Newspaper Page Text
. cT i
THE MORNINO TIMES dives all.
the news. It Is supplied by. the
United Press and the Bennett Cable
Service, supplemented by the Asso
ciated Press Service. The Morning
Times leads In News.
THE MORNINC TIMES has the
best Sportlnar Pa je published in
Washington. It has lonjr fought the
fight for true sport, as opposed to
rascality and crookedness of every
TOL. 1. ISO. 51.
WASHINGTON, D. -C. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1895.
IN THE PUBLIC EYE.
Uncle Sam's Naval Masterpiece,
the Brooklyn, Launched.
Little Hope That the Administra
tion Will Act Regarding Cuba.
REP. LIVINGSTON'S VIEWS
MAKVEL OF ARCHITECTURE
Ml h1 II
l. Hi II
It -. . r- -t jL fS a- J
, 8SZ'V r: 'fef V-Jr V'3""5s"St&ri
Be Is Confident Thai Ibo House it
Overwhelmingly In Fmor of Hec
ognltlon of tlieliiMirKentHuitu Will
Act Promptly Cleveland and Olnpy
Would Si net Ion It.
While the friends of the Administration
are hoping that President Cleveland and
Secretary Olney will take tome adanced
position with regard to Cuba and Venez
uela in order to win popular Iaor, there la
a growing impression th.it little or nothing
w ill lie done until after Congress meets.
The immense responsibility attaching to
a declaration liy this Government recog
nizing the belligerency of Cuba is duly ap
preciated by Secretary Olney. Tlure Is no
derire to have a rciietition of the Alabama
affair. In which England had to pay $15,
000.000 tor her premature recognition of
It Cuba thould be recognized and Spain
succeeded after that in conquering her, the
United States would doubtless haeto meet
a mafia ot claims amounting to millions and
billions of money.
The recognition of Cuba would natu
rally mean that she would turn to us for
Mipplie-s and look to us for assistance. As
a matter ot self-protection the United
States would lie compelled to take the part
of Ciilvi and establish her independence.
WILL MAKi: NO BREAKS.
Tlnse contltgenclcs arc being very care
fully considered by Secretary Olney. and
the cost of recognizing the Cuban patriots
has been figurcil .on. it is thought, how
ever, that by the time Congress gets to
gether the conditions in Cuba will be such
as to indicate with some degree of cer
tainty how the resolution will tcrml
nate. A resolution passed by both Houses
will be considered sufficient warrant
for the administration to act favorably
Representative Lllngston, of Georgia,
who seems to take great interest in foreign
matters now pending berore the State De
partment, was asked to-day what he
thought would be the outcome of the Cuban
resolution and what the action of this ad
ministration would be.
"I have not talked the matter over," he
said, "witli Secretary Olney or any other
member of the administration, but I
lielieve that It Is retching their most
earnest attention. I do not know what
their action will be. but I believe that
If the request should conic from the Cu
ban revolutionists asking for recognition
that Mr. Cleveland and Secretary Olney
would be in favorof granting it.
M R. LIVINGSTON CONITDENT.
"I am confident, however, that If there
Is no step taken by the administration be
fore Cougrc-s meets, one of the first acts
of that body will be a resolution direct
lug that the administration recognize
the belligerency of the Cubans. We can
not afford to refuse aid to people that
ro struggling for freedom as we did in
177G. The Cubans are trying to throw
off the yoke of oppression Imposed by
Spain, just as we cast ofP the fetters
put upon us by Kugland. The matter Is
one ot great moment, and we cannot af
ford to temporize with it much longer."
It is not at ail likely that Congress will
exhibit as much good feeling for Spain,
although she 1 n friei dly iower. as does
the administration It Is-not forgotten
that In le(51, while the echoes of the guns
that were trained on Tort Sumter were
still reverberating along the Atlai.ticshorts,
Bpaln recognized the belligerency of the
There are n gcod many patriots In both
Houses of Congress w ho be very glael of an
opportunity Jo pay Spain for that act of
unfriendliness. There seems to be a in (ty
unanimous feeling among Southern Con
gressmen In favor of recognizing Cuba, as
the Independence of that island would be
of great advantage to the Southern Atlantic
and Gulf Stale-s in 11 e way of trade There
is little doubt therefore that a resolution
of very radical character would easily
pass both Houses of Congress.
OKI ENTA I. SsTItEKT FIG IIT.
Ariiii-iiuin-. Chlllim Upon the Sultan
Onisi' n Sniiill Hint.
London, 0t. 2. The Dally Newsprints
this morning a dispatch froniCoiistantinople
giving the following version of the riot
which occurred there jesterday;
Several Armenians had started on their
way to the gate of the Sultan's palace,
where Justice Is usually administered, with
the intention of presenting to the Grand
Vizicra petltiuii against the government.
Warning hail been given to the official",
and at their ordcrsall the approaches to the
palace were blocked with police. While
the crowds were waiting the mluisterof the
interior arrlvcel at a lioint near the gate
whereupon a rush was made toward him
from all the surrounding streets.
The police attempted to drive the people
back, battering many of the in severely, and
finally firing upon them. A detachment of
cavalry was ordered to assist the officers,
and, charging upon the crowd, cleared the
The persons killed or wounded In the
fight included Turks as well as Armenians.
According to the dispatch. It is reported
also that a mob attacked the residenceof the
minister of police and fired several volleys
at the house, wounding the minister. In
tense excitement prevails throughout the
WE'HE FIGHTING FOR CC11A.
Ilut So Far the Americans Have Only
Usod Their Mouths.
New Tort, Oct. 2. About 200 Cubans
and sympathizers witfi the Cuban cause
met last evening at the rooms of the James
G. Blaine Club.
The chairman and principal speaker was
B. C. Hcnriques. He said that the deaths
ot the insurgents, according to Capt. Gen.
Campos, were ridiculously exaggerated.
Tbespoaker claimed that the Cuban cause
was getting on famously, and that It was
hoped that the United Slates Government
would soon recognize them as belligerents.
J. W. Keniplc, a Hepublicau politician
of West Virginia, made a speech in which
he hurrahed for the Cubans and casually
remarked that the United States could
lick any government on the face of the
Jail Officials Have Not Decided
Earl Kltchle, the young boy who as
saulted Allen Johnson in Soutii Washing
ton last May, and who Is lying sick at
the jail, Is slightly improved to day.
Application has been made by his parents
for tils removal from the Jail, but the of
ficials at the institution arc unable to
say whether the request will be granted.
Mr. Leonard was not at too Jail when
Inquiry was made.
Widow Gets All.
William R Baldwin's last will, dated
September 10, 1896, was filed for probate
to-day. Frances O. Baldwin, the widow,
la made executrix and sole beneficiary.
Some Men are Born Great and others are Texas Legislators during
Prize Fight Excitement.
YIELDS TO LARGER FORCE
That is the Excuse China Makes
For Her Acquiescence.
CHINA WILL STOP AND THINK
Xe'w Oiitrnues Perpetrated CponJUs.
KlonxXeur Canton Reward Offereil
to Any Cliliiniiinii Who Kills a For-i-ljrncr
A l'roeln mutton .MUcim
Mruod. London, Oct. 2. With regard to Chinese
official opinion on the matter of the Eng
lish ultimatum, the following is stated on
the highest authority to be the Chini-se
version of the matter:
"China jields to force majeure, acting
under very prudent advice, but she looks
upon the case of the viceroys punlsLmcnt
from the same point of view as England
would it Chinese subjects had been mur
eiero.l In the streets of Lonelon w here, as a
matter of fact, they are apt to he insulted
and made fun ot by the Ignorant and China
were to call upon Eugund to disgrace Lord
"The Chinese have no police force In
their towns, as such is not needed. Thus
the authorities were unfortunately unprc
paretl for an oatbreak of so elisgraceful a
character, which only could have taken
place under exceptional circumstances
caused by popular excileiueut due to
ADVICES FItOM JAPAN.
San Francisco, Oct. 2. Per steamer
City of Pekiu Tokio, Sept. 17. Another
ami Christian outrage is reported in China.
On the 23d of August, as ten ice was pro
ceeding in one of the chajiels of the Ameri
can Board of Missions in Canton, a number
of roughs entered the building, vilified
the native Christians; declared that the
black flags had beaten the Japanese, anil
said that a reward of $2 would be given
to a Chinaman that killed a foreigner.
Owing to the tumult the minister had to
discontinue the service, after which the
mob proceeded to destroy the furniture.
News also comes from Foo Chow that at
Hoo Chong, near Hing Hun, an attack has
been made on the native Christians there.
Several of the latter were wounded, one
fatally; eight houses were looted and de
stroyed, and the cattle of the Christians
The riot Is said to have resulted from a
proclamation with a double meaning issued
by the magistrate on the subject of the
KuCheng massacre. The report adds that
five appeals made to the magistrate for
protection were unsuccessful.
LI HUNG'S POLITICAL DEATH.
Li Hung Chang has been appointed mana
ger of the imperial chancery, or Prime
Minister of China. He will henceforth re
side In Pekin. Opinions differ as to the
significance of this step, but there seems to
be little doubt that it means the great
viceroy's political extinction.
Efforts to hav e some of Japan's new men-ot-war
built in United States dock-yards
are being strenuously made. The chief
mover is Gen. Williams, who, many years
ago, held the post of financial adviser to
the Jaimnefe financial department. But
despite Ihesupportof the leading Japanese
Journal, it is not expected that the en
deavor will have any marked success.
American locomotives are beginning to
find favor in Japan. The results of their
working in theEaet show that they cost 10
per cent more and burn 30 per cent more
fuel than English engines, but Japanese
drivers find them easier to handle. Should
this preference grow. It may prove import
ant, in view of the large impending develop
ment ot the Japanese railway system.
ARG EN TINA'S CONG HESS.
All Financial Measures Wore Shelved
Before It Adjourned.
Buenos Ayres, Argentina, (via Galves
ton, Tex.), Oct. 2. The ordinary session of
Argentina's congress has closed, and all
financial schemes. Including the Santa Fc
project, have been shelved.
The only plan reported favorably was
the proposal to lend the province of Tuc
man $1,000,000. It Is thought that the
President will approve the measure, though
It Is opposed by Finance Minister Bomcro.
It Is reported that the maize crop will
furnish an enormous balance for export to
WOMEN WITHIN ITS PORTALS
Two Washington Ladies Enter the
Catholic School of Philosophy.
Willie tbe Hoard Has Announced No
Policy, the -Mooted Question Hus
Been Solved by Tlielr Admission.
The Hall ot Philosophy, of the Catholic
University, began Its career to-day In an
active and practical scne. About 0 o'clock
the students began to arrive, and the great
slone building presented a truly scholastic
Mr. Ilobiiison, the registrar, was promptly
on hand anil began the work of enrolling
the candidates for university honors.
Although no official announcement has
jet been made by the lxiard of directors
in regard to tbe admission of women, the
problem seems to be solved by the fact
that two Joung lndie-s havo applied and
have hcn received into the Greek ncadciny.
These ladies are Miss Adelaide Julllen
and Mi'j "Martha Page, both of the Dis
trict. The Academy of Greek is under the
direct ion of Dr. Daniel Qiilnii, a member of
the philosophy faculty, who, from the first
stage of the controirsy, favored the ma
triculation of women.
L'neler the charter ot the university, its
doors are eqien to nil who can fill its re
quired conditions in regard to mental at
tainments npel moral status. Women can,
therefore, lie students of this great Calho
lic University, if they have sufficient edu
cation to ikies the necessary examinations
for admlision, and perseverance enough to
folllow itsxalted course of study.
Whether they can receive degrees here
Is another question, and one to which no
definite answer can be attained. A great
'number of Catholic prelates are In favor
of higher education Tor wriiicn.
As Cardinal Gibbons quoted. In speaking
of.thc great mission of woman, "The hanil
that rocks the cradle is the hand that rules
the world." .so It is safe to assert that If
the present meeting of the board has not
allowed women to matriculate, regularly,
and to be candidites fordegrce-s, the next
meeting in the coming spruig will obviato
ASSASSINS IX QUITO.
Tbey Made nn Unsuccessful Attempt
on President Alfuro's Llfo.
Panama, Colombia, via Galveston, Tex.,
Oct. 2. The Herald's correspondent In
Quito, Ecuador, telegraphs that two per
sons, named Victor Kivar and P. Iiarka,
are accused of complicity In the plot to
assassinate President Alfaro. A mob at
tempted to lynch them on Sunday night,
but was prevented by the police and a
body of troops dispatched to their rescue
by Alfaro himself.
Tbe Herald's correspondent In Guaya
quil, Ecuador, telegraphs that General
Lconidas Plazas, with a heavy artillery
corps, will arrive In the city in a few days
The report that General Rafael Reyes
has nrrlvcd In Cauca Willi a column of 2,000
that the troops arc sent there to prevent
armed Invasion by the way of Ecuador,
but it is reported in political circles here
that fear of internal dissension really
caused the troops to be ordered there.
General Miguel Mantoza has also been
ordered to proceed to the frontier witb
a force of 3,000 men.
DEATHS OF A DAY.
Bay City.Mich.. Oct. 2. Capt. John Shaw,
part owner of the big freight steamers Pen
obscot, Selwyn, Edely, E. C. Pope and C.
A. Eddy, died at his residence here yester
day. He was about GO years of age. He
was widely known around the chain of
San Francisco, Oct. 2. Ira P. Rankin,
ex-collector of the port, and one of the
best known citizens of California, died
yesterday, aged 77 years.
Murderer Shot and Flanged.
Uklab, Cal.( Oct. 2. News reached here
to-day of tbe murder in Round Valley of J.
W. Vinton and the lynching of Jack Little
ton, the murderer, on Saturday last. After'
shooting Vinton Littleton escaped to his
cabin, where lie surrendered to officers.
While being taken to Jail at Treks, theposse
was met by a mob of masked cowboys who
compelled the officers to move on. Little
ton was then shot and afterwards banged.
Tbe Morning, .Evening nnd Sunday
Times delivered to your bonso cost
jron bat 1 U-3 cents a day , or 50 cents
, month. --aps.
THINKS HE SAW DURR1HT
Another Witness Who Thinks the
Prisoner Was With Blanche.
TRYING TO FIX. THE DATE
Ho Is Firmly Convinced, After Mont lis
of Tliliiklnc, Ttanthle Saw Ibe Ac
cuseel nnd tbe Murdered Girl To
getlier on tbe Street. Shortly Before
tbe Time ot tbe Murder.
Ban Francisco, Oct. 2. Tbe prosecu
tion in the Durrant case has at last found
a witness whose evidence It believes will
establish liejemd all room for doubt that
Theodore Durrant accompanied Itlauchc
Lamnntto Emmanuel Church tbe fatal aft
ernoon in April.
He Is Harry E. Snook, assistant manager
of the Golden Gate Undertaking Company,
at 2420 Mission street. He believes he
met Durrant and Blanche Limont together
on Itarllet street, between Twvutj -second
street and Emmanuel Church, at alioiit 4
o'clock the nltenioon of April 3.
Some days ago Capt. Lees received a
note from a Mr. Percy, who Is the secre
tary of tbe Junior Order-of American Me
chanics, stating that he had heard Mr.
Snook say he had met the young couple
as related. Capt. Lees sent Detective
Seymour to Interview Mr. Snook last Sun
da)', and the Information then obtained
is eonsidertil of the greatc-st importance
by the police.
Mr. Snook Is a member of Emmanuel
Church and an active worker lu the En
deavor Society, and was well acquainted
with both Blanche Lament nnd Durrant.
as he met them often at services and at
church gatherings. He could not, there
fore, be mistaken in his identification of
WHY HE HELD BACK.
The reason he has not come forward as a
witness before is that for a long time he
was not positive as to the exact date on
which he saw the couple together, and al
though he felt certain that It was April 3
he was unwilling to be a witness until he
could fix upon some incident by which he
could recall it with certainty. He fixes
evenings prior to April J nnd believes be
can account accurately for the intervening
He also fixes tbe date by the errand on
which be was bound at the time. He was
on bis way to cation Miss Daisy M. Wilson
concerning a money matter In connection
witb a society to which they both belonged.
Miss Wilson lives at 2051-2 Bartlctt street.
Wbile walking along Bartlctt street near
Twenty-second Snook claims to have passed
the couple ns they were ncaring the church.
lie fixes the time by remembering that he
left his place ot business; only a few blocks
away, at a few minutes before 4 o'clock.
Snook Is said to have conversed several
times since on the subject with members
of the church and other friends and he has
compared notes witb Miss Wilson in the
effort to arrive definitely at the date.
MISS WILSON WILL NOT TELL.
Miss Wilson declined to be Interviewed
last cvenin?, saying that Mr. Snool; and the
police are In possession of all the informa
tion that she had, and that she preferred
tbey should do the talking.
Cnpt. Lees was elated last evening at the
discovery of this new witness, from whoso
testimony he expected the people's case to
prof ltso much. Hsald:
"Ibavc believed forsome time that Snooks
was In possession of vitally Important in
formation, but we"havo' been unable hith
erto to get at the facts, owing to the dis
inclination to talk until he was certain of
ever, and I think the defense will find it
difficult to combat the evidence be will
with his eyesight, and be knew tbe parties
welL I thlnkthls.tcstlmony will settle all
doubt about Durrani's taking the girl to the
London, Oct. 2. Aib(ittth from Cape,
Town to a news acraey says that Bishop
Maples, of Nyassatad, aa a companion
were drowned In LatwTljainu on September
12, and that tbe bvt llrAttlay, a mis
sionary, was recently noMned on th e Zam
bezi River by natIv.)Jilr,;Attlay's body
Immense In Slzeimd Graceful In Form,
.S!n Will Have an Armament Not
Etimilifl by Any Other War Ves
sel III tbe World, mid IV 1 11 Con
tain Ilerl lis for a Tbousnnd.
Philadelphia, Oct. 2. The United States
armored cruiser I'.ronkljn was launched
from Cramp's ship jard Into the Delaware
river at 1:08 o'clock this afternoon, with
the usual accompaniment of the noise f ur
nlshed by shrieking steam whistles andthe
cheers of at least 15,000 spectators.
The christening party took their position
directly beneath the bows or the ship, and
Henry Cramp, as be has done many times
before, coached Miss Ida May Schleren,
daughter of the major ot Brooklyn, who
was t oehrlsten the vessel, as to the best
manner to perform her part of the cen
mony. Shortly after 1 o'clock the signal was
given, and the confining "shoe" piece
was sawed through, anil at 1:03 o'clock
the big vessel started down the was. Aa
she began to move Mls Schle-ren smashed
the bottle of cliainpa giu- against the red
hull and christened the vessel the Brook
lyn. The vessel slipped smoothly Into the
river, and a great cheer went up from the
With the launch of the Brooklyn the Unl
tcel States Government will soon come into
possession of the finest and most effective
ship of war in the world.
ThcBrooklyn is an armored cTUlseraadbe
lougsto the same type of vesselasthcNew
York, but, as the Brooklyn was designed
several years after the New York, she em
bodies lu her construction all the most mod
ern improvements in maritime warfare, and
is superior to the New York In offensive nnd
The act of Congress authorizing the con
struction of tho Brooklyn appropriated S3,
500,000 for the puriwse, exclusive of
armament. Tiie Brooklyn is IGu feet C In
dies long, CI feet beam, and has a mean
draught of 2 1 feet and a molded depth of
11 feet 3 Inches. Hcrcrulsing displacement
is 0.1G3 tons, and the maximum indicated
horse-power (estimated) Is expected to be
Just 170 more than theNcw York.
The Brooklyn is a twin screw ship
fire-tube type of boilers, with a total heat
ing surface of 33,353 sepiare feet. The en
gines are of the vertical Inverted cylinder
The Brooklyn Is a twin-screw ship
nnd the shafts are Intended to make 129
revolutions per minute. The armor of
the Brooklyn consists of a nickel steel
deck, of six Inches thickness on tbe slope
and three inches thickness on the lint, a
water line belt of three-inch plates,
backed by a double streak of bull plating,
exteneling over the whole of the machinery
The battery Is to coiu-st of eight eight
Inch rifles, nmuuted on four turrets, two
on the mieldlc? line forward and aft and
two amidships spoiisoncd on the sides; ten
five-inch guns mounted on sixuisons on the
gun deck, and sixteen six-jwuuder rapkl
fire and machine gunr. There are accom
modations for one thousand men, about
double thcuumlierota rc-gularconiplenient.
The contract for the Brooklyn calls for
a maintained spe-ed of at least twenty knots
an hour for four hours, at a displacement
of 8,150 tons.
IX A SPECIAL CA1I.
DNtliisiiUlittl Officials Leave to At
tend I lie Launch.
The Wahlngton party who will wit
ness the launching of the armored cruiser
Brooklyn at Philadelphia to-day left for
that city In a rpecial car en the 7:C0 Penn
sylvania train this morning Neither Sec
retary Herbert nor Assistant .gecre'tary
McAdoo was able to go TLe foliowirg
comprised the party:
Tlw Attorney General and Mrs Har
mon; the Postmaster General and Miss
Wilson; llear-Admiral, Mrs. and Miss
Ramsay; Captain and Mrs. W. T. Sampson,
Paymaster -General anil Mrs. Edward
Stewart, Englneer-in-Clnef G. W. Met
ville. Chief Constructor, Airs, and Miss
llicliborn, Commodore and Mrs F. V. Mc
Ncir, Commodore and Mrs. J. A. Howell,
Lieutenant F. Singer, Lieutenant and Mrs.
J. J. Knapp, Lieutenant Charles Laird,
U. S. N., Mr. ard Mrs. Benjamin Micou.
Mr. II. C. Snyder, Lieutenant and Mrs. L.
MORAES NOT A STRONG MAN.
Unnbli to Stand Up Asmlnst tlio Formidable-
Buenos Ayres, Argentina (via Galves
ton, Tex.), Oct. 2. The Herald's corre
spondent In Rio Janeiro, lirazll, tele
graphs that during the progress of the cere
monies attendant upon the removal of ex
Prcsldent Pcixoto's body to the marble
tomb prepared for It a speech ot such vio
lent criticism of tbe administration was
dellevered that President Moracs felt com
pelled to withdraw.
It Is learned from several well-informed
persons, says the Herald correspondent,
that President' Moracs Is regarded as en
tlrely wanting in the qualities or strength
which would enable- him to make a firm
and successful fight against the formid
able element which oppose his policy anJ
Two members of the cabinet. It Is re
ported, are open in their hostility to the
amnesty proposed for rebels In RIo Grande
do Bui, In spite of tbe fact that the country
unanimously demands tbe passage of the
WILI. TAKE POSSESSION.
Munoa Company Will Not Neglect Its
St. Paul, Minn., Oct. 2. Moses E. Clapp
left for New York last night to attend
a hastils-arranged meeting of the Mauoa
Company, limited, Thursday evening to
consider steps to take possession of the
territory embraced within Hie concession
It is no secret that a portion at least
ot the territory is in dispute between Vene
zuela and Great Britain. Indeed, it is
said that the grant was a shrewd stroke
of the Venezuelan president for the pur
pose of drawing the United States into
action to force Great Britain to abandon
her usurpation of territory in .-Venezuela.
Tbe syndicate has given notice that it
will take possession of Its territory within
a mouth. Thursday's meeting in New
York. It is said, is called to consider
the details of taking possession of the land.
Went Buck on Social rnrlty.
London. Oct. 2. The Empire Music Hall
has succeeded in obtaining the restoration
of iU licenseto sell intoxicating drinks.
In tbe auditorium of that place or amuse
ment; The license was revoked some
months, ago as the result ot a crusade ol
tbe Social Purity League, headed by Mrs.
Ormiston Chant and other advanced re
RING TILL CDBA IS FREE
Proposed Poetic and Patriotic Use
of the Old Liberty Bell.
Object Is Mexican Colonization nnd
Clieiip Cotton to Make Jiipan tbe
Greatest Spinning Nutlou.
Newark, N J , Oct. 2. instructions have
liecn given to those In charge that the Co
lumbian Liberty Bell, which is new on its
way to the Atlanta Exposition, shall be
placed at the disposal or a ccmmltlce rep
resenting the press of America, to be rung
In rrotcst at midnight until Cuba shall be
The chairman of the general committee
In making these Instructions leaves the de
tails or the ceremony entirely vt 1th the com
mittee or press representatives, but sug
gests that eminent Americans visiting the
Exposition, w bo are in sympathy with the
movement for the freedom ot Cuba, shall
be Invited to participate in tbe ceremonies,
and that short addresses be delivered.
The Columbian Liberty Bell Committee
would alto Le pleasi'd to receive poems or
songs appropriate to Le read or sung upon
these occasions. They may be mailed to
tbe committee, at No. Gl Lincoln Park,
LOSS OF TIIE TRITON.
Crushed In the Ico Willie on a TVbal
Ban Francisco, Oct. 2. The steamer
Lukmc arrived from Herscbel Island to
day witb interesting whaling news.
The Laknic brii.gs news of the total
loss of the whaling bark Triton, which
put in two years in the Tolar Circle, and
after baffling ice Hoes and heavy seas
for months, went to pieces while on her
The Triton sailed from Fan Francisco
December 14, 1893, for a whaling voyage
to winter at Herscbel Island. Shewasan
old New Bedford whaler, built in 1818,
and rebuilt iu 1837, owned by J. S. W. R.
Wing. The craft was faniousln thebistory
The bnrk0pwned byJames MtKcnna.
Of "San Ffanci"JcoT5JedviirMarcli7'l694,
for a whaling voyage In the Arctic ocean.
On August 4, while off Ileluru Reef and
while at auchor.agrrat fledd of icesiarted
to move and crushed the vessel toward
"It crushed us tighter and tighter."
said the captain, "and at 2 p. m. the ship
commented to fill. At -J p. m. the water
submerged her lower hold, ami we had
to atnndnii her, knowing that when the
pack eased off the disabled hull would
"The crew and myself made our way to
Point Barro wand to some of Ibcothershlns.
I went on board the brig Hidalgo, and was
received by Capt. William.
TRUTH ON THE DUKE'S CATCH.
United States Should Manufacture
Titles for Homo Consumption.
London. Oct. 2. Henry Labouchere's
Truth says, commenting upon the engage
ment between tbe Duke ot Marlborough
and Miss Consuelo Vanelerbllt:
"BritL-h mammas anel their daughters
will soon be clamoring fur protection, ir
all tbe prizes In the marriage market are
to rail to theAmerlcanel unsels. Tnenntila
for lilies, Inherent In the Anglo Saxon, it Is
in vain to contend against. But the matter
Is somewhat serioas to the Uniteil States.
Thatcojntry must bea great loser through
the accumulations of Its wraith cr sslpg
lie Atlantic If this continues the United
Stales will do well to manufacture the
coveld article at home. The parents of
any girl might be allowed to bay he-r a title
say for 200,000 ($1,000,000). Theputlic
treasury would thus be JlUe-d with dollars
anil the girl woald remain at home.
"There would still be the difficulty of
finding hustHinds in the home market, for
the Americans are as strongly opposeel to
becoming rich through their brieles, as the
British noblemen are in favor of this mode
SCHOONER'S CHEW IN PERIL.
Narrow Escape of Officers, and -Men of
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., Oct. 2. The
schooner Chester B. Jones, which was sup
posed to have foundered, arived down late
last night in tow of the tug Boynton. She
was not leaking. Capt. John Nelson said of
his perilous experience:
"Ourtowbrokolast Saturday noonabreast
of White Fish light. The Birkhcad picked
up the Elma, the Jones' consort, but wo
went tonnchor three miles west of thepoint.
We remained on the Jones until last night,
when the life-saving crew rrom Crisp's life
saving station came after us.
Our crew of seven got Into the yawl,
which, with tho life-saving crew ot eight,
then earned firtecn people. When a short
distance from shore the boat capsized and
we were thrown Into the water.
"We had great difficulty in reachirg the
shore, part of us in the yawl, nnd the others
clinging to it and swimming. I went under
the boat when it capsized, but managed to
catcii one of the lines as I came up, and was
dragged to the shore.
"The tug Boynton found the Jones at 0
a. m. to-day anel took her in tow."
FAILED TO SETTLE.
Pacific Mall nnd Panama Still at
New York, Oct. 2. Difficulties have
arisen in tho negotiations between the
Panama Railroad Company and the Pa
cific Mali Steamship Company, which
makrst tho signing of an amicable agree
ment by the presidents ot those companies
extremely doubtful just at present, al
though it is not to be inferred that the
deal has fallen through.
President Huntington, ot thePacificMnll,
and President J. Edward Sii-unons, of the
railroad company, came to practical agree
ment a few weeks ago.
Mr. Huntington soon afterward departed
for California, and the task ot arranging
the details of the agreement was left to
A perplexing and apparently inextrl
cable tangle has resulted fromtbediscusslon
ot these details, and a settlement of the
differences between tho two companies is
still a long way off.
Perhaps a Lust Farewell.
London, Oct. 2. A farewell service was
held in St- Bride's Church to-day on the
occasion of the departure of fifteen female
missionaries who am starting for Southern
FROM FRISCO TO CAPES
Base Line Survey
EXACT SHAPE OF THE EARTH
Scientists May Now Determine It and
Accurately Pluce Longitude One
of tbe Greatest und Most Important
Surve-ys Ever Made History of tba
The scientific measurement by the
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey
ot the distance from thsGoldenGateofSan
Francisco, Cal., to the mouth of the Chesa
peake, alorg the thlrty-iduth parallel, has
The news that ths last lice of the last
triangle had been taken in tills great work
has been received by Gen. Burfield, the
superintendent or the survey, in a dispatch
from Mr. William Einbeck, who has been
in charge of the undertaking since its in
ception in 1873.
Every scientist in the world lias been
trotting anxiously for this news. Its lm
portaiae may be Judged from the fact
that upon this east and west lino de
pends the determination of the precise
shape of the earth and the accurate laying
of Hues of longitude, instead of the ap
proximate ones that are uow in use. This
line will lw the basis ror a revkion or all as
tronomlcal work lu which accuracy U
Gen. Duffield said to-day.
"Twelve years ago a party of turveyors
began measuring triangles at the same
lime at each sioe of the comment. One
started from the mouth of the Chesapeake
Bayand worked weslward;theotherstarted
at the Golden Gate, in California, and came
THEY MET HALF WAY.
"They mctamong the Colorado mountains
at a designated spot on Saturday a week
ago, and thegeodellcsurvey eras concluded.
As soon as the-pa rty reached a telegraphio
station they sent me the news which the
International Geodetic Asssciation. now
in session hi Europe, has been awaiting so
"It will take yet a jear In all prob
ability, to nuke tLc tempctations from
the survey and such verifications of por
tions ot tJt work as nuy be nicessary.
The figures have to be rcdc.ced to the
mean sea level. When this is eloue we
will be able to determine the distance
between Sun Francisco and tbe mouth
of Chesapeake Bay within a few yards
of absolute accuracy.
"The work lus cost something over
5150,000 euie of its most practical ad
vantages will be thai it wui enable tne
determination of distances tietween cit
ies and the heights above the sea "level
of all iiolnts along the thirty ninth par
allel Its scientific advantages arc macb
greater. In fact, this work may be taken
as the grcate-st contribution ever made tu
science by a government.
OBJECT OF THE SURVEY.
"The chief object of the work is to
determine the precise rigure of tLc earth.
It has already been determined by north,
and south lines, but this one which we
have Just completed is the only one of any
extent running cast and west.
"There are two orthree or the north and
south line. Russia has the longest meridian
line ever run. going from the Black Sea up
to the northern lliuitscrhcrtc-mtc.ry.
"There-is one In India run by England that
is .next in length, while the third was run
by Ei.gland and France m conjunction
from the most northern point or bcotland
down to the Balearic Islands. From these
lines the shape of the entth has l,evn de
termined north anil south, while 11 has been
necessary. In order to ascertain the exact
"TlieUritcd States is theonly country that
has enough territory east an 1 west to ac
complish this, which will be the greatest
geodct'cliuc ever measan-d luthe world.
"ilathcmalicLiPs have figured out what
the snap; of the earth oaght to te. They
have v. orkeel on the basis ot the i-arth In a
molten condition. Knowing th- number ot
revolutions and .he centrifugal force, they
cojld calcnlalc about what the larth's
flgureshou'd be. But the earth co !cd more
quickly at the poles than at tn equator,
and elid not take the siape fiat the- mathe
maticians, had figured on. In order to de
termine what its actual shipe was, there
fore, a perfect triangulated survey wa
ABSOLUTE ACCURACY NEEDED, s
"While the present lines ot longitude are
closcecoagh for thcordinaryuscorsailprs,
they are not sufficiently accurate for scien
tific work. To determine nuy astronomical
observation It is necessary to havea ver'lcal
line In order to obtain the zenith. That
vertical lino U at right angles to the
tangent to the curve or the earth at that
"The plumMine does not give a true ver
tical line. It 1b affected by outside influ
ences, at the seashore by the fact that the
lighter water is on one side of it and the
heavier laud on the other, and in tne in
terior of the country by the mountain masses
on the one Cide and tbe plains on the
"The correction ot a plurabhne there
fore is one of the most dirricult tasks In
pliv-Eics. instead ot the simplest, as an ordi
nary observer might ttmik. With this
transcontinental geodetic w jrfc completed,
we will bo able to supply that vertical
line, so necessary to all exact astronomical
"The whole tcienlific world will owe a
debt of gratitude to the United States Gov.
eminent for the energy and still with which
It has accomplished this great anil Import'
FLAMES Til HE.VTKN A TOWN
Dlsustrons Conflniirntlon In ProRre
In Cambridge-, Ohio.
Zat'CsVillc, Ohio, OcU 2. Dispatches
from Cambridge, Ohio, twenty-five miles
from bcre, i-arly this morning sajs that
the business portion of that town is being
destroyed by fire.
At -1 oYlocfc tbe Cosgrove block and the
Taylor building, Ihe Berwick Ilctel and
Davis livery stable had been consumed. A
man named Frank Laws Is reported to have
been burned In tbellvvryxtBlilc.
Aid has been asked from rarnesvllle,
Newark and this city. It is Tea red that tbe
entire center of the town will be destrojed.
in which case tho loss will reach nearly hai'
" million dollars-
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