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IJT SAM. r. ITINS.
ATIIEXS, TEM., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1855.
VOL. YJIL-iTO. 3G7.
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IW Odice on Main street, next door to the old Jack
Allll:S, I IIIItAV, OCT. 5, IS 55.
New York, Sept. 2G.
The Governor of Connecticut linn removed
the Adjutant Gunernl for neglecting to dis
band (lie Irish Military companies.
Boston, Sept. 2G.
The Whigs lind n meeting and appointed
delegates to the Slate Convention. ttpoeches
were mndo opposing the. Fusion ami in favor
of a straight whig tieket.
The news from Norfolk is cheering. Cool
weather is having a favorable effect. The
first frost occurred on the 24th
The Know Nothing and Hard Shells of
New York have made State nominations,
Tho Whig Convention is still engaged with
proliminaii, s. They are all well ntlet.ded.
-$? A committee of the late Lexington
(Mo.) Convention have issued an address to
the peoplo of the United States. It denounces
the emigration from Ihu East, rn States un
der the aid of societies, as without precedent
nnd dangerous, calculated to defeat the true
intent of tho Nebraska bill. It declares that
Missouri will take the position that the rejec
tion of Kansas as a slave Stale will bo the
grossest insult to the South, and mi unequi
vocal step towards dissolution.
Among the signatures in that of Judge
Nnpton. Gov. King refused to sign it.
5f" It is said that Pennsylvania now pro.
duces as much iron as was manufactured in
nil Great Britain thirty years ago; as much as
the present manufacture in Franco; more
than Russia and Sweden united; and more
than that of all Germany.
Jas. M. Drake has recovered in tho
Court of Common Pleas, New York, 25.000
damages against thu Harlem Rail Road
Company, being the amount advanced by
liim on fraudulent shares by Kyle, the late
transfer clerk of said company.
f3f Many of the traders in New York,
decline to take tho new American quarters
for more than 24 cents. A writer in the Jour
nal of Commerce, calls upon the public to re
sist this extortion. Ho argues that "tho le
gal coin of the country" has n just claim to
pass for what is stamped on the faco in dis
tinct figures. It is it fraud to extort 4 per
cent, and ought to bo resisted.
New York, Sept. 23. The Washington
correspondent of tho Herald states that the
Provisional Government of Mexico have
found documents relnting to negotiations be
tween Santa Anna and Gen. Gadsden for
another Mexicnn Ijind Troatv. The new
Government repudiates tho wholo matter,
and Gen. Gadsden declares the repudiation a
breach of national faith
Important if True. We nre credibly
informed from Washington that tho Prosi
dent has "marked out the lino of policy ho is
to pursue in his message to Congress in De
cember. " Squatters of Kansas and "border
rullians," do you hear that?
Then and Now. The N. Y. Express says
When Solon Borland was a prominent nctor
in a not very creditable disturbance at Grey-
town, tho Washington Union, we remember,
was ono of his sturdiest defenders. And, to
nvcngoTho insult of having n bottle thrown
at his head, (by mistake) did not the Admin
istration send elf Commodore Iloskins, to
lay Greytown in ashes!
All that was fifteen or eighteen months
Borland, ns it now appears, has manfully
resolved on atoning for past derelictions, by
repudiating "slinm Democracy," nnd confess,
ing the creed of the American party. The
"Union," therefore, turns upon him and calls
liim all sorts of nanies "ingrate," "deser
ter," &e. &c. Just like the Union!
TlIK Vll'TORIKS OF TUB I'll KM. Mllell
lias already been accomplished in more than
people arc aware, so gradual and silent has
been the advance. How noiseless is tho
growth of (.,ir! Waudi it night mid day for
n week and you will never see it growing;
but return after two months and you w ill find
it all whitening for tho harvest. Such, nnd
so imperceptible in the stages of their mo
turn, are the victories of the press.
Hi Nny Clay. There is n rood deal of
point in the following paragraph which we
quote from that excellent paper the Frank
fort (Ky.) Commonwealth:
"Among the toasts drank nt tho dinner
Pjven to (iv iinv nt LoMjaville, was ono
Henry Clay, the bold and eloquent advocate
,, . V m!'1 r,,iKl''" liberty." This will do
r ii V , l"ru company mainly composed
oi he i...)l,rM r a , ralllinnv
ex. hided lenry C,VIVom the Presidency ho
so eminently deserved. d pursued Inn. to
the grave y.,.1, h.alhsomo slanders. We
Kho ,ld like to k- u.tl,er the old demo
.ratic leaders who drank that toast, but who
lew years ago wero accustomed to do
ounce lenry tlayns tl, embodiment of all
m lilies, personal ,lm p,,,;,, jvaU, ,mi,
"he, ,,,'rJ 'I- mselv,, , Hinder, then
or hypocrites ih.u?
IfTbv Anterian volTinivJi.il, ns far
1853 ToOO ,XOa'lU Whljf V0l in
New York, Sept. 27.
The steamer America bus arrived.
Sebaslopol has been taken niter three days
bombardment, commencing on the 8th.
The Allies were repulsed six times. 20,000
Allies and 10,000 Russians killed. Tho Rus
sians blew up the defenses, tired tho city and
fleet, and evacuated. Five French Generals
The bombardment re-opened on the 5th
nnd continued without interruption until the
8th, w hen Ihu assault commenced.
Tho French attacked MalakofT nnd Ca
reening bay, while the English attacked Re
dan. Six repulses were unstained by the French
before MalakofT, but on the seventh attempt
carried the works, and hoisted tlieireagleson
The slaughter was totrible, being estima
ted at 2,000 English, 15,000 French, and as
many Russians making an aggregate of n
wards of 30,000 men. Bosquet is among the
French Generals reported killed.
During the night succeeding the assault
thu Russians evacuated thu entire Soulh side
first blowing up thu defenses, sinkingall their
ships nnd firing the town, leaving nothing
but smouldering ruins.
A large allied force are marching along the
coast to interrupt the retreat of the Bus
Hi mis inland.
The allies found immense materials of war
It is reported thai instructions were sent to
tho allied General, that in the event of Gorts
chakofT seeking to capitulate, to demand that
Russia shall surrender at discretion all the
troops, stores and forlilied places, including
Another unsuccessful attempt was made to
take the life of Napoleon at thu Theatre
A It RIVAL OF TUB STEAMER WASHINGTON,
Nkw York, Sept. 28,
Tho steamer Washington has arrived. Her
nccounts fail to confirm the first reports of
30,000 men slain.
The affair has been undoubtedly grossly
The Russians have firmly concentrated in
the Norlli where they still command a unity
in movement and action. Their position is
considered formidable, bristling innumerable
guns which the "Brussels Nord" bays u com
pact army will be able to defend.
Tho same paper applauds GurlsclmkofTs
movement, whereby a useless illusion ulA
blood was prevented, mid the Russian army
All speculations as to the future nre imng'
The Allied commanders telegraphed that
was not expedient to cuter the harbor until
fort Constantino was silenced, also that Gort-
scliakofT was determined to hold the North
to tho last extrcmily.
rtfTlie editor of tho Washington (Ind.)
Telegraph thus speaks in reply to tho charges
preferred against his political course:
"We were once a democrat so was onr
father, and all our relatives before us. We
voted (God forgive us!) for Pierce at the last
election, and nail the party remained sound
as it once was, wo would still bo in its ranks,
It became corrupt, wo witnessed the danger
ous chango of its doctrines, ntid like thou.
sands who nre now in the American party,
the love of our country caused us to abandon
A despatch from liohtou dated the
24th ult., says:
"The Know Nothings nre highlv indignant
nit tho failure of tho Republican Convention
to re-nominate Gardner tor Governor.
Large meetings were held in his city nnd
Charlestown, last evening, at which the nomi
nation of Rockwell was repudiated, and rcao
lotions passed in favor of separato action,
uiiil tha nomination ol Uardner.
They also elected delegates to the straight
out Know Nothing Convention.
Gov. Auasis, Of South Carolina, some
days ago made a speech, on tho occasion of
n military review at Granville, in which ho
gave expression to sounder sentiments than
we nro accustomed to hear from Hint latitude:
He inculcated sound and wholesome po
lit ion I principles, love of country, devotion to
the State, respect for, and obedience to tho
government, within its proper sphere, neon,
linueneo of military pride and spirit on the
part of tho peoplo. I le depricated all further
excitement in federal politics, till some overt
net of agi'ression on tho part of Congress
and then let the other Southern Slates lead
olTand South Carolina would follow. Ho
had lived in n crisis all his life, but nothing
has grown out of it. The Union had proved
too strong lor nulilieation, too strong lor
secession, and would prove loo strong for
abolition. That fell spirit would be crushed
w henever it was brought in concussion with,
tho federal government in Massachusetts.
l'ho people there w ould not involve the c.iun-
trv in cm war am revolution in their oppo-
sition fo slavery. The speech was delivered
in admirable style, in a clear and uiMinci
tone, heard all over the parade ground. A
burst of applause ensued when the gover
nor concluded by exhorting the people to
turn their attention to the development of
the resources of their country and the educa
tion of their children.
S-j?" An interesting discovery has been
made in Franco with regard to engrailing
fruit trees. Instead of making use of n graft,
a slip is laKcn Horn an nppic irec, iur vjwuu
plo, and planted in n potato, so that n couple
of inches of the slip remain visible. It soon
lakes root, devolopc itself, and finally be
comes n handsome tree, bearing lino fruit.
I'liis method is duo to n Bohemian garden-
Hon. Win. Cullom, of this State,. Is
spoken of ns n prominent Americancaiididate
for Clerk of the U. S. House of Keprescn-
l it' A quack doctor in Green county,
Ind.. a few days sinco killed Ins wife hy giv.
big her n decoction of the root of May apple
(From the MemphU Whig.)
Whatever may be tho proper degree of
importance attached to the new issues pre.
sented by the American party, nothing is
more apparent than the fact that tho Slave
ry question transcends all others in the
magnitude of tho results of its final solu
tion. Wo have every reason to congratulate
ourselves that our party has assumed on this
question, the only position which can injure
the safety of the South, and the perpetuity
of tho Union. No Van Buren, Sumner,
Chase, Hale, Reeder, nor Wilson, can lind an
abiding place upon the American platform.
We have accomplished more than any politi
cal organization has hitherto done in driving
from us all such men. We have, it is true,
exhibited a greater devotion to principle
truth and justice to tho South, and to the
Union, than wo have policy. In adopting
pro-Slavery platform, we have given up all
anti-Slavery strength. For this very reason
when our position is thoroughly understood
nnd we are relieved of the prejudicial forms
which still to some extent encumber our par
tisan mode of organization, we will surely re
c.-ive the support of all honest men, wh
caring naught for mere partisan success, have
no aims nor ends, save thoso of iinsellisl
It is hard for an American to believe that
men in this land of freedom, where all the
Lopes of our country are centered in tho vir
tue, honesty, intelligence nnd patriotism o
our people, that her men will desert n party
because it may be weak, or act with one
simply because it is strong; vet wo see every
day in the anti American press t lie idea eve
advanced that the American party lias nni
can have no strength nt the North, that it has
been defeated nt the South, and, therefore, it
is unworthy the aid and countenance o
Southern men. Contrast, if you will, th
Johnson Platform adopted hero in Memphis.
a Southern city, by thu so called "Democrat
ic" Club, and published in tho Appeal, with
the American Platform adopted nt Philad
whin. The former merely states that the
creed nnd principles of tho Democratic Ball
more Platform of 1S52 are re-asserted an
re-indorsed. How does his Southern Demo,
cratie Platform dispose of tho Kansas-Ne
braska net, which has come into being since
1852, and at this moment involves tho de-sti
ny of the. Union. From the platform ado
ed here, no living man can tell whether tho
Johnsonito Democracy of Tennessee nro
with tho Syracuse Softs, or Bronson am:
Dickinson H.-.rds, of New York, on the pros'
ent issues arising out of the f;reut slavery
Any honest man must sec, feel, nnd know
that tho sole object in view when these non
committal platforms are adopted is, to secure
tho support of both thu Hards and tho Softs
to hold on to the purchased strength of
tho Administration, and still to effect a cor
rupt and deceptive alliance with tho Bronson
Dickinson and Stanton Democrats of thu
Union. In other words strength, success.
tho spoils, are invariably the producing causes
of such partisan conduct nod policy, while
truth, principle nnd patriotism nro utterly ig
nored. Tho meaningless Memphis "Demo,
cratie" (?) platform is simply designed to
sweep Tennessee and tho Union w ith the fil
thy besom of Johnsonism in 1856.
So different lias been the conduct of the
American party, that even in a National Con
vention, whose action involved the result of
n National contest, that to-day there is not
Van Buren nor a Wilson connected with our
party. The Abolition and Freesoil attaches
of tho original Know-Nothing "Order" have
abandoned tho American party, nnd with
Chase nnd Seward at their head, hnvo assum
ed a new name; nnd "Abolitionism," and not
"Americanism," is their war cry, or nre, with
tho Appeal, adhering to tho fortunes of the
For the first limo in tho political history
of onr country, n party has been organized
which, regardless of success or defeat in any
State or throughout the Union, has dared,
through its National representatives, to speak
plain, unequivocal tiuths in regard to this
slavery Question, tor the fust tuno there
has assembled at Philadelphia a political Na
tionnl Convention whose enactments betray a
fidelity to tho rights of tho South, ns undeni.
able and ns unimpeachable as'they do to the
w hole American Union.
I advise no step backwards; I would not
sacrifice nn iota of principle for tho most
u-illiaht partisan or personal success; but
that right and justice mny triumph, that un
mitigated deinagoiigeism may not longer rule
our political parlies niui coiuroi me uosuine
..four Slate and nation, that we may secure
the rights of the South, and the perpetuation
of our institutions through all cn'"i!,T til'",i
ct us so remodel our mode of organization
that we may bo freed from those insano pro-
judices which have everywhere deprived us of
members ami strength.
While it is undeniably true that if every
American citizen, and every subsequent gen-
ration of Americans, would take the oaths,
... 1 i
nnd abide by them, said to ho administered io
members of our party, tho Constitution of
our country would remain forever uiiimpair-
d. and our laws, institutions nnd union
woiildretaini.il their primeval strength and
purity; while this is all (rue, yet it is new the
art of wisdom and of patriotism, in mo
present deplorable condition ol national par
lies, and of thu relations between the North
ern and Southern sections of our confedern
cy, to abandon all secrecy, and nil those
formalin which only deprive us or strength
without producing any corresponding good.
So much I conceive to be duo to tho pre
judices of my countrymen; niucli cnii bo
done without nu abandonment of principle;
so much should have been dono tho moment
Sam grew ambitious and left the petty strifes
and elections of our Irish and D.itch cor
rupted cities, to wield the destinies of States
and nations. Secrecy is is incompatible with
nationality; it was necessary in tho inception
of tho American movement, as the Kensing
ton, St. Louis and Louisville riots demon
strate, but now, S im should disrobe himself,
and stand before the world in all the beauty
of his youthful herculean vigor and proportions.
Seward and Greki.t A gentleman nam
ed A. F. Posey at Greenville, .Monroe county,
Alabama, has been inquiring of Seward and
Greely as to their complicity with tho know
nothings. Both of thoso gentlemen have
replied, and their letters nro published in
the South Alab indi.n. Wo extract them be
AunuRS, Aug. 21, 1855.
Dear Sir: Your letter of the 10th instant,
addressed to mo at Albany, has overtaken
me here, after following me in some jour
neying through tho Western part of this
It is not consistent with my habits of life
to notice, either for purposes of complaint or
for rel'utation.the misrepresentations to which,
like other persons who hold representative
places, I am subjected. No 'one who lives
w ithin a thousand miles of this place, w heth
er friend or adversary of mine, would utter or
believe the absurd allegation of which you
have made known to mo with n degree of
kindness which deserves and receives my
I am, very respectfully, vonr obedient ser
vant, WM. II. SLWARD.
A. F. Posey, Esq., Greenville, Ala.
' New York, Aug. 17, 1855.
Sir; I never waseonsciously within a mile
of a know-nothing lodge, and never could
have been induced to join one on any account.
Uv placing your foot against the author of
the silly report noticed in your letter, you
will be certain to kick n great liar.
Yours, HORACE GREELY.
A. F. Posey, Esq.
jr- ''ho Washington correspondent of
the Richmond Dispatch, mentioning the
names of several gentlemen who nre spoken
of as possible candidates for the Presidency,
says of William C. Rive: "This last named
gentleman, in the opinion of good judges,
would make a magnificent run, and, if elected,
the ablest President since the days of Madi
son. I trust I do not intrude on your neu
tral domain in politics, in expressing the
opinion that Win. C. Rives is tho first living
statesman of America, and having long with
drawn from the field of politics, would prob
ably be more acceptable to all sections of his
own party, and have fewer prejudices, sec,
tional und personal, to contend against than
any other eminent man who could bo nam
Fatal Lfff.cts of Slander. A few
months since, a widow lady, with a large
family of young, intelligent nnd interesting
daughters, went to reside in Xenia, Ohio,
Her reputation, and that of her family, were
entered without blemish, when some coward
ly slanderer raised injurious reports concern
ing them which, although disbelieved bv
every right-minded person, were circulated
extensively through tho town. Tho poor la
dy was so overcome by these malignant slan
ders, as well ns some incendiary attempts on
tho premises sho occupied, that she fell sick
nnu oieii, wiinoui oodiiy ailment, a victim to
vile slander, which has thus killed a most
unliable and virtuous lady, and deprived a
large and interesting family of their only
A New Union Party Proposed. Hon.
Thomas G. Pratt, United States Senator, has
written n letter in favor of n now Union party,
to bo composed of conservative whigs and
democrats. We believe the American party
nro aiming at the same ultimatum. True,
they have had some hitches and catches nnd
breakdowns here nnd there, nnd, loukimr over
tho whole field of the Union, I heir organiza
tion is somewhat unhnrmonioiis and ineoh
sive nnd indecisive, mid uncertain; but ns all
other parties are in n state of effervescence,
fusion and reconstruction, tho Know Noth
ings have still ns good a change as the best of
them for the succession. Tho approaching
session of Congress will probably be follow
ed by an entire re-organization of tho Ameri
can party upon the living, practical union and
constitutional issues of the day. But Mr
'rati is, perhaps, a little too fast. Nothing
lositivc ran ho dono in the reconstruction of
irties, old or new, for 1 850, short of n month
or two after the meeting of Congress.
Profits of Wheat Culture. The Alton
(III.) Courier recently gave two or threo in
stances of the successful and profitable cul
ture of heat. Ono instance was that of
Col. W. P.. Warren, of Jacksonville, whoso
rop of Wheat netted !jji20 per ncre, clear of
expeliscs.nt present prices. Another case
was that ol Mr. Constant, of Sangamon conn-
y, w here tho nett profit was 17 per acre.
But these examples of good Wheat culture
nre thrown in the shade by Mr. J. E. Arnold,
of Sliipmnn, III. He cultivated 71 acres this
season, and realized therefrom a nett profit of
83:20 84 or $41 49 per ncre. Ho says:
"The land had been some time In cultiva
tion, and fertile last few years rented out for
coru. I lie w neai was sown ino lirst ol tie-
iiber in tho standing com, and was iiut in
with a joint cultivator, by going once in a
row. Nothing else was done to tho wheal or
ground except w hat 1 have told yon. Lnst
ear, I had iweniy acres in .uav w ileal, on the
one farm, which cleared me about SJ5 tier
acre, though 1 sold lour hundred bushels at
iiiucty-fivo cents m Alton.
A Fool's Advice. The British nnd French
should have consulted Amarel before thev
took their Armies into the Crimen. When
ranees I. of France, tho rival of Charles V.
of Germany, was aihisiiig with bis generals
ow to lead his aimy over the Alps into It
aly, his fool Annuel advised lino to consult
how to bring theui back again.
From the Richmond Whijf.
We have had frequent occasion heretofore
to call the attention of tho Southern public
to the character and pretentions of tho Ger
man population which has settled in our
midst. We at onetime produced the consti
tution nnd by-laws of an infidel German asso
ciation which was alleged to exist here in the
city of Richmond, but the existence of which
Was denied by sevoral German correspondents
of the Enquirer. The denial, however, had
no effect in changing our convictions on the
subject, for tho principles nnd objects of said
association coincided exactly with tho princi.
pies nnd objects of similar associations in
Louisville and oilier Western cities, where
fie German population is much greater than
in Richmond, nnd where, of course, their
boldness and insolence are enhanced in pro
portion to their numbers and strength. The
object of these German associations wherever
they exist, is identically the same. It is, in
brief, to effect a change in the character of
our political institutions, to promote the
spread of infidel doctrines, nnd to accomplish
the overthrow of Southern slavery.
Wo have referred to this subject nt the
present time Willi the particular view of
bringing to (he notice of our readers the sub
stance of a speech delivered in Western Tex
as, by a German orator by the name of Wip
preteht. We nre informed by tho New Or
leans Creole, that the principal object of Mr.
W.'s speech was to denounce the over-bearing
disposition of native Americans in Western
Texas. And in the course of it ho endeavor
ed to establish the fact that tho native Amer
ican had no right to make any pretensions in
Western Texas at all! That that country
( Western Texas) had been settled ftr?t by the
Germans, and, consequently, that tho Ger
mans had the first claim upon it! And in
conclusion of his address Mr. Wippretihet
made the following appeal to his German
brethren, to which Wo imite the special atten
tion of tho reader. Ho said "Now lot us
manfully and firmly oppose the arrogant us.
sumptions and over-bearings of these natives;
let us npjxise the further extension of this slare
liiiltling population in Western Texas, for wc
have cultivated and settled this country be
fore the natives thought about doing so."
Such is the arrogant tono of this Texas
German, nnd such the treasonable counsels
ho addresses to bis German brethren, right
under the noses nnd in tho immediate pre
sciico of Southern slave holders. Born and
icnred in a foreign land, with his prejudices
all against our system of Southern slavery, it
is no wonder that he should nib'iso his com
rules to look upon Southern slaveholders
with suspicion and abhorrence, and resist their
settlement in the midst of him and his. This
is natural enough; but is it not tho most un
natural thing in tho world that a great party
should exist even here at the South, compos.
ed for tho most part of natives and slave
holders, that apprehends no danger from such
a clsss of foreign immigrants? And not only
npprclionding no danger from lliein, but ready
nnd w illing to invest them with political
power, and make them rulers over our native
born slave-holding population! Vet such is
the melancholy and alarming fact and one
that is boasted of nnd gloried over by the en-
tiro Democratic party nt tho South. Con
tinually prating of tho perils that beset
Southern institutions, and continually impiit
ing disloyally to Southern Whigs nnd Know
Nothings, and yet defending, protecting, and
taking to their embruce nil the refuse and
scum that is wafted to our shores from every
portion ol the lialiilahlo globe; And when,
too, this foreign addition to our population,
ns n general thing, is known to be im
bued with the vilest Abolition notions, and
will only aid in swelling the already formida-
hie and portentous hosts that are waring with
fanatic zeal upon the rights and honor of the
Southern people. This, we repeat, is a strange
fact, and worthy to be pondered seriously by
all who feel that they have a country to servo
as well as a party to obey.
If tho truth could bo reached, we venture
to say that ninety-iiinu out of every hundred
of the German emigrants that settle in this
country, either North or South, would bo
found to be active sympathizers with that
"Black Republican" party, which is forming
at tho Noilh under tho auspices of Sewnrd,
Sumner, Greely, and their destructive con-
federates. And heiieo the reason why North
ern Abolitionists are so intent upon crippling
nnd breaking down the American party. They
know well enough where their reliance is. -
They know that the great bulk of foreigners
of every description in this country nre tho
eneiiiicsnf slavery and the promoters of Abo.
ition. They are, therefore, unwilling to of.
fend them in the slightest particular. Upon
them rests mainly the success of their nefari
ous schemes against tho pence and the rights
of tho South; and these Abolition leaders nro
sugacious enough to perceive it, and wise
enough to decline any connexion with n
movement w hich w as designed to crush them
out, nnd to protect the Constitution, tho
Union, and tho rights of tho Slates from their
machinations nnd assaults. These foreign
legions are a potent engine in the hands of
the Northern vandal, and it is time (he South
was becoming aware of the chief soiirco of
danger to its institutions and its repose.
C7 As a sure protection from mosqoitos,
it has been recommended to sprinkle the bed
with essence of pennyroyal. In answer ono
who lias experimented snys:
"I distributed such a quantity of tho 'es.
senee' in my room that I enjoyed tho odor
for at leist six months. I admired the flavor.
nnd so did the mosquitos, who rushed in from
the whole neighborhood tn enjoy thu luxury.
would advise lliaiwiien pennyroyal is used
'or this nuriioso it bo sprinkled in the yard
and out houses, ns in that case the mosrpiilo
may be drawn aw ay tiom the bleeping rooms.
WHILE 'TIS PAY TIME LET U3 WORK.
Every mortal Im bis inicsion,
In this world of active strife,
Whether in high position,
Or s lowly walk in life.
He it is, who, now fulfilling
Every duty day by day,
Shown the mind and spirit willing
To perform its onward way.
Life's a bark upon the ocean,
To.Bed and rooked by every gale;
. Now scuds on with speedy motion,
Now with rent and tattered sail.
Life's ft bright and sunny morning,
Wilh eome light refreshing showers,
Followed by dark cloudy warning
Of the storm that o'er ns lower.
Life's the chord of eilyor, binding
Man in contact with bis kind;
Pcnth is but that bond unwinding,
Petting free the earth-bound mind.
Life's a pitcher of the fountain
Whence immortal rills descend;
"lis the fragile wheel surrounding
Cistern where pure waters blend.
Life's the day and deed for action,
Death the rest, the time of night;
lie who works with satisfaction,
Works while j et the hour is light.
Forward, then! the day is waning,
Westward sinks tho setting sun;
Onward! on! without complaining,
Work, while yet it may he dono.
Oiiihin of FiKii.&cAr Patkr. It is well
known that Charles II. of England, granted
numerous monopolies for tho support of his
government. Among others was the privilege
of manufacturing paper. The water mark of
the finest was (he royal arms of England.
The consumption of this aniclo was great nt
this lime, and fortunes were made by those
who had purchased the exclusive right to
vond it. This, among other monopolies, was
set aside by the parliament that brought
Charles to the scaffold; and by w ay of show.
ing their contempt for the king, they ordered
the ro al arms to be taken from the paper,
and a fool, w ith his cap and bells, to bo sub
stituted. It is now more than n hundred and
sevtnty-five years since the fool's cap and
bells wero taken from tho paper, but still,
paper of the size which the Rump Parliament
ordered for their journals, bears the name of
the water-mark then oidered as an indignity
The Rates at which Waves Travel.
A paper was read by Pud'. liacho before the
American Scientific Association, Rtating that,
at nine o'clock on llio morning id' tho i23d of
December, 1854, an earthquake occurred at
Simoda, on the island of Niphon, Japan, and
occasioned the wreck of the Russian frigate
uian.i, winch was men in port. 1 lio nai hor
w as first emptied of water, nnd then came in
nn enoimous wave which again needed and
left the harbor dry. 'Phis occurred several
times. Tin- United Stales has self-acting tide
gunges at San Fruioisco, and at San Diego
w hich, record the rise of the tide upon cylin
ders turned by clock, and nt San Francisco,
four thousand eight hundred miles from the
scene of the earthquake, the first wave arriv
ed twelve hours and sixteen minutes alter it
had receded from tho harbor of Simod.i. It
had traveled across the broad bosom of the
Pacific ocean lit the rate of six and n half
miles a minute, nnd arrived safely on the
shores of California to astonish the scientific
observers of the const surveying expedition.
The first wave or rising of tho waters nt San
Francisco was seven tenths ofn fool in height,
nnd lasted for about half an hour. It was
follow ed by a series of seven other waves of
less magnitude nt intervals of an hour each.
At San Diego similar phenomena wero oh.
served, although on account ofn greater dis-
tanee from Siniodu, (four hundred miles
greater than to San Francisco,) tho waves did
not arrive so soon, and wero not qmto as
J-2r"The Chicago Tribune, contains some
important facts relating to copper mining In
that region. Five thousand tons, mine weight,
or 3,500 tons of ingot copper have been pro
duced this season. The entire product of the
world is set down at (30,000 tons, one-seventeenth
of winch is furnished by Like Superior
mines, And should thu total product of the
Luke Superior mines increase ns it has during
tho past twelve months, in a very few years
they will produce more copper than the Eng
lish mines. The product of tho ensuing year,
it is thought, w ill bo much greater than that
of the present. Tho vuliio of this year's yield
is estimated at $1,750,000.
jf'Tho Chicago Press mentions that a
few days ago n miser, mimed Andrew Grun-
derson, died in that city from tho effects of
the inisorublo food his avarice compelled him
to eat, and becauso ho would not take medi
cines or have a physician, lest ho should be
called upon to pay tho expense. Since bis
death it lias been ascertained that ho had
4000 deposited in a bank, nnd owned a
block in the western division of tho city, lie
eft nn will, and had several respectable chil
dren, who, w hen he was ill, flocked to his
bedside mid relieved his sufferings all they
ZiT" hi a recent criminal trial in Michigan,
the wife and infant child of the accused, se.
companied by a minister of the gospel in the
relation of a friend of the family, w ere eon-
stantly present, nnd afforded the eonnsel for
(ho defence nn opportunity, which was not
lost, to make a very pathetic appeal to the
jury, i lie Jinigu inereiipoii took otcnsmn
to state, in his charge, that he "hoped never
again to witness such things brought into
court as n part of the machinery of (ho de-
New Oiileaxs, Sept. 23.
The fever is making terrible havoc nt
Natchez, Vicksliurg and Waterproof. At (he
latter place nearly all llio luhabiU.iits are
-ipf-Saw dust is now used very success
fully as heils for horses. It is thought to bo
as agreeable and convenient ns straw and
much less expensive.
-fV"Thov aru making n stir among the
old W hig journals of New Jersey in favor of
tho iioiiiiuatioR of T.tcodoro Ficliiighuyscii
lor tho 1'iosidoury.
RELIGION AND POLITICS.
As the Philadelphia Sun very justly re
marks, a singular hallucination appears to
have seized the minds of somo of the editorial
fraternity, as well nsa portiou of the coiiimu
nily, for which we are at a loss to account.
It is alleged that a clergyman, by tho obliga
tions of bis sacred office, is not only virtually
prohibited from mingling in politics or secu
lar mnttirs of any kind, but that he must also
refrain from expressing his opinion on such
subjects, with a view to direct or modify tho
action of those over whom bis influence may
extend. In other words, he must confine
himself to his study and his pulpit, and calm
ly see the world go wrong, without lifting hiS
voice either In warning or rebuke. According
to the sages, a clergyman, w hen ho has once
put on (ho gown, ceases to bo a ninn, and has
no other obligations or duties in life than to
write sermons and deliver them on Sundays.
To carry out this priaciplc, ho ought also to
bo removed from all human wants nnd affec
tions, nnd so surrounded by guards of every
description ns to be beyond the reach of acci
dents, or epidemics, or riots, or wars, or any
of the evils of life that are generally there
suit of some overt act or neglect of society
itself. He must rot even (according to thoso
regulators of del ical duties) interest himself
in un y question of reform, no matter how in
timaty it may be connected with thu great
object t.f professional labor, viz: tho moral
and religious improvement of thu w orld.
Wettino Bricks. As it is important
that every olio engaged in building thould
he well informed in regard to the durability
of materials, wc publish the follow ing from
nn exchange paper:
Very few people, or even builders, are nwnro
of the advantage of wetting before laying
them, or if they nro aware of it, they do not
prectico it; for of thu many bouses now ill
progress in this city, llicro nro very' lew in
which wet brick are used. A wall twelve
inches thick, built of good mortar with bricks
well soaked, is stronger ill every rcsneet than
one sixteen inches thick built dry. The ion
son of this is, that if the bricks are saturated
with water, thev will not abstract from tho
mortar the moisture which is necessary to its
crystali.ation, and on the contary (hey will
unito chemically with tho mort'ir, and be
eome as solid as a rock. On the other hand,
if the bricks are put up dry they immediately
take all the moisture from tho "mortar, leav
ing it too dry to harden, and the consequent')!
is that w hen a bitihling of this description is
taken down or tumbles down of its own ac
cord, the mortar from it is like so ninch
sand. 8c ic utilc A nirricu n.
Tiir Wedding. You were there, dear
reader. You remember all the circumstan
ces of (lie occasion. It was now nor then,
here nor there, it was neilher my wedding nor
your own: but that of some yoimrr friends
w ho had been drawn by the cords" of love
and the prospects and promises of (he future,
to take each other "lor better, for w i rse."
They stood together to t. lie the oath of fo
li 1 1 v, and pledged to each .libera mutual love
and care, until de:th divide The twain
were mndo one alter the form of the hun.an
law, as they had long been by tiio higher
law of their ow n hearts. The sin'' man,
in the vigor of bis years, p!o 'ijes thu best
energies of his being to Mislaid and defend
the trusting woman, w ho oilers liim in return
the wealth of her unsullied affections. Front
all our hearts goes up thu involuntary prayer
"God bless you." Go try llio paths of lifo
together, remembering that it is not joys
alone (hat will enter into the common stooltH
of yuiir life partnership. To divide the bur
dens ol" our human condition and to scatter
light upon the clouds of each other's sky, is
the higher and holier mission of siuh as you
are now. God bless you, too, sorrow ful, ycS
rejoicing mother, while you give (o another
the glad heart which so long has nestled n
near to yours.
f-i:7" William Tuckerman, Esq., for runny
years n hardware merchant in Boston, died on
Thursday. Tho Traveller says he had nA
particular disease, hut the dishonesty of Ills
son, the defaulting Treasurer of the Eastorn
rail road, weighed very heavily on his mind,'
and the mollification and distress which if
caused was, it is said, one of the causes of Ilia
j'Ahout three months ago, u party of
fifty young Gascons emb: rked nt Bordeaux,
bound for this country, for fear ol beinff
drawn in the conscription mid f.ent to tho
Crimea. They landed In New Orleans, La.,
and on tho 4th inst. the last of tho fifty wa
consigned to fho earlh.
There are farmers, it is said, within
one mile of Nebraska City, who will bet
handsome sums that they have fields of Corn
which will' yield olio hundred biiuhels to thtt
Liverpool, Sept. Hlh.
Cotton easier, but not qtiotubly lower,' frit
consequence of the Bank of England increas
ing its rates tn 4 J- percent. A further ad
vance to 5 per cent Is expected. Sales 6f
the week 40,000 bales, Including 6,000 to
speculators. Brtadsttill's generally dull, but
no chango in prices. Wheat advanced one
The dullness of tho cotton ninrkct was
caused by tho stringency of tho money mar
ket. TrtiiTiu tiL SiMrLiurry. One of onr phys
icians, making his morning calls, in passing
the residence of one of bis families, sawn
piece of crape attached to the doorknob.
Naturally interested ill tho circumstances,
and seeing' a little five year old girl, bring
ing to llio family, standing o,, t)U walk, he
reined up his horse and asked:
'.lary, who is dead at your liousc:
'Ah w hat doctor did you hare to attend to
"O, wo didn't have any, sister managed to
die without ono,'
On Friday last, a train on the Central Rail
Road rim oil' tho track near Palmyra, N. V.
through the carelessness of the switch tender.
Fortunately no person was hurt, and the en
gineer, having found thn culpnhlo swiUh
lender, gave hlui a sound drubbing.
Ion, John Ixdt declines the nomination of
the Soil Shells ns candidate for Judgo of the
Court ot Appeals of New York.