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IRESIDEM A.D SEMTE.
THE EEPCBLICaN TIETT OF THE
feeaator Edmunds' Speech en I1U
Resotatios londemalnt; the
TOR REFUS1NU TO TRANSMIT
PAPERS CALLED FOR.
A Specious ud Plausible Argnmeit,
bat One Tbitt W ill Not
W'a'HIKGTon, March Senate
The Chair hid before the Seoate a tet
ter from the Postmaster-Ueneral trans
mitting In response to recent Senata
resolution information at to mai
service on '.be Pacific and other l all
road ; also a letter from the Secretary
ol tba Treasury traranuittioe a letter
from the Chttf Justice of the Court of
Claims, asking an apDopiUtion of
wuu ior priming inu utDuiDg tx
venae of that court
Mr. Conger reported favorably from
the C maiittee on Conimerce a bill
authorising the Central Missouri Rail
way Company (o construct a railroad
bridge across tbe Mississippi river at
or near Alton, in. Tne bul wai read
a third time and pawed.
Under the bead of usfitnaned bull.
Titer, tbe Senate took up tbe resoln
tion reported by Senator Edmunds
from the Judiciary Committee. These
rtsolulioas, among other things, con
demn the AHorrey-General for refus
ing to transmit to tbe be Date papers
called fir by the Senate, and declare
that refusal to be a vm a ion by the
Attorney-General of c flic; a! duty, and
suoversive 01 me iunaamenm princi.
pltn of eoven ment and good adiuiuig.
trtt'on. The re.olutionealfo condemn
the diecharge from tbe government
service of ex Union Boidiers.
As the resolutions were read by the
chii-f clerk, the moat absoluto silence
prevailed on the floor aud in the gal
ieries. The galleries were ciowded to
apparent diacomfort, many pwrsons be.
ing compelled to stand, ibis was
notably true of tbe reserved naileries,
to wliica almiPBion la only permitted
bv cards from benttors. many gentle'
men and not a fw ladier, though early
in attend ance, failing tu fiad vacant
Senator Edmonds began his remarks
in a rather law tone, bnt bis voice soon
acquired its usral fii'l, clear, ringing
volume, lie rata tne cairn ana order
ly administration of a constitutional
government is a subject in which the
eenate end tbe House ci Represents'
fives and the President and people are
equally interested and loi wblcb tbey
-are all, in their respective stations and
plaser, equa ly responsible. It was in
support of that calm end orderly co a-
stitutional exercise of the funciions of
government that he now addressed
himself t) these resolutions. It has
been, he said, it least forty years since
any occaeioa of this kind has arisen
between tbe Kxecut ve DepartmeLt of
the government and tbe Senate, and
when a little more than forty years ago
a similar, but not the same queBtioD,
arose, it bad then been a lojg time
since any such quett oi had ensured
public a'.teuticn. The instances in
which they have been evinced the
slightest reluctance on tbe pait either
of the executive or the hf als of de
partments to respond to the calls of
either bouse of Congress, or of the
committees, for papers in the posses
sion either of the executive or
ot the departments have been
very few Indeed. Sometime;, in
tbe case of political fever, as it might
be called, there has been evinced, wide
years apait, a reluctance and hesitancy
on the pan ef the executive or the
heads of departments to do this thing,
and then that storm being over, the
orderly adminutratioa of cocsitu
tional government went -oa as before
and either bouse of Congress, on its
rf rpest or demor d, as tbe cite might
bv, and thecouumueoaof either house
could, without direct and positive au
thority to seed trr persona and papers,
always obtain from tbe departments
on tbeir mere request anything tbey
found necessary for the propar dis
charge cf their duties. Now, again,
after almost half a c ntury, tbe Senate
found itself confronted by tbe refusal
of tbe bead of the Department of
Justice to transmit copies rf official
papers and documents relating not to
per sots, but to things; relating not to
officers, but to cfBcer, on file in the de-
paitment. In order that the Senate
might perfectly understand how the
.question . i tiod, be caused ti be
read the statutes relating to tbe tenure
of effice aud recesa suspensions. (Sec
tions 1767 and 178H) Mr. Edmunds
himself read portions of the statutes
.creating the Department' of Justice,
prescribing the functions and duties of
its head and providing f jr-the appoint
ment of subordinates by the Attorney
General, which subordinates are re
sponsible ti the Attorney-General.
Under these provisions, be continued,
tbe Attorney-General ban -made regu
lations for the control and guidance of
his subordinates. Mr. Duitin, tbe
attorney for Alabama, was appointed
by tbe President by and with the ad-
' vice and consent of the Senate. Mr.
Edmunds read the commission of Mr.
Dmtin as he supposed it to be. He
bad not a copy of it and did not know
but.it might have been thought, bad
- it been called for by the Senate, to bo
one of those-tV.ngs that would bar
upon tbe suspension of Duatin and,
therefore, not within the author
ity of the Senate to ask for
or receive. Holding this commis
sion, Mr. Edmunds continued,
and so far as we ftt know faithfnliy
performed im duties. On the S7ih day
of J uly, 1385, the President of tbe
United tt"s, under the authority of
section 17 til!, Revised Statutes, sua
. ponded this gentleman, aud on the
fame day, pursuant to the same stat
ute, h.ds,gated John D. Burnett of
Alabama to pot form tbe duties of the
suspended officer. Tke 8 an ate met on
the first Monday of December, ami on
the Hth of tbat month; the President
sent in the nomination of Mr. Burnett.
Senator Gdmuuds canted to be read
the letters of suspension and tbe aaetv
isage of nomination, as we ll as the res
olution of tbe Senate eating for tbe
-papers in the ase,ond tke Attorney
aSenator Edmonds then proceeded
to the cam in 4jtiitioM tbat of Attor
ney for 'he Southern District of Ala
bama, Ue read the form of the order
of suspension of Dastin, end the
designation of Barnett to euootsd Dua
tin. He also read the resolution of
tbe Gen ata calling for tapers ea file
relating to the ministration of the
effice by Dntn and the letter of the
Attorney-General refusing these pa
pers, and stating that the refusal was
by direction of the President Ha
maintained that the act of the Presi
dent did rot remove Dmtin, but sim
ply withheld frcro him the duties and
emoluments of the fffie pending a
decision of thefaaato; tbat when the
nomination of Burnett was teat to tbe
Smate Duatin was the United 81 a'ee
District Attoraey for Alabama, and
tbe proposition wai tbat he abould be
removed. Senator Edmuodi con-t-iEutd
It a', had tbe Senate been a
inrv, it would have beea its dnty to
noa out Dow unstia bad adminis
tered his office. Senator Edmund
ti.ii that in epite of sundry nut-ata e
ments in tbe public press and by the
President aad by tne minority of tbe
Judiciary Committee, the raw, as it
stands, is that the President has asked
tbe Senate to consent to tbe removal
of Du.-tin and tbe appointment of
Burnett. Baeides, it was not for the
President tu determine what papers
were relevant; that was discretionary
with the Senate. Senator Edmunds
did not think the warmest administra
tion man would say that it was any
part of tbe duty of the President or
bead of a depwtment to determine
whether official information iu tbe de
partment which was required by
eiiner uouse oi congress was to be fu:
nisbed or withheld, according to tbe
opinion oi ine emcer tbat tbey would
or would not be useful to them in
men deliberations. lbs papers
called for in this case were papen
niea in toe department, aad tbe
law made the Attorney-General, and
not tbe President, the custodian
tf those pap err, and required him to
preserve them. Every paper ad
dressed to tbe officer exercising the
official function of suspension, npon
that topic, must be sn official paper,
no matter how vile or false it may be.
It did not beloxg (o the man, whether
President or Attorney-General, but ti
tbe cftL-er in his character as an cfli
cer. Tbe Attorney-General gave no
hint tbat any part of the papers called
for were private or unofficial, or even
confidential papers. Official papers
were railed for, and such papers only
were spoken of in the response. But
the papers were refused because tbey
would not only give tbe facts, but
would enable us t) understand the
reaeoas of tbe President for exercis
ing his cfficial act; theref ire, the pro
position was that the Senate, beinir
called on in tho exercise of its juris
die ion to judge cf the oilicial
conduct tf Dusiia the Presi
dent having already been called
on, within his jurisdiction, to
pronounci a judgment on a similar
question about the aue man, the
S mate could not have the papers, be-
cauee if it did they would disclose the
grounds 03 which the President
acted. "If that." said Senator Ed
munds, "is not a proposition which
would s'a;gerthe credulity and amaze
the understanding of any intelligent
ma a in a government of law or in a
government of reason, I am quite una
ble to comprehend what would be."
"All the operations of tbe govern
ment," Senator Edmunds continued,
"were executive, and had it come to
this, tbat because tbe President was
the cbief executive officer cf the gov
ernment Congress could know nothing
ai to the facts and circumstances re
lating to the execution of tbe laws.
because, if- they did, tbey might be
able to comprehend the motives or
reasons of the President in carrying
out tbe laws. Why, such a statement
was shocking vet tbat was the logic
of this whole thing. The jurisdiction
of Congress was infinitely broader
than that of tbe President His was
executive power. Congress made the
laws, and when the constitution com
mands him to give Congress informa
tion on 'the state of the Union.' it
says he 'shall do it,' had reference tj
tbe universal power of knowledge of
the two houses of Congress in respect
to every operation of the government
and every one of its rffioers. "That
is tbe Wale of tbe Un:on. Tbe
etUe cf tbe Union is made up of
"every drop in the bucket" of the ex.
ecntton of every law and tbe perform
ance of every officer under tbe law.
lhere wai no one thing, no one eab
lect, that represented tbe "state of the
union, it was tbe condition oi tbe
government, and every pait of it, not
only its legislative parts about which
tbe President could communicate no
information without impertinence, for
the constitution had declared tbat the
two houses were to regilate them-
selves but be was to give to Congress,
and was positively commanded tido
so from time to time, information on
the state cf the Union, and that
is btcauee Congress was entillml
to have it every time they oalUd
for it, and he violated a p Htive
command of the constitution w.in,
on a constitutional call in U
regular war he oinhtad t do it. That
wai tbe reason why, since the begin.
ning of the government, when either
house is seeking for Information, sup
posed that there might be as question
as to tbe propriety of an undue dis
closure of some confidential fact
which they were entitled to know
had usually left it to tbe President ti
nd tbe Information just tnen
or not, according to bia judgment,
and so be (Senator Edmunds) main
tained that either house of Congress
baa a right to know everything tbat
was in the Executive Departments of
the government. He would state tbe
extremett case possible, and that
was either house calling on
tbe President or the Secretary
of State for information as to
the disbursement of the contingent
fund for the payment of the expenses
of foreign intercourse, which was or
dinarily called a secret service ifund
There the money of tbe people was
appropriated under the. law which
said that a voucher of the President
of the United States should be evi
dence to the accounting officers of tbe
Treasury that tbe . money had been
properly expended, while in the tstate
Depai taunt tbe real vouchers re
mained which shewed for what the
money had been expended. Now,
then, suppose some President two
or three years ago, when we
appropriated $100,000 or 1200,000 for
tbe contingent expenses ot tbe depart
ment just preceding an election she uld
Lave turned into trie lreasury a lump
voucher for the whole amount. Sup
pose at the neirt meeting of the Sen'
ate and Honee of Representatives they
should be .of the opinion tbat the se
curity of good government, and as a
jzoard against any corruption or im.
proper use of thtt monef , it was neo-
eeeary to know bat became of it,
onld it be within, the power of tbe
Sf cretary of state or tbe President ol
tho United States to say no? If to, we
bar better 'be extremely carefut
hereafter as U hoc much
mocey we put inta the contingent
fund for foreign intercoorie.- The im
provement in public 4aethode, so f u
as we had yet gene, would seem to be
ebieflf and most eoncpicuoudy the
suppression and concealment of public
papers within the best intentions, un
doubtedly, but Senator Edmunds
woaldpeat that (or tbe first time in
forty ysacs or more, so far as be bad
lUdjT JWWIB Ur UlUIPfWJ 1UI MS UO UUU I
been able to discover, had either
house of Congress failed to ret the in
formation it had asked for from the
pub ic departments of the govern
ment. Wby, in rtspect to this very
icstince, which illustrated the im
portance of standing up for the right
of good government, when this reso
lution r.s sent to the Attorney
General there was pending in another
btaoch of Congress a bill providing lot
m deficiency of about f 185,000 iu the
Pspxrknent of Justice for fees of
MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10, 1SSG.
Jurors and witeesMe, and there
was there, without doubt, a letter
of the Attorney-General's tttting
there most be added for this current
fl cat year, eadiox tlie 3 th of Juu
next, a year covering twelve months
of purely Democratic control, a defi
ciency of $IK,000. If the case of
Dusiia was Uirly illustrative of the
circumstance of all the district-attorneys
and marshals of the United
StaUs everything that went to make
up tbe autonomy cf the administra
tion of justice then we have drawn
in tbe qiiettion. What bai become of
the money that was appropriated at
tbe regular session to carry on the ad
ministration of justice, through tbe
Department of Juitice, in the United
States? Duatin waa one of the per
sons who were to draw upon tbat
fund. In that district he was the
very person whose sgncy, more than
that of anv other mau. would go to an
economical or extravagant, a just
er an unjust, expenditure of tbe
public money. Could we not
know anything about it? Take the
rther sixty or seventy districts in the
United State-. If it were denied to
us as to Di at a. it must be denied as
ti Dorsheimer, and aa to Henry, (the
Marshal of Vermont), and every other
maranai and every otber district a tr-
ney. Wha, then, were we to do? If
we htd passed tbe resolution while
we were acting in a legislative way
(as 11 tnere were any difference in
powers cf tbe Senate, whether sitting
wun open or witb closed doors) if
we bad sent precisely this resolution.
aud applied it to all tne districts in the
United bta'ee. If the Attorney-Gene
ral aud the President were light now.
they would be right then, in saying
"No; we can give you to informa
tion, because if we do, you may be
able to know the reasons wby so
many of these marshals and district
attorneys bae been suspended ; and
that is purelyjwithin th province i f
tho President of the United States."
That was the logic ef our good
friends, tbe minority of the com
mittee, and tbeir good friend.
and all, the President of the Unite!
Stitee, who, with a courage certainly
unique, bad intetjected bs supple
mentary report to the report of the
miaority comtnitteo before tbe Serate
had even considered it. Was it pos
sible to carry out the uovernmeni in
mat way 7 ue (Senator Edmunds)
thought not so far as the constitution
al relations between the two bouses of
Congress and the Executive Depart
ment 01 tbe government and their
respective right 1 to information or
the Denial of it depend upon whether
one house or the other was acting a'.
the time of its call with its doors
closed. Wby, there were no two
bodies here, there were no two juris
dictions here. The Senate waa one.
Here wai about fifty years ago a very
celebrated Senator from a Sjutbern
State who, on a similar occasion in an
executive aession concerning the Pan
ama mission senator llayne of Hsuta
Carolina discussing a resolution
bicb it was prorosed the Senate
should adopt for the purpose of get
ting possession of all the facta relalicg
to an assembly of Congress on Sooth
American and Central American States
and the United States. Some very
zealous friends of tbe President appa
rently opposing the resolution, said:
"However gentlemen mv be enam
ored of this new doctrine of confidence
in rulers, it is not the ground, I ap
prehend, on which the Senate ought
to act in fulfilling their conFtitutioaal
duty of giving advice to the President.
If men are to act by faith and not by
knowledge, we have no business to be
here." lie (Mr. EJmuds) thought so,
to). Knowledge was denied, and if
the Senate acted in the direction that
the Attorney-General and the Presi
dent desired it to act in putting
through these 643 or 000 removals and
appointments by faith and not by
knowledge, then he agreed with Sena
tor Hayne "that we have no busineja
to be here."
In 1835 President Jackfoa removed
a Surveyor-General, a man named
Wirtz, as he had the lawful right to
do. He bad not "suspended him
there was no law for suspension. He
appointed to nil the vacancy a man
named Williamson. The Senate called
on the President for papers aud in
formation regarding the removal of
Witts. Tbe President replied in a
chsractaristic message, saying in sub-
it ince that that was one of the numer
ous calls made on him by the Senate
which he bad hitherto complied with,
but he was going to stop now tbat he
bad removed Mr. Wiriz, as he had a
right tj do, and the rea ion was none
of the Seia'e's busine-s. The Senate
next day, without a division, rejected
Mr. Williamson, although in tbe very
message in wbicb tbe I resident said
be would not tell anything about what
Wilis bad been doing, he took par
ticular pains to say that Williamson
was one of tbe best qualified and mot
valuable personages he bad ever
known. Tbat wai the end of
the affair between President Jackson
and tbe Senate on tbe subject of pa.
pers about appointments. Down to
that time every species of information
touching foreign affairs, of the most
delicate character touching tbe ope
rations of the army touching every
part of tbe administration tbat be
longed not to the Senate, but to the
President, and to the iPretddent just as
exclusively as did tbe power ot re
movalor suspension. President Jack
son, like all his predecessors, and like
all his successors, until today, felt
bound to give to both houses of Con
The President in his supplementary
minority report to the deliberations of
tbe Senat3 had tilted, with a lulluess
of rhetoric, which was aa charming as
it was unique, that these statute of
the United States and tbe practice un
der them bad now for many years
faden into a state 01 innocent desue
tude. If tbat were itrue, it ought to
be one of the missions of the President
in discharging tbe -duty that the con
stitution imputes to him to take that
statute cf disuse (if he might ubs a
shorter and humbler phrase) and, as
be waa sworn to, put it into faithful
execution. But was the statute In dis
use? Tbe Committee on tbe Judi
ciary from tbe time of tbe passage of
tbe act) and, he might state, also, for
all time, ai be bad learned Irom ex
amination of papers in tbe Secretary's
office, had been in the habit in respect
ito appointments of calling sjon
the Attorney-General far all
the information . that he had
and wbenlt came to tbe law respect
ing removals, as well aa appointments,
of eaUIng for everything regarding the
proposed suspension and from tbe day
Gen. Giant tame in down ti tbe pres
ent time tbe committee had had a
regular practice tbat it bad pursued,
without exoeption. of never acting
WUUUUl MWyHUU. U UDTDI UlUg
upon a removal (anles some member
had personal koowledgn which made
them unneceseaty) without calling
upoa tbe Attorney-General for all the
infirmation in bis powesion. The
minority of tbe cctnaiiitae said tbat
no such spectacle as the Judiciary
Committee was now presenting to an
astonished world and an astoniehed
and injured President and Attorney
Geneial bad lean presented in tbe
Democratic times. "Let us see,"
aid Senster Edmunds; "on the
4th of March, 187!), the Demo
crat had a mt-jurity tf this
body. Tbeir CcinmitUo en the Ju
diciary was Mr. Thurnmn (chairman.
Mr. Mr. McDindi U Iudiacif. Mr.
Bayard cf Dd'aware( present Secretary
of State), Mr. Ga'laui rf Arkansas
(present Attorney-General), Mr. Lamar
ot Misdiaeipul (present Secretary of
the Interior), Judge Itarii of Illinois
and Messrs. Edmunds, CoiAling and
Referring to the committee's letter
book, Senator Edmunds said: "I do
not know but that it ia private aud
confidential, but I will take tbe liberty
of reading it ('aughter) even if it gets
to the ears of the Attorney-General
and the President of the United
States." Senator Edmunds then read
a copy of a letter from Senator Ihur
man, as chairman of t le committee.
to tbe Attorney-General, dated March
24, 1871), calling for "aucti ic formation
aa aiay be in the possesaiou of your
departint ut concerning the fol'owing
no inuations, together witii any sug
gestion yon may be Pleased to note.
"Oa the'7thof April," continued Ser
ator E lmund "there came in a horse
of a different color the same kind of
an animal tbat wt care here now.
Laughter Accordingly, oa that
cay, this letter was written to the At-
The Attornay-Ganeral of the VJsitcd BtuUi
Sib Under tbe diiectinn of tbe
Judiciary Committee of the Senate,
1 have the honor to teq iest that you
will communicate to the committee
any papers or information in your
paeeeaeioi touching tbe question of
the propriety of the removal (empha
sis by Mr. Edmunds) ol Michael Shaf
fer, Chief Justice cf the. Supreme
Court of the Territory cf Uub, and
the appointment of Djvid ''. Corbin
to the cllise. Very respectfully, your
ALLKN G. Till'RMAN, Chairman.
Aha f.irthe Dfrnocccy rf those days.
Laughter Think, Mr. President, t.f
the infi iit 1 idiocy, the unpatriolisui,
the usurpation of th.it number ol
five Senators r f the Uu ttd Stit;s of
the Democratic p.uty, astisting a Re
publican Attor.iey-Gem'rul and a Ke
puhlican Pr.sidout w.t'i the insultirg
arid iiiiperlintnt li:qu!ry 113 to pap:'ts
and information t juchiug a suspoiidod
officer whose successor was nominated
to accomplish his remnva1, aud yet
those men were, in thoirday in thrsa
times among tho headliuhta of the
Democratic locomotive. Laughter
There wai Thurroaa. His light is put
out. ttenewed laugbt'r. The great
est Democrat in the United States,
(applause in the gallerita), and the
beat one, and the noblest one, and the
bravest one, for he bad the courage
not long ago in your Siata, sir, to de
nounce tbe Democratic frauds at
the ballot. There was Thurman.
and there was 'Jo' McDonald,
a name familiar in the West
ai in the East as tho embodiment
of nprigbt Democratic pluck and con
stitutional law; and there was Sen
ator Garland, whom we all know here,
ine loauer on me uemoctatlc side of
the Senate, full and running over with
constitutional aud statute and re
ported law knowing his rights as a
Senatir, as a member of the com
mittee, and knowing his duties.
and Senator Lamar, and then
all the rest of us on this
side, joining in what the present
President cf the United HtaUa rails
an impertinent innovation of bis
rights iu asking for papers. .Mr. Pres
ident, if I were going to be rhetorical,
1 snould say just tbere, Uu shame,
where is tby blush ?' But tiat waa not
the only instance," Senator Edmunds
said, "tbe same Chair aud on many
occasions had called for that same
class ot information and got it."
Iu conclusion, it did not seem
to Senator Edmunds that the Senate
could tail to get papers 03 the ground
that the statute on tho subject had
become obsolete or gone into a state of
innocuous dieuetude. The President
himeelf had sent tbe Senate 643 in
stances of obedience totbaflaw; 643
nominations msda under it. Senator
Edmunds therefore took it that the
law was still in force.
Senator Pugb obtained the floor, aid
the Senate went into executive session
aad soon adjourned.
The 11 onus.
The House to-day passed a bill re
quiring Pacifin railroads to pay the
cost ol surveying their land and to
take out patents thereto.
The leiponse of the Secretary of the
Navy t9 the Boutel.'e resolutions con
cerning the removal cf inscripfiona at
the Norfolk navy yard, was referred
to the Committee on Naval Affaire.
Mr. Laflonn Ky , from tbe Com
mittee on Public Lauds, reported a
bill to promote the introduction of
fresh water on tbe Colore dD Desert.
Committee of the whole.
Mr. Dibble S. O . from the Com
miltse - on Public .Buildings 1 and
Grounds, reported back the Senate
bill ti provide for tbe ascertainment
of the maiket value of certain prop
erty in Chicago, and authorising the
Secretary of the Treasury to sell and
convey such property. House calen
Mr. Eldridgef Mich., from the Com.
mittee on Pensions, reported a bill
granting pensions 1o tbe soldiers and
sailors of tbe Mexican war. Commit
tee of tbe whole.
On behalf of tbe (Jommittee on
Labor, Mr. James N. Y called up the
bill to prohibit auy officer, servant or
agent of the government to hire or
contract out tbe prisoners incarceiated
fo' violating laws of the United Siates
government. Tiie bill was passed
yeas, w, nays, .
Tbe Ho'ise then went into commit
tee of tbe who'e, Mr. Townthend of
Illinois in tbe cbair, on the Indian ap
Mr. Wellborn Tex briefly ran over
the appropriate in made by tbe bill
and compared them with those made
for the current year, summing up with
tbe statement tbat the pending bill
carried I .,502,6f2, as sgaimt $5,777,-
451 appropriated lor tne current year,
Pending discussion tbe committee
rose and tbe House adjourned.
Tke Hcnepla CHaL "
Washington, March 9. The Secre
tary of War tday transmitted to tbe
House . leperts of Chief Engineers
Newtia and Maj. Uandbury -of the
Esgineer Cores, in reference to sur
veys for the Hennepin Canal. Maj.
Hsidbaryreeommends what ia known
aa tbe Mara is ae uscer route. He
estimate tbe cost of tbe canal by this
route at $5,811,37, or about $1,000,000
less tban by tbe otber route survey.
This estimate la exclusive of the cott
of the "Dixon feeder," which is coax
mon to all the routes, and which will
cost $1004,117. Maj. Uandbury says
the Maraia de Ojcer route is bet er,
cheaper and affords a better regulated
sopply of water than the other route
surveyed. Gen. Netn adheres, how
ever, to his p'evious recammends'ira
of the Bock Itdaod route, and cays it
offers the greatest commercial advan
tages. Gbjitral Ncbsxet, No. 99 Market
street, is the neart pl.to in the city
for plants and cat flowers.
J -i- Ts
,y tu C
MOST FE:?EGr IVIADE
ric;v,! T.-.lii siwlsl nroni to healtlk
A Aiuai,i, iJm or Alum.
tniCZ CAK1X3 f0K'SH CO..
ruir-AOo. ST. IQUI
Flesh Producer & Tonic !
Hear the lVitnfMSca!
10 to o rOCHDIl
A Ha rBlBtjr.Elcbt Wlnlrr.
I an (8rri of a. and rxord Oulnn'a
Pioneer a An tonic for th leehl. Br its
at ray itranalh has bean raitorod ana mj
weight inerafd ten peundii.
A S. (1. CAM I'DKLL.l'i'tion Ola Maker.
liacoo, Ua., i'tbtuut 18, IM.
A Crippled t'eajfederate ftayai
I eu'y welshed 128 peanda when I con
nencwd Ouinn'i Pion r, and now welsh 147
tMiunde. 1 eonid hardlv walk with a atiak to
support me and ran now walk tons dietanoea
without help, its benrflt. to m it h-youd
calxQlation. K. KUUd UoSTICK,
liacon, a. lot:on Uuyar.
Mr. A. II Bnamblrtt, llardwar Her
ctiaar.or ronylb, a , Writes 1
IlMtadllka charm on mTimeral health.
I consider it fine tunic. I wutvh otora tban
1 nave tor 15 jreais. Ketporttully.
A. 11. UhAMBLETT.
Sir. W. F. Joan, Marnn,tlayat
Mi wife baa retained ho strentth and in-
cre'pod ti'it porinds iu Wfisiit. We recom
mend Uuinn 1'ioneer M lh beat tonio.
W. If. JONHS.
Ilr. il. W. Ielbrlfa-e, nt Allnnla, Ua ,
Wrltra of Unlnu'a 1'lonerr I
Gninn'a Pinnerr Illond Ttonewrrhui been
ned foryenraaith niprei-edrnted luoeeta.
Ilia rnttrrly TcsteUble and doea (he aylonl
no harm. It improve the atlnti:r, diirea
tion and blond makiur. atimulallne;, ln -oraiina
and tunins np all thi lunotiitna and
tittUQ of the avaUiu, end thui beooinea tbe
great blood reniwer and health reatorer.
PIOBIAER ItMtWU RtNtWKB
eurea all Dlood and Pkln Diieaaea, Bheoma
tim,8 -roiula,Uld Korea. A perleel tipring
It not in jour market It will be forwarded
on reoeipt en I no, email bottlea, ll.tali
larae bottlea, 11.75.
Kaaai on lllood and bkln lliteaaaa mailed
MACUM MKUICINK CU., Wafton. Ha.
J. F. UOLST &CRO.,
(scccsssoBS to a, a, boiat a bbo.)
JtJvl MAIN tsT., IWESltMBIS.
AFUIJi and aoinploto itonk of WonH and
Motallio Caiot and Caaketa, Cloth-Covered
Caaketa and Hurial Kobea alwora on
hand, ar-t.irdara hr talevrauh promptly
65 MtMllMia Ktreel. Jfemrthla, Team
A FULL atnok of Wooden and Metallic
Cain a aud Caaketa. Burial Robea.elo.,
alwayton oand. Ordera br Talearapb or lel
enhone t-omnly atfn'lpid n.
, JE3 XL-i
R.G.CRAIG XT7d CD
FA RMING f TOOLS an3
HAVING been appointed truatea nnder
the t owera contained in the trnat deed
made y BaraH L. Dent and Uenrr (.
aeouring the payment of a note for III
them made September 14, 18X2, dbe one year
after dato. detault having been made in the
payment thereof, at tne lequeat or the Bolder
ol taid no a, 1 will, on . 1
IfonilHT. Aorll 5. 18NS.
at 12 a'alock m.. at the iouthwett corner of
Main and Maditon ttree'a, in tli Taxing
Iliftrict of b'lielny county, Tenn.,all the
following detcribed trvcta of landt lb Aral
org nnmg at Uarr and Aici,emore a corner
on Ureer a line; tbenoe eart II 40 chaiaa to
Ureer'a SK corner thence north 10 ehaina to
treer'a N E corner! thrnce eaat 8 chilna to
I'radihaw'a KK oorneri ihenoe rou h 8 79
chaina to McLemore and Carr 8W corner
of la-aore entry: thence eaat 13 chaina
thanoe north 111 chaina to Win. and Gideon
Pillow a line: thence eat la.W: th noa aonth
fiUfheina: toenoe weat 47 90 ohaina to Carr
and MoLemore'a line; tbence north 13 79
ohaina to the begin n n, containing V V anrea,
more or leoa. it beina- te mui tract of lanii
nonveved tn Dmiel lluifhaa hy Jamra K.
Fella hr deed of Auguit 11, 1H0O, recoided in
hnnk 2tt. nua .Ifi
Alao, lot In of the Borland euhdivialon of
Iota. Ironting 60 lent on the eaat tide ol nor
land avenue, and runninr back betweea
pernllel linee 170 leet to an allev.
Alto, part of lot 9 of tame aiihillvlalon, on
the aoutn boundary line ol lot 10, eighty feet
Irom tbe aouthweat coner ot aaue, and run
ninaranuth at riaht analna with taid hound
ary line nine feet and til Ineheti Ih'nre at
right angieaaatt atiten eo'. to at to ran di
rectly over the oentarcf the nouth of tha
eiatern t thence at right anglea nine lent ea
aix incbea to tbe touih b undary 1 ne of aai
proper!' , with all Imi rovemema thereon,
and being tbe tame property conveyed to J.
K. Uillar-l, tru-tee, by 8. L and . U. Dent,
recorded in book 145, page 122, of tbereoordt
of hr!by aou' ty.
Terma of bat Caah. Till belle ve4 t U
good, but I teli only a tru'tce. 1
L.lf. KUTHB, Ja.tTrnatei 1
-iV " TruM Warrtvnfed oxit ICLrTmO
V u wtma gs.irl etlfrVtsmt tVora
lotlW rr1ri Ret.inr, ora nwtil r
Ah IWaM at rtsmfnrt fhirarllnafaiaiaiaiaTltT I
tttWtaUlfN. V indhitTutTea ,rfhr laanak tVeM
lUtaawtTlO EUl Tttftt CO. 31? N. 6th . at. Lo)k.
book oi 100 name.
im beat book for
fm ' ".anaOTe titertoeon-
r ' lt aoniaina lieta of
aewppera and eatinMiea & the eoat of ed-
kanodye titer tooon-
vertiting. Tbe adveriieer who warn to apend
one Hollar, fir. da in it tue information n. re
euirea. while far him who will Inveet ni
bui dred tbouaand dnllera In advertlains, a
he.io ia indicated wbion win meet oil
rery reu'ti;i ment. or can be made to do ao
by rlirhi eban-. eaaily arrived at bv oorre
Dond-noe. One hni dred and Iftr-three
ditiona Para been ieeatni. Bent, poatpaid,
tn any ayidrcHtnr ion Muit. flppiy lo ue. '.
P. K0ELL 0 , NBWSPAl'Kh AD
VBhTISlNO BURKAU.IO prueeit. (Print
ing Hotue 6iore, Kew Toik.
III U- Ki '
vV lA I ZS II
VILV I I
Oflm MM. brt MiAon aamml MtfafMtoQyt
" -"-r" r r-
lSCCQS TlKS It're'eTteru it hi. VeVfcind in SK$fJVSw'
Bmd fkmt mm miaml pkyrician hit U tap po (ft tultfH
Main li J r 1 n in, r, n I, llf j ,,in,, 1 ,4 tiimh ailim la
V MM at ft Udf cf rumutii nmiUun. nd a ehmalo nRmf too tiite iln hi who b4 ban
ftfcanot to th wrr at u-nuitr b, h kwkjU Buflnrtncv. tu tote, ha bM m, mAt oian. Itr
htrpronmly, and ! IM poi Um mm dirxlad pamida with bat hula hiil rl I oaaM
tint riium n of cunuat chiraat.ir, bat Um a a
JiAl Ol tON I1ILL, I'realdent, W. . ILKtKX, Vlce-l wideel
II. J. LYNX, taalilei.
ft ! . VP 'K Ai K s
I.MUU1MUAM Ul L I 1X1U W U Uil 1 iUU
BOfA A ENAI. rill ARU MABIMB BfaitfEHS.
A QUARTER CF A MILLION DOLLARS FULL PAID CAPITAL
H. FU RfiTKVlllfTM. WM. I. (XiLR. JAMkM K LILLY, JOHV LOAJUI.
b. AlANfcFlKLD.. 1). . MYEHS, - . VV'. D. BhTliELL.
DILLARD & COFFi;
MeiiiplilM, Ten n.
ly ChxH Artviuiooai to Mfroliwiilw rmI Plantrrw.
L. D. MULL1N8, of late J. B. Godwin A Co. J AS. YONOR, late ol J. W. Caldwell A Ot
MULLINS & YONGB,
Cotton Factors &Commission merchants
No. 1 Howard's Row, ('nr. Front, and ITnfon, llertiphln.
Gotton Factors and
HILL. FONTAINE & CO.
Cotton Factors, Commission filerchanl,
o. 11(91 Noutli Main t.. m. Lonla
i - . - . - - i
Ocrica or JOHN MANDUUK. Maoraia, Taaa., February IS, im,
I have thia day agreed with
TIIE LIVEIIMOIIK rOD.MiHY A MACHINE COM P4KY
for the aalp of me antlra atnnk of Wvnueht Iron. Nott. Waahera and Heavy Hardware, tha
tmue In take effeot March 1. lHHrt. In retiring troin the buaineaa In thia oitr, I deaire to re
turn thanka to my tr'enda and ouatoniera Tor tbeir liberal patronage during a period of
twenty yeara.iand alao to ataurethem tbat the buaineaa will be tamed over to jrelrnble
and reaponaiu'a partiea whom 1 have known Intimately fur tnanyyeara. 1 ean aafely aature
my friend" and ouatoinera that their ordtra. uudar Ihe new management, will have the heat
oara and attention, and 1 aak lor your continued patronage. JOHN MANOtflK.
Rfirring to above very tlattrrlng no'loe, we tnke ploature Inannoiinolni the following or
rani attou and management tor thn additional liai'artuitnt tha aame. to take afoot Maroh
A. at. I.ITI.RHOKE, 1'reMlilrnt. II. A. TATVM, "rc'y aad Trraa.
The Livermore Foundry & Machine Co.
32a and TiS Necoiul
Deuleri In UA It, Utl N HOOP
waaheri, tllvota, Malta, lleavy Hardware ana
In connection with our I'onudry and Marhlafi Itrparlanral. 100 to 174 Adami atreet.
we believe we are in the beat poailion to (apply any and all demanda lor every oharaeter of
Wrought or Caat Ironwork, Machinery, lleavy Hardware and Hallway buppjiea. . Your
ordtra act'cited, nnd we promito our boat a'tfntinn.
ALABAMA SPLINT GOAL!
Ordrra fur tula Coal, In larc or aniail qnantlllra, tilled hj
1. M. PATXJEUNOW fc ., 190 Jefferson st.
;- Tali-phone UTil.
NAPOLEON niLL, MICHAEL OAVIN, J. 0. I1ANDWBRKRR,.
lOVli I llANAUKft. TIIOMAH KtlVI K, DAVID P. HADllhN.
B. H. BMOOKB. T. II. MIL1IUKN, JAMKH A, OMIiKKU
ANIiRRW KKNKKRT. 80L CoLKM AN. KWD. tlOLDHM 1TH.
JAMEd S. KOBINUOtf. WM. K AT.KNBKRQKR. UAKDW1U I'EKKa.
ataTDepoaita received tn aumi of tl and upward, and lnterott allowed on asm Semf-
gdrVeUboy and tell local Inveitment Bnnda anil Sacurltlea generally, pay taxea, act at
trutUet, and, in general, exeouU any financial butineta requiring tafa andreapontlbie
eerWena'aua drafta, In aumi totultpurcha'era, on all parta of Europe.
gfWi have a oommodloua Vault for tha depoilt oi valuablei, which la at the earvice of
oar caatomere, rroo or t bararo.
. D. P. HIDDEN, rrebltlrnt. EWI, OOLDSMITU, Ylco-PreHldeut
r f JAM EH NATHAN. Caehlor.
Brinldey C ar Woits4S anufact'jr Co
Ilrlnkley, Ark., Muiiuriicttirer ol
YELLOW PINE AND OAK LUMBER,
t AND It It A 1. 1. II IS
Doors, Kh1i, IlllndK, l)reaMtil Fioorlnir, (Vlllrnr, Weathor-Doardlnr,
'Jrt'KH fililnx?H, LiiIIin, i;tf.
aarOur fanilltiea are unaurpvied by anyaawinlll in theRonthfor 111 Ing ordera promptly.
Vlooring, Ceiling, Hiding, Ktep Lumber and Oyproaa hhinnlea a apeoialt : alao, t'ramluK
Lumber of all dimentioni. We make the Wholnanle Buaineaa a ipeoial featur. Ordera
aolicited and promptly Oiled.
GEO. K1YUILLKU, AISNT,
Wo. 124 Jefferson Street MptopM", Tennoiaaiee.
1 Wholesale Grocer a, Cotton Factors
, ' " "And Commission Merchant,
232 and 234 Front St., Memphis, Tens.
I B ETWEES ADAMS AID JBrraUMOS.
Mr.X N. RAINKY derntea hit whole time to the weighing and ante of all Cotton eatrarted
to Mr harr 0'tn Wwfwhntiae. In Wwhiwetnn atrwt.
Iternberg & Son,
'CCt'KSSSS TS STSSSauiw aa aVaUP
TOBACCO, CIGARS & PIPES
3S6 Front St., Ccr. Union, Memphis, Tenn.
'lilhw wilj kaawmanttwl
tm 1 in i t 1 1 a m nil m
nasarkabk, cm." T V. FBAiaJL M D.
Sole PropV 2XStSHS."
Ntrtl, (riempbiM, Tenn
IKON, Duller, Flrebadand Bheot Iron.Nuu.
at. J. Glare