Newspaper Page Text
8. P. IVINS, EDITOR AND PIUMMlUTOa.
Term: - Jat. rr1'e in- unc, ef t4 u
t cjniiration of the er.
f sf No pap-r ilr-oniinuetl until alt arrearages are
aid, except at th nptlon of the Pubti-her.
For mnn juoutif the names of candidates for oUlce f 5,
nailnsrv Sotlcej over U linen, charged at the regular
All eonvauaicatton Intended, to promote the private
4a or interests of Corporation. S.x-leth:i, Schools or
fidielduals, will be charged aa advertisements.
ATHF.XMs I KID IV, OCT. 12, I 833.
Govirn'gr's l!tss.o. We Have received
the Governor' Mcssige to the two House of
the Legislature, and will publish next week
all that portion of it which relatea properly
to the affaire nod condition of the Common
wealth. The whole occupies some reven col
umns in the Nashville Whig, and a portion
is a reiteration of the Governor's last Mes
sage, setting forth his views upon amending
tho Constitution of the United Stales, so as
to more thoroughly popularise the govern
ment, and bring it nearer, in the "patriot!
language of tho Governor," to the people.
Organization or tiik House. Tho
House of Representatives was finally organ
ized, by tho election of Ncill S. Brown, ns
Speaker; Duncan R. Claibourne, of the Win
chester Democrat, Principfll Clerk; V. W.
Thompson, First Assistant Clerk; F. S. Idle,
Engrossing Clerk; R.' F. Bfnden, of McMinn,
Principal Door K"eper, and A-.derson Hill, of
Knox, Assistant Door Keeper.
la tho Senate, Mr. Ballew introduced a
resolution to appoint James. B. Jarnagin, of
McMinn, Messenger to the Senate, which was
read. On motion of Mr. Hall, the rnio was
suspended, and before taking tho vote Mr.
Ballew rose and niado a few very handsome
and appropriate remarks in reference to the
young mtn nnd his father the late lion.
Spencer Jarnagin. The resolution was then
Tub Fan at Louoon. Our readers will
bear in mind that the Fair at Loudon wi'l
occur on the 23d, 24th, and 25th. Our old
friend, and moat excellent Hotel keeper, O.
W. Mayo, having, as we understand, taken
the Oooee House, Cleveland, we with to state,,
that the public may not be under a misappre
hension about accommodations at tho Fair,
that Enquire Mayo is still nt Loudon, in the
Lenty Hotel! and that he will be prepared to
... ,t -v.... V......
accommodate nil who rony can. v"" "
villa cotemporaries will confer a favor on us
by stating that the house will be open until
after the Fair, ns the impression has gone
abroad that it wa nbotit to be closed up.
Bank of East Tesskshef.. Wo are pleas.
ed to learn that this institution is in a sound
and wholesome condition, nnd is well fortifi
ed mid amply able to meet nil- its liabilities
..nit redeem its issues at nnv moment. The
difficulty between this institution and the
Union Bank nt Knoxviihyilludcdto in one of
the Knoxville papers, grew out of
disagreement in regard to the settlement
of weekly balances, and tho refusal of the
Union Hank to take the issues of the
Bank of East Tennessee was not from n want
of confidence in the soundness of the latter or
its nbilitv to m et successfully any emer
gency that might come upon it, as wo are
ndviscd by a friend who has ample iipportnni
ties for learning the true facts of the matter.
That difficulty has been Bellied, and they are
now taking each other's notes us usual, in
payment of debt, on deposit, or for ex
change. Tho Bank ol East Tennessee has n
good Imme circulation, has none abroad, and
never intends to have, ns we are advised; is
owned by our own citizens, and we should
regrot very much to see a panic created in the
minds of tho people, by speculators, about
an institution which is perhaps as well pre
pared to take in its issues ns any in the
We have heretofore cautioned the people
to be on their guard ngninst some of the bogus
concerns, based on" ultimate securities," like
. M. W. Williams's certificates of depnsite,
nnd "have duemed it our duly to make tho
above remsrks nbnut Hie Bank of East Ten
nessee, nn institution in rognrdto which we
can see no cause for alarm;
Wiikat. As an evidence of the sort of bu
siness our Farmer have been doing, we may
tale, that in one neighborhood, on the Hi
waxece river, within a-circuit of a few miles,
15,000 biiRhcls of good merchantable wheat
have been sold, the surplus product in this
article alone of nine farms. The owner of
one of'these farms Gen. Gamble, has over
200 acres in corn, which we would say will
average 40 bushels to the acre Our people
are not much at. bragging, but they work
"Youn Attention, Democrats! A- sub.
scribcr nt Dandridge writes us that our pa
per occasionally reaches that place via Grceno
ville. We know but little of the mail, regu
lations in that direction; but wo do know
there is n direct innil oommutiieation between
Knoxville nnd D indridgc, and that there is
no sort of excuse for the mistake our cor.
respondent alludes to. The God'-s truth of
the matter is, there never has been n peiiod in
the history of the Post Ollico Department
when its business generally was so much
disarranged or ao miserably managed; nnd
it is not likely to improve ns long ns the De
partment continues ns it is nt present n
mere political machine, by thu use of which
tho ndiniisi-stration wreaks its ire upon tho
heads of those who have the audacity to ridi
rnlc its fillies nnd oppose and seek to cor
rect its errors. We trust the time will again
come when capacity, nnd not parly devotion,
shall be the pre-eminent test of men's fitness
for public xtation. Under the present reck
less management, we don't look for much
improvement in Post Offices or mail futilities.
Tn "head of the concern'' has too inuuhother
business on hand.
It is proper to stale that the dilllculty
of organizing the House of Representative,
was got over by an innovation npes the usual
practice the adoption of a resolution that a
plurality should elect.
1ST" Wo trust our correspondent, "Ann
ireon," will let our renders hear from him ns
often a possible during the aession of the
New Vohk, Oct. 6.
At the meeting of the Young Men's t'oni
V.-iiti'in alter an exciting debate, Resolutions
endorsing Synicrusc Fusion were- rejected.
Vote tl to 3'J.
Nashville, Oct. 8th, 1855.
Editor Post : The lirghdnture is at length
ready f'r the transaction of business. The
House, after a protracted struggle, completed
its organization on Satuiday evening. The
Senate organized in an unusually short tiino
electing all its olficers in less than thiity
minutes. Harmony and good feeling have
characterized the deliberations of the Senate
The pist has been a week of pressing in
terest in the city. Tho State Fair, and Fair
of the Mechanics' Institute-"-' any nothing
of tho coming together of the people's rep
resentatives each attracted its hosts. The
Suite Fair was conspicuous for its array of
beauty nnd chivalry, not less than fur its fine
stork, which has reached a point of perfec
tion in this section of our State no where to
Tho Mechanics' Fair was pre-eminent for
its brilliant display of works of art. But
having been accustomed to "twine my
thoughts with nature in the field, rather than
art in galleries," yoil will readily believo that
T was ns much impressed with the natural aa
the artificial pictures, which gave brilliancy
to, and shed a loving light nnd lustre over
the scene. Anacreoh.
The Hamlet of Parksville and tub
Ocoee Mills. Six miles above the town of
Benton nnd twenty-two miles below Duck
town, immediately on the roid to the latter
place, and right where the Oeoce river breaks
oil from the mountains, stands the hnuilet of
Parksville. At this piTee, two enterprising
uitn, the Messrs. Parks, have recently erect
ed large Flouring Mills. Having heard
something of the enterprise, we availed our
self of business in that direction a few days
sinec, to visit the establishment and look
thrU'h it foroursell". We found not wily
what had been said f it, that it was equal
to the best in the country, was true, but that
it is superior to nny we have seen in this
country, and equal in its machinery nnd con
struction to the best Merchant Mills of any
other. Tho location is peculiarly favorable
for nn enterprise of the kind, from its access
sibility to a large and fertile grain growing
region, and its proximity to the immense
copper interests of Polk county, the resources
and wenlth of which have hardly yet begun
to be developed. The mill-house is a large
bulding,-thrce nnd a half stories high, run
ning three pair of burrs two for wheat and
one for corn, the former capable of grinding
two hundred bushels each per day of twenty
four hours, and the latter fifteen bushels per
hour, ns the millers informed us. The flour
manufactured is of a superior quality, nnd tho
yield per bushel several more lbs. than nt
nny other establishment within our know
ledge. The machinery throughout is com
plete nnd perfect all simple, nothing com
plicated, the whole running ns smoothly nnd
regular ns clock work, as we had opportunity
of witnessing, and without that jar and noise
so common in ordinary (louring establish
ments. The wheel used is the "Central
Discharge," and a peculiarity wo noticed par
ticularly is the stnnll volume of water needed,
although the power nt the situ is almost un
limited. The mechanic who constructed nnd
put up the machinery for the Messrs. Parks
is Mr. D. W. Reed, of Grccnshorough. Ga.,
wImi we nru satisfied ho no superior ns- a
We have been thus particular in noticing
these mills, not simply because we think nuch
nn enterprise merits notice, but for the more
forcible reason that we would like to see own.
crs of other mill sites availing themselves of
the skill nnd ability which the Messrs. Parka
have employed so successfully. At present,
we ship our grain to market in bulk, losing
25 per cent, on the whole crop. Such mills
would enable ns to convert our wheat into
llour, thereby saving the bran and "offal" for
stock, and giving to our own peoplo a large
profit now going into the hands of the specu
lators. It is proper to state that tho Messrs.
Parks have at the s.uno place nn excellent
saw mill in operation.
If wo had the poetic nnd fanciful pencil of
some of our imaginative coteniporarics, we
might expatiate on the grand and picturesqtio
scenery in the vicinity of Parksville, telling
our readers of its tall and majestic mountains,
with their nlpinu summits among the clouds,
while around their rugged base flows the
beautiful Oeoee, hastening on to embrace nnd
mingle with, other streams nnd finally to bo
lost in the great ocean of waters. But our
business as editor i to (leal with, tho useful
nnd practical, to encourage industry nnd com
mend skill nnd enterprise; nnd' we can only
add that the property in question is the most
valuable we know of, nnd must in a fewvears
prove a source of immense wealth to its en
Not Diad tut. The editor of the Knox
ville Whig, writing to his psper from Nash
ville, under date of October S, 18B5, gives
the following item of the List financial move
of M. V. Williams, lately departed the former
cit.y. Williams recently sent a dixpntch to
the Post Master at Knoxville that he had
"died very suddenly, nnd would rend him the
particulars by mail." This last financial
ineve was of course effected through the
agency of the spirit rappers:
The Brokers of Cincinnati rent two bun
dles of spurious money here on yesterday, for
redemption, to thecal of Shepherd A Co.,
and J. 1). .lames A Co. I was spoken to to
examine them, a they were on the"I!niik of
Knoxville." They were in bills of two nnd
three dollars, dated July IB, 1855, signed M.
W. Williams President, nnd .him Trtubnth,
Cnhier. 1 told the Broken that both signa
tures were in the hand-wrilinir f SI. W. Wil
liams and that there never was a Hank olli
eer in Knoxville by the name of TrmlxUh. I
told hem thnt they were only nrrfiiVarra of
Hoit, stricken upon the plates of that
Bunk, as the face of them shows, without the
name of the Comptroller. H is evident, from
these issues, that William i doing a brisk
business in t he Noi lh-weat.
JJlTTlie Nusliville Union seem to be fear,
fully exercised over the election of Neill a
Brown to the Speakership of the House.
EvOovernor Blown is every way competent
for the position familiar with parliamentary
rules gentlemanly, high-toned, and courteous
in hi bearing. What is the matter with the
Union! Has thnt cuw failed to give milk f
l'ARTngi AXt A lever stroke of an earth
quake was recently felt in portions of Cali
fornia, creating no little alarm and consterna
tion among the inhabitants but willtoul pro
ducing any serious injury.
Tho follow ing are the standing Commit
tees in the Senate:
On Privilrgei.-Memn. Whitthorne, Hitch,
Shrid, Meeks and Paliiinre.
I On f'iniTice.-i-Messrs. Turner, II.ill, Ellis,
! Dean and il.ierun.
On H?tr ami Nvtnt. Messrs. Hull, Pal
rooro, Riiiifers,.Mi lirhnid and WhittlnTiie.
On t7(im.-Me.sM.s. Alkius, Ballcw, Smith,
Havron and ('alduell.
t Llilucainn ami Cimtmnn Schools.
Messrs. Head, Fletcher, Atkins, Bullew nnd
On Judiciary. Messrs. RoJuers, Fletcher,
Head, Ellis, Steele, Atkins nnd Carter.
On Internal Improvements. Messrs. Cald
well, Rodgers, Turner, Johnson,- Smith,
Brown, Meeks nnd Fletcher.
On Military Affairs. Messrs. Meeks,
Smith, Bowles, Hitch and" Havron.
On Seit Counties an I County Lin's.
Messrs. Steele, Whitthorne, Johnson, Bowles
On Public Lands .Messrs. Havron,
Bowli-s, Meeks, Hitch nnd Turney.
On Penitentiary -Messrs. Johnson, Stokes,
Palmore, Shied and I bill.
On Banks. Messrs. Stokes, McFarland,
Turney, Ballew and Caldwell.
On federal Relations. Messrs. Fletcher,
Stokes, Steele, Brown and Denn.
On Public Unads. Messrs. Shied, Bowles,
Dean, Hitch and Meeks.
On Enrolled Bilts. -Messrs. Ellis, Head,
Brawn and Whitthorne.
On PuNic OVonrns.-Messrs. Carter, Ellis,
Head, Rodgers nnd Caldwell.
On Lunatic Asylum. Messrs. McFarland,
Carter, Brown, Hall and Atkins.
On Agriculture and .lf inMnsrHrf s.-Messrs.
Dean, l'a I more. Stokes, Shied nnd McFarland.
Oi Tipptbig and Tippling Ilnttsesj
Messrs. l.'allcw, Steele, Johnson, Carter nnd
Committee on Elections. Messrs. Meek,
Cloud, Carloek, Pope, S!iemwellr Bobo and
Ways and Means. Dortch, Cavitt, Harris,
Pngue, Brown, of Madison, Welcker, Wat
kins, Tipton, nnd Wood of Hardeman.
Finance. Travis, Holmes, Thomas, ttivie,
Dewitt, Bureh mid White.
Ctaims. Nixon, Dunnington, Galaway,
Armstrong, Curmiehnel, Little nnd Ricliey.
Education and Common Schwih. Wood,
of Hardeman, Brien, Donclson, Cox, Runnels,
Campbell nnd Cleaves.
Internal Improvements. Brown, of Madi
son, Loonev, Temple, Wood, Nixon, New man,
Buieh, Bariictt, White, Fort, Rudd, Hatton
Military Aflair. Northeut, Thompkins,
Easterly, Fielder, Smith, Brazelton ana Col
bnrn. Xew Counties and County Lines. White,
Kenney, Mathis, .Masselioell, Cnwden, Tomp
kins, Parks, Thomas and I'ooue.
Puhlic Lands. Aluee, Wilson, of Carroll,
Wood, of Cannon, Brazullon, Bullun, Mabry
Judiciary. Brien, Brown, of Madison,
Hatton, Travis, Loonev, Burch, Cavitt, Dortch,
and Wood, of Hardeman.
Penitentiary. Hatton, Fort, Ward Welck
er, Whiteside, DunniiiL'ton and Temple.
Banks. Davie, Snodgrnss, Colquitt, Cox,
Wallace, Armstrong and Bartlett.
f ederal Re.uitvtn. Lomiev, lkii nrL)ewill,
Tipton, Thomas, Newm m and Gilbert.
Lunatic. Asylum. Snodgrass, Glenves,
Colquitt, Algee, Wilson, of Marshall, Kenney,
I ielder, Mathis nnd tialliraith.
Enrolled Bills. Harris, Welcker, Pope
Agriculture and Manufactures. Donelson
Runnels, Walkins, Dorleh, Caruiichael, Rich
ev. Little, Easterly and Ball.
' State Capitol. Holmes, P;,rks, Cowden,
Carloek, tobb, Meek and Cook.
New York Politics. The Seward Whigs
nnd a portion of the Free Soil Democrats of
Ni w York have fused or coalesced. Their
platform, as adopted last week nt Syracuse,
embraces in substance the following distinc
live principles, ns-we learn from the New
York Post: 1st. Determined opposition to
the extension nnd encroachments of slavery
2d. No more slavery in the territories of the
Union. 3d, Sympathy nnd eu-operation with
the outraged free Sbite men of Kansas. 4th.
Hostility to the principles and practices of the
Know Nothings nnd other secret political as
sociations. 6ih. An honest nr.d economical
policy in regard to the canal administration
of this State; mid 6lh. The formation of a
new party, to be called the Republican Party,
mid to be guided by the grand principle nn
nounccd by Thomas Jefferson in his Inaugu
MinEKS ase Manufactures Bank, Kkos
villk. We find the following Card in the
late Knoxville papers, nnd hasten to give it
to our readers:
Miners and Manufactures Bank. The tin
dersii'ned in redemption of their promise,
made immediately upon tho suspension of
this Bank a lew weeks since, have now the
pleasure of announcing their ability, and
readiness to redeem in Coin at the counter
the entire circulation of the Bank.
JOS. L. KING, Pres't.
Hu I- M'Clusg, Cashier.
' Blount County. In tho last number of
the Maryrille paper the following paragraph
BJount County Rail Road Tax. The
County Court of Blount, having nt their. 'illy
term suspended, until the October term, the
collection of the Rail Koad taxes levied nt the
July term previous for that purpose; and the
court nt the October insf. rerm having failed
to make further order in relation to tho order
of July which expired by its own limitation,
it will now devolvo upon the tax collector, as
wu understand it is his intention to do, to
proceed with the collection of the Rail Road
Taxes for the year J855. It is hoped that
the people generally will cheerfully respond
to bis demands nnd thereby suffer no injury
to befall the credit of the county.
The General Result. The Georin
Citizen sums up the result in that Slate with
the follow ing remarks:
We may sum up the general result in a
few words. Toombs, Stephens &. Co., have
sold themselves nnd their deluded Whig
friends to their nncient enemies Cobb nnd
Johnson! And in aid of their unprincipled
nnd unnatural treachery, tho Temperance
Prohibitionists have materially contributed.
The Foreign parly bus triumphed by thou
sands, nnd tho picsent corrupt administration
is given another two years lease upon the
public Treasury, tl State Road and the pub
lic credit. Of conrse.we can stand it, if they
can. Individually, it matters but littlo to ns,
whether "order reigns in Warsaw," or the
reverse. But we do confess to some Slate
pride, which has been most sadly put to fie
blush, in view of the strange domination un
der which tho people have been placed, up.
piirently with their eyes open, to party dema
gogues nnd party lenders.
l-if " F. J. Pavatt, member to the Legis
lature from the counties of Perry nnd Deca
tur, died on the 28th September, nt Perry
villc, of congestive fever.
-" A bill has been introduced in the
House of Representatives to suppress tip.
plmg, winch passed a lirnt rending.
REMARKS OF GOV. N. S. BROWN,
0!t TAKING THE CHAIR AS srEAKER OF THE
HOUSE OF R E FR F SENT ATI VES.
Gentlemen of the House of Representatirts:
Trie distill jjiiishiiii; mark of confidence and
i regard svhieh you have just bestowed on me,
call lor the expression of my ineero ac
knowledgments. The position to w liieh yon
have elevated nie, has bi-en wliwly unsolicit
ed on my part; and this fact increases inv
sense of the obligations appertaining to so
high a trust. Inexpeii.-need ns I am, in the
administration of parliamentary rules, I can.
not but feel an unall'ected distrust in my abili.
ties and fitness for the task before me. But
while I cannot hope to equal the just expec
tations of others, or my own standard of pro
ficiency, I have that confidence in every mem
ber of this House, which b ads me to repose
upon his reasonable indulgence; and I invoke
the aid of every one in the discharge of a duty
in which wo all have a common interest.
Didi-rcnces of opinion upon political sub
jects and upon the details trf legislation, are
perfectly consistent with thu harmony of per
son d feelings. But the virtues of toleration
nnd forbearance, necessary in nil the relations
of life, are peculiarly so, in public bodies like
Vhivand never fail in their happy results. A
diversity of senTiment, is unavoidable under
institutions like ours, ami serves the office,
both of attaining truth an l cheeking extremes.
This c apilol, with its niassivo piliars and
stately walls, is made op of n variety of ma
terials of diverse shapes and sires, nut iih-!j
combined, constitute a specimen f strength
nnd beauty which will be admired for ages to
come. So the eonfl ets of opinion are capa
ble or harmonious action, and form tlie ele
ments out of which arise the social fabric and
law nnd order.
We have- met to promote, if we can, the
interests of the State. And among the
achievements, within our power, wo may
greatly abbreviate tho usual tciin of our ses
sions. To accomplish this, prompt attendance
upon the hours of business and strict compli
ance with the rubs of proceeding, are indis
pensahlc. I can assure you, that I wi l be
animated by a spirit of impartiality and nn
earnest devotion to my da lies. And I doiibl
not, I shall have occasion, at the close of our
labors, to thank you, not only for your kind
ness and courtesy, but for your zeal for the
public interests. Ia-1 hs all now resolve, in
the eomineuceiuenl, so tu act that when we
come to separate we can look back on the
past without shame and fi ward to the future
without fear. Irf't us resieinln-r that we nil
belong to the Stale, and that the State be
longs to us, in common w'th our constituents.
Our predecessors have marked out the great
path of progress along which we are to march.
And we behold every wla-rc the outline of
that expanded picture of kmsperily and glory
which awaits tiie d stinies of this common
we.ilth. To elevate Tennessee in the scab'
of intellectual and inond eminence among
her sister States, ns well ns to develope her
physical resources, are ol jet-la worthy of the
To aid in those great ends, we have been
dedicated by the people for the time u ing.
We will be siicces:'ul only in proportion to
our vigilance, energy and lid. -lily. 'I hat we
may be fortunate in the di-charge of our
trusts nnd happy in all oir relations here, is
my most ardent wish. To contiibtite to this
by every thing in my povvr, is the only mode
by which I can repay you for the honor you
have done tue.
tfcf The Albany Jounal Weed's paper
pays a high tribute to tl e nationality and
conservatism of the ineishers of the late
American Convention in New York. The
Journal is the strong- st Abolition sheet in
the North, and hates Americanism with n
cordial haired", because it refuses to lend its
countenance to, or ally ilscif w ith, anti-slavery.
It knows that the great bulk of the
American party in New York has firmly set
its face against agitation, and that it is the
'most formidable foe if not the only one
with which Abolition and fanaticism have to
contend. The South can learn from the fol
lowing paragraph from that paper what the
Abolitionists of N vv York think of the
Americans of New York. Speaking of the
character of the men who composed the
American Convention, it says:
" The Convention was managed by Silver
Grays and Old Hunkers inen uhose sympa
thies are u-ith the South, and who resist all
measures tending to the vindication of the
rights of the North."
The North Siue of SkbAstofol. At the
latest advices the allies" were not in posses
sion of the north sido of Sebastopol where
the fortifications are of great strength and
command, on their elevated position, the op
posite shore. An American who is serving
ns an officer of the medical stifTin tho Rus.
sian army, gives tho following description of
the forts on the north side of the bay:'
'On the north side of the hay is also n sue.
cession of hills, some of which are very high,
and running in every direction. Yon find on
them all bastions facing in every direction.
These bastions and rvdoiibts extend- lip the
bay for a mile or so from the city, and some
of Ihein are very effective, pouring nearly a
continual stream of b il.s across the bay into
the enemy's battery w hioh is nearest the bay.
I think it very doubtful whether tho French
would be able tu hold this city for any length
of time if they could get possession ol it,
from the fact that the hills on the north side
are taller than those on the south, and tho
city nnd the batteries on them, I think, would
force them to leave it. In the main, they
have been attempting this from the land on
the south side. I will finish this by saying
that it is the best Tortified place I ever saw.
There is not n hill or a mound w here a can
non could be placet) with ail vantage but you
l-ff Ijiind Warrant me in fair demand nt
New York, and selling nt !1.08 per acre of
120 ncres, and ut $1.11 of 60 and 160 acres.
Tho Tiibunc says the demand appears to be
temporary,, coming mostly from parties v ho
arc awaiting the opening of the new land
otliees, and who are noxious to hnvo n good
stock of warrants on hand to secure the first
choice of lands.
f"Thc Monitour of September 13 con.
tains the following decree:
Napoleon, by the grace of God and the
will ol the people, Emperor of the French.
Taking into troiisideratioit the eminent
services rendered by Generd Pclissior, es
peci.illv in the Crimea, whilo commanding
our army in the East, wu decree as fol
lows: Amiable Jean Jacques Pelissier, General
of Division, is raised to the rank of a Mar
shal of France. NAPOLEON.
Dated St. Cloud, Sept. 12. 1855.
Bask Chance. The Knoxville Register
learns from unquestionable authority, that
the "Bunk of Knoxville" has been purchased
by Dyer Pearl, the well known Broker of
Nashville, and Ids son E. G. Penrl, Cashier
of the Union Batik nt Chattanooga.
fcSr The whole number of applications
made for bounty land, under the law of last
March, have been upwards of two hundred
and seventeen thousand, and the number of
warrants issued thirty-four thousand three
hundred. During last Month nearly eleven
thousand were issued.
A NICE KKTTLE OF FISH.
The Xew York Herald tsys of the "state
of parties" in that Common wealth :
Our work in this !Snte fr jCoveniber, as
cut out l.y our various pnitvStaieCoiiveiitioiis
is a dish of salinttun.li, odorous of tuimed
pork and onions. Like the offence of the
Kin-' of Denmark, it emits an awtul smell
it -u rank and smells to h-.tven." The ab
olition fusioiiista at yr:icuse have realized a
coalition compared with which thst of the
French, Knglieh, Turks and s-aidiiuans is a
model of consistency and vnhesiveness. The
black republican league hnve put forward a
whii fu.-ion tkkt, with an old Van Buien
tree (oiler at the head, and an aniliitious and
seditious outside free soil, r Bt the tail; and
between Presion King and Bradford 11. Wood
we have a most interesting mixture of ..ft
slicll democracy, Reward whitrgerv and ram
pant abolitionism; but never a word upon
the Maine liquor luw. bet the adininitia
tion look well to its retainers in this SlR'e,
or they will stray awav with Tre-ton King
and the Saga of Liudeiiwobl to this Seward
mixed commission up0u their old Buffalo
In opposition to this Syracuse conglomera
tion of the negro worshippers, we have the
hardshell and the soft sVell democratic tick
ets, and the Know Nothing ticket, with the
temperance alliance and liquor interest still
in the buck ground; likewise, the half shell
democratic movement, contemplating a com
promise and a re union of the hards and softs
upon a hail-shell ticket and a half shell plat
form. SMiehisthe divi-ion nnd condition of
our New York clique an. I parties nt thiscii
sis a stat of thing' eleai ly showing us thnt
in tins great state lliere iloes not nuw exist
a solitary organization that ia not o a local
or sectional character. The democratic hard
shells me conservative, but they are only n
fraction of the democracy; and the late na
tional position of the regular Know Nothings
has been modified to the imaginary pressure
ot our Aovemher election.
What is Gai.vkd. The Baltimore Patriot
answers the enquiry w hat is gained by the
fall of Sebastopo! :
All that the Allied powers could desire,
and all that ItiHaia, putting forth the whole
might ot her l-.mpire. strove to nvonl the
Annihilation of the Muscovite power on the
Black Sen; the release of Tin key from iiu
pending det ruction; the restoration of the
L-nueusian IiiIh-s to that perteet liberty they
have struggled so long to retain; the release
of the lui'Kish principalities from a proteeto
rate which was gradually changing into a
sovereignty; toe tree navigation oi the IMn
ube; the contraction of the Russian lanpir"
tu the South within boundaiies not easily
nvers'.cppeil, nnl tue destruction, lor many
years yet to come, of all hope of liusbiuu
progress as a nun mine power.
t"2TThc London Times speaks of the abili
ty of the Russiann in maintaining themselves
in the Northern Forts, but snys the works
there are inferior in strength to those they
hnve gutted, and do not comprise the resour
ces of an arsenal nnd a town, and that they
are supplied with water by wells only. It
We take the final destruction of the Rus
sian st earners by the orders of IVinee Gorts
chnkolf, to be n further pi-oof of bis intention
to retreat, otherwise these vessel might have
been sheltered for a short time i.nJei the
liiiL'e Northern butteries. From these indi
cations vvc conclude that the present object
of the Russian Generals is mainly to saw the
remains o thou- many, mm the strategical
question which remains to be determined by
the skill and vig'ir ol the respective belliger
ents, is whether the allied forces will prevent
ScPl'l.irs Foil FiiANCK. A New York let
ter says: It is very currently reported that
the Government of Franco having become
fully satisfied that their crops will be largely
deficient, have m-nt to thiH country large or-
dors for both flour and wheat and that the
transactions of their agents in the nbovo arti
cles lire restricted by the extreme scarcity,
and consequently high rates uf freights. It is
extremely dillicult to satisfactorily ascertain
how much dependence to place in the report,
but it is a fact beyond dispute, that nearly all
the flour brought into the New York market
within the past ten days fur export, has been
PlIlLADKLI'lllA, Oct. 2.
The State L'quor Law went into operation
to day. A few taverns have closed but others
continue in operation under their licenses
w hich runs till May next issued before the
passage of the present law.- Since others have
been arrested" on the charge of selling con
trary to law. The constitutionality of the
law will be tested.
One tavern keeper is giving nway his stock
of liquors, in order to close business.
lsif A I e 1 1 e r f rwn C u bs say s-V'an t a A n n n
nnd suit'.1 sailed from Nuevit.is for St. Thorn
as in the English mail steamer Derwent on
the l'Jth lilt., and reached his destination on
the J Oil. U is assert -cl that he brought to
Cuba seventy thousand dollar in specie, and
that he acted very shabbily with the officers
of the steamer Guerrero, whose captain nb in
doncd his command nnd proceeded to St,
New Oulkass, Oct. 4.
Csen. Concha lias paid the Black Warrior
indemnity. lie -seems apprehensive ofnnoth.
er fillihust ring expedition, and has ordered
the nanus of nil machinists coming from and
going to the United States to bo registered
t-$? Commander KHisiui has got himself
into n difficulty with the Navy Depolinenl
by the letter ho address d to thu Herald,
calling for the name of ils Washington
Corsespondent, nnd pronouncing the retired
list of officers disgraced. Tho impression is
he will be furlougheil, busides being In Id per
sunnily accountable l.y several of the retired
The Fu-f.ncii Assault. The Paris cor.
respondent of the Independence Beige writes
"Prince Gortsi hiikeff in his bulletins, ns
you will have noticed, speaks of successive
ass i ii, ts. IlisHaid that of these, three were
made mi M.ilakoll' walls. I have been assur.
ed that at ihe thiid assault nil distinction ot
grade Was lost. Generals, ofti -era of every
rank, mid soldiers, were all mingled mid con
loiindcil together, eaeli obeying Hie prompt,
itigs ol his own daring courage. This ex
plains the large number, estimated at thirteen,
of general ollh ers wounded be the i-l, inc.
Geli. Bosquet bos had a nli.'ht gr.,.e n the
shoulder, nnd General M':ih,.n In U-en
eqilalli' fortunate in tho slightnesa or his
wouurl. General llotirbaki, who had recent
ly returned to the Crimen, ia among Hie
wounded generals. It is imw s.ii.1 that
Generals )e Salles, Rivet, Coustrn nnd
De M.irollcn have been wounded muni aeri
nusly." tTBev. Geo. II. Donne, of New, Jersey,
who has recently gone over to the Roman
Cat hoi io Church, is snid to be a married man,
and therefore cannot set as a priest in that
denomination. Which will he give tip his
wife or his clerical robret
THE FORfcsIGIITOFOl'R FATHERS.
The Xew York Express, remarking upon
the fact stated by Mr. Berrien in hi recent
letter, that prior to 18'M, the animal foreign
immigration to this country was only S.ooo,
and that now it is .IoiViVhi. says that iu 1767,
j when the Federal Constitution was formed,
the Washington. Franklins, Mudisons. Slier
mans and Hamilton, that madu it, deemed it
their duty to provide:
1st. Thnt the President of the United Slates
should be a native born citizen.
2d. That the Army of the Cnited States
should l-e in native born American hai d.
I x.1 TliKt the Nuw of the United States
snould oe under native born American con-
4'h. That. Treaties should be organized and
made bv a native born citizen.
6lh. That Federal appointments and pat
ronage should come from this native born
Clh. That the militia of the several plates,
when called into the service of the United
.States, should he under the President's native
7th. That only a native born citnen should
have the Federal veto power.
8th. That the Vice I'res.dent of the United
States should be a native.
8th. That thus that branch if government
the three branches of the Legislature
which makes Treaties and confirms Federal
appointments; should haves native to preside
10th. That, in case of a tie vote in the Sen
ate, a native only should have the casting
11th. Thst Conircs and tb TreMdent
should make uniform nnturaluulion laws
that President a unlive.
Vil li. That to be a Senator in Congress one
must have been naturalized !) years.
l:tth. That t-ibc a Representative one must
have beu naturalized 7 year.
The President having the appointing pow
er of the Supreme Judges, n native born alone
can name the men who are to expound nil
laws, nnd eases arising under the t'onstitu
tion, Treaties, and the laws of the United
So-, our father when the foreign emigra
tion was only ftoiio. vested in a native, or na
tives all their high prerogatives, uud august
powers and not even loreigncrs among us,
till of late yearn, have complained of it.
The annual im nigration is now 5'W.O'in,
and w hat was necessary in 1767. thus he
Comes in 1 b.5, a hunilie I times as necessary
now that is, iu the ratio of OIKS' to 5JO.
if then as now we see foreign born poo
pie superseding American citizen a repre
sentatives f America in foreign countries
exclusive of foreign born military companies
anion.-us, w ith arms in their bauds tureign
born riots, and rioters murdering American
citizens as in Louisville, (Ivy.) foreign born
legions organized to vote down American
born citizens nt the polls; if then, we say,
we now see with the precedent of I7S7 be
fore us, mi American Party org-mized to enity
out American principle is there any thing
wonderful iu ii I
A Cuimol-s MlXTUHE. They bllllg 11 Tl
Drum at the Callicdr; of Noire Done, Pari-,
in honor of the recent achievements of the
Allied armies in the Etst. The fi gs of the
Allies w ere intertwined, and in this Unman
Catholic dihedral the standards of M.dioine
dan Turkey and Protestant England wen
displayed side by side wilh the eagles ol
France a nation which remains faithful to
the Romish Chureh, for the present. Think
of n social party made lip of the Pope, Martin
Luther and Mahomet, and you can have Some
idea of Ihe changes which n few years in. ike
in war, religion, politics, creeds nnd diplo
macy. Will Tmnti-: EE Peach. The f reign
journals are speculating upon the chances ol
patching up a peace between Russia and the
Allied powers. The London papers indulge
hut little hope of a speedy adjustment, w hile
some Continental journals express a different
opinion. One of the latter, the Journal de
Frank fori, says:-
We Icarti from nr. authentic source that the
last circular despatch of Count Nesselrode to
the Russian Minister ut German courts evin
ces pacific dispositions. It is more than prob
able that Russia is the mureineliiied to peace
because it is tin urgent necessity for her II
that empire wns forced to continue its im
mense efforts, her power would be paralysed
for n long period to come.
But who can doubt that nil Europe has
need of peace? England and France them
selves, however powerful, must admit that
they cannot overeoin" Russia by tin aid of
their Heels and the IUO.000 men which thev
have in the Crimen, and that the result they
may obtain will not he in proportion to the
sacrifices they must make. We must, there
lore, presume, w ith regard to the two West
ern powers, also, that they warmly desire the
restoration of peace.
Consequently, we believe we arc on'y ex
pressinga well grounded hope in asseiting
th.it Ihe coming winter will bring us fresh
negotiations for peace, w h ell, beyond nil
doubt, will lead to the desired end, nnd in
which Prussia will proceed with Austria in
a manner to impress upon Russia ihe convic
tion that she must forever give up all idea of
a preponderance in Iho Black Sea.
Kknoai.l os Rotal Biaity. Kendall, of
the New Orlenns I'icnyuno, writes home that
the ladies in-waiting upon Victoria at Paris,
were "a distressingly homely set," nor does
the profane Republican treat royalty any
better. Listen to his description uf the Prin
cess Roynl of England: "She is fat, chubby,
and coarse specimen of a girl, a homely like
ness of her mother, who never set op any pr
tensions to beauty that I uin aware oft"
PnoriT.tBLs Kailkoad. The annual meeting
of the Hartford and New Haven Kailro'd
corporation was held iu Hartford on Wednes
day. It. appears from Ihe annual report that
the earnings for I he pnst year have been $730,
012; expenses and interest, f-t.;:t, 167. A semi
annual dividesd of live per cent, and an ex
tra r.ividend of fire per cnU, were declared,
making fifteen per cent, for the year.
Partus is Nrw Yontt There nre nl.
ready live parlies iu the field in thu Empire
Stale, with a fair prosKft of several more.
There an- the I lard Shell, the Soil JSIi.-ll, the
American, the Liberty, party, uud tip- R -pub.
liean or Fusion parly and, besides, ih- Ger
mans nrc lb bbng ineeiiuos, and discussing
Ihe propriety ol inuhin .ting German i-nndi
d il. s, and fighting iihoi their own hook.
I bus, the caldron ol New York politics is
boiling over. A motley amy of black pir
its and white are engaged inn grand sculll
for principles, Ih-y s y, mid the spoils. The
laileris the m in ni joel tho lormer, ills
tippic hciiilcd, toil much cired lor or thought
ol. At nnv rato, we m V all atilictnatu u live
ly and in t, resting muss.
ELICTIoMS YrT TO BR I Ir.i.n. Elections
nre etto Im he d iu the following Slates this
Iniisiaiiri, Mnndiy, November 5.
Missiship ", Monday, November 9.
New Ymlt, Tuesday, Neveniber 0.
Wisconsin. Tuesday, November 6.
Maryland, Wcdncsiliiv, November 7.
Massachusetts, Morula)', November 13.
t-W Tho elections iu Poensyivnnin and
Ohio took place on Tuesday last the Dtli
FURTHER PER PACIFIC.
It is stab d that the Emperor N'.tl.ol.,, nl4
issued an order for a diy nf thanks.-bin , tl,
the garrison of Scb.-tstopol, for the bn "er
they displayed ill defending tli-u slr-ei-jf,,,; j
to the very last, and dociarcs ll..-,t lu ;s CuH.
iticed th.tall the troops of tiie Eaiphe :,ra
ready to follow their examp'e, sacriii.i,,,
,-rything for thv sake of protecting tii ri.;j,
gion, honor r.sd independence ot Russia.
He excuses tho recent failure at Sebr,t ).
pol by saying that th-re is a line which i
iiiijius.s.'.ble, even to Ilerives.
A despatch fmm UortsehaknlTsars; V
blew up a great part of the fortilicitions of
Southern Sebastopol. The enemv bv'ins to
nppoir in groups, but not very numerous,
iiiuidst Ihe ruins of the city. We b .ve trans
ported to the North nil the wmindid who
were left on the Southern side after the as
sault. The Allies le't in our hands a pri.
oners, 1 superior officer, 17 subalterns, and
New regiments will be s-nt to the Crimea
and 50,000 men concentrated on the Piuth.
The defensive works at Pcrckop, will be
A large force of artillery is being formed
nt Warsaw, which is also destined for tin
Paris despatches of the I7lh say that OorL
schakoffis meditating another attack on Tch
The Allies nre strengthening their position
in that quarter, and their csvnlry are men.
ncing n movement into the interior.
Further Russian reiiiforct-mcr.U kp reach,
ed the Crimen, but have not joined the army
on the North ride. The garrison there is
known not to be sufficiently supplied, and a
surrender or a decisive movement in tho open
field is anticipated.
Napoleon telegraphed to Pi lissir ns fid.
lows: "Honor for yon," ' Honor tu the
brave." "Accept my sincere congratulations,
and express to the English army niv high
admiration for tl.cir constant bravery and
moral courage, which they h ve shown du
ring this long nnd trying campaign."
J3f"On the North side of the harbor of Se
bastopol to which the Russian garrison had
retreated, and which yet remained intact at
the lust advices, there nre:
Fort Oonsisntine, 104 gun.
Telegraph Battery, 17
Double rnnge easeuint batteries, 120 "
Ot hi-r batti-ries, f,o "
Double bat tery, 84
Eslreme Eastern battery, 20 "
In addition to these, there i the Wasp fort,
various earthworks, and the great Star Fort,
capable itself of boMine: a gurrisnn of ten
thousand men. with nn amount of n it it lory
equal peihaps to two hundred additional
guns whi h would give an nggregate to th
regular foils. bn'ti'ie and eni tliwoi lis on
the north side of upwards of nOO gum. These
have yet to be Iiikcii; but as they nccupy a
line of clilTs commanding the town, thev can
not be taken by bombardment, from the op
posite side. Toe Russians (unless they shall
hnve deemed it expedient to leave the Crimen)
must be met on those heights before Sehssto
pol is completely in th occupation ol the
enemy. IVc must '..ave the ibsiie on the norlb
s de, before we can make up our siininisry of
the losses of the Russians or the cuius vf th
The Epitor and the Pukshfr. Black,
the editor of the Morning Cronicle, was a
great f.ivorite with Lord Melbourne.- On
one occasion the Peer said: 'Mr. Black,
you nre the only person who comes to see
me, w ho forgets who I am." The editor
opened his eyes with nslonishin' iit. "You
forget that I am the Prime Minister; every
body else takes especial care to remember it
but I wish they would forgot it, for Ihcy
onlv remember it to ask 1110 for anything,
and I wish you would, for s-Tiously 1 should
be most happy to do anything in my power
tu serve you. "I nm truly obliged," said Mr.
Black, "but I don't want anything. I am
editor of the Morning Chronicle; I like mtr
business, nnd I live happily on my income."
'Tneii," said the Peer, wilh an oath, ' I euvjf
voii.nnd vou'io the only in n I ever did."
Savannah, Ga. Wo clip the following
extract, in reference tu the business and pros
perity of the city rj Savannah, from the
"Morning News," of Ihe 6th. Intimately as.
sociated ns this section is in business rela
tions with our Southern neighbors, we nots
such evidences of proserity among tiie lat
ter wilh more than ordinary pleasure :
The stranger who might find himself in
our midst nt this time would be impressed
wilh Iho growing .importance of Savannah
as a commercial m irl n point for the inter
change of the teeming products of one of
the most productive sections of the Union
for the great staples of domestic consump
tion, mill ns he saw the continual ttow of ag
ricultural and mineral products cotton, grain
and copper from Georgia, Tennessee nnd
Alabama to our port, would be led to specu
late upon the results when our railroad sys
tem is still further developed nnd we are pla
ced in direct communication with the riclv
agricultural islricls of Florida nnd South
western Georgia, with the gulf ports, and all
the railroad lilies of the South nnd West.
We may judge of lbs effect w hich tho com
pletion of the rtiitroads now in progress will
have upon our city be the results which haM
flown from those nlieady constructed. There
is mi inviting field before ns, nnd we may
push forward wilh the assurance that what
has been accomplished is hut the beginning
ol w hat capital, ein-rgy and perseverance can
accomplish lor our city uud State.
CONGBKSSIOSAL LIPEACKtr.XTS. U isstat-
ed ill sum of the opposition papers that r
tides of impeachment will be moved in the
House of Representatives ut its ensuing
sion against Judge Knne, of the United
Scales District Court, on account of Iheallfg
ed unlawful imprisonment of Passmore Wil
liamson. tSTIn looking over our files of European
papers by the Washington, says the Charles
ton Courier, we observe the British Admiral
ty is filling out with the utmost despatch,
several ships of war, the destination of which
is rumored to be Naples. This, taken in con
nection with the late violent article in th
Loudon Tiiiiisj, against the King of Napl
nnd hi government, look very oaiiuou fer
the peace of Italy.
FaKTir Fair. An Irishman describing th
trading power of a genuine Yank, aid1-
"Be dad, if ha was oast away on a desolst
island, he'd get up the next morning nd 6
round soiling maps to the inhabitants-
Gov. Blade, of Vermont, was iu Buffalo un
Wednesday, accompanied by between 30 '"
40 ladies, nil of whom are bound to
Western couittrv as touchers.