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THE MORNING TIMES, SUNDAY-, DECEMBER 8, 189b.
FOR AMERICAN LAUREATE
Reed Thinks "W. D. Howells
Should Wear the Laurel.
BUT NORTON I'REFERS GILDER
Hili Likes the Songs of Joaquin
Miller and Harrison Votes
With tlie growUi of an old civilization
In tills country comes the demand for the
Institutions which are the pnduct of Tin
older growth. England and. the mother
countries have establishments, institu
tions, customs rites and personages llirfl
with us are unknown.
None of these are more interesting
Ihon that of a poet laureate, which is the
ippointing of a poet who shall celebrate
ill the affrjjrs of tLc nation by fitting erec,
revelling In sonnets. In lyrics, in entires
ind In simple stanzas, as the case may re
The poet laureate keeps himself well
jiformed of affairs of It e nation, and
rach movement Is quickly hailed with a
oem. It is the business also of tho
aureate to celebrate pain or Joy lu the
immediate family of the reigning house
Mid to make the affans of that house a
tiling of puetio beauty for the whole
la be decided later.
A genUeman who is much Interested In
poetry and particularly in nativ e American
TVllllam D. BouvlU, Decorated a
poetry -was discussing the mattcrn fc wdays
"I should like;" said he, "to sec n iioet
laureate In tills country. And I must say
that I should like to see the holder of the
office changed every four yeare. American
poetry is now so dlv ersif led, is so far-reaching
tn Its aims, and so very widely varjuig
In treatment, that to eelectone man would
be doing a rank injustice to all the other
poets whose merit Is no less, but who are
different In style. Compare, for example,
Kiley and a ted man, or Carietonand Thomas
Bailey Aldncli Which is best. 'Ridlcu
lous,' you say, 'to compare.'
"I happen lo ki.ow," continued this gen
Ueman, "that Thomas B. Reed is very fond
of the poetry of William D Howells. Al
men do nut like It, but If Reed were inado
President and were asked to appoint a
laureate, he would undoubtedly select W.
"Howells' muse, while stiff and not alto
gelber 'sweet,' is mighty adaptable. Take
those lines of bis In 'Race,' published In
either Harper's or the Century, Illustrated
toy his daughter. See Low admirably they
would fit lu at Heed's birthday or similar
" 'I am Eace aud both are mine,
Mortal age aud youth divine;
Mine to grant, bat not In fee;
Both again revert to me
From each that lives, that I may glvo
Unto each that yet shall live."
"You see the Hues are a little foggy, but
no mure than is expected of a poet laureate.
An appointed poet, whose lines read clear
aud plain, would lose the mysticism of
tils position always a desirable thing in
a laureate. See how the Hues would go
on If taken from 'Race.'
" 'Some time after you arc old,
You shall eoruo aud I will take "
From your brow the sullen aibc,
Trom your cjes the twilight gaze.
Darkening upon winter days.'
"How admirably thoso lines would go
Jit a President's birthday.
BRICE'S LITTLE SINGER.
' "To illustrate the difference In Presi
dents and their tendencies," continued tho
anie unquestionable authority," take Calvin
B. Brice aud his poetic preferences.
"I nave It upon the very best of authority
that Brice likes the poetry of Ella Wheeler
Wilcox better than that of any other
poetic writer. Both are from the West, and
though it is not expected that a President
would show any sectional bias in a matter
of that kind. 1 know that Brice certainly
does admire the 'Little Singer from the
West." Her 'Century' poetry has specially,
I am told, pleased him. AndsheU versatile,
"I am thinking, as I speak, of her lines on
many different topics. She can treat any
thing. Suppose n denominational war
were to arise, or a great International re
ligious controversy, see how she could han
dle it, and how simply. Take her lltU'o
" 'So many gods, eo many creeds,
So many paths that wind and wind,
When Justtbeart of being kind
Is all the sad world needs."
"Could the subject bo tackled any more
easily and yet diplomatically than that?
, MOETON'S LAUREATE.
"Morton's calm spirit fancies Gilder. I
kuow be likes him extremely well. The
President Is said to read Gilder evenings,
but I happen to know it is Levi P. Morton
wbo fingers over the leaves of Glider's
poems. His verses are not liked by every
one, but I think even bis enemies would say.
If they would read them carefully, that
they are not as bad as they are painted.
As for myself, I lite GiMer'sllnes always.
"Mortou has been called the 'Hero of
Peace.' Why not quote Glider's lines writ
ten under that title:
" 'Unto the patriot's heart
The silent summons comes.
Not braver he who does his part
To the sound of beating drums.'
"I am almost sure I have seen him read
" ' 'Twcre best to calm the spirit's noble
To live in dreams or else high passion
"While round and round the aimless sea
"This is gentleman's poetry, and Morton
Is a gentleman, yoj know.
HILL LIKES MILLER.
"I think I raid that a sectional bias was
not expected, So, therefore, I do not ex
pect )o J to be surprised"!, hen I mention tho
name of Joachim Miller as Hill's favorite.
Miller can sound the home note every time.
He could slug 'Songs of the Season" as well
as he has sung his 'Song of (lie Sun-lands,'
and each small event woJld have Its polished
word of praise.
"Suppose, to make the wildest Jumps of
supposition, that Hill were in the 'White
Houe, and that there should be a poet
laureate, aud that Joachim Miller 'WaUIn '
Miller, as they say should be laureate.
Suppose next that Hill should take a bride.
Could not Joachim celebrate the event
wonderfully well? Take those lines of his:
" 'She is sweet as the breath of a Cestilc
She is warm to the heart as a world of
And as rich to behold as the rose Uiat
With its red heart bent to the tide of
"Now, do you think any Presidential
brldi groom would want a poem more
dignified, more beautiful and more ap
propriate than those lines? Miller could
do as well as this every time.
"I have always understood that Allison
Laureate, lu llolie of Supreme Court
likes Thomas Bailey Aldricb. I do not
6tale this by mj own knowledge, but I
have heard he did. I do not see why he
should not. Each has the same diplo
macy, each the same smoothness, each the
"Allison would want poems done upon
the milder subjects and in the milder
veins. His vacation might be sung his
amusements, vacation time for the coun
try, holiday trips, itc.
"Suppose the President were to go away.
The country, always interested in his sum
mer recuperation, looks for telegraphed
notes regarding It. Would not poetic in
telligencc be even more thankfully re
ceived? Allison loves the seashore. Could
not Aldrlch write vomeUilng like his verses:
" 'Lying by the summer sea
i unci a nream or Italy.
Chalky cliffs and miles of sand
Mossy reefs and salty cavei
Then the spirkling emerald waves
Faded; and 1 seemed to stand
Mjseif a languid Florentine
In the heart of that fair land.'
"Or suppose, at the time of European
travel, when all the world hies itself away,
the President should take a little tour in
land, could not a few lines devoted to his
love of his own chmato and country be
penned by Aldrich:
" 'Tho' I am native to this frozen zone
Which half the twelvemonth torpid
lies or dead.'
"And so on to glorify the beautifies of
bis naUve land. It is not to be expected
that such lines would influence foreign
travel, but they could not be without
some effect In bringing about home appre
ciation. CARLETON FOR McKINLEY.
"McKlnley, I believe, likes the rougher
'farm' stj Ie of poem, as being light to com
prehend and 'reading Itself,' as be says.
He, I 1 ave on good authority, likes Will
" 'Draw np your papers, lawyer,
And make 'em good and stout;
For things at home are crossways.
And Betsey and I arc out.'
" 'Some men are born for great things.
Borne men were born lor small,
Some it is not recorded
Why they were born at ell.'
"This Is not great poetry, bat It slips
easily on the tongue. It Is the kind of
poetry that more men tban McKlnley
like to read, as tbe popularity of Carle
ton's ballads demonstrate.
"Benjamin Harrison, in Indianapolis,
likes, as he should like, a certain In
dianapolis poet James Whitcomb Illley.
One little poem of Itiley's, according to
a very authentic genUeman who dines
frequenUy with Harrison, fascinates him.
If Eiley were the laureate this poem, or
one like It, might be welcome Memorial
Day, when tears are too plenUful:
HARRISON EEADS BILEY.
" 'I was for Union you ag'ln It.
'Pears like to me each side was winner.
Lookin'at now, and all that's In it, V
Let's go to dinner.
The war. you know, 's all done and ended.
An' ain't changed nop'lnts o compass.
Bo til Nor lb aud SouUi the heal tb's Just splen
did, As 'fore tbe rumpus.
An Editorial Undertaker.
"How do you publish a paper tn this dead
town?" asked the stranger.
"My dear friend," .replied the editor, "I
own tbc cemetery lots:" Atlanta Constitu
tion. - .
CHRISTMAS TREE STYLES
Fashion Dictates on What "Wood
Presents Are Htiufr.
BALSAM IS NOW TBI! RAGE
Where the Supply ol Saula
Claus' Auxiliaries Coinos
From for the Cities. .
The Christmas tree man is a n1 ysv rlous
as Santa Claus himself. No ooc knows
where, he conics-from, whither no rjoctb or
what becomes ofhlm during the st dkthe
year. He may be a fairy persona-resprung
into existence for the Yuletid" c aon only,
or he may be like Santa Claus. 'Ousirious
and active, preparing for his -atcr vrsit.
People know little about him
The time when Santa Claus rf"it lo the
woods In person and collected i Chris' ruas
trees is past. His silver hate"'" and rein
deer cart have nothing to do Willi Q2 Christ
mas trees of Christmas morreug Santa
Claus delegates this work now 1 a subordi
nates, who carry It on year aft' t jcar, giv
ing the greatest satisfaction 10 " old S nint
and his beneficiaries.
THE TEEE MEN
There ore in this country onl -boj en
Christmas tree men, and theao en supply
tbe whole of the United States v-'h Christ
mas trees. They buy and sell them, and
the Christmas tree Industry Willi ihem is as
Important and almost as lucr.iU e as the
gold mine to tbe African kings.
Christmas trees come mosUy from Maine.
Here there are farmers and woodmen who
make a business of raising the pines. They
have large woods filled with the, trees.
These woods they keep clear of noxious
weeds and thistles. They cicr paths
through for walking, and they visit them
frequently during the jear to 1 sura no
blight haB touched the tree, UM the; tae
sun Is reaching down to all aire.
The art in raising a Christmas treo i3 to
make it grow evenly. A crooked Cliri3tmas
tree cannot be given away; and tbcmcri who
have forests of Uiese things are obliged to
glv e eacli enough space to let it Tow prop
erly. Trees naturally look upward toward
Uie light. Therefore they musi bo packed
together to keep Uiclr tops always reaching
up, yet far enough apartnot toba dwarfed.
This is the Christmas tree art in a nuttbell.
When the Christmas tree Is grown the
Christmas tree nun visits tbe voods. He
looks at the trees, decides how many car
loads he will take of Uio trees, aud orders
them cutdown rorhimand tied lu bunches.
The Christmas tree man pays about SOrcnts
a bunch, and Uiere are about live trees In
each bunch. Six hundred bunaie3 make a
carload three thousand trees.
After Uie farmer has chopped his trees
and loaded them upon a train no lias noshing
more to do except count his mom y. Christ
mas trees are like wheat. They bring In
spot cash. The Christmas trecnuu receives
the trees at New York, unloaC . them and
sells them to the grocerman. After that
they reach the port or Santa CL is by wore
or less nijsterious processes.
TREES FROM MAINE.
The Maine Christmas tree Is fucii more
valuable than any otiur tree. The farmers
of Maine have raised the trees for so many
generations that they know nil aboutcut
ting them down. They have a method by
which they catch the tree as tr breaks olT
at Uie root under Uio blows of the axe and
when It lands upon Uie ground it is sup
ported so Uiat not a limb Is broken. The
Adlrondacks have good trees now, and the
Btate of Michigan supplies many but "down
in Maine" is where the besttrevs grow.
Fashions change In Christmas trcs as
In housis. Trees that werevery fashionable
a few years ago cannot be sold now. The
boys of twenty jcarsagohada iil'lesprcce
treo on Christinas morning. D,' tho boys
of todaywant the ba!ani. A Chri tflias
tree man who should undertake to supply
Santa Claus with spruce trees 'bin year,
or cedars, would go home Willi a mail
opinion of St. Nick's genereft. y. oth
ing but the fragrant baliani row sIls.
A Christmas tree must bo -'ed about
ten days after it Is cut. The Tecs are
bought in the woods Just abou now. A
week from now tiiey are all tied in bunches
and landed in the cars, and wilhln another
week they are getting their d eorati ns.
Tlicro is always a preference in all
cities for trees that were cu near by.
Nearly every one wants a treo that will
keep green and fluffy until N-w Year's
day, and only tbe trees near at Iioruj will
The average'slze of a Christmas ree
is six Tect. Tills sells for aboat forty or
fifty cents on a good year. T'io largest
trees are about twenty-two feet high,
or up to the second-story winCow. There
is small demand for them, and ji to
the trouble of bringing them to .he illy.
tl'ey ell for all of 526. Santa C'a is is very
extravagent when he buys such tr"es as
The cheapest Christmas tree so'd is the
little sapling of three feet, it brings
about fifti-ea cents. Occasional!; on Christ
mas eve of a bad jrnr the grocer w ill put
It lower, but fifteen cents is tho prl " tie
Christmas tree man reckons api
' STRINGS OF GREE.N
Christmas greens come under s different
commercial treatment rrom the trees These
in the EaBt come from New Jersey and
Delaware. The favorite greens are ground
pine, feathery tuft and princess feather.
These are tied in ropes and shipped to the
cities. In the West they come mostly from
Wisconsin. The Christmas treo man sells
these green ropes for $3 for 100 jards.and
the green grocer gets about 25 cenUs a jard
for them. But nobody thinks Uils is dear.
Christmas at the rate of 25 cents for a good
long yard is dirt cheap.
If thegreensarc sold loose theyare packed
in barrels, and the Ch rlstmas tree man pokes
an Inquiring nose into eacli barrel, sniffs
the princess feather and pronounces the
greens worth 10 or 15 cents per barrel.
This Is Uie way the Christmas streamers
Holly from England may be very good
but holly from Jersey is the crispest. daint
iest, reddest-berried stuff that ever graced
a mantel. Jersey holly travels all over.
It is never cheap, and keeps its high price
from Uie fact of tbe soft climate of Jersey.
The holly grows slowly, gets very strong
and green, and is supi d with berries of a
richer red than Uiat ot other States eo tbe
ChrlBtmas tree man sajs.
All tbe mountainous sections of the
country are beginning to supply Uio large
ciUes wiUi their trees. But tbey are less
careful In the cutting. It takes a great
many streamers of popcorn and a great
many brilliant candles to hide the defects
upon the sides ot these trees where they have
come down c' whack upon tbc ground.
Tbe few woodmen who do knotr how to
cut them are reaping a fortune this year,
for Uie demand was never greater.
A Christmas tree takes five years to
grow. Tbe woodman who raises them can
count upon going over tbe same strip of
land once every five years. This year he
takes bis boy of five with him. Five years
from now be takes tbe boy esalD, a lad
wbo can bt helpful. Five years lateT tbe
boy begins to cbop for himself in tbc sama
spot, and Btlll five years Inter he Is begin
ning to count upon tbe proceeds t the
Christmas trees from this piece of land,
and is reckoning upon starting a little
chap of bis own In the buIness. Thus a
few acres of pines, upon which vigorous
trees will grow, will support a family from
generation to generation, world without
end, as long as Santa Claus lives.
A "CINCH" BUSINESS.
There Is a very singular thing about the
Christmas tree man. He works for only
two weeks In tbe year. Ills labor begins
now and cuds on Christmas Day. During
that time he bargains, dickers, works and
sells. When bis last tree Is gone be Is done
with work for another year. There is only
one Christmas tree man In tbe United
States who works during the year. Tbls
man is -ft very ambitious duwn-Eastcrner,
wbo wants to make money for ablg fam
ily. This hard-working man rests from
Christmas Day until July. Then begoesto
work again. He buys up watermelons and.
sells them in town. He Is tbe go-between
for watermelons in summer. Just as he Is
for Chriitmas trees In the winter.
The .other Christmas Uee men do ab-
. vffl -ifseoe
solutely nothing for eleven and a half
months of the year but wear good clothes.
They dress in excellent taste, own a fine
country house somewhere, read books, en
Joy their horses and are gentlemen of
leisure. A little before Christmas they
The absolute "cinch" of the Christmas
tree man has not pissed unnoticed by hla
fellows. Every jear new men Btart in to
be Christmas tree men, nntT every jear
they fail. To be a Christmas tree man ou
have got to be born in the business.
Paid one of these men a few days ago:
"Now, young feller, supiwse you are buy
ing Christmas tre-es, say down in Maine.
Tou go there and they tell you the crop
Is short; that they are only going to cut
30,000 trees this year; that twenty men
have been after those trees, and Uiat they
want 10 cents a bunch for them. You look
around, find you can't do any better, and
you pay it. When jou get back lo town
the market is swamped wiUi trees, and
you are glad to sell for enough to get
your money back.
"When I go up there I know those'fel-
f Btt-ftfco fre e
Icrs welL I say to them, 'I'll give you so
much for them trees an' you can take It or
you can let it alone.' They take It.
A MILLION TREES.
One million trees como to New York city
every jear. This Is a tree for each family,
aud some to spare. But each family, you
say, does hot have a tree.. This is true. But
the churches aud halls use up enough to
make up. Last year one church bought
1,000 trees aud cut them off, using only
tbe tips of the trees.
For Uie poorer quarters of the city tbe
Christmas tree man provides small, scrubby
trees. Tbe big, feathery ones he saves for
Fifth avenue.. The little tree, if very poor
aud scrubby, sells for a nlckek The good
ones average $2 apiece.
There is no way of telling whether It
will be a good Christmas tree year or not.
Tbe times do not seem materially fo'influ
euce it. Two years ago, In "bard tlnies,"
everybody bought a little tree to set off a
cheap' present. In prosperous years they
may leave out tbe tree aud buy something
too grand to need its glorifying influence.
The woodnieu have an influence upon this.
Some years thev will combine and ship so
many secretly to the city that tho price
slumps down to nothing. Next year they
get discouraged and will not chop down
trees for love or money.
Tbe Christmas tree Is" as uncertain to the
Christmas tree man as Santa Claus Is to
the small TQoy. He knows there will toe
something, but whether it willbe enough
to keep blm happy all tbe year be does
not know until tbo mom of Christmas Day
"Why do youlook so gloomy. Tompkins?"
"You know my best girl is one of those
new women." Well, I'm puzzled to decide
whether I ought to ask her to marry me or
wait for her to propose." Chicago Record.
v - - v
THEIR SPRAY PERFUMED
Superb Fountains in the Homes
SOME HAVE COST FORTUNES
Marble.-Bronze and- Other Pre
cious Materials Designed by
When Mrs. Jack Gardner of Boston built
herself a house and placed a fountain In
tbe center of tbc stalrcaso ball people said
she was crazy, nnd tbe more charitable of
her acquaintances put it down to "one
of Mrs. Jack's eccentricities." If all the
people bo own fountains at home now
were called "eccentric" tbe homes of
wealth would be a world of freaks.
Mrs. Gardner, according to a friend,
said she wanted a fountain so that she
could enjoy a winter resort at home.
Others who have tried them have found
them "winter resorts," indeed.
THE YERKES FOUNTAIN.
The private fountains In New York city
run well up Into the hundreds. The
Yerke that rich Chicago family that
gives all tbo world by turns a glimpse of
Itself and is now locating upon Flflh
avenue. New York will luvc, It Is said,
thelargcst and bandsomesiprlvate fountain
ever touilt in a private residence. A
lovely little figure, rising from the water,
holds aloft a spouting bouquet from ublch
spring the water Jets, brilliant aud clear,
to the very lop of tbe ceiling.
The way ot procuring a fountain at
home is simpler than tbe neophite in
luxury would imagine. A tub sunken
in the flcvr with a faucet in the middle
is all a fountain is, but its variations
run the gamut of fancy. The m,st pop
ular style of fountain for a lallway Is
the round basin with a fancy figure in
the center. The sides of the basin are
flush with the floor, and are surrounded
with flowering plants. Within the great,
round sunken basin are palms and water
plants, the palms around tho edge, and
the water llhcs and calias well toward
the spray, where they are constantly
The architect who plans the fountain
has only to have the sculptor complete
his fancy figure and place it In tho
sunken pool. The plumber takes tbc
pipe up through tho hands or body of
the figure, and tbe water connection is
ready, for the fountain to begin spouting.
Tbe only Important step in in the regula
tion of the stream. This is done by means
of some kind of a faucet. Just as a hose
has a stream and a sprinkler. A small
sprinkler is placed upon the pipe, at tho
hands of Uie little marble figure, and the
water when turned on, makes the fountain.
Tbis is the mechanical part of such a Louse
luxury. As Uie water use is constant a
little water tax has to be paid to the city.
But It is too small tn be bilanced against
the consideration of such a luxury.
It would sfem strange, with means so
simple .as this for placing so pretty an
ornament in a halln ay or reception-room,
llsitoultl not have been done before this, but
the Insuperable barrier was the fear that
by some trick of the faucet the water would
spout beyond Its basin and flood the house.
There Is a handsome fountain in the town
house of Cornelius Vanderbilt, and another
at the Breakers, Newport. The Newport
fountain is underneath the grand stair
case. It is round and v ery large. The cen
tral figure stands five feet tal, and tbe
water spouts twenty-five feet above her
bands, for it is a pretty water nymph.
There Is a child's plaj room and nursery in
Washington that has a Pompelau foun
tain within its walls. Tbe playroom Is
at one corner of tbe bouse, and leading
from it is a long passageway running
around an open court In tbe center of the
house. At the end of the passageway Is
the playroom, and tbe feature of the play
room Is the Pompeian fountain.
This style ut fountain is the easiest of all
to plan. It is only a batb of white marbla
sunken In the floor until very nearly flush
with tbe noor ltseir. There Is only the tini
est of rims around It. Tbc fountain Is per
fectly square, and has water so-clear tbat
you can easily see bottom. It Is from one
to three feel deep. In tbis particular play
room it is Just a foot deep. The name foun
tain Is not amisnomer. There is no Jet
spouting In the center, but at one side there
Is a fresb water supply, and at tbe other
there is a pipe carrying It off.
Ab the children use this water for all
purposes paddling In It with their bands,
sailing boats upon it, floating toyflsh In
It and finally drinking ont of it the water
supply is a filtered one. This makes the
water clear as crystal, and the pleasure
of looking into Its depths and sinking
chubby little hands into it Is one Uiat
never palls upon the small denizens of the
nursery. The danger of accident is al
most inflntesimal, and not to be compared
with the dangers of windows and stair
cases. The grandchildren of Mr. Mackey, the
little" Colonnas, have nearly everything
that heart can invent for the pleasure
of childhood. Their Paris home has a
sparkling fountain In the middle of tbe
staircase ball, and here they arc al
lowed to play all day long.
It Is said that poetesses are unhappy
nowadays, unless supplied with this bit
of pretty luxury. Mrs. Spencer Trask, It
is said, never writes a verse unless seated
by the side of ";r fountain in her own
home. In an exquisite old painting of her
self she is sealed upon a balustrade, look
ing off in tbe distant meadow, where purls
a brook, a natural fountain.
WHERE POETRY IS MADE.
One of the rising young litterateurs of
the day has Just supplied her library
with a jiysterious annex. It is a great
square room with marblo floors and a
fountain in the center. This is modified
Pompeian. From the middle rise marble
Illy pads,, and from the top of the topmost
lily there shoots a tall series of sprays.
The" man wbo planned the fountain under
stands the spray, and can make It as many
stories high as he pleases.
There are fountains in ail of tbe more
recent dwellings of New York, even outside-
the charmed circle of those who
posseis millions. As a matter of fact, a
fountain once built costs annually no moro
than a first-class window garden and Is a
deal more comfort.
Mrs. Henry Clews bad Uie credit of start
ing Uie sun bath craze In New York five
'years ago. Tbis lady now gets tbe name
ot inaugurating tbo fountain bath.. Hur
method, according to those who enjoy tae
same beautifying" process, is to seal herself
lu the spray of a fountain with a window
of blue glass over her bead. This gentle
'plashing of the water against Uio face,
warmed by tb soft glass rays, preserves
tbo complexion. It Is a blue glass balb.
Tbe fountain In the hallway is an Ameri
can invention. Otber countries with more
spacious balls did not think of it until
we adopted it. Tbe old Roman entrances
all bad tbeir water spot in themlddle of the
little room where callers rested, but this
was thought impossible for the hallway
of one's own home. J. J. Van Alen, that
remarkable wWoner, son-in-law of Uie
Astors, the man whom Cleveland appointed
minister to Italy and which appoinUnent
flaseoed, revels In strange beauty spots
In his Bar Harbor and Nowpurt homes. In
one of tbeie be has a fountain, built by
walling up tbe sides of a great tub set upon
the floor. A stone wall like a rhlmney
placo is built all around the fountain. A
stone seat comes next, and tben there is a
solid wall of stone dwn to thefloor. Upon
this stone seat there are cushions, and
here Mr. Vau Alen's women friends rest
when they aro visiting him at house parties,
The most delightful fountains are those
that send up a clear spray that can be
GATHtft.lrO.6 CHA.ISYM.AS fiffeSKS
M. THE. A,tlt.OrD,CH.S
dipped with the glass for drinking. This
is all easily managed by the filter ar
jangement. The silver bucket lies at the
side of the fountain, and a silver mug Is
near by chained to It. The Eebecca of
today goes to the well and dips up a
sparkling glass for drinking. By a sim
ple attachment to- tbe filtered supply the
water may be iced. At other Umes, when
flowers set I herein, it Is limpid and tepid.
There-is no limit fbtbe fountalnic vari
ations possible for these wbo have the
money to spend for them. Tbe daughter
water liles from the South and planted
them in her .hall fountain. With a small
stone she sunk the roots to the bot
tom of the pool, which was dnly two
feet deep, and with her own hands she
clipped and cared for the plants dally.
Her reward was a very pretty and con
stant supply of water pads and lilies.
Another is experimenting in goIcTfish, and
has succeeded In raising, the little fish.
But where is the person wuo-e Ingenuity
cannot suggest means of making the foun
tain in the ball delightful!
There are several wealthy homes where
tbe water of tbe fountain Is perfumed on
gala nights. IJp to tbe celling It scuds a
Some Private Fountain-
perfumed spray, transforming the bouse
into a dream of Eastern sweetness.
, Tbe hallway of the town house in win
ter is the winter resort of the millionaire,
and bis wife, for here they get a glimpse of
summer, water, flowers and nature, and
here they can sit and dream of Uie days
when they two went a-Maylng without any
millions to bolher them, and when a foun
tain in the ball n as a glimpse of fairyland
that even they, upon its borders, could not
9 A Cat'H Devotion.
A striking instance of a cat's maternal
devotion is reported by tho San I'raucises
While tbe steamer Saturn was in port tL
pet cat of tbe teamen bad a Utter of Ultcm
wbich she installed amid the freight on tL
wharf. Sailing day came and tbe steam
on her way to Liverpool, was about 20i
yards from the pier, when tbe cat realise
what was going on. She was leaving h
kittens behind ber to starve.
She Jumped overboard and swam lu-l
the wharf, climbed a pile, and, drin
with wnter, ran to ber babies.
Tbe freight clerks saw her. anil the
of anotber steamer gave Lcr and lur i
geny excellent quarter- :
iy Pslfcf fell F
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FeFA JH - a Vf ii r ,1 i I I T i
GEM MINES IN AMERICA
Notable Finds of Precious Stones
on This Side.
ARB THERE AXY BONANZAS?
Jewels Have Been Discovered i
Almost Every State in
Americans are buying dukes this year
they have no money for diamonds. Im
portatlon of those precious stones have
gone away down. In 1801 tbey droppen
to a lower point titan for many years, only
$8,708,000 worth being brought Into this
country. The growth ot luxury in the
United States isfairly measured by tbeim
ports of diamonds, which in 1807 amount
ed to barely nJure than $1,300,009. In
1889 they had reached nearly $1 1,000.000.
In 1800, $13,000,000; in 1802, $14,000,
000. This wag high water mark. Tbej
bave fallen oft to less than half tbat fig
It seems more tban surprising that no
diamond mines bave ever been discovered
In tbe United States, thinks Uie St. Loul
Occasional gems of this kind bave been
picked up in various States, tbe conclusion
drawn from such discoveries being that
they are restricted almost wholly to a belt
along the eastern base of the southern Alle
ghenles in Virginia and Georgia, and to
anotber belt along tbe western base of Uie
Sierra Nevada and Cascade ranges. It Is
a melancholy fact tbat this country hardly
produces an average ot $100 worth or
diamonds annually. And yet there Is hope
POSSIBILITIES OF TnE FUTURE.
Nobody can say with certainty that dla
mobd mines rivaling tbose ot South Africa
may not be struck some day within tt
limits ot Uncle Sam's domain. Within tb
last few years some "finds" bave bees
made which caue the experts of tbo Geo
logical Survey to shake their beads thought
fully. In 1876 a well digger at Eagin
Wis., found a diamond of fifteen carats.
Anotber one, wine yellow In color, wai
picked up on a farm belonging to Hrnrj
Endllib. at Kohlsvllle, Wis. It weighed
twenty-four carats, being nearly as large
as a pigeon's egg. Mrs. Endllcb keeps
It as a memento of ber deceased hatband.
Many otber diamonds bave been found !
Uie same neighborhood, and geologist art
certain tbat they have been brought dowJ
from tbe north in a glacial drift. The prob
lem is to find the source from which the)
Apparently they are traceable to lo
calities where tho geological formation
closelv resembles tbat of South Afrkau
dlamoiidfields. Onof theeeln tbeMenoml
nee district of Northwest Wisconsin; th
other is to the northwest of Lake Superior,
lu tbe vicinity ot Pigeon Elver. Somewhere
in these regifns there Is a hopeful pros
ptt for tbe diamond seeker.
The geological f onnauon or tbc neighbor
hood of the South African diamond flclds Is
very peculiar. Thcsurfacelayerofthe earth
thereabouts was originally of carbonaceous
shales, tbat is to sa y, a kind of rock contain
ihg a large percentage of carbon. Carbon
of -course. Is. in its pure state, theriole ma
terial of the diamond.
..Volcanic erupUons, vomited from th
bowels ot the earth a vast amount of molten
rocks and other stuff heated to an lncon
ceivably high temperature. By this high
temperature the carbon lnthe shales was
crystallized Into diamond?. Apparently
similar processes have been operaUve in
past ages In the region of tho United States
referred to. Surely there is a fair prospect
that Uie formation described may yield Ills
.It Is wholly a guess, but it may "pan
Kook of a FcttCRS.
out" someday. Aside from this considera
tion, it may be well to state that tie sci
nee of chemistry today is absolutely con
ldent that before very long It will be ablo
l proiUce diamonds by-arlifica In the lab--ntorv.
Already it has made them by
iclUng wrought iron with carbon and ?-.
ilttlng the mixture to cool very slowly,
riie resujl is tint the carbon is "c;.
illlzcd out." but the crystals 60-ucccl
) to date have !cen so small as to br
A tvittlnr Jlnclo.
Take Uie weather as you find It;
Hot or cold, you mustn't mind It;
When it'shot you'U catch a breeze
r-.ol on under nhady trees.
.en it's cold the firebums bright:
"r this old -nprld rollln right
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