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The Athens post. (Athens, Tenn.) 1848-1917, June 29, 1855, Image 2

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Term: ti yer, paytbto In tdu, m tS at
b iptralkn wf th jcar.
f flr" No paper discontinued until all arrearages are
(aid. except at the option ef the PuotMier.
For auouunclnf tUe aaaiet ef candidate! for office $,
obitnar Notice tt 13'liuea, charged at the regular
adrertiii.g ratee.
All conraunicaUonii intended to promote the private
od or tntereate of Corporations, SnrietiM, ScliooU or
ImliTiduali, will be charged a adrertiaemeuo.
ATlItMS, I'KID tV, Jl -K 89, 1855.
fcc" Circuit Court commences at Well
ington, Rhen county, next Monday, the 2d.
5 Attention is directed to the Notice
next page, in reference to the running of the
passenger trains East Tennessee and Georgia
Railroad, on the 3d, 4th nnd 5th inst.
.198?" A friend has handed us an article
"Spare the little Bird" which we will pub
lish next week.
tW Groat Railroad Demonstration . to
come off nt Knoxville next Wednesday, the
Fourth. All the world, his wife,jnd his wife's
sister, ore expected to be there.
' 3?"We have received a letter from Mon
roe county requesting us to cull upon Col.A,
E. Howard to ran for the State Senate. The
writer says Col. II. U a pood wlvrg, has a
general acquaintance throughout the District,
and would receive the warm support of funny
of the voters nil of which may be very true.
But it is not our business to call out whig
or democrats for the State Senate; and if it
. were we could make no call upon the gehtle-
man alluded to, except to stay nl home ana
attend to his busluess, if he has any. There
are already three respectable candidates in the
field for the Senate in this District, and the
roost acceptable whig in it could not get our
support by thrusting himself forward at this
Into stage of the canvass. Fair play is a
jewel," and although foul means mny some
times succeed, it never pays In the end,- and
wo would rather be in the minority always
than obtain success by any other than honor-
'able ;esorta. As for the individual whom
ur correspondent wants v to call out, ho
isn't worth the powder and lead that it would
take to kill him, and ye don't wabt any one
to trouble us any further about his becoming
a candidate for any thing.'
-if It is said Gov. Johnson has almost
ceased to abusu the Kuotv Nothings rioce
the developments nt the -late Philadelphia
Convention have made it so evident that thuir
purposes are entirely national nnd patriotic
A very perceptible change has passed over
the dream of the Nashville Union on the
subject, and it need not surprise any one if
both the editor of that paper and Gov. Jojin.
aon Were to be thoroughly converted to the
faith by (he 2d of August. As Jo the oracles
and jacks who locate on the street corners
and curse and abuse all who refuse to aid the
Romish Church, hoary with tho crimes and
bloodshed of centuries, in its efforts to grasp
temporal power nnd obtain the ascendency iu
this country, nobody expects them ever to be
any wiser or better than they nro at present.
It is the peculiar privilege ot ignorance and
impudence to cling to error, and sin on in the
face of light and knowledge. But we have
great hopes of Gov. Johnson and the editor
of tho Union.
Ratification Mass Meeting:. The Amer
icans are to have a Mass Meeting at Nnshvillp
on the 4th of July, to ratify the action of the
National Council, recently held iu Philadel
phia. " .. t
fjr The opposition papers and orators are
continually parading the names of Lafayette,
nr,.t ........... P..1....I,: Vs....;,.Mi.-n tt.VoIV.
Baron Steuben, and a few others equally dis
tinguished, who, tired of despotism and ena
mored of liberty, came to this country nnd
fought gallantly iu the war of the Revolu-
tion. ' The memory of these will be revered
and their deeds remembered with gratitude
as long as the republic endures. But whilt)
the antics parade the names of the few who
fought for American liberty the right to
think, to apeak, aud to net why don't they
tell us of the many who came to this coun
try and fought against American -liberty in
the same war! Why dou't tiiey tell us of
tho ten thousand Hessians, who were not
subjects of, and owed no allegiance to, the
government with which tlio American colo
nies were nt war? These camo to fight
against liberty nnd for tyranny and oppros.
sion, and their doeds of inhumanity, . blood
shed, and rapiue, cannot bo recurred to even
at this distant day without calling up a thrill
of horror. But few such as Lufayette and
his compatriots come to our country, while
hundreds of thousands just like the lies.
. siaiis.are yearly landed upon our shores-Hunt
us ignorant of our institutions and ns much
prejudiced ' against us as those of their
countrymen who fought on the side of
despotism In tho days of the Revolution.
And so of the Catholic feature. They tell of
a comparatively few good citizens who are
, Cutholics, some of whom have already nnd
would again peril their lives In defence of the
country, but not a word huve they to say of
the myriads yearly coining. nmong us, nine-tcen-twonticths
f whom irrewovably be
lieve that their first allegiance ia to tho Pope
of Rome, nnd who would, were be to lid them
to-morrow, attempt to tear down the "Stars
and Stripes" nnd flaunt tho banner of St. Pe
ter In its place. Awsy with all such argu
ments they are not worthy of Serious no
tice, !
, Daguerreotypes. Gen. P. II. Vance, a
Doguorrean artist of souio celebrity, is at the
'Athens Hotel, where he will reuiuiu for a few
days. .. He is very successful in his line, there
Icing a freshness and truthfulness about his
pictures attained by no other artist that bits
visited our town. We commend his skill to
all who may wish to be daguerreotyped, .
Manual or Ukalth. Gco ileckwith, the
gentlemanly ngeut, has presented us with a
eopy of the Gttclouborg Manual of Health
a valuable treatise on the discuses which iif
fect the human family, their causes, &. The
Grtufcnberg Medicines are not a mere pa
tent affair, but are highly spoken of by mem
bers of the medical faculty. An advcitiswnent
for suiue of tlwsu will bo found ou the - next
It will be remembered by thoso who were
favored with- art opportunity of hearing the
discussions between the candidates for Con
gress in this district two years ago, that it was
mutually conceded by. both, Col. Samuel A.
Smith and Mr. Von Dyke, that the old party
issues were done away nnd party distinctions
fast dying out, and that new and vital inter
ests had sprung up amongst us, arising out
of onr system of internal improvements, upon
which all were united and which it was the
interest as well as duty of all to foster and
encourage. Those wbo attended the discus
sions then, after these mutual announcements,
were regaled with but ooo ' all-absorbing
theme the Rabun Gap Railroad. The man
who could be of most service to this new
and great enterprise, was conceded on nil
hands to be the man for tho "occasion, and
upon this issue the congressional contest was
waged, through thw end of the district at
least, in exclusion of all others. The aid
each candidate proposed to bring to this en
terprise was an appropriation of a large
amount of the public lands for the building
of the road Mr. Smith proposing to obtain
for that purpose from the government, a mil
lion and a quarter of seres certain, and as
much more as he could; and Mr. Van Dyke
thinking be could get, by a more liberal poli
cy than his opponent proposed to pursue,
about two millions for the same obje-t
while nil the candidates for the Legislature
were to render important services for the
same enterprise in procuring a liberal charter,
Slate aid, &as. The friends of Mr. Van Dyko
claimed for him a greater probability of sue-'
cess vfrom - his more mature age, superior
ability, and the more liberal policy -he was
proposing to advocate; while Mr. Smith
claimed for himself an almost absolute cer
tainty of success for bis proposition, at least
to Ilia extent of a million and a quarter of
acres, on account of his intimate relations
with Mr. Pierce, who hod just been elected
President and upon whose electoral ticket he
hud then latoly served from the fuel that so
far as politics existed he was of the same po
litical faith with the President nnd n majority
of both branches of Congress; but more es
pecially from the imposing fact that he had
tho whole, or a portion of the South Carolina
delegation pledged in advance to the support,
of his project. And when right shrewdly
reminded by Mr. Van Dyke that the Presi
dent, as" well ns himself, had belonged to a
party that had always opposed appropriations
for internal improvements by. the general
government, nil will remember with what a
defiant air and manner he proclaimed that he
held hit own opinions; that he iid not be
lieve the President or Congress would op
pose his proposition; but if they did he
would fight for it to the last, independent of
any man or any party. Well, tho election
came off (he people seemed to- think Col.
Smith had the best of it, and ho was elected1
upon this issue by a majority of about fifteen
hundred votes over the ordinary party strength
of the ' district. Then camo on, first, the
meeting of the State Legislature. Tho suc
cessful aspirants for seats in that body went
to work, the proposod charter for this i impor
tant rond was obtained, nnd tlio aid of the
State to the extent of ten thousand dollars
per mile for the purposo of. ironing and
equipping the road; and, also, one hundred
thousand dollars for building a bridge ncross
the Tennessee river was obtained. Next
came on the meeting of Congress. But where
stood Col. Smith upon the issue of his can
vass where his herculean effort in behalf of
his million nnd a quarter of acres of the pub
lic land where the sympathy of the Presi
dent and the co-operation of Congress in his
favorite meusirre, to which he was to devote
himself with such irresistible- zeaj and ener
gyand where was the imposing aid of the
South Curolina delegation? Upon his first
arrival in Congress Col. Smith was met full
in the face with the messngo of his Presi
dent, Mr. Pierce, .denouncing in measured
terms nil appropriations for internal improve
ments by the general government as uncon
stitutionnl, nnd with that message of the
President Col. Smith's favorite scheme in aid
of the Rnbun Gap Railroad, South Carolina
delegation and all, seems to have vanished
into thin air. And from that day to this, so
for as we are advised, Col. Smith has never
deigned to recur to the subject; nor have his
constituents ever been advised of his labors
in behalf -of that enterprise. It is nn en
terprise In which the people of this part of
the district have a deep and abiding interest,
nnd in which they have but recently been
putting forth their vigorous and ur.ited exer
tions it was an enterprise worthy of nn cf
fort on the part ol our representative in Con
gress, even- if he had not been bound by the
most sacred pledges, voluntarily takon for
the purpose of aiding him in the canvass
Did he make it? If not, was he in earnest in
his pledges to do so, made to the people
while seeking their -votes? if in earnest then,
what "change came o'er tho spirit of his
dream," nnd ought Bitch .a representative
again to be trusted? We have soen from his
public speech, which was, , we believe, his
maiden effort in Congress, thut. ho had lei
sure and inclination to advocato and Tote for
a bill giving away, perhaps, millions of acres
of the public domain to foreigners and dedi
cating the same to squatter sovereignty iu
Kansas and Nebraska but no hand, heart or
voice had ho then to raise in behalf of the
favored enterprise of his own constituents,
and in redemption of his own pledges.
. But can it be said for Col, Smith that his
favorite measure was smothered in embryo
by tho grounds taken by the President in his
message? Justice to his constituents, to any
nothing of respect for his own candor, de
manded an honest effort, whether successful
or hot . But did he, we repeat again, ninko
that effort; or was he even disappointed or
dissatisfied with the course of the President?
Not only after tlio messngo of Mr. Pierce al
luded to above, which sent Col. Smith's All
absorbing theme into perfect nonentity, but
after the same President had by his veto put
to death the River and siarbor Bill of the
Inst Congress, containing an important appro
priation to the Tennessee river, in which
another portion or Col. Smith's constituents
bad a deep and vital Interest nnd for which
wo are informed he himself Toted we aay,
after all this, in his famous letter of January
1st, 1855, to his constituents declining a re
election, the candor of which he has recently
illustrated, he Likes occasion to inform the
public thut his declension was not "because
of any lack of confidence in the polity or in
tegrity of the present chief executive of the
nation," Jte. showing not only his acquies
enee in, but approval of the policy of the
President in his condemnation of the very
measures upon which Col. Smith staked his
election, and upon which he went to Con
gress. .
But so fur from attempting In this canvass
to account for tho way in which he redeemed
bis solemn pledges made In the last, Col.
Smith, so far as we have hoard him, though'
called upon by his comperitor, passes these
mutters over in dignified silence, simply re
marking that his nets are upon the record
and he is w illing to be judged by that record-
when he well knew the record is only in
the hands of one man in each county, aud
frequently nut even that, and that not one
out of every thousand voters in this district
will ever see it until after the election. But
a faint ray of hope dawned upon us the other
day, nnd wo thought we might yet be nble to
see something of his efforts to serve his con
stituents, when in reply to an nrtiule in this
paper suggesting nn abuse of the frankivg
privilege, he 8 tiled in rather a vaunting style
thut the document franked was one that his
constituents were interested in, that it con
tuined a part of his speech!' Well, we thought
now thut speech might throw some light on
his efforts in behalf of the Rabun Gap Ri.il-
road, and might explain why he didn't get
the million and a quarter of acres of public
lands. But whnt must have been our sur
prise to find, upon looking into the document,
that same speech of the Col., in which he
thought his constituents had so deep an in
terest as to justify, to say the least of it, a
yery questionable use of his frank, amounted
simply to a glowing eulogy upon Catholic
piety nnd foreign patriotism, interlarded with
pretty heavy denunciations of ills own Pro
testant countrymen and a furious onslaught
upon the Know Nothings. Were not the
Col.'s constituents more interested to know
what serviees he has rendered the people of
hi? district, if any; and if nono, what use
hay? they for his future services, nnd what
use could there be in foisting him again before
the country nt this late stage in tho canvass,
nt so manifest tin injury to his own private
affairs? Let the people answer.
The Critics. The Platform set up bv
the Philadelphia Convention lias eftectuully
taken the wind out of the sails of the oppo.
sition journals. Trup, they pretend to find
an immense donl of fault, criticise it with
dreadful severity, and eveu ridicule that sen-
timcnt which recognizes nnd acknowledges
n firm reliance in the Almighty Heine w ho
rules over the Universe; but so far all thoir
objections nnd.criticisms are of the most puo
rile and silly character, so much so that any
editor who has a decent respect for the intel
ligence of his reader ought to be nshamed
to parade such nonsense before them. One
paper down South devotes four awful col
tinins to what it calls a "Dissection of the
Platform," and if there is one sentence in tho
whole article thnt will bear tho test of candor
and fair dealing, we were unable to discover
it but, on the contrary, much to make the
writer ridiculous. And so through the wholo
class of journals criticising tho American
Platform they are only making themselves
ridiculous, if not something worse. Perhaps
they can't help it. The poet probably had
such critics in his eye when he wrote:
"Some neither enn for wits or critics pass,
As heavy mules are neither horse uor ass,
Tennessee Delf.uatf.s at Louisville.
We lenrn from the Journal of Saturday mor.
ning, that Hon. Neil S. Brown nnd Jordan
Stokes, Esqs., addressed a large and enthusi
astic meeting of Americans in that city, on
Friday night. The Journal contains a brief
sketch of the remarks of these gentlemen,
and says they were warmly and enthusiasti
cally applauded. .
' tgETThe Lafayette (Ind.) C.iuricf makes
a very wicked wish. The President's private
secretary happening to get stuck on the St.
Clnir flats lately, on the steamer Illinois, the
Courier vents its malice at the Executive
"If the President himself was only on
board, and had to remain there for the next
three months, nnd read his veto message nine
times n day Sundavs excepted the entire
West would tike off it hut, and give three
limes three with a will."
Important mow Mexico. By private
letters received per steamship Nautilus, the
New Orleans Delta is placed in possession of
the welcome news that Monterey.' the strong
hold of Northern Mexico, nnd key to Sierra
Mad re, has been captured by the revolution
ists. It appears that the place was attacked
on the 27th ult., by General Santiago Viduri,
in the morning, nnd captured after a short
engagement, togother with the Black Fort
and all that it contained.
Governor Curdonn and about 60 officers
wore taken prisoners. All the arms nnd
ammunition, together with thirty pieces of
cannon fell into the hands of the insurgents.
This is a deathblow to Santa Anns.
Caravajal had crossed tho RioGrunde, near
Davis' Ranch, just below Cnmnrgo, nnd Don
Macedonia Cupistrnn hud crossed a short
distance nbove Mutnmorns. with their forces,
intending to nnilo with the Monterey insur
gent. Cnpiatran had already had a fight.
The work goes bravely on!
lJTRolfe S. Saunders has disposed of
his interest in the Memphis Eagle and En
quirer. PIT" A call was made through onr pnper
Inst week npon Messrs. Cnrlock and Hurst to
address tho people nt the Court House in this
place, on Mondny next The Quarterly Court
meets on the 2d, and the, business 6f that
body will probably consume the entire, day.
We would respectfully requestthe candidates
to seek some other occasion- for n discussion
as it is a busy season, and the people should
bo kept no longer from their business than
really necessary. j v.
Ciulhowee Strings. A plat of the lots
nnd grounds nt Chilhowee Springs has been
left at this office where thoso wishing to pur.
chnse cao call and examine It,
There was an immense meeting held iu
New York, ratifying the action of the
National American Convention, lately held
at Philadelphia, which resulted in the adop
tion of the truly National Platform, which
we publish to-day, and which is being re
sponded to all over tho Union, wherever the
party has an existence, East, West, North
nnd South and nowhere more heartily than
at the North. It is said that uot less than
25,000, people were present at the meeting
in New York, although there was only time
for a few hours notice. Among the speakers
on the occasion we notice the names of Ex
Gov. Neil S. Brown, of this State, A. J. Don
elson, of the Hermitage, and other distin
guished gentlemen. We regret want of
space will uot admit of our publishing the
proceedings entire we, however, take the
following extract from the Express. It
Hereafter Sam is no longer a stripling.
He is a giunt yes, n veritable Samson for
nothing hut a live Samson could have raised,
ut n single day's notice, from twenty-five to
thirty thousand Americans, in tho Park, last
evening. It was to respond to the action of
ins national Council in FhMadelpliia, lo lie
sure nnd everybody expected that the strip
ling would be about but nobody expected
to see him bring with him men (and women
too) by the squ-tre mile. It was, all in nil,
such a mighty demonstration of the People
the real American People, we mean such
as the the Commercial Emporium never be
held before.
This Park meeting was in n good degree
impromptu no time having been allowed for
any of the usual preparations in the Wards,
or for gathering together the large suburban
popoululion, that row surround this city.
Notwithstanding, however, all that, and the
very early hour, 5, 1 . M. nt whicu men ol la
bur nnd of business were summoned from
their various avocations thousands were on
hand, nnd tlio crowd kept on continually in
creasing till after dark. At six o'clock the
whole lower end of the Park was full of peo
ple, aud the general estimate was, that no
fewer than twenty-five thousand persons were
on tho "round.
From tho outgivings of the Press hero nnd
elsewhere, that the New York members of
the Council were digging their craves, and
that no audience in New York would have
patience with them, because of their acting
m concord with their Southern countrymen
there was naturally enough some nrxiety
when James W. Barker read the Philadelphia
Platform, and submitted it to the approbation
of thu people, ns the plan" for unity, and
peace, and harmony with, ail the United
States of America. No doubt, there were
many in that vast concourse, who, did not
approve in specification nnd detail every thing,
and nil things in that platform but there
burst forth troin the masses one almost unit
ed cheer, which soon relieved nil anxiety, 'ind
demonstrated that the American Partv of
New York was one. The Platform was nc
cepled without s dissentient voice and the
cheers ol acceptance were renewed and pro
longed. Mr. Barker and his friends, without
any of the preparation of claquers, trusted to
the absorbing 'American sentiment of his
countrymen, and trusted not in vain. The
unity, concord nnd harmony of the American
Partv triumphed over every other sentiment
nnd as it triumphed among the American
masses, so w ill it triumph iu every part of
the United btatcs.
For the following particulars we nro also
indebted to the Express :
According to previous notice, there drawn
together lust evening, In the Park, such a
crowd as is but seldom seen in litis our (rood
ly city the array of persons was tremendous,
und their voices occasionally went up in
unanimous concord, it seemed ns though the
platform tottered with the reverberation of
the mighty cry.
At about a quarter past 4 o'clock might
hnve been seen flocking from all quarters
representatives of every class of our commu
nity; the merchant walked side by side with
his clerk, and the artisan met them in full
vigor of his noble manhood in the Park all
seemed equal and free the few eager to se
cure the prominent places, increased to the
many the many grew to the crowd, nnd (ho
crowd, a multitudinous gathering of quiet,
peaeeeble men, gtew den.cr nnd denser yet,
until shortly before five the cannons 'expend
ed their strength to sitlulo the presence, of
"Sam," in consultation with his followers.
Thirty-two booming cries went forth, and
then the mighty nnd ever-increasing throng,
swollen into a living mass, stood waiting the
moment when the voice should proclaim the
Americans organized.
- But while this vast assemblage were com
ing together, there was a busy few with their
duties to perforin on the occasion. These
w ere the ollicers and speakers of theevenjng;
who, on their part, assembled in large num
bers ou the various platforms whence the
followers of thu "ubiquitous Sam", should
proclaim his principles open to the criticism
of the many whom he hoped to lead.
Mounting the platfonn,amidst thu enlivening
strains sent up by tho hand, and comprised in
the nir of "Hail Columbia," they flaunted to
the breeze the emblem of our country, tho
"Slurs nnd Stripes." With them, also, they
brought other banners bearing mottoes ami
inscriptions pertaining to tho "myth'' who
presided over the meeting. Deposited oppo
site the crowd was the inscription
To the left of tho speakers "Sam" testified
lo his sentiments ns follows:
On the right of the officers he spoke
of his love of Union and his determination
lo be
JVo AorA, JYo Smith, Nn East, Ao IV 'est,
Hon. Neil S.Brown made a thrilling speech,
we have room only for the following extract
taken from the closing portion of it:'
What report shall I bear with me to my
home? (Voices" That we are good and
true.") I live in n State uf which I am proud;
one that does not engage- in sectional quar
rels either of North or South, one that repos.
es in the question of union; she has always
been true to the Union, nnd like others, she
has looked on this your noble State, even as
she has sought your aid in trouble, and yhu
have always come to her aid. Even amidst
the din of national eonfllicts, she appeals to
you lo day; she has the words of her chief
man ever present to her, "the Union. must be
preserved. She has the ringing sounds of
him who will never be forgotten, even Henry
Clny, (immense cheering,) und she would nut
get out of the Union, if she could; nor could
nut if she would. On tho North Kentucky
blocks her in; on the West, the Mississippi
rolls, if she attempted on the South there is
Mississjppi, Alabama and Georgia, while on
the Eub't is her old mother thut would whale
her back into the Union, so ns we can't get
out wi want all our sisters nnd brothers to
stay in. I am a poor judge of tjuinnii nature
if the appeal which is made to you w ill be in
It this American movement was invented
by a man, it was by some ninn who under
stood tho American character well; ti hoi Na
poleon crossed Egypt with his army furlorn
and saddvued in sight of the Pyramids, ke
knew the hearts hidden in the breasts of bis
French followers, nnd said he "rrom tho tops
of yon Pyramids forty centuries ser your
deeds," and it was enough fr the French,
and a loud huzza was the rwponse, so I say
to you three generations 1mK down upon
vou; shall we succeed or not? (erics of "yea.")
I say to yon let us fight it out, I am vnlUU-d
lor the war, if it triumphs I shall rejoice, if it
fails, I shall have the consciousness of having
done my duty. Shall I tell them y.u are all
right here when I return home? (Cheersand
cries of "Yes.") That you po for the platform
and the whole business? (Cheers.) Its Ameri
can principles and "S.uu" us the captain of
the whole concern? (t.'heers.) Now fellow
citizens, I le.ive thit. stard and ask you to
give three loud, lusty cheers for "Sam."
( Responded-to by' three hsarty rounds of
Alter the hearty nnd patriotic demonstra
tions of tho masses in the two great cities of
the North, whose join) population numbers
over a million souls, we trust we shall hear
no more of the Hon. S. A. Smith travelling
about the country, charging the whole
Americau Purty North with being Aboli
tionists. 5gT"TliB following is tho oath taken by
the Roman Catholic Priests, the head of
which Church is laboring to obtain the ns
cendency in this country. We ask all to read
it and then say .whether those who are striv
ing tu arrest its aggressions nnd encroach
ments merit the epithets und abuses which
the foreign party bestow upon them:
oath of the priests.
" I, A. B.,do in-knowledge the ecclesiastical
power of his holiness, nnd the iiiotherChurch
of Rome, as the chief head and matron above
all pretended churches throughout the wholo
earth; ntid that my zeal shall be fur St. Peter
nnd bis successors, ns the founder of the true
nnd Ancient Catholic Faith, against all-heretical
kings, princes, states or powers, repug
nant to the same: and although I, A. I!., fur
ther do declare not to art or control any mat
te I or thing prejudicial unto her, in her secret
orders, doctrines, tenets or commands, with
out leave of its supreme power or its authori
ty, under her appointed; and being so permit,
ted, then to act,and further her iiitre,stw,uiore
than my own earthly good and earthly pleas
ures, iu she and her head, his holiness aud
his successors have, or ought tu have, the su
premacy over nil kings, princes, estates or
powers whatsoever, either to deprive them of
their crowns, sceptres, powers, privileges,
realms, countries or governments, or to set
lip others in lieu thereof, they dissenting
from the mother church- and her- com
mands." -
The above is the oath taken nt Mnyiintilh
where many priests are educated for the Uni
ted States.
Famine ;n Texas. A letter from Pales
tine, Texns, dated May 28ih says :
"We are nn the brink of a famine. Last
night I went supperless to bed, so as to save
about a teaspoonful of meal for breakfast.
Mr. (the head of thu writer's family)
spent nearly all day on Saturday hunting for
meal wiihout success. Today we managed
to borrow a peek from n lucky neighbor. The
drought has been so severe that no one has
raised any vegetables. Meat is scarce, gro
eeries are out of the question. Half of our
merchants are nn the brinkjjf failure. There
is uo transportation for cotton. Money never
was so scarce. Our physician's bill for three
months attendance was 9130, and neither of
ns had a protracted spell. We. have worked
hard enough to he independent of the world,
if our expenses had not exhausted nil our
earnings. As it is, we have something that
really belongs to us our house, land, stock,
&c. We owe but little now. People here
think we are getting rich. At present I would
be content with the common necessaries of
life; a pound of sugar would bo a blessing,
&c, &.C.
Laving in Liquor. The New York Mir
ror, says of thu approach of the day, the 4lh
of July, on which tho Iaw proposes to stop
the grog of the New Yorkers: ;
As the day of doom to the Liquor Trad.
draws near, our citizens are laying in "private
stocks," to last them until the despotic enact
ment is repealed. We lenrn from Home of
our leading retail dealers that they have their
hands full of business in supplying their city
customers. Persons who have nmer been in
the habit of buying more than n single basket
of Champagne, a gallon of Port, and a bottle
of Brandy, are now purchasing in wholesale
quantities Wir.es by the dozen duzu.it s, und
Brandies, &.C., by the barrel.
Arrest of Horace Greeley in Paris.
Horace Greeley was arrested in Paris, on the
2d of June, and kept in the debtor's prison till
Monday, nt tho instance of a French exhibitor
ut the New York Crystal Palace, whose goods
being broken nnd injured, thought proper to
sue for damage; the first director who pre
sented hiuiselfbeiug Greeley, he was arrested.
Tho suit was heaid nn the 4th of June,
when Greeley was, of course, set 'at liberty.
He is frightfully wroth, and is studio be pre
paring a document of the most stirring sort
for the Tribune. His own nccount will, of
course, be better worth copying than any
oilier. , ' .
gf Three years ago Louis Napoleon,
findingMmt his army was not nble to read,
advertised for n contract to tench the soldiers.
A single gentleman undertook the contract.
He asked fur no books; nothing but' slates
and pencils. He brought up the men in line
nnd pointed nnd nt his dictation they learned
the alphabet; and then to' read. He then
nsked for one single tract. He was permitted
lo choose, nnd he selected, ns preferable to nil
tracts in the language of mini, the Gospel of
St. John. In less than a year he had taught
fifty thousand French soldiers to reud the
Gospel of St. John, and hud received copies
enough to put one in the hands of each
soldier. ' ' "
Hard Treatment. The Christian Ad
vocate says: . ,
' "A Roman Catholic Prh st wns recently
brought before n magistrate in Chicago,
charged with beating and otherwise, abusing
a woman, a member of his church, for refus
ing to take her children from the fn-o school,
at his bidiiing, Tho defence set up was, that
he transactions of the Confessional were to
bo kept secret; that the,, woman knew this
solemn obligation, sho vas unworthy , of
belief! Witness, members of the Catholic
Church, 'were examined, who testified 'thai,
according to the cations of the Church, what
ever insult a priest might offer a woman nt
the ConfcssioHul, she was buuud tu keep it a
secret' fom her (lusltand?'
-?Never refuse tcf kiss n lolly. Gallant
ry, religion, mid good taste nike forbid it.
If it is sweet, it will make yon feel like n bar
rel nnd a half of white sugar or n ' week; nnd
if it is not you will nt least have the satisfac
tion of knowing that it i the bust that cinild
be tiffered. Kisses; however, liko candy,
xre generally made up with a deal of saccha
ring about them. .'
JTTIih Kuoxvillo . Standard "ar.ouhcct
the death of Mr. Churl es 11. Collin, tin en.
terprising cilizen of thut plnre, and one of
the firm of C. II. & D. L. Cofliu & Co." '
Andrew Juckson Dooelson, who so long
enjoye4 the confidence and love of General
Jackson, and Was made bis heir at that great
in ill's death, attended the Great Ratification
Meeting in New York, aud made a most ex
cellent speech the scutiiMtnts uf which will
find a response in every true American heart.
We quote the closing portion of it, and torn
meud it to the attention of old Jackson dem
ocrats, coming us it does from the Hermitage,
where reposo the remains of the mau whom
Mr. Jefferson said had "filled the measure of
bis country's glory." ll is the old hern speak
ing to his countrymen from the grave: shall
we not heed his voice:
.. There is but one road open to the trnd pa
triot, that is to unite in the lending principles
of tho great American party.. Jo this manner
we can elect a President who will not dis
grace the country with Ostend Conferences;
in this manner we caii, wipe out the Stain
wh;ch has been cast upon us of introducing
a corrupt foreign indui-nce into our national
councils; i:i this manner we ciin teach those
who sock lo use the Catholic vole as a politi
cat monopoly, that w hilsl we respect all the
rights ol religious freedom, we know how to
disarm the advocates of a svstem that makes
the allegiance due to the United States sub
ordinate lo that which is due to foreign po
tentate. .
, What sav you, then, gentlemen, lo our
platform? Do you not justify me in flying
to it for relief from the coalition which exists
between Mr. Pierce, nnd thu N ul lifters and Ab
olitionists? A conli'ion tt hich did more to
build up a sectional jealousy and 'strife Until
iiny other coalition which has ever existed in
our land.
By this coalition, nullification enjoys the
honors and high places of government in thu
South, and Mr. ( 'ushing knows how to tell
his old Abolitionists to rest quiet that prin
ciples are eternal and never change. He can
say with truth to Wilson, Sumner and Sew.
ard, that ollices ore all vinulf things, when
weighed in the balance with great measures.
Let the South have its lipje to-day, ours will
conio to-morrow. It will be impossible
for the chivalrous Davis, tho self serificing
Douglas, not tu ullow us to follow their ex
umple. . -
Bui we tell these smart higher-law men
thnt the spirit of Washington and Jackson is
uot extWict, mid that the people , are rallving
in days of old, to the preservation ,pf the
principles of the constitution; that men, men
tried men, are taking their posts, mid that
tho cry "Americans shall rule America,"
wjll sweep 1'ieni the miserable jugglers, w ho,
under the- guide of Democracy, Woold sell
the country to the Pope of Rome, provided
they have the privilege of monopolizing his
favors. - -
Let onr motto, then, be, "Our Federal Un
ion it must be and shall he preserccdf
"Americans shall rule America."
Private Claims How Disposed Of.
Inquiries respecting the disposition of private
claims by Congress, during its last session,
will be fully answered by the following copy
of n resolution, passed May 3d, IS55.
Resolved, That nil reports which any of the
committees have directed to be made, to tlio
House, shall be delivered lo the clerk, and
they are hereby ordered to be printed; and
such of them as are of a private character, to
gether with all . the bills that shall remain on
thu private calendar, or on the speaker's table
at tho adjournment of Congress, nro hereby
referred, with the accompanying papers, to
the court of claims.
It will bu seen from the above, that every
matter not otherwise definitely disposed of,
is now with the court of claims, and informa
tion respecting the same can only be derived
from that source. -
A Not. It is frequently asserted by Sag
Nichts that there ure but few foreigners iu
Tennessee nnd there is therefore no necessity
for nn American party here. Tlio attention
of such is invited to the following facts:
Fact 1st. Joshua . Giddings orOhio, the
High Priest of Abolitionism in that fState is
down upon the Amorican party, because it
i-hnngu in the naturalization laws would ruin
Sambo. He savs there are 30,000 abulitivn
foreign votes in Ohio! .
V act ad. In Wisconsin w is tho same way.
The majority of tin- population of that young
State is foreign born, and they have elected
a Frecsoiler to the Senate und p issed reso
lutions denunciatory of thu Know Noth
ings. Fact 3d. The Nebraska nnd Kansas Bill
admits unnaturalized foreigners to vote, in
those territories! with a view lo make ' them
free soil. '
As in Ohio, . Wisconsin und other North
Western States, so it is every where. The
Foreigners go out to the common territories
nnd vote every time against the South,
Is there not then a necessity for a National
nl American Party tu check these ubu-
. ' . New York, June 20.
The steamer Asia has arrived at Halifax
with Liverpool dales to tho 9lh inst.
Corn was-unchanged. Flour had advanced
a shilling. Consuls were quoted nt Oil.
The Liverpool cotton market wns unchang
ed aller having undergone a partial decline.
The sales of tho week reached 107,000 bales.
From the Crimea. On the 6th the botn
bnrdment of Sebastopol was renewed. Ou
the 8lh the Fiench attacked nnd carried the
Mnmclon nnd White towers, after desperate
fighting nnd terrible loss.
The success of the Allies had caused great
buoyancy in England and France. '
The French force now in tho Crimea
amounts to 20 ',000 men.
Thu Russians uro to be attacked at every
point. .
' Tho Russian's have evacuated Sotijumkale.
A grent fire had occurred nt Galutz which
ccstroyed one hundred horses.
The cholera had broken out iu the Austrian
iVcio York, June 23. The Missouri Re
publican stales that Fort Laramie bud been
attacked and captured by the ludiutis. . No
paiticulars nro given. ' .
f-ff" Postmaster General Campbell wns nw
plied to recently by the Postmaster st York,
Pa., to know whether a letter containing, as
was supposed, counterfeit money, could be
opened at the request of the police, authori
ties, in order that the money contained therein
might be identified as the same as Hint passed
by the piisoner, and that thus further evi
dinicu might he furnished to aid in his con
viction nnd punishment. The Postmaster
General replied, etnpli iticully, that it could
hot, that he had mi right, nor uny officer
under him, to open nny letter until It rent-hud
the Dead letter Office, ai d that this principle
tuuKt bo always acted upon by those in the
employment of the Department.
Railroad IronI Tile New York Post snys
that there is a great scarcity of iron rails in
market, either of foreign or home manufac
ture, mid though cash is freely offen d, the
quantity wunted is not nt present lo be bud.
There isn matked rcnewui of activity among
railroad companies, and-s demand fur rails
Um iocrcuscu und is still iucrcusitig. . .
The Platform of the Know Nothi,,
Convent-OS. It seems by this tiiIla
well understood that the Seward party ,..v'
been too hasty in supposing that the d.."r
tion of the Northern members of the KnGW
Nothing Convention, and the pliitrrm adopt,
cd by the majority of that body, have cnatej
such a division in the party in was likvly
interfere with their views on the Presidency
Even the Seward Whigs ure now U-gioning
to see that the division of opinions on slavery
was unavoidable was clearly foreseen Ly u;
the friends of the parly, nnd could not hm,,
been brought to light in j more advntitaeou
way for the Know Nothings than it has. Xg
one, with common understanding, eVer i0g
ined that the delegates frt in Georgia ai j
Governor Gardner could tell the world au
impudent a falsehood ns that they were of
one mind on shivery. The question ones
brought up, therefore, it followed as a matter
of course thai they must differ; and it mut
b gratifying to every member of the Urder
to reflect that they did so differ without cr,.
pressing nny intention of opposing each other
und wiihout allowing themselves to be di.
verted from thu original objects of lluirrom.
bination. It cannot be too often repeated
the Know Nothing party is stronger now tluu
it was before the convention. For the dangers
are known, and the shoals marked with hum,.
It mny steer boldly onwards, it has now litt!a
to feur. All'is plain sailing, nnd if uiemliers
adhere to their principles victory is pretty
A Distinguished Visitor. Edmund Li.
fayctte, grandson of the Marquis de lafny.
ette.eo distinguished ns the brnve nnd gener
tins champion of American Independence, Inn
been spending a few days in Delaware with
the Du Pouts, who were the early friends of
the General. Tho Wilmington Journal says:
In company w ith n few friends, he has
visited nil the places of interest iu the vicinity,
one of his earliest visits being to the scene of
the buttle at Clmdd's Ford, ill which his nn.
eestor first shed his blood in our cause. Tho
'very spot-upon'which the General was stand
ing when he was wounded, was pointed out
by some of the old residents.
Mr. Ijifayetle is about 28 years of age, of
line countenance and engaging manners. He
bears some resemblance to his grandfather,
though a much handsomer man.
Slavery m Kansas and Nkbkassa A
correspondent of the Missouri Republican
writes Truii Kansas to that journal, under
recent date, as follows:
"The friends of the Smith nnd of the Un
ion mny now rest satisfied, nnd the Aholi
tionists nnd Disunionists may hang their linrp
on. the willow, nnd sit down on the Eastern
banks of the Mississippi, and weep; fur l ho
fate of Kansas is settled gloriously. Mis.
Silurians, Keiituekinns, Tennesseenns,Virgini
nns, and other pro-slavery citizens, are com
ing every day by hundreds, and making
homes, comfortable homes, all over the Ter
ritory, nnd they w it-Id so strong an innflii.
ence, sociuily nnd morally, as to change the
political opinion of many of the Freesoilers
who have been sent here by the Aid Society.
It is only here und there in limited localities
that you find any number ofAhnlilionisbvind
they operate against their own cause. They
never will be nble to control nny influence, ur
to effect anything of moment.
"So strong, general and pervuiling is the
pro slavery sentiment that it has extended
even to Nebraska, and we find the Nebraska
City News rnlisting under its banner, nnd
hear of public meetings being held, resolu
tions passed, and addresses pulished, advoca
ting the establishment of a slave Statu in the
Southern portion of that Territory. Sever
al families have already gone there w ith their
slaves. There are not less than forty slaves
in Richardson county alone."
The New York Proiiibitort Law. Of
Mr. Daniel Lord's opinion adverse, to the con
stitutionulity of this law, the New York Ob
server says:
Daniel Lord, one of the most eminent
lawyers of this city, and an eider in the Pres
byterian Church, has given nn extended opin
ion on the subject of the Prohibitory Liquor
Law. He regards the law in its main features
as involving nn invasion of. the Constitution.
Such nn opinion, from a fentlenuin of bis
high position, and whose antecedents would
have led us to expect another decision, will
exert a powerful influence upon public
opiuion. v
Slaves Protected nr Law. The most
tolling answer tu the charges made bv aholi
tionists s,iys the Now Oilcans Vis-a Vis, that
slaves are not protected by law in the South,
is the case of the Stnle of Lonisiann, vs.
Hunter; in which defendant is charged with
selling n slave and separating the mother
from her children, contrary to the statute in
such cases made and provided; On last Fri
day, the accused pleaded guilty, und was sen
tenoed bv Judge Robertson, to a fine of one
tlmnsiind dollars, six months imprisonment,
nnd forfeiture of thu slaves.
t?"Much excitement prevails in Maine
and Massachusetts in relation to the liquor
laws of those States. The Lowell Courier
slates that on Monday night of lust week a
two horse Boston wagon, ladon with five
casks of liquor, was seized in Ccntrul street
by the night police, and the driver, nnd Mr.
John Johnson, who was riding with him,
were arrested and locked up in thu wntch
house. In the morning the liqnor wns tnken
to the city agency for storage. As it was
understood that the liquor wus on its way to
New Hampshire, nn interesting nnd important
question is made ns to the right of property
in transitu between the Utiles. But for
Poitsiiio'ulh harbor, New Hampshire could
import uo liquor savo through Maine or
Prices in Kansas. Printers' wnges ure
$10 per week, or 30 cents per thonsnnd ems;
carpenters' Si per dv; unisons.' f2; I"1"'
class of laborers $1 25 lo f 1 50. Board $3 lo
$5 per week.
iThr Boston Liquor. Cases. At Boston
on Friday Jour cases were tried in the Mu
nicipal Ciuirt Tor violations of the New Liquor
Ijiw in nil of which tho jury returned a ver
dict of not giiijtv. , r .
.. ,, Washington, June 25.
The Navy Department received official
intelligence which has produced the convic
tion that the Porpoiso is lost, together wila
ollicers nnd crew.
t-ff Returns from nil the counties in Illi
nois hnve been received, which show a ma
jority of 1 4,066 ngaitibt the prohibitory Liquor
law. The total vote was 167,336 the larg
est vote ever polled in this State. The official
returns will probably vary Ibe figures some-what.-
I'l .. .. I . ir Vif,lnff
iieitJ wiia 11 rnipu illotr i.imum-i,
ratification meeting in Baltimore on Wednes
day night. The meeting is said to have been
very large and enthusiastic. Many of the
delegatos to the. late National Convention
... .i ...
were present, ana maau speeches ou tue
lf Somo habitual drunkards hnve been
recently punished at Lancaster, England, by
being placed in the slocks, in defuull of pay
incut of thu fiuo inflicted upon tltcoj.

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