THE EVENING TIMES .W&glNGTOC$&UflY, MAY 14, 1898
(HOllNINO, EVEK1NU AND SUNDAY.)
THE TIMES COMPANY.
. -mSTILSON HUTCHINS, President.
., . THE HUTCII1NS BUILDING,
' Cfcrner Tenth and O Streets Northwest.
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ftUHilus, ) circulation Department 2l
The circulation of THE TIMES for the
neck ended Miy 7. 1S9S, wis as follows:
Sunday. May t 21,500
Monday. May"2 70,049
Tuesday. May 3 70,297
Wednesday, May A 69,373
Thursday. May S 60.909
Friday, May 6 61,469
Saturday; May 7 72,049
Caily iver.jst (Sunday, 21,500, ex
SATURDAY. MAY II, 1S9S.
.osv for the Arnindu,
A careful inspection of the map will
lead anyone to the conclusion that our
naval authorities have provided for tne
Spanish Cape Verde squadron in ex
cellent style, and that Admiral Cer
vera will be more than mortal If he
should manage to elude all three cf the
American squadrons, under Sampson,
Watson and Schley, which are lo.k
Ing for him.
According to present knowledge, the
enemy are somewhere off Porto Rico
today: probably to the south of it. If
to the south, then they are likely to be
making- for some point on the Island of
, Cuba, .and. the experts incline to think
that they would first touch at Cienfue
goV. "Others incline to the theory that
Cervera would turn north through the
Jlona Passage, and steam straight for
Havana, hoping to strike the depleted
American: -blockading squadron.
Adinirai Sampson is fully aware of
tne probabilities. The Spaniards hav-
a day's start, but he has an excellent
chance- to head them oft by sailing
around Porto Itico. If they should suc
ceed 'in" giving him the slip, no harm
will be-dnne beyond the disappointment
he and his men will feel, since Commo
dore Schley will re-enforce Commodore
Watscn in front of Havana some time
before, tlja Spanish squadron can reacn
To encounter our Navy at the nortli
and west .of Cuba they must steam oter
a course 1,175 miles long, from the
south side of Porto Itico to Havana,
and Sampson would follow them as fast
as possible. From Newport News to
Havana, on the other hand, it is only
l.vjo miles, so it is apparent that the
Hying .squadron will be there first.
"Whether Cervera shall fight Sampson
or Watson, the result will ba the same.
The difference will be in the delay in
volved, in the latter event.
We are very hopeful that the squad
ron which so effectively cleaned up the
fortifications of San Juan the other
day may be fortunate enough to inter
cept the' armada: In which case it is
fair to suppose that an engagement
will be fought in or near the Mona
Passage, probably today, and not lat
er than tomorrow.
The sooner the battle can be joined
the better for all concerned. This Cape
"Verde squadron has been a nuisance
for two weeks, and it ought to be
abated. ..Even now it isintcrfering v.ith
all-plans for the invasion of'Cuba and
the capture of Havana. It has be?n a
wet blanket to Mr. McKinley's fighting
blood. Today we hear mutterings that
military "operations may be put off al
together until Autumn; but, of course,
that Is nonsense, because the country
would not stand it.
Whatever else may be done or omit
ted, as soon as the Spanish squadron
has been sunk there will be a universal
demand for the bombardment of Ha
vana and an assault upon its landward,
defenses, and the Government will not
care to oppose it.
In the interim everybody Is waiting
with anxious impatience for news of
the great naval combat of modern history-
Dlffereat Vcn From Manila.
We have heard so much of late to
the effect that the Philippine Islands,
but particularly the Island of Luzon,
on which Manila stands, formed one
vast scene of riot and carnage, that it
is agreeable, by way of a change, to
hear something a little less gory from
that quarter of the world.
Today the New York Herald prints a
dispatch from Its Manila correspondent
which tends to put a better complex
ion upon the state of affairs in and
about that blockaded city than we
feared, from previous accounts, was
possible The Herald Btates that
the country is quiet and that the
native population Is waiting events.
They are glad to have the Amer
icans capture the archipelago, but
are afraid to disclose their sen
timents .for fear that we might
give the country back to Spain after
the war, and then their old oppressors
would wreak characteristic Spanish
vengeance upon them. They are intel
ligent enough to know that if we chooaj
to keep the islands they will be pro
tected from the persecutions and toh
bery to which they have been always
subjected under the flag of Spain, but
they want to be sure of the future be
fore' committing "themselves. They are
We do not believe that they have any
m tn fpnr that this country will
surrender them to the tender mercies
of the' Spanish butchers, nor that any
of-them --will live to see a flag other
than the Stars and Stripes floating over
the Philippines. All talk to the con
trary ' 1s"Tnanufacturcd in the He fac
tory at Madrid. It Is a prolific plant,
and floods the European and American
markets with its wares. It has over
sucked the German marketjfur ia
.stance, and only yesterday the foreign
office at Berlin was moved to inspire
an article In an official newspaper which
declared.. that all reports of German
hostility to our occupation of the Is
lands was without the least founda
ticn; that, on the contrary, the Kaiser"
and his government were unable to
se-i any reason why the United States
should not keep the Philippines If It
" We are acting very much as If we did
ivnnt them. Appointing a governor
general and sending an army of occu
pation looks very much like It Once
lo Ftcd over a piece of real estate "O'd
GI.ry" does not come down if the
American people have anything to s?y
Although soldiers do not and dare
not criticise the official action of their
superiors, they have feelings, though
few rights, which the Government is
bound to respecd They do not need
to shout from housetops or rush into
print to Inform the public that the
Army is in a state of suspense and
suppressed indignation over the course
pursued by the President in appoint
ing to high staff positions a lot of
civilians, without personal "br profes
sional qualifications for the.,place3 to
which they have been elevated.
If civilian!? are to be appointed to
such positlonS'the argument that they
should be excUto'.vely civilians with
military experience is conclusive in Its
bare statement. In some parts of the
country there is a recognition of rela
tive military rank which is ridiculous
enough, but not half as much so as
the actual endowment of ignomnce
with power and command. Thus, a
tavern keeper is '"colonel" ex-officlo,
while the citizen who exhibits a stal
lion at the county fairs is "major"
But what shall we sa-' for lieutenant
colonels whose only warlike experience
has beep the splendid sword exercise
involved in scissoring coupons, or lead
ing cotillions, or threatening Wail
Street 1 tople with the vengeance of
their fathers if they are not ad
vanced money on ratheV""wormy col
lateral. What kind of .majors are
they who previously have been
celebrated, for their ability to "scent
the bottle" from afar off?" And
what will .the ..unfortunate Volun
teer Army think of adjutant generals
who do not knoV'the difference be
tueenthe right .llauk ofa regiment
and tfiBJeft flank of a mule?
Seriously, this thing is such a bare
faced outrage that the Senate owes it
to its own dignity, the interests, integ
rity and welfare of the Army, and the
angry protest of the -whole country to
reject these opera bouffenominations
without delay or hesitation. They are
simply disgracefuC """ ""'
Mlie American Commodores
All good Americans are delighted to
see Commodore-Dewey elevated to the
highestranjc, in. thejiaval service. It
will never be forgotten, however, that
he won""hts"T.onors while serving as a
commoUAti. and ..there is something
worthy of note in this, because all the
great naial aihteements of our na
tional htaory in foreign wars has been
accompljsjied by officers of that title.
Commodore John Paul Jones made
his fame" fighting battles and harrying
i uie enemy in ine f.uE;iisci annuel.
, Commodore Stephen Decatur won his
vietorie.RJiearer to the enemy's coast
than to ours. It was the same with
'Hull; W.a "Perry, who could not get
far awayfrom our shores, since his
battle ground was Lake Erie, was also
The designation has almost bjcome a
mascot for the American Navy. Do
not let us drop it. By all means let us
have the"admira!s. vice atlmirals and
J rear admirals, that the expansion of
, our sea seivice and parity with the or
j ganizatiop of oilier nations demand;
uut ieiyu. tcuvc tne nisiorrcui place in
our line of promotion that .the glory of
our corasuodures may never be for
gotten' s-r "" ""
A i on a silent to Inefficiency.
IC-tBere ever" -was "anarchitectural
blot upon the fair face of civilization,
as exemplified in the architecture of a
great capital, it is the alleged post
office building with its side to Penn
sylvania Avenue - and Us .front on the
Aside from such sentimental consid
erations, nothing pretending to the dig
nity of architecture ever yet was quite
as impudently imposed' "upon the ar
tistic sense -of a suffering-country. In
telligence, and education cannot view
the awful pile Without regarding it as
the joint product' 'of alcoholism and
paresis. There are bastions with win
dows in them, and there is an ugly
square tower squatted In the center of
a scheme of curves. It is something
too horrible to discuss, and the only
unmendable misery of the affair is, as
Gen. Sheridan said of the Pension Of
fice, that "probably it is fireproof."
But the people responsible for this
stone and iron nightmare do not ap
pear to have been satisfied with estab
lishing a structure for the amusemen
of civilization. Although the individ
uals who planned and executed the In
famy have passed Into obscurity, their
successors have been bitten by their
madness, and have dared to continue
the work "of affront by perpetrating
an obnoxious and exasperating clock!
Every resident of Washington will
know what we mean by this; although,
perhaps, we ought to apologize for de
nominating that thing in the postofflce
tower a clock! The useful public and
domestic article called by that name Is
supposed to be a utensil by which one
learns the time of day. Nobody can
accomplish that feat by gazing at the
thing in the square and unsightly em
inence on the Avenue. It would seem
that the authorities had determined to
please persons from all parts of the
world, by giving them an opportunity
to get any kind of time from the post
office presentment. If so, they have
succeeded nobly. There are several
hands of equal-potency on the dial, and
they can be'tfe'pe'nded upon to point to
any hour ot; te, day or night that the
taste of,, the behofder may dictate. If
the idea is- to furnish Cabinet minis
ters, senators and members with a
truthful excuse for coming home at
questionable hours, it is a success.
But if it ever was designed to give the
average everyday citizen a, correct
idea of the time oX day according to
the meridian of 'Washington, or Green-
wlch, or any'other ancient place, then I There are someYankee fighters in Bos
it Is a failure., , ., , . J ton harbor who"1 would -make short "work
As a distinguished local statesman 1 of the Spaniards if they could be got at.
of Tennessee once remarked, referring
to a group of Thonvaldsen's nude"
Seasons, decorating the--terrace of the
State capltol: J'Atr. Speaker, I move
that it be ,tookvdown":' J
A lolce I'nMBMlM.
It is pleasing to note that in the
midst of this excitement .about 'ctias't
defenses and this enthusiasm .about,
volunteers, -whlle.-.the entirecountry is
stirred and thrilled by;- the newsr of
naval victories, while the'recruits are
pouring in so fast as to -embarrass the
recruiting officers, who can receive
only a certain number of patriots from
each State, there are still 'some people
who have time for the more serious
and weighty affairs of the country.
The Boston Herald, a paper which, in
all the natural excitement which has
attended the declaration of war. has
contrived to keep Its heacL.under'cover,
now comes peacefully oulvwith en edi
torial on "True Patriotism," "" A great
deal has been said about patriotism
in the last six weeks, and a great deal
of It has been shown In various ways,
big and little. With the exception of a.
few papers which have steadfastly
taken their own course, persuaded
that they knew best, therpress of" the
country has been substantially agreed
on the real nature and .evjdence of pa
triotism. The Boston Herald was one
of these exceptional, papers. It now
tells us., in calm and "measured ac
cents, on the morning after the news of
the Manila victory reached "Boston,
what it considers real patriotism to be.
Patriotism Is not, says the Boston
Herald, evinced by a wild desire to go
and kill Spaniards. It is not expressed
by the waving of flogs and the shout
ing of national hymns. There are other
duties far, far more important than
rushing madly to recruiting offices and
offering one's self for military service,
or passing bills designed to provide for
the expenses of national defense. Real
patriotism will express Itself differ-"
ently. It will attend to duties near at
home. Why, says the Boston Herald,
with tears in Its voire, why does its
legislature permit a deadly poison to
be carried into every household? Why
does It neglect to protect the people
of its Commonwealth against a most
insidious foe? Of what avail is it to
wuge war against a foreign enemy, if
the free-born citizen of Massachusetts
is to find his death in a milk-can? The
real duty of every man who .calls him
self a patriot of the old Bay State, de
clares the Boston Herald, is to devote
his utmost energies to the eradication
of the fell disease of consumption
among the cattle of Massachusetts!
Doubtless, this Is a worthy object,
and the whole country will sympathize
with the Herald in its Intense longing
for pure milk. Milk is a necessity to
some natures, and the addition of
germs to this hygienic and harmless
beverage must be counted as nothing
less than a crime. Nobody can pos
sibly blame the Herald for its earnest
efforts to awaken the public conscience
on this important point. But does it
not really seem, on the morrow of a
great naval victory, in which men of
the American Navy have shown before
the whole world the pluck, daring and
coolness of American character a vic
tory -which may change the history of
the nation does it not seem, at a time
like this, a little bit ridiculous for a
Boston daily paper to be explaining
that real patriotism consists in it de
termination to secure pure milk?
The British government will be ak- J
to expel Polo and his legation staff from
Canada, where they are notoriously con
ducting a campaign of treachery agalnat
the-United States. Jt would seem to us
that they ought to have been kicked out
without waiting for diplomatic represen
tations. However, there should be no
doubt about it now.
Our Navy Is no longer idle! Wednesday
morning the cruiser Marblehead and the
gunboats WIndom and Nashville bom
barded Oenfuegos, destroying the forts
and killing about 440 Spaniards. Our loss
was two killed and seven wounded. Tar
get practice like this Is excellent by way
of preparation for the reduction of Ha
vana. The killing of Ensign Bagley and four
of the Winslow's crew oft Cardenas was
fearfully avensed by the cruiser Wil
mington on Thursday. The masked bat
tery which hit the Winslow was knocked
in pieces, and In It a landing party count
ed 113 dead Spaniards. Then the other de
fenses were destroyed and the town shell
ed. The Spanish loss was heavy in all
It is probably true that some Spanish
vessels of one class or another are feeling
around the coast of New England, with a
view to make an attack upon any unpro
tected point they can find. The chances
-for their doing any damage are not great.
Our northern coast Is pretty well pro
tected and policed, and if any attempt
against it is made, there will only be some
more Spaniards In "Davy Jones's locker!"
The war authorities are to be congratu
lated on the prospect of receiving the
plans of Havana's fortifications at the
hands of Lieut Agramonte, one of Maceo's
officers, who recently escaped from Morro
Castle and is now on his way from Tampa
to Washington. How he got possession of
them does not yet appear, but the intelli
gence office at the department will be
glad to get them.
A prominent diplomatist In Washington
has, according to the correspondence of
the New York Sun, predicted that uni
versal war will come over the settlement
of the American-Spanish trouble, and
that In the end Great "Britain and Ger
many will side with us against Russia.
Austria, France and Italy. That would
be a war sure enough!
As the arrangement stands at present.
Chairman Hitt, of the House Foreign
Affairs Committee, will be able to call up
the resolution annexing Hawaii on Tues
day next, when it undoubtedly will pass.
The opposition to the measure In the
Senate at present appears to intend a
fight, but it may be hoped that, before
the resolution comes over from the other
body, patriotism and national necessity
will operate to change that. The coun
try is not In a mood to be trifled with by
futile opposition In this matter, which
will only needlessly defer, while it cannot
'As some small Spanish war vessels are
reported to hare been sighted off Nan
tucket, we presume that they are sound
ing for that Island In, the manner describ
ed by the poet; that Is. heaving-the lead
and tastiur of the bottom It "brines an.
OntactJIiata Are Placed Mh
' ManjAHerica IlarJwrs
CANTEENS F$R CAMP "BLACK
More Fori fo Caard Ketr Vork.'
-Sand Works . Being- Bnllt on
Ward's Point. Staren jalandr and
Fortifications on Ciardlner'a Is
land Moris lnn;;-Xrni-Pti rebuses.
New Tork, May It There was no relax;
ation yesterday pf the vigilance -of Array
and Navy officers, Charged with the de
fense of New York cits', and the protec
tion of Its harbor. They maintained the
standard set on Thursday, when a report
como that a battleship and two torpedo
boats, supposed to be Spanish, had been
sighted off the New England coast. The
Army building humming with business ai
day, and the englneeroUlcers In charge
of the mine fields rtre.in constant com
munication with tliforts at Sandy Hook
and the Narrows.
New York harbor was absolutely closed
again last hlghr. and will be itendlng
further orders from the War Depart
ment. At 4 o'clock Yesterday morning
the contact mines which had been pluced
in the main channel near Sandy Hook and
at the Narrows were taken up again and
the white buoys, which had been remov
ed the night before, were repi-icsl. At 8
o'clock last night Lieut. Robert McGreg
or, of the Engineer Corps, replaced th
mines and again took up the white buoys.
Owing to the vigilance of the Slate pa
trol Ileet, commanded by Lieut. Com.
mander Forshaw, of the Naval Militia,
no vessel succeeded In parsing the patrol
on Thursday night. Had any done so,
it certainly would have been blown up.
The contact mines with which the chan
nels Is filled are .of the Brooks type.
Each mine Is a conical metal case. With
live' percussion caps llxed on the apex.
These caps arc filled with a compound
of fulminate of mercury and ground glass
and are so sensitive that a seven-pound
blow- will explode them. Each mine con
tains seventy-five, pounds of gun-cotton.
As on Thursday night, double sentries
were posted at all the forts, and the bat
teries with which the electrical mines In
the harbor are connected were fully man
ned. The big beaichllghts were also kept
From Southampton. L. I., and Coney
Island comes news that urgent orders
have'been j-eceh-ed from the War Depart
ment at all the lighthouses and signal sta
tions along the Long Island coast that a
bharp lookout be kept for hostile vessels
and for signals from the patrol fleet. The
coat guards and life saving crews have
also been ordered to keep up a specially
-Igorous patrol of the coast.
The news of the sighting of a supposed
Spanish fleet oft Nantucket was responsi
ble for great confusion yesterday In the
Quartermaster's Department, which Is
charged with dispatching the Se enty-flrst
New York Regiment and the Masachu
setts troops to the South. Contradictory
orders were received from WasWngton al
most every hour at the Army Building.
Finally, after the troops had been all em
barked on four Ward line transports, and
after the ships had been anchored oft Bed
loe's Island, an order came to disembark
them and send them South at once by
rail. This .will be done today. The eight
transports ready the Saratoga, the Vlgt
lancla, the Seneca, the City of Washing
ton, the Cherokee, the" Iroquois, the Leo
nle and the C6nch:-will sail empty for
The condition tof .the bjrbor, patrol sis.
still causing a -good deal of anxiety -to(
Rear Admiral Erben. The term for w hlch
the boats at present' doing the work were
loaned by the'State expires on Monday
night and only'the yacht Free Lance apd
the monitor Ndhantt of the regular fleet.
are in commission. '
Ninety-five officers and men of the Na
val Militia will go to Philadelphia today
to bring up the monitor Jason, which Is
to be added to the harbor defenses. It
will be commanded by Lieut. Beach, who
Is now In command'of the tug Heath, at
the' Wlllets Point mine fields. The con
crted yachts "Restless, Thespla. Viking
and Alleen were finally assigned to Ad
miral Erben's 'Meet yesterday, and he
hopes to have them' in conimfssion In a
few days. "
Canteens at Cnmp ninck.
Camp Black,, Hempstead Plains, L. I.,
May H- Seriou3 consideration has been
given by the officers at headquarters
to the liquor question as affecting the
men in camp, and It has been decided to
open regimental canteens if consistent
with the law.
As the matter has not yet been settled
definitely, none of the officers would con
sent today to be quoted about it, but pre
liminary plans will be laid before the
brigade commanders in a day or two.
and it will be acted upon as promptly as
Opposition Is expected from the temper
ance societies, but the advocates of the
scheme are prepared to combat It. be
lieving, as they do, that the establish
ment of regimental canteens would tend
to the good of the service.
Two or three wooden sheds built near
the lines on the north side of the camp
are occupied by liquor dealers, who had
done a rushing trade, which the damp,
cold weather has helped to Increase. Col.
William Cars' Sanger, provost marshal,
has found that the ease with which
strong liquors have been obtained has
caused much Intoxication, and he has
been In communication with Albany to
find out whether these dealers were oper
ating within the law. Having found out
that they are, headquarters has determ
ined to offset their presence by establish
ing canteens within the lines, which will
be under military regulations.
Beer will be sold only at certain hours
and In restricted quantities. Intoxicated
men will not be served. No one will then
be permitted to bring liquor within the
lines. There Is a law against the sale of-)
liquor in Peekskill camp, but the officers
hope for the welfare of the 8,000 men
here that the law will not prevent the es
tablishment of canteens In Camp Black.
Companies A, G, K and M, of the Four
teenth Regiment, were mustered into the
United States volunteer service this af
ernoon. The ceremony was similar to that
used for the Seventy-first. The companies
were marched to the parade ground, the
roll was called and Capt. Schuyler, U. S.
A., administered the oath.
Colonel Grant has been straining ever'
nerve to have his regiment the next to
go to the front. He said today he wanted
to get to a warmer climate, but there are
serious reasons also. Officers and men
are impatient for service.
All except about fifty of the recruits re
ceived uniforms today. A consignment of
equipments was received at camp yester
day marked "for the Ninth Regiment."
Colonel Holly, quartermaster, thought
perhaps the Ninth was to be ordered here
from Peekskill and laid the goods aside.
Orders were received today from Albany
to turn them 'ever to the Fourteenth, and
this Indicates that these Brooklyn boys
will soon start South.
Medical examination has been completed
In the Fourteehth:"ana Colonel Grant ex
pects -to have another battalion mustered
In tomorrow morning and the third In
the afternoon. A few rifles and uniforms
will then malfe'tHe regiment ready for
the frond i-
The mustering 'tn by battalions Indi
cates the earnest deslre-of the authorities';
for more menf in the South. It had been
the'plan to Ufalfhntll a whole regiment
had 'been examined and had signed the
roll before swearing them In. i
The Fourteenth has hot rivals for the
next. Place in'Hhe 'Volunteers, the Second I
Provisional and' Sixty-urth regiments be-5
Ing almost ready;' it was found -yester- I
May that the Sixty-fifth" needed eighty
.recroltB. Jsotlce-was telegraphed to Buf
falo" and posted In the armory, "and two
Jiours la tej-' the necessary-men took a
inun lor unp ixiacs. xseariy every
man passedLthe, "physical examination.
In. the -Twenty-second' there Is much
fmpatlence-because the. examination has
not. commenced; the .surgeons not having
authority to conduct It until they them
selves have been-sworn into, the Federal
service. , "
v - --
mOGHAK AT"THE CAPITOL.
The, -War.;Htveine Bill Will lis to
the' Rlsrnt ofAVay. J
The war revenue bill will undoubtedly
have the fuiY right of way In the Senate
next'sveek, except during what Is known
as the morning 'hour. which lasts until 2
o'clock each .day. Even then only mer
routine will be considered for a half hour
of .so.each -day. with the possible ex
ception of conference reports which may
be ready. e-
The census" bill Is now'the regular ordei
In the Senate, but Mr. Carter, who has
the measure in charge, will hardly In
sist upon his rights. In view of the ne
cessity of;pastjlrtg the revenue bill at the
Efforts will be made to pass the tariff
bill by the end of the week, but the
chances are It will not be voted on that
soon. There Is a tendency to debate the
bond and other leading features, and the
tobacco manufacturers are protesting so
loudly against the heavy tax upon that
staple that their frlrnds will necessarily
make extended arguments to prove that
the committee ought to yield.
If there is no prospect of reaching a
vote by Saturday evening the under
standing is that the week following the
Republican leaders will Insist on .long
sessions, and then a continuous session
may be demanded, in order to wear out
those who may attempt to block legisla
tion. In the House next week no particular
program has been arranged. That body
is far ahead of the Senate. One or more
contested "election cases will probably be
considered, and private bills will have a
chance from day to day.
The joint resolution providing for the
annexation of Hawaii, according to the
present Intention of Its advocates. Is
likely to be called up in the House en
There Is, however, a most stubborn op
position on tile part of many Republic
ans and Democrats, but they represent
the minority, and If put to a vote the
resolution will be passed by a large ma
jority. Its opponents can accomplish very little
If a ruie is brought in fixing a time for
the vote. Speaker Reed and Mr. Ding
ley are credited with being against action
on this resolution for the present at least.
Ir Is in their power, controlling as they
do the Committee on Rules, to aid the
obstructionism provided they wish the
TEE BOUGH EIDEHS.
The Fifth Asenue Recruits Work
San Antonio. Texas. May II. Those
New Yorkers who came to Join the
Roosevelt Rough Riders, to be known as
the First Volunteer Cavalry, are being
rapidly Inducted Into the routine of camp
life, although they have not done much
rough riding yet.
There was an unusually early retellle
this morning, the first bugle call being
sounded exactly at 4 o'clock. There were
no laggards among the New York re
cruits. They were astir with the rest of
the cavalrymen, almost as soon as the
last note of the bugle had died away,
and filed out to the mess-tables with
keen appetites. After breakfast most of
them were put to work.
Woodbury Kane was detailed with five
Oklahoma men to dig a ditch In front of
the officers' tents. The Westerners con
siderately gave Kane the easiest part of
the work, which was to shovel away the
dirt, as the ground was broken. Kane
swung his shovel with 1gor. He had ou
a roush tweed suit and a blue flannel
Craig Wadsworth had about the hard
est work of any of the "Fifth Avenue
recruits." as they are called In camp.
He was set to work carrying wood to
one of the camp fires, and was kept at
it for nearly two hours. He worked
cheerfully and unflinchingly until a ser
geant sent a man to relieve him. He
"We knew what It would be like before
we came, and we are in the game to
stay. I hope we will have some fighting
soon, though, as nothing but work Is like
ly to become monotonous, not to say
William Tiffany, who had escaped camp
duty, was exercised over the failure of his
laundryman to bring him some clean
shirts. His distress was so great that he
was given a pass this afternoon to come
to town to hunt up his laundry.
The twelve Harvard students, at their
own request, were assigned to the Ari
zona squadron, as they are great admir
ers of Uie stalwart Arizonians. Goodrich,
captain of the Harvard crew, and Kane
are among the best pupils of Remmey. the
gigantic Arizonian. in lariat throwing.
The troop is to be mounted on Texas
mustangs. 250 of which have already been
accepted and turned over to the com
mand. The Easterners are a bit uneasy
on the mustang, which is noted for its
"We all know how to ride," remarked
Will Quad today, "as we have followed
the hounds and played polo a great deal,
-but the trouble Is that we have never had
any experience with Texas mustangs.
But I guess, we can handle them, and we'll
have to. at any rate."
- An Easterner Is as likely to get the
.wildest mustang In the lot as a Western
'er, as It has been decided to have the
men draw lots for the horses. The Okla
homa contingent of 200 men has been de
layed by a washout, but is expected to ar
rive tonight. Lieutenant Colonel Roose
velt is also expected tomorrow, when the
regiment will be quickly put in shape to
take the field.
EEASOIT OF PLANKED SHAD.
It "Will Open at the Fnmons Mar
shall Hall Tomorrow.
' Tomorrow inaugurates the season of
those ever-popular planked shad dlnnen
at Marshall Hall. They need no Intro
duction. Their fame has been thor
oughly established In Washington, and
also throughout the country. To visit
"Washington In the Springtime and not
take In one of these shad dinners is not
to "do" the town" thoroughly.
Marshall Hall never looked more Invit
ing than at present. In ltsnew Spring
garb, and no doubt a large crowd will
take advantage of an opportunity to en
joy a day under the trees tomorrow. Th
steamer Charles Macalester will make
two trips, at 11 a. m. and 2:30 p. m.
Prof. Schroeder's Band will furnish mu
sic, both on boat and at grounds. Din
ner, including the celebrated Marshall
Hall clam chowder. 73 cents. Round
trip tickets, 23 cents.
An Explosive Voice.
(From the Clerelind lain Dealer.)
lit might be. I notice Hut a shell entered one
xt the officer's staterooms at Kanila and burst
"I suppose the officer sroke np?"
MProUalily he dreamed it was his wife calling
. Ilndn't the "Time to Be. Hnnarry.
(From the Blngiianiton nerald.)
One of our tars who stood behind a gun an
nounced himself as bitterly disappointed when
lie-was forced to quit bombarding Manila to eat
breakfast, lie sua to tne rapuin or rus marl:
"To hell irilh breakfast." A commendable desire
to feed the Spaniards!
-. 1 l1.it.,t.Onlt! ll,l.
-r. . .u t tj rs..;..;..
11UL. IUHW Ul IUC at UUt 9 (IVIII VsTftssl syiHIOUlM
hit lhdr m,, , M further commentary so the 1
fact that women never can fire straight.
Serlona (BesllOBS .("assrernlafr tho
Br rnWtitr of FranctVlth Spain.
j International complications, outside of
the war between Spain and this country
seem to appear In, the'.very .inciplency of
the pending hostilities. 'Whether or not
the shadow of troable'Stlth'France Is to
-become darkened or not Is a question,
and will prooablybe decided before the
echoes of the next.. encounter with the
forts and ships of Spain aye..been lulled
If It is true, that''wha't "Americans have
been fond to recognize as the "sister re
public" across the sea Is temporizing with
a despicable neighborhood monarchy and
blowing hot'and cold with the republic of
the Western Hemisphere, serious results
In addition to those already on the tapis
of national progress are certain to fol
It the authorities of France, as it Is
reported., and with good reason to believe
correclely staled," have permitted Spain's
squadron to rendezvous at Martinique and
prevented prompt Information from the
consular -authorities of this country to. the
.American Department of State, a violation
of the international Jaw of neutrality has
This Is a very serious matter and Its Im
portance is signalized tn the fact that the
French legation has made representations
to the State Department, that no violations
of international obligations have in the
slightest measure been engaged In by the
officials of .its government.
That the Lafayette, which was recently
permitted to enter Havana, and discharge
her official mall, had violated the neutrali
ty under which the privilege was accord
ed her by the Government of the United
States, it Is authoritatively stated that the
Department of State has been satisfacto
rily convinced that nothing of the kind
was done, that no merchandise whatever,
no contraband of war and no Spanish gun
ners were recently landed at Havana by
Chancellor Eoeufve. of the French le
"The State Department agreed to make
a disavowal of the opinion so freely ex
pressed that contraband had been landed.
The 'French government has been annoy
ed by statements attributed to
American officers that they were
now sorry they had not held
the Lafayette. These statements have
been displayed by the newspapers, and It
was thought advisable to get a statement
to the contrary from the State Depart
ment. It Is highly improbable that if the
Lafayette Intended to land contraband,
notice of her sailing, or her intention to
stop at Havana, would have been given
to the United States Government. France
Is keeping faith and this Government is
practically responsible for the statements
that the Lafayette has acted In bad faith."
The haste exhibited by the French em
bassy in endeavoring to be cleared of the
charge of landing contraband from the
Lafayette at Havana is regarded as ex
tremely significant in view of France's
suspected action at Martinique Two In
dependent investigations have been set on
foot by this Government. The State De
partment is investigating on its own ac
count to ascertain why Consul Darte's no
tification had not "been cabled, and the
Navy Department has requested the State
Department to Investigate the reason for
a twelve hours" delay in; the sending of
the message of Capt. Cotton, of the Har
vard, who entered St. Pierre for the pur
pose of advising this Government of the
near proximity of the Spanish fleet to
SBXP BUJXDEB CRAMP.
Re Glses Ills Opinion of the SpanUsl
Charles H. Cramp, president and di
recting mind of the great Philadelphia
firm of ship constructors, talking to a
reporter about the latest move of the
Spanish fleet, said:
"The Spaniards knew that to send a
fleet to Porto Rico or any other part of
the American side of the" Atlantic would
be to send It into the lion's mouth,
where It would surely be doomed. They
knew that th?re was no possible chance
for it to escape. Yet they send it over
because they are desperate. The
Americans, the English or the Gcr
mans might be reasoned with In th
matter of a retreat- where an advance
would mean the certain loss of the
fleet. But the Latin peoples, and espe
cially the Spaniards, would never toler
ate a captain or an admiral who refused
to enter action because he wished to
save his ship from certain destruction."
"But can they carry coal enough?'
was the question.
"By referring to Cloues Naval An
nual," said Mr. Cramp, "you will see
what the radius of action of each of
these ships Is. The radius, of action of
a warship Is the dlstance.lt can go at
ten knots' speed without taking on a
fresh supply of coaIv The. three cruisers
Vlzcaya, Oquendo an'dCn Teresa are
officially set down as having a radius
of action of 9.700 miles at ten knots.
I am sure that this Is a large over
estimate. By making all allowances
they can certainly cross the Atlantic,
and. if not Immediately engaged, can
cruise about for a few days without
"It must be remembered that even if a
warship Is not moving, but is merely at
nchor. she still uses about ten tons of
coal a day. All the machinery for forc
ing water Into the ship or out of It. for
carrying away the refuse, for lighting,
etc.. Is at work day and night, whether
the ship Is moving or at anchor. Then
there arc the torpedo boats or destrovers.
They can carry enough coal to bring them
across- True, they are small, but that
makes the amount of coal neccessary to
drie them ten knots an hour very small
"Porto Rico becomes a very Important
factor In this war. With that In our pos
session, the Spanish fleet would soon be
cut off from coal."
"What do you think of the Spanish
navy as a whole?"
"They hae some very good crulsers.
The three mentioned are the best, and I
understand that they nre not only good
in themselves, but well eaulDDed and well
manned. The best battleship in the Span
ish navy Is the Pelayo. She Is old-fashioned
but good, having Just had her boil
ers renovated. But sho could not carry
enough coal to take her across the Atlan
tic and back. The Cristobal Colon Is
about like our New York and Brooklyn,
but they are a little tetter than she is In
armor and In guns."
"Would It be safe for a shin, even of
the heaviest cruiser type, to attack a
"An officer who was once captain of the
New York told me that he would not
avoid fighting a battleship. 'One lucky
shot.' he. 'might do wonders. You see.
no one knows, no one can tnipsa .-hJ
effect an eight-inch projectile would have
upon tne unprotected parts of a battle
ship. "But to continue with the SDanlsh navr.
The one part of it that has excited appre-
nension is tne small craft the so-called
torpedo boats and torpedo boat destroy-.
ers. Now, f maintain that the value of
those boats has been much exaggerated.
They arc not of the slightest use outside
of a harbor. They could, do absolutely
nothing In the open sea. Once a hostile
, ?, hrDven lnto hnrhor fh.
fleet has broken Into a harbor, thev
mlght possibly accomplish something.
But nothing of that sort Is likely to oc
cur In this war. .So ,that,.fhere is no real
danger from these torpedo .boats.
"There is a typo of .small boat, a sort of
combination of, the torpedo boat and the
gunboat, which I think would be effective
in other than harbor defense service.
But no boat of that description has been
built yet" , .,,
CASTHIERCThe Reliable Jeweler,
jaaw at UA3 Pa. Ave- ss-ill remove
to S3 ra. Ave. Mar S3. Until then a,
discount of SO per cent Is allowed
n all Biassoads, Watches and Jew
elry? ' '
DIES IN A CHAIR.
Contractor Charles C Craham Ex
Fires In m Saloon.
Mr. Charles C. Graham, "af well
known contractor and birHder"ef this
city, died this morning at 8:13 o'clock
in Tharp's saloon. No S14 T Street
northwest. Mr. "Graham entered the
bar at 7:20 o'clock and asked for a
drink, which was served him. He
then sat down to read t" 'if ewsfiaper.
Presently It was noticed that Mr. Gra
ham had fallen asleep. After sleeping
for nearly an hour his heavy breath
ing attracted the attention of the bar
tender, whose efforts to awake- the
sleeper proved useless. In a few min
utes Mr. Graham was dead. Policeman
Charles Sprinkle was notified and he
sent in a "call for the ambulance from
the Twelfth Street station. "In which
the body was removed to the morgue,
at the Sixth precinct station".'"'
Mr. Graham wtas about fortr-flve
years old and leaves a wife and three
After viewing the body at the morgue
Coroner Carr isued a permlrfoffhe re
mains to be removed to the. hoirts of
PiffiSECTJTED THE' GOULDS.
Mara-aret E. Cody Is Cuarset With
New York. May 11. Margaret E." Cody,
the woman who Is charged .with having
Instigated the suit brought against the
heirs of Jay Gould by Mrs." Sarah'"Ann
Angell some months ago. was arrested
by Central Office detectives yesterday oa
the eve of her departure for Europe.
She was arrested at Lexington Avenue
and Twenty-third Street by" Detectives
Carey and Crouch on a bench warrant
issued at Albany and which has been in
the hands of Captain McClusky, of the
Detective Bureau, for nearly a week.
The woman had been in Washington" and
arrived here yesterday for the purpose of
taking a steamer for Europe today.
In indictment against Mrs., Cody has
been found In Albany, charging her with
having written letters from that city In
an attempt to blackmail George Jay
Gould and Miss Helen Gould. The letters
were written in February and March.
DO-;, and they Intimated that by seeing
her the whole litigation could be stopped.
While the Indictment Is based upon
thee letters. It is said thur-no proceed
ings would have beenbrought against' the
woman had she not made a'n attempt to
reopen the matter after the. suit of Mrs.
Angell had been thrown out of court
Instead of abandoning her attempt to
break the will of the late Jay Gould,
when Mrs. Angell confessed that she was
not married to Mr. Gould, and. had never
laid eyes on him. Mrs. Cody Vrote to
George Gould's lawyers Jlatshe had
made a mistake in the woman whom she
brought forward as the alleged first nifta
of Jay Gould, and that It was not Mrs.
Angell at all, but another woman whom
the had discoered at Rouse's Point..
While the Gould heirs were inclined to
let the matter drop after the Angell piso
had been dismissed, this new move led
them to believe that there would be- no
end to litigation unless Mrs. Cody was
No difficulty was experienced In recog
nizing Mrs. Cody when she arrived In
this city yesterday, as detectives from
the central office had taken a good look
at her when she testified In the suit of
Mrs. Angell against the Gould heirs.
Mrs. Cody was taken to the Center
Street Police Court and remanded to po
lice headquarters. John T. Cook, district
attorney of Albany County., was notified
by wire of the arrest- He replied that
he would send officers to take Mrs. Cody
to Albany this morning.
PATTB SUCCEEDS SETDL.
Elected Conductor of the Philhar
New- York, May II. Mr. Emit Paur was
elected conductor of the -Philharmonic
Society of New York for next season at
a meeting of the society held at the As-
chenbroedl vereln esteruay.
After Mr. E. Francis 11 de had been
re-elected president he made an address
in which he advocated the election of Mr.
Paur as conductor. He called attention
to the reputation which Mr. Paur, had
made as conductor of the Boston Sym
phony Orchestra, and also argued, that
among the conductors available for the
position Mr. Paur was bet fitted "to fill
It- The board of directors also recom
mended the election of Mr. Paur. A" vote
was then taken. There were,sixty mem
bers present. Mr. Paur received fifty-five
votes and five votes were cast for Mr.
While under the rules of the society Mr.
Paur could not be elected for more than
one year, he and the society understand
that it Is a practical permanency.
The old officers were re-elected. Mr. E.
Francis Hyde, president; Mr. Richard Ar
nold, vice-president: Mr. August Roebbe
len. secretary; Mr. H. Schmltz. treasurer:
Messrs. F. Bergner. George Wlegand. A.
Hoch. R. Klugescheld. L. Kester and J.
M. Laendner. directors: Mfl3Xs..Antany
Reiff. A. Bernstein and Carl Sohst. trus
tees, and John . Rietzel.. librarian
There was considerable informal talk
about arranging for a testimonial per
formance to Mr. Seidl's widow. While it
was not considered expedient' fa 'do any
thing at present, the drift of opinion was
that, should It be deemed advisable next
Autumn to give Mrs. SeidI a benefit, the
Philharmonic would get up a testimonial
performance which would surpass any
thing of the kind ever done here.
THE BED CROSS.
An Auxiliary Is Ora-nnlzrd by Co
lombia T-'nlverslty. r
New York. May H. A new auxiliary of
the Red Cross was formed yesterday.
with the power of ColumbLfUnlverslty.
Including Barnard and Teachers" College.
back of It. The meeting was held in
Schermcrhorn Hall, at Columbia, with
President Seth Low in the chair. The
room was filled with an audience of col
lege professors, students and their friends.
After stating the desire of the university
to organize for some patriotic work. Pres
ident Low called on Dr. A. Monae Les
ser, surgeon-ln-chief of the American Red
Cross, to explain the society s work anil
A resolution was offered by Professor J.
B. Clarke, of Columbia, that an auxiliary
to the Red Cross be formed, called the Co
lumbia University Red Cross Relief Aux
iliary, with Mrs. Low as chairman of the
committee and President Low as chairman
of the advisory board.
Speaking to the resolution. Prof. Selis
raan asked about the committees which
a're forming all over the country calling
themselves relief committees, and wanted
to know- which was the best one to join.
He said he was sure Columbia wanted to
assist the one through which- the pro
posed work would soonest reach the de
sired end the relief of the Army and
Dr. Lesser was called uon to answer
this question also. He said: "
"The position of the civil .Red., fiross is
fully recognized by President McKlnlcy,
and also by Surgeon Generals Sternberg
and Van Reypen. Surgeon General .Stern
berg, particularly. Is entirely familiar
with Red Cross tactics, and has recently
advised other associations applying to
him to confer with the Red Cross. With
a view to unifying the work of all these
committees of which Prof. .Seligman
speaks a meeting will be held at former
Governor Morton's house tomorrow af
ternoon to confer. The representatives
of committees In other cities wllfbe there.
This meeting is called at .the --suggestion
-of the Secretaries of the Army and Navy.
The Old District.
Errrsbody lias heard about that redoutabts
kinc of Franca who
With twenty thousand men
Marched up" a hill and then -marched down a;aln.
But that legendary monarch Is. nothing to the
actual Spanish admiral who sailed With 'in allerrd
armada from Cadiz to. Cape Verde. lot", the tots
reason, apparently, that he might sail hack
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