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TELE MORNING TIMES, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1895.
ANNUAL FALL OPENING
. H. HOEKE.
New and enlarged facilities with every department Under new conditions.
The markets of the world have been drawn on in making up this most complete
stock of , ,
Carpets, Furniture, and Drapery.
The pencil used in marking the goods has been cut in half this FALL
and your interest considered in everything. We want you to be more interested in
us and have made prices closer than you ever knew them in-order to bring us closer
together. ' ,. w , .
We wish you would make us a call, will be glad to have you look even
if you have no idea of buying.
This department ban been greatly
enlarged, giving It a room 27x100
feet, handsomely carpeted -with a Wil
ton Velvet, and everything done to make
chopping In it a pleasure.
Ttisfctosk has been selected with great
care, and ou arc t.ure to find Just
what jou -want, and at the right, price.
2Gc Curtains for 12 l-2c
18-lnch rurtlitl Sofa Pillows. 39c.
G-4 Cbemlle Table Covers, G9c.
Derby Portieres, 3 colors. 52.98.
Tapestry Portieres, fringed, 3.00.
Bilk Portieres, fringed all around,
French Silk Tapestry Portieres, S1G.
TnmatlvellrnpiTy Cloth, 2."ic.
Silk Striped Curtains, $1.00 pair.
W e alwajs been noted for keeping
the be. t. stock ot laces In the city, and
ihU fall's slock emphasizes that distinc
tion. Nottingham Laces from C5c up.
Irkh Points from S1.98 up.
Tambour Laces from S2.7G up.
Saxony Laces from $3.00 up.
Swis, Cluny anil Brussels Laces In
exquisite stiles. With all Laces and
Portieres sold this week we will give
in the Poles and bang them free ot
Blankets, Comforts, and Quilts.
W. H. HOEKE,
I Carpets, Furniture, and
ICor. Pa. Ave. and
LWEDS W L1HEBS
They Daily Consult the Volumes
in the Law Library.
PEEPARIKG THE ARGUMENTS
Nearly All Keputuble Members of tlio
FrntiTiilty Belong to tUo Bar Asso
ciationBooms In the City Hall
"WLlto Judge tuid Counsel Hobnob,
lion It Wu Organized.
The National Capital Is productive of more
lawyers than any other city ot similar slzo
in the republic. It is said. Surely, In no city
can a more brilUant array ot legal talent bo
congregated than In Washington. The
high class of tills cohort of attorneys Is at
tributable largely to Uie Bar Association
of the District of Columbia.
In reference to the legal fraternity, It Is
little short of an anomaly to say that there
is strength In -unity. Indeed, when one sits
before a bar of Justice and listens to tho
bursting of vocabulary bombs of wit and
humor and hears the rattle of verbal ar
tillery, he little thinks it possible for a
reconciliation of the warring elements.
But that Is all before the scenes. When
tho curtain Is dropped at tho close of tho
legal drama, then tho actor-lawyers Join
hands and Jolly each other as pleasantly
behind the files as the affectionate heroine
rests; her manufactured face upon the
shoulder of the stage villian. It Is then they
unite again to gain strength for the combat
of to morrow.
GETTING THEIR POINTS.
Tho quarters ot the Bar Association are
tho legal dressing rooms of tho District
lawyers. Here the attorney-players sit side
by sido and learn the roles they will speak
to each other In open court on tho following
Here, as soon as one lawyer lays do wn tho
legal report, from which he expects to quote
the clinching point ot his case, bis friend
and opponent will immediately take It up to
learn the lines that will smash that same
point Into fragments and win the applause
ot the third-story divinities.
The Bar Association is twenty-one years
old. There was, consequently, a time when
It was not. The Incorporation took pjaco
under an act of Congress, Junes, 1874. Like
many other great Institutions, its origin
is traceable to amythlcal beginning.
Oneday prior to the dateaboveincntioned
Mr. Walter D. Davldge, one of the best
known members ot the local bar to-day,
was arguing" a case before the general
term. Be had occasion to refer to a re
port that was not among the books before
him. Calling Walter Robinson, the trusty
messenger of the court, he directed blm to
go to the court library and bring the vol
ume be wnntl.
The court horary at that time consisted of
a single shelf of books that had been con
tributed by generous lawyers who had
duplicates ot the ones they gave away.
Robinson brought a book, but It was not
the book wanted. Mr. Davldge sent it
A minute later he came Into tho room,
panting like the first steamboofcthat nav
igated tho Potomac, and -with a pile of
books In his arms that towered -above bis
"Hycar, sab, Is de llbrawry," he said,
"yo' ken take yo' pick an choose, sah."
The Incident was the spark from which
IthaR been the universal expression of
everyone that ou r patterns and colonlngs
are the prettiest they have etcr seen.
We have a complete assortment. In
Ingrains, Agras, Tapestries, Velvets,
Wilton Velets, Body Brussels, Mo
quettcs, Axmlnster, and Wilton Carpet.
We do only first-class work, and a
Carpet madu and laid by us must be
Good Ingrains 35c.
Best Ingrains, GOc.
Tapestry Carpets, 48c.
Velvet Carpel, 80c.
Koyal Wilton-., $1:20.- -
Special prices on other grades for this
By luck or shrewdness, whichever you
may call H,-m havo gotten another lot
of those Jap. Rugs, and which we are
going to sell nl the same old price tit
$8.40 for a Dxl2. Ever body ' price
Is $10 tor.likc,qualUy.3Last month wo
sold about 000 Jap. Rugs. This lot Is
small not a fourth so jou can very
easily figure that to get one you must
come this week.
3x0. worth $2:00, for $1.20.
.4x7. worth $4.00, for $2.20.
'Oxti, worth S7.o0,'for.20.
0xl2,worcb $15.00, for $8.40.
grew the association of to-day with Its
nearly 200 members and a handsome and
useful library of upwards of 7,000 vojumes.
Two large communicating rooms on the
upper floor of the City Hall building have
been consecrated to tGe association. No
rental Is charged for these because the Ju
diciary is given the free use of the rooms
and the library.
The articles of Incorporation of the or
ganization provided for Its government
by a board of governors, with whom the
officers of the association shall sit as
ex-officlo members. The officers at pres
ent are representative lawyers, to whom
Uie District is proud to point. They arc:
Mr. Nathaniel Wilson, president: Mr. nenry
E. Davis, first vice president; Mr. Samuel
Maddox, second vice president; Mr. Blair
Lee, secretary; and Mr. Charles H. Cragln,
treasurer. Messrs. Samuel R. Bond, Job
Barnard, Andrew B. Dnvall, Randall Hng
ner and William A. McKenney, together
with the president, secretary and treasurer
above mentioned, constitute the board of
governors now in power. Mr. Kennon
Peter Is the efficient librarian.
The objects of the association are "to
maintain the honor and dignity of the
profession ot law and Increase Its usc
fulness'in promoting the due administra
tion ot Justice; the mutual improvement
.of its members, and to acquire and main
tain a law library for the use and refer
ence of the members of the association."
How well It has lived up to Its undertaking
the organization and Us membership them
It Is hardly as easy to become a mem
plained ot be proven, the association will
present tho person to the supreme court of
the District of Columbia and prosecute the
matter before thecourt. A committee Is also
appointed to look after proposed changes
In the laws affecting the District, and
report to tho association, with the sug
gestion ot such action as maj be deemed
When the association was founded It
was the intention to introduce a social fea
ture Into Its composition, but that design
has never been carried Into effect, save,
upon one occasion annually. That Is the
yearly excursion In the spring of the year
when the legal luminaries, both great and
small, go to Marshall Hall for a plank shad
The rooms at the city hall often during
the sessions ot the courts present the scene
of activity, but iris of the bee-hive variety,
and little convivallty is seen among the
frequenters of the place. It would be
difficult to point to one attorney from
among others who stays much In the library.
When an attorney haB an unusually In
teresting case on hand he may be seen
weeks prior to the hearing poring over
the volumes In the library. Ho drops
them entirely for the next lawyer when
he Is through.
ber of the association as It Is to descend
from the top of a greased pole. In the
first place an applicant must be a lawyer,
and then he must know three members who
will propose his name to the association.
The board of governors must next deefdo
by a three-fourths -rote to receive him.
Then It comes to paying the price of ad
mission. If the candidate has practiced
law for five years or more he must pax
$25 initiation fee and an annual tribute
TEE STANDING COMMITTEE.
Young lawyers are looked upon with
encouragement, and a knowledge that of
all professions that of the lawyer is one In
which the starving period Is the hardest
and the bill steepest and stoniest. The
young man who has not yet practiced a
quintette ot years and who has all of the
other attributes, may enter the association
for holt the price that It costs bis senior.
Until he shall have practiced torflve years
bis annual duo are only $10, too..
One of Vie most important -features of
the work V the organization is'lodged In
No one is more abreast ot the times
than the furniture, manufacturer, nor
was this ever truer than it la this sea
son. The designs are finer, finish nnd
construction better, nnd styles more
catchy: everything that was possible to
make thegoods belter nnd more pleasing
has been done, nnd the prices we ve
made most pleasing ot all. We arc
showing suites In all woods nnd finish,
nnd some rare things In Mahogany, old
Solid Oak Chiffonier, 0 drawers and
Oak double door Bookcase, O.G high,
FulKIze Couch In Tapestry, $5.00.
lluslln Couch, 30x72, spring edge all
Large Couch, in figured Denim, tufted
anil buttoned. $12.00.
Oak Hall Rack, G feet high, French
bevel plate, with umbrella stand, $0;
and from that up to $150.
Oak Sideboard, French bevel glass,
$13.00 and upward.
Handsome 3 piece Divan Bulte, In
Silk. $40: 0-plece suite. In Brocatelle.
S29; Inlaid o piece suite. In Silk, $05:
5 piece Over-tufted suite. In Silk, $G5.
White Maple Sulle. Bird's-eye, panels,
French plate, $27.00.
Large Imitation Mahogany Suite, $19.
Solid Oak Suite, swell top dresser,
shaped French plate, $19.
8th St. 1
the committee of grievances, a standing
committee of five members. The duty of
this body Is to bear and examlnccomplalnts
against members of the bar of the District
of Columbia for misconduct In their pro
fession. If the charges against the person com
He is never done until on the date ot
hearing, when the whole result of his
research is spread before him on the court
room tabic in the chape of a hundred or
more volumes. When the case is ended he
leaves the volumes to the mercy of the
court messenger to get back to the librarian
and then to their accustomed shelves as
best they can.
THE DCTNTONIAX INSTITUTE.
A. Manual Technics, Truliilng'Sollool.
An Institute for the manual training of
young men in the application of electricity
In both' science and commercial purposes
Is to be opened on Wednesday evening,
October 2d, in be Hutchins Building, cor
ner of Tenth nnd D streets northwest, and
will undoubtedly soon take a leading
place among Washington's prominent In
stitutions of learning.
Mr. Dunton, the promoter and principal
of the school, though a young man. Is by no
means unknown to the electrical frater
nity ot America. His articles In the "Elec
trical World," for amateurs, have received
much favorable .comment, while his lec
tures here have met with the warmest ap
proval, whenever he has appeared upon the
Testcrday afternoon The Times reporter
had the pleasure of 6eelng some of the elec
trical apparatus, which Mr. Dunton has con
structed and It would certainly do credit to
any large manufacturing concern, engaged
in that business for commercial results
In regard to his school and methods, Mr.
Dunton frankly states: "We cannot at
the expiration of one term of eight months,
turn out expert electrical engineers, nor
do we claim to do so. No Institution can
3o this, because the student cannot grasp
the tecbnlcalsclenceln that time, let alone
the practical application. We shallthc first
year put our class through the practical
work necessary to enable them to under
stand construction and Installation of
apparatus, and also give them as much
technical theory as possible and not con
Young men wfll find in this school an op
portunity to start, while those of more
mature years will have a chance to learn
the practical application of electricity
without going 6o deep into the technical
theory." Mr. Dunton certainly deserves
much credit for his courage In starting such
a school in Washington, for it is certainly
much needed. From all Indications we
predict that he will have a very large
class on the opening night. He has The
Times' best wishes for success.
A Scotch minister has been telling some
of his experiences In marrying people which
are rather funny. Sometimes, when he
has asked a couple to Join hands, the four
Join hands all round, as it preparing to
sing "Auld Lang Syne." On several oc
casions, when the question was asked ot
the bridegroom whether he took this wo
man for bis wife, no reply was returned.
He then repeated tho question moro point
edly, -which always brought out the tardy
but cool response, "Oh,ayl"
A common practice after the knot is tied
Is for the minister to shake hands with the
youngcoupleand8ay"I wish youmucb Joy.'
A bridegroom once briskly replied, "The
same to you, sir." The. minister on one
occasion remarked to a middle-aged bride
that this was the last time she should sign
her maiden name. She coolly replied:
"I've signed lang eneuch, I tblnkl '
New York Ledger.
Times Want Ads. Bent Houses.
m cm ftwcroii
Strange Memories! Recalled by
the Unique Infaitiie Book.
NAMES TO OONJUBE WITH
Wnliington in Miniature lit tho Time
of tho First Mriyor Queen City Or
alliances' Regulating the Chimney
Sweeps and. Municipal Lotteries.
Levying ot Taxes.
The first directory of the city of Wash
ington ever printed Is a Tery modest little
volume, hardly as large as the children's
first spelling book. It Is bound In plain,
yellow pdper board, and contains about
one hundred and fifty pages. Yet it em
bodies city and Congressional life and
gives much useful information regarding
other matters pertaining to the city at that
It was compiled by one Judan Delano,
a printer by trade, in 1822, but it was
printed and offered for 6ale by William
Duncan, whose place of business was on
tho west side ot Twelfth street, between
E and F.
A glance through its pages reveals many
names, now recorded In history, and gives
a clear Insight Into the city's workings
in its elementary condition. The houses
were not numbered in those days, and the
author, in his preface, gives explanatory
notes of the directions given. For instance,
F sirect north Is designated by "Fu,'land
so with other abrevlatlons. The directory
gives the name of each head of a family,
and person In business, with the names of
the Benators nnd Representatives in Con
gress and where they boarded, which,
including the city and county officers,
hardly numbers more than two thousand
names all told.
The first Is tho Senatorial list, and the
first name that appears is that of "James
Barbour, Vir., Brown's Hotel, Pann. av.'i
Further down the line comes the name ot
"John Henry Eaton, of Tcnn., O'Neole's
Hotel," which still stands at the corner
ot 1'ennsylvanla avenue nnd Twenty-first
street; but was years ago converted Into
dwellings. The old buildings are rich In
history and romance, and were the scene
ot many stirring events of those days.
Martin Tan Buren-'s .name follows on
"Daniel D. Tompkins, ot New York, vice
president ot the U. 8. and president ot the
senate, at Mr. Dowson's, C. hUl." The
omission of capital letters would Insinuate
that the honor hardly conveyed the idea
of the Importance now .attached to the
There were 47 Senators and 188 Repre
sentatives at the Ume, and of tho latter
John Qulncy Adams nnd James Buchanan
afterward occupied the Presidential chair.
Mr. Adams was then Secretary ot State
and lived on F street between Thirteenth
and Fourteenth streets, in one of the old
residences torn down but a few years
ago to be replaced by tbrbandsome white
Adams Building, so named In his honor.
Hon. P. P. Barbour, ot Virginia, was
Speaker ot the House, and down the list
comes other well known names of the
present day, that would argue in favor of
politics being an Inherited taste. There Is
a Breckinridge, also ofiKen&ckyr Conklln,
Harris, IHU, Reed. Eawyerr Vance,. Van
Wyck and others more or IsS prominent.
The Rev. Mr. Breckinridge.-ot Kentucky,
was chaplain ot the House-. The Senate nnd
House committees fill but two pages, of
which one Is a select committee on the.
Tho Rt. Hon. Stratford Canning, of
Great Britain, nnd Don Jose Manuel Zo
zaya, of Mexico, were the only foreign min
isters, and M. C. Conite Julius de Mcnon , of
France, and Baron de Stackclbcrg, ot
Sweden, charge d'affaires from their re
spective countries, were the only for
eign representatives in Washington.
Sandwiched in tliellst of the city residents
is the name of the President of the United
States, "James Monroe, at the President's
house," nnd also the- members of the Cab
inet, with no distinctive larger type, or
any mark to accentuate the man or his posi
tion. John Qulncy Adams was then Secretary
of State, William II. Crawford of the
Treasury, John C. Calhoun of War, Smith
Thompson of the Navy, and Return J. Meigs
tho Postmaster-General. These do not ap
pear elsewhere collectively and distinctive.
Tho names and occupatlonsare glvcn.and
where it Is a colored person It Is so stated In
brackets. The location is often designated
by its proximity to any place or larger
It is in this little directory thatthc names
of the old Washington families can be
easily found. Thomas Carberry was then
mayor ot tho city, nnd the family ana de
scendants, together with the Lays, be
tween whose families so many Inter
marriages tookplace, wereal waysprominent
In sorlal and political movements.
There were then but six police con
stables, and these were considered ample
to preserve good order. The city was
governed by a mayor, Thomas Carberry,
and board ot aldermen and common council.
There were six wards, cacb represented
by two aldermen and three councilmen, ot
which the father of Thomas iroyes, the
well-know 'club man, was for many years
There were four city commissioners, but
no record appears of a fire department
nor ot the old engine-bouse that are well
There were six collectors ot taxes and a
board of trustees for the public schools.
pastor of St. Patrick's Church, heads this
list. Then follows the details of the cor
poration of the city; the necessary quali
fications for eligibility for tho office ot
mayor and the boards! o aldermen and
common council, with .Taies of salaries
attached. The secretary; however, ot each
board received the enormous compensation
of $150 per annum.
The commissioners for draining low
grounds,- would view with silent amaze
ment the long, smooth pavements and
beautiful residences now standing where
once were marshes with 'their colony of
reed birds, and croaking frogs held un
The managers of the legalized city lot
teries were appointed by -the mayor for
the purpose of agreeing upon a scheme of
a lottery in order to raise the necessary
funds for building and establishing two
public schools, a penitentiary and a city
hall. These managers were required to
give bonds in the sum of $10,000, .and re
ceived a compensation of $3 a day.
The commissioners of burial grounds
had their duties Identified with the beard
of health. There were inspectors ot to
bacco, Inspectors of flour. Inspectors and
measurers ot lumber, wood corders and coal
measurers, and the hay weighers, which still
The "chimney-sweep" belongs to a .past
generation and in Washington three su
perintendents, undr bond to the amount
ot $300 each, itgnlated these urchins,
whose daring feats were the envy and ad
miration ot the small' crowd that usually
gathered when the sooty faces and black
caps appeared above the chimney tops. The
frantic waving ot the brush and loud hallo
ing was a signal for cheers loud and long,
and when the black face disappeared again
the little crowd generally waited to give
another rousing cheer as the master and
weep left the house.
It was tho duty ot these superintendents
to visit every house within tbeir district
once a month after giving two days' notice,
and cause every chimney to bo swept in
which fire was used. The quantity of
wood used as fuel accumulated much soot
and the danger of fire was obviated by this
The feos were 10 cents per story and
register once a month. The sweeps were
required to bo deposited with- the city
register onco a month. The swaps wcro
small boys, generally negroes, averaging
from seven to twelve years of age, they
were lithe and agile as monkeys, and
seemed to enjoy the notoriety.
Tho tax-list is Interesting beginning:
Male slaves, between 15 and 45, owned
by non-residents, $2 per annum.
Female slaves, between JJB and 40, owned
by nonresidents, $2 per annum
Male slaves, between 15 and 18, owned
by non-Fl-sklents, $2 per annun.
Male slaves, over 18, owned by non
residents, $5 per annum.
Female slaves, over 15, owned by non
residents. $2 per annum.
The follows a tax list ot vehicles, many
of tbim entirely unknown to tho present
Regarding slaves, the law required every
colored person over five years of ago to be
registered at the City HalL Those who
were slaves .were so enrolled, and those
who were born free, or liberated by
former owners, were required to produce
three reputable white witnesses to attest
tho fact. They were separately recorded
and given a certificate to that effect. If
by any mlstortuno this certlficato wcr
were lost, or mislaid, it often led to arrest
or occasioned much trouble to tho luck
less victim. New entries with descriptions
of' slaves wcro made every five years In
many instances as a protective measure.
The history of the old days of slavery
is repleto with touches ot pathos. At the
triangle at the. intersection of Seventh
street, Louisiana avenue, and Pennsylvania
avenue, stood what was called the "Nigger
Pen," an open fence surrounded It and In
the center was a block on which the slave
to be sold stood. All auctioneer rattled off
his Jargon and the victim was knocked
down to the highest bidder. All were clad
In scantiest draperies and were subjected
to scrutiny, to ascertain beyond question
the true physical condition of the pur
chase. The charter of the city Is given in full In
this little directory, scheduled rates of
hack hire". Then conies the naiuesot the var
ious banks and thelrofflcers. It is here also
that the prominent Washington names ap
pear. The Calverts, Brents, old Dr. Fred
erick May, for years the most prominent
physician ot the city; the Blagdcns and
Youngs. Then follow literary and benev
olent institutions, the Georgetown College,
r that In 1815 was raised byCongrcss to the
rank ot university. The old seminary,
whereso many otthebestknownmenof the
city were educated, and which stood on the
north sfflo of F street, between Ninth and
Tenth. The Orphan Asylum on Seventh
street west, between II nnd I north, of
which Mrs. Van Ness was the first di
rectress. The old Washington Library, In
corporated in 1814, and St. John's Church
Tiie last few pages are devoted to ad
vertisements that are marvels ot the en
gravers' skill. The first is of Benjamin
Chambers, engraver, between Tenth
and Eleventh streets, on Pennsylvania
avenue, every line'df which is perfect.
Then follows that of Seraphim MasI, for
many years the leading Jeweler of the city,
and those ot C. II. Wiltberger and Robert
Keyworth, also Jewelers.
No city in the world has been marked by
such rapid evolutions as our own Federal
City. The fortunes of war congregated
within its confines men from all over the
country, who quickly realized its vast pos
sibilities, and they learned to "love, from
the dangers they had seen," the city of
The thrifty money-makers of the North,
the breezy speculators from the West, the
steady-going tollers of the East, all saw
a golden opportunity; but the real pride
ot Washington Is in the man from among
them, who sprang up and had tho courage
to do and dare, and the. energy to execute.
From the sleepy progress following tho
year that the little Directory first saw
the light, Improvements came with lag
gard steps until lato Its chaotic slumber the
breath of life arouted the Bplrit of the
future, and a beautiful city stands a per
petual monument to the vaulting Ideals of
Alexander R. Shepherd.
ASDT AD BIG FOOT.
Account of n Famous FJght Between
Wliito Man and Indian.
Dan Beard, the artist, has a book cf
frontier tales published In Dayton, Ohio,
In the early days of the settlement, which
rantains n thrilling version of that Ohio
Valley classic Andrew Poe's fight with
"Big Foot." The Etory was also recently
pubhshed In the Cincinnati Commercial
Poe, with eight others, was chasing a
band of Wyandottcs who had murdered an
ld so ttler.and by his tracks knew that
Uie famous "Big Foot" was the leader
of the party. "Big Foot" was said to be al
most seven feet tall and equally propor
tioned. Almost at the brink ot the Ohio, Poe,
separated from the rest, discovered "Big
Foot" talking with two of his friends, and
drew bis bead, but a heart-breaking snap
told him that the gun had missed fire. The
big man started for Poe, who, knowing
that delay was dangerous. Jumped at the
Indian and almost succeeded In throwing
him. Just as the other tw o Indians were
about to rush on the whiteman the friends
if Poe came up and shot them down. With
muscles strained to the utmost, eyes start
ing out ot their heads and lips set in the
agony of desperation, the two men wrestled.
Down they went, and, still clutching each
other, rolled down the bank into the river.
In the water they kept up the struggle,
but finally the backwoodsman got hold of
the Indian's scalp lock and held the Indian
under the water until he was motionless.
Thinking the fight over, he turned toward
the bonk, but the Indian had been "play
ing 'possum," nnd in an instant was on" his
feel again. Their wrestling carried them
out into deep water, and they gradually
worked toward the bank. Each had the
same thought; there were two rifles on the
bank, one loaded and the othernot. Who
ever reached the loaded gun first had tho
Andrew soon saw that ho was inferior to
the Indian in swimming, but his resources
were not at an end. Turning out again
into "the stream, he hoped to dive as hip
opponent shot. But the Indian had picked
un the wrong gun, nnd a hollow crack was
the only result ot his aim. Turning to get
the other weapon, he found that Auam
Poe, who had come up, had 11 drawn on
him, and In an instant tho huge body of the
savage was lying motionless on the sands.
The Motorman Tes, I'm a Tale man. In
the boat and on the nine. I'd have had
that conductor's place by this time If it
ladn't been tcir making change and adding
The Passenger Who Is your conductor?
The Motorman Oh, he's a Cornell man.
They study arithmetic at those small col
leges, you know. Cleveland Press.
91.25 'Excursion to Baltimore $1.25
Tin Pennsylvania Hallrontl.
Excursion tickets to Baltimore, Satur
day, September 28, and Sunday. 20, good
returning until September 30, at $1.25.
There-is no other no better no equal
You must wear a DUNLAP if you would
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Then again we handle hats of the pre-
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you, you are well "hatted. "
OUR $4.00 Hat is worth $4.00
OUR 3.50 Hat is worth 3.50
OUR 3.00-Hat'is worth 3.00
OUR' 2.50 Hat' is worth 2.50
OUR 2.00 Hat is worth 2.00
Is there any reason why we should not be your
Chas. H. Ruoff,
905 Penna. Ave. N. W.
PRIESTS OH W&R VESSELS
Three Catholic Fathers
Etl by Two Presidents.
TAES CALL THEM SKY PILOTS
TUo Ijiw Provides for tlio 'Appoint -f
ment of Twenty-fonr Chaplains.
Cleveland "Wnstlio Firxt of All tho
President., to Select a Catliollo und
Harrlnou tUo Xext.
There are now three Roman Catholic
chaplains in tho United States naval f crv
lce, the recent appointment ot Re.v..Jobn
P..Chidwick In that capacity w the battle
ship Maine being the third. Two of these
were appointed by President Cleveland and
the other by President Harrison.
These two Presidents, whether by acci-
dent or design, have appointed a number
ot Catholics which Is about in proportlonS.to the ministers of any denomination. This
to the ratio of Catholic population of the
United slates. The law specifies that there
on the public armed vessels of the -Navy.
One-eighth ot the twenty-rour are now
Catholics, which Is about the ratio of the
Catholic to tho non-Catholic population.
Tho law for the appointment of chaplains
In tho Navy was passed in 180G and Is con
tained In section 1395 ot the Btututcs, which
reads as follows:
"There shall be in the Navy, on the public
armed vessels of Uie United States innctual
service not exceeding twenty-lour chap
lains, who shall be appointed by the Presi
dent, with the advice and consent ot tha
Senate. Section 139G provides that the
chaplain shall not be less than twenty-one
nor more than tbirty-Iive years of ageat tho
time of his appointment."
be permitted to conduct public worship ac
cording to tho manner and forms of the
choroh ot which he may be a member.
THE FIRST APPOINTMENT.
From 180G to 18SS whenPresident Cleve
land first recognized the propriety, irsuch
It were, ot appointing a Catholic to one ot
these positions, Is a long historical distance.
He made tho appointment whenhe was go
ing out of office.
President Harrison probably thought that
It was a good thing to go on record In the
same way, and he appointed a Catholic
chaplain, and now President Cleveland
has raised Mr. Harrison one and there is
no telling bow many others willbeappolnted.
A Times reporter went up to the Navy
Department the other day to findouuwhat
was the special reason for the appointment
of Catholics after so many years of non
recognition; in fact nearly ninety years.
The reporter was referred to the bureau
of navigation for this Information and
every other on the subject ot chaplains.
The clerk, who was acting for the chief,
said that according to his Information
there was no religion in the, matter at all.
In fact he said the constitution is very
plain on that subject and the statutes do
notand would notmake any discrimination.
This clerk was asked if it did not
strike him as being something of a novelty
in the history of the service.
"Not at all," he said. "If no nppolnt-
jncnts bad been made until 1888 by Mr.
Cleveland it was high time that it should
After disposing ot the subject in this,
summary and philosophical manner the
clerk .furnished the reporter with all
the law on the subject, as above given.
Tho chief clerk of the Navy was then
applied to, but be eald he did not known
anything about the matter. He referred
the Times to Private Secretary Finney.
This gentleman referred to certain books
which contain all that is of interest as to
these complaints ot whatever creed or
race. The book, of course, did .not throw
any light on the personal or political rea
sons which prompted the Presidents to
suddenly begin theappolntmentof Catholics
to these positions towards the close of the
One interesting thing about the chap
lains is that the first four senior chaplains
have the rank of 'captains in the navy.
The next teven have the relative rank of
commander; -the next teven have the rank
of lieutenant commander, and itbc others
are without relative rank. ,
There is an Impression that ttie position'
of chaplain Is a soft snap- To the- un-.
initiated his position would appear to
carry with it only the function of praying
for the living at stated wtlmcs and to, be
on band In case of a storm to keep her
afloat by tho power ot prayer.
As to the stated times that is, the TacJJ
as the chaplain is required to hold ser-
Tlces at such times as may be Indicated
by the captain or commander of the ves
sels. There is nothing in the regulations ot
the Navy to -show, how often tho Jack
tars ought to be preached hi. but there is a
general notion gathered from old sea
tales and such literature that the sailor,
s a type of humanity, is very Godless
fellow, and that Jie ought to be prayed at
and for more than once a week, or such
-times as may be indicated by the com.
mandcr of his vessel.
The chaplains have, however, other
functions. They are required to flgura
In the role of pedagogue. In that capacity
they teach the boys the rudiments of "read
In", 'ritin', and 'rithmetlc" Not only
are they required to teach Uie apprentice
boys, but "anyjther such persons as may
need to be taught these branches."
The chaplain Is not a very popular man.
In fact, they have a peculiar name which
has become imbedded in the vernacular as
as the "Sky Pilot," and they call him this
whether he be of Rome, Geneva, or
Scotland, Catholic, Presbyterian, Calvln
Ist, ot Episcopalian.
The regulations are such that It Is Ira
possible for any chaplain to proselyto tea
whole ship to any particular faith. One
of the regulations as read by Mr. Finneyli
Is that, although the ship may be in chargs
-of any particular chaplain he is bound
to do all he can to extend the courtesies
sets aside the belief which was expressed
nine years ago that the appointing of a
chaplain Is a cinch for his denomination
on all the souls on shipboard.
There Is no such thing as compulsory at
tendance on these divine services. An
old sailor, who Is now a member of the
Tederation of Labor of this city, said that
be was for some time on board the old
ships Portsmouth and Trenton and that
while he was very religious himself, no
one was obliged to Ustcn to the sermon
of the chaplain except, perhaps, the young
bO)s, and this compulsion was more as a
matter of discipline than anything else.
He said that during services there was
perfect quiet on shipboard. The men wer
not allowed even to smoke and all of
the Sunday sociability ceased. Most of the
men took a snooze to pass away the time,
while their chances forsalvation were pass
ing away on thchalf deck.
It must be expected that during the ninety
years of the continuance of the chaplain
service on board the battleships soma
deedsof pro wessmlght have beenperformed
by some of the church militant afloat.
Strange to say, they did not know of
a single instance of this kind at the Nary
Department, and tbey knew of no source
of Information to which The Times could
be referred on this subject. It will prob
ably, therefore, not be known until tho
next year what are the functions of tha
chaplains In a naval engagement.
The Illustrious Sergt. Jasper is the au
thority for the statement that "we can't
fight without a flag." There is no instance
on record in which anybattle wasdeferred
because the chaplain was ashore when the
enemy hove In sight.
It Is the belief, however, from tha
terms ot the act of appointment with ref
erence to the ageof the chaplain, that there
Is an Idea that he may be useful In an
emergency as an actual belligerent. Toung,
vigorous men are chosen, but apart from
this. It there is a class of men in the world
against whom the charge of cowardice
has never been brought It is the ministry
of all denominations. The church. It will
be remembered, has furnished nearly all
the instances of martyrdom for duty's sake
in the annals ot history.
A little sketch may be- read here 5ta
Interest of the three Catholic priests who
have the distinction of being among the
first of their faith to have been chosen as
the pilots of thousands of Jack Tars in
peace and in war. The facts In the llttla
biographies are appropriated, but they
arc none the less interesting:
Rev. Father John P. Chidwlck held his
first service aboard the battleship Main
recently. The greater part of the crew
attended the services, although there was
a Protestant service held in the library
room on the Cob Dock.
Father Chadwilk was appointed chap
lain of the battleship when she went Into
commission last week. He Is tbo third
Roman Catholic chaplain appointed in the
Navy, and his first active duty commenced
when the Maine was commissioned. He
received his apirouitnicntinjMarch.andbas
been on waiting orders ever since. Ha
Is thirty-two years old. Already he ha
made himselt very popular with the men
The new chaplain was educated In St.
Gabriel's school. In East Thirty-seventh
street. New York; Manhattan College,
and the Troy Theological Bemtnary. Ha
acted as fourth assistant! pastor ot St.
Stephen's Church, New York, up to tha
time of his active service on shipboard.
Rev. Father Raney Is the second Roman
Catholic chaplain in the Navy. He was
appointed by President Harrison In 1891,
and has been at sea most of the time since.
He was all through the "Chinese wax o
board the Charleston.