!?Onnn TO t) to loan ia tun to
f""ZvJUvy mil parties having nolei.ell
iatlnrMil, rent notes, chattel nortgajes or
orutaer reliable loeur-tv. Iminire at
3 SRr l PTHFFT,
POCKETRC'OK-OnSfcntid. between Beale
and Union, containing two IJO iM
pieeei and other chanve. Ke'.un to keek's
stable and be reward i.
BICYCLE LAMP In front of my cffioe,:5
In ion street. Finder ili rl" retnra
t mi. FRD TRKP.
CALL rv MADAME PETERS.
IHE GYW CLAIHVoY AXTi
17 Jefferson (treat, up-ftair.
GIsTERNS Built and repaired and war
ranted. Inventor of the Sanitary Port
land Cement Painp. Contractor and brick
layer, leleiihone Hi. TH08. CUBBISH.
MB. TRE7.EVANT, ATTORNEY AT
. LAW, tsarina aad Commercial Notary
Public, Commuiioner of Deeds and U. n.
Commissioner, at the old office. No. 3 Medi
ans street. POLLKCTtONB A hPKCT ALTY.
ROOMS AND BOARD.
LARGE airy room and private board can
be obtained by rentleman and wife, or
to fantlemen, in snburba, by addressing,
with relerencFi, R. I)., car thii onVe.
OOMS AND BOARD Newly furniihed,
at 49 Maraet, street.
OOM Furni'hed room, with or without
board, at 111) Conrt str-et.
BOARDERS wishing comfortable hornet
with exoa lont table accommodation
will find it greatly to their advantage to
coma to the Polk liouse, 3U6 Second street.
Transients will be well eared for at leu than
one-half the usual hotel price.
M. W. POLK, Mantger.
OOMS AND BOARD Desirable rooins
and t.oard at it Al-uuon street.
Ql, JAMES UOUSE-Cor. Second and Ad
1 J amtsta, Roo'iy and board $5 per week.
Dar boarders wilted.
BOARD-WitU excellent room,
124 ADAMS STRF.ET.
5 NICE Rooms, furnished or unfurnished,
with or without board, at 137 Madison at.
TWO large unfurnished rooma, with or
without board, at6tt Madison itreet, cor-
6 ROOM COTTAGE,
372 Adams itreet.
2-SiORY HOUSES, Seventh and Carolina,
7 rooma. Dr. Laurence. Telephone 7j0.
OOMS Nice fuiniihed rooms,
At 7U second street.
"VTEW C0TTA8E All modern improve
mentei Are rooms, bath and pantry;
430 Lauderdale. Keya next door.
10TT AGE Konr rooms, 68 Auction street.
Apply atts intra st.
Tl OlIHE No. "5 Adami street, on corner
Third: three stories ; good rpairi from
July 1, 1886,
JUUN W. UUKK1N,
80) Second street.
TVJIOE RESIDENCE-377 Orleana street,
XN just south of Vance (on the new itreet
car lino); house in rood repair. Aop y to
R. . HARRIS, 300 Front at.
HOUSE Two story frame, 35 MarkV stT
new. with all modern Improvements.
Apply to L. FRITZ. 1H Main st.
FUhNISQED ROOMS For genu and for
housekeeping, at 116 Court street.
TWO elegant front rooms, furnished or
unfurnished. Apply at 8 Adams st.
ROOMS Furnished or unfurnished, at 118
Second street. References required.
URNISHED K00M8-Anply at
117 UUUMT BT.
10TTAGE Three rooms, cistern, at 257
Georgia street. Arply next room.
ClOTtAUK-No. 414 Lauierdale, 7 rooms
in good repair, good ciatern; $25 per
month- Apply to No. 8M4 Main atreet.
At2C5 Union street
KAfi MKN For levee work to go on the
'JJf Kilo Adams this evening at 6.
Transportation furnished. Apnly to
GEO. ARNOLD A CO
SITUATION With some reliable firm as
aocountnnt fr traveling salesman for
terri'ory of Arkansas: the latter proferred,
and in grocery line (not liquors): best ref
erences given. For particulars, address
W. L. DKLONY. Nashville, Tann.
TO ADVANCE MONEY On household
property without rcmcvnl. Addrs
P. O. BOX 18.
2frf MEN The St. Louis, Arkansas
UuU nd Texaa Ry., in Missouri, Ar
kansas and Texaa. want 2000 white and ool
ored laborers en section work, trains, eto.
Wages, SI 10 to II 25 per day, paid promptly
every month. Transportation free from
Memphis to tbe work to men who mean busi
ness. For further information, apply to
J. B- CHAPLIN US, 208 Front street,
HANDS Fsrm laberers wanting to maki
eotton and corn erops, oall to-day or to
'morrow at W A.Gage A Co.'a, 3n0 Front st.
A. LEA A CO.
EVERYBODY To call and see the cele
brated Gypsy Clairvoyant, at 177 Third
street, near Poplar.
GOOD M AN-Who understands gardening.
Addrea l. H.. this office.
YOUNA Woman, German or Irish, to do
work of small family, at 83 Mulberry St.
C-1 00D PLAIN C00K-(WHITE)-At 153
T Ueergia street. Fort Pickering; good
wages; references required.
rpO LADIEJ AND GENTLEMEN If you
X wish to so our future husband or wile,
oall on MADAME PJSTERS,
17 Jefferson street, up-stairi.
I ADY AGENTS For Mrs. Campbell'
J New " 'filter "a Tiltr, Bustle, Hoop
skirt and Underskirt oombined. Hoops can
be removed and skirt laundried. Adjusta
ble to anyaiae. Ve y fashionaole, and sells
tor S-to every well-dressed Udyassoonas
shown. Agents double their money. Al'o,
a lull line of new furnishing goods for ladies
and children. Address, with stamp, E. 11.
CAMPBELL A CO., No. 484 West Randolph
'Street, uninaao. Ill
TO BUY One mare mule, medium site;
also, a deer or pairot them. Apply to
1 1 , -it- n, i.j.-.. ......
NURSE GIRL-Whlte nnraagirl.
Apply at 108 Adams street.
EXPERIENCED AGENTS-And corre
spondents for new business. Positions
permanent. Salary or oommission. Writ
NATIONAL ECONOMIST. Chicago, Til.
inf"ii"s SALARY TO AGENTS Ad
1UUU dres at once, DR. SCOTT'S
iHCTRIG GOODS, 842 Broadway, New
York. The only gen ulne
SITUATION By a young ladyaa teacher
in publio or private school. Beit refer
ence given. Address
A. M. T., Memphis. Tenn.
OOD COOK Mast be well recommended.
Apply at this ottice.
COLORED MAN To work in house.
Arply at 72 Madison street.
LADIES and Gentlemen, In city or coun
try, to take light work at their homes;
II to $3 a day easily made; work sent by
mail; no eanvaesing. We have a good de
mand for onr work, and furnish steady m-
loymenr- Address, Vltn stamp, tauna
r u uu,Z!H v ne St., utnotnnati, unio.
1 1RL For general housework; white
preferred. Inquire at 158 Hernando st.
SITION-Aa Stenoaranher and Type-
Writer; terms reasonable. X, this ottice.
AGENTS With small capital. W have
something new, no risk, large profits,
wpecial 30-dy offer, write at or.ee.
EMPIHB CO., 381 Canal street, N. Y.
WHITE WOMAN-To learn new shirt
ircninr. MEMPHIS STEAM LAUN
DRY AND SHIRT FACTORY, 224 Second.
BLACKSMITH A good I lasksmith to run
a country shop. Must also be a good
"wood workman. Good wages paid. Call on
-or addresi D. J. ALLEN A CO.,
AN INTELLIGENT, Earnest Catholio
man to ropresent a larae, responsible
Barclay rtroet house in his own locality and
.Ant.Ri.la lnrn cities. A remunerative salary
to right paity. References exebnnged. Ad
dress BARCLAY. Box 1585, N- Y
EVERY ONE In need of a hard, smooth,
durable and waterproof pavement or
a :.. u'lTuMfc iirri'ut-MPnw
Door, BXtluot. " i.civ'is a uiiuirimi
CKfcir.. leicpnone ,
BOARUERa At 140 Madison ; nice rooms,
good fare ; transients accommodated.
GENTS In every section of the country
for two Now Books, just ready. Spkcul
TsRktstumen of experience capable of fill
ing a larire territory. State experience, ace
and territorr wanted. CASSELL A Cu.
(!:mitil), tiii Broadway, N. V., and 40 Dear
born sret, Chjcuro
AuESMK.N In every State In the II- ion
tortnrssc't a PAINT MANUFACTUR.
INQ l.Si'.LLlH.VENT having several
?;Jll.Tl: thatare popular and easy tsell
irs j . t'nn be bundled alone or in eonneoti. n
wh of;ter too.l. Address Til K W M . B.
I'ZSii ilASl'i'!. C'J.. BALIiJIORS, MD.
COWS One red, withi teaU; the other, a
J large red and whi e spottej. Deliver at
Hernando road and Provine street, and te
rc w rd ed.
HORSE On (onday, April 2'th, one bay
bone, about 11 yews years old. Lib
eral reword for retcrn ot same to
LIXKHAl EK ALKJ1MAS, 22 Main.
SE BAY H0RfE-Return to
Lmkhauer A Lehman. :"-J Main St.
ONE DARK RED COW-Witk bli-d
face; o 'O horn erooked; living aOout
3 gallons of mi.'k; li-ft my i Uce on Sun
day. April 2,'nh. Will pay a lioeral rewaid
ou her dliverv to me.
W. H. GODBKY. Volentine avenue.
O WHITE C0W8-One with rope around
i head. 15 reward for th-ir return to R.
B. r) A RTON . rear Carre. Her' ndo roal.
QVERT0N A GROSVBNOR.
Ortici No. 2tU Second itreet,
Memphis, Tenn., s
Offer far sal the following choice propertv,
terms on which will be made known at their
No. 85 Madison Street Ele-ant new two
story brick reiidenc. lot i7,iH8! feet, on
southeast oorner of Madison street and first
alley east of Third street. Eight large
rooms and all modern improvement. Rental
value, 1100 per month.
Country Home Well improved, eleven
acres land, house of six rooms, neeessary
outhouses, orchard, fplendid well, beautiful
lawn and forest grove in front of house; new
maradim road about completed to Ilia city;
on north side of Union avenue, IS miles
east of the city.
No. 375 Beale Street Two-stoiy frarnqj
resiaence. ioi toxt-tn leei, iod targe rooinr, m
good repair. Rental value, iiu per month.
No. 220 Wellington Street Two-storv
frame residence, oi'posite W. D. Bethell
residence, eivht rooms, in first-class condi
tion and conveniently arranged; lot 40x175
A very desirable houst, corner of Alabama
street and Thornton avenue, eat of and ad
joining the Wetter place Two-story Irame
residence, nine room, in good repair, two
large cistorns; lot eqnal to about an acre of
Doub'e-Tenement Frame one-story House
Nos. 378 and 3KI Vance street; seven rooms
each, in good repair ; lot 00x148 feet. Rental
vulue. &55 per month.
Price, 15)00, or t-looO for either tenement.
The McOmber Wace North side of Fratier
between Wollington and Laudsrdale streets;
houro of eight rooms, in good repair; lot
An Elegant Adams Street Residence Near
No. 332 Jefferson Street, between Lauder
dale and Orleans streets Two-atory frame
re idonoe, ton rooms, in good repair, all mod
ern improvements; lot 37x148 foot. Hental
value, 135 per month.
Four New Cottages Not. 172, 174, 176 and
178 Orleans street between Madison and
Monroe at eets, three rooms eaoh; lot40xli
foot; very desirable lor mechanics. Rental
value, $15 each.
Price. $1000 each.
No. 71 Calhoun Street, near Main Frame
cottage, five r wins, built last year. Rental
value, $20 per month.
Lot 35, on west aide of Auction Square,
35x75 feet. .
Lot 160, on south side of Auction Square.
37x75 feet. i , . , ,
South half of lot 202; on west side Second
street, between Overton and Conoord streets,
37x148 feet, with small house.
Lot 7, in block 13, on wet side of Shelby
street, between Linden and Pontotoo streets,
60x200 feet. This lot ironts on Shelby aid
Clinton streets. . ,
Price, $3200. 1
No 9 Howard's raw. or Union street, 25x100
feet, three-story brick storehouse, in good
repair. Rental value. $t0 per month.
100 Lots, each having a front of 60 feet by
a depth of 170 foot, fronting on Calhoun,
Clay, Webster and Georgia streets.
Price. $15 tot K) per front toot.
50 Lots, 60x150 feet each, fronting on Saf
farans, Looney, Ewiug and Manassas streets,
in Ninth Ward.
Price. IS to til) ner front foot.
Lot 141. on west side of Main street, 74x148
feet, between Winchester and Market
streets. Will be aold at a bargain.
Lot 450, southwest corner of Second and
Sycamore streets, 148x148 feet.
Lot 305. northeast corner of Overton and
Third streets, 148x148 feet.
Storehouse in Jefferson block, No. 229
Second street, one of tbe finest buildings in
the city; four stories, iron front; 21x148 feet.
Ron s lor $135 per month.
50 Beanfiful Buildina Lots, of one and two
acres each, in Claybrook subdivision, one
mile esst of city, between union avenue anu
Poplar street, at from $300 to $500 per acre.
Lot 32, on southwest corner of Adams and
Manassas streets. bOxloO teel.
Prtm iMI n.pfnAt.
Lots on'flass evenue, in Dawson subdi
vision, at$ per toot; ana lot on Jenerson
street, corner of Manassss, at $25 per foot;
and in various other narts of the city.
Call and eiaxine ourlista. We offer some
special bargabia, and will take pleasure in
bowing property to parties wanting to buy,
either for building purpose or as invest
ments. Title perfect. Abstracts furnished
OVttRTON A GROSVENOR.
264 Second street.
(!I?OnfiWILL BUY a now business for
tSjUJJ the cute of Xennessee, Ala
bama, Missouri or Louisiana, to make large
cash profits at once; a monopoly tuny pro
tooted. Parties wishio- a good business ad
dress MAN II FACTOR KK, thisoffice.
FURNITURE On account of leaving the
oitr, in lots to suit, furniture, at 374
oor. Dunlap and Hawley.
lUKAP FOR CASH The two-story Briok
J Storehouse. No. 161 Beale street, just
east o' Desoto: lot 21x70; will tnke f.KU),
GEO. T. VANCE, Citiiens' St. R.R. office.
"I OOD second-hand BUGGY, full leather
VJ top, tor too, at Halt s Ptamc, op union
ON MONTHLY PAYMENTS Handsome
new two story bouse and lot, 146x168,
ftintninff KtatA Female College. Also. lot.
50x170, Georgia street, one block west of
Main street. Address T. A.Lamb or J. it.
Burton, 10 Madison street.
C CHIHUAHUA (MEXICAN) DOG-Good
J pet for children. Apply at 17 Jefforien
GUITAR-One 3 8. Martin A Co guitar,
with case. Price $30. UOUCK'd MU
SIC STOIUS13S9M8insireet. ,
WELLINGTON STREET RESIDENCE
7 rooms, Al order, firit-olasl neigh
borhood; ereat bargain
M. K. CON AWAY, 285 Main t.
Y Cottage Residence ; 7 rooms ; 600 Lau-
derdale St.; large lot. J- v- finnic
PIANOS A large assortment of second
hand Pianos, some as good as new.
Prices from $5J unward. A Chiokering
Grand, cheap for eash. , .
ORGAN A good Pipe organ, having two
banks of keys, 24 stops, and IS octave
pedal bass, at Second Pres'-vterian church,
I. 1... UJ.... V wrT'UXKK A 0.1).
aipiuysn. ""g m. . . .... j. .... . " - -
JtGGS Pure Plymouth Rook ana Brown
jua-Turi riniuuiu vou
Lrhorn es( t SI for 15.
UN SON A GUINNEE, 252 Front.
RfBARREir R"f AVES, CHEAP -In
car loU. BRINKLEY LUMBER CO.,
izt jenerson rw..
TjINE PAYING HOTEL BUM.MtSS oil
Jj uated in one of the livest towns in the
South. Does a business of over $1000 per
month. Bar can be added to the business,
if desired. For terms, address
J. 8. M., Box 102, Meridian, Miss.
TNlWPORT NEWS, VA.-1000 lota, 500
feet water fro it, 41 feet deep. For full
information address WM. A. DEAN,
47 Lexington street. Baltimore, Md.
TENNESSEE STATE CERTIFICATES
Re eeivehl an and all ones to the
o. OVURTON nHOHVKNfVR.
Propoanla Improvement ot Hot
bprlnce ateaervatlois, Ark,
DRPARTMRgT Or THg IlCTg10R,
Wa.hingtnn, April 6, 1886.
SEALED PROPOSALS will be received at
this Department until 12 o'clock m., Fri
day, April 30, 188ti, for furnishing the mate
rial and labor required in completing the cul -vert,
securing bot water springs and laying
certain iron pipo, in tho improvement of
Hot Springs Reservation, at Hot Springs,
Blank forms of proposal, specifications
and instructions to biddors will be furniihed
npon application to this Department, or to
the " buperinunuent ot liol opringa ie:er
vation," at Hot Springs. mi.LI)R0W
rianters Eire and Marine Insurance
Company of Menipliis.
Mkmphih, Tkn., April 24, 18S6.
THE annual meetin of the Ptoek'-olders
of this company will be held at their of
fice, No. 41 Madison street, ou
Wertneaclny, May B, 1HSB,
f..r the Election of Directors to lorve the en-suink-
yeir. J. li. SMITH, Secrotary.
MEMPHIS DAILY APPILVL THURSDAY,
ESTABLISHED AT THE I.E M0INE
Formal Opening- Last Xiplit Ad-
Urest by Mr. J. X. Kfatlnir Re
marks by Rabbi SaiBflelil.
ThoLeMoyne instil nt cf tbii city
is, without doubt, one of tbe beet con
ducted institutions for the education
of colored yonth within the limits o(
theuniou. it bat an average attend
ance of nearly 300 pupils, who are not
only instructed in tbe learning con
tained in books, bot are abo taught
auch useful and practical arts as will
be ol service to tbem in making their
way in tbe world. Tbe girls are taught
sewing and cooking, an bonr each day
beingderoted to each of these branches
of education ; an bonr each day is also
set apart for tbe instruction of a clars
in nursing. AlrW months ago Piof.
A. J. Steele, tbe accomplished princi
pal of the institute, began ta put into
operation a plan that he baa cherished
for years, the foundation of aa indus
trial department in tbe school, where
ycung men may receive instruction in
the mechanical arts. A cla was
started in February that now numbeis
twenty-nve pupils, wno leceive daily
lessors in woodwork and car
pentering. Tbe pupils range in
age frjm seventeen to twenty-five,
and aro expected, a prerequisite
to admifsion in tbe class to fee thor
oughly grouadid in tbe rudiments of
a common school education. Mr. 8.
S. Steele, a practical mechanic and an
efficient instructor, baa charge of tbe
Has?, and speaks with confidence of
tbe f atiafactory tesu'tj alrtady
achieved. There a-e ten carpenter
benches in tbe class-room with twenty
five tool) to each bench. Three classes
ate daily iostruct9d, and some ot the
ttudents are already developing spe
cial aptness for their tasks and justi
fying the wisdom of the founders of
the class by tbe progress they have
made. It is contemplated to make
each court e embrace three years, to be
spent as follows: Firet year, wood
working; second year, forging and
iron-work, and the third year ma
ch'nery. Laet night the formal opening of tbe
Manual Training Department of tbe
Institute took place in the large recitation-room
of the rchool, and there
were present, by invitation, a large
number ol prominent citiz jns wno are
known friends of the Institute, in ad
dition to the regular pupils and their
relatives and friends. On the plat
form sat Kabtu SiraHeld, jnt. J
Harvey Matbes, Judge J. M. Greer
and the Rev. Mr. Jones.
After prayer by tbe latter gentleman
Prof. Steele introduced Mr. J. M.
Keating, of tbe Appeal, who ad
dressed the audience as follows.
Mr. J. M. Hentlng'a Addreaa.
Mv Fribnps We have come to
gether to-night to celebrate with
grateful hearts the opening of this
school for manual training for tbe
education of voung men and women
in useful and remunerative trades and
occupations. Humble as a beginning,
let us hope that its ultimate result)
are to be the fruits of right-living, of
truth, of firmness in right ways, of
manly and womanly independence in
indDBtry, in thrift, in decency of man
ner, of speech and of life, of justice
and honetty, of rectitude of purposa
and constant gratitude to those whose
dream for tbe betterment of mankind
thus finds a realization.
will occur to many, why the necessity
tor manual training why are the
young men and women of to-day to
be taught in schools what those who
preceded tbem have been taught in
workshops? The answer is tbat in
many workshops of many trades there
is no longer the opportunity offered
for special training, and tbat in schools
established for that purpose pupils are
sure of learning thoroughly under tbe
direction of accomplished masters of
handicraft, so tbat tney may go out
into the contending world measurably
prepared for tbe battle of life. Here
tbe use of tools in daily recurring
lesions is to be explained the expert
and proper use tbat distinguishes tbe
master from tbe "jack-leg" or pre
tender. Here tbe pupil is to learn
tbe true measure of square and com'
paes, the value of proportion in de
si en and purpose, and how invention
may be prompted by the study of
wavs and means to tbe accomplish
ment of better results in useful
THE PBOGREHS OK NATIONS
is eisilv traced bv the tools in use by
mechanics. Indeed, if I was asked to
bridge the distance between savagery
and civilixation, I should do it with
box of tools. Tbe civilized man owes
all tbat he is to the tools in the hands
of progressive mechanics. The savage
seldom originates anything. He does
not work. He produces notbing tbat
is not compelled by his necessities. He
b n ot) and fishes when he is not at war.
He makes nothing that involves handi
craft employments. . Oar own Indians
are proof in point The savage man
in the early ages ot tbe world made
and used stone hammers and flint
arrow-headr, advancing a step beyond
that, and into barbarism, he made
bronze arrow and spear heads and
swordp, hammers and hatchets. How
he came to make bronze, te know
tbe value of metals so as to fuse them
with accuracy we shall probably never
know. Tbat fact, like many others, is
lost to ns, perhaps forever. It is sup
posed to have been an accidental dis
covery, bat whether by accident or
design it made the way easy to re
sultant civiliiation. From bronze
the transition to iron was slow, but
once effected there followed with re
markable celerity the uplifting of tbe
tribes of men so blessed. Tbe nation
in barbaric days that bad mines and
made ircn implements was a dominat
ing and overmastering power. Tbe
nation in oar day is greatest that
counts the most tools. For that rea
son AMERICA IS PRE EMINENT.
In tbe number and variety of tools
in daily use to make good work easy
of accomplishment, ours surpasses all
other nations, Great Britain not ex
cepted. Here the jack-screw was firet
employed to ratre bouses from their
foundations and for their removal to
distant sites. Possessed of tbe funda
mental principles of mechanics, the
adventurous American moves like a
god to the accomplishment of great
works, to mcceeelul contention with
nature, to tbe bridging of space and
the annihilation of time. But attaining
to this expertness he must have gone
to school and learned by slow, by cer
tain steps the value of these principle.
Let us eee how they have been for-
mu'ated. If we go into a field that
is being plowed ami watch the opera
ton closely the longer we look the
simpler it Beems. It appears ti be
easily within the reach of aoy willing
psir of hands, and yet if we a-k the
plowman he will tell us tbat, easy ts
it seems, there is a knack about it that
can only be acquired by long practice
and by.panentiy and laboriously over
coming many diflk-altlee. That, in
other words, there is what artists
term a technique about it, a handi
craft subtlety, that only training and
usage, supports 1 by puts. stent cour
age, can enable man or boy to
master. And si it is with the more
ordinary, but equally as useful,
work of tbe ensile. There is a me
tho Ileal u?e of that moat primitive of
ic6trumtnts in (lis ham's cf man that
enables those who know to dig ail day
without tr.mble r serious lo s of
physical power, but this mtttiod in
only a?qnited by months, perhaps
years, of fioding out. And so in
TUE.SK FIRST DIGINNINU1 C LAUDR
we see that instruction and experi
ence in the right handling and right
use cf even the simplest toils is essen
tial to the mastery that enables men
to do with ease what at first was a te
dious labor. The same la to be said of
the nee of the ax, in which the true
woodsman becomes so great an expert
as to fell trees with rapidity and ap
parent eae tbat astonisnes and dis
mays tbe learner sad beginner. But
leaving the field and tha foreet, let us
go ti the sea and wa'cb tbe operations
of the busy fisherman who, far from
tne land, pnanes nis precarious ven
tures in way that excites the bravest
landsman to admiration and applause.
The little and often fia'l cratt whence
the nets are cast is mnpaged with the
consummate skill cf an experienced
tailor to meet tbe nnods ot sea and
air, and hauls are madt with mechan
ical precision and adjustment to the
oscillations and irregalar tossing of
tbe boat, and at last the re-
ults of tbe lav are landed
as the reward of well direct el
exertion. But simple and eay as it
all looks, tbe fisherman will tell you
tbat bis apparent sleight-of-hand, like
his indifference to wiad and weather,
are the results of years ot service
from boyhood, ot observation and of
practice. He will tell you that there
is a long vocabulary of words to be
learned as well as of skill in man
agement of tbe boat to be acquired,
besides which there Is
of seines ard lines and sinkers and
nets and bait, and if crabs and oyetcr
are involved of cribs and tongs and
ths handling of them in proper sea
sons and right ways. This is tbe
technical knowledge of the fisherman
and the secret of bis trade, which it
baa taken centuries lo bring to its
present state of perfection. The man
who is beat versed in tbat knowledge
and is most direct in tbe application
of it is the best fisherman, and that
there are beat and better fishermen
aa there are best and better plowmen,
and spade and shovel men can easily
be ascertained by careful examination
ot these separate fields of labor. Kven
the men who mix mortar and cement
for tbe bricklayer and (tone mason ac
quire by practice a knack of doing
their work that has a recognized value
which often eecurea its poesessor an
advance ot wages above bis fellows.
Tbe bricklayer and stone mason work
with the trowel, tiio hammer, the
plummet and the lino. These are
simple instruments, but their ns?,
though plain, cannot be acquired as
readily as one would suppose while
watching the building of a wall. It
takes from four to five years to make
of an intelligent lad
A GOOD BRICBLLA YEB OR MASON,
a man who can' hy bricks rapidly or
fit and adjust stone and follow the line
and plummet wiih tho accuracy essen
tial to eecure straight walls and plumb.
Look at the carpenter as be works
with plane and saw, chisel and ham
mer. His work seems more than tbat
of all other mechanics within the
reach of most men. And yet the
driving ot a nail will convince even
the most skeptical that there is a
alight of hand necessary tbat can only
be attained to by years of proper and
intelligent direction and practice. The
preparation and adjustment and fit
ting of timbers in doors, windows,
floors, stairways and walla require the
highest degree of mechanical skill, in
volving precision and care. In
the machine shop, where iron is
bandied ai if it were wood and it is
turned into all desired shapes for ma
chinery, the same degree of .perfec
tion in skill is needed. All the details
are technical and involve the nse of
vocabulary rich in its number of
words and their meanings. iKven so
seemingly simple a work air the care
and running of an engine requires a
technical skill and knowledge tbat
must be equal to j
THE SKVEBEST TISTS OF 9XAMI1UTI0N
in some of the States, and should be
in all, before a man car, put his hand
upon it Engineer! for Ihe navy can
only become proficient after four years
of severe study under-accomplished
professors. But they are proficients in
every branch of mechanical engineer
ing and are generally equal to every
emergency, as are the engineers of the
army In tbe construction ol lortilica
tions, of bridges, of buildings, and of
all work that falls within the reach of
architect and civil engineer. The
architect who plans for great build
ings overcomes a mountain of techni
cal difficulty before he can enter upon
the practice of bis profession ; and no
one can examine the great steamships
that plow the ocean and are among
oar quickest means' of international
transit without a feelingtf thankful
ness that marine architecture has been
formula tod to meet all tbe difficulties
of two of tbe-'moBt destructive ele
ments in nature wind and water.
Nothing can bs done well that hah
not been previously planned. Oat of
planning, wbictt is tne result 01 expe
rience and thongnr, comes tbe tecn
nique.tbat is the handicraft knowledge,
that makes accuracy and skill possible
in all trades and callings. Let ns
look at a handsome, luxuriously
finished carriage and recall the amonnt
and character of work involved in its
construction. The springs are a mar
vel of tensile streEg'h and the wheels
of resisting power. But there is tbe
body, tbe poiien ol wmcn rennets
every pasaing object, and tbe uphol
ster v, which makes of seat and back
B OF LC tl BY THAN ANY ORIENTAL
XVKR DREAMED OP.
Compare this to the rude efforts of
the country wagon-maker, and the
diUerence manes plain at a glance me
value of skilled labor over crude aud
nBskilled. 'Let ns go to the library
and take one of the best of onr books,
and through its pages and on its cover
crace tbe nanuiworax oi I'uuipusuur,
pressman, paper-maker and hook
binder. No one not carefully trained
through years could accomplish what
Here is tbe uem production oi tus bkb
oce of its marvels, me result oi
the ''ait preservative of a 1 arts.
Evon the riding and driving of
horses requires schoolirg and train
ing. And the most, ordinary duties in
volved in housekeeping have their
diflijnlties, s any one can learn on
inquiring at any one of our g eat
hoteis, where none but experienced
and quick-banded help is employed.
AhK ANY WOMAN
to tell you what the diflerenco is be
tween a boiue-mado and a milliner
made dres, and she will answer that
it is the diuVrence betneen untaught,
and therefore unskilled labor and the
APRIL 2, 1SS6.
trained, and therefore ekillful woiran,
who understands form and color, the
effect of artistic draping and the
adaptation of styles of draper v to the
leanest? the stoutest, the tallett
and ths shortest woman, ar.l color
to the fairest and the darkest in com
plexion. Almost all women can sew,
but only tbe aitistically and cat. fully
educated milliner can finish wort.'.
Thy, like tbe tailor, put what might
be tirmel a polish upon tbeir work
that only artists ran understand.
By their effricta ti'.ey can make
or mar the marj or woman.
Cooking, which hadits beginning in
the first crnde effjrti f man to escape
from the horrors of if w food, baa been
elevated to a place among tbe tine arts.
I', too, has its rpecial vocabulary and
its technique, to b expert in which
ttkes often years, sometiuifs a life
time. The necessity for technical
training thus madJ apparent, the ex
istence of this st haol is justified. Lim
ited in the number of occupations to
which its pupis aire confined; it is still
A MOST ENCOURAGING KKilNNINO.
It brings comfort and hope to the few
who have urged and argued for a
practical education tbat shall fit boys
and girls for tbe real battle of life;
thot ahall makf independent men and
women of thei in the truest sense of
the word. For who is so independent
as the man aid woman who, skilled
in mechanism, can command emp'oy
ment at tbe best wages wherever they
may go in the ever-widening world in
which the English language is spoken.
Tbe man who is not trained to work,
and does not j understand or has not
mastered a trade or calling, is not as
well equipp 'd as the man who can
handle tbe rick and the shovel with
the knowledge uecersary to the con
servation of : his energies. Tbe man
who knows a trade is by so much
richer than he who does not. lis bits
a capital of which he cannot be
robbed. He poster's an engine
which he can use at will and engineer
at pleasure. The mechanio is tho
tnaetvr and minister ot civilization.
Before he wai called into being
the world was in the twilight
of tavagery. Civilization, a) I have
(aid. emerged from tbe age ot iron.
which was preceded by the brocze
a.e and it by the stone age. Before
bronze (words were made men need
stone hammers and bone knivoa and
bidkins. With these crude and un
certain weapons they fought the fight
with savage nature and with each
THE DINC'OVRRY Oh' BRONZE
was a step toward a' condition one
more grade above the brute. With it
men came to' higher knowledge in
other things, like nets and seines to
catch fish and houses on tbe margin oi
lakes above over How and beyond the
reach of their enemies. Thus
we have the first beginnings of
mechanics' construction. The fusing
of copper and tin in making
bronzs, led lo the discovery of the
properties of other mttals and the
smelting of them by means that have
been much improved, npon since.
Thus knowledge and acquired skill, in
ever so crude a way, lios at the foun
dation of civilization. With the use
cf iron the march of improvement be
gan. As men became more and more
(killed in its manufacture they be
came more and more civilized. In
this, the greatest and richest of all pe
riods in the biatory ot tne world
THKAUK OK BTEIEL
iron enteis into the construction of all
tools and engines and implements, our
houses, our railroads, steamships, and
the telegraph and telephone the most
wonderful instruments oi nuiuan
genius. The greatest of all the indus
tries ot Uermany la tbe Krupp manu.
factory of guns, and tho richest and
busiest part ot England is the " black
country" of the north, the fires ot
whose furnaefs are unquenchable. In
our own country Pennsylvania leads
all the States in manufactories, be
cause of her coal and iron. And so in
tbe South here, our own State, rich in
these richest of all minerals, is rapidly
advancing with Alabama to rival the
great working centers of the North.
The mechanic is the master and min
ister ot the age. What is there in the
humblest home or most gorgeous
palace tbat is essential to life, comfort
or luxury that has not come from his
pregnant brain and skillful band f
What is there thai is essential to com
merce that has not come from his
workshop? Tbe telegiaph and tele
phone wires and instruments, the
ocean cable, tbe railroad with its en
gines, the steamship and its engines,
all are the products of. his labor. The
chair we ait npon. ths table we sit at,
the plates we eat from, and the knives,
forks and spoons we eat with, all
re from his workshops. The clothes
that shield us from ths winter
blasts and the .heats of summer,
the bed that makes comfortable rest
and reenperatiye sleep possible are all
made by bim. Ths very slump and
engine by which the money tf the
country is coined and the press by
which greenbacks are printed are tbe
results of his skill. The plows, the
harvester! and planters, the shovels
and spades are also the work of bis
hand and biain, whose ancient pre
decessors FIRST LIFTED MAN ABOVE THE BRUTE
and placed in ils band the adze of
stone and the sword of bronze and of
iron. In tbe fouseums of onr own
country, as well as those of Europe,
the aathropologlit the scientist who
deals in the science ot man traces by
distinct and gradient steps the growth
of barbarism out of savagery and
civilization out of barbarism by the
progress made in tools for work and
defense, in fabrics for cloth
ing and in houses for protec
tion. He does not trace it by
capita', but by ths inventive genius,
the taste and skill of successive gen
erations of mechanics, each improving
upon tbe tools and appliances and tbe
work of the other, and each leaving
tbe world better than he fonnd it.
And this is to be the hope of the boys
and girls who are to be trained here in
the proper nse of tools. They roust
strive for perfection by patient en
deavor. They must not, above all
thingx, ever be disheartened. Dis
couragements will come, bnt they
must be overcome. They are always
the test of merit and of purpose. These
who are in earnest will survive tbem ;
those that succumb will sink to noth
iognefs. They will not leave the
world better tnan tbey found it. Be
in love with yonr work, have pride in
it, be determined to excel in it, and
you cannot fail. This, with courag?,
self-reliance and penooal dignity, will
make for yon a place among men and
conquer all yonr difficulties of tosi
tion. By tbe constant exercise ot
these faculties you will be lilted up
and will be free beyond the power of
men to prevent. Upon you
largely depends whether' this work of
practical education shall go on. If
you succeed it will encouraiu othors
lo follow you and
1'UII.AKTUfiOPIC MEN AND WOMEN
to establish and sustain other schools
until they are sufficiently multiplied
to meet the public demand. We must
have schools for mechanics as we have
schools of medicine, of art and of en
gineering. To the school of technol-
XX 0RDER1BT.M1IL FOR
BAMPIjEIB OF FANCY HHIIlTINGr,
With talf-Maaurln Cards, sartt bv mall on application. Tnu ean bava a nav sat nfJSairts
mad by aaadiai us an old on to insaura bv. WRITK l'OK OVi PlUCKb.
MEMPHIS STEAM SHIRT FACTORY,
r fAIPBUI rrnprio-l
JVZ.M KOZIshK, lor.. (
Memphis Steam Laundry,
224 SECOND STKEET.H
W hav. ttaa Latest Improved Trof Lanndrr Oompan j'a feaehlnarjY
COLLAKS, CUFFS and 8IIIHTS I.annarledJRqnul ( New.
CALLS AMD DELIVERIES FREE. WORK CAN BE BENT.BT AlLNR EXPRESS.
Ij ACI? CUIXTAINN A NPECIALTT.
pgy of Boston and the school ot mines
of Columbia Colleg, New York, we
largely owe in this country the rapid
advance that has been made in the
establishment nf schools for practical
training. In Europe the first World's
Fair at London made tho necessity for
auch ecbor Is apparent, and the result
is seen in the improved work of Khef
tlald, Birmingham and Manchester.
The change thus begotten has been
greatly accelerated hy euhwquent na
tional and international fairs, all of
which hava atrangtbened the convic
tion with thoughtful men that through
and by technical tcbools supremacy
in indur-try is to bo obtained and
maintained, llere, in cur own coun
try, the changes tbat have been
wrouiibt In the life ol tbe rising gen
eration of Indians by the Armstrong
school at Hampton, the Mission school
at bauntee, Uak., over wnlch Mr.
Riggs presides, and the govern
ment schools at Carlisle, l'a.,
Lawrence, Kas., and at other
places in the West, have more than
s tisfled the most carping that in prat
t cat training boys and girls are to find
tlirir best equipment lor me. No con
vincing are the results attending the
labor accomplished In these school
that It is deemed fair to predict that
the American Missionary Association
will within the next two years bave
all its schools at tbe fcoutb wtll
eanipped for manual training.
What the drawlns-clasa of the ordi
nary rchonl has done to advance the
taste ol the people and forco menu
facturera into the accomplishment of
more artistic work tne manual train
ing school will do tor the mechanio
arts. It will force better ana more
conicientious work, and will help to
elevate the mechanic to his proper
plwo and dignify labor as the basis of
tbe nation s wealth and greatness.
Tho nt-xt speaker was
who niadu an rloiint, Impivtwivo
and interesting address, taking for his
suliiect the "Dignity of Labor." It
was the opinion of ninny of theme
present, who had frequently heard
tho learned itnhlii both in the pulpit
and on the platform, that ho was
never more happy than in ids effort
hint night. 1 lo drew liberally from
.lewirih loro in mipport of the po
sition that a niechnnie was not
without honor even in tho earliest
days, anil eontriiKtcd with tell
ing ell'ect tho relative positions
of tho knight of chivalry, wasting
his manhood In idle gullautries and
fruitions deeds of valor, and the mod
ern toiler whoso strong right arm
builds tho fleets of commerce and lets
in motion the busy workshops of tho
"Tho design of man's activity and
work," said the learned speaker, "is
already found on tho trcstlo-board of
nature. The universo is sustained by
intense activity. Because we do not
detect noise, clash and rattle similar
to the roar and clutter of our machin
ery in tho whirling of tho planets and
tho conllict of utoms wo are apt to
ovorlook.tlio veaneless changes that
are going on in everything around uh,
and which are indispensable to sta
bility and order. Perpetually decay
ing aro nuttiro's wide realms, but also
perpetually rebuilding and recon
structing, and this decaying and
building up require most intense act
ivity and never unding labor. If tho
plan of a lifo's work is indicated in
nature's activity, every man's duty is
to assign himself some work to
do. 'Man goetli fortli to his work
and to his labor,' declares our
text, to that unto which ho is culled
and for which he has been fitted. It is
folly to think that wo aro pluccd in this
world i serve identical purposes. God's
wise and inscrutable laws in regard to
the activity of man are so constituted
that eocfi man nas ins original endow
ment, adAptutions and corresponden
cies which set him apart for the per
formance Of some special work. Ifu
man society is a piece of wonderful
mechanisiitj composed of wheels, pul
leys, hammfcm, springs, wedges, levers,
rivets and crunks. By the combined
operation of all of these, certain dell
nito results aro attainable, and tho
specific functions ot the different
parts of society ore important and val
uable, no matter what they aro
and however insignificant they
look if considered by themselves.
No labor in mans life work
is to be called Insignificant, and no
man ought to grumble or grow dis
satisfied because ho has chosen an
humble occupation, a subservient
avocation. There is a permanent
principle of divine government in the
fitness of man lor his place in tho
world's great workshop. We are what
we ore tit to be if we Jo only consider
our capacity, tastes and aptitudes, and
give duo attention to the environs and
contingencies around us.
"Romamhar .vary man (lad mad
Is difTorant, Baa soma ileid to ilu.
Soma work to work. U. undiniayd,
lliouili thlna ba humble, dci it woll."
And Owen Meredith is correct in his
Kebbi Kamfield also dwelt at some
length npon tbe widespread opinion
that laborious pursuits, trades, me
chanical callings, are incompatible
with good Eocial position. He urgd
npon wealthy parents even the impor
tance of Bending their children out
into the world equipped f ir any emer
gency and qualified to make their liv
ing with their hands should thn tide
of fortune turn azainet them. "Give
them the knowledge ot a trade as a
capital, and even if they never see the
theneidof ilsvxsrche, they will be
equipped for any ft.
Ihe speaker also showed the vslne
ol manual training tctiocb in devfbp
ing the peculiar bent c( individual
mind and giving to each pupil an op
portunity to follow such mechanical
studies as ho shows epcial aptitude
for. I'.nry man should be allowed to
do that lor wmcn ne 13 oesi n-.tsu, una
1 1: is oris ol the advantages of tbe train
224 SECOND ST.
ing schools that tbe peculiar talents ot
each pupil are scientifically fosteied.
In conclusion, the learned rabbi elo
quently besought bis hearers to honor
all pun ults and despise none, and to
value men according to the excellence
of their work and not according to its
character, however humble.
Following Rabbi Samllald,
Monroe W, I.awaoss.
of the senior class ot the Institute read
a thoughtful essay, from which we
make the following extracts:
The utility anl practicability nf con
necting with our,' institutions depart
ments lor manual training has long
since ceased to be subject of specu
lation, uur young people 4 ve anown
by the energy and earneetiess with
men iney nave nocnua to mesa
schools that they no longer look npon
them as barriers, but as the main av
enues to success.. The institutions
tbat have added these Industrial de
partments to their course to day stand
aa the magnets which attract
prosperity to our ' people. As
students we are aware that the re
sponsibility of making this additional
department a successor a iauure rests
upon our shoulder, uence, in con
sideration of tho magnitude ot tbe
undertaking, we see that patience,
faith and a desira to do are the re
quirements of success. One of the
most hopeful signs of the times in
all i arts of tbe country, and
1 might safely say In all parts
ot the civlliisd world, is
that thoughtful people are beginning
to see that tbe training of ths band is
a necessary part of education. It Is
necessary, not simply that young peo
p'e may learn how to do any given
thing, as carpentering, blacksmlthlng,
sewing or cooking, but that they may
catch the spirit of all work, and know
the value of work. That man who is
n aster ei thn square, the hammer, the
raw, and such o:her like instruments
for common work, is better iltted to do
well than the man who is master of a
planing machine. On the other
hand this same principle holds good
In industrial training for women.
That young lady who understands
thoroughly the use of cooking uten
sils, the needle and thread, the appli
cation of soap, starch and the fad Iron,
together with other good qualities, is
worthy of being a wife and a mother.
In fact our young men are beginning
to look upon these things as necessary
requirements for a good wife, because
I heard a certain young man
say the other day that be liked
a certain young lady because
she brought a well-cooked dinner to
school and told him that she cooked
It. What we mostly stand in need of
is to know thoroughly the use of the
tools with which we have to work.
When these great training schools for
our young men and women have got
their Industrial departments well or
ganized, then tbat will be possible for
the colored race in the South which
hitherto has not been possible, but
which is absolutely necessary if real
substantial process in civilization is to
be generally and permanently effected.
Our race to-day stands in need of more
industrious citizens, men who can not
only cast a ballot, but use tiols as
well; men who cannot only wear fine
clothes and stand on the corners, but
earn money as well. Then thero will
be tbe homes for our people, wherein
Christian civilization has its roots.
The great glory of the industrial move
ments in our training schools Is tbat
it fosters in onr race the capacity for
taking care nf itself.
Prof. A. J. Steele concluded tbe
evening's exercise by reading an ad
dress upon the value of indns'rial
trainirg that was full of practical and
wise suggestions and an admirable ar
gument in behalf ot the system. lie
also took occasion to express bis thanks
to the public-spirited citizens in this
and other cities who had furthered
tbe foundation ot the school
here by money contributions
and valued words of sncourage
ment. He also announced that
the workshops would be open for
public inspection within the next two
days, and invited all who chose to do
so to come and watch the work.
The audience then quietly dispersed,
all of them evidently pleased with
tbe evidences tbey had received tbat
an important undertaking had been
successfully and auspiciously set in
motion'rsn undertaking that promises
the most beneficial results, not only to
thane immediately concerned, but to
the community at large.
ALL A MISTAKE.
Thfe Mai fen t lrlilcges
Will not e disposed of as advertised
before, but will bo sold onenly to the
highest biiWcr Monday, May 3d, at 3
o'clock p.ni.pharp, at No. 34 Adams
fV W. MOEWS, Chairman.
Notice to Trailers and Shippers.
MatjrHisvTixK., April 16, 18S6.
Until further notice trains between
Memphis and Mudtyon will be discon
tinued. Steamers will leave daily from
foot of Poplar street, ut 6 o'clock p.m.,
connecting at Madison with tra'ns for
Littlo Kock and all points West.
Freight for Madison and points beyond
must bo delivered at wharfboat. at
foot of Poplar street, before '2 o'clock
p.m. Steamer Coahoma will leave
this evening, and s'earner E. W. Colo
tomorrow evening. nrpOLPK fink,
Coiipra asid Varrlnaea at W.E.Ed
ward r llroa. (Stable Ike only
place lu the elly Ibat has thfin.
Telepliou Order, promptly attend,
ed to. Telephoue a Kos. 6a and 75S.
At Ppecht's ice-cream parlors Satur
days, Sundays and Monduys.with pure
cream, custard cream and sherbet
balance of week.
xml | txt