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Sans-Gene's Gossip of Gotiiam
BOND ON BROADWAY
First TiisaterTo Op:n For the Fall
Season is" the Garnet, With
New York, Aug. 1G. Broadway is coin
ing to life ugain. To lie sure 11 lias not dur
ing the preceding weeks been a howling
ilderuess, ivllli moss on the ratvementsand
cobwebs (in tlic door posts, but when I tpcuk
Ills iilvvas from the theutrlcal standpoint.
Tlut Is v. hyl saj now. In these middle days
of August, tli.it Broadway Is becoming eu
li eue J, u ud show s spirit julinui ercviit and
people ib.it It lias not heretofore in months..
1 lie call toy lias sounded the clarion and
thecl.ujsore flocking-In to rehearsal. Those
llulhav n't irtheiualtorltCktu are looking
for oiie with all Iheir might and main. The
ugciicies are busier during Akgusl and Bep
teu.Ler iii.iu ut any oil er tlnju ul thu J tar.
the huuureds.lhJt come that nil that Is re
vv halfor. '1 tiL-uctorstulnksI.eireaiis"logi-t
u job;" the agent means "to wait till light
ning strikes jou." Hundreds register, and
lens get employment.
In spile or I lie prumiscof continued hard
times and u probable bad seabuns and the
minimum of Planes and the maximum of
lisCoii.fi n, there are going to be no seces
sions f rotn the profession, and the schools ut
ucling arc emptlng tlieir classes into the
tanks with discouraging rapidity.
Once an actor, always an actor. Man or
woman can't get away rrom It. He will
curse Ills profession as a dog's life, berate
managers as oppressors, damn the public
as lnappreriallv e, and in the ineaiitime
suffer poverty and privation, but you never
hear that he ncserta the rank and takes
a -steady job" as clerk, accountant, or
other unprofessional employment. Charm
ing; Impiacliiable, obetuiate people they
ure. the soul of chivalry, the acme of good
Humor, yet mercurial as the temperature
,on the mountain side. t
BOND .ON BBOADWAY.
Among the man) faces I Laveceenalong
the lttatio, there were those which, Horn
u long summer i-ojourn, are familiar to my
Washington readers. 1 fancy nearly every
member of the stocic compan) which was
with jou lor eight weeks. is- back home.
,'llome" Is New York, whether they lay
taxes in San Francisco or hare a family in
Keuiicbuiikport. They are all delighted
with the season in 1 ashlngion.
1'rederie lioml, "handsome Fred" as the
girls all ay. andliear cuv y In their hearts
for his wile in Ljrchmont, K Kith us. He
uppcara a little thinner Tor his hard sum
mer's v.ork. liut thai is wclL A leading
actor sliojM never lie obese. Fredlsskiim
ishing . i roiudirepa ring for hh season with
Smyttie and I'.lce He has bi!ci:a.il mana
gers Mnyltie made Bob Hilliard and lace
for jears Marred Mrs. Potter and Kyrle
Ile'llew. The play to be used i new and Is
called "My 1 riend from Jnd.a."
Jo'm Kmillay and his gooJ wife, Agnes
Final v. wisr here, but have fine down to
"their lime on Ptateu Is! mil John gos
with "1'muner of Zenda." Agnes has not
signed jet. Chailey Mackay is here with
his wire,, bit will have to leave home scoa
again on t'.e Sol Sn Ith KJSsell tour. I
stw Percy Brooke In l!ic proaienado. He
go?s Willi Crane again. Edjthe Cliapman
hasn't forgnlleii Imnr to dress. She Is in
evidence urd will be signed before there
Is much more to bo said. '
S0U3A AND RICE.
Ueorge Jeuks tells of a promised cjde
race liel'veen Ev.ingellno Kice an J Capiiau
hiKisa. but jou alnajs have to take salt
Willi Jenks' jams, he ha3 such a naught
twinkle In his eje. Said Gcoige: "This
contest will not take-place, as isgeneraiiy
expected, on the bievcle track, but on the
moor le:ilnl the hotels. The tnipressur-o
an I bandmaster are scorciicrs of such high
degree, tliat, once started on the sniip.u
bicycle course, nothing could stop them In
time for the afternoon performance, anil
to obviate this ilirflcaltj they have decided
to race across to Shecpshea t Eaj and back.
As the iniKir is marshy, with froqueatponds
and puddle?. Sousa has equipped his bl
ejele viilli siionn oars mil a rudder, while
luce 'will have n balloon with parachute
atlaclitnent to carry hlin over bad places
This will be a most interesting race, a
sort of steeplechase over land and water
between the devil and the deep sea."
Ueorge a Is'.) hints at a spectacular ball
game at the Ilcach. It will be plajed on a
hitherto blcoJIess field, and arrangements
are now lielng made to have the players
brought back on ambulances. Paine's fire-
orks will chronicle the balls In this vvon
rierrul jiialch: the catcher's glove will be
lired with bombs, the pitchers will throw
green riro. the bases will lie illuminated by
Human candles. During the progress of the
f,amo He Wolr Hopper, with a hclmctof
rockets on his head, will etetute feats on
tic high wire, reciting "Case at the Bat,"
lint I'm inclined to ILink George js string
KEITH'S NOVEL DISPLAY.
(in one r the hot afternoons last week
fhe pedestrians mi lower Broadway were
awakened from their slate of doplness by
the sound of a bugle On Investigation It
was seen that tic bugle svas being blown
by a natty joung man dressed in purp
while, who was ridmg a bicycle Ho
w.i rollowcd by a dozen stalwart Joung
fellows, all similarly attired, riding aloug
logcther vut'i the precision of a companj"
of Holdiers The wheelmen made such a
proltj appeirance tliat everyone tumcl
to watch them as they wtnt on their
w.iy. On the back of each one was a
Mgn proclaiming the fact that Ltanlere's
Ci lematographe Is on exhibition at Keith's.
This devlie originated In the fertile brain
or J. A.Tjnes, re-Idem manager of the
Union Square, who never lets a chance
go bv lu If t the public know what is
going on ol Kt lib's cosy Louse-
Civsj.la Cwiy Hugerald.is Lack In this
Hood) land again, don't Cher know. Hut
she no vooiier aiipiars ami calls on all the
clraiLUtlc writers than she dlrappiars
Mamma, fancj Csy with a mamma, and
one1 other are with her, and they have
taken a (ottnge on the hhrewvbury rivr,
"Where Ihev will remain until Cissy's sea
Kin opens at Kilter t Blal'H hi Peptemlier.
The "one other" is no mystery. She Is
Mine Abiams, a London dancing teacher,
who comes over to arrange CKsy's new
fiance prodectiors She taught CKsy.Li-ttie
Li nd, Sjlvit Grej and many of England's
most celebrated klrt tlancers.
Nellie McIUnry, yclept "Jolly," has re
turned from the Iiiglilandsat Nave-ink for
rehearsals of l.r "Night In New York."
Thecompanj isrehcar-ingntLong Branch
' FIUST OPENING.
Next -Vonil.n night wc shall all buckle
on our best bib and tucker and sally forth
Into Thlrtv rifth street to fee the sca
Kou open. To be sure, there won't be much
to uttr.ict us to the Garritk. We
have all seen II e theater, and we have all
seen the play. Lot trc persuasive fact that
It is the first "first night" of the tea
son will work magnetic wonders.
NextThursd.ij-, however, Tlook forward
tons thcgcni'inc first night article. "Under
the Polar filar'1 is to be produced at the
Jlcdeinj'- This play has been acted before,
but a dozen jears ago. so that it Is prac
tically new. TV. H. Thomson will play
the lending male role and Grace Hender
son, will have the leading laay's part.
Thugs ure looking up!
Many people have a genuine curiosity to
tnow it thej should be seasick In caw
thej- should take an ocean voyage. An easy
way to put the matter to a test Is to
stand before the ordinary bureau mirror
tliat turns in Its frame end let someone
move tt ilowly and slightly at first and
gradually growing faster, while you look
fixedly at ypur own retlcctioiu It you
Icrl. nni-rfrct wnatevcr,fromJtthe chance
are that you can stand an ordinary sea
voyage without any qualm. Exchange. r
Grcenrooif and Foyer.
HESE are the very dog flays -of the
theater. There Is pitch gloom on tlie
. local horizon, from the standpoint, or
course, of the frequenter who spends
histn-ntug or twoin tue'on.cesuuor
snug ugulnst lie balcony rax Otherwise
tt.o theaters are in the bustle of prepara
tions. Two or our theaters washed ttteir
faces with new coats of paintlast work; the
chirworucu arc bus.' wilhm, dust rag uuil
hroora In land. The scenic artist is touch
ing up f.ided spots on Juliet's garden and
Carr'lie's boudoir. Tre managers are swej
leringaltlieir desks In heapsof cor respond
once and booking wore
Cans-Gene, thej' are making ready for us
la f.c w York. As ir presaged by "the dogs
no bark," tLe actors are coming to Man
liattan town. JCcI.earsals are crowding
every theater and hall in New "York. The
resnlis will he brought to us in another
iiufurc the end or this ronoth a couple
ut our ttcalcrs will be open, and before the
middle of beplcniber there will not be a
lark bouse in town, savu the new Colum
bia, which will not be finished. Thecomiug
ias"n will, or ought to bo. memorable In
Wcshlnton. There Is to be on all-round
fight for patrouaga among the managers,
iiauaer Kernah't. Ljceum being the only
Lom wlib a clear field.
The Lafujettc Squaru and the -New
Columbia will work hand In hand under
the supposedly powerful Influence, of the
ucw sjudicitc circuit. The New Na
tional continues Its Independent career,
and not many believe that It will be
worsted. Tlie pfsslbllltles or the theaters
lu and out of t he graded circuit, are treated
exnertlv- below in a talk by Mr. Byrne.
The popular priced houses uae a three-J
coruireu tiguiou. ueiciuiure me jjmc
tny has had a roouupolj-. This year I lie
Grand Opera House enters the Iit with
it, and the HIJou opens Its books to the
sumc class. Thus tne list flora which the
Academy had an undivided pick. Is this jear
bid for by three Louses. The lesult Is ev 1
dcul. The companies will command big
percentages, aim the public, which ulcely
fillcd oue house, will divide ugainsl itself
lu three. Bomcliodj- is going to loose. It
wou't be the publlc-
Bo there wc are, w rth the summer season
a memory and the coming theatrical cam
pnigu an ungucssable possibility. Iberu
is plenty or uucertulutj tor tte man with
sporty blood, who likes to lay his wager
HE Em ni re Theater Stock, which wo
have eujojed so often in "Lihcrtj
Mull,"' itiidgcons," "oowing the
'Wind nnd ' The ISJcsqutrhdi rs" Is
uealn on tour, ami at tills writing's
afcoiittoopeiiiu SanFrauiisco, wluchsteiiis
to be the haven or all tilings theatrical
But I he point Is that Henry Miller is no
longer one cf them. How it must le for
Viola Allen to be no more afraid of the
wiles of Willie raversham, but Instead to
him I n the cniL Conversion from the tanks
of rakes and social moiintebai ka to tke
hierarchy of v1 rtueand heroism :.nd tie ab.
solute center or tl e stage must lie not i
little love! for Faversh mi Inm-Wr. And
Miller? Poor Hnrj-, he relt that the stock
had Its limitation for so promising a joung
man us he and telieved tlajre were ollu r
leading woman to love than Mi- Al
len. So he ("elided (o Lranch out. To
this end he resigned last spring Trom
the Empire Stock That apt cars to
be as Tar as he has gotten In his
new inrccr. Stay, he and Mason Mitcrcll
are t iking a tlruinailc exunpanj to Halifax,
wilt, subsequent Tislts to Vontrcal .iiiil
Toronto. 1 Iii.pe Henry won't lose the nii-e
dividend he declared en 1 is saliry at the
Empire, bjt he istackiinga liardnut. Those
towii3 won't even go to fee iht. liest in
season. Wh itwoul'lattract thcmtoHcnry
Miller out of season? He Is not known out
of the native big" fltles. Tre public in
Richmond, Terre Haute, Hagln.iw and
Topekii never heird of Henry Miller,
much less up in Canada, where the Empire
Companj has never even thought of going.
Miller may succeed, his amlitlon is com
mendable, but Happears to have run away
with his Judgment. He is cot known, he Is
not a great actor, he is not even In many
critics estimation and the oplulon of a
lari,e pirt of the playing puMic a line
actor, lie does well enough ns a part of n
picture I ii the subdued harmonies of a stock
company, but he cannot stare the i.ilch.m.
Without- Viola Allen. May Itoleson, W,l
li im Faversh nn. J. E. Xovson and old
Mr- Compton. what will Henry Miller be?
It verllv hoks as if ho Ind sliced hlmrelf
a piece or pie whereof the proportions are
enormous and the apples are Immature
well-known men of the profenJon
He .had fo'uctlang to say the other
daj atioulthc new sjndtcate chain ot
theaters-, which includes the Larnyettc
Squarp and Colunitna Theaters. of this city.
"I have not found," said Mr. Byrne, "that
the new syndicate Is an attempt at morop
oly, etccpt in a s-rcll way. Or course, the
-jrhcate comprises a great many" play
houses, but there are Jut es many out
side ot their control and as good. The
syndicate is simply the union or a number
orimiiortaiitmen, who.bj coming together,
maj do things in a more Rvsten-ntlo man
ner than heretofore. Instead of opr-ing
each other, and thrrcbj rendering terms
for Uicirsclvcs, tlfcy will work in crnjunc
tirm, amr proliably enhance trcir fcrtuhes
I see no n ason why tliey shouldn't. There
is rothlng, after all.icoTioroUstic or Irow
licating in thur methods They are tascd
uon simple business propo-illous We
know or most people in the tlieatrical pro-res-lon
do that only within the last three
or four jtar.s have tUngs U-c-n brought
down toanjtMnglikesj-stem. Hitherto any
n-an with a rew dollars could ronn n com
iumy, go out on the road, and. If success
ful, stay out: If unsuccessful, come hack,
"Such a concern as this syndicate will
deal with no snch managers to begin with.
The members ot the svndicate arc AI Hay
man, the rrnhmins, Nixon A Zimmerman
thitherto of Philadelphia), Rich & Harris
of Boston, and Kiaw & Eilangcr, who con
trol "a number of theaters In the South.
This enables them to offer a contlncojs
tourto any company worth botheriugubout.
They can, in fact, fill an entire season.
"But let us il'ustrate their methods by
Liking such a town as Pittsburg for an ex.-ample.-Here
thej- hive secure I the theater
known .is tlie Alvin a good house, but
thirdly tbo best In the town, so far ns draw
ing power In the past can prove that. The
sjm'.lcnte guarantees the manager of the
Alvin $75 a week for his services. Then
they pay the running expenses of the thea
ter for the jenx. which, it is computed, will
aninjnt to $17,000 But they do notprc
tend solely and only by themselves what
Pittsburg must take or what Pittsburg may
"They submit to the manag;ra Hstof.say
fifty attractions, and from these he can
choose the ones he likes and reject those
he docs not like. Naturally. In this list of
attractions conic all the Frohman com
binations. "They number probably about fifteen.
The local manager chooses, sends back
tils list to the central office, and they do the
Jiookiiig. It is as simple as A B C.
"Tlie question now comes up. Does this
syndicate Injure the Iwslncss of other
theaters? I have It on authority of a num
ber or men who run theaters that -are not
In the syndicate that, so rar It has lieen or
advantage to them. For Instance, the syn
dlcate saj-s to a first-clars attraction like
Fanny Dav enport or Frai cis Wilson: 'We
will give you so much, but yon must
play, among other theaters, the Alvin In
Pittsburg.' Bat, says Fanny Davenport,
I don't want to play the Alvin. and I won't
play the Alvin. 'Then we arc very sorry,
Miss Davenport; but, ir.Jbat's the rate, you
can't play Philadelphia, ror we control all
thetheatersthcre.' -;Mlss Davenport prompt-'
ly cuts the argument-short by saying:
'Verj- well, I' will sklp.Philadelpbla, and
play the Grand OperaTHouse In Flttsburgv
By Ibis method the Grand gels an at
traction that alwaj-s paj-s.and that It might .
not have had but ror tne threat implied in
keeping Miss Davenport out of "Phila
delphia because she wouldn't obey the
bflicsls-of a syndicate.
"Francis Wilson negotiated with the
syndicate. He wtshedto Tec band loose
and Toot "loose to" make whfft' negotiations
he'Ilkcd-nrur where he rtenred. -The same
thlDc"tcote,'place,iarjaIJff. Wlfeoa was
forced over to .the Grand in rittttrarg,
or to"-Hoole or the Grand n Chicago;
"and so forth through thj country lo first
class theatera with, which iae syndicate
had notlilng to do' Thus these outside,
theaters hare, benefited rather than lest. J
"From what I am.toia.n geca icaoyoc
these local controllers 'of "M-nieis nare
Joined the syndicate this year as an ex
periment. That Is lb tay, flfey aru ready,
to bolt at n moment's notice ir the plan
docs not suit tltin. But, on, the whole,
it Is Ilkily to ir a manager can nave his
expenses assured, and receive a fair sal
ary In addition, wiiy should he not join in?
Still, It is a ii.utur largely of txptiiiuent,
and the coiring sca&ou will tell the tale."
O profession other than the theatrical
presents so many oddities of legal
quibbling. A lawsuit Is bread and
bone j' to a performer. The latest
queer case comes from thutqueer town
on Maunailuu island which spU over on
to LongislanUanJintoJersey. Oscar Hum-
mcrsteln hired a wire performer named.
Hen Abdal lan, and gave him a contract Tor
eight weeks. On his very first appearance
Abdallah fell rrom his aerial thread and
nearly killed himself. Mr. Uammerstein
was so shocked and his patrons were so
distressed tliat he decided then and there
that he would have no more aerial per
formances In bis theaters. Although Ab
dallah bus appeared bat one night. Mr.
snlarj-, to the hospital. Wus Uen grate
rut? Not much. lie's out otdangernow, and
thanks the man who gave htm an engage
meat and paj- ror work unperformed hy
appearing nightly at the stage doorreudy to
do bis act and finally suing Mr. Hammer
stein for the balance or his eight weeks'
salary. But Uammerstein hired Abdallah
to perform en the wire, not. to fall from It:
to please bis audience, not to disappoint
them; to encourage an Interest- in aerial
feats, not to place them under the ban.
Hasn't Oscar a case -against the wire
walker for hurting his patronage?
Oscar Uammerstein also finds himself In
another queer legal predicament, one that
has seldom if ever before lianncned to a
theatrical manager. He reopens the sea
son at Olymplu, his big Gotham music hall,
on September 1G, and for this occasion ho
has engaged a raft of new people from Eu
rope. He has been in the habit of doing
business with the Hamburg-Aincrican line.
But a couple of days ago he got n wire
rrom bis agent In London that rot a berth
could be secured, either in the Jast week
or August or the rirst or Beptcmber.
Then Oscar began wurrylng around and
round that nearly all the other lines were
In the same plight. The French line
couldn't promise him anything, nor the
Cunards nor the German Llojds. In fact,
it looked as if the Italian swonl-s wallow
em and French naughty girls and Germ in
acrobat nnd English coster singers would
have to come over In a freight steamer or on
n raft. Then he struck the White Star,
which happened to havc-n few berths left
this week. He secured these at op-e. but
the difference to him In fares, oh he had a
reduction with the Hamburg line, they
txlnc his regular carriers, will he fully
ci.oou. sioreover. lie must nay thexe
iwople salaries till his seanon opecg. which J
Xtcatxical Managur. "Wbct X want is something realistic, but I
dont want any real pugilists, or real naval disasters, or real-Hve stock, or
teal battles in it" -- -r- v
Playwiigit (thoughtfully): "HowVvrouW.it do to,, spring something
en the public with real actors in it?"
is very much more, and he still has before
him the problem or transporting the bal
ance of his i crtoroicrs, who hold neat ex
tracts, whiiu willpaj dividends alter bep
teinbcr 1 5. Oscar seems to liav e a pioblem
worthy of him at last. 1 shouldn't be sur
prised If Die anconqucruble Napoleon of
vaudeville would build a steamer and then
exhibit it after the trip.
HILLARY. BELL Is an accomplished
discourser on dramatic topics, ihe
other day be turned l.U attention
to the case o t Oscar "tt tide- " W bat
Is to becomeof him?" asked Mr. Bell.
"He thrives on prisou lire. He Is, there
fore, confronted with the appalling l ossl-biJtj-
of a lengthened existence and noth
ing to live for. Morally, socially, and so
rar a intellectual reputation Is concerned
he is dead. Somewhere or another, some,
bodyor another wrotea rancifulandgrew
sonie story about twins of the Siamese
kind, inseparably united. One or the twins
died, and the other had to sit with the
corpse until Irs decadene poison crept
through his veins aud laid him low.
ftllde's rate will be worse than that. He
Is doomed to sit looking at his past Tor
ten, twenty, maybe forty J cars. Did yon
ever see Oscar Wilde? Did yon ever talk
ui him? Tie- weighs 250 pounds He is
sleek, contented, phlegmatic, without con
science, and without shame. He has no
sense of his position, and has grown, rat
and comfortable In prisou. For another
jear he will be picking oaknm and walk
ing the treadmill, putting on flesh and
philosophy and then?
What will become, ot him when the jail
gives up Its dead and b comes intb the
worldagain? It his Insanity were otakinJ
tliat called tor permanent confinement In a.
lunatic asylum, all would be well. But the
perverted brain thrives on Its own miasma,
and this unfortunate creature's talents will
increase in phosphorescent brilliancy, like
the scales ot a decaying fish. Oscar Wilde
will come out or Jail next spring in some
sense better equipped tbanever to right the
battle of life, in which. hels no longer to be
a contestant. He win be a living dead man.
the snrrlvlng member of the Siamese twins, J
buried, all but hlslieail, which will continue
to grin In a ghastly fashion at fate. His
lien lth is good, his muscles are being exer
cised, he has time for meditation in his
cell. Hu Is better fitted than .before to
cam lite rar j- fame: but no publisher would
print his works, for nobody would read
them.. No manager would produce bis
plays, tor noaudlence would witness them.
The horror ot Oscar Wilde grows apace.
The best any one can wsh tor him is that
dcatb may follow theturnkey and-carry
the dramatist Into the. next world before
ho can xeturn to this one.
It Ik necessary to consider the blighting f
ox this once brilliant career in order to
understand the present apathy of,the..Eng
tish drama. " Oscaf WlHsdesfroyedbfs wife,
chlieTro,- Ws. mother sad himself.- Baa,
more ttta tbat.'ire toppiedlatd'ntisfartanB
703 H Street Northweit
'Over six years practical exntrlence In Wnih
Jnzton. wit lira bis pectoris .attention to
Troubles, and all special diseases of men
Office hours daily, 10 tn 12a.ni., 3 to 7
p.m.; Bnnday.2 to S p.m.
certain of the finest writers In England
Berore he'enrried the .London stage with
his audacious and, in an 'art Idle sense, de
lightful comedies, the'-3rltkh playwrights
were healthy, wealthjrahd wise. Plnero
had given us "The SqOirr," "Sweet Laven
der' nnd other excellent!, piece Henry
Arthur Jones tad giren,,.us "The JUddle
rpan,""Thei!llvcrK!ngjIand various works
of .honest and unpretentious quality. Sim
ple Sjdncy Grundy was doing well in a
modest way: so was nobcTt"Buchanin;''so
was Joseph Button; 6'was Chambers; so
was 8ictfhen.on:ro wba everybody writing
for the Lomlimn stage? ;
But Oscar Wilde changed all that. Ills
"Lady Windermere" uw18 brilliant and
dartoa and fascinating. It never took:
well with ihu tcmronri people, who have
the sunndest Judgment-Ih such matters,
but over the sparkling style or it liter
ary rnenilost' tr-clr' heals. No play writ
ten in recent years received somnch dis
cussion In the papers, and Oscar Wilde",
who hod long been notorious,, suddenly
became celebrated. The other authors,
jealous vt, their new rival, studied his ctm
cdy to arrive nt the secret or Its renown,
became victims or its style and presently
every mother's son yr them tried to imi
tate him. Oddly c-noogli for Wilde was
purely French In method tliey fcmeliows
mixed him up wnn trsen, ana oerore long
i we saw thu Incongruous spectacle ot sober
Englishmen borrowing Irish wit to put
!ln ransian clothes that covered Norwegian
two successtui results rouowen mese at
tempts. 8j-riney Grundy wrote "Sowlngthe
Wind." which, although not a cool ppr,
touched some mawkish sentiment in the
publlo and was prosperous Arthur W. PI
neio. who is nothing if no artlstTc. blended
the Wilde-Ibsen stjles more Ingeniously
im.l produced tliat noUibla work."The Sec
mnl Mrs. Tanqueray." But nil the other
chaps fell Into disaster. Henry Arthur
.tones deserted his early principles to write
that specious but rubbishy Imitation or Du
mas called "The Benefit of, the Doubt."
lladdon Chambers iierpetrated that appall
ing IJilnS. 'John-a-Dreaiiis." Clement Scott,
an excellent aikinter, turned his atten
t.on fm.'i "Hora" to "Denlse." A. W.
Ga'ttle came Into fame like a mashrofwv
In tlie night with "The Transgressor."
Charles Hanau evilvert that unsoearaMe
Htndty. "Tlie Onium Eater." anif Jerome
i K. Jerome ouitted tn snre riein in which
he had found "The Malstcr of WcoJbar-
- ..r y
row" to chase after the strarge gods ot
"A Way Ui Wia a Woman." Henry Irving
was the only manager In England, Augustln
Daly the linly one in America, who remain
ed steadfastly against this new crate in the
drama. " "
Even Surah Bernhardt fell a victim to it,
and aniioui ced tlie production of Salome."
For a time tlie Influence or Oscar Wihle
fuietl tlie stage lu England, nnd this country,
hud, as we'iilaj see by later manifestations,
tlie Loudon authors, hare not yet .escaped
from it. Outorhisdungroncellthefathand
or tins-felon stretched rorth to dictate the
last plays or Henry Arthur Jones, Arthur
unhealthy, Svcngall-Iike influence of Oscar
Wilde was farreachluc and long continued.
niaiuicss, Bernard Shaw; case a spell over
Augustus Thomas, Bronson Howard and
Henry Guy Carlelon; obtained possession-of
Clyde Filch and mesmerized Richard Mans
field. . ,
Opening at tbe Grand.
The regular season atrthe Grand Opera
House will commence August 24. Tbe
mauagcnicnt LassecjuwO-lor th-!nitial
attraction Emma R. Stelner's Gaiety op
era -Company, Headed by Miss" Carrie"
Koma, Who justly merits u,e reputation alp
has won Us a vocalist. Miss lloma hitai-
- peared here as a soloist with Sousa's Banu.
aiis t-ura Throjip has been specially en
gaged tor the Washington season, ana will
no doubt add a large dumber or Wasluug
lonlans to her long list or admirers duiing
her engagement. Mr. Frank David, the
Washington ravorite, lsfalso with the com
pany, and trls-many rrlemis .here win iu
pleased to accord him ja hearty reception.
The comptiny' also lneIuae"Mme. Alice"
uuiuara, ills Minerva S weigert.Miss Flor
ence Haudy, Miss Jeanette Durrord. Miss
WinnaUtQgenvMessrs. Francis Gulllard,
John C. Havens, Frank, Throj-p, William
Hicks; Hoberts Vance, f and EcnySmias.
Miss Emma IS. Stein er, the composer and
orchestra' dlrector?,wiil""condict evefv
iicorrpanccwithjqrery .accessory, to-ia.
complete operatic urcanizatiou. Includiru:
a i-erfertly drilled chours-ot fortyTolccs"
ana an orencstru of twenty pieces. The
opera season will begin with a magnifi
cent revival of "Amorlta," by the cele
brated composer; Ozibalka. "Amorita"
TUr be given a .brilliant production, wltlr
-all the stage-effects, handsome costumes.
properties, electric calciums, etc TlTrT
younjt awj beautifiii FlorenceJIandy wmdo
a singing specialty in tbe scene ot the stare
dance, and Miss Winna Rogers and Miss
Jeannette Durrord carjsvdp a so 'o 'dance.
-iTbeonlt cbaAge Wtajbcror fe Grand 1
opera jiouse this season will be in the
iirices. which will nrntn from 15. rent
.tp&reoV. wKAa go resocroKaeat on
u ibss iioor ror Z5 cents, and. this scale
entire season. Tbe bcocjortke wiHbe open
Comic opera Is the rule tn St. Louis.
Daly has closed his London season.
Charles Abbe goes with Boland Becd.
InnescalU his band "Tbe Famous Fifty.
Georgia Cayvan is in the White Moun
tains. ."Chlmmle Fnddcn" Hopper lain bis Ofclo
The Iloland Beed Company Is rehearsing
Jennie Xeamans will b3 a Weber 4 Fields
girl this season.,
., Will Gillette culls bis now houseboat
"The Holy Terror."
Beatrice Morelnnd will be with Sol Smith
Russell this year.
Mrs. Pat Campbell Is credited with a
hit as Lady Teazle.
Tbe searon In Philadelphia opens earlier
than anywhere else.
Bernhardt began her French provincial
tour Tuesday night last.
That good eld "BLoch ot Keys" will
rattle again this season.
Zelle de Lus.vin.was recently entertained
by Henri Lnbouchere.
Errol Dunbar will head one of Morri
son's Western companies
"The Brownies" will scamper over the
usual tour again this year.
V, llsoii Barrett Is not In the cast of "The
Sign of the Cross" at present.
Elwjn Barron and WiLson Barrett are
collaborating on a new play.
There arc at least nluctj-rour companies
ploying In the United Btatcj.
They say Mapteson once more holds the
reins In the operatic world.
Fregoli begins his tourorlightnlngchange
towns tlie last day of this month.
The latest working girl ta.be dramatized
In London Is 'iThe, Telephone Old."
The principal, events In "London at pres
ent are the closing of tbe theaters.
"Trilbj" Is reported to have cleared
$15,000 in six weeks in Australia.
Gus Williams returns to "One or the
Finest" this jear. Will tbe public?
Grand opera, salaries arc shrinking like a
stagnant pond berore a summer sun.
-sBajsa wise writer"The play is the thing,
and the tiling of the i"ay Is the plot."
II is rumored that Wlttard will produce
"ymbcllne" on his American tour.
John W. Dunne will manage Eddie Foy
this year in "Off the Earth," revi,ed-
E- H. Sothem has returned from bis
vacation In England with old friends.
Irving begins rehearsals of "Cymbe
llne" sit the London Ljceum tomorrow.
The New York press sK-ets are again
coming to the dramatic editors' tables.
George Lockhart Is row teachiug his
clephantsho w to play a gamcof tenpins.
Julia Wilson Is to play Rosalind. She will
at least be "more than common tall."
An "As You Like It" cast has been sug
gested, wllh Richard Harlow as Audrey.
Mora Irwin, thin sister of rat May, is to
support Peter Dailej in "A Gccd Thing."
The Three Bells Ulgby, Laura Joyce and
tie Midnight-opened their sejsontastnlght
Otis "Hut Stuff" Harlan is once more out
or reach ot the lion and under the eagle's
lailian Russell Is resting at Edgeisere,
Long Island, but her press agent knows no
Although Bert Coote Is a married man
John L. Sullivan, the eminent actor,
sometime athlete, is now a hotel pro
prietor. The Mormon choir is singing tlie chorus
of the summer opera production In Salt
Rutland Barrlngton. an Englishman, has
nlaved Pooh-Bah in the "Mikado"" over
, Luvinia. Shannon is a Washington ac
tress who has an attractive advertise
ment In the Mirror.
lieorge Headrace will create a role in the
new opera to le produce J at the Herald
Square in October-
LjMrs. Potter and Kjrle Bellow, after six
jears absence from Australia have made
a success of their n. turn.
Gordon Craig, little Miss Ellen .Terry's
boj plajed Hamlet the other day In Lon
don, and ma was present.
W. S. Hart has been engaged to lead In
"The Great Northwest." As far North and
-as fSj- West as poslblc, pleas;.
In reply to tome discussion as to the date
of Edvvla Booth's death it Is stated that he
died June", 1893,at 1:17 a.m.
Bradj's Trilby Company Is playing to
larger business In Australia than any other
company that evervlslted there.
T.ose Coglan will use "Carnicn''on tour.
Her other, piajseie "Madame, jocelyu"
and Mas; O'Rei 'i "Hcartca-e."
Annie Russell and Estelle Clayton arc
both mentioned as possible members of
'Palmer's projected stocic company.
Austin llreretou Is a frequenter of the
Lotus Club In New Xork. Bis profession
'as Critic bars blm from tbe Players'.
. U'Oyly Carte, who has been the original
producer ot all ot Gilbert & Sullivan's
op-'ras in Lordon, will retire next season.
Tlie stock company at Denver p!ayed"Dr.
Bill" recently, and Lockhart's elephants
plajed dn afterpiece. There's democracy.
Emma Nevada has lest l.er pearl shell
given htr upon her debut at the Cicra
Conjque and Inscribed "A Tearl to a
W. H. Thompson will play his original
Star." It was rirst produced twelve jears
ago in Trisco.
It Is whtsiiered In London that Wilson
Barrett has for some time been married to
Maud Jeffries, but that the matter has been
kept a secret.
Little Tuesday Is so called because she
was born on Tuesday morning. She is ten
jears old, is retired from tbe stage and
goes to school.
A "Lady Comedienne" advertises in
ra-theatrical weekly. It is to le lcpcdJu-r
comedy Is better than l.er cunbinatloos
of French and English.
Nathaniel Hnrtwig, last season with
Marie Wainwrlgbt as leading man, goes
-with the new sjndicate slock, presumably
to take Charles Mackaj's place.
Edmond de Goncoart, the French drama
.tist, nnd oue of the founders of the modern
naturalistic school, is dead at seventy-tour.
rZoiu delivered the funeral oration.
Henry Dixey will be starred in "His
Absent Boy," playing tbe role originated
last season in this city by Frederic Bond
Margaret Craven will be leading lady.
It Is said that Sol Smith Russell is consid
ering W. D. Howell's dramatization of "Tlie
Rise or Silas Lapbata," which was oiigi
iiully announced ns a possible play ror W. II.
Criiuc next season.
s0ne advertiser in an English dramatic
paper wants "a colored man; must be tall
aud of dark complexion;" and another
seeks to introduce a new song which "must
be sung In pantomime."
"A colored woman who was a witness in
my police court the other day gave the name
of Candace Hohegny. That would bw a
.good name far a soubrette or for an apart.
meut Uulldlng." Biff Hall.
The all-star "As You Like It" production
at Asbury Park, was a financial fiasco.
Jimmy Powers said: "This was my first
Sbakcspearlau essay.. The first time I did
Shakespeare, Shakespeare did we."
It is' said tbat-Isansrield la considering
"Sorrows of Satan," dramatized from Cor
relU's hovel. I Sataa may as well be pre
advertised that there is sorrow in store
for him if be gets in Mansfield's clutches.
The first money Joseph Artharever earn
ed was paid by an editor in an order on a
confectioner woo was a deadhead adver
tiser. The candy man gave'Jce bait a bar
rel of moldy gam drops as hard as fUet
And deadly at, ballets.
-'-Franlc Barrett, tbe eldest (on of Wilson
Barrett, has left Enelaad Tor Bulawayo
'Whet ;Be-tntenoVto-'-orrer- nlmselC 'for
service 1 u the mounted police. Tonus; Bar-rXfa-
Jtasjea, ,tesd,UstiacUy -toward. nIUV
tary soTroaurUnss, and sesus yean ago
be enlisted as a" 'rankeri,rln Itie"d'a'ards.
He has since then snent-'romc years In
America, and still more recently managed
the grand Theater, Leeds, as bis miners
Arthur Boacbler will have as madr plays
to begin his American, todr. as' Georgia
Cayvan 11 he keeps on accumulating. The
latest addition to his rcpertolrn Is "The New
Don Quixote.'' a problem play, in spite
of Its picturesque title.
Philadelphia will have one more thenir
this season than last. The old Arch Street,
which has been dosed so long will re
open. This theater lias had as many names
as the proverbial cat has lives This year
. it will be called the Troccdero,
As the searon prm-nts itself the mana
gers show their fcar-of the campaign
effects. Brooks has pestpored tlie Hol
land Brothers' tour two weeks and has
pushed the opening of the new symilcatc
stock company into November.
Bartley Campbell, the playwright, was
responsible for the expression, "Sec?"
Campbell bad long, bony flogers, anil when
he was Interested he would tap his auditor
on the coat with thero and exclaim. "See?"
In a jiersuasli e way that was very erfecilvp.
Roliert Taber and bl wire returned last
week trom abroad. They spent their va
cation near Verona and Florence. Their
purpose was to study the scenes of tlie
dramatization or "Roruola," which they
use this season. It will be first produced
In Milwaukee, September 7.
Joseph Cullaban has acquired the rights
to the late Henry C. DeMille's well-known
play, "The Lost raradlse," which he will
produce next season alternately with
"Faust." The electrical effects used In
the Brocken scene In "FaLst" will be turn
ed to account In the factory scene of Tbe
A French soldier named Durand Is ex
hibiting himself In London. His specialty
consists ot hanging by tlie neck without
Choking to death. He, has accomplished
oilier remarkable feats In the past for in
stance, be has stood ror nine! j-six liours in
front of a. bright light will out closing or
winking inscjes onca; he lias held Ills arms
out boriroatally for six hours, nnd has
stood for twenty days on top or a column
without changing his ikhIi'oj. He may
come to America soan.
In Col. T. Albion Brown's office bangs
a big frame almost filled with the faces
of dead tlieatrical celebrities. As soon
as one of tbe big lights goes out the
colonel hunts through his collections or
photographs until he secures tlie best pes
slide likeness of the defunct genius. Then
he cuts out tbe head and pastes it in the
frame among the rest of the corporation,
Frank. Mayo and Mrs- John Hoey are tbe
most recent additions to tbe gallery of
lead giants. There are now 871 all told.
Louis James, when be paid the colonel his
last vliit, went to tbe big frame aud in
one coriier or It pasted a bit ot paper
on which was wrltteu. "Tliis space is
reserved for Louis James." Mirror.
Jmcph Arthur thus riiBcrtDes his rirst
appearance as an actor: "I began my
stage career as a chaln-armurcil super in
"RiChurd III." la my own estimation 1
was only a lesser light to the star, tlie title
role belug played by John Wilkes EloIIi.
Before guing on the stage I had placed my
street clothes In n hole in the wall leading
to the chimnej". liming my "scene a inU
chlevous 'regular' pushed my street clothes
Into the nue. They dropped Into the to
tally Inaccessible depths or the dark cel
lar between two brick walls-they are
there yet. Arterthe perrornansa I wascom
pellcd to go home in my clanking arrcor.
wltli a tin helmet, the rlai or which rested
on my two thin sbo'ilders. The 'regulars'
rollowcd ami pelted me with mud balls.
My mother was nearly frightened out or
her wits by my appearance when I ar
nvej at hn-no.au I my father administered
a bet dose of birch.'
Tlie Philadelphia Ledger p1nts an al
phabetical list or the naiiies of women la
Sliake-spearc's plaj3. as a hint lo mothers
scarchiug for names for their tahy girls,
aud suggests that the list offers a pleasing
variation of the Dorott les, Mauds, Lillles,
Owciidolyus.Nin.il ard Flurries one so fre
quently comes across Tills Is the 8hakt-i
peare lisi: Adnaua. Aemula, Alice, Anne,
Andromache, Beatrice. 1-ianca, B!anch(c?
Bona, Calphurnla. Cassandra, Cc-lla, Ceres,
ChJrmiao, Cleopatra. Constance, Cordelia,
Cresslda. Desdemona, Diana, DIonvcza,
Dorcas, Elrnncsr. Elinor, khzahclh, Emilia,
Fruucisca, Gertrude. Goueril, Helen, Helena,
Iiermla, Hcnnoine, HcroT lii4vyia. Imo
gen, I ras. Ins. Isabel. Isabella. Ja-
qucnelta, Jessica, JoanJ Julia, Juliet,'1
auuo, iv.ue. aaiuanua, iatnanne, La
vlnla, Lucctta. Luclana. Lychorida, Mar
garet. Margery, Maria, Mariana, Marinrip,
Mirauda. Mnpsa, Nerissa, Octavia, Olivia,
OpiHlla, Pallet ce. PauIiua.Ji'eruila, Phebe,
Plirynia. Portia. Regan, Rosalind. Rosa
lie, 8ylv1a. Tarrora. Tliaa- Tlroaudra.
Tltaula. Ursula. Valeria, Venus, Tiola,
Vioiuila. Virgiaa. uiuu.nii. -
CAMPED OUT IN A TItEE.
Tent n a Platform Unlit Between
Sjn Frandtco CxilL
Everybody who has ever camped out In
NilcsCanou knows that there are a number
oC things to be considered in selecting a
d'sirable site. It you pitch your tent
near the water the air is likely to be close
on warm djjs.tosay notbingutthe m.mer
ous mosquitoes. On the other hand, if
jour tent is pitched on a hillside, it is diffi
cult to find a level jiace to build a fire,
and all the water has to be carried up
from Uie stream below. OT course It is
more convenient to bencartheVwater, but
under ordluarv circumstances not: so com
tollable as being a few feet above it.
Ilcno uibscu thinks that he has solved
tlie pnJjU'ai aaJ at the same time procured
a number of advantages he had ikjiRoied
for. He is one or the first campers in the
camo. and intends to remain all summer,
si. that it Is likely that ninny of the later
a-rlvals v,ll take advantage ot his way or
pitching a tent.
Olson's scheme consists ot utilizing a
b'g cuttoavTuoi tree. lie selected one with
spreading branches, and in the space bo-tv.-en
thee, he constructed a platform of
flooring similar to that generally used
unil-r tents when they are placed en the
One of the branches had to be sawed off,
but the ilatfonu was made to fit in be
tween the others as uicelj as could lie.. On
this platform he has pitched l.is tent tbe
same as he would on the ground. By thu
ussot aladderit IseasytogL'turxur or doyvn- J
There are numerous advantages In pitch
ing a tent this way, tbe principal one of
which is that IC is high and dry, and theoc
cupants run little danger of taking to'd.
Besides this.lt can Le located close to good
water and near a level pjacc forjhe camp
Another advantage Is that "grub and
cooking utcnsiU can tc plnicd out of tbe
reach or prowling animals b putting them
In a rnsket and Hauling them up lo-tie
platform. At night the ladder can te
hauled up aud tt c ccccpants ot the tent
will be as secure rrom intrusion as If nt
home lu their bedrooms.
The tent-in a tree has ulrcady attracted
the attention of a cumtcr or prospective
Campers. Gibson says it don't cost a cent
more than it docs to put up a teut lu the
ordinary way. it only takes a little more
time, but when yoi are there jouare fixed.
8otnc time ago tbe villago authorities of
Ncwburyport, Mass.. decided to widen
Prospect street. To secure the required
width it iras necessary to cut into variiw
bouses. All of the citizens but oca moved
their buildings. He permitted carpenters
to slice enough off his borne to make thu
street wide enough, and gratefully ac
cepted tbe money tendered for damages.
Then be bad the side of the damaged
building boarded up and continued to lire
peaceably IB the bouse which bad been en
deared to Lira by associations. Now It
Is pteposed to wMea:tbe'sre-sgjnt to'
get roots foe a sidewalk, and another slice
may be cut; off Use henile'of tAe obstinate
msov-Hcrr Torjc Wood.
Sunday. August 16,
Mademoiselle Grace, atgp.n.
Professor Smith, at8p. ,.
WILL AGAIN COAST THE CHUTE
Onanordinarmfstvblevele.iat a suied of
KSiuilssaii hour, limlingm tho lake- Do not
ism ioco mis wimueriui ami ssusiunnai cr.
Bicycle checked at tbo wharf frc "f char:e.
S-tralutrWim'l J. Pmiti at 11 A. M- 2:15 and
C:luP. Jl. Returning st I. S.f: OandOiS) P. M
THE TENTH GRAND ANNUAL TOUR
NAMENT AND DRESS BALf.AT
Wednesday, August 19.
OALLVNT KNIOHTS WILL TILT FOB
PKIZKS. CKOWNLVG OFTHi: QUEEN
OF LOVE ASU BEAUT.
Hun. P. A. Jscaggs, chleruiarohal: James C.
Kozers. orator of tho day; Hicturd E. Brandt,
orator or the evening.
The entrance money accruing from therces
of knights. wlthSl sdded crCapu Itandall.
will be diiided among the four successful
Kiitranco fee for knights will be f 00.
Tbe st-amer Pentz will leave her wharf at
Wa. m.. and 6: 5 p. in., and will retnra st
i::'i..s and lulOp. in., stopping al Baeas
Vi:. hhepherd's and Alexandria.
Mademoiselle Gr-ce anJ, Prof. Smith will
coat the cbnte on a bicycle at 0 p. m. auin-3
DIRECT ROUTE TO
The I'alars Steamer
Excellent T-vUo d'lfote Meats.
Tbe Btft concert and Dance Mnsia
rtomifl Trip, 50s. fmltdrru, 35ec
t mm Font nf S7xlh Ktret dailr (except
Moailay) at 9 - in. and Saturday at C.SO p. in.
The Kcw POTOMAC RIVER PAYIUON.
Dancing upon arrival of boat. Those bald
ing Moie'ey tickets ailmittetlfree.
(Formerly LVtliesda Park.)
SEW NAME, NEW MANAGEMENT.
NEW METHODS. NEW LIGHTS.
Tlirooh serriee from Georgetown overthe
Tt nlevtown BoaiL
Take Pennsylvania Avenue Cablo or F
street Unilcrrrouud Electric Cars change
at Thirty-Second. .
l',cntyof amusenienu. Music and Dancing
every evening. Plenty of scats throughout
Grand Opera House
EDWAHD II. ALLEN...
Opealng of Hie Kegular Season,
MONDAY EVENING. AUG. 24-.
Mgiilfleenc production or OziluUas Bsau.
EMMA It. STEIXEU
GAIETY OPERA C031PAXY.
Conijir'sing the followiDg -well-Known people;
Mis Carrie Itoroa. Misa Clsia TT.rpi
lime. Alice Galllaril. Mr. Kni-k I)jrid.
Jlis v Ijlet -jwelgerr, Mr. Krardi Gaillard.
aliss FI-rence Handy, 3Ir. John C Havens.
Mij Jeau tie Kn'Iord, Mr. Frank Ttropp.
llf Winnie Ilcg.r, Mr. Pailip Wats.in.
Miss Kattfrilto .Milter. Sir. Archie nnghcj,
Mr. Jl. I Alrop.
A Chorus or 10 Voice and n Orchestra of 3)
The following scale of prices will le main
tained tbrnnciious ruBseaso :
Orchestra e:iiair. lluw- A to IC. Inciuiv3 .T5o
Orcejtla Chair-, remainder... ........Oe
Orchestra Circle, flrsvJ rows... .Oe
Orchestra tylrcte. remainder S5c
Balcony ................. ............ ........Soa
Notf A cnod reeervett seat on 1st noir.tiSc
l:..x iffire opens Timrs lay. . ng: S1. J i m.
Kernan's Lyceum Theater.
Instantaneou Success Pecked
to the Doors Last Night.
ALL THIS WEEK!
Mats. Tues.. Thurs., Sat.
Introducing FIELDS. SALINA A fUlOOKS;
1HK KOIilNhON TKIO. and tho Leading
Lights of the VaudcvJIe World.
TEN MINI TES 1.NTIIE LATIN QUAUTEIi
and THE VIcEKOVS FAVoBJl'E.
13, ?3, .'O, 73c mitt 91.09
COLUMBIA ACADEMF. S3J
cf M'ssMngton. Cycling taught on a U.UJU
It- CoorT Competent .nstruetors. Charon
rn.aU. Mtuls every evenins. 2Z1 in.l P
ttreeis. 3. Hart Bnttaia. M. Tata F troec
FHEE TUHTLE SOTJP. MOR
JAN HOESE.Bethesda, Sunday, lt.cm
11IS TT1TS SAVED HIM.
Clmrged wltti Stealing u Bottle ot
Medicine JlexMeiiKer Esplnlued.
Some years ago a man was arrested and
sentenced to, three months hard lit or on
the clurge ot stealing a Lott.'e cf medicine
that he bail been asked to cull ror by a
dot tor for one of his patients, tre nnn
Lelug a messenger and curlier frun thu
town to the village In -which the patient
Ho'iie months .titer the man was brought
ur again on a similar charge, anj when In
t'i3dick was asked bythemagistratcif he
bad anything to say in his defence. -
"Tes, yunr lionor," replied the man. -I
was asked by the doctor to call again for
auotber man's medicine, and this Dottlj
stiii-1 on the donor's desk labeled. 'To bo
takeu ns before.' "
iieedless to say, tbe man was discharged,
amid mars of laughter.
Savins Gn Mantel.
The enormous costs of the rare earths
used In the composition of incandescent
gas mantels has led to the formulation of
a process for the extraction of their crxldes
fronithemantciswhlch have become useless.
Tlie process consists of reducing the rcsidne
of tbe mantels with ten times tbeir weight
of hisulpnateof sodium, taking np theprod
oct In water and adding oxalate or am
monia In excess to redlssolvc. the ox -alttesof
thorium and zirconium, while the
oxalates ot cerium, lanlbanltim, erbium
and yttrium remnla InscluUe. The liquor
It then filtered, tbe undissolved oxalates
Jtmainlngrin tbe !U(cr. -The'resMne Is
tentrestel with"coneentrated hydrochloric
achfto obtain the. oxalates or thorium and