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SEPTEMBER 22, 1895.
NEW HEAD OF FHE ARMY
Gen. Miles Likely to Become
IMHST VOLUNTEER SO TO RISE
Hitherto Unwritten Chapter
in the Life" of a Pop
to Mr. Collamorq, about, LtAnd was advised
to ask Ills uncle's consent. They expressed
tlielr willingness, provided lie would take
military Instruction. His employer paid
for a six months course at a militar) school,
which a Frenchman had darted in Boston
at the beginning of the war. Ills uncle,
George Curtis, further helped liira by re
cruiting nicumpany ofiOOOincn for him to
take command of, giving a liberal bonus to
the men. ThlB .company was organized in
Bacon's Hall, on Wasblngtou.street, a build
ing which Etands in the busy mercantile
part of the Itoxbury district
There were two older men lio aspired to
the of f iccb of captain and first lieutenant of
crutchcE, but he went back to Philadelphia
and asked for the commaud of a company.
They told hlra he was not sufficiently re
covered for renice; but as he insisted on
doing something, they gave him companies
of recruits to drill.
As tho hostile armies approached Gettys
burg and it was apparent that a great con
flict was imminent, lilies renewed his ap
plication for a commlesion to go to the
trout, but was refused. Finally he went
to the officer In charge and deminded
"Give me my command, or my discharge."
He was too alualjle a man to discharge at
that critical time, so a commission was
given liim, although he was not physically
HE retirement of
Gen John -M.
Scbofield nn the
2'jtb of this
month from the
position of gen
Ing the Army of
the United States
Is expected to
lead to the ap
pointment of Gen.
Nelson A lilies
to fill the vacancy. Gen. lilies is the
senior major general of the army It Is
the prerogatlie of the Chief Lxeeuthe to
appoint any major general, but custom
has made it almost a law to promote the
senior officer of that rank.
Gen. lliles will be the first soldier to
bold this high position who enlisted as a
volunteer; heretofore it has been held In
unbroken succession by West Tolut gradu
ates. rrom the fact that Kelson A. lliles en
tered the ranks as a citizen soldier at the
beginning of the tltil war, his career has
all the more popular interest He was a
clerk In a Boston store at the time, hav
ing come to the Hub In his seventeenth
jcar from tils' native place, Westminster,
In Worcester County, Mass.
In one'of the most rugged parts of the
Wachusctt Mountain region is the house
where he i.as born. In 1840, as well as
the one to which he was taken home to
die when dangerously wounded In one
sit the early battles of the war. The
old white school house on a rocky hill
side, surrounded by apple orchards. Is
Hill In use; and all the children are fa
miliar with the story of the great general
who conned his lessons there. He got
his taste for battle jciraig, when in the
winter evenings he would listen to his
uncle's wonderful Indian store's, which
had a peculiar charm, for his bojish ears.
He neer wearied of hearing of the time
House "NYliero XeKon A.irilPsTTns Horn, in TTnrepMer County, Mum.
Nelson A. lillc n Captain of a Coin
puny in tin llH-.Miclin-.ei Ik Tent-.-s.ec'oiid
Itfiinent In 1801.
when the Indians Infested the Wachusctt
legion and ofthelr raids upon the settlers.
One incident related made a deep im
pression upon klm It wxs of an old settler
who lived on friendly terms with his red
neighbors by ghing them shelter and food
and salt cnouga to cure their wild meat
in the fall The savages never molested
this man In any of their raids, and they
brought him all the game he wanted. It
may have been tficsc early talks with his
uncle that excited In him a sjmpathctfo
interest 1n the red men and caused him in
after years, when he was an Indian fighter,
to -iHezl mercirully with them. While he
was stationed In Arizona and the white
people were dissatisfied because he did not
make a wholesale slaughter of the Apaches
he said, "The United States troops are
soldiers, not butchers "
The tame uncle's tales of the Revolu
tionary war had an even greater fascina
tion for him,, particularly the story of how
Washington crossed the Delaware and
Frescott's exploits at Bunker Hill.
When he became seventeen his resolute
spirit asserted itself, and he went to this
uncle and said. "I don't want to work on
the farm I want to go to Boston."
'That is the best thing you can do," said
his ambitious relative. "Your Uncles
George and Nelson will find you something
to do when you get there." Following this
suggestion young lilies started upon his
journey, dressed in a green Jacket, short
trousers and a gieen tarpaulin hat, made
of straw and covered with cloth. He was a
laughable spectacle of a raw country lad
when he arrived In Boston. His uncles, who
were men of means, at once fitted him out
with a more conventional costume.
His uncle, George Curtis, father of the
present mayor of Boston, found him a
place in John Cnllamorc's largo crockery
store on Washington street. His pay was
very small, and his uncle, Nelson Curtis,
for whom he was named, took him Into his
family to live at West Roxbury, and gave
him his board. But young lliles was too
independent to consent' to such an arrange
ment So he hired a room In Boston, and
as his earnings would not admit of his
going to a boarding house he took his food
to his room and boarded himself.
At first he acted ns errand boy and made
hlniswrt generally useful, but he was no
long time in gaining the confidence of his
employer by his faithfulness and honesty.
Eventually he did all llr. Collaniore's finan
cial business at the bank. His employer
wasa merchant of theold school, uncompro
mising and of sterling character, and when
lie found traits solikehlsown In young 11 lies,
"he set gicat More by the boy," as the Gen
mPs nude expressed It
While performing his duties at the store 1
turougn me ciay lie was goius m u. uim.
fthool. Tor lie bad only attended short
terms at the district school at home. A
lew of the older members of the crockery
trade in Boston lo-day remember Nelson A.
Miles as a bright, fresh looking, stalwart
young man, nod a capable clerk. Some
stories are still current about him. One
is that shortly after he entered tho store,
and hadcausedagreattniasli-upof crockery,
lie survejed the havoc with such coolness
that Mr. Collamore said "That boy could
sec men shot all around him on a liallle
Ileld and not get excited." After he
bad gone to the war Mr. Collamore ex
pressed the opinion thai if Nelson Miles
lould kill rebels as well as he could break
crockery, he would make a good soldier.
But tho soldier's instinct, which his em
ployer had unconsciously discovered, de
veloped ns soon as the war broke out and
fired him with a deEire to enlist He spoko
the new company; but, though Miles was
but 21, lie was so far superior to the older
nspirai)ts, thatunder milltarj regulations
he was elected captain.'
Gov. Andrew, howeer, looked upon him
aa "a mere boy,;,' and sent him a commission
as second lieutenant. WLcn Miles received
it he went to his uncle nnd asked him what
he should do. "Take It and go to the front
We don't i ant any trouble or delay at this
point; but keep jour United States Army
commission in your racket," was his Judi
cious relatives aduce.
The regiment proceeded to Washington
and, went into eampjust outsido of the city.
When the reglmeiitwasdrawn up torecehe
the first month's wages the paymaster
called for Copt Miles, of compnay. He
was told there was no such officer, but
thero was a second lieutenant of that name.
Miles was called up, answered to the full
name on the army register as captain, and
thexif fleer in charge asked how It was that
he was acting in a subordinate capacity.
.Mill's, mado an explanation, "lou are
captain," paid the officer,, "get your pay
and rake command of your company."
Then trouble arose among the officers
of the regiment because there were two
captains to one company. Senator Henry
Wilson, of Massachusetts, the famous
Natick shoemaker, who had raised the
regiment, the Twenty second, was in a
dilemma He did not want to degrade a
cnptnln appointed by the Governor of his
State, yet he wanted to gl e Miles the pro
motion he desened. So he went to O. C.
Howard, then colonel of a regiment at
Washington,-and asked him if he didn't
want another man on his staff, "res.
If you hae a good man," said Howard.
Miles was sent over tchlm, and was de
tailed to conduct a drill. He did it so ad
mirably ,as Jq cj.'Jte, the astonishment of
the colonel, who frankly said to him:
"Young man, you bate done well. I
don't understand how you can 1 so well
qualified without any experience.'
Miles took the praise modestly, and told
hlni there was a certain evolution of com
panies on the field about which he would like
his opinion After Mile!, explained his
point Col. Howard decided it lliles then
went out ard brought in abook on military
tactics and submitted an authority to the
contrary. Col, .Howard a, once acknowl
edged his mistake, and said to Miles, "I
am glad tohavoa man whocan correct me."
The n-xt day Senator Wilson went to
Col Howard and asked, "If the new man
"If jou have got any more extra cap
tains like that you can Eend them n er I
can use a regiment of them," was the an
The position on Howard's staff was all
that young Miles need as a vantage ground.
The first battle be, was in was disastrous.
The enemy had surrounded a part of CoL
Howard's troops, and every staff officer
was wounded Miles was shot In the foot.
But when a retreat was ordered he rode
up to Howard
"If you wijl give me a division," he
said, "I will drive the rebels out of the
wo ids, and rescue our men whare cutoff."
"Take jour choice," was the answer, nnd
Miles went forward with an ax brigade,
followed l)y several companies -3f troops.
The enemy, who swarmed in the timber,
were driven back from their ambush. The
young staff officer led back in triumph
three Union men who were about to be made
The next engagement that Howard's
troops went into did not result so fortunately
for Miles. It was a fierce conflict, and he
was in the thickest of IU He was shot from
his horse. When he had been taken to the
hospllnl the doctor examined his wound,
which was in the abdomen, and said he
could not live. The bullet had buried itself
so deeply and in so vital a part thatit could
not lie "located or probed for. But Miles
pluckily insisted that he would live, but he
wanted to be taken home to recover. The at
tendants granted what they thought wasa
dying man's request. He was placed upon a
stretcher and putaboard a train for Boston
Post May. Bej4.l)oH$hed to
Shut Out Syinbu'rne.
RECORDS' OP F'AST LAUREATES
Long List of Poets,., Good
. and Bad Svinburne,
fit for fighting. He went Into the battle of
Gettysburg and was wounded again. It
is a matter of history how he distinguished
Tho Army authorities then scut to the
go",crnor of Massachusetts to have hlra
promoted to a colonelcy. Gov. Andrew
clung to his old prejudice and refused.
Meanwhile New York nnd Maine had both
applied for Milec He accepted the offer of
a New York regiment, eo Massachusetts
lost the glory of his brilliant career through
out the rest of the war.
He was made brigadier general for dis
tinguished services during the battles
of the old Wilderness, Spottsylvauia Court
House and Chanccllorsville.
At tho close of the war In October, 1805,
he was breveted major general of United .
Stales Volunteers, and was mustered out
of service September 1, 18SG.
Instead of returning to business pursuits
Ferhaps Swinburne will be England's
next laureate, probably he wont. At aiy
rale the llterdll of Great Britain are deeply
agitated by tho long vacancy existing In
this ornamental office. ,A11 w-111 rccall
thnt Ruskin was widely liernlded'
as the 'man who bad received
thc,,apppintmcnt and,-hen the assertion
was found to be totally unwarranted.
Morris Lewis, not William was sub
sequently declared to be the appointee,
and this, too, turned' out to bo Idle ru
mor. Thero is no poet laureate jet,
mueh to the rcgrct"'of the poets who
are forming themseHes into quite a po
litical party oer the mutter.
Certainly, it would be n radical de
parture ' from 'tradition 'to abolish tho
post. England has had laureates since
Chaucer's day. That immortal hut littio
read bard" began' the great dynasty,'
Mr.. George Salntsbury observes that the
controversy about the origin and char-aett-r-of
laureatt-shlp-eTxempliries ery exx
cdlently tlie unwisdom of speaking with
extreme posltheness about the things that
do not aihnlroftsiKJi spteiln '"There -can
be no doubt," he asserts, "that from an
early period English kings had minstrels
bards-and the Uk-onnorc or IeHSClostly; at
tached to thelr,personsJ" But that Chau
cer was really a laureate In the official
sinso Mr., Salntsbury doubts, it, does,
not occur to him apparently that Cbausc was
In truth the laureate, though no one styled
him so. Jtlcbtlicii was not hailed in his
llfetirao as the ruler of France. He ruled
F ranee most of his life, however.
Then, next man placed with Chancer
among the laureates, although gentle-men-of
Mr. Samubury's views might cliah
'enge the statement, is John Gowvr. Ills
poetry Is among the famouB literature
which somebody or nhcr declares Is re
membered as forgotten. Not, indeed,
until Edmund Spcnser'sday.lnthcsixteentli
century Gower won his gloryin the four
teenthdocs a really great poet, apart
poets are so well known as to make further
mention tedious. The only question now
arising in tho premises is: Will the office
bo abollshea? The poets seem to dread
this awful contingency. Lord Rosebery
is known to have declared the office an
anomaly in this democratic age. During
his premiership, therefore, no laureate
could beappolnttd. Lord Salisbury has dif
ferent views, but it is raid that he cannot
bo persuaded in Swinburne's taor. He
does not admire the man. Poets gen
erally plead for another point of view.
They declare that it is as a poet Swin
burne must be Judged.
Swinburne himself Eeems to have no cor
uecllon whatever with the movement look
ing to his election He Is, now thai J3ro wning
Is dead, revered as the living c-'sslc poet.
His fame was never greater than It Is now,
and whenever he appears at a social func
tion there Is simply no end to theattentlonhe
attracts He Is said to be plaurlng suctfa
work ns must leave all his previous per
formances utte'rly In the shade and prove
iheAthciie, as it were, of the Acropolis o
hls'fame He. has bad the misfortune, how
ever, to win thc'enmlty of Queen Victoria,
who looks Willi disfavor.upon bis poetical
tendencies, nnd even went to tho length on
one well known occasion of ordering the ex
cision of a quotation from him In an address
about to be made on a certain publfe festi-
vul Tile rrluce of Wales takes quite an
opposite view. His rJmlratlon of Swln
burno knows no bounds Were Albert Ed
ward King Swinburne would be laureate.
It is interesting to know that in tils ma
turity Swinburne deems Catullus the great
est lyric poet ever known. He takes hlra as
his model and lias latterly written poems
in Lnlin addressed to this "fratcr Catul
lus." Swinburne has, in fact, put forth the
extravagant fancy tliatheishlmjelfthedead
brother whom Catullus mourned In his fa
mous lament He is the dead brother, that
is to say, come to life again,
i There is no denyiug that many ugly
stories have been told about the private
life of Swlncburne stories too ugly to be
believed. Nordan deems Swinburne worthy
of a place beside Oscar Wilde as a literary
degenerative. From this view the literary
men of England fiercely dissent. G.
Bernard Shaw, socialist, play wrlght, critic,
and all that. Is Swinburne's leading
champion, and is at the hcaiLof the move
ment to make bis favorite the successor of
Qf course. If It be really the intention
of the British government, as it is rumored
to be, to let the laureateship drop out of
;xletence, neither the reincarnated brother
of Catullus, nor any one else's brother,
can hope to bu honored. Alrcaely tire mere
possibility of such a thing has set literary
England In a ferment. Two'partles have
arisen. One Is led by the "fludesiecle" wing
In literature, the decadents. The other
has the healthy rhilistincs In it. They
deem it "literary" to have a laureate and
they mean to prevail upon Salisbury to
THERE'S SCIENCE IN CRIME
The Bacilli of Deadly Dis
eases Used for"Murder.
RECENT SUSPICIOUS CASES
Evidence That the Bacilli
AreSold to Would-Be
Murderers. ' ' '
as did tho vast army of civilian soldiers,
Gen. Miles then chose the army as offering
a prof- sslou for life. Within a week be
had ettered the regular army as colonel
of the Fortieth Infantry. Fromotions
came tlowlj but surely. He rose to briga
dier general December ID, 1860, nnd
flnall in April, 1800, be attained the
rank of major general.
Since the war Gen. Miles has won laurels
in the only field open to an ambitious sol
dieras nn Indian fighter, ire has fought
successful battles with the fiercest of the
tribes, from the Bannocks In the north to
the Apaches In the south. Wherever he has
been stationed, in Montana, Oregon, Cali
fornia, Arizona, be has commanded the ad
miration of the white settlers and the fear
and respect of the red tribes. During the
Chicago riots and strike of 1894 his Judi
cious generalship was shown in upholding
the authority of the Government without un
necessary bloodshed, and his action was
commended throughout the nation. He now
enjoys the pleasantest berth in the Army
service, being stationed at Governor's Isl
and, New York.
' ff VSrA A
laureate was Sir
most pretty poet
Here is a Eample
Blstrlcf'Sehool TVlilcli Xrlsoii A. MUet Attended.
His ever failhrul.uncte, peorge Curtis, met
him at the station, bad him transferred to a
train for Westminster and accompanied
him as.far as Filchburg. He there engaged
the best surgeon of the place to attend the
stricken soldiers .at the. homestead, five
miles west of the city.
The case seemed hopeless at first, but in
a few day&theuloctor located the bullet and
Ab soon as be could move about, he be
came, restless. "The r,cbpls did me up
pretty well," he said, "anil I want to pay
them back." He was weak and used
Tho 'Gntor xyns Hungry.
K large fifteen foot alligator, brought to
West Chester, Pa., last week to form one of
the attractions at the county fair, made an
entertainment not on the programme. Dur
ing the night h e made an attack on the show
hogs, several of which he Injured to some
extent He also tried to get Into the
poultry show and dog kennels, but was
prevented by reason of the strong timbers.
This morning he attacked two men, but
as they fled instantly no harm was doue.
Not until after 10 o'clock was he re
captured and placed in bondage.
from Chaucer, appear in connection with
tho laureateship Even here, there is a
muddle. His name appears on the roll
of laureates In many manuals of English
literature, but his title to the honor has a
flaw upon It So have the titles of nearly
all bis successors until Ben Johnson's
day. There is no doubt regarding hlra.
Even Mr. Salntsbury admits that. He
was recognized by King James in that ca
pacity and manufactured verse on all occa
sions at the shortest notice They saj:
"Drink to me only with thine eyes
And I will pledge with mind.
Place one sweet kiss within the cup,
And I'll not look for wine,"
was written to order.
William Davcnant, a
and a forgotten poet
of bis sweetness:
The lark now leaves his wat'ry nest.
And, climbing, shakes his dewy wings
He takes his window for the east;
And to implore your light he 6ings,
Awake, awake, the morn wfll never rise
Till she can dress her beauty nt your eye.
Dryden succeeded Davcnant as laureate.
Drjdcn was a genius, but is neglected a
wall flower among ''poets. Unlike the
modern laureates, Tennyson particularly,
Drj den's best work cwa-s. done after he ac
quired his Kst Inlthlsi respect tho con
trast between im and inkurcatcs generally
is very marked, InUccct, all of Dryden's
masterpieces seem to I have been written
to order. True. Drrderi was accused of
borrowing It, to putvlt euphemistically. A
charge of plagiarism of Ben Johnson was
made against him apropos of the lines:
"Such are thy pieces1, hVltntlng life,
So near, they almost'cdittiuer in the strife."
It was pointed out byDryden's defenders
that Johncoa must nave in turn stolen it
from Shakespeare. The latter sajs: tVcmis
nTwl .l.lnnlol. J "
I 1 1
"Look, here a painter would surpass, the
His arts with nature's workmanship nt
strife." , .
G rover Cleveland is not .1 great poet, yet
It will be remembered that tils "grand, sweet
songl'-ls alleged to be stoleaf rom Kingslej-.
Kingslcy is said to have stolen from some
body else. The historic parallel is striking.
After Dryden's tlmo tho laureateship
went into total eclipse. "FromShadwellto
Pye," declares a most competent critic
"noiTa Jaurcatc, witlr tho possible excep
tion of honest Tom Wharton, could be
called a poet by any but the most absurd
extension of the title." -But there were
dltlnguished men of letters amongthcm
Rowo, Cibber'and erne or two others.
After tlie-relgn of Anne the laureates be
gin to, belong to what we may term con
teniporarjrllternrureT lilterary "lioiltlcs be
gan tb exist, and from the time of such co
teries as'johnsoil. Goldsmith, Boswell, Mrs.
make a nomination. But there seems no
available man except the author of "Laus
Vcherio." The situation has much in it
that is unique. The suggestion is made
that a middle course be adopted. There
have been long vacancies in the laureate
ship before toilay. Why not wait for a
really great poet to appear? That course,
However, is very distasteful to the literary
horde generally who resent the imputation
that England to day possesses no poet
great enough to be laureate.
Last December a man died in a city not
far from New York urder circumstances
that make one wish that Conan Dojle had
not killed Sherlock Holmes He was a
carpenter, laboring1 industriously to rap
port a wife, when Jie was taken ill with
what was soon feeu to be some ratherun
usual form of septic poisoning Growing
rapidly worse, be died on the fifth day of.
bis ilh ess, and was shortly buried under
a certificate of death by septicaemia The
day before he died. However, ail eruption
appeared on the side of the neck, a diffused
red blush, such as might be produced by a
smart blow with the ' open land The
peculiar rotor and
the general aspect
of the case caused
the doctor to ex
amine the patient
more carefully, and
it was found that a
like blusb, but less
deep in color, ex
tended along the
sides or the thighs,
tcalizing the nossi
i small portion of
the blood and took
Diseat efor Pale,,
it to a mycologist for examination, after
about ten days the answer came that
beyond all question the case was one of
rouget, occurring in the human subject
WHAT "LE KOUGET" IS.
Le Rouget, in English, "the red mblTcC
Is a form of septic poisoning that is quite
common among the pigpens in France, and
is almost, or quite, unknown in this coun
try outside of the laboratories, and all at
tempts to Identify It with any of tho local
barn-yard plagues have been unsuccessful.
This disease Is a strictly contagious plague
and there was no end of wonder among the
few who understood tho matter as to the
way in which the man contracted the dis
ease. Just while the interested ones were
asking themselves a series of conundrums
that they new they could never guess they
were Informed that the dead man's life had
becninsuredrorthesum of $23,000, and that
the beneficiary was the daughter of bis
wife, by a former hiis'band, and that tho
daughter had married nearly three years
before, that the policy was a wedding pres
ent, and that the husband of the daughter
had paid all the premiums except the first.
Here was the material for a first rate ro
mauce, if there, bad been any one to write
it, and the suspicion of a tragedy which
neither of the physicians found at all to his
taste Obviously the first thing to do was
to verify the diagnosis, this was soon done,
and the Identity of the disease established
beyond any question; the diseasj was fatal
to rabbits and to mice and pigs, while guinea
pigs resisted it completely.
The lawyers and detectives then took
up the chase and found that thre-e or four
days before the man was taken 111 the
daughter of his wife had sent to him a salad
of which he was very fond, a salad of
boiled rabbit and cabbages. From some
where they ascertained that the woman
bad made the salad from a rabbit that she
purchased at the market and, contrary
to her usual custom, brought home. In
stead of causing the de H cry: having made
the salad, she stated she took the whole
of it to her mother.
Here appeared the only hint of a clew:
the rabbit that she purchased wasccrtalnly
a "cotton-tall," while the servant asserted
that the one that she cooked was a small
gray "mule-ear." Naturally the detect
ives thought that tbte-woutd lead to some
thing, but whatever
the future may have
In store, it has led
to nothing. et.
Every method was
used to find If Jariy
of the large labora
tories had lost any
material, but it was
found impossible to
find anything of the
sort, or even one
In 1002 tbcfolrbwing orderwaB passed in
Salem, Mass.: "Voted, That Nathaniel
Ingcrsoll be allowed to Bell beer and sydcr
by the quart for the ty me, while the farmers
are building their meeting house on Lord's
In 1770 the townof Alfred.Me., voted "To
purchase one"barrel of rum, one barrel of
pork, four bushels of beans, tea gallons of
molasses, ten pounds of coffee nnd twenty
eight iwunds of sugar to raise the meeting
house." In 1818 it Is stated tat fifty-two hogs
heads of new rum were sold in the town of
EaBtHaddam, Conn., where now theamount
of sales would not exceed one-tenth as much.
"In early times," says the historian of
Wallingford, Conn., rum was largely con
sumed. A half-pint was gl en to every day
laborer. In all families, rich or poor, it
was offered to male visitors as an essential
part of horpltallty or even good manners.
Women took-.heh'schuapps, which was the
most delicious and seductive means of get
ting tipsy that had been inented. Crying
babies were silenced with hot toddy, then
esteemed an Infallible remedy for wind in
the etomacb. It Is said that a minister
talked to his people as follows: 'I say noth
ing, my beloed brethren, against taking a.
little bitters before breakfast What I con
tend against Is this dramming, drumming,
dramming at all hours of the day.' "
The earliest modern temperance society
was organized in 1780 by 200 farmers of
Litchfield, Conn., who pledged themselves
not to use any intoxicating drinks in their
farm work during the ensuing year.
At tho 01066 of 1829 there were more than
1,000 temperance societies In Connecticut,
with more than 100,000 members pledged
to total abstinence; fifty distilleries had
stopped, 400 merchants had abandoned the
traffic in liquors, and 1,200 drunkards had
been reformed. On the 1st c.'May, 1831. it
appeared that more than 300,000 persons
had signed the pledge, and not less than
50,000 were estimated to have been saved
from a drunkard's grave.
Tlie Orein Smitta Family.
Smith's former popularity is attested by
Goldsmith, Armwsmtih, BiUsmlth, Spenr
umith, Necsnilth or Nnllsmith, Bucksmltli or
Backelsmltb, Locksmith, and many other
The Culture of
that at the time was studying this disease.
To hunt the city for a man who was ex
perimenting on the matter in question
would be to bunt for a needle in a hay
mow; still, plants do not grow without
seed, and, although the legal proof Is not
forthcoming, the moral demonstration Is
complete. From this stand the storyreads
Some kindred devil brought from Europe
the culture of the dreaded phigue, and
killed for the woman the rabbit by the in
oculation, then taught her how to make
tho rabbit's flesh appear as cooked meat,
while in fact It was. quite raw, and finally
exchanged the rabbits with her in Euch a
way that the only discrepant item was
the servant's belief, and that was unsatis
factory as evidence.
As an instance of cold blooded and suc
cessful crime, this stands unique, the
Holmes Mudgett murders are the work of
a simple blunderer by comparison.
Tho next case of this sort to attract the
attention of the interested was of "acute
phlebitis." This disease is also one of the
strictly contagious class, and no case has
occurred iu the civilized world -in the last
ten years that is not distinctly traceable to
another of tho same kHd; consequently
whn two cases occurred, one after the
other, in the same city, three months apart.
without any connection, so far as human
skill could trace, with any other, either In
the city where they happened, or in any
other, there was plenty of cause for any
Inquiry that scientific curiosity should
This disease is produced by ithe -growth
in the body of a "micrococcus" (Eng.small
round thing), whoso relations, forru, growth"
and habits areas well known as those of
the potato, and there is us small probability
of the coccus growing in any but its actus!
tomed way, as there. Is Hut the said
potato will suddenly take to growing as a
tree. Under thescrclrculuatance's there" was
only one course possible, to start a- hunt
for tho source of the contagion and find out
who had committed the crime of treating
a case of thLs dlseaseclandestlncjy, and had
let It escape from his keepfng, for this was
the prima facie case. Of course,! all -such
Inquiries have to be made on the quiet, as
there is no police regulation that makes
the occurrence of o contagious disease
without a proven pedigree, a crime, but no
connection could be found. After much
inquiry the attending physician saJd'JThis
case is either one of spontaneous generation,
or of murder; it cannot Tie spontaHeouS
generation; therefore, I think it Is murder.",
About ten days later it appeared that tho
man whose death had-Just-bccn mentioned
This is nothing remarkable in itself, but
the policy was payable to tlie nephew of the
dead man, and is out of all proportions to
his earnings, and the deceased did not pay
he premiums, while the beneficiary did.
In one word, the man stood between another,
and what was to that other a comfortable
succession, and he was a bill of expense as
long as he lived Is it too much to suspect;
that a man who was willing to speculate
on the death of another to begin with would
cogg the dice to hfe advantage when ho
found himself able todpso wlthoutthc least
danger of detection?
The third case is Just a repetition of tho
second, except that the death certlficato
reads "Pyemia " The meaning of the two
things is the same In this case the man
who had nil interest in tlie death wasa Phil
adelphia sporting man, who, by the decease
of the nearer heirs, was the residuary lega
tee of a man who had the use of an cstato
This case presented the same Impossible
questions for solution as the last. How It
could happen that two.gt.cli cases as these
could occur in the space of three months
without the least apparent connection rmh
any other cases in a city where the records
are made with any sort of care. It is hard
to see, and when the two suspicious cases
tlie only ones that happen in a whole year
that cannot be accounted for It is worse
than blindness to deny the inference that
such cases need "looking after."
While no distinct charge has been made.
there is no doubt in the minds of the few
men who know nit the circumstances, that
come one in this city is prepared to sell,
for his price, the means of death to any one
to whom bethinks it safe to sell
The idea might fee advanced that the
cost of the plant would make Itdlfficult for
any pne who did not have a very large trado
to afford to go into the business of making
poisons of this class, but against this may
be urged an equally obvious fact that tho
whole outfit of the manufacture would not
cost $100, and that the cost of running
the same Is nil. A much more serious diffi
culty would be the getting possession of tho
first cultures, but this could be done n this
city by entering any of the laboratories de
voted to this class of work as a student and
then starting the cultures in the tubes pre
pared for bis own use by this devoted stu
dent of science.
THE SALE OF' DISEA8ES.
The law of the case would require that
the man selling to any one the cultures ol
disease germs should protect himself by pro
viding a proper statement for his intending:
customer, and a lawyer has expressed an
opinion that any one did his whole duty In
the premises if he required his customer to
sign a receipt, such, for instance, as the fol
lowing: "New York, July 31, 'S3. Received of
A. B one test tube said to contain a cul
ture of the bacillus of anthrax. The said
purchased for purpose's of scientific re
search. (Signed)." If this is the case and
the man In question is a lawyer of famo
in this city, there is less risk in selling!
a dozen of this class of poisons than in
selling one dose of ludanum; in one word, it
is free trade In murder. It would be sim
ply Impossible to reach the seller until tho
buyer is caught, and If the sale is made a
crime, then the condition of the middlo
ages is reproduced exactly, and at that
time the most severe punishments were
unable to restrain the sale of poisons.
So it will be now Just as soon as the
criminally inclined see how much easier
it is to do murder according to the laws,
of scientific crime than against them.
Tbey will no longer have recourse to such
vulgar poisons as the "rough tin rats" and
the like, but they will purchase any one
of the seventeen invariably fatal diseases
that they can produce in the human sub
ject at will.
There are two ways in which this new
form of crime can be met, at least there are
two that are obvious. One is to register
every culture oven owner in the city and
then publish every one that Is not so regis;
tercd, if he is discovered, and make it a
misdemeanor to have an oven that is not
registered. Owing to the fact that Elmer
& Amend, in New York city, sell much more
than half of all the supplies in the United
States, it would be easy to obtain the
sales to private parties, if It were required
by law. To stop the transfer of the cul
tures between those that are Interested in
such things, would not in any way aid, be
cause the more men that are able to make
the cultures, the more there will be on the
lookout for thls-eort of crime.
Tho other, and the better way, is to treat
every case that is proved to be one of the
so-called "sporadic cases," of contagious
disease as a murder and investigate It as
euch. The fact is well known that these
ca"s can all be proved to be murders, or a.
result of the contempt of law.
THAT BALLOOXATIC I'ROJECTV
had been insured foi.teynj.pJ$J,0J20jilraud Cemetery" in Demo rest's Monthly.
Gen. Greely Expliiliw the TJnfea-.lblk-lty
of Arctic Gus-HaircinR.
"I will take another trip North if the
Government 60 wills," said Gen Adolphus
W. Greely, of arctic fame, a few days ago ta
a Times reporter.
"But," added he, -"I think for such ex
plorations younger men are the ones to bo
chosen, as the hardships of such a trip aro
so severe that a man of my age should not
dare them. I have Just returned from Lori
ion, where I spoke against a proposition
made by a distinguished gentlemaunnct
aeronaut, who suggested that the Interna
tional Geographical Society defray ex
penses for a balloon voyage to the pole anel
volunteering- his services. Seeing the im
practicability of such a venture, I spoka
against it, as did, of course, several other
gentlemen, and the scheme fell through.
"I am an authority to say the idea of
reaching the frigid pole by balloon would
be a failure, as will be seen when I enumer
tte but a few of the natural obstacles whicn
oppose such n risk.
"First is the carrying capacity of a bal
loon. It would require an Immense bulk
of gas to keep suspended the weight of a
requisite amount of vital sustaining sub
stance, such as food anel other essentials.
Also there Is the impermeable quality of
the substance forming the envelope of a
balloon, which Is generally of silk or gold
beater's skin In thirty days enough gas
can escaiie from a balloon through the pores
of the envelope to precipitate the suspended
weight toearth And every changelu cheat
mospbere makes the balloon less im
pcrdlble "I might give a hundred reasons why a
balloon voyage to the north pole is not
A nenilnlvcencoof Cliicliuniniigu.
"Just here," said the veteran, "I came
upon a most sorrowful experience. I was
appointed to take charge of one of the bury
Ing.partles, consisting of six men besides
myself. We were hunting about among tho
heaps for the wounded for we left the dead
to the last when it seemed to me that I
. heard a low moan. "D'ye hear that, ser
geant?" I said. 'Some chap groarlng?" ho
asked. 'Just that, said I. "Hunt tor him.
Dragging away the heaps of blue and gray
we came upon a young fellow shot through
the shoulder. 'Don't mind me, says he.
'Take care of my brother.' We dug out a
boy in gray with a bayonet wound in bis
Internals. Hopeless case; no cure. Called
myself a consarned fool for my pains, but
sat down upon the deadhorse and looked on
while the blue brother,, wounded In tho
shoulder, took the gray brother, wounded
in the bowels, in his arms. I found them
there in the morning in tho same position,
both cold and rigtdand lam nqt ashamed
to say that I had to rub some wet out o' my
eyes." "The Chatfinooga National Park