THJC TSVUTSISra JTPtHSf,syjrpypAYe DECEMBER 2, 1895.
t iciage IVarahooaM,
li'd sear JL
Tuesday, December 3, from 8 to
10 p. m., our estabUshment'vrllt be
open tor the display of Christmas
goods and art furniture. Tou are
latit-d to call and nasa your lade
ment on tbe immense stocks we're
showing at this Mason. Marine
stock of Din
ing Chairs is
full of big
way in -chair
cane seat we offer at
is a $3.25 value all
through. A similar chair at
$1.90 that is worth all of
I WANT TO El Tna
JZTELnt WHO COMES
INTO TOCK MIND FIKST."
I am selling- solid Silver
ware suitable for Xmas
presents at the lowest
prices ever beard of in
Washington. Prices for the
prettiest articles imaginable
are lower than you would
ever expect to pay.
(A Small Payment Now Will Re
serve Any Article-)
" See Davison about it."
(About Xmas Gifts. Etc.)
My Silver Cleaner and Pol
isher at jjc a bolile is highly
G. H. DfllISOR
1105 P St- N. W.
Buy furs now!
We are selling thorn AT COST;
the backward season compels us
to do It. Furs oierery description
and all prices.
SAKS FUR CO.,
Cor. 13th and G Sta, X. W.
CHICAGO BANKEIIS' TV AH.
Lively Tuwde Yesterday nnd a Tent
Cane Will Bo Mude.
Chicago, Dec. 2 Tlie Huml.iy barbcr
Bhop war assumed a form 4if plivslc-al vio
lence yesterday at the Great Northern
Hotel barber shop as the result or an at
tempt on the part of a constable to serve
warrant on Manager tde-n and cignteeuor
his bnrticrs. During the trouble several
delegates or the Barbers' Protective As.i-clatlon-were
thrown Dodily tro i tl.e pmi--
After the delegates bad been disposed of
Manager tden tout lour of the barbers
Into the shop, told two or them to ge t into
the chairs and two others to sliave them.
These were then arretted an 1 taken to tin
Justice's court in a carriage.
At the meeting of the Trade and Labor
Assembly jestirday alternoon Secretary
Eigholz or the Barbers' Association for
mally charged the Liquor Dealers' Atso
clation wltn furnishing the money with
whlcli to carry on the light against the
Journeymen. John F. Oaint, prc-snic-nt or
the Illinois Liquor Dealers' Association,
denied the charges.
Correctiiijru M betake.
There are about an equal number of
Democrats and Republicans in the moun
tains, Willi no Prohibltiouiste, but only a
Tew years ago the Democrats were largelv
In the majority. Fiflocn jcars ago, lit
the Saranac Lake polls, one Republican
Tote was found by the inspectors. "There
has been a mlMake made by some one,"
said one of the officers, "and I think we
had belter throw this vote out." It was
forthwith thrown out. and for the seven
teenth consecutive time the town was
unanimously of one mind. Saranac Lake,
N. Y., correspondence New York Times.
THE TIMES DAILY WEATHER MAP.
(Prepares! at tho United Slates Weather Bureau.)
Forecast Till 8r.M. Tuesday.
For Eastern New York, Eastern Pc-nnsil-sylvanla.
New Jersey and Delaware, threat
ening weather and rain, followed by gen
erally fair Tuesday; winds shifting to north
westerly; cold wave Tuesday.
For the District of Columbia and Marr
lawl, the rain will probably continue until
evening, followed by colder, fair weather
Tuesday and a moderate cold wave. The
temperature will fall about twenty degrees:
southerly winds, shifting to northwesterly.
For Virginia, showers, followed by fair:
northwesterly winds; colder, with a mod
erate cold wave.
Weather Condltlomsand General Fore
cast. Tbe barometer is unusually high in tbe
Northwest, and a cold wave extends from
the upper lake region suutnwestward to
Tbe temperature Is from ten to twenty
degrees below ero in tbe extreme North
west, and It has fallen twenty to thirty
degrees In tbe Southwest. It Is warmer
in the Atlantic coast district.
A depression of moderate enerer la cea-
tral over Western Pennsylvania, attended I
avMviM. .Bin Mltuiliintu IW ICJfCUU
Court of Appeals Considers the
Famous Army Scandal.
CLAIMS OF THE LAWYERS
Counsel for the Government IiMtnts
That Lieut. Gen. Sobofleld'x Action
1Yhm Entirely Lawful Messrs. Bal
aton A Slddons, f or t he Major, Assort
The court-styled casa of Henry Whitney
Closson against George A. Amies, Involving;
all of the points and covering the circum
stances growing ont of and attending the
arrest and cunrinenicut beptcruber 5J8 of
MaJ. George A. Amies, U. B. A., retired, by
Col. Clos&on and upon the order of Gen.
Bchorield, as nctlng Secretary of War,
came up for arguments of counsel before
the District court of appeals today.
The preceding history of tbe case is al
ready familiar to the readers or Tbe Times.
Auurue J.N. Morrison, counsel for Col.
Closson. made cltatlons'ot thirty errors of
the 1 ower court, upon which he proceeded to
The case was appealed from proceedings
before Justice Bradley, who la in the brief
filed by Mr. Morrison alleged to have erred
in deciding tnat MaJ. Amies had been Ille
gally restrained of liberty, and that his ar
rest and imprisonment was unlawful; that
he also erred In holding that the arre6t
was made and the petlUoner held In close
confinement without antecedent charges
having been preferred.
"CLAIMS OF COUNSEL.
It wns also contended by Mr. Morrison
that there was error In holding that it wa
unlawful for the commanding officer to
place MaJ. Amies under arrest for the
purpose of bringing him to trial, and
lurtner that Justice iiradley was not cor
rect In the decision as to tbe application
of the word "crime" In the 65tli article
of war. His decision was that the term
does not include minor offenses, disorders
and neglects, and Mr. Morrison cited au
thorities to ttie contrary.
In deciding that the arrest and confine
ment kcic in violation of Army Regulation
091; that such action wns "without the
existence of tbe slightest necessity," or
any occasion thereiore, "except tbe grati
fication of a personal feeling," was de
clared by counsel to be without warrant
In law, and it was al.so contended that the
court erred In deciding against the pro
vision or section lbi-ii. or Ihe Revised
Statutes, that retired army otricerS" are
"subject to tl.e rules and articles or war
and ui trial by gmeral court-martial lor
any breach thereof."
Mr. Morris.. ii argued that the wording
of that artitle has no other meaning In
the Amies case than the one given It when
applied to ..Iher officers of the army or
lo e-aeicis or to commissioned uiuc-cro.
lie contended that the court below erred
In deciding that tho Presidents title of
commander-in-chief, so far as it relates
to retired army officers. Is an empty one,
upon the grounds held by Justice Bradley
fh.it. hi t-Rtinot nsslfrn them to duty, lie
was also in crrwr. counsel asserted. In de
ciding questions relating to tne useicsa
ness or necessity, the propriety or Impro
priety, of arrest and confinement within
the scope of the power of the Acting
Secretary of War.
MAJ. ARMES' CONTENTION.
MaJ- Amies, who was present In court,
was represented by Attorneys Ralston and
Siddons, who contended that the only ex
cuse for the arrest and detention of their
client was an order therefor, signed bv
ihe Aitlng Secretary of War. and that at
the time of his arrest no charges had been
formulated and none existed, and so fur
as the record shows, none hare Lceu yet
served upon him.
It was admitted by counsel that MaJ.
Armes was an oiricer on the retired list
and as such Is subject to the articles or
war. hut It was submitted that, as such re
tired oiricer he was subject only to smii
regulations as applied to his statu. He
may not be order.il to any duty agalnt his
wisnes, save at the So 'iters' Home, nihl bv
the regulations be Is charged wlht no obli
gation to the oovernmeni except- to reporL
monthly his address, and this is obviously
Jor his own benrfit.
MaJ. Armes. not being-assigned or assign
abletoanyduty.hncl no "barracks or lent."
as contemplated In tecilon Of., and lr that
section Is applicable at all. tbe-8ccn-laryof
War could mil) direct him to consider him
self in arrest and not to lcac his quar
ters, which, under that construction. Would
be Ids home PI regular Laoiiaticni.
He could not be- said to have a regular
habitation, and iioue-ould lie created for
him. Article 65 can only properly he ap
plied to officers in tl.e active sen-ice. and
Its application In il:!scae ffan In violition
of all military usages an.l constituted an in
fringement of Armes" rights 'or which civil
courts by halie-as corpus iv ill always afford
INVALIDATED HIS ARREST.
The detention of MaJ. Armes without
prior formality of charges invalidated his
arrest and confinement. Article 05 reads
that officer "charged tilth crime shall
te arrested." whlcn means that arrest
must lie predicated upon charges.
A court martial-is a tribunal of special
anil limited Jurisdiction, called into exist
ence upon notice of special and temporary
purposes, and when these purposes are
serieil It is dissolved. It acts are only
tnlld when within the prc-serllied Jurisdic
tion. While MaJ. Amies may be tried
by military eo'lrt. it Is only In manner pre
scribed nnd under proper Jurisdiction.
Ills nttnnv-ys do not ask in j t MaJ. Armes
be discharged from further liability be
cause of defects In Ihe original arrest ami
commitment. lM.t upon the grounds, pri
marily, that no power whatever existed
to make (he arrest, and secondly, becausehe
lias not Informed or the nature of the accu
sation against him.
Arguments closed at 1.30 p.m.
Gc-rlnek of Snn Francisco Loads
IIIh Brain With Lead.
San Francisco, Dec 2. Dr. George Ger
lach, the well-known physician, was found
lying on the Iloor in frcnt of his mirror yes
terday morning in a djirg condition with
a bullet wound In his brain. He lived
for nearly an hour alier being discovered.
Dr. Gerlach suffered from melancholia,
and it is upposcd Unit be tookhis life while
In a fit of despondency. He was forty
seven years of age and a native of Phila
delphia. east of the Mississippi and light snows
In the lake regions and upper Mississippi
The indications are that the weather will
be ralr and much colder from the central
valleys eastward to tbe Atlantic coast
on Tuesday, with a moderate cold wave
in eastern districts.
Condition ot the Water.
High and low tides are officially re
corded at the Navy Yard for today as
12:18 a.m. - - ei23a.m.
12:20 p. ra. B:88 p. rn.
Temperature and condition of the water
at 8 a. m.: Great Falls Temperature. 44;
condition. 36. Receiving rervoff Tem
perature, 4G: condition at north connection,
36; condition at south connection, SO. Dts
trlbutlng reservoir Temperature, 7; con
dition at influent gatehouse, 30: effluent
gatehouse, 36. , -",
Schedule for Street Lighting.
Gas lamps lighted at 6:81' p. m.
. m.; ex"-' to
Kuiancu ow o.p m
Napbtna' lamps lighted at 6:81 p
HUAUIM1CU ttl H.Ut
Commissioners Submit State
ment of District Matters.
NEEDS ABE FULLY SET FOBTH
DlKOtistdon of the Use of tho Beve
nueH and tho Indebtedness of the
City ItcoommendatlonH Concerning
New Municipal Buildings nnd Ext en
Ion of Time for Assessments.
The Commissioners report was trans
mitted to the President this morning.
It says that the details of the transactions
of the District Government are mainly
set forth in the accompanying statements
of officials Immediately In charge of Ihe
sevoral departments, but theComniissloncrs
preface those exhibits with special reports
and comments and with recommendations
The report I hen goes on to say that the
appropriations for the year, payable out
of theguneral revenues were iiG,e,l 4,L7...7
The amount of general revenues received
during the year and other sources appli
cable to the payment of such appropriations
was S7.043.UiU.71. Oi that M.U. 41.01 3.
540.01 was derived from general taxes
on private property, fees for licenses and
privileges, and receipts from alt sources
other than the United States and the water
department, but included a credit bal
ance on account or prior years of 1 064,
4S5.3H. The remaining $3,039,826.70 represents
the proportionate sum legally chargeable
to the United States on uccount of said
The expenses of the water department,
which are wholly payable out of (he rev
enues derived from water rents and taxes,
amounted to $424,882.23. The revenues
of the department, including repayments
and a balance at I lie In-ginning of Ihe HkcuI
jear of $212,760.03, were y.iib.0 12.U0.
The bonded and other liuerest bearing
debts of the District of Columbia are under
charge of the Treasurer or ll.e United
Slates, but the Commissioners Include In
their annual estimates an estimate for the
interest and sinking rund on 11. cm- debts
and for the salaries and conllngc-nt ex
penses of the sinking riinil office, 'iheboiul
cil debt on June 3U, I8'.i3, was as follows:
Water stock maturing Uctober 1. liiul.7
per cent, duo January i and July 1. iM'Jy
Water stock maturing July 1, 1C03. 7
percent, due January land July l.$l 1.000,
Firty-jear rundlug. maturing August 1.
1U24, 3.05 per cent, due Februar) 1 and
August 1, $1 1.ISH.UOO.
lwent-yc-ar rundiug, maturing July 1.
18U9. 5 per cent, dne January 1 and July
Ten- ear rnnding, maturing July 1, 1001.
3.G per ctnt. due J.inuari 1 and Julr l.s-i ..
or Hie late corporation of Washington:
Three-year (Emery), matured July 30.
1873. 7.3 per cent, inlere.st censed. a-KIO.
Thirtj-year rundlug, maturing Noicinhcr
1, lifOJ, tl per cent, duo May 1 and No
lember 1, $b71,100.
CorTloratlmifir V.1s!ilni-tn t.n.i ? I.ftt,.la
Corporation ot Washington 5 permit gen
eral stock. $1,310 01.
Corporation or Washington, 6 per cent
general stock, $7t0.17.
District or Columbia. ierniaiient improve
ment. G per cent bonds. $J.fc00.
Corporation of Washington, twenty-year
funding, l per cent bonus, ll,sr,U
On the last five- Items In the above list
interest lias ceused, Hinds for paynic-nt of
priiiclii.il and interest being deposited in the
cuiieii o uues treasury.
NO.V -RO.MIED 1NTKREST - EEARIMJ
On June 30. 1894, the District owed the
Unllcd States, on account of advances for
increasing Ihe ijyuer supply under the act
arproved July 15. 1882 (U. S, Slat, at L.,
tol. 22. p. 108). $684,214.83, which was
interest at 3 per centum per annum, out of
any surplus or water rents.
This obligation was thus, ihe report says,
in a process or easy extinction In a manner
euiiMtcat with ihe uses to which the ad
vances hid-bccnpul. when, by an act or Au
gUft 7. 14 (U. S. Slat, ut L., vol. 28, p.
U2). that nictnod of liquidating the dcot
ti ,i,..ifiif.-Ti iijr me- joiiuwiiig proici:
"l'roviileil. That not exceeding $J00,0C0
or the surjilus general revenue or ihe Dis
trict or Columbia remaining on the 1st da v
of July. 18114, shall be transferred lo the
waler fuml. lo be- applied In the payment
uf tin- prlm-ipnl of ttie debt incurred lor In
creasing the water Mipply. as provided In
the act or July 15. 18ls2." anil subse
quently b a proviso In the DNirtct appriH.
priailon act or March 2. 1SPB iibld, page
iti. iranMerriug a like amount Irom u.c
suJiius general n-venniH remaining on the
1st day or Jul j. 18'.i5,ror I he same-purpose.
The account thus stands:
Balance due July 1, 1604, $684,212.63;
increase by new advances ror work, lntc resi
nnd sinking fund and judgments or United
States court or Claims, $o4,2tJs.l5; total.
$738,51 2.0tf. Lc-bS transfer or surplus or
general revenues, JCOO.OUO; less iMyiuent
or inter.-, l nnd sinking lun.i. 510,40S.Otl:
total, $ 10,40e.JB; leaving $98.1(14.
On July 1, !e!5, me District or Columbia
owed the United htates S2to,.ri0i;,05 on ac
count or advances tor iheexiieiigeof laymg
ttie 4e-lncli waler main and thei-ourteenm
etreet water mam and connections.
During the year the fourth and last In
stallment of tne Dietrlct's proportion aj
liroprlntcd for the purcliase or property for
R.ick Creek Park, under the act of Con
gress ot September 27, 1890, U. S. Stat
utes, at L. vol. 26, p. 402 was repaid to
tne Uuiusi Suite, with the Interest due on
tbe enllreiOO,OUO, with which the District
was charged. The interest amounted to
THE FLOATING DEBT.
Under the organic law of Ihe present Dis
trlct, which prohibits the making' of any
expenditure or incurring of any obligation
unless pursuant to authority previously
grantcsl by Congress, the rioatiiiginutbted
ncss Is suoMaiuially limited to judgments
of the courlH rendered after the passage of
the appropriations law, and small amounts
needful to glv e effect to requirements of la w.
The District was also under obugutions
at Ihe close of the fiscal year to receive
in pa j men t ot general and special tuxes
il.UM.li or on.LMclc uiiiliuiies is
sues! for rebates of special assessments.
The rate of general tax for the tear Is the
same as last car, viz.: $1.50 on each $100
ror personal and real estate, except that
used solely for agricultural purposes, on
wnicn si per $iuu.
EXTEND THE TIME.
Of the work of the permanent board of
assessors, Messrs. Bates, Morsell and
Johnson, under tbe act of August 14, 1894,
they say It is confidently believed that the
result is satisfactory valuation for assess
ment purposes of the real properties of
The amount ot work lo be done by this
board in making the assessment of real
property in the District of Columbia, on
which It is now engaged, is so extensive
that it win ne impracticable ror them to
complete the assessment of the entire Dis
trict in time for the collection of. taxes
baseil thereon within the period now pre
scribed by law. The Commissioners re
quest Congress lo extend the time for com
pleting Ihe assessment in Washington until
the first Monday in April, 1896, and in
that portion outside of Washington until
the first Monday in September, 1896, and
make the collection of the tax for the latter
section payable in one installment during
the month of May, 1897. They will
early submlra Joinr resolution to that ef
fect to Congress. -
Attention Is called to the defects in the
tax sale system recently explained in The
Times, in the words used in the last report,
and the following statement is added:
"An essential fault In the existing law
relatlng-to tax sales is the peremptory re
quirement that at the expiration of two
years from the date of the sale of a piece
of real estate for overdue taxes, the Com
missioners must on the demand of the own
ers of the tnx-sale certificate Issue a deed
for the property, ah tne deed carries with
it a clear title against any claim of tbeDis"
trict for taxes due prior lo itsjfsue, it is
a convenient agency for the evasion of
tbe payment or back taxes.
nroviding that no tax deed shall
be issued until an
sued until ail taxes shall have been
paid, has been prepared .
The Commissioners again Invite atten
tion to the importance ot legislation giving
them authority to reassess peneral AnH
special taxes, which have been rendered.
unconeciaoio Dy judicial rulings "-upon
grounds of technical errors in tbeasscssments
or in some of tbe preliminary steps In con
Tbe amount of revenue-lost to-the Dls-'
trlct from such Tullngs is so great as "to
threaten serious embarrassment to tbe mu-;
niclpal interests Involved, and the evil will
not only continue, but -will indefinitely ex
pand, unless- the necessary legislation is ln
tfTrjosed. A bill to. remedy this -taw will
, goon be submitted.
THE MUNICIPAL BUILDINGS.
Noting the removal of tbe District officea
tno walker building, tbe paper says:
'The.uew quarters-are far more con
- - - wtF -
A Smb. ..
a good suit for $7.50,
but not the best suit in
the world, of course. It
is a suit thatwill fit you
and look' well on ""you,
and better still, it will
wear well and last you
a year. "
no better suit can be
had in Washington or
anywhere else for the
same money. We'll sell
3'ou a better suit for
S10, a still better one
for $12.50, and so on up.
How about your Over
coat? Eiseman Bros.,
Cor. 7th and E Sts. N. W.
No Branch Etors la Waihtngrcox
venient and desirable, bit it was found Im
possible to accommodate In them the
survejor, Ihe attorney, the Inspectors ot
fuel. Hour, lumber, etc-., or the largo
accJiuulation of old records pertaining to
Uie pre-sent and to former administrations.
Some departments are provided with only
"Tho rooms assigned to the police de
partment espeeLilljc are overcrowded, and
mi-iib juc-unveuieuce s sun suircreci oy
taxiiayers. who assemble in the offli-e of
the csillector ot taxes in large numbers
at and near the dose of ever month."
ii, i.i'w ui toe Jan .nat Ice tuuiuui ine
Distrtct are ill-accommodated In the old
city hall building, the Commissioners are
ur opinion that a new building, having I wo
separate parts, should 1e creeled on Judi
ciary Square. -upon and adjacent lo the site
ortheclty ball, rnriheuscsortheconrtiiniiil
of the municipality.!
The ConimifMiinersare informed that Iho
coil or Hie city hall buildings In certain of
the leading clues of ihe United Slates was
as follows- Providence. $1,066,988; On
clnuaii. $1,400,010: Barralo. $l,4r.0.oor
Chicago. SI.71ti,00t: Haltimorv, $3.1,00.
000; .sail FrjUKlwtv $3,000.0011; Philadel
phia. $14.000.000., ,
The building for I lie combined uses of the
courts, and of the .municipality which exe
cutes the will of the Cocgresj of the United
Stales as to District airalrs, should lie la
keeping with the dignity of the capital,
aud iu proper construction would involve
a cost of about $2,500,000.
The Commissioners. earnestly recommend
an appropriation or $100,000 for the be
ginning of the conatructli.il of such a build
ing. FIRE DEPARTMENT NEEDS.
The fire department has during the past
fiscal year fully malctalne-d the high rec
ord or ef rlclency whlrli ha characterized it s
work. The Commissioners renew their rec
ommendation for an increase of lo.ner
I cei-tura in the pay of this force.
With a complimentary reference to the
-report of Hupt. Powell, sajlng the growth
or schools is commensurate to growth of
popolathih, and the enrollment shows about
45.000, or whom 3,t)uo arc in night aud
u.ooil in high schools, they continue thus:
"Hut the Commissioners desire to call
attention to the es-onomy with which the
affair of the schools of the District ore
administered. Although text books and
other artlclcsnccssary ror use In gain
ing an education are lurnlsbed to all pu
pils belniv (be high sell. Mils, and although
the schools provide diverse cours'-s or In
struction, including sequential lines of
physical, manual and business .training,
suited to the wishes of varied opinions
on the parts or parents and guardians,
tbe annual per capita cost or Instruction Is
below that ot most of tbe large cities ot
the United States maintaining efficient and
atlsmctory systems or education."
CIVIL SERVICE IN THE DISTRCT.
The report states that. Inasmuch as the
affairs of the District of Columbia should
be conducted upon business principles, and
as its government is non-partisan, during
the year the coiuiuissiouers oegan a system
of competitive examinations for clerical,
professional, and police duties, the re
sults of which have been of such a satis
factory character that they have been con
firmed In their belief in the efficiency
of that, Kvstcm.
The Commissioners believe that the Dis
trict should ne ruuy intiuaeu witain me
purview of tbe general law, and propose
to urge the necessary legislation. They
have not funds for proper separate exam
inations. STREET CLEANING.
During the fiscal year 1895 the area of
streets: cleaned amounted to 289,553.181
square tards, an Increase of over 41,000,
000 square yards over tbe area cleaued in
the fiscal year 1894. Tbe contract price
Is 24 1-4 cents per 1,000 square yards.
Owing to tbe limited amount of the appro
priation for the past year about 1,000,000
square yards could be cleaued only once a
week, all ot which should have been cleaned
more frequently. The Commissioners have
estimated for an additional appropriation
of about $20,000, and for $10,000 for the
removal ot snow and Ice under act of March
After remarking upon the new para
graphs in the police" manual providing for
dally record or efficiency ot sergeant and
private and provisions for promotions
UPonimiS OaSCS luc icyuie. MJ. uhtiv liua
been a rparkssl decrease In the offenses
of Intoxication ailiV"coodllng," dne part
ly to tbe aniemlmrdts to tbe manual and
largely to lncreasd;vlgilance on the part
of the guperinteneRaf nd his officers.
The Conunlssloturic again call attention
to the fact that the.Uicrease In the force
has not kept pacejwlfti the increase in the
Donulalton and tlfeialniost dally increase
.In the. duties wbkhdcvclve upon it.
uurraio. wim jfciWti,UIUHUIi uul ocue
in excess of tnaiffJWasblBgton, has a
larger force by nlifrcuthan one hundred.
while1 emcago, EmiauL-iuiiia unu ocner
llflnich greater force
In tirnnftrtlnn to iMjuln
Ttii. neeesRltv few -the increase asked for
by the major and Superintendent is urgent
and imperative"1" -.(
The recommenthitfiins of Health Officer
Woodward are nrged-.,upotrtbc favorable
consideration of Congress. In noting the
great decline In tbe deutlt rate among tee
colored population, Dr. Woodward says: .
"It Is a matter ttregret,.fowevcr, that
It remains so high and is so potent a factor
In maintaining u high general death-rate
for the District"
This is the-niost'lmportnnt and signifi
cant fact reveuletrbr this report, and
should, tbe Commissioners say, be pon
dered well by all who desire to aid In
lowering tbe death rate la this DJslrlct
The low mortality rate among the white
'rjoDuintititi. romnares -favorablv with that
oj-the most favored cities In the- world.
- washingtonf-Tlth itr'broad, well-paved
streets aud superior natural advantages,
ought to be the healthiest large city In the
.world and to' shcrw the lowest rate of lrcor
tality. That It falls "ahdlt" of Its proper
place-lri -these respects Is established con
clusively by comparison with several large
cities) of -Europe"-1 Vs ,
Roue, Dec a. The. pope held a public
consistory todav. which was rerv birm.lv
"attended. AU of the-diplomats accredited
to toe Vatican were present except the
Austrian ambassador, whose absence ii
attrlbuted-to a-tension of bis relations
with the Vatican. 's -
PTI0II Of flnHCE
Prompt Consideration of It Must
Be Taken by Congress.
POLICY OF THE BEPUBLIOANS
They Are .plxpowd to Dcr- Nothing
and Force AnotHer Bond Tkhuo for
the 1'urpoM! of Making CnmpitlKn
Thunder PriMldeut WIHActSiieea
lly If llii-Treaurr iMXot Kellcved.
With the assembling- of-Conirress tod.iv
the questions or tarltr and 0njr.ee become
''flf-Ht-f. flTirl nnt ......l... n . .. ... .,,
..w.., v...u nu, ,cisai.e- IUUUID 1UI UlMJUS-
sion and consideration. The former la a.
m itler of time and minute detail. Months
would be required to frame an act striking
ta happy medium between Uie-McKlnleyand
nnson uiiis. xnc latte-r could bo In a
measure settled after a few hours debate
by the passage of a Joint resohitlon.
The tact is evident no w, as It has been for
weeks, that prompt action must be taken on
the rinanclal question or the administration
must utilize lis only alternative and sell
noncis. Whatever legislation is enacted to
obvla te this necessity must be done with rea
sonable dispatch or It will be too lata
so fur as another bond issue Is concerned.
These iwlnts have become clear regard
ing theslate of the Treasury and the remedv
for its present conclilloii. They are. First,
that the gold reserve Is dwindling and
will soon be down to $75,000,000; second,
that .Speaker Reed prop, ises lo make no haste
In appointing the Ways und Means Committee-
with a view to financial legislation:
third, the Republle-ait policy will be an m-c-rease
of revenue ratner than a. change
lu the currency system; fourlb. that the
President and Hecretarj Carlisle wi.l en
deavor to convince ihe country that existing
(link-allies are due to greenbacks and cur
rency inriatlon, and that the remedy must
bu applied at these points; filth, that a
new issae of bonus wnl be ue-ayej as long
as can safely be done, with a view to
bringing public opiniou to bear upon Con
gress. AN ADEQUATE RESERVE.
The administration has fixed the point
at which the Issue of new bunds should
bo seriously considered at $76,000,000.
not bwause this Is regarded as an adequate
reserve, bit because the Issue or bonds
uiiderexistlnglaw is so ciuuborsonie a way
or iiiee-ttiig tne gold drain that It Is not de
cided to employ it bevoud in. mediate
President Clei-f-lnml tvnnlil nn.triiitif ...lit
he plciea-d It a bill were paused through tho
House berore the holidays, authorizing tne
retirement or the greenbacks, or at least a
liortlou of them, the Usui- of temporary
freauiry certificates, bearing Interest ror
short terms, and the issue of bonds, when
neceary. at a lower rate and for shorter
terms than under existing law.
It is tl.e aciniliuscraiion view that the
mere fact that greenbacks could be re
tired would do much to restore-confidence,
and that leiuiKirary certificates might be
issued in such a maune-r as to reduce cue re
duuJancy of the currency, which is now be
lieves! to exist.
All the talk of Republican members lndl
cates that taey propose to treat the question
as one of reform, rather than ot currency
reform. Some favor repealing the Wlboa
act and bringing the McKlniev law into
force; others favor a general revuioa or '
tbe larirt. and others luvor dealing wltD I
liarticular Items of the tariff by pop-gun "
uuii; but there la an almost unanimous
chorus that what tbe Treasury nenM u
revenue, and that is what the- Republican
Congress will provide.
NEED OF REVENUE.
The Tact that thoTreaaury now has a gen
eral balance of $179,015,149, including
the gold reserve, does not seem to convince
the average Republican member that the
need of revenue Is not so pressing as iffe
need of currency legislation.
Tbe embarrassing feature of this position
Tor the- administration lies not tidy in the
difference between the Republican and ad
ministration view, but In tne fact that reve
nue legislation canniit iiossibly be secured
wltblu a limited time.
Apparently tne Republican leaders are
qune- n llltng t hat the president shall be com
pelled to ma ken not her Issueor bonds tinder
Hxlsti ng law rather tbnn.su bmlt to his views
or currency legislation.
They would then be able to continue their
and to appoint special committees to lnics-'tigate-thc-terms
ortbe various bond sales.
President Cleveland will not be deterred
oy these considerations rrom issuing bonds
tne moment be Is convinced that Congress
does not propose to act- He and Secretary
Carlisle are willing to meet Ihe pclitlcal Is
sue vv hlch will be made up by tbepollcy or
the Republican majority in toe House, and
totakethelrstanel In ravororthe retirement
of the greenbacks and the issue of a bank
ing currency. They believe that pnhllcopln
lon can be- educated to their view ot tbe
USUAL GOLD DRAIN.
Bonds will be delayed nntil after the
holidajs, if it is safe; but they are likely
to be forthcoming ween the usual gold
drain of the winter becomes marked, and
the President will rely upon the iraction
oi congress iu ci.e direction or currency
reform for bis vindication berore the
country. Rigiu economy in public expenditures
will be the Republican program lor next
winter, aside from the .inaction In
dicated above. Mr. Reed has impressed
this necessity npon the older membe rs
whom he has In his confidence, and with
whom he Ilmls lime. nthwitn.staiiclinir the
rush of callers, to consult regarding
matters not Connected nltli-the person
nel of the committees.
Tills docs not mean that a "cheese-paring"
policy will be adorned, or that the
gre-at public works now in progress of con-
siruciion win oe uiconuuuea in order to
reduce appropriations. But it does mean
that no ruiiiic-y will be voted ror new pub
lic buildings, except where urgent neces
It is also understood to mean that the
River and Harbor Committee- will be so
constituted as to reduce those appro
priations to the lowest point consistent
with the needs of the government.
A veteran in the National Soldiers Home
at Milwaukee, speaks thus ot bis old com
rade, Thomas B. Reed, of Maine: "We
served In the navy on the same boat, the
Sybil r the Mississippi squadron. I was
secretary to Commander Mitchell and Mr.
Reed as paymaster. He drank not, nor
did lie chew, smoke or swear; was good nature-
Itself, and never allowed his work to
getbehlnd. Hewasapractlcaljoker. While
the captain and most of the officers were
away, a week after we had been paid. Reed
directed tbe men to come to his quarters
and receive a month's pay. We were aston
ished. The Government had not acquired
the habit of paying in advance; but there
was Reed's written direction to come and
get another month's pay. We gathered
around the smooth-faced, happy hearted
young paymaster, when he Ivanded out to
eacb of us as many dollars as we were en
titled to for thirty or thirty-one days' ser
vice, bu tthey were Confederate dollars."
Look Out for III in.
The man who cuts off flowing curls
And ringlets from the heads of girls
Is running loose upon the streets.
And snips at every lass he meets.
When out at night.
Oh, girls, hold tight
On to your puffs and switches;
He travels like the witches.
'Tis said his scissors fairly sizz
When Blnshlng through a bang or frizz.
At sight of wig
He'll dance a Jig,
And whisk It from the hairless;
Then up the street he quickly goes,
Before' the owner really knows
That he lias been so careless.
His chief delight is'ringlcts red.
Which be can deftly sever
From off a pretty maiden's head.
For this hair thief is clever.
we can 7toto you beautiful articles at
almost anu price you can mention. Our
prices on solid silverware are much below :
any one a eise.
t divid e
of "the day. No one is in better condition to take
advantage of these than ourselves, and what we
we divide with you.
America's greatest importing firm has closed
out to us at our price the entire balance of their
importations of rich and novel designs in cheviot
These "stuffs " are from the celebrated looms
located at Hudderfield, England. Among this
"NEW CONGRESS" of suitings, you'll find all
the latest colorings known to the fashionable
tailoring world. You'll find the new shades of
brown, green, and London smoke effects. You'll
find plain mixtures, fancy checks, overplaid ef
fects, and neat stripes.
Just think of it this magnificent array of
woolens from England's choicest looms, have
crossed the broad Atlantic to be here in time to
greet the assembling of the American Congress.
Not a suit from off any of these stuffs is
worth less than $30. Any tailor who carries as
fine a quality of goods will charge you from $40
to $45 for a suit. Ready-made men never handle
goods as fine as these.
Your OPTION of this magnificent array of
Hudderfield Suitings will be :
Made-to- your- C
906 F St. N. W.
MESSAGE WAS DELIVERED
Lieut. Libbay and Private Pitkin
Beached New York Today.
Military CyclbstH Three Minute Bo-
hlnd Schedule Time When Gen.
lttiger'H Aid Deceived the Note.
(Special to The Tlines.'i
New York. Dee. 2. Lieut- Llbley and
Frlvate Pitkin or the Military Cycle Com
pany of the District of Columbia reached
here this morning at 4:48 o'clock on their
wheels from Washington with the message
which was sent by relays from MaJ.-Ucn.
Nelson A. Miles to Gen. Ruger at Governor's
Tbe men were met by Lieut. Donlvan. a
member or Gen. Rugcr's staff, who took
the message from them at the Governor's
Island steamer landing and conveyed It.to
Lieut. Llbbey and Private Pitkin made ud
the last relay, which was from New Bruns
wick into inis citv, a distance- ot thirty
They were exactly three minutes behind
the- scheduled lime, which was limited
to 21 hours and 43 minutes. The distance
la 249 1-2 niiles-
The men were considerably delayed bv
the bad roads find a heavy snower which
fell during Ihe lalter part of their Journey.
"Our New Woman."
Miss Ida Gibhs will address the Colored
Y. M. C. A. Literary this evening at 8
o'clock sharp, Jn their building. No. 1609
Eleventh street northwest. Iler subject
will be "Our New Woman."
EASY AND FIRM.
niirlierEtiropeiin Quotations Had a
Stimulating: Effect on 'Change.
New York. Deo. 2. After an Irregular
oix-rUng. the railway and miscellaneous
stock marketgainedstrength. Higberquo
tations for British consols and French
rentesT had a stlmulat Ing effect, all hough t he
dealings for foreign account were-on a very
Traders were Inclined to take a hopeful
view ot the Congressional situation and
were actively engaged In covering up their
shorts. Sugar, which led the upward move
ment, was bought owing to the near ap
proach ot the dividend period- The market
closed easy in tone.
New York Stock Market.
Di Ulan Low. '.
American Tobacco IK B3e 8iej
Atchison. Topeka., S. F. 17J4 17i 17
U. B. s Unracy (414 mi 6S?$
C. c. 11 St. Lonll. 41ii 4i 4JII
Chlcacoaas. MX tSJsl f34 UK
Del.. Lack. & Western.... JH 167t4 lCTVi lKli
Ulstlller M Cattlo Foed.. in is is iw
General Electric . 31 31)4 SIJ4 5lk
Lake Shore lfK UI IM14 J5I
Loulsvilloana NasHTlUeu MW & B3J4 5314
Nat. X-ead H Wi SUJ SJi
Leather n 11 11 11
Leather nrf ..... 63U 65 GT$ Gtt$
h. T. D'fM 306 S0M 30 30
illssoun r-acino S SOW 29VJ WJg
Jiancattari luoraeea iw iuih ivua iuim
1C6U U6i 161 U61
14SW H3C6 11SU 1!8U
N. Y. Gas..
rtock Island ....
St. Paul ,
.. 8U.4 SUssj 04 J0U
.. im 10 m 10?s
.. ui n 7lk T1K
10. I0M 10 IOJS
... S4 Jv S4H 141
.. ?n ;a 7tH 75
.. 101 1D4K lUlh IGZh
Tennessee Coal & Iron.
SSVj EH St4 B--J4
Union l'aclflc Hi 8Js 8,14 8
naDasapreretrer. iafs w '&
"Western Union Tel WH S KM W4
Washington Stock; Excnanzs.
Sales Itegular call lleuopolltan It. It. 6a,
8J.000 at 116, Capitol Traction, SO at TV; SO at 76,
400 at 73. Hotropolltan B. R, 31 at long.
Tia5hlnctrinGas,SJat43Vr' Potomac Fire in
oranoe, 4) at 6& American" Graphone, 1U0 at J.
US. 4's... . ...... K.. ...
u. a 4's o.,
DISTRICT Or COLCH8IA BOSD3.
k's 18S9 "JO-jear Funding". ..,..
C'sl90 "30-yaar rusdlng"colX .
rslBOl "Water Stock- currency..
i'slSXB -'WaterStoci" currencr..'
' JW '.'.'.'."
. "1 ut.
. lit '
. IU IU
tWHWi "Fundhur currency...... .Ill
IHsitet 2-10 s, isss-iwi
UetrtRConr fa, 1901....".: .'.
Eckiaeton K K6'a, 1836-1911
Wash Uas Co, her A, t106V3!T..
n aih Gu Co, Sw II. rtTlaOpa ...
ijKJti;j'- ruis opening
winter month .in a manner IB
befitting its importance,
we propose to make a
price offering that will
warm the very cockles of
the public heart.
We are better enabled
to do this because just
now in the great textile
$ markets of the world,
concessions are the order
ra an f&s&.i
SILS6Y & CO.,
Commission Stock Brokers.
J. R. WILLARD & CO.
H0DGEN COMMISSION CO..
Brokers and Dealers
.. . r ....
Stocks, Cotton, Grain, Provisions.
Local Offices Rooms 10, 1!, 12 Corcoran Bulli
lng 603 7th ."-L, opposito Paten: on
Offices Philadelphia. Baltimore, Washington.
Safe Boxes to Rent.
Few people realize vhat riststbej t&k
In having their vnlaaMes, Jewelry, papers,
and brlon-brac around the house. Kent
a Deposit Box of thi Company whereto, to
storo them. j5 mouth and up.
American Security & Trust
C.J. HELL. President. 1403 G St-
FRANK WILSON BROWN,
1335 F Street Northwest.
Stocks, Bonds, Grain, Provision,
Direct FriTst Wires I Long Distance
to " 1 Telephone,
Principal Cltlea 1 1414.
MESSRS. THEO. W. MYERS & CO..
No. 47 New St., New York,
Members ot tbe New York Stock Exchange.
V, asn Oas Co Conr S'a, 1901 113
U.S. alec Lleht Coar Vs. 1901 ISO
Chesapeake TotomacTel,5's.... B7H
Amer aoo a; Trust 5's, ISO, 100
Aluer!c j; Trust 5's, 1905. 10J
wsli Market Co 1-t 6. lW.'-lKU
n.CW rocired annually m
V ash Hark Co Imp 8 s, mi.'G 110
Vash.MarkCoxt'n6a, Wlt-'iT HO
Masonic llaliAss-n S'a, C, 1903 103
Wash Lt Infantry 1st Ss. 1901 KM
xinosAt. saxc sTocxa
Hank of Washington S33
Bans otllepubllc ill
Farmers aud Mechanics' ISO
teconi : in
Sat had 1J3
sirs DKt-osrr a.sd tiicst co"s.
Nat Safe Deposits Trust 119
Wash Loan Trust 119
Am Security Trust 140
Vl ash fcafe Deposit 60
Capital Traction Co 't'i
Oeoreetoirn nnd Tonallrtowa... .. . ..
uis and Etsa eionTsroec
Washlnetoa oas. 43
Gecrgotovn Oas 43
U. a. iiectrlo Light lS7)-i 130
Firemen s.... 33 ......
Franklin....... , 34
Metropolitan 63 .....
Arlington . 110
German American..... ...... ....... 1G0
National Union 10
TITLX INSUBASjCX STOCKS
Heal state Title
Columbia Title..... ..
Chesapeake anu Pototnaa
Pneumatic (ion Carriage.
Wash Inrton Market
Crest Falls ice
Bull Kan Panorama
ax Dlvliea r
-. 7W S
.. 197 lit
'." 50 "ii"
- F4 . H
.. .27 m
.. 123 35
.. as an
A "rn .
". 'k..i5.-.. -S-. H -J&
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