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FROM COLORADO TO IDAHO
THE COUSTBY FR9X CHEYEOE
Tut Xlaeral Wealth and Great tiru
Uff Graaadg What the Ctorera
neat SaoaU Do for the ladlaas.
IcoaaasFOwDgjcs of ti ArriiL.1
Bbattlc, Wash. Tib , Jaae 17. My
last letter embraced toeobssrvaion on
my westward trip aa far as Cheyenne,
Wyo. In this I aball glance at the
scenery along the route from Chey
enne to Pocatello, Idaho, there being
little that can be said in favor ot the
country through bich this part of the
Union Pacific railroad rung. Succeed
ing letters will contain brief statistical
information of Idaho; attempted de
scription of American and bboshone
(Drononnced 8noo-Ao-nee) Falls and
other points of interest along the route ; J
a glance at tne resources ana conai
tioos of Oregon, Wash.Ter., and some
of thir principal commercial points,
tc. I may return by a different route
than that oter which I came here: if
so, I shall give the readers of the Ar
pbal such information as I may be
able to gather along the way.
Leaving Cheyenne, Wyo., on the
10th icst. I continued the ascent of
the great continental dividing ridge
aud rawed over the highest point on
the Union Pacific railroad at Sherman,
(8242 feet above the sea) wbich was at
the time tbe road was built the high
est point reached by rail in the world
Since that time, however, higher
points bave been reached ia South
America. PiS-ipg Sherman we cross
Dale creek, which winds, like a thread
of silver, its devious way in the depths
below and is soon lost to sight as we
pass rapidly down the grade and
through the granite cuts and snow
sheds tieyond into the great Laramie
Plains which lie out before ns like a
magnificent panorama. Tbeee plains
bave an average width of forty miles
and are 100 miles in length. They be
gin at the western base of the Black
Hills and extend to the slope of the
Medicine Bow Mountains, and north
beyond where the Laramie river cu's
its way through thf se hills to join tbe
waters of the North Platte. They
comprise an area of more than 2,500,
OC0 acres of as rich grazing lands as
are ' to be found west of the
Missouri river. Across these
plains and a little to the left
as we begin to glide over them, rises
in full view, the Diamond Peaks of
Medicine Bow Range. They are clear
cut cones with sharp pointed sum
mits, a diamond like appearance,
from which they derive their name,
while their sides and the rugged hills
round them are covered with timber.
Farther still, in the dim distance, the
white lummita of the Snowy Range ap
pear, clothed in robes of perpetual
now, causing one to experience a
chilly sensation while easing upon
their cheerless and forbidding forms.
Near Dale creek are found the Skull
Bocks massive granite bodies scat
tered in disorder and confusion like
the ruins of mighty castles. All the
rocks (of which these are a part)
lying over the Black Hills were once
angnlar in form, but have been worn
to their present skull like shapes by
the disintegrating effects of the atmos-
J there. The Bed Buttes, so called
rom their reddish appearance, are of
ail sorts of shapes and excite much
interest on account of their peculiar
forms. It seems that the interior val
ley here was, at some remote period,
on a level with the Buttes,
bnt has been carried away by
the drain and wash of ages,
while they (the Buttes), composed of
harder and more cohesive substance,
have defied and withstood the ever-
changing nana oi time. Along nere
can be seen traces of the old emigrant
route to California, over which the
gold-seekers and pioneers of the far
ViT . I . ... TX7.
TV COb pwswtl uuiu, jcbio apu. ii can ui
Laramie Plains, Medicine Bow range
rises grandly before ns. At Laramie
City we look west and behold Sheep
mountain, whose summit is 10,000
feet high, and to the left ol this stands
Mount Agaasiz. Alter passing Medi
cine Bow range and Elk mountains
we enter a vast, dreary and unpro
ductive desert, upon which no living
thing, save sage brush and jack rab
bits, can be seen. Next Table Bock,
six miles south of Table Bock Station,
is seen, rising sixty feet above the
long, evenly cut bluffs, which are 600
feet above, their base. Burround
inge. Twenty-five miles farther
West Point of Bocks looks np in the
lictance like facial outlines of huge
perpendicular columns, 305 feet above
their base surroundings and 1100 feet
above the railroad track, at the base of
which seven tulphuc springs send
forth perpetual streams of water.
Green Kiver Station, near the river
which bears that name, is the junction
of the Northern and Southern branches
of tbe Union Pacific railroad, the one
leading through Idaho and Oregon
and the other through Utah and Cali
fornia. From this point can be seen
the "Twin Sisters" high projecting
rocks, 015 feet above the railroad track.
Green river derives its name from the
apparent color of its waters, which is
caused by tne green stra'a tnrougn
which its runs. The bluffs along the
river are supposed to contain arsenic
or chloride of copper, which be
comes detached by drainage,
and, being washed into the river,
fastens itie f to the pebble stones and
bottom of the stream, causing the
water, as vou look into it. to bear the
flame color. This river rises in the
Wyoming and Wind river mountains
and flows In, a southerly direction un
til it unites with the waters of the
Colorado. The scenery along its ragged
banks is niaaed and picturesque, and
tbe peculiar formation of the rocks
which gives tne country tnrougn
which it flows ths name of "Green
Biver Shales." which are arranged in
regular lavers, varying in thickness
from a knife blade to several feet.
These layers are quite varied in shades
of color, and between many ot them
are thousands of beautiful Impressions
of fish, insects and water plants. A
charmine view of this liver can be
een at the mouth of Henry's Ford,
, irbere the water is of the purest em-
erald, with banks and sandbars
of e'.ieteniuir white, while the perpen
dicular b'n& to tbe right la nearly 1500
above the level of tbe river, and of a
bright red and ye low. When lighted
by the sun it presents a scene sublime
ly matnviicent, well deserving the
title of "F aming Gorge." Near the
river is "Giant B Club." a massive
rock riainff itf xolifarv erandcur with
almost perpendicular sides. Its most
interailina lealuros, however, are the
temarkablj evidencrs which it bears
of having one existed at tbe bottom
of a lake. It lit in regular horiz.ntal
strata, the meat of which contain foj
tila ci p acts and fishes. The planta
treaii exunct e.eeiea; among them
are some palms, wbich indicates this
to have been, when the deposits were
formed, a very warm climate. Near
Soda Springe, Idaho, are the
celebrated Sada Springs, occupying
about six tquare milee. The water,
though cool and refreshing, ia go
strongly Impregnated with soda that
it bursts forth with the appear an -e of
steam. Near by la a spring with an
orifice brightly etiioed with a yellow
coating of oxide of iron, from which
the water is thrown up two feet.
Close io these spring', rut upon a
higher elevation in the shape ol an
ioveited bowl, is the beautiful Swan
lake, about seventy-five yards in
dibameter, over the banks of which
tbe water flows in a thin, uniform
ahtin very direction down its outer
ides. Weber Canon next claim at
t ntion. Here, on the north side of
the track, two carious formatlocs are
seen. One is Battlement Bocks, a
?;roup of reddish colored rocks of dif
erent siias and varying some in shape.
bnt remarkably uniform in appear
ancethe other ia "The Witches;"
there, in their mysterious formation,
pozxling all who look npon them,
they stand, as if talking to each other
and mocking tbe changes and disin
tegrations of time, aa tbe ages roll on.
One of them Wfats a decided "Grec
ian bend" of modern notoriety, which
detract from the imaginary dignity
of a witch. Finally the canon norrows
to a gorge, and away no yonder toward
tbe top of the high bluffs, called
"Vnn'm Moor Pne- " UMlxk allmnaaa
v as a v ur mvv v v vvu BuiMafvuii
of little holes, or caves, worn by the
wind, in which the proud bird of
America builds its nest and rears its
young, far beyond the reach of human
on we pass "Thousand Mile Tree,"
with its great arms stretching out to
ward us. from one of which hangs a
sign which marks the distance since
leaving Omaha. "Devil's Side," one
of tbe strangest formations on the
route, next appears in the ever vary
ing scene, u is lormeu vy two paral
lel ledges of granite turned npon the
edges, serrated and jutting cut in
places fl'ty feet, a Tout fonneen feet
apart and 800 fet-t high. Dashing on
ward, we leave in:a in its immovaDie
position, on the side ot the
everlasting hills, and glide over
curves and charms into Pointneuf
canon, and follow, for some distance,
tbe ever-changing course ot Point
neuf river, along which tbe scenery is
varied, occasionally novel, beautiful
and 'grand. The mountains on either
side rice in majestic splendor and
pierce the regions where the clouds
roam, where the lightnings play, and
" From peak to peak th ratUini crags
Leapt the live thunder."
Below, like vast fortifications of the
gods, in regular and uniform positions,
100 to 200 feet high, the solid granite
walls defy tt e passage of man or
beast, while at their feet flow and
murmur perpetually the clear waters
of the little river, along whose banks
wild flowers bloom and bud over i's
mirror-like surface, as if admiring their
own beaity and loveliness which are
reflected in the liquid depths beneath.
On we go, passing herds of horses and
cattle feeding lazily in the narrow
valleys, until we reach the
Bannock and Shoshone In
dian reservation, comprising an
area of about fifty miles square, upon
which some 1200 or 1500 thriftltss, de
graded Indians reside in idleness.
Here and there a few wigwams are
seen huddled together, forming a
characteristic Indian village, isut a
marked absence of civilization and
progress is noticeable here, where no
white man can obtain a footing. By
the solemn and binding force of treaty
contract these reservations are held,
to the exclusion of all others, by this
non-progressive people, upon whose
boundary line the stern mandate of
the United States law says, "Thus far
and no farther." At Pocatcllo, tbe
junction of the Union Pacific and
Utah and Northern railroads, I
stopped over a day and visited some
of the Indian villages above men
tioned, and learned much of the life
of thia persistently degraded and un
ci viliz sd race. Although the general
government provides them with food
and clothing and gives them land, and
implements with which to work it,
and establishes educational facilities
in their midst, still they cling to their
savage ideas of life and live in their
wretched wigwams at the base
ot some mountain, or along the
bank of some stream, with
out aspirations and unmindful
of the rays of moral and intellectual
light which surround them. A glance
at the occupants and contents of one
of their wigwams reveals less care and
comfort than can be found in the dens
of the wild beasts of the forest. Every
Saturday they go to the Government
Agency and draw their week's rations,
which are carried home by the squaws,
while the bucks, who are constitu
tionally opposed to work, remain all
day at the Agency and Indulge in
horse races, foot races and card play
ing, which not infrequently results in
one or mors of the number winning
what the others have drawn from the
government; then the luckless losers
hunt or fish for game to eat, and failing
in this a dog is killed, which supplies
them with meat wjfttl other arrange
ments are made. My guide irom the
hotel across the valley and up the
mountain gorged to the Indian village
was a large shepherd dog, who vol
untarily occupied this position and
seemed proud of the opportunity to
render me the service, lie was faithful
and unerring in the discharge of this
sell-imposed duty until I reached the
hotel on my return, after wbich I saw
him no more. Tim's disinterested
kindness and courtesy to a stranger
shall not aoon be forgotten by tbe re
cipient. My observations of tbe In
dians since I have been in the West,
leads me to believe that their tribal
relations are the greatest obstacles to
their progress. So long aa they re
main together in any considerable
numbers, their ancient ideas of wild,
eavsgs life are oncouraged and perpet
uated, and the civilization of the white
man is spurned ; while the practice of
the government in supplying them
with food and clothing, however nec
essary and just it may be, encourages
their thriftless inaction. I believe it
would be wise and beneficial to the
Indians for the general government
to abolish, by treaty or pur
chase, all tribal reservations, aud give
them lands in small divisions
forbidding more than three or four
families residing on a certain limited
area: and so separate them from one
another and place them under the
pTogressive example and inflnence of
their white neighbor. By such a pol
icy they would not only be enabled to
emerge from their life of ignorano
and stagnation, but would be impelled
by the irrosistable march of Anglo
Saxon progress to a higher and more
useful life. Besides this, the vast ter
ritory contained in their several reser
vations, which are now and so long
as they occupy it exclusively dor
mant and practically worthless, would
he opened up and become cultivated
fie'ds and busy towns, yielding rich
agricultural and commercial harvest
in response to the energetic hand of
intelligent civilization. In my next
letter I shall refer briefly to Idaho
Territory, Shoshone Falls, etc , etc. I
will remain here a few days yet, then
begin to retrace my steps, probably
via Northern Pacific route, toward tbe
Sunny South. h. c. wuxuataoM.
9 lor.tbe "AppmUV!
VUEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL SUxVDAY, JUNE 27, 1886.
IRISH HOKE KILE.
A GBA5D PICXIC TO BE GITES
AT ESTIT1L FASK
Te Raise Meaer torthe Parliament
ary Find-Tae List ef Com
mittees. In reanonsA to a rail annarln l
the morning papers of the 20lh in
stant, a lartrn nnmher nf oil'-.n.
Irish birth and parentage, met at the
nau (oi me jkmgnta oi inn'slatl on
the aima rin v ami afrev AnmHl.'n.
the meeting resolved that, aa the best
wwo tuwaiu nuBiiia; lunus TO DO IOr
warded in aid of the Parliamentary
election sistmi land, and -in ti in
dorsement of the Be. Hon. Wm. E.
uiaaetone and the Hon. Charles Stew
art Parnell, in their effort to aid the
Sovernment in passing an act granting
ome rule to Ireland, a grand picnic
should be held at festival Park on
Wednesday, July 14, 188tt.
Aa soon as it became generally
known that such ah evrnt was con
templated, manycit'zens of Memphis,
without regard to nationality, came
forward, expressed their cordial de
sire to join in tbe movement, and
tendered their hearty co-operation,
which has been thankfully accepted.
The names of the members of tbe
various committee having the pionio
a Trance mania In rharoo annaar Ln
and constitute a guaranty that tbe pic
nic win do one oi the grandest
And meat nlnunraKla .... I, ..1.1
in Memph's. Distinguished orators
auu Btaioomeu i rum uindreni
parts of the Union will be invited to
attend. The ninnin will ha imn nn.
der the auspices of the
C1TIZINS OF MEMPHIS,
all of whom are cordially invited to
co-operate in this movement, which
has such a righteous cause for its ob
ject. Many ladies have expressed a
desire to aid in the matter, but have
requested that their names be with
held from publication. Their valu
able co-operation is respectfully in
vited, and will be appreciated.
CommUUt of Arrangement!. J amea
Reilly, chairman ; John Colbert, Capt.
Committee on Printing. Morgan J.
Kelly, chairman; John Loague, Mar
tin Kelly, William Horgan.
CvmmMtt on Music. P. J. Kelly,
chairman ; John S. Su'livan, M. Gavin.
Qate Committee. Vim. Harrington,
chairman ; Dan Harvev, T. J. O'Neil,
John McGrath, M. Kinsolla, John
Lark in, Owen Deveney, M. H. Reilly.
John Gunn, Wm. Dean, Michael
Joyce, M. C. Kennedy, John L. Keat
ing, John Alaloney, M. Broenao.
Reception Committee. James Degnan,
chairman; Col. H. A. Montgomery,
the Hon. D. P. Hadden, Gen. R. F.
Patterson, W. W. Schoolfleld, Dr. D.
T. Porter, R. D. Jordan, Owen Lilly,
O. H. Collier, Capt. J. H.Mathes.Wm.
Finnie, II. Furatenheim, John W.
Scherer, A. Vaccaro. J. T. Walh, P.
Gatens, Geo. Arnold, Col. M. Magev
ney, F. Lavigne, Jos. Chambers, P. E.
Hopkins, Jobn B. Godwin, P. C. Bog
ers, J. B. Pendergraat, Maj. M. Burke,
Frank McLaughlin, J. P. Mahoney,
Malcolm Semmes, D. 1. Flannery, N.
M. Jones, Peter Tracer, B. Vaccaro,
Joseph Montedonlco, J. M. Fowlkes,
John K. Speed, W. J. Chase, Jobn
Gaston, Thoa. Casey, John Pelegrim,
Wm. S. Bingham, John Walsh, Capt.
Dennis Smith, Hugh Feran, Pat Car
lin, Capt Jos. Bees, G. II: Herbers,
Gen. Colton Greene, Thos. Clarke,
F. J. Byrne, John Lilly. M. II. Katz
enberger, John E. Bandle, Col. A. D.
Gwynne, Thos. Barrett, Thos. Boyle,
Thos. Conway, Wm. Stewart, Nick
Malatesta, Ceo. Podesta, fig. Koescher,
Thos. Duflin, A. M. Stoddard, J. J.
Committee on Amuemrnt. R. D. Lee,
chairman: David O'Donnell, John
Splean, William Donnelly, Jerry Sul
livan, James E. Cleary, Pat Griffin,
Charles Gallagher. Charles Satmareh,
Mike O'Neil. Ed O. Greene, James W.
Flannigan, P. Malowney, Thomas Mc
Cormick, William Kelly, Martin
Judge, Mike Greene.
Floor Committee, B. H. Carbery,
chairman ; James F. Ryan, John J.
Mason, M. E. Carter, Joseph Fitzger
ald, Arthur Donnelly, E. L Hall, Ber
nard Cunningham, John V. Sullivan,
J. M. Dufly, John Donnelly, John
Condon, M. O'Neil, Chelsea, Dennis
Lyons, Thomas Kelly, Richard Peaks,
Thomas Sullivan, Albert Cunningham,
James Pidgeon, Steve Fitzgerald, P.
II. Monaghan, James E. Dolan, Henry
F. Walsb, Patrick Fisher.
Committee on Refrethmenlt: Thos.
Keely, chairman; John Farmer, Owen
Committee on Invitations and Spealere.
M. Gavin, chairman; John 8. Toof,
Napoleon Hill, J. M. Keating,' Hon.
John Johnson, H. J. Lynn. James
Phelan, M. J. Clark.
Order Committee John J. Shea, chair
man ; John Brennan, Anthony Walsh,
Cant. Pat Hacker, Sergeant P. Scott,
P. H. Daffy, J. F. McKeon, Capt. John
Donohne, John Fisher, T. J. Mc
Carthy, T. J. McNabb, Mike Larkin,
Mike Walsh, P. McGaughran, M. Mul
lowney, Matt Maher, A. W. Higeins,
Pat Kali a her, John Gavin, Thos.
Coyne, Thos. McGeoy, P. J. McNally,
Bobert E. Loagne, wm. Qalnn, Wm.
E. Ryan, John Roper, M. O. Kelly,
John Noonan, James Duffy, P. Mo
Cadden. HUBS OF TBOT.
Lop I years ago ke bore ne to a 1b4 byond
To a city fair and stately, that renowned
muit ever be.
Through all age; yet to follow, tor the light
cued there by me.
lam Helen, where la Troy?
They have told me not a roof-tree, not a wall
1 (Undint now,
Thato'ertbrown is the treat altar where ten
thousand onoe did bow,
While on high to Aphrodite rose tbe solerao
hymn and vow,
I am Helen, where is Troy I
Do they deem that thos the story of my Ufa
will paai awayf
Troy betrayed, and all who loved OS slain
npon thai, fatal day,
Shall bnt make the memory ef me evermore
with men to itay.
I am Helen, where is Troy I
Fools I to dream that time eaa ever make tbe
tale oi Troy trow old ;
Barled now is every hero, and the trail green
o'er tbe mould, -
But of her they fought and died for, every
age shall ret be told.
Break la Frlchl Rate at St. Lanla.
St. Louis, Mo., June 26. Ever since
the break is tbe northwestern rates it
has been feared that the cut would
eventually extend to every interest
involved, on the theory that lines
operating in tbe territory affected
would be compelled to meet the cut
for self protection. The situation has
been growing more serious all tbe
time, and yesterday rates went all to
pieces at this point and the war is now
open all along the line with every in
dication of becoming aa fierce and
bitter as has been feared. The first
announced from St. Louis was made
yesterday from St. Louis to Lincoln
and Fremont, Neb., the following
being the figures qow made: lirst
class, 64 cents per 190 pounds ; second
class, 62 cents; third clam, S3 cents;
fourth class, 23 cnts; ttfih class, ie
cents; Class A, 26 ctnts; Class B, 18
cents; Claa C, 15j cents; Clars D, 15
cents; hard coal, 13 30 per ton; salt,
49 cents per barrel. It will be seen
that the cut is a heavy one for a br gin
ning, and railroad men say the trouble
ia that it will not atop there unless tbe
tines get together and adjust the dif
ferences. SUMNER SILENCED.
AsaarHiarrn aid tbi acw
A aaf rrem History That Baatat
ra afa Have Sever Made Ce
1 la r Oat ef Ceaaraaa,
Washington correspondence New
York Herald: George S. Beutwell, ex
Secretary of the Treasury, waa en
countered oa the street to-day. He
telle a very interesting story about
Charles 6umner which bat never aeen
light. It ia quite) apropos of the
Wheeler controversy in the House.
Briefly it is this: At a dinner given to
Baron Geroldt. then German Mini,
ter, tbe conversation drifted into a
Sumner and Mr. BwtwelL The early
history of Maseachneet's waa highly
extol led. It waa only a short time be
fore Humnei'a death, but he was in
one of hit most cheerful moods. Pos
sibly, by their alienee as well as by
their countenance, the two Massa
chusetts statesmen showed their satis
faction at the fltter y showered upon
their Commonwealth. Mr. Joseph
Kennedy, an intimate friend of buth
men. out of a cure spirit of banter.
took the opposi'e side of the contro
versy. He declared boldly that the
early history of Msseachusotts
was filled with disgrece'ul epi
sodes. Mr. Kennedy cited the wav in
which tbe cerpet-bsgers from New
York orerraa It during Gov. Edmund
Andres's adnlnis'ration. and capped
the climax by quoting from memory
Nathaniel Byheld's words r egarding
that dignitary : "He came from New
York to the co'eey of Massachusetts,
and brought some bad men with him.
He was finally arrested by the oat
razed people of tbe colony, and nearly
escaped iu lemale clothes, but that his
cavalry boots showed him off." Ths
scene that followed Mr. Kennedy's
remarks was me rnorable. Mr.Sumner
believed himself thoroughly informed
on New England history, and did not
recall any such episode. Meanwhile
the laugh had been started by some
Southern guests who were present.
They began to rail Sumner about tbe
way in which Massachusetts had re
sentBd the intrusion of carpot-baggfrg,
and one gentleman went so far as to
declare tnat some Massacbu etts man
who knew about Andres's escapsde
had started the scandalous fiction
about Jefferson Davis being caught in
Mr. Sumner never lo;t his good hu
mor for an instant. "Look here, Ken
nedy," he said, "you have no evi
dence for that statement about An
drew. I' mean about th? female dis
guise. He was a pretty tough man,
but be wouldn't have put on a petti
coat Come now, own up." "If I
don't convince you, Mr. Sumner, and
everybody here within twenty min
utes that I have the best authority
for my statement, I will etsnd a din
ner for ths party," replied Mr. Joseph
Kennedy, then thoroughly on his
mettle. The matter had gone too far
to be laughed down, though nobody
was in bad humor. It was a test of
memory between Kennedy and Sum
ner. The feast was suspended. Mr.
Kennedy went to his carriage, drove
rapidly to his home, and from his
library carried back the account of
tbe late revolution in New England,
written by Mr. Nathaniel fiyfleld
and published in 161)1. There the
chapter and paragraph were quick
ly found. Mr. Summer waa satis
fied. But from that day to his
death he always avoided the carpet
bagger issue. Ha became a great deal
more lymoatbetio toward the Sooth-
era people. If the people of Mas
sachusetts could stand tne animal r
wbv should tbe people of the South?
After hunting up these old pamphlets
and verifying all the references, the
most remarkable and curious feature
oftbis incident is that during the
twenty years In wbich thia great
southern question naa Deen so notiy
discussed no Democrats member has
sprung this ghastly record against the
livingdescendants of the sturdy colon
ists who revolted under tbe arbitrary
rule of the Carpet-Bagger Edmund
COEDUCATION OF THE SEXES.
A Great ajaeeeaa la Mlaalaalppl Aad
Walter Malone io an article entitled,
"Shall Coeducation Prevail," which
appears In the Daily Oxford, Miss.
Falcon of the 19th lust , shows that the
number of students at the University
"began to decline before the girls
came. Hard times, the large number
going to the A. and M. college instead,
the fact that our Junior Prep, baa
been abolished, thus cutting off Jorty
or forty-five each year, explain the
fall in numbers. After the girls came,
in spite of tbe hindering causes, the
number rote from 214 in 1882 to 259
in 1883. Then tbe number increased
in 1884 to 276. In that year Junior
Prep, waa abolished, and then the
number of course declined. But our
student body is greater now than it
was In 1882, leaving out members of
tbe junior preparatory class. Let ns
go back further. In 1876 there were
only 127 students in tbe whole school.
In 1876, only 125, and in
1877, only 131. There was no co
education then. Starkville has coed
ucation, but her number of students
has alwas increased. This year that
college has 360 student, Its maximum
number. These are stubborn facts,
and our clamorous opponents cannot
explain tbem satisfactorily. Coedu
cation has been adopted successfully
in the Universities of Michigan, Cor
nell, Syracuse, Pennsylvania and Bos
ton. Yale, Harvard an! Johna Hop
kins, also, give woman a chance. In
England, the Universities of London
ana Durham, and even old Oxford and
Cambridge, the grandest schools in the
world, have at last opened their doors
to women. Shall our State, after tak
ing this great progressive step, turn
its back to civilisation and become a
laughing stock of more progressive
8tates?'r The Appxal, speaking for
the people of Mississippi, aays no a
thousand times noL
Hilled by a Ballroad Trala,
Lafaykttk, Iwd., June 26. Alex
ander Mille, and old and prominent
farmer, driving to the city with his
wife on a wagon load of corn, was
struck by a Louisville, New Al
bany and Chicago north bound pas
senger train at 9 o'clock thia morning.
Both were instantly killed. Their
bodied were thrown high in the air.
The body of Mrs. Miller landing on
the cowcatcher waa carried a third of
a mile. The train waa tunning fifty
miles an hour,
TOE CISTER MASSACRE.
TEXTII ISMTERSiRT OF
Story of the Bloody Batcher at Told
by Oae of the Indian
Sr. Paul, Mian., Jnne 26. A
special to the Pioneer Pret from Cus
ter Battlefield, Montana, describes the
celebration of tbe tenth anniversary
ol tbe battle by a few of its survivors.
The great Sioux chief, Gall, went over
the field and described tbe manner in
which Custer's demand was destroyed.
Gall ia a fine-looking Indian, forty-aix
year old, aud weighing over 200
pounds. Reticent at first, finally he
told his story with dignity and anima
tion. HVTe aa soldiera," he said,
"early in the morning, crossing the
divide, when Reno and Caster separ
ated. We watched them not 1 they
oame down out of the valley. The
cry waa raised that the white aaldiers
were coming, and orders were given
for the village to move. Immediately
Keno swept down so rapidly npon the
npper end that the Indians were
forced to fight. Sitting Bull and I
were at the point where K too at
tacked. Sit'iog Bull waa Big Medicine
man. Tbe womea and children
were has'ily moved down tbe
stream where the Cbeyenues
were encamped. Toe Sioux attacked
Reno and the Cheyennei Custer, and
then all became mixed up. Tbe
women and children canght horses for
the bucks to mount. Then the bucks
mounted and charged back ou Keno,
checked him and drove him into the
timber. The soldiers tied the'r hors's
to the trees and came out and fought
on foot. As soon as Keno wss beaten
and driven back across the river the
wbo'e fnrce turned on Custer and
fought bira until thev destroyed him.
Coster did not reaoh the river, bnt
was met about half a mile up the
ravine now called Keno creek. They
fought the so diers and beat them
bsck, steo by step, until all were
killed. One of Hone's ofHcers con
firms this, saying: "It waa probably
during this interval of quiet on Reno s
part that the Indians nia'sed on Ous
ter and annihilated him." The Indi
ans ran out of ammunition and
then used arrow. They tired from
bebiod their horses. The sildiers got
shells stuck in their guns and had to
throw tbem away. They then fouebt
with little guns (pistols). The In
dians were In coaples behind and in
front of Custer, as be moved up the
ridge to take position, and were just
as many as the grass. Tbe first two
companies (Keogh's and Calhoun's)
dismounted and fonght on foot. Tbey
never broke, but retired, step by step,
until forced back to the ridge, upon
which all finally perished. Tbey were
shot down in lire where they stood,
Keogh's company rallied by company
and were all killed 'n a bunch. (This
statement seems borne out by facts, as
thirty-eight bod if s of Keo.h's troops
were found piled in a besp ) The
warriors directed special lire against
tbe troopers who held the horses,
while others found aa soon as a
holder wss killed that by waving
blankets and great shouting horses
were stampeded, wbich made it im
possible for the soldiers to escape
afterwards. The soldiers fought des
perately and hard and never surren
dered. They fought standing. They
fought in line along the ridge. As
last as the men full tbe borsei were
herded and driven toward the squaws
and old mon. who gathered them up.
When Reno attempted to find Custer
by throwing out a skirmish line Custer
and all with him were dead. When
tbe skirmishers reached the high
point overlooking Custer's field the
Indians were galloping around and
over the wonnded, dying and dead,
rtonnlna bullets and arrowa into them.
When Reno made his attack at the
upper end he killed my twosqaaws
and three children, which made my
heart bad. I then fonght with the
hatchet (which means, of course, ran
tilatina the soldiers). The eolditrs
rsn out of ' ammunition early in
tbe day. Their supplies of
cartridges were In the saddle
pockets of their stampeded horses.
The Indians then ran np to the sol
diers and butchered them with hatch
ets. ' A lot of horses ran away and
jumped into the river, but were
caught by squaws. Only forty-three
Indians were killed altogether, but a
Sroat many wounded ones came across
is river and died in the bushes. We
had theOgalallas, Mineconjous, Brule,
Teton, Uncapapa, bionx, uheyenrus,
Aranahoes and Gros Ventres. When
the big dust came in the air down the
river (meaning Terry and Gibbons),
we struck our lodges and went up a
creek toward the White Kaln moun
tains. Tbe Big Horn ranges were
covered with snow. We waited there
four days, and then went over tbe
Woj mountains." It has been popu
larly supposed that Custer entered the
river, but such was not the cane. There
were no ceremonies or exercises gone
BIG COTTON SWINDLE.
One ef the Blaaet rraads oa Beeord
St. Loi'iH, Mo., June 26. One of tbe
biggest cotton swindles on record has
just been successfully executed In this
market. It was worked by a buyer
who formerly had headquarters in
Hope, Ark., but now does business
from Texarkana, Tex. About a month
ago be arranged the sale of 3000 bales
of good middling from Texarkana to
Eastern buyers, sending samples from
that place. He requested the privi
lege of reshlpping from St. Louis, as
be could make better freight arrange
ments, and having secured the cotton
a shade under the market the Eastern
parties readily gave him permission to
forward the cotton In that way. Hav
ing secured the buyers' consent for
that purpose the Texan came here and
bought recklessly all the low, sandy
and stained cotton be conld find until
be had filled hla orders. The cotton
was shipped, the drafts paid on the
samples sent from Texarkana through
arrangements made with Texarkana
banks and their St. Lonla correspond
ents. His excess profits are estimated
Mr. Joseph Marks, president of the
Citizens' Bank of Texarkana, Tex.,
denies the statement that his bank
made any arrangements with the
Texas cotton swindler referred to to
day in these dirpatches, whereby
drafts were paid npon the latter
Cleveland, O.. Jnne 26. By special
order sent out from the company's
headquarters some days go, twenty
two passenger uonductore on the
Lake Shore and Michigan Southern
railroad and its branches, betwoen
Uuflalo and Chicago, were dropped.
Among them are many of the oldest
men on the road. The cause is still
kent a secret at headanarters but it is
supposed to be the result of "spotting."
The diyjioa guperintesdects claim ta (
be wholly Ignorant of the reason and
the men themselves claim innocence
ot baving violated any rule or regula
tion of the road. It Is not known for
a certainty yet whether the deposi
tion of these twenty-two men la a per
manent dicchirge or aimply a tempo
rary suspension. Tbe division super
intendents simply received orders
from headouarteis to take such and
soch men ont of the service, but
whether this withdrawal was simply
a temporary arrangement neither the
division superintend nor the men
themselves nave been so far advised.
aa-rariTAL price, a7S,eo.i
Tleaata aaly .v alt area la
Louisiana Statd Lottery Co.
We a ami -wfi
arraaMaxaKor ' u JfoalAJi
a mo1 Mfk
i nd eoalral
tare i)raar V Ue Mtmni
Ceataaa. aaa t ara mm)I
Me 4rciaf iaM4e, aad laal lae eaaM
are n d ld wU A fy, airae aaat ta
peorf faitk towara mil aerewataae we at Aonet
lAe foaaaay to aartiaaala, wwa oe
timitf it r earaaearal BaMJ, ta ea, mi'
Caaa m iMlaaars.
Wt. A wvtfimd. Mtnki and Bnoktt.
ntl pny all Primm riratm ta IA Louisinn
Htdtm LoUtritt teawa auiy 6 ynatalad al owr
J. H.OULENBY.rraa. 1. Bal'l Baah.
i. W.KILBKBTlt.Praa.Htate Nat'l Ba
.. BALDWIN, Proa. U. O. Mat. Bk.
Taaarnaratad la 1SSS for twentv-lva vain
by the legislature for Educational and
GaarltaDla norDoiee with a eanital of St.-
Omumi-io which a reeerre fund o( orertMU,
OUU hai since been added.
By an overwhelming pormiar vote its
fraoehite waa made a part of the ureeent State
ConiUtvUoa, adopted Deoember id, A.D.
Tk only Lotttry er eoled on mnd indortti
eg Me atopl of ar Male.
il wwr ihhi or po.rrww .
It Brnl Mlaalo SiaM Orawlnga
takva plara monthly, and tfca Km.
traonflnary lrwlnga rosalarl ev
ery inroa mon I ha Inatead nf Stem I-
Ananaiiy aa aereioiare, nr-ginning
A seLKN IH1) OPPABTTIVITY TO
Mil A lOHllHr.. SiVKNTIl (JKAND
DRAWING. CI.AWH . I TDK ACAIlKMY.
OK MUMC, NKW ORLEANS. TUKBDAY,
Jalj ia, m-Metis Monthly Drawing.
CAPITAL PltlZE, 975,000.
,000 Tic a ele at Plve Ballarakaeh.
g racuona, in ruina,
LIST OF PRIZES.
rues oi r"..
PrliM of Sr...f.i;rviv. j-ia-a:!"
I Approalmatlon prltei ofl7M)
t Approilinatlon prlaeaof tV...
Approximation prlaei of HoO.......
Wl Prltei, amounting to ....tio,A0Q
Application for rates to elnbs afcoild be
mJ onlr to the offloe of the Compear at
Tnt further Information writ clearly,
glrlut full addroM. PONTALBIUTKN, Ki-
ureii Mono? Ordera, or New York Bxehange
In ordinary letter. Currency by Kxpreea tat
M. A. DAVPHIR,
or h. A. narpussi,
Waahlaatoa. D. C,
or at Want t'aart at., Memphis, Teaa
ake P. 0. Money Ordera payable
and adores Kegtsierea Letters to
IIW OBLBABH BATIOBAI. BAIK,
Slew Orleana. La.
DR. D. S. JOHNSON'S
No. 17 Jeffereoa Street,
(Between Mala and Frost.) MEMPHIS.
J" ties IntereiUd al by far the moil lus
eeeiful phyalolaa In the trealmentof nrlrete
or secret dueaiee. Quick, permanent euros
guaranteed to erery cut. male or female.
Heeent eaiei of Gonorrhea and Byphills
oared In a few days without the nee of mer
cury, change of diet or blndranoe from
bmlnen. tieoondary fiyphllli, the laet vet
tige eradicated without tne uie of meronry.
iarolamary Ion of eeiaen itopped la short a
time. Sufferer! from Impotenoy or Ion of
eiual pawen reitor eto free rigor In a few
weeki. Vlctlmi of s e-abuie and exooMire
venerr, suffering from ipermatorrhea and
loll of pbyileal end mental power, ipeedily
and permanently cured. Particular atten
tion paid to the llir.,ail of Women, and
enrei guaranteed. Pile! and old sorei cured
without the uie or eauitioor the anue. All
onniultationi strictly oonBdential. Medi
cine: lent by express to all part of the
erWorktngmeg cured at half the nine!
ratal. (Jffloehouri from o'clock a.m. to 1
o dock p.m. u. H. JUUMHua, M.u.
NffWtHp. IJIiiHlrnt d UitUlotf 1W
. .iiMt erirlntl, now nUHy,
' t, "-M.nl-o..rll N.w, (trial.
.tial h'tlnmometl l.irimry
A Detk-a, Tables, Chairs,
'f ff Booii Cases, loanaes,
.. T ..... D.. n.kl.w
I Ladies' Fancy Desks, Aa
llm.1 (looda and tini il
If ItlTH IS WatAll.TH. Da. 1. 0.
Weer", Neare o Uii TanTnixT,
a gnaranieed peoilij for llriurla, Iiiil
nen. OooTulif-aee, F1U. Nervoai Neural
gia, Headache. Nerrepe Proitration, earned
by the no of alcohol or lobaoooi Wake
fiilnew, Mental Depraielon, Seltening of the
Drain, reiuiting in mianity ana leaning to
miiery. Idecay and dealbi Premature old
Age, jJerrenneei, Loaa of Power la either
eait InvolunUi Loimi and Bparuiator
rbea, eatuviby orer-exertloa of the brain,
self-eboMororerlndalgenoe. Kaon bog eon.
taini one month's treatment. II a box, ol
six boiee for K, sent by mail prepaid, oa
reoelptof prioe. We gaarenteo Bix Bexoi
to sure any eaae. With each order received
by ai for six boxes, accompanied with to,
we will send the purohaier our written
guarantee to refund the money if the treat-
Cent doea not elect a cure, traarenteef
ined only b A- HIJMJUIHI A CO.. firaa
glila. Mamnbli. Teaa.
Private Select School of High Crude tor
allmlteO numbar ol VOONQ LAOIM.
Imtad at WnndUad. In rlew of Ht, Lonla Ilia
eollra apiKilatmanU of the plaon nndar It an KLa
OAjrr HOME. Oraanltad P"L for raara all rnoaiS
be bean taken erlr. Ooan of Instruction Im
C7 thorough. Mullet Vocal and Instrumental,
octiaaea: Aaetent and Modern. Art; i PlUrul
and Drawing. Hoard of lc-lrmtlon- Benas. all
blaMr Qualified lor their rjledprtnienta,
To eeoiire room apvlloetloo rouet be made eurlg.
B. TTnXgWETT, CL.O., Jennlngo, SSo.
Notice to Contractors.
oris, Auimi aid Tim K.m.w.t, 1
Orrics or thx Cmir Eiuin,
T. ........ T.T.. Jim. l. iHtf. I
SKALKI) propoiali ad lrenmd to tbe Chief
JCnaineer ol the St. Loan, Arkaniai and
Teiae railway, No. 4"4 Market itreet, ht.
Louil, Mo will be reeeired until U o'olock
noon of the 7th ol Jolr. 1WI, for tbe eon
itruotlon of a Koundliouie and Machine
Shupi at l'ioe Bluff. Ark. rrri.oiali to hive
the enTnloie luiloricd, "Peopoeali for
Ronnniio tre and Maohine Shopi at Pine
Bluff." The fnilnwluc li an approximate
S.Konu. yards oi bioavation.
31 Kfl It. B. 31. Lumbar.
Hiu s inaree or ifrarei Kooonr.
PUni ami iiecilcationi can be teen at the
general once or the company, oorner oi
Fourth and Market itreou, St. Louil, Mo.,
et the Afn. ni P. H. llulllalian. M Alter Of
Tramportatioai Fire Dluff. Ark., and at this
The Company referral ths right to reject
any or all bid. . . . .
K. Li. va sasi, tniei jCiUgmter.
W, ft, Cai'Mfiuy, Uob. Bap't.
HI! BEAT PBIE5BI t
FOR. J. BRADFIELO'S il
This famous remedy morti happily meet
thedemand of the age for woman s pecshsr
and multiform afflictions. It ia a remedy
for WOMAN ONLY, and for, one BPKOIAL
CLASS of her dieeaaei. It li a eueeifle for
certain dlieaeed eiadltloni wf the won a
and propoaoa to ao control the Memtrwal
Junction ae to retulate all the daraagw
Bienu aad imgalaxitiea ef Woxaaa's
IU propUton claim for it aa ether medical
property and to doubt tbe fast that thia
medicine doe poeltirely poll eaa each eoe
coatrollin and rag uiatlng powere ii ilmpjy
to diicredit the volunury tettiaoay of thoa
anile of living witneues who are W-daa
exulting in the restoration U soend healia
aad happinesa. .
I itrlctly a vageUble eomponnd. and If the
product of medical science and aractieal ea
perieaoedireoud toward tbe benelt of
avrPBBIBM WOBTABI ' :
II Is the itudled praieriptlon of a leraedl
physictaa. whoso specialty waa. WOMAN,
ana whose fame beAo.e envlaleand bound
leis became of hie wenderlnrsuceess In tha
treatment and core of female 'com plain ta,
TUB RK'UULATOK is thai OrVANUKbr?
RKMEDI known, aad richty deserves It
Bimr- i'. e
Woman's BestT rIend
Bscs uie It controls a class of functions tha
varloui derangements ol whlah cause mora
III health than all other cauies combined,
and thus rescues her from a long train ef
afflictions which sorely embitter her life aad
prematurely end ber existence, tlh, what a
multitude of living witneaieiean teitify to
its oharmtng effectal W omai'take to year
eonldence this i '
PKK1IOIH BOOM OP IIEALTHt'
It will rellrre you of nearljC all the com
plaints peculiar to your sex, . Hely upon if
as your laleguard for health, happiness and
long life. - v. . .
Sold by all druggists. Send for. our treat
ise on the Health and Hapi'toaji o( Woman,
mailed free, which givei all pajUculars.
I'llB BHAUFIKliI) RKUlILATuR CO',
Boxiatf Atlanta, Ha.
ACID IRON EARTH
The Great Natural Blood Purifier.'
In Iron Tonic free from Alcohol.
-Aa Infallible Itemed l 3
Dyspepsia, Mver Complaints,
Chronic I)larrlnna. Ueieral Debility, ;
Asthma, Kcninls Corpplalnts, .
Kryslpela. air skin Dl jaasaa,
Cholera Morbus,'fi . i
Bora Ryes, NlRht Bwsats, .:" ' .. 'j
Billons Collo, Cuts, Ilnilsts, Catarrh, !
Ulcerous and Cancerous Affections.
Hheuinatlsm, Sounry, ,
Wsakness from Illness or Uver-Work,
Loss of Appetite. . A
Biok Headache, , ' . I
Sprains, Tvtter. eto., eta.
rarer; It E aad CEHTiriCATEB
8m fi-es pamphlet. , j
ACID IRON EARTH COMPANY,
MOBILB, ALA. :
W. N. nAUDEMAN,
President of tha Oreat L0UI3VlI.r.l C0C
R1KR-JOURNAL CO., tells (hat
he knows of .
Winteramith's Chill Cure.
a. - , ' .
Orrrca or ras Coraiita-Jotjat,
Dr. WtalennitiA. Sir I walva a rule I ha
Tmii i i i - .
observed for many years, tbe value of your i
remedy prompting mil to say. In reply to '
your request, what I know- of your Chill J
Cure, The private sjstiranoos of its elBcac T
1 bad. and the good rei-ulu of lU effeata I V
fiaa ODierved on mr. n. ti . mereunu. wuv,
or more than I flee n years, had keea fore
man of my office, Induced aie to t It ia
my family. The reiulta have keen entirely
satisfactory. The Brit one was of two
years' standing, la which I. believe every
Lnnwn Mm.il.kkl ku. triad with t - fll tlrt
rary relief the chills returning periodically f
and with seemingly inoreasea severity.
Your cure broke them at once, and there ha
been no recurrence of them for moro than
six montns. jneotnoroase wa, oi amuueri
furm. and vtalilail mora readllv to other a--'
remedies; but the chills would return at in- .
tervali until your medicine was uaed, slnon ,
which time, now several months, tbey hava .'
entirely disappeared. From the opnortu- i
nity I have had to Judge, I do not herniate to
expreii my belief that your Chill Cure isa
valuable speoiuo, and per forms all yoa .
promiseioriU $kWMk. f
ARTHUR PETER k CO.. Agents, Louis-
TlllBl P. 7 i
CORRUGATED IRON SI
And Iron Roofing.
fire, Wlarl, Water mm Llghlnl
nreof. Suitabla for all kinds of bulldin
Por nrlcei and aitlmatea at factors ratal
call ea or address '
MEMPUIS METAL A WOOD MP'S CO.,
Its A 44(1 Main at., and 21 A t Mnlharrri
MEMPUIS, TBNN. - I
Headquarters for Iron Fenoei and Cresting '
Oalvaniied Iron Cornice, Tin Roofi A Move ;
l. v. oocuaiK.
a. podlst raamia.
COCHRAN & FRAYS ER, , '
Owner aad Proprietors,
Oa Hor. Lake Road, 8 Miles from CT
SUFFICIENT pasturage for 509 hea l t
stook. Charges Irom II 90 to 15 le
month, according to can and kind of past
urage. ilos, cattle, oalvee, sheep anu
lamoe lor sate, raruea ueiuiDg pasiuxagr
for stock, or to Durehaae or sell stock, will
w. h. jAtacuri, agent, on tagriao
Telephone .HXI or ZV. ; '
Non-Realdent Notice, "
Ns. R. D.la the Chancery Court e
bhelny County, loan Louis A. tfoenie
vs. F-nnie Boehler.
ItaDoearinc from bill which Is sworn to li
this cauie that the defendant, Fannie Bnea ,
lor. ie a non-resident of the State ef Tea -
nemee, and that ber residence ia unknown
It is tberofoie ordered. That she mak
her appearance herein, at tbe courthoun
ol Shelby county, in Memphis, Tcnn.,on o
before the first Monday in August, 1W6. anil
plead, answer or demur to complain ,
ant's bill, or the san-.e will be taken fo:
oonfesiedas to her and set for hearing e
parte ; and that a copy of this order be put
lichecl once a week, for four successive
weeki, in the Memphis Appeal. - This i-.
day cf June, IKfiit. A copy attost:
D. i. aruvn a.i.iu, tiera aaa .issie ,
By J. M. Bradley, Deputy C. and M.
X, 8. iii.tBatvB, Svt. fvt compl'ai.