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ATIIEXS, FRIDAY, 1, IS.
ViRGiM urnos Th returns- from
the Virginia elections, which occurred on the
34th ultimo, are-not yet full, bat enough hits
been received-to-Micate Wise' election by
3 pretty fair majority and the success of the
democrats generally tKroaghout the Slate.
Vicfnw the first Southern Stale where
the issue has been openly made aiidthe bat
tle fought open the new question Know.
Nothingism, as it la-called and the result is
before us. Pierce's- majority over Scott, in
J 852, in that Stater was 15,281. From' the
complexion of the returns which have come
.to hand, Wise's-majority will probably reach
eight op ten thousand votes ot 9 rrnwh as
Pierce's, but enoaghrin all oonsefense, to do- t 0f the expenses of the year to perhaps teten
monstrate that the Old DtnHiioa strll re- tyive million! of dollars. Although the
mains firmly wedded to- DeiBoeraeyr and is . Government expenses must necessarily in
likely to continue so as long as the party hns ) crease with the growth of the country and
an existence in the Uuion. Wise Blade a ! the corresponding necessities of the public
gallant fight, having canvassed the entire
SUte and made speeches, snd such speeches '
as Wise only can make, in every county in
K.- We would have been pleased athis defeat,
at the same time we are constrained tw ac
knowledge that the efforts of the man merit
Red the success he bos obtained.
The contest in Virginia was sn intensely
exciting one, and was watched with deep in
terest from every portion of the Union be-
fag regarded by the politicians as a start.
ing point for the next Presidential election. .
Tbe new party the Know Nothings was ;
professedly strong" in the State, and dealt
heavy and constant blows on the Democracy,
"Sam" was represented to be Around in my- I
piad numbers upon all occasions the Whig j
... .. . . I
papeia entered mto the canvass with great
leal, talked loodly and bragged large, and
done, just what we are afraid some of the
same class are doing in th:s State not much
good, but a good deal of harm, though not
, ' , , ... . . , . ,, . i
SO llllliuuu. .liv ncic nutni uy mem lu
every issue that thousands of Democrats
were attachtrrs themselves t the Know
e were aavisea oy mem m ,
Nothing order, and' that prominent members 3FThe Legislature of New Hampshire
ef the democratic party. In every Congres- j assembles on the 6th of next month. It will
atonal District in tb Slate, were openly tak-; have to elect two United States Senators.
fag ground against Mr. Wise; all of which The Governor and Council had an executive
nay hare bee nuite true ooly, if many de- session lost week and counted the votes for
mocrats voted against Wise there must have members of Congress, die, which were cast
Been a corresponding number of Whigs vot- at the March election. In the first Congress
ing for him. And this may be true, too, as inl district, Mr. Kittredge, Dem, bad 9,799
there are a good many Whigs in Virginia, no
cTonbt, as in other States, who fondly cling
to old associations, and who object to the
party beins abandoned and Buffered to be
swallowed up in the new one that has sprung
np in the country, ana whiuh, up to within a
few days, has been regarded ns invincible
Fut the result sliows that in Virginia at least
"Sammy" is but little better tl an a myth,
a mere infant, strangled to death almost as '
soon as it encountered the light, and the!
Whigs there would probably have done as ,
well bnd they maintained their old organiza-
, tioo, and fought the battle under their old
.banners. However, it is profitless to talk
bow the contest is ended, the banner of ; pany, to recover damages resulting to his
Locofocoism still waves over the Old Domin-' land by running the road through it. A de
. ion, and the shouts of the victors are ascend- cision was given in the case, several days
fag from her valhrya and moontain-tops j gince, by the Circuit Court, by which dam
it is a great and glopios victory, having only j ages amounting to one cent were awarded to
ne parallel in recorded history the victory
achieved by the Dutch in taking Holland.
A contest upo similar ground is now be
ing waged in this State old issues are aban
. doned, and the leading feature of the can
vass is that upon which the battle was fought
fa Virginia Know Nothingism. What the
sesult will be we shall not attempt to pre-
. diet now perhaps it will be different from
. tho one we have just recorded.
ftSrThe Washington National Intclligen.
er of Saturdiy, says that Ihe returns which
have come to hand of the elections in Virgin-
fa, are sufficiently numerous and It presumes, I
auhviently accurate to show that Mr. Wise is
elected Governor of that State, and the tenor
fourVirmUiaExch.r,f .11 hA.
politics, leads us to believe that it i nn .v
merely a question of majorities. In regard
to the Congressional elections, there is rea
son to believe that the following gentlemen
are elected, viz: Thos. II. Bayly, John. S.
Caskie, Pawlus Powell, Wm. Smith, Alex. R.
Bottler, John Letcher, Zededinh Kidwell,
Henry. A. Edmundson, and Fayette McMul'
fen, all democrats and members of the last
Congress, except Mr. Botelcr, who succeeds
Mr. Faulkner There is considerable specu.
lation as to the majority the Democratic party
has obtained, but it is at present mere guess
work. In a few days we shali probably re
ceive the official results.
fcj?" A telegraphic despatch from Knox
villa represents the "Committee on Pyro.
technics'' as almost ready to report.
CT Passenger trains East Tennessee and
Georgia Railroad now run to Hardin's, five
miles below Knoxville.
Wiather. IjisI Sunday our scctKm was
favored with a very heavy rain, and the grow,
trig erops are doing finely. Ws learn that
tike rains have been general from this point
up through East Tennessee, and at present
there is a good prospect for abundant crops.
At this time, Thursday forenoon.it is raioinor
' We had tbe pleasure of a call, on
Monday last, from Mr Cooper, of the Chat
tanooga Advertiser. Friend Crandul I, cf the
nine paper, nscd to call on ns occasionally;
but, poor follow, he's married now, and the
blandishments and fascinations of home, and
bis responsibilities, actual and prospective, of
course keep him closelrronhned within the
limits of Chattanooga. We rather like his
associate, however what a pity Cooper is
such an everlasting loco I
s7"Passengors on the East Tennessee
and Georgia Railroad now dine at the house
of Mr. I Delano, Cleveland. Passengers
speak very highly of the sumptuous fare pre
pared by Mr. Delano for bis guests.
THE COST OF GOVERNMENT DEMO
CRATIC ECONOMY ILLUSTRATED.
The National Iotelligeucer of Saturday
ssyss We issue to-day, a supplemental aheet
aex-onspanyiiig this paper, and filling some
twenty (mir ef our large colinnus, a List of
Apprnyriatitnt Mwde at ib late eesaion of
Congress, and prepared and published agreea
bly Is- law. This document ought to possess
interest for every reader, and ought to be ex
amined by erery one, as exhibiting, in the
main, the objects on which the public revenue
ts expended. The aggregates of the classified
heads of expenditure sre as follows:
Civil, diplomatic sad miscellane
Army fortificstiona,Military Acad
emy, Ac, 12,571,496
Indian department, naval, revolu
tionary, and other pensions, 4,458,839
Naval service; 15,012,091
Fast Office Department, 10,946,944
Ocean stearo mail service, 8.674,468
Texas debt, 1,7 66,000
This vast sum of 171,674,857, is only the
amount of rpeeifitd appropriations. The great
mass of contingent objects of expenditure, of
which-the sums were ascertained and could
not be specified, msr swell the grand total
aemce, owe can hardly imagine tbe necessity
ot n augmentation of the necessary
r J j
millions of dollars; and the immensity of the
sura must arrest the attention of every intel
The plain and frugal John Quiney Adams
was assailed by his fierce opponents sad de
tainers on tbe score of extravagancies, be-
j cause bis prodigal administration required
12,000,000 a year; and committees of inquiry
trjd retrenchment, snd almost of impeach
nient, were raised in Congress to search out
the corruption of so lavish a disbursement of
the public money, and all sorts of reform and
economy, and "good times," were promised
the dear people, if they would only turn out
the extravagant aristocratic Turitan, and put
.1.- t)..r tl-ii ,i j i ., ,
"" " " ; a goou
time, for tike victors eertainly followed, but
a yearly expenditure of $75,000,000 tella lbs
rest of the story. This somparison is not.
hoTer' -'dver,ed io. for the PurPM, of
proving extravagance in one party more than
- . ; . , . . -
, ., j .. .,gMC
' of tbe unsparing injustice of party.
and Mr. Pike, K. N. 12,011. In the second
district Mr. Morrison, Dem., had 8,650 and
! Mr' Tappan, K. N., had 12,129. lu the third
d'8"" Wheeler, Dem, had 86-10, and
Mr. Craggin, K. N 11,126. The aggregate
,.c .l - . , .
majority of the opposition candidates over
the Administration is 10,177. The majority
against tho Democratic candidate for Rail
Road Commissioner is 9870. In eleven
out of tlio twelve Senatorial districts
the Democratic candidate were defeat
ed. Importart Decision. A suit was recently
instituted by a farmer in Pike county, Indi
ana, against the Straight Lino Railroad Com.
the farmer. The land throogh which the
road runs has more than doubled in value
since the location of the road.
Death op Joseph Eastabrook. Joseph
Eastabrook, formerly President of East Ten
nessee University, Knoxville, died, a few
days since, at Eastabrook Salt Works, An
demon county. He was a gentleman of fine
literary and scientific attainments a man,
honest and upright, in whom there was no
guile, and whom to know was to esteem.
Wht Dos't Thet Leave? Recently, in
a town not very far distant, several gentle.
men were talking on the American question,
and condemning the practice of foreign gov-
.lernments shipping their criminals and pan
Pere to try. A Patlander, some three
months only from the "Gem of the Sea," who
happened to be within hearing, rather aston
ished the crowd by remnrking: "An' be ja
berst if the 'Mericans dont like the counthry,
why don't they lave it?" This was a clincher,
and of course the conversation bad a very
Ua7" A. A. Clingan, in the last Cleveland
Banner, interrogates John M. Bates and
Frank W. Lea, candidates for the Legislature
in Bradley county, as to whether they be.
long to tho "new order that is known best
by the name of 'know nothing' or alias
'Sam.' Mr. Clingan has long been aspiring
fo the Legislature himself; but it is hardly
necessary to ask hint w hether he is a 'know
niching.' SecJiiscard last Banner.
Kansas Election The St. Louis papers
"A dispatch from Kansas says the Leaven,
worth District Pro-Slavery ticket is elected
by sixty-one majority, and that Pro-Slavery
men are elected in every District."
Georgia Hon. Howell Cobb is about to
take the stump in the 6th District, Georgia.
The indirationa at present are that the con
tesl in the Empire State of the South wilj
be a warmjone.
Horse Thiet A man, who gave bis I
name as Smith, (oue of the Johns, perhaps,)
hired a horse from Bridges' Livery Stable, on
Saturday morning last, to rido a few miles
into the country, since which time neither he
or the horse has been beard of. A reword
of twenty-five dollars is offered for his ap
prelmnsion. Seo advertisement.
Ntw Ohleaks, May 25.
The Grand Jury have returned a true bill
against Mr. Kendall, charged with having
emberxled valuable letters, while postmaster
in this city,
l:J7"A patent lias been granted to a gen
tleman of Albany, New York, for a newcom
posilion for aiding digestion. The main
dilliculty with people now a duy is to get
something to digest.
OPINION'S OF THE NEW YORK PRESS.
' Several of the leading papers of New York
city are giving their opinions of Mr. Wise's
success in Virgiuia. The Express says:
u Wise is eleeted Governor by a decided
"The delegation in Congress will not be
materially changed. The heavy and unex
pected tnaynrilKa for Caskie in the counties
adjoining Richmond have re-elected him
and Faulkner's defeat is anything but certain.
Bayly, and Smith, supported by the K. N's.
are doubtless re-elected.
"The fact is Virginia has not yet been try
in? "Sam" but has confounded him with
"Sambo,'' and so has thrashed him. The ef
forts of the Democracy to identify the two
Myths have been sccessful snd complete
Virginia for seventy years has voted one
way and will so vote till Railroads rut
into hr, and telegraphic lightning strikes
down her political prejudices and passions."
The Tribune who entertains some unkind
feelings towards Sam, for having made a
schism in its party, by "drawing off thou
sands and thousands of true anti-Nebraska
men" from their former fellowship!
indulges a litt! esultuliun over his de
"This is a very remarkalfe result to follow
on the heels of the extravagant bragging of
nil the Know Nothing organs not only in
Virginia but throughout the country. Sam's
godmother had dipped him in the Styx of
Slavery, and tried to pass him npon the Old
Dominion as the invulnerable Achilles whose
presence alone would insure victory to the
South; but the cunning Paris of Accomae hns
hit In m in the heel the once invincible hero
is ignosuiniously overthrown, the charm is
broken, the prestige of success is gone, and
henceforth the name of Sam will carry no
terror even to the most timorous and thin
The Herald, the advocate of George Law's
nomination for the Presidency, aad the chief
organ of the Know Nothings, is not entirely
discouraged by Sam's defeat in Virginia. It
"Th. American party have at length very
forcibly demonstrated their power in the
South. They have just stormed the citadel
the Sebastopol we may say of tlie Southern
democracy, the hitherto impregnable Old Do
minion; and if it is not taken it has been so
thoroughly shaken that it will oluy need
another trial to bring it to an unconditional
The Richmond Examiner, democra
tic, and the Washington Union, the admin
istration organ, have been engaged in a con
troveisy recently about Governor Reeder, of
Kansas. As usual, the Union got the worst
of it. The following is the dosing portion
of the Examiner's last article:
"We struck, as the emergency of the case
required, hard, plump, direct, without hesi
tancy or delay, at the head of the serpent,
and cut it off at a single blow. The triumph
ant result of our castigation has surprised
even ourselves. We not only flogged the
Forney organ from the defence of the hemp
frightened Reeder, but we have kicked the
Union into the ranks rf Reeder's -'border
ruffians," and we now have that paper swear
ing by the men who held up to Reeder's af
frighted vision, the halter and the gallows. .
"We have at last discovered Ihe only effi
cient means for keeping Ihe Washington
Union Irom going over, horse, foot and dra
goons, to the Abolitionists. We furnish the
receipt gratuitously to our Southern ex
changes. Whenever there is the slightest
room for suspecting that paper of Abolition
' proclivities, apply the whip-editorial unspar-
- i.. . - : . . i i.i ol -
iiiij iir its Biiuiimers. oiow ua iiiuv uiuny
n the Russian executioner does when he ap
plies the knout. Don't stop to reason or re
monstrate with Forney; come down hot and
heavy with the lash, and you will do more
good than by a thousand kind words. Con
gress is fast falling into the possession of
the Abolitionist!!, and the Union will follow
the public printing, and compete with the
National Era for the spoils, without bestow,
ing one thought ipon the interests of the
"If nine-tenths rf the people of the Uni
ted States were asked to name three of the
most detestable of the human family, they
would write, For set, Him and Reeder. It
is the duty of the South to repudiate the
Washington Union, to brand with the mark
of her unmerciful and eternal hate and de
testation, every man who utters a word in
defence of Forney's disappointed and reject
ed tool, Keeder.
I3f"Died, in Greeneville, Tenn., on the
23d instant, Jo. Dixon, In the 76ih year of
t-if -A gentleman of the name of Dun
can, in Greene county, who is a candidate for
the Legislature, winds up a long circular,
which is published in the American Eagle,
Greeneville, with the following :
"Country, on thy sons depending,
Strong in manhood, bright In bloom,
Host thou seen thy pride descending,
Shrouded to Ihe unbounded tomb!
Rise! on eagle pinion soaring
Risel like one of God-like birth
And, Jehovah's aid imploring,
Sweep the spoiler from the earth."
May all men live "soberly, righteously and
godly," so that when the "last sun has set,
and the last star has fallen from its sphere,"
they may dwell in a higher and nobler
sphere in Mount Zion."
. We commend the above extract from Mr.
Duncan's circular, to the attention of candi
dates in this direction, who may wish to get
up something on the "very peculiar" order.
Of course, Mr. Duncan will be elected.
t3f Blackwell, who choked the lady in
the cars and robbed her of a servant girl, has
been married to Lucy Stone. Justice is
sometimes slow but always sure!
Rowdyism Punished. Grice Smith, of
Castle Widen ham, Ireland, a gentleman of
high position and large fortune, has been
sentenced to hard labor on the treadmill for
a month, for tearing down the gates of sev
eral gentlemen. If Grico cannot resist the
desire to tear down gates, he should emi
grate to the United States. "A gentleman of
high position and latge fortune" can tear
down gates or almost any thing else here
with impunity especially if he happens to
be a "furriner."
fW The Panola (Miss.) Picayune says:;
"Inflammation of the bruin has prevailed ex
tensively in this county lately, and many .
deaths have occurred. The disease baffles I
all medical skill and enrries its victims off;
ftT The St. Louis Intelligencer of the
24th instant says:
"The river continues at a stand. Weather
hot and shi I try. Arrivals quite plenty, par
ticularly in the evening, when they made
quite a rush. The Missouri is on a stand
or falling slowly, with four feet in the Chan
Dr. I). L. lierthier was admitted to bail In
New Orleans hint Thursday in the sum of
92,500. He had been committed for man.
slntighter.hnving caused the death of a woman
by tualpucticv as a physician,
OUR POWER FOR MISCHIEF.
The New York Herald has an interesting
article npon the Naval and Military capacity
of the United States in the event of a war
with Foreign powers, from which we take an
extract. After giving some tables, setting
forth the strength of oar national and com
mercial marine, as compared wilh thatif the
governments of Europe, the Herald says:
From this it appears that the United Slates
stands second in the list, being very slightly
behind England. It baa more ships than all
the rest of Europe together. If Great Bri
tain, France and Spain were united against
this country Ihe three combined would only
possess one-fifth more tonnage thaa the
United States has afloat. And as we find
that the tonnage has nearly quadrupled since
1812, it is safe to assome that four or five
years henee, the American merchant navy will
be eqnal to theirs, and will only fall short by
a small figure of equaling the entire tonnage
This is a startling fact, if viewed in con
nection with the possibility of a war. During
the last war nearly all our ports were block
aded from time to time; all were under a pa
per blockade; United States merchant vessels
were swept from the sea, and the few transient
gallant deeds of the navy only served to
make the national failure on that clement
more conspicuous. Had the United States
possessed one-halt her present naval strength,
the battles of Chippewa, Niagara and New
Orleans would have been fought somewhere
on the soil of Ireland or England. The his.
tor)' of the struggles of Perry and MeDniiough
to get their miniature squadrons afloat on the
lakes, will illustrate the previous weakness
of the American merchant marine on those
waters; if war were to brenk out now, the
lakes would in s week be private waters un
der the dominion ef Ihe United States. So
of the ocean. Gallantry is sn excellent thing
in war, no doubt; but as the fate of the brave
Englishmen in tke Crimea too plainly proves,
the real issue depends not on valor, but on
the number of rsen, the amount of ships and
munitions of wir, and the sums of money
that can be used or spent. The table above
shows that we'e war declared to-morrow, the
United States could send abroad very nearly
as many vessels armed as privateers as Great
Britain, nearlj seven times as many as France,
fourteen as nany as Spain or Austria; and if,
as would certainly be the case, several months'
notice were given before hand, there is no
reason whr out of these merchant vessels, a
national n.ivy should not be built equal to
the combined navies now in the Baltic and
In resoeet of men, this country could not
compare wilh inland warlike nations like
Russia it Austria, accustomed to keep four
or five or seven hundred thousand men on
foot in inie of peace. But on the other hand,
these immense armies wonld be powerless
against this continent' We might not be
able to tonqtier Austria or Russia, but they
eertiinlj could not do much mischief here.
The Unled States could always raise men
enongh to repel an invasion. As compared
wiih tli maritime powers of Europe, the
United States would have nothing to feai
from Itnd operations in any quarter of the
globe. Great Britain finds it impossible to
keep up her army in tho Crimea to a standard
,' of 40,000 men.
I During the first six weeks of the Mexican
' war, one hundred and fifty thousand men
volunteered to serve; and in the course of the
following months, as many more made a like
request. Had any exertion been made, no
doubt half a million of men miiihthave been
raised more than France ai.d England, with
all their exertions, could ever bring into the
field together. These men of ours, moreover,
would be, or at least nine out of the ten of
them, stout, hale men, and good shots. The
British nnd French levies now being sent to
the Crimea are represented as half grown
boys, city fed, and never trusted with a mus
ket in their lives till they enlisted. Every
third man in this and the other cities and
villages of the Union has been or is a mem
ber of a target company; the experience of
the Mexican war shows bow thut circum
stance tells in face of an enemy. An ancient
military man has stated that in the ordinary
European line, at fair range, not one thot in
a hundred is effective; the reason being that
I the men do not know how to take aim.
: What a difference this wonld make if a few
j thousand of such men were pitted against our
In respect of munitions of war, money and
defences, the United States would have noth
ing to fear. England, which is generally
I considered the richest nslion in the world, is
very glad to have her last loan taken at a trifle
over 80, and her funds would rapidly recede
below that figure if it were not for the ope
rations of stockjobbers. Repeated purchases
by the government have raised our Federal
securities to exhorbitant prices; but allowing
that a new issue of six per cent stock, to nn
amount of say fifty millions for one year's
1 serious war were made, it is not likely the
depreciation would exceed 20 per cent, and
that would still leave the price above par
Materials of war abound in this country. We
could bnild all the ships the world would
need for centuries, without buying a dime's
worth from abroad. We could cast all the
cannon and balls make all the rifles and
........ ... J I . L -1 k& ...-rwj ..A
iBTvi,i,m niiu uiijmiriB inn. umu ira iicftrui
in our own lailories in far less lime than
I would be consumed in the negotiations pre
liminary to the war. We should not need
to go abroad for any single article of necessi
ty or general use. Finally, and this is not
generally known, the system of fortifications
which have been in progress for some years
are in such a state of advancement, that it is
exceedingly unlikely that any naval force
could bombard any of our seaboard cities.
INew York, tor Instance, might be considered
comparatively sale. A few months would
place Ihe defences on the Narrows in such a
state that no fleet could pass through, and
we have reason to believe that the other
great cities are equally safe.
The monarehs in Europe had better count
the cost before they attempt to abolish slave
ry in the United Suites by force.
Crops in North Georgia. The editor of
the Chattanooga Advertiser has recently
traversed nearly the whole extent of Walker
county. He writes that the wheat crop is
flattering, corn looks well, oats have suffered
for want of rain, but now are promising.
There is, however, at present much distress
from want of corn. A few farmers have a
supply, but are holding on for $1,50 per
bushel some, however, have been obliged to
stop plowing for the want of corn to feed.
tdifPrinciples are vital and indestructible.
They cannot die. They cannot be ignored.
They may indeed be renounced or abandoned
by former advocates and adherents; but even
in such case, they will assert and re-assert
themselves. And their operation in practical
administration may be, oftentimes very wise
ly, suspended or hold in abeyance; but their
latent force, ready to be called into practical
operation upon the demand of expediency, is
not only undeniable, but must be evermore
affirmatively asserted, or otherwise the gov.
em men t would be continually exposed to the
dangerous hazards of revolutions, or finally
engulphed in anarchy.
Avoid Temptation. Avoid temptation
thro null fear that you cannot wilhatand it,
In other words if you wish to die a bachelor,
have ns little to do with dimity ns possible.
Girls have a way of twisting around you that
buuts grape vines considerably.
The Columbus (Ga.) Enquirer, of the !9tb
nit, has significant article, "from which we
take the following extract :
The political horizon not only of onr own
StaU, but of the whole country, presents but
a gloomy and uncertain afpt. At no period
of our hiftory, perhaps, within a quarter of
century, has the field of polities been so ob
scured" by the mists of doubt, and the pros
pect beyond been lesselearlv defined. What
course shall we persuel Where shall we got
seems to be the anxious enquiry on all bands.
While, upon the one hand, the power and
force of party association, with an influence
almost irresistible, leads to tbe maintenance
of old organizations, on tbe other the un
faithfulness of party leaders and party allies
equally counsels rigid inquisition into the
integrity of tbe professions and platforms
upon which it is proposed to rally the friends
of a common cause. A glance at the history
of the past convinces uathat the ancient na
tional organizations are not to be relied on
for the maintenance of the rights and inter
ests of the Sooth. The great preponderating
anti-slavery sentiment which pervades both
Whig and Democratic parties at the North,
and which has heretofore been the controll
ing element of political strife, renders a long
er affiliation with either, both unwise and
unsafe. As we have heretofore said, hence
forth the reliance of the South must be in the
South, and in tbe unbroken front whieh she
may present to her adversaries upon every
occasion where any, even the least imiMirtant,
of her rights are menaced. Upon this plat
form she can stand in the proud conscious
ness of the integrity of her position, and
while she boldly defies her enemies from
whatever quarter they may come, she eao
within the borders of strictest self-respect
extend the hand of fellowship to all who are
disiwsed to accord to her tbe full measure
of ber rights.
California. An interesting fugitive slave
case was decided at San Jose on the 17th of
April. The slave was a boy who had been
token to California from Tennessee, by his
master, in 1849, before the adoption of Ihe
State constitution, and bos remained there
ever since. The Court, after a hearing, dis
charged the slave, and declared him free un
der the State laws.
On Ihe 28th March, J. A. Phillips stabbed
R. J. MeJames on Indian creek, in Klamath
eounty. The wounded man died in 25 min
utes. The miners collected and elected a
Coroner, and he summoned a jury and held
inquest. Tbe verdict was that McJames was
killed by Phillips. A meeting was then reg
nlarly organized, and the question was put
whether Phillips should be handed over to the
regular authorities or tried by Lynch law.
The decision was in favor of the latter. A
jury of twelve men were empanneled, a eoup
le of persons were assigned as counsel for
the accused; the evidence was heard; the ju
ry found Phillips guilty of the killing; the
meeting resolved that he should be hung at
10 a. m., on March 31st, and he was hung at
The Methodist Church South, has been
holdings Conference at Sacramento. They
number thirty clorgymen in the State. They
resolved to establish a paper.
The Heather. The people of aome parts
of Alabama are determined to put a stop to
the Telegraph business. After tearing down
the wires they issued the following proclama
tion, which the Tuscumbia papers assure us
is genuine, having been found posted up in
the woods along the line:
The State of Alabama ) ... ...
Marion County 'be 5th of May 1855
Notice to the Managers of the Telegrant
Ware are hereby forwsrned to not to put up
the ware any more for it shall not Stay up
any more long at a time if yon do not let it
stay down the hole country is going In Just
go before your Eyes nnd tare it down and
cut the post and throw away the glasses and
throw away the ware and skin the first mnn
sais any thing A gainst it and throw his hide
a crows A polo and split OOOOOO
Jump np John the Wolf ketcher.
The Mobile Advertiser expects that Sam is
not "round generally" in that section or
"Jump np John the Wolf Ketcher" would
make a little less noise than he . does.
1 he Alabamian tella a story of an old lady
who belonged to the "Wolf Ketcher" party,
and who is ready to swear that daring the
drought of last summer she frequently saw
the clouds "gather over the telegraft wires
and bile for half an hour, trying their
best to rain! but had to give it up at
Opinion op the British Press. The
English Press admits that hopes of peace
have fled, and that no assistance can be ex
I peeled from Austria', and but little from the
rest of Europe; consequently that France and
England must fight it' out The London
Times publishes an article expressing these
views. The Times hns also an editorial on
behalf of the government, stating that it is
impossible to peruse the official documents of
the Vienna Conference without seeing that
Russia was never in earnest in her pretended
desire for pence. Some, however, think dif
ferently; and Earl Grey, in the House of
Lords, has given notice of a motion for 21st
in st., that nn address be sent to the Queen,
deploring the failure of negotiations, and
stating, as the opinion of Parliament, that the
proposals of Russia were such as to afford a
fair prospect of concluding a peace, by which
all the original objects of the wnr might have
been gained, and by which tbe allies might
have obtained all the advantages which can
be reasonably demanded from Russia. Milnes
Gibson made a similar motion in the House
Washington, May 23.
Secretary Dobbin has returned to this city,
greatly improved in health.
The Washington Union of this morning
commends the removal of a workman from
the Gosport Navy Yard for being a Know
Nothing, and indicates that all Know Noth
Ings holding office under the Federal Gov
ernment will be proscribed.
-jf The deaths in New York lost week
amounted to 457, viz:
Men 104, women 86, boys 144, girls 123,
nn increase of 28 on the previous week.
There was an increase In the number of
deaths from diseases of the throat and lungs.
In Baltimore there were 106 deaths.
It is said the following is considered a very
grave question, and beon six months in de
bate before a very learned Lyceum, viz.-
Whether the horn of a dilemma, the horn
of a mad bull, or a horn of Monongahela,
does not virtually mean one and the same
A young lady was recently cured of palpi
tation of the heart, by a young M. D., in the
most natural way imaginable, He held one
of her hands in his, put his arm around her
waist aud v. hlspered something in bur left
FURTHER NEWS PER AMERICA.
Louisville, May 25.
Vienna, Friday evening. It is rumored
that Count Buol has given in his resignation,
but Ihe rumor is not confirmed.
It is said that Austria is on the point of
declaring complete neutrality, as also the
whole of Germany. '
The London Times in an editorial says the
circumstance of America not sympathising
with the allies is shocking and revolting.
The Police say they have discovered a vast
lot of ramifications, throughout Europe, to
promote) insurrection, hence Pianori's execu
tion will be postponed so as to trace bis con
On the day the attempt was made, it
was freely staled in various cities through
out July, Spain and Germany that Napoleon
Italy. It was reported that the King of
Naples was fired at by an assassin at review;
but found out npon enquiry, to be nothing
but an accidental discharge of a soldier's
Operations in ihe Baltic The English
portion of the Baltic fleet was making up to
wards the island of Gothland as fast as the
ice wonld permit
It is said that France has asked permission
to establish a French camp in Swedish terri
tory, and if this is refused, the allies will then
take possession of Boinursund, and fortify
Austrian and Russian Diplomacy. Symp
toms increase that Ihe Austrian and Russian
Cabinets are attempting to effect a general
accord among the German States. The edi
tors of the semi official journals have united
to favor the movement,
France. Drouyn de I- Huys, the French
Minister of Foreign Affairs, has resigned,
from an unwillingness to protract the war.
Count Walemski, the French ambassador
at London, has been appointed bis succes
sor. Pianori, who attempted to assassinate
the Emperor, has been condemed to death.
The project of s new loan of seven bun.
dred million francs hi under consideration by
the Council of State.
Russian accounts from the Crimea are fa
vorable to their cause. An immense num
ber of troops, numbering over 200,000, are in
and around Sevastopol, with cons tint recrnits
pouring in. The defences at Sevastopol are
greatly increased in strength. There have
been several sorties, in which a good many
were killed on both sides, but no regular bat
tle. The Russians are said to be in high
spirits. Bombardment by the allies has al
most entirely ceased.
Good Advice An Irish paper, the local
organ of St. Jarleth's, states that the " rush
from Ireland" tu America, hns set in with
fearful rapidity. Lisbon and Priests, backed
by the whole power of the Church, sre ur
ging the faithful to stay at borne. Most ex
cellent advice, and sincerely do we hope it
may prod nee the desired effect. Among
other reasons assigned by John of Tunmes
why " the flight of his erratic subjects"
should be stayed are the following:
While the Irish Catholic race was treated
with kindness in America we never uttered
a word of remonstrance or warning; but now
that all parties agree in complaining of the
dreadful persecutions which await them from
all the powers of Know-Nothingism in the
hitherto boasted land of liberty, we feel it
our imperative duty to raise our voice in
protest and reclamation. Bad as home is,
and cold as is the prospect that awaits our
people under a system of laws that obsti-
natvly refuses security for tenant industry, '
it is better to remain and battle with the ills i
they know than to fly to others ofaroorel
revolting kind. A qui. t death in the old '
land or Ihe saints, with the aid or religious
eonsolntion in that awful hour, is belter than
contact with the awful demoralization aad
almost total absence of religious comforts
which await the emigrant beyood the Atlan
tic. From the Plains. The Santa Fe mail
arrived at Independence on Monday. Col.
V. Vrain, with three companies, in pursuit
of the Utah, fell in with a party of Apaches
and killed six men and took six women
prisoners. Troops had been dispatched to
the junction of Red river, to intercept tbe
meeting of the Indians at that point
Col. Miller has gone to Ihe White Moun
tains, after a band of the Mescarrilles tribe.
Major Dusenberry died at Santa Fe on the
1st of April.
The mail party report meeting but few In
dians. - The grass was poor and water scarce
on the Plains, there having been a great
East Tennessii Ma hulk. The Washington
Star says of a lot of variegated EnH Tennes
see Marble, recently received at the Capitol :
It has attracted the attention of a large
number of marble dealers, and is by all pro
nounced the most elegant article of 'the kind,
either foreign or domestic. This marble is
to he used for decorating tbe interior of the
addition to the Capitol.
We are proud to see this encouragement of
native stone, and have no doubt that, after it
has become known throughout the country,
it will to a great extent, if not entirely su
persede all foreign marble now in use.
The government has now an opportunity
of furnishing the interior of th espitol in a
manner superior to any other public building
in the world, and with material, too, found
in larsre quantities in our country, which is
so rich in mineral and agricultural resources.
Tbe Virginia Legislature is believed
to be largely Deuotratio, which will giye to
that party the eleotion of m United States
Senator, in the place of Mr. Mason.
A locomotive on the Lake Shore Rail
' Road ran into a flock of sheep, last week, in
j Erie county, Ohio, and cut np over sixty of
them. That's .considerably ahead of any
thing that has occurred out this way as yet
Youno America. Smilhers was the mod
el head of a model family. He was enter,
taining his friends the proper culture of
children was under discussion.' S. cited his
son Jonas as a model of parental training;
says he, "My son, will you be helped to some
bennsr "Not a d d benn," says Jonas.
Smilhers grew instantly taciturn. He saw
that the full spirit of Young America had
invaded his household.
A tremendous storm occurred at Augusta
on Sunday afternoon, about four o'clock,
prostrating several trees, tearing down
branches and flooding the streets, &o. The
rain extended along the entire lino of the
South Carolina Rail Road. Two telegraph
posts were blown down about 94 miles from
this eity, and the wire fell across the track, j
It is said if the new Court of Claims were
to dispose of 200 cases per day, it would re
quire ten years to get through those now
ready for its action.
. FAMISHING FOR BREAD.
It appears that in some parts of Louiiai,
snd Alobama, the poorer people are aclmn'
famishing for ihe want of Bnsid ihry lit-
little or nothing to bay with, aad there Wilf,
DO grain within available distanre for !,
We quote the following melancholy st,
ment of facts from the Pavile v
Lebanon, La.) Times of the 10th insi;
Scarcity of Urrmi. Onr distant rnW
more favored places may form some icV
the scarcity of bread in thia eosntrv k
we tell them a few rumors that "
ears. The Ouachita Register says is k,
of the parishes around Monroe, ihe poor
some places have gone to DOBndino to,,u
bread. We have beard of the same thin, j!
a neighboring parish. The bulbous root u
the bamboo brier is dng op, pounded iM
mnde into bread. The suffering have sonik
times gone to those who had a little corn
and, without permission, divided it out ha!
tween themselves snd the own. r, per fapi
We heard of one man who bouhl tea buh.
els, and carried it borne and put it in his crib
Aex morning there teas nut an ear rn,a, ;
Famine knows no law.
What aaakea this state of things worse .
the difficulty of getting any thing from tm
Orleans, and it must grow worse and w(,r,e
till green com can be had to afford austtn.
ance to Ihe hungry, unless we do have navi!
Will not our planters learn a lesson! Ls,t
year many r.eglected their corn to attend to
their cotton; now, all the proceeds of thvir
cotton will be speot for breed, if I hey had
neglected their cotton and worked Iheirrorn
as they could have done, we should now hear
no cry for bread. "Experience is a dear
War Declared by three Thocsasd R
diaks. The following intelligence comes in
the shape of a letter from St Joseph, dated
Col. Vaughn, Indian agent from Fort Pierre,
srrived in town yesterday evening. He states
that the Indians on the plains are in a very
unsettled condition; in fact assuming a hostile
altitude. The Black Feet, Apaches, and
Sioux, Manncunques, Sjinsare, and Yanctnns,
banded in a mighty host, and scoffing exiU
ing treaties, have unbnried the hatchet, and
bid defianre to the powers that be. These
tribes combined with the Brulnvs and O.'al.
lies of the Platte, numbering at' a small" cal.
culation, three thousand warriors, lime
thrown np forlifirations on Dreaming Bi ll, at
the source of Grand River, and are not only
ready but anxious to meet any force thai
Government way send against them! em.
boldened by the ease which they massacred
our soldiers in tbe late skirmishes, and re.
marking the tenor ever since manifested br
the whiles in their necessary intercourse with
them, and are scoffing at the power of the
United Stiles t discharge Ihctn of their
strong hold! The Asinablnnes, Riccaries,
and Mandatnes, having the fear the four new
resriments before thm vrea. hnv il,.,;.
agent Col. Vaagta, m council, that ihey will
A L... I.... . . . .
miivmiinimiiiim, out mmisn maieri.il
assistance in subduin? '.heir refr.t,.r
Direct prom Mexico. The National In
telligencer has a letter direct from gentle
man in the city of Mexico, dated May the 3d,
"The state of things 5n this country is,
compared ith that existing in our own, aw
ful and difficult to describe. Santa Anna,
surrounded by a powerful faction, has nni.
versnl power. He alone makes and. annuls
all biwsnt pleasure; is the arbiter in all suits
brought before the tribunals in which ths
Goverossent is concerned. He removes any
of the authorities when he sees fit to do so,
and repl.-trea them with others. lie orders
levies of troops to be made nt any moment,
spends Hie public money, and is accountable
to no person; in fact he can do here whatever
he pleases and what be pleases to do is to
keep about 45 000 men under arms, impose
forced loafis, live sho n in his barracks.
(palace,) see fifty or sixty persons each day,
be cajoled by them, and called AUtsa
Sersnirima, oppresses and trample on every
body, aud pockets our- cash."
Gambling in California. The sixth Cali
fornia Legialature has adjourned after a sea
sios) of 120 days, during which time numer
ous beneficial and highly popular laws ksre
been enacted. Among- these is one prohinW
ing gambling throughout Ihe state, under th
most stringent principles. Gambling houses
are, at last to be closed, and a practice which
has gone further toward demoralizing Cali
fornia nt home, nnd irr the eyes of the world
bids fair to be permanently eradicated Irons
the land. Vigorous attempts, both by influ
ence and money, have been made to procure
the repeal or modification of this law, but to
0- The New York Herald says:
A California, merchant is now in the city
with the view to make some srrsngement for
the receipt of flour and wheat from San
Francisco. The samples that he exhibits are
of the very finest kind, fully equal to the best
production of our Slate. The wheat costs
about 90c. per bushel, and the flour a liltlu
less than 86 per bbl. in San Francisco. This
f gentleman is fully confident that both ran he
aid down here at a profit, even adinhling thnt
prices may materially decline wilbin the next
three or four months.
47 A Mr. McClure, recently died In one
of the Western States, leaving property to
the value of two millions of dollars. In hi
will he bequeaths to every society in Ihe U.
Stutes founded by, and for Ihe benefit of
mechanics and working-men the sum of five
hundred dollars. Application must be mads
to the executors.
An American Murdered. A recent num
ber of the Brownsville Flag contains a letter
from Saltillo, Mexico, giving an accooat of
the murder of an American named Dr. Downs,
who was robbed of a large amount of money
by his murderers, and the Mexican officials
appropriated what property remained to
rff A young man employed ss clerk in
one of the first commercial houses in New
Orleans, was sent, on Saturday afternoon, to
draw a check upon a bonk fur 82500. He
got the money, nnd neither himself nor it has
sine been heard of.--
t-if In Washington Territory Governor
Stevens is a candidate for Congress. There
are several other candidates.
'Do you not find my hves expressive of my
feel inks,' said a dandy loafer to a young
lady whose fortune he coveted more than
her person. "Certainly, air, I should be very
blind if I didn't It makes me think of a cod
fish dying of toothache.' Dandy sloped with
a flea in his ear.
A Capital Idea A new clock has bees
manufactured down east lo be used in those
States in w hich the Maine Law has been pass
ed. Upon the dial, the figures indicating
tlrxen nnd Jour o'clock aie omitted, and thus
the hnppy possessor of the time piece, failing
to be reminded of the accustomed hours of
refreshment forgets that he is dry.
I2TA man by the named of Mulr.said lo
be worth ft 100,000, and Ihe richest man In
Ripley county, Indiana, was recently sentene
ed by the Circuit Court in that county to lb
penitentiary for two ysnrs for forgery of
note for 25. '