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THE .EVENING TIMES, J TUESDAY, KOVEMBEE 5, 1895.
tUOKKCtd, ETEOHO, AK 8CK01T.)
OWNED AND ISSUED BT
The Washington Times Company,
ICVinWI3TC(HlP10raTI.TAlIIl. ATENUC akd
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WASHINGTON, D. C NOVEMBER S. 1805
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A JOUHXAI.1STIC JIABVEL.
Ko Bluff and Muster About the
Wonderful Growth of The Times.
Notwithstanding the desperate c-fforU
of a contemporary to stem the title of
success Into which It has hern launched. The
TIMES CONTINUES TO GROW.
The Times' circulation and Tlie Times'
advertising are marvels of tlie neivspdper
world. Many "four viile-awakc-merchants
have placed their whole dependence upnn
The Times, ami In no Instance have they
No dally newspaper ever published in
the District of Columbia so thoroughly
covered Its territory ns does The Times
with Its morning and evening editlnns. It
Is a complete and Interesting record of each
day. with more than :13,000 living testi
monials In Its merit as a newspaper and Its
elficacy as an advertising medium.
The circulation of The Times for the
week ending Nuwmber 3 was as follows-
Monday. Oct. 2H .'14,11.0
Vrldiiv.ii.l 34,4 if)
Suiiduv.Nov. 3 1!3,770
I solemnly anioi that the above Is n cor
rect statement of the daily circulation of
TDK WASIilMi'IOX TlA'1-8 lor the -ntell
euding November 3, lau.l. and that an
the copies -were actually sold or mailed
for a valuable cnm-ldt-railon and delivered
to bona fide purchasers or subcrilit-rs;
also, that none of il.ini were ri turned or
remain In the olflce undelivered.
J. HILTON YOUNG, Cashier.
Suncnled and woru to Ix-fore me tills
4lh day of November. A. D. 18!.
pu'pkt n Ttrrnrpsnv.
INIWMOUS 1-JJAT11KK THTJST.
For some time operations of the leather
Trust have resulted in a constantly upward
tendency of all kinds of footwear, and It is
announced In a telegram to TheTimes to-day
that tliepigauticorganiiatton has shut down
all of the 100 tanneries under Its control,
that uol a hide will be tat en from them for
two months, and that at least 15.000 em
ployes will bef orced Into a condition of Idle
ness. Of course, all this Is for the purposeof
advancing the price of footwear to a still
higher figure, just as the wiuter season Is
The action of this monopoly Is a crime
for whlc'i prison bars a ml prison fare seems
to be altogether too luxurious. The tread
mill would be a too healthful exercise.
Home new punishment should be lmenlcd
to meet the emergency. Fcrhap managers
night receive their Just dues dowu In
Texas, where mobs have peculiar methods
of dealing with criminals.
As Attorney-General Harmon appears to
have decided It is unnecessary for him to
devote further time to answering inquiries
In regard to Cuban meetings, possibly he
might find it entertaining both to himself
and the public to give an opinion upon the
anlics of leather trusts. TosMbly lie may
mention the matter In Ins annual report to
Congress, and possibly the President may
een be led 'to discuss such pernicious or
ganizations. 1HENCII ItAOlCAL TENDENCIES.
The recent overthrow or the French min
istry upon a question raised by a social
ist; the selection of AI. Bourgeois, a radical
of radicals, as the statesman most likely
to be able to form a new ministry: his suc
cess in that work, and the outline given
by the premier in his address of jeslcrday,
are proof of the general tendency of Frenih
thought In the direction of broader legisla
tion Tor the whole people and that the rule
of the bourgeoisie, which is another name
for the dominion of moneybags, is In great
The policy marked out by M. liourgeols
Includes a merciless Inquiry into all brib
ery scandals; prohibition of partnerships
or other Interests of senators or depu
ties in companies having contracts with
the state; preliminary examinations of
accused persons In public; progressive pro
bate tax; non-taxation of hygienic fluids;
general Income tax; co-operative insur
ance; worklngmen's pensions; definite set
tlement of relations between church and
state, and regulation of what the premier
calls "International speculations" In agri
cultural, mineral and manufactured prod
ucts. This Is a very progressive programme,
and no wonder It was loudly cheered by
the radicals and socialists when announced
yesterday. It will meet with enthusiastic
popular uppmval, and other administra
tions will watch -with Interest tucdirclop
encnt of the work of legislation.
Several cities other than Washington
Philadelphia most conspicuously arc wres
tling with the transfer question, and tlie
various sides to the controversy are very
bitter in their arguments and theories. The
Quaker City for a time rejoiced la a sys
tem of transfers which enabled the popu
lation of the suburban Dan to travel to the
ntliodat suburban Bcc-rshcba for one fare.
This was right and comfortableand beau
tiful, and grinding corporations assumed
a sort of angelic loveliness In the esteem
of the simple-minded Inhabitants. A day
or two ago a change came over the spirit
of their dreams. Transfers were suddenly
abolished. An eight-cent transferable ticket
was substituted. Good people stood aghast
at the ueartlessness of the proceeding. In
dignation reached the point of desperation.
The Pulladelphlan, unused, like his Wash
ington cousin, to all sorts of abuses and
injustice, soncluded to walk. It was better
to wear out shoe leather than good temper,
better to irritate soles than souls, better
to buffer the slings and arrows of .out
rageous pedestrlanlsni than to permit the
domination of trusts.
This Is a heroic method of treating the
imposition of corporations, and Washing
tonlans may take a hint from it. Tlie near
est road to the iuflnltesimal thing which a
corporation calls its conscience is by way
of the money vault.
nilOOKLTN'S GAS DEAL.
Seven gas companies of the city of llrook
lyn have Just concluded a deal by which
they will form one great trust and be under
one management, that the people may be
fleeced tlie more easily and completely.
The capital represented In watered and uu
watercd stock is $30,000,000.
This vast aggregation of capital and con
solidation of interests beautifully illus
trates tlie failure of competition to do the
ideal work which was predicted for It by
tlie economists of obsolete systems. Each
of six companies which followed the or
ganization of the original monopoly was
chartered under a hope and assurance that
the cost of gas to consumers would be less
ened. Each one in torn pooled issues with
its predecessors as soon as It was fairly
established, and now all of them are
merged In one grand monopoly to fleece
The palpable and irresistibly argument
to be drawn from this condition is that tlie
people should no longer consent to or per
mit the organization of competitive sys
tems for the corporative supply of any ne
cessity of town or city, as all such projects
slty of town or city, as all such projects
are h pocrltlcal in their professions and
must fail to perform what they promise.
The only sure way to supply the people
with such commodities is throuc.liiimiiiclp.il
ownership and operation. That is the
only true, the only sensible monopoly which
Is controlled entirely by the people and for
the people, for use and not for profit,
through agents who arc responsible sole
ly to the people.
Whatever may be said of the apparent
economical and humanitarian Inconsisten
cies of Mr. Andrew Carnegie, the telegraph
operator,of n quarterof a century ago and
the multl millionaire of to-day. that gentle
man is making use of Ms nealthilurlng his
life as few men have done In the history of
He docs not erect churches for the dis
semination of sectarian dogma3; nor col
leges, whose teachers must wear the pet
theories of their builders upon tlielrslecvi-s;
nor ante-mortem cemetery shafts or aulw.
lie erects edifices which shall be reiioslto
rles for works of art In literature, la sculp
ture, In painting, in music, in all that Is
aesthetic. Ills libraries must contain fl
umes of all great authors, Buddhistic, Mo
hammedan, Confucian, Christian, Infidel
and others; all religions, nil philosophies,
all sciences; novels, ancknt and modern;
idealistic realistic and idiotlstic; poetry
from Job to Omar lvhjyam; from Omar to
Shakespeare, and from Shakespeare to
WUllam Morris, and Verlalne and Metter
Iinck; economical theories, from Adam
Smith to Karl Marx, and his myriad of
disciples. Here the student and thinker
may read and reason for himself, without
bUtfnring the dominion of the dominie or
the university doctor.
These suggestions arc prompted by the
statement that the great Pittsburg Car
negie Library building in Schenley Furk
is to be dedicated this evening. Mr. Car
negie has given libraries to bis native town
of Dumfermline, la Scotland, and to many
other Scottish towns and cities. He has
given Allegheny City Its finest architectural
ornament In a splendid library and fine arts
building. New York city Is indebted to
him for a music ball, and Pittsburg for
the magnificent library building now about
to be opened. These be monuments, indeed.
Mr. Carnegie may be blamed for iiermlt
tlng a person by tlie name of Frlck to con
trol the lives of thousands of workmen; he
may well be criticised for his vacillation
upon economical questions; but many sins
of commission and omission may be forgiven
in such as be.
It voting could be done by long distance
telephone perhaps Grover would cast a
ballot fur the Taiumnny ticket.
All the indications look toward a ciWl
uprising in Turkey, which may set every
state in Europe by the ears.
The Brilain-Venczuelanbrawl bids fair
to be a sort of Corbett-Fltzslmmons jaw
In case of even a little bit of a European
war Spain would probably be forced to keep
all her soldiers at home, and the Cubans
might In tbatevent win an almost bloodless
Tewfix Pasha, the Turkish ambassador
at Berlin, is not an adept at forcing the
hand of the hard headed Teuton.
A great war scare might be of advantage
to the political parties everywhere which
now happen to be In control of their re
These be parlous times for the nieu who
lease European governments.
Several eminent politicians would ex
change positions to-day with almost any
one who would shoulder their burden of
Equally as Good.
The drawing teacher had been giving a
lesson on the cubes and sonic of the pupils
had mentioned boxes and various other
examples or cubes. The teacher wanted
still more, but for some reason no one could
think or any. rinally a boy said:
"I know what's a gcod cube a half a
pound of butter."
Why, that is excellent," cried the
teacher. "Now, who can give me another
example as good as Henry's?"
After a long time she saw a hand waving
-r lldly In the back of the room.
"Well, Willie, what is It?"
"Why, the other half-pound of that but
ter," said Willie, triumphantly. Phila
His One Drawback.
"Are you never'seastck in crossing?
"How very pleasant you must find it."
"Hardly; there's always some observing
tourist who has visited America for the
first tlm bunked in my stateroom." Chi
cago Record. -
Provided tlie Bride Knows.
"Why," asked Mr. Asbary Peppers, "why
is the letter 'k' like a wedding?"
No one noticed him, "but he went on:
The letter k- is like a wedding be
cause It causes a change from cooing to
cooking." Cincinnati Enquirer.
ALFRED AUSTIK, LAUREATE
Remarkable Freak la tie Selesta el Great
Britain's Official Singer.
Some Great Poets Are Passed Over
and a Mere Cad of a Rhymester
Chosen Tennyson's Successor.
A few weeks ago it was announced that
William Ernest Henley was to be the of
ficial successor of Tennyson. Whereupon
in an cstlmute of Henley's place lu the
the writings of the time this Journal said:
"When It comes, however, todevlsingadltty
for the next appendix to the Guelpll family,
Henley will wish to hand the text over to
Alfred Austin. As sign writer on Mount
Parnassus to the royal family of England
Austin has already proved himself Inimita
ble." Theslgn-wrlterisnowdeclarcdto bo
It Is time to confess, apparently, that Al
fred Austin is more to the "government"
than to the world; more to be a subject of
friendly curiosity now than he has been the
subject of friendly ejes heretofore; for, al
though bom In 1833 and framed lu book
covers nenrlj thirty years ago, bis face and
his a oice are alike obseuru in these parts.
he has had to spend a good part of his time
looking after breadand bultcrluplaln prose.
Muses have known to thrive "on a little
oatmeal," but the varied diet or the more
comfortable and less spiritual Journeyman
Journalist Is not calculated to induce ethe
"Thcmost active principle In our mind,"
as Steele has said, "is the Imagination."
and the faculty the Journalist is most se
verely cautioned to keep well In check Is
that principle. He must have memory;
he must have power of classification; he
must be quick to seize upon facts and slow
to open the door to fancy.
Alfred Austin might bnu been something
of a poet had he not been chained to Jour
nalism and the tory wagon. Alt torjlsmls
Sincerity implies liberty and conserva
tism meuns keep everything as It is. Every
thing that is is right would hae choked
even Tennyson, who, on occuslon, forgot
his paymasters and went broadening prece
dents those tax titles of conservatism
and Impelling nations away from d) nas
ties Into parliaments ot men and federa
tions of the world.
The reason why so few otherwise really
great English iwcts never sang for liberty
is that too many of them llu-d when Ed
mund Burke took up the French revolution
and shook Its gory locks In their faces.
They never recovered from tho shock.
Austin "studied" with Wordsworth and
Tennyson. There are people who dray that
Wordsworth knew nature when he met tier
lu his walks around llydal. LonelKsajs
he did not know the difference between
truth, which is the breath ot the muse's nos
tril, and, In fact, which suffocate her.
Tennyson liked nature In a park, that is.
He as enamored of gardens. Hts Maud
was "a bud," and his sublimities were io
sles for the most part. Thus bred, Aus
tin bus written some fjlr erse about na
ture. Acquiring from Drowning the truth
III the abstract that there may be great
dr.iui.is that are wholly unactable, as Ten
nyson himself demonstrated, Austin turned
this truth into a iersonal illusion, namely
that drama, If long enough and unactable.
Is also great; and so be has written long
dramatic commonplace, which bus thu
merit over Browning of being easily In
telligible to everybody at first reading. If
It Ik- intelligible at all.
For one may git Autlnin half n dozen
different lot utiles from tlie bookseller
and none of them show exhaustive demand
for a leaf cutter after the first score
It seems to be a passing fad to attribute
the poet's power to everybody who Iovm
nature and tries to string her on a rhym
ing thread or lay her out stark In blank
verse. As ir eerybody uho loves concord
of sweet sound can write, ir he irles.souatas,
or as If making bultir patties in modest
proof of a dhine call to model In clay
for marble of bronze. Even an epicure
Is not tredlted Willi the cook's genius; but
as to nature and poetry the fallacy-prevails.
So Austin is a poet. If ruminating, like
sweet-breathed cows, is making poetry
Austin's short poems contain much that
shows his reading and that echoing rhythm
of poetry which has been sounding In the
ear of the world since first old ocean rolled
anil font.ts sang. But one seeks In vain
one fresh trope, one novel glimpse. There Is
neither fire nor frenzy nor polish nor recess;
only the fragments of others worked oer
as If, Instead of lapidary skill in arranging
gems and wealth in having them, one
should be content Willi taking hits or old
china and setting tin in In mosaic, in-earning
this were Indeed gem liaving and gem
But, to be frank and to conclude. It was
the following poem, perhaps never before
printed in this country, that hasundoubtedly
led to the appointment of Austin as laure
ate, and that It was a strictly personal
"royal" appointment will scarcely be de
nledafter reading theverses. There issonie
thlng like hollow mockety of death, awful
riouling at humanity itself. In the assumed
"loe" talk and "mourning'' when one re
calls how speedily the funeral baked "meats
furnished coldly fortli an almost unnatural
Duke of Clarence and Avondale. b. Jan. 8,
lSGl:d. Jan. 14, 1882.
But Love, the boon of lord and clown.
Love had he made Ills own.
Love. Jeweled beyond ony crown.
Loftier than any throne.
Had found a maiden fond and fair.
Who, trembling on his henrt, wept herglad
Alas for herl the graced, the good.
Forever doomed to wear
The mockery or widowhood
About her maiden hair.
Scarce had she time to reach and clasp
The gifts of Love but they were ashes In
Oh! if she could exchnnge her lot.
And now were free to choose.
With one who lu some whitewashed cot
Over her baby coos.
And tend the humblest hearth that bnrns.
To whose awaiting smile the cherished one
It remained for Balzac to say that cus
toms are the hypocrisies of nations. Has
it not come to pass that the custom or mak
ing poets laureate In modern days amounts'
now to making hypocrites of poets? Chi
A woman in a tenement bouse removes
gray hairs and moles. The gray and long
white hairs arc sold to hairdressers for
switihes, as white hair is hard to get.
Tony, the garbage raker, goes over every
ash barrel and garbage box he finds. He
sells the paper to be made Into pasteboard,
corks go to the costumcr who prepares them
Tor the theatrical profess Ion, bottles are sold
and melted over again, the glassblower's
art giving them new beauty. Tony makes
from 2C cents to $1 a day.
Boston has an echo destroyer. A fine
looking Swede goes about picking up peach
stones, which he carves Into charms and
amulets and sells to bis countrymen.
A French hairdresser and perfumer In
Philadelphia docs a good business selling
skclctonsor parts of the bumanform. Small
bones, such as those from the ear, be does
up In cotton and sells for $1 apiece. An arm
or leg fully articulated brings from S3 to
S3, while a whole skeleton brings from
$20 to $30.
There Is a mac who make3 a snug sum by
raising spiders, which he sells to wine mer
chants,' who train them to wind webs
around new bottles, thus giving Uiem an
appearnaco of age.
Many men live by rat catching. One man
whodues this has laid by a snag sum and goes
about the streets 'carrying a yellow bag
marked with his name and profession.
There are different ways of catching rats
and the devotees are Jealous of revealing
their' especial method.
Worth a Minute.
In Vienna there are women whose busi
ness It Is to be "physicians' subjects."
One of tbem hires herself nut to medical
men as a snrjjroton which they may illus
trate Inrvngpuujr and rnlnology. She re
ceives about 3s. 'an hour, furnishing her
own Instruments. Her throat has so little
scnslblltlty that the manipulations pro
duce no IrrltStitfu
There nrctwo sorts of tattooing In use
among the women of the Congo. One Is
common to all the members of the same
tribe, and indicates the origin and .birth
place or the subject. It Is an infallible and
perpetual certificate of birth and national
ity. The other sort of tatooing Is simply
fantasy and coquetry.
Lord Lytton, the novelist, left orders
that before lie was burled a long ntcdlc
should be run through his heart. He had
taken the precaution to tell his doctor of
Ills wish, and It was carried out.
The volcanic Island, or Tunna, one or the
New Hebrides group, has been for many
cars In a constant state of eruption,
emitting n column of fire by night and
smoke by day, which is clearly seen at a
great distance. Such Is the certainty with
which this flame appears that vessels in
the vicinity areJnslructed by their sailing
directions to look out for It just as they
would do were It an ordinary lighthouse.
The tabernacle at Salt Late City, the
capital or Utah, is. In respect to its acoustic
properties, the most remarkable place or
worship In the world. It U constructed
to bold 20,0011 people, yet it Is possible
for a person ntunding at one end to dis
tinctly hear the sound of a pin dropped
Into a hat at the other.
It Is an Interesting fact that In the Rhond
da Valley, In'Boutli Wales, near Treorfcy,
a Jet or gas maybe seen burning-under the
surra ce of a spring of water. Tlie gas Is be
lieved to escaiKi from tlie coal mines, which
are so numerous In that locality, and It Is a
purely natural phenomenon.
Edgar Brinsmead nays his London firm
turn out 2,000 pianos u year; that London
turns out 35.000 a year; Germany, 74,000;
France, 20,000; I ho United Suites, 28,000.
These figures are only approximate.
An Ice locomotive was some years ago
constructed for use in Russia. It Is employed
to haul freight between St. Petersburg and
Cronstadt. Tlie front part rests on a sledge,
and the driving wheels are studded with
On his Dorsetshire e-state Lord Aling
ton has a "white farm." It is so called be
cause every animal on It is white. Thereare
white horses, white- cows, white donkeys,
white hares from Siberia, nuda white pigmy
bulb The dogs and the cnU are white, and
so are tlie rats and mice.
In Siberia, near Damascus, there Is said
to grow a humming bird plant, the flower of
which bears a close resemblance to a hum
ming bird. The breast is red, the wings an;
n ilark green, the back yellow, the- head and
tale a bluish black.
Several Noted Ones.
It Is a curious fact that notoneor thema
Jor generals or or the brigadier genera Is now
on the active list will succeed Gen. Jllles
should he live to the age or retirement,
which octairf in 1S03 General Brooke,
who approaches nearest, arriving at the
retiring age in 1902.
Mr. Gladstone, on alighting at a rail
road Rtntiorij In England recently, was
cheered by the spectators present, one
of whom, an elde-rly, gray -haired man,
advanced with extended hands to greet
him. After shaking hands with Ii.'m Mr.
Gladstone Inquired his age. "Seventy
years old," was the reply. "Why, jou are
quite a youngster still." remarked Mr.
Gladstone Jocjilarly, amid the laughter
of the bystanders.
In the privicy or his study Emperor
Wnilam smokts-'a big chlna-bowU-el pipe
of the typical German kind.
Ailmlrnl -Sir! "Lewis Tobias Jones died
at Southe-avEi1g)jinl. the other day In bis
mnetj-.-lglfiiiJjc'ar. He entered the navy
in 1607, itodTlnfthe following year took
part in tfcfSrVaicHeren expedition. Alter
tfi0dos-.Sj3iri'ncli war lie was present
at Ird.-EiiBtmltrs'Wnoard'rnent, of Al
giers, In 'ISJftt V"d by the time he had
reached n!s-slKtb-s!xtli year he had been
'forty-four-fyeati afloat and In active
Andreas Hoferr the Tyrolese patriot. Is
to have a -colossal statue erected to his
memory onhi top of tl.c Kuchtlberg.
" The 'Duche-ssiof Albany has Inveiiteel a
school-room desk and 'feat, for which the
Sanitary Institute has nwardi-d her a
gold medal at Its exposition In Loudon. It
was deslgneel some time ago, and Is now
use-el in most of the royal and-Imperial
nurserle-s In England and on the continent.
The invention has sectal reference to
the e-ffect of posture on the health of school
Lord Knutsford, who was recently pro
moted to the rank of viscount, is married
to the favorite niece of the great Lord
Macaulay. It was to h.s "Denre-st Babba,"
as he called her, that Lord Macaulay ad-"dresse-d
his "Lays of Ancient Eome,"
which he composed for her special enter
tainment and Instruction.
When in Jhu best of health Lord T.ose
bcry seldom sleeps more than five hours
out of the twenty-four.
Pour Les Dames.
Bret Harte.was fond of describing heroines
of fourteen or fifteen. Miss Wilklns write-, of
women ot twenty. Cable has his ereole
beauty of eighteen, and Miss Murfrec, iu
"Tennessee," has hers even younger.
From the time of the Elizabethans to that
of Die-kens and" Buiwcr she had progressed
from the fourteen or Juliet to the eighteen
of the fragile, tender sylph who smiled and
fainted, loved and wept.
The English speaking world has always
demanded the Juvenile heroine. Art Is
nothing to them. Tlie British matron Is
Inexorable, and, although Se-ott meekly sub
scribes bis heroines as eighteen or twenty,
we know that they must have been near the
thirties, for they are women ot too com
plex characters to be children.
The age of the heroine has advanced
only slightly to meet the change of taste
with the growing centuries. In Shake
speare's day she was In the early teens.
Jane Eyre Is one of the most startling ex
amples of this rage for a young heroine.
From reading the book one Judges her to be
a prim, prcelse individual of thirty, and Is
shocked to come across the statement that
she Is nineteen.
Mrs. Humphrey Ward has moved her hero
ines up a note h In the matter of age. Cath
erine was twenty-six when she married
KobcrtEIsmcreandMarcelU is twenty-four.
Paul Bourget, In his "Impressions of
Anierica,",annouiices that there Is r.o men
thing as American love. A girl in this
country, he-sajs, does not care about mar
riage very, ardently; but at G or ro, hav
ing enjoyed the independence of the
single state at the full, she takes a rartner,
who finds the money in an obtrusive way,
effaces himself in the domestic circle.
while she represents both the ornamental
and the real authority of the firm. M.
Bourget is a Veen and candid observer,
and he acltnow ledges that the American
marriefl woman is a pattern of conjugal
fidelity. There is no "cruelle enlgme"
here, no trlpie'menage. none of the refine
ments of Parisian civilization.
Miss Laurence Alma Tadema, daughter
of the famous1 artist, has Issued n new book
of short stone-s, in one of which occurs
the following: The mother tells the daugh
ter her history; she has come to her first
meeting with the lover and husband to be.
The daughter says: "And did he love you
at once? What "color was your frock?"
A native girl In Jerusalem, whether Chris
tian. Jew or Mcslcm, has no harpy child
hood, does not in any case enter Into a
business life and has no almTn existence
beyong marriage. Even among the first
two clnsse-s the bridegroom rarely sees
his wife before marriage, and brides at
12 and 14 are frequently in all stations
and kinds of society. Even the Christian
and Hebrew girls generally go veiled when
on the streets, which is as rarely as pos
sible. Stoll's great sale of shoes Ladies'
Men's Children's, at less than wholesale
cost. Don't buy shoes until you have
visited this sale.
ELECTION HETUHNS 1 1
The Time win dbeplny tbem on a
mammoth canvas In front of The
Timet bulldlnjr to-night,
HIMIST SPECTER AID CZAR
Old MeMs ot Coulant Giariig Hare
Bees leceilly le-eslabMei
Indications of the Institution of Pe
riod of Assassination Frighten
the Young Ruler.
of Livadia hardly a year since the touch
of death fell upon the massive head and
giant frame ot Alexander III, and amid
those strange scenes of mourning for the
father's death and rejoicing for the son's
marriage Nicholas II was proclaimed Czar
ot all the Itusslas. The last of the Alex
anders was haunted to Ills deathbed, and to
his final breath by the specter ot nihilism.
That specter sat at his right hand through
out every slate banquet, rode before him
in every grand military review, startled
him repeated'- on every Journey he took
by sea or land, ami shooKjiim even In the
recesses ot the cabinet chamber, the study
and bis curtained bed. He lived in fear,
and, weakened by fear, hesank in tlie prime
ot life Into the only resting place this
world had held for him.
As the court of St. Petersburg pre-pares
to cloak Its gay life for a little season
nnd observe iu silence the anniversary of
its last chief's death, the signs are multi
plying that the drama which ended last win
ter on the Crimean shore Is about to be
repeated; that tlie specter, which seemed
to be laid by the sudden end or Its impe
rial victim. Is again watching on the ter
race of the Pclerhof, and that the race
with terror, which consumed the energy
of Alexander Ill's body and exhausted the
power ot hU mind, must now be under
taken by his Imperial son.
That the nihilist terror is abroad In Rus
sia has not been doubted by anybody ac
quainted with Russian affairs iu the last
threemonths. Even the Russlannewspapers.
whose business it is to suppress nil vital
political news, have betraye-d the secret.
Now It was a sudden change of the im
perial plans, now the um-xpecte-d arrest
of whole societies and families, now the
hurried dlMnlss.il or old officials and life
long court servants, which told or the inces
sant work or that omniscient political po
lice whose sole business In Uusia Is to
bunt down nihilists anil preserve the lives
or the reigning family. The appearance of
of the young Czar, unguarded. In public
ceased ns Inexplicably as It had begun.
His free coming and going at the Pe-ter-hof,
greeted so Joyously a few months
ago as the sign of a. new era in Rusnl-i,
Is a matter or the past. His receptions of
strange dele-gations and visitors from re
mote provinces ytcti suspended weeks ago.
On the iron throne of Russia sits once
more a ri-clpse Romanoff, hidden from his
people, shrinking in fright from his most
devoted subjects, suspicious, nervous, ter
rified, unreasonable, as was his father be
Within the last weeks all the safe-guards
thrown for ten years round the person of
Alexander III, but abolished by Nicholas II
soon after heascc-nded the throne.have been
recalled t use. The St. Petersburg corre
spondents say that the famillarraces or the
old days may be seen now. as then, at every
corner within a mile radius of any place
where the Czar stops.
The park at the Peterhoff is patrolled
by detective's disguised as fore-ster. stable
men, ga rdeners, and c-arc-ta kers. The lodges
along the country roads leading to the Im
perial residence have been opened to re
ceive, as they did for ten yi-ars, the casual
visitors who. coming from and going to the
main office of the Czar's police, seldom miss
the chance of casting a watchful eye on
the home of the man whom they are all
charged to protect from harm.
When Nicholas II, with his young bride,
put on the purple and raised the scepter, the
eighty Cossacks who long hadguarded night
andday every possiblecntra nee to thc-Czar's
apartments, were dimtssed, and about te-n
soldiers or the local Infant rywe-re summoned
toservc In tlie-lrstead. On Mondayeven this
trivial innovation was abandoned, nnd the
Cossacks were called back to their formi-r
post, some of them froni the-lr retirement In
tlie south and middle of Russia.
From 1683 to thetlme of his death Alex
ander 1III never appeared outside of his
bedroom nnd study without a line stee-1
suit of mall which would protect bis
body," back and front, between his collar
bone and his loins, Ironi the dagger of the
assassin. Excepting his valet and his
wife nobody liad seen this suit of mail,
as it was worn between his underclothes
and uniform, but the Czar's unwillingness
to go even to a cabinet council without It
was an open secret in all the courts of
Bismarck at one time wore such a coat,
as dlel also Bianilwuloff and Crispi. None
of these men, however, reported to such
precaution until repeate-d attempts at
assassination had been made. Nicholas
II has walled for no such attempt. Ever
since the last arrests of nihilist students
in Odessa he has worn a shirt of nickel and
steel, onerous as the- garment must be to a
man of his inferior physique and lethargic
habits. Still stranger stories or his fear
and caution have inetrated the walls of
the Imperial palace and galne-d credence
among the people of his capital. Although
no dagger lias been laid on his pillow to
unnerve him and no warning of death
has been laid under his dinner plate to
plague him, he never visits his dinner
table or bed without the company of a
trusted attendant. It Is this attendant's
business to examine very napkin and to
turn every plate on the table before his
majesty sits down to eat, and to unmake
anil make again the whole bed before bis
majesty retires for the night. At every
tloor of the dining-room and Led chamber
stands a Cossack guard, day and night,
and from every dls'i that Is se-rved at the
imperial table a special watcher In the
court kitchen must e-at a mouthful before
it is served, to prevent any chance of
The question suggested to all Europe by
this sudden revival of the nihilist reign of
terror In the home of the Czar is. What new
plot have the police discovered, and what
new fear has overtaken the young sover
eign, but eight months ago so confident of
his popularity and safety?
The answers have been numerous, but
with one exception untrustworthy. The
one exception is the mall report ot abnor
mal nihilist activity throughout Russia
and equally abnormal police activity to
meet It. rromSt-PetcrrburgtoOde-ssa and
from Warsaw to Batoum the societies that
have sworn their thousands to exterminate
the reigning house of Romanoff, have be
stirred themselves to execute their one aim
In political life.
The remarkable fall ot the Czar from the
cloud of sweetness and light. In which popu
lar fancy at first placed him to the deepest
depths of theautocratic reaction, has driven
Into the arms of nihilism tens of thousands
who, een uneler Alexander III, were able
to remain loyal to the crown and inimical
to' the revolution.
In St. Petersburg,- Odessa, Kleff. Mos
cow and Warsaw alone, the Sons ot Lib
erty, the chief revolutionary society In
those cities, have Incrcaseel their member
ship from 1,700 to 12,000 In the last seven
This has been shown by the rolls taken
by the polices in their last raids- in Moscow
and Odessa. Proclamations demanding re
form or revolution, have been imsted along
the highways within three miles of St.
Petersburg during the last ten days.
A notice of "Death to the Tyrant" was
found placarded at the main entrance to
the Pcterhof Palace recently. On Sunday
6lx men and two women were arrested near
the market in St. Petersburg with bombs
In their baskets of vegetables. In their
house, about six miles from the city, wen
found mnp3 of the Interior ot Pcterhof Tal
ace nnd placards proclaiming the republic
of the united Russlas. The martyrdom of
Nicholas II has begun.
"What is the reason that the top drawer
of a boarding-house bureau will never
either open or shut?" asked the newly ar-.
"Possibly," answered her friend, "it
is due to the quality of the board." Detroit
IF YOU LAY
on the result of the elections
to-day. let it be a $5 Derby.
'Twon't cost you but $3 for
everybody admits that Saks'
$3 Mats are the equals of
When ars you coming to look at those f 10 suits?
The ides of a tailor asking you SIS for an
overcoat we'll bettor Jor 11
Remember the sals ot Men's Sample Shoes.
Saks and Company
' Pa- Ave. and 7th St. "Saks' Corner.'
Laiavette Sonars i:!; (
TrtTi r irntrpif f. . ...
Prices. 2.sc. 90c, 75c. SI.DII. St. 30.
MstiDee price. 25e,&Cc.. 73a
&NIG11T5 0NLV, BEOINNINO-
MONDAY. NOV. 4.
A Problem in Lujjhter.
MOS. Q. SEABROOKE,
la the Boiling Farcical Corned,
A WORLD OF TROUBLE
By Harry and Xdward Paulton. authors of r-
ininie, aiod. rta
Matinees Wednesday ani Friday?
Next Week fainter Cox'a "BROWNIES."
1 Prices. 23, rO, T3, f 1.00.
Wed. and Sat. Mats., 83 and SO.
And Her Company la tb
Next week KKLLAlt In Vaglc If arroU.
Beautifully Situated on East Wash
Coaches ronnrct at 3:00, 43), 5.-01, 3,13. 6.-9).
t JO, -HO, T-W. 8.-00, 8.31, W. 103. liA3 and KM
n. m. with F at. rara at Sth and . Cap. sts. and
with cable cars at Htn st. and Fenna. are. Faro
rutiDd trli. 23 cents.
IN THE GERMAN FATHERLASD
Bits ol A&sortiini Gossip Wuie& Escaped
lie Submarine Cable.
Suspension Railroad, a Highway
man's Capture and Other Bits of
Things Now Talked About.
Among the- technical novelties introduced
here the new electric suspension railroad
between Leipaic and Hulk- de-serve men
tion. The hjsttm i a recent Invention of
Eugene Langen, of Cologne, and its dis
tinctive feature Is the. huspenslon of the
car. The oi.ly place where this new sys
tem has bo far been tested for a short
time Is on a special line between Cologne
and Dc-utz, a suburb, but there it has
been found eminently successful. The safe
guards are or a triple kind, so that serious
accidents seem virtually excluded; the
worst that can befall a train Is Its remain
ing fixed, or rather like Mohammed's c-of f in,
suspended between heaven and earth, but
only for a short tlme.r At, least so It is
claimed, though I confess a train of such
suspended car, moving nitlillghtnuig rap
idity, looks auythlng but reassuring or
safe to a persou looking on from below.
By this new system of locomotion the
running tiuie between Leipsic and llalle
two large cities with heavy passenger and
freight raffle between theui, 33 kilometers,
or about -- English miles apart is to be
reduced from tnirty-llve minutes, as at
pre-sent, to fifteen or twenty minutes. The
iit-rlln municipal authorities are ery anx
ious to see this Lew line in operation, as,
iu the c c-nt of all the promlse-s made be
ing carried out It is the intention to build
seicral electric suspension roads for in
tramural traffic in Berlin.
Sobczyk-, the romautlc highwayman in
Upper Silesia, who for several years bid
de-riauee from out tlie dense forests on the
Austrian frontier, where he disponed him
self, to all the authorities, and even to
the whole military power of the district,
has at last been captured by the ruse of
a barber named ltumfelt.
Sobczyk has just been sentenced to decap
itation for tlie three murders committed
by him all for revenge a nd his captor has
been paid the 0.000 marks rewartl orfered
by the government. Kumfelt, a dauddied
sort ot tonsorial artist, Willi higher aspi
rations, caught his man by pretending to
aid him to escape to America, gave blm
drugge-d wine to drink, and when uncon
scious wheeled his man In a barrow to the
door of the chief of police, telling the lat
ter, with a theatrical gesture. "I've done
ray share; now, Mr. Chief, do yours."
The rural population around Oppela,
where Sobczyk for years lorded it a la
Rinalda Rinaldmi. sees In this brigand,
however, a sort of victim of untoward cir
cumstances, and enthusiastically sides with
him. At the trial It was with the utmost
elirficulty witnesses could be induced to
testify against the defendant, and ltumfelt
himself feels so uncomfortable In Tworoz
the little town where the romautlc trag
edy occurred that beleftforpartsunknown
at ouce after receiving his blood money.
A curious suicide was that or a million
aire in Leipsic W. Bosenberg by name. He
was the largest hymnbook publisher In the
world, and had always enjoyed the repu
tation of beiug a severely honorable man.
Ills suicide was due to the discovery that
he had employed fraudulent practices In
carrying out a contract for hymnbooks
made with several of the smaller German
War jubilee literature is still making Its
appearance by the ton. Among the more cu
rious specimens Is a book which contains In
chronological order the French waraud bat
tle dispatches. These are, however, printed
in such a manner that by placing an iron
cross In the very center of each page these
mendacious or grossly perverted original
French stories become truthful accounts,
the mendacious words in every case- lielng
covered by the cross. The compiler or "au
thor" ot this curious book signs himself
"Baron de Munchhouse, Chauvinist in Re
treat." Another amusing book of similar
caliber Is a humorous collection of all the
caricatures published on the French side
during the -war of 1870.
Rather singular enterprise was shown by
a gang of British burglars who several
months ago invaded Germany and In quick
rotation executed n number of clever nnd
Important hauls In Berlin, Hamburg and
other cities. In Mannheim they were, how
ever, found out and arrested, and In a large
storage loft werefounel goods and rurnllure
to the value ofabout 600,000 marks, among
these being the complete Interior outfit for
a well-appointed house, which they were
going to make their home of, apparently.
From statistics Just published It is seen
that during the ten years beginning 1884
the number of denth8inPrus.staamong those
employed In the manufacture or sale or In
toxicating beverages Is away beyond the
average. Of the 28,995 deaths there were
359 from delirium tremens. E08 from sui
cide, 630 from accidents, over 2,400
froni apoplexy and abont 1,800 from old
r-loll'a great sale nfshnes Ladles'
Men's Children's, at less than wholesale
cost. Don't bay shoes until you have
visited this sale.
928 7th Street,
Formerly Carhart Leldy'.
SILKS AT A
Last 'Wednesday wcnttcndd
the Peremptory Trade Bale
of the entire Fall production or
the Phoenix Silk Manufactur
ing Company ot
6.175 Pieses of Dress Silks
by FIiId, Chapman and Fen
ner. 80 ami 82 Leonard street.
New York City.
We were heavy buyers
secured hundreds or yards or
It at much below what it cost
this famous silk manufacturing
company to produce It. To
morrow It will be ready for
your Inspection and buying.
SILKS, combinations of red and
black.blueand brown, green and
reel, gray awl black, brown and
black, etc- Regular price, 40c.
OUK rniCE, 19C YD.
BLACK ALL-SILK RnA
I1AME. (Secularly 50c. n yard.
OUH 1'ltICE, 31c Yt).
20 anil 24-inch CIIRVSANTII
EMC.M CREPES, varietyor plain
colors, very pretty material.
Reeular price. 50c. yard.
odh rmcE, arse yd.
SILKS, beautiful for waists. In
a rarlety or shades. Regular
Srlee, 43c. yard.
lilt l'UIOB, 23c YD.
24-inch ULACK SATIN BRO
CADES, beautiful and new de-slens-
Regular price, 51.23 a
I'BICE, 7BC YD.
19-inch BLACK ALL-SILK
GROS GRAIN, fine quality. Reg
ular price, 75c. yard.
OUK I'ltlCE, 48c YD.
21-lnrh ULACK ALL-SILK
GROS GRAIN, very fine qual.ty.
Regular price. $1 yard.
OUK l'KICK, BBC YD.
Superior Quality 21 -inch
BLACK RUSTLING TAFFETA
SILKS. Regular pric $1
OUK PKICE, 6BC YD.
27-Inch BLACK RUSTLING
Regular price. S1.2S eard.
OUK l'KICK, SOC YD.
20-Imh BLACK ARMURE
MOURNING SILK. Regular
nriceof these was $1 yard.
ouk l'lticE, eec YD.
20-Inch BLACK SATIN
DUCIIESSE. Regular price, 51
OUlt I'KICE, 69c YD.
2X-Inch BLACK SATIN
DUCHESS. Regular price or
these goods was S1.25.
OUK l'KICK, 79c YD.
FKANCAISE. thi- regular price
of whhh Is S1.25 yard.
OUK I'KICE, TGc YD.
BEAUTIFUL FAILLE FRAN
CAISE. which sold regularly at
OUK I'KICE, 90c YD.
Superior Quality BLACK
SATIN BROCADES, which sell
regularly at S1.25.
OUK l'KICK, 8Qc YD.
Beautiful BLACK GROB
GRAIN SILKS. whU li sell regu
larly at $1.23.
OUK PKICE, 89c YD.
22 Inch BLACK SATIN
LUXOR, beantlful goods, and
the finest silks manufa lured.
whWh sell regularly at 1.50
OUK I'KICE, 88c YD.
23-ln.h BLACK SATIN
LUXOK. same splendid quality
as above, onlv little wider. Reg
ular prii-e. sl.73 yard.
OUK I'KICE, S1.10 YD.
24-Ine BLACK SATIN
LUXOR, the finest grade manu-rae-tured.
Regular price, $2
OUK PRICE, S1.SG YD.
24-ln.h BLACK SATIN
DUCIIESSE. Regular price,
OUK l'KICK, 98c YD.
928 Seventh St.
A M USEM ENXTS.
ALLEN'S GRAND SW
Week of Nov. 4-.
TO-NIGHT ana WEDNESDAY EVENINO
nnd WtllSESBU MATINEE.
Florence S-hoeffcl's Four-act I'lay,
HIS PURITAN WIFE.
THURSDAY NIGHT ONLY TIME
AN UNEQUAL MATCH.
FRIDAY and SATURDAY NIGHTS and SAT
THE LOVE CHASE.
Gorgeously costumed In styln ot Charles IL
NEXT WEEKJAMES A IIEKNE In "SU0R1
y-ERNAN'S LYCEUM THCATER.
Valine e to-day at 2L The New
Gus Hill's Novelties.
Introducing tho rhonomer.aI MLLE. EITGENH
t'ETItEsci, tne sensation ol London ana ram
Fnll election returns read from the stage
'wlek1F1p& SfieriuaiTs Big Sensatiaa
NEW NATIONAL THEATER.
Every Erening, Wo J. and 5aL Vats.
In Fred Miller's Nautical Opera
PIANO. OrKan, Vocal Jtuslo and ttaun
tkUght ty J. P. GERJIUILLEI:, 611 Ibt nw
Terms mod erate.
Norfolk and Washing
ton Steamboat Co.
Erery day In Iheyearfor Fortre lln
roe. NorfolK. l'ortsmouth, and all points
South and Southwest by the poirerrm
new lxtrn palace eteamors -Newport
Now- "Norfolk." and "Washington,"
looting dally ou the tcUowlng schedule
feu thbornd. Northnoui L
T.Vash1on ".tin pmX.Ponaiiio'ho.30 pra
TAlox'd'ia 7.-J0 in U-T.Norfolk . 6:10 poj
Al.Ft.Monr'eB:.l0 am Lv.Ft.Monroe7:20 rm
Ar-Norfolk .. 7:30 am lArAJox-rtrln fi.on aro
ArJ'ortsm'h 8 OU nm Ar Waxh'stnnR-30 am
VISITORS TO THE ATLANTA EX
POSITION and the reports at Fortress
Monroe'. Virginia Ucoch and Florida nriui
find this a very attractive route, as u
breakt the monotony of an all-rail ride.
Tickets on sale at 613, 610, 141
Pennsylvania avenue. B. 4 O. ticket
office, corner Fifteenth street nnd Kcw
York avenue, and on board stenruera.
where time-table, map. etc., can ali
JNU CAUAHVN. CttX. MANAGER.