THE MORNING TIMES, SUNDAY, EJEBBUAHY 28, 1897
Lady Henry Somerset is engaged in de
veloping a class of new women, likely
to have a marked effect on the part of the
-world in which they reside. This fact is
clearly demonstrated by the report of
-what has been accomplished" during the
first year of the Industrial Farm Colony
at Duxhurst, England, the only colony of
the feort in the world the only farm colony
which is ruled by a woman and populated
by her own ex.
The original cause of the inception of
this project was the fearful prevalence of
the love of liquor among the women of
England located in the cities. For many
years it had been the custom in England
for a laborer's wife, for the wife of the
artisan, to indulge in her pot of " 'alf and
alf" without criticism. Lady Henry, as
the chief of the temperance movement in
England, thought out a remedy for the
women who hadsuccumbedtotheinfluence
of drink, or who had by their love for
liquor fullen to the lowest depths.
The plan was the Industrial Farm Col
ony. There were croakers "who prophesied
the direst of failures. Happily, they have
all piured false prophet, how thoroughly
60 is demonstrated by Lady Henry Soiner
bCt herself, who has made this statement
concerning the work of the institution,
which she planned and caused to be estab
lished: "It is encouraging to bcliere that we
at any rpteare feeling our way toward a
solution of the difficulty that has per
plexed us sorely how to deal with our
drunken women. We hae hitherto relied
on penal treatment; now we are beginning
to see that -we need educational methods.
The prison has failed as a deterrent to
the habitual drunkard, but wc believe the
hospital will succeed, and it is essen
tially on Uie lines of a hospital that we
hare opened our work. Our medicine is
fresh air and hard work, kindness, sym
pathy, and, above all, the atmosphere of
home. We have found that the outdoor
employments in which most of our patients
are engaged, harea curiously exhilarating
effect, belli mentally and physically, and
the trim forcing houses, neat gardens, and
Well-grown Trait and flowers testify to
the power of women to earn- out this
work with a large measure of success.
The luMum-e, which have teen from
firbt to last cared for entirely by the wo
men, have done bo well this first year that
we .are Justified in erecting other buildings
on the same plan. TheVnthusiasin the gar
dening has a wakened among those who are
engaged in it is another hopeful sign. Our
women were as intent on sending tlfeir
crop of early vegetables to the London
market as any professional market gar
dener in the land.
"I was speaking a few days ago to the
medical man who visits us periodically,
anl lie told me J hat lie could not have be
lieved that such good physical results
could have attended the treatment given to
the patients at Duxhurst. He had seen wo
men whosohealthseemc.1 to beiHirmanently
impaired entirely recuperated within a
few weeks, and new health and vigor re
stored to them. Specially buccessful has
been the system of dividing the patients
into hitle groups, each circle occupying
Its own particular cottage, with a nurse
matron at its head. The institutional
bpirit has been entirely removed, and the
pride that the women take in our little
homes,' as they call them, is testified by
the spotless cleanliness of the Interior of
each dwelling, and the laudable rivalry
that exists m the village as to which house
lb best cared for. The patients have been
tent to us in many instances by magis
trates who have given the women the op
tion of coming to the colony, or of going
to prison as druuk and disorderly.
"We have also some who have left prison
and many who have come voluntaiily from
their own homes. We make no distinctions,
and nobody knows the historyof aay of the
patients but the sister superintendent and
myself. Perhaps the feature that has given
as most encouragement, however, Is the
manner in which the women can be trusted
after a few months' residence in the vil
lage. At first no woman is allowed to
leave the premises under any pretext. She
In practically a prisoner on the farm. But
after some mouths' Bojojrn. if no rules are
broken, she is allowed to become what wc
call a trust patient, and she Is free to go
out walking by permission, is sent to do
errands and has a certain amount of lib
erty. In only two cases has this trust been
broken, and I think, that the women who
thus disappointed us suffered more from
the reproaches of their own companions
than they did from the reprimand of those
"The great difficulty hitheito attending
thisrefonnworkhas been thatwhen women
are dismissed from 'homes,' the lirst day of j
Her New Women
freedom seems to" bring with it also the
firbt struggle against temptation; but I
have a btiong conviction that this course
is a mistake, and that the moral nature of
the -woman should be strengthened by de
grees, in "oider that bho may be prepuied
to meet the trial which she inubt neces
sarily face when she goes out from our
"English 'Woman Tells of the First
'Terhaps nothing lias done so much to
give brightness to the colony as the pres
ence or the childicn, and dining this sum
mer the happy faces of the little ones
who occupy the children's cottage at the
'Bird's Nest, brought a new interest and
happiness into the women's lives. The
little treatb that they imagined for the
tiny visitors, the many kindly acts that
they were able to perform, the blessed
trust that thcchlldien themselves showed
to the women, and the ringing sound of
laughter nnd shouts of Joy, woie all of in
finite value m molding the thought of those
wl o, perhaps, had nothing to look back
upon but sin and sonow.
"Joy is a necessary part or healthful
life, and it was a problem to us how we
could bring it to women isolated from
their families, and burdened with a bitter
past; but the children have answered this
question fur us. They come tons from the
London slums for a brier, blissful .summer
holiday, and we make a point or taking
those who are 60 poor that they are inel
igible for the children's holiday fund.
This home is cared for by Sister Kathleen.
"It is singular how little trouble we have
had, considering how difficult have been
the cases with which we -were called to
deal. Of course, we have had failures, but
we expect them. On the other hand, we
have seen the women alter in the sunshine
or the atmosphere that has been around
them, and we have caes today or lives
that wc believe to be wholly changed,
and women whose outlook has been com
pletely altered by their residence in our
Perhaps the saddest reatureor the work
is the fact that we have been obliged to
refuse 3,000 applications because our ac
comm.xlation is at present limited; we can
only take in forty-two patients in the vil
lage itself, and beds are bespoken months
before they are free."
A COWGIRL. MARRIED.
The -Way in Which Her Interest
in Her Husband Was Aroused.
The recent wedding of Myrtle Morrison,
the famous Nowlin comity girl broncho
buster, and Frank Duprec, a part-blood
Sioux, created quite a sensation among the
aristocracy in tho Sioux reservation, and
in the adjacent territory. Miss Morrison
is a handsome young cowgirl, noted far
and near for her proficiency in the art of
hor.se training. She has had many ad
mirers among the frontier beaux, but al
ways declared that she would never marry
any man who could not ride, shoot and
throw a lariat better than she could, and
as such men are extremely scarce, it ap
peared probable that Miss Myrtle waB
doomed to lead a life of single blessed
ness. however, last fall, hay being 6carce on
the upper Bad River range, her father
removed his family and stock to Big
Creek, a tributary of the Cheyenne River.
Here Myitle first made the acquaintance
of the good-looking, daring young half
breed, who has since become her husband.
Frank Duprec is a splendid horseman,
thorough cowhand, and apparently devoid
or fear. The Dupiees are among the
wealthiest stockmen in the State, counting
their cattle by the thousand, and Fiank
like many other half-bloods in that section,
lias received a very "fair education. Still,
Myrtle was not much attiacted toward the
swarthy j outh until one day they happened
to be riding together, and came in eight of
a herd of sixty or seventy buffalo, which
the Dupree family have raised on their
own range from a few calves caught
years ago when buffulo meat was the
principal article of diet for the entire
Sioux nation. Although this herd is kept
fiom htraying far from the home ranch
by "Old Man" Duprec'scowbojs, they are
fully as wild as their ancestors, who once
blackened the praiiies -west of Chamber
lain. The young couple rode up quite close
to the herd before the animals were aware
of, their presence, and Frank, in a spirit
of bravado, urged his broncho alongside
of a huge bull buffalo and) sprang .from his
saddle to the animal's back. In an Instant
the held was stampeding madly across the
prairie, witli the old bull leading the van.
Dupree's foolhardiness had placed him in
an extremely dangerous predicament. If
he jumped or fell from the buffalo's back
he would certainly be trampled to death
by the pursuing herd, and if he retained
his seut until the animal became tired
and sulky it was equally certain that the
brute would make a furious assault upon
him the moment he dismounted. So all
he could do was to cling to the animal's
back and await an oppoitunity to escape.
But it was not until the herd had run fully
two miles that lie saw the least chance of
leaving the bui.k of Ills novel steed and
Fortune at last favored him, and the ani
mal ran for some distance along a deep,
narrow washout with almost perpendicular
sides reaching to a height oJ fully twenty
feet. Here Frank sprang from his seat
and slid down the bank of the depression
Year' Results of Her Sociological
just In time to escape being trampled upon
by the closely following herd.
Meanwhile Myrtle hail lassoed her com
panlon's letreatmg broncho. She reached
the spot where Frank had dismounted
just as he was climbing, dirty and bedrag
gled, to the top of the ravine. The cowboy
did not feel very proud or his exploit, but
nevertheless the little episode had touched
a tender spotl n the girl's heart, and a short
time ago the bells or the Cherry Creek Mis
sion Church announced the wedding orthis
typical frontier couple. St. Louis Globe
One Way (o Kep Him 1
"Nay, sir," cried Mrs. Ablngton, with
such a smile of inrinite witchery as she
wore when Sir Joshua Reynolds painted
her as "Miss Prue," "I would not have
you make any stronger love to me than
is absolutely necessary to keep yourself
in tiaining Tor the love scenes in Dr.
Goldsmith's new comedy."
"Ah, you talk glibly or measuiingout the
exact portion of love as if love were a
physic-to be doled out tothe piecLse grain,"
cried Lee Lewis, impatiently turning
away from the fascinating lady who was
btill smiling archly at him over the back
of her chair.
"I have often wondeied i r you ever knew
what love means," said he.
"Indeed, the same thought has frequently
occurred to me, sir," said the actress.
"When one has been offered the nostrums
of quacks so often one begins to lose faith
in the true prescription."
"You think time I am a quack, and, there
fore, have no faith in me?" said Lewis.
"I know that you are an excellent actor,
Lewis flung himself across the, room with
an exclamation of impatience.
" Youare the mostcruel woman thatlives,"
he cried. "I have often left this' house vow
ing that I will never come nigh it again be
cause of your cruelty."
"What a terrible vengeance!" cried the
actiess, raising her hands, while a mock ex
pression of terror came over her face. "You
would fain prove yourself the most cruel of
men because you account me the most cruel
of women. Ah, sir, you are ungenerous. I
am but a poor, weakcreature, while you "
, "1 am weak enough to bo your slave, but
let me tell you, madam, I am quite strong
enough to throw off your bonds should I
fail to be treated with some consideration."
"Oh, so far as I am concerned, you may
take your freedom tomorrow," laughed
Airs. Ablngton. "The fetters that I weave
are of silken thread."
"Why will you not consent to come with
me to Vauxhalloncc more?"
"La. sir, think or the scandal 1 Have not
we been seen there together half a dozen
"Pooh! my dear madam, cannot you see
that tongues will wag all the faster if I
appear at the gardens with someone else?"
"Say, with your wife. Surely, you are not
afraid of the tongue of slander if you appear
by the side of your wire, sir?"
"'Tis for you I fear."
"What, you fancy that people will slan
der mcir you appear at Vauxliall with your
lawfully wedded wife?"
"Even so; for they will say that you are
not strong enough to keep me raithful to
Mrs. Ablngton sprang to her Tect.
"The wretches!" she cried. "I will bhow
them that pshaw! Let them say their
worst. What care I what they say? I'll
go or stay away, as the fancy seizes me."
"What fools these men are!" she cried,
when he had left the hoube, throwing her
self back onher couch with a very capacious
yawn. "What foolsl Oh, if they but
knew all that such a woman as I am could
Bcrore Mrs. Ablngton had been alone for
half an hour her maid entered to tell her
that a lady was inquiring ror her at the
She gave a glance at a mirror, and saw
jhat her hair was in a proper condition ror
the reception of a visitor who was a lady,
and a moment artcrward there entered a
rracerul little woman whom she could not
recollect ever having seen berore.
"Pray, seat yourseir, madam, and let me
know ror what I atnlndelHed for the honor
of tills visit."
' 1'ou are Mrs. AUHigtonj I wish I had not
come to you. Now,thut,E find myself face
to face Willi you. I perceive that I have
no chance. You are overwhelmingly beau
tiful." "; J
"Did you come here only to tell me that?
Faith, you might HaVe saved yourself the'
trouble, my dear. 4L have kno wit just how
beautiful I am Tor the past twenty years,"
cried the actress. ' '
"I did not come'licre to tell you that,"
said the visitor; "cm the -contrary, I meant
to call you an '"ugly 'harridana vile
witch, who glories m seeing the ruin of
good men; but now well, now, 1 am dumb..
I perceive that you are so beautiful it is
only natural that all men my husband
among the number. should worship you.
I am .Mrs. Lewis, madam," said the lady,
and then, dropping into a chair, she burst
Mrs. Abington went beside the unhappy
woman and patted heron the .shoulder.
"Dear child," she'sald, "the thought that
you are .Mr Lewis' wife bhould not cause
you to shed a tear. You bhould be glad,
rather than sorry, that you Sire married to
a gentleman who is so highly esteemed.
Your husband, .Mrs. Lewis is a great friend
of mine, and I hope that his wife may be
come even a greater."
"Ah ah!" moaned the lady. "A friend?
a friend? Oh, uive me back my husband,
woman give me back my husband whom
you stole from me."
"My good woman," said Mrs. Ablngton.
"you have need to calm yourseir. I can as
sure you that I have notyour husband in my
keeping. Would you like to search theroom?
Look under the sofa Into the eupbo.ir.is!"
"I know that he left lieie half an hmzr
ago; I watched him," said Mrs. Lewis.
"You watched him? Oh, He!"
"You may make a muck or me IT jon
please. I expected that you would, but he
Is my husband and I love him; I believe that
he loved me until your witchery came over
"Listen to me, my poor child. You have
spoken mine very foolish words since you
came into this room. From whom have you
heard that your husband was well, en
snared by me?"
"From whom? Why, everyone knows
it," cried Mrs. Lewis. "And besides, I
got a letter that told me "
"A letter from whom?"
"From I suppose she was a lady; at any
rate, she said that she sympathized with
me, and I am certain that she did."
"Ah, the letter was not signed by her
real name , and yet you believed the slanders
that you knew came from a Jealous
" Nay, I did not need to receive any letter;
my husband's neglectorme made mc aware
or the truth -ah, it is the truth, whether
you deny it or no!"
"Look you, my dear, ill-treated creature,
I do asbiue you that I have no designs
upon your husband. I do not care ir 1
never see him again, except on the stage."
"I will not believe what I have heard,"
she bald. "And yet yet you are bO
"Then you think it impossible I should
have any good in me?" laughed the actiess.
"Well, 1 do believe that I have some good
In me. Listen to me, you little goose. Why
have you allowed your husband to neglect
you and to come lieie asking me to sup with
him at Vauxliall?"
"1 protest, Mrs. Ablngton, that I scarce
take your meaning; I have nothing to re
proach myself with. I have ever been the
best or wives. I have never gone gadding
about to balls and routs, as some wives do:
I have remained at home with my baby."
"Exactly. And so youi poor husband has
been forced to ask certain actresses to bear
him company at those innocent pleasures
which he, in common with most gentlemen
or distinction enjoys. Ah, 'tis you domestic
wives that will have to answer ror your hus
"Is it possible that why, madam, j on be
wilder me. You think thatl should I don't
know what you think Oh, I'm quite bewil
dered." "Why, child, j on have not seen enough of
the world to have learned that a woman
is most attractive to a man when'he per
ceives that she is admired by other men?
Your good husband is, I doubt not, fond
enough of you, but let me tell j ou , my sweet
young wife, a husband is a horse that re
quires the touch of a spur now and again.
A Jog trot Is not what suits a spiiited crea
ture." "Heavens, madam! You mean that he
my husband would be true to me if only
-I I "
"Dear child, go to the gardens, not with
your husband, but with another man, and
you will soon sec him return to jou with all
the ardor of a lover with a rival in view.
Jealousy is the spur which a husband needs
to recall him to a sense of his duty now and
"I may be foolish; but I cannot bring my
self to .go alone with any man to the gar
dens," said her visitor, in a low tone.
"Then good-by to you," cried the actress,
with a wave of her hand.
She rose from her seat and yawned,.
stretching out her arms. As she recovered
herself lier eyes rested on a charcoal sketch
of herself In the character of Sir nenry
Wlldairinthe "Constant Couple," done by
Sir Joshua Reynolds' pupil, Northcote.
She ran to the door and called out to Mrs.
Lewis, who had not had time to get to the
foot of the stairs.
"Come back for a moment, madam, "cried
Mrs. Ablngton over the bannisters: and
when Mrs. Lewis returned, she said: "I
called you back to tell you to be ready
dressed for the gardens on Monday night.
1 will accompany you thither In my coach."
"You mean that you will "
"Go away now, like a good child. Ask
no more questions till Monday night."
On the Monday night she was dressed
to go to Vauxliall, when the room in whicn
she was waiting was entered by an ex
tremely handsome and splendidly dressed
"I protest, birl" cried Mrs. Lewis,
starting up. "You have made a mistake.
I have not the honor or your acquaintance."
" ' Fore Gad, my charmer, you asbume
the airs of an innocent miss with amazing
ability," smirked her visitor. "My name,
madam, is Sir Henry Wlldair, at your
service, and I would fain hope that you
will accept my poor escort to the gardens."
A puzzled look was on Mrs. Lewis xaee
as the gallant began to speak, out grad
ually this expression disappeared. She
clapped her hands together girlistily, and
then threw heiseir hack on a chuir, loar
ing with laughter.
The next day at the playhouse Mrs. Ab
lngton met Lee Lewis with a reproachful
look. She had written to him on the Sat
urday, expressing her regret that She could
not go with him to the gardens, but assur
ing him that she would be there, and charg
ing him to look for her.
"By heavens. 1 waited for you ror an
hour on the lantern walk, but you did not
appear," cried Lewis.
"An hour? Only an hour?" said the lady.
"And. pray, how did you pass the rest or
"A strange thing happened." said Lewis-,
arter a paiihe. "I was amazed to see my
wife thcre-of one whom I took to be my
"Ah, sir, these mistakes are or common
occurrence." laughed Mrs. Ablngton. "Was
she. like her husband, alone?"
" No, that's ttie worbt ofit; she washy the
side of a handsome young fellow In a
pink coat embroidered with silver."
"Mrs. Lewis is a very charming lady, I
"You have seen her?"
"She was pointed out to me last night."
"Heavens, then it was bhe whom I saw
in the gardens. I would not hnve believed
"What, are you so unreasonable as to
think that 'tis a wire's duty to remain at
home wnlle her husband amuses himseir
"Nay, but my wife r"
"lb a vastly pretty young creature, bir,
whom a hundred men, as exacting as her
husband, would think It a pleasure to at
tend at the gardens or the pantheon."
Two days afterward Lee Lewis baid to
her:" I wonder If it 'tis true that my wite
has an admirer?"
"Why should it not be true, sir? Every
thing that is admirable has an admirer,"
said Mrs. Ablngton.
"She is not quite the same as she used to
be," said lie "I half suspect that she has
something on her mind. Can it be possible
"Pshaw, sir; why not put her to the
test?" cried .Mrs. Abington.
"The test? How?"
"Why, sir, give her a chance of going
again to the gardens. Tell her that you
arc going to the playhouse on Thursday
night, and then do as you did berore, only
keep a better lookout for her, and well,
you must promise me that if you rind her
with that handsome young spark, you will
not run him through the body."
As Mrs Lewis, accompanied by herdnsh
ing escort, descended rrom the coach and
walked up the long avenue toward the tea-houscmanyeye-
were focusseduiwu her, ror
all the town seemed to lie at VnuKhallthnt
night- But only the quick eyes oT Mrs.
Abington perceived the race of Lee Lewis
at the outskirts or the crowd.
Mrs Abington smiled. She knew perfectly
well thatjier disguise was so complete as
to remain Impenetrable, even to her most
familiar friends, and she had a voice to suit
the costume of the beau, so that upon
previous occasions she had. when in a
similar dress, escaped all recognition, even
at one of the balls at the little playhouse
For another hour the actress and her com
panion remained In thegardens.and when at
last they returned to the hackney coach the
former did not fail to see that Lewis was
watching them and following them, though
his wife all the time the coach was being
s -,-,, h rw -rsvV -ifcm K!ss
Chip Actually Answers the
driven homeward chattered about her hus
When they reachedthe house they learned
that Mr. Lewis had not yet come back, and
so Mrs. Abington went upstairs and seated
herself by the side of her friend in her
Not many minutes had passed before
her quick ears became aware of the open
ing of the hall door and of the stealthy
steps of a 'man upon the stairs.
The steps paused outside the room door,
and then, putting on her masculine voice,
the actress cried:
"Ah, my beloved creature, why will you
remai n with a husband who cannot love you
as I swear I do? Why not fly with me to
Mrs. Lewis gave a laugh while her cheek
was being kissed very audibly kissed by
er compauion. The next moment the door
was flungopenbo suddenly that Mrs. Lewis
was startled and gave a cry; but before
her husband had time to take a step Into
the room Mrs. Ablngton had blown out the
lamp, leaving the room Jn complete dark
ness. "Stand where you are!" cried the ac
tress in her assumed voice. "Stand, or
by the Lord Harry, I'll run you through the
"The rascal's impudence confounds me,"
said Lewis. "Infamous scoundrel! I
have had my eye on you all night. I am
the husband or the lady whom you have
luredfrom herhome to be your companion."
"Oh, then, you are Lee Lewis, the ac
tor?" said Mrs. Ablngton. "Pray, how
does it come, sir, that you are at Vaux
liall when you assured your poor wire that
you were going to the playhouse?"
"What! The rascal has the audacity "
"What, sir, have you the etrrontery to
accuse her? You blame her ror going with
me to the gardens? Can you say that you
have never made an appointment with a
lady to meet you at the same gardens?
What, truth is ttierc in the report that you
are in. the tram of Mrs. Abington's ad
mirers?" " 'Tis false, sir! I love my wife alas!
I should say'that I did love her better than
a score of Mrs. Abingtons."
"Ah, husband,, dear husband!" began his
wife, when Mrs. Abington interrupted.
"Hush, child," she cried. "Let me ask
him if he never implored that woman Abing
ton to accompany him to Vauxhall, while
he told you he was going to the plav house?
Let me ask him how often he has whiled
away the hours in Mis. Abington's house,
assuring his wife that he was detained at
the playhouse. He is silent, jou perceive.
That-means that he has still a remnant or
what once was a conscience. Call for a
light, sir: we do not expect jou to apolo
give in the dark."
"The fellow's impudence astounds nie,"
muttered Lewis. He then threw open the
oor, and shouted down the stairs for a
"Coward! Scoundrel! Now we shall see
what you are made of," said the man, as
a servant appeared on the landing with a
"Yes, that's just what you will see."
said Mrs. Abington in her natural voice as
the light flooded the room.
"Great Powers!" whimpered Lewis, as he
found himself confronted by the fascinat
ing face that he knew so well.
Mrs. Abington had taken off her wig
in the darkness, and now her owr. hair
was flowing over her sl'Oiilders.
"Yes, Mr. Lewis, Mrs. Abington, who only
waits to hear a very foolish fellow confess
that he has been a fool for letting a
thought Of any .other woman come into
his mind when he Is the husband or so
charming a lady as took supper with me
Lee Lewis bowed his head and, kneelinc
berore his wire, pressed her hand to his
lips. Pearson's Weekly.
ORIGIN OF PHRASES
A very readable book has lately been pub
lished dealing with the genesis and history
of popular phrases, many of which are
found to hnve so lap-cd in course of time
from their origina! meanings tna the work
of tracing them has immense interest and
excitement for the wordhunter.
"Tosleeplike a top" isoneorthephrases
which seem at first consideration abso
lutely unmeaning. It is a corruption of
the French proverb "donnlr comme une
taupe"' to sleep like a mole.
A "toad-eater" is one who does the most
nauseous things to pleae his patrons- as
in olden times the mountebanks' boys used
to eat toads in order to show the 6kili of
their masters in expelling poison.
"To put in apple-pie order" is explained
by the history or a certain Hepzibah Mertoa,
who lived in puritan times and was accus
tomed every Saturday to buke two or three
dozen apple-pies, which were to last her
family througn the week. These she placed
caretully ou her pantry shelves, labeled for
each day of the week, so that Tuesday's
pies might not be confused with Thursday's
nor thoso presumably large or intended for
washing and sweeping days eaten when
household labors were lighter. Aunt Hep
ibah's "apple-pie order" is said to 1 ave
been known throughout the entire settle
mentandoriginated the well-known saving.
"Just the cheese" is of oriental origin and
comes rrom the Ilindcostanee w ord "cheez"
The phrase "mind youi P's and Q's"
Telephone, Jumps on Moving Locomotives and ICnows a Thing or Two
comes from the printing office, and "is due
to the similarity in foim of the lower case
or small p and q in a fent of Roman letter,
leading a novice to mix them when distrib
uting type Into the cases."
"Going the whole hog" Is nearly always
spoken of as an American phrase, but is
said to be really of Iiish origin. Before
1825 thelrish shillingwasequal'tothirteon
pence, one penny more than the English
shilling, and the Iiish coin was called a
"thirteen" or a "hog." When an Irishman
spent a whole shilling ft was Fcmetlmcs
facetiously said that he "went the whole
"Adieu" means "to God 1 commend you,"
and the familiar "pootfby" is a contraction
j of "God be with you."
1 Chip,the "Hello" Dog 1
Now comes the telephone dog! She is
only a little one, to be sure, and that is
why they call her "Chip" m the yarda
or the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Memphis,
at Kansas City. Chip is related to the
black and tan. Perhaps that is the tea
ton she is almost intelligent. Nobody knows
who owned Chip originally She came to
the shanty In the yard one night, and, like
the rellow at theclub, has stayed there.
The story or Chip is familiar to every
railroad man that Is on the pay roll of
the "Fort Scott and Gulf." She lias no ob
jection to employes of other roads, but
she at once recognizes the fact that they
are not her particular sort, and treats them
with condescension. Just what the men
think of this dog is indicated by the
following statement of W. H. Churchill,
"There is one incidenc which has never
retn related of Chip. At the vard office,
which has beea her home the past four
years,! there are three telephones, two of
which are connected with private lines
to the local freight offices, t-cale houses,
switch shanties, etc. One or Chip's fa
vorite resorts is on the top of a box in
the yardmaster's office, in which the night
men keep their lanterns and which ia
placed by a window which commands the
whole north end of the yard. Here she
spends most of her leisure time, keeping
watch or all that goes on, making fre
quent trips outside the door to bart at
Zulus or men in charge or emigrant;
cars and children picking up coal.
"One or the private telephones is plaml
on the wall at the end or this box, and one
day, by way of experiment, Denny, Witt
telephone boy, placed the hand telephone at
her ear and told the scale house to call her.
Instantly Chip jumped" to hex feet and for
some tune showed plainly that she was
mystified. After a little she was made'
to understand that the call came frcm
the scale'house and that she was wanted
down there; and since then she makes
regular trips upon being called, and car
ries all the bills from the scale boose to
the yard office. We are now training her
to recognize three short rings, which la
the private call agreed upon for her.
One of Chip's favorite tricks is to jump
upon the footboard of a moving switch
engine and take a ride over to some other
yard. A switch engine's footboard is at tho
rear of the tender, and the switchmen
themselves become very epert at stepping
on or off while the machine is moving.
If the engine Is moving slowly. Chip will
run along beside it and thca. with a quick
jump. land herself in sarety. Not long ago
she Jumped upon the footboard of a mov
ing switch engine, that was being trans
ferred to Fort Scott. When the engine had
reached lecsedale the fireman discovered
that Chip was still a passenger. The
engineer, rather than carry Chip away
from home, stopped his train, waited for
an inbound freight, flagged one when it
came along, transferred Chip to the crew,
and she was carried home in safety, mak
ing her return trip In the lookout of the
There has been bnt one dog for whom
Chip has entertained the slighest feeling
or friendship. He came up from the
Southwest with a carload of cattle. The
railroad men called him "Texas," and he
took up his abode with Chip in the shanty.
A friendship waslmmediaielyformedwliich
time seemed only to cement One day,
however, Texas was not quite quick:
enough, and got under the wheels of a
car. A few moments later the men at the
yard were astonished to see Chip dash
in, yelping, whining, crying. Those who
heard her lamentations followed her, and
she led them to a place where the body
of Texas was.
Poor Texas, was buried in a grave far
down beneath the cinders, almost beside
the track where death had claimed him.
The railroad men vouch for the statement
that for weeks after that Chip whined to
get out of the yardhouse at nhzht. One
evening she was followed by one of the
men, who declares that -she ran directly
to Texas' grave and conducted herself
in a manner that &howed the sineerebt
For months William Reves. a conductor
on the road, used to pay particular atten
tion to Chip. Every day he would buy
a little candy and put it in bU pockets.
Chip would be on the watch for him aBd
would promptly investigate every pocket.
A few months a'go, Reeve- left the em
ploy of the road, and Chip found no sub
stitute. The other day, however, Reevei
happened to come down to the yard and
btopped to .speak to a friend in front ol
the yardhouse. Chip heard his voice,
and with a cry that the men say wai
nothing in the world but what in a human
being would have been called a cry of
recognition, she jumped straight Into
Reeves' arms, and arter litw ral caressing,
at once proceeded to her task of looking
-Set Type Sixty-five Years.
Sixty-five years ago Hiram Lnkcns en
tered the Intelligencer office, at DoyIu?
town, to learn printing, and he is there
yet, setting type as fast as anybody
aroun I the place. His record or contin
uous service with one establishment I
prooabty uncqualel In the business
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