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MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL THURSDAY, FEHRUARY IS, 188(5.
CLEVELAND'S FIRST YEAR
KEYIEWED II Y THE I'HILADEL
The Ure at Fluffs or Monopoly and
Corrnsition Wulrk He Huh Sup-cfz-xfuilj
1IILM(S OF MONEY AKHAIEI)
AGAINST HIS IIEFOKMS,
Together 1th tke Rlalne Conibioa
tioi, Supported b; the l'artlaan
Tbiladklpbia, Pa., February 15.
Editor McUlure reviews the first year
of the Cleveland administration in a
lengthy dispatch published in the
Time of tbis morning, und in a clear,
open, mini? war. lie fays that the
manifold dillicultiee in the way of the
first Democratic administration npon
a return of the party to political power
after a lapse of a quarter tf a century
can scarcity he appreciatad by the
country. Mr. Cleveland himself was
a year tpa ua unknown quantity. The
country knew what Gov. Cleveland
waa; of what President Uleve'uod
would be it knew nothing. That it
believed in him and trusted him km
evidenced by his election and installa
tion as President. At the very
tbresbold he was confronted by two
facta: toat a large proportion of the
Democratic party, composed of ante
bellum material, expected bim to es
tablish his adrniniMratlnn on the basis
of reform. The first-named element
contained the old-line politicians, the
second a new generation cf voters.
Long accustomed to feats of political
legerdemain and inured to falsehood,
the politicians met the new adminis
tration with the assumption that ante
election promises were void, and that
now that professions of reform bsd
served their turn they would be cait
aside as uselecs.
TAKING TUB HONEST COUBHC.
The President, had one of two
eourtoi open to him; to violate hfs
promise to the country and stultify his
whole record by accepting this pre
sumption as a fact, or risk the dis
pleasure ol this formidable wing of
Lis i arty by driving straight ahead
and trusting lothe result of a pure
administration cf public affairs for his
vindication. He chose the latter and
honcab'e course. As was anticipated
at the lint indication of this deter
mine on, be was threatened with dis
memberment if his party on the one
band and a united opposition o( every
corrupt element in the country on the
other. Kvery mangy political cnr
napped at his heels. Every spoils
man within und without hissed them
on, and, too cowardly for open war
fare, spat upon his shadow in the
darkness. Hut the President, domi
nating a strong Cabinet In hearty sym
pathy with his honett eiloits to elve
me people goou government first and
take care of his party ef.erward. naid
no heed to this partisan clamor nor
turned aside Irom his great purpose.
Gradually, day be day. he felt the ap
proval ol the people was hi, and it
strengthened his hand to execute.
The curs became tired of barking and
retired into the obscurity of their ken
nels. The venom of tbe dlsoppointed
Bpouameu siotiy urieu up,
DISMAY Or Till CORROPTIOKISTa.
The elements that viewed the o-ratl-
ual change and foresaw the ultima1
triumph ol honest government with
the greatest dlsmayVerfthe elements
that profit most by dishonett govern-
menu xne corporations which had
their foundation in suhaidiM am!
fraud and held their charters by cor-
rupuuu, wuiiin uau sprung irom noth
ing to wealth and Dower, which hat
the public by the throat and wrung
irom its puree enormous dividends on
millions cl watered stock these did
not want honest (overnmenta. Such
elements oi unbridled corporate
power had put forth every energy t9
secure in perpetuity tbe polit eel
authority of the party under whose
administration tuey had been born,
-reared and, made fuL Th hm,
formed a syndicate ot wealth to put
mania the Presidential chair who
was minted and tattooed with fraud,
acd whose prospective administration
guaranteed them immunity 'and
addltloral spoil. They were joined
by every corrupt ring and .ringtter,
Democrat and Republican, in the
country, who bolieved that Mr. Cleve
land's el'Ktion meant honest, govern
ment. Their candidate was heralded
as "The Thieves' Own'.' and win sup
ported because of it. His personal
magnetism drew them as the load
stone draws needles. Ihey swarmed
at Chicago by thouiands and nom
inated bim, against the protoit of hon
est meu, and they poured out money
like water-t) elect him. Ni t because
it was James U. Ulaine, but because
he waa the representative of a cor
rupt party, under which they had
grown great. Republican rule bad
made successful f.ud possible; it bad
made jobbery respectable. And theee
eleineiiti were all for Blaine and lie
WAB ON TUafpHKSIDlNT. "
Having vainly itrlven against fats
nd Grover Cleve'nod, the corrupt
elements of the country hastened to
make their peace with the new re
gime. Jay Gould, the worst of the
lot, was the first to congratulate the
new President. .Before the ink of the
operator who announced the recount
in New York was dry Jay Uould, coa
trolliDg the majority of the news
papers of New York, the Western
Union and the Associated Press, save
in bis allegiance to the new govern
menL 1 hete combinations that could
not see their a ay set down and wait
ed. They were led by their corrupt
and venal press ti -jxpect an early
disruption of the Democratic party
-under President Cleveland. They
aw his dilliculties at once and waited
an ppoitunity to tike advantage of
ot iub ursi s lit. i uir hired organs,
Kepublictn and Democratic, fostered
tbe spirit of bitterness between the
two factions; encouraged dissensions,
because in the weakness of the admin
ietratioaor its total failure their in
terests might survive unscathed. Their
. common energies were devoted to an
fl"irt to force the President from hie
reform platform into the gutter of his
predecessors. It was to this end the
discontent was magnified and urged
onto open rebellion. When it became
apparent that the attempt ti create a
diversion must fail, tho disappoint
ment c f the jobbers was intense. As
day by day the . President grew
stronger with bis party as well as with
the country and tbeBuroessof there
to ni government was inevitable, the
horde of ras a!j became alarmed and
desperate. The administration had
' begun to leach cut f ir them. Tbe In
terior Department had begun to press
the Pacific railroads for their duet;
the Poatodice Department bad refuseu
to divide M00,000 as a subsidy to
steamship lines for carrying tbe mails;
.the Navy Department had destroyed
the jolibor Roach at a single blow, snd,
finally, the Department of Justice
stepped in and ordered the telephone
monopoly into conrt. At each suc
cessive step of an honest ai'minUtra
tion the jobbers bowled with rage.
They have now joined forces in their
hoetility ti the adminis'ritioa and the
war has at last openly begun.
tilHQ tOI JOnOKuV IlBIOADB.
If there were no other evidences ol
the entire success ' the first year of
Grover Cleveland's administration,
the fact that it has arrayed against it
all the political vagabonds, jobbers,
corrupt corporations fraudulent ttck
holders, thievea and the subsidized
press would be a sufficient triumph.
Just as an honest newspaper draws
upon it the dislike and hatred of the
criminal classes of a community, so
honest government ft Washington
draws tbe fire and fury of the jobbers
and conuptionirts. Ia this result
President Cleveland ia to be congratu
lated. The combination of rascals,
great and email, against the Demo
cratic administration before the close
of the fint year cf its power is a trib
ute to boneety rarely paid a Chief Kx
ecu tire of this nation. Here in tbe
national capital the sentiment is easily
marked. Wheie moit the creatures
ol tbe lobby cot g regal s there will be
heard tbe angry mutterings agaimt
Mr. Cleveland's administration.
Where agents oi rotten corporations
sit down together are heard curses
both deep and loud. In Washington
these can be seen and beard on every
band, became every fifth man you
meet is in some illegitimate enterprise.
During the war it used to be laid with
truth that, while every Democrat was
not a rebel, every rebel was a Demo
crat. Now every man opposed to the
administration is not a jobber, bnt
but every jabber is opposed to tbe ad
ministration. TUB PAOiriO BO AOs' HOSTILITY.
To fully understand the situation it
must be borne in mind that the inter
ests seriously alTectsd by honest gov
ernment and a faithful execution of
the laws are the perhaps legitimate
outgrowth of twenty five consecntiva
years of Republican role. They are
naturally hostile to the Democratic
party. They sprouted, came up and
grew to luxuriant maturity under Re
publican aispices. They fattened on
the favors of the party in power, and
in return for these favo's gave liber
a'ly to perpetuate that power. They
now combine to break down tbe ad
ministration from which they have
been given tj understand they iray
expect nothing. The Pacifio railroads,
that were voted millions of acres of
the best lands of the public domain,
the interest on whose bonds were
guaranteed by tbe government ol the
United Hta's, gained and have en
joyed the greatest franchiee ever se
cured by a corporation. What have
these roads done In return for the ob
ligation T ' They began by rob
bing the government through
a construction company and the
Credit Mobilier of America, and
have stoadily ignored the laws of
the United Htates by which they
allied their charters. As long as they
ad to deal with Republican adminis
trations they succeeded in evading
their dues to the government and re
taining their unearned lands. Thev
have been fighting a; ainst a settlement
for years. There is now pending in
Congress a bill for their behalf post
poning this settlement for eighty
years. They want Congrats to author
lie tbem to lump their indebtedness,
divide it up into bonds and accept
fresh evidences cf indebteduess. In
shoit, they gravely propose, a la Mi
cawber, to pay old bills by issuing
new promises. Pending this scheme
the Cleveland administration, through
the Department cf the Interior, is
pressing them to the wall. The Pa
cific lailroids are hostile to honest
rovernment, because that government
nalsta npon their paying baok into
the publia Treasury the money wrong
fully diverted therefrom to the Pacific
Mail Steamship Company.
TAB ROUTE AMD MAIL BUII9IDIES.
The star route contractors and
steamship companies who have been
long fattening on government con
tracts for carrying the mails and bave
been cut off from the bunghole by the
Postmaster General, are also oppesed
to the Cleveland administration.
Congress appiopriated 1400,000 to be
divided between certain itsamsbip
lines as a mail subsidy, in the discre
tion of the Poetmaster-Ueneral. There
waa a big lobby here to engineer the
scheme through Congress and there
was a big scramble for shares in the
spoils. The Democratic Postmaster
General was unable to see the benefit
t be derivod by the government from
such a disposition of public money
and refused ti pay over the funds.
The howl that went up from the dis
appointed jobbers was great but vain.
Certain lines nUimptod to bulldoze
the administration by refusing ti
carry the Unit ed Hla'es mails a', all,
but it wouldn't work. All of these
companies have joined the general
cry ugainai cue Lremo.ratio 1'ieeident.
does not like the Cleveland adminis
tration. Mr. John Roach flourished
aroaaingly under Hecor Robinson and
Hill Chandler. He secured contracts
f.l VAAftfllfl anil Mrilln tl nmuita will..
out end. He dictated his own terms.
11a waa tlm nfllnial aliin.hil,lap in ik.
government of the United States. He
w bo amu eugngvu in me siue issue ot a
lina of atftamra -whlr-h v-n. lni.r..tA.1
In tit a mail anitiaiilv 1?naH Ka
lieved to have received contracts for
iron-ciads without saving to name his
price, and the bills were put through
without niiANtlnn. Ilia nr.iflt. wam
enormous. He was practically with-
uui uuiumi.uu. ins wora was ac
cepted without tests and without
nnnatinn. In Ills rlM tha lnar. nl
Congress relative to the retention of a
certain per cent as security to the
government and to the proper per
formance tit hia Aontract vara, Itrnnr,!
and nullified. Then came in a new
administration an administration
that believed in business principles
and honest exaontlon r.f tha lava It
fjund Roach at work on certain ves
sels lor tbe government. As soon as
one oi meae veseeis was completed a
teat was ordered by the Secretary of
the Navy to ascertain whether she
had been ronetrncted according to
contract. The Naval Board accepted
ber in the Hsual perlumtiry way, but
the honest Secretary of tbe Navy saw
from their own repoit that the teat
waa not satisfactory, and ordered a
second trial. Roach soon saw the
character of the new administration,
and knowing that his work would not
stand tbe scrutiny of honett govern
ment threw up the sponge, and to em
barrass the government aa much as
possible weut int3 voluntiry bank-
rupwry. ins act; was me most pointed
coufamion of the frsud of his whole
corrupt career. His cause was seized
upon by every organ hostile to Mr.
Cleveland's administration, and an
impudent robber was male to pose as
a martyr before the country.
TUB OBKAT TILBrAONB MONOrjLY.
There never was a parallel to the
outrageous exhibition of brazen job
bery by John Roach. If anything
ever approached it, that thing is the
Bell Telephone Company's complaint
against the administration. The Bell
Telephone controversy is almost too
fresh in the public mind to be elabor
ately presented bere. The companv
was primarily founded in fraud. It
Las been a fraud a 1 tbe way through,
or is-rtatooably believed to to have
been, its own actions giving color to
the suspicion. The application for
the Bell patent was filed on tbe same
day with the application for a patent
on the tame invention by an inventor
nsmedUray.- A Patent Office clerk
assumed the responsibilitv rf giving
the r'gbt of priority to Mr." Bell, when
it was clearly a case of interference,
and should bave gone be fire the ex
aminers of interferences. The
facta would then bave been
brought out that tare subse
quently been developed, namely,
that tbe sending cf language by word
tf mouth over a wire waa not original
with either Gray or Bell, and that
even bad it been it was not patenta
ble. As the issuance of tbe Bell pat
ent was thus a double violation cf tbe
rules of tbe Patent Office, the natural
conclusion ia that it was obtained by
collusion and frand. Every move
ment of the Bell Company since that
time has justified tbe wont conclu
sion. Tbe government having been
the means of committing tbe wrong,
if wrong there wsa committed, was
tbe proper patty t) investigate tbe
sntject, and in the name c fine United
States the Bell Company was ordered
into court ti show cause why their
pitsnt should not bs canceled. There
were plenty of precedents for this
course. In fact, there was no ether
course open by which the rights c f
the Bell Company could be fairly and
finally tested. Any other would have
been an Individual suit, and would
bave decided nothing except that par
ticular rase. The Unitsd States,
which granted the franchise, was
eminently well fitted, by reason ol
its possession ot the archives and facta
ai well as by the equities of the case,
to determine its extent and limitations.
If the Bell Company bad been firm in
the belief of its own position it would
have welcomed suca a teat. But hoar
did it act? It began to fight against
going into conrt. it began to rear and
plunge and invoke the known hostile
elements against tbe administration
that dared to enforce the laws. It
purchased pens right and lift to de
fame the Attorney-General and tbe
Secretary of the Interior and every-
body, in fact, whose duty required any
action against the monopoly. Haifa
million dollars is ntthiogtothe Bell
Com, any, and it poured out money
ireeiy to ureax. down the legal pro
ceedings at tbe beginning. Through
the inlluence of a partisan and venal
press tuey succeeded in throwing
tremendous quantity of mud in a brief
space ot time. The paitisan newBpa-
yers which assumed the grievance of
ohn Roach were quick to eat h at a
fresh pretext to email the administra
tion, and the Bell tslephone grievance
was as good as any. Tho venal newspa
pers, which fight for pay and for
cold cash, strike friend or foe. But
the machinery of honett government
worked smoothly on. There were no
Cabinet officers resigning at the de
mand of the telephone rinir. The
honest President never faltered in h i
duty to the country. And thus one
more corrupt combination was arrayed
against the Cleveland administration.
and mat combination the most auda
clous and insolent of all.
AN ALLIANCB WITH POLITICIANS.
But these rings of lnonopoly and
subsidy and contract and polygamy
and jobbery of every kind have appa
rently effected a combination with the
political elements of bottllitv to Presi
dent Cleveland. During the past ten
days the lieutenants and captains and
commanders ot the Blaine wing of tbe
Republican party have been in close
consultation in this city. Tbey have
come in pairs, singly and in detach
ments, to avoid the appearance of
collusion. Their presence, how
ever, has not escaped the lynx'
eyed correspondents, who have
promptly announced that the
Blaine boom for the next Presidential
nomination has been placed upon its
feet. Coincidental with their pres
ence here the corruptioniats renewed
their st ack upon the administration
all along tbe line. Kvery Blaine or
gan of New York, Philadelphia, Haiti
more, Chicago. St. Louis and other
cities (oined in the concert. This junc
tion ot jobbers was easy and natural.
It was complete. Every correspond
ent ia Washington known to be
friendly to the Blaine interest began
at once to nag the administration, tel
egraph reports of dissensions in the
Cabinet, of resignations ol Cabinet
officers and distort the relat'oos be
tween the President and his patty.
The alleged Democratic journals who
oppored Cleveland s nomination, op
posed his election and oppose bis ad
ministration toined in the tidal wave
of defamation and lying and are now
working in harmony with the job
bers' brigade in their community of
interest with Mr. James G. Blame,
The junction is a reunion of origical
and cognate lorcea.
Id the itvmach JotoIopi an acid which i!ing
tha nppar part of tha throat and palate,
oituleg "heartburn." It alio avoir! a ft
which produoai "wltd oa tha itomach,"
and a laallni and appaaranc of diitaniton
la that ortaa afUr satins. For both this
acidity and iwellint Iloitatter'i Stomach
1)1 tor it a much better ramedr than alkaline
am. me narwnorn ana oeroonite ortoda.
A winilMful ol the- Mitten, alter or before
dinner, will be bond to act aa a reliable
carminative or prerentiT. Thia One fneoiflo
for dyiperaia, both ia In acuta and chronio
form.aleo preienu and rune malarial le
ver, constipation, liver complaint, kidner
troubles, nervousneei aad debilltr. Feraoni
who obaerve ia themeelvet a decline ol visor
should uie Ihlenne tonjo without delay.
Why Ctoa. lla4th,a Body Waa
Nxw Yobk, February 17. Ger.
Hancock was regarded fir a .year be
fore his death as a convert to crema
tion. He had several friends in the
New York Cremation Society, and
seemed, they say, to tike a deep inter
est in the subject. Although he did
not explicitly declare that he wished
to be cremated instead of buried, it
was thought that he believed firmly
in the propriety and sanitary desira
bility of the new method. Neverthe
less, be ia interred in the Hancock
family graveyard. Hia illness waa so
sudden and disabling that he could
not have expressed a wish on that
point, and intimates of Mrs. Hancock
say tbat, aa she never could bring
herself to regard cremat on save with
repugnance, the general would not
not bave gone coct-ary to her senti
Advice to Mothers. '
Mrs. Winslow's Soothinu Svmn
should always be used when children
are cutting teeth. It relieves the little
ailffArAr at nrtnm if- nmiliiM. al
. w wa.v , a VJ UVAV umuini.
quiet sleep by relieving the child
from pain, and the little cherub
awakea aa "bright as a button." It is
very pleasant to taste. It soothes
the child, softens the gums, allays ail
pain, relieves wind, regulates the
bowels, and ia tbe beet known remedy
for diarrhoea, whether arising from
teething or other causes. Twenty-five
THE SOOTH'S MISTAKES
IX COXGRK.SS AM) THEIR PROB
ABLE EFFECT IX 18S8.
A Letter Tbat Makes Charges Wor
thy the Serious Consideration of
New Yoaa. February 15. The Her
ald' Waabirgtin correspondent U-lo-giaphs
a li ttor recently received from
a prominent Democrat in a Southern
State, not an c nice-holder, but a man
cf some influence in his party, who
writes: "What is the matter in Con
gress? It seems to us hereatadia
tince thafjthe Democrti are engaged
in fighting each other and doing noth
ing else. Tbat ia no wayforapaity
t remain strong or get ttronger.
Who is responsible for thia ruinous
Kilkenny ta', fight?''
"Well," said your correspondent t3
the Democratic Congressman who
showed him thia letter, "What are you
goirg to say to your friend?"
"I've just written him a letter," be
replied, "and yoa may read it acd
take a copy tf it to print if you wish,
oxitting names, for there may be
other Democrats in the couLtry tome
where asking each other the lame
question, and this may help to en
lighten them against next fall when
they come to vote."
Tbe letter seems really to explain
something, and may interest Northern
as well ss Southern Democratic voters.
It is as follows:
The Letter on aunibera Bllatakea
My Dcar Fbibno You complain
of Democratic folly, and you ask, Who
ia responsible ? Here are some figures
and facta from you may draw your
There are 325 members in tbe
House. Of these, 184 are Democrats
snd 141 Republicans, to tbat the
Democratic tmjority is 43.
Uf the 184 Democrats, 108 are from
the Southern Stites and 76 from
Of the 76 Northern Democrats, 32
are from New York, New England,
New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and 44
are from Western States.
You see by these figures that the
Southern Democrats are numerically
stronger ttaa tbe Northern. In iait.
the Southern and tho Eastern Demo
em's together are within oae vote as
strong as the whcls Republican side.
Acting together, the Southern mem
bers in a caucus, for instance would
outvote their Northern friends every
time, and by a large majority 108 to
7d. That numerical preponderance
throws a great responsibility on the
Southern men. because it gives them
great power, 'this power tbey bave
unhesitatingly accepted, as I will now
Th?y elected for Speaker of the
House a Southern man, and they took
to themselves a very great share of
the committees which fracas aid
guide tbe legislation and policy of the
House Toa will perhaps be surprised
when I tell you how large a share.
Of the fifty-two committees in the
House the ct airmen of thirty-three
are Southern men. In twelve the
chairmen are Western rren, and New
York, New England New Jersey and
Penneylvaiia have just seven chair
manships among them. You under
stand that the chairman cf a commit
tieis an important and influential
persen. The chairmen rf comm ttees
de very much to guide and frame the
follcy of the party in tbe House,
'cobably you wail admit therewith
thirty-three chairmen out of a total of
fifty-two, a large responsibility for the
good or bad conduct cf atJairs lies
upon Southern men.
But look further at tbe construction
of tbe most important committees.
The Ways and Means stands first.
It has eight Democrats and live Re
publicans. Of tbe eight Democrats
five are Southern men, two are West
ern men, and one alone represents the
whole of New York, New England,
New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Here
again you see tbe South ' very largely
Next tomes the Appropriations
Committee. The fint action of tie
Housb when it met was to "smash
Randall" an Eastern man, by the
way by taking mott of the important
bills from bis committee. The South
joined the West in that piece cf folly,
tor surely it was a stupid thing for a
party just coming into power to begin
its campaign by a Donnybrook fair
tight in its own tanks. Still, the Ap
propriations remains an important
commi.tee. It bat nine Democrats,
of whom four are Southern men,
three are Western men aad two rep
recent New York, New England, New
Jersey and Pennsylvania. You see
once more that the South predom
inates. In the Jadiciaiy Committee six
Democrat i are from the South, two
fiom tbe West and one represents
New York, New Eng'and, New Jersey
TbeSilver Committee baa five South
ern Democrats, two Etstern and one
The River and Harbor Committee
has seven Southern and two Western
Democrats. None from the East, and
not one represecttng a barbor.
The Committee on Foreign Affairs
has six Southern Democrats, one East
ern and one Western man.
The Committee on Commerce has
four Southern Democrats, three West
ern and one from the Eatt.
The Committee on Pojtoflicee has
four Southern Democrat, four West
ern and one from the Kant.
The Committee on Pacific Ra'lroads
has six Southern Democrats, one West
ern and one from New York.
These are the moit important com
mittees. You see for yourself that
they are all controlled by Southern
men, and it is substantially so
throughout. Y'ou may reply tbat the
Southern members being by far the
most numerous, it is natural that tbey
should bave most of the important
I don't object to that. What I say
is that having thus taken control of
the House and of its legislation the
Southern members are responsible to
tbe Democtatic party for what may
happen for the policy or no policy
pursued and for the success or failure
ot the present Congress. You aek,
"Who is responsible?" and I show
you this by actual figures. The South
is responsible, and 1 wish toi people
could see that it is a very serious re
sponsibility. I am going to try to
make you see bow.
Take the silver Question. That a
Southern man is an idiot to speak i r
vote for a debased dollar, or one ot
oncer Um value seems to me teo clear
for argument. The South is a borrow
ing country. It haa great natural re
sources, and no capital t) develop
them. How t aa you expect to borrow
money at favorable rates if you vote
for a dishonest or uncertain doliar.
Who is going to lend to you or inveet
in your enterprise in that case? Thia
government now borrows at 3 per
cent, or leua. If yon could force us to
fay beads in silver do you sappoce
we conld borrow asrsin at thit rate or
even at double? It you watit to bor
row you must be honest.
But I did cot mean to touch that
side of the question st all. I'm writ
ing politics lo you Democratic poli
ticsand I put it ta you whither the
South, cot trolling tbe House as it does
end responsible for its action, can af
ford to so shape tbe Democratic policy
as to injure a disastrous d f Ht next
fall and in 18S8 in the Northern At
lantic Statt.? Tbe present Demo
cratic msjority is frty-hree. Of
these, thirty-tbree are frm New York,
New England, New Jersey and Penn
sylvania. It's tbe nicest thing in the
woHd to lote twenty five of tieae
Srit s, and then where are yon of tie
South? Back in the minority agair,
where you were so ncany years. We
Eat tarn people want honest money,
and if tbe Southern men in tbe liooae,
responsible f r its course, as I bave
shown you, force dishonett money on
ne, very few of us Democrats will re
tarn to Congreas from our section. It
is not difficult for you in tbe South to
elect Democrats yon are on sure
ground but with us it is a different
matter. As a question of politic", you
ought to see that you should yield not
merely your prejudices but even your
convictions if necessary oa any single
policy in order to help us and keep
the party together, for if you sacrifice
us, if the conduct of Southern men in
this Congress throws away New York,
Connecticut and New Jeraey, your
own gane is up.
I have noticed in the present Con
gress a strong disroution among
(Southern men to a Hi I i ate witi the
Weit aid turn their backs on the
Fait. Pray tell me where in the Weet
you are going tt pick up fi ty-one
Demowtc electoral votes in 1888?
New York, New Jersey and Connecti
cut bave i ust that many. I see outh
ern men turning to a Western alliance
here because tbey want "liberal ap
propriations," and tbey find a kindred
grabbing spirit in the West. Is it wite
for the South to fell cot the next
Presidential election for a raid on tbe
Treasury this year?
The only sale alliance tf the South
is with the Ea t. The grcatett present
danger to the South comes from a dis
position to ally itself with the West.
The West is Republican; it will re
train lo for yeBrs. It will be more
strongly Republican than ever tbe
moment it is seen that Western Deaio
crtti bave msde a Southern alliance.
Make tha', plain,, as it is becoming
p'nin here in Co agrees, and in 1888 the
Republicans will sweep to'h the West
and the East, and leave you purblind
Southern men sitting in your corner
with your thumbs in your mouths,
wondering what bit you. Nor need
you Hitter yourselves tbat if the Re
publicans regain power they will make
it any easier for you than they did be
fore. The South is responsible for tbe suc
cess or failure of the present session.
That is the a ia wer to your question.
If the Southern men go on blunder
ing it will be haid for us a'l next fall
Hut it will be worse fcr the South.
Yours very truly, .
The Correspondent's Voinment.
There is some plain speech in this
letter, but it is all true. Whether
Southern men In and nut of Congresj
will take warning in time seems
doubtful. They bave not so far
skown much wisdom or capacity to
rule in the present Congress. It is an
undoubted fact that, as the writer of
tbe letter point) out, the Southern
men incline strongly to a Western al
liance. Certainly a greater blunder
they could not make as politicians or
as men anxious for the future of their
Predicted Defeat lothe Danaar with
INSCRIBED THEREON. .
Tho "King Bee" cf a Monop
oly Aspiring Co.
Said that tha people, after betna cured
would ddmand pheir mofioy lacky and any
Brm ailoj'tini tha rule would (nil.
But pinning- our faith to the Universal
Iloneatr of manhood and womanhood, with
an abiding faith In our oft-proved remedy
we eontinued to float our banner with "N
Corel No Pay!" thereon, with unprece
We authorize merchants dealing in
"Gulnn't Pioneer Blood Renewer" to refund
the money if It doei not cure all Blood and
Skin Dineaiet, Rheuraatiam, Blood Po'eon,
Glandular Swelling!, Scrofula, Malaria and
A Perfect Spring Meiicine.
Eoay on Blood and Skin Dinenfoi mailed
MACON MEDICINE CO., Maoon, Oa.
CRESCENT EATING HOUSE,
I, H. O. T. Railroad.
Train! itop 19 minutea tor meali.
Breaktaat, soma North
Dinner, going bouth L'.-ft.
Dinner, going North 1 :H
Supper, going South 7 Cv
The hotel ii near the L., N. O. and T. Ri -ro-
u Depot. The only hotel in town. Travel
erf, ri boarder and familioe will find t'te
beat of a coo a modaliona. Tbe room a are
eo alortable, w t plenty of beddinc Tbe
tableau! aerrica ia it t olaaa. Terme rea
sonable. W. R. THOMSON a CO.. rrobrtatora.
Administrator's Notice. r
HAVING qualified aa administrator of
the estate of Frank Duncan, deceaaed,
notice ia hereby given for all partiea having
ciaiina egainalaaid estate to file fame with
me: and all partiea indebted to aaid eatate
will pettle at i-nce. Memphi?, Tnn.Jan.
27. 18. Ifril BKNJ. R. DUNCAN. Adm'r.
ntUTR ! WEALTH. Da. K. C.
Wbst', Kaav add Batra TstiTtT,
a guaranteed anecifio for Uyeteria, Dmi
naaa, Cenvuliione, Fit, Nerval Keural
ia, Headache, Kortcra Proatration, caused
ny the one ot alcohol or tobacco: Wake
fulness, Mental Depression, Seltening of tbe
Brain, resulting in insanity and leading to
misery, I decay and death) Premature ia
Age, Barrenness, Lost of Power in either
m Inyolunury Losses and Spermator
rhea, cane, i by over-exertion ot the brain,
aelf-abase or overindulgence. Kach box con
tains ono nnnti, s treatment. II a box, or
aix boiee for &, sent bv mail prepaid, oa
receipt ot price. Me tuarrntto Six Boxes
to euro any case. With each order repaired
by a' 'or a' boxes, aeonmpaaied with Kh
we will send the purchaser oar written
guaraitoe to refund the moaey if the treat
ment doe ot eSect a cur. Guarantees
Issued only b. A. KKKKKill CO., Drag
eiala, Memphis, leas.
I U M If J I
O r I '-' 'J-"- I.'P'sw
JS 'H m n V' -Vi t&t if ?aS -
C.C. GBaHAH. Pre. W. H. WILKCBtON. V..Pres. B. J. BLAcJ. Casb'r.
SECURITY BANK & SAFE DEPOSIT CO.
No. 39 Madison Street, Memphis, Tenn.
C. C. GRAHAM, President Desoto Oil Co.
W. D. KKTI1K!,, Prrs'tStnte National Bank
W. Y. TAYL"R, o' W. F. Tavl r k Co.
RIB. HNOWDKN. Dirrotor in B'k Commerce.
S. P. READ. Cashier Union A Planters Bank
JNO. CVKKT0N, Ja., Overton A Oro.vrnor.
It. j. UL,A(,lv, ol
mw A utborlied to do a General Banking Business, Receive Deposits and Pay Interest there
on, Discount Paper, act as Trustee, Administrator, Kxecutor or Guardian, etc.. Receiver
tor Individuals, Corporations and LITIGANTS. Also, have a Safe Deposit Vault, wherein
valuables of all kinds are to be salely keot. ftnvluge eapec-lBlly aolIrlieU.
a Busineaa to commence February 1, l&k).
Cotton Factors and. Wholesale Grocers
89G-S9S Front St., Memphis., Tenn.
ILL, FONTAINE & CO.
Cotton Factors, Commission f.lerchanh,
Wo. 11 G South Sffnlii St.. St. Tionl-
ANDREW 8TEWAKT, New Orleans.
SO. 353 AND 3S8 FllOXT STREET, MEMPHIS, TEN.,
STEWART BROTHERS & COMPANY
COTTON FACTORS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
1VEW Oltr.EAlVN. TOFISIAWA.
1. T. PORTER.
Biccessori to PORTER, TAYLOR at CO
wti. SOO TPOVT KTRTMTT. t MTEMTPTTK. P?-M"r
Liberal Advances Made on Consignments.
11 UNION ST11EET. MEMPHIS, TENN
F. S. ALtJTOH,
. W. CHOWELL,
ALSTON, CEOWELL A CO.
And Commission Merchants. Hay, Corn Oats, Bran, Chop Feed, Oil-Heal,
JMui , Cement, Plaster, Building and Fire Brick, Etc.
Cor. Front and Union, 1 Howard's Row, MempliK
Newlv Construe ted and Elaborately Furnished, Con
taining 225 .Large and .Elegant Rooms.
srThe House baa Perfect Ventilation end Natural Light, Steam heating, Kleotxio Belli. '
and two oi Bale's Eleratora. All street-oars pas Main street entrance.
RATE-2.S0 to t4 per day, according to lis and deration of room!. Bpeolal
rata, to Commercial Travelers. At'nnrlant enrt'lT of P1TRE CISTERN AND WEM, WATER
Cotton Factors & Commission Merchants
RpmoTPfl to 334 Front, St.. Cor. ITnion, Memphis, Tenn.
IN T I
8. H. BHOOKS,
JAMES 8. K0BIKSON,
T. li. MILIU1RN,
sr Deposits repaired in luma of and upward, and interest allowed on aame Semi
annually. r We buy and sell loeal Investment Bonds aad Securities generally, pay taxes, met as
trustees, and, in general, execute any financial business reiiuiringa safe and reepoosib.
a- w e insue drafts, in sums to suit purchasers, on all parts of Europe.
arWehareaoomrnndious Vault for tha deposit oi valuables, which ii at tha service of
our customers, tree of Iharao.
I). P. HADDEX, I-resIilent, EWD. GOLDSMITH, Tlce-Presldent.
JAMES 5 ATI! AN, Cashier.
L, D. MULL1NS. of Uf J. R, Godwin Co. JAS. TON OK. UU ol J. W. Ctdwll A C
MULLINS & TONGE,
Cotton Factors & Com mission r.lerchanls
No. 1 lloward's Bo, Cor. Front and Union, EemphJa.
W. N. WILKERSON. W. N. Wilkenon A Ca
T. II. ALLE. of T. H. Allen . Co.
R. DUDLEY FRAYSER, Frayser A Scrunre.
J. R. GODWIN, Prosidont Mercantile Bank.
W. A. WILLIAMbON.V -P. Union A P. B'k
S. (. Mcl'OW ELL. C. A M. Chansery Court.
R. J. Biack A Co.
1 ANDREW D. G WYNNE, MemphU
ti. W. MACRAE.
H. H. MAURY.
3. a. HANDWERKER,
DAVID P. HADDKN,
JAMES A. 0MBKKO.
! & GO.