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THE MORNING TIMES, SIWDAYSEPTEMBER 29, 1895.
We are making a specialty
of Ornaments, Garnitures,
As Jet Is to bo the leading article for trimming, we aro showing a beautiful cor
lection of Edgings, Bands and 1 olnts.
Jet Edgings from 10c to 75c yard.
Jet Bands from 38c to $3.75 yard.
Jet Points, 4 to 15 inches
The new and effective Ring Gimp, for capes 'and dresses,
$2.00 and $2.25 j'ard.
Wo respectfully ask an Inspection of oar lines and guarantee the newest and
choicest goods at the Try lowest prlos. !
Cohen's Trimming Store,
523 llth Street
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hw' Bnvbuv wvv wr w
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PSIG TKIHEB Bill
Stuns Citizens Shirk Their Duty
If Not Prevented.
PEAGTI0E PETTY DECEPTION
tncldc-nt, Aiinivliic nnd Otherwise,
Xlmt Sln w the Difficulty tlio Wuter
Department lias in Collecting the
Tux Tenderhearted Collectors.
Tenants Aro HeiMiifiblB
Washington's water supply and Its proper
regulation Is one of tlie many perplexing
things with which tlie District Engineer
Department has to contend, and contact
-with the wblms and peculiarities of the
thousands of consumers forms an enter
talnlns incidental to the condition with
which the executive officer of the law Is
The water system of the District bas
grown into a vast machine from a com
paratively modest beginning. As origi
nally devised, it was wholly under the
controlof the UnitedStates go eminent, and
designed for its exclusive use, but several
decades ago, first tiy concession and then
by transfer, the municipal authorities ob
talned an interest In it, and Potomac
fluid became a merchantable commod'ty
It aUo lapsed Into an exceedingly dlffi
cult system to administer, requiring the
constant supcrUslon of the District rep
The Washington citizen Is In the main
an ordinary human, under moro or less
restraint, with intellectual endowment and
moral scruples fully up to the general requi
aites lie averages well with hU neighbors
of other municipalities, and orders bis life
by a code as strict in Its proisions and
discipline as can bo found elsewhere. Yet
there is in his animal make-up a fair pro
portion of theorijlnal biped, yclept tue"0!d
Not a few posses? the Inclination and
manifest the- desire to "keep even" wltb
"the government," it not a little ahead,
and the smallest injustice is accepted as
the basis of the up to-date interpretation
and application of the Scriptural admoni
tion "With what measure je mete," so
shall to jou be tfco measurement, several
NO IIAUM TO DEFRAUD.
Nowhere else Is this dl-position more
manifest than In tlie public conception of
the modern "Mr. Lillyick." who suc
ceeds to tne office of collector of the
jratcr rates. Air Is free, and that the
rains which descend from heaven should
be is a deep-seated conviction 4n the
minds of many, who likewise harbor the
thought that it is no harm at all to beat
The walls of the water office, had they
one tongue, or a dozen, could make many
a startling revelation. ThVIr contribution
to current sensation might treat alone of
the many schemes, some preconceived and
others adoptcdupon "tho spur of Uie
moment," whereby the objects of the law
are temporarily If not permanently de
feated. It Is In many. If not alarge majority
of the cases, through no Intention to de
fraud; but In the end the department Is
A few Instances, obtained by Inquiry
and observation, will servo to Illustrate
In the very busiest hour of the day, and
In the midst of the busiest season of the
year, a citizen calls to pay his water rent.
Ho or she has not taught the. bill along,
but "the clerk will know." The number
of the house, the street and location are
given, and the bill Is hastily made out.
Clerks in the water office are not Infal
lible, and the amount of the bin Is erro
Should it be In favor of the taxpayer
as, for example. No. COO, on a street in the
northwest Is mistaken for the same num
ber and street in the southeast, and the latter
place Is liable to a heavier rate than the
other; the money is paid without comment,
and tho northwest patron hurries away
withoutglvlng hu receipt so much as a mo
It calls for several dollars less than he has
been accustomed to pay, andhcinwardly ex
presses gratification and shakes hands with
himself over his good fortune without really
knowing. He doesn't feel very comfortnble,
but he has paid less water tax than he did
last year, and the year before and the year
before that. He doesn't care to know why.
The mistake is discovered after a while
it nearly always is and the patron then
expresses the wonder he felt when the bill
was paid and forks over the difference not
unwillingly, but half regretfully; yet he
meant to be strictly honest about it.
It Is not possible nor is it ever expected
that the tax of every householder, owner,
or tenant, as the case may be, will be paid
vcr to Collector Davis on the day all bills.
are due. They arc payable on the first
day of July In each year, and many that
were payable last July are still delin
quent. Here is a source of no small loss to the
District. Under Justice Bradley's de
cision in the Goddard case the municipality
t must loot to the tenant or the consumerfor
its compensation for water supplied, and
should the government fall to collect the
tax when due, it does so at Its own risk. .
A tenant does not pay promptly, and in
fc4 M -w
Our stock of Dress Trimmings Is lull
. .t AtB.1t In nil Ita rtalntl nnil TT
aro showing aU the LATEST NOVEL-'
-11V3 . . . .
Yokes from $1.25 to$6:50.
Garnitures, with shoulder pieces,
from $3 to $10.50.
Vests. $4.50 to $7.50.
Epaulettes, $2.25 to $3.50 pair.
PrinQcd Ornaments, VA to 18
Inches deep, 10c to $1.75 each.
and from $2.50 to $6.50
TCrr v w or w vw vr wro
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the natural course t eienls the collect
ors, with fifty thousand or'mroe houses
to look after, du nof discover the delin
quency for seeral months- Meanwhile
the occupant moves to some other locality,
and utiles by sonic rare good fortune the
debtor can be traced, the District is out of
TRACI.N'O r THE TENANT.
It should be&tatcd that the water depart
ment does not deal with individuals by
name, but with honses by number. Hence
the difficultjv.cxpvrlenced Ja tracing the
tenant who has failed to pay.
The occupant or a dwelling Is notified
at the proper dale that the water tax Is
due, and later that if is overdue. Pay
ment is demanded, nnd the inspector is
informed that the bill has btcn settled.
The receipt Is not exhibited for the reason
that it bas been mislaid, bjt search will be
made and if the officer will call again
It will be' forthcoming. This necessitates
a second, or probably a. third, visit, when
the householder admits the mistake and
pays up. This is not nn Infrequent oc
currence. It Is very often, too, tfiat sickness and
even arallfr added to lack-of employment
ancVconspqucntlnck rof means, render it
ln.possibio for a breadwinner to meet the
demand. This Is the pathetic phase, and in
every caso due consideration ts given,. An
lLspcctor will pass by" orf the other 6lde
when he knows there Is good cause for
delay, and it is related to the credit ol Capt.
Derby, (ate assistant to tlie Engineer
Commissioner, that on many occasions he
met the demands of the. regulations by
advancing from his own pocket the amounts
duo in worthy cases rather than to execute
tho law by causing the supply to be with
drawn. Ho toot-fiU'the risk of afterpay
ment, butlt-ls natknown thathts generosity
was ever taken advantage of.
Many tenants'whose landlords attend to
the payments are neglectful. The bills
'most, under the law, be. rendered to the
premises by number. The owner has other
cares, and lacking the reminder that the
statement of accountls intended to be, he
r,ivcs tho matter no attention, while his
tenant carelessly omits to transfer the bill.
. THERE IS A. SCENE.
It is brought to his nltentlon later on,
when he iifholifled' that the water will be
cut off within forty-eight hours upon de
fault of payment within that period. In
nearly cery case there is a scene, and In
a great majority of cases the office gets
the blame. The tenant claims never to
nae received the bill and kuows nothing
An occupant of property who pays at the
beginning of the jcarnnd afterwards re
moves to another house fli.ds that there
has been no water tax collected for the
new premises It is ireumbent upon him
to pay for the remainder of the year, but
he makes an appeal upon the Ecore of the
To the officials the case presents an
aspect of unfairness, but the law is in
exorable and admits of no modification of
the rule. The tenant must pay or subsist
without the aid of the Potomac fluid.
The man wlthacouroncamcin the other
day ''and" upon presenting It to Collector
Davis he was informed tbattheblilmustbe
produced. Passing into the water office
he demanded to know whatit alliceant "all
"Where is the other part of this bill?" he
"I put it away, of course; it's at borne
verc-it gets locked oop'."
The careful man had, torn off the col
lector's coupon and "put his unsigned
receipt nmong his priate archives for
"Better get a hustle on yourself and bring
the bill here,"' "was the advice, and he
proceeded to act upon it.
"Now, where can I get a warrant?"
was the startling query propounded to a
clerk In the water department not long
"There are several places where war
rants are Issued," was the reply, "but tills
is not one of them."
The querist.was. in scorch of a Justice
shop and tackled 'the first official seen
in the first office that came in bis way.
All sorts of strange propositions and
requests for information upon a wide
variety of topics come into the District
Building by the water department route.
If a house be occupied on the first day
of July, the consumption of water Is as
sumed and the premises are taxed for the
whole year, but ir not then occupied the
water rent is payable only from the
date on which the water Is turned on.
SAVE THEIR WATER.
Under this rule many householders who
leave the city for the summer are ex
empted until their return in the fall, their
residences, even If left in the care of the
servants, being classified with the closed
bouses, none of which is required to pay
The water meter will soon be a factor
in the sjstem to a much greater extent
than formerly. Strange say, in contra
distinction to the apparent opposition to
It, the meter Is regarded as a money saver
to many ta-c-pajers. It Is only the larger
business establishments that arc included
in the order recently Issued by the Com
missioners, and under the regulations as
heretofore enforced these are taxed ac
cording to fixtures, while residences are
rated according to the frontage.
In some businesses, it ts said, the tax
will bo very materially reduced by the
Introduction of the meter, ono case being
cited where a fifty dollar assessment was
reduced to ten dollars annually.
There aro but six inspectors for the
outside work. These have their time fully
occupied for a month at the beginning of the
fiscal year In the delivery of bills, then
for several months in the delivery of re
minders and otherwise brtneing up the
Not Many Have Forsaken Dixie
for Other Lands.
HELD BY THEIR HOME TIES
Southern States Are Giving Education
to the Colored Man Virginia Una
Lost Mont and Texas Shown tlio
largest Gain Interesting Facts I)e
Teloped br Statistics.
Way back in the year 1620, when cer
tain traders brought in a llttlo Dutch
vessel to Jamestown, Va., twenty beings of
African descent, and made them the
unconscious beginners of a system of human
traffic in this country, they neither fore
saw, nor cared to foresee, tho strife which
an advancing civilization would rouscafter
it had discovered a retarding factor in
its upward path.
Nor did the early colonUts realize If they
had they must have paused that soon there
would spring up, as If by geometrical pro
gression, thousands of llttlo black bodies
to care for; thousands of bodies with souls
to be taken iutq account in solving the
problem of w hat their destiny must ei, entu
Perhaps if the co'onlsts had thought out
these things, that little DJtch ic-ssel might
have ploughed the ocean waves back to the
scorching deserts of Africa and left Ham's
children to frolic with tho ostrich in the
home from which European treachery Iia
But they did not think, or It they did, the
thought bore no fruit, fur the negro Is
with us, and no promises of Utopian life In
far-away lands can lure him In large
numbers from the home of his adoption.
Here he lus been brought, In ecry case
against his will, and hero he intends to
Within the borders of the United States
he shows some disposition to rove, but he
is not nearly so migratlveas the whitcmiin.
This is clearly shown In a table of statistics
prepared Trom the records of the eleventh
census, by Mr. A. E. Schumann, chief of the
division of final results. -Theses tablesan.1
accompanying statements, which exhibit
a wonderful condensation of boundless re
search, have not yet been published, but
are soon to appear in n magazine, and will
be of great importance in showing the
tendency of the colored people in their
movements from State to State. Statistics
of the same kind, in regard to white people
aregiven for purposes of comparison. Both
races are enumeratcdaccording to residence
and birth by States.
HOW IT IS FOUND.
Taking the number counted as being born
in a given State and deducting therefrom
those that reside in other States, one ob
tains the number which have moved from
their States of birth, and the locality to
which they migrated. For this compilation
States and Territories, except Alaska and
Indian Territory, are divided into six
groups, of which thirteen States form the
Southern and most important group, since
It Is there that the negro thrives in the
largest majority, and It Is from there that
almost the entire colored population of tbo
Unitcd States emanated.
It was there that be lived, tlie dependent,
careless.Tet ofttimes happy, life ot a elav e;
hoeing corn, picking cotton, basking in
the sunlight by the old cabin door; lying
In tlie fields, dreaming of a heaven where
the streets are paved with watermelons
and henhouses minus lock and key.
At twilight, picking from a dilapidated
banjo that wealth of melody, which few
rndarewsfcis have ever been able to tear
out by the roots from a Knabc grand; or
singing harmoniously, if not in classical
fashion, "The Cabin Home," "The Mock
ing Bird," and sacred songs, too, as na
ture's true children hope to licartliem sung
by the, uncultivated perfect voices of God's
angewin the sweet bye and bye.
It was there that he broke home ties and
started out, sadly sometimes, to bend his
untrained mind to meet the exlgencie-s ot a
dread tomorrow That he has done re
markably well has already been proved,
the principal-interest in air. bciiuuiann's
statistics is to find out what part of the
country lie ilSes best as a residence, and
the reasons for his preference.
The last census reports enumerate 7,
510,680 native colored persons in the Unit
ed States, all of which are of African de
scent, except 40,040, which were counted
as colored, being chiefly Indians and a
few Chinese and Japanese born In the Unit
WHERE TnEl' WERE BORN.
Such races are not given separately by
States'of birth in the census work, but as
they constitute only one-half of 1 per
cent of the total, the result relative
to natives of AJfican descent is not mul
terlally affected. Seven million, four hun
dred and forty-eight thousand, four hun
dredandseventy four of thc7,510.680 were
tiorn In forty nine States and Territories
(Including the District of Columbia) and 62,
206 in Alaska, Indian Territory, at sea or
abroad, of native parents.
Ninety per cent of the aggregate native
colored population were bom in thirteen
Southern States and about 87 per cent
still reside there. Maryland, West Vir
ginia and Delaware, lying north of the Po
tomac, were not included in the Southern
group. Thirteen mUllon one hundred and
ninety thousand five hundred nnd twelve
white people were born In the Southern
group; 1,683,889 moved Internal, that is,
among States in the group, and 1,031,166
went to States ot other groups; 6,717,324
colored were enumerated as born in the
Southern group; 710,012 moved internal,
and 252,270 forsook Dixie for other lands,
while 5,755,042 remained at home.
The causes for this arc widely speculative.
Some think that the negro is more of a
stay-at-home than the white man. Then
there comes a contradiction from some
quarter, which tries to prove that when
he comes in contact with the world, as do
those who live near large cities, his rolling
stone tendencies begin to develop.
Another theory ia that in the South he
finds less aggressive competition in his
own peculiar line of work agriculture.
And thenthe farmers, who aro praying for
some one to help them garner in their har
vests, declare that the negro is tired qf
farming, and wants to get away from farm
This does not prove, however, that he
likes agricultureIcss, but case more, for
as his knowledge of luxury becomes more
extensive, he is as anxious as any one to
doff the shackles of manual labor. Then
there are others who think that he stays
principally in the South because so much
of him is bidden away In remote districts
that he would not know how to get out
into the world If he desired to.
'Whatever may be the cause, a comparison
of figures will show that where 7.S per
cent of whites moved away from the South
ern group only 3.8 per cent colored fol
lowed tholr example.
FROM PLACE TO PLACE.
The ratio is as follows concerning the ml-
gratlon of both races among States of the
Twelvo and eight-tenths white to 10.6
per cent colored movements from thegroup
to States of other groups, 7.8 per cent
white to S.8 per cent colored. This shows
three hundred and .ninety-two white people-
came to the Boulb from other groups, and
76,072 from Alaska, Indiana Territory,
etc. Seven and one-tenth pqfif cjjnt of-tbe
Bouth's white residents were born in other
geographical localities. 'Twenty-five thou
sand eight hundred and forty native col
ored, living in the Southern group, were
born in other groups, and 46,025 came from
Alaska, Indian. Territory, eje nOne and
one-tenth per cent of the Bdullrs colored
people were born outside bcr borders.
It would be interesting to analyze tho
statistics of each Southern 8,tate In this
connection and compare orw with another,
but as spaco is limited, only a few can be.
The largest number of colored people born
in any ono State first saw the, light or day
In Georgia, the number being 808,263.
Virginia comes next with 832,102, but
it is Interesting to note that where Georgia
lost 09,516 by migration 91,172 to States
within tho relatlvo group, and only-S,344
to other groups a regular wholesale hcglra
lias been inaugurated from Virginia to
places beyond Mason and Dixon's line, 215,
589 having left that State 95,661 to
Southern States and 119;938 to other
Virginia's statistics would seem to in
dicate that the negroes aro leaving the
South, but she, Kentucky and Missouri are
the only States which have sent more out
of tho South than to States within Its bor
ders, and this is partly because they are near
tho dividing line between-North and South;
and in Virginia's case to causes which will
be explained later. The negroes of these
States, many of whom live nearer the cen
ters of population than their more Southern
brethren, long for exciting life, and flock to
tho large cities of Washington, Chicago",
Cincinnati, etc.; besides, there is alwa a
greater exchange of people among contig
RATH ER STAY AT HOME.
We find that tlie blacks or the Lone Star
8tato would rather stay at home and drive
Texas steers than to risk the vicissitudes
ot life In other States, or In Washington
city, witli Its yearnings towardanibassador
shlps to Dahomey, or Departmental Emptier
ot the Ort icial Waste-Paper Baskets. Texas
lost, In proportion, lessof her colored popula
tion than any State; of the 392,683 bom'
in the State, only 12,3 IS, or 3.2 per cent,
Tlorida ranks next, with a loss of 5.7 per
cent. Migration ot negroes to Texas, 107,
766 (94,861 from other Southern States,
2,473 from outside groups; 10,132 from
Alaska, Indian Territory, etc.), exceeds
that of other States, except Mississippi and
Arkansas; 121,525 represent tlie number
who hao gone to Mississippi (113,573
from the relative group, 2,521 from
other groups 5,131 from Alaska, etc.), and
there they are more numerous than tlie white
people; two thirds of the Slate's cotton
is made by negroes, aclrcumstance In which
they take much pride.
They do not care so muchittbout trouble
at the voting precincts as1 people Imagine;
on tlie contrary, they enjoyon occasional
disturbance, though sucl dire threats as
tho following are sometimes heard:
"I'so gwlne tcr leave tliB r5le place, I Is;
dese white folks alnt gwirtettjr let er nigger
vote. Why, dey stuffs Iras' ballot to' J
puts It In do box." ' r:
The new constitution tt Mifsfsslppl,
which disfranchised illiterrfte voters, has
been severely crlticlsed!-ns"be!ng unjust
to negroes, but Its provisions also exclude
a number of whites who afe jn the fame
boa't, and it is toL-e bonc-H that it will
have some effect In forcfiU the colored
people to take advantage '60 far as lies
In their power. ? ,c "rl"
Mississippi bas been rrtlttle behind hand
in educating the colored ra? but at present
6be Is looming to thVfronl'in tliat respect.
State -normal cchools hve-been established
for colored students at "Holly Springs' and
Tugaloo. The Alcorn Agricultural and
Mechanical College has nearly 300 students
The academies at Jackson and Meridian
are in floarlshipg condition', as are also
the public EChools throughout the State.
Arkansas has received the large-st share
of this race from other places, the numlier
lielng 126,710; there being 118,000 from
States in the relative group, 2,058 from
other groups, and 5,853 from Alaska, and
Indian Territory, &c.
Texas and Arkansas, though they have
entered upon an era of unusual protpcTity
during recent years, still have vast arc-as
of unsettled lands. To these the white
people have been showing a tendency, to
migrate, thus causicg a demand for more
colored labor Some time past, a man
called "Pcgleg" Williams, of Memphis,
Term , began to build castles in his brain
for the deelopnicnt of Texas and Arkan
sas' resources, ard Incidentally for his
own financial benefit.
PERSUADED TO LEAVE.
He preached through advertisement and
In person tho opportunities offered by
these States to the colored people, and
after securing cut rates from railroad
companies, persuaded a number of Carolina
darkies to leave home and migrate to
Arkansas in response to a call freni an
This started the ball to rolling, and as
"Pcgleg" continued to get cheap trans
portation for colored laborers, a perfect
avalanche of them swcptdownupouTcxar
and Arkansas from other Southern Slates.
In their new homes they received higher
wages, forall the older States, evenGcorgia
and Alabama, despltetilielr prosperity,
were offering less Inducements to farm
bauds than to other industrial workers.
Arkansas nnd Texas keep nbrcastof othe-r
Southern States In giving educatio'n to
the negroes. Arkansas' BChool fund m
larger In proportion to her taxable prop;
ertytban that of any other State, and
Texas contributes large sums for the edu
cation of the young. In both States the
colored race gets its Just proportion of
the funds, andin each has, besides ex
cellent public schools, a. few collcge-s,
the most important being the Prairie
View Normal School' of Texas, and the
Philander Smith College in Arkansas.
Very few negroes Lgo to the far West;
tney prcicr ucing nearcs oiu uaums; uc
sides they dislike minJcg!rhaIng a horror
of being u udergroundr
In compariug the statistics ot internal
changes or movements atpong the thirteen
Southern States, we, Xlnd that" Arkansas'
gain has been 185,4,4 .rhltcs and 4.06,
8ii colored. Texas, 471,320 whites and
85,903 colored. Six j3taps, Florida, Lou
isiana, Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas, and
Missouri, have gainedcthe)'323,86 1 negroes,
which represent a loss to Virginia, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Ala
bama, Kentucky, and "Tennessee.
In external -changes, xthat is, changes
with other groups, the South has, ofcourse,
sent away more negroes than Bho has re
ceived; tho loss being 1,80,405 (203,805
left the South, and 23,400 cams to it);
this is partly because there are so few
negroes in tho North and West, and docs
not necessarily show a great tendency to
migrate in those directions.
LOSS IN POPULATION.
The losses in Alabama and Georgia seem
Incredible in view of tho prosperity of
these States; but their people are gradually
turning their attention to manufacturing
and industry which has not hlUierto cm
ployed many negroes. They do not seem to
care for It, and observation will prove that
in nearly every State which changes from
agriculture to manufactures, a loss in
colored population ensues.
The greatest excess of gain over loss, in
exchanges of colored people between out
Blde groups and a single Southern State,
is In Texas, and numbers 9,515. The
bulk ot loss over caln is In Virginia
116,640. Tho losses sustained by Kea-
the greater tendency; of the w4lflt,o.ri
Eight hundred nnd'flfty-foaf thou
tucky, Tennessee, anil Missouri are prin
cipally to Kansas, Iowa, UHloIs, Indiana,
and Ohio. Those of Virginia, North Caro
lina, South Carolina, and Georgia, who
went out of the Southern group, went
principally to New York, Pennsylvania,
New Jersey, and the District of Co
lumbia. Missouri gained most from outside groups;
211,191 In native whites: and Vir
ginia lost most, 231,435 to other groups.
As has already been stated In regard to
native colored in "exchange with other
groups, Virginia lost most, 116,610, and
Texas shows the largest gain, 9,515.
Texas shows the largest internal gain in
whites, 471,320, and Arkansas in col
ored, 100,812. Tennessee shows largest
Internal loss in whites, 207,151, and North
Carolina in colored, 85,226. Balancing
tlie loss and gain, it was found that the
f South sustained a loss of 100,702, native
white, and 180,405 native colored people.
This is proportionately a small loss.
THE GREATEST CHANGES.
Another of the tables prepared from the
census records shows tho movements, in
ternal and external, by percentages among
among the six groups into which the
country is divided.
By internal movements, the greatest
changes among the white people have
taken place in tlio central West group,
15.7 per cent, ot that population having
moved from one State to another. Among
the colored tho greatest Internal move
ment was within the middle Atlantic
States 12.9 percent.
In external movement, those moved from
one distinct grop to another, the Middle
Atlantic States have lost the greatest cum
ber of whites, 1 1.8 per cent, while New
England has lost the largest per cent of
colored, also 14.8.
Tho Pacific group lias lost less white
people, 5.5 pcre-ent, andtheSoutherngroup
the smallest relative per cent of colored,
3 8 per cent.
The losses by external movement in col
orcd stands thus:
New England, 14.8 per cent; Middle At.
Inatlc group, 6.5 per cent; Central West,
9.8 per cent; West, 7.7 per cent; Pacific,
5.3 per cent; Southern, 3 8 per cent.
-"The District Is peculiarly attractive to
the colored race. By the latest reports of
tho 37,865 born in the District, only 6,
169 have left it, and its gain from other
localities has been 43,185. Of these 24,
003 came from Virginia, 15,015 from Mary
land and 1,167 from other States.
IN SHEPHERD'S DATS.
When ex Gov Shepherd began to execute
hfi plans for the betterment of Was1iIn?ton
streets be drew lirgcly from Virginia's and
.Maryland's quota of e-olored people. When
tho' streets' were laid cut and properly
graded, these negroes, iustead of returning
home, managed to driit Into ether kh'ds of
work andjnade Washington their home.
One cause of the continued Influx frcm
Vlrglnli is the desire ofWashington people
for "Ole Vlrgluy", servants. The latter
bee-ame so delighted with Washington city
lire that they, like their predecessors, never
care to go back to the land ot their birth.
They inform their home people, who In
turn beeomc-dissatistled with country life
and flock like bees to this city, where they
expect to find all the good thlrgs ot life
awaiting them and work done by magic.
One ingenuous little girl wrote home to
her parents in Virginia that she "never wuz
gwiue back home no mo', kase Indo coun
try you bas ter go cr mile tcr de spring fer
cr bucket cr water, and In de city yo'gits
it outen a hole in de wall."
"Washington offers excellent educational
advantages to the race. Besides the public
sihools there nrc several good colleges es
tablished for their benefit. Many District
colored people have found their way into
the Government departments and into pri
vate offices. But there are others who have
an easy time in summer, and la wintcrhave
tobe supported by themissions and c hurchcr.
RATHER THAN LEAVE.
These would undergo all kinds of priva
tion rather than leave their beloved Wash
ington, which in one sense of the word be
longs to them. So said a dusky orator one
Emancipation Day nlno years ago.
He declared that when Mr. Lincoln set
the darkles free be gave them Washing
ton to be theirs, and he thanked his stars
that every mom when the sun arose, doz
ens of little black babies opened their
eyes on tlie world 'neath tho shadow of
Washington Monument and riveted stronger
While tlie negro bas had manyshardships
to undergo his lot has not been the
hardest In the world, even during the
period of slavery. This last fact is veri
fied by the affection an old negro always
feels for the family to which he belonged.
The ptice of his former bondage Is not
hateful to him, and tbe question arises
in our mind whether, as bo came to us un
lettered, uncultured, it was not best that
he should have undergone a short period
of servitude until his faculties were pol
ished by contact with civilization.
If he had come among us like the Chinese
in time we might bavo closed our doors
to him; If this bad been at first his domain
we might have crowded blm to a narrow
strip of land In tlie West, where treaty
rights would have been null and void; then
we would -have begun our process of ex
termination as we havc"with the Indian.
But he came into the hearts ot our fam
ilies, endeared himself to us by ex
amples of faithfulness nod affection;
worked In our fields, pkiyed with little
children around our doorstep, helped nurse
our dear ones in illness, and mourned with
us when they passed away. Wc could
not feel that he was'an alien, and when tlie
time came for him to be set free, it wbuld
have seemed as atrocious as treachery to
our own race .not to have lent him a help-"
TO THE LADIES,
TO THE LADIES.
Invited to attend
On MONDAY. TUESDAY and WEDNESDAY, September SO. Octobar 1
and 2. Wo will display a full assortment of ?
Consisting of Capos. Jackets, Opera Wraps, Collars, Neck Scarfs; Muffs,
and Trlmm ns made out of any Kind of fur imaginable.
We also will display af mi assortment of
Consisting or Jackets, Cloth, Plush and Velvet CapesM-eady-made suits and
separate skirts- lOper cent, discount on all goods during the opening days.
THE HUDSON BAY Slnompany.
"519 Eleventh St. N. W. MARTIN WOLF, Manager.
NOW IS THETTIME TO BUY.
When reached by Mount Vernon Electric R.R. (about 1st of December
next) prlce3 will be advanced 20 per cent. A marvelous success assured
and far-seeing Investors FAST TAKING ADVANTAGE OF EXTREMELY
LOW PRICES NOW OFFERED.
aDDISON HEIGHTS offers opportunities to the man of moder
ate means, or the rich man, never before equalled in the history
of Washington Real Estate. It is offered by the original owners,
with unblemished title deeds, and not by a speculative land dealer.
You save the speculator's profit a.nA buy with perfect safely, at prices
far below those prevailing- at suburbs more distant, far less acces
sible and attractive.
Think of It!
That it is in the most picturesque of all Washington's envi
rons thebeautiful Arlington district; it is high and healthful, com
manding a view of the entire city. Is in the direct line of progress
and improvement between two cities, which every year approach
and will eventually become one. That all signs point to it as the
natural site for the Capital's Most Populous Suburb. That it is re
mote and excluded, from every objectionable feature and protected
in every deed given from tlie invasion of every nuisance. That it
is the nearest suburb, within twelve minutes tro!!ey-reach from
Treasury Building, or 'steam" R. R. from Sixth Street Depot.
You will find broad avenues, expensively laid out and improved with
thorough system of drainage, three miles of wide durable board
walks, beautiful trees of natural growth and a fine Schoolhouse,
costing $5, OOP. 00. '
How Much Rent and Water Tax Do You Pay?
It is wasted if you can and do not add the amount to your
tvorti by buyiug -with it a home equally convenient to your business.
Prices of Lots. .. $50 $75 $100 $125 $150 $175 $200
Cash Down 1.00 1.00" "1.00 1.00 1.00 1.25 1.50
CashWcefclv-. 50. .75 1 03 1.00 1.03 1.25 1.50
10 per cent discount for Cas"h in full, 6 per cent discount for
partial payments in advance." Special terms for those who build at
once. No intereSfTno tax till title is past.
Villa Sites at Addison Heights.
Wc invite special attention to this part of our property, which
wc now have divided up. into Home Sites of surpassing beauty, of
from one-half acre to .four acres. To those whose cultured 'tastes
leads them to seek the sublime and beautiful in the selection of a
home a cordial invitation to call upon us is extended. It will afford
us pleasure to drive'you out and show them to 3-ou. These sites
embrace the most striking part of that grand range known as
Arjington Heights, the magnificence of the view from which are
world-renowned and unsurpassed the world over.
Trains leave Sixth Street Depot dailv for Addison Heights at
6:35, 7:45, 9:45, 11:50 a. m.; 12:50, 1:40, 3:20, 4:25,5:00, 5:37, 0:15,
S:02, 10:10, 11:39 p. m. Sundays 9:45 a. m., 2:45 p. m. For full
information and prospectus apply to
JAMES E. CLEMENTS and A. T. KOLTZMAN,
1321 F STREET NORTH WEST,
OrtoC. T. HENRY, who will bo at tho uface on tbs subdivision dally, from 10 a. m. to 3 p m
ing hand on the road to higher civilization.
This is peculiarly applicable to the South,
and Mr. Schunann'STcscarchcs.shaw that
Uie negro is ma t,ng jo streing effort to
get away from there. "'--"-".
SDE F1TE RAMSEr.
Itc-ndy at BiUWIle.
The people here at Billville are ready for
It it costs a hundred dolkirs. or a dime;
Tho flags are up an" flym'; you can hear
the bugles blow.
An" we're goin' to have a hallelula time!
Ready! Stand steady
When you hear the bugles blow
We're ma renin on from Rilhllle
To Atlanta and tho show!
Tho people hero at Billville are.ready for
The banners wave 'o'er regiments-sublime;
Tho mules are all a-brayin there's mu
sic in tho air,
An ' we're goin' to have a hallelula time!
Readyl Stand steady
When you hear the bugles blow
We're marchln' on from Billville
To AUanta and the snow!
There is more catarrh In this section of
the country than nil other diseases put
together, and until the last few years was
supposed to be incurable Fur a great
many years doctors pronounced it a local
disease, and presenbed local remedies, and
by constantly Tailing to cu re with local treat
ment, pronounced it incurable. Science
bas proven catarrh to be a constitutional
disease, and therefore requires constitu
tional treatment. "Hall's Catarrh Cure;
manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co.,
Toledo, Ohio, Is the only constitutional cure
on the market. It is taken Internally in
doses from lO'drops toa tcakpoonful . It
acts directly on the blood and mucous sur
faces ot the sytem. They offer oner hun
dred dollars for any case it falls to cure.
Send for clrculars-and testimonials. Ad
F. J. CHENEY & CO.,ToIcdo, O.
Sold by druggists, 7Gu
Note Prices and Terms, and come out to-day or
to-morrow and INVESTIGATE. You will
find among many advantages the following:
LET THE PEOPLE ANSWER !
Handreds ol Permanent Cares Eeporlea
TROM TUE USE Of
Dr. Geo, W. Fiber's Catarrh Cure.
Mr. D. A- Barrows, clerk Treasury Dept
Mr. 1L A. Liathlcum, road foreran a N. (X R.R,
Sl V. lieges ter, Ex-Hre and Water Commit
J. Harry DaTall, clert City Comptroller.
C. M. Clordon, cleri City lteglster.
R P. Hayilen, Drovers and Jlochanlcs Bank.
CL Y. Davidson, 2fa 5 X Lloerty street
Itobt. Laupbelmor, 571 N. Gay street.
Sid you ever see sucn prom In eh t reference
before? Ilalttmore's most prominent men Tho
remedy does Its own talblng. and it Isarery
rate caso that from one to six bottles doan not
make a permanent cure. IX IS positively the
only remedy on earth that irllt permanently
cure Catarrh In all It forms.
Price, 10 cents, by all Drugzlsts. KrlcSc. Chem
ical Co., Wholesale Agents, ITU) Pa. Ato. Ji. W.
Maiy people are troubled with unsightly
hair gmwins on their faces It Is especially
no:Iceble with ladies. Many remedies are
sold, bat few of thou are auy gcod and some
aro highly injurious.
The only perfect remedy Is the
It Is easy, harmless, painless nnd permanent.
Dr. George Semmes tho rminent electrolysis
specialist Is In attenJanco at my parlors. U
is an adept In tho use ot the elenrlo noodle
Dr. J. SEMMES,
704 14th St. N. W.