Newspaper Page Text
ft. t. IVINS, EDITOR AND rROPRlRTOR.
t Tr-rmsl II a year; payable la aaranca, or 8 at
mflinlratlaa af tha year.
f w No papar aiacftnttnnad ontn an immfM are
Said, tteoot at tho option of tha Pahllithr.
Por innicki tha mm of sandldaua tor S5,
OblMarf Itollots ever II llm, hart' at ths refalsr
SAvarUting ratas. ... .. , . . ,
All snmmanteatama tnteiA4 to prowiwoi tlie rt4ro
mil or Inurt.ti of OorporaUans, ffnclottoo, School or
lodlTHfaala, will bs ckargnl aa aaVtrtlMmsnta.
(MIAN H. lWI(t
ATHENS, rRIBAVtJTVNB IS,
3gT" It will bo Men that the commercial
, letter of our Atlanta correspondent quotes
Wheat at that place, new crop, at eighty
roots per bushel, while the Angusta letter
quotes it at $1,50. Tiice must be some mis
take. - . ' ,
IW A friend has furnished a brief sketch
of the speaking at this place on Tuesday
last, between the candidates for Congress,
which will be found in the next column.
HT'John C. Burch, Esq., of Chattanooga,
ts announced In the Chattanooga piipers as a
candidate to represent Hamilton county In
the next Legislature.
We publish tiwlay a communication
from our esteemed friend, G. W. Mnyo, Esq.,
or London. Mr. Mnyo having been assailed
' "! 10 exercise ine ngni wnicn ho pos
sesses In common, wi
.country, in expressing
men and public measures,
tate for a moment to give him a place in our
columns to set himself right and "vindicate
- the truth of history." Things have attained
a pretty condition truly, if respectablo citi.
sens Americans by birth and education
cannot give publicity to their sentiments in
regard to men aspiring to the highest office
in the State, without having their motives im.
pugned and being subjected to the illiberal
and uncalled for criticisms of partisan edi
tors. 3 Granville C. Torbett, of the Nash,
ville Union, is announced as a candidnto for
Congress in the Nashvillo District. He does
.not run with the hope of being elected, but
merely that General Zollicnffcr may have op
position. Another notable instance of sacri
ficing one's "privato affairs' to the public
. Geo. Law. Pink, theablo New York cor
respondent of the- Charleston Courier, says
of the efforts thnt are making to bring Geo.
Law forward for the Presidency :
- "Though some peoplo are absurd ennngh
,to talk about nominating George Law for
President, and others weak enough to think
. be would be a suitable candidate, solid and
sensible men Inngh at the endeavors of his
crew to hoist him into so elevated a position.
A man should at least be able to write a
, grammatical letter and spell some of the
.words correctly before he is mentioned
. in connection with the Presidential succes
. aion." ...
We entirely agree with the Courier's cor-
- respondent, and add, if tho new party tnnnot
. get up some belter material than Geo. Law
to run for President, it will deserve the dis-
graco and defeat which will overtake It by
; placing such a man in nomination. Ever
since the election of Gen. Andrew Jackson,
. availability, and not ability, has been con-
- aidercd tho chief qualification for tho Chief
Magistracy of tho Union; and tho rctrogadc
movement has been so continuous and sue-
eessful that the office has got tolerably low
down in the scale of statesmanship necessary
to fill it. Tho result of the last experiment
In that direction ought to be suflicent to pre-
rent the country from repenting it.
Bobrtt Land. By the following Circular
from theCommissionerof Pensions, for a copy
' of which we arc indebted to Win. T. Black-
Well.EwVt of this place, it will be seen that
' the soldiers raised in 1836, and served cxclu
' aively in the removal of the Indians w ith
whom no war existed, are cut off from any
participation of benefits from the late Bounty
' Pension Office! MayUO, 1855.
Sir: The bounty land claim of . ov,
; filed under the act of 3d March, 1855, for
services rendered in the removal of the Chero
kee Indians under Cnpt. Tennessee
' United States volunteers, has been examined.
.- As it is shown by documents on file that said
company was part of the forces raised under
an act of Congress passed May the 10th, 1836,
and served exclusively in the removal of said
' Indians, with whom no war existed during
, iinirmunmnmanaiu me nenents or the
; above and all other bounty land acts extend
only to those who were called into service by
the authorities of a Slate, or Territory, and
have been paid for the same by the United
- States, or who served in some one of the
several wars in which this country has been
- engaged since 1790, said claim cannot bo nl
; lowed. Very respectfully,
L. P. W A I. IX), Commissioner.
t3r""The Memphis Eagle and Enquirer
. says, the "kitchen cabinet" at Washington
baa dispersed, most of It
ken to the woods to while
months. Hon. Jeff Davis is in Mississinni.
t. and the Vioksburg Sentinel intimates that he
' will "embrace tho occasion" to address the
people on political topics. As the "occasion"
'. is inanimate, Mr. Davis might mare agreeably
i : employ himself by "embracing" lomething
' ilie! '
1 tSJ" We are requested to correct an error
in point of names, (althoug the faclt related
are true) which occur in an article in the last
' KnoxTille Whig, in relation to a statement
anode by a late candidate for Congress. The
'n' gentleman who made the statement, and
t .. which statement Is true, Is not Dr. Lillnrd,
il who waam the last Legislature from Meigs
ounly, but Lieut. VV'm. C. Lillard, of that
wl sounty. t As the error Is Important enough
o have -elicited attontiaa, tk Whig is re-
guested to nuke the eortection in regard to
' name. '., . . ,
y i.: it. Of A portion ef ths Suapeaaion Bridge
av. Jfliisbvtlle, gtv way oa Batanby hut,
while a heavily laden wagsJsssd sv baggy
, was crossing, both of whluH Vent throsgh to
' 'f8 water, a diataaca af oa hundred) and ten
) fceV Several persons went on the bridge at
the lline of the aeeident andesenped by ran.
"'ulng.. The driver of ths wagon escaped with
ir' a' broken Ihigbf and (ha gentleman in the
M- '"bug"? without sny serious injury whatever.
inter' sccount says a youth, a nephew of
Bf. Rosa, of Nashville, was drowned.
- TUB DEBATB OF TUESDAY.
Messrs. Anderson and Smith met at this
pises on last Tuesday evening, apon an ap
pointment made by the- latter. Col A. had
not expected tn bs on the stump for several!
days, (during harvest,) bnt finally determinsd
to accompany his opponent. Mr. Smith open
ed lbs discussion by referring to the " frank.
Ing business, accompanied by strictures up
on the "Post" andthe"ChattanoognGazette."
For t current Congressman his language
might bs deemed intemperate, and the easti
gntion svaa intended to be very severe, con
sidering the size of the offence, which he
styled sa being too "little, low, and mean"
to demand sny notice at his hands. But as
hiscompetltor had referred to it he would
note once, for all, right here in the town of
Athens, give It the rebuke it deserved. After
thus characterizing the charge, he applied the
same and other epithets to the " Post," and
Indeed bandied hard words with some degree
of glibntts. The audience looked upon it
ss quite an explosion, for a man rather noted
for his suavity. He thonght it very provok
ing for an editor to refer to his official con
ductfor the Congressman to write a- letter
explanatory, and for the editor then to pub
lish that letter with comments worse than the
editorial complained of. The expiation was
more aggravating than the sin itself. This
time he justified himself for sending tho
documents, upon tho ground that he "cm.
ployed the Union office to print them; that he
bought and paid for them for his constituents.
nt knew nothing about it.
grounds might be deemed
sufficient: First, he emplnytd the printer;
econd, he bought them; third, he ordered
them; fourth, and Inst Pierce was not consult
ed. He passed to the American party, quot
ed from the document wheh he had printed!
ordered, paid for, nnd franked charging that
the Know Nothings of tho North are all nb
olitinniats. Those of the South he admitted
were as good Southern men ns any. And
thus he spent an hour and a quarter. Col.
Anderson made divers good points on him
in reply. He wanted to hear an account of
his opponent's achievements in Congress, or
at least some of the results so lavishly prom
ised two years ago such as his offer of a
million nnd a quarter acres of land to the Ra
bun Gap Road; where was the South Caroli
na dclgntion, whose aid he said then ho had
secured; where was President Pierce on this
question; and finally where does his opponent
now stand! Col. A. exposed tbo fallacy of
charging nbolitionism upon Northern Know
Nothings, by showing that the same men
lived there now who had voted for Piereo
that in some States ho had received 10.000
majority, that there were 10,000 foreigners
who did not belong to the new order, in
these same Statos, and that the party must
have gotten large accessions from the dem
ocratic party in order to control a majority,
In short, that the tendencies in all the North
ern States were to free soilism, and every
majority would have that element in it, but
the Col. appealed to the Platform of the
Philadelphia Convention recently assembled
which directly ignore agitation on this sub
Fine The Nashville Banner, of the 19th,
gives sn account of a destructive fire in that
eity. It snys:
"lduerday afternoon between 8 and 4
o clock, a kettle of boiling pitch in the pa
tent roof manufacturing establishment of Mr.
J. T. Kathurst, on College Hill, took fire, and
before sny water could be brought to bear
...... 1...M.1: j . t .
iij'uu ib, uuiiuiiiK, n. quantity oi rosin
and other combustibles in the yard caught,
and were soon in a general conflagration, the
masses of dark smoke and lurid flame pre-
tenting a most fearful apectaole. . The South
isnsnviue furniture Jtianntactory adjoining,
soon became involved in the names, and we
regret most sincerely to say, was burnt to the
ground, together with the valuable machinery
lb coiumue'i, aim inss quantity OI nno
cabinet work in various stsges of progress,
sad some 110,000 worth of choice lumber in
1ST The following are the States that
seceded from the National Know Nothing
Convention, because of the adoption of the
- M ichigan,
. Whole number of delegates in the Con-
vention, 225; bolters, 63.
HPGeorgo Shortpdgo, Esq., of Shelby
county, Ala has been nominated by the
Mate Know Nothing Convention, ns 'the can'
didate for Governor. Judge Shortridge is a
Uemcernt ol the Old Panel.
The Maine Liquor law furor la react
ing with a vengeance. In Illinois the nnti
prohibitionists have recently defeated their
opponents by a large majority. An antl
prohibitionist mass meeting was held at
I-ancnster, Lo., on Saturday. It was largely
attended, J he delegation from Berks county
l mm too upper townships oi mncasler county
lL l l- -.t
. V -sfexfeTded a mile in length. In Massauh ueetts.
' ..... i in, j. v. . u,t 1 1 1 1 an u
S. Burtlett, have deliv.itd an opinion thnt
the liquor law of that State ia unconstitu
tional in its most Important provisions. The
Maine lawites are unfoitunnU in drafting
their statutes. Char. Cour. .
Hr is an American. Mr. Jos. Dallis.who
hss been engaged at the Philadelphia Navy
Yard for many years as principal boat builder,
was removed on Saturday, and his plnce fill
ed by an Irishman nnmcd McCrlm. The
charge against Mr. Dallas waa that ha was an
American, ' '
37The Mobile (Ala.) Tribune, a leading
States Rights Democratic paper says: "The
Know Nothings seem to ns to be just as safe,
as far as any reliance on the North is concern'
ed, aaany other party." '
. East TsNssssaa and Gsosoia Railsoad.
Wa are gratified to leara that the trains on
tba East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad will
aontiasoce running to JCnoxvilla on Saturday
' Both Tba Sag NicbU.of theSo'iTtHIave'
exulted with great joy .ver the ' result of
the late election ia Virginia and tha'Abo'lf-
trontetaof the Nofth and West Giddingi
Greeley, Seward and other have dona the
sam thing exited amazingly over the
same "result. What of It hplh parties have
the sama right to exBtt over that which, pftsis'
sin tnem exceedingly well.
'.'V ' HON." & A. SMITH.
We were not present nt the speaking at
this plan on Tuesday Inst, between Hon. J.
M. Anderson and Hon. S. A. Smith, having
been detained at our office by pressing "pri
vate business." - Wa regret our sbsence from
tho Court-house on that occasion, Inasmuch
ns we learn thnt Col. Smith lost his eaun.
nimlty at the commencement of his remarks,
and paid his respects to our humble self in
quite a tart and pointed manner. It seems
we have given him serious offence in the nr
tide which appeared two weeks since under
the caption of "The Franking Privilege."
A fair rending nnd understanding of thnt ar
ticle will relieve us from any Imputation to
be personally offensive to Mr. Smith; and
the statement we now make will exhoncrnte
us from the charge that the article was writ
ten with the intention of operating ngnlnst
him in the present canvass for Congress.
At the time we wrote the article In question
he wss not a candidate for Congress In the
knowledge of any one but himself nnd his
private secretary, and the article was written
under the impression and belief, ns we stated
Inst week, that the administration of Frank,
lin Pierce wns interfering in tho elections in
this State, ns it hnd recently done in Vir
ginia, and that it was using the frankt of
members to Congress to circulate documents
gotten up without regard to truth nnd fair
ness nnd to promote purposes of the most
selfish character, nnd nt n participation with
which overy American ought to blush. In
our article Inst week we stated, If we were
wrong we stood corrected. That wns suffi
cient, nnd would have been so regarded by
any one less sore nnd sensitive than Col.
Smith, Thus much is duo to ourself and ro id
em; and now ono word to Col. Smith on
tho subject of the " franking privilege," a
privilege the real intent nnd rnngo of which
he seems to but illy comprehend.
Ho stated, as we understand, hero on Tues
day, in connection with his remarks nbout
tho editor of the Athens Post, that ho hnd
tho right to do just what he had done that
he had the right to employ one. two or three
clerks to frank for him that lie had. dono
so, nnd should continue to do so as long ns
ho enjoyed tho franking privilege, nnd when
ever he pleased. What he has done it was
quilo unnecessary for him tn tell us of
what he mny intend to do God alone knows,
we do not But wo deny that Mr. Smith
has the right he assumes wo deny that the
"franking privilege" confers any such right
upon him wo deny that the law contem.
plates any such use of thnt privilege as Col,
Smith nnd many other members of Congress
make of it we deny that Win. H. Seward,
the whig abolition Senator from New York,
nnd John P. Hale, the democratic abolition
Senntor from New Hampshire, have the right
10 iranK incendiary documents over the conn.
try they enjoy the, "franking privilege" and
may use u lor sucn purposes, but they have
no rtgni to sn use it. Col, Smith enjoys the
uniting o miry?, nun may use it to circulate I
sucn documents ns that which cnlled out
our first article, but he hns no right to so use
it, because Hint document is calculated to
abuse the public mind nnd Is intended to
strengthen and perpetuate an alliance which
if not arrested, must result in grunt evil.
Such are no more "public documents" con.
templatcd by the provision conferring tho
franking privilege, than the vilest nnd most
seditious papers sent out under tho frank
of Joshua R. Giddings, nro "public doc
umonts;" nnd they cannot bo so regarded
by nny one capable of discriminating be
tween a right nnd a wrong thing. We have
no disposition to dwell upon this point to
the prejudice of Col. Smith; but when ho
uses a privilege beyond its legitimate intent
... . .
and purpose, nnd charges us with misrepre-
senting him because we Incidentally remind.
ed him of It, and justifies himself by claim-
ing it ns his right to so do, we must beg to
correct him both in his premises nnd conclu
At the conclusion of his remarks nbout
The Franking Privilege," and the Athens
Post, Col. Smith is reported to have said,
wns it not thnt tho pnper had n liberal circu
lation he should not have noticed the matter
nt nil, and thnt so fur ns the editor was con
cerned tho game was too small and the source
too contemptible, or too insignificant, to at
tract Att attention. Now we nre willing to
admit that this was pretty tight, coming from
such a source, and is said to have elicited
more attention than any thing that fell from
the gentleman's lips on Tuesday. Hnd any
one of moderate pretensions made suoh a
remark about us we could have borne it, but
falling from so grent a heiirht the uelobi i.
overpowering, the punishment too severe;
nnd should the Post fail to appear any more
tne sorrowing public will please charge the
blame to Sam. Smith and not to Sam. Ivins.
Oh, cruel, Inhuman Sammy, how could vou
say that, niter the many complimentary no.
tices we have given you, nnd nil the pretty
things we said of yon In by gono days when
you were just emerging from the chrysalis
state! Thnt, Sum, waa the unkindest cut of
all. iu Brute!" But soriousiv. wa nr.
afraid the Col. has been a little spoiled, nnd
he must excuse us for making one or two
suggestions, and wa make them with the
hope he will profit by them. First, never to
display or lose his temper before s erowd;
never to feign an indignation ha does not
really foel; never to arrogate an importance
hie merit does not entitle him to, nor to nf-
rect contempt foroua whom he cannot help 1
respecting. Such conduct Is silly. If not!
ridiculous. He ought to remember thnt ECBaby show Barnum has ended bin la
mer place confers neitherdignityorgrerttness tc8t experiment upon the gullibility and do
on the man. ; Frank Pierce in the Presidential
Chair at Washington is just as little as he
was in his law office in New Hampshire, and
the Hon. S. A. Smith, upon the floor cf
House of Representatives making what oou,r-
tesy requires us to call "s speech," ia a no
greater personage hi our estimation than
pisin Mr. Houtt, belor ths County Cqurt
Bradley, pleading for a ten shilling fee.
While in his private capacity and relatione
will alwaye be sacred from our touch, aaa pub.
Jlcna bs la neither too high' nor too pure
to esdtpeth. ahiuiadverstona of thia press.
The Engle'a Higbtjs out of aight." but
birds ; whose element is? nearer , tlie earth
arm legitimate game, ainfoist expect peca
sionally toget wiugcd.j ' '.'j - .
. . .....
(T Bacon ii worth 10 cat at tmVnlnce.
THE AMERICAN PLATFORM.
The following are the principal fentnrel
nf the Platform adopted by the National
Know Nuthiiur Convention, at Philndel.
The first section acknowledge the Sri.
preme Ruler o'-,bo Universe ss presiding
over the coic!Kifntlie nation.
The second advocates the cultivation of an
Intense American feeling,
The third regards Wis maintenance of the
Union as the primary object f patriotic de
The fourth enjoins obedience to the con
The fifth declares the wisdom of Immi
gration, offering a welcome tn the honest
emmlgrnnl seeking an asylum and protection,
but condeming the trnnsmission of felons and
Tho sixth advocates a modificntlnn of the
naturalization laws, and the repeal of State
laws allowing unnaturalized foreigners to
, The seventh avows" hostility to the corrupt
means by which party lenders nre forced up
on the people; useless political creeds; nnd
enmity against the system of rewards for
political subserviency, with disgust for the
wild hunt after office characterizing the
The eighth aims resistance to tho aggressive
policy of the Roman Catholic Church by the
advancement of those only who do not hold
civil allegiance, directly or indirectly, to any
foreign powers, civil or ecclesiastical) nnd
who are Americans by birth, education or
training. Americans only tn govern America.
Citizens to be protected in the legal nnd
proper cxereiat of Their civil nnd reliirious
rights and privileges. The mnintunnnco of
the rightaersaamin to the enjoyment of
his own religious opinions and worship, and
S jealous resistance of nil attempts, hy any
acct, denomination nr church to obtain tho
ascendancy in the State by special privileges
oroeinpi.on oy mo pon,,,,,, comn na ion o
,, ; , . . . , .
niiejmnee to lorcign potentates or ecciesias.
Section ninth. The Reformation of the
National Legislature by the selection of pure
nnd unselfish men.
Section tenth. The restriction of the ex
Section eleventh. Tho education nf youth
in ichools common to all without distinction
of freed or party. Opposition to every at
tempt to exclude tho Bible from the public
.Section twelfth comprises the slavery res
olutions nlrendy publUhi d.
Section thirteenth declares the foreign
policy of the government to be to exact jus
tics from the strongest aud to do justice to
Section fourteenth. The National Council
declares the principles of the order hence'
forh openly nvowed: and eneh member is nt
liberty to make known the existence of the
order and his membership; nnd rcccnmmendn
thnt in future there be no concealment of
the ll:l'os of the meeting of subordinate
,- - "New Orleans, June 14.
Brazos d.jteato the 10th have been rccciv
ed here, bringing intelligence that Monterey
was taken nn the 27th ult. by tho revolution'
ists. General Cnrdonn nnd sixty seven olli.
ccrs wore made prisoners; aud a considerable
amount cf munitions of war, including 26
pieces nf cannon, was catiirc(l. Business
was suspended, -
Cnrnvainl hnd crossed the Rio Grnndc. nnd
it was reported had encountered the govern- I
Concord, Juno 14.
The House proceeded to the election of
U. S. Senators. James Hell wns elected for
the Tung term nnd John P. II do for tho short
term hy Inrgo majorities. Tho Senate will
probably not go into election for a day or
tSSTThe Washington Union denies Hint
Mr. Sone wns authorized to make an offer
for the purchase of Cuba, but affirms thnt he
wns empowered to recommend the Spnnish
government to acknowledge the indepen
j ., . . .,
ue"t0 OI '-uun.ou tne properly holders ol Hie
,8lnna Pny'nS 'he treasury of Spain a
'"'' eqaivalont for the pecuniary sacrifice the
motlier country would make.
Ex-President Fillmore in Enrland.
Some of the English papers have taken oc
casion, on Mr. Fillmore's arrival in England,
to denouncu him because he signed the fngi
live slave bill, and otherwise manifested his
determination to enforce the provisions of
the constitution, while he wns President -of
th United Slates. Tl,irl,n.nii .!....,
. . . '
icvniig Kioji u tne vuuncBjr uue to a
Demanding Indemnity. The London
News, under the hopes inspired by tho news
from the Crimen, urges the necessity of impo.
sing sharp terms upon the Court of St. Pe
tersburg. "Russia," snys thnt journnl, "must
be made to give sn indemnity, to defray all
11,0 eXpenSM1 of "?r" Tlle Cznr doM
f " ,u ",u "au,s n"
fWl he Charleston Mercury snys that
the Lads of Charleston, who have been
actively engaged for some time past, in rais
ing funds to erect a monument to the mem
ory of John. C. Calhoun, hnvo been so sue-
cessful ns to ensure the accomplishment of
the noble design:
The Canal riots in Indiana are still in
progress. Gov.' Wright has declared Clay
oouhty, within that Commonwealth, in astate
ot insurrection. Th "free- and enlightened
citizens," In return, offer a reward for the
Governor's bead. The cause of these adverse
movements is the attempt of ths eitixens to
amuse themselves and show their sovereign
power by destroying a csnal, and trampling
upon authority by other acts of violence and
outrage, and the determination of the Cor
ernor to vindicate the laws.'
enJ7 of the public with eminent success.
1 "rHt dlly "is wiimen and their brats
wer0 exhibited to 11,867 curious visitors;
thel on V accond, to 17,940; on the third, to
H.868; and on the fourth and last, o
M56, affording $17,394 or aggregate re
pf We have been printing the truth in Ten.
I neswe fur sixteen years, and nothing tlte.
ha MVaeiMe Inion and "American.
W h e wt ; What a whopper I
M . . ....
rrvMrtrt the past week .bout .00
or cotaap wore sold in the New lurk
market, being tne-Aeavlest week's sale hern
wlthmthe recoljeclion of the oldest dealers.
s-.ii,,.il..u v.i. . .i
week's operations will amoHnt tq the sum
. WESLEY ON ROMANISM.
The following Is an extract from a letter I
from Rev. John Wesley, dated "City Rond,
1790. It expresses the view that it is Im-
possible to mnks a Romnn Catholic a citizen
of a Protestant or Republican government.
"With persecution I have not liinir n l.v
I persecute no man for hts roliirlnns principles.
l?L .'r?. b"nndleM." ,'ro,;H,'m.,,.n '"
fnon ns flnv mnn enn AnniiiiiuA 11, it II., A..m
not touch the point. I will set religion, true
nr fnlse, utterly out of the question. Suppose
mo dioic, ii you piense.m te n table, nnd the
rvornn to oe the word or God. I consider not
whether the Romish religion be true or false;
i ouua nothing on one or the other supposi
tion. Therefore awny with nil your common
plnce declamation nbont Intolerance nnd her.
sedition for religion I Suppose every word
of Tope Pius's creed to be true I Suppose
the Council of i rent to have been infallible;
vet I insist upon it that no government not
Romnn Catholic ought to tolerate men of the
Koinnn Lntbolic persuasion.
I prove this by a plain argument; (let him
nnswer it that can) that no Unman Catholic
docs, or ran give security for his nllcgiance
nr peaceable behavior, I prove it thus: It is a
Roman Catholic maxim, established not hy
private men, mil uy public council, that "no
faith is to ho kept with heretics.' This has
been openly nvowed by the Council of Con-
stnncc; but it was never openly disclaimed.
Whether private persons avow or disavow it,
it is a lived maxim of the Church of Rome.
But ns long ns it is so, nothing can bo more
plain, than that the members nf that Church
can give no reasonable security to any gov.
ernnient for their nllegimice nnd peaceable
oemivior. j ncrerore they ought not to bo
tolerated by anv government, Protestant,
jion.imi n.in, or mean.
Again: Those who acknowledge tho snlr-
itual power of the Pope can give no security
for their allegiance to nnv government: but
Romn Catholics acknowledge this, nnd
ley can give no security for their
Nay, not only the Pope but n priest hns the
power to pardon Htns! Jlut they that nc
Knowledge tins can not possibly give nny
security for their allegiance to any govern
ment. O.iths nre no security nt all; for the
priest can pardon both perjury and high
Setting then religion aside, it is plain, that
upon principles ol reason, no government
ought to tolerate Koinnn Catholics ns citi
zens." Cu.ifohma. The Churleiton Courier
says, the ship Charmer has sailed from San
Francisco for New York,, with more than
sixteen hundred tons of freight, mostly wheat
nnd Hour. She also has some twenty five
thousand shovels, sent there for the gold dig
gers, nnd now returned to New York, ns they
worth more there than in California. Flour,
fhent, baric-, oats nnd potatoes nre nlso go.
ing in large quantities from California tn
Australia. Seven largo ships nro mentioned
in the San Fmncisco papers ns loading with
products of California, destinod for New York
nnd Australia. These nnomnlies of trade
ihnw how well founded is the old establish
ed law in political economy, relnling to de-
maud nnd supply. A producing country mny
lor years export its products, and yet be com.
pelted, without n failure of its crops, to im
port similar products, his not two years
since, snys a cotemporary, it wns stated bv
political economists, by the press generally,
id on tho floor of Congress, that California
would always be a great outlet for our broad
stuffs, nnd that she could never become ni
Tun LiQfon Law im Massachusetts keeps
the officers of the law anile busv. Tho no.
rfioUtlon. of lle IXand hVcmu
lino An,,-, i- .1.-11.. nn..h...J 1,1. .1.-1.
K'ia wiiib nifiuiu iiu.o toe vnnous tricKS riraa.
ticed to evade penalties and still continiu
the tralhe. One confectioner, who sold to
fiartics three several tunes on Sunday last,
ins been sentenced for three different viola
tionaof the law. making one hundred and
lorty nays imprisonment and a fine or eighty
dollara. If he had stolen the liquor he would
noi. iive o
not have been punished to long or severely ns
cen lor tne onence ol sel imr
for the offence of selling it. A
woman has been fined five dollara and costs
for getting rum from the oity agency by false
o. ...... Tl... 1 I .. ; . 1 .
pretences. The whole business in the court
shows that the law is productive of a plenti
ful crop of spies and informers upon one
hand and of falsifiers and deoeivers upon the
tA New York correspondent of the
Atlanta Intelligencer says of politics in that
"In polities, we note no improvement.
nounie, aoc.010 toil and trouble.' nil tho
1,1 " ".' ."'aeueti , seemca to nave
stirred up the political cauldron, and every
i ingreuien ana panicle ol poison, and nox'
loua vapot nd deadly element that ever ex
isted upon earth or in placea below the earth.
aeem to have been tossed into the great pot
of American politics. Where. Ol where niv
country, is the great mngu-inn who can wave
the wand of power and peace over our land.
and still the evil spirits which run riot over
norm ami Boutin uur men or mark bavs
left us. May the spirits watch over and guide
us in the mists of darkness which iurrouiid
us. But courage I The great land which
has produced giants, halli not lost its 'breed
of noble bloods." A David will vet arise.
nnu isr&ci tnnii iriuinpn.
Boston, June 15.
The Massachusetts delegates to the Know
Nothing Convention, nil returned. We learn
from a reliable source that the Massachusetts
Council ordered them to call for a general
convention of tho peoplo of the Northern nnd
North western States. The proposal is fa
vorably received, and will bo promptly acted
upon with a view of the concentration of
effort in the present crisis.
Grain in the Wf.st.-A letter from Bureau
county, Illinois, snys that nil the warehouses
along tho railroads are full of grain, and
many thousands of bushels are piled up in
bags along the side of the track. Long trains
ofcnrs gronn under the weight of grain with
which they nre loaded. The farmers plead
with tho buyers nnd with the railroad for
more cars. All the farmers have planted from
one to thirty acres more than last year, and
all now looks well for a heavy crop.
t ff News from Kansas Territory says
that at the supplemental election in the
n..i. j:. ,i . i.-. . o. . ., , .
...tou.ui. ,ra ouito ticKOl wns
elected without opposition. A correspondent
of the Columbus, (Ohio) State Journal, writ-
i t ,
ing iroui Lavenworm, says that the supple
mental election wns earricd by an armed in
vasion irom Missouri, in the same manner
that the first wns, TJiree hundred men crossed
In a body from Missouri, armed with knives
ana revolvers, ana took possession or the
nnll. Tl 3 y ,i ,' -L .
i ,"' 1 1 . . nvi KiiuHuvurva ui iniiniinnia inn
Free State voters, but nevertheless over
U,,.!,,..,., . .
MrOn Tuesday week sixtv of ths Hires
nnnurea men enrolled In Louisville, Kr-. ror
i ha u...;. r ii..!.. ia .1..:. -I-..!...
of lion, which ia unknown to any saw them
Major E. B. BartlitT. This gentleman
is in the same predicament with Byron, who
woke np one morning and found himself fa.
motis. The election of Major B. tn the Presl.
dency of tho.Niitionnl Council of the Amerl-
can party, has given him a wide spread noto.
riety. Tho first instalment or the penalty in-
tnrinhlv attached to fame, he Is now receiving.
That Is, he is being lied nbont. Rend the fol.
lowing cock and bull story from the New
iors J riouoe:
"The vexation of the South nt the dofent
of President Barker's nttempl nt re-election,
is not a little cauterized by the fact that Mr.
Bartlctl, of Kentucky, who was chosen over
him bv the efforts of the Massachusetts, In-
dinnn and Ohio delegations, is discovered to
be a member or the Methodist episcopal
Chun h North, nnd thus is what they call at
the South "a Kentucky Abolitionist." The
afflictions of the Southerners have been very
Intense for several days, but this annoys them
more than anything else, nnd they swear thnt
the election of llartlelt wns "a d d Mns-
Tho fact is, Major Bartlctl, instead of being
n "Northern Methodist," nnd n "Kentucky
Abolitionist," is a lending member of tho
Baptist Church, and a slave owner. Lou.
Ths Amrrican Cosvention Presidkn-
tiai. The Baltimore American, n paper of
very high character, says:
Mr. Rnrllett, of Kentucky, who hns been
elected President of the Convention nnd nf
the order throughout the United States, is nn
old Jackson Democrat and a thorough going
Union mnn. His election over Darker, nf
New Ymk. is , ,uJ-Ss--t-ii -rJ'"lre--M 'hii
clique w ho by 'a sTWTf-so o
have connected tbo name ol UoorgeEaW W rth"
the Presidency of tbo Republic. Among
thnxe mentioned ns likely to bo prominent
candidates for the nomination of tho party
for the Presidency nre Millard Fillmore, of
New York, Garrett Davis, of Kentucy, John
J. Crittenden of Kentucky, M. P. Gentry, of
Ti'iines-ee, II. W. Milliard, of Alabama, nnd
Edward Bates, nf Missouri.
G iihUngs on the Knnw Nothing Parly-
Thirty Thousand Abolition Foreigner! in
Ohio. In an elaborate, letter tn the Ashtabula
Sentinel of the 17th ult., Joshua R. Gid
dings is out with n declaration of tho princi
ples and policy hy which ho wishes to have
his party governed in the npproachiug cam
paign. He explicitly nnd iiidignnnt'v rejects
tho proposition of politicians for a union of
tho Freesoil Republicans nnd the Knnw
Nothings, Wo quote, a pnssago from his
"It would be a violation of Republican
faith. Our organization wns founded on the
principles of consecrating the support of lib
erty, of separating it entirely from the main
tenance nt slavery. In this glorious cause
thirty thousand naturalized foreigners united
null us; they nre yet anxious to carry out
these ohjets. Towards them we should act
in good faith; if so, wc cannot vote for nny
man who would exclude them from the same
privileges which we claim for ourselves. God
forbid that we should practice or encourage
JyTho Boston Transcript gives a brief
sketch of I lie Diary and Correspondence of
the Into Amos Lawrence, which has been
printed for privato distribution among the
friends of the deceased. The Dinry says:
" 'I have never In my life smoked a segar;
ncviy chewed hut one quid, nnd thnt before I
was fitleen, nnd never took an ounce of snuff.'
Ill 1807 he came to Boston with 8-0 in his
ooeket. fee limr. ns be savs. 'richer than 1 barl
ever felt before or have felt since, and he
gnvo the neighbor who drove bun to the city
Si -J ot Iff JO. During the tirst seven years ot
his mercantile life, ho never allowed a bill
to stand unsettled over tbo Sabbath, lie
kept nn ncrurnto account of the merchandize
bought and sold each day, avoiding excessive
credits, nnd practised the most rigid economy,
never, as be says, 'allowing himscll tn spend
a fuurpence for unnecessary objects till he
had acquired it. During the tirst year he
mndu 16 1.100, nnd tho second 8400O. In Jan
unry, 18U8, his whole profits were $175, but
nt successive intervals of six years from that
time he became worth (1814) $00,000,(1820)
A.innn. x . o . ....Ann J
$112,000, (1826) $280,000, nnd (1832)
$427,000,. In 182'J, Mr. Ijiwrence com
menced a memorandum book, (continued to
his death, December 20, 1852,) containing a
statement of all bin donations, in money, or
other nrticlcs charged nt the cost. They,
within this period, amounted to $639,000;
and added to his prior unrecorded charities,
probably make a total ol fecen hundred thou
lr$? Rev, E. II. Chapin has just published
a work called ''Humanity in the City." A
New York critic speaking of the author snys:
We know of a case w herein he refused a
menl to a starving man wiio called upon him
nt his luxurious residence, up town, one cold
winter s day. e are prepared to make oath
oj tint jact I
Goon. The editress of "The Una," a na.
per devoted to women nnd progress published
in Boston says, "sho wishes she was made of
copy, like "the man who was made ot ninnoy.
and had nothing to do but put her hand in
her bosom and draw forth page alter page,
filled with "thoughts that breathed, and words
that burned." .
IjOuisvillr, June IS,
There is nn immense American meeting
being held here to-night. There are 8000
present. Mr. Morehend, the American candi
date fur Governor, is speaking.
. New Orleans, June IS.
Sales to day of good Rio Co floe nt 10
cents, nn advance of i. Sales of the week
for consumption, 20,000 bugs. Mock now on
Hand 10,0011 bags.
The Wealthiest Man in Kentucky.
The Kentucky Tribune says:
Bishop Spaulding, the Romnn Cnlholie
Bishop of this State, is the wealthiest muii in
tbo btate. His real estate, consisting of ca
thedrals, churches, monasteries, nunneries,
nsyluins, hospitals, ol., is worth not less than
irom "two to rive millions " ot dollars, hinoe
the council of Romnn Catholic Bishops ns
seiuhled in Baltimore in 1848, promulgated
their decree, requiring all individuals and
trustees lioldinu property for the uses of the
church to convey the snme to the Bishops,
nil tbo Pbiiroh nronertv in the State, as we
nre'informrcij has beeh conveyed lo Bishop
Spnulding is now mora than a millionaire..
I Since the issuanoe ol me aeciee iiv tne wiiti-
,, ,., I... i, ,.,J
th, band. 'of the Romnn Catholic Bishops
of the United States one hundred millionsof
" Short Notice to Youko LaiJiks. Have a
oood piano, or none., Be sure to . have a
dreadful cold when requested to "favor the
company." Cry at a wedding. Scream at a
nMi,r. Never leave vnnr ouri miners In the
drawing-room. Urap your naiidkorcbier when
........... t,. L,. ruint Mind vnt, ....
. gged, If you don't like you, partner. Abjure
i ivu miv kwkm ..-.. . . . w j v m m,w vi-
. rmgtetaon a wai aay. jt a vulgar to know
I u.k.1 lli.ra a for d nn.r. NnU nr. Imrf f nn
ara going to sing. Never sea a black coat as
'""li ", '"j"
1 nrcferenoe to thee dor brother.
- 1,1 'wenty, if you can at all
VtnoiRiA and Tknnrssci Railroad.
The Lynchburg Republican, of the 14th Inst,
enntnina the following gratifying intelligence
In regard to the prospects of nn enterprise, in
the enrly completion of which not only Vir
ginia and East Tennessee, but the whole
Union is deeply interested being a part, an
Important pnrt, of the great lin between the
North nnd the South: ' ' ' ; t f.'
Virginia and Tennennet J?m7rondL--We
I enrrt thnt Mr. McDunieJ, the President,! hns
succeeded in selling upon favorable terms in
Washington nnd New York, $300,000 of the
bonds of this company. There hns been some
thirty thousand dollars worth pnrchnsed by
our own citizens lately. One nf our Inrgest
capitalists accompanied the Richmond Board
nf trade up to ylheville, nnd wns so well
pleased with the appearance of the country
nnd prospects of the road na In invest ten
thousand dollars in these bonds upon his re
turn. The rond is now nenrly completed nnd
if successful in selling a million of its bonds,
will be enabled to pay off tho floating debt
nnd finish putting down the rails to the Stato
line nt nn early day. The track is, we under
stand, already laid down some 6, or 7 miles
beyond Wytheville, lenving only some sixty
miles tn he completed, The delay which has
occurred will enable the East'l'ennessee rond
to meet them nt the Slac line. This con
nection, it is anticipated will immediately
raise the receipts nf the road In some fifty
thousand dollars per month. If, however, the
monthly revenue after 'paying expenses did
not amount to more than fifteen thousand
dollars it could nnv the interest upon its debts
nnd lay by a sinking fund, .We repnrd the f" '
investment ns a good one.. The connection
between this nnd the East Tennessee road
will be made in less than eighteen months.
wITiir Sai Niciixe. Tho oath taken by
the order wns exposed through the South In
dinnn Journal, by Joel Boyd, who snys .he
Initiated 300 members under this Oath in ,
thrna U'.lra Th. -nn.n fl-d. 1. ....I.1I.I.-.S I..
the Padiieah Weekly American for the 19th
of May, I85S. it is ns follows :
"I, A. B., of my own free will nnd accord,
in presence of ihese witnessess, do solemnly
promise nnd swear, that I nm Mi favor of this
association, and that I will not vote for a
Know Nothhing if I know the same,
nnd that 1 will vote only for a good demo
crat. Thnt I will favor the foreign born and Ro
manists, thereby gaining their votes na well
ns their well wishes.
I furthermore promiso nnd swenr, that I
will not tell any of the secrets of this order.
I furthermore promise nnd swenr, that I will
tell that the Know Nothings are riains,nnd
that I will voto for n member of this order,
whether I believe he it faithful or not; so help
trESpecial despatches in the New York
Tribune state that, (lie Knnw Something Re
publican Convention organized nt Cleveland
on Wednesday, when C. W, Slack, of Mas
sachusetts was chosen temporary chairman.
r,very iree otate is lully represented, and
a platform will be framed in opposition to
slavery, in favor of the restoration of tho
Missouri Compromise nnd tho protection of
JSTAwny down South, in the Pnrlsh of
Concordia, they have n bayou that they call
Van Buren, because since its first discovery,
one hundred nnd fifty years ngn, it has been
imposible to tell which way the water
Unoallant Retort. Tho young Indiea
of the Illinois Institute, nt Wheaton, Dn
Page county, recently passed the following
Rcsoired, That wc, the young Indiea nf
Illinois Institute, pledge ourselves not tn
keep company with, or join in tho sacred
bonds of matrimony, any young gentleman
who is not in favor of tiio Maine, or some
other Prohibitory Liquor Law,"
Whereupon the Buffalo Republic snys, "it
hns generally been the custom with young;
Indies to trait till they are asked especially
young ladies nt school."
Effects of the Cannonade at Sevasto
pol. It hns hardly been supposed that the
people of the United States would feel nny
of the effects of the war in the Crimea. But
this proves to be a false idea. Here until tho
middle of June fires were not at all disagree
able. In seeking to account for this mysteri
ous frenk of the wenther, we hnppened upon
the theory of n French snvnnt, who ascribes
the unusual rains nnd atmospherical disturb
ances over a great part of Europe to the pro.
longed nnd terrible cannonade in the Crimea.
It hns been observed thnt this fact was strictly
n accordance with the theory of Professor
Espy, nnd wns assented to by Argo and somo
others of tho most nccuritte meteorologists in
The cannonade nt Sevastopol wns aueeecd.
ed, late accounts show, by profuse rains.
which filled tho trenches, nnd the anmo influ.
ence extended over regions thonsnnds of
miles distant. This famous siege of Sevasto
pol promises to be a subject of interest to
men of science ns well as to men of war.
JT Gen. F, II. Brntchcr, in n published
card in the Knoxville Register, declines tho
canvass for Congress in tiiat district, for the
snko of harmony and the success of the causa
there being nlready two other candidates.
members of tho American party, In the field.
Gen. B. hns furnished a good and patriotic
t3y In Detroit, Michigan, Thps. Gallagher
recently sold a bottle of Champagne, and ths
Court, after argument, held that he had not
violated the prohibitory liquor law, on the
ground that it was sold in the "original pack,
age." Aooording to this decision, it is thought
the prohibitory lsw enureaeh neither Cham,
psgne, ale, or liquors imported, as many sr,
in bottles. .
A preacher took paaaogs on one of the
Lake Erie steamers on a Sunday lately, and
before he had been long on board, he applied
to the Captain for leave to hold a religious
meeting. The Captain replied, "No for any
minister who would travel on Sundsy is not
fit to preach on hoard my boat." '
Wanted. By an ancient lady,. "A loss)
hsbltstiou and a name." The real estate she
is not particular about, so thst the title is
good. . The name she wishes to hand do a,
to posterity. . ..'
, J3T If you would keep your oldest boy
from walking in bis sleep, let your ssrtaat
girls be as old and ugly as possible.
9 The young lady who 'jumped at an,
erTer," dislocated her ancle, and threw her
heart out. of pises. At last aceoujDtt shcviaa
recovering. Leaping has its dangsra. ;
v t3A warm debate took place on the
evening of the Sth, in the City Council of
New York, which waa ended by Alderman
Hrlgga throwing a sandbox at the head of