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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, February 26, 1886, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024448/1886-02-26/ed-1/seq-4/

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artloiee aot tend aeluble far poblleatioa.
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aotbf iBdirldual aamat.
Wi aollelt letaera and aeaaanleaUoai spaa
tab art of iwnaral lataraet, bat aaeft
alwan a MOOBitUa by thaaama aad
addreea of the nur, a. a i aaUa af hU
moot faith and raipenilblliti. Na notlee
mm takes el aaiaraooi aonamanloa-
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affisa ta another, tha aaaae af bata poat
oBoee taenia a Wea,
Bwotmen aoplaa tent free af ennna).
Uajiaeu lettere tboald ba addrauad I
OALLAWAY nSAlinu.
M. C. ft.U.4WT,l
J. M. Kmrnni. f
i.4Wr,l M Beoond treat.
jvtemn'. innw.
1IEMPUI8 APPEAL.
1'KfDAY, t t I t FEB. 88, 18H0.
'MOXDHEBTAL IHJI BTICE.
When Gen. U. 8. Grant died the
Anal. in a lengthy editorial, en
deavored to do justice to his patriot
Ism, bis personal honesty, his public
services, and commended the move
ment to erect a monument to bis mem
ory. The nation which requites the
aenrices of Its defenders with the
basest Ingratitude fails to honor the
memory of its dead heroes, will soon
bare no heroes. Since tha world
began it has been tha fashion of na
tions ti heap honors upon those
whose conspicuous pnblio services
hare endeared themselves to tbs peo
ple. Great Britain and Germany, the
two most thrifty of modern great na
tions are careful t) so reward those
who render great services to their
country that their arms may be nerved
with strength while living and feel se
cure in a posthnmons fame. England
hat erected fifteen costly monuments
ts the Doke of Wellington and about
thirty to the memory of Prince
Albert France commemorated the
Great Napoleon's achievements by
innumerable , statues, towering
monuments and endless columns of
triumphal arches. The history of the
world shows that every nation which
is proepeious in peace and invincible
In war is dotted with monuments. Com
pared with other nations Amerioa Is
far behind in perpetuating the memory
of their heroes in marble, granite and
brass. Bo It tie Interest did the Ameri
can people feel in honoiiog the
memory of Washington that it took
nearly fifty years to complete the
Wsshington monument. Bnt the re
action has come, and the American
people seem disposed to sngige ex
tensively in the monumental business.
On Tuesday la it Senator Hoar intro
duced a bill appropriating f 150,000 to
erect a monument in Washington City
to the memory of Gen. Grant, which
passed the Senate. This means an ap
propriation of f 1,000,000 before the
completion of the monument, and is
opposing Hoar'a bill Senator Plumb
thought it ought not to pass.
II wai rare ba volrei! tha wind of the treat
etlillrr wboae umt tha propoiad mnnumeu
would commemorate Ben be triamol aai
tbat ao tuoh monnnent waa neteMary. N
monnnent bad been erected or thought Beo
arr to tha mantory of Lincoln, (fan
Urent'e lama did Bot depend upon moou
menu. Tbe faallnc for both Uranl an
Lraoola waa mora lattinc than any monu
meat oould witaanR. A moautnant would ba
idla at ataitiinonial of tha Batioa'a lore aid
Taaard for (tan. (treat. It had oome to ba
too aiarh thouiht that tha eipenditur af
money waa tha bait way la mow regard lor
tba dinltnauithed dead banator fluml
tboutht tha widowt of lha man whom Uan
Oraat eoanaaded and who nada Donelton
Vlrkfbura, tha WiMerneM and Ai'iKimntte
temible wara aatltlad to tha crataful an
urient eoneideiation of tba forerniuent
1 at, though tba war bad eeaaed for mora
tbaa twenty yaan. wa did not Bad Senaten
train tha nenata to net tilde all othar bail
mh ia ordar to pamblllicrantmca pittanoa
of apniioy.
Senator Plumb waa right in showing
tha injustice of constructing monu
ments to tisn. Grant while neglecting
the memory of Lincoln and the pri
vate Union loldlers. Senstor Plumb
ought to have said further tbat the
heroes who created the Union are as
moon entitled to monument! at the
heroes who saved it. While there is
a cracs to erect monuments at New
Torktcod at Washington in honor of
Grant, Andrew Jackson is sleeping st
the Hermit im with nothing bnt
cheap a!a" to mark his neglected
grave. Tbe Jackson equestrian statue
at Washington cost only a few thou
sand dollars. The name of Zach Tay
lor wai -nce dear to the American
people, and his memory has been
ahamef ally neglected. No one seems
to know or care that his bones hsve
soldered da an obscure and forgotten
grave. It is strange tbat some mem
ber of the Senate did not move an
amendments Hoar's bill appropriat
ing similar amounts to erect monu
ments at Washington City to the
memory of Jacktoaand Taylor, Those
who defended their country from for
eign invasion, an enemy on whose
banners was inscribed "booty and
beauty,"
costly ai
deserva monuments as
s thoie who suppressed
war. In building mon
to our heroes there
internal
omenta
ih)uli ba no injailice. Honoring
the memories of tho vUnlon soldiers
who cenquered the rebellion to
tbe neglect of the patriotic heroes
who made the Union worth saving is
an unwise and uc just discrimination.
Some of tho extravagant honors con
ferred upon Grant should be bestowed
npoi Lincoln and Union coldiers
equally deserving, but forgotten In au
indclt'rous admiration for one Jtan.
EU11RIK ABD THE FOLKS.
.' The bhJ. it persecution that Bis
marck Js tt'glng against the Poles
ia ttrargs unomtj- at ths con-.
cf
tU.
ninetoDtt.
range of human history for its sdvaace
In knowledge, in civilisation, ana in
mora's. A degree of general refine
ment exists that was before unknown,
and the Teeling that ech human com
munity should act fairly and. gener
ously toward other communities hss
sprcal, and there is a tendency
toward individual men ahowing more
kindness and generosity toward their
fellow creatures than formerly existed.
Iu the midst of this change towards
higher plane of human notion comes
ths miserable spectacle oft Bismarck's
treatment of the Poles. lis desireflt
buy up their lands, exile themselves
as far as practicable, and now he has
brought forward a scbsmo for expell
ing their lssgusge from being taught
in their schools.-The spirit of tbe
policy el invading nations in f ir away
times is thus revived, and mere
brute force is urged against a
conquered and most unfortunate
people. So contrary ia the whole
course and spirit of the policy of the
German Minister to that mighty im
pulse, "tbe spirit of the age," that a
spontaneous confidence arises in our
hearts thst it cannot prove successful.
Ths world-wids feeling that has com
pelled England to prepare to release
Ireland from the effect! of jutt such
measures as Bismarck is initiating, Im
pel to tbe belief that, whatever tempo
rary success his harsh and inhumane
proceedings . may have, can bs but
temporary. A civilized and intelligent
people like the Germsns cannot per
msnently sustain a roticy that In bit
terly cruel toward a much alllicted
people, and that ia opposed to
sll tba better instincts of their own
noble nature. Already thousands of
Germans view the oppressive meas
ures Bismarck is advocating toward
ths Folsa with the strongest disappro
bation, and a day must coma when
tbat sentiment will rise up to the point
of Irresistible indignation tbt
will sweep away the wrongs now
contemphited, banish tyranny and In
sist upon right and justice. The
Kaiser and his Minister Bismarck are
both approaching the term of their
labors, and in a different sense to the
Scriptural one it will be said of them,
"their works do follow them." They
will follow them to the timb of the
dead past. History will tell of the
guilt and the wrong, but the living
generation will not permit them to
survive. Wilhelm and Bismarck will
loon pais from tho scene, end what is
known of the sentiments of him who
will next be emperor gives assurance
that when he wields the power, aided
by tbe sense of right possessed by tbe
German people, the wrongs of the
Poles will be righted.
KAION'S) AISWIB.
For practical good sense commend
us to Dorman B. Eaton. Hit hsad'.is
level on all questions, and especially
on civil service reform. The Rspub-
licans are trying to show ihst Presi
dsnt Cleveland is prescriptive, and ai
proof refer to the removals in the
New York Custom-House. Dorman
B. Ea'on, in ai article In Ltppinnatt'i
Magcuinf, recalls tbe fact that a few
years ago when Republican collectors
succeeded Republicans in the New
York Guatom-IIouse, one removed 630
of his 803 subordinates, another 610
out of 892 in sixteen months, and
third three every five days until 830
bad been cast out. By the present
Democratic collector, with 1200 em
ployes nnder him, only about seven
changes have been made, while less
than 150 of the 2207 officials in the
Treasury Department bavs been dis
placed since the inauguration of Presi
dent Cleveland.
IStST WI PAT It! UOtDT
Oa Monday tbe New York Herald
cont lined an article showing what title
and right the national bonds have to
be pulu in gold. The word "coin"
used in the public acts of tbat time
has, since the heavy decline that has
itaken place in the current value of sil
ver, become equivocal ' The question
therefore arises whether the United
States would bs justified in taking ad
vantage of an equivocal word to save
Itself some millions of money by pay
ing ths nstional debt, and the interest
upon it, ia a coin that was, when the
debt wai contracted, woith 100 cents,
in a-coin tho same in name but worth
only .T9.1S cents t Is the dollar of
tolay a dollar in tho same sense it wss
when the debt was Incurred? In pro
portion .ai Interest! differ opinion
diners upon this point is there any
authority in exist ence in reference to
this difference? Tbe JWfi article
showa that the authority of official
papeta, and especially the expressions
used in Congress in precise and un
mistakable terms decided tbat the
debt and Interest was to be paid
in gold. An effort wai made to
pay a portion, if not the whole, in
greenbacks. 'In Gonjrress one side
contended In isvor of "gold;" ths
other side objected to "gold" in pay
ment, both sides uting tbe word
4lt.ltt . L. M .
gum who frequency ana in a man
ner tbat cannot be mltUken. It ia to
be wished that every one interested in
the quettion could read the article, as
it cites the names and expressions of
theepeakera. The decisive argument
appeared to be tbat as the United
States desired that its bonds should
be dealt in in the world's markets, in
the same way as the bonds of other
nstions, it was absolutely necessary
tbt payments upon tbera should bd
made in the world's currency. It is
for those who read what eminent and
cllicial persons said in their official
character, legielative or 'administra
tive, to decida whether those eipres
sionsdo not bind the United Rates to
pay iti bonds in gold. If it does, ths
question of whether that was ths best
policy or not is r.o longer open to the
man who Iirs sufficient regard for his
l..;nnrv.fo fl. Irk more lif.maintatnng.
MEMMIIS DAILY ATPEALFIUDAY, FEBUTJAUY 20, 1880.
than of saving certain amount of
money. As things stand, if an Amer
ican holdinx a national bond is
paid in silvsr it is a matter of
little difficulty to get the silver
into shape tbat will transform the
amount coming to the creditor into
gold. But our bonds are on the worlds
markets, and are held by persons in
other lands, and privileges and oppor
tunities open to us who resids in this
country are not profitably available to
persons residsnt sbrosd. Amid ths
clamor and contention sow going on
ppon this subject it Is well worth going
back to tbe pertooal and official ex
pressions given in the Herald that
bad public utterance at the time tbe
manner of settling the wsr debt was
under discussion. Whatever conclu
sion the unbiased reader msy arrive
at, ai a true American he mutt con
tend that by no act, no Umpering with
equivocal words, shsll any engagement
his country has msde be viotsted, but
tbat all tbat her honor, her dignity,
her grand, god name require shsll be
done to tbe utmost punctilio.
mj rriisstB Bnonow.
It is s fallacy t) suppose that grief
never kills. The syste u is sometimes
so shocked with anguish, ths hesrt so
crushed and bruited, tbat tbe victim
dies of suppressed emotion. The New
York Herald reports a case in point. A
week ago a lady of New York lost her
only child, a bright and beautiful boy.
The mother was loving, tender, sym
pathetic, and wept profusely when vis
ited by sorrow or tbe ordinary disap
pointments of life. When the child
was' sick ber eyes were a fountain of
tears: but when it died she sst at its
side aa stolid and indifferent ai a block
of marble. She was in perfect heslth,
but there wss oo rslief in tiara; the
puis continued over a hundred for
sevsral days, whsn she died in great
sironv of suppressed emotion. When
a woman oaanot weep at tbe death of
her only child, the idol of her life,
death or lunacy will be the result.
The world considers it unmanly for
msn to weep, and it loses respect for
the mm who gives free vent to his
emotloas. Bat the nations where
men pract'ee weeping are the hap
pleat, -In Itdy and France, where
men weep and rave and wildly gestic
ulate, trouble is drowned in .tears. A
long while ago a French physicisn
discovered the fict that suppressed
emotion was injurious to health. He
found by actnal experiment tbat
person laboring under suppressed ex
cltement with a pulse at 120 can re
duce it to 6S by crying unrestrsined'y,
which shows that wseping is nature'a
remedy for a feverish condition of the
system arising from ment il grief or
agitation. Ths child, when hart phys
ically, or has its fselingi wounded, in
variably resorts to nature's panacea-
tiara, and these never fad to bring
relief. The widow gives vent to her
sorrow in a delnge of tears, and hence
she is soon enabled to represent grief
with a laughing eye mourning in
hou:e of festivity a silvsr moon in a
sable cloud. It is by intenss grief tbat
this black swan, this mournful phoenix
rises out cf the funeral urn
tbat holds the ashes of a hus
band's heart and thus demon
strates whst a relief is the gift
of tears. Every human being,
whether msn, womai or child, can
bring the pulse down to a normsl
condition by wseping, and, initial of
stigmitUaing the habit as womanly,
the ait of crying gracelully ought to
be encouraged by philanthropists, if
not taught in the public schools,
When steam is escaping from the
laaty va've of a boiler it makes an
alarming noise, but st the same time
it is a guarantee that ths boiler will
not explode. When demonstrative
people frantically howl superficial
observers fancy tbu. they are in
state of terrible excitement, presaging
death by a Sorrow which nothing can
heal, when, in fact, they have only
lifted nature's safety valva to let off
stesm. In such esses the emotions
sre not suppressed, and the grief finds
relief in vent But sorrow is not
to be mesbursd either by demon
stratlve or silent grief. Sometimes
the most heartless grief is the loudest,
jast as the empty wsgon makes the
most noise. Idle and gossiping
women who sttind all tho funerals
when carriages are frse, keep a stsady
sye oa the mourners, and when they
meet at night for comment and critl
tclsm never fail to extol the ho
era
with the big bandannas and
she 111 lis csmbric handkerchief
dripping with tears, 'while ex
pressing their abhorrence for the
unfeeling moostw who refused tj
aecommodu'e them with a single tear,
Long experience, ought to hsve con
vinced these chronic lovers of fanerala
that the deepest grief is the most un
demcoatrstive. The mother in New
York died because she could net
weep. Bayard Taylor tells us in his
beautiful poem that after losing the
idol of his life he was stoic 1 in his
sorrow until finally relieved by tsars
which at first refused to fio iv. Sup
pressed emotion tearless sarrow is
the most poignant of all. When An
thony Paequin was rebuked for not
weeping at the deatli of s loved fjmale
relative, he mads the fallowing inim
itable reply, a most tonchiog expres
sion of red and grief : .
Colddrnpi tha taar which blawna common
ww:
Wbatctillou! roak rataini lu rTtM rill?
Va'ar will tho aolirnad mould ita liquid
how
Darp link tha watar that ara acooth and
at II.
Chi whan ablitaaly aaoaUad I ataod,
And memory fava hmr baautauua fura a
i(b,
While feelinc triumphed Id my heart i warm
Mood,
Oriel drank tha offorlnj ara it reaches .tha
era.
Nranll Fall nr at Mod, Tana.
' Itrinibto rm irrui.l
jM-KKo.-rThs. February 25. C. C.
"Wood, a i iiornl iiH'trhunt at Misla,
nixU't'u mill's north of this oity, mailt
jui.v-!-.J"iim.)t vi'iiU'.riluv, Partir'ilars
i
THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
SCIENTIFIC REYIEW OF THE
CATTLE PLAQUE.
The Oklahoma Territory Bill
George and Morgan. The Clerks'
Beneficial Leapse.
lartciAL to Tib arnaL.I
Washington, February 25. The
uiiial quiet of the Senau was broken
to-day by a rather excit ngl t le col
loquy between Senators Ueo.-ge and
Moreno, 'me conoraDe gentlemen
glared st each other fiercely, but soon
cooled down witnont utina any oam-
age. .
Among the postmasters confirmed
to-day was Thomas E. Iliynes, Frank-
ho, Tenn.
Tbe House Committ aeon Territories
hss directed an adverse report to be
made on Renreeentative Jownenend s
bill to organize the entire Indian Ter
ritory into tbe Territory oi uaianoma.
Amerleaa leutllaU of Clalee.
Waiuiim.to:i. February 25. Tho
find annual meetina of tho American
nrtituto ot i;ivit wa niu nere law
fiv(!iiinir. 1,'liiel Justlie vtaiie. presi
dent of the Advisory ISoaril, presid
"5:. . . . . i
Tin annual nililrc was ueiivereu
by Henry B. Wnito Boston. The
itlier spottKi-rs were me iion. n.
luwlcv. (VmiiniHuioiur Katon, Dr.
ieo. 15. Ixrine. JusticeStronir, Jerome
Allen and lien. R. I). JIussey of New
York. A . Board of JMrectoin was
elected, follows: Chief Justice
Waite, Senator Uolciiiitt, 'fn. ronton,
x-Presnlent Port?r if xaie college,
President Johnston of Tulane Uni
versity, I-ooisiuna; the Hon. Hugh
McOullocli. President Julius H. (See-
lyo of Amherst College, Sonator Mor
rill. rieci-eUirv lAina. henator Maw-
ley, Senator Wilson, Senator Blair,
ex-jUHUce nirontr. a. . apuuuru, jwj
W. Powell ainl W. A. Jewell oi
Rultimore.
Clctka' BataeSlelBl Leagae.
Wasbihotom, February 25. An as
sociation was incorporated here yes
terday under tbe name cf tbe Clerks'
Beneficial League, it is comco-ea oi
government clerks, and its object is to
assist discharged clerks by paying to
each 1200 when removed. Tbe asso
ciation was formed s yesr and a half
ago, but was not incoiporstaa because
of the change in tb administration,
the projectors being fearful tbat it
srould not succeed on account oi me
aweanins? discharaet tbat were ex
pected, ibe preeeni administration s
policy has been so conservative in
that respect tbat it was thought safe
to go ahead, icri memoer is re
i !:...! r )
and whenever a member is discharged
a sufficieiit sum to make tbe $200 Is
sHsessed unoa tbe remaining mem-
bin. Tbere are two classes cf clerks
comnoiinff tho association, one con-
sistina ot those under tne civil service
law, and the otner ine per oiem oieras
snd those outMide of tbe lew.
Branches will be established in all the
huge cities for tbe postoffice and cus
tom-house clerks.
Cablne Heatlaa;.
Washington. February 25. The
Cabinet meeting to-day was attended
hr all the members, except Secretary
Whitnev. Tha Wection of making
anma veneration to tbe Chinese real-
dents oi ilocK opring, "T. i., iur tuo
. . . r, t . TT . m t A. 1
losses sustained by tbem in the riots
there last fall was again considered,
and it is probable the matter will be
brought to the attention ot Congress,
with a recommendation that the suf
ferers be recompensed for their losses.
The Hawaiian Treaty.
Warhinoton. February 25. Mr.
Carter, the Hawaiian Minister, said
tvday, in regard to ths statement fur
nlahed to the Wsvs and Means Com
mittee by Mr. John E. Searles, jr.,
about the Hawaiian treaty, that H is
nearly four yearn since Mr. Searles vis
ited Hawaii, and tba'. the report which
he then signed with the other two
commissioners, was considered very
favorable to the. treaty, and was so
mentioned by Secretary Folger in his
annual report of 1883. Minister Car
ter said that the 1 statement thst the
duties remitted would pay for the ex-
nnrU to Hawaii miBbt be made in re-
sard to our trade with most any other
country. One might as well sav that
tha duties remittad by the united
States on cotTue would pay for all
American exports tiBrsiil; one might
ai well say that in asy bargain be bad
made a gift by not charging more tbaa
he had charged. He added tbat a
counter statement would shortly be
raada before the Wsvs and Means
Committee bv his counsel. He re
garded the attack upon tbe treaty as
the outgrowth of business jeslonsy be
tween tbe refiners of New York and
San Francisco.
Oklahoma Tarrltarjj Bill.
Washington. February 25. The
Honse Committee on Territories dis
cussed the Oklahoma Territory bill to
day and appointed a subcommittee to
examine the treattaa made with the
Indian tribes, with a view to ascer-
latnlna if there woald be any con
flict between tbe treaty provisions and
tbe proposed legislation.
The Catlle Ilaa Wa aaa
avaota.
WASHUfoTON, Fsbruary 25. Repre
sentative Swinburn. to whom all mat
ters relation to cattle fever in tbe
Western States, Texas fever or tattle
plague in the Southern States were
Mferred by the House Committee on
Agriculture, hsa mads a report on the
euhject, in which he mskes a tbotough
scientific review of the question. He
says the condition of the infected cat
tle and the symptoms before death,
combined with the appearance of the
animal after death, all leal him to be
lieve that tbere is s wrong analogy Be
tween cholera In tbe human race and
the so-called Texas plague in catt'e in
the manner of its mode of propaga
tion and spread among cattle, as well
ss very many conditions and symp
toms in common with yellow fever.
It would seem tbat the dis ease, like
cholera, is spread by the excretions
of the infected cattle in the coarse of
transposition, and tbat cattle which
have been apparently free from the
disease have possessed the germs
which thev bsve tn course oi
transportation, and which have
been recevl by and infected
other cattle. Should this be true, the
report says, the remedy would oe very
simple, ana may be made elVectnal by
ai elllcient quarantining of all dis
eased cattle or cattle that have been
exposed t the direase. In this case,
a toard fence separating the well from
the sick would be a sutlicieot prevent
ive. Dr. Swinbarn exoresaes the
opinion that infected Northern or
Western csttle do not transmit the
disease one to the other, lie recom
mends aa appropriation f or a scientific
commission it investigate the ulague
and discover, if powtible, iu came, lie
alto recomrnKJits lhe enactment of a
law rrquiring h transportation of
tbe purpose, in which the comfort of
tbs cattle would be consulted ana over
crowding prevented, and that all rail
road and steamooai companies en
gaged in such traffic be required to
provide proper yards at stated dis
tances where the cattle could be un
loaded and supplied with pure wster
and good lord, and mat at sucn points
tbs cars or boats engsged in such
transportation be thoroughly cleansed
and disinfected. It is further recom
mended that on the appearance of the
disease among the cattle, cither in the
infected section or smong cattle in
process of transportation, a system of
strict quarantine be established, and
that no infected cattle, or cattle ex
posed to infection, be permitted to
leave the quarantine or be offered for
sale within forty days, or until the
extreme period of incubation hss ex
pired.
Tbe 8tal atallway
ill.
25. The
WaSHinoTO", Februsry
substitute for Mr. Reagan's bill, to in
corporate the Atlantic and Pacific Ship
Kallwav uompany, was reported caca
to the House to-day. The changes of
interest made in the original bill by
tbe committee are as follows: A re
onirement that tbe railway shall trans
port a vessel of 4000 tons burden, in
stead of 3300, -before tbe liability cf
the eovernmesrt becins: a provision
that the obligation of the government
shall cease unless the company shall
keen the road in good repair, wnicn
shall be evidenced by it safely trans-
potting a vessel which with its csrgo
sba'l weigh not less than 4000 tons;
an amendment making the lawful cur
rency of the United States, or its
eauivslent. and in the case of Mexicsn
vessels transported the Mexicsn silver
dollars, receivable lor tolls (tne orig
inal hill nrovided for navment in
gold) : a provision for the trial before
tbe United Str courts of controver
sies arising 'Ahls country between
tbe company and its stockholders or
ths United States, excluding questions
arising in Mexico, or affecting the
company's territorial rights.
The Bdaeatlaaal Caawealloa.
Warhinotow. February 25. At the
closing sessions of tbe convention of
tbe Department oi eupenntfnaence
nl the National Educational Associs-
tion to-dsv Mr. Warren Highley of
New York resd a rjaoer on "Forestry
in Education." He spoke of the
wanton destruction cf foretts in sll
parts cf the world, and strongly urged
the importance oi instruction in tne
elements of tree culture in public
schools, and the observance of arbor
dsvs In sll cities snd towns in tne
country. Other papers were resd, ss
follows: "Lineusse Training in Ger
man Scboils," by W. C. Dougherty of
Illinois, and "City Superintendence,
bv J. W. Akersof Iowa. Tne conven
tion then adjourned.
Permanent Amerleaa Expoeltlon,
Washington, Februsry 25. A
nnmber of gentlemen interested in
establishing a permanent American
exposition in Wsshington, and a
world's exposition, to be held in 1892,
in honor of the four bundredtn anni
versary of the discovery of America
by Columbus, met this evening and
adopted resolutions strongly favoring
the project, and the chairman was
instructed to appoint a commit
tee of citizsns to formulate a plan in
furtherance of the celebration oi this
important anniversary.
Tbe Silver Clrealatloa.
Washington. February 25. Tbe
amount of tttndnrd dollars In tbe
Treasury, after deducting silver cer
tificates in circulation February 20th,
wan S82.587.64U. as compared with
$67,627,842 in the Treasury July 31,
1885.
AFFAIRS IN GUATEMALA.
A Had Condlllaa af Aflalrs Prevail
ing.
Naw Yobk. February 25. The MaU
and Exprm publishes a a exract from
a private letter from Director-General
Pratt ot the uuatemaia service, ne
rays there are dally arrests there of
political onenders: tnat itisiumoreo
tbat Mrs. Barrios, widow of tbe late
President of the republic, and now a
resident of New York City, has given
(60,000 to assist in fomenting disorder;
that two vessels under the Coita Ri-
can flag, with men and arms, have
been off the coast of Hondnrai; tbat
Soto, late President of Honduras, also
resident in New York, is aiming at the
Presidency of Guatemala, Honduras
and Salvador. A reporter for the pa
per visited the penons mentioned,
who live in sdioining houses, in great
elegance, on Madison avenue, but who
are not on speaking terms. Mrs. Bar
rios is said to own property in Guate
mala valned at S14.000.000. She de
nied having sent sny money to ber
native country ss charged. ttx-Presi
dent Soto denied thst plans were on
foot to make him Chief Executive of
the three republics. He described
President Bogran, who succeeded him
in Honduras, as a bloodthirsty tyrant,
and said that he (Soto) bad secured
the enmity of the lsts President tsa
rios because he refused to play the
rnla now nndeitiken bv Bogran.
Tha reporter euseested to him that
many people believed him ' the owner
and fitter oat cf the steamer City of
Mexico, recently seixkl by tbe United
Slates for violation oi me neutrality
laara.
He said: "I have declined to dis
cuss this matter before, iarther than
to give a simple negative answer, but
I think tha time bai arrived when I
should speak mere - in detail. The
City of Mexico is not owned by me
or mv stents. She ia not in
mmmind of the revolting Gen. Del
gado, but is navigated solely nnder the
orders of Capt. Kelly, who railed in
her from this port. She is an unarmed
merchant vessel, and not a cruiser or
troopship. She is now at Key West,
nH will ilnnhtlma be promptly re-
lAaaed. Gen. Deli ado and about
twenty-five Hondurans, who flsd from
the persecutions of Bogran, srs
aboard. There is not an arm
almirl ax.iept the signal gun, which
avnrv ateamer carries. She cleared
reanlnrlv fiom Belli?, in British Hon-
riurea where nhn took her passengers,
who were to be landed at Blue Field?,
r.i h Mnnnitr ccat. Shf theu
steamed to St. Andreas. The fiilibue-tnt-inu
nnrtv reached there ahead cf
her, snd the crew became so mnch
angered at being kept at sea for no
nn rnnnA that thev refused to do
furt ier duty. They delivered them
elvs ud to tbe American com
merciel agent, who represents
lha Ampri an consul at 6t. AU'
dnai, and he communicated with the
Consul at ASDinwaii. wno uuuunu
Admiral Ja'rett of the trouble. These
am all thn fir-tn. and if they consti
tute the City of Mexico a pirate, why
she is a pira'e, and ber crew anouiu
hn hnnir nt the vard-arin. Bat pirate
or no pirate, I have had nothing to do
with her.
Cotton radar at Kew Tarat.
Naw Yukk. February 25. R. B.
Forsvth it Co., a bull cotton firm,
failed lato this ufU'riioen. Their lia
bilitii8 are not tlunijrM to be very
THE UfiDOJ SOCIALISTS.
WITNESSES SUMMONED FOR
THEIR FINAL HEARING.
Protest Against Home Bale for Ire
land New Kind of Sensation
at Paris.
London. February 25. The Asso
ciated Chambers of Commerce, which
have been in session here tor tbe past
three days, to-day adopted, by a unan
imous vote, a rerolution declaring the
grant cf borne rule to Ireland wonld
prove disastrous to tne trade oi ooii
Ireland and Gnat Britain. This is
the resolution offered by the Dublin
Ubamber ot commerce ana seconded
by the Glasgow Cbsmber.
Haw HIad af aeatlaa at Parla.
Pahs, February 25. A new kind of
senration was msde in tbe Cbsmber
of Deputies this afternoon. A itrange
man in one ot the galleries exoiteaiy
drew a revolver, fired it twice with
downward aim. and then coolly threw
a letter toward M. Clemenceau. The
man was quickly seised and harried
out bv the police. When the txcits-
ment bad snosiaeo a iiaiienea ounei
was found at the feet of tbe President
of tha Chamber. The prisoner said
he wai a soldier who bad been so ill
treated bv his superiors and ignored
by the officers of justice thst he re
torted to tbe desperate expedient oi
creating the sensation in the Chamber
of Deputies in order to secure atten
tion to his grievances. The prisoner
gave his name ss Horier, and said be
wassnomcer in tne urencn army, tie
asserted thst the letter which he
threw toward M. Clemenceau con
tained an offer to give the government
the names of tbe betrayers oi lint,
In a latter declaration the prison
er said tbst in no otner way so
well as tbat he had chosen could he
attract so much attention to himself to
what he desired to tell the public. He
wished, he declared, to have attention
drawn to his trial, because at it be
would greatly add to tbe information
now possessed dv tne x rencn people
about the surrender at Mets and tbe
presence of German spies In the rencn
army. Tne culprits name is now
given as Peronnier. He is undoubt
edly inssne. He served in the French
army in the Jfranco-uerman war.
Tne Loadoa Baelallala.
London. February 25. Burns,
Hyndmsn, Champion and Williams
bave subpoenaed fcx uniei uommis
sioner of Police Henderson to appear
as a witness next Satnrday.wben their
case is to be called far ttoal bearlDg
They expect to obtain from Mr. Hen
demon testimony tending ti sno
thst the Trafalgar Square riots owed
their start and progress more to the
inefficiency of the police than to any
incitement contained tn trie speecnes
of the oratars of tbe day.
Hedals for Canadian Volaateera
London. February 25. In the House
of Commons this evening, in commit
tee of supply, Mr. Uealy, Nationalist,
opposed a grant oi izuu lor meua
lor volunteers wno ioik pan in tne
campaign against Louis Riel. He
said that if Canada chose to go to war
with Kiel she ought to pay for the
medi li.
Mr.W. H. Smith and Lord Randolph
Churchill denounced Mr. Healy and
praised the volunteers.
Mr. uiadstone urged mat tae reitc
tion of ths proposed grant might pos-
nhlv create a bad feeling in uanaaa,
The sum for tbe medals was agreed to
by a vets of vjo to m.
lha Follaa Teacbera Bill
Berlin. February 25. The Polish
teachers' bill wai referred to a special
committee in tbe lower house of the
Ditt to-day.
Compeasatloa far "alTrrera by tbe
, Ajonuna aioie,
London. February 25. Mr. Chil-
ders, Home Secretary, will introduce
in the House of Commons to-morrow
a bill to compensate the sufferers by
the recent riots in London.
Tbe Dake mt Seville' aeateaee Ca-
iiriura.
Madrid, February 25. The Su
preme Council of War has confirmed
tbe sentence imposed on Don En
rique Ie Bourbon, Duke oi Seville
and lieutenant-colonel of tbe regiment
of Albuera. This places Don Enrique
on the balf-pay list His ofiense was
the utterance of disrespectful and
abusive language against the Queen
It gent. He attsmpted to lorco ms
way lcta the presence of the Queen at
a time when she had given orders
that she would receive no one but
Cardinal Benavides. It wss claimed
by the offender's friends that he was
nnder toe mnuence oi liquor, dui tie
was on military duty at the palace aa
guard, and when repulsed from the
Queen's door slandered her. This
subjected blm to a court-martial, and
the Bourbon family felt the disgrace
of the young duke's sentence so keenly
tbat they onerea no lnierierence to
tbe course of military pioceedings
against their relative, who all dur
ing the trial waa treated as an
ordinary officer. The Duke's father,
also named Don Enrique Do Bourbon,
was, it will be remembered, killed
itome historians say murdered) by the
)uo Do Montpensisr, the father of
Mercedes, Alfonso's first wife, in one
of tha most remarkable duels ever
fought This took place on the Ar
tillery grounds, near Madrid, on
March 12. 1870, and after each com
batant had fired two ineffective shots
and Don Enrique had wasted his third,
the Due De Mcntpeneier took delib
erate aim and shot his antagonist
through the hesd, killing him aimott
instantly.
atandalpb
Cbarcblll
miaea.
ot Cempra-
London, February 2i. The reports
that tbe Prnellitee possess compro
mising letters from Lord Randolph
Churchill, pledging himself in favor
of home rule, are declared to be un
true. Churchill, it is assorted, never
(Oaimitted his offer to writing. Par-
nellites nssert that Cbnrchill bad per-
.. . . . 1 T i l. ,
to-al interviews wiin tae j.nn ieaa
ers and offered tbem home rule.
Traperann Leglalation la Cauada.
Toronto, February 25. The Ontario
government tvd ay introduced a bill
making it a misdemeanor for any per
son not a member of the landlords
family tn enter a bar-rcon oa ban
dnye, and increasing the penalties f-ir
illegal selling of liquor as follows:
First effeose, $50 to $100 fine; second,
fjur months imprisonment without
the option of a fine ; third, six months
imprisonment. For making searches
the provisions of the gambling act will
be applied.
The Temaeranet Movement la Eng
land. London, February 25. A commit
tee of tbe temoerance party in the
House of Commons baa prepared two
memorials to tba government,.one de
manding tbat the government support
the fconuay ciosirg bill and the other
Uvo'iig local option under Ur. Cham
rer : n t c'l'.my j.'ivprnmt'nT oui. in
memorials are receiving numerous
(natures. It is expected that 320
members of Parliament will sign the
local option memorial.
THE STATE CAPITAL.
A WOXAH Kt'BJHISe AW AT rsM
A rOBTrBE.
Jadare Weld'a KtreaS Beelalaa ia
tba Pcallaallarj Tlana Allow
ance" Caaea.
(SPBOIAI, TO TBS APrSAL.I
Nahhviixr, Tens., February 25.
Detective Norris, of Hpnngfield, O..
arrived hero to-day and revealed
sensational diHauurance. lhree
years ago fxiward lay, a weauny
manufacturer at Bridgeport, Conn.,
and his . wife separated, lheir only
hild, a girl, was given to Mrs. Lay
siater. The wile tiecame a sporting
woman and went est, aid in Omaha, ,
Denver City and Kansas City her
beauty and intelligence made her
noted. Last repiemr)r jay tnea
without a will, and his property, ,
worth 75,000, thereby went to his .
wife and child. Trace was here lost .
of tho wifo and a detective was put on
ler track. It was necessary to hnd
her to take out administration papers.
The detective has followed her lour
months, but every clew was intangible.
The woman was in Nashville a week,
and was known as IdaHherwood. The
detective came here, but sho wan
gone, end it was said by a woman who
met ber that she nan lert tor iew ur- .
leans. Her other alias is Ida Clifford.
The detective is certaun that she
knows of his pursuit of her. He
thinks she avoid him becaiwc she has
enough refinement left to desire to
end her days in obscurity and let the
fortune so to her cuiia, ratner man
claim it and blast the child's future. .
Mrs. Lav is a brunette, (.weuty-six .
years old", and finely educated. -
Mrs. V. w. llenry oi jrranaun, .
Tenn., was deRertcd to-day by her
husband. He left with $W00 in his
pocket for Mobile, AUt., it is thought.
Mrs. Henry is a daughter of Clias.
Redmond, a wealthy stock breeder.
and all the parties moved in hijrh
circles.
Commearement af the Hfbarrjr 1
aaaicai taiieit.
Nashviixk. Tenn.. February 25.
The tenth anuual commencementof the '
Meharry Medical Department of the ,
Central Tennessee College took place
to-night at 7 ::M) o'clock in Thompwon
ChaiH-1, on the college grounds. The -
members ot tne graduating ciww vii-n
E. M. Blakelv, Kingstree, S. C; W. J.
E. Bruce, itoy.tton, Ga.; E. II. Brown, :
Summit, Miss.: E. I). Burns, Nolcns
ville, Tenn.; J. T. Ftwter, Woodstork,
ia. ; M. A. Majors, Austin, Tex.; .
8. Moore, Weston, Mo. ; D. L. Martin,
Nashville; AV. II. Kcott, Newberne, N.
C. ; N. J. Stith, A'ieksburg, Mins. The
audience was large, and contained
many of tho most prominent
people of the city. This is the
turgest colored medical college in the
world, and this is tlie largest class yet
graduated. There were forty-nine
matriculants this year.
Jodie Beld'a neelataa-Tlie Leaaa'
Nvatcaa and Treatment of Caa
vlcta. Nashville Banner: Judge Reid, in
deciding the E. H. Johnson habeas
corpus case yesterdsy, esid regarding
tbe lease system and treatment of
convicts :
"About the time thi Legislature
convened, or shortly thereafter, a trial
waa in progress in the Criminsl Court
of this county thst revealed tbe con
vict lease syttem, nnder its marage
ment in this State, in colors so horri
ble that all believers in tbe God of the
Bible must have wondered, with
tremblinir and fear, why He who, in
olden time, had consumed Sodom and"
Gomorrah with the fires of his wrath,
hsd so long stayed his hand against
tbe people of this commonwealth.
"The proposition tbat the Legisla
turethat branch of the government
that builds the prisons, thai prescribes
tbe rules and regulations nnder which
they shsll be managed, tbat provides
for tbe appointment of the officers to
be p'aced in charge of the prisons
bat not the power to abolish a bad sys
t m,or such a murderous one is in this
State, if the report of the Committee
on Prisons, from which I have quoted,
is true, and rep'ase it with a better
one, if thereby one jot or one title of
the rigor of the sentence under which
the prisoner is held is abated, to my
mind is unsreakably monstrous. Yet
that proposition is maintained by sev
eral of the courts of last resort in this
country.
"The truth is, the moment the de
fendant is sentenced and turned over
to tbe officers appointed by the Legis
lature to receive him, tbe duties and
with them the jurisdiction of the ju
dicial department in his case, are at
an end, and be becomes a ward of the
Legislature, snd as such it owes to
him the performance of the same
character of duty that it owes to tho
lunatics in the State avylum, or to tho
blind and deaf and dumb thrown upon
its charge. Every consideration of
public policy, even excluding, if it can
be done, from the meaning ot that
term of morality and religion, demands
that the human being shall not be
sunk out of view in tbe convict, de
mands tbat he shall still be recognized
as a child of tbe commonwealth, and
while made ts feel the punishment ef
violatsd law, yet so made ta feel it
as to insure his reetotatlon to
aoclety an honest, law-abiding citi.
ren. Tbe assertion tbat the Legisla
ture has not the power to enact laws
designed and calculated to produce
this end, because their operation
would abridge or abolish "the period
of the defendent's sentence," and
thus "modify or reverse a judicial de
cree," and so "interfere whh the judi
ciary," can secure the support of none
but dry-as-duet ' c&se lawyers."
"I know that a statute may be con
ditional, and its taking eff.ct way be
made to depend upon seme subse
quent event, ss might have been the
case with the statute under consider
ation had not the latt section been
atttached it it. But that teclion ex
pressly enacts tbat tbe act ahull have
the force and effect of a law, and ebnll
operate as fcuch frcm and titer its
passage, and so, beitg the lat ex
pression of the leg:tl-itive will, re
vokes the former seciio , makiiijt tbe
operatioa of tbe act depend upcu t lie
consent of tbe leeste?, or else sus
pending it until the expiration of
the present It aw. I think that, any
careful reader of tbe act mutt be
convinced tbiit tbe expunging of this
clause, making the operatioa ct the
act t depend upon the consent of tbe
lessees, restores it to tbe shape and
condition it most likely Lai as first
fashioned by the hand of it author.
The clause referred to was evidently
inserted in the act after it bad been
drafted, and, doubtless, by reuon of
the suggestion, perhaps, from some
interested source, that without such a
clause the act would impair tbe obli-
ration of tbe contract between the
rotate and the lessees, and, therefore,
e nnconstitutiora1., and so, to save it
from that fate, the obnoxious clause
va iutroda-ed iutoit."
i

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