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l& m IS
BY SAM. P. IVINS.
ATHENS, TENN., FRIDAY, JULY G 1855.
YOL. VII-NO. 351.
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ffr- Office on Main street, nest door to the old Jack
ATIIKNM fBIMVi JiXV 8, 1855.
Philadelphia Platform. Thnr. Weed's
paper the Albany Evening Journal snys
tlie pro-slnvery journals of tho South Imve n
tight to rejoice over the Philadelphia plat
form. It concedes, it says, all they have do
manded. Instead of "ignoring" the question
of slavery, it repudiates Ihe principle of free
dom. It goes further than any Convention
of any party has dared la go for many years.
This is Weed's view of the subject. And yet,
ays the Whig, the Enquirer and other
Democratic prints affect to consider the
American platform unworthy of Southern
support. It has heen repudiated by the entire
Abolition press at the North, with Wilson nt
their head. Such being the case, its merits
and its virtues are indisputable.
How IT was Done. We see it stilted in
our exchange that Flournoy.the Know Noth
ing candidate for Governor of Virginia, re
ceived 80,000 votes, mid Wise, the anti Know
Nothing candidate 90,000. If this be true,
Virginia hns polled nn aggregate vote of
170,000 which is forty thousand more
ihuu ever polled in the Stale before!
Mr. Floernoy received 8,000 votes more than
tho Know Nothings counted for him, and
with the usual votes of the State would have
been elected by 20,000 majority. Our
readers can form their own conjecture as to
where the 30,000 excess of votes which give
Mr. Wise the election came fronrt
Postagr ok Back Numbers of Newspa
rfchs The Post-Office Department gives no
tice that back numbers of newspapers, if ad
dressed to n regular subscriber, are chargea
lile with a postage of one cent each, payable
cither at the office of publication or the office
of delivery; but if sent to a person not a sub
acriber, they are considered transient payers,
nnd ns such, are chargeable with one cent each
if prepaid, and with two cenlt if not prepaid.
None but regular subscribers to newspapers
are entitled to the .benefit of quarterly or
Wisconsin. Wisconsin, as we have said,
is the only State in the Union that contains
more foreign born titan nativo born citizens.
It is tho only State whose highest judicial
tribunal has pronounced the fugitive slave
law unconstitutional. The anti American
party talked about the election of Durkeeby
the legislature of the State as if it were an
ict of the Know Nothings. But did not the
same Legislature that elected Durkee pass
strong resolutions against the. repeal or any
modification of the naturalization laws And
is the American party to bu held responsible
for tho conduct of a Legislature, which,
elected by a foreign born population, sends a
Freesoiler to the Senate nnd adopts resolu
tions against the Know Nothing Platform?
Pray what will the American party' oppo
nents undertake to hold it responsible for
07" Neatness may be carried to excess.
Mr. Splasher is devoted to whitewash. On
taking n house in the country he whitewash
ed the trunks of all the trees, affirming that
it gave them a nicer appearance. lie was
next proceeding to improve the hollyhocks
in the same style, when Mrs. S. dragged him
nway by the coal tail, declaring that shu had
borne a good deal, but could'l stand that.
:rMr. Dunn Brown remarked, the other
day, that it was all very well to say, "never
go to law," but what was a fellow to do when
law came to him? Mr. Brown's observation
was called forth by hn oblong piece of paper,
with which an officer of justice had favored
him. There is a great deal of force in Mr.
Brown's way of putting the question.
KB" Hon. U. C. Wickliffe, ex-Postmaster
General, has been nominated by the Demo
cratic State Convention of Louisiana for Gov
ernor, mul C. H. Monton- for Lt Governor.
Mr. Wickliffe hns accepted the nomination.
Bounty Lands. The number of applicants'
for bounty lands, tinder the new law, now
readies 1 17,700, ami 8,808 warrants have been
issued. Kighteen of the applications allowed
are for soldiers who served in the revolution
ary war, and ninety-rive to the surviving
widows of revolutionary tnldiert.
InronTANT Annoitni'Kmbnt The English pa
pers received by tho St. Louis, mention a re
port, said to be founded on good authority,
thnt the Kmpreas Eugene is expected iooii to
give an heir to the imperial throne of France.
KB" Surliness is indicative of small intel
l'ct. You could not teach a bull doff to do a
trick In four months. If you're looking for
an intelligent man, therefore, never consult a
person who wear a frown, or take to sulki
lies. The Albany (N. Y ) Register says that
New York a.loptt the American platform, ond
that the ptrty in that State "is this day
unit and was never stronger,"
IfT In Boston on Friday, in four eases
tried in the Municipal Court for violation
of the new liquor law, the Juries returned
Verdict of not guilty.
fctT Land warrants ore soiling at $109 a
91 10 in Washington, and at 8107 in Phila
delphia and New V'ork,
Laborers Wanted. The Nebraska City
News mentions that the farmers and mechan
ics of that territory complain loudly of their
inability to procure workmen. They offer) It
says, extravagant wages, but work hands are
not to be had. The difficulty does not seem
to be thnt laborers are lazy, or even scarce;
but every ,-one who goes there immediately
sets up for himself becomes an employer
instead of a seeker of employment. The
News asks :
"Where are the thousands of suffering poor
who were making the streets nnd parks of
New York hideous, last winter, by their riot
ous howls for work? Let them come out
here, we will give them work, as much as
they desirn, and wages for it too, such as will
non place them above the miserable subsis
tence of soup-bouse charity."
The largest reevnt accessions to the pop
ulation of NebrnsKa are stated to have been
from the States of Ohio and Pennsylvania,
many citizens of which have either taken up
their abode in Nebraska city or located farms
in its immediate vicinity.
The American Platform. Commenting
upon the platform adopted by the Philadel
phia Convention, the New Orleans Crescent,
an independent journal, sayt: The resolutions
are concise and comprehensive. They coin,
inenco well. It is a true proposition contain
ed in the first resolution, that the American
party, having risen on the ruins of the two
old parlii S, cannot be held responsible for
their sins of omission and commission. It is
equally true, as set forth in the second reso
lution, "that the systematic agitation of the
slavery question by those partie"has'-broiighl
our institutions into peril," and that it Was,
therefore the duty of the American party to
interpose, for the purpose nf giving peace to
the country ami to perpetuate the Union."
No party ever entered upon a nobler or a
holier work. . The third resolution declares
that ''the existing laws upon the subject of
slavery," shall he regarded by the American
party "as n final conclusion and settlement of
that subject in spirit ami in substance." This,
and the following resolution, cover most of
the points in controversy between the two
sections of thu Union, tor the lust iif'teen
years; and if adopted, openly announced, and
faithfully defended, will, according to ourde.
liberate judgement, made up from extensive
means of information at our command, result
in a magnificent triumph of tho American
party; nnd what is still better, if possible, of
truo national, American principles, in Novem
Illinois. Senator Douglass, in a recent
speech, says tli.it the election of John Moore,
in that State, showed a Democratic majority
of 3,000 votes in Illinois, but notwithstand
ing that, their opponents "succeeded, by aid
of Know Nothings, Abolitionism, Fanaticism
and all the other im.i embraced in Fusion
ism, in defeating 'some 'of the democratic
candidates." What does this prove? Why,
that many of the Democratic party of Illinois
have become A bnlitionistt and Know Noth
ings. A party with a clear majority of 3,000
should have prevented defeat from all combi
nations. l-Sf" The Petersburg Express tells of some
funny doings of the people of Yorktown, Va.
It says that a Mr. Anderson, an old nnd es
teemed citizen of Yorktown, having mado
arrangements to establish in that place a
steam brick machinery for the manufacture of
bricks, nnd having associated with him two
or three northern men of capital, some per
sons being opposed to the introduction of
"live Yankees" in their midst, repaired a few
nights Bince to the wharf upon which thu
machines hud been landed, nnd tumbled them
into the river. An indignation meeting was
held by the citizens .and the proceedings
strongly condemned.' Yorktown, it seems,
is not quite prepared for steam bricks and
(rThe editor of New York Ledger hns
sued two of his cotemporaries: one, the Phil
adelphia Times, for libel. The grounds of
the suits are thnt these papers said thnt they
didn't believe, the ledger man paid Funny
Fern 8100 a column for her milk nnd water
stories. The Herald advises the defendants
to plead guilty us follows:
"We believe that there is a contract be
tween tho proprietor of the NewYork ledger
and 'Funny Fern,' by which the former agrees
to pay tho" latter $100 per column. We re
spectfully bolieve this, but we nlso entertain
thnt the editor in question must be like
the man in the play: 'n d d fool .to pay so
much for small beer when gin and water can
be had so much cheaper.' "
" The following which we clip from
the Norfolk (Va.) News of recent date, is
grntifying, since it records the good fortune
of a poor orphan. Our friend Swan seems to
dispense his favors in tho right channel.
Success to him I
"An orphan boy, named Henry Miller, re
siding in this city, seme lime in last March
purchased a lottery ticket in the Southern
Military Academy Lottery, at Montgomery,
Ala., (to which place ho' sent for it,) for
which he paid ft. 50 the only money he had
in the w orld. He did not receive the drawing
as soon us jo expected, and gave up all hope
of ever receiving any return lor his invested
capital. Judge of his surprjse, when he re
ceived last week a letter Iroin Samuil Swan,
tho manager, announcing that his ticket had
drawn $4,000! He has already come into
possession of his splendid prize, and. has
placed it ill the Fells Point Savings Iustitu
tiun." t-fif Postmaster-Genernl Campbell was
applied to recently by the Postmaster at York,
Pa., to know whether a letter containing, ns
was supposed, counterfeit money, could be
opened at tho request of the police authori
ties, in order that the money contained therein
might be identified ns the same as that passed
by tho prisoner nnd that thus further evidence
milil be furnished to aid in his conviction
and punishment. The Postmaster-General
replied, emphatically, that it could not, that
he had no right, nor any officer under him, to
opennnyletleruiitil.it reached the Dead
letter Office, and Hint this principle must be
always acted upon by those iu the employ,
incut of tho Department.
Yt'.. 1lrm A barrel of onts fell from
II I, A " --
.1.. ,inr, nf s warehouse in Norfolk the
other dsy, hit a negro plumb on the head and
knocked him down. Jieero rot nn, shook his
head, and walked off.
AN OUTRAGEOUS SYSTEM. .
The confessed espoinsge of the Post Master
General, of Department, through secret
agents, with private keps to unlock the mail
bags en route, whenever and wherever it
pleases these gentry, and nimble fingers li
censed to break seals heretofore regarded
sacred under all circumstances, in this coun
tryin order, ns the defensive plea runs, to
detect other mail robbers, is an outrageous
and shameful fjStertl. If the Government
practices and defends the principle of doing
"evil that good nifty dome.' 'exerciringits own
judgment as supreme: guide In the matter,
why may not the example be followed by the
smallest constituent part of the Government,
the humblest, or u eanest citizen. If a great
Government may pick locks arid breik seals
covertly, to defend or advance its interests,
why not a poor devil, though he be more
skilful, and more professionally a craftsman
at the business.
The American people demand that their
seals, in transitu in the publio mails, shall
not be violated by Post Office spies. No pro
posed good can neutralize the evil of such es
pionage, which has made even the roost
despotic Governments infamous.
We have no objection to the Post Office
Department set ting trnps, with letters special
ly prepared, nnd springing the same on sus
pected and guilty parties. This a mode of
spotting light-fingered postmasters and post
office clerks entirely sanctioned by necessity
nnd good morals, but to claim or practice the
right of opening private letters, for whatever
detective purpose, is intolerable. The seal of
the humblest citizen must be kept inviolate
and sacred, even from the Post Master Gene
ral, or there is no security for any correspon
dence. A dishonest official entrusted with
tit power to secretly open mails and letters,
might rob more in a week than all the out
side robbers in year.
That the mails should be well guarded in
their transit, all will ngree, and considering
how we have often seen the mail wagons
driven from the Fost Office in this city, to the
railroad depot or to the steamer, without a
soul to mind whether as might easily be
done a bag was shaken off or stolen, our
wonder is not thai there are complaints of
losses, but that the losses arc not greater.
We want our mails carried promptly and safe
ly ; but we do not want an English Sir James
Graham system of spying into private corres
pondence, either to catch criminals, or politi
cal conspirators. There arc Police, of various
kinds, nnd plentiful other legitimate means
for these purposes.
The law allows no seal-breaking by post
office officials, except the seals cover letters
addressed to said officials. But the law hits
been overridden by a set of spies, acting
under advice from the Poet master General,
and wa regret to sea that the Grand Jury of
the United States at New Orleans has ignored
the bills of indictment found against D. P.
Blair, and George Whitman, post office agents,
who, In the crusade against Post Master Ken
dall at New Orleans, opened letters not ad
dressed to them. The English people long
stood almost every kind of government tyrau
riy and outrage, but when they found Post-
Master. Sir James Grnham opening private
con espondence, even though il was the let
ters of Malzini, a foreigner and exile, they
raised such a storm, that the spying mon
archy dared not try the disreputable game
Since writing the above, we find that the
Post Office Department feels compelled to an
apology for the seals-breaking of its agents.
It is a lame apology for the Chief of the Bu
reau to say that this "irregular" practice
has never been sanctioned by the Department,
for the fact that the Post Muster General
knows of the practice, and still retains the
practicers in his employ, is a clear endorse
ment of their nefarious acts. We hope .Mr.
Campbell has learned his espionage tnctics
from the dirty Jesuitry of politics, and not
from that of the "most holy" Roman Cnlholio
Church, to which he belongs. iV. Y.Mirror.
t-3gfIenry Two-Guns (Haja-on-gnen)
head Chief of the Seneca Nation of Indians,
died at his residence on Cattarngus Reserva
tion, on the nth inst., aged 75 years. Two
Uuns was a stepson of the famous orator Red
J.icket, and was born within the limits of the
now city f Buffalo. He was engaged in the
war of 1812, espousing the cause, of his great
father tho President; participated in the hat
tie of Bridgewater and Chippewa, nnd for a
long scries of years exercised a controlling
iulluencu over his nation. He was distin
guished for his commanding presence, probity
of conduct, wiso and moderate counsels, en
lightened views of national policy, nnd nn
earnest advocacy of religion, and of every
enterprise which had for its object tho ame
lioration nnd improvement of his people.
Ex.PnF.smKNT Van Burkn at an Earth-
quake. An American gentleman writes from
Nice, Italy, that during tue last season, wniie
Mr Vim ituren was in that cilv. hearinu that
earthquakes were formerly prevalent in part
ol the country, out no shock nan oeen ten.
for a number of years, told his Italian host
thnt lor thu rarity nnd novelty of it, he would
like to have a "small shake" happen while he
was there. Sure enough, in n few weeks
thereafter, in.the dead of the night, tho whole
i.iiu ,,u4 mi.niiiiiina pnitinietice d rocking and
the inhabitants, in the greatest consternation,
. , . . . .i....... i .. . i.
lieu to I lie streeis. Among uiucra in hid
park, which is near the hotel, was Mr. Van
ltiirioi in iirimiLivH eiisliime. and in ft hiirh
state of excitement. The ex-President nnd
the citizens passed tho balnnce or the niglit
in thestreets.nnd was perfectly satislied with
the "small shake."
A young gentleman paid his addresses
to a young ladv by whoso mother he was
unfavorably received. "How hard," said he,
to the young ladv, "to scperate those
whom love has uniteii." "Very hard indeed,"
replied she, with grent Innocence, nt the
same time throwing her amies around his
neck," nnd so mother will find it."
Vsnii Visibli at Noo iat. This brichtost
of the planets is now the evening star in one
of its most luminous phases, ami for two or
three months to come it will be increasing in
brilliuncv. and msv be seen everr sftemoon ,
East of and about 4S degrees from the sun. i
PHRENOIXJGY IN THE PULPIT.
TESTIMONY of THS IV. IIRNS.T WARD BKCHES.
It is very hard for minister of the Gospel,
standing before a promiscuous audience, to
deal with the facts of their minds and their
inward lives. It is a melancholy fact that
men know less nboutthnt whieh is tho very
element of their being than about anything
else in the world. 1 suppose if I were to L'O
among the intelligent men in my congregaw
Hon, 1 could gel every variety ot information
on subjects connecteikwith the daily business
nff.iirs of life upon questions of political
economy, upon various questions of com
merce, fact 8 concerning the structure of ships,
steam-engines I could collect any amount
ol information nn all these nnd a thousand
other kindred subjects. But when I ask them
what is inside of themselves, they can tell me
of a great manufactory, and explain to me
the operation nnd use of nil the machinery in
it; but upon Ihe question of the machinery of
their own minds, they cinnot say a word. In
regard to commercial nutters they know all
about them: they have compared their ideas
on thcee subjects, and have classified them.
They believe themselves to be immortal
creatures; that they have, throbbing Within
them, a soul thnt shall livi ns long ns God
himself shall live; yet when I ask them any
questions in regard to Iheir inward miture,
their only reply is, "I don I know, 1 don't
know." ThCy do not know wmt their reason
is; they do not know what is tho nature of
their mural they do not definitely
understand the nature or operation of any one,
faculty of their minds!
They understand the nature f the soil of
the earth; they know what it is capable of
prnduuing; they know the use ot the plow,
and all thu implements of agriculture; they
know what to do with n plant that is not
thriving; they are skilful to impart to it a
fresh lite and make il flourish Hut if any
plant that ought to grow in the mind is
stunted nnd does not thrive, they cinnot tell
how to make that grow. 'Thoy doi't know
what to do to bring it forth.
Il is difficult for a minister of the Gospel to
set forlh the truth intelligibly in respect to
its relation toUie human mind. I think it is
partly because men have not been curious in
respect to lliftnselvts, nnd partly on account of
the many bewildering systems of mental
philosophy that arc in vogue in our day. For
il there were none of theso systems exci pt
thu old schools of metaphyseal philosophy, I
would defy any man to obt. in by means of
them any clear idea about li e mini; for nt
best they are of but littlo more value than so
many cobwebs. Men may study thoin, how
ever, if they have n taste for them; if a man
loves Urgic and discussion, let him take one
of the old metaphysical mental philosophies,
and he will have means of busying his mind
until he grows tired of such business. But
a man wishes to know practically what he is
mado up of, if a man wishes a knowledge of
human u.it n re for definite practical purposes,
there is no system which will aid hitn in ac
quiring that knowledge like tho system of
Phrenology; not interpreted too narrow or
technically, but in its relations to physiology
and the structure of the whale body. And J
may say here what I have never said before
iu the pulpit, that thu views of the human
mind as they are revealed by Phrenology, are
those view s which have nnderlayed my whole
ministry; and if 1 have had any success in
bringing the truths of thu Gospel to bear
practically upon the minds of men, any suc
cess iu tho vigorous application of truths to
tho wants of the human soul, where they arc
most needed, 1 owe it to the clearness which
1 have gained from this science. And I could
not nsk for the members of my family, nor of
a church, any better preparation lor religious
indoctrination than to put them in possession
of such n practical knowledge of the human
soul as is given bv Prenology,
I have avoided the use of the nomenclature
of Phrenology in the pulpit as far ns possible,
because I did not wish to seem to be a mere
teacher of a philosophical system while I was
a minister of the truth, ns it is in Christ; but
I have now been so long with you that I am
justified in making this statement.
1 may say, in regard to the objections
sometimes urged against Phrenology its
tendency to Materialism and Fatalism, that
thu same objections may be made to :iny other
system of mental philosophy. ( do not think
that such objections belong to Phrenology
uny more than to any system of intellectual
science which you c ill possibly construct.
Men's mere logical nnd speculative reason
will always strand them upon the sands of
Fatalism or Materialism; nnd it is tho practi
cal sense the consciousness of actual liberty
that redeems us from a belief ot the one or
thu other. Such doctrines dwell in the head,
but never in the hands.
Hkaw Damacf.s for Si.andf.r. In the
Circuit Court for Lewis county, Kentucky, a
verdict for ten thousand dollars damages was
awarded, last week, in a suit of slander against
William Giddiugs. The plaintiff' was a Miss
Itarkley, It appeared on the trial that Gid
dings had paid his addresses to Miss !., and
had been rejected, previous to his making the
slanderous charges which the jury has so
signally punished in damages.
One of our friends was being Bhnved nt
Antwerp. Thu bnrhcrwas a Imnale. What
was his surprise, w hen ho saw the good lady
spit into the box, and besmear his face wilh
the roaming saliva!
An expressive grimace did not escape the
My desr sir, said she, I don't treat you ns I
do inyothe customers' because I perceive very
ry well that you do not belong to these parts.
By Jupiter ! Madam, what do you do in
Why, sir, I spit on their cheek instond of
spitting into the soap box.
ffjff Henry Ward Beecher calls Garrison
"in V deal brother Garrison," nnd Garrison
publisne a communication in ins uoeraiory
which says, "If God had the power to abol
ish slaverv. nnd does not, ho is a very ureal
scoundrel." It is evident that something
else needs abolishing besides slavery.
Batard Taylor. This peiitleman, in a
recent letter to the New York Tribune, states
that he first entered Wisconsin on his head.
Iliivinrr arrived nt Beloit, which is Indited
just on the line' deviding Illinois nnd Wis.
cousin, he wus pucneu irom nis niiggy into
the borders of tho latter Slate.
3An office holding chap being asked
hnw ho contrived to hold office undur sue
eessive administrations, replied "that admin
istrations must bo darned smart that could
change uftener than he could."
ir-jTho only thing that will break a love
fit, is hard work nnd "biled pork." Good ad
vice and Indolence only makes things uwuBs.r
r&j" "I find, Dick, thnt you are in the habit
of taking my jokes and passing them off as
your own. Do you think that geullemanly
"To be sure I do, Tom. A true gentleman
will always taks Joke from friend."
A PICTURE OF HENRY A. WISE.
The lion. Henry A Wise, lately made
speech tj Tarkersburg, Va. A correspon
dent 'rm McCollville Enquirer, who heard
him thus writes his impress of the man :
"I was disappointed in the personal appear
ance.o(the man. I had expected in Henry A,
Wise toee a man of commanding stature,
Mpright bearing, wilh flashing eyes and noble
rWthtad ; but he is no such a man. He is the
mediant height not more than five feet, seven
or eight inches, very spare, Would not weigh
more than 130, probably not that.
"There iVnothing prepossessing about him.
He is, in fact, positively uglv. Very gentle
mainly and courteous in hie tearing towards
others, but in hie dress is almost a sloven.
JlisVcravat vioa awrv. his linnen was soiled
M iih tobirciV ''is chin unshaven and flanked
T'K'V StV'-'kf ff yellew saliva; his clothing
jrijtJier Inin j around him than otherwise. I
jLHOd 2eio physical indication of greatness.
vW"ow.jreb4ad overshadowing a pair of lus
li jlesstrey eyes, that rolled with a nervous
uiiensinefrlheir deep sockets; hih cheek
fcoTles, nnJVomplexion saffron lined from his
inordinate use of tobacco; a stooping carriage
and trembling gnit did not indicate the great
When I first raw Wise on the stand during
the few moments of hit opening remarks, as
he stood before us, hisshouldersdrooping and
bent forward, his chin nnd shirt bosom spat
tered with tobacco juice, those dull eyes roll
ing expressionless in their deep sockets, his
long grey hair tossed unkempt about temples,
his arms hanging listlessly by his side, look
ing for all the world like aressurrected mum
my, I thought that he wus the mast uncome
ly specimen of Immunity that I ever . saw at
tempt to Address an Audience. But when,
with a voice that rung as clear ns the notes
of the war clarion, he made his thrilling ap
peal with a pasionate intensity of manner, I
thought him eloquence incarnated. Never in
my lite have I listened to such an appeal ; it
set the blood dashing through my veins like
mountain torrent, ,
"It went right, home to the heart of every
Virginian present. You could tee in their
glistening eyet nnd heaving chests, and could
hear in the response thnt made walls tremble
to their fotiudationslhe effect.it had upon the
fc5f" The most important town on the Sea
of AzofTis that of Tanganrog, with 25,000
inhabitants. It forms thu depot for tho pro
duce of the southeast of Russia. , Tho town
was founded by Peter the Great. Amongst
its public buildings lire remarkable the Ad
miralty, the Marine Hospital, the Quarantine
Building, the Bank, and the College. It has
nn exchange, nnd about 170 warehouses.
The fort or citadel which protects the town
is said to be in a state of decay. Taganrog
has 20 vessels of n larger description, lind 684
for thu coast navigation. The harbor is only
accessible for vessels of inconsidernblo draft.
It was here that the Emperor Alexander died,
on the 1st of December, 1825
Simplieropho), against which Gen. Pelis
sier's movements appear to be directed, is the
capital of ihe Crimea. It counts 14,000 in
habitants, of which from 5,1 00 to 6,000 nro
Tartars. .The town is situated on the baso
of the Taurian mountain chain. It'is de
scribed us well built, nnd presenting, with the
villas surrounding it, a beautiful aspect. It
contains six churches, amongst which the
cathedral is remarkable for being built in good
architectural taste. The town has also a
Russian College, four other schools and sev
eral factories. It is central, nnd consequently
n most important point in regard to the trade
in the productions of the Crimea. Its acqui
sition by the allies would prove, therefore, a
great ndv-intage, us it would make it possible
to thus draw supplies from the resources' of
the country, which they have hitherto been
unable to effect. General Pelissiur has told
his soldiers that they would receive for this
march upon Simpherophol only four days'
piovisions.as on the fifth they must be in the
town. But ns yet he has not been able to
cross the Tchernnya.
The Difference. Butchers usually kill
their victims before dressing them. Moth
ers frequently dress before killing them.
VVp noticed an innocent littlo cirl of about live
year in tho street yesterday, dressed nnd
pinchcml within an inch of her life. For
health nnd comfort, slie might about ns well
have been in the embraces, of a young ana
conda, it was n love of n pattern, ami the
littlo creature wore n butterfly's wing upon
her head, and of course it was all right, nnd
she was a darling. How would one manage
to have n game of romps, do you think, with
riicIi nn nnatomy of silk, luces and ribbons?
One mightas well try to romp wilh n fancy
show case. They have passed a law, and a
vitv mind one it is. to nrotect quails. We
wnii t nnother n law to protest children. If
tlu.v nro afraid the race of onnils will be do
stroyed, whitt nro we to say of children?
Why, there are places in mis nina oi uura,
whero one can see five hundred epitomes of
humanity, without seeing ft single specimen
of an old fashioned rosy cheeked checkered
"Mr. Dodson, you said you thought the
defendant was slightly inebriated : what
m.'idu von think so?"
"Because he persisted in wearing the knot
of his crnvnt under his Hell ear, ana would
have it that the brick house on the comer
was trying to jump on his lint.
The court allowed that Simpson had par
taken of stimulants
j-- in Ki82', a girl near Tarii was attack
ed with frequent vomitings, at whieh times
she cast up spiders, catterpillars, snails, and
other insects, and it wat finally discovered
that from some extraordinary inclination, the
hail been in the habit of swnllowint! those
Insects, and that they hnd remained in her
stomach until ejected, sometimes for seven or
eight months. A poor woman of Coburg is
reported to have entertained in her stomach
for some time a snake half yard long. In
1B7H, a shoemaker in Europe, who hnd suffer
ed for many years with pains in hit abdomen,
died, and after hit death a serpent the length
of a man's arm wat found in his voppin.
GalAT CoxsTsnsATioN among tuk Catiiolio
Irish. Great apprehensions are entertained
by the Cat holio Irish that t he "d d Ameri
cans are about to take the oountry." We
are informed that a universal sentiment of ri
otous indignation exists among them at the
idea of being governed by the"d d Ameri-
Immoramtt or Bad Fences. The
crowning evil resulting from bad funcos is,
thnt it impairs nnd destroys the morality of
cattle. No mutter how well educated they
mny havo been previously, if subjected to
this temptation, their morality goos over 1bo
Far the Post.
Editor Post: Returning my most an feign,
ed thanks' for the favor yoi conferred upon
me In thai nmnber of your pitpef dated May
2flt'i, by publishing my letter to you", on-the
subject of Comlrion Schools, t again offer a
few thoughts for the consideration of yout
readers upon the same engrossing topic, I
said engrossing topic; because, perhaps, my
own mind is thus occupied rather than from
any evidence that tho. subject is of absorbing
interest among the people. That the people
of lower East Tennessee are taking a more
nctive interest in Ihe execution of the Public
School system of this State, I do not deny.
On the contrary, I am glad to know il is so
And I mil writing this to let them know that
there is one who is engaged in teaching that
sympathizes with them in their almost
schoolless condition and who is ready to co
operate in the work they are beginning to
discover is needed, It is not my only pur
pose, however, to give notice of readiness to
do battle to the powers of know-nothing stall-ism,
but I want to call out from their
sag-nichtiil (say. nothing) retreat those who
are, or intend to be, engaged in teaching. I
Would say to teachers and to all commission
ers and patrons of these schools, that, if you
want to put down thnt former doctrine you
must abandon this latter, for opposite as thoy
are in politics they run together in educntion
and literature. Indeed, there will not be right
views of education and the importance of
schools, entertained by the mass until these
things have been placed fairly before them.
This can bo donu by writing nnd lectures
nnd I know of no more appropriate class to
begin this arduous but rewarding work than
teachers. That teachers can not accomplish
the whole nlone is very evident, but if they
will go -about the work earnestly their inten
tions for good will be understood, their ef
forts duly appreciated and both heartily re.
ciprocntud. What paper filial I We Write for
teachers? Is there nny educational journal
read where this paper is circulated ? If there
were it would be a very convenient and ap
propriate channel for our investigations and
discussions. But, probably, there is not.
Then let us solicit tho favor of the Athens
Post. I think the Editor would like to en
courage such nn effort when not crowded
with other matter. I should like to see mi
article each week. I am aware that since but
few schools employ teachers for a longer pe
riod than three or four months during the
year a period that just exhausts the public
fund, most persons designing to engage this
season nro employed lit other tilings, nnd
from the nature of their most common busi
ness, farming, ean hot command the requisite
time ithout sacrificing, to some extent, their
pecuniary interests. But they are not all
pressed. And there are good number of
young men attending to their studies nt the
various institutions of learning that have
grown up in dilTeient sections of the country
upon whom we have a reasonable claim for
aid in the undertaking we propose which
would result in the happiest results, if faith
fully prosecuted and ably conducted. And,
now, teachers, I would most earnestly urge
upon you the necessity of enlisting with head
and heart in this grand enterprise.
I hope now to bo indulged while taking
one step further back than I did in my letter
of May. Iu that letter I alluded to a few
improvements that are requisite, as I conceiv
Tho step to which I refer is the necessity
devolving upon the Legislature to appoin
a plan for the erection of School Houses in
each School District. If that body has the
anthority, as all nt once admit, to.assessa tax
for the support of such an institution, it
should nnd Indued does havo tho same power
to provide for its appropriate and judicious
expenditure. A review of the present state
of tilings with regard to the character of
School Houses and the difficulty attending
their erection, will show the . necessity of
adopting speedily a belter method. When a
School House is needed in any neighborhood,
it is not un frequent that the sum total of
every species of prejudice is brought along
to the appointed meeting. Difference of
opinion in politics and religion has scpn.
rated the people into a number of parties.
Theso parties nre often blind to any thing
insisted upon or even suggested by one not
belonging to their clique. One party be
comes offunded at some of the others ' and
expresses a determination not to assist if that
plun is decided upon. The other parly or
parties Biidonly grow rich enough to curry
the w ork forward without the aid of their re
ported contentious neighbors. They resolve
themselves into a building committee of the
whole and attempt to settle upon mme plan
of operation the excluded party criticising
every effort but sympathizing with none.
Rut thero aro mure points of difference than
one, so this cominitieo itself does not long
preserve its unity of strength, but radiating
from a common centre soon disorganize and
the work is entirely abandoned for the time.
But the liouso must be built. They meet
again. The meeting is probably as uncere
monious as before. A plun, however, isadopt
rd one company is appointed to make the
boards, another to haul the logs, nnd thus
the whole, is to the satisfaction peihaps of
all, distributed and the lluuse is expected to
be ready in due eaHon. Tho work gov on
and sooner or later the house is suiid to be
ready for the open ng of a term of school.
Thecomm'ittee for inspection comes to take
A view of the building which which has been
dignified wilh the name of School House. A
just report would run something like this: It
is of very incommodious structure in no
way adapted to end for which it wa eon.
tructed rough log Wall not' enclosing
sufficient space to acooinniod.ito all tit chil.
dren oi scholastic age that Usually crowd ai
the first pari of each term one chimney, no
Stove, the wall containing all its itrecg'.h'
having lost nothing from the Introduction of
heedless! windows, nor more than one door
the floor not jointed and grooved a supply
of slab benches without backs, height deter
mined by the accidental length of tho punch'
eon of which ate made the legs that support
I will not; at thii time, comment upon tho
disadvantages growing out of an employ
ment of such a cabin for school purposes; but
would suggest that commissioners shoidT-A
have the authority to erect a house of tV--
specific character, at every place where t(L,
school is needed. This can be done without O.
any usurpation of power.
Candidates, I would liko to see you right
on this question, ns well at others wherf
you come around shaking hands.
R. G. B.
A Golden Thought. We know not the"
author of the following, but it is pretty:
"Nature will be reported. All things Are
engaged in writing her history. The planet,
the pebble goes attended by its shadow.
The rolling rock leaves its scratches on the
mountain, the river its channel in the soil.
and the animals i s bones in' the stratum)
the fern nod leaf their modest epitaph in the
coal. The falling drop makes its sculpture
in sand or stone; not a footstep into the
snow, or along the ' ground but prints in
characters more or less lasting a map of its'
march; every act ol the man inscribes itselt on
the memories of its fellows, and in its facej
The air is full of sounds, the sky of tokens;
the irround is all memoranda and signatures;
and every object is covered over with hints;
which speak to the intelligent.
Unwritten Tragedies. How many un
written tragedies occur in a great city? How
many incidents of real life beggar in sad pa
thus all that is seen upon the stage? This
reflection was suggested very recently by
our seeing an interesting boy begging his
lather to 'orsake evil courses and return to
his darkened home, or, at least to provide
for his needy wile and suffering chilbren.
Not one who saw that boy crying In bitter
ness and shame, dr who beheld his sister, A
sweet little girl, hunt her father to lure hint
home, but felt there were mournful passages'
of hinuiin lil'e sad instances of baneful pus
sloil, wrecks of generous hearts and high
professional character yet unwritten, C'ttN
surgeons says that they are guided in avoid .
ing danger lo lifu from the use of chloroform
in surgical cases, not by its effect on thti
pulse, but bv the state nf the breathing. They
cease tho administration of vapor when the
breathing becomes difficult, however favor
able the pulse may appear (o be. They al
so pay attention to tho tonguu ns n point of
great importance. When the breathing be
cuiies difficult, or ceases, then open the mouth,
seize the tip of the tongue with mtery forceps
nnd pull it well forward. Death, it is said,
would have occurred in some cases but for
the use of this expedient, which afford 11,6
external air free access to tho lungs.
(."McCren, who killed Clark nt Lonven
worth, Kansas, in a public meeting, publish
es a statement of the affair, which, if true,
shows that the killing was in self'defcnce.
lie charges that a conspiracy had been organ
ized against him, nnd that, although he avoid
ed a quarrel in the meeting, it was deliberate
ly forced upon him by Clark, who three times
struck him with a club, and who, with hie
gang armed wilh pistols and knives, were
rushing on to kill him when he fired.
Bkttino on Sebastopol. We have heard
of bets between sanguine subjects of Victoria
and non-sympathizing Americans on the
news which the Asia would bring. The
English "Bulls" bet that the Asia would
bring news that the Allies were in possession
of Sebustopol. The American "Bears" bet
that she would not, nnd have won. The
snmo "Bulls" also offered to bet that the Al
lies would be completely triumphant in the
Crimea before the first of July, and the
"Bears" disgusted them by off'uiing to deliver
n certain quantity of foreign wine irrespec
tive of the Maine ltw Prohibition if the
Allies should be successful within a year
after thoy first landed in tiie Crimea. iVeitf
York Hun. .
Hivino IIkks. A chap out in Louisiana
recently took a notion fora b ith in nn inviting
stream which flowed through a liuld he was
engaged in plowing, and divesting himself of
his chillies for that purpose, hung his unmen
tionables upon the limb of u locust tree close
by. He had luxuriated for Mime half hour,
and swam back to iiis starting point, when he
perceived u bovy of young damsels approach
ing with their flower baskets, lie scampered
up the bank nnd into his breeches, but alas I
unhappy man! not soon enoujh. They were
occupied. A small colony of bee Were ill
possession. Hu reports that- he got home;
but how, he knows not. "Thinks he ran."
A'nmis he holla'd.and is sure the girls laugh
ed. His friends found in his pantaloons n
number of dead bees, some ungry onus, and
thu biggest half of a very soru youth.
-tfIt wus lately pretended that the Mas
sachusetts legislature intended by their nulli
fication law nothing more than n measure to'
ns.-urtain, by a judicial test, whether the fugi
tive slave law is constitutional, insomuch nsr
it sets aside the"Aa)enscorr'"and the "trial'
by jury." If thu fodcial judiciary decide that4
il is constitutional they will acquiesce.
$f" The Montpclier Farmer says that, on'
the occasion of the lati' dangerous illness of
tho widow of Urn Hon. Samuel' Prentiss,
formerly Uniled State Senator, nlno ons,'
eight of them lawyers, and Ihe ninth Clerk
of the Unitod States District Court of which'
his father was judge, nssembled nt III palcN
nal mansion in Montpelier. ,
A lady about forty years old, ny the
Journal of Health, who has suffered severely
from periodical attacks of palpitation of the
heart, from Iho early ago of twelve yearn, ha
found immedinte and permanent relief front
the use of odn. Il appears from experiment
since made, that carbonic m id ga is the active
t-if It was lately a popular rumor at
Madrid that the image of the Siivionr, In the
Church of St. Francis, at Madrid, had sweat
blood out of grief for the sale of Ihe church
property; some persons affirmed thatlhey had
wined off the blood from the Image; other
declared thai thcr had seen IU -yes mof.
PgrcociTT. A venerable young gentle
man of our acquaintance, four years old,: re
cently threw hi maternal relative into a fit
of admiration hy the following speech; "I
like all kinds of cuke most pound coke and
)clly.f:tke, but I don't like ktoinncli-adicP