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ATHENS, TENS., 'ERlJ) AY, JUNE 22, 1855,
SAM. P. IVINS.
VOL. VII NO. 352. '
ii-i- -iir .. i i i1 bb'..
' - TERMS!
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9T Office ou Mala street, next door to the old Jack
ATHENS, FRIDAY. JUNK 2, 1865.
, . Philadelphia, June 14,
Fifty "three Members of the Know N
Ing-Convention fromlhe free States have SP
ceeded Inconsequence ni me ncuon oi me
convention in passing the majority resolutions
" reported by (he committee on the Slavery
question. The Pennsylvania and Now York
delegates continue to act with the conven
tion. Messrs. Bell and IIulc have been elected
United Suites Senators from New Hump-shire.
General Scott. The New York corres
pondent of the Boston Journal, says: "In
passing down 13th street today, (May 21st,)
I met for the first time in ninny months, Gen.
Scott, lie resides in n splendid mansion in
that street, which he has purchased since the
title of Lieutenant General wns given to him,
with the salary added from the time of the
wnr with Mexico. He grows old quite rap
idly and the chnngo in his appearance since
the result of the campaign that elected Gen,
Pierce Is very nppnront. His lofty form is
bowed down his elastic- step has passed
away a look of sadness and weariness hns
settled upon those once expressive, and de
cided features. He lends a very retired life
sees but little company rarely appears In
public, and usually walks alone.
Blue Ridge Railiioad. The Anderson
Gazette, in remarking upon this .subject,
"We take pleasure In stating that the con
tractors have recently consummated such ar
rangements us will secure at once an effective
forco on tho stump House tunnel, to be kept
at work night nnd any, until mini completion
We also learn that the contractors are unx-
iouslv wnitint? for the delivery of the whole
line of road into their hands, to enable them
to put n force upon the entire line to Knox
ville The project having been fully matur
ed, the necessary aid having been fully pro
vided by the various parties interested, in
cluding the States which are to be benefited
bv it: nnd the money mnrket having material
ly improved, we trust the whole line will be
Given to the contractors without furtherdeluy.
If this is done, we hnve the best of reasons
for believing that tho work will be put under
contract immediately to Knoxvill, nnd that it
will be prosecuted vigorously until it Is com
C3Aruerican Speculators are said to bo
trnveling in Upper Cnnuda, bargaining for
crops In the ground, hogs, sheep, milch cows.
young bulls, horses, and indeed anything
saleable the farmers may hnve.
J3(JWe are sorry to leurn tnat there are
Americans, "native and to the manor born,"
who degrade the character by a servile acqui
escence in the opinions of foreigners. Such
an American is infinitely beneath contempt.
. Any decent "Sag Nieht" is much his superi
or. Fall in Flour. Flour hns declined in
New Orleans in the past two weeks one dol
lar and a half to two dollar! a barrel, and the
indications are that it will go down still fur
Don't Do It. Never make use of nn
honest woman's name in an improper place,
at an improper time, or in a mixed company.
Nevar muke assertions about her that you
think nre untrue, allusions that you feel she
herself would blush to hear. When you
meet with men who do not scruple to muke
use of a woman's nume in a most reckless
manner, shun them, for they are the very
worst members of the community men lost
. to every sense " of honor, every feeling ot
Sao Nichts. The Louisville Journal says
of the new secret order, the Sag Nichts,
... which hns been instituted under the nufipices
of the administration at Washington:
"The settled design is to make this new
' secret organization extend throughout the
, union nnd embrace the whole anu-Aiiiericon
party. In our own city of Louisville, it nl
ready consists of two thousand members.
according to the public boasts of one of the
' regular Democratic organ at this point, and
we all know thnt two thousand is the whole
or about the whole of the anti-American
strength of the city. ,
The Journal lias obtained run and nu
thenlio information regarding the Sag Nichts
and promises soon to make them public. It
says they have adopted a system of discipline
' more rigid and stringent nnd minute than
Any ever before heard of In the annnls of
party conflict. They admit no man to their
'' assemblage, till he hns assumed obligations
of the utmost solemnity. They have their
' ' paevwprds, their signs and signals, every
" ' tiling, In fine, for which they have so fere
ciously denounced the Know Nothings. -
ns li, i ' i 1 iii.' '
..I Pwawnq ton a Lw Sieob. The Eng.
lish consul in Norway had, about the J5lh of
April, closed a eon tract with Mr. btruek,
' ; merchant of Christiana, for 30,00(1 wooden
Vl huts fo y is British troops In the Crimea,
,., to be completed in a very short space of
timC r,r. ,,. .
IT Lord Lansdowno recently staled In
the British House of Lords; thnt tile Russian
loss sine the commencement of the whf, In
cluding nil the battles on the Datiulie Willi
the Turku, hud beer. 247.0()d men. The fol
lowing are further details: In the Month of
January Inst, n report was presented to the
Emperor Nicholas, stilting the loss of the
army nt 187,000 men, Including those who
died under the severity of the long marches
and of sickness. A new report wa presented
to the Emperor Alexander, In April, fixing
the total loss of the rmy to March 81, tit
850,000. In this report especial stress wns
laid on the effect of the marches, and some
disastrous Incidents were particularized. It
was stnted thnt nn entire company hnd perish
ed under the snows between Odessa and
Perekop, and another between St. Potersburg
nnd the south. An entire battery had been
lost in the same manner, with the men and
horses. The guos were found after the thnw,
nn'fcre again use J - I' is calculated that the
Vto be made un-
ist ukase, will consist of about
350,000 men. Twelve in a thousand is the
ratio, nnd thenren Includes the most populous
governments of tho empire.
tjy The London Times keeps up its as
snults upon the Government. It says the
great battle tho English have to fight in the
present war is at home, against the corrup
tion nnd imbecility of the Government:
"While we nre pressing Russia nn the
North nnd South we accomplish nothing, un
less we deal with equal vigor with intestine
imsclilelK. f tint tins cniimry should lie gov
erned at such n moment byn league of a lew
great families; thnt the administration of our
war department should be abandoned to n
valetudinarian; that our war department
should be worked on principles solemnly
condemned nnd unrelentingly adhered to;
thnt the Government should hnve no confl
dence in itself nnd ns little in those it em-
ploys; nnd that Parliament should witness
all these things and make no effort to amend
them this is more fatal tn our interests than
II the myriads of hnll'-starved serfs that are
marshaled between the Baltic nnd Euxine,
or nil the hordes of Cossacks and Bashkirs
who rove between the forests of the Ukn
rine and the frozen morasses of Kamchat
3Er"Tlio Charleston Courier says, Roches-
ter, New York, is now known ns the "City of
Mysteries." It was there thnt many years
ago the plans were matured for the mysteri
ous disappearance of William Morgan, whose
fate to this day has never been satisfactorily
ascertained. Out of this Mori-nil affair, a
political excitement wns evolved that swept
like a hurricane nil Western New York, nnd
prostrated the Democratic party of the State,
Here also wns first printed the Book of Mor
nion, by the prophet Joe-Smith, who pretend
d to have dug the gulden plates from n sand
hill near Palmyra. The result of this won
df l 1 . ... !- - I- .1 -
erful imposture is now seen in the strange
developments In Utah. It wns in Rochester
that tliu Fox girls brought out tho mysterious
srunds known ns the "Rochester Knockings."
From this germ sprung the modern spiritual
system, numbering Judge Edmonds, Senator
Tallnuidge, and other eminent men among
its votaries. The most recent Rochester
mystery wns the strange disappearance of
Miss Emma Moore in November Inst, and
whose body hns just been found in a mill race,
under circumstances which deepen the mys
Judge Bosworth of the New York
Superior Court, in deciding the case of Mr,
Beach, of the New York Sun, laid down willi
gratifying distinctness a most important prin
ciple. Ho said
"The rule is that a party who justifies the
publishing of a libel, by attempting to prove
flint what was published was true, must show
that in Its substance and moaning tho facts
were as the article states; and although every
part of nn article clninvd to be libellous as a
whole, Is not proved to be true by the de
fence, yet if what is left is not of itself libel
The law allows a man to publish anything of
r . . w
lous, the detenre Is made out.
another provided it is true and it is com
plete defence that the article is true.
An Indian at Grand Rapids, Michi
gan, recently ran a distance ol three thou
sand feet, nearly three quarters of a mile, in
three minutes ten seconds.
Influence of Woman. It is better for
you to pass an evening once or twice a week
in a lady's drnwing room, even though the
conversation is rather slow, and you know
the girl s songs by heart, than in a club.
tavern, or the pit of a theatre. All amuse
ments of youth, to which virtuous women
are not admitted, rely on it, are deleterious
in their nature. All men who avoid female
society have dull perceptions and are stupid,
or have gross tastes and revolt against what
A Good Sign. Giddings, one of the
high Priests of Ohio Abolitionism, is out
in a letter, denouncing the Know Nothings
Whatever conflicts with the sort or no.
lions that Giddings has, cannot but be
Mnur ue Wns Th Rhv. V. II Hhnnln
. . f .
in his remarks nt the Universalis! Festival, in
Funeuil Hull, alluded to the Emperor Napo
leon ns the "Imperial Gambler, of France,
who had won his throne with dice made from
the bonus of the Great Napoleon."
(Vr Lnst week nearly fourteen millionsi of
v T . p'
CB-r An opinion signed by Rufua ChoaU,
bliss werwin, money uaruevi ana unas. .
wring, touching some poims oi me quo
ww, ana pronouncing them irregular "
unconstitutional, lias neen lurnisnea to tne
wine merchants of Boston.
The girl who Is destined to be thy wife,
although now unknown to thee, Is sure tn be
living somewhera or other. Hope,therefnre,
tnni sne is quit wen, anq otherwise think
politely about her
Wanted An Angel for Heaven. And so
Denth closed those little eves shrouded
their bright glances. Oh thnt the aun would
hot come streaming In upon thnt shrouded
form, r.e If there were do grief In the world.
How sweetly he sleeps, thnt little coveted
tingell - How lightly curl the glossy ringlets
on his White forehead! You oould ,weep
ydUr very soul nwny to think those cherub
Hps Will never, never unlose. Vainly you
clasp and unclasp that passive, darling hand
that has wandered so often over your cheek,
Vainly yoitr anguished glance strives to rend
the dim story of love In those faded orbs.
The voicei sweet as winds blowing through
wreathed shells) slumbers forever. And still
the busy world knocks at your door, and will
let you have no pence. It shouts in your
ears, its chariots rumble by; it smiles broadly
in your careworn face; it mocks yon at the
coffin, at the grave, nnd its heavy footsteps
tramp up and down in the empty room from
whence you have home your dead. But it
comes never In the hush ol night, to wipe
away your tears!
Wanted an nngel for Hcnvcn! Can you
look upT Can you bear the splendor of thnt
sight Ten thousand celestial beings, nnd
your own radiant child in their midst.
Wanted angels for Heaven! Cling nut too
closely to your beautiful treasures, children
3r"" Thomas D'Arey McGhee, a distin
guished Irishman of New York, has been
back to the 'ould counthry' lecturing on the
subject of Irish emigration to the United
States. Since his return, he admits thnt ho
told his countrymen in the "green isle" that
Washington was not a Democrat in the Eu
ropean signification of that term, nnd thnt
the burden of his advice was: "If you can
live nt home; stuy at home, but if you must
emigrate, know beforehand what you hnve to
expect in the United States. Do not be de
ceived, Irishmen are unpopular there; the
best days of the Irish in America are over, n
newer nnd less ripened field is butter for mere
An Editor's Vindication of a Friend
An editor in vindicating the private char
acter of a friend, who had been nailed for
the crime of sheep-stenting, thus defends
"We have known Mr. Thomas for twelve
yenrs. Unr acquaintance commenced with
the great enuinoxinl storm, which blew down
our grand lather's barn. At this time ho was
n yonng man, in the prime of life, nnd we
think raised the best marrowlnt peas we ever
eat. He wns a good mathematician, kind to
the poor, and troubled with tits. In nil the
relations of a husband, l'ath-r, uncle, and
trustee ot common lands, he has followed
the direct standard of duty. Mr. Thomas is
nt this time forty-three years of age, slightly
marked with tho small pox, a church member
miiu n until ill nnuwii iiiM-ei iv, ur .en veaia-
And M t BteBn fewt he wouUlhave
done it if hB coud ct nn 0pp0rtunilVl
without foundation in point of fact. Mr. T
could have stolen our lead pencil several
Um but didn t do it.
fW We cordially concur with the New
Orleans Delta, that it is passing strange tlia
"people will waste so much time in writin
anonymous communications to newspapers,
when they know, or should know, that such
documents are seldom over read, and never
published. We receive piles of such docu
ments every day, on almost every imaginable
subject, and they are of course, promptly
consigned to the waste barrel. A communi
cation on any subject, to receive the slightest
attention, should be accompanied with a re
07" The capital invested in the ninnufac
tnries of Lowell, Mass., on the 1st of January
amounted to over 814,000,000. There arc 63
mills running, 371,838 spindles and 71,407
looms; at these and other departments of tho
woolen and cotton manufacture, 8,723 females
and 4,543 males are employed. This working
force produced weekly 3,238,000 yards ol
I ..I...U nntnn . 1- -I nit nm
cotton cloth, 30,000 yards of woolens, 23,000
yards of carpeting, and CO rugs, consuming
therefor 735,000 lbs. cotton and 90,000 lbs.
Speech from the GALLOws.-James Parks,
who was executed at Cleveland, Ohio, on Fri
day, for the murder of a man nnmed Bentson
made quite a long speech from the gallows,
Referring to his family ho said :
I leave a dear wife, who has, in my long
confinement been nn nngel in her aolicitud
and care of me. I had never known her vir
tues, hud it not been for my sad misfortune
I lenve n dear infant, who has been taught to
clasp its arms around my neck, nnd whom
love dearly. 1 leave aged parents, now near
eighty years old, rrom whose kind hearts I
had hoped to keep the and news of the igno.
miliums fate ot their sun. (tlore his voice
faltered, nnd he burst into tears.) It was to
the sake of all these that I attempted yeste
dav tn shorten mv life u day.
When I mn taken hence give my body to
my wife. I commend her and her child to
you. Let her not suffer in want, Heresom
kind person proposed to express the feelings
of those present, by taking up a contribution.
and it was done on the spot; and 044 60 was
contributed. Un seeing It, Parks seeme
moved bv the kindness, nnd thanked them
...:.U '.M...KI Uo ........A..A I...
Willi (UIIBIUCIKI,.. euiubiuu, v..vuu-u UJ
declaring his innocence; and gave the signal
lor execution, by dropping a liunkonniei.
Bounty Land Warrants. The Pension
Office is now issuing from 350 to 800 war.
rants per day of the 130 and 160 acre class,
n0I1 f the 80 acres have yet been issued.
During the month of March there were filed
I in the Pension Office sbout 35,000 claims
A, t)i of wl)oh t(ey ow
warranu wlt from four t five roonth
, Umt amount T)e wammU
,MUed In t,e order (i, which the elaims were
forwurded to the Pension Office. It is stated
that claims filed at the present time will not
be acted upon for at least one year.
, fc7"Johu Van PureD, the "copperhead" ab
olitionist, Is oat In a letter of opposition to the
American party. - . , , j
..-ARRIVAL OF THE ATLANTIC -
. New Yoric, June 13.
TJit mull steamship Atlantic has arrived,
bringing news from Europe to the 3d Inst
Her news is, by for, the moat important
since the announcement of the tattle of Al
.n mn, . . , .- .
The Allies hnd captured Itersch In the
Sea of Azof, after a pfolonged tJlstance;had
also curried the Russian enmp tuVTehernnya,
nnd gained several successes before Subas
tupol. " t ' I-
The news comprises accounts' of three sev-
ill successes of the Allied sVraies.
Firstly, of the French troops who were
completely victorious in a sanguinary conflict
nsting through the whole night of the 33nd
if Mav. Diirinir this ball I the French
took nn Important position ofoifece or place
Annus before Seb'istiNbol vttikh they stNl
retain, not lower innn ouvuniM. wore sill
ed or wounded mostlyjn ' ' jhWd on
counters with the bayonlCT0., second
success was in a brilliant nnd rapid advance
Tcliernnyn, in which they succoded in
seizing nnd retaining the Russian lines with
out sustaining much loss. The Russians
abandoned their cauip and retreated to the
The third success wns thosceret erpcd'ulon
f the Allies directed to the Sea of Azof.
The expedition obtained possession ol the
fortress of Kertsch nnd now commune th
Sea in which there are fourteen of the Allies
steamers. ' " '
The Russians on approach of the enemy '
blew up the forts nnd set fire to four steam
ers, thirty transports and half a million Sacks
f breadstufis, to prevent them fulling into
the hands of the Allies.
France and England hnve decisively de
fined any further conferences at Vienni.
Latest News. Belgium is about joining
Breadstuffs dull and unchanged. Provisions
advanced. Cotton active.
The French have established a camp nt
It is now certain that Belirium will furnish
30,000 men to aid the Afllesf '
Some hopes of peace lire said to prevail
in consequence of the recent -Russian rever
ses. Very Latest. When tile .steamer Drivor
was sent into tho Baltic ports to serve vessels
with nn official notice of the blockade she
found the American ship Samuel Appleton,
of Boston, which was served with a warning
to clear out within six days. A day or two
afterwards, when out cruising,site fell in with
tho Appleton, nn officer whs sent on board to
examine her papers, which -were found per
fectly in order. Whereupon the officer de
manded to see her bill of lading. Tho Anieri
can Captain objected, and 'began to make
difficulties. The officer insisted that the Ap
pleton had just landed at Baptistport 10,000
revolvers, 50,000 rifles, besides ubuut 800
bills of cotton as the ostensible part of her
cargo. J lie ship was curelully overhaul'
ed, but nothing contraband was found.
A French private despatch from Varna
states, that the Allies are in possession on
Tcheryuna on the right bank of the rivor.
Two Russian butteries' and several batul
ions were detached from the north of Sebas-
tupol and are advancing for the support of
the retreating force.. -
English funds opened Friday with a fur
thor slight re-aelion, but a gradual recovery
took place and the market closed with a re
newed firmness and a decided improvement
in the afternoon, attributed to the satisfueto
ry accounts of the progress of the Allied
jquadron in the Sea of Azof, coupled with
the report thnt tho Grand Duke Constantino
hud resigned his position as Grand Adini
ral in the Russian Navy, and that the
peace party is in the ascendant at St. Peters
Viroinian at Sebastofol. The Peters
burg Express snys that the friends of Mr-
John Mooro JlcNeaso, a gcntlnman well
known In Petersburg, have received letters
from him dated Subustopol. '
He says that the bouib-shells nre fnmilin
with him, nnd fall playfully among the lads
in the trenches, explode and add numbers tu
Kingdomuome by knocking them: into smith.
ereens! He says a man teels as if he s hav
ing a glorious time of it when in the midst
of such excitement, nnd that after being
killed and knocked to yiects two or three times,
one becomes used to it ana thinks nothing of
An Editor's own Drirk. According to
the Princeton Kentuckian, the following is a
receipt for the exclusive lrink of McGondin,
the magnificently funnj editor of the Padu
cah American: - " '
"Take one pint good whiskey, stir in well
one spooniui oi wuisney, men oa anotnei
pint of whiskey; best carefully with a spoon
una seep puunug in nsynsey. rill largi
bowl with water, and make the servant si
lt out of your reach. Take a small tumbler
pour in two spoonsful of water; pour out the
water nnd fill up wifll whiskey, and add t
the above. Flavor with whiskey to your
taste. ' ' " i ; ' i
SlAQNITUD OF TBI B,AtTH. ACcOrdin
to a recent authority the circumference o
the globe Is twenty-Gve thousand snd twenty
miles. It is not so easy to comprehend so
stupenduous a circle as to put down its x.
tent in figures. It becomes mora, palpable'
perhaps, by comparison, such as tills: A rail-'
way train travelling incessantly night and
'iduy, nt the rate of twenty-live miles air hour,
would require six.. week to. go. round it-
The unpico! bulk of the earth ie.lwoihundred
nnd sixty thousand, millions of cubic miles!
Dr. Lardner says if th materials w hich form
the globe were built up lnth- vf tol.
umn, having a pedestal of E isnojahd Wales,
tho height of the column jFonld - be nearly
four and a half million df miles. A tunnel
through th earth, from England to New Ze
nnd, would be nearly eight Jhousand miles
long. ' , .
THE MADNESS OF THE HOUR.
With all our boasted civilization there hns
rnrely been a period In the history of the
world when fanaticism hns so completely lnid
hold of ninsees of the people ns at present.
In recurring to the past, whether It be to the
bloody scenes Of ruffglous persecution, the
absurdities of superstition, the trial and burn
ing, or drowning of witches', and other kin
dred enormities of human folly, passion and
degradation, we find some palliation In the
fact that the intelligence of the people wns
only about equal to their practices. The most
capacious intellect of the times wns almost
invariably impaired by the illiberal principles
which pervaded society, nnd it wns very rare
that any man rose superior to the prejudice,
bigotry, intolerance and superstition which
surrounded him. When he did, however, it
was but to become tho luckless mark for the
arrows of persecution, to be honored, if at all,
only by a posthumous fame.
' In our day, and especially in our country'
everything is just the reverse of nil this.
Whatever there may be of bigotry, Intoler
ance, prejudice, superstition nnd other absur
dities, and however any of these things mny
be sustained by the pulpit or the press ornny
other public institution, there aro pulpits nnd
presses which ore free to preach a different
doctrine, and do so every day. The broad,
sound and substantial principles of free gov.
eminent, toleration, moderation, nnd all those
elements of greatness essential to the civil
and social welfare of mankind, are enunciated
continually before the eyes und in the enrsof
the people; yet, notwithstanding, the most
hideous fanaticism and the very profligacy of
passion aro exhibited befure large associations
f the people, not only without rebuke, but
often with applause.
A report is published in the New York pa.
pers of n "Maine Law" meeting held at Wil
liamsburg the other evening. The Odcon, a
urge building, was crowded with ladies and
gentlemen. Addresses were delivered by the
Rev. H. W. Beeeher, tho Rev. VV. W. King,
and the Hon. E. D. Culver. The New York
Express In its notice of the meeting says:
"Rev, Mr. King said that if our authorities
were sustained by the people this Inw would
be enforced. He would rather thnt the lives
of 20,000 citizens of the city of New York
should be sacrificed, than this law should not
be enforced, nnd he, for one, wns ready,
should the exigency of the case demand it, to
shoulder a musket or wield. a sword, and if
need be, to shed his Inst drop of blood in the
defence of this cause. , Applause and
I'here were those present who had the
humanity and independence to hiss this rev
erend, but must ungodly sentiment. And we
are conhdent that few persons could reflect
upon it for a moment without rejecting it.
It comprises ,a thorough abandonment of
every christian principle and all tho modern-
tion which Is indispensable to social order
und the efficiency of nil law. It is quite
possible to go on with legislation from one
thing to the other until civil war is inevitable,
And it is just such men as this Rev. Mr. King
who are quite capable of pushing Maine-law
principles to that extremity. Perhaps the
lesson which he mny now learn from the in
discreet zeal of Neil Dow, at Portland, may
serve to admonish him of the possibility of
excess even upon thnt subject. If not, it is
quite clear that Mr. King is up for a fight,
nnd looks forward to the fourth of July in
the Statu of New- York ns the inauguration of
a grand military struggle, In which the liquor
law is to be finally disposed of with powder
and ball, or nt the point of the bayonet. Mr.
King is probably nn napirant for the" office of
Reverend General of a I'ious Division of
horse fool or dragoons." -
Talkino and Doing. It is easy to (aft it
Is hard to do. We can all of us talk, but can
we all do?
There Is a difference, very wide nnd signifi
cant, between the two. Ho or she who talks
the most, us the world goes, does the least.
Either is exhausting nnd ns contruative tn
nature as in position. Tho man who starts
off slap-dash and puts his hands und head
square upon the shoulders nnd hips of things,
is the doer. It is he who rules the world,
whether its circle be the neighbdrhood of his
locality, the city, State or nation. He who
dullies-tafcj nnd tnlks nnd dallies never
does else of consequence. His hands hnve
no power of grasp; his bruins no pluck and
energy. He Is the talker.
We like the doer. He is the mnn, or she
the woman for us. Talk may have its place,
but it never yet of itself made a pin, lifted
brick, wenved a fabric, or germed a useful,
solid thought. There is ns much difference
between the two, ns between a gingerbread
horse at the baker's, and a bold pacer at th
race course, .
03 Among other auecdotea of Gen. Pel
issior, It is related that very early in his mili
tary career, when a young man in Paris, he
got into some littl trouble, in consequence
of which he was sent to Africa, by way of
punishment. - There he soon acquired the
reputation of a fire-eater, . It is narrated of
him, that on oue occasion being, as chaf de
bataillon, in command oi a company of a pun
ishnisnt corps called the Zephyrs, he attacked
a mud fortress occupied by Arabs. His men
in vain attempted to get ever III well. Th
Arabs kept good look .out and repulsed
every assault. J?ellssier at length said to
three or four men'ubout hjm, "Throw : in
over, I m sur the company will follow tne."
His order were executed.- For two or three
minute h wo alone In the nmy V position,
and in thut apse of time he received three pr
four wounds- But he bad rightly judged the
effoct of his hardihood. ' The men flawed
him and th place was taken j - ' . , -
r The Ohio Know Nothing Slats Conn
ell hui resoveu'. not to nominate a Stat
ticket for th approaching election, but unite
with Intrusion party.- : ,.
TO MY FELLER CITIZENS. ON LICKER
t sang about ths Loans lsLl
In strsynes thst tuok;
And now I tewn my harp ., -
To utber subjees.
The frrsstest evil of ths dsy
And I reyse my wsrnin' toyoe
To all my feller citizens,
To warn them of their daneer1.
There's hardly young feliur
About this town hut loves .',
To take a soshel horn, and
Humtimei, too, they get upon a boat
And break things all to smashes.
fow doln' so Is what
want to make 'em quit,
For jest as shore as they
Keep on, they'll waist their
Time and munny, and perhaps
Injur their he) til.
, Thar's an ole feller
Reals about ths streets
Most every day, that oussss 'i i r
Drefle,' and its lioker - '
. Makes hirri do it.- Nov f . ..
. uu uun v iiii-eiiu iu-'tBL
You must anit e-oin' to
The Oroee'rys and irfilivbirnr':
Or you may get to be like him.
Bgr" Strange revelations nre made in the
New York Sur. concerning certain leading
American flllibustcrs -of such n character as
to demand a pNHnpt explanation from the
The pith of these disclosure IS, that Gen.
Quitman, together with sundry retired officers
of the United States Army, agreed to get up
n military force to protect the landing of arms
tor the Cubans, for which, it Is alleged, they
received 810,000 in hand. Two' steamers"
were chartered, in conjunction of which
50,000 was at once paid down; in thirty
days thereafter 50,000 more was advanced,
followed by nn additional $50,000 when the
captain reported himself ready to sail,
The money was all paid in good faith, nnd
nil of it wns to be forfeited if the recipients
did not start in thirty days from the time the
vessels wore reported tor sen. But when tne
lime came for sailing, it Is charged thnt the
government was informed of the scheme on
loot, and tne result was tne wnoie anair wns
knocked in the head. The government at
Washington was lot into the Becret, and so
wore the Cuban authorities. And thus, says
the Sun. one hnndrnd nnd fillv thousnnd
" . J . I
nrs were swent nwuv by one fouLutroc ous
piece of treachery.
"PB"" An Indian trader nnmed Pieot, who
hns nrrived nt Wolf River, Kansas, from the
Blnckfeet country, with 30,000 buffalo robes,
says that he passed through tho Sinnx coun
try, lie heard nil the tribes uf that nation
tnlkinir about the war which they were ex
pecting to have with the United States, nnd
moving in Inrge numbers down towards Fort
Laramie. Picut reports that the Big Chief
Mountains In the Bluckfcet country, abound
in buffiilnos of a larger, more shaggy nnd fe
rocious kind than those of tho plains; thnt
more than a hundred thousand of them nre
annually siam i.y ,ie n.iniers, wn.ie a "
number perish in the snows mid rivers, nnd
yet there is no apparent diminution in their
numbers. Oilier traders who hnve arrived
from the plains report meeting sovefal Sioux
warriors at Ash Hollow, who, however, treat
ed them kindly, nnd said they would make a
trouty of peace if they could, or fight, if they
must. On the 15lli of May, Col. Cook left
Foit Laramie, with two detachments, one of
infantry and one ot cavalry, nnd will reach
Ash Hollow early in June.
l3rThe Philadelphia Times says it has
good reasons to believe that the sale of the
Canndns tn the Goverment of the United
Slntes is about to be taken into consideration
by the Dritish Cabinet, and to be submitted
to Parliament.- The. important step, it says,
has been surrrrestcd by the accumulating debt
of England, now amounting to nbont eight
hundred millions of pounds sterling, or four
billions of dollars; the umonnt of now bur.
dens which the war is casting upon nn al
ready over-taxed people; the financial embar
rassments entailed on the mother country by
unproductive colonies, and the formidable
ttitude ot opposition recently assumed dv
the commercial classes against the rule of
the" aristocracy, and tho evils of their polit -
ical supremacy. It is stated thnt many of
the leading statesmen and political econ
omists of Englnnd advocat the sale of some
of the principal colonies, with their own con
sont, or the concession to them of national
Western Missouri and Kansas. The
St. Louis Intelligencer says-:
We have erntifving informntlon- from the
West. Peace prevails in Kansas, and order is
restored in Missouri. It is sincerely hoped
that all lawlessness is nt an end, nnd that the
bona tide settlers in Kansas, led thither by
their own spontaneous impulses, may be per
mitted to attend to their own affairs, and
model a State to suit themselves and their
offspring thut are to come after thorn. An
extract from nn intelligent friend on the bor
der of Kansas envs: "Affairs in the main nre
flowing ahead in Kansas very prosperously
nnd very tranquilly, mere ao notapponr
be any strifes beyond what nre Incidenlul.
new settlements in the wilderness, and pi
sonul conflicts about claims, which yield to
t-ff The great body of readers will have
experienced tome gratification in the an
nouncement contained in the late California
advices relative to the famous Colonel Sutter,
the discoverer of gold in California. Con
siderable sympathy hns been recently excited
.1 :...i ..r . ....!. r ..'. . ...kt..t.
UV HIS rCUIUII Ul M v. iuiviuivhiim nnwn
j j ,l , , i , m .
reuueru m r. . ,.-u. ....cnuc .u
... I , L U... ... J..nl.. k.. -I..I.
poverty, out iiv mm mwwuij vvvumv ricn
again by the land commissioner confirming
his claim to thirty-three square league of
Marriage Portions. It was one' of the
laws of Lycurgus, that no portion should be
given with young women In marriage,
When this great lawgiver was sailed upon to
justify this enactment, observed : "That in
tit choice of a wife, merit only should be
considered, nnd that th law was : mad to
prevent young women being chosen for their
riches, or neglected for their poverty."1 , ;
ffliriBSA. llio "" . .J Vlll
say thst t a marble yard near Its office they
-lr -preparing gravestones with dagurroro,
type of th dcceasedJMt In the marble'. Th
idea is poet'Kyuid if generally followed would
make living galleries, through which the eye
would delight to wndr, of the gloomy
grv-yd; , ,ri ,,.,,. ,',
WHAT JEFFERSON SAia -We
so often hear the declaration of our
opponents, that Thomas Jefferson not only
opposed, but abhored the principle and alms
which characterize the American party, thai '
We think it well to show the people what his
views were upon this matter. Our reader
will bear in mind that these views were exJ
pressed at a time, too, when annual emtgrrw
tion to this country was not oneUwentieth
what it lias been each year of the present
decade. ' We beg each render to ask himself
if he could have placed himself, more n
quhocally, on American gronnd, than he has
In the following extract, which will be found
In his Notes on Virginia: ' -:,
"Citll goternment being the sole object of
forming societies, its administration must be
conducted by common consent. Every species'
of government has its specific principles. Our
sre more peculiar than those of any other la
the universe. It is n composition of the freest
principles of the English constitution, -with
ryTi-! nflt,ln,l fight, or natural
I"1,.r-;thlnB' nsn be more -ep4
i such wo aro to expect the '
of emirrants. The will
bring with them the principles of the gov-
em ments they leave, imbibed in their early
youth; or, if able to throw them oft, It will
be in exchange for nn unbounded licentious-
ness, passing, as is as usual from one extreme
to another. It would be a miracle were the
to stop precisely at the point of temperate
liberty. These principles, with their language
they will transmit to their children. In pro-
portion to their numbers, they will share with
uj tn the legislation. They will infuse into it
theif spirit, wdrp and bias its direction, and
render it a heterogeneous, incoherent distracted
mast. I mny appeal to experience during the
present contest, for verification of these con'
jectures. But if they be not certain in eventj
nre they Hot possible,' nre they not probablel
Is it not Safer to wait with patience twenty.
seven years dni three monihs longer for the
attainment of any degree of population de-
sired) or expected t May not our government
be more homogeneous, more peaceable, more
JnH Van Bobenvs. the Know NoTHiNas.
1 ?e "?n,oc.ral ' 1X84V orK, Thursday
evening, iiiuminntea i nmmany Hall from top
to bottom, and fired 100 guns in the Park, in
I I' L n !! .1 . . . . r. ., , -.
""-" "" Virginia eiecuon. in rnuaoer'
phin the Democrats, on the same evening, met
in independence square and tired 100 gunss
Processions, interspersed with tranpnfneiS
moved through the streets, and speochea
were made. - ; i . u .;
John Van Buren, the prince of Freesoilcrsl
wasjnvited to be present and Address the
New York meeting. Being unable to do so,
lie sent the committee a letter, in which ho
glorifies Mr. Wise and denounces the Know
Nothings. Like Seward, Greely, Weed", Gid
dings, and oilier abolitionists he has no use for
the American party. Sacannah Republican,
tW A census of Russia, taken by order
of the Czar in 1851, gives the area of the
Empire ns S75,413 square miles, the popul,
,; on kso ..ii;.. :i
tion 65,213,589 population to square mile.
114. in tne above statement, the regular
army nnd the Kirgish hordes nre not included.
There exist, according to the recent census,
in the whole Russian Empire, tliirty.four
towns with more than 30,000 inhabitants.
In the United Slntes a country much newer
than Russia, and with pnly about one-third
of her population, there nre thirty towns of
30,000 nnd upwards, whose aggregate popu
lation is 2,391,609. This fact shows the
difference in the social condition of the two
Bank Bills Not Monet. In the case of
the State of Georgia vs. Russell M. Tutlle,
tried before the Superior Court of Chatham
i.nnn(v. nn ttm 1A tnaf Ilia Inilinlmanliik.-n.
H tlin nrianntsi With Vtut-lnrv .u-Ui)lnl O ' Z
Origgs out of 600 in money. The oou'nsel
for u,0 prisoner nsked the Court to instrnct
the jury thut bank bills were notcomprchended
in the ternf money, but thnt money meant
only coin, which instruction the. Court (toun.
sel having been heard on both sides) give)
and the evidence having shown it was bank
not iruj ;ty. .
bills Oiauihu prisoner received, h was founa
Ait Old Subscriber Gone! We regret
says the Virginia Herald of the 38th ulL, to
announce the death of Col. John Thorn, who
died at his residence in Culpeper county, on
Tuesday last, in the 85th year of his age.
Col. T. wns the oldest subscriber to a Vir
ginia newspaper in the State having taken
the "Virginia Herald" for sixty.fonr years,
and whnt is unusual, always paid for it
3f The Spiritual Telegraph states that
an avaricious landlord, residing on Long
Island, seized upon, snd carried home the
spinning-wheel of a poor woman in default of
rent, receiving her malediction that "he might
starve in the mid it of plenty." Strange to say,
his aosophagus (the passage leading from the
mouth to the stomach) soon began to dimin
ish in size, nnd nt the end of a few months it
sed up, so that he could not'
'cle of food. He thus actually
"starved lu the midst of plonty.
To Ignite Damp Matches. Adamp match
will light rapidly by first holding it to th'
arm or other warm part of the body for few
seconds, until it attracts a small amount of
heat, then rubbing it gently on a woolen'
cloth of close texture, such as doe-skin, or
whnt is commonly used lor pantaloons. , IV
will ignite if the composition is almost as soft
1 ., . ti - . . . .
that cuse, as it causes little friction, and
d non-conduclor or heat.
When vou aes a young man who bus's
hollow feeling, about 1 1 o'clock in th fore
noon, and four o'clock in the afternoon.
wlrch reouire a "little sumtliin tr)' carry
off," make up your mind that, unleas h drive
thut institution out 01 town, it win on nay
carry him otT 1 ' ,1 ...
It is stated that the U. 8. Treasury Is now
burthened willi the custody of five milHona
of dollar In small silver change, from' half
dollars to three cent piece. Two or three
I years ago ther was a universal complaint of
1 the scarcity of small coin, ithr America
1 HI .i 1 . I
I ty An old bishop, famous for hie wif.
I said ho was surprised at two thing. Om
was that th Roman Catholics, Who say lit
I scripture is very obscure, nevertheless rarely
explained it i their sermons; the otner, UN
I th protcs'.ants, who say the Soriptur
rl"dyi nevMtheieM pliii I"WJ
TT 1 .
.. 1. 'i -
,V. f' ft
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