Newspaper Page Text
THE TIMES, SUNDAY, AUGUST. II, 1896.
GREAT SHOW AT ATLANTA
It Will Be Second Only to
the World's Fair.
BUILDD? GS NEAELY FINISHED
Fine Structures Erected by
the Various States A
(Copyright,lSfl5, liy Bacheller, Johnson
On the 18Ui of next September there -Rill
be opened nt Atlanta, Ga , ilie Cotton States
and International Exposition, an affair
that lias attracted considerable attcn
tJou from its inception, but which Is, even
now, not cmpreiiended in its entire magni
tude by one jwr cent of the people of thin,
couniry . Jt ib an exposition of Southern
parentage, but it is not a Southern exposi
tion "We have become so accustomed in
the North to thinking of the South as a
country where there is nothing to be been
save in TlorUla and New Orleans that it
is alnnwt impossible for us to .realize that
there is a great people doivn there who
have more energy, stick-to-lt-ivcness and
vitalitj Ihaiiniany Northerners. TheSouth
has been a sealed book to us for many
years We picture it as hot and niephitic,
but when I hay that the city of Atlanta
stands at the highest elevation of any
large eft on oui continent , excepting Den
ver, you will realize that its climate is one
of more mildness and of more temperate na
ture than at rittiburg, for example Auditis
one of the bcautiulfciticb of this land, too.
Immediately after t he close of the "World's
Fair at Chicago Atlanta, the political cap
ital of the State of Georgia, as well as the
commercial capital of the New South, has
etJrred with the idea that a grand exhibi
tion there, in the center of the growing
South, would be one of the marked events
In the history of our country. Col. W. A.
Hemphill, of the Atlanta Conet'tution, was
the originator of the idea, lie reasoned
that the South's opportunity had come,
and that Jt was the duty of the South
to embrace it at once. There has been an
. i 'si rK
) ., - F-c . r zSSsLm
.idnutiLStrtUou Cailding o.rd
(view romllie slone Terrace.
,an4 one end
idea among the citizens or Uie great and
growingNorUi tliattheSouth was conserva
tive to retroRresbiun, and. t4at the principal
charactenfiUos of the inhabitants was indo
lenoe Col Hemphill knew better, and
60 did Col Evan P. Howell, the proprietor
of the Constitution , and so they commenced
to boom tlie idea It took like wildfire.
Every one seemed to see tiie opportunity,
and in lew than a week from the time of
Col HenipIiiH'hidea was tpruug uiou Capt
E)W41, the idea had beopme a icalitj.and
a committee was formed to carry the thing
The almost immediate result was that an
administration was formed, headed by
Charles A. Collier, of Atlanta, to see tho
thing through, and opn the South for prac
tically the f i ret tune. Mr. Collier, the presi
dent and director general, is a prominent
banker, is about forty-seven years old, has
aniple means, and a great deal of in
fluence. He has had coi.6Mlcrable experi
ence in matters of this kind, having been
the chief "motive power" in the Piedmont
exposition of 1887, which paid all ex
pensed and had 56,000 left over Under
his direction tliere lias been collected hi
Atlanta, and tho Immediate surrounding
country, over $2,000,000 to complete the
tho grounds and buildings, the former, how
cvor, having been already in good shape.
Of ursA, the women came in for a share
of tho work. This was to bo expected,
from tho presence of Mrs. Loulie M. Gor
don, one of the board of women managers
of the "World's Fair, and who has been
rightly styled "tho most popular woman
In tho Southj" The Xdics of Atlanta took
up their Fhare of the undertaking with as
much enorgy as did the men, and elected
Mrs. Joseph Thompson president of their
board. Mrs. Thompson, like Mrs. Palmer,
Is the wife of a wealthy hotel proprietor,
was educated at tho same school that trained
tho Chicago lady, and llko her, is a very
boautirul wonuui. Mrs. Gordon, who is a
Bister in-law of the Georgia Senator of
that liatun, was made president of the
"Woman's Congresses, and made a member
at large of the board. 1 do not think tliat I
have over met r. woman who possessed more
executive ab.lity, coupled with as great a
capacity J"or hard work and as much tact,
than has Mrs. Gordon. Her eoiitie'-tion
with any enterprise is a guarantee that
It will ba creditably carried through with.
Tho board chose for the site of the ex
position riedmont Tark, about two miles
lroiii tho center of Atlanta. The park,
already In a stato of improvement, pic
turesquely placed on rolling ground, and
with plenty of water to be converted into
lakes, lay ready to the hand of the improver,
unlako Jackson Fark, at Ch Icago, which was,
mostly, a great nandy waste.
Too much praise cannot be bestowed
npon tha architect of the exposition,
Bradford L. Gilbert, or New York, Tor his
wiadom in the general scheme of laying out
the grounds He realized thai, coming eo
Boon after Lhc Chicacro Pair, lhn JULint.-i
Exposition would lie compared to the !
former, and lho only hope for a favorable J
comparison lay In mating as wide a dir- I
feroaoc as possible. He was given a ccx- 1
I S3" i
T " "' --" ,g-g- J- g T.?! 1
tain space of ground, well improved, con
taining a lake and plenty of vegetation.
On thisspace of ground hehas planned adis
play of buildings and landscape gardening
which, while It does not for an instant In
vito comparison with the work of the
lamented John W. Root at Jackson Park,
is a work of great merit in itself. An
architectural display, so far as It has been
possible, has been kept far away from the
classic designs that made the "Windy City
famous. The single exception is the fine
arts building. This, from the fact that its
walls have not the advantages of tho
usual profusion of windows which can bo
utilized for a part of theschemo of decora
tion, was wisely kept to a conventional,
nnd classic stjle, but the manufacturers,
the agricultural, the mechanical and for-
Lc4 V f d
JIth. Joseph Thompson.
estry buildings have been made in con
formation with the pavilion style, and
yellow pine finish, conical towers, and
pointed roofs in profusion. The woman's
bJildiug, about which there is always
more or less controversy, has been de
signed by Miss Elise Mercur, of Pittsburg,
and while not a triumph of architectural
skill, is a comfortable, home-like build
ing, where, doubtless, the women will
feel much more at home than they could
have felt in the immense structure at
Mr Gilbert has combined utility with
bsauty in the building which will contain
the business departments of the exposition,
by making it a portion of the main entrance.
It is exceedingly decorative, with itsbattle
mented towers, and massive center gate
way guarded by a huge portcullis, form
ing the main entrance proper. There will
be ample room in the wings on either side
-n. jv rOki ic
?s&r.i&tjr --l?- Kiarnp ?
I t t-rreKPig?:
- iiCTi.c!rrcHnr CB-rsirl lH
r .- -. - zz-z 1X3- i-ui
- . y:
Mi!n Entrance at RedmonfA
showiNgllie VJomo" OuiLtiiiiP
o ine lnanujac-fu-1 '
the gate for the orfiee and quarters of
the resident officials.
In the matter of intra-mural transporta
tion the Atlanta exiiosition will be well
handled. A great many people Imagine
that this affair is but a small thing, and
that the transportation around, the grounds
will be a matter of walking, if one is
possessed of ordinary energy, but the fact
is the grounds are large, and to meet the
demands of the modern crowds for quick
transportation from point to point, an
electric railway will make a partial, and
possibly tl.-a entire trip around the grounds,
running at an elevation for a part of the
distance, and giving, in tho several miles
of Its length, a great many fine views
of the grounds. In addition to this, the
lagoon which runs through the center of
the grounds will be well supplied with
steam and naphtha launches, gondolas and
rowboats. Nearly all of tho main buildings
will be near this lagoon, so that it will
afford a pleasant mode of going from one
to the oilier. In addition to tho transporta
tion within the grounds, there will be a
large terminal railway station, into winch
trams will be switched directly from all
the railroads running into Atlanta. Ex
cursions will run regularly from the union
station in tho city to tho grounds, and the
fine trolley road system of the city will
The States of the Union have token a
great interest in this, 'the South's greatest
opportunity," an it has been called, and
the attractions of special interest arc many
and varied. Tho southern countries have
been asked to assist, and the Mexican gov
ernment has responded with a village,
covering some three acres, In which will bo
Khown the native modes of living, and the
native manufacturers, from Yucatan to
the Rio Grande. President Diaz intends
to do as much fir more than was dono by
his country at the Chicago exhibition.
Guntcmula intends to have a village of
much the same character as that of Mex
ico, showing the customs of the country,
and all the South American republics have
responded liberally to Invitations' given
them. Mr. MacchI, who represents tho
exposition In Europe, announces that some
of the exhibits, while not on so large a
scale as tho European displays at Chicago,
will be fully as complete.
Of the Stato exhibits, North Carolina
excepting, of course, Georgia will have
the most elaborate one, .as sho will trans
port her Chicago display entire, with some
additions, to Piedmont Park. Florida will
redeem herself for her neglect at the
World's Fair bjr a fino building, near the
Fourteenth street entrance, and the Penn
sylvania commission has $38,000 to ex
pend. New York will have a building,
Connecticut has mado au appropriation,
exhibits will como from Maine and Massa
chusetts, and even California will have a
fine structure of the Mission type to
houso her contributions.
Tho Southern railroads will make spe
cial exhibits apart from .the general trans
portation exhibit. That of tho Plant sys
tem will bo very elaborate, and jolly
Col. "Wrcun, .of the East Tennessee, has
announced his intention of eclipsing every
body. The United States will expend about
$200,000, and their building is almost
completed. It is not a haudsomc building,
and, like most government buildings, it
possesses as many architectural faults as
a good building does merits, but it will
be promlneut from the elevated alto which
has been assigned II, and after all, iE is
a government building, so who cares
whether it be good or bad.
Thero will be a Midway at Atlanta.
Along Bleckley avenue, at the southern end
of the grounds, behind tho machinery and
forestry buildings will be "Midway Tree
ace," where tho seeker for amusement
will find all those bizarre entertainments
which made such a kaleidoscopic show
President C. A. Colllor.
at Chicago. The clectrlb theater will be
there, and the Hagenbeck show, arid a
vaudeville hall, and even BuTfalo Bill
will gladden tho hcartB of the boys and
pose as tho typical American to the for
eigners. The negro will have a building all to
himself, nnd, if I nrn not mistaken, this
will be the first time in the history of
the world that tho negro has been given
the opportunity to display his individu
ality and to show what ho himself can
do Tne building was designed in the
South and has teen built by the colored
people alone, every timber and stone having
been laid by negro mechanics, the puperln
tendeut having seen to it that no white
labor went into the construction There
will be an exhibit f.oiii tho District of
Columbia, including n'tents issued to ne
groes, upon which $10,000 will bo spent.
In contrast to this, the exposition board
has planted nlioul five acres of ground with
cotton, distributed in the planting bo that
there will be ripe and growing cotton
throughout the time of the exposition,
upon which will be exhibited a machine,
invented by a Northerner, Angus Camp
bell, wliieh suc-etsfully picks cotton,
doing with two men and three mules the
work of forty hnndplckers.
The public will be taken care of by the
exposition lmard themselves The con
cession at Chicago of the duties of pubhu
comrort to n private company was not en
tirely satisfactory, and the Atlanta people,
realising tliis, rsolved to do it themselves
So a committee of the board, called the
department of public comfort, was organ
ized, under the chairmanship of County
Commissioner Forest Adair, which will
have headquarters In the city An elab
orate canvass of all tho accommodations
in the city has been made, and the board
will handle the people and make no charge
for its ertorls to make them comfortable
This is the syftem which was so suc
cessful at the Centennial in 1STG. While
Auanta is a city or 110,100 toulo, jet
the probability is that on tpecial occa
Elons there will bo fully that many
guesu in the City.aud xm.u centiul board
of control becomes absolutely necesfary.
With this board, in coutrol, 1 cai.i.ot ee
where there will be the slightest conruslon
in the accommodations for the visitors.
As a hospitable city, I know of none
on this continent which can equal Atlanta.
On great occasions, all the people, from
the greatest to the least, from the richest
to the poorest, open their doors to the
stranger within their gates. The o:d
Southern spirit or hospitality has i.ot been
Fmothered by the advent or Northern com
mercialism and the Atlantans are as open
hearted, tho women as fascinating, aud the
men as much li led with a high tcue or
honor and a spirit or chivalry as in tho
ante-bellum days. This from a Norther
ner. When the people nmu ethe magnitude
of "The South's Greatest Opportunity,"
when they comprehend that this is the
opening of the chestnut burr for the New
South, they willflock to Atlanta to
Georgia and they will find Georgia's
arms wide open to ieceive them, and the
best that is Georgia's placed at their
commaud. And, judging from the reports
coming to me every day irom tho laud of
cotton -tho greatness of the Cotton States
and International Exposition will be
dimmed only by the luster of Chicago, aud
that even then, the light of the former will
be of co different a hue Hint it will hold
its own in the memories of the people as
one of the greatest achievements, not only
of the South, but of our whole nation.
J. H. Q.
Coiic1uh1 o Evidence.
When man knows how to match a ribbon,
When woman learns to diive a nail,
When man can thread a needle deftly,
When mice don't make a woman pale,
When woman gets orf right irom sirect
Instead of facing toward the rear,
When man stops smoking bad tobacco,
Aud drinking boui-smclliug beer,
When woman doesn't block the side
walk With spreading skirls and puffed-out
When man stops flirting -with new
And to his lawful darling cleaves,
When man can understand the baby,
And woman petting it talks sense,
When man proposes a new bonnet
And woman shies at the expense
Phenomena like these and others
May strike surprised observers dumb;
But they will kuow by these same tokens
That tho mlllenium has come.
A Friendly Pointer.
Newsboy (at summer resort railway
depot) 'Taint every gentleman gives mo
tho change to keep. Say are you going to
the Fashion Hotel?
Young Man Yes, my boy.
Newsboy Well, I'll give you a pointer.
You'ro party hungry, ain't ye?
Young Man Half Btarved. I've traveled
a long distance since breakfast.
Newsboy I thutso frum th' dust on y'r
coat. Well, you just slip In at the back
Young Man Why?
Newsboy There ain'tno other young-men
there this season. Just you sneak in an
git a squaro meal before any of the girls
sees you. It's the last one they'll give
you time to eat. New York Weekly.
Slaking Heal Progress..
Cyclist You must be an expert rider by
Pedall Sure thlngl Knocked, a man
down at a crossing to-day.
Cyclist Well? I don't see the point.
Pedall That's caay. If I hadn't been
an expert rider I would havelostmy nerve
and dismounted. Chicago Record,
CONGRESS OFiEGAL LIGHTS
Coming- Gathering of Iaw
yers in Detroit.
. O fl
QUESTIONS FOR2 DISCUSSION
(Men Whose Names Are
Famous Will Talk
Thoroiaro many famous lawyers in this
country, in fact, wo have more lawyers
of real greatness than any other land on
earth. It is not necessary to allude to
their prominence in public affairs nor to
the important part they play in every sphere
or life. Now, all these limbs of the law
are gotting ready Tor their coming con
clavo at Dotrolt.which opens on the 28th
or August next. The occasion is the na
tional assembly of tho American Bar As
sociation, perhaps tho most remarkable
professional body ever organized. It be
gan its existence in 1S78, and to-day not
a lawyer of national prominence Is outside
of it. Every State has local bodies in affili
ation with tho parent order James C.
Carter, of New York, is the president.
Thero will lie some hundreds or delegates,
many or whom are prominent Judges. A
resume or the subjects will convey moro
adequately than anything else an idea of
what tho lawyers propose to do The im
portance or their debates and resolutions
may be understood Trom the ract that when
ever the bar association officially recom
mends a change In our statutes it is almost
Divorce will be one of tho vital issues
At lis last meeting the Divorce Law Reform
League invited the co operation or the bar
in effecting chnnges in our procedure con
nected with this subject Many of the law
yers are unwilling to deal with the matter
because the divorce is a thing many of them
do not care to bo cor-cerned with at all But
the subject has grown to such dimensions
that action is deemed imperative.
Corporation law, however will not come
under the head of a dubious subject In
fact it is one matter with thleh every law
yer attending must feel some anxiety
to be connected with The subject has
grown to immeasurenhle Importance.
The lawyer with not one corporation
among his clients is nowadays deemed of
no account whatever This very fact
has been embarrassing to both the corpo
rations and the Bar Tor it is charged
that the attorney becomes little better
than a lobbyist. Tie is compelled to pro
tect his clients againBt the law making
power, even when that power is excited
Tor the public good Tjiie remarks of Mr.
Justice Brown, cf the Supreme Court of
the United States, made before the law
school at Tale, ha've, for this reason, at
tracted the greatest attention. Said the
"Though I am unwilling to believe that
corporations are solely responsible for our
muuicipal governments, the fact remains
that bribery and corruption are so uni
versal as to tin eaten the very structure
or society. Probnblj in no country iu the
world Is the Influence of wealth more
potent than hi this, aud in no period of
our history has it been more powerful
than now. Worse than this, however, is
the combination of corporations iu so
called trusts to limit production, stifle
competition and monopolize the necessi
ties or lire. The extent to which this has
already been carried Is alarming, and the
extent to which It may hereafter be car
ried is revolutionary. Indeed, the evils
or aggregated wealth are nowhere seen
in more odious form."
Justice Brown will himself be a dele
gate to the meeting, and, as he has been
Invited to make an address on the sub
ject, his words will have special sig
nificance. liou. Thomas K. Cooley, of Michigan,
is on tho executivo committee and will
have general control or all tho arrange
ments. His address on railroad law
promises to be or unusual importance.
As an interstate commerce commis
sioner, he has had extraordinary racil
ities ror studying the question. In
ternational law is a matter he has also
at his ringers' ends, and upon which
ho has written widely circulated text
books. Goueral John W. Toster, how
ever, is to have that subject. There Is
uot probably an American living with
moro experience in that obatruse branch
or legal lore than he. It Seemed at rirt
as if ho would be uuable to attend tho ses
sions at all, but his engagements have
beeu modified, and ho isto makeonoof the
most interesting of the nddresses.
To that famed Jurist, Joseph W. Choate.
has been accorded tho honr or enlightening
Col. E. C, ."a i.i
tho bar upon tho subject of constitutional
law. Interstate jurisprudence bad fallen
to tho lot or Judge Harmon, but that was
prior to his elevation to the Attoroey
Goueralahlp. In case ho should have had
no time to treat the subject, the Cabinet
nioniDer will at least prepare a paper to
bo read for him.
The judges who attend include tho entlro
8upremecourt.of .Michigan and no less than
soven chief justices of State. The Chief
Justice of theTInlted States has condition-"
ally accented , an Invitation to speak.
Richard Olncyhas complied with a request.
Jnincs C. Carter.
for a paper on contract law, which Is to bo
read by the secretary. That distinguished
son of a distinguished father, Oliver Wen
dell Holmes, Jr., speaks upon tho lawyer as
an arbiter, and he will be not tho least in.
teres ting of the many members of the bench
in attendance. David B. Hill and William
B. Allison are ..to be among tho Senators
present. Stevenson Rich, of Michigan,
makes the address of welcome.
James C. Carter, of New York, will pre
side. He Is the orflclal head of the gather
ing. "A national gathering of lawyers," ho
Oliver "Wendell Holmes, Jr.
Bald, when intervioweduponthesignlficance
of the approaching event, "Is not neces
sarily or an exclusively professional na
ture. In a republic llko ours there thould
not exist a class set apart and out or touch
with the people, as the bar in other lands
lis apt to become. Laws nro not made for
the mere sake of making the people conform
to them, but becauso the people demand
them. A gathering of lawyers should have
the efrect or interesting our citizens in laws
proposed as well as in laws ouacted. It
will be a public benefit. We Americans
have a tendency to complain of laws that
exist, forgetting that if they be oppressive
we wero indifferent to them during the
period of their consideration. We are
singularly indifferent to law that is as
yet unmade, forgetting that if it becomes
a nuisance when put into effect, it is all
our fault. The Ideas broached during the
coming gathering may soon have all the
force of law. Their preliminary discussion,
therefore, Is important."
Mr Carter was asked about tho money
making power of the men who are to meet.
"It Is rather a pity that a lawyer should
be judged by the money he makes," he re
plied "Some or tho ablest lawyers In
the- land do not earn a tenth or the sum
gained by others who are positively In
competent Some members or the bar
will uot take up certain lines or practice
because they deem them unproressior.il.
Others prefer certain lines of practice In
which ttliey feel a particular interest,
felill others are uu willing to hao anything
but an orflce practice. These and other
considerations are responsible for the
faci that f ome very able la wyers make com
paratively little money. In fact, it does
not require an extraordinary amount or
brains to make huge sums at the Bar. On
the other baud, a high order of ability and
profound learning are required to succeed
in, certain brandies of the profession that
are not at all lucrative. It is rather odd
thatso mauy members ofthc Bar are looked
upon as great in their profession simply
because people pay them enormous fees
But theu money always means so much
to us "
"Are there not too many lawyers?"
"That depends upon the point of vew.
If jou mean too many to prosper, the
individual lawyer must decide that for
himself. If jou mean too many on gen
eral principles, the question arises whe'her
it is an evil to have lots of good lawyers
in the country. General dissemination
of a knowledge of the law Is a good
thing. The Impression prevails that the
existence of many lawyers Increases liti
gation. There could not be a greater
error. Paradoxical as It miy seem, the
more lawyers there are the less litigation
there should be. That Is owing to the
fact that the lawyer's duty is not to
take his client into court unless he must.
Hundreds or cases are amicably settled
without legal process, thanks to the at
torneys. Litigation increases, certainly,
but then population and wealth iucrcases."
Col. Edward C. James, of New 1 irk.
Is perhaps among the most Interesting
of the legal lights on the list of the com
mittee on arrangements. The colouel was
requested to speak on one of the many sub
jects connected with his profession which
he has at his fingers' ends.
Tho manner in which he handled the
Russell Sage Case, growing out of the
famous bomb cxplosiou, has given him a
new renown as a tactician of the court
room. Col. James came from St. Lawrenco
Comity some ten years ago, where he
was noted for his eloquenco and learning.
Ho brougtit with him a considerable for
tune, a large part ot wtiich went down
with the wreck or Grant and Ward. His
success at the bar has been uninterrupted
and rcmakablc. I know or no man since
Blaiuc, who Is eo largely endowed with
the element of personal magnetism, and
as a raconteur he has but one rival in Amer
ica, aud that is Chauncoy M. lpew. The
rumors that he may, before long, be pro
moted to tbe bench, are due more to the
wishes of his frieuds, founded upon his
boundless popularity , than to any ambitions
of the colonel's own.
The lawyers will be in session the best
part of a week, and the aMair tormlnates
with a grand banquet.
An "Unauthorized Call.
Friend I understand the people or Boom
town are anxious to have you take charge
or their new church?
Popular Preacher Y-e-s, there has been
Bomo talk abou t it, but I'm not going.
Friend Don't you think the Lord Is call
ing you to this new field?
Popular Preacher Oh, no. IfHe were He
would put it in their hearts to offer me a
bigger salary. New York Weekly.
JTovor Say- DIo.
"In speaking of the singular number of
the word dico what is correct?" asked
"Die," replied McSwilllgcn.
"That can't be. A noted writer, you
will remember, says: 'Never say die.' "
She wanders through St. Peter's
And makes herself at homo;
She shudders at the altar,
But she quite approves the dome.
With coldly cultured glasses
And discriminating frown,
Sho calmly doA t bo Vatican,
And turnsole ntalorsdown.
An "unknown" uyruph would please her,
It "rapf-r-uMr lircek,"
But Raphael "-.potty"
And lauklti in "technique."
He doesn't "satisfy her,"
But Titian was" a dear,"
.Del Sarto"knew his colors"
And she likes his "atmosphere." ,
To hear her on mosaic, ,
On frescoes or on jade,
You never would believe her
A. breezy Western maid.
Or dream, before she went a.')r 1 1.
With wild! cxpectnat joy.
She'd "never traveled twenty miles
Fxora Cairo, Illinois.
A JAG OF PULQUE IS HEAYY
It Will Fill One's Vision With Sea
Stephen Crane Describes the Horrors
of Pulque Inebriety In the
City of Mexico.
City of Mexico, Aug. 4, 189C The
first thing to bo done by the investi
gating tourist of this country is to be
gin to drink tho national beverage, pulque.
Tho second thing to be done by the investi
gating tourist la to cease to drink pulque.
This last recommendation, however, is
necessary to no one. The human Inclination
acts automatically, eo to speak, in this
case. If the great drunkard of the drama
should raise his right hand and swear
solemnly never to touch another drop
ot intoxicating pulquo as long as he lived
so help him heaven ho would make him
self ridiculous. It would be too simple.
Why should a man ever taste another drop
ot pulquo after haviug once collided with
But this does not relate to tho Mex-
leans. This relates to the foreigner who
brings with him numerous superstitions
and racial, rundamental traditions con
cerulng odors. To the foreigner, the t:iy
proximity of a glass of pulque is enough
to take him up by the hair aud throw him
violently to the ground.
It resembles green milk. The average
man has never seen green milk, but if he
can imagine a handful of parls green inter
polated Into a glass of cream he win have
a ralr idea of the appearance of pulque.
And it tastes like it tastesiikc some terri
ble concoction, or bad yeast, perhaps. Or
maybo some calamity or eggs.
'mis, bear in mum, nprcacnts the opin
ion of a stranger As far as the antagonism
of the human stomach goes, there can be
no doubt but that pulque bears about the
same relatiou to tho uninitiated sense
as does American or any kind of beer. But
the firit encounter is a revelation. One
Indian Going For n Drink ot J?ulqne.
understands then that education is every
thing, even, ns the philosophers say,
and that we would all be eating sandwiches
made from door-mats if only circumstances
had been different.
To the Mexican, pulquo is a delirium
of joy. The lo wer classes dream of pulque.
There are pulque shops on every corner in
some quarters of the city. And, lined
up at the bar in conventional fashion,
the natives may be seen at all times, yell
ing thirsty sentences at the barkeepers.
These pulque shops are usually decorated
both iuside and out with the real old paint
iugs done on the walls by tho hand of some
unknown criminal. Looking along the
pale walls of the streets, one is startled
at every corner by these sudden lurid
iuterjections of pulquo green, red, blue,
yello w. Thepulque is served in little brown
eartliern mugs that are shaped in mlnia-.
tare, precisely like oue of the famous jars
of the Orient.
The native can get howling full for any
thing from 12 cents to 0 cents. Twelve
Tho Human Inclination Acts Auto
matically. cents Is tho equivalent in American coln
ageorabout6ccnts. Many menof celebrated
thirsts in New York-would consider this
a profoundly ideal concsiion. However, 6
cents represents something to th Indian.
Unless thero aro eoruo Americans around to
be robbed, ho la obliged to rustlo very
savagely for his pulque money. When ho
gets it he is happy and the straight line
I lie makes tor out: of the fl.iniing shop-t
I ha ueverJbeen outdono by any metropolitan
i iceman that drinks. In the meantime tho
tariii of pulque saloons are heavily taxed
r and the aggregate amount of their payments
to the Government is almost Incredible.
The Indian, in his dusty cotton shirt and
trousers, bis tattered sombrero, hi3 flap-
ping sandals, his Btolid, darlc face, is of
the same type Jn this regard that is fa
miliar to every land, the same prisoner,
the sanio victim.
In riding through almost any part of
thJs high country you will pass acre a$ter
acre, mile after mile, ot "century" plants
laid out in rows that stretch, away to the
horizon, whether it Js at the hazy edge
of a mighty plain or at the summit ot a
rugged and steep mountain. You wonder
at the immensity ot the thing. Haoiendasp
will have their thousands of acres planted
in nothing but the maguey, or, as the
Americnas call It, tho "century" plant.
The earth Js laid out in one tremendous
Hut It Is a Delirium to the Mexican.
pattern, maguey plants in long, sweeping
Well. It is from this plant that tho natives
Pulque is the juice taken from the heart
ot the maguey and allowed to ferment for
one day. Aftez that time it must be con
sumed within twenty-four hours, or it is
positively useless. The railroads that run
thorough tha principal maguey districts
operate fast early-morning pulque trains
in much the same fashion that the roads
that run through Orango County, X. Y.,
operate early-morning milk trains to New
York. From the depots it is basiled in
wagons and on the backs of porters to tho
innumerable saloons and from thence dis
pensed to the public.
Mscal and tequila are two native ri
vals ot pulque. Mescal 13 a sort of a cousin
of whisky, although to the eye it is as clear
as water, and tequila is to mescal a3
brandy is to whisky. They are both
wrung from the heart of the maguey plant.
In a low part ot the eountry, where pulque
cannot be produced, the natives use mes
cal, for this bev age is, of course, capable,
of long journey, and where a native can
g"t pulque he usually prefers it.
The effects of pulque, as witnessed-in
the natives, does not seem to ba eo
pyrotechnic and clamorous as are tho
effects of certain other drinks upon the
citizens of certain other natioos. The
native, fitted with pulque, seldom wlsbes
to fight. Usually he prefers to adore hi3
friends. They will hang together ia fpmc
of a bar, three or four of them, their legs
To the Foreigner It Tastes Like - "
bending, their arms about each other's
neck, their face3 Ht wHh an expreesfoa at
tUe moat i!cil aflttuo!i aru supreme
brotherly regard. It would be difficult to
make an impression on their feelings at
these times with a club. Their whole sohIs
are completely absorbed In this beatific
Still, there are certain mixtures, cer
tian combinations which invariably breed
troubles. Let the 'native mix his pttlque
at 3 cents a glass with foaie of that
vivid native brandy and there is likely
to be a monstrous turmoil on little or no
provocation. Out at Santa Amta, which is
a resort for the lower classes on the TIga.
Canal, tbey used to have a weekly cere
mony, which was of the fame order as
the regular Sunday night murder in tha
o d oh js of .Mulberry BeiMl. Arid n tappened
because tho natives mixed their drinks.
The Orlcln of Billiards.
In a letter doted 1730. which has been
presented to the BJWk)thequeXatfcBale, In
Paris, a highly Ingenious account is given of
the origin of billiards The writer declares
that billiards were invented In England
about the middle of the sixteenth ceatory
by a pawnbroker named Bill Kew. This
man, it is alleged, used in his leisure mo
meats to play on his counter with the three
brass balls which hehung up as asign. For
a cup he had a yard measure , hence the
term Bill-yard, or BUl's yard, corrupted
into billiards This etymology will hardly
satisfy Mr. Skeat, but it is at least curious
as showing to what length the speculative
ishlng thing about it, however. Is the fact
that it is the work of a Frenchman, who
might have seen at a glance that billiards Is
merely a corruption or his own word "bil
liard," from"blHe," a ball, the termination
"ard" being perfectly regularand natural in
the composition of a word intended to desig
nate the table upon wliieh theballs are
used. London Telegraph.
A middle-aged man of tall, slender bullat.
and earnest cLSt of countenance, stepped
Into a hatter's shop on Jackson street the
other morning, and removed the wrapping
"How much will it cost to have this
dyed a light gray to match my hair?" ho
"It will cost you at least a doltar,"
replied the hatter.
Thecallcr wrapped it up again.
'T won't pay it," he said, decidedly.
For 35 cents I can get my hair dyed to
match the hat. Good-day, sir." Chicago
How Ho Burned lib Reputation.
Mrs .Finkunbinder Yon .Georginna! Como
into the houso this minute, or I'll havo
your father whip you within an inch of
Mrs. Finkenblndcr (to Mr. Finkonbindcr
next day) I wih yon wouldn't be ro cross
to the children. Lemuel. You are a per
fect brute. No wonder they aro all afraid of
A Sons: "of Emd.
A writer speaks of plumbers as "the fra
tcrnlty whom we bow down and worship"
and recalls a vco on "The Plumber of
Plumbago" a skit of sbme years ago:
With iron heated rosy red.
I flout the stolid iron;
I melt and mold the sluggish lead
And water pipes environ!
I laugh. I chaff, I toll. I moil'
. 1 live on rum and sago;
I moan.l groan, I sneer I jeer
ThePlumber of Plumbago.