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MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL THURSDAY. JULY 22, 1886.
IHL'RSDAT, i t JUL gg, 188
THE DEMOCRATIC TICKET.
Jar Otoneelhr-flESRT T. ELLET1.
Cirruil Court JuittL. H. ESTES.
Criminal Court Mtr-J. J. DUB OS E.
Probate Court Mte-J. 8. OMLOWAT.
Attorney General-CEO. B. PETERS.
Sheriff-W. J. I AS N ON.
Cirruil Court Clerk-DAN SCHL0S3.
Criminal Court Clerk-DICK CAPERS.
County Court Oerk-P. J. QUIOLEV.
Truetre-ANDRKW J. HARMS.
Keyieter-N. F. HARRISON.
(Stnte at Large.)
PETER TURKEY, franklin County.
W. 0. CALDWELL, Oiknn County.
iEat Tennefee) ,
D.L.SNOUdaASS, Hamilton County.
B. B. LURTON, Montgomery County.
W. C. FOJ.KES, Shell County.
THE riOPLK HD THE TAHITI-.
The failure of the present Congreaa
to sive the people the promised tariff
reform baa pioduced great diaaatiBfac
tion throughout the country and de
veloped a public sentiment which
show that a Urge majority of the peo
ple are hostile to the principles of
protection. In several of the Wesiern
States the Republicans have pawed
resolutions condemning tariffs for pro
tection and censuring the prtsnt
Congresi for its failure to revise and
correct the ineiualltioa tf the present
tariff". The people in every section of
the country are mnnift ating a fouling
which shows tint they aredetermied
to be trifled with no longer on thin
question. The Democrat have prom
ised reform, but two successive Demo
cratic Congrexaea have failed to reduce
the revenue a single penny. Mr.
Cleveland haa favored tariff roduc
tion ; his Secretary o! the Treasury has
urged it,and the whole powerof the ad
ministration has bean used fir reduc
tion of duties. The thirty-four It in
dall Democrats who joined the Repub
licans to defeat tariff reform endeavor
to justify their recreancy by manu
facturing a Free Trado party and
warrlr.g up in Its free trade policy.
This is a contempt ble subterfuge, an
attempt to wriggle out of their treach
ery by the suggestion of falsehood.
The demand of the Demjcra'a who
voted to redfletn the plighted faith of
the party was not for free trade, as
every ono knows that the revenue re-
iremonts of the government will for
are to come rendar free trade
i i impossibility. Taora is do
res Trade party in this country
u-giog free trade as a substitute
ior a tariff for revenue only. Both
parties balieve In raising revenue from
a tax upon Import. Unf irtunately
the tax uador the preumt w.ir tarilTIs
vastly in excess of the n?ds of the
government. The conn jqti(nco is that
we have an immense surplus hi the
vaults of the Treasury, aud the people
are tax ad net only to d fray the njcei
jwry expnsts of the gjvernmnt, but
to keep idle millions in the vaults. It
Is not necersiry to be very etc llful in
palitictl economy to sie that
each a cindition of thinga is
great hardship on tho tax py
ing people. It li admitted to
be so by even Republican politi
cians, but the men who admit the
hardship do not try to remedy the
wrong. Every possible expedient la
adopted by the Republicans to pre
vent the tariff from being lowered
to the needs of the government, and,
on two occasion?, reinforced by Ran
dall and bis little squad, they have
succeeded. There are no Free Trade
Democrats there are no Democrat
who object to raising revenue by a
tariff upon imports. Rut there are
Democrats who oppose a tariff that is
not only for the sole benefit of nitnii
ficturers, but (or their benefit at the
expense of the farmers, mechanics and
laboring men. What Is needed and
what is required by the people from
the present Congress is a compliance
with the pledges of party platform to
reform the tariff and reducj tariff tax
ation. BNTEBPHIHIN IX AFRICA.
For many years past the ill paid la
borers of Eurtjpe, and the sons of peo
ple comfortably well off who found no
opportunity to make a living there,
hava looked to America as their
refuge. It it now beginning to appear
aa if the long unknown continent of
Africa was to become the home of the
emigrant. Governments are acquir
ing territory there, and trading com
panies are forming eottlemonte. The
Congo country is today the principal
point of attraction to Germans, French
and English. The New York ISulletin
aays it coold Oil a column with the
names of the various companies that
have been formed in Lnpland alone
for the development rf the African
trade. The Scandinavians are also
taking a part, and even sluKgish Por
tugal has a project for a railway from
St. Paul de Lcanda to the west const,
nine degrees from the ei at 01 . S we Jen,
email ai it is, has l,oe; eroding mer
chandise there fr.on tHirty-thiett
firms. The Germans have an expedi
tion out to establish a trading post
near the wettorn boundary of Mo
rocco to supply the caravans
(crossing the Sahara with Ciar
man goods, beside agencies at
Tangicrs and other points. They
bave substantial and remunerative
trade establishments at different
points, especially on the Niger and
and the Binass. With them a power
ful French company is competing.
The British are making good their
position by purchasing whole prov
inces along the banks of navigable
rivers and entering into treaties with
native chiefs, and bave even dis
patched ambaseadora to the sovereigns
of the two largest Empires in Central
Africa, the Empires of 8ok.it a and
Gando. By this means iiupor.ant
right bve been secured and exclu
sive puwers to trade in extos va dis
tricts. The company is acquiring para
mount sovereign powers, an! forks
like preparing to piny in Africa the
part the Eng'ieh East India Company
did in that country. The Congo Free
State Stanley has founded on one side
of the Congo, and the French territ ry
established by De Brazaa on the other,
are also vast enterprises. "Off to
Africa" seems likely to become the
emigrant cry in the future.
THE FAX AM A CABAL TANULB.
The pecuniary condition of the
Panama canal project is becoming a
dangerous one to France, and the
question is now asked there why
France should eupply half as much
money ss it pdd in indemnity to Ger
many to construct a canal that will be
need principally by the United States
and England? M. Beaulieu, an
eminent French economist, suggests
In L'Ecxinmniite Francaiu, that nnder
the circu nsUncea the Uuited S.atie,
England, Germany, It dy, Rossia, Hol
land and Spain should be celled upon
to give the work tlnir sanction and
countenance, and a guarantae of the
interest on any future loan. This
would secure loans at a mnrh lower
rate than is posfible t obtan at prea
ent. Wbn the canal is opened
etch of thoae powers ti contribute
a propor ioial tonnage. If aiy
advances of money were made, which
is not reckoned upon by the writer,
however, tv ey would a on be repaid.
In all tbi, Monsieur Boaulieu regirda
the United Sia'es as the power prin
clpa ly Int rafted. So it i", interested
in a way the French wrier docs not
take into account. Tho United States
is averse to con.plica'ing its inteiests
with those of the countries on tho
otbtr ride of tbe globe. The Uuit'd
States bus a'so tua'y interests con
nected with the canal, that five her
peculiar claims she is not d sposed
to pirt with. The canal gives access,
not before ex) ting, to ti e sa that
bound QUisbores, and our mertan
tileaiyl peace and war poa tlnns are
trSi $y connected with the changes
t)i6 canal will bring abnnt. Are
Iheaa interes'i to be sunk, or
t- be combined with the na
tional Intei es s of the European
powtra? There is apparently na
tldOil trouble ahead connected
with this canal. If, as seems net im
probable, the affa.rs of the cat.a!
thould become doiperate, France in
its trouble iny resort to exped ente
Inimical to our c'a'ins and national
welfaro. If other powera should com
bine wilh Fiance, taking a share In i;a
canal preptry, then circums'ances
would arlee the Uni'ed St tt-s could
not acquiosce in. Should the canal be
completed without these embarrass
ments, then there is Eugixnd and the
Bulwer t'enty to be tettled with. In
any ev "tit our Mt nroedoc rine will be
hardly et n iied, rnd who can tell that
it will )i su:c?sf fully suutalnod? Al
together, tun Irama canal promises
lo ive cur ptople wha, the French
call une viauvuine quart d'heure.
Nil. VI R NT I LI. FALMRU.
Silver continues io d aline in value.
Bradttrcrt'i of this welc reports lilver
barj falling steadily all hist week in
Lindjn. O.i Wednesday tho price
w.is4ld an ounce, and on Thurrdny,
43 13 ldd. At 44 1 Ilia bullion value of
thoailvrtrd ollar is74 3 5 rente. We coin
$'J,0t)0,CO0 a month of this cheap sil
ver into doll irs intended to pass for
100 cents each. The people do not
tako them as they art coined, they do
not want them and will not use them
any moi d thn news -it requires. By
the ton weihL they lie in vaults c in
structed to rcoive them, es vgalonds
are shut up in prieons constructed to
n'ceive thoee whom looiety rejects. It
was PH-orted by the agents of the sil
ver minei that the $2,000,000 a month
coinage would came silver to risi in
price. The result is that the silver
dollar, (lie bull on va'ueof which whoit
rlrut coined was 03 cents, is today 74 tt-5
cents. Ind a has been chocked with
silver and can no longer help to sus
tain it, and tin deo'ine there
is s'eadly br'ngiog down
the . price. Tho acts of
our Congress cmld not raie tho price
of silver, as it was claimed thov wou'd
do; far off I ndU proves more power-
ful than CongrtBS, for it is the wot Id's
markvbj.not Gorgieas, that dicta es the
value of the commodities the world at
large deal? in. Yet by the decision of
the preterit C.mgross, silver do.lara
are still coined and imprisoned in
vaulta. What ordinary citzan ia
profited by this coinage? Tho silver
coined !a bouxht with the money
taken from him In taxes, and wht
benefit does he derive from the con
tinued ro'naga of what the citii ns re
oct tho use of except as necessity
compelK? We cannot always go on
flllins vaults with wh it there ia no de
mand for, snd what, In the end, i i io
be done wi h the stock of low priced
eilvtr we are niinth by month aocu
mnlatiii(i? The question Is wnnh
conside.a inn, for woonnotpass 7436
ceuta for 100 ce ils for ever.
i:Mntrl from Jail.
Rom, N. Y., July 21.-Wm. Pierce,
of Cioveisvil'e, sentenced for hmso
ft- alinn, snd Jo! n Kockmnr, of Bonne
ville, for fernery, escaped from the ia l
in ih;s city lift uinh' by cutting alar
out of a window grat ng in tho ccr
ridors. A scell dding a'lowed thorn to
get ovr the high fnce surrounding
the jail. The pii-onere' colls were not
locked. U. orge Penner, of Sanqiuit,
the only other prisoner, preferred to
The Cholera Heeenl.
London, Ju'y 21. C.iolera reports:
Bnndisi 8 new case, 6 deaths; Venice
2 new casus, 2denth; Fontana 16 new
caeef, 3 deaths ; Latinao 7 new cases,
4 deatht; Coder g ) 8 new cases, 4
Heathe ; Trioate 8 new cates, 2 deaths ;
Finme6 new cesv, 3 deaths; Ostinl
2 new caeef, 1 death.
Oprra llia. Barnnd.
wipa iuni, ja.. July 'Jl. fire
gutted Gret n's opora doiKe this moru-
iu. a-o, f-u,wji t uiiy insured, i
THE lURCIibT TRIALS.
INFORMER 8ELLIOER OX
Ills Story About tbe Manufacture f
the Bombs by Llagg His
Chicago, III., July 21. Tbe eight
narchista moved silently into Judge
Cary'a couit this morning. Tnere was
a eriou, tbooghtful look in Spies's
lace ss he took Ois eeat, and. indeed, a
somber me'anchnly seemed to brood
over the entire gang, with the excep
tion of Lingg. Immediately upon the
opening of conrt,
who la retarded as the p'inc'pal wit
ness for the Stale, was pnt upon tbe
witness stand. Ihe courtroom was
crowded, and the testimony was lis
tened to with tbe keenest iutirtst.
Soliiger testifies that be lived in Sedge
wick street, and had, as a boarder,
Lruis Llngtr, one of tbe deferents.
On Monday nitfht witness at'eudtd a
meeting of tbe Carpenters' Union at
Zepf's If ill. At th- meeting copies rf
the 'Revenue" (i cu ar were hreogtt
in and distributed by Balli-t'ar Rau.
"D dvon woikatyour trade Tues
What did you do that morning?"
"I got up kt 7:I!0 o'clock that ino n
Iuk. Lingg came. I h.d previously
told him 1 wanted th e bombs re
moved from my dwelling. He tcld
me to work dil peutly ht them and
ttiattbey w uld be taknn away that
day. I too eome effee and afur
aw ilo I worked at some bad shells,
ill if g the holes."
"L k at the shell I now show you,"
(handing tbe itteis a 1 aden RpLere
altout lie sir. J of a small turnip).
"I)d you work at these BhotlsY"
"What did yru do?" "I drilled the
holes. It took me about half an
"Where was Ling ?" "At a meeting
on the Wear, 8 de. He came back
about 1 o'clock."
"Did you apeak to him ?" lie "eaid
to me, 'I did not work very much; I
ought to have done more.' 1 1 ld him
I n d no p'eosure in tue work. TOen
tie said, 'We will bave to work harder
this afternoon.' "
Mr. Ingham, who conducts the ex
amination, Offers the shell in evi
derc. "D d you bave any conversation
about boils? ' "Yea; Ling to'd me
to go to a place on ( lyb n n avenue
io git time bolts to put in the ehi-lls.
1 go' about fltty bo re,"
"Who w rked with you?" "Huob
ner, Munsonberg and Herman; we
wi rked all the afternoon."
"What room did yon work in?"
"Ia tbe frout ronm at N i. 442 Sedg
wick stieet, in Lingg's room and iu
the rear r tern."
"Wh.tdid Lirgg do?" "Firtt he
workei at tbe gas pipe, putting in u.u
"Iubs like thess?" (Mr. Ingham
presen s two wrought ito.i tabes abou
2 ncbe in diameter and 0 Inchts
"Uow many bombs weie made that
af'ermon?' "I can't ted."
"Ado7,m?" "Oh, inorj. Perhaps
fi r y or ti;ty ; I cau'uny exactly "
"ilosr mny rmnd bombs?" "I
can't tell exacly."
"Wo.etl e round bimbs cast that
"Who ca t tl era?'' "Ling? cast
them once "lone in the rar room of
mv store. Tuat was six woeka before
May let "
"Where was the first bomb you ever
saw?" In Lingg's .loom, some time
before that; purhaps two or three
mi nibs before."
WitDess c mversed with Lingg at the
time, an.) tl e ltt r told him that he
wai g ling to make bombs also. Ha
aw home dynamite in Lingn's roim.
Lingg told him every workinginan
should bavo dynamite and learn to une
it. There was going to be an ' aiiiti
t on," he s dd, and all working i.en
oiuht. to learn the me of dynamite.
On the Tuesday a'temoon wnen thy
were making oomb. Ling add the
b ma would be g iod "fodder" f jrthe
capitalista and tho poll e, who tnigl.t
try and priilei t capitalist'. The bombs
ought to be completed that ever.ing,
as they w re to be UBid that i.ighi,
Linug said. When wituers left tbe
botiKe in the eveiimg Llugg ac ;om
I amei l.ini, and tlmv carried a lit le
trunk cnntd'Tiigtbe bombs. Wi'.nees
said i-oine i f tin I ouiln wire round
and si mil of tliem were pipes. They
wetiihel about fitiy pounds. They
wore all loi.ded wi n ilyi amite and
had caps fix. d ou tin m. Wtiiletv cy
were cairvii'g fiera tiny met Mizoo
b Tg aud 'he t ree t them carried the
trunk, to Nells' Hall, No. 5SCly bourn
avenue. Tin y look, thein iu th-engh
a side door end i. t i a bnliway. Tture
the trenk was opined and aavtral
Fetiple c me to W ok at t) e cnnt4nts.
saw tlir'e or lour m take bombs.
1 to ik ivn en, I put them In my
prcku a. Tiiei. o went away leaving
'hit honil'8 ;n tlm pi'asace way. The
hull back of Ned's' ea'ooci, tbe witness
said, was cd ed the "SiMcty of the
Communia a." Anarctiiaia and axmtl
iets all ued to meet thure. When he
1-ft Neds' saloon. Lingg, rh'o'en and
Gustav Lihmaii were with him, and
they were iiftrwaids joined bv two
men of the Lehr ana Wobr Verein.
All had houbi.
"Tell what you were soing to do
"A ilia'urbanre was to be uvdi cn
the North bide. Tlmt was arrancod
previonBiy. Other distnrbanres wero
to bo mad on the We it Side to pre-
ventinn po tee worn maaiingatanv
one point. L'Pg said d s'urbances
Bhonlil he made all over tha North
Side to prevent tbo police from goirg
to th VV i Bt Side. As they va bm! the
ljnali o M-e.t Police Stalti n Linjig
sa d it won d be a beni'ifiil tiling to
thr w n a coupl of b inhs. From
Lairabee street tie and Liugit went up
to me Web-tier Avoini- Hi'ion. A
put id wngoii etine up. Llnvg a d Le
wai gih g to ihow in a homo. har it
w.-s itie res! time to do it I eaid it
ai not a uood time; that it would bd
uselo a. Ungg hecame ex ited, a d
wanted nw to give him a me tire f om
my rgar. I went Mo a had and
Btr ick a niaUh, as if I was going to
give it to him The patrol wagon
pHBBBdbef jretboniat 'ti l ghted. Ling
wanted to fo 1 iw ihe wegon. lie
thought there was trouble on the Wtst
Side, and wanted to know what it was.
IpotuuleJ biin to go heme a little
before 11 o'clock. Lingg asked me if
I had seen a notice in the paper that
the armed men were ta hold a meet
ing on the Went Sulo. He showed me
a copy of tbo Arbeitrr Xeilung and
pointed to the word 'Rube,' which
tie said meant that there was to he a
mooting, and tht everything was to
be turned upside down. Tho word
'Rube' wjb a ti!Ual for all of tho
armed men t j amemble on tbn W et
Hide. The word wjb selected to give
that men nrtice that there was to he
tr f !;. Lingg and I went to Ni l! a
HaV pjUi. where a nnrnlrr ol otlicta
wertLf j"n said tj Lingg, iu a
very tfcVf 'You are the cause
of it klL' Then tome one told of the
bay market affair, and aasd that a
bomb bad killed a great many. Lingg
said nothing. On their way borne
Lingg laid that evsn now be was
B ldd and jibed at for the work be
bad done; that bia brothers in the
causa did not appreciate him. We bid
our bombs nnder tbe sidewalk. It was
about midnight when we reached
Witness identified a nnmber of im
plements used by them in tie manu
facture of their bomhs, and deerr.bed
how the dynamite and e t-er a'uff wi a
brought into tbe house. Wi ne;s knew
Eogle, and thty bd miied to tbesime
(socialist group. He had of en beard
Engle make epiechee, sayiog that
every working man should make
Mr. Ingham here holds up a piece of
gsa pipe, and aks: "Is this the way a
bomb looks when it is ready to go
The Court asks: "Is that loaded?"
"Yes, your honor."
"This la ia no placs for it," aald
Judge Gary. ,
During the car drivers' s'iie laet
year, the delegates fiom the d ffdrent
gr. una used to meet every week at the
Arbfiter Zetiung office Neebe, Schwab
nd Ling were members of the group.
The d. fens moved to have the testi
mony all stricken ont on tbe ground
This wai overruled and the cross
examira ion was begua. Witnees
taid he bed been made no prom B"S
by the Mate's Attorney or officers
whosimp y told bim he had bet'er
toll the truth. He did not know that
his testimony or statements wouid
p, event hiB being tried lot mnider.
The cross examination wis severe
and searching but ihe witness's tssti
mony remaiued unsbaken and at 1
o'clock nce-B was takeo.
Not a dull moment elapBed dur'ng
the morning. Jury, lawyerr, judtje aad
epectatorj were kept fiieily, wi luut
tho slightest relaxation, at, tbe s-ime
high tension to which they were
raised when tbe day' exciting develop
ments begin in tbn ea ly rooming
hours. Each j'lrr aid all the dtfend
edts were prov ded wicu br d pa'm
leaf fane, but do-pite the heat of tbe
bent of thi room, tha cooling articles
wore given scarcely a thought, while
tbe owners with beads of porepimt on
on their facea listened with
a rained attentioh. When Mr. FobtT
bad resumed tbe crcbs eiaminaihn tf
Sei liger, after the rece'S, tLe conduct
of L ntg was a atudv, aa it gradually
became evident that the main pa t of
the iuformer'a disclosures were over,
and that the lawyers for the defense
were inauuura'ing a v'gorous series of
attacks to b'nk tuef rceof tbe man's
evidence. Lin,g b1 wly recovered
part of bis vompoeure. His eyea
were fur ivdly raised from tbe
tlior. Then the just viaihle
down on Ida upper lip was softly
s.roked, as the lawyer began to en
tangle th witness regarding mii or
fef.turea of the tstiiuony. Finally
Lingit retted one heel on the lower
r iind of his chair and drew the other
foot up in such a manner ai ti form a
Bnpj'ort fcra laigo pad of paper, upon
which he procetdei to draw carica
tures of the informer. He was ill at
ease, however, and pursued the
occupation fitful y. Appaient y in
epite of huiBOif, his attrition
wect to the witne s, and it was neces
sary to resort to r.th-r expedients than
the drawing beard to succeed in the
effort tj maint.ia an attitude of indif
ference. Tbe favorite one was to de
velc p an admira'ion for tbe br gbt
red color of tha hrse, showing ab ve
tbe neatly politih-.d show that
had been etud oub y plao-d on bis
kne. One quett on pleased Liniig im
roensely, and tbe lawyer repeateo in a
different form whenever tbe b, irits of
the youngedt of the de'endanta st eraed
pan culnrly low. "You are tute,"
Mr. Foiter wou'd a k, "that Linzg ia
tho man who said the bombs would
be the beet food for capita'is'a aud
police." A fiighlened "?es" always
followed from the informer, and Liut g
invariably chuckled with the mo3t in
A determined attempt wpb made by
the defense to Bhow that tbe bombs
manufactured the afternoon of the day
on wh!ch tne ma a re occurred had
no ntciesary connection with the riot
in tha hay mnrkst.
"Was it agreed between ynuand
the m-ui who bnd the bombs that
n'ght at Clybourn avenue," ssaed
Mi. Foeter, "t'mt any o! yon were tj
go to the hay maritet mjit'oir?"
"top rmht there," thundered the
a''0'i.ey fr the aar.lrsa to t'n
tiem'ulii g figure in the w.tn ra char.
"Niwel yes or do. Do you know of
t o manufacture ot b mihs by any
person to he used against the police
on tbe night of the 4th of May V
"Yes no I cannot say."
The witness was in a state of abject
"Tlion it was not agreed by you and
the men who made those bombs that
any nf yoa were giing to the hay mar
ket?" "There was plenty said about going."
"Hut no particular petsan mid Kbe
When arr anted be w: a not plueed in
a no's me cell, away from 1 g'it an J
air. Hi atill oecnpies au exactly eiiui
lor coll 1 1 tie firut one, ns a n.a.ter of
choice Kiid L,r le'f protection.
bmt over while ho and Capt. Bluck
rnntnliud I aether. In a mom nt Mr.
Foetnr taid: "Seeliger. is tbe lady who
site over tbeie, behind Capt. Scuaack,
y nr win t
A little diiod np locking woman in
aruset elenk and dingy straw hat sud
denly became the center of atttuclion.
Mri. Pa so ns, resplendent in a beauti
ful new wrap, g xd for a menu nt at
t ie diminutive, shabbi'y d-eseeil title
cr.aturjin brown, and then l fiing a
scarlet nr.Bsgay alnwly turned in iho
opposite direction w tu an exptcut on
ol cnnteniptnoiiB pity.
Seelier tol l how upon biir.g lib
erated by Cant. S.:hHnk bo ai d his
w'fs went h line to ethi r.
Salomon, one of ihe nttrirneaf")rthe
defense, soo.i rellfcd on tliem. Su'o
nnn o id -svoTed to Indues bim not ti
lestifr Ka ml li e dtt 'u.i. n a and to
toll Capt, Kehaack that p'evinus et to
inentociuid rot be subs autia'ed In
Mra Peeli.er was then p'aeod np n
the wi n a Btand and gao her t -t-
mony in a thin, triple vuice. 8 le wa
very nertous and at t in a enibar
rafHed, but displayed nono rf tho
rravenneta that cbarac'eiir )d her hus
band. She tsetified at -great length, and
fully corroborated her husband's tetti
mouy. She aleo gave a detailed ao
count of Lingg a opnrationa at the
house, and tola now tho bombs ware
mannfaetured by him. The evidence
throughout was very damaging for
Tbehonro! adjournment had ar
riv.'d, and tbe longa.ssion ended by
tho State's attorney handing the jury
f'T ii'si ortioa an sriicle which several
cf then hud cieslred par'icularly to
ie. It was the mutd-rous dirk
fAHliloiiixl front a tile and tken from
Fischer the day after tha slaughter of
the hay market.
THE CAUSES ft? IflSMlTY
DISCUSSED B.r THE NATIONAL
Charities and Corrections at the
Last Day's Session A Number
f IntereMlrg Papers.
Sr. Tacl. Mini., Jnlv 21. Thia waa
i' e iu-i ouy s Bi-axio J oi lie National
Ciinttrcnue it (Jtianiba ami Correct
Af'er the u ual onenlrir exercise
Mre. Clara Dewick Co by, nf Dea'r ce,
Nt li., read a report ou tt.o causta ot
L. V. Hlorra, eecretary of tin Stato
Board of Correc iona a id Charitirain
M ch'gaa, reported aj to tne cund
lion lu that b ate of the four deuart
men's provided by the Leg stature to
aid tbe beard. Two inaare asylums
naa Deen opened timing tie past
year and one for inanne crimioala.
Mrs. Hrlen M. Woodi. of Illinois.
offered a resolution making the age of
consent in l-male chl.clren fifteen
years, and calling on legislators to in
corp-irate it irto a law, which wta re
ferred to tbe Business Cjmm ttee.
A discuss oa at to the pace fir
holding the next conference fol owed.
Mr. Harbour, 'of Miction, favcrd
noiuuig it in iia'eigti, n.V. Ph la
delphia and O.unha al-o extended in
vita'ionx, and, after a lively discuss on,
umaua a- cnuisen.
Mrs. Ba'nev. o: Lhda Inland, do
1 vrrrtd an addiess o 1 police matrons.
She sa d ill it e lire oming to St. IVul
ene naa uea.ru tumgs wliinu made bei
blut h at the treatment women pr a .n
erj r ceive here in jils, aid no worn
au to take cart of them. She advo
iotdd the mploymeiit of women of
cuaracterto Ukb care of women pris
oners. There onght to be one station
inea'heity to which to tike these
peep e and properly treat them. A
door of refuge should be open for these
women. Mrs. Barney's fervid elo
quence was tiie grea foatura of the
morning aud wai loudly applauded.
R chard Guudiy, of Oioisvile,
Md , rend the re jort of t";e l ommittce
oa Iu-Hh'tv. It advocated the tin
pbymeiit of eucii mt a' s aa were moBt
eionUucve to restoring the unfortunate
and du; endent clausee tu a Minte of de
p?ndem e, and thus reiiove the State
of tho burden e f protot'ting these pe
pie. The int rention of t:,e Stata to
deprive pK'pla ol tbeir iibwtv is neo
eesary, aud here aro mat the greatset
difficulties with which te commit ea
haa to contend for tju t rnefi the op
positii n of fnuo de to huv.ng them
locked np is 1 1 be overcome.
Dr. Rchardson, S iparint ndent oi
tne Insune Aylum et A liens, Ohio,
read a paper on "Functional In-
The committee f ir next year re
ported tne lo lowin otlicers and tbe
committee was adopted: Pre3idrt,
theHjn. H. H.Giles, Wuconsin; Vice
i-reei lents. tne Kt. Kev. Usorge D,
Gillispie, tbe Kev, A G, Byers, Ohio,
and th Rv. S. H. Sonneschein,
am Bonn; Mtcretines, the Kev a. a.
Hart. Minnoeo'a: O. O. McCullonsh.
Indiana: Mrs O. O. Dinemoor, Ne
biaska; Execntiv Committee: H C.
Garrrtt, Pei nsylvania; F. B Siinbo n,
Mass' cms tts; Wm. P. Ltehworth,
JNewYor';v m Howard Neff, O.iij;
H. H.Gils, Wico'8,n; Chiimao
Ixjcal Commit e, J. A. Gil epip,
umara; umcmi Reporter and km or,
Mr.'. I'abt-l C Barrows, Maseschueett'.
The followmv are the Chairmen of
tbe Sanding O'miriteeson Ropsns
from Siatea: Tho Rav. T. H. Winep,
Illinois; Moral and Industrial Educa
tion as Preven.ive of Crime
and Pauperism, M. McG.
Dana, Mirne ota: Orenizition
ft Cnaritv, Charles D. Ke log. New
York; Schools for Defective Claseei,
ths Rt. Rev. Ge rge D. Giliispie,
Michigen; Cbi'd Saving Work, Mrs.
Elizabeth B. Fairbanks. Wisconsin ;
Penal and R-forma'orv Institutions,
rroi. A. u. wrght, Wisconsin; la
sanity, Dr. R. 8. Drtwev; Alien Pau
pera end CriraiDalB, Dr. Charles L.
Hoyt, New York; Modi ai Cnarities,
Dr. Uha'ien L. LiHwal'ater, PennByi'
van:a; r.n Dn;y (o the Afiican and In
dian Race?, Phillip C. Garrett. Penn
syivunia; Ktin Itoird ef Churities,
tne lion. 1. it, buinorn, Mafsacbu
Ti.o Stale c orresponding secrete riee
were ie-tlec;ed witb the following
crargH only: jJikoti, John J. rat
tan ; Murylaod, Dr. R. G. Giundy;
JWaiBtchU'eils, Cap'. Shurtiiff.
IHE SENATE C tAMHKB
wae crowded n. the closing aea ion to-
nikht, which wiia a love fcait through
out to the text, i f ri-BolutiotiB of thanks
to Gov. Hubbard, the neonlo of St,
Paul, Minui apons i-.nd Minnesota and
locil ciuintttee, offered by P. C,
Garrett.'ol Phila telphia, and elcqnent
ly s concert by the Rev. O. C. McOul
loch, of Indi n apolis.
Rabbi Sonno'cbein. of St. Louis,
dwelt upon ine Ira ernity in char ty
work ol Proteatants. Jews and Catho
lics vhere fifty yeara ago cruelty and
binodnhed r ignei.
Ex-Preeidcnt R. B. Hayes aaid that
wn:u ine coiikrence had net lormeu
a pr iiiramme ita members had auh
st nit ai y a.T' ed nnon a number of
punts. They all ttg-eed that esteto
iJiariisoi liuarny ought to exist in
vi;ry S ate and 'i'enitory; ttut thore
ahr.'u d be eomn women on such board ;
tha' the.e members abould terve
wi brut i ay and have neither patron.
age nor i xtcntive power. They had
agreed that tt.c exui'.ing county jail is
ao abominati in and that they should
be changed or aholinbed altogether.
Th' query wa', Shouldn't the State
tal-e cliar.-e of tbejnla? Wo favor
in-ko K:aaorpanen(i throngn and
tut unc and reiri'in:ti':n for thi
youig. We are in fauorof the E mi-a
vHtem of riota, with men like Mr.
Borkn.1 at tho head. I modostlv
recjmnien I ti e au hontiesof Min e
beta to i tudv this svetem I ef rj build,
ing the r nw prison. It is agreed tuat
ta essential thing in prison reform is
miiiii 11 ihu ir, hi.u as prtiveuiion in nei-
tir t'arj rure, inannal eduiation
should beg n in ihe c immon rclx ils
H !s nard that wherever fetiiui
havi to t,3 ciifined tfcere ehou'd
bo goni worr.o.i t 'ake ere of
lb: m. This bs.s been tin U 8'
c jid.iri nee yi.c hell hwausj more
no non huv. t ;k,'n ;a,t u it. The
epei ker a nils,! to the daacuBton aa to
wont clrtBses of esiig nnts aboulei ba
ptrmitted to Una upon our shores,
and wns glad tie general so nee fa
vored making the country in the fut
ure, as in the pes, a haven ot refuse
and liberty for the oppressed. It is
agreed as to the dangers of the
drink habit of theaa poor foreigoera
and that canse ehould be diminished
and abolished. It is agreed ai to the
generous hospi'ality of the people of
Other brief speeches were made,
aftsr which Pr sident Nepf introduced
h i tutxeesor, the Hon. H. A. Giles, of
WiBronsin, who reviewed the vast
W' rk of the con'erecpe since ita com
mencement fourteen years 'go.
Resolutions of thanks to tne presi
dent and sorrolaries wt r j passed. It
waa aleo voted that the poitraits of I
OEGILL BROTHERS & CO.
HARDWARE AND MACHINERY.
About twenty years ago I dlscorercd a little tore on mj check, and the doctors pro
noanccd it cancer. I have tried a number of physlclarus, but without receiving an perma
nent benefit. Amoaj; the nnmber were ono or two pecialits. The, medicine tne applied
waa like Are to tbe cure, cauams inlcnsc pain. I (aw a ttutement in the papers telling what
S. 8. S. had done fof others almilurl afflicted. I procured some at once. Before I haa a Bed
the second bottle He neighbors could notice that my cancer was healing np. M ecncral
health had been Dad for two or three ears 1 haa a hacking t'i;o ana spit blood contin
ual!. 1 hed a severe pain in my breiK After taking six bottles of 8. S. S. my couuh left
me and 1 irrew slotnrr thun I hud been for several veara. My raucer hs healed over nil but
a little sKl about tie sl7.u of a half dime, and it Is rupidl dixui icaring. 1 would advise
ever oue with canqer to give B. S. IS. a fair trial.
Xlia. NANCY J. McCONAUUUET, Ashe Grove, Tipuecaaoe Con Ind.
Feb. 16, 1886. ,
Swift's Speclftels enllnO vegetable, and seeras to cure cancers by forcing oat the impu
tls (iom the blujd. Treatise on Illood and Skin Diwaaea mailed free.
T11K SWIFT bl'Kflr'IO CO., Drawer 3, Atlanta, Ga.
Ex-Preaident3 Nejf and Leteb wonltl
app?ar in the next issue of the csnfer
ence proceedings. I
At 10 o'c'ock ft he conference ad
jotirred Bins dia with the finRin? of
"My Coumry, 'Ti of Thee," and the
benediction by Jiahop Whipple. In
all, there have been 272 delegates in
THE I Bi MATES OF SHELBY COVH
Glv an Old Folks' Concert, the
Humor nad ctonga of Whlcli
Were JBarb Knjojed.
looBaaspoxDixcs or thi irraiL.I
Montiiaglb, Tknn , Jaly 19 In
moniiig back a week one is surprised
ti fin l lo many lecturer, enter am
nion ts and pleasant incident are to be
reialed. Every day ia at Monteagle
full of interaet and pM. The Pitas
Aasocia ion his ben here, banqueted,
driven to tbe viewa, and given a thor
oughly eond time. Toeir enthaaiaU c
expressiora will find voict in a repe'i
t on iu tOeir several journals of what
they were pttased to aiy hers of their
complete surprife aud favor. The
la t of a wat k's pleasant gatherings
wai a very lazy aud enca ga her d in
the ampitheater Saturday evening, a'
areption gtvea by the "Peak'rBiv
ters. Tbe programme, wnich ia da ly
iBsud from the s'ygmigraph by Miss
M Adelei.e M ff t,of Howard Co1 lego,
(id a in, had upon it a e'evci y exe
catid (ketch i . Outline of theaa weird
figrrei c;miig in line ('own
t e coos', line of the Western
Uui.ed btetcs from Alaska. With
anis akimbo they held large band-
r-ioxes, Bmminely comiup from the
Shelby Coun y Home. The amphi
toeator ia a spacious building. The
aim -circular bench a werefllltd w th
an elegant audier.cj. The decora
tions wera exq iieita. Oak leaves,
ferns (ttie great orake and ceer fern;,
bright ciiux-oa cloth as a heavy bor
der beneeth the elevated second
stage, whereon sat the fine orches.r,
JS cuorn s J5aod, B"vea peifoimera.
Japanese lan ton", swung fiom lines
of wire, enhanced the effect. Filing
in. the Quaint Siaters rained them-
salves in a lin on the pla form Tbe
dretsea we-e IjIbcx, deep punted col-la-s
and cuff, and the peaked hats,
of nnifom length, were wLit4. The
leader had a ri ack and white wand.
Witri thii Bhedirected the movements
of her well traiuid subordinates, ba-lut-,
I riBtpgon their toes to the full
est height they came down npon their
he"ls with a thu.t. t-ot! and
they .dropped like automatons into a
riw of chaire. key Jeros'ia Ann
Potiiogill (Vtifs Anta Johiisun, tf
Mtmpii e,; said, "tixdies and gentle
men of bo.c sotes, including children, I
wish to mike bo auLouucement."
Tnesa tta'elv virgins incofctuuiesroat,
not g udy, are trom A anka. They
w.re formnriy of P.ke's Peak, tu.
owing to the poiin es of the soil they
de'ermined to em graieto Alasky, on
tne Kqnat r. It ia a lamentable fact
that thia b.a-e, bo rich in climtt". ao
e'eva ed in pos tion, is notappr cia ed
oy tnem aa never saw it. 1 eveu
h am. with great dietreca. eome of mv
feliow ci iz 'na objected to buvin' it ns
a present to tho Uuited Slates. I he
realises was poor, but blsnly aristo
cratic They was proud of toeir fam
ily, which, being all girlp, wta cmse
qneutly all Bisteis. Poor, becauee they
nau no money ; crops (piled by dry
ness of the giound. I fcund them.
aid ioduceu thim with great pur
suoa n, to allow toe world to become
aeq'iainttd with their great talent.
We came in a Baekervillo tal
loou. I wi 1 now introduce
you to taS4 children. They uro
a'phabt tically named. Aramintv (Miea
Wl He wilrt n,ol uolliervi ie). tsw K:-
sy (Mra. Nanni D. nl-I, of Mi mi.h i).
Uct y waa left twtiimi sim coal ln't
fl id iier bandbox. C diod (Ui.r. t,l
wipethirecs w th gr a ontnitiiioo)
I) pud tare twrni iiontiy, S.iphy
Hicliardfon, and Eliz", Julia" Me iia-
ni", of Mim. hiM. TI11 "lily w.-y thev
tan be till wra t K is u little
eyrBlikd and cuu't Dinr ;o r. d
notei coir-i T;,ev iu", howeve'.
sin qirir eii. aid if ioisnlin-nta
with tto.pt u,!ous ei''t I whs d at.
and 10 hr pri:t ii tir t ho.1,0 'o
Biudy "yelicoti n" uti'l to enliven
them by her coi' vm .'iition. G i.Ua
ahniK'.d nit' tlup u.ui al v-oil (t a suod
rea-mnBHtii nt ol handkerchief)). H
etands for Haunur Betir.dy, ftVi e
B'.ker, of Meuipliis, who is ihe mo 1
liigije't 1 h trac er, aud paitiko of
the pretio nntnre ol her nncle, Jack
Milt-n (Milton was the brothir nf
these girls' mother, hencs they are all
endowed with great poatio talent). It
waa Ilanner Belindy who composed
these far famed a inga we will aing. j
and K ran off with a Mormon elder.
Their names ore never mentioned
(groans and tears). L ia for Lncindy,
MifS Mary Mvdman. BentimintAl.
frivolous Lncindy. rjhe is also nf an
ariist c tarn of mind; her skttjhea
of Alaskan ancient arcbilecture are
co ti foundin' to behold.JM.,for Mirandy,
(Miss Mary Jack, Memphis). This
hilariona and neat individual had tha
misfortune to loee her voice at the
tender aire of 35 veara. Since that
time she has took to harpin. Her
playing is simply prodigious, K.
stands for onr pet, Narciaaey (Miss
Lula Evana, Memphis), from whose
voice we expect great things in the
future Sue ia obedient to her elders.
Here Mirandy got h r harp and upon
the tignal ''strike up" Symantby (Mias
Scnddr.r, M-imphia) sang with full
chorus: "Where Can Oar Betsy Be?"
to the tune "Dear, Dear, Wha1; Can
the Matter Bn." The w t'y remarks
of BukeyJerusha Ann, ss ahe intro
duced U-e different sorgs, brought
p-aln of laughter from the audience.
They sung one eong at the opening,
"riing a Song of Sixpence," with tb re
frain "Shouuug the Ba tle Ciy of
Freedom," that was eapecially good.
Aramintv, though 50 summera, ia de
scribed as hav.ng a fine, clear voice,
though cracked. Still Bht is a fine
singer. A tad ditty abnuc Uncle Jack
Milton turned our reflections to "John
Briwn's body" and its alarming con
dition. The accompaniment by the
dnmb hsrpi-t was un que. "My
G and mo her Livel on Yonder Little
Green" was charmingly rendered
by Misa Anna J hos on, who in re
sponse o an encore, aai g "dwiog Low
8eet Cha'ioK" Her rvar, full voice
filled tha build ng a:A all marts. Mias
Johnston was luiid y ei cored.
"Alaska River" tu tna of "Stwanee
River" w.-s exquis to from a musical
poidt, the acaompatiiment by orches
ua being charming. At this juncture
the Peakees' expenses were described
in a bright fp ech, aad two of the ex
travagant damsels sent wiih character
ise. c bott iml-B- b )xe3 to collect. No one
kuew uotil he r ah; hid contributed
that it was a joke. L iUihier loud and
long yreetid each mi-rry sally, and
iatened the imp es.ioo of gennine
e;,joymetit of the .iriginal scene.
To the tuno of "Au!d Lang Syne"
"Moate-gie was bo far away, waa
set. A tong exactly expressing their
Bnntiments. ' Pi or Old Maids." They
slug a spelling leaeou for ihe benefit ot
the profe. siis, ring ng in tbe Bi to
Tea in good roue and excellent time.
There has never hi-en an entertain
ment that secured more reat merri
ment than thia one. Many and
hearty coogratuhvi' na wera tendered
to the ladies in the Shelby County
Home. Everyone waa tincere in com
mending the effort for imitation. We
have ao much of the more terioua
kind that this bright, o.'iginal and
well set entertainment was thoroughly
Airs. Carrir.gt.on Mason ia here.
Mrs Mas n in in the Bketchirg class,
and is surrounded by a circle of ap
preciative friends i ere, old and new,
who are charmed bv her grece.
Will Demand Kdllnr Calling's Re-
Washinqtom, July 21. Inquiry at
the Depar.ment of Htate confirms tbe
press dispatch that S 'cretary Bayard
naa denndd the release of A. G.
Cutting, the American editor confined
in a Mexican prison, except that in
ttrocii ms were cent to Minister Jeck
son instead of Ci nsul Brigham, aa
BtHted in ihw d'npa'c'i
OS 5rp t-S g
a UmA M m L3 O r
g l3 Si &15" e-3
s. er es f r- r"e - r
" n 2
n 3 b " ff
L.. ft . .
- ?S Q a
" s a 6- B - 3
SiWtoSe. Mis ?.
1 R P"5
rr n 2 b r.
. ft 1
JQHX E. RAW. LK & CO., Agents,
No. 6Z, R D In tie Chancery Court of-
Shelhy CountJ.Tenii. The Supreme Lodire
ot the Aooieut iiruer of LniteU Workmen
vs. A. W. Johnston et al
It appearing Irum the bill which ll worn
to In this cause 'net the defendants. John R.
Wrodloek, W. Woodlock and Minnie Wood
look, are nnn-res idenU of the 8tte of Ten
nessee, and that the residence of the defend
ant, Leo Woodlook, ia unknown and cannot
be ascertained afw diligent inqairvr
It ia therefor ordered. That said four de
fendants lut above named make their ap
pearand herein, at the t'ourthouseof Shelb
county, in Memphis, Tenn., on nr before
the first Monday in Hrptember, and
,n"r or demur to oomnlainant't
bill, or the same wiii be Uken fcr confessed
as to them, said John K. Woodlock. W.
Woodlock, Matvie oodloekand Leo Wood
lock, and set for hearini ex parte; and that
a copy of this order be published once a
week, for four successive weeks. In the
j!?" A"P91- Thu Wtl day of
July, 1(W6. A copy-attest:
?.' Walsh, Deputy C. and M.
J001 fruiell, bol. for eempj'ts. ta