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THE MORNING TIMES, SUiVDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1895.
$01 HHIIIM TYPES
Street Cars Furnish the Observ.
ant With Amusement.
AGILE FRONT SEAT EUSHEES
(Tlicii Tliero' tlio Mull TTIjo Thinks
JI Has a Mortcngo On tlio Cor
ner Srau Tlio Xow IVuiimii YUo
Vloiinoes In, nnd tlio Summer Girl
Who Scatters Perfume About.
We bave all met tlicm, and tve areallfa
miliar with them, those types of people to
be encountered In the course of a ride on
noon. They do not differ cc&entlally in
any city of toe Union. Tliey are, In fact,
pretty much the tamo the world over.
They arc Interesting, amusing, offen
sive, attractive, or distracting as the case
may be; but the 6trect car types of trav
elers arc pretty much the same everywhere.
Unless one has a carriage in which to
bowl along during the summer afternoons
f ter the sweltering heat of the lorg drawn
out day6, the best way In which to get good
long breaths of fret.li air and forget the
worries and trials of the day, is to take a
ride on the street cars, cither on the electric
lines or on the slower moving horte cars.
When one has put in a whole hummer
at this Innocent and inexpensive mannerof
amusement and recreation he feels that
a considerable quota has been added to
his stock of knowledge of the kinds of
Then Eoinetuiw you get to thinking on
the subject of conductors to whom this
matter of encountering all torts and con
ditions of men and women, to fay nothing
mall bojs nnd children generally, not
as a matter of recreation or iiossible rec
reation, but as a straight steady diet for
three hundred and sixty-five days of the
ENOUGH TO CRAZE THEM.
The wonder is not that so many conduc
tors should be contrary and thwarting to
the last degree, but that every mother's
on of them shouldliot develop into regu
lar brigands and desperate characters
ef the deepest dye.
Xou and I can get off the car if the
worst comes to the worst We can forfeit
the remainder of the ride on that particular
line if something disagreeable occurs, or
If need be, can altogether iiatrunlze a dif
The conductor cannot do cither. He has
g ot to stay nnd stand the brunt of every
thing, coma in contact with the good nnd
tad humors of passengers from the first
car run in the morning to the very last one
at night, when In thelattercae, thccliances
are nine to ten that he will have some
Tery pronounced cases of "Jag" to engage
bis attention and muscular force to keep
the obstreperous ones from carrying out
their announced Intention of wiping np the
floor of the car with some especially peace
Bo niuib for the conductor . I had no In
tention in starting out to put in a plea for
aim, but why not? Is not he one of the
Inevitable types of person to be met in the
eoure of a car ride on any line, urban or
We are also familiar with that class
ef riders who, irrespective of sex, always
will insist upon occupying the front seats
sf an open car. They will attain thelrecd
by one means or another When they
signal the car or stand at any of the
Junctions waiting for the desired car to
low up for them to board, they make a
r;zh ior that front seat that would do
ircdlt to a footliall team.
NOT IN TUB LEAST AETERKED.
The fact that every eat may be filled
already does not In the least deter them.
They will occupy a place on the fron scat
ven If that act has to be nclilevcd at the
cost of .crowding In, wedging thcmnlT
sideways or broadsides In among the
passengers already ranged in place.
It by so doing some one, rather than stand
the tllcomfort, gets up and seeks a seat
elsewhere, so much the better.
In the benighted minds of those front
eat fiends, the end Justifies the means.
Before altogether leaving this portion of
the subject It seems applicable to make a
feeble and perhaps Ineffectual wall cf
remonstrance against Ibis growing habit of
that footliall rush for places Uiat invariably
takes place at any of the street car Junc
tions. Old-fashioned manners ot giving place
to elders, has so long since given place to
the modern "rush" that In tho younger
mlnds-tberc does not seem to linger even
the falntet trace of tbelr having ever
bad any place except in the old-time
romances. I(, Is so rare a sight to witness
any one belping an older person to get on
a car or find a seat In a crowded one at
the Junctions as almost to occasion a smilo
et wonderment at the eccentricity from the
mass of passengers when it does sometimes
It Is truly this matter of boarding a
ear at any of the Junctions, a case of
'every fellow for himself and the devil
lake the nindermo&t-"
Did you ever stop to give any really
isrious thought to the matter ot the corner
Mats? There is a "wonderful maze ot tangle
In this respect, if you once serioi. gm Jnto
It. Complications are. opened up that it
teems impossible to solve other wise bhan
enigmatically even to yourself.
It has grown to be actually a case of sex
againstsex. Can any oucattemn.ttoexiIaln
to whom that, or rather those corner seats,
really belong? Borne wiseacre will rise up
at this Juncture and declare witb the
solemnity of an owl, "To the first comers
who desire them, of course." Not so by any
Banner of means. Such an answer would
proclaim the wiseacres to be out at elbows
n the matter otstreet car etiquette.
FIRST COMER'S PROPERTY.
To my benighted mind the most plausible
solution, after grave thought on tho subject,
U that tho cornerscats belong to whoevcrls
Able to secure possession of them, cither
before or during tbelr ix.tI.k1 of occupancy
by another. This can be Mo.mplUbcd by
various means, fair and fouj.
Generally it Is accomplished by the latter
means, either by the person deslrlng-thc
corner seat, In which you are already
tsconsced, bodily ousting you by taking
advantage of tho lurching round a sharp
curve to fall with stunning force into your
Up In such position that his body forms a
wedge between you and the end window,
to which be ostensibly clings during the
pTocens of ousting yoa, or It may benccoru
VlUhed by the exercise of tho evil eye. .
This In ordinary everyday language Is
Bothtng more nor lets than staring you out
f countenance, and Is especially successful
If the person throws Into tbelr stare an ag
grieved or Irate look.
It U strange, but nevertheless true, that
the Idea prevailing In nine-tenths of the
masculine minds Is that the corner seat
belongs, as a sort of birthright to any man
who desires to occupy It.
This fact Is partirxUarly notablo when the
Tide is taken on a summer car. Have you
sever noticed It? Jait do so, then, from
this time forth, and see if facts do not bear
seo oat In my assertion,
orcer seats oa on open car and a woman
alls the vehicle, she has to climb over that
tJrreipectlve of whclbo v not the may
. to the very muzzle with bundles 1
and baskets or has In tow several small
children, each of wbom revms possessed to
start off in a different direction at the
very moment when she has balled the car
and all the passengers arc waiting for her
to get aboard.
Somehow it doesn't seem to occur to the
man in tlio end seat that he could vastly
simplify matters by moving up a place or
two and letting that poor, tired, harrassed
woman get In without adding to her bur
dens in climbing past him wlth-all her bun
dles or ber chlhlren. By no means.
CALL HER A BOTHER.
What does occur to him, though, is that
the woman is to be anathematized for both
ering other people with the results of bcr
shopping expedition, or in the case of the
children, that any one with so many small
children to look after, should stay at home
and not afflict tho publio with those same
children's vagaries and tantrums.
Why In tlio name of that all Is wonderful,
docs a man consider that he has a lime-defy
Ing cincli on a corner seat in a car? Wa ten
him when It comes to thecasc of his balling
a car in which all of tho end scats are
taken. AVill be get In and take his seat
wherever he can find It. Yes, of course he
will eventually, but not before ho tries the
efficacy of a very moldy dodge that ulmost
This is to stand on tho platform ledge at
the end seat required and first look Inquir
ingly, then fiercely, straight nt the woman
who happens to be sealed in the cud seat.
If sho is steeled to such proceeding, and can
manage to give back the stare or continue
to gaze placidly into space, she has won
the day, and the man will then move back
and climb over the passengers In the next
scat wherever he can get in.
This little wordless battle Is conducted
and the after results of chagrin charged
up in the mutual consciousness of both the
man and woman by means of Uiat mysteri
ous psychic affinity of thought Jy which
the woman Is conscious of the man's
unspoken command to her to move and
give up that corner seat, and in nhe man's
mind by tbe knowledge that the woman
not only knows his silent command in
the matter, but knows that she knows
he knows It.
Is all ibis plain? Just stop a moment
and you will get that last sentence straight
ened out In your mind nnd will realize
tbe truth of It.
ALWAYS CROPPING OUT.
Tbe New Woman versus tbe Old Adam
Is continually cropping out In the course
of a street car ride. It evinces Itself at
every turn. From the masculine stand
point it appHes with telling force against
tbe woman, who in preference to going
to such portion of the car as she belongs
invariably crowds herself back Into the
scats reserved for the smokers, and then
brings all the gall and vinegar of ner com
position Into play by outward nnd visible
objections to the tobacco smoke.
Bo far so good. Admitted that when
there Is plenty of room elsewhere .1 woman
should in prei'rence locate herself In nny
seat other than those reserved at the
rear of the car for smokers.
Stop right here for a moment an! do a
little thinking. Is this not another In
stance of sex against sex? Why bave
seats for smokers any more than for women
who wish to chew gum or load themselves
up wth bundles or saddle themselves with
a nurseryof young ones to take out for an
They are all real, live actualities, Just
like the tobacco smoking, and it is what
exists rather than what should have place
only In theory that provisions are sup
posed to be made for the comfort and con
venience of travelers on the street cars.
This suggestion Is not, of course, meant
to create a revolution in the matterof street
car regulations of the future. It Is
merely thrown out for what It Is worth.
Pcrlinps some man may read It and tbe next
time he Is inclined to rail against a woman
Mr seating herself In the smokers reserva
tion, his crltklms may be tinged with
pity, seeing she has no special reservation
of her own throughout the length and
breath of that car for her gum chewing,
bundle-carrying nnd portable nursery pro
pensities. OLD ADAMS CHALLENGFO.
In all this railing f orand against the new
woman, why hasn't It occurred to tomo
ot the old Adams to come forth in praise
ot the dear creature. Thero is one thing for
which the new woman certainly deserves
praise, and this one can sec every day In
the street cars perhaps to better advantage
It Is in regard to spreading hernjlf all
over the car and monopolizing the space
for two or three persons. The new woman
doesn't do this. Her creed Is "Live and
let lho." She occupies but one scat at a
time In the car and moves up whenever a
newcomer gcts-ln and there Is the slight
est chance that room for hlinor her may be
made, by so doing. rieae, the New Woman
would have tho Old Adam remember thlsin
futuro when her manifold character is
up for dLscusslon.
We nil know tho summer girl the Instant
we set eyes upon her, even If she Is a whole
block off when sho first begins to signal
the car. When that Is the case she runs
like a deer at first to imbue the indulgent
conductor or driver, wl-e has Mopped for
her with tbe impression that she means to
keep up Uiat sprinter gait until she lands
with all her charms upon the platform of
Nothing, however, is further from her
thoughts, and it is really interesting to
watch the slowing-up process that invaria
bly follows when the car comes to a full
stop and tho conductor stands with uplifted
hand on the bell strap waiting &o enroll her
among tbe passenger list.
WITH MALICE AFORETHOUGHT.
Bho Is all ruffles and lace a vision of
lawn and ribbons that Is certainly very en
ticing to look upon. When she Is pretty
sho knows it, and before she leaves that car
she means to have impressed the fact upon
every one in it. Tbe reason why she slows
up after she has -succeeded in stopping the
car is because sho does not wish to enter it
In unseemly haste, and at tbe same time
some of her dainty belongings would be
sure to get out of gea r If she kept on at that
breakneck pace clear up to tbe moment of
boarding the car.
There is no trouble whatever In retain
log the attention of the passengers she has
so successfully secured by ber more or less
dramatic entrance. There are innumerable
little things whereby this result Is achieved.
There are the ruffles to be smoothed out,
the sleeves palled out to their furthest limit
on either side, the belt to be fingered In
order to ascertain whether or not that in
itial spurt dislocated the proper conjunc
tion ot the skirt and waist band.
Then last, liut by no means least, if the
hand Is white, or there are rings to be shown
off, there Is an amount ot Imaginary atten
tion to be bestoived upon tbe collar rctette
at the back, or stray locks to be adjusted
and put in position ad Infinitum.
It is all interesting1 tn its way and
serves a dual purpose. It satisfies tba
summer girl gratifies her would per
haps have been the most applicable ex
pressionand it docs no harm to tho pas
sengers. It on the contary It a part of
the play and amuses them.
BCATTERS TERFUMES AROUND.
The summer girl is aH right when she
confines her choice to the better class
of perfumes and colognes. Then when
she goes down or up Uic length, ot the car,
wafting abroad at every step the faint
delicate suggestion ot Osgood perfume,
she is a positive Joy for the time being.
When, however, her taste runs to musk,
and sbo elects to fill the car with thhrabom
Inatlon ot abominations by tbe free nss
ot cheap perfumes in which musk is tbe
at every whiff of the breeze forces' the un
willing passengers to stand the ail-pervad
ing af wulness of detestable odor, she openly
and aggressively violates tho laws of mine
and thl no.
The New Woman doesn't like to hear her
sister harangued for anything when, as
she asserts, qujte as flagrant a violation
of that la w of mine and thine exists among
the ranks of the Old Adam who smile and
make merry at the onslaught on the sum
Therefore she rises up at this Juncture
to declare that the complaint lodged
against tbe use of musk is mure than offset,
if not altogether annulcd, by the visible
and invisible use of intoxicants by tho
men who permeate the whole car with the
fumes of liquor, and compel even tbe most
rabid of total abstinence people to breathe
In the nauseous odor with which they arc
The New Woman IsrightlnUiis after all,
as she Is in most things.
STTXDAY MOHNXNG EPISODE.
1 Rev. Fiddle D. D. Boy, I om aston
ished and grieved beyond measurel Don't
you know that this Is
8 Here, let me show you how tolandthat
A without breaking your rod.
6 That's it, isn't he a daisy?
6 Deacon O'Nell: Well, parson, Pm
surprised and shocked But what does it
weigh? Gosh, it's a corker!
Breaches ot Etlquetto In China.
It Is a gross breach of etiquette for a
Chinaman to wear eye-glasses or specta
cles In company, and It is equally impolite
to enter a room with tbe hat off. A gen
tleman from the celestial kingdom always
remains covered to Bhow bis respect-
t Sunday, and
Built in Days WheiUfiB Capital
Was But an InfantiCity.
ONLY A FEW OF-THEM LEFT
Wliero Now Aro Dvellliijr or Stores
or Towering Blocks, Then Stood
These. Ancient Hostel rles, With
Coneliliijr- Headquarters, and' in
Their-Chambers Slept Men of Fume.
Onehund red yearsago Washington boasted
a population of but ",000 Inhabitants, and
the social gatherings were much In the nat
ure of clubhouse meetings, or perhaps the re
ligious seels gathered its members for the
enjoyment of social Intercourse. Long be
fore the decision locatlug the seatof govern
ment here bad been reached the existing ho
tels had extensive stables attached, where
the stage coaches and horses, as well as the
private conveyances, were cared for and re
ceived as much attention as the guests them
selves. Tlio first hotel was Blodgct's, the erec
tion of which was commenced July 4, 1793.
11 was never completed, however, nor oc
cupied as a hotel. It commanded an unob
structed view of the entire city, nnd was
first called the Union Pacific, yet was
better known as the Great Hotel, and stood
on the corner of Eighth and E streets. Its
owner lost it in a lottery.
In 1810 the Government purchaHl the un
finished building for the General Postoffice
and built an addition for the city postoffice,
with an entrance on Seventh street. Over
this entranco was -the Talent Office, the
nucleus from which sprang the present mag
nificent structure and its wealth and possi
bilities. After the burning of tbe Capitol by the
British in 181-1 the Thirteenth Congress
met nnd held its third session there, con
vening on September 10, 1814. This build
ing was burnt in 1830.
Tho Tunnicllft Hotel, built by William
Tunnlcllff, in 1703, was" the second In
Washington, nnd was called the Eastern
Branch Hotel. It was located at tho corner
ot Ninth nnd Pennsylvania avenue cast.
In advertising the opening of It the proprie
tor staled that those who visited the Na
tional Capital would find tbe hotel but a
few yards from the Capitol building, and
that ltcommanded a view of tho whole
clly, Alexandria and Georgetown.
In the vicinity was the first race course
In the District. The first horses were entered
by William Tunnlcllff on October 21, 1797.
A. training ground was.Jortlted near, at
which the horses were trained and cared
for while in preparatIon,foi: races.
OLD CAPITOL' SITE. '
Coolidgc's, situated At .the southeast
corner of First and MaryjariJd avenue east,
was the site ot the olil Capitol. After
Coolldgc, Robert Long carrjed It on until
1800. It changed hands and was known as
the Tomllnson Hotel, and remained so until
1814, when it was burnt by the British,
after which the proprietor lipencd public
baths on C street, between Four-and-a-half
and Sixth streets. ThJ'property was
owned by Daniel Carron, who advcrtUejl
to sell the, site entire or?to subdivide into
lots. " r
Tbe old United State Ilotel stood on tho
northeast corner of First and A streets
on the site ot Duff 'Green's row and was
opened about 1801 6r 18J2. This property
was also owned by Danll"Ca'rroll, 'who
rented it in 1810. to N1. L. Queen and It
was known as Queen's Hotel until the year
1823, when Carroll advertised to sell
In the District marshal's office is a
receipt from tbe 'proprietor ot this hotel
for room and board for Jury at $8 a
The hotel was afterward rented by a
man named Steele, who moved from It to
another, situated on the southeast corner
ot New Jersey avenue and A street, also
built by Daniel Carroll and which be
called tbe City Hotel. This Is' really the
first hotel name recorded In the clly, and
was considered elegant and spacious. It
contained about 1G0 rooms and a part
of the building was stillstauding a few years
The Washington hotel stood on the north
s.Ide of Pennsylvania avenue, between
Fourteenth nnd Fifteenth streets, and was
owned by John Tajloc, who built it prior
to the yeatof 1798. He afterwards changed
the name to the Washington City Mansion
House, andlaterlt wasstylcdthe European
In the days of ttage coaches It was the
resting place between Georgetown and
PRETTT PEGOT O'NEALE.
Franklin Hotel, northeast corner of
Twenty-first and Pennsylvania avenue,
was opened by William O'Neale in 1S00,
and in 1815 he advcrti'icd that he had
fitted it up. completely, with every con
venience for pleasure and comfort; that
a post coach and four norccs would be
ready at all times to convey Members of
Congress to mid from the Capitol. One
daughter of the proprietor, who was noted
for her beauty and vivacity, married Job
B. Timlicrlakc, purser in the U. S. Navy.
He survived his marriage but a few years.
after which his widow married General
John B. Eaton, Secretary ot War during
the Jackson administration, and was the
heroine of tlie sensation of that day. It
was claimed that General Jackson, during
his Incumbency as Senatorfrom Tennessee,
boarded at this house. The Franklin was
subsequently purchased by John Gadsby,
of Brighton, England, and was kept by
him until 1827 or '28. This building was
converted Into dwelling houtes years ago,
and still stands one of the historic land
marks of Washington..
The Metropolitan Hotel ,was opened In
1808, and was known 0 Davis Hotel,
and was the principal placp for city meet
ings nnd gatherings for the sale of real
estate. In 181G It passedJnto tbe hands
of John McKeown and was called Mc
Keown's Hotel. 8ub'l;Qucntly. In 1820,
Jesse Brawn became Vbe "proprietor and
called It the Indian Queen, which was a
popular hotel name at ihatfpcrlod, Boston,
Philadelphia and Baltimore having hotels
of the name as early as 179G. In 1851
It became known as the Metropolitan. It
has always been the headquarters of the
Southern Congressional cnntlngent.
Tbc National was completed under tbe
personal supervision of Joth Gadsby, and
was formally opened on February 22, 1 820,
with a grand parade ami ball. At the pa
rade all tbe local organizations and bands
of music participated, nnd were, enter
tained by tbe proprietors. The ball, to
which the President, the members of tho
Cabinet and of both houfes of Congress,
were Invited, was the social event ot tho
Near the Natlonat was a resort called
Copp's Pavilion, which enjoyed tbe reputa
tion of furnishing the best meals in tbe
FAMOUS OLD KIRKWOOD.
The Kirkwood, on tho site where the
Raleigh now stands, was opened by David
Appier, in 1815, and was called the Foun
tain Inn. It was sold at auction in 1832,
when A. Fuller moved in and cajled it the
City Hotel. In 1849 J. Thomas, of the
Howard House, Now York, came and chang
ed tho name to Irving House. Finally in
1836 J. H. and A. W. Kirkwood purchased
it and called it tho Kirkwood House. It
was here that Andrew Johnson was living
at j:be time of the assassination of Lincoln,
and around here Atzerott waited to add
his 'part, by the murder of tbe Vice Presi
dent to tho tragedy of that awful night
The placo was remodeled nnd used by tho
Government as the United States Pension
Office for a great many years.
Wlllard's was owned by John Tayloe
Who built it in 1820. It was opened by
John Strothcrs as tbe Mansion House.
In 1828 Bazll Williamson became the pro
prietor, and made many improvements.
adding nbout one hundred rooms. About
the year 1831 or 1832 Azarlah Fuller be
came tho proprietor and called it the
American. It then possessed the" most
extensive stable accommodations df any
house in tho city. It was subsequently
called tho City Hotel and alternated names
"The Mansion" and "Tho City" with
the hotel then standing on the opposite cor
ner. In lOlG, after tho burning of the gene
ral postoffice, tho hotel was rentAl by-tbe
Government and used for postoffice pur
poses during that winter, Amos Kendall
being then Postmaster General. In 1817
E. D. and II. A. Wlllard rented theproperty
and after two years II. A. Wlllard took It
alone. Later J. C. and II. A. Wlllard
rented It together, and in 1833 the brothers
purchased tho property from tbe Tayloe
heirs. Before his Inauguration President
Lincoln was a guest of this hotel. Charles
Dickens, tho English novelist, was also a
guest of this houso.
WILLARD HOTEL FIRE.
During tho war the hotel was partially
destroyed by fire. It was a most notable
affair, and is well remembered by many of
the older citizens. The Billy Williams Zou
acs, of New York, were recruited from the
fire organizations or that city. When the
antiquated apparatusof that day came rum
bling down the Avenue, the Zouaves broke
ranks and took possession of the band en
gines. They were perfect athletes and con
tortionists, and formed ladders ot their
bodies, up which their companions ran
with the agility of trained monkeys. They
sat on tho window sills, turned handsprings
and somersaults from one window to the
other, carrying the hoee with them and de
lighting tho hundreds gathered on the
The gaudy Oriental uniform added to the
effect. They were accomplished firemen
as well as marvellous acrobats. When tbe
fire was extinguished, they screamed them
selves hoarse, turned somersaults over one
another In tbe streets, and altogether gave
a free exhibition of f unand prowess not wit
nessed twice in a lifetime. The proprietor
entertained them nnd thanked them, and
again tho cheers were deafening.
The Globe Hotel, at the corner of Tweirth
and -F streets, which U also one of the oldest
in the city, was opened In 1827 by James
Mahcr, and was familiarly called Jlmmlc
Maher's Tavern. When the Government
began to make treaties with the various In
dian tribes the tribal representatives wcro
boarded there, nnd it was tbe recognized In
dian bcadqunitcrs. This gave it a promi
nence, nnd the small boy of those days can
well remember the noble savages, in all the
paraphernalia of war ialut and feathers,
with only tbe blankets of their national cos
tume as coverings.
HUMBLED 1JV A BOOTBLACK.
Tlio Professor Tried to Joko 'With
u Hoy, but He Was Too Clever.
From the Philadclplila Times.
"Let me tell you a good one on myself,"
'said tho professor, when he got back home
from his summer trip. "I was at Hot
Springs for a week or two during my va
cation, nnd every morning as I passed down
the street to my bath a certaiu little boot
black on lliecomeraccostednu with 'Shine,
sir?' Now, my plan is to have my tLocs
polished when they need it, so for a day
or tyro I passed the little negro In silence.
Toward tlio end of the week, however, ,1
thought my shoes needed a little attention,
nnd feeling a bit lonely and anx'ous for
somo fun, I stopped when the boy sung out
his usual salutation and said, with as
much ferocity as I could commaDd: 'Look
here, boy; you've been hollooing at me
for a week; now I'd like to know what you
mean by HI"
" 'Oil, notbln' 'tall, sir; nothln' 'tall. I
dess wanted toblackin' your shoes, slr.'the
boy explained, eagerly.
" 'Oh, you want to blacken my shoes, do
you?' I said. 'Well, why didn't you say so?J
"Thereupon I sat down on the stand and
tho little fellow gave me - pretty sleek
shine. When it was over 1 p wlthouta
word and started down the street. When
I'd gono about half a square I felt the urchin
nt my elbow.
" "Boss,' bo said, 'gentlemen alius pays mo
ten cents, but I'll let you off wida nickel.'
"It Is needless to say he got his dime.
My reputation was at stake."
Aro ilen the Better Hearted?
A woman fell in a dead faint in oncof the
big dry goods stores the other afternoon,
sas the Boston Herald, strikirg her head on
the marble floor. For several seconds there
she lay, every one of her own sex keeping
aloof, turning her head, and not making the
least sign of goirg to ber assistance. Sev
eral salesmen sprang nnd raised her gently,
and then with effort, placed her on tho
counter, where, with the greatest kindness,
lbey fanned her and administered such re
storatives as were at band. Still never a
woman, and there were many in thestore,
moved a finger or made any offer of as
sistance at least they bad not when the
spectutorof tbe scene was obliged to come
away. The conviction that men arc more
kind-bcartcd than women has been fre
quently combatted, but here was a case
where tbe "gentler eex" showed in a piti
ful light, while "woman's natural enemy"
acted tbe part of the good Samaritan with
a modern gallantry that bespoke the gen
tleman. Dr. Shade, lung and tbroat specialist,
1232 Fourteenth street, has returned to the
city nnd will be ready to receive patients
on tho ICth instant, Monday. Consultation
and examination free.
I w&nt to be the Jeve!r who
first comes into your mind.
has always been the fav
orite amongst precious
stones. Its brilliancy and
scintillation and its wondrous
reflection of the glorious
hues of the rainbow make it
a peer among- gems, and a
fitting adornment for lovers
of the beautiful.
It symbolises two great
virtues purity and inno
cence and is specially suita
ble for engagement rings and
I have a rare stock of them,
exquisitely mounted on rings,
brooches, earrings, pins, etc
Don't forcet to look Into my
window whenever you ore oa
C. H. DAVISON,
1105F ST. N. W.
LIVES SHORT BUT NOBLE
Fire Service Horses and How
They Are Trained.
THREE YEAES THEIfi LIMIT
WnsliinatonV Supply Comes Largely
From Baltimore High Standard
Fixed und Itlgldly Adhered toi
Triiclilns tho llruten Their Duties.
Cureert, That End In Curt SliiifU.
No grand or moro exciting sight could
bo imagined Uian the spectacle presented
by theflreapparatusres ponding toanalarm.
It Is a sight which never loses Interest for
the street cro wd, and inspires even the most
Tho po werf ul animals seem to know that
lives and property depend on them and
they strain and straggle to get to the fire
as soon as possible. Often the horses
receive injury in Uielr franUo efforts tq
draw the heavy apparatus, yet they keep
on and on and tho trouble may not be dis
covered until after tho destination Is
Washington may well be proud of the
horses In Its fire department. In this city,
where there aro so many public build
ings filled with documents which If de
stroyed could never be replaced, and so
many bandsomo residences. It Is essential
that an efficient fire service bo maintained.
Tho horses are not the least Item In import
ance of fire-fighting apparatus.
The selection and care of tbe horses is
of no small moment in reLdering the fire
servico of the city efficient.
WHERE HORSES ARE BOUGHT.
Many places have been tried as head
quarters from which to obtain the anl
maU for our fire service, but it has Leeu
found from experience that the horse
markets of Baltimore afford the most sat
isfactory results. A regular agent Is em
ployed, who keeps his eyes open for horses
that seem to be suitable. When a
Ukely-Iooklng animal has been obtained the
fact Is reported to Chief Tarris.
Should the reply be favorable, a veterinary
surgeon, who Is regularly employed for Uiis
purpose, examines the applicant for flre
f Ightlng honors. This examination Is most
rigid The slightest defect either in body,
limb or action Is sufficient to justify tbo
horse being declared ineligible. The points
upon which the borso must be especially
strongare speed, wind, stayingand drawing
In all of these respects the animal must
be perfect, and If there Is tbe slightest doubt
entertained In any one particular the sur
geon will pronounce It unfit.
I twill not do to have a horse that might at
any moment break down. At tbe most
critical moment tbo horse might succumb
and lives sacrificed and probably lost
It everything is satisfactory, and the
horse be reported all right by the surgeoon,
Fire Chief Parrls takes a look at It and
tries It before the deal Is closed. Then the
animal is bought and brought tu the Capi
tal. POT IN TRAINLVO.
The first thing done Is to give It a period
ot grazing and exercising. Then in a week
or so follow the inlatory exercises. First
the horsegoc to one ot the engine or truck
bouses and there is made acquainted with
the stall. The gong then sounds, tho door
is thrown open by an electrical contrivance
and the horse led down to its place at the
pole. This Is done four or five times and then
the harness fitted on after each perform
ance. After several days of this instruction
tbe horse will, of its own accord, at tbe
stroke of tbe bell and the opening of the
door gallop to its place. The run to the
fire Is then practiced, which completes the
Then follows the dally duties of the
sninial, the exercise runs and the mad
rushes to the fire, anil the monotonous
stable lire. The strain will tell In time
upon even such powerful animals as these,
and before long tbe effect of the work
LIFE IS SHORT.
One year pasres away and the horse is
at the period of its belt service to the depart
ment. Another year passes and, the horse begins
to show- signs of weakening. Tbe end of the
third year and his career of usefulness ls
over. In tonic cafes the period may be a
little longer, but the horse seldom sees the
fourth year of work in the tcrvice.
Then comes the final act. Separation
from the fire laddies who have taken ruch
good care of tbe bone must. come. The
department has no further tire for the
horse The chief turns the animal over
to tbe property clerk to be disporcd of.
When the Injury is not ro revere as to in
capacitate the horse it ie sometimes sent
to the workhouse and employed in the
fields around there.
In other cases the veteran cannot.
be thus utilized and is put up nt rcblic
auction ni.d rold to tbe highcrt bidder.
Often a horse Is hurt either while going
to or at n fire aid may have to to killed.
A mischievous toy recently turned in an
alarm, and one of the most highly-prized
horses in the service was hurt so badly ta
responding to the alarm that It bad to be
Chief Tarrls Is particularly pleased with
a pair of magnificent bays that he has re
cently secured for No. 5 bnse carriage.
They replace n team of grays that haveseen
much service. At the Beyer's mill fire
In 1890 these grays were driven cluse up
to the building. Suddenly the wind changed
and the two torses were In the midst of a
fiery furnace. They were gotten out, but
not without receiving terrible bums, tbe
sea rsof which tbcycarrylotbls day.
ARE DELICATE CREATURES.
In some sections of the city where fires
arc not very numerous the horses are
ruined by not having any wort to do. This
occurs also when tbe men neglect to give
the horses sufficient exercise.
The firemen become greatly attached
to their dumb friends, and the feeling Is
reciprocated by tbe Intelligent horses.
They begin to look for the lumps of sugar
and pieces of apple wheh are always put
aside for them. If cot forthcoming at th
regular time they make the fact speedily
known by most cloquen t neighing.
It Is a rare thing to discover a ho'tler
or private In tbe fire department mistreat
ing a horse. -A few months ago an ex
fireman who had gone to the dogs was
staggering along Pennsylvania avenue,
when suddenly a decrepit, emaciated horse
standing in a cart by the curb neighed
loudly, nnd. Jumping up oa tbe pavement,
rubbed Its face tenderly against tbat of
the drunken man. It was all tbat was left
of a once noble' fire department borsc to
which the men had been much attached.
A Matrimonial Mark.
Bridget McGavin Ter owld lnlray, th
owldest McNulty gurrl. Is mahrried.
Mary Ann Casey OI knew it.
Bridget McGavin How did yez knerwt,
Mary Ann Casey Didn't 01 mate her on
Tinth avenny wid a black eye? Judge.
713 Market Space.
If strong words
needed to tell of
bright, new goods now
rapidly filling our store,
stronger are needed to
New Dress Goods.
Tho most f&sblonablo fabrics in Colorsd
Dress Goods In all tbo newest weaves Anai
trnlahlnc array of magnificent materials, mad
la tho most modern designs and marked at
As a special "Opening Sale bargain" win
offer this ireck 3S-Inch All-wool Hindoo Serges
hi navy, garnet, cardinal, myrtle, brown and
black, worth 3THC also All-wool and Silk anil
WoolNotelty Sultloss, worth irom 39c to 50c,
at csyard for choice.
Kc a yard for New NoTelty Dress Goods, In
all the latest color combinations; also 83-lnca
Now Stylo Wool Plaids. Compare these with
those shown elsewhere at SCO.
SS-lnch Silk ani Wool Cberlots, In a variety
ot styles that are slmplr howlMerlns; also4S
loch Henriettas, In all the destrabls shades,
and worth S9c a yard.
O-Iach Mohair and Wool Norettles, la a half
hunlred different styles; also M-Icch Water
proof Storm Serges, a quality nertr befor
offered forlesa than ?Sc
(Cinch Imported Novelty Dross Goods,
bought to sell for Too, bat as an opening souve
nir tho price will be 59c a yard.
U Inch Silk and Wool Novelty Saltings; also
4J-lnch Scotch Plaids, Tery desirable for ladles'
waists or children's dresses.
Very Fine Javlsiblo Checks and Stripes
French coods of soft finish some rr.lxed with
sill some bond tufted novol effects. Com-pa-e
with thoso shown elsewh)ro at U51
Jna still finer Noreltlos at SI.19, St 33 aad
New Black Goods,
SS-lnch All-wool Hindoo Serges and Henri,
ettas, a onallty nerer before offered for leaf
New Jacquards. tn neat fleered effects; also
4S.Incn Water-proof Storm berget. Compart
with tho3e offered else whore at 75c
And a big Tarie:y or Flaln and XoTeltylm
ported Blaci: Dress Goods from 75c to S2 a yard.
S3c, 30c and 33c Cosmopolitan Taper Tatterns,
In all tho latest styles at 10c each until farther
Rt RediJGBd PriGBS,
CcEcs: Dressmakers' Cambric. a
13c Imitation Hair Cloth, thU wee 8a
10c quality Silesia, this weefc la
lSJje quality Slloala, this woes .. 10c
TSc quality Genuine Hair Cloth Mo
lCc quality riald Crhiollno 84
And all kinds of Llntnzs at tbe low
est possible pricos conslstont with
Rre YOU Interested
In Sheets and Pil-
All well-made and standard quality yet at
less than retail price of material.
9-ILccfcwood Eleached Sheets 4a
10.1 LociwooJ Bleached Sheets. Soo
?-l Pequot Bleached Sheets. iia
10-treqnot Bleached Sheets. 69o
30x13 rillowcases at I 'c 12lc and 13c each.
ISsTS Bolster Cases, each -.- 23c
9-1 Hemstitched Bleached Sheets.. 73c
36ll Lcmstltched llllowcases Ha
Ht Half Price,
We're a small lot of Carpets, Ku:s, etc., left
from tho JOHNSON, GARNER & CO. Stock and
wo'vo marked them at prices that will giro us
tbo room they occupy In a harry.
STc Ingrain Stair Carpot for 13a
SVUc Ingrain Carpet for lo
STJic Cottage Carpet for 22o
o All-wool Stair Carpet, S7 Inch STHa
83c Taposiry Brussels Carpet for a
fi and $153 Skin Hu;s-choIco t!.S
TTc Brn'scls Hassocks for .-....... Mo
Not enough of tho Brusse'3 Carpot for a large
room, but if yoa hare a snull or medium sized
room to carpot, this Is an extraordinary oppoiv
Johnson & Luitrell,
713 Market Space,
r- ?& i-siFx Z
ra Jii aJ&jjaa&a&a.T&S
s-tz.i5aUrt-ji3i -tfiMiite-fe-:g rfe
.VkttafrjgiSteaa-.j., "... .