THE MOBJSINQ- TIMEStrjNTDAT, FJLBKUARY 28, 189T
1 Down the Chute
A Girl Who Would
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"Girls," fcaid George Clement, walking poor opinion of gills. He thinks they
home from the skating rink with Tloru j haven't any 'sand.' Theifoio, it ib my
Osboru one afternoon, "may be all right Uo,l'i" that when any of us have an oppor-
enough some ways, hut -when you con.e 1
right down to it they haven't got any
sand, any of 'em."
"Haven't they!" cried Flora, with lively
indignation, and George chuckled. He
was forever telling Flora his demgatoiy
opinions about girls He paiticulary en
joyed saying such things to Floia, because
-his seciet conviction was that she htid
moic spirit and pluck than any girl he
knew. Hut he -would not have admitted it.
JJot to Flora, ceitainly.
"Look at the way they scream and
squeal when anything frightens them,"
he pursued; "ami everything frightens
"The vciy idea'! said Flora. "Think
of Kitty Pieice when their horses ran
away -with her and her father."
"Probably site yelled so they could hear
her out at Dorset," said George.
"She never! She kept peifcctly still,
and hung on to the la probe so it wouldn't
That's her side of the story. I'll ask
her daddy about it some time."
"Anything but a boy that thinks nobody
amounts to anything but him, just because
be can play baseball and the banjo!" nld
.Flora, scornfully, and George burst out
"Does that mean that I'm not to ca 1
around for you tonight and take you to
the toboggan party?" he inquired; but he
knew it did not mean anything so serious
Evelyn Burns was giving the toboggan
party, and to toboggan chute was her
own. Her father had had it made for
her. on a hill at some distance back of
their house. His men had kept it in fine
condition all winter, and Evelyn's tobog
gan parties had been many and gay. To
night's was to be more than ever festive,
because a droppingof the thermometer -was
predicted, and it was feared that this
might be the last of the tobogganing till
When George called for Flora that even
ing, he was primed with several argu
ments in proof of his contention that girls
had no "sand." Flora was so good to look
at. however, in her blue tobogpm cap, her
white sweater and blue jacket, her blue
skirt and her blue and-white mittens, that
he was weakened to the extent of talking
about something else for awhile.
But "Do you remember how all you
girls acted when a bat came in the win
dow, that night at Myra Macdouald's?"
be Inquired presently "You all rushed
around and put things over your heads and
shrieked. Some of you crawled feeder the
60fa. didn't you?"
But Flora put a stop to his further
reminiscences and slanders with a storm
The toboggans were already spinning
down tnc chute and being hauled up the
long ascent, madecasy with wooden cleats,
when they arrived. Lanterns were l.ung
on wooden posts and on the trees; their
light spread far down the snowy hillside,
and dazzled on the icy glare of the slide.
Tho girls' bright caps bobbed everywhere.
Everybody's cheeks were glowing led.nnd
everybody was in high and gleeful spirits.
George and Flora shared a toboggan with
Evelyn Hums and Sheridan Riker. The
first time down, as usual, it took Flora's
breath; the second time it did not. About
the firth time she wished the slide was
6tecper; it was really ratner a tame sen
sation going down.
George Clement's remarks about girls
rankled In her mind. "Mean thing," she
thought. She chattered and laughed with
the rest, but she dwelt upon her grie.-.mce.
She ached to do something anyhow to
show George Clement that girls had just
asmuch spunk as boys.
"With that ambition as a powerful spur,
she had an inspiration. They had been
ooasllns: for half an hour.
"Wail!" she said, as Evelyn was tuck
Jng herself at the front of the toboggan
for another descent; "I've a good mind
to stand up this time."
The boys had done that occasionally
to scare the girls and hear them beg them
not to. As a matter of course, no girl
had attempted it.
"Stand i:p," said George, inciedulously.
'I daie you!"
He regicttcd tiic words the moment
they were off his tongue. He Paw the
itspouslvc flash in Tlora's eyes, and he
knew she would do it now, whether or
no. And he -was aghast. ,
"You needn't dare me. I told you I
was going to," said Flora-, coolly. "Get
on, you und Sheridan; I'm going to stand
Evelyn got off the toboggan. "Flora
Oslorn," she said, severely, "you shall
not. It's ridiculous."
"It's moie than ridiculous," said Sher
idan; "it's dangerous."
"Of courte it is," George declared. "It's
a risky tiling for a fellow to do, and for
a girl "
If there was any secret misgiving in
Flora's mind that killed it.
" 'For a girl!' " she mocked. "It's all
right for this girl. She's going to try it,
"Dou'r, Flora," George begged earnest
ly. "You'll get hurt. Tou'll get dizzy
and fall off."
"Did you fall off? Yon went down that
way the other night."
"Well, but "
"I'm going to do it," said Flora, and
set her lips in a smile of serene obstinacy.
There was no help for it. Evelyn, how
ever, declined to make the descent with
the intrepid young lady 'iWhafc would
your mother say?" she reasoned.
On that point Flora herself had qualms,
which she put down. "There Isn't a speck
of danger," she declared.
A group bad gathered with vivid In
Air. Clement, I regret to eay, lias a very
D OtytJ Tag CtiUTg
Not Take a Dare
""W or ani' K"1(1 whatever to show In
that we have just a little possible grain
or two, wo ought to seize it; don't you
think so? Mr. Clement and Mr. Hiker,
you will please take your places!"
Sheridan obeyed the impel ativc wave of
her hand and took his seat on the toboggan.
George, iinding lemonslrance of 1.0 avail,
sat down behind him, and Flora stood be
hini him, with her hands on his shouldeis.
Til en she dnuntlessly gave the word to
I) wight Hopkins, and he pushed them olC.
Flora shut her teeth hard, and gripped
George's shouldeis. Steep! Was it pos
sible that she had not thought the chute
steep enough? Balanced on her two feel,
and looking down over the boys' heads at
its glittering length, itseemed dreadfully,
recklessly steep; it seemed almost pei
pendlcular Half way down, though, sin
caught her wits back, with her breath,
and at the end of the long slide on the
level she jumped off the toboggan with a
laugh of triumph.
"Why, that was fun," she cried. "Just
"I'm black and blue where you grubbed
me, all the same," George remarked, "and
1 can hear your heart pounding, clear over
here. You're not going to do it again,
my how "
"Once more." said Flora.
"You aie not," said George. "You're
inder my protection tonight. You're on
my responsibility, and I won't have, it."
"He won't have it?" Flora cried du
lisively. Me was refolvcd'on going down again
after the same vciituieioiue fashion. The
t-iowd at the tcp or the hill was waitl ig
for hei, and when she appeared they
"Tue rei.owned and distinguished lady
to'oggan-shder!" said Dwight Hopkins.
"HoMs the world's championship tell. '
said Lynn Trumbull.
"Can to down a loboggan-slide on one
foot or on her head," said Bob Logan,
"with equal case and grace."
"Get on, boys, please," said Flbia.
"I'm going again."
Sue had her way. For the second time
she braced herself firmly, took a good
1 old on George's shoulders, and clenched
her teeth and they weie off.
They were almost down, when some
thing happened. The toboggan, being
started a little askew, tended to one
side. If its passengers had been sitting
down and tucked snugly together, as
usual, it would not have mattered, but
with Flora's skirt blowing behind her
In the stiff wind created by their swift
descent, it did matter. The skiit caught
on a sharp splintered end in the low
Loard wall which guarded the slide; It
pierced it and held it. Feeling th'it
dreadful tug, Flora screamed In fright.
It dragged her backward, und the next
instant she lay on the icy track. Lay
helpless; for her arm and side struck
the hoards forcibly, and between fright
and pain she lost consciousness.
George Clement heard her scream, and
felt the loosening of her hands from his
shoulders, and knew she had fallen.
He gasped. Was she hurt? They were
spinning so fast, she must be hurt. And
a more wretched fear seized him. Even
If she was not hurt she would be fright
ened, and the next toboggan would come
whizzing down upon her before she could
get off the track.
That made his heart stop beating, nis
thoughts flashed through his head in a
single second, and in as brief a space he
made up his mind what to do.
He threw himself backward off the
toboggan, then, picking himself up from
the spot to which he had rolled and slid,
he clutched at the boards that bounded
the slide and crawled back up. Without
the boards he could have made no prog
ress up the steep glare of Ice, but by
means of them he pulled himself along
by main force, hand over hand, almost
flat on bis face, his feet dragging use
lessly. Thus, in the course of an agonized
minute, which seemed an hour, he hauled
'Flora Osborn, You Shall
himself up to where Flora lay. He threw
an arm around her, lifted; her, and with a
desperate erfort he tumbled with her over
the low wall of wood and dropped into
the soft, deep snow outside the chute
and a few feet belo wit. He heard her dress
tear as he wrenched it from the boards.
Then he heai d the boards of the slide rat
tling under the weight of the toboggan
which came rushing down at that very In
stant. He shuddered. He had not been too
soon by a dozen ticks of his watch.
"When Flora opened her eyes she was
lying with her head in Evelyn's lap. A lan
tern' shone full npon her. and the entire
toboggan party was huddled around her.
They were all white-faced, and one or two
of the girls had begun to cry. Evelyn was
pressing a lump of snow to her face, for
lack of water, and George Clement was
rubbiug her hands.
Flora Bat straight up. ' I didn't fall
myBelf." she said, weakly. " My dress
caught on the boards."
George Clement laughed; he could not
help It. And Myra Macdonald stopped cry
ing. "Why, aren't you hurt, Flora?" she
cried. "Aren't you killed?"
"I'm hurt some," said Flora; but she
stood up. "I feel all shaken up, and my
lert ann hurts. It will be black and blue
tomorrow, and lame fpr a month, I sup
pose. Who who helped me up here?"
"Helped you?" said George, in an elo
Evelyn threw her anus around the "alien
heroine. "We're all so gladl We thought;
you must be hurt terribly. George got you
off the track. He Jumped of r the toboggan
and went back up and tumbled you over
the side and, oh, Flora, he was Just in
time. Another toboggan went down Just
that minute, loaded full "
"Oh!" said Flora, thoughtfully, and for
a time she said no more.
That was a fitting time for nn inter
mission, and Evelyn marshaled them to
the house. She took FIoiu up to her loom
first and summoned a maid, and they
bathed her bruised arm with ainica and
took a few stitches in her torn skirt.
Then they all had oyster patties ami
chocolate and cake und ice cream in the
parlors. Of course the accident was all
that was talked about. Now that the
night was wholly past, they set to work
to get. a little fun out of it.
"I'd like to have seen George pawing
up that slide on all fours, like a bear going
I up a pole," said I) wight Hopkins.
"And poor Sheridan ttikcr going down
to the bottom all alone on the toboggan,"
Irene Winslow laughed" 'whence all but
him had Hed " "
"ButO.if that other toboggan had started
half a minute sooner! Think of it," 13vslyn
"What does this little story tench us,
childien?" said Bob Logan, drolly. '"Is
there any moral?"
"Yes there is," said Flora Her color
had come back to her cheeks, and her ir
rcpreshiblespirlts with it. She had sfoincd
thcidea of going home. She was calingber
second ovster nattv with an appetite, and '
she darted a challenging look at George
"It teaches that girls can do tilings,
like going down a toboggan slide stand
ing up, just as well as' boys," she said.'
"It isn't their fault ir-their skiits uilch
on boa ids and throw them down. The
principle Is the same exactly."
"Of course it is," said Kitty Pierce,
rallying to her assistance nobly "Girls
have just as much courage as boys have.
More! So there, now."
" Pshaw!" :iid Lynn Trumbull "The
little story tenches that when a gill di.es
get up a little pluck for once in her life.
why, she comes to giief."
"And would get killed if the Ixtys
weren't around," Bob Logan subjoined
Brule,-' said Floia, and the girls sided
with her, and the war of woids waged high
But on their way home Flora looked up
at the big Dipper, and cleared her throat,
and spoke to George very seriously and
sweetly. They had another hour of coast
ing, and she had contented herself with
going down in the oidinary way.
"George," she said, and her voice trem
bled; "It was brave of you If you hadn't
saved me, 1 might have been killed To
"Oh, don't think," said George.
He added firmly: "Say, Flora. I'm go
ing to take it back. You know what A
girl that can go down a toboggan slide
standing up, can do 'most anything else
she wants to. I don't know about other
girls, but you're all right, Flora "
That was u great deal from George
Flora was perfectly satisfied
EMMA A. OPFEIt
WHIFFS OF WHEEL WISDOM
That every last lingering trace of the
prejudice against wheeling for women has
been dispelled cvn the most skeptical must
confess, after a visit to tho cycle show,
where there are displayed as many devices
for the comfort and pleasure of women
awheel as there are for men. There is not
a single instance of a diamond frame being
exhibited w iihoul i ts companion drop frame,
and almost without exception the tandems
are built with the drop frame flouts, show
ing that when a man makes one of a party
of two his best girl is In it. too.
Girls will rind the ideas they can trathcr
here of great use to them in their summer
cycling, particularly i f t hey anticipate mak
ingchanges In their wheel or appurtenances,
as everything of the newest and best type is
here. This applies particularly to those
girls who have no brothers or best men to
Manufacturers apparently are devoting
most of their time to the perfection of the
tire. The latest ones have corrugated tread
and arc usually made of canvas and rubber
combined, a new idea being to re-enforce
the tread by having a double ply of rubber
on the outside.
The most noticeable feature of the '97
woman's wheel Is that the cord-laced
Not. It's Hldiculouai"
chain guard is out of date. Almost with
out exception the new bikes have fancy
piotectors of nickel, celluloid, alumin
ium, etc., in designs more or less ornate.
The average gear this year for women's
wheels is seventy. The improvements ia
chain design and sprocket wheel enables
a woman to ride this high gear with
no more exertion than she heretofore
exerted on the slxty-slx.
The burning question of the wheeling
world today is comfoitable saddles, and
the evolution from the plain, hard leather
saddle to the cushioned or pneumatic
type is most marked.
"Wives with not sufficient strength to
ride themselves and who strenuously
object to losing much of their husband's
society from the bicycle craze, will find
that an inventive genius has fulfilled a
long-felt want in a bicycle wheel chair.
This is formed of an invalid's wheel chair
with the addition of a saddle, pedals
and wheel in the rear, which the man pro
pels like a bicycle, using the handle on the
back of the chair in lieu of a handle bar.
The Modern greeks
Gi;eeifo the Core
When the IneprsRiblc Mark Twain paid
his stealthy midirigjiE&Mt to the Acrop
olis he actually tqpprfd'cracking Jokes and
filching grapes (long Enough to deliver a
violent tirade agafnsf'tlio modern Greeks.
"A tribe of unconsidered slaves," he calls
them; and he declares that "ancient Greece
and modern Greece compared furnish the
most extravagant contrast to be found in
The entertaining author of "Innocents
Abroad" is not to be taken tx seriously,
but here lie really seem? to be in earnest,
anil his words are most unjust. It is true
that the relative importance of the Athens
of today among the cities of Europe is
small though it is far from insignificant
compared with the Athens that was the
"Eye of Greice" when Greece was the one
enlightened nation of the world It is true
that her wonderful supremacy of genius has
been quelled by ages of oppression. But,
after all. making reasonable allowance for
altered conditions, the resemblance of the
Greeks of today to the Greeks of old is as
tonishing; for better and for worse, they
are chips of the old block.
Even in material things, the diminished
importance of Greece is not so much due to
change in herself as to change in the world
about her. Thislstructo an extent thatone
who has not carefully looked into the facts
would scarcely credit.
The population of Athens in ancient
times has been estimated at 120,000
souls; and this included the Piraeus, or
port. The city proper has now a popu
lation ot about 85,000, and Piraeus about
35,000, giving the same total. The
truth is that the great cities or the
classic period were not surpassingly greut
according to modern standards. Buffalo
is in all probability larger today than
was Athens in the time of Demosthenes.
And when it is remembered that of the
population of the ancient city the vast
majority consisted of slaves -there were
only about 20,000 freemen, even under
the Athenian democracy it is apparent
that modern Athens has decided advan
tages. Again, the. army thnt vanquished the
Persian host at Marathon numbered
scarcely more than 10,000 men. The
standing army of King George is now more
than double that, being about equal to the
standing army of the United States. The
great army raised from all ports or Greece
to repel the invasion or Xerxes is said to
have numbered 110,000. Who can doubt
that a considerably greater force of equally
brave men could be mustered in the same
country now, ir tli,existencc of the nation
were again imperilled?
For the Greek of the present century,
ready at a minute's notice to defy the
Turk and all the powers of Europe, is
just as valiant ns .his forefathers. The
race is and has always been impetuous,
but rather lacking in steadiness. In an
cient times, as "well as now, they often
repented of their- bold plunges, and
were ready to Ijack out if they could.
Detailed illustration would require too
much space here, but every student of his
tory knows thnt old Greek armies were
alike fleet of foot ib pursuit and in flight.
As Mahaffy rather mercilessly points out,
thoy not infrequently wept before going
into battle, and ran away as soon as they
saw the enemy. But lot their lineal de
scendants do the like, and how promptly
and heartily are they reviled as a decadent
The extreme factiousness of politics in
modern Athens is a" close reproduction of
the state of affairs In the ancient city.
Cimon no longer roars to thcsilcntpopulace
from the crumbling bema on the barren
slope of the Pnyx, but the demagogue is
just as prominent as ever. The orators of
the ecolesia are replaced by a throng of
scribblers as partisan and as declamatory
as the opponents ot Pericles. The method 1b
modernized that is all. There Is the same
curious mixture ot Intense patriotism
and bitter party strife.
The people grumble in precisely the old
strain. Heavy taxation has been a special
grievance from the earliest days.
"The king has ruled this, our poor
0LOjCfi EEK CH ? CH. I
MWM ralfel ft'Mlb WftteS Jill
it-yri i m ifcyjUMTxi i'.. M.'Z.Ti.rs jficazitrr i. ii i rsssA'wiu'.tfir.iriH iwia . i -
flL5XT,s7 . AS ,T. ,9 TOrDA
little country, with his army and his
taxes," protested Spero, my vivacious and
intelligent dragoman, as we rode over the
barren hills toward Maiathon not very
long ago. And certainly there Is much
truth in his complaint. The national debt
is overwhelming: the country is undevel
oped: the currency consists or depreciated
paper closely resembling the "shlnplas
ters" so familiar during our own civil
war. King George, of course, considers the
military establishment as essential to the
safety of the nation. When Demosthenes,
more than 2,000 years ago, labored to
persuade the Athenians to apply their
revenues to the maintenance of an army
adequate to resist Philip or Macedon
the intriguing and encroaching monarch
who answered to the sultan in the politics
of that time he was met with the same
outcry. When the crisis finally came,
however, and an effective army was seen
to be indispensable, they applauded him to
the echo; and the grumbler or today is
Just as eager as the king for the extension
of the boundaries of Hellas.
For the dream of the Greek is a united
Hellas, but a united and independent
Hellas is something tl at the world haa
never seen and piobahly never will see.
Hellas, to t lie Greek, means the sum total of
nil regions occupied by Greeks. The nice
is migratory. It is a curicus fact that at
no period in their history have the majority
of the Greeks dwelt within the limits of
Greece Indeed, their small and rather
barren country would hardly support them.
Anyhow, from the days when the mariner
fust sighted the Acropolis by the gleam of
the sun on Athena's helm, through those
dreary centuries when the quaint o!d church
of Kapnikaraca, which now Etnnds plump
in the middle of Hermes street, was the
only really lain-proof building amid the
ruins of his desolate metropolis, the Greek
like his own Odysseus, has wandered to
every part of the Mediterranean, and far
beyond the pillars of Hercules.
Is the modern Greek an adventurer? I'es;
and so was the ancient Greek, as every
scholar knows. Shrewd as a Yankee ped
dler, he In always ready to drive a bar
gain so cleverly that the man who gets the
worst of it can hardly be brought to con
sider It quite honest. He will always stuff
his mouth and ears and clothes full of the
golddust of Croesus If Croesus gives him the
chance. Like his Prometheus, he will keep
the good meat of the sacrifice and give
Jove the skin and bones, it Jove is fool
enough to accept them.
This Is more true, however, of the Greek
wanderer than of tho Greek ut home. Per
sonally I have no grievance to urge agalnBt
the son3 ot Hellas beyond the theft of an
umbrella and the loss ot umbrellas Is not
unknown even in America. I have seen
Athenian newsboys refuse to take advan
tage of a stranger in making change, when
he gave them the most tempting opportuni
ties. There is much to admire in this people.
I especially like their sturdy independence.
It is a mistake to attempt to patronize a
Greek. He asks no favors. He may be
poor and very poor and eager for money
with an almost Orientalgreed but during
my whole sojourn in his country I scarcely
saw one beggar.
Altogether the modern Greek has many
fine traits; and , whatever his faults, it is
only fair to say that he Is, as he soproudly
claims, a genuine chip of the old block.
What we now call society in this coun
try consists of about 73,000,000 human
beings. Each one must be supplied every
day with two and one-half to five pounds
or food material, with fuel wherewith
to cook It, and with a certain amount of
textile fabrics, or furs, and with some
boards to put over his head.
The world as a whole is always within
about one year ot starvation; within two
or three years of becoming naked, and
within a very rew yearsot becoming house
less. In this country nearly 2,000,000
human beings are added every year to
our population. That number would soon
crowd existing dwellings to death, unless
in each year about a hair-million or men
were occupied by adding to the number or
dwellings already existing.
We call ourselves very rich. "We gloat
over the billions of dollars' worth ot prop
erty disclosed by the figures of the census.
In 1S90 the computation reached the huge
sum of over $05,000,000,000. Only think
or it! How rich we arc! But what does it
all come to? About one-third of this valua
tion is the estimated value of the land on
which capital has been placed. Land is
our endowment, not our creation. If we
deduct a reasonable sum for land valuation
what is left is the capital of the community
about $45,000,000,000. Tins is an esti
matein dollars of what we have saved and
put to purposes of enjoyment or future
usein more than a century ot existence as a
nation. Again, this is a stupendous sum.
What does It amount to? If the value in
money of all that we consumed food, fuel.
shelter and clothing in the census year, fig
ured at retail prices, was equal to 50 cents
a day per person, then the product of the
census year reached a valuation in terms
of money, in round figures, of $11,500,000,
000. Engineering Magazine.
Their Incurable Indolence.
Italian and Spanish women are distin
guished above all others ot Europe for their
profound ignorance, due to their Incurable
indolence. They do not possess even the art
of elegancoot dress, and, while theSpan lard
has her artful fan and mantilla to delude
people into believing she is artistic, the
Italian has nothing but her chance beauty.
Sensational Cape Cod.
A sensation was created at Barnstable.
Mass.. last Sunday, when it was discovered
that one of the convicts at the prison there
was giving the wife of the jailer bicycle
lessons on the public streets. He was In
prison garb, too. The woman is thirty
nine, and has two daughters, the elder eigh
teen years old.
Decayed Blood Is Deadly.
One of the deadliest poisons known to
the world is nothing more than decayed
human blood. The famous poisoned swords
of tho East are steeped in them, and so
virulent Is the venom that the merest
cratch will produce death-
Experts Who Handle Burnt
and Mutilated Paper Currency
There is change In the air at the
Capital, but theie are some positions ia
the gift of the government with which
even the highest officfuls do not think
of meddling. A specialist in any department
cannot be produced In a few weeks, and
there are certain experts who have worked
half a lifetime to attain the skill which
they have now reached. Such as these
rest confident in the assurance that nothing
but ueath or detected dlshonestv will de
pnye them of their well-earned positions.
Jone are more secure in this respecc
than the women of the Treasury Depart
ment-onginaUj because they were women
and supposed to be outside the pohiual
pale; afterward because they were put un
der civil service rules, but most of all
because nobody else can do the work which
"Suppose you should die tomorrow,
or be retired for twenty-five years ser
vice in accordance with the bill that It
now nendinsr" r said m Afro r
Brown, the burnt-money expert. "Is
there anyone who could take jour place?"
"Oh, yes," she replied. "There are
four of us who could, temporarily at least
fill each other's positions, and then there
are our assistants, some of whom show
great aptitude for the work which we do
These j ounger women will some daj takt
our places. My assistant. Miss L. B.
Smith, of Jersey City, X. J., Is learning
to detect burnt money very rapidly."
As I stood there talking to her she
opened a packet which had been received
that morning. One or the envelopes con
tained the remains of $30 which had been
sent for redemption by James J. Corbert
The pr;ze fighter had accidentally dropped
this roll of bills into the lire as he stocd
in fiont of an open grate. There seemed
to be no doubt of the value of the money,
but the accompanying affidavit and cer
tificate of good character which are indis
pensable requisites in obtaining new bills,
had not been made out in sufficientlv
Mrs. Brown has been in the employ t
theTreasury Depart ment twenty-one year
She is the best expert In the classifica
tion or burnt money in the Treasury. She
can take the remains of bills that hare
been burnt up in a letter, for instance,
separate the remains of the common paj.fr
from that ot the money, and if it is all
there, she will account for every cent .f
the money, if she finds all Uie pieces 0f
a bill, or even three-firths, the tan race
value Is redeemed. For less than that
hair is allowed, but for less than tw.
fifths the owner receives nothing, as
this would encourage rraud. ?Cot onlj
can she detect the value ot the bill, but
even the date of the issue. Buc the coun
terfeiter cannot burn his mock money an.,
hope to have the charred remain si,n
past the sharp eyes or Mrs. Brown or her
assistants. Such a ruse is Hke an opt-n
book to women who know the dirference
between the ashes or roses and those ul
"I suppose you have some very funny ex
periences in your life here, do you not.
"Yes, some funny, and some very pa
tnetic Poor women whose savings have
been accidentally destroyed writethe m-st
heartrending appeals f,.r the reucnipti -i
or the rull amount. Sometimes we can find
It all, and nothing gives us more pleas ire;
but more often the remains have reached
us in such bad condition or have been so
scattered about before they were sent tc
us at all that we cannot find more than
half or a third ot the money claimed. II
the owners would only send as the money
just as It is, without trying to do any
thing with it themselves we might often
do much better for them."
A striking instance or this is on the
records kept by Mrs. Leonard, the ex
pert in counterfeit money. An Ohio
farmer, who buried his money instead
ot banking it, found one day that the
element" were rapidly decomposing it
Instead or sending the jar, with its
contents undisturbed, to the Treasary
for redemption, he emptied the money,
bnttle with decay, into a pillow case,
which he Lound around his body under
his clothing, and then started for Washing
ton as deck passenger on an Ohio Itiver
steamLoat, sleeping on bales and toxes as
best he could. "When he reached the Treas
ury the money was in a fearful condition,
but the expert to whom the money was as
signed was able to identify all the United
States notes and gold and silver ceitlfi
cates to the amount of $19,000, only leav
ing unredeemed a few national banknotes,
of which neither name of bank, number
nor orricial signature remained. Receiv
ing the bills, instead or a draft, which he
refused, the owner returned home, but on
the way was robbed of the whole amount.
Mrs. Brown's predecessor in the burnt
monej division was Mrs. Ljdia E. Rosen
berg. "Whenever a tram is wrecked ani
the express safe exposed to fire, or when
a big fire has raged and fed on money,
then she and two assistants arealiowed a
room to themselves, where they carefully
but surely prepare the charred money for
redemption, unerringly selecting it from
the equally charred masses of other paper
Mrs. Davidson deals more with torn
money than with that which has been
burnt, but her special work is arrang
ing the bills In packages of the same issua
and keeping track or the "edds" until
their mates of the same Issue come in.
But of all the women In the Treasury
department none Is more Interesting than
Mrs. WWa A. Leonard, the chief detective
of counterfeit money. She was appointed
in July, 1S64, and at first her work was
clipping the sheets of fractional currency
then issued. She has been in the redemp
tion division since 1366. In the course ot
two years and a half something over
eighty-nine millions or dollars have passed
through her hands.
Mrs. Leonard says that a day never
passes without the detection of a counter
feit bill from one source or another, and
they have sometimes had as many as
a hundred in one day.
"Have you seen any counterfeits of tha
new bills yet?"
"Not yet, but we are on the lookout for
"How do Treasury employes regard the
"Oh, we think they are very pretty, of
course, but we find them much harder to
count. The expert counters say that It
is very slow work separating the bills Into
packages of the same denomination. For
instance, it is very difficult to distinguish
a two from a five dollar bill. One has to
look close, and when one is counting fast
it is easy to make a mlstake.e
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