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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, February 25, 1886, Image 4

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MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 188G.
DAILY AND WEEKLY APPEAL
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T Coatrlaaaare aad Oarreapond
ata. Communicatloaa tor auolleetlon mitt be
rnttea one tide of tbe iwi 0I7, and,
, with all otAer matters eoaneeted with the
editorial department, eeould be idiiiii4 1
Tt tbi Kbitob er ArriALi Memphis,
...
Yfeeannot, m rale, aadertate to retura
artloiet ot foeed taiteele far publication.
Oar mail book are kepi by- postomoea. Bad
aot or indlvldael im.
aolteltlattara aad eommanlcatlont apoa
anb eota of teaeral Interest, bat such mutt
always be eoooeopetled by tbe same and
address of tha writer, ee a 1 aeraotee of kta
rood faith aad repoiuibl!lty. Mo notice
aa be Ukaa of aaiaiaoaa eotamsniea-
la ordering paper ekaatad from ana poet-
omoe to enotner, me aamee oi eeia post
offices should bo riven,
8 -tolmen oopioi aaat froa of charre.
il Balneal latur thoald bo addressed I
GALXAWAY A KEATING,
M. C. Uu.wiT, I " Beyond itree',
J, M. Khatko. ) Mcmiilil-, Tcin.
MEMPHIS APPEAL.
TiUJtSIrAY, t t 1 FEB, 25, IHHU.
THE BOI'TH a(TRPBIIBU TBI
HIH.
It becomes evident more and more
very season, prominently to in that
of 18SV86, that the system of "all
.cotton" ia indefensible, and must
itber by the good sense of the people
or by irreeiatiblo and ottin distressing
force of circumstances be discon
tinued. To eitjnd the number of
crop cultivated demands more ex
tended knowledge of general farming
than ia required where particular
product la the only object of thought
nd experience. To meet the want of
a more general knowledge agricultural
colleges have been inetitutsd. Such
colleges are found to be desirable even
where the "one crop" system does not
prevail, but the need lit them where
it does ia obviously imperative. In
this connection an article that recent
ly appeared in the St. Paul (Minn.)
Furmer'n Advocate is of Interest to
Southern farmers. That paper ex
presses extreme surprise at discover
ng, while investigating the workings
of the severul agricultural colleges of
the country, "that In spite of the
boasted superiority of the Northern
States In all educational mat
ters, one of the most flourishing,
auccessf ul, and eminently praiseworthy
Institutions of this class is located in
the Slate of Mississippi." Gen. 8. D.
Lee, the president of the college, was
at once communicated with by the
Advocalt, and he Informed that paper
that in the present session ot 1835-80
the college has 360 students, and that
the key to the success of the Institu
tion is in Its loyalty in carrying out
the spirit of the Federal law organis
ing those Institutions "to benefit agri
culture aad the mechanic arts;" in
other words, to teach farmers' ions
how to be farmers. The mischief the
Advocate finds in the other agricultural
colleges la that they are disloyal to
this principle. In them "brain-development
and culture" by means of lit
erary pursuits, are bold up at the great
points to be aimed at. This fa ot shows
a discreditable degree of ignorance
on the part of the managers
of such colleges. The brain
can be developed and the mind
cultured, and the intelligence fostered
as much by the study of plant life,
plant physiology, plant cultivation,
knowledge of the nature ot soils, their
chemical chaiacteristlcs and fitness for
this and that production, and the kin
dred subjects growing out of this field
cf study, as by attention to clisslo
t3ngo.es and literary themes. It is
disappointing to think that when a
young' man enters one of these insti
tutions, resolved to attain a knowledge
of the aoil he ia to cultlvata, the Im
plements he is to use and the vegeta
tion he is to produce, that he finds
himself laughed at ni attached to in
ferior pursuits beneath the dignity ot
collegians. The land-script fund was
intended to serve practical agricultural
alms, and farmers everywhere, Ten
nessee Included, should ineist that
the fund be so employed. The
technical training ot an agri
cultural college ahould make
a farmer as West Point makes a sol
dier and a medical college makes a
' physician. Under the flee and con
scientious care ot Gen. Lee, the Mis
sissippi college does this, and there
fore it obtains this splendid acknowl
edgment from Minnesota, an acknowl
edgment highly complimentary to the
college, its president, and to the
Btate in which it is situated. Indeed,
it is something for the whole South
to be proud of that a Southern insti
tution should be esteemed for ita
superior excellence and for ita faith
fulness to the objects for which it was
instituted, at beyond "all the boasted
superiority ot the Northern States In
II educational matters." The (act is,
the6outhbai ma ay other surprises
destined to arouse the attention ot its
Northern brethren.
IRISH PLMK.
Heretofore whenever the people ot
7-ofanjl MamnMil f in.lln.
xnown meir auuerings sua grievances,
the British Government has been in
the habit of drawing itself into its
shell, aa impervious to sympathy, right
and jusUce as the lumpish and list-
, lees turtle npon theses shore. But
occasiona'ly the coals of fire pouted
upon its back by the civilised woilj
has induced it to bottle out its ugly
bead. It has been only by Irish pluck,
persistent agitation, the patriotism
"bequeathed from bleeding sire to
aJj on," that has forced concessions
n-ock Mch should have been made seven
lets ti dred vears ago. Even in America
Vot business men who never read
, a k and want perfect peace be
lt1' 'tion interferes with bail
noes, are In the habit ot expressing the
opinion that the Irish are a turbulent
race, wlose natural element is strife,
and are draggling for a distinct and
stpirate nationality. Such an opin
ion is a slander upon the Irish people.
They are struggling for existent e, to
free themrelvee from wronn
and oppressions euch as no peo
ple on faith ever endured. Bat tor
Irish pluck and a continued agitation,
the race would long since bave been
exterminated. Agitation la essential to
the success cf ex y cause. It was by per
sistent agitation that the Abolitionists
freed the slaves. By agitation the
Southern States secured borne rule,
and by bitter and protracted agitation
the Irish people bave occasionally se
cured relief. Catholic emancipation
was wrung by O'Oonnell after years of
agitation. The present Irish agitation
ia moet opportune, for England sees
and feels and knows that she cannot
go to war with any first-clats power in
Europe so long at there are 4,000,000 of
intensely dissatisfied subjects waiting
an opportunity to right the wronga
and suff.riDgs of centuries. These
people can be loyal subjects, tower
of strength to the empire, and nothing
but stupidity and hats prevents the
government from winning the affec
tions of a people who have ahown so
milch pluck by warring seven hundred
years against their oppressors. Land
fordism in Ireland, is a cold-blooded,
crnel infamy. It was born in robbery,
and is perpetrated by brutal force.
The old, decrepid negro slave was ted
and clothed. Bat the Iriah tenant,
too old and feeble to work, is kicked
from his filthy hovel with bis wife and
children, and the virtue ot his daughter
ia in the keeping of the villain who,
by the aid of British bayonets, protect
the lands stolen from the Irish
peoplo. They bave the sympathy
of the civlliztd world. The ties of
blood and friendship knit the Amer
lean people to Ireland. Indeed,
America is Ireland's hope. The
measures of independence concedeJ
to Ireland in 17K2 were extorted after
the Brltreh defeats at Stratoga and
Yorktown. A war between England
nd some formidable power in Europe
would be a godsend to Ireland. But
England is too shrewd to engage in
such a conflict at a time when Ireland
is ready to aid in crushing the govern'
ment that has so long robbed and op
pressed Irishmen and forced women
and children ts live in hunger, suffer
ing und poverty.
LITE ABD BBESSBD MEATS.
The Appial has 00 several occasions
shown from authoritative touroes that
the transport of live bogs, sheep and
cattle over the railroads is accom
panied by extreme cruelty, and that
the condition ot the live stock on
reaching its destination is frequently
such aa to render the meat from it in
jurious to the public health. The mot t
effective remedy for this very object
ionable condition of things is to
butcher the stock and forward it to
market iu refrigerating cars. But
here, as too commonly elsewhere, the
public welfare is sacrificed to thegreed
ot monopolist!. The live cattle in
terest being the oldest, has secured
advantages superior tj those alUin
able by the shippers of dreased meat,
nd have sufficient power over the rail
roads to secure far themselves ratas of
freight which give them great advan
tages over the shippers of dressed
meat. From time to time rallrcad
rates have been raised agalnet the
latter, and last week another advance
of freight was made to their Injury.
It ia understood that the new
rats is made lot the bene
fit of the stock-yards and cf
the roads principally engaged in car
rying live stock. The New York
Bulletin says : "The contest will prob
ably be again renewed between the
dressed and live cattle interests. Al
ready muttering cf a contest reach
us from Chicago, and if the 'roads do
not make some concessions to dressed
meat shippers, it is quite possible that
shipments East mar be diverted into
other channels." The business of
railroads is to carry the freight offered
them and receive their pay for it, not
to take a part in favoring one or other
competitor In trade, As the live and
the dressed stock come Iroru the West,
and pass through various States, mere
State law cannot stop the unjust dis
crimination that exists in the meat
trade. To regulate this abuse an in
ternational railroad law is required, so
tbatthia shameful abuse of railroad
power may be put an end to, and cru
elty to the live stock and injury to the
publio iieaitn may be enectuaiiy
checked.
FROM TUB PEOPLE.
laenraaee aa Taxea,
To tha EdlwWi of tha Appeal t
Heading your editorial comment on
the decision of the Supreme Com t of
uissiMipaj affecting the insurance oi
goods by merchants liable to a license,
I wish t j state the cases of two differ
ent merchants doing business in
Memphis, with the request to favor
me with your opinion whether you
consider the Mississippi law a just
law in every case. One ft the mer
chants is a grocer, carrying stock of
150,000, which be turns over twice
month, consequently doing A business
ol $1,000,000 a year. The other mer
chant is a dealer in fancy goods aad
articles of luxury, whoe stock coits
him $50,0C0 also, but his annual sales
mount to only 1 40,000. A
large part of bis stock be
hts carried tor ten and part for
twenty years. The grocer's stock,
if a forced esle be necessary, can al
ways be disposed ot at ita full Value
while the fancy dealer's if eo disposed
cl would hardly realize 25 cents od
the dollar, although his different
pieces ot art would bring their
lull value whenever he found
a purchaser. He, necessarily,
must insure the full value of his
stock, but do you think he ought
to pay the same license on stock
which, by forced sale, will realize
only one-fourth of ita value and would
bave to pay tix on the same article
for years as the grocer whose stock can
always be sold tor ita full value, and
who sella his stock of cb-kIi tarica a
month?., , mviriaxjU'
THE WJDOJ SOCIALISTS.
Tilt HEAIUXCJ OF 1HF.IK CiSES
tOXIIXCED.
Complaint Entered Against the Ed
itors and Proprietors of "Punch"
Foreign Miscellany.
Looom, February 24. Tlio hearing
in the cane of (turns, llvndinaii,
Champion ami WillianiH, tlie'Sx-iuli.xt
leaders, who are arruw-d by the au
thoritieH of having inciU'd the recent
riots ut Trafalgar Srj uare and Hyde
Park, was resumed to-duy. The (ten
sion wan devoted principally to hear
ing the testimony of nt'WHHM'r re-
Kirtera as to the exact lanuae lined
y the defendant in their inflamma
tory speeches. Mr. llyndman, lcfore
the 1 n weeding were formally opened,
entered complaint acoiiwt the editor
and the proprietor of i'urk, and aked
for their arri-Ht. He alleged that they
hud attempted to exeito the public
uguinxt. the defendant and prejudice
their trial by puliliHliing a picture of
"Mr. Punch" in the act of publicly
hanging them, in thin way sugcHtiiig
to the peoplo a form of vengeance to
inflict upon the defendants. The
niuKiMtrate declined Mr. Jlyndinau'H
rcqiicHt, Haying he hail no power to
interfere on the groundx upended.
Mr. Joseph ('luimberlain, President
of the lical iovernment Board, und
Mr. Jesse Callings, Member of Parlia
ment, and author of the "three acres
ami a cow" amendment .on which the
Conservative Ministry were defeated,
were present, during the latter stages
of the hearing.
The magistrate, after the reporters
had concluded their testimony, an
nounced that he intended to commit
all the prisoners for trial. Mr. Will
iams's counsel upon this arose and
contended that his client w as "outside
the indictment," and could not, there
fore, lie included in the order
for trial. . The lawyer argued
that the words used hy his
client were not so strong as language
in almost daily use in the press.
Pointing to Mr.'Chumlicrlain, counsel
said: "When the riht honorable
member for llirminghani has em
ployed in the House of Commons even
stronger language than that imputed
to my client, he has been applauded."
This panic and prosecution, counsel
declared, are intended to shield Mr.
Childers, the Homo Secretary, and the
police, who are answerable for the
whole trouble.
llyndman, who defended himself,
denied that there vtusnny case against
either himself or his companions.
He said: "If 1 am to ls condemned
011 my speeches, then Mr. Chamber
lain should stand in the dock with
me." llyndman also contended that
the whole blame rested 011 the police,
who could und should have prevented
the rioting.
Mr. Chamberlain consented to be
sworn as a witness. When he hud
taken the oath Champion asked him
what were the government's inten
tions' with regard to relieving the dis
tress among the unemployed, and
whether he himself favored revolution
in the land laws of England. The
magistrate refused to allow the ques
tions, as put, to be answered
by the witness. Champion explained
that ho merely desired to examine
Mr. Chamberlain as an expert. The
magistrate uskrtd : "What 111? devo
lution?" To this Chuinpiou re
plied: "No; in political agitation."
The magistrate again refused to per
mit such an examination of the wit
ness, 11111I, as the defendants desired to
subject turn to no other, lie was al
lowed to retire.
Mr. Gladstone's private secretary
wus the next witness, but nothing of
importance was elicited from him.
The prisoners were remanded until
Sutunluv, when they will be com
mitted for trial for misdemeanor.
OENEBAL EOKEKJ.N NEWS.
Mr. Uladatoae'a Irlali Proposals.
lN'is)N, l'Vbruary24. It is reported
that the. Ilrst outline of Mr. (Hail
stone's Irish proposals has been pre
sented to his colleagues in the Cabi
net, and that the Premier goes the
whole length of restoring the Irish
Parliament.
Inlh of a Olebralrrt Prracber.
I,oNnoN, February 24. The Kev.
Hugh Storwell Brown, the celebrated
Baptist preacher, is dead, lie was
sixty-three years old.
Malcldril on 11 U llrldnl Toar.
Mick, February 24. A young com
mercial traveler, who was on his bri
dal tour and spending a few days at
Monaco, wus found dead to-dav at
Monte Carlo. He ruined himself at
the gambling tables and then com
mitted suicide.
Asrirallarnl Laborers Wanlril.
Ottawa, Onv., February 24. The
immigration agents of the Hominion
hehi a conference w ith the Secretary
of the Depart merit of A ifrieult lire to
day J'or tlie purposo of making ar
rangements for the coming season's
work. A large immigration is antici
pated. It is understood that special
pains urn to bo taken in Knglund to
provide that persons assisted out to
Canada shall be agricultural laborers
only. Artisans and others will have
to look out for themselves.
t'oramrrrlal Trials at HtoekhelBa.
Stockholm, February 24. The com
mercial depression here bus reached a
eiisis. The numtier of failures is
steadily increasing. The gravity of
the tinancial situation has not Wen
paralleled since the panic of 1S."7.
Saapraaloa of the Adelaide Bnak.
Ijonhon, February 24. A dispatch
from Adelaide says that the Commer
cial Bank of South Australia, the
head office of which is at Adelaide,
has suspended payment.
American Hoe; Product la France.
Paris, February 24. M. Vallon,
president of the agricultural group in
the Chambers, railed upon M. Lock
loy, Minister of Conimeice, tway,
and urged him t corttnne the prohi
bition of the importation of American
brg products.
Arqallted of Libel.
Vinna February 24. Herr Von
Stabl, the agent here cf an American
insurance company, who was sued for
libel by Ilerr Schonberger, an editor,
has been acquit! id. Schonberger will
pay SUhl'e costs.
The Prnnalaa Diet.
Biblin, February 24. The lower
house of the Prussian Diet to-day dis
cussed the bill relating to teachers in
national schools in Polish Prussia.
Dr. Von Gossler, Minister of Public
Instruction and Ecclesiastical Affairs,
declared that the government was
compelled tj take firm and
clear stand in view of the con
tin nous attacks ot the Poles ; leniency
and sympathy were impossible. Tbe
feeat way to assimilate the two people
Was to insist npon common language.
It was therefore neceetary to have
teachers in Poland thoroughly ac
quainted with German, and to
eliminate Polish literature from tbe
schools. UDqualitiedtteechers would
be placed in other positions where
they wonld be more useful. No
injustice was intended to vested rights.
On the contrary, the government
would pursue a policy of progress, not
of retrogression. A long discuesion
ensued, the Conservatives and Na
tional Liberals supporting and tbe
members of the Center party opposing
tbe bill. Tbe debate was finally ad
journed until to-morrow.
Horrible Traced la Ha agar?.
Vwwwa, February 24. At Mso
Tirr, Hungary, to-day, a Protestant
icbool teacher murdered bis wife and
three children and then committed
suicide.
Aaatker Hal at.
Hom, February 23. The Pope has
proraulgftwl decree beatifying
Father Hofbauer, a priest who died in
Vienna in 1820, at tbe age ot seventy
years. This has leng been urged by
the Austrian Emperor, on the ground
that Father Hofbauer wrought many
miracles. '
PISE BLUFF, ARK.
Hearr Cotloa flhlpnaents ftj Boat
for tlenpbls.
ISrSCIAlTO NI AFMAL.I
Pik Bluff, Abk , February 24
The steamer Cole, dipt. Ed Nowland,
hacked out lut night with 1100 bales
of cotton, and tbe l'ttirs tbe day be
fore with 700 bales, all for Memphis
and New Orleans, aggregating 1800
biles. When there is water the boa'4
piopose slice at tbe chicken pie.
ItASEBALL NOTES.
Charley Kbehmiyir thinks he will
accept the Memphis offer.
Tea Ghicigo Blues will be reorgan
ised and make Southern trip.
Gbaves, the new catcher secured by
Manager Schmeli of t. Louis, was a
member of the Columbus (Ga.) team
last season.
Billy Taylob is said to be consid
erably reduced in size, and intends
berealtsr to make a feature of his
running.
Tao Sullivan and Dave Rowe are
both quoted as bavine been signed to
manage the new Kansas City club.
Neither has probably been signed as
yet.
Manaokb Livis of Chattanooga Lai
eigned Pierce, the well-known third
baseman. He played third base for
the Norf ilks latt seamn and made an
excellent record. Ills hatting average
is about 320, and in addition to that is
a fine fielder and good taie runner,
lie is tober, steady man and will add
much to the strength of the team. He
will tome to tbe city in short time.
Manaokb Ooldjby of Nashville
seems to have a mania for signing
pitchers. Tbe following boxmen bave
actually been signed and will report
for practice March 1st: Brynan, Smith,
Baker, Ware, O'Brien, Kchell, Dun
don, Ed Clark, Shallix and W. Sow
ders. The number of men signed by
him to date is twen'y one.
I ti formation from Augusta indi
cates that the prospect of Augusta
holding itt place in the league is de
cidedly doubtful. The franchise, how
ever, will in a'l probability remain in
Augusta, as arrangements have been
pel f acted by party of young men,
who are determined to have ball, to
purchase the franchise, grounds, etc.,
and put a nine in the field. From
other sources it is learned, however,
that Knoxvllle's bid will be consid
ered, and thit city will make an effort
to secure the franchise. The cham
pionship pennant, won by tbe Atlanta
Baseball Club, waa received to-day. It
is a blue field with white border, and
"Cbsmpions, 1885," in large white
letters in tbe center. It is taentv-five
feet in leneth and fifteen in width at
the ittff, and tapering to five feet. It
cost $100.
Declaloa of Impnrtaaee to Bnalneaa
Hob.
. Cincinnati, O , February 24. A
case was decided in the Superior
Court to-day of Considerable impor
tance. George Crist, lumber desler
of this city, sue Bradstreet's Mer
est) t le Agency on the ground that it
had misrepresented him by "rating"
him erroneously, tnd claimed $10,000
damages. The difense wai that Crist
refused to furniih the information
usually obt lined jrom business men,
that tbe agency win therefore obliged
to make an est&nate from outside
(ources, which wjas done. The jury
sustained tbe defense, and returned
verdict in favor of the agency.
Another llllaaar In itae Nortbwfat.
St. Paul, Minn), February 24. Ad
vices received ftom points to the
northwest indicate that blizzard Is
sweeping down from beyond the Brit
ish border, and is bended southeast
At 9 o'clock the wind was blowing at
Barneeville, Minn., from tbitty-nve to
forty miles per hour, and it was snow
ing furiously. The Northern Paciflo
and Manitoba otlitials say their trains
are moving on time and there ia no
danger of a blockade. Tbe mercury at
St. Paul is descending rapidly under
tbeinUuence of scold cutting wtna
of considerable velocity from the di
rection ot the storm center. The cold
wave signal ia up.
Plant lor a filrl.
SANOWicn, Mass., February 24.
Last spring fair Swedish girl, named
Christina, arrived here, and since then
has alternately roved with the affec
tions of two stalwart farm hands ot
her own race. Yesterday the two men
repaired, with few friends, to a se
cluded spot to tight out tneir aiuer
encea with bare tilts, the loser agree
ing it keep away from the girl. Tbey
fought until neither had strength to
come to the scratch and the battle was
declared drawn. The contestants bad
to be carried horn.
at. Loaia Mayoralty.
St. Louis, Mo., February 24. In the
contested electioa case of Ex-Mayor
Kwina asamst the present mayor, 1),
U. Francis, which was brought
btfore tbe Circuit Court here
lait week under quo warranto
proceedings it .procure opening
of ballot boxes to rove alleged frauds,
Judge Barclay to-day gave a decision
to tbe effect that sich result cannot be
reached through quo warranto pro
ceedings. Tbe relator will probably
take tbe case to tbt Supreme Court.
Carpet Weaver" Strike Ended.
Philapxlpuia, Pa., February 24.
The strike inaugurated by the band'
loom ingrain carpet weavers of Ken
sington on January Z4in, practically
ended to-day in a victory lor the work'
ingmen, who secure an advance of 1
cents per yard for weaving.
John B. Goafb'a Paaoral.
Worcester Macs., February 24.
There was large attendance at the
Inderal of John B.Gough. which took
place to-day at hia late home, "Hill
aide," in the town of Boylston.
THE TELEPHONE SCAXDAL.
CHARGES PREFrflKED AGAINST
SOLK'ITOR-GEttRAL GOODE
Wilfully and MaliiAmsly
Fake, and
Instigated by geihtor
Hahene
Investigating
Committees.
special to T!
a ArriiL.I
Washington, Fetbary 24. Solici
tor-General Gooda who will bave
charge of tbe government's case againrt
the Bell Telephone
Company, raid to
day that tbeproceedlngt would not be
imtituted before iem time next week.
Counsel for the government are hay
ing frequent consultations, and every
precaution ia being tien to insure tbat
there shall be no natt in the case when
it is filed before the) court Until all
the methods in connection with the
presentation of the! papers ate ar
ranged, there will b no decision as to
where proceedings (tall be institutsd,
and Mr. Goods dots not think that
ay counsel ad Jitiornl to thoie already
employed by the government will be
necessary.
80LIC1T0B GENERAL GOODS
was asked tday aVout the charges
which have been preferred against
bim before tbe Senal Judiciary Com
mittee. "Tbey are f iUfnlly and ma
liciously false," was the reply. "I
ceurt the fullest investigation in the
matter. All I want is an opportunity
to meet before tbe committee the man
who preferred these charges. Do I
know who that man Is? I certainly
do. He is a bitter personal enemy,
Senator Mabone. He and I bave long
differed. We first differed on the Vir
ginia debt question, since when he baa
never spoken to me. As to the Goode
Platt contested case before the House,
tbe whole matter waa fully investi
gated, and I wu, by vote of 170 to
95, declared entitled to the seat. The
charges if bribery are aa false as any
statement ever made. It is said, also,
that I was paid $500 for procuring
place for tone one. That ia equally
ai false aa the rest of it."
COMMOTES Or INVESTIGATION.
The House Committee on Rules to
day decided to appoint a select com
mittee of nine members to investigate
the telephone scandal.
THE FOSfOFFICE BILL.
Tbe Appropriation Ready for Sab
uulalon Ut the House.
Wabinoton, February 24. The
House Committee on Postcfiices and
Postroads to-day completed tie pott
office appropriation bill and it will be
promptly reported to tbe Hous. The
bill appropriates for the post service
during the next fiscal year the sum of
$54,326,688, an increase of 625,5a8
over tbe appropriation for the present
fiscal year, ana decrease oy tiov,oH
as compared witn tae department s
estimates. The estimated revenue for
the next fiscal year la $17,142,252, and
tbe estimated; deflciency;;(indelinite)
is 17,443,1)14. The principal items ot
the apptopriations are as follows:
For compensation to postmasters, $11,-
700.000; appropriations lor tbe present
year, siz,300,oo; lor compensation to
clerks in pstofiices, $5,150,000, or the
same aa the present year's appropri
ation ; f ir rent, light and fuel, S4Uj,
000; appropriation for present year,
$490,COO; torjree delivery services,
$4,928,531 ; appropriation for present
year, $ t,485,uuo; lor stir route trano
porUtioD,f5,850,000; appropriation for
present year, $5,900,000; steamboat
service, $575,000; appropriation for
present year, t015,C00; mail mestenger
service, 1900,000; appropriation for
present year. ;75,O0O; mall bags and
catchers, $260,000; appiopriation for
present year, $27o,UUU; railioid trans
portation, $15,595,432; appropriation
for present year. $15,000,000; ra l way
postal car service, $1,808,000; appro
priation for present year, $1,765,000 ;
for railway poetofllce clerks, $4,830,-
000; appropriation for the present
year, 14,682,300 ; necessary and special
facilities on trunk lines (fat mail).
$251,725; appropriation for the pres-
qui year, 9MUU,rvs, iui lunuuiaubuio ui
stamped envelopes, wrappers, etc.,
$583,500: appropriation for present
year, $745,000; for transportation of
foreign mails, 1375,000; appropriation
for present year, $800,000; estimate for
next year, $350,000.
To this item the committee append
tbe following note: "If it should be
decided to pay the veasels of the
United States register tea and inland
postage, then tbe additional sum of
$75.00;) shou'd be added to the esti
mate." For balance due foreign
countries, $100,0C0; appiopriation for
the present year, $75,000.
Villi BEMIMSCEMES.
Snermnn'a Neaotlnlloaa With Joe
JohuNlon I lie Bnltle oratblloh.
Washington. February 22. The
statement that at tbe time Gen. Sher
man made bis first terms with Gen
Johnston, in North Carolina, there
was a political movement among lead'
ing Union officers to fcrm a national
Conservative party, creates a decided
sensation in Washington. It is looked
npon ai affording clew to the mys-
bOI j VDUi ajui3iAueu o Hbuviavivua
with Johnston. Thispait waa to have
bad for its platlorm the policy
of very liberal treatment of tbe
South. Many of Sherman's officers,
notably those who bad been Demo
crats, were in it. They meant to
shelve the Radical leaders of tbe
North and the copperhead Democrats
as well, and get control of the work of
reconit ruction. Leading Coafederatss
were to be taken care of in official po
sitions, and in this wav the South was
to be taken into tbe new party. This
movement, it is believed, influenced
Sherman to make the terms he did
with Johnston. Frank Blair was one
of the principal in laying tbe
foundation for the new party. Scbo-
field was in it. Howard knew all about
it. but refused to join. Gen. Joseph
Fullerton of St. Louis was cognizant
ot the plans. The leaders argued that
the party would start off with all the
old soldiers oi huernian ana ocnoueia
with the war Democrat! and conserve'
tive Republicans cf the North. They
exnected to carrv Lincoln with them.
and even after his death they Hill
hoped for success.
As bearing on the current discus
sions in regard to events of the war,
and especially as to Gen. Sherman's
generalship, it may be intsreating to
repeat a reminiscence which Gen. B. II.
Bristow narrates of the at tick on the
Union forcea at Shiloh. Gen. Bristow
had left hia command for a short time
and attended a meeting cf the various
commanders, who were discussing
map and a bo. tie or two of champagne
on tbe grass. Presently an aid came
in taying that tbe pickets had been
driven in. "
"That's all right." said Gen. SL.
man. "That's what tbey are there
for." and thev continued to discuss
tbe man.
Gen. Bristow eavs tbat he talked
with -tbe aid, and asked if there
seemed to be any special force of the
enemy. The aid remarked that the
force seemed .tj be large, and that
they were making tomewbat rapid
advance. He fnitber said that there
wonld soon be another messenger in,
giving a further report. Sure enough,
in a few minutes another did arrive,
and reported that tbe enemy was ad
vancing. Still Gen. bnerman maae
no move.
"It's simply some desultory skir
mishing," he remarked.
Gen. Bristow said tbat. as oe naa
not seen any real fighting, be wonld
like to go to the front if they thought
there wonld be no special trouble from
leaving bis command. Gen. Sherman
advised him to go and see the "skir
mish," as he termed it. Bristow had
only proceeded a abort distance when
lie met the picaeta ana aavance fed
eral line coming in in great confusion.
Hardee was ma&ing s aeaa eei
against the Union line. Gen.
Bristow is comment mat tne
attack at Shiloh was complete
surprise, just as it has been claimed
by the Conieoerates. xne union on
gadea and regiments had camped just
as they bad arrived on tbe field, bnt
the map which Gen. Sherman gives
in. bis memoirs shows them all camped
in line of battle, supporting each
other. Other army officers here say
tbat at the opening of this battle Gen.
Sherman neglected the fundamental
principle tbat is taught at West Point,
that even while on the offensive tbe
commanding clficer should be pre
pared to defend himsell. j
GENERAL WASIHXOTOI SEWS.
Postal HavlnifiB Depoaftory.
Washington. February 24. Sena
tor Miller of New York today intr.v
duced a bill in the Senate t establish
s postal savings depository as a branch
of the Pottotlice Department.
I
Tbe Weatber Propaele.
Washington. February' 24. The
conference of directors of State weath
er services, members of meteorological
societies and othors interested in me
teorological work assembled this
morning. Gen. Hazen called the con
ference to order. Prof. Mendenhall
was elected chairman, and Prof. N.
M. Davis secretary. The topics dis
cussed were subjects and times for ob
servations. 1
Spoelfle Duties on Stlk.
Washington. February 24. It ia
understood tbat the Secretary of tbe
Treasury will recommend that Con
gress provide specific duties on silk.
I
Another "Information" Resolution.
Washington, February 21 In the
executive session of tbe Senate a reso
lution from tbe Commerce Committee
was adopted calling on the (Secretary
rrf tbe Treasury for the papers in relv
tion ts the suspension of Customs Col
lector Wm. Wells of Vermont.
national Educational Association.
Washington, February 24. At to
day's session of the Convention of the
Department 01 superintendence 01 tne
National Educational Association Le
roy D. Brown of Ohio made prelim
inary report on educational statistic,
nrging the importance 01 securing
uniform and accurate school statistics.
Representative Willis of Kentucky,
Hon. Theodore Nelson of Michigan,
Hoa. B. S. Morgan of West Virginia
and Hon. H. M. Skinner of Indiana
advocated the passage of the educa
tional bill now pending in Congress.
At the evening session tne lion. o.
W. Finger of North Carolina read a
paper on "The Educational and Re
ligious Interests of the Colored People
of tbe South." He gave an exhaust
ive riview of the wooful condition of
the colored people to-day and their
patt history, and from that drew
bis conclusion as to how they
should be educated. : He held
that their condition was such
that it wonld not be practicable
to have mixed schools. The colored
neoole themselves did not want mixed
schools, and white people would not
nave them. The colored people were
not as anxious to-day to educate their
children as they were just after tbe
close of the war. They bad learned
by experience tbat tbey had ti work
to gain living even with an educa
tion, and the tendency cow was tbe
other way.
Bon's Sneeeeaor:
Washington, February 24. The
Postmaster-General has accepted the
resignation of A.Burt, Superintendent
of tbe Fifth Division, Kaiiway Man
Service, located at Cincinnati, Ohio, to
take effect March 31st, and has ap
pointed Joseph B. Gum of At'ica.
Ind.. ts the vacancy. Mr. Guin is
head clerk of the Pittsburg and St.
Louis Railway Postoflice.
Tbe Hawaiian Sugar Trade.
Washington, February 24. In an
swer (o a request from a subcommit
tee of the House committee oa ways
and Means for information concerning
the working of the reciprocity treaty
with tbe Hawaiian Ialandp, Mr. J. E.
Searles, jr., one of the government
commissioners who visited tbe island?,
has returned a statement of facts as
certained in connection with his visit.
He says if we bad made the islands a
present of every dollar's worth of
goods tbey cougbt irom tnis country,
and collected duties on their sugars,
we should have made no loss. Aa to
the effect of the treaty on this conn'
try, Mr. Beatles lays that the price of
refined sugar in San Francisco since
the treaty went into effect bas
averaged 2 cents pound more
than in New York, where every
pound has paid the full duty. He
speaks in bitter terms of tbe course
pursued by Ciaus Sprockets. For
seven years be waa dictator, not only
of king and government, but of all
during the past year rebelled against
his autocracy and are steking to break
hia comniereiat II not political power.
Tbey have secured tbe possession of a
small re ti aery in San rancisco wnlcn
tbey hope to operate successfully in
connection with Cieir sugar etUtes in
the Is'and, but Sir Claus haa deter
mined npon their destruction, and
this explains the unprecedentedly low
price now ruling in San Fian
cisc:. orly a'ront one cent
above New York figures. In
conclusion be sums np as follows the
reason why the treaty should be abro
gated :
First. Because of the enormous less
in revenue to the country, which is
practically paid out of the pockets of
onr tax-payers to nil tne pocatu 01 a
small comoanv oi eugar planters aad
speculators. The production haa as
sumed proportions never dreamed of
when the treaty was made, and the
crop is still steadily increasing.
Second, It has not, either directly or
indirectly, benefited the consumers of
ecgar in this country, but has brought
the product of the islands into direct
competition with our sugar pro
ducers and manufacturers.
Third, The treaty has not benefited,
but has, on the contrary, injured the
Sandwich Islands, demoralizing and
destroying the native population, and
substituting Chinese and other Asiat
ics, while American influence in the
affairs of the islands, except so far as
it is exercised for the selfish interests
of an individual, has been weakened.
Mtiss, Fla., September 30, 1882.
Flihiho Bbob.
It affordi ma ptaaBra to aware yoa that
after oini Dr.C. McLana'i Celebrated Liver
Pillii :or mora Ifaaa twenty ert in wj fam
ily, that I retard tbea a beinc iiiperior to
an? 1 bare artr aiei or have fceco used. I
hare not had them eomUntly, and had to
try ntheri, aad I hava tried a rood variety,
but I have nevr had any to act to promptly,
profitably, and nicely aa InVLine'a. I nave
nied 'htm on myself, wile and children,
with tha aoit (ratifying waits. For chil
dren, hayint aaed them on my own wuh im-h
euyand happy effect, I would recommend
mem to one and all. iheee pilln do tne
work do it promptly, do it well, and leave
bo ill effect oebind. At a bile remover, a
a liver corrector, at a forerunner preparing
the ayttem lor quinine, tbere ia no still or
medicine aqnal to Ir. C. AicLine't Cele
brated Liver Fill. I azpeet to use them aa
lane a I live. M they continue aa aocd aa
thty have been ia tha patt. Your truly,
K H. U1LE3,
Paatoc af M. K Church, South Uyera Sta- -
boa, lempa iniiriet, norma intolerance.
AVOID COB XTBRrEITA! Sand ut 25?.
and wa will tend you by return mail a
box of tha renuine Dr. C. Mol.ane't Cele
brated L'ver Pill and eight handsome cirdr.
Over fifty million boxes have been used by
tha people of tha C. 8. What better oertih- -eat
oould they haveT
FLKMINU BKU3., rittabargh, re.
Dna't bnv tne McLane Pilla unless thev
are made by Ft-miso Bana., Pittsburgh, Pa.
The counterfeits ere made in St. Louis, Mo.
UMPHREYS"
HOMEOPATHIC
Vciciinarj Spifitr
Cur DiMues of
Horses. Cattle, Sheep
DOGS, HOGS, POULTUY..
Tr, no. fnr c 9(1 Vl0.T9 1)V PfirinPrR.
Stockbreeders, Horse B. K.,
Used by U. S. Cover n merit.
mot STABLE CHART "Wt
Mounted on Rollers A Book Mailed Free.
Humphreys' Med. Co., 109 Fulton St.. N. T.
ntjiipnriSYS'
HOMEOPATHIC f 1
SPECIFIC No. Q
lnuu:n isri. Th only HTiocwitifnJ nmmlr for
Nervous Debility, vital Weakness,
and Pronlration, Irom rer-work or other oaa-w-v -fl
pftrvitl, or A viUnd Urpa vial powder, for f&
(Sold BY DllUrtiflRTS. or ent poeitimirt 0.1 receipt of
price. U urnvhw Mr4Wlm f,, IOO EU, A. 1.
Bids for Painting
THE Corniee, Guttering, etc., of tbe
Court-House ot Fayette connty, Term.,
at Snmerville. will be received until Murrh
1, by the Committee, John P. Edmond
son O. A. S. Ehaw and Samuel II. Morton,
Miecittcatloni may do seen at tne omoe oi
the County Court Clerk of Favotte onunty- .
- R.G.CRAIG 'EIl CO.
FARMING WOOLS and
SEED7DEALERS.
The New York Week'y Star
Asn
The Memphis Weekly Appeal
will be farniahext to anaarrlbera at
1 60 per year. The STAB 1b pnb-
Ilahed In Dally, Bnaday and Weekly
edition, by Wm. Dorahrluier. Tbe
Weekly la a Hiat-Haaa afxteen-pait
newapaper.
FOR SALE AT
B. L0 WEN STEIN & BROS.',
Aaenta for BfetripTtla, rna.
Cur Biliousness, Dvspepsia.Torpid Ltyr .
BlOK HCAOAOHC, MALARIA, INWOESTION, BOW
Stoma oh. Bad Breath Vebtioo, Oy&entehv,
Oaunoic, Enlarged 8pleen. Drowsing s
after Meals. o.. Without Oripino, 8icr
ino or Weakening the System.
DOSB. ONB BEAK. PRICK. 05 CKNTt.
Auk for BILK BEANH-Teke no8ab.4ltnt. MelM
to anr addreen. 26ctin otmi. bolt! by Hrninfine
and Mixllctee DealMtaverrwhere. Circular, i .
J .8 WITH A CO-Bcrrop. gt. Loul,Wa
Pennyroyal Fills.
CHICHESTER'S EX6LINH."
The Orlarlnal and Only beunfae.
6ate and always Reliable. Bensreol woriri-l.k-ImiUtinni.
Indispensable to l.aiIKH.
A- your DruKKiat for "t'hicbetiter'B
Knell- "and take no other, or inclose tc
(stamps) to us for particu'iirs in i.aTTin hy
return mall. M - PAPAH. t hl
ebeater 4 hemlral .
:ia Miutlaon Nqnnrr, ht!ndA., -. .
TBA OK supplied by QEO. C.GUODWIN
it '
Wboleeale Ag-nl. rtnto.n. lna
TYLERDESK f!Q.BT.Louis
a--w- a,N"tftlp.IllulrRt'dCtHioKlWa
I' -;! ; , j "" prlaied, now ready.
k V'V ,"7-tnuM. ovr;iu new, urliri.
xicau, laoiea, uaaira,
RnnV Ca.at T.,,,m
Latter PrABBAe Oahinata
Ladies' Fan cy Deaka , Ac
Hnwt Good and Ixiwent
.i .. i .
free. Poetaaeto. Ho portala.
Thit RRt.T r R.
tenor. tor ia made ex
pressly lor tbe care
of degeneration of
the tenerative or-
nni Tk.M la
mistake abon thisin
strument the con
tinuous stream of
throoih the
II I! 1
t 'A
If
.,tfaaa-Iji
TBI I Bar''' -ufm
ii:vfr-w .,
;? " neannv action. Le not confound
..uflti' B1?rie Baltt advertised to cure
all ills from bead to toe. It is for tbe ON E
peclsa purpose. For circular-riving fall
Bformetlioa, add reus Ch oarer Kleotric Belt
Co., 101 WeshiBftoa (treat, CM oaf". 111. -

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