities of the District and of
ttiegovcrtiroeotnrctieldlncontempt. Schools
autt'gorcranjental offices are distributed
about the city, usually in ramshackle build
ings for which on exorbitant rent is paid
at the Instant c of some favored real estate
dealer, and which constantly threaten ti
collapse after 'he maimer of tbe old Ford
Theater.
Congressmen are" wildly eager to deplete
tlm-Trmgrythai41tey may get postoftkes
In more or less important villages of their
districts, or to "Improve" goose creeks
'and 'frog pouds' 'Where expenditure as-
Mst&toward I heir reflection, but when ap
propriations arc wanted for school bouses
a nil govcrnzucnt'b"uudlng8 In tbe District,
a grand burst of 'economy Inspires them
jjuless. njilt maybaupeu, there Is behind
It n lucrative deal for somebody In a fine
section of "rcai esfafeV.
t !-,-
STREET rAVING MANIITLATIOK.
Requests of Chief Johnson, of tbe Bureau
of Engraving and Printing, for tbe paving
of. Fourteenth . street .below the Avenue,
and the reply of the Commissioners that the
schedule for new paving Is not yet com
pleted, suggests that these annual
j.ehcd.ules ore often peculiarly lacking In
evidence of good Judgment. Why certain
streets secure fine pavements, which
do not need or deserve them, and why others
are neglected for lung years which, by
reason of their traffic demand the txt
of paving.' is one of the things In municipal
government that no fellow can find out
except tboM. who may be In tbe secret.
Paving Is now In progress on streets
which have-no traffic to speak of, and
which for whole blocks have scarcely a
dwelling or building of nny kind. These
are but illustrations of many similar per
formances running throughout alongperiod.
No observant citizen has failed to notice
and the public proa bas frequently criti
cised, the laying of water mains and con
struction of nsphaltum streets through
barren suburban lands, owned by speculators-
Such Improvements have multi
plied many times the value of such property,
sud tbe speculators by that one act enabled
to make fortunes.
It Is to be Imped that tbe honorable
Commissioners, In making up tbelr new
schedule, will not only provide for Four
teenth street, which, with the exception of
Eleventh, is the most Important avenue for
heavy traffic between Northwest and
Southwest Washington, bat for many other
streets for which paving bas been asked In
vain for long 5 ears by tbo householders
who live on them; and that the influence ot
speculators, who wish to enhance the value
at public expense of their unimproved pror)-'
erty, w ill be for once Ignored.
DID THE CAPTAIN I.IE7
The Utter published In The Times this
morning fnm Apprentice Gucbel, of the
U. S. S. Dciiniugton, to his mother, In this
city, reveals a possibility that is some
what startling for the people of San
Francisco, if not tor the whole country.
The assertion of young Goebel that the
last' Pacific mall steamer previous to tbe
writing of his letter brought the cholera
to Honolulu, though the captain reported
a clean bill of health and gave false re
ports in regard to tbe diseases which car
ried off three men on the voyage, would
appear to demand rigid investigation.
Evidently tbe theory of the young man,
who has himself died of tbe cholera since
writing, was tbe theory of all n board
tbe llennlngton.
Tbe fact that the captain of the mall
steamer was able to escape close scrutiny
at quarantine by bis own report shows
a carelessness of supervision at Hono
lulu, wblcb probably also obtained at
San Francisco before tbe cholera scare at
the former place became known; and it
may be looked upon as good luck more
than good management which has given
Immunity to the Pacific coast from the
scourge which is now sweeping over the
Hawaiian Islands, Japan and China. Such
negligence of quarantine officials should
not be overlooked however, simply be
cause no harmful results have arisen from
It on the Pacific coast up to the present
time.
SYSTEM DEMANDED.
That two accidents on Tuesday should
have been followed by another on Wednes
day, on account ot the lack of a clearly un
derstood -system or of flagmen at Intersec
tions of street railways, may well lead citi
zens to wonder who and where the next
accident will be:
In relation to the accident mentioned
each side claims tbe other was to blame.
Tliat "is usually the case, and, as usually, a
coroner's Jury discovers that nobody is to
blame. To most observers, however, it
will be clear lb.it such accidents are due
partly to the parsimony of the corpora
tions and partly In gross negligence in not
agreeing upon come system which will
leave no chance for error of employes as to
which cars -have the Tight of way at cross
lngs.
Primarily, the city government Is cen
surable for not imposing the most ngid regu-
, latlons upon the railway companies. Were
Uiis donc there would be no excuse for ac
cidents, but as long as employes arc forced
to depend od'llretr own Judgment, confu
sion and collision are certain to result.
The authorities will probably defer ac
tion, however, nntil some catastrophe takes
place vv hlch is yet more serious than the
rlliEion3 now being Investigated.
SPAIN'S PATHOL IN AMERICA.
Enthusiasm for free Cuba will hardly be
lessened in tlie United States by th cextraor
dlnarf 'announcement that tbe Bpanlsb
gov crnmcBt" lias Just appointed four addi
tional "consuls" fpj, Cuba-alone, and that
the purpose Is to watch the organization
and movements of so-called filibusters.
This is probably tbe first time In tlie his
tory ot America when a foreign government
bas dared to" appoint coast guards, detec
tives and spies-'to patrol American soil
and give Information of tlie movements
of persons whose political views are
inimical to those of tbelr employers, con
cealing thclr-truo. character under the
thin disguise ot the title of "consul."
This act of Spain fi.lnipudent to an in
tolerable degree. Consuls are. In all
International acceptation, commercial
agents, and "guides, philosophers and
frierills" for citizens" of their respective
countries who happen to stray into ttelr
baiUjrlck. Tills art(ibf Spain transforms
this consular character to that' of a spy
and informer. There Is no pretence that
these "addltionalconsuls" are needed for.
any of the legitimate duties of consuls.
Their mission cannot be misinterpreted.
They are coast guards whose duty It is to"
r -
tbe presence ot those who seek to free
Cuba from Bpanlsb rule Is suspected,
As the State Department Is too dignified
to move rapidly, and the bead and front
of the Administration gives more thought'
to rod and reel than to Cuba, no American
citizen whose soul is In tbe least degree
animated by the spirit ot the Revolution
ary Fathers Would regret It for a moment
If energetic Cubans or Americans in Florida.
should pitch these spying "consuls" Into tie
Atlantic or the Quit, and thus force an in
ternational 4'conlPlicatIon,, which would
arouse, the sluggish minds ot the Admin
istration to somo recognition of the strug
gle that is In progress In Cuba.
Some sort of action on the part of some
body should surely rebuke this impudent
action ot Spain. If rour additional "con
suls" may be sent to Florida alone, a thou
sand may be sent, and every part ot the J
Atlantic and Gulf coasts patroled by these
governmental spies and informers. Messrs.
Cleveland and Olney, prick yourselves into
action.
THEDECADENCEOFTIIEDUEUMJ.
Nearly everybody views with appre
hension tbe decadence of the duello In
South Carolina. Time was when gentle
men controlled public affairs In that Slate
and shot each other as a iumu of inciting
thirst for the seductive mint Julip. The
allegation, "Youab no gentleman, cab,"
was considered sufficient provocation to
engage tbe services of an undertaker and
'jearse, but since the "wah" South Caro
lina has fallen rroru the throne of ducllistio
grace, and a man's benor there now Is no
more sacred than it is in Patagonia.
Witness the recent altercations between
-Senator Tillman and bis counter shining
light, ex Senator Sutler. The curriculum of
Invective bas been exliausted since their
rar of words, and instead of settling tbelr
difficulties at twenty iiaces with bair
trigger pistols, tliey have tried annihilation
at long range with blood tbirtty epllbeU.
It Is sad tbat a great Slate, which bad
the honor at one time of being the home of
the duello, should become so humiliated, bat
Iierhaps this once honorable custom has
given way because of a desire for settling
disputes by lets dangerous methods
Subcontractor ilcTnugh, of the addi
tion to the Government Printing House,
may think it "rough" that be is the victim
of a test case, but be must understand that
so long as contractors and corporations
nrslst In tbelr flagrant defiance of law,
lightning must strike somewhere, and that
lightning Is no respecter of persons.
What a Leaullful rpectacle It Is to sec
American (lorts patrolled by Spanish spies
in the guise of "Consuls!"
Tlie alleged, fiction that Nero fiddled
while Rome burred receives some corrobo
ration when Cleveland can fish while Cuba
is aflame.
If street railway companies will but tell
conductors and grlpnwn when, where, and
bow to stop at road intersections, tbe
conductors and gripmen can be ilcjiended
upon to do their art of tbe work.
Tbe saddest thin? of tongue or pen is that
last wail of Dunraven.
Neither the race Issue, tbe coinage issue
or the tariff Issue will be In it with the
bond issue in tbe next national campaign.
President Cleveland touched the button
and tbe Atlanta Exposition did the rent.
The Campos letter stating that the Cuban
rebellion was a serious affair, must have
come by mall. The sutmiarlne cable would
have rejected such an item of news.
In-te-td of the war-time march from At
lanta to the tea. the see has conveniently
located itself at Atlanta, and tbe niarUi U
now.lhltherward
Itsccnis that the Allison boom hot. gotten
crosswise the Iowa flume, and will neither
go up nor down
It Is now time
footlaU hair.
i n ear sweaters and grow
Doubtless, even with the extreme heat,
it is more comfortable on tbe field of
Cblckamauga to-day than it was thirty
two years ago.
No matter what may be tbougbt of bis
sentiments. Gov. Altgeld always interests
bis audiences.
Some ot the speeches at Chattanooga and
Atlanta hadiust a faint suggestion of tbe
campaign stump.
Gossip of the Day.
An old soldier who had been to Louisville
became very much confused last night at the
corner of Seventh street nnd Pennsylvania
avenue. He inquired the way to the "Isl
and." He could not be convinced thatit was
In the direction pointed out to him, as he
said lo reach that portion of Washington
11 was necessary to cross the canal. The
improvement made In the city since 1861
was explained to him, and he went on bis
wny rejoicing.
"it's a very funny thing to me," said a
prominent Government official to n Times
reporter yesterday, "that something isn't
said or done about the different methods
f stopping cars. Of course I refer par
ticularly to Uie electric aud cable cars
"One never knows nowadays which side
of the street to stand and wait for the ear.
It used to be that all cars stopped on tbe
"other side." Now some of the lines stop on
Ibc near side. The uncertainty of this Is
the cause of a great many people. Govern
ment people especially, being late to office.
"I think tbe rule ought to be one for all
lines alike; for, as far as my experience
goes, all the cars which arc supposed to
stop on the near side ot the street really
ball right in the middle of the thoroughfare,
and that is mighty dangerous.
"When two things come to pass I don't
know but I shall be willing to say 'let thy
servant depart in peace,' " remarked a'
reader of the Times to-clay.
"I hope to live. long enough to witness the
construction of a garbage crematory, and
It is possible I shall also be here when Con
gress perfects the fire escape law.
. "The strain' is something fearful, but
I have a good constitution and-my ap
petite Is still pretty good.
''If only the discussion of-tbe garbage
question doesn't have tbe effect of de
Btorlog my interest in things mundane, I
believe I shall be able to stick."
Mixed Merttar
"Down to Chicago," tald Dncle Ivhjreen,
"where my danghterlivcs, they have dinner
at supper time, anV. bTgosh, ye don't get
jvonr supper till breakfast is rcadr." West"
union uaxerce.
sneak, and rry and eavesdrop wherever
1 FEBEftlL-AT &F AIMS
It Is Tracti-Mnettt ti lie Esralcheou
PatronyrnlcsoTtho Presidents-Mr.
Cleveland Comes From the Una'
- of a Knight of England. 1 -
.Baltimore Bun- 1
In an article on Ibis tubject, written for
tbe Illinois society, and later published by
the, Chicago Inter-Ocean. Air. Sargent
showed that the armorial bearings of our
repubUc,""wnfcb dates from 1782, 'had
origin in tbe heraldry need by George
Washington, and the design was drawn by
tbe first President's own band, from Wash
ington's heraldry, on lils vUlt touts'. John
Ross to engage her to make the first Hag
fprjbe new republic t ,
This Idea is not beyond possiDimy,
viewed in the strict sense ofheraldry.adnilts
anotber writer, who, however, contends
that tbe American republic is Indebted
to tin EnglUb bamnec for the suggestion
of the device which bas been suggested
as our national coat of arms.
It must be remembered, he says. Hint not
until 1851, at a public dinner in Baltimore,
Md , occurred thcrtupgestlon of Washing
ton's heraldry being the origin of the na
tional flag, by an Ecglitb Uterateur and
poet; llarttn-Tuppcr, whose idea has be
come accepted on both 6ides of Ice At
lantic. "In Uancunlum lived a man whojenew
much of old nines and ancient lore."
This was Thomas Earritt, -of Hanging
Ditch. Manchester, England, a famous
antiquary of bU rime, who. In writrfrg of
his son!' Thomas Eatrltt. Jr., a noted
Republican, and corresponding secretary
of the Republican party of the United
Kingdom'-iit Great Britain, In the latter
nortot the eighteenth century, says.'Tli ere
is one thing that I wish tn Inform you, that
myrrlend. Sir John Prestwioh. EarU.told
me he was the person who suggested vlie
idea of a coat of arms for the American
States to an ambassador from tnen:e. wh icb
the States Lave put upon some of their
moneys.
"It is this, ns be told me, 'party per
pale of thirteen stripes, white and red,
the chief of the escutcheon blue, slgnirj big
the-protection of heaven over thc.States.
n hlcli so pleased the Americans that It iv as
soon after adopted as thearms of theStates,
and to give It -more consequence, placed
It upon the breast of an eagle displayed.' "
When Sir John Prestwich set himself to
form a deslgti T.tr the American oat of
arms, conjecture is strongly reasonable that
Tie would wish 'tf connect the- armorial
bearings ot the new government with the
escutcheons of tbe Washington, of Lan
cashirivas n'complmient Ui the first Amer
ican President deJcend'-d from that family.
Turning to the now famillarcoatof amisof
America the resemblance may readily be
noted. a x
1 ti "
None1 tof our PwUdents were of noble de
scent,.yet ihejinrestnrs of several were of
the landed geritryand aristocracy of Great
Britain. Tlie families of Adams,. Jefferson.
Tyler and Cleveland and the wives of somp
or the Presidents were of heraldic families.
The second wife of John Tyler, Miss Julia
Gardiner, was'of ah heraldic race the Gar
diners of England I '" '
The escutcrieons,-'Tae the lists of Presi
dits,"if arranged sfde by side, would each
from Washington to Cleveland" Grovcr
rievcland's patronymic Is probably Crlvcd
from tbe town of Cleveland, In Ilurlram, Eng
land. As late as-the thirteenth century it
was written De Cleveland, probably from
Cttffetind,-Whicli certUlesnts English origin
a coat of arms our President couiel use If
he was of an aristocratic turn of mind, with
"de," the French 'nobility predicate.
Stephen Grover deCleveland'sarlstocracy
Is of ancient date. Unlike others, hcrtias a
motto, '"Fro' Deo ef Patria," A burlesque
on the pride of the Cleveland's family blood
was written by Re v Aaron Cleveland, anil is
to be seen In tbe "Cleveland-Family Memo
rial." Told of Animals and Fish.
f
The senses of the lower animals and the
range and nature of their sensations form
topics ot an extremely interesting kind.
What, for example, a beetle or a crayfish
sees or bears and how it sees and
hears.,, is , a problem which, nothing
short of being a beetle or crayfish en
dowed with human powers of self-analysis
Is ever likely v solve,
Lions and tigers become as lambs and
guinea pigs at tlie smell of .lav ender water.
They are not moved by music. Thesmalier
the animal the more music affects it
One ot the most common 'methods of
Jungle shooting In India Is that by night.
when a blue light Is opportunely burned to
,lve the sportsman an opportunity to
take aim at a tiger which bas been attract
ed to tbe spot by some form of bait, the
sportsman being located abov e iu a machan
r some. other point of vautn
More than one species of fish is met with
which cannot swim, the most singular of
wblcb. perhaps, is tbe maltha, a Brazilian
fislt, whose organs ot locomotion only en
able It to crawl, or walk, or hop. after
the manner of a toad, to which animal this
fish to some extent bears a resemblance,
and It Is provided with a long upturned
snout. '
Examples' ot non-swimming fishes in
clude the" sea horse, another most pecu-"
Marly shaped inhabitant of the sen, which
resembles the knight in a set of chessmen,
and tlie star tlshrot which there are many
specimens, wlilth1 mostly walk and eniwl
on the shore or rocks, both being unable to
swim. ' '
A ETercdltury Habit.
IT -
A French physician has declared Ibat tbe
unpleasant habit .of biting the fingernails
Is hereditary. Almost one third of the
ftrruuM scutHH iiuiun-u uiio ueir naia
and tbe girls arc, worse than tbe lwys in this
matter. Not ohly docs the babit disfigure
theends of Ibeingcn, bat as the f ragmen ta
01 ine nail are piira cnewea ana swauowea
there is a constant danger that the sharp
fragments may Injure tbe lining of the
stomach. .
Bon Frero.
In an elevated train,
Just across tbe aisle,
Gdzlng out into the rain,
. With a. pensive smile.
Kits a damsel fair to see .
- Perfect little peach " '
now demure she loots at met
Is she out of reach?
'-.H'mr irmrwhrit ah awful coiai
Won't she look around?
No? Well, Iben, I'll be more Isold
Try It I'll be bound! """"'
On the seat her card-case lies. ,
t know wbattodol
."Pardon' fn,"MIss,r-mire llfled'her eyes-J-"This
belongs to too?" .-
'"Tes; sit down, old boyr says she-
Jover-,Wat foolishness!"' - ,rr" 1
Smllinr sweetly up at me '
fls-my'slstertess."' r " "
.-.-. -iw-jjew Sork-JoumaLf
Sent from Washington.
Secretary Olueys return to the city was
jone too soon , according to recent advices.
There are said to be matters at tbe State
Department requiring the presence of a
guiding band having no uncertain grasp,
and being sure of support from headquar
ters. Matters hare been running along
there in the usual dilatory channels. But
matters are now pressing which require
something dcfinltoto be dice, especially
on the declared policy of making a "Jingo"
record with a view of obscuring financial
shortcomings before the meeting of the
next Congress. -
Not most of the difficulties now arising
relate to our Intercourse with China. Dis
turbing dispatches hare been coming for
some time which seem to presage a disin
tegration of that gigantic empire aaTt re
sult of the Japanese war and the naval am
bitionsNif European powers. These mani
festations have been brought conspicuously
to the frontinconnection with the so-called
vegetarian attacks upon foreign mission
aries and the Inability and unwillingness
of the governing powers to interpose for
tbe protection of those attacked or the
punishment of their assailants.
One of the great dangers which the
shrewd European advisers attached to
Japanese legations abroad feared from
tlie Japanese war on China was that
tbe success of Japan might pierce tbe
empty eggshell ot Chinese autonomy and
disclose the fact tbat the people of this
great empire were divided by numerous
divergent nnd hostile religions, and gov
erned by a foreign dynasty, which. In a
greater or lees degree, was repugnant to
all of them.
The iiartitlon of China, It is said, was
one of tlie grave problems debated during
the war. When that event happens, ast
Is believed It must very soon, the probabil
ities seem to be that Great Britain, Rus
sia and France win be the chief bene
ficiaries and tlie Administration of Mr.
Cleveland, which arrogated to Itself so
much credit for its intervention in tlie in
terests of peace? as between China and
Japan, will cither have to stand silently
aside or must confront tbe alternatives
ot backing down from Its contemplated
Jingo policy or becoming entangled In
Eastern complications of Immense Import
ance and unknown deplht-E. JJ. Wight in
Boston Journal.
Secretary of-State Olney has been greatly
annoyed to-day by a rtory In circulation
criticising him for tuning settled the Mora
claim uKu the payment by Spain of tbe
principal. The compromise arranged by
Mr. Olney is said to embarrass ieopIe inter
ested in the case, w ho had calculated upon
receiving the accumulated interest, which
amounted to between $600,000 and $700,
000, and to have called forth a protest from
Nathaniel Paige, one of Mr. Mora's attor
neys. Tbe Secretary of State would not discuss
the Etorj, but Dr. Jose I. Rodriguez, who
has nec-n the attorney of record In the claim
tince 1670. aud uwn whose recoramemla
lion Mr. Paige was employed, denied that a
protest against the Secretarv's action had
linen filed bv Mr. Paige or any one else.
Dr. Rodriguez says "that Mr. Paige has for
mally requested the Secretary to withhold
pavment of auy part of the claim until he
(Paige) can reach an amicable settlement
with the claimant uon his demand for ex
tra coniiwination to cover travelinand other
txiM-mes, amounting to aliout $65,000. J.
S. Henry, in Pitltburg Dispatch.
Notwithstanding the confident feeling
pervading the Treasury Department, there-
are many In the close circles which sur
round the Secretary who believe that some
definite understanding bas been arrived
at between the Government and the syndi
cate In regard to a future issue of bonds.
While It was thought a day or so ago
that a bond Issue seemed Imminent, tbe
reeling is that the President bas once more
Issued an ultimatum, and it Is to the ef
fect that nothing shall be done in tbe way
of new bonds until after the fall elec
tions The Tre-asury officials, who ought
to know, have been boasting within the
last twenty-four hours that bond will not
be Issued this month or next, even if the
gold reserve ran down to $30,000,000.
Following these assertions come the
bints that they arc based upon the fact
that the President could not afford at
this time to have another issue of bonds,
no matter how small, before the Novem
ber elections. If he-did. the Democratic
party would lose even the small chance
It now hasof carrying some of tbe State.
J. S. Sbrlver in Cincinnati Times Star.
For China Painters Only.
In the interval tiet ween this time and the
establishment ot china pa biting in all the big
potteries of England, extensive work in this
line was carried on in London, china being
brought over from France to be decorated.
Previous to tbe breaking out of the revolu
tionary war china painting was first car
ried on in America at the South work China
Works In Philadelphia. The style of
painting was the same as employed at tbo
English factory.
Edward Lycctt leads the china pa inters ot
America. He is an Englishman, and bas
kept fully abreast with public taste.
The ceramic decprators of old days were
binded together In a strong trade organiza
tion, and werca privileged clasof workmen,
going to their places of business in carriages
or on horseliack, riggged out In cocked
hats, powdered wigs, lace ruffs and saver
buckles, and carrying tbelr swords by their
sides
American women ticgan studying china
painting afterthe civil war, when they had
agalu begun to travel abroad, where china
painting was the rage.
Sizlmr TJp Hotel Guests.
"It may surprise you," said an old hotel
clerk, "but wc can tell a man not uecd to
stopping at hotels at the first glance. His
unfauiiliarity with the way to register,
with the way to nsk Tor his letters, tele
grams, or how to give up his keys to his
room, gives him away immediately. Now,
to-day, a middle-aged man who isstopping
at this hotel came up to me and asked me
if I would keep the key to his room for a
little while. That was the one sure way of
tcllirg that be had probably not been in
bait a dozen hotels in his life Then we
can always tell the minute a man comes
up lo nsk for his mail. v nether1 he is a hotel
liver or not Tbe commercial traveler,
before bis name is written down in the
register, will ask to see the letters In the
box liearing bis initial He will grab up
tbe telegrams and pour over them as If he
were going to catch a train that left in
ten minutes Then he will take his arm
ful of umbrellas and canes and throw
them at the bellboy and tell him to take
them to bis room. The man unacquainted
with hotel life will be exactly the opposite.
He is usually as bashful us a schoolgirl
with stage fright. He doesn't know bow
to do anything. .
China to Sleep Again.
Already we cannot tell from the appear
ance ot things that there has been a war.
'We do not like to believe so soon tbat China
bas fallen fast asleep again, bat certainly
'quiet cities like this give no siga.br hope of
change.' Norb Chiaar Herald
SAISIIfi BABHIBER GLASS
Tioj Jell I Walsh .laiiMls
uJtjrlaFtilaMjklL
Iain-
He Is a Mite of a Chap. But Doctors
Think He MayVlve to Be
'President."'
Philadelphia Press.
Out at the Philadelphia Hospital- there
Is a wee mRe of humanity in an Incu
bator, where be has been kept ror Just
about a montb.
His name is John K Walsh, and, though
he weighs but two pounds and ten ounces,
be bas a variety of traits whh;b make him
t most Interesting -youngsteri He arrived
In this country 00 August 16, having been
born Justas tbe ship passed Cape Henlopcn.
Had the event In the Walsh family oc
curred a few hours earlier bis nationality
would have been a matter of conjecture.
Tbe parents of little Walsh are estimable
Irish people, who started from their humft
In the early part of last month on one of
the big ocean steamers that come to Phila
delphia. About the middle of November was the
proper time for ,young Mr. Walsh to an
nounce himself a possible candidate for
the Pn-sldcncy in years to come, but hardly
was the ship In sight of. Cape Uenlopen,
down lielow where the Delaware Bay ex
pands Into the ocean, than there was a gen?
uine sensation on tbe ocean liner, as the
jouthful citizen announced himself.
1 o
Tbe stewardess and tbe ship's surgeon
made tbe little patriot and tbe surprised
Mrs. Walsh comfortable, but neither stew
ardess nor surgeon knew quite what to do
with the child. The surgeon entered. him
In tbe books as John Walsh and designated
bis age by means of tbe algebraic expres
sion, "plus thrce'months.'
When the ship arrived 'at the wharf
John was 3 months 1 day old, and
while the mother- could be taken care
of by her Wends it was seen that un
less extraordinary measures were adopt
ed with the child death would result so
the ship's surgeon bethought himself of
asking Dr. Daniel E. Hughes, chief resi
dent physician at tbe Philadelphia Hos
pital, what would be the best course
under the circumstances.
A .telephone message was sent to the
big institution across the river, explain
ing the case and asking advice, and the
reply came back: "Send the new citizen
out to tbe hospital and we'll incubate him."
So John was carried out to the hospital
and duly Hutalled in what will save bis
hte, if it can be saved.
Dr. Hughes, anticipating some emer-
I gency precisely similar to that which oc-
currcd, had the incubator made some time
ago. It is a good-sized box with a glass
on top and a glass front that extends to
within about six inches of the lower edge,
where a false bottom of metal runs acrossv
making a small' compartment in winch the
heating apparatus Is located. This Is
as simple as any other portion of the ar
rangement, but it is the m-st imoo riant, for
heat is the -vital principle ol'the whole
affair.
Tlie heat is supplied by a series ot tin
cans which are filled with hot water and
placet In the little box to cool off. While
they continue to get cooler the baby gets
warmer, and when, they have cooled they
are taken out and others are put in, filled
with more hot water that keeps the tem
perature -at about BO degrees.
In the upper and larger compartment,
is a lot of cotton wadding and little eider
down coverlets, a thermometer and a socket
for a candle, which Is lighted when it is
considered advisable to raise the tempera
ture higher than the hot water vessels can
make It go.
It was Into this machine tbat tbe "little
citizen." as the nurses and doctors refer to
iloi. was placed. He did not apparently
tppreclate tbe kindness shown him. for be
-qulrnied around at a great rate. It was
suggested tbat be was impatient to get oat
electioneering, or to make an effort to get
on the police force, but as he failed to ex
press his intentions clearly, he was kept in
the box.
When be was brought to the Institution
he weighed within an ounce or two of
what be does now. The biggest parlof him
is bis head . and bis arms and legs and fingers
aud toes are constructed on a microscopic
calc. lie wiggles tLcni almost all the
time, however, and when he is not kicking
stretches out his.lhln little arms in a
most aggressive fashion. "We think be
wants to lie a fighter," said a nurse, and
Dr. Hughes added by way of explanation
thathc was now lnlhe"paper-wcightelass "
John Is fed at frequent Intervals frutu a
bottle containing diluted milk. Tbe ar
ticle, even as the dealers furnish It, K too
ttroug for his stomach. Whether he will
live or not Is a question, but all Ibatsciencc
and constant care can do for the little
patriot will be clone.
Sweet Things for Cranks.
A red polled cow at Whlttllngbam, En&
land, has yielded "milk continuously since
sh3 ceased calving, five years ago, her rec
ord being 13,734 quarts of milk of the first
quality. No other case like this is known.
A Frenchman has patented an apparatus
to take off aud put on a man's coat.
A Newburyport man is the possessor or a
rather novel a pple tree. One side of tbe tree
is full of apples, while the other side Is full
ot blossoms.
Should a great mlffortuce overtake
Maori, ench as the death of his favorite
child, his relatives are allowed to dispos
sess him of all his goods, an., it needs be, ot
the very roof which shelters him. He must
pay for the honor conferred upon him by
being specially looked down upon by the
grfcls.
There Is a tree at Athens. Ga. .which is a
property holder. In the early part of the
century the land upon which it ctamls be
longed to Col. W. H. Jackeon, who took
great delight in watcbing'its growth and
enjoying its shade. In his old age the tree
bad reached magnificent proportions, acd
the thought of Its being destroyed by those
who would come after him was so repug
nant that ho recorded a deed con eying to it
all land within a radius ot eight feet uf it.
Testing Diamonds.
The Jeweler's Review sajs: A new and,
11 Is claimed, a perfect means of distinguish
ing diamonds from Imitations bas bscn In
vented by tbe chemist of the Thyslcnl In
stitute at Geneva, Mr. Alargntt. He uses
an aluminium pencil, with whlcli It is possi
ble In make a mark or'-wrltc upon glass or
any other substance containing silicates.
Upon such surfaces,"whidi are first moist
ened, lbc pencil will leave a perfect white
mark ot silver like metallic brilliancy,
which cannot be destroyed, even "by the use
of chemicals. Only diamonds, which, as
Is well known, consist of pure carbon, are
Impermeable lo-tho touch'orthe new alu
minium test. All the other gems contain
more or less silicic acid, and the aluminium
pencil will, therefore, leave Us "mark opon
tbem.
AMUSEMENTS.
GRAND OPERA HOUSE.
Edwakd II. ALzjnc.Hanasor.
WEEK OP SEPTEMBER IS.
Hatlneo Saturday.
WK. A BRADY'S Comedy Drams,
" OLD GLORY. "
By Chas. X Vincent.
A graphic story of too Chilian Incident.
PRICES
ILSO, J1.0D, 73c, resorvsa.
CO and 23c, admission.
NEXT WEEK "Tbo Bacaslor's Baby," with
Mr. and Mrs. Slangy Draw, under the dlre
tion of VcKm Rtnkln. Seats on Sale
NEW NATIONAL TAEATER.
NEXT WEEK.
Eljthth Annual Tour and Annual Autumn VUlt
to vvashlDKtonof
Daniel Frohman's
Lyceum Theater Co.
OF NEW YORK.
Herbert Kelcey,
Mon.. Tues.. Wed. and
ll.L Sat,
Trie Case of
Rebellious Susan,
by Henry Arthur
Jonas.
Thursday Night Only,
AlffiEALHUSBM
Friday Slgbt Only,
THE WIFE.
Saturday Night Only,
TEE CHAEjTT BALL
JsaDei imsg.
W. J. J Mojr.e.
Mrs Chas. Walcot,
Charles Walcot,
Ax.nlo Irish,
Fritz Williams,
Elizabeth Tjree.
Stephen Grattan.
Katharine r lcrsnce,
Wa tor Hale.
Vn. Thos. Whlffon.
Ferdinand Gottschalk,
Vaud enner,
Ernest Tarleton,
Edward Wilis.
Wilfred BuckUnd.
Seats and Foxes now on sale.
NEW NATIONAL THEATER
Erery Evening. Wed. and Sat. Mats.
The Mighty Monarch of Minstrelsy
PRIMROSE&WEST
With the crojtort com
pany thay ever
ownod, in
cluding GEORGE W1LSOX.
V IIITE
AND
BLACKS.
Next Wesk Daniel Frohmsn's N. T. Lyceum
Theater Co. Seats sow on sale.
ACADEMY.
This
Week
PfilPPI Evenings. 2S. SO. 75c. SI.
iulubij Matinee. 25 and SOc reserved.
- TIIE INIMITABLE COMEDIAN.
PETER F. DAI LEY
IN
JOHN J McNALIA-S Happiest Effort.
The Night Clerk,
Next Week lbe Great Electrical Drama.
SHAFT No 2. Secure seats early.
KERNAX'S LYCEOM THEATE&
ALL TI1IS WEEK.
HARRY MORRIS'
Twentieth Century Maids.
"TOO MUCH TRILBY."
11AHRY .MORRIS as SLANG VALLEY.
NEXT WEEK John F. FieH's Drawing Cards.
THE BIJOU THEATER Week commencing
. SElTfcllBER IB.
2Iatinees Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday,
The week of sensation.
THE FISKE
Novelty Extravaganza Co.,
HEADED ST
WILLIAM T. BRTAJ.T & LIZZIE RICHMOND.
National Tree.
Harris and Walters, Jerard and Thompson,
Alice Hanson. Edwards and Kernel!, in
Groat Drawee. Evans and idoc. May
dams, Charles IL Duncan. William
U. Anderson, the woaderf ill
Trick Skater.
Admission to first floor, 25c.
MATINEES. CHILDREN, 15c.
Just Like Men. -
France has .three bishops who are not
aEhamed to take exercise. Tbe Archbishop
of Sens and tbe Bishop of Chalons keep up
their fencing, while the Bishop of Mende.
besides being a good fencer, rides horsu
back and drives.
August Gemunder, who died in New Tork
recently, was at tbe time of bis demise the
oldest living violin maker in the country.
While in bis own original-manufacture Ge
munder ranked amoig connoisseurs with
the very best violin makers. It was in bis
imitationsof theold masters tbat heachleveel
a success which was his alone. Having dis
covered tbe secret processes by means of
which the early Italian masters succeeded
In conetracting utterly incomparable In
struments, he applied these processes to
reproductions whese fidelity was exact.
- K
Matcagnl bas written an article on opera
librettos for a newspaper at Ceriguola.in
which he cays that over 1,500 librettos are
written in Italy every jear and tbat 200
of them are sent to him. He has bad books
from a railroad porter, from a sailor, I
shoemaker and a pig doctor. Ouc dealt
with Italian unity, among tbecharacters be
ing Garibaldi, a baritone; tbe Pope, a bacso;
and Victor Emmanuel, a tenor. Another
called "May Day" was about a strike and
had a chorus, "We Want an Eight hour
Day."
Dr. Johnson bad a violent hatred of that
cuetom of parents for. displaying their chlj
dren's bright accomplishments. At one
time, after he had become a famous man, he
was begged by a fond father to listen to his
two sous recite "Gray's Elegy." taking a
verse alternately. "Nay, sir," said the
great doctor, "let the elears both recite at
once. More nolle will by that means b
made, ami the noise will be sooner over."
Five Oddities.
At a clair in Berlin, famous for the purity
of Its milk, the milk Is strained through a
wire sieve with a cloth, on which rests a
deep layer oT fine sand Before the sieve is
again nsed the sand is put in a hot oven
to destroy any possible germs.
Sledical authorities assert that crying is
the chief and best exercise for oung chil
dren, and one hospital superintendent says
that a healthful baby should cry three or
four times a day at least, and from ten to
fifteen minutes at a tune.
A combustible clny is report edtohave been
found iutbcsuburbsof Baku. When reduced
to powder this clay Is said to be burnable,
giving a bluish flame of great intensity and
without the least smoke Although this
new furl gives much ash, wc are told that
the working classes of Baku used It with,
good results all through last winter.
Jewshnrps are made chiefly in Boccorlo,
the scat of the Industry since the sixteenth
century A good workman e-an make seven
dozen in a day, and, simple as the little in
struments are, no less than twenty tools are
employed In their manufacture, including
..iivll, hammer, longs and so on There are,
moreover, twenty-four distinct operations
E. E. Lander, of 8outh P-arls, Me., can at
tirehinvtelf In a broadcloth coataged forty,
boots twenty, breeches thirty, carry a pock
etbook 130 years old and a gun about the
same age and ride-on a wagon wheel seventy
Ore years old.
JTIIREEf
JDRASS I
(bands!
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I'St-ih?
ymsi.Krtzsi
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