Newspaper Page Text
FOUR MILLION DOLLIES BE
QUIRED AT OXCE, IF THE
CHj Is to Be Rebuilt, and the De
struction Wroght by the
JEW AKD I.1TERESTIS8 FREAKS
OF THE WHEAT QUAKE.
How the Sabbath Was Spent la Ihe
Wrecked CItj-Rcligloug 8er
Tlcea In the Open Air.
CnABLisTOK, S. C, September 6
Charleston was quiet yesterday, and
tbe Sabbath eilAnaa was only broken
by the singing at the different re
ligious meeting! which were held in
tbe open air. Hardly a church in
Charleston is considered tafe for or
capanry, and the ministers of the dif
ferent denominations for thiareaon
held their cervices in different public
parka and in the grounds adjoining
the churches, bad to Bay, (here is no
doubt tbat tbe estimates of the loss
by the earthquake are far below the
mark. The City Appraise", who has
gone over the whola city, and is fa
miliar with the value of property, es
timates that it will co t at least $5,
000,000 to put Charleston in a position
as good as tbat it occupied only a
week ago. Buildings whicb were con
sidered entirely sate are now discov
ered to bs in a dangerous condition,
and persons who thought tbey had
escaped without inj ary and themselves
confronted by damages wbicb re en
tirely beyond their means to repatr. It
la for this reason that there is so much
aniiety. Two of the government en
gineers era expected today, and in ad
dition to these the Secretary of the
Treasury has been requested todry to
detail a number of competent civil
engineers from the office of the Super
vising Architect of the Treasury, to
assist in the work of examining
thoroughly everything, that the injury
and whether the building is habitable
and can bs allowed to stand, may be
definitely ascertained. The relief
committee, with tbe emisUnce given
and promises, will be able very shortly
to provide adequate shelter for tbe
homeless refngeen, and furnish them
also with such food aa they require.
There are today in Charleston many
persons who are suffering for want of
bread and meat and who are unable
to hel a themselves; their wants, how
ever, begin to be known and will be
quickly met. Tbe government tent
have been erected in oncntnpments in
different parts of the city, where full
attention will be given to sanitary re
quirements, but it is calculated that at
least 500 persons will need shelter
for weeks to come, and it
is proposed to erect huts
on the public grounds for the accom
modation of those for whom the tents
will not suffice. Ample accommoda
tion will be provided for the colored
refugees, as well as for the whites.
It can be teen at a glance that even
the generous assistance given to
Charleston by warm hearted people
throughi'it tbe Uolted States will be
entirely inadequate to meet this emer
gency. K Charleston is to be rebuilt,
il the shattered homes are to be re
stored, if those that are In a dangeroua
condition are to be made safe, Charles
ton must have at an early day tha
command of at least f4,000,p00. to be
loaned at a low rate of Interest upon
the property to be rebuilt or restored.
No especial plan in this regard is spe
cially advocated. Indeed, there is a
disposition to await in this matter the
arrival of Mayor Courtensy, who
reached Hew York from Europe yes
terday, and will be hers tomorrow.
In bis courage aud ability, in hie com
Srehetslvonees, as well as mastoryof
eiail, tbe people have full confidence.
Ilia presence here will be worth a
thousand men to Charleston.
IHB WORST OVIB.
There was another shock at 11:06
la-.t night. It was not very severe,
and the duration was about two sec
ond i. The prevailing belief here is
that the worst is over and tbat the in
habit tnta are reasonably secure from
further vitiations of earthquake.
This belief is basrd mainly upon the
assurances of scientists, who any there
is only the slightest probability of a
recurrence of tbe most powerful
shocks after the lapse of so much
time. ' With the feeling of compara
tive security thus engendered, oil tans
who left the cly in hot haste to elude
dargr, have begun to return in small
numbers and visitors and eight seers
are putting In aa appra'ance. Four
timts as many people were registered
fr dinners at the hotels yesMiday,
than at any time since tho visitation
of tbe rartbqnake, and all the avail
able rooms at the various hnetolrles
are eugigad. Few, if any, of these
rooms would be occuolud in cose of
another shock, and that may come
with the measure ot the tide at mid
night. Ve'y few of the regular iu
tab tanh w 11 return to their homes
during the wo- k: iu fact It is only tbe
nioit tlnr ng of the strangon who yet
venture ins do nf a builrttnjr,and thrse
do eo becHiisi ihfjr hava no tru ap
preciation of the efl'ait that a severe
B'loek would have at this time when
t'.e house liu-g together by s ender
ttr ad'. All of th 100 or 201) iu
nomerj ot yesterday expressed eur
p imnttae t n itmoiiii;CBi 0f the de
tii'tio3. "Why," SHid one from
xVi-.s!)ioitt:n, "I l:ad no idea taut what
1 bed roa 1 wa.i inn. T!:o accounts iu
me press ar xttnl w th gr at intores',
hut rmo:ie has ny idea ol the true
co-il. tioa of Canr'cj'.on.'.'
In tt.it coL'iicc'io'i it" is proper to
B'litett at no r p rti bava oon ro
c.i ived In n of materia1, niiwta'emete
by liiV.B a:ir repr k ntitivw. Dilli
cult y ( uU be encjuutoiud in Attempt
ing "to i x cg'TAta tbo condition of
C tir'r&toi ar th'.s tinu. Pedestriars
iu 'he r w.uul rinjra t'liongU th-j ruins
y. etorUtty ui iiwvoted many
r-KW AND INTKKISTISU FHV'A KS
of tin wt: (piake. t-'omo of them
we f tinl at tho resilience, of
Mp). J. II. Kouin.an, a well known
liiz'n. Ttu buildirg was badly
wr ji k d in Home places, while in
nuiersit stmi to have escaped injury.
In oi bedioom of tie house the
e'rauce t freaks iinadnab'e took tt'ace.
On or,e aid i of the Ciarubtr oil paint
ings wrj tur.iwn from tue wall with
sucu forci s t i dostroy the cmva?s
and O'U h the frsrnw, while on the
man e piece, a few fiet away in the
same room, stood a slender, tall vs
which re ained Us perpendicular. On
soother wall in tbe room two or three
small photrg-aphs in frames were left
uuoiHurbe, while within three foetof
them tbe plastering wai as it were
wrenched off and grouad into dust,
and the tcantling upon which tbe lath
insr was nailed was torn out of its
place. A lounge was burled across
the roam and broken to pieces, while
chaira a few feet away were not even
overta nsd. In some places a gate
port on ore side ot au entrance was
tais'ed off, while tbe other post, three
or fjur feet distant, was nei'her
loosened nor cracked. The old mag
acine in Cumberland street, a build
ing conB'tucted of brick, stone and
concrete in the eighteenth century,
which stood bs a monument among
the landmarks of the city, having
weathered three wars and the many
earthquakea and cyclones o! the
country in i's time, and which car
ried in its wall a shell from a British
sun fired during the revoln'ion-a
building which the olde. t inhabitant
believed could not be destroyed by
any earthquake which did notenguif
the city is in ruins. The tents from
the War Department and from Wil
mington were mostly put up in the
park facing the battery and overlook
ing the confluence of the Cooper and
Ashley river, leading out to the bay.
Forts Sumter and Moultrie, of rebel
lion fame, are plainly in view. As
the sun peered through the scrub
oaks and into tha tents this morning,
and the inhabitants reiponsively
tamed out to greet their first Sunday
morning since the dissster, a
thrilling Bcene was presented.
Scores of little children were seen
gamboling oa the green, rrot iers
were making the toilets of thtir in
fants, servants were preparing break
fast over oil roves, and men were in
groups like soldiers alter a battle dis
cussing tho past, present and future.
Within a Bpace 300 feet wide by 1500
in length, probably 1000 persons were
camped. This is one of tbe aristocrat
lo portions of tbe city, and tbe campers
were of the beat familiee. A number
of rirthi have occurred, twina in two
Yesterday was aa exceedingly warm
day In Charleston. The streets were
dusty and hot, but life brwii mads
the atmosphere tolerable in the shade.
Had it not been for tbe arrival ot two
excursion trains bearing 12110 people
from Savannah and intermediate
points and the religious services in the
open air the day would have been an
exceedingly quiot one. Wi'.hthe fill
blush of morning, however, rose the
voices of tbe ntgroes in the public
places. Tbey got np alnging and
shouting. By 10:30 o'clock services
were in progress at a dosen points.
In Washington Square hundreds of
splendid voices blended together in
perfect harmony. The singing cou'd
be hoard at the distance of a mile. A
number of men and women gave their
"experiences" after the general ser
mons. There was a perfe:t din of re
joicings, and doubtless some good will
result- A greater revival was proba
bly never witnessed than the one ia
Washington Square, and the same
may be said of a half dos in or more
others. AU of the sermons treated of
the calamity which has visited Char
leston. At 4 o'clock there wa a general
mass meeting at the corner of Broad
and East Bay streets, near the city
poetoflice. Thousands of people at
tended and eloquent sermons were
preached by volunteer ministers. The
singing was beautiful aud touching
and the teachings impmslve, while
the surroundings of the meeting were
thrilling. On every band are three
three story buildings, the bigheet with
very few exceptions in Charleston, tbe
city having only a small number of
tall structures. All in the immediate
looolity, except tbat occupied by the
Carolina Savings Bank, are wrecked
more or lsi and some of tbem fright
fully bo, more tban a dosin fronts
having fallen into the streets. Several
had bulged so heavily that the win
do shutters opened and threatened
to fall at any moment. On heaps of
debris for nearlv a eauare in every di
rection people were congregated. Be fore
the sermon began many ex peri
ancea of Tuoadav niirht were eiven.
some pitiful, soma ludicrous aud oth
ers heartrending. A colored woman,
who had spent two-thirds of her life
in slavery, told how her only son, in
fleeing from their home, had been
brained on the stoop by the
fulling plazsa. An aged
white men, his face covered
with court planter, depicted to a group
his narrow escape end told how one of
his neighbors was killed. At times
during the early exercises the old post
olllce building trembled before the
surging sea breeze. '
Tbe preaching at the public crier's
block at this plce, which ia known as
"auction mait,"wM in marked con
trast With what is usually witnessed
there. Oaly the visitors and citizens
going to and from worship were in the
Btreeta to-day. It is now quite plain
that there will be no suffering after a
day or two, although some instances
of hunger and want in poor families
are reported. J'.nongu , money win
probably be received to met imme
diate wants. The Relief Committee
will open a general supply store and
if bus rations ti the helpless and
A PASTY OF BC1BKTI8TS,
headed by 1'rof. S. Mendenhal and
HcUee, returned tonignt at 8 o clock
from an exploring trip north of the
c.ty. They viiited Ten Mile Hill,
Summerrilleand Lincoln. Tbey gavo
no cheering news. At Summerville
they felt nine distinct shocks, and ray
the people are torrified and leaving
that section of tho country. Some
strange freaks of the earttqaake were
found and photographed. Moet of
the 300 houses at Summerville are
wooden building, and ia a conse
quence the dam-.g is largely confined
to their interior. Of one building the
fonmUon bad been affected on one
Bido to an extent thai the structure
had tippled over in half resting po
sition, while ttie remainder of the
foundation win unimpaired. The
foundation of both sides cf anothor
honse, it wai fou d, had parted
and shot outward, permitting
the structure to drop to tho
ff-ound. On menv bouses one chim
ney bad been ileVroyod while the
other ti intact. A la -go number of
giiysers weie found, some ten fuel In
cirttnuter, and nothing has bnn found
long enough to probe their dep'.h.
Noue nro Bpouting, wh.Uo all are lull
SSummorville bai fired worse than
nuy ctlier part of iho State hercabouK
and it will be aluioet depopulated.
Prefer Hors Mcndenunll and Mcltee
tak4 friendly insue ai to the course of
TUB P1KUT PIlBHBYTKRIAN CHURCH
proves lobe badly damaged, and the
Unar cston Uoiiege Is irreparamy IU'
hired. The ro3id('nce of the late Coa
gressman M. P. O'Connor will have
to be rebuilt. The old Charleston
Clublions?, afterwards the United
States Courthouse, is almost a com
plete wreck. Cnl. Batchelor of the
Ouartermaner D.'nartment, who ar
lived here today with Col. Owens, has
been over the city, and in an inter
view tonight said: "I bave teen
enouizh to aav that the ruin is wide
spread. The eastern part of the city
is damaged moet seriously, and I think
there is scarcely a house bnt will bave
to be pulled down. I do not think
think there has been any exaggera
tion as to the extent of the damage, and
I think that the calamity ia even
greater thin has been represented in
The only deaths resulting from the
earthquake yesterday, were those of
two colored children, the result of ex
posure, it is now hoped mat tat ae
MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL TUESDAY,
molltlon of St. Michael'a steeple will
not be necessary, as the foundation
appears to be sound. '
At 9 o'clock this morning tbe bead
quarters of the Relief Committee, at
the city building, were crowded by
the unfortunate earthquake sufferers.
One member of the committee is kept
busy wilting out pa bps on the rail
ways to transport sufferers to other
points. The committee prefers to give
tbia character of afB'stauce above all
others. It gets tbe unfortunates away.
Orders for ra'ions are boingbBUsd.
Money is given to no one. During
the rush of the applicants for assist
ance a large stction of the Meeting
street front c-f ihe courtoouse, oppo
site the City Hall, fell out. Tbe re
port of the fall was equal to an earth
quake shock. Immediately tbe av
cembled tbous'nds in and out cf the
building began to sway aod move like
the billows of a storm stricken eea.
The cooler heads present mounted
chaira and admonished the people to
move away quietly and not become
excited. The scene was appalling for
a hort time, but quiet was finally re
stored. The men at work tear
ing down the frail por'ions of
the courthouse were ordered to
Btop work. Acting Mayor Hu-g-r
says the Reliul Committee is
now assisting about one-third of
Charleeton'a entire population. Mayor
Courtnoy ia expected to arrive on the
fir;t train on the Coast Line tomorrow
and will hold a special meeting of the
City Council, when decisive eteps will
be taken to afford protection from fall
ing buildings and clear the streets of
some of tbe d-brls which now iinpedre
tbe progress of pedestrians and vehi
cles every where. DUpatcbes continue
to pour in offering aid. Ab mt $95,000
bave already reached here. From in
dications at hand it ia believed thet
tbe contributions will finally aggreua'e
1500,000, and tbat $200,000 will have
arrived by tomorrow night. Money
sent by iegiet-red letter or by express
to Mayor Courtny or the Relief Com
mittee comes in tbe most desirable
shape, although many contributions
arrive iu tbe form of postofflce orders,
drafta, etc. Shortly after 10 o'clock the
scenes of despair sad fright at the City
flail were again renewed by the
falling buildings in that vicinity. The
great crowds near St. Phillip'schurch,
where the tall spire is being torn
down, fled precipitately. The steeple
of St. Michael's church, the landmark
of the city, which was supplied to
bave been completely wrecked, ap
pears to be about the only tall struc
ture which can be permitted to stand.
At sunrise this morning the weath-r
looked threatening, and at this hour
(11 o'clock a.m.) it looks ss though a
steady rain may set in before nigbt
People who alpt ou board of veesnis
in tbe harbor last night say tbey felt
the 11 o'clock shock very plainly.
Veseots made lorwa'd plunges, toen
there waa a rumbling noise and tbe
waves thumped the hulls viciously.
Tbe scientists came fo the front today
with tbe statement tbat tbers will be
revisitations of abocks every day for
some time, poss b'y weeks yet
BILP WITHOUT G1VIBO.
This mornings Newt and Courier
gives prominence to sn editorial on
how to help without giving, in which
it says: "The generosity of the peo-
Ele of the United Stattfl bas never
een mora fully or more opportunely
demonstrated, mere is, However, a
loss which la not provided for in the
donations that have been made, and
there is a way of helping Charleston
which baa net been generally adopted.
With tbe assistance of other fellow
countrymen Charleston will be able,
no doubt, to provide food and sheltt-r
for those who have been rendered
homeleis by the earthquake, and will
be able, perhaps, to awist in a proper
way those whose bouses need repairs
which are bevood the means of the
owners and occupants."
AT WASUISUTON. '
Tare lavtatla-atloa br atae ecological
Washington. September 6. The
Geological Survey, in pursuance of the
purpose of its director to make a thor
ough study of the phenomena of the
earthquake of AOituitsi, naa prepared
a circular to be sent to all parts of tbe
aff'Cted area and the adjacent country,
calling for detailed information upon
the subject from whomsoever may
baveinl.irmatlon, even of an apparent
ly trivial nature, to Impart.
Tbe observer is requested first to
state his own position, whether in
doors or out, upstairs or down, watt ti
er stamllDir. walkina or sittins : and
to deeciibs tue ground of his locality,
wnetner rocky, eartny or sandy, fol
lowing this, it is deaired that a series
of questions, in substance as followr,
shall be answered categorically:
.First. Was an eartoquake felt at
your place the evening of August 31st.
or within a few daya of that time?
Negative answers to tbis will be of
great interest from any points witbin
the disturbed area, and especially
from points near its limits.
ikxmd At what hour, minute and
second of standard time was it felt?
Thitd How lonit did the percepti
ble motion c ntinue?
i ourtK. Was it accompanied by any
umwial noise? if so describe it.
Fifth. Was there more than one
shoe felt, if so how many? Where
eeveral were felt give accurately, or
even roughly, the number, duiation
and character of each and the interval
(Sira Which of the following meai
ures of intoneity would best describe
what happened in your vicinity?
No. 1. Very light; noticed by a few
persons; not generally folt.
No. 2. Liitht; felt by the majority of
perrons; rattling windows aud
No. 3 Moderate; BUfTlulent to set
!u pended objects, chandeliers, etc.,
swinging, or to overthrow light ohjec's.
No. 4. Strong enough to crack the
plas'er in houses or to throw down
some bricks from chimneys.
No. 6. Severe; overthrowing chim
neys and injuring the walls of bouses.
No. 7. Do you know of any other
ciupo for what happened than earth
queks? Give ateo any further partic
ulars of interest, stating whether they
are from observation or hearsay. For
instance, whether tbe shock seemed
like a tremor or a jar or an ucdulatory
movement, and whether it seemed to
come hcrismlally or vertically;
whether any idea of direction of shock
was formod and if p. opts agree in
their opinion as to such direction.
Mention all unusual conditions of the
atmosphere; any strange effect on ani
mals (It is often (aid that they will
feel the first tremors of shock some
time before people not ice it at all) ;
character of damage to buildings, gen
eral direction in which walls, chim
nsys, etc., were overthrown. Spring,
rivers anu wells are often noticeably
affected by even sliaht shocks, and
such facts are especially interesting.
If a clock was stopped give tbe time
it Indicated and tome idea as to bow
fast. or alow it waa,. its position,
tbe direction in which It was
standing or facing, and the approxi
mate length and breadth of the pen
dulum. If tha chandelier wna noticed
to swing decidedly, describe It and
B'ate direction of wall and whether
pictures on the wail at right anglea
to it wete also put ia motion. If the
doors were closed or opened, state the
direction of the wall in which they
were set. In sho-t, almost any fact,
however apparently insignificant, re
garding this great earthquake will not
come amiss, and it is probable tbat
from the mass of inf'rmation jo
gathered da'a of great scientifi : value
will be deduced. It ii requested
that this information shall be et nt to
the Division of Volcanic Ue&logical
Survey. It is probable that before
the end of the year elaborate, though
neceiaiily rather expensive arrange
ments for tbe more tbororjgo observa
tion and stu y of ee'emic phenomena
occurring in all pins of tbis continent
will be perfected and put
in operation. Tbese a'rangemen s
have been In progress for a year or
more, and the mail advanced atadents
of tins branch of natural science are
interesting themselves in ths work.
Instruments of great delicacy, though
simple in their prioc'ples of c instruc
tion and operation, have long been in
use for automa kally recording the
earth's movements. Perhaps the best
has for ita central feature a disk on
smoked glass, revolved hor sontaliy by
clockwork. Breides this are horizon
tal pendnla, delicately suspended up
on pivots, carryicg weights of suffi
cient inertia to keep their pendula at
rent, though the stands to which tbey
are attached may be moved. Each pen
dulum bears at its extremity a pointer,
which being drawn over the smoked
disk aa the latter rovolvtB, marks a
tru circle so long as the ea th remains
unmoved, but with the eligbteet move
ment their course is disturbed and the r
record is eeen in waving and jigged
lines arom d the di k. Two of tueie
pendula are required for each seis
mograph one recording tbe eaft ar d
weet m ivemsnte, and tne other those
north and souto. This instrument is
too delicate and complex outside cf
the observatories aud laboratories,
where it can have tho attention ot
trained observers, which, it is pro
posed, aball be placed in the hands of
volunteer observe.-s iu many parts of
the country. It consists of a vertical
pendulum where points hang over a
cup ol mercury, upon tne suriace oi
which lies a platinum sloat. A small
depression in the float receives the
point without making actual conta i
exe -pi when the mercury is aisturted,
in which event the contact will be
made, completing an electrical circuit
which, by withdrawing a detent, sets
in motion tbe mxcblncry ol an ordi
nary clock. It is proposed tbat only
100 or 200 of tbese instrument shall
be teat tut. They will record n t
only the beginning of ths earth
quake, bit they will aerva alto
the purpo.-e of calling atten
tion to a disturbance which
might o herwise escape nctxe and
thus enable the observer to note puca
other features as the phenomeoa may
presect. The study of phenomena in
this kind is claimed to be of great
value to soient sts as a guide to a
knowledge of the ua ure ot the earth's
interior, and for its bearing upoa a -mojt
every branch cf physica and
Special Agent W. E. Speir, of the
Supervislr-g Architect Office, h been
directed to proceed immediately to
Charleston to iDspect and report npsn
the cond tlon ot the (.o toflice and
United States customhouse bu ldins
in that ci'y.
Anneals for tents in addition to
those already furnished bave bsen re
ceived at ths War V partment irom
Charleston aud Sumuurville, S O.
In each cute rep'y was made that
every tent tbat could pi ssibly be pro
cured had been already sen.
AT NEW YORK.
Arrival of Mayor Conrlnry, of
vnmrie.ioa, r ram enrobe.
Naw Yobk, September 0. Hon
William A. Courtney, Mayor of
Charleston, S. 0., arrived yeeterday
morning on the steamer Etruria from
Liverpool and proceeded by tbe firs'
train tor Charleston. Me authorized
the statement tbat be will receipt and
be responeible for all tents tbat may
be forwarded by the National uuard
to UbarieBton. where they are impera
tivelv needed by many suff ring and
homeless people. To S'cure th's end
he bas appointed the foUowIcg named
sentlemen to act as a committee ot ar
rangements: Wm. f. II-stie, of
Charleston. W. H. Rett and I. B. La
neu. HearlijiiirU-rs of the committee
are at 317 Broadway, New Yrrk.
Tents will be forwarded by the steam
er Delaware (Pier 27, Noith river), of
tbe Cbarlestob Line, free of charge, on
Wednesday, September 8 h, or by
-xp'e:B, it tbey can be procured
Iu an interview, Mayor Courtoey
said: "Knowinit tue endurance ol our
people as I do, their crolnees and
bravry under all c renmotances, I am
satisfied from the news I f und here
on my arrive', np to Saturday after
noon, tbat the eutii rets require imme
diate and substantial relief. Many
thousands of peopln must be provided
with shelter fom the weather at once.
Hundreds of houses will have to be
rebuilt, and a very much larger nnm
hor cannot ba inbbb ted until inten
sive repairs are made. It is a case of
urgency and, it hilly understood win,
1 m enr. re tuny mr,"
Combining WOS with FTJRK TE0CT1BI.K
TONICS, qnlcklf and eomplotrly CLEANSES
an EN11HIIKS TUB HMH1D. Quicken,
the action of thaLlTitr and Kldn.ra. Clrantha
complexion, nakn the .Ununootn. Itdoesaut
OTUEB 1UON MEDICINES DO.
Fbetena and Drocf ! nrwhn noommand Uv
Dn. H. S. Rwioutii, rfMrion. M.m., w.t "I
Mmmmind Brown'. Iron BUtw. M i a Inl,te tonlo
h "nrlohinsth. blood, nd rom.wlnf 1 dj.lMj.UO
hannraMribrd ItnW. Iron Bittoni hi own at
. v mi nT.ntT.T HArnolrill. lnil.. Mfft: 1
aiinml and blood dwwa. al "hon a tnnlo wa
Ms. WM Bthn, wet. Mr at., N5ori
ar.! " Brown1. Iron Wilt mliovad n In a oasn
oT Wood polnwitnir. and 1 haarldj oommend 11 to
Mb. W. W.MOKmAN.Tuaonmhia, Ala., lan: "I
fc bn ln.l.ll from chiMliood with linporj
loud and aruplion on my raoa-two botlloa ol
Brown'. Iron Biltr.a(teoljl a iwrtoot ". J
eaunot apuak fcx Uifttlj at ton Taluabl. nudiotna."
Gannlna ha. abo" Trad. "v! Z" Ha
alTuWM tJiiKMinAJ. do, maxTiiaoif, is
W. A. W1IEA.TJLI3Y
Real Estate A sent,
kTtn V. S. COMMISSIONER.
SN1 Wiln.ir Wmllaow.W.'iBphlw.
Koch's Pat. Store
SHELVING la adjoiUblo to mast an Bead
or bnaiaaM. It ia chaapar than i old styl.. Cn
ba put np b any on. llmwi"l
I-niilrj iaia Itookl simw. AddrMS
KOCH A. B. CO Mrm.
141 BI4IM BT PEOBIA, lLa,ar,
laameoa Ha4warC.,St. Uttii.Mo.
SEPTEMBER 7, 1886.
33. T, QBTsjrlSlH?. &f C3Q.
LUMBER YARD 5
Btiakley, Ark Manofaclnrersj of
YELLOW PINE AND OAK LUMBER.
ABO DEALERS M .
Doors, Saeh, Blladg, Dressed Flooring, Celling, rYeatber-Boardlnn
Cjrpreew Slilngles, Iatlis, Etc
srOur ntsllitlaa ar. nninrpui.d by any lawmlll In th South for flliinsordert promptly.
f loorins, C.ilitif, Bidlm , SUp LnmWand Crpraai Sblndoi (paoialtyi alio, framlms
liamDi ox au oim.mioni. v max in
OEO. KAYMIIdliEK, AGENT,
Z79.124 Jefferson Street Memphis. Tennessej
SLEDGX BKOSU, of Come, Mist. 1 F.
i b5) i"f)i
, 1 .v-
Klos. 216 and 358 Front Street--- " Memphis Tenn.
E. Rfl. APPERSON & GO.
384 FRONT STREET.
KELLY, ROPER OEILLY,
Gr ocers & Cotton Factors.
So. 8a Main Street. Qr Block.
AHDKKW BTBWaJCT, How Orleans.
HO. tM AND MS FBOIIT ST11EET MEMPHMai TEXSLt
SmTART BROTHERS & COUPAHI
COTTON FACTORS AND COMMISSION KERCHANTS,
HEW nKT.K.HW, MilBiana.i
COTTON FACTORS & COMMISSION MERCIIANTS
Ko.8.11 vmnt Street. Cor. Union, Memphis. Tenn.
iiker,! horatoi I Co
Cotton Factors, VIiolesale Grocers,
I8"o. 30 Front street, I Meiurhis, Tcroa
a.wi iioniom In Levee
Wo. 274 Front Street
PCTIM A SAW
JL J.l SL MAORIS Z taVV
ar inMH P.lilnt i. r. raiaiui iwi-rih
J0SE w." . i. 6AWRTK, F.or.taTyandTr.a.uror.
(Hoccr.ir (O Pt Sawrle,)
MAXIIFACHJKEUS OF TI1E "MAUJIOMi BB4ND "
mm m v v
3fi 39 and 40
W. M. J0WS. TKO If. SPtBD. I. r. PriTBHfl. flKO. ARITOLD, Vt. P. T. BAWTHB,
Cotton Factors, VTIiolcsalo Grocers,
If. 11 Union Street.
L. P. MULLINB, of UU J. K. Oodwla k Oa.
Cotton Factors Commission Llerchants
No, 1 Howard's Row, Cor.
1 ipoial faator.. Ordacs
Pit ATT GIN CO.
Daniel Pratt Cotton Gins,
FEEDERS AND CONDENSERS,
SMILEY, SMITH A CO
' Manntactur.n of
Pratt EllpaellBlr , Feed.
r mma uin K.painri,
OS to 104 Poplar St., Memphis.
vPratt BYolvlrj--Hed Qini nn
qaalsd. btoek now com plot. Pricei
radncad. CorrepondoDO. ana oraen
.olioited. Old Gin. Kp.lr.dln First-
lam Ord . All work iu.araot.ed.
H. HOBFLEET Besldemt Fartser.
& Cotton Factors,
1 jUSDBBW D. QWTOKB Hawpkli
J. 8. MoTIOHE. W. O. PATXESON
and Collon Factors
and Knllroaul Supplies
: : gteraphti, Temu
JAB. J OSBB. UU of J. W. OaldwaU 0
Front and Union, Memphis. ;
j & CD..
2S3 ADAMS ST., MEMPHIS.
MONDAY, SEPT 6.1886.
For Board.iuitiop, etc, ic catalogue, or
ImvriiTTnn r a tibwt Taw t ; J a
Clara Conway Institute.
Monday, October 4, 1886.
Enrollment Last Term, 8S2.
A SCHOOL forth d.velopip.ot of riior
oun, tboughiu', nofal womanhood.
Thil rtsnlt U r.ached If breadth and
thoronibne.i or tnitraetion ana in awRjien
int of pationt, earnest endeavor. A new
and aommodioni boardini deuartment h
jut been completed.
in aepariment oi are., mamaf ana mu
llnarr U add.d for tb drit tim.
Jn th abienc of the Principal, who 1. In
Europe frth. mmmer, catnlogoei will ba
furni'hed on application to Mr. K. P. Mor
ton, 223 Adami itre.t, or they will be found
at any of tne city book nore.
rs. Bowies' School
Opens Kept. 14, at 155 Adams St
SPECIAL advantages Tor young lanief In
En.li.b our. Latin. German. French.
Mnaic and Elocution.
iborough instruction by modern methods
la offered to boy. and girls from primary
classes through grammar course.
St Agnes Female Academy,
TBIS Institution is delithtfully situated
in a retired and healthy part nf the city
of Memphis, commanding ths advantage of
town ana country, me enure surrounaing
breatha an air oi neacelul reolnsion. which
ever eierts so powerlul an influence oyer tha
moral, physic.l ana intellectual ill, in
course of study embraces th various
branches of a solid and uselul education.
In th regular English course, tha pupils on
entering ar ranked aocording to their pro-
Dcienoy in Uri nograpny.urammar ana Arim
niAtin. P&rtiAnlar attentinn is aiven to Saw
cred and Profane History, Rhetorio and
Composition. Latin and French enter Into
the regular course. & portion oi tim is al
lowed to each pnpil for Pis in and Ornamen
tal Needlework, Shell. Flowers, etc Terms,
per Session, p Table half-yeaily, invariably
In advance, rot board and tuition in ail
brancb.s taught in the highest schools.
Plain Sewing, Harking.etc , Bed, Bedding,
Stationery and Washing, 1100 and 125. ac
cording to th ag or class of th pupil.
Special terms when several members ot the
sain family attend tbe sobool. Mo allow
ance Is mad for partial absence or with
drawal belore th expiration of the ta-m, ex
cept in eases of serious or protracted illness.
KxraiS uerman, Italian, etc, eacn u;
Musieon Piano and use of instrument. $30;
Drawing and Water Colors, 110 1 Oil Paint
lnc.lVO: Embroidery and Ornamental Work.
(10; Useof Library, 12; Vocal Musio in elass,
t5j Private Lessons, 115. Board per monta
during vacation, if spent at the Academy,
washing, etc., 115. Medioine and physician'
fees will form extra ohargea Terms for day
pupils, $3, (K, 15 or 16 per month. For for
mer particulars apply io tne ,
THE SI ATE FEXALK COLLEGE
WILL reopen Sept. 13. 1886. Located la
a healthful and delightful suburb, ac
cessible by car lines to ana trom all parts OI
eity. Instruction thorough, and according
to the moat approved educational methods.
Superior and trained specialists in the va
rious Departments ol Music Art. Elocution.
Modern Languages, Science, Classics and
For further prtiou'ars apply t
MISSMOLLIE Jt. MARSHALL, Ptfn.,
Deshler Female Institute
BonrdtnK and 1'ny Nc-tiool for Tonne
LsHlIra, Tuscnmbla, Alabskaaa.
i OTH ANNUAL SPSS ON ooens Wednea
LA day. Sent. 1, 188o. Full Faculty of z
perienced and accomplished teachers. Char
tered Institution. First-class in all Ita ap-
f .ointments. Board, Including fuel and
ighti, tuition in entire Literary Depart
ment, embracing Ancient and Modern Lan
rn,ru. with Mnsie. will ba furnished the
entire year for t 0 In advance: th above,
with Art, J225. Catalogues, containing fall
particulars, sent on application. ,
N a. PLUURNOV A.M.. Principal. .
FRENCH, GERMAN, ITALIAN, 8PAH
SU. Instruction in olass or private
by lessons. For term-, address
LBON LANDSBERQ, Qayoto Hotel. .
A CLASSICAL SCHOOL of high grade for
Boys and Girls. Jfnglish Cours,, Latin,
flreek, Musio and Art thoroughly taught;
Book keeping also. Boys fitted for eollege.
For catalogues address tne Principal,
ft. t. CHEW, f omerville. Tenn.
St. Mary's School.
Be. 853 Poplar Street,
MEMPHI". stilt TEMPI ESSE
A BOARDING and Day School for Tonne
Ladies and Children, under the charge
of th Sisters oi St. Mary, of the English
Church. Number of pupils limited to 100.
Next school term begins Wyplfnibt-r 89111.
Tulane University of Louisiana.
(Formerly, 1647-18M, the University of
ITS advantages for practical instruction In
diseases ot th Southwest ar unrivaled,
as the law secures it superabundant materi
als from th great Charity Hospital with ita
700 beds, and 20,000 patients annually. Stu
dents have no hosp tal-fees to pay and spe
cial instruction is daily given at the bds'de
ol the sick, as in no other institution, lor
oatalngue or information, address
Prof. S. E. CHAILLR, M. D., Dean,
P. 0. Drawer 261. Now Orleans, La
Memphis Female Seminary,
MRS. EMMA C. TUCKER. Principal,
THE FALL 6ESSI0N WILL BEAUf
Orplcmlirr 30, lMe.
Best educational advantages afforded to pu
pils. Location 279 Linden street.
WITH experienced assistant! In all de
part menu, will begin its sixth year
On September 13, 1SSO,
at No. 174 Hernando street, formerly Grace
Church. Boys prepared for either Business
or Guiles. Discipline firm and strict : in
struction thorough and modern in methods.
Modern Languages a special leature.
For terms, etc., address or call ' n
barton . JONES.
1!W Horn.ndn strett. Meropbrs, Tenn.
HMVFJSI1Y M 1XOOL,
PEIEKSBUKO.VA. Tbo Twenty-second
Annual Sesfion ol this School lor Boya
begins tbe first Monday in Octoher. Thor
ough prop.rHtions for Uoivoisiiy of Vir
ginia, lending Engineering Schools and
United States Military and Narjl Acade
mics i highly recommended by rnculty of
University ol Virginia; fu I staff of instruct
ors! situation hcHltbfttl. Early noplicntion
edvised, as number oi'bonrde s is striotl
limited. For catalogue address
w. HQ H DON MoCABE. H.-ad Master.
Mnehvlllv, Tenn. Thorough Instruction
in distinct courses of Civil, Mechtinioal end
Mining Kngineerin (Annuvl Tuition
nnd in Mnnuat Technology tlree). u II
Faculty. Kxtensiv equipments and facili
ties in liraughtini-roouis, laboratories, shop
and fiold KractioB. Kntrance tx.roinationg
Bept.H, 15andl. For circulars jddresa
V ' WILS WILLIAMS. Bubbak.
Georgetown College, D. C.
THE ACAMIO Al SCIENTIFIO
HCIIOOL.M open September 9, 1880. Apply
to President of the College.
Tilt W H OOI, r ManiCIKE open
Sept. 20, 1H.W. Apply to Prof. J. W. II.
Lovejoy, M. D., 900 12th street, N. W.,
Washington, D. C.
THK N IKtOL OF I. AW opens on the
First Wednesday In October. Apply to
Saml. M. Yeatman, Sec'y, corner 6th and
I. streets. N. VV., Walifngtonv D. C.
J A at KH A. DOONAN, 8. J., Pres't. .
Virginia Military Institute,
IS in fall and successful operation and sup
plies ita enlarged course of systematle
instruction at a cost much below that of in
stitutions of Ilk grade in this oountry. Pi
FRANCIS H. SMITH. Bnprlntedni
VS.ven Distinct Department h A eadawaH,
Kngiaeering, Biblical, Law, Kaauif,
Medical, Dental. Pre tuition to It
d.nss In ThcIogy and Manual Itohnology,
Cotalog a sent n i appnoaiion w n lug
U ILUAMS, Semtary. NuhTiUa, Ta Js