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title: 'The morning times. (Washington, D.C.) 1895-1897, September 15, 1895, Part 2, Page 12, Image 12',
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THE MOKNXBTG TIMES. SU3STDAY. SEPTEMBER 15, 1895.
-gr&-nXZ? - Y ' -v3--S --.s?
RETRY FlWiC &
OLD TIIJfE FIGHTS
Pugilists and Famous Bouts That
Occurred Back in the Sixties.
SPECTATORS TOOK A HAND
Ounl Crowds Thnt rrcquented tho
Sport Often Mmlelt End In Tragedy.
Hunt-. Which Last Setenty and
Highly lloundis Recollection of un
Old lttiin Patron.
"There's not much to be paid about
prize fights In the District, either past or
present, that I know of," said the old
timer. Ned Donnelly, to a Times man.
"There never was a big fight pulled off
around here There were a good many
ring followers In Washington In the old
days.-but they had to go a good way from
home to see a fight
'The battles that probably stirred Wash
ington fight-iollowcrs as they were never
stirred before, and as they have never
been stirred since, were those between
Sam Collier and liarny Aaron. Sam was
Baltimore man, was well known here
end everjbody liked him. Sain and Bamy
fought twice and the fights were hummers.
"Both of these battles took place In
Virginia, and a boat load of people went
from here to see each of them. Tbe first
fight was won by Coil.er In sixty-seven
rounds This was the first and only de
feat for Ilamy, and he didn't like it a bit
He went after Sam again the next year.
"This fight tcok place at Aquia Creek,
and a big crowd or Washington and Bal
timore sports, among them Some of the
toughest sou ever saw, were again at
the ringside Everybody wanted Sam to
win and were sure he would, but Barny
was loaded for him this time and downed,
him In seventy-two lounds. These were
great fights, and no oie. who saw them is
likely to ever forget them.
"No the District never turned out a
lighter of the first rank In any class that
I have beard of
"The old-timers, Allen, Mace, Goss and
the re,t of them? Yes, I was pretty close
to Allen for a number of years. Tom was a
.'lever, came fighter. I went .with him In
'G9, and with Jim Cayne, of Newark, X. J.,
helped to train him for his first fight
with JlcCoole. That -was a fight that
raised my hair. It took place at Foster's
Island, in tbe Mississippi Kiver, and, oh,
my, what a gang was there!
"Every man had a club, knife or gun,
and some had all three. Allen stood no
show In that crowd. lie had AlcCooIe
whipped to a standstill in nine Tounds.
Mite's face looked like a Hamburger
sandwich. Allen punished him as few men
have ever been punished In a prize ring.
The fight was for $1,000 a side, excur
sion ra"-vy, and the championship of.
America j;od the gang was there to see
that Mike didn't lose.
'When it became u ident that Miko was
at Tom's mercy, the ring was broken down
and the mob ot thieves, thugs and niuderers
rushed In and ended the affair.
"I was with Allen when ho trained for
his second fight with Charley Gallagher,
but Barney Aaron put tbe finishing touches
on him for that battle. Tom was a loud
fellow when he got binned, and he more
than once brought no end ot trouble on
himself and his friends by his talk. Ho
once came near getting blniselt and all
the rest of us mobbed in St- Louis by a
slighting remark about tbe Irish. Every
word he would utter about anybody or
anything would be carried to his enemies,
and he had a good many of them, and he
kept us in hot water all tho time. But he
seemed lo enjoy the thing. Whatever others
may think, Allen had a world of nerve.
"Gallagher had whipped him In two
rounds a short time beforo Tom fought
M-Coo'.c, and Tom was dead anxious to
get another chance at him, always claim
ing that Charley's victory was by a chance
blow, such as he would never get In again.
I knew there would be an awful mob at
this fight, and looked for murder, and to
toll jou the truth, I got -scared and didn't
CO to it.
"Things turned out as I thought. Allen
had things his own way in the fight. He
whipped Charley all rigbtenough In twenty
five minutes, but the gang wouldn't have
It. Again they were there with thelr
knlves, gun9, razors, and bludgeons. They
broke down the ring, and Larry Wessel,
referee, robbed Tom shamefuly by giving
the fight to Gallagher.
"I did not train or help train Tom for
bis meeting with Goss, but I saw the fight.
I tell you those were great days among tho
fighters. The gangs that were at the Al
len and McCoole and Allen and Gallagher
tights were hard ones, but they were not
In It with the out Tit that congregated on
this occasion. This crowd was so desperate
a one that after getting a short distance
away from Cincinnati the train men, to
save the decent passengers aboard from
Insult and danger, deliberately ran the
cars containing tbe fighting excursion
onto a side track and left them standing
there, while the rest ot Uie train went on
Its way rejoicing.
"Finally we got to tbe battleground.
In Kenton county, Ky., but Tom and Joe
had hardly got well at It when the whole
gang wns run out by tbe sheriff and his
men, and another ring was pitched in the
adjoining county ot Boone. After fight
ing about rifty minutes In all Allen fouled
Goss and was declared the loser. This was
Allen's last ring light
IT ENDED FATALLY.
"I was unfortunate enough to get
mixed up in a tight that had a total ending.
Spring Dick Goodwin, ot Cincinnati, and
SON. C0R.7 & D F1V
I trained a young fellow from Philadel
phia, Jim Weedcn by name, to fight an
otlier young fillow from that town, named
Philip Caster, whotwas known as Philip
Walker. They were a pair ot as game wcl-'
terweichts an ever stepped into a ring.
The fight took- place at Fetin's Grove, N.
J., something over twenty years ago.
The men were about twenty-four years
old. "Hilly Madden ami Bern Collier were
Walker's seconds, and Butt 'Riley was
Ills. boltle-lioMer. Johnny Clark, Spring
Dick, and myself were In Wceden's corner.
The fight was with bare knuckles, under
the old rub's, for $500 a side.
"After the men had been In the ring
an hour ami three-quarters, Weeden hit
Walker u bard blow and he fell heavily.
When he went down his head struck
Willi such force that he became uncon
scious. We picked him up and made him
as comfortable as we could. We then
started for Philadelphia, but Walker died
on lioard the tug beforo we reached that
"Walker had been very ambitious to
become a great pugilist. Ho was confi
dent he would teat Weeden, and the night
before the fight remarked to a party of
friends' 'We'll have beer or a funeral to
morrow, boys.' There was a great hue and
cry raised aliout the fight, ot course, but
it finally settled down, and no harm came
to those who bad a hand in It."
Something Aliout This 1'retty Little
Dweller in tho Woods.
Have you ever watched the antics of the
ground squirrels in summer? The name
the learned jieople give them in the books
Is almost as hard us the nuts the frisky little
fellows gather up for their winter food.
Imagine yourself saying every lime you see
one of these little fellows darting along the
fence or the limb ot a tree, "There goes a
lamias slriatus or the order sciuridae."
The last name comes from the Greek,
skia, a shade, and oura, a tall, which de
scribes pretty well the way in which a
squirrel carries hislall shading his head.
But the Indian name, chipmunk, seems to
suit him much better.
His long front teeth are well adapted to
the hard work before them in the winter
tbut is, to get the contents of the nut out in
good shape. These two teeth seem to bo
movable and to work as If on a pivot. The y
go around the Inside of a"walnat or a hick
ory nut and serve the pjrpose ot a nut picker
as well as a nut cracker.
If you examine a walnut thnt a squirrel
has dropped you will find that both the flat
sides have been pierced as it bored through
with n gimlet, and t liat every particle of the
kernel has been removed from the shell by
these flexible little teeth.
They come by twos and threes, these com
ical little providers, from their home in
a great old oak Just across the road from
the end of our lawn, and you may trace their
route from one tree to another by the re
bounding of the branches when relieved of
the light weight as the squirrels Jump
and frolic along.
Two large horse-chestnut trees In front
of the house are right In the line of march
just now, and it is amusing to sit on the
porch and watch a little fellow blto off
a large leaf that seems to be In his way.
Just when the leaf falls, you see him stop
and fill his cheeks with the green horse
chestnuts, and then, as it Eccms to you,
with his mouth too full for comfort, he
hurries home Just as nimbly as he came,
over his elevated road. Jumping sometimes
over a space between the branches, two or
three feet in width.
II you do not put your walnuts nndhlck
orynuts carefully away in the fall, these
little thieves will find them out and soon
reduce your store. They, carry them oft
while drying in the sun, and even beforo
they are hulled.
A young girl in Southern Maryland had
the power of laming these little fellows
with a few crumbs ot bread or grains of
corn and wheat; she could draw them
around her and catch any two or three of
them that she fancied, carry them in her
pockets or apron for half a day and when
set free they would scamper orf as wild as
Visitors to the park InRichmond remember
the tame squirrels lhat, If treated to a few
peanuts or cake crumbs, will follow you
for hours around the grounds and seem to.
know you if you go back again in the course
of a day or two. They are the gray and
black squirrels, with thicker tails than the
chipmunks, but are just as knowing and
as cunlng as those that wear striped coats
and smaller brushes
In un "Underground Asiatic City.
Tho Russians have made a singular
discovery In Central Asia. In Turkestan,
on the right bank ot the Amou Daria, Is a
chain of rocky hills near the Bokharan
town ot Karki, and a number of Jorge
caves, which, upon examination, were
found to lead to an underground city,
built apparently long beforo the Chris
tian era. According to effigies, inscrip
tions, nnd designs upon the gold nnd sil
ver moneyjincarthed fromaraong the ruins,
the- existence of the town dates back to
some two centuries beforo the birth ot
Christ. Tho underground Bokharan city
is about two Tersts long, and Is composed
of an enormous labyrinth ot corridors,
streets, and squares,, surrounded by
bouses and other buildings two or three
stories high. The cell rices contain many
kinds ot domestio utensils, pots, urns,
vases, and so forth. In some of the streets
falls ot earth and rock have obstructed
the passages, but generally the visitor can
walk about freely without so much as low
ering bis head. The high degree of civili
zation attained by the Inhabitants of the
city is shown by the tact that they built
in several stories, by the symmetry of
the streets and squares, and by the beauty
of the baked clay and metal utensils and
ot tbe ornaments and coins which hare
been found. It is supposed tUtt long centu
ries ago this city, carefully concealed 1 ti
the bowels of the earth, provided an entire
population with a refugn from the incur
sions of nomadlo savages and robbers.
London Publio Opinion.
POINTS ON M STYLES
More About the Big Mill at
Dallas in October
FITZ A KNOCK-OUT HITTER
II lit Corbctt Is an All-Hound Muster
of the DefeiiKlte A Purcel of "lis"
In the llespcctlve Merits of the
Men Cuts Showing Their Methods
Tosonie of the wise men of ring culture
the proposed big championship contest
to bo held In Dallas, Texas, the last of Oc
tobcruf this year. In which Holiert Fltzslni
nions Is aspirant and James J Corbetl Is
holder of the honor, presents a puzzling
aspect. It Is true enough that a lot of
pcoplesce the outcome licfore the thing has
happened, but In spite of the wiseacres
there is a parcel of "lfs" bristling up in
divers nooks and corners ugly obstacles
which are liable to give cither man a
tumble In the heat and fury ot practicable
milling. A piece ot advice founded, I be
lieve, on good, common sense, Is that'
all sports flocking to the Lone Star State,
lay enough by to get home on, no matter
which way the betllug pictures sliajie up
in their heads.
But If it Is hard to pick a winner, per
haps the next best tiling can be done viz.,
notice the res-peitive fistic fashions and
tactics ot the combatants as thown in their
set-tos with other opponents, from which
probably wive prophets who are to stack'
on their prophecies anyway, may be wiser;
or, having chanced and lost, may still tay
"Wo wagered the only way It could be
done scientifically; it was the 'fluke'
that knocked us." I ongbt to be in as
good position as anybody to sort out and
comment on what Is striking in each man,
knowing them both, having seen them in
Corhett nnd Sparring Partner O'Don
npll. O'DonnolI Shourt an i:ecentrlo
claw blow to Filz-liiiiiions.
more mills than one, and having talked to
and photographed them In various positions
with a careful carto their trlcksand strat
egies of war.
Fitzstmmons was Lorn in England thirty
three years ago, going to New Zealand
with his parents when a child He was
brought up 'to the blacksmith trade, leav
ing It only at such times as he had a
match on; when he had whipped his man
he got liack to the forge, thus keeping
always In hardened condition Flu comes
ot a gaunt, hardy, long-lived stock, so
that now at thirty-three a time that Is
usually accounted pretty well along In
pugilistic old age lie is as nimble, trim
in pby,ique and full of boxing frisklness
as a twenty-year old He shows this spirit
to-day as much as ever; he is full of tricks
of the skylarking order, always ready to
tap and feint and Jump about his fa
miliars. Eiery day for years he has had
exercise in this manner, and by punching
the flying bag, whether there was a match
to prepare for or not. nis mind Is always
on the one thing, and he has Uie will
power to mike his body live up to Its
The great fighting points that have
been brought to the front In Fitzslm
mons' battles are unprecedented knock
out bitting, feinting and a lightning, er
ratic leg movement, which gives him an
appearance of giotesqucness. To one
looking down from the gallery his amazing
swiftness In play about a twenty-four-foot
ring bos the appearance ot the shadow
of some gigantic hovering bird; in a glide
he looks to caver the length of the ring.
In Uie art of feinting or rrctense, Fltz
Simmons is not equaled by any fighter In the
ring. His opponents are mixed to know
what ho is going to do next, and It is from
this more than from anything else, that
he is called eccentric He has made ot
feinting such a study, has brought It to
such perfection In various ways, that. In
close connection with his fierce hitting, it
may be looked on as the foundation of his
phenomenally quick successes in the rlns.
The knock-out hitter must have an open
runway tor his blow; he must not have half
Its force stopped by the opponent's arm;
Fitz is an adept in getting tliat opening and
when it occurs his crooked arm work, his
side Jabs nnd uppercuts are murderous.
It is a maxim ot the boxing arena that
the contestant who knocks out quickly is
liable to get knocked out quickly, theSeason
being that in order to hit with extra force,
Fltzslmmons and Sparring Tartner
McCarthy. Illustrating Kneo TTolnt
and Dartlnjt Motion ot Getting; In
extra preparation must be mado for de
liverythe arms must bo drawn further
away from guard position and an openness
must follow. But Fitz has como closer
to getting over this big obstacle than any
other fighter employing such trip-hammer
hits; he has not kept clear altogether, how
ever, as the rap with which Joe Choynskl
brought him to the floor in Boston once,
nearly winning from him, attests, and as
the knockout by Jim Hall in Australia, has
demonstrated. He has always been su
perior to Hall, and has whipped him two
or three times, but in one of their contests
In the antipodes, Fltz, after having his man
apparently well In hand, was suddenly
caught by his opponent and dropped to the
floor like a log. It was the same thing that
Choynskl came to so near doing, and the
same thing that others, though less pro
nouncedly, have shown some progress at.
The saying still holds, therefore, that a
flEUter fierce at knocking out Is liable
to get the saaiemedidue, though in the cose
ot Fllzsluuxious, when it Is remembered
what a lot of m'fn he has sent to sleep, the
rulo has been jiretty near set at defiance.
And tills InjiniAilty comes from the fnct
that tho Ner &ealander is the most pol
ished brcak-upjeinter for a quick open
ing thnt tho staked ropes ever cordoned.
Whereas, riosS boxers are satisfied with
feinting with the arms or bands, Fltzslm
mnns feints twiUi tho knees, .the body, a
peculiar snapping morion of tho head and
i a (-Z$
Corbett Illustrate Safe Manner ot
Stopping or Countering Hook mows.
most rigorously with thonrms. Knee or
leg feinting to bother an opponent w.i first
shown to American glove fighters by
1'eter Jackson" "On this style Fltz has 'im
proieil, or at least changed In a manner
better suited to him and more puzzling
for the opposito man. It is it style of pre
tense at which a dumpy fighter cuts a sorry
figure, nevdlng-for a good worker, a lanky
fellow with long reach of territory from
the knew to the head. It means the swing
that a man gets by dropping slightly by
means of the knee joints, keeping his feet in
one position a darting beck and forth.
Fltz&immons has In this a play or abont four
feet, which he lias encompassed with the
velocity of a striking serpent, urnl at any
place along the route ho Is good for a
knockout If the opening prisenU. He
can hit hard from almost any position,
another Utile item which has added to his
A inot singular tlilnjr In connection
with Fitzsimmons' punch-klliin (a his
weight. Weight In matching men to bat
tle Is becoming more and more recognized
among the patrons ot the ring as a stand
ard to be closely adhered to up to a point
at which a boxer Is presumed to be handi
capped with his bigness. This point
the notch at which a map Is supposed lo be
big enough to fight anybody was much
lighter In the barc-knuckle fighting days
ot England than It has come to be In our
gloe-contest times. A recent cluster ot
heavyweights, among whom were Sulli
van, Goddard, Slavlu, Jackson, and Cor
hett, shot it up to 185 to 200 pounds, foro
Ing some of the lighter ones out who called
themselves llght-heavywelghts. We were
beginning to believe lhat these big fellows
had drawn tbe cordon about them securely,
when Fltzsimmuus. clearly capable of
fighting at middleweight and even lower,
came along, and by his record thus far
has shown he. Is a factor to lie considered
whenever thR,taIk Is of champions. It Is
well to note IntSils place that some people
whose positivipiegs of assertion is equaled
oidy by the.iC lack of inside ring knowl
edge are fonilfot $Mcrtii:g Hint the Austra
lian is really-a; heavyweight; that 17D
pounds or sonic- such matter is better
suited to htm .than anything else. This
is a misrepresentation. It is well enough ; Fltzlndangcrousaiiddcperateworrk. Fitz
known that he was a 147-pound man In i 6irnmoas has shown himself a genius in a
most of hls-Auitralian fightlrg career
It is also well kjjowpjhat he has milled In
this country considerably below middle-.
weight, and not longer than a year ago
September 2C, 1694 he weighed In at
the ring side for Dan Creedon at 155 1-2
niniiii Tliis should tie convtneinc:
enough as to his weight class. He and
Creedon were matched to turn the scales
Fitz's Outside Shift nnd Rip for the
Heart or Lower Itlhs.
at 1C8 pounils.Notlilnsligliter wasexpected
half pounds lower
As has been noted, Fitzsimmons Is a
wonder in the way ot knock-out hitting,
yet, it he and Corbett were to measure
their striking ktrengtb by test, on a
registering machine. It Is very probable
that Corbelt uould equal or out-liit him,
which is a trifle paradoxical to the un
initiated. Fltzslmmons, in the ring,
lets fly his powerful batteries at every
opening, holding nothing In reserve;
Corbett keeps halt the force of his blow
home, to take care of himself. The first
goes in head and hctU; the second goes In
only as far as ho can get back safely.
Fitz deals In one-punch knockouts; Corbett
never, unless bis man has been Jabbed tm
ho Is too weak to throw a quick and
dangerous counter, or unless he Is no good,
as in tho case ot Charley Mitchell. This
reminds one of tho maxim before referred
to namely, that the dashing single-punch
fellow not Infrequently goes out on the
same route. But it has been stated also,
however, that Fltzslmmons holds himself
more safei7 Ibauy other fighter that
ever used such heroic measures, and that
because of his marvelous feinting and quick
Tho big Calltornlan is a student of safe
fighting; it has bean this study for many
years. As a follower ot scientific milling,
to the nicest reasoning, the ring never had
tho equal ot Corbelt in so big a man; be
believes In seeing hS way, and ho will not
leave his I ortirKatidns till be does.
He once sale? to me: "When I get in
the ring with an opponent I am looking
narrowly for the inside. track; that Is my
study. I have spent many hours In men
tal planning for every contest I ever
bad, with the jcsuIt that when I get In
front of my man my itinerary ot routes
Is spread in big letters. Let my man start
any way he chooses. I like him to do the
starting always and he is going ta fall
into one of the paths already chalked out
for him." ' c-
As showing the thoroughness and fore
thought of the American champion, I can
relate that Just before his meeting Peter
ackson the .contest which placed blm
among the great fighters ot the world
)c waB lively in quest of colored men to.
box with. He said "I: have sparred plenty
of white men, bat here I'am soon to crawl
in the ropes to fight to the finish with a
herculean black (Jackson), and I do not
know how It seems to stand In front of
one or tbem; there may be something In
a dark opponent that Is not fimnd In a
light one, and, if so. It behooves me to Hod
oat, tbe.cooner the better." Jim Investi
gated the subject carefully; be boxed with
many mcnof Tarring shades, bat, I be
lieve, without detecting differences worthy
of notice, tn training Tor the chamnioa-
ship liattle with Sullivan be refused to
follow tbe usual habit of retiring about
9; be made it Instead some time after
11, as he said he did not know but It
might habituate him to feel sleepy too
early In the evening a time, for all he
knew, that on the actual night ot con
test might find his fortune and the ambi
tion of bis life dependent on tbe finest
tension of the hair-springs of his nerves.
Looking ahead Into such minute details,
such things as appear puerile to ordinary
people, shows the stuff of which generals
The science of boxing has been studied
with as much care by Jim as any pro
fessional man In the same time, has given
to his vocation. Enthusiasm, continuity
and a plastic physique mado him a veri
table giant in the rinS-Seforc any one I
suspected lt Supposed to be an ordtaary
over-grown kid, with nothing more than a
knowledge of fancy boxing, he slipped into
Uie ring with Peter Jackson, In 1801, and
was full partner la the greatest ring contest
between big men In the annals of pugil
ism. "No contest," It was tailed, after
sixty-one rounds of the most marvelous
exhibition of endurance, pluck and ring
tactics in tho history of tbe fighting
world. On that May night. In San Fran
cisco, It is doubtful If any man conM
have taken cither of their places for an hour
If Fltzslmmons has come to bo famous
for his abandon in hitting, his lightning
changes of front, ills lltheness and darting
of the body, and a capability of mustering
murderous lilows from any position, Corhett
Is just as famous for his polished mastery
ot all parts of the game, and particularly
for his wondrous ducking and rapid,
graceful foot movements.
Most boxers have set waysof ducking that
the oppoeite man is soon "next to." James
will switch his head around flying fists as
if tho wind of tbe glove made a cushion of
the air, that Is always pushing his head
Just out of tho way of being pinned. He will
send his head either way in a circle from
an incoming right or left-hander, or he will
duck under and up Into his man's face in a
wink. Such ducking as the big one Is capa
ble ot has been attained only after years
ot siieclal practice. When Jim was a young
instructor ot lioxlng in the Olympic Club,
of San Francisco, a common amusement
with him was to set his Juvenile class on
the gymnasium horse one by one and go
through toy boxing bouts with them. Sit
ting down nnd on a'level with each other,
tlic little fellow would endearor to strike
the big one In the face, then the iiomiadour
would swish round or back, always clear
of the Juvenile fist, and the little fellow
would gather more confidence to I. It hard
and straight, but still the pompadour would
always be snatched away or to one side.
Much exercise such as this and practice
with all sorts of boxing opponents, in which
Jim did the getting ni ay and they the find
ing or seeking, furnished him his peculiarly
sensltlto head piece. Without doubt, never
was there a big man to equal him in sav-
ing his head from a crashing blow.
out hitter ail the time; he Is a magician at
feinting and getting in from a long distance.
and he can knock Corbctt out as quickly
as anybody else it be can hit him about the
head. At ducking or saving punishment
from his head lie is nothing extra His
fast finishes of Jim Hall. Dan Creedon and
others could probably not be duplicated by
another man In the world. These have given
, nim rai,ij i0 dispute with the champion and
be Is the best man to be had to day to pat
Corbelt is an all round master of the de
fensive art. He knows more about the game,
taken as a whole, tlian Fltz or anybody else.
I but for reasons already seen he Is behind
i T'll!,,.!, rwnmila n 1 Miwnllt wnrrt"
f(rtv. particulars, while Corbctt is reliable I
ncii tte.idy-gc.lng from beginning to end
tCre arc some of the "lfs" of the proposed
If the fight lasts ten rounds and the phe
nomenal Australian has not landed a knock
out It is likely he would not land one In a
hundred years. Jamie will have known all
about his turns by that.
I f FIlz is swift enough to catch Jim In a
duckhe can win In from Tour lo seven rounds.
If Jim is swifter in his ducking than Fitz
in reaching for them he will push theattcau
ated New Zca lander all over thering and do
him for good at leisure.
If Fitz winshemustdoltqulck.
If Corhett wins be must take his time
with such a dangerous fellow.
If rilz wins he will own two distinct
championships, middle and heavy.
If Corbelt wins he wilt hare gained noth
lngin theeyes of bis enemies and theuathlnk
lng, but a whole lot in the eyes of good
I f rilz loses it will come easy for him. He
will still be middle-weight champion of the
If Jim loses he will indeed bo in a bad
way. People will taunt him that he was
whipped by a slender middle-weight. He
could not hope to get on a return match,
and would have to mill with the common
herd or get out of It altogether.
JOSEPH H. DONOVAN.
PERFECTIOX OF MI'T JULEPS.
Drink Tlmt Makes a Man Thunktal
That lie la Alive.
A Marylander nnd on Alabamlan cannot
argue on tbo subject of mint Juleps without
coming to blows that Is, of course. If both
arepatrlotlcsons of their respective States.
Both States claim tho origin of the mint
Jalep. Neither Georgia, Kentucky nor Ten
nessee has yielded its claim to the invention,
but the sons of tLose straight-goods States
never come to blows In the discussion.
1 am of the opinion, says a writer in the
New York Tress, that the mint Julep was a
rcrslan invention. Fine mint grows in that
country, and from the earliest ages the
julep was known as a vehicle for taking
incdiclno. The Greeks also knew the julep,
and handed it down tctlio French and tho
Spanish. Whisky was not used in the mix
ture, however, bufstrong spirituous liquors
of other kinds. As to the best modern Julep,
there are various opinions. It is not to be
had for love or moncv, or political influ
ence, In this city's public bars.
Only a nativeoroneotthe rock-bottomed
Southern States can make it to perfection.
Now Is the timo for it. The mint is in Its
tende'rest age. The Greeks bruised their
mint. We never think of doing that over
hero. By "we" I mean those of us who
know what a julep Is. We steep a bunch of
the freshest mint in a glass of whisky and
brandy. In equal portions, for four hours.
This extracts the flavor of the mint without:
the bitter quality that spoils a julep. Fill a
sllverpitchor with cracked Ice next, wesay,
pour in the whisky undorandy, with allttle
water, and send to your friends. When a
fine frost settles npon the outside of Ihe
pitcher the Julep Is ripe. But a dozen sprigs
of fresh mint in a glass and pack well with
cracked Ice. Over the top sprinkle pulvr
izwl sugar to tho taste, then slowly pour
from the pitcher until the glass In filled and
the sugar dissolved. Then drink. Bury
your nose in Uie mint till the delightfully
cool scent goes away down tn vour toes.
After one or two of these you will thank toe
Lord that you are alive. There are other
Juleps, hot this is "the jolep."
He It Is your birthday on Saturday.
8be Tes, I know that.
He I have been thinking abont what I
should give yon as a present and I came to
tbe conclusion that a Dresden china shep
herd and'shephcrdess would tje very pretty.
She But we have a pair all ready In the
He "We had, but I havs aeddently
knocked them down and smashed them.
She Ahl Judy.
OUTUWS' GOLDEN Gl
Foreign Book at the Track Floods
Its Coffers with Dollars.
HARD GAME FOE THE -PUBLIC
Get the Worst of Hie Deal at Every
StugeA-False Prices nnd Shaved
QnotntlonsLeadTliem Astray Fake
Wins-Tappers and Touts "Work
Their Confidence Schemes.
On several occasions when it was rn
mored that the outlaw tracks across tho
river vrerw on the point of closing down
owing to an inability to make both ends
meet tbe public in general have wondered
what kept them alive.
It has been predicted that they would
die half a dozen times, and tbe fall has
again and again been looked for. The
outlaws have evidently no Intention of
"dying," and despite reports to tbe con
trary, bare sailed serenely along, and
not only managed to keep their beads above
water, but have made money.
Of course the question is. By what means
have they been able to do It? There is
only one answer "The foreign book." This
Is the keystone to their success, and as
Ions as they hang on to it Just so long
will they reap a golden harvest.
The foreign book on the two Virginia
"Hooting" for Tits Horse.
tracks Is exactly similar to a foreign
book on any other track, and It is the
same good game everywhere else that it
! js here.
It has kept alive more than one broken
down, outlawed race track, and if the
truth were but known, was rnnulng for
no other reason than to allow the selling
of pools on races out of town.
BOTH GAMES ALIKE.
The pool room "graft" Is exactly sim
ilar to the foreign buok arrangement and
pays just as large dividends, but it Is much
harder to get a license for a pool room,
and then the attendance is not as good
as It Is on a race track.
There are many hundred people who
visit the races and lncidentily take a flyer
at the foreign book who would never think
of going to a pool room unless there were
local races to add to tbe zest of the .sport.
There half a dozen reasocs why this
foreign book scheme is such a good one.
The fact that it costs the backers of a
foreign book anywhere from $500 to
$1,000 per day to run one of these mints
is evidence enough that It must be a
great money-making scheme. On some of
the larger tracks in the West the cost la
even larger than this.
In addition to the large bonus that must
be paid to the owners ot the track for
the privilege of running the book, th"re
are other heavy expenses to be met. Not
only does the payroll of the clerks amount
to quite a little sam, hut the track has
to pay the telegraph companies for fur
nishing them with the returns from tht
tracks upon which they are making book.
UNDER HEAVY EXPENSE.
This latter fee is much heavier on a
race track Minn It Is in a'poolroom. Just
why this is so it would be hard to say,
unless tbe telegraph companies realize
that the race track books have a larger
field than the poolrooms, and charge them
Then comes tho question of prices. It
the quotations that are received in tho
foreign books were correct there is no
reason why the man on the outside would
not stand as good a show as the backer
of the game. This, however. Is Just where
the secret of the success of the thing
The man who is playing the foreign
book docs not seem to realize that he is
getting far and away the worst ot the
prices. If he docs, the desire to gamble
Is so strong that he keeps right at it
until he goes broke.
If a quotation on a horse comes into the
pool at, say 3 to 1, the marker will put It.
np halt a point or so higher and so delude
tho unsophisticated into the belief that
they are getting a better price than at the
track. This is not ei, ss the prices are not
only notreally put upbut Ibey are shaved off
just as far as tLcy can possibly be without
bringing in a big kick from the talent.
If tbe betting comes in on a favoritcat 4
to 5 and tbe book gives 9 to 10, It Is
a hundred dollars to a cent that the race
track price Is erven money or better.
PRICES CUT IN TWO.
This is also the case with the outsiders
In a race. The first and second choices
will come In at a fairly fair price and then
the rest of the field will be quoted at just
abont one-half of the track prices.
Such a thing as chalking np the correct
price against a 100 to X shot Is very seldom
done. TOwn the Dollie colt woo at the. :
Island several 'weeks ago and the bookies
zraoted htm at 100 to 1, Ukim who (jacked ,
2 -I M
him in the out-of town poolrooms did no
get any thing like this price against blm.
Most of the money went on at 15 and
20. When it is taken Into consideration,
that the parties who carried out the coup
bet thou ta nds it will easily be seen that they
Ipst thousands of dollars through tbe sys
tem of sharing the prices.
This price question is not the only thing
against tbe foreign book. It has other
drawbacks that carry nearly as much
weight. For Instance It can be readily seen
that it is a pretty hard matter to pick a
winner In tbe foreign book unless the player,
has private information direct from th
track where the races are going on.
It is very seldom that this is so. Boms
ot the owners at the track might have an
agent or friend who sends them in tips,
and if so he stands a fighting chance of
beating tbe game. It is the man who goes
up to tho board and t,sphazard attempts
to pick a winner, who fills the foreign
HAVE NO LINE WIIATEVER,
It is tough enough to pick a winner when
you aro on the track where the races ar
being run and can see the horses work and
so draw some kind ot a line on them.
Ho w much harder it is when there is nothing
ot tbe kind to guide the bettor.
Suppose he goes by the betting that comes
in from tbe tracks, and plays his money
accordingly. It would seem that .this
would furnish a fairly good line on the
horses that had the best chance, and it would
if it were not for one thing.
Tbe very horse that does not appear to
receive any support at tbe track might be
one who has been heavily played. This
will happen through the fact that only two
bettings are furnished the foreign books.
There are what are called "flashes," which
show the price of a horse that has been very
heavily played, but the play must be a strong
one before these flashes are sent in.
Again, a horse is often made a fain
favorltcfortbcpurrxue of catching thcaionay
ottbesuckers who knowno thing in the world
of the merits of the animals running, bat
simply play their money the way lbs bet
Nowadays foreign books are fairly honest,
but there was a time when barefaced
steals were practiced. It used to be "play
or pay" then, and money would be oftea
taken in on a horse after be had bet?
scratched from a race for some time.
TOUTS HAVE A HARVEST.
The foreign book furnishes a great field
for the touts. A stranger who knows noth
ing of the horses will take a tout's advice
on them twice as quickly as he will on
the local track, where he thinks be has a
line on the ponies.
The touts will often gefup fake telegrams
and show tbem to the man they want to
"get down." They will tell him that they
"would not show tbem to anyone else tor
a barrel of money." This Is a great argu
ment, and unless the "sucker" Is not so
green as he looks, tbe chances are ten to
one that be takes the bait.
Some funny things often happen In front
of a foreign book desk. A tout who Is
pretty well known at the across-the-rlver
tracks did a masterpiece of business th
time he got a "sucker" to "put down a
little bet for tho boy." Tbe "good thing"
put it down, with tbe innocent remark
that it "might induce him to try," and the
tout pocketed the ticket and Incidentally
the money when the horse won.
This forlegn book lrasiness also furnishes
a great Held for the crooked element oa
the tracks who will notstop at any kind of a
swindle. One of their favorite games Is
what is termed "getting a guy up against
In plain, every-day English this means
to get a greenhorn to put down a swell
bet. with tbeunderstandlng that the foreign
boot wire Is tapped and that the infor
mation will bo tiken from the wires and
the winner of tno race played before th
Teturns are allowed to go in.
THINK3 THET ARE TAPPED
The so-called wire tappers will cave a
telegraph instrument somewhere near the
track and will take the "guy" to it and tell
him that the wire which he sees running
toward tho track is connected with the
foreign book wire.
If he is pretty green he will Jump at the
chance lo beat the book and It doesn't take
the "tappers" long to separate him from his
bank roll Sometimes they will pick out
a horse that they think has a good show
and will take a chance with the money
they get rrom him. As a rule, however
they will taLt somcthlDg that hasn't a chance
in the world and when it loses claim that
they got bold ot tho wrong wire
The "sucker" may put up a big kick but
it does not do him much good as be cannot
report the swindlers for fear of coming in
for part of the punishment himself.
The class of people who make a "practice
of playing the foreign boot does not appear
to be asgoodasthoscwboconflne themselves
to the local races. They are very often
Ihe outcasts from the pool rooms, which of
laic years, have been closed up all over the
They seem to be fascinated by the game
and hang around like so many ghosts of the
past. There was a time possibly when many
of them were not only well ott but were
rich and they neverappcar tolose hope that
they will havo a streak of luck or as they
term it "get good."
TRY TO MAKE COMBINES '
Tbe combination book in the foreign
book is also anotberfieid for a rich harvest
for tbe backer of the game Thiesystcmof
playing seems to bare a r-tcnliar fascina
tion for many people, andlhoaghtbey don't
cash a ticket once out of a hundred times,
they will go back again and again with the
hope always alive that they -will some day
strike it rich.
Possibly they do, but more often they go
down with a dull thud. It is hard enough
to pick one winner, without trying to pick
out three or four.
The profits of tbe backer of tbe book are
so large that It Would seem that tltey never
have to pay off a ticket. This is very nearly
true, as a glance in front of the book any
day will testify. Attheticket-wnter'sdesk
there Is a continual line of men -eager to
get their bets down, while at the paying
teller's window tbe line is very conspicuous
by its absence.
It's hard enough to win abet onthelocal
races, but when it comes to the foreign hook
tbe best same is to "scratch" oefure tbey
have any chance to make aay inroads upon
your bank rou.