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BY SAM. P. ITINS.
ATHENS, TENN.-, FRIDAY, JUNE 29, 1855.
VOL. VII-NO. 351
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TUE POST. 7
ATIIK-VH, FIIIDAV, JUNE t9. 180ft.
Washington, Juno 20. Smne of the
Southern delegates to the recentKnow Noth
ing Council in Pliilndel pliia lire now here.
The rupture of the Convention ia not re
girded n destructive of the p.'irty. Dele
gate from twelve State separated from the
b dv, on ncionr.t of objections to the mn.
jority platform in respect to the restoration
of the Missouri Compromise, and not the
queHtion of the nlmlition of slavery in the
District of Columbia and nil the Territories,
The Eastern and some of 4he Western dele,
gates could not stand' before their people,
they said, upon the Kansas-Nebraska bill i.
?., the repeal of the Missouri Compromise.
But the New York and California delegates
embraced the majority "platform. With these
hint free States, and n chance for Pennsylva.
ni and other free States, the Southern di-lo-gatrs
expect to carry the next Presidential
election. But their first object is to carry the
elections which are to tike place this sura
Uior aud tall in the Southern States. :
Boston, June 18.
Jackson &. Co.'s express car, between
Portsmouth nnd this city, was robbed this
morning ou the up train of $5,000, govern
ment funds. There were (37,000 in bags,
being Ihe balance of government money left
after paying off the frigate Constitution. Only
one bag was taken, as is supposed, by mentis
of false keys. The robbers are supposed to
have escaped on the way train, and officers
have lef t here in a special train in search of
Second Dispatch. Smith Robinson, the
freight agent of the Eastern Railroad, has
been arrested for stenling the bag of gold
iron Jackson & Co.'s Express car. He was
in the net of counting the money when taken
in his office. He is man of some property
and has a family.
Independence. We like independence.
We like to hear a man -express his honest
convictions on any and every aubjoct on
which he may have, occasion to apeak. A
man who ia a mere echo of some lending
politician some distinguished divine, or
some shrewd financier whose religious sen.
timenU are the sentiments of his church his
political views a fac simile of his party organ
who listens with open mouth nod glaring
eyes to those whom accident haa elevated,
pecuniarily, a little above himself, not daring
to utter an opinion w hich does not fully
coincide with that coming from sucn a source,
mny God appropriate spheres in this world;
but the moral and intellectual condition of
the community w ill not be greatly improved
by any thing he daros to do or any.
tSfThe safest and more honerable way
of accumulating wealth and enjoying riappi
nessand contentment is through Jndustry.
Every day's experience nnd observation de
velopes its truth. We seo the active, ener
getic man, overcoming difficulties, conquer
ing misfortunes aud elevating his condition
in life. Success and all its concomitant
blessings attend his effort. With a clear
conscience and a light henrt, he can enjoy
after the close of a busy day, the quietude
and pleasure of hi family hearthstone.
The smile of his gentle wife seems' more
bewitching, hur voice sweeter, and the prat
tle of his little offsprings is much to hia ears.
All ia happiness. Strange then, there are
o many who lounge around street in idle
ness, in the way of industrious men, and of no
enrihly good to society or themselves. Why
not be a man; at once cull into action those
dormant energies, nnd thrust yourself into
the great arena of business life, determined
to make an honorable reputation at last.
Washington, June 19.
The President has called Governor Reeder
and other territorial officer of Kansas for
, their speculations in Kuiiaas with half breeds,
In violation of sets of Congress nnd tells the
Governor that he cannot be kept in office
unless the impressions now in his mind shall
be removed by satisfactory explanation.
Governor Reeder promises to reply when lie
hall huve reached Kansas. .
fcr Murders are said to have become very
frequent in Mississippi, and the clergymen
are strenuously urging the mure rigid enforce,
ment of cnpltnl punishment. . The frequency
of murder there, however, is nothing new, for
Gov. Foot once remarked, tlint for every
two days of hi term as Governor of the
Sluto, there wa a murder perpetrated.
Sociuty seem to be ill a disorderly talc,
or such a prevalence of crime could not oc
cur. Iritis with a faded beauty with a
clock the more the face is enammelled,
the more clearly do we see the process of
-jf"Thi following toast, given at Ply.
mouth lately, la excellent, "The American
fair too wise total the veil, and too beau,
ful to Doud it.
. ARRIVAL OP THE ASIA.
Niw York, June 20.
The Asia arrived this morning with Lon
don date of the 6lh inst. Cotton active
with a further advance of id; consols 91 J.
From a dispatch received from Kertch,
June 1st, it appears that the squadron in the
Sea of Azoffhsd appeared before Girilehel
and landed a body of Seamen who drove the
Russians fr. m tlie place and destroyed all the
Depots, and vessel loaded with corn, sup
plies for the Russian army. Only one mnn
wounded since the entry of the fleet into the
Sea of Azof). . Four steamers and two hun
dred and forty vessels employed 'in carrying
supplies -to the Russian army in the Cri
men, have been destroyed by the Allies.
Conference at Vienna formally closed at a
- Gen. Pelisser telegraphs from the Crimen,
June 1st. "We are springing two mines in
front of flagstaff Bastions second explosion
did consideable damage to the enemy in the
Ravine in advance of our works. Our engi
neers discovered a transverse line of twenty,
four Centimeters, thickly placed at equal
distance apart, nnd buried just beneath the
sod, each rase containing one fourteenth Kil
logrumme of powder, which would ' explode
by n simple pressure of the foot These have
been taken by our engineers." A dispatch
from Prince Gortxehukoff. dated 29th May,
states that the Allies had occupied Kertch,
but h id not pushed as far a Alland. He
reported in consequence that measure had
been taken so that the Allies would not be
able to rut off nil communication with the
Russian army. The Porte Gazette of Frank
.fort publishes n dispatch from Odessa to the
effect, that the Russians were raising batte.
ries lo command the channel near Geritchi,
which connects Petro L.e with the sen of
vjz IT. Another dispatch says Onchokofl ar
rived at Perekop with his division, consisting
of four regiiijcnts each 3,600 strong. Gen.
Grossenheiin nlso arrived at Perekop with
four regiments of Cavalry, consisting of 960
men each. These give GortschakofT a rein
forcement of 8,000.
Letters from Berlin of 1st, state that the
success of the Allies had made quite , an im
pression there. '
A letter from the French camp at Sevas
topol dnted Mny 22d, states that the Allies
were upon the eve of great events. Arrange
ments had been made for a council of wur, at
which Gen I's Cunrobert nnd Pelissier, Lord
Raglan, Bosquet, Omar Pacha and Brown,
nnd Admirals Brunt and Lyons, will be pres
ent. All the reinforcements had come up, mak
ing the French nrmy 200,000 strong.
Halifax, June 20.
The St. Louis lias arrived. She left Liv
erpool on the 9th. . x
The bombardment at Sebnstopol re-commenced
on the 6th. On the day the steamer
sailed a despatch wns received from Lord
Raglan, dated June 8th, 6 P. M., which states
Ihut after a fierce bombardment the French
attacked nnd carried the Mamelon and White
towers. The greatest gallantry , wns exhib
ited on both sides. The loss of both the
French and Russians wn very grent.
The buoynnt feeling in the Cotton market
at the departure of the St. Louis (suppose it
should be the Asia) subsequently gave wny,
and prices underwent s partial decline, which
afterwards reovered, and the market closed
at about the previous quotations.' The busi
ness of the week amounted to 107,000 bales,
mostly on speculation.
The Conference at Vicnnn, having 'finally
closed at the instigation of the Western
Powers, negotiations will not likely be re
newed unless Russia applies to Austria for
her good offices.
The Russian correspondence sny thatAus
tria considers herself released from al en
gngenienls to the Western Powers the lat
ter having refused to accept peaee on reason
able terms. Austria, however, still profess
es herself the ally, of France and England,
subject to the artl-les of the treaty of De
cember 2nd. The Vienna papers are advised
that although the Conferences hnve closed
the Plenipotentiaries hnve the Austrian pro
positions under consideration and Austria
still desires to effect a mediation. In the
meantime the Military Commissioners of
France and England huve left Vienna.
The Government dispatches in regard to
the affair before Sebastopol show grent gal
lantry on the part of the French.
The Russian plan was to unite all the am
buscades, by a line of gabion connected by
a continuous covered way south.
The condition of the ground at Tchernnya
show that the Russians never intended to
to maintain their ground. Despntchct indi
cate that the allies yet own the side of the
river. The allies found 1700 tons of coal at
Kerlsch. The allies propose to fortify Yeni
kale but will not hold Kertseh. '
Gorischnkofftclegruphs, June 3d, that the
Allies lolt Geiirituln, and . thut part of the
burned store will be saved.
The British nnd French, fleet were close
to Cronstadt on the 4lh.
Pvlissier telegraphs that the Russians
evacuated Sangaknle, destroying it before
Some change had occurred in the Turkish
Cabinet and new combination', were spring-
HyA dispatch from Baton . Rouge any
the cholera ha appeared among the United
Stntea'troop stationed at thut place, in an
epidemic form; that there are now fifty of
them very ill with it, and that several death
j-$f" The Pennsylvania State Council have
endorsed the Know Nothing National Pint,
form, with a clause declaring any interference
of Congress with Ilia subject 6f slavery aa
THE PLATFORM OF THE AMERICAN
The following are the-'Platform.and' Prhr,
eiples of the Organization," as finally decided
upon by the American National Convention,
at a late hour Inst nisrht. We have obtained
it with much difficulty .'at the moment Qf
going to press.- Philadelphia Bulletin of the
pLAtrOnw "and Principles.' -.
I. The acknowledgment of that Almigh
ty Being, who rules over the Universe who
presides over the Councils of Nations who
conduct theaff'iirs of niert.flnd who, in every
step by which we huve advanced to the char
acter of an independent nntioni has rllstln
guished us by some token of Providential
II. The cultivation and development of a
sentiment of profoundly intense American
feeling; of passionate nttnehment to our eotin
try, its history and it institutions; of ndmir u
tion for the purer days of our national exis
tcnc; of veneration for the heroism thnt
precipitated our Revolution, and oT emulation
of the virtue, wisdom aud patriotism thnt
framed our Constitution and first successfully
applied it provisions.
III. The maintenance of the nnion of
these United States as the paramount political
good, or to use the language of Washington,
"the primary object of patriotic desire." And
hene : ...
1st. Opposition to all attempts to weaken
or subvert It.
2d. Uncompromising antagonism to every
principle of policy that endanger it.
3d. The advocacy of an equitable adjust
ment of nil political difference which threaten
it integrity or perpetuity.
4lh. The suppression of all tendencies to
political divisions founded on "geographical
discriminations, or on the belief Ih .t there is
a real difference of interest nnd views" be
tween the various section of the Union.
5th. The full recognition of the right of
the several Slates, as expressed and reserved
in tlie Constitution; nnd a care la I avoidance,
by the General Government, of nil interfer
ence with their right by legislative or xecu
IV. Obedience to the Constitution of
these United States ns the supreme law of the
land, sacredly obligatory upon .all its pnrts
aud members and steadfast resistance to the
spirit of innovation upon its principles, how
ever iecious in pretext. Avowing that in all
doulitlul or disputed points it may only be
legally ascertained and expounded ' by the
Judicial power of the United State.
And a a corollary to the above:
1. A habit of reverential obedience to the
Inws whether Nniionnl, SUite, or Municipal!
until they are either repented or declared un
sunstitutmnal by the proper authority.
2. A tender and sacred regard for those
acts of statesmanship, which are to be contra
distinguished from acts of ordinary legisla
tion, by the fact of their being of the nature
of compacts nnd agreements; nnd so, to be
considered ns fixed and settled nntional policy.
V. A radical revision and modification of
the laws regulating immigration, and Ihe set
tlement of immigrants. Offering to thu honest
immigrant, who from love of liberty or hatred
of oppression, seeks nn asylum in the United
State, a friendly reception and protection.
But unqualifiedly condemning the transmis
sion to oar shores, of felons and paupers. .
VI. The esseutial modification of the Na
The repeal by tho Legislature of the re
spective Suites, of all State laws allowing
foreigners not naturalized to vote.
The repent, without retroactive operation,
of all nets of Congress making grant of Innd
to-unnaturalized foreigners, and allowing
them to vote in the Territories.
VII. Hostility to the corrupt means by
which the leaders of party hnve hithertvl 'orceS
upon us our rulers nnd our political creeds.
iinplacahle enmity againt the present de
moralizing systems of rewards for political
subserviency, and of punishments for political
Disgust for the wild hunt after office which
characterize the age.
These on the one hand. On the other
Imitation of the practice of the purer day
of the Republic, and admiration of the maxim
that "ollice should seek the man, and not man
the office," and of the rule thnt, the just mode
of ascertaining fitness for office is the capa
bility, the faithfulness, mid fie honesty of the
incumbent or candidate.
VIII. Resistance to the aggressive policy
and corrupting tendencies of the Roman
Catholic Church in our country by the ad
vancement to all political stations executive,
legislative, judicial or diplomatic of those
only who do not hold civil nlleglance, direct,
ly or indirectly, to any foreign power, whether
civil or ecclesiastical, and who nre Americans
by birth, education and training;4h us ful fit i ing
the maxim "Americans only Shall Govern
Tne protection of all citizens in the legal
and proper exercise of their civil and religious
right and privileges; the maintenance ol the
right of every man to the full, unrestrained
and peaceful enjoyment of hia own religious
opinions mid worship, . nd a jealous resistance
of nil attempts by any sect, denomination or
church, lo obtain an ascendancy over any
other in the State by means of any special
privileges or exemption, by nny political com
bination of it member, or by a division of
their civil allegiance with any foreign power,
potentate or ecclesiastic.
IX. The reformation of the character of
our Nntional Legislature, by elevating to thnt
dignified and responsible position men of
higher qualifications, purer morals, and more
unset hsli patriotism.
X. The restriction of executive patronage
esM-cially in the matter of appointments to
office so far as it mny be permitted by the
Constitution, and consistent with the public,
XI. The education of the youth of our
country in schools provided by the Slate;
which schools shall be common to nil, without
distinction ol creed or party, and free from
nny influence or direction of a denominational
or partizan character. -
And, inasmuch as Christianity, by the Con
stitiitious of nearly all the States, by the de
cision of the most eminent judicial authorities,
and by the consent of the people of America,
is considered an element of our political sys
tem, and ns the Holy Bible Is nt once the
source of Christianity, and III depository and
fountain of all civil and religions freedom, we
oppose every attempt to exclude it Irom thej
Schools thus established in uie uues..
Xll.-s.The Americiin party having arisen
upon the ruins and in spite of tlie opposition
of the Whig and Democratic parties, cannot
be held In any manner responsible for the
obnoxious act or violated pledges of either.
And the systenmtio agitation ol the Shivery
question by those parties having elevated
sectional hostility Into a positive element of
political power, nnd brought our institutions
Into peril, it has therefore become the impera
tive duty of the American parly to interpose,
for the purpose of giving peace to the country
and perpetuity to the Union. And as expe
riouce has shown it impossible to reconcile
tfpirfiortf so etlteitii as those which separate
the disput-mts, and as there can be no dis
honor in sflfbnrittinp to the laws, the Natlonol
Council ha deemed it the best guarantee of
common justice nnd future pence, to abide by
nnd maintain the existing laws upon the sub
ject of 8lavery, as a Anal nnd conclusive set
tlement of that subject, in spirit and in sub.
stance: .. . , i ,
Artd regnrding it the highest duty to nvow
their opinions upon a subject so important, in
distinct and unequivocal terms, it ia hereby
decjif red as the sense of this National Colincl?,
that CongfeSs pussies' on power, under the
Constitution, to legislate upon the subhject
of Slavery ifi ihe States where it does or may
exist, or to exclude any State from admission
into the Union because its Constitution does
or docs not recognize the Institution of
slavery aS a part of its social ' system; and
especially pretermitting nny expression of
opinion upon the power of Congress to es
tablish or prohibit Shivery In nny Territory,
it is the sense of tho National Council that
Congress ought not to legislate upon the
subject of Slavery within the Territory of the
United States, and that any Interference by
Congress with Slavery ns It exists in the
District of Columbia, would be a violation of
the spirit and Intention of the compact by
which the Statu of Maryland ceded tlie Dis
triet to the United Stales, and a breach of the
XIII. The policy of the Government of
the United Slates, in it relations with foreign
governments, is to exact justice from .the
strongest, nnd do justice to the weakest; re
straining, by nil the power of the Govern,
ment, nil it citizens from interference with
the internal concerns of nations with whom
we are nt puace.
XIV. This National Council declares that
nil the principles of the Order shall be hence
forward everywhere openly nvowed; and that
each member shall be nt liberty to make
known the existence of the Order, and the
tact that he himself is a member; nnd it re
commends that there bu no concealment of
the places of meeting of the subordinate
E. B. BARTLETT.of Keptucky,
President of National Council.
C. D. Df.shler, of New Jersey,
t Corresponding S cretnry.
James M. Stephens, of Maryland,
Thb Nebraska-Kansas Bill. The New
York Journal of Commerce estimates thut
100 members are already elected lo Congress
(or to be elected from the South,) opposed
to the repent of the Nebraska bill, nnd but 18
more nro needed to make a majority agninst
touching it. We quote:
"It is not impossible, nor very improbable,
that this number will be found, (among the
134 member not included in the above cat
culntion,) will oppose' repeal, although some
of ihein voted ngnmst the bill on its passage.
In oilier words, it is by no means certain thut
a bill to repeal the Nebraska law can pass the
house. . But if it should, it will be defeated j
by a large majority in the Senate. And be
fore a new Congress is elected Nebraska will
probably be knocking for adtuissiou into the
Union as a SUtte."'
IT The New York Sun intimates that a
new plan to effect the independence of Cuba
has been concocted a plan, it says, which
"will neither turn to Washington fur encour
agement, to the South for friends and lead
ers nor to the North for the support of un
principled demagogues. It contemplates thu
entire independence of Cuba a free Cuba,
not to become or be made a means of elect
ing American Presidents, or swelling the
political power of any section of the Union.".-
VVhnt the new scheme is, says the Balti
more Sun, nnd who are its originators, we are
not informed, but there is a hint that Mr. Goi
curia, lately Treasurer of the Cuban Junta, ia
connected with it; that it is on a somewhat
large scale mny be gathered from the follow
ing we hnve little' fuilh, however, in these
"We may ndd thnt tho future efforts for the
independence of Cubit will not be confined to
organizing sympathy on this side of the At
lantic Liberal offers of aid, made long since,
both in England nnd France, foran independ
ent movement, mny now be accepted, nnd it
would not surprise us if the governments
of both those countries should be induced
to let things take the proposed directions in
jgpThe Russian government appears to
expect such a duration of the wnr that it hns
commenced -the execution of a road which ia
to unite Finland to Sweden,round the north
ern extremity of the Gulf of Bothjnu. By
this menus Russia mny procure from Sweden
nil the merchandise which tho blockade pre
vents going by sen. A small corps iTarmee
hns been assembled near Archangel, in order
to secure thu const of the V hits Sua from nn
attack by the allied forces.
1ST A young physienn mimed Stone, from
Vermont,' who had been practsing homos.
pathy in Med ford, Mass., for some tune past
was found dead in his office on Sunday niter
noon, having stabbed himself to the heart,
with a lancet. A letter was found on the ta
ble explaining the cause of the rash act. It
yta the old story disappointed love.
Alabama, Arkansas, town, Kentucky,
Missouri, and Texas hold their elections on
the first Monday in August, Tennessee on
the first Thursday and North Carolina on
the second Thursday of the same month.
On the second Monday In September the
election in Mnine occurs, and thnt of Vor-
mont on the first Tuesday - of the same
fcjfA Indy connected, with one of the
principal churches in Newton, Scotland, hav
ing become enfeebled in health, and unnble
to leave her bed, took a house adjoining the
church nud had a gutta porch conductor laid
from the church to her bod, so that now in
the solitude of her sick chamber she listens
to the public ministrations of her spiritual
fP The Boston Post nya that city is in
danger of being afflicted with the cholera, or
an extra session of the Legislature. The
Springfield Republican prefers the cholera as
tho leker of the two evil.
y Tlie Odd Fellows of Urban, Ohio,
lately purchased a grovs of 18 acres for a site
THE PORTLAND RIOT.
The Investigation going on at Portland ia
eliciting some curious statements. According
to the testimony of Captain Charles E. Rob
erts, he and Mayor Dow and two or three
men belonging to the Rifle Guard, went
dowa into the cellar under the agency, on
the night of the massacre, snd, by order of
Dow, two of the men took guns. Doxo with'
ed to fir up through the gratings! Capt. R.
understood they vent down for that purpose.
But as thu cellar was dark, and Cnpt. Rob
erts left . before the others, he cannot sny
whether any person in the cellar fired through
the gratings or not.
William J. Ten Broeck testified that he
saw the whole affair from the window of the
United States, and that the greater part of the
crowd seemed to be spectators, and to take
no active part in the proceedings.
"You say but a small part of the crowd
engaged in acts of violence did they seem
to be determined, or was it mere boy's
"Beforel Ihe firing commenced it seemed
to be boys' play. I think thnt before the
firing that If hny gentleman had gone
and spoken to them they would have dispers
By Mr. FessenJen Why didn't you
"I wns nfrnid Mr.- Dow would take me for
a:nol and shootme. laughter. Tlie reason
I think thecrowd would have dispersed is thnt
Alderman Thomas went out the next eve
ning nnd addressed the crowd, and they went
According to the testimony of John C;
Begg tho crowd had no intention of doing
anything except to -spill the liquor, which
they said they might destroy because it wns
not property." He saw the whole "riot," and
his evidence makes the conduct of "the au
thorities" appear ridiculous as well as wick
ed. After the firing was nil over, Mr. Begg
"Nenl Dow enme out, wringing his hands,
nnd said, 'In the name of the State I com
mand you to disperse if you don't I'll fire
on you instantly.' There were about halt' a
dozen standing round the door. Nenl Dow
followed me.wringing his hands. We backed
off the sidewalk. A young mnn on the left
of the door on the Middle street side he or.
dered to disperse. He said he wns a quiet
citizen, nnd he did'nt see why he should be
sent away. On that Mr. Dow ordered him
nrrested in the name of the Stnte. I walked
over to the other side of the street a gentle
man h died me snid Mr. Dow wns crazy.
He had known him to be so for five years.
Laughter. I said if it wa publicly known
he might make thut his plea insanity. At
thut time Mr. Dow hnd given orders to charge
bayonets where two or three were seen stand,
ing on the sidewalks, to clour the streets, and
they did so."
Sunday Clothes. The world is decent
ly nttired once a week, certainly. Without
Sunday, milliners nnd tailors would be "put
to it" for n living. It is n commendable thing
to throw off the guise of Inbor, nnd don for
one day the costume of equatliy and leisure.
The meanest mnn makes a mark in a new
suit, and if he keeps his mouth closed will pass
for genuine coin. Dress, after all is caprice.
Thu heiress prays in costly silks, while the
poor sewing girls makes responses in plain
calico. Wheiein is the one better than the
other! The latter mny hnve elegnnre nnd
virtue; the other money and nothing else.
Still the silk will be stared nt and known.
Dress makes Sunday an expensive day.
How many a shawl and bonnet, and rare
gown are closeted for that day alone. How
much stuffing with cotton there is, to con
cen! the defects of shapjt and what chalking
done, nnd decorating with rouge! how often
Ihe mirror is consulted, while the last bell
Sao Nichts. The editor of the Iowa Ro
porter thus chronicles the establishment of n
lodge of this secret political order nt the
Capital. He ia the only locofoco editor in
the Stnte, so far ns we have seen, who,, after
heaping all sorts of abuse upon the Know
Nothings as s secret political association, has
had the consistency to condemn the "Sag
"Sag Nichts Wo are informed that a
Lodge of "Sag Nichts" has been formed not
a thousand miles from lown City. This
branch of the order will unquestionnbly
prove more pernicious than the Order of Jo
suits, nnd we trust thure are not only Know
Nothing enough, but honest men enough,
in control of the public morals, to abate the
nuisance, forthwith, root nnd brunch.
gpA distant connection of the Fillmore
family states thnt it is rumored among the
Illinois and northern Ohio branches of the
same stock that ex-President Millard Fill
more hns gone to Europe to look nfter his
supposed interests in the estate of a certain
John Fillmore, who recently died in Jxindon,
lenving behind him nn immense fortune.
f The Woodcock Patriot, in noticing
Welcome Farnum, Esq., who has lost J)300,-
000 in railroad enterprises, and is still a smil
ing man, says: "He has the ambition of Na
poleon, the will of Cromwell, and the 'final
perseverance of the saints." This will do.
Viknna, Mny 81.-
. The Onesterreichische Zeitung, under date
of Constantinople, Mny 24, ha the follow
ing: "liiO.OOO allied troops are about to attack
the Russians nt Iukermann.
"18 steamers are cruising in the Sea of
A Niet Question. Sam. "You'll get it
for hooking dnt turkey last night. Mos'r
know it." . .
Pompey.-J'l didn't hook it. . Wnrn't de
turkey rhim'rsf Well. Aint I mns'rsl Well,
1 eat de turkey, did'nt II Well. Ain't de
turkey part o' met Mas'r n'.i't got no much
turkey, but he got more nigcr! I tell you
de turkey only chnnge places."
3"An editor down East gives the follow
jn notice "Our purse is lost! The finder
la requested to return It, being careful not to
disturb its content, which were a brass rule,
piece of leaf tobacco, nicely twisted, the
stump of a cigar, and very good leather
Trie Niw Pkeident of tHk National
Council The New York Herald' Philadel-
phln coffespond'ent, in a sketch of Mr. Bart,
lett, the new President of the American Na
tional Council, Says.'
He was born and raised In Kentucky where
he now reside; ia forty eight years' of age, a
lawyer by profession, and now Clerk of the
Chancery Court of Kenton cpunty. In reli
gious faith he is a Baptist, is rigid member
of that communion, and ocrupies in thnt
church the Presidency of the Board of Trus
tees of the only theological institution ever
established by it In- the Great West. He
owns slaves, is reputed a very indulgent mas
ter, hns the respect nnd confidence of hi ac-
3unintnnces,and hns filled the office of Presi
ent of the State American organization from
the commencement to the entire satisfaction
of the Order. He is not a brilliant mnn, but
is regarded generally a very solid and decisive
one, and possesses a very good knowledge ef
parliamentary law and usages. Although not
a Maine law man from principle, yet he was
never known to use ardent spirit aa a bever
age, and is, perhaps, tlie most strictly tem
perate man in the West, '
Originally a Jackson democrat, he still Con
tinues to construe the nntional constitution
in accordance with the dicta of that school of
politics, and being nntional and conservntive
only in hi doctrines will never by nny per
sonal or official opinion or net Invade it, or
nny of its requirements and enactments. ;
- Remarkable Balloon Ascension. Wm.
D. Buninistle, of Adrian city, Michigan; as.
vended, recently in a balloon, from that plncc,
nt 0t in the morning, and descended in
Clnrion county, Pennsylvania, nt 2 in the
aflernoonj making the computed distance "of
three hundred nnd fifty miles in the extraor
dinary short time of foor hours.' This is his
second trip, and nn experimental one with a
balloon Of Unusually large size. It is 30 feet
in dinmeter, contains over six hundred yards
of silk, and is capable of holding nineteen
thousnnd cubic feet of gns.
After his ascent to the distance of three
miles and a half, tho aeronaut struck the
eastern current of nir, which, he sny is con
tinually blowing in the one direction. It car
ried him south of the hikes, through Central
Ohio. His intention wns not to descend until
dark, ns he was above the rain clouds in a
clear upper sky, but the excessive cold to
which he was exposed brought on the accus
tomed drowsy sensation, which prevented liiin
"from properly managing his balloon. He wns
in that sleepy stnte when his "craft" nnchnred
in a tree in Red Hook, having descended in
consequence of the evaporation of gns. The
cold wns so severe thnt his feet were com
Hon. Henry A. Wise, Governor elect of
Virginia, hns declined nn invitation to attend
an "old fashioned Virginia- bnrbccuo" nt Pe
tersburg; he says he has declined three other
similar invitations, nnd adds:
"I would have sacrificed much more than
I did in thu late canvass to prevent defeat
under my lend but I assure you the labors I
underwent nearly cost' me my .life. I was
absent nearly five mont Its Irom my children
nnrf Mrs. Wiso, whose health now requires
constant nursing.- Mv domestic affiirstoo,
need every moment of' my time until I must
leave fur Richmond."
"The Famine" at the West. The re
ceipt of bread stuffs nt the upper lake ports
nre tremendous, nnd in the face of the iin
menre receipts of corn, nnd the export de
mand but nominal, with Q limited distilling
business, the present prices of this descrip
tion of grain cannot be maintained. 103,436
bushels were received at ports on the Up '
Likes in one day. At Buffalo nnd Oswego
ihe receipts reportod on Monday reached 7,.
824 bbls flour, 82,897 bushels of wheat, 180,
027 bushels corn, nnd 193,275 bushels outs.
Prohibitory Law in Illinois. Returns
from seventy-sjx counties in Illinois show
that the majority against the prohibitory li
quor law is 9,815. Twenty-four counties nre
yet to henr from, nnd they will probnbly in
crease the majority to 12,000 or 13,000. .
Sensible Philosopher. Dn H 'H. in his
Journal of Health, comes out against early
rising as unhealthy. At sunrise, jn summeri
he says, the malaria which rosts on the earth,
when taken into the lungs and stomach,
which are debilitated by long fast since sup
per, enters into' the circulation, poisoning the
blood nnd lnying the foundation of disense,
nnd in winter, the debilitated condition of the
vital organs allows tho blood to be chilled.
General Emacipation. In the lnte revo
lution in Peru, the slnves were all set free.
Echenique, one of the lenders, promised to
free all who would join his banner, but Cast
illo, ,bent the former nt his own game, and
promised freedom unqualifiedly to nil He
was successful, and Echenique had to save
himself by flight.
There are 60,000 blind persons, of
both sexes, in France. Some time ago, a
charitable young lady devoted her whole for
tuno to establish nn asylum for blind girls;
and the community has recently become a re
ligious one, under the title of "The Blind
SiHtersof St. Paul." .
fjPThe strikes amongst workmen in mn.
ny parts of France are assuming a rather
serious aspect. The connexion between the
strikes and the denrness of living is the ug
liest fetture in the business. People re
member that 1830 and 1847 were years of
3"Thu British imny in the Crimes, on
th 17th of May, including sergeants, drum
mer, and rank nnd file, wn 43,450 strong.
Cavalry and Infantry under arms (not inclu
ding drumroersj 23,217; sick of all rank
(--There I an onk tree near Rnlelgh, N.
C which, nt the tan' meridian, covers with
shad a space of 9,000 feet. It would afford
shelter for 4,600 men. . ,
Naw Orleans, June 19.
Among the nominations by the Democrat
ic Slate Convention, is E. W. Moise, Esq.,
late U. S. District Attorney, for Attorney
General for that State,
PoUOLAS JxKROLp' OPINIO Or TO AlItUCATr
Pastt. In the columns of Lloyd' Weekly
Rfvietr, edited V Douglas Jerrold, on of the
blest Writers of the age, w found the fol
lowing interesting artiole. II says :
Parties are ttaflj- in America. They rie
like mushroom and fade Ilk mist. - Kvery
Presidential election brines s crop of them
tbey rR for day ar heard of for a week
and forgot ten In a month. Such are the
Seward and the Fillmore its the llards. and
the ixjfls, and many mora. Tbaoe eonie up
with certain men, and fall out of siht whu
the men do eo. Other parties remain like
the Free-soilers and th Tro-slavers, because
they represent ideas personify conflict
which are permanent on the American soil.
Most of these parties are well known in
Finland, and they are all -forth studying;
for the politics of 'America are the polities of
the future. As the Krench diplomatist ob
served the other day, U Arietta Anglo-Saxon,
The latest party iu the Vnion is thp party fa
cetiously known aa the Know Nothing party
a name which the party accept in the large
spirit of contempt in which th Puritans re
ceived their historical designation. All thing
considered, th Know Nothings are the moat
impressive development of American life.
Hitherto', America has been refuge for the
outcast of all nations th home of all who
fled from debt, from tyranny, from starvation,
from justice. It ha received all rejected
none. This was a grand Axperiinent but ha
only partially succeeded.
Some of the immigrant. especially the
Irish brought mischief with tbeui evil pas
sions and bad habits; and a all were admit
ted to political power to vot at elections
public tnen had to etoop to their baseness to
f et support.; and hence a lower style of pub
io moral became the rule in lnre towns.
The Know Nothings who comprise the most
intellectual and prosperous men of the Ameri
can democracy any this evil must be stayed. -Their
ery is "America for tli6 Americans."
And surely this cry is reasonable a "Italy
for the Italians," or "Hungary for th Hunga
rians." The hew party i a protest agniuft
Irish political profligscr, and-against Jesuit
influence io America. They seek to deprive
ths immigrant horde of the means of mischief,-
Their motto is "Protection to all
Power to the American born." "
Fti. We like fun, It is n great 'Insti
tution.' If it wns to comH to thnt we should
vote . for it with a big ballot. Fun! It is
-what keeps most of us from getting sour
it adjusts the equipoise of life it mellows
the fleBh, Tils the bones, rosifies the briiiii
sets one right when his tendency is nnntli.
er wny. Blessing oh the man, woman, Of
who or what else that, invented, fun. How
rrtich hns It done, reader for you, oursclf,
Smith, Brown, Jenkins nnd the rest of the
folks. See the. man who gets no fun with
his skim Whntn monster, whnt n ''brute."
Dark, sour, gloomy, sepulchral, cold. Buhl
Everybody avoids him. And then a woman
who recoils from or repulses fun. Conscience
and tlie Crimen, whnt nbeingl Hercountn
nance is a pallitfg cloud her voice ns of tho
tomb her disposition a cross between the
lust ship of lemons nnd a demijon of sulphur
ic acid. "Uh! Turn your feet, your eye,
your hand from hor. She's cither spoiled ia
the ninking, growing or keeping:
Fun. Whnt would tho world do without
it! Mormons nnd Joe Miller forever. What
sunshine nnd roses are to Nature, so is Fun
to man and woman. -
Children havr Lungs. This fact ia cith
er not known to parents or very little regar
ded. The first things baby wants is fresh'
air nnd plenty of it. From the momont a
child I born, it should have air nnd light;
nnd neither be -shut up in a dark room,
uor have its head covered up in blanket.
The other morning, making my first call
on a lady alter her confinement, I saw a
heap of blankets lying in a rocking chair be.
side the bed, but there wns no baby in sight.
When I enquired for the newly nrrived, tho
nurse came, nnd after taking off fold after'
fold, there at lost wns the poor little half
smothered baby, gasping, for breath. Moth- -er
and nurse got a lecture thnt time.
The Buffalo Commercial snys that whllo
some of the students of Geneva College wero
biithing on Thursday nftcrnonn, Iu a culvert
nenr Geneva, one of the number named Cn
verno, son of a lawyer of Lockport, reques
ted a companion to place his hand on his
henrt nnd feel it bent, nnd while in tho act
of doing so, he droppod dead nt his feet. His
death wns caused by going into the water
when hi body wns too much hentcd.
A Lcckt Man Kindness Rewarded.
When Mr. Albert Morgan kept the Pavilion,
at Gloucester, several years ago, nno of hi
guests wns an Englishtnnn named Erskine.
lie was attacked with the small pox, and
while nil other attendants deserted him, Mr.
Morgan ministered faithfully to his wnnts till
he recovered. A dny or two ngn, we learn,
the British Consul communicated to Mr.Mor
gnn the intelligence that Mr. Erskiuo hnd
deuensud und left him by will the sum of
$125,000. This is oi munificent Instance of
Knqlish grntitude, and the recipient of the
good fortune is quite woiihy of it. We
trust the figure Is not set too high. Boston
fKo8sutli, in d late letter, says: "You
may hnve heard that nrrests took place at
the execution of Piunorl. Uo you know
why? When the executioner pulled the
String, and the nxe wns coming down, the
dying Roman shouted.-14 Vive la" down
fulls the sxe nnd cuts short the sentence.
The lookers on completed it: "Reptibliquel"
shouted they nnd the police carried them
off to prison. .Whether some of them mny
have thought, "Surge! exsanguine ullor,"
I can't say; but the sceno has leit a deep im
pression on the masses.
Prentice's Last Mr. Wickliffu, cx-Post.
muster General of Kontucky, roccntly abused '
Geo. I). Prentice, of the Ixuiisville Journal,
in a political speech. Thu latter replies by
calling him "a very silly old mun,' nnd fur
ther says Mr. Wickliffu calls us "an aboli
tionist'' The charge is not only false but
ungentleinsnly.- The truth ti, Mr. IV. nev
er hod any part of a gentleman in hint except
when he once bit off and swallowed a gentle
' Trot, June 20. '.
The notorious Henrietta Robinson, the mur
deress, wns sentenced to be hung on the 8d
of August. When the Judge commended
her soul to God's mercy, she snld "he bad
better pray for hi own soul," and "declared
thnt she was a victim to a political conspiracy
cnlculuted to crush the , innocent. When
she was lenving the Court room, Judge Hnr
ris suid: "May ths Judge of Judges be your
Judgo." The scene occasioned much excite
ment ainoftg icpectatnr.
Grieleton the French Emperor.
Greeley writes to the Trunin from Pari
not at all complimentary to the Empire; but
he was In Paris t the moment of the at
tempted assassination, and th excitement
wa leas, thsn occasioned by th doSth cf
"Bill Pool." Mr. O. think the Empire will
not outlast th prcssut Emperor.