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The Athens post. (Athens, Tenn.) 1848-1917, June 01, 1855, Image 1

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VOL: VII-NO. 349.
BY SAM. P. IVDfS.
...ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, JUNE 1, 1855.
" " ' TERHII
rn r POST K publtahtd tct Friday t J pr ytar,
;rf?"r'i7Jma.M"n ' F'
-f 1 i line ' or for the flrat InwrlLm, and SO emta for
ch i Miliniln. A lilwMHilcUon made to ll.o.e
,T.7nta i.t -'k then-mlxr of lime. Ihry dh
tt.V inaerled, or they will ba continued uoill forbid nd
e'naririd accunlinrl)r.Jfcl
For announcing Uie uamea of candidates for olBc, S3,
r'fl"'lnnry notlcea over 1 llnea.'clihrjred t the regular
advertising rate.. ,
All communication. Intended to promote the private
end. or Intereataof Corporailon., Hocleliei, School, or
Individual., will be rharncd a. nclvertinemenU.
Job Wnrli. aiv Pamphlet., Minute.. Circular..
Card., Illank.. Handbill., Ac, will be executed In good
atele, and on rra.nnnble trrni..
All letter. adilre.ed to the Proprietor, poit paid, will
be promptly attended to. ,
Peraniia at a dl.tanee .ending ui the name, of four
advent .uh.erlber., will be entitled to a fifth copy gratia.
No communication Inaerled unle. accompanied by
the n.me of the ai'thor.
ptT Offlca on Main atreet, next door to the old Jack
ton Hotel.
r the post.
A Home. II' we were to tell a number of
our friend Hint they don't Know whut a
home is, they would grow somewhat indig
nant; perhaps use hard words. And yet it
may be remnrked, that the number of per
sona who know what a genuine home is, by
experience, is surprisingly few. One man in
good cireumstinecs will tell us that he has n
lino house of his own.in which every comfort
and convenience are provided. He has a
wife and children there also, and they give
life to the place. Very true. But does he
prefer that home thus furnished and thus en
livened, lo every other place in the world?
Does he sigh when the hour for leaving
cornea, and smile when he is permitted to re
ttirul Does he love to sit by the cheerful
fire and fondle the children, entering into all
their little disputes with a curious interest!
Does he take particular note of the bird in
the cage and the cat near the fire? If not, he
has no home, in the dearest sense of that
dearest of words. If his mind is altogether
absorbed in the dusty ways of business if
he hurries from the house in the morning,
and is loth to return at night if, while he is
at home, he continues to think of the jour
nal and ledger, and repulses the advances of
the prntling children, he has ao home; he
only has a place where tie lodges and Likes his
meals.
Entirely and Peacefully Settled.
The Baltimore Patriot, speaking of our late
difficulties with Spnin, the mission of Com
modore McCnuley, and the warlike demon
stration of the Washington Union in the
premises, says: "The tea-pot tempest has sub'
sided, nnd the dogs of war no more show
their teeth. It s better that it is so better
for us, nnd infinitely better for Spain; for a
war at this time, while France nnd England
are embroiled with Russia, would be ruinous
to Spain, while it could not in the least ben
efit us. Thanks, then that peaceful counsels
have prevailed, that our plough-shares shall
remain plough-shares, and our pruning hooks
as they are. We have great need of them
now, and shall have, mayhap, for years to
como for we have theworidlo feed, and need
both the implements nnd tlio men to work
them. Let the crowned heads of the old
world play their hazardous game we may
grow stronger while they become weaker, by
the preservation on our part of amicable rela
tions with all mankind.
Reduction or Freights. It will be no
ticed (says the Charleston Mercury) in our
advertising columns that the New York and
Charleston line of steamships have made a
considerable reduction in their rates for
freight, goods heretofore paying 10 and IS
cents per cubic foot will be hereafter taken
at 8 cents per foot until further notice.
These facilities will, no doubt, be properly
appreciated by our merchants and storekeep
ers. Boston, May 31.
The Governor's vole of the Personal Lib
erty bill has been sanctioned by a communi
cation from the Attorney General pronounc
ing it unconstitutional; Ths Senate passed
the bill over the veto by a vote of 32 to 8,
and the House by a vote of 810 to 70.
The decision of the Attorney General mnkes
the bill of no account.
HT Tho "Sag Nichts" Secret Order has
spread through the West with wonderful
rapidity. It is the antagonist of the Know
Nothing organization. In Ohio, Kentucky
and Indiana there are many thousands of
members and numerous lodge. It is said to
have oaths of untisiisual solemnity, pass
words, signs and grips, and the members are
divided Into stpiinU of ten each with a com
mander, who is responsible for their p.
penranee whenever their services nre requir
d. "
",' O-California flour is selling in San Franl
pisco at $8 per barrel, in Philadelphia finnr
sella nt $13; Wheat In San Francisco is
81.33, nnd in Philadelphia 82 BO to 83.70.
As wages, too, are much higher in California
than on this side of the Union, it cannot be
very hard to live In San Francisco.
-ffA revolution Is reported to hitvebrnk.
en out in Mexico on the Rio Grande, and
1500 troops, under Caravajnl have crossed the
river. '.
l-y The Salem (N. J.) Standard says that
Com Sticktn will continue rt candidate for
the Presidency, let tho American party en
dorse whom it may.
' fPEIij'ihWillamM plantor of Bnmcsville,
S. C arrived in Cincinnati with eight slaves,
for the purpose of freeing them, nnd
fell dead ns he stepped from the boat
lie had previously willed them all his es
tate. "It's n very solemn thing to be married,"
id Aunt Belheny. "Yes, but it's a crest
deal more solemn Dot to be," salt! her
neicty
THE LONDON PRESS ON AMERICAN
AFFAIRS.
The New York Herald publishes two ar
cles of the London Times, on American af
fairs. Both refer mainly to the Cuba ques
tion, nnd are full of the old rubbish about
its being a shocking thing to covet your
neighbor's wife, his ox, his ass, or anything
that is his. For an answer to all which our
L'indon contemporary may safely refer lo the
history of a nation which has been common
ly represented by her children as a model of
fair dealing, equity and honor England In
short. After being herelf the prey of three
diflerent races of plunder, Danes, Saxons
and Normans, all of w hom were profession
als, living on what they stole, nnd having in
tennarried with the fair British girls, begat
the present race of British grumblers at
American dishonesty. England began her
own history by plundering the Scotch, who
in return, plundered the English. Afterward,
she plundered the French, and look from
them nearly nil of the Northern nnd most of
the Western Provinces. She then plunder
dered the Irish, who being a wild sort of peo
ple, and wretchedly uncivilized, spent their
time in plundering each other, instead of the
world. Passing to foreign countries, Eng
land plundered the Indians of North Ameri
ca, and killed a few for murmuring; from
which set of rapine ultimately grew the
United States. In Asia the same England
plundered a few score of native potentates,
and took their dominions. To mention sm ill
grabs, such as Malta,Gibraltar,Jninniea, would
hardly repay the trouble. Suffice it to say,
that from the first to last, the glorious Anglo
Saxon race has always been a race of plun
derers, and so far from obeying the ninth
commandment, have never been able to see
any one in possession of anything that was
desirable without coveting it nnd t-iking it on
the spot, if, as the members of (he Ostend
Conference said, they were strong enough to
do so.
- As to the old parties nnd the Know Noth
ing, the Times appears to be right enough.
The former have had their day. It will com
fort the latter to know that the Times has
taken them under its protection, and rejoices
at their success.
FniEKDsiiir. If you would have a friend,
you must first find him; and, as this is an im
portant point fo gain, too much care cannot
be bestowed upon your search. Bo very
cautwus in your selection ns it is not every
man who calls himself, or even appears to be,
your friend who really is such. Before you
venture to entertain the friendship of any
man, or offer him yours, be perfectly assured
that he is worthy of it; do not rashly lose
sight of this precaution, as on its. proper ob
servance depends the . comfort, nay, even
safety, of yutir choice. Never believe that
real friendship can exist without respect;
therefore, if you observe in the character,
habits, or disposition of any of yonracquninU
slice aught that lends to lessen your esteem
for him us an individual or a Christian, do
not think to make that man your friend.
When you have found a friend, your next
care must ba to keep him. This will de
pend almost entirely upon yourself. Solo
mon says, "A friend lovelh nt nil times;" but
do not presume too much, nor ever lake ad
vantage of your position, by making it the
plea for a careless and neglectful manner.
The beautiful influence of such behavior is
too often seen in family relationships, nnd be
assured it is most detrimental in diminishing
that respect w hich is indispeiwible to true
friendship. Finally, you will do well to re
member the proverb of the wise man above
quoted: "A man that hath friends mustshow
himself friendly; and Ihere is a friend that
sticketh closer than a brother."
"R. E. Thompson has withdrawn from
the canvass for Congress in the Fifth Dis
trict The following is his card which we
find in the Nashville Banner:
Lebanon, March 33, 1855.
Mr. Editor. I desire to say through your
pnHT to the voters of the fifth Congressional
District, that I nm no longer n candidate for
Congress. When 1 consented lo become a
candidate there were but two parties in the
field, since that time another party has devel
oped itself the American party a parly of
great strength and powerful iniluence, which
has ao ch niged the condition of the political
elements, that I am satisfied it will be better
for my friends nnd myself for me to retire
from the contest.
Verv rcspoctfully, 4e.,
' ' , ? R. E. THOMPSON.
t$rCnbour'a bargain with Eniilnnd to
furnish the latter with fifteen thousand Sar
dinian troops to be wasted nnd destroyed in
the Crimea, proves so unpopular in tho Sar
dinian army ns already lo have broken down
his (CabourV) ministry. Many of the troops
to have been sent oft", refused lo go, oflieers
nnd nu n shooting themaclve to avoid this
disgraceful and self immolating service.
Sardinia would have received 8332 per head
of officers and men, for his majesty's slaves
thus sold to disease and death. The bargain
has but a single parallel in the history of
modern nations; the sale by the Elector of
Hi 8o of his subjects to George HI., to fin lit
the battles of England in our Revolutionary
War. As In that case, these Sardinians have
not the slightest interest in the war, as neith
er their country's honor, rights nor interests
are involved in it
A Nick wat to Cook Chickens. Cut
the chicken up, put It in a pan nod cover it
over wih water; let it stew ns usual, nnd
when done makes thickening of cream nnd
flour, adding n piece of butler and pepper
nnd salt; have made and baked a pair of short
cakes, made ns for pie crust, but rolled thin
and cut in small squares. This is much bet
ter than chicken pie and more simple to
make. The crusU should be laid on a dish,
and the chicken gravy put over it while both
are hot.
OIL FROM WATER,
A new oil is about to become an article of
commerce, and as It promises to come into
generul use for illuminating and lubricating
purposes, the particulars of its history and
properties, may not be devoid of interest to
the general reader:
In some of the Western States there is
found, upon the surf ice of the small streams,
an oily substance of the consistency and color
of thin molasses, nnd possessing a strong
bituminous odor. It not unfrequently exudes
from the earth in what are called tar springs,
nnd flowing into the neighboring brooks, is
carried into tho larger streams and rivers.
For years this oil has furnished the menns of
light to persons living in the vicinity, who
have been in the habit of saturating a blanket
by spreading it upon the surface of one of
these streams nnd collecting the oil with ap
propriate vessels. Individuals have nt times
moused themselves by igniting the combos,
lible substance while floating upon the water
and thus setting "the river on fire," and no
douM in some instances, by this means fal
nifying the prediction made bv wny of dis
paraging their modi-rate abilities, that the
performance of such a feat by them would
"never" t'ike place.
This oil which is thus floating about, is
"Petroleum," or ns it is commonly called,
"Rock Oil," the resultant of vegetable de
composition, peculiar to various parts of the
world, but especially in the coal districts of
tho United Slates. In the northwestern part
of Pennsylvania it may be gathered in large
quantities, and of a quality w hich bids fair to
render it an important nrliele of domestic
consumption. We learn that a company have
purchased a tract of land in Verango county,
in that State, with the view of bringing the
oil into immediate use ' A chemical exnmi
nalion of the crude material shows that 90
per cent, of the w hole product may be ob
tained in a series , of oils, having valuable
properties, though not all equally fitted lor
illumination and lubricution. By the original
distillation, nbout 50 per cent, of the raw ma
terial is obtained in the form of a thin, liiht
colored oil, of a taint bituminous dor, and a
density of nbout 750. As an illuminative,
this article proved itself superior to all others
in intensity of light and economy of consump
tion. It is burned to the best advantage In
the common camphene lamp wilh n glass
cone to direct the current of air. The light
is pure and white, without odor and neither
tho wicks nor the lubes are crusted duriiis
combustion. As a lubricator, the rock oil
possesses the advantage of remaining fluid at
a temperature of 15 deg. below zero, of being
entirely free from any corrosive quality, and
of not becoming gummy, acid, or rancid by
exposure lo the air.
A cotemporary announces that Professor
Silliman is now engaged in n series of inter
esting experiments upon the value of rock
oil ns n material for producing gas, and upon
the product of Ihe last distillation as a sub
stance which in the form of parafine rcscm.
bles spermaceti, nnd from which excellent
candles may be made. The tract of land
nbout one hundred acres owned by the
company engaged in its manufacture, will
yield an average supply of five hundred gal
Ions per day, but arrangements, it is staled,
will be niinle for increasing the supply by
more extended operations. With sperm oil
tit two dollars and a half n gallon, candles nt
n proportionnte price, and the explosive burn
ing fluids only to be used at the risk of life
n ud property, a new illuminator, which shall
combine Ihe advantages of cheapness safety,
nnd brilliancy of liyht, cannot tail to come
into extensive use. i.
Tiir Cheapest .Food. One hundred
pounds of good wheat flour contain 90
pounds of pure nutritive matter and 10
pounds of water. One hundred pounds of
potatoes con bin from 30 to 35 pounds of nu
tritive mutter depending upon tha quality
of the pot-line, say 32 pounds upon nn av
erage consisting almost entirely ofstarcht
and 77i pounds of water nnd inerl ma'ter.
It requires, therefore, exactly four hundred
pounds of potatoes to supply the same
amount of nutriment that one hundred
pounds of wheat flour supply. The best po.
t.iloew weigh aboul 64 pounds to the bushel;
and a bushel contains 15 1 5 pounds of nu
triment At two dollars per bushel, or fifty
cents a peck, the retail price lately in our
markets, tho nutritive portion of potatoes
costs n fraction over thirteen cents a pound,
which is equivalent to twenty three dol
lais and fifty cents for a barrel of good
flour. Whilo flour has doubled in price
only, potatoes have increased at fourfold
rate.
Who fs to Blame. Give tho ladies full
permission (ns far ns their finances will jus
tify) of surpassing even the lilies of the field
in the gnigcousncss of their attire and glory
of appearance. The press must step their
abuse of the women and look after the men
The extravagance of tho latter in segars,
brandy-toddies, fast trotting horses, fine
jewelry, and other doubtful luxuries, is infin
itely more ruinous than that of the ladies in
laces nnd brocade; the former is ruinous to
health, morals and purse, whilo the other
only slightly damages iho pockets of the
"lords and masters." Let the women con
tinue to flourish.
ff- One of our exchanges tells of a man
w ho went lo Virginia to get his growth, and
w ho has become so tall that hot soup freezes
before it gels down into his stomach. When
he eats meal he is obliged lo gel that which
is just killed, or it will spoil before It reaches
his g'mard.
A Health v Place. The grand jury of
Orange county, Florida, in theii general pre
seiilnieiil made nt the late term of their court,
mentioned the fact that out of a population
ol 400 in the county thero hns not been a
single death in twelve months.
MT Opinions from eminent lawyers ns to
the constitutionality or unconstitutionality of
the New York liquor law nre still on the in
crease. The upholders of the two sides seem
to be well matched, and have produced opln
ion lor opinion so far. There is rather a
remarkable coincidence so far in the fact
that the eminent legal talent- consulted has
in ench case nn opinion favorable to that
side espoused by those who paid the fee.
Tho Wyoming Mirror, relates a good
joke of an old collector, who was proverbial
for his politeness nnd pertinacity. Ho was
always in the habit of taking a delinquent
aside when he dunned. One day he mot a
non-pnver, upon a very unfrequented road,
some half mile from any human being.
W hot does the eld chap do but leave his
buggv, cull tho other aside, and in a fonce
toruer politely ask him for that little balance!
REMARKABLE PREDICTION.
The Nashville Gazette, in referring to a
new book which has created a considerable
sensation, called "Armageddon or the United
States in Prophecy," written by S. D. Bald,
win, President of Soule Female College in
Tennessee, copies the following remarkable
passage from its pages which, ns the editor
nf th Oazette savs was written eiffht years
ago, tho author cannot be charged with an
attempt to aid the Know Nothings:
nT I .ml ntianlnte soveri"nlv over the
mm i"u - - - et j
earth is the faith of Rome, nnd whatever dis
aster may belall her, sne win sun anticipate
real supremacy in the end. Her confidence
Hint she will be in the nscendant in the
United Slates is not likely to be shaken, nnd
this Inilh will affect her conduct nnd lead to
the subversion ot religious, liberty here, if in
her power. We may, therefore, well sup
pose that she is now laboring to establish her
throne among us, by becoming a polilico-re-liginvs
element in our elections and nt her fall
in Europe ne mny anticipate that she will
redouble her tflorts to destroy Bible de
mocracy. Slie will fuil of her ends, for
Providence will bring means lo thwnrl her;
Jesuits will be met by organizations jmssessed
of as much intelligence is ihemselces; and
American shrewdness will foil the jugglery of
priestcraft;.md European fanaticism will quail
before the common sense ol'onr countrymen.
We must be up and doing; we must fight with
their armor; we must meet firt wvh fire, and
secrecy wilh secrecy, and dexterity with dexter
ity; and ever remember that "eternal vigilance
is the price of libfity." We long for some
scheme lo be organized that shall "tako the
beast and give its body to the burning flame;"
and we know that we shall not wait in
Fat Babif.s. Who docs not love a fat
luiby J one of the real chubby kind so
fat that it can hardly see out of its eyes ?
Wo frequently watch one of thesi human
dumplings for hours, and nre pleased to
mark how good naturedly they always tike
things. If they roll over or fall down, it is
all the same. "If ihe'nurse steals tlieir taffy,
or Iho large boy hooks the doll, little fatty
rolls up his eye's, looks curious, finny, and
generally laughs. It can't cry! The near
est approach lo it is a suppressed whimper,
which starts the tears mid the grease at the
Hiiino time! and when lamentations produce
perspiration, the labor is too serious to be
long continued. How docilo is tnat fal
baby ! Obesity is never obstreperous. If
there be nny "doubt on this point we nsk
triumphantly "was Daniel . Lunbert ever
known to be accused of pugilistic propensi
ties or was a fat baby ever known to hit
his mother over the head with n poker 1"
We are decided advocates of fat babies, nnd
would like to see all the little sinners as
obese as coons in corn lime. There is one
down in Florida, it is said, which weighs
forty-pounds, und it is not yet ten months
old ! What a luscious lump it must bu !
CumosiTT Governs the Would A cler
gyman once announced to his people that he
would preach a sermon to young men; the
pews of his church were erowdi d with young
ladies. Ilo Then announced a sermon to the
young women; the church was thronged wilh
broadeloth. lie proclaimed nn address to
children; and the fathers and mothers, nnd
what some one calls "the dear middle aged
people" were out in force. He gave notice
that he should exort sinners; and he had the
sexton for nn audience. So the announce
ment of n subject is not always the best way
to secure the audience for whom it is best
calculated, and for whom the lecture is
written. .
"Mud Fuel." We copy the following, for
whatever it is worth, from tho New-Orleans
Courier of March 20lh.
"The Firmamenlum or mud fires are every
day improving in public' estimation. Their
applicability to till steam purposes has been
severely tested. We understand that nn ex
periment was tried a day or two since upon
tho Jackson Railroad wilh this wonderful
material as n steam generator, and was en
tirely successful. A train of cars was run
for a distance of some fourteen miles upon
this road with only one fire, and that with the
fire box only aboul half full of the mateiial.
Enough of steam was produced for nil pur
poses, and the trial was perfectly successful.
The test is probably one of tho strongest to
which it could be subjected, for, if with the
constant escape and use of tho steam a loco
motive requires, n sufficient quantity could be
generated, surely, for all other purposes to
which steam is applied, it is especially
adapted."
To Beautiful Young Ladies. The
Cincinnati Public Ledger thus discourses,
to the beautiful young ladies of his town:
"Why," says he, "is it that many of our
most be.iuliiul young ladies of this citv,
w hile walking in the street nre in the habit
of holding up tlieir dresses with both hands,
as though they were going" to cnlch some
thing in their laps a bad practice really,
and should not be carried lo such nn extent
as it is, or can they find no other ttso for
their hands while 'w.ilking. Get a fan, or n
small pared of something, but let the dress
alone, unless in crossing the street, or where
there is mud, but we presume it is done for
show; however, we'll nsk our better half
when w go home." .
Hi belter half will tell him that he hns
nothing to do with other ladies dresses.
$r A letter in tho St. Louis Republican,
from Kans as, dated Mny 9th, states that the
citizens, frightened by the ravages of the
cholera in Iho cities of Kansas and West
Port, were leaving those places is rapidly ns
possible, nnd setlliniT in the country nnd
different towns In tho. vicinity.
7 St. Louis Husbands. A man in St.
Louis had his wife arrested and tried for dis
liirbing the pence. The Jndire fined her thrpu
dollars, when Ihe husband complained loudly
Hint tho fine was not greater forgetting or
not knowing that ho was to pay the money.
The court required him to be silent, nnd he
refusing was lined 810. He swore terribly
when lie was fined another ft5. He had only
nuney enough to pay his wife's fine nnd his
own first fine, nnd for the other was sont to
Jail. 1
Iros Walls. The New York Journal of
Commerce speaks favorably of nn iron wall,
designed as a substitute Tor brick in buildings.
It siys: "The pieces of iron employed nre
ingeniously shaped so ns lo secure lightness
with great strength, apparently, and tho wall
thus constructed may be easily taken in pieces
nnd rc-erectcd, with comparatively little labor
or expense. The most striking peculiarity
is that the plates of iron used in forming
walls are connected without bolts,"
Common things. misdirected inpustrt.
The London correspondent of the National
Intelligencer, says:
Ono of the best things produced during
the week is a lecture by Lord Ashburtoa
on "Common Things," which he h.ts issued
to the schoolmasters and schoolmistresses
of Hants and Wilts. We give a short ex
tract upon misdirected intelligence, which
we think is particularly good. His Lord,
ship says: ,.
"If I had space I would attempt to show
you that it is not in the Crimea only, but
that in our fields, in our towns, at our very
thresholds, are trfbp found Die same fatal
results of misdirected intelligence I would
take you on that sen, which we claim ns our
element, nnd show you the sails of our mer
chant men cut against all rule of science to
hold the wind rather than to stand flat ns a
board; I would take you amid the high-priced
stock of our farms and show you that the
medical attendance to which tlieir care is
enliuslcdis ns inferior to the instructed
veterinary practitioner as was the surgeon
barber ol Queen Elizabeth's time to Astlev
Cooper or Brodie of the present; I would
show you our churches built without re
ference to acoustics, our palaces without
regard to ventilation; I would show you our
mechanics' institutes departing from the
wise intention of Dr.Birkbeck, their founder,
and wasting noble aspirations alter kno-.vl-edge
by dilettanti lectures upon useless friv
olities. All this misdirected Industry In
manhood is the fruit of the misdirected bias
imparted in childhood. You nro answer-
able for that bias; may your efforts . bo suc
cessful!" A Romance in RtAt, Life. A wedding
took place in Bristol, England, n few weeks
since, under somewnnl romantic circum
stances, realizing the old ndage, that"! rut h
is strange; stranger than fiction." It appears
that n sister of Mrs. N., who resides at Mont
pelier, some two or three years since, married
a merchant, and emigrated to California soon
ulieru aril, with a view of bettering their for
tunes, taking with her the likeness of an un
married sister. Thr picture happened to be
hung in a very conspicuous part of their
house in California, and attracted the alien
lion of a rich resident of that district, who
happened to pay a visit lo the -house. His
was enraptured with the image of the fair
unknow n, nnd exclaimed "By Jove, I'll marry
that irlrl if she is to be found in the world."
He was told where she resided, nnd he
posted to her a note inclosing a present of
forty pounds sterling, and n few days since n
knock was heard at the door, nnd on the
young lady going to open it, a good looking,
bronzed-featured gentleman rushed into the
house and gave a chaste salute, exclaiming
that he had come from the other end of the
world to find her, at the same time pulling
out tho likeness which first led him to seek
his attraction. Of course they were married,
and are to "live long nnd die happy," ns usual.
About a hogshead of acorns of the cork
oak have been introduced from the south of
Europe by the U. S. Patent Office, and dis
tributed in the middle and southern St'ites
for experiment, or to test their adaptation
to the climate. This tree, in its native coun
try, where il is nn evergreen, usually grows
to a height of twenty or tairly feet, but in
England there are spceinuns which exceed
filly feet in height, with a diameter of more
than three feet. Tho substance familiarly
known to us ns cork, is the cpideniisor outer
bark, and sometimes grows two or three
inches thick. Should the experiment sue
ceed, it will be a subject of great national
importance lhaf plantation should be es
tablished in various parls of the country for
Ihe purpose of growing this useful substance,
particularly in the event of a war between
this country nnd Europe, in consequence of
which the supply would be cut off.
OLD SUNG.
Gather the rose-buds while you may,
Old Time is still n flying
And this same flower that smiles to-day,
, To morrow will bodying. ..
The glorious lamp of heaven, tho sun,
The higher he's a getting
The sooner will his race bo run;
The nearer he's to setting.
The age is best w hich is the first:
When youth nnd blnoanre warmer;
But being spent, the worse and worst
Time still succeed the former. '
HThe Nashville Union gives warning,
that, if we refuse to elect foreign born cit
izens to office, we "must do it wilh our eyes
open to the net thst we shall ba nourishing
an enemy of ever increasing strength in the
very vitals of ourcountry." Well, if foreign
erschcose to gnaw nt oiir country's Tilals
merely because a certain party chooses not
to vote lor them for office, il mny be ne
cessary to adopt measures for preventing any
more of them from getting into the country
vitals. If their niotto toward our republic
is, give us your offices or we will snap at
your vitalsi their means of getting into the
country's iusides might as well bo cut off.
The country had better have its belly hall
lull ol tape worms. " ""i.-
f"The pay of the French soldier is one
cent per dav. Out of that munificent en
dowment lie must provide himself wilh
thread, needles &c to keep his uniform in
repair. Then he must replace nil things losl
or spoiled while in his possession from the
army stores. Ho is furnished with one pair
of pantaloons, and one pair of shoes per year,
and one cont every two years. On leaving
Ihe service nt the end of seven years, ihe gun,
aabre nnd coat nre taken from him, and what
ever is left he is entitled to.
at-OtiroTinore than twelve million pas-s-n"ers
who were carried during tho hist
yenr over sixteen of our main railroads only
twelve were killed, nnd of the twelve, eleven
were standing on the platform, when they
met their death. So says the report of the
Slat Engineer and Surveyor, and travelers
on railroads should remember it and "keep
off the platform." u
Whfat to the Locusts. A corrcspon
dent of the Union and American, writing
from Manchester, in Coffee county, informs
as that the wheat crop in Hint region will be
very large much larger than ever before.
Ilo adds: "The locusts nre very bHd in our
neighborhood. There nre millions upon mil
lions in onr county, snd they are destroying
tho timber nt n dreadful rnto.
Badtortiie Heau -A shilling's worth
of ruin or sixpence wort of hickory. You
can avoid the formor by keopinj out of grog
shops and the latter by not interfering with
an Iri&hmnn whon he is adjusting1 matters
.with hiiwife.
TEMPT ME NOT TO DRINK AGAIN.
0 tempt mo not to drink again
For I have drank loo deep ere now,
Till reason fled my aching brnin,
And beast was branded on my brow.
How oft for me the goblet's brim,
Hath sparkled with ambrosial wine,
Whilst 'nenth its surface, dark and grim,
Despair would whisper thou art mine.
Awny; accursed thing, away,
I cannot longer bear the rod,
Which nil endure who 'lured astray,
Have bowed them to the drunkard's god.
Longyenrs hnvepnss'd since first I fell
A victim to this wily foe;
What I have suffered none cad tell;
How long, alas too many know.
Three boys upnn the deep now roam,
The eldest scarcely yet two score,
They fled a drunken father's home,
And may perchance return no more.
Two sleep beside their mother's grave.
The happiest of the five)
And one remains for me to save;
If yet my daughter be alive.
1 saw her, 'tis not long ago.
Her brow though placid plainly bore
Tho impress nf some hidden woe,
t Where hope angelic beamed before.
Full well I knew the secret grief,
Which preys upon her breaking heart,
And what alone can bring relief,
And bid e'en now despair depart.
Then tempt me not lo drink again,
For I have drank too deep ere now,
Till reason fled mv raging brain,
And boast was branded on my brow.
East Indian Railway. This line was
opened by the Governor-General of India, on
Saturday, 3d February. The Lord Bishop of
Calcutta opened the ceremony with prayers
and n benediction. The first train sttrted
from Howiah nt half past nine in the morn
ing, and n second train started in nbout 25
minutesntlerwards. The journey lo Rurdwnn
was accomplished in 2 hours nnd 50 minutes,
conveying;. together about 800 persons. The
lenglhbf line opened was 121 miles. A
grand entertainment was given nt Btirdwan,
nt which Mr. Stephenson presided. Various
lonsU were drank and responded to, nnd
everything passed off well. It was stilted that
engineers nnd workmen were now employed
on 830 miles from Burdwnn to Agra, of
which 649 miles were under contract to be
completed In tho beginning of 1357, and a
length of 200 miles was being constructed by
the railway company. Another length of 380
miles was being surveyed to complete the
connection between Calcutta and Lahore.
The course of the line would be. decided on
immediately.
The whole length from Calcutta to Lahore
would be 1,350 miles. ...
The young gentleman whose locality Is
"about town," is seldom seen gracing ladies'
society. Ho is somewhat hairy nhout the
face, dresses in alarming patterns big but
toned coats, nnd fancy colored vests. Hois
great nt whistling nnd at toddies, whilo his
cigar is ever in his mouth. A jolly loud
oath adds emphasis to his language, nnd slang
expressions uie his great delight Ho de
signates a woman ns a "petticoat," nnd a man
as "shanks." His watch is a "turnip," hit
hat a "title," and his boots nre "kickers."
Give him rope enough 1
General Assembly of the CP. Church.
The last Lebanon Herald says:
"The General Assembly of the Cumberland
Presbyterian Church convened in this place
last Tuesday, nnd will probably remain in
session the balance of tho week. The former
Moderator being absent, the opening sermon
was delivered by Rev. Reuben Burrow. Rev.
M. II, Bone was chosen Moderator, end
Robert Ewing, Esq.; of Missouri, Principal
Clerk. There is a large number of delegates
in attendance, and, taken nil in nil, they nre
ns intelligent nnd tine looking a body of men
as we ever saw.
ljfWe take it, says the Baltimore Amor
lean, that the followingdeseription of Female
Schools, tiken from nn English paper, is
not wholly inapplicable in some other coun
tries. "Expensive, mindless, unpractical and use
less, our schools turn out accomplished ma
chines, whose minds nre like Chinese feet,
cramped out of nil symmetry, power and nat
ural use. A little music, which is. merely
manual dexterity; n little drawing, which is
only distorted imitation, of distorted copies
lor neither art isevertnnghtin the breadth
and significance belonging to it; a little bislo
rv, which is but a parrot's roll-call; some ge
o'graphy, which menns a doited outline on n
sheet of paper but which includes neither the
unlural history, nor the ethnology, nor yet
the industry of foreign countries, needlewoik,
which leads to everything but usefulness;
modern languages, which when "finished"
reveal neither the literature nor the people,
nnd are equally unserviceable for rending and
for conversation these, ns nil the world
knows, make up Uic list of English school
trirls' necnmulishmcnts; n.nd few parents
drainnfn moie useful or more intellectual
education lor Hu m.
It is said that there has been recently dis
covered in tin Island of Sardinia some caverns
tilled with go no, the production of bonis,
aggregated since the creation of the world.
Chemical onnlyscs have proved that this
guano is as rich ns thnt of Peru in nmmonine
matters and in sulphate of limo. Several
land proprietors nre said to have already
purchased quantities of this new manure lor
their lands. ..
lf'Goethe has remarked that some books
nppenr to be written for tho' purpose of
showing that the authors know something of
the subjects on w'lich they write, rather than
lor Ihe insliuction of the renders.
Founder In Horsrs. A corespondent In
the New Yorker gives the following remedy
ai nm I'ormlv proving successful:
Add half opinio!' vinegar to a gill of
ground black musinra, una administer the
mixture. Then put him in action for an
twiiir nr two. or untill he iiwents thoroughly
This remedy must be applied within forty
nirrlii hours of the foundoring.
o
Lucky. There Is lady in Ohio, who
hns had ekven husbands during the past 16
years.
For tha Port.
Mr. Editor see in the Post of the 8tS
inst, a communication under the head, "Pro
hibition and Coercion," and signed "S." I
beg to reply to some of its arguments. Tbe
writer saysi
"The manifest tendoncy of the tenching"
and. legislation of prohibitionists wherever it
hns developed itself, goes directly to contra
dict one of the most vital principles belong
ing to our institutions that man Iscapablo
of self-government.''
Thnt a majority of our citizens are capa
ble of self-government I will readily ndmiti
but that all are capable of solf-government
every man of common sense must deny.
That class of mankind who live in continued
violation of the laws of God nnd mail, is not
capable of self-government. Will nny man
pretend to say that the drunknrd, the ihicf or
tho assassin,- is capable of self-government?
No when man is once initiated into vicious
and intemperate habits he becomes insane to
some extent. lie will gratify his carnal de
sires, let the consequences be what they may
ho is as destitute of self-government as
the devil is of Christianity. Mr. S. says:
"I admonish the advocates of force or co
ercion to beware what they nre doing."
They are doing just what they have been
doing ever since the framing of tho glorious
Declaration of Independence; nnd that is, to
force whatever moral suasion will not reach.
Jf moral suasion is to accomplish all things
for the best, nil laws nre nscless. When dif
ficulties were arising between tho American
colonies nr.d England, moral suasion was first
resorted to till it was ascertained, by painful
experience, that justice could not be obtain,
ed in thnt way. Force was resorted to as the
only means of convincing England that the
rights of the colonists should be respected.
Of the happy result of coercion in that case, '
it is unnecessary hero to speak nt length. It
is enough to know that the proud flag of
America now waves triumphantly over lwen
ty-live or thirty millions of freemen. - But do
not let the devil deceive us ns to the applica
tion of the names, Liberty nnd Freedom.
These terms nre not so extensivo in their np.
plication ns to allow us to do otherwise than
right before God and man.
Mr. S. says:
"I-t mo admonish you that moral suasion
and legal coercion cannot be brought to work
together."
Let me nsk how nre tho laws of our Innd
executed? Do we not there see coercion, or
force nnd moral suasion, mnny times go hnnd
in hand. Tho judge on his scat admonishes,
persundes and enforces. Tho successful
'schoolmaster does precisely the enme thing;
In governing his school. Heneo it is appn.
rent that legal coercion nnd moral stinsion
must work together. Lay aside legal coor
cion, nnd liberty will cease to be liberty nnd
become tho watchword of the devil. As to
prohibition, moral suasion hns nccomplished
much, but in many cases hns failed, nnd will
ever fail, as in other cases of justice, morali
ty and right. Ignl coercion, kept In prope
bounds, must do its part. When sanctioned
by a majority none have tho right to com
plain. Let the friends of prohibition stand
firm and unshaken. The cause is just and
must succeed, sooner or lator. Let every
mnn's rights bo respected let reason, rlghl
and prudetivo reign in every bronst and got.
eru every net let the bnllot box tell the tile.
Then if the cause of Temperance fails, ws
patiently submit. If it succeeds, peace and
tranquility, prosperity nnd hnppiness 'will m
Iho reward of the laborers In tho cause.
Then, by mutual consent in most cases, grog
shops nnd still houses would soon be brokon
up and schools nnd churches take theit
places. Then will joy light tho countenance
of mgny now hopeless nnd wretched. Then
will freedom boast luir happy homo and true
liberty stand forth decorated with all tho
sparkling gems of greatness. S. D. S.
CI loston, Tcnn., May 25, 1855.
True Bravery. The circumstances con
nected wilh the lost of tho British steamer,
Birkenhead, oo the coast of Africa, not many
months since, n.-e still fresh in the memo
ries of all. The steamer struck on n hidden
rock, stove plnnk nt Ihe bows, and went
to tho bottom, we believe, in hnlf nn hours'
time. There wns n regiment of troops on
board. As soon as tho alarm wns given nnd
it became apparent that Ihe ship's fate was
sealed, tho roll of tho .drum called the sol
diers to nrms on tho upper deck. Thatcnll
was promptly obeyed, though every gallant
heart there knew Hint it was his death sum
mons. There they stood as if in baltlo
array a motionless mass of brave men
who were men indeed. The ship every mo
tiient wns going down nnd down; but thero
were no trnitois, no deserters, no cravens
there. The women nnd children were got
into the boats for Ihe troops but there
wns no pnnic, no blanched, pale, qulverine
lips among them. Down went tho ship and
down went that heroic band, shoulder to
shoulder, firing a feu de joie as they snnk
beneath the waves. Men like these never
perish; their bodies may be given to the
fishes of the sea, but their momorics are, as.
they ought to bo Immortal. '
Jovial Doctors. A plonsnnt writer, afler
indulging the dolorous over tho ghastly life
of n doctor, thus exhibits the reverse of tho
picture: "In practice, it is not so bad afler all..
The grave dirgerin Hamlet hns his jukes and
grim jests. We have known many iovlal
sexton; nnd we have seen clergymen laugh
henttily, at smnll provocation, close on the
licel of a cool calculation thnt the grent ma
jority of their fellow crenlures were going to
perdition. Whv, then, should not even the
doctor hnve bis 'run! Nny, Is it not his duty
to be merry, by main force, If necessnrvr Sol
omon.who from his great knowledge or
herbs, must have been no mean practitioner,
for his day, tells us thnt 'a merry benrt doeth
good like a medicine,' and universal expe
rience has confirmed the truth of this mni.
im Hence it is, doubtless, thnt we have ao
mn'ny anecdotes of facetious doctors, distri
buting their pills nd jokes togethor, shak.
ing nt the same time the contents of their
vials and the sides of their patients.
A mother at Great Fall, N. II., boasts of
J 8 thriving children two pairs of twins and
a triplet being en the list.
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