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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, September 01, 1886, Image 10

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MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 18S0.
CJJ& JtlAUFACTlJRES.
'WHAT
XExrflis is Done
THAT LIIB.
19
A Fall and Compretaeulra Review of
Ue Yarlou Braacb.es of Pre
dictive Labor
THAT COXDl'CE TO THE PHOS
FLRITY OF THE CITT.
"Krw Enterprises Launched During
fce Pat Tear The Promising
Outlook for the Future.
. e present to oar readers today a
plcte review of tbe maoufactur
i industries of this city. It will
be noticed that while some special
lines of industry, such as the manu
acture of eotton iced products have
been unproductive of profit, that ma
terial progress has been made in
-other departments of manufacture,
and that on the whole the manufac
turing interest of the eity may be
said to have gained something dur
ing the pant year. The lumber in
dustry is in a particularly satisfac
tory condition and is fast taking
rank as one of the sorest
aourees of our commercial wealth.
The iron manufacturers report a
gradually increasing business at fair
ly remunerative prices. The flour
and corn mills are doing a thriving
business and the opening up of tbe
Memphis mills, with a capacity of
500 barrels daily, suggests possibili
ties in the direction of further en
terprise of a similar character that
are extremely gratifying. Thore is
do reason why flour milling on an
extensive scale should not flourish
in Memphis, and the earcor of the
Memphis Mill Company will be
watched with deep interest. The
failure of the Pionocr Cotton Mills
to pay a dividond to its stookholdors
is duo to internal causes
of mismanagement that can have
no weight in determining whether
skillfully managed mill can suc
ceed. There ia nothing in the situ
ation to warrant the conclusion that
the manufacture of cotton oannot bo
successfully prosecuted hero. The
present management of the mill may
-doubtless do the community a sor
vice by demonstrating the feasibility
of running a cotton mill hore swith
profit. The minor manufactories
which aro here enumerated and de
scribed arc all in a thriving condi
tion and all show a gratifying in-
trcasoon
before.
Joubth'ss
in our
the business ol tho year
The coming year will
mark an important era
industrial development.
Tho completion of the Kansas
City road to Birmingham, which is
promise J within tho next six months,
may chance tho whole currontof our
manufactures to now sources of
profit, new linos of industry and
choapcr methods of production. Tbe
reduction in tho cost of fuol and iron
which will necessarily follow direct
communication with the ooal and
iron fields of Alabama, is in itself a
factor in the problem oi roducing
tho cost of production, tho import
ance of which cannot be overesti
mated. At any rate, the future is
bright with promise, and wo con
gratulate our readers on the outlook,
SUCCESSFUL MANUFACTURES.!
Tna Mllbnrn Win and Machine
l'OIUDjr.
The manufactoryol the above named
company is one of the mot ccmplota
ostablishinenti of the kind in tha
-country. It has been frequently de
scribed in thesi columns and requires
no extended notice at this time. In
some special linea of work its maun
(ctured poods are iu demand all over
the United States, and have driven
competition from the Hold. The com
pany has a capital ol $500,000, gives
nmilovnint to 2 0 pvrtonr, dittributse
annually $100,000 in wages, and its
sain aggreata ia tbe neighborhood ot
.10U,O0J. ,
Tba Ctilfihnaaw Iron Work,
This establishment was founded hv
tho present prjpr o'or, Mr. John K.
Itauuie, in lSti5. It occupies an en
tire half bl ck, not iueliuling a spa
clous buiUliuii cectiptid as a machin
ery watohnuie. It givta employment
to ninotj-llve piroiis, pays $54,001)
annually, iu weei and tin yearly pro-
duct is valued at 1145,000, conBiBimg
of cotton presoa. architectural iron
work. 8t9in euiiiueB, saw mills and
other inaxhinery.
Tbe Llvrrnior fonudry and Ha
rbin Company
Manufacture ert'on presses, Wells'
cotton tesd hull tr. liouso fronts, rail
road and steamboat work. They have
acipua! employed ot $7L',0i;t), give
work to eishtv hands, and pay out
rear IV iu wan s $05,000 to $70,000,
They sell tbe r product to neighboring
etattw to a diittauce ot ;iuu miles auu
rencrt the'r buisness as s'eadiiy in-
creaninir. The value ol their annual
product raiiRe (rout $150,000 to $175,
The Illnirrily Slave Works
Was established in 1883 and is one of
tbe thriving industries of the city. It
baa a cap tsl ol 100.003,gives employ
meat to niaety handr, and its an
nail pay toll amonntt to $10,000. It
tans out upward ol is, 000 stoves a
vear and nodsaroadymarketforthem
In a.tiarent ttrrltnrv. lla annual nlM
are o.titiHt-d at $125,000.
' . . ' . .
II. Welter Vi,
'Tha firm is engaged in the manu-
Itttjie of tinware oa an oiteapiva
Kale. It gives employment to seventy
if too and dirb ira a $.15,100 in wages
annually. The capital employed in
tbe mabututine ol iisg:ods is $50,000,
ad the annual aalea of the product
jvtr $125,000.
Jrana Clotblna;.
Thrreaie four firms engsitcd in the
urn oafattura "I jeans clothing in this
ciiv Morns liro., uoiuoaum isroe.,
i. A-Anstia&Co. and 1. Jleflel, alt
doing a proiperjua businofs. The ag
TegHte capital employed by them Is
$115,000 nd ihe sntnal product $i!6V
4X)9. Upwards of COO peisine, prioci-
Jtlly fsma'aa, are supported by this In
aaary, and 970,000 is paid them yearly
far Ulnar.
Trait fHUtta.
The Mam phi Trunk Factory, owned
by S. Leyy, and Ooodman A Bar rot, do
s satisfactory bnsineos In this line of
manufacture. Tbe farmer gives em
plovmeot to twenty-five bands, pays
112,000 annually fa wages, and sels
tdO.000 of ito product yearly. The lat
ter employs tuirteen people and turns
out about f ffl.OOO of annoal product.
The aTcnanhl mini and Wood Man
ufaainrlnsr toupaar
Was eaUbliahed D comber 1, 18SH,
and Is in s prosperous condition. 1',
is engaged in the n-annfartur of gal
vanize i Iron moi k aud tin ro ifin. I
employs fjrty inen, p-ys out $10,000
annually in wages, caa a capital of
$23 COO and its jearly product amounts
to $50,000.
Hnalley, Mmllb Co.
Are agents of the Piatt Gin Company,
but have s plaut cf their own at 98 to
104 Poplar street, in this city, where
they manufacture the Pra'.t Revolving
Head, the clip' Hu'ler and other
gin attachments, ihey employ twenty
men, pay $8000 In yearly wage, and
turn out an annual product of $40,000.
The Cblcknaaw Cooperage Company
Occupy large buildings and extensive
yards on the bank ol the river pear
Sycamore street. They have a capital
of $1)0,000, employ 100 person, and
their annual pay roll foots np $35,000.
The value of their annual product is
$130,000, and the raw material con
sumed annually approximates $75,000.
The barrels manufactured by thia com
pany find ready sale even in remote
markets, tbe bnlk of the product, how
ever, going to New Orleans. The busi
ness for the past yar is 20 per cent,
better tban for the year prood ng and
Justified s dividend of 15 per cent.
.amber and Building Material.
The lumber trade of Memphis aod
its incidental industries, blind and
sah factories and ornamental ,woud
work, is assuming vast proportions.
There are Fix firms engaged In the
bnsinets, all of wbom report a pros
perous condition ot affair?. DuriDg
the past twelve mouths valuable addi
tions have been made to tbe plant al
ready in existence. Tbe Cole Manu
facturing Company atone have added
a main lactory ol brick 80x200 feat, a
planing mill 80x120, a warehoosa 85x
150, an engine and boiler bousi 40x60,
a glaxina room 28x50. Mde tracks
connect the woikt with all leading
railroad aud fumhh ready access to
its lumber yards, which cover four
acres. The other mills are Williams
4 Co., Woodruff Lumber Company,
R. L. Cochran & Co., Coover A Co.
and tbe Chelsea Lumber Company.
These six companirs employ an
aggregate capital ol $1,070,000, employ
510 men at an innnal expense of $327,
000, and sell $1,250,00.) annually of
their manufactured products. They
all report an increase ol about 20 per
cent, in the business of the past year
over thai ot tbe year preceding. New
mills are being projected for tha com
ing yoar, and aieesr. Hennlng &
Ifanna have already one in process of
construction.
Carries and Wnann Work.
Tha Lilly Carriage Works and Tern
lin A B?njes are doing a gsodbusinrss
in tbe sale of fine carriages and bug
gies manufactured by therm-elves. Tbe
former company was Incorporated No
vember 20, 188 J, and has been in sue
ctasful operation ever sines. It has a
capital ol $.'0,000, employs forty men
at an annual expenie ol $15,0.0, and
its annual product is valued at $85,
000. TOMUN a DKNJIS
are BUCcersoiB to the Woodruff and
Oliver Carriage Company and give
employment to thirty man at an an
nual outlay of $20,000. Their annual
product it valued Ht $45,000, and they
find no difficulty in ditnoing ol the
same at remunerative figures.
TBS JAMBS AND GRAHAM WAGON COM
PANY
employ a capital ol $125,000 in the
manufacture of wagins. They em
ploy seventy Ave to one hundred
hands, psy ont yearly about $50,
000 in wages, and said last year wagons
to tbe amount ol nu,iw mey re
port badness good, but profits very
small.
Oaanne A. Co.
Are engaged iu the manufacture ol
Japsned and tinware. They employ
twenty bands at an annual expense of
$15,000 aud tholr annual tales of man
ufactured products cover 4U,uuu. '
Candy, Craekera and Bread.
There ars three establishments en
gaged In this indns'ry, and all of these
are doing a thriving businesi. First
in importance is tbe
l'RTKUS & SAWItlB COMPANY,
which employs $50,001) capital in its
buainees, carries 100 pnruons on its
pay roll, and pays out In weges tbe
sum of $20,000 annually. The sales ol
this company Inst year amounted to
$200,000, scattered over a wide range
of torutory, outbraving Tennessee, Ala
bama, Miss'iFnippi, Louisiana, South
Missouri and Arkansas. Xne daily
product ol tho factory in candy alone
ia GOO pjunds. Its annual consump
tion of (lour is 10,000 barrels, and of
sugar 2000. In addition to its cracker
and candy product it turns out daily
thonsauds of loaves oi bread,' whioh
meet a ready il-niaiul in the city.
J. I. ROHT
AIf.o does a successful burners In
candy and crackois.givirg employment
to tuirty-iive iittmip, at an annual ex
pense ol $1010!'0, aud Belling $140,000
of bis product yearly, The consump
tion of flour at this eetablislunent is
from ten to fifty barrels daily and of
sugar 1000 to 70U0 barrels a year.
El'SCUT a WALTKB
A'so have extousive interests in the
same line. They employ tweaty bauds,
pay $10,0CO year y lor labor and torn
out an aunual product valued at $110,000,
including cakes, cindiee. crackers, etc
Is $75,000. Tins urm baa been in ex
iatence siuce 1841).
Ko-Ko Tula.
The manufacture of chewing earn is
an enterprise daily trowing In import
ance, and Mr. hot Coleman ol tins
ty has established a thriving in
OUrtry in Ibat line, liis lactory now
I 1 - l i 1 1. .
elves employmort to fifty hands at an
aunual expenee of $10,000. and bis
sales ol manufactured i roducts have
reached $10,000 duiing the past year.
The value ot raw material consumed
annually is $25,000. and the capital
employed In the bnainesa approxi
mate ju,wju.
Memphia Cider ana Vinegar raetory
This is a new enterprise recently
established, with a capital of $20,000,
It naa a daily capacity ol fifty barrels,
employs twenty handi, pays out for
wages at tho rate ol $10,000 annually.
aud the value of its annual product at
the present rats cf manufacture will
approximate $100,000.
The Pioneer Cotton Bill la.
Thia company has f',176 spindles. 133
i looms ana a uaiiy capacity ol consum-
log 4300 pounds ol eottnn. I affairs,
howaver, ars Ml to s flonr'shiog con
ditoo, and oaring lbs year eudad it
has bean Idle fully two-thirds of the
time. The factory baa recently changed
management, and Is now undar tbe
control ot Mr. John Johnson, under
wboa direction batter reaulis are expected.
Tka
lenneoee Brewing Company
Is probably the most prorperou man
ufacturing enterprise ever established
In Memphis. Its success has been un
precedented. Although scarcely in
existence for more than a year, bay
ing been organised June 1, 1885, it has
firmly established itself in the popu
larity of cnMimers and finds the ca
pacity ol i s works unequal to the de
mand It employs a cp:tl uf $100,
000, carries six y men on its pay
r.ll at an aunual outlay ol $42,00
and it" yearly tales amouut to $182,
000. Toe capacity of tbe worts is
200,000 kegs annually, but improve
ment are contemplated to increase tbe
manufacturing facilities to f mr times
the present proportions The plant
now in ute is perfect of its kind and
embraces a fifty ton refrigerator and
ics machine, which is employed to
keep the stoiage room ol the brewery
at a temperature ol soro. The Tennes
see Brewing Company bas tuccesIully
demonstrated that a good a quality cf
beer can .be made bere as in dt. Louis
or Milwaukee. This result boa been
obtained by the employment of tbe
best skilled Isbor and tbe use of only
the best raw material. None bnt tae
most superior qaality of Canada barley
is used in brewing, while the water
employed in Ihs process is pumped
from an artesian well down to a depth
ol 300 feet below the surface of tbe
ground. This water has been tee ted
snd is proven to be eight graios sober
than lniiaUppi water.
Tbe Tennessee Brewing Company
has agencies at Little Kock, Ark.:
Jackson, Team; Greenville and
Clarksdale, Mips., and all prominent
towns within 200 miles ol Memphis.
One of its specialties is i'S Pelsener
ber, which is claimed to be superior
to any in the market. An idea of the
pro?prily of this establishment may
be gathered from the following Sguree;
Bales in July, 1845, 1200 barrels; ia
July, 1880, 2000 barrels.
lee.
Tbe manufaclnre of ice is a flour
ishing industry, and the demand for
the article exceeds the capacity of the
works engaged in its production.
There are t o companies "ho manu
facture ice fir sale the Valley Ice
Company and the Buhlon-IIuee Ice
Company. The former company has
bnt a small plant, and its production
will not exseed 4000 tons annually..
The B)hlen-Huee Ice Company bas a
capital ol $100,000, employs forty
hands, pays oat $3tt,000 annually for
labor, and manufactures 8000 tons of
ice yearly, for which it finds a roady
sale. The demand for its product is
so great that Increased facilities have
become imperative, and the company
is now nogot a'ing for a Dew plant at
a cost tf $00,000, which will enable
them to turn out fifty tons daily. ' Mr.
K. C. Uravoi, the we'l known treas
urer ol tho company, loaves this week
fr New Orleans, Chicago and Sc.
Louis, to Infpect the latest Improve
ments in ice making machinery, and
will, before bis return, complete tha
negotiations . for a new plant, now
pecding. ' . ;
' . Soap.
Tbe II ope Oil Mills ars engaged in
the manufacture of soap, and give em
ployment to fifteen hands in that
brauch of Industry. They pay out for
labor about $5000 a year, and resi ze
about $10,000 annually out of their
product,
Clgnn.
There are four firms engaged in the
manufacture of cigars in this city, who
give employment ti forty hands and
pay out about $5 X) a week for labor.
The firms are Wittich & Co., Uum &
Webater, Jos Buehl, and B. Qsry.
Wittich & Co. are the heaviest manu
facturers of those named and employ
from twenly to twenty -five bands in
thoir factory. They turn cut about
80,000 cigars a month, from which they
realiss yearly sales ol about $50,000.
Toe combined prodnct ol the others
will apprcftimaie abiut. $20,000 in
value.
The Memphis Saddlery Co.
Employs a capital ol $25,000 in the
manufacture of saddlery aud harness
and employs sixty hands at an annual
outlay ol $36,000. Though a compar
atively recent enterprise, having only
been organized in May, 1885. the com
pany is in a flourishing condition and
dispocos of its produc, va'u'd at $125,
000 a year, as last as it is turned ont.
The officers ol the company are J as.
C. Hell, president aod manager; . F.
Meyer, secretary and treasurer.
Hblrt HannrMcinrere.
This Indus! r is rapidly aseuming
importance. The firms engaged in it
are 8am'l May, Loeb & Mook, and tbe
Memphis euam Laundry and tut am
Shirt Factory. They give employment
to upwards ot loo persons, mostly le
malep, pay out $300 in weekly wages,
and produce annually manufactured
goods ol tbe value ol $00,009.
Comment.
There are three mills dovoted ex
clusively to the manufacture of corn-
meal: John K. ttpeed & Co., Sims &
Cannon and ilaydon A ltro. Thiy
employ about thirty-five hands, pay
$13,000 annually lor lalror, and turn
ont 125,000 barrels of meal yearl y, the
market value oi wtilcli averages $z
per barrel.
'lour.
The manufacture ol flour has made
rapid stridts during tbe past year, and
Memphis can now boast ol one of the
meet bandsomely constructed and best
equ ppod flour raillBln the country
the property ol the Memphis Mill
Company. Tha company is capitalised
at $125,000, most of which has been
expended in the erection ol tbe mill
and tbe purensse ot its plant, n nas
a daily capacity of 600 barrels, and
although it only began operations In
June it has already established a pay
ing pa'ronage. It gives employment
to thirty-five people, pay $500 weekly
for labor, and its product is valued at
lio.ouo.
The fcagie flour Mine, mango, oi
smaller capacity tnan tbe oue Just
described, is also in a prosperous con'
dit on. It carries nlleen persons on
Its pay roll, at an expense of $12,000
annua Iy. employs $45,00 ol capital in
th handling ol the business, and its
annual product Is ahont $225,000.
Coison Seed,
This once prosperous Indus ry baa
just passed through a disastrous year's
operations. Many causes conspired
to bring about this Jesuit, A bitter
competition in ths beginning of the
sason that necessitated the purchase
of seed at nnremnneiative prices, the
lu'erlor Quality oi ins manniaciurea
product, and an over abundance ol
supply at all impoitant markets, all
these things have contributed to re
duce prod Btoan (xceeding'y low ebb
Tbe coming season is looked forward
to more hopefully, but there is noth
ing on the surface of things to furnish
substantial reasons forsnocrrsfrtansnt
Tb fact that tbe American Cotton Oil
Company now ban twuitrol ot taw b-at
plants in th's eity has created a fear
In tba minds of the stockholders of
mills not nnder ths protection of the
powerful corporation j net referred to,
that they ars on the threshold of s
series of dif asters in comparison with
which past troubles will seem mere
child's play.
Tba Hempbl Uroona Factory
Is compelled (o add to its tapacity
every year, and i ow turns out a bone
SOO dozen brcoma a wtek. It employ
twenty hands, at a weekly cott of $125.
Tbe capital employed in the bosimss
is ab)ut$5000.
Varl'ly Asrlenllnral Worba.
This compsny is eagJgeJ in tha
manufacture of gicolmr.d imple
ment. 1 hey empi y tlirctea bands,
pay $tlr00 for labor yearly aud realize
iroin $12,000 to $15,000 annually from
the sale uf their goods.
Tbe Hemnkh Haanractory and
Brack Company
Has an annual capacity cf 12,000,000
brick, which ia fully totted by the de
mands of its buBineaf. It carries filty
bands on its pay roll, and pays out
weekly about $900.
Blank Book.
8. C. Toof & Co. are engaged in the
manufacture of blaok books and em-
filoy about fifty-five hands, at an out
ay of $700 weekly. The va us of thir
annual product ia about $100,000,
Bailer Makers.
Petr Lawless and Shea A McOarty
continue to do business in tbe manu
facture o! hoilers. Tbe latter employs
thiity-flvs hands, the former twen'y.
They psy about $22,000 yearly f r
labor and iealiz-3 from $75,000 to
$80,000 from the sale of their manufactures.
TOE TEABODY HOTEL.
Am Iles;aut lltaae. Conveniently
Located, and Supplied Wild
All Modern Appliance.
This hotel has been in exUtenco a
long time and its prtsent mauager has
controlled it for a number of years.
It bas always been conducted in good
style. Like all oiher kinds of bimnesp,
those engaged in it learn from experi
ence. In this respect its manager, Mr.
O. B. Galloway, has, like men in every
other business, learnt d new things by
experience snd bus faithfully applied
his knowledge in considering and ar
ranging for the welfare of nisgnestr.
Tbe hotel bas been vastly improved
within the past few weeks. The office
and vestibule bave been beautifully
frescoed. Bcoi's improved safety
boilers have recently been put in. Tbe
hotel bas just ben painted inside and
outside. A large amount of new fur
niture and carpets bave recently gone
into the house, which is being gradu
ally overhauled and beautified. An
artesian well to be 450 feet deep and
to supply wster to tbe hotel and its
tenants bas bean contracted for. Tbe
energy that has been so liberally ap
plied in other departments has been
equally effective in tbe supply depart
ment. The table is furnished
liberally ' with the, test food to bj
found, and the cooks are peifect ar
tists in their doe. Located as the Pea
body is, in the veiy cen'er of the bus
iness por.ion ol Memphis, supplied
with the most elegant furnitnre, with
nicely arranged rooms, and tables that
will compare with tha best inthe land,
this hotel deserves and receives a lib
eral patronage. - C. B. Galloway is
manager; W. A. Tuley, Wm. Bowles,
A. M. McCreight, J. R. Dickinson,
clerks; Alex Allison, book keeper;
W. a. Palmer, engineer: nips mine
Philbln. house keener: II. E. Burns,
steward and storekeeper; George Fnl-
well. ins de steward; monsieur o. 11.
Germaio, chef de dnlsine, late of the
Metropolitan tilub, JNew xorn; james
Eacon, head waiter. With such peo
ple in charge ot tbe variosu depart
ments, the Peabody bas and expects
to hold the good will cf its large num
ber of permanent boarders and ol the
traveling public.
R. L. C0CHKAM.& GO'S
tMawmill, Planlna Hill and Box Fac
tory The Lumber llnalaeealn
Ita Varlona Branches.
Thia is one of the vetsran firms in
the lumber business. Its present
members are comparatively yonng
men, but they have been selling lum
ber since their boyhood.. They have
built up a very large trade, and are at
the head of the line as lumber dealers.
Their immense mill, supplied with all
the Improved machinery that can be
used profitably, is located in tbe navy
yard, convenient to the points where
timber is mated oown in great quan
tities. They bave a large yard ond are
now erecting a planing mill on Union
street. Thtir force of workmen are
employed constantly filling orders, for
Cochran & Co. are known as reliable
and Intelligent dealer wno give faith
ful attention to oideis. they deal
very extensively in dcors, snsh, blinds,
mo dines, lumber, la'n auu soingies,
flooring", ceiling and cedar pesta. Car
penters having mill work to be done
can bave their wants supplied prompt
ly at tbls house. Orders Iroin a dis
tance will be filled carefully. All who
deal with Cochran & Co. may re on
bcirg treated cleverly and obtaining
goods at the very lowest price.
W. J. CHASE & CO.
Flonr, Meal, Hay, Corn, Or ta. Bran,
Etc., at No. las Mala Street.
This is one of tbe firms that has
handled grain sncctmfully for many
years long beiore tuempais Became
the creat grain market ti-at she now
is. Xhev are to well prepared for
larro tiansactione that they can al
ways he expected H n'i oraers at ins
very lowest price. They are ener
gotic and prrgressive, and juet the kind
to t btain the best cf transportation
ra'ea and molt rapid ("elivery. In
tverv detail of the r business ttey ars
nn with the times. From a bag of
flour or a bale of hay to many carloads
of either, they may he relied on to de
liver crders promptly, and oo bestcon
riiitnna Tht-v ire entitled to the im
mense business they ars doing, and to
that of all those who want tbe beat to
ha obtained in the way oi nour ana
grain.
LA PBIDE, McGBATH A CO,
raitaa Factors and Commlealoa
Merchants, Has 0 troat ).-
A Itw slrna af ood Hew.
J. T. La Prado, the senior member of
this firm, has been a Main street mer
chant for several years, and has be
come favorably known to the whole
enmmernial community. He has now
determined to do a cotton factorage
and commission business, and has so
rurad desirable quarters at No, 302
Front street, John McGrath was with
J. T. La Prads A Co. lor a long time
ThAM ntinmHn can be relied on to
do all that can properly be expected ol
cotton factors and commission me..
chants. They start with a gjod capital
and a good name, , , . - .
EDUCATION H TEMESSEE.
THE
FJBGEST HECES9ITT
13CUE18IXU OUE
FOB
Pnblle School FacMItles-Taw 8 ab
ject or Hatlonal Aid for
Education Dlscmed.
To tb Editor of th Appeal r
Talk about ednoating a child on
$1 60 per annum f That wifl not buy
a wool hat and a pair of shoes. And
yet that is the average sum appro
priated by the State and counties per
annum for tbe education of each
child of the State. And even at
that the 'Squire cuts up; and the
average political demagogue com
plains at the high tax. The cry ol
big tax" ia the fchibboleth of the
demagogue and the politician.
Tbe criterion should be, not so
much what we pay out as what we
get in return for the outlay.
More than 500,000 children in
Tennessee never enter a private
or pay sohool. Their only chanoe or
hope is from the public school.
Under existing conditions only sixty
days por annum of publio school can
be had.
Over 200,000 ohildren in Tennessee
of scholastic age never see inside of
any sohoolhouse at all. In a few
years these ohildren will be the men
and women to take onr places.
Nearly, or quite ono-half, will be
unable to read or write. Estimating
the value of a citizen by the grade of
his intelligence, what will the com
ing generation be worth? Is it not
travesty on our boasted intelli
gence to have W per cent, ot our
voters unable to road the ballot thoy
cast.
What is tho remedy? More schools
and better schools. But how are
we to bave them in Tennessee? If
we are too poor to increase the State
and county school tax, how shall we
improve our school system? Would
it not be better to abolish our publio
school system in Tennessee? Man-
god as it is in most ot tbn country
districts, the effect is only to break
down private schools. But we can't
bolisb the publio sohool. it is here
to stay. 1 he constitution enjoins its
encouragement and promotion. Our
effort should, therefore, be to in
crease its efficiency.
It, therefore, we are unable to ed
ucate the children of the State ought
we to reject national aid? Would it
be "onconstitootional?" This is one
of the so-called objections nrged by
the opponents of the measure known
as the Blair bill. Who is to deter
mine the question? Garland, tho
chief law officer of the government.
and a profound constitutional lawyer,
and the man to whom the President
rei'ors all Questions of doubtful con
stitutionality, nbt only considered it
constitutional, but favored it as the
greatest boon ofiered the South in
years. Nineteen out of twenty-three
Southern Democratic Senators were
of the same opinion and warmly sup
ported the measure. J. he aid ouored
was only temporary and to cease at
the end ot eight' years. Ihe
monev appropriated was to do dis
tributed in the ratio of illiteracy and
to he under tho sole and exclusive
ontrol of the States receiving it. No
Southern Senators were found to op
pose this bonefioent measure, except
the two from Texas and Missouri and
one or two others.'
John Sherman, the most distin
guished liepublioan in the Senate,
bitterly opposed it because it gave
the States absolute control of the
fund, and because tho North paid
more than three-fourths of tbe
money and got ltss than one-fourth
of the benefit.
Ingalls. tho Kepublican Senator
from Kansas, opposed it for similar
reasons, and also because ho feared
the hooks used would be lull of
treasonable teachings, magnifying
Jeff Davis and secession.
To obviate this obieo'ion Southern
members suggested the insertion of
the clauso requiring a copy of the
text books used to be deposited with
the Secretary of tho Interior.
it was not surprising that the
Texas Senators opposed the meas
ure. That Mate nas millions
of acres of publio lands set apart for
her publio schools, besides an im
mense school lund on band, one
needed no help. So, likewise, with
Missouri. She was able, for similar
reasons, to educate her children
without holp.
Such is not tho case with lcnnes-
see and other Southern States. Tho
Yankees freed 4.000.000 necroes and
invested them with all tho rights of
citizenship.
Those negroes have no property to
tax for educational purposes. With
out education they can't be good
citizens. If unable to read tho bal
lot thev vote thev will continue to be
the political prey of unscrupulous
demagogues, lo make the whites,
who are the onlv taxpayers in the
South, bear the burden exclusively
of educating thorn is a hard
ship and unfair. All we could
ever get out ot the xanicees
for public schools would not com
pensate for half the money value of
these treed slaves, tt wouia inere
fore be only a slight remuneration to
get hack ltil,(JOO,000 to aid publio
schools and help educate these freed
mcn. That is tho sum we of the
South would get out of the 177,000,
000 proposed to be appropriated, not
out ot the surplus in tho .treasury
but out of tho moneys collected ana
paid out, just as the appropriations
for harbors or military sohools, or.
for the suppression of cattle
plague, or for the support of Indian.
sohools are paid out. is not tne ed
ucation of the masses of more im-
fortane than building five mil
ion dollar courthouses and custom
houses? Does it not transcend
in importance the suppression of the
oattle plague(or the stocking of ponds
and creeks with new breeds of fish,
or the education ef tho Indian chil
dren? And yet millions are appro
priated caeh yoar for those
purposos. Tho general welfare
elanse of the constitution covers
all these questions. That sacred in
strument was intended to be flexible
to ths extent of allowing the press
ing wants and needs ol the people to
be provided for by appropriate leg
islation aod publio donation. There
is nothing proorustcan about
it. Tha nnnnle mil it. for ths bene
fit of the people, and while we would
, .. .. B.i j :
nave it striouy construed auu ua
nlioitlv obeved. still it was never in
tended to be made an engine to ob
struct great and pressing demands of
the peoplo looking to the publio
good. .
Now, the Blair bill, per , we care
little about. Blair is a liepublioan
and possibly a crank. Ths bill was
simply introduced by him is the Sen
ats sad ths same bill by Willis, a
Democrat, iu the Bouts. Blair was
not the author even of the bill. It
was the work of the Bute teachers
South and their friends, who saw
the awful and pressing necessity ef
national aid to pnblie education.
And this national aid is what ws
need and must have. We are not in
a condition to make ugly mouths
about the way it is obtained. We
ought to be glad to get anything we
can for the publio good otrt of. the
Yankees. And we might expeot
them to object to paying three
fourths of the money to educate the
children of the South, but it is in
credible that any man in Tennessee
of intelligence should oppos it.
The Yankees are rich. Hundreds
of millions are paid out to them an
nually in pensions, etc. Their p-ib-lio
schools are a success and they
are able to sustain them. Tbey
get comparatively little if the
distribution is to bo made
on1 the scale of illiteracy, be
cause the proportion of illiterates
with them'is so much less than with
us.
Henos it is that while Tennessee
would contribute $1 slio would re
ceive in return $21 for the education
ofhor children.- Kanoe it is that
Massaahusetts, with a population of
oso' aod three-qiuarter millions,
would receive under the apportion
ment about ttiOOOiOOO, while Ten
nessee, with a- million and a half of
papulation, would receive more than
17,000,000.
Now, of course,. every man it en
titled to his own political opinion on
the question of national aid to pub lic
education. Tbe- Kepablicans are
polid for it, and it is- confidently be
lieved a large majority of the De
mocracy favor itJ The Democratic
platform ot Tcnne6see,.whioh, by the
way, is a most excellent oe, favors
"the maintenance and improvement
of our publio sohools audi the educa
tion ol all classes of our citizens;"
but how are we to maintain and im
prove them unless by Federal aid?
The tariff howlers would make us
bolieve that the anouaLappropriation
for eight years of 8,000(tHX in aid ot
publio education is for the purpose
of increased taxation, and in the
interest of bondholders andadvocates
of high protective tariff..
Nothing is further from the truth.
There is now idle in the Treasury
about 1285,000,000. This amount is
increasing daily. The Congress
failed to materially change- the tariff
laws. The publio debt is being re
duced as rapidly as the business
interests of the country will admit.
No considerable amount of the
national debt will be due until 18112.
The revenue under existing laws 'is
more than ample to meet all publio
demand. The amount to he dis
tributed in aid publio education
would be as nothing. It would not
be felt, whilo it would aocomplish
for the South tho greatest blessing
ever offered.
the successful politician of the future
will' not be the man that opposes
national aid to publio schools. Those
who so vigorously oppose it new will
even be ignominously aod: perma
nently retired. The people begin to
suspect that the man who opposes
national aid to publio sohools is gen
erally opposed to all freo schools.
That is the best analysis. For with
out national aid we cannot "maintain
and improve" our public sohool sys
tem. , EDUCATOR.
BOU TAB, TlMK., AugU3t2j,lHtn
CHICKASAW IROJMVOKKS.
AKammotb Katabllelmtent, the Ite
anlt of Twenty-one Tear of
JUlard Work and Steady
drewta,.
John E. Bandle, the head of th's
vast enterprise, is or,e of tbe citizens
of Memphis who have always used
every trffirt to establish in ourtity
such wo ki as were needed. In run
ning the Onickaaw Iron Works for
the pst twenty-one years, in go .id.
and Lad times, be has given ev dence
of the vim and determination that are
necessary in the controlling' spirit of
to great an underlakirg. These works
were stared on a small scale, but as
orders increased the works bave been
enlarged, new machinery being added
constantly and tbe capacity in every
department greatly increased. It now
bas all tba facilities for an immense
lot of work, both in the fmcdry and
machine shr-pj. Theyare nowcrowded
with orders for fouadry woik, which
department is running witn a large
mimbsr of the ve'y best workmen.
The firm manufactures and dea's in
engines, hollars, sawmills, era and
wbeatmilis, cot'on. sins and presses,
shafting, pulleye. They can supply
the dilldrt-nt kinds of cotton presses,
pumps, well borers and prospecting
augurs, fetoanibott whistles, and
various kinds of bras goods can be
bad of them. Jail eil s uf a most im
proved and substantial pattern are,
built at these works. Their wars
house, on Second fitreet juBt north of
Adams, contains a great quantity of
inarhinerv. arranged so as to be in
spected by. porsons wishing to buy.
This branch of thoir business is con
veniently located, and should be
visited by all who wish to buy ma
chintry. The famous Birmingham
ircnia used in the foundry, where an
immenre amorant of superior castings
are be'ngturaed ont. The Chickasaw
Iron Works bave the capacity to do
nearly all the lonndry end wacbinery
wotk for the South, and would he
tdeaeed to ' correspond with all who
bave large cooirunm vu ue uiiBu.
ZELLN ER k 0.
an laaavewtlnrr Btoaranhr ofThl
juatly famans tttiua aaauea.
In 1873 Messrs. David Zellner aud
E. I. Ooldbaum were sahsmen and
friends. That year they established
the- shoe Arm Z llar & Go. They bare
worked harmonluely for tbe intoaeet
oi tbe firm, and. by strict application
to bucioeee, by selling none but good
goods, by honest and caaare dealing,
they have sucoeeded in budding np a
business that is tbe pride and wonder
of all. Theia aim nas been to attain
the front rank, in the shoe trade, and
they have- succeeded. They are al
ways th first to wtroduce any im
provement or novelty in tha shoe line,
snd make it a point to secure the
exclusive sa'e ol ths finest lines of
ladies', boys' and children's shoes.
Their greatest pride are their lines of
men's shoes, which are beyond dispute
the very handsomest goods mads in
the United State), and tho-e that have
tried them know it. They bad the
enterprise to iieue ths first illustrated
catalogue and price lift ever sotten np
in this city, aad by distributing them
In ths adjoining States tliey nave De
come the best koo f n house in Mem
phis. Niw O41.1AK8, La., August 30. Tbn
Rev. Alex J. Drytdale.rector ol Christ
church, this city, died this morning at
Waukesha Springs, aged 45 years,
.'From 115 lbs. to 161 lbs.
To tbe CsMenra Remedies, I Owe My
11 IUi,Mi Happiness aat My Life.
A aV St.Tr pwraa that I do aot think aod
peak KhiiJ cf tba CcTicoaa KaaaDiia.
6Tn jerff fo all of a doien lampa fnraaa
on mr nark, ranrin in ri from a ebarrr
ton to aa oiri Tk lara onat win
frihtrnl to loX. at, and painfal to beart
paopla turned a, o "tea tbey aaw n, In
diiaart, and 1 wai aakamai to ba on tha
Itml or ia orrietT. Pbyaiciant and tbalr
treatraant and all mediein failed to do any
nod. Io a lnonsnt of denpair I tt id tha
CffTrcvaa KKra Cuftcoaa, tha treat
rtfcia Care, and Crmcuru boir, aa exqniait
Hkio Beaatifior, aaternallr. and Cpticub
KiftOLVaar, th new Blood Peri tier, inter
natt ; tb email .'any (aa I oall them) grad
uellr diaaired. and the Jariaonet broke
in aiont two week.4, diaeharginff large quin
tltienof nj alter, loAvitft two (light tcarn io
mr rrfk today to ta I the itory ot ny iuffer
ing. Mr weight then wm one hundred and
fifteen nokly poondej my weight now ia one
hundred and tlity-ona rplhl, healthy poundi,
and ray bigot nlr or teet fire fochee.
Ia my travel! f vrainmt the Oticuba Kan'
area, North, Hoath, Erut and Wet. Jo Co
cuaa RrxaniKS low Y HWira, ut Bappi
man, and ar Lira. A prominent Mew York
druggitt aaied me the other day, " Do yon
a-ill uie the CuricrKA B.MBa; you look)
to be in perftxr' heahh?" Aly reply mn,'1
do, aodthalValwajn. I hive never known
what aickneea ii tince 1 commenced string
tbeCuTiciiBi KmmuiBM." Bojoiimeil am
teuihed at by praiaing thtm Jo the people'
ot aeqaaioteJwith their merit butaooner
nt later tbey will oome to tbeirsentea and1
believe theaameaa thoae that caa them, aa-'
duaeni hare burn I hare told.- May tba'
timeenme when there ahall be a large Ccti
orai Bapply Home in every city in ibi world'
for the benefit of bamanity, woere tbe Cvtu
can KaueDiaaahall be aold oiltv iolbat
there will be rareljra need of ever entering a
drug More. M. HU8BA5D8,
210 Fulton aUeet, hew York, X. Y.
CtxncoBA RaaaDrtrtwrwaponltir eare for
every form of Skin and Blood Diieuea, from
Pimple to berotula. Hold everywhere.
Priori CtiTiouRi, 0 eenta: Soap, at tenia;
BaeoiivaaT, tl.0'. Preired by the Pimm
llBtjff AoCuBwioir,Co.,Heton, Mae. Send
for " Bow to Core Skiu Bteeaaei."
Bend for "How to Corn fHln Dlaeasva.'
piHFLKS, Blackheadat- r-kin Blemltbtg
t ttart ttrj Beby HumorB.yvXJi'TicrjBA Batr.
HiaSET rpl!rit, avritalNr.
HAta AfHB, Weaknefi and
Wearinera oauiod by overwork,
dieeiDetion. atandina. walkine. or'
.tba tewing machine, curel by the
r-t.'iTVinnitA Amti-P'uk PLASTam. -
New, elegrtnt, original end in rtlUblo. 25c. .
Manrnis, Tcnx., Sept., 1, 1PM.
aw-Ihavo this day aitoclateeV with myaelf '
Mr. SOL LEWIS, formerly of Parrest City, -Ark.,
under the firm ttyl of LEE AND '
LKWIS. B- L-I,BK'
Diab Sib Referring to the abovo, we beg -to
an noon oo to our IVianda and th trade
generally, that we ahall continue tha
Wnoleaale Tobacco and Cigar Baai.
neaa at the old atand, No. Z7S Main itreet,
oppoilte Court Square. Being potaeiMd
of ample facilitiei, buying altogether for
eaah, and beiag firmly determined to treat
our cuitomera with entire lairneaa and tba
trioteit integrity, wa confidently solicit a
lhar of your valaed patronage.
Eetpoctfully.
13. RICHMOND,
Real Estat and Rental A ent,
Ofl MADISON STREET Special atten
J tion given to tb payina of all back
taiea, and with over 20 yean' experience,
oorrectneai and tatialociion guaranteed.
CAKBtaOTON Mahoh. Elubtox Masoh.
CiBBixtiroH Mason, ja.
Carrington Mason & Sons,
MU1ANC1-
Assets, t us i $53,000,000
So. 5 1 2 Madison St., Memphls,Tenn.
GIN H0TJRK3 and COUNTRY STORES
on moat favorable terinl.
All Inaurance etTeoted on the moat larora
ble term..
0ttoSch1U&Co.'s
SEED STORE
Removed ta 308 Front St.,
Between Monro and Maditon, Nearly
Opyoiito Pottofflce.
U3
REMOVAL.
JB I
X E
C L
H E
A P
N M
0 O
E N
E
B
1
? i
jr !
. C. TYLER..
W. T. STOJJB.
Sucoetaers to Kckerly, Stone k Co.)
ALSO, AGENTS FOE, TUB
WINSHIP COTTON GIN
AND PRESS,
263. Front Street, Memphis
Koch's Pat. Store
SH.EL.VIX Is adjuttable to meet any seed
erbunneu. It ii cheauer thin cid style. Can
bo pot bp bv any one. Uneaualeea tor
Vantrj aad Book unelvea. Addreia
HOCU A. IV COM HfrntM
Sal MAIN JT.V PEORIA, HL.
jJinanianHarwran..8t. Lnla,Mo
Drug Store for Sale. .
DRCO STOtlE, ?5 Clwrleoa avenue, do
ingaSrat-olaH PreforipUon and Drag
Buntneu. Good reaaoaa for aalltng. Apply
at S Linden atrf et.
NOTICtS OV BISMLVTIOK.
MR. HvRIBRCH hat thia day withdraw!
trnm th firm of binoh, tiehwab A 0u
Mr. A. Sekwab aatuming all liabilitiea cf at I
old Irnt and will continue tbe butinesa attai
j.,l.o.. XkU M.n,PaUr.ngf
J. l.ACOXcVCO.
DKALERIN
COAL AND WOOD
1 BEAT.B BTREET,
Hear th Corner of Deaoto, Uemphla, Tenn,
Cotton Factors:
JS'J I
r. . j
it'. I (lUi
j ). i it ta
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