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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, September 12, 1886, Image 5

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MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL- SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1880.
E1T0S TO OBERLY.
THE BEPLT OF THE EX COMIS
SIOSEB TO
Tbe Charges or His Successor That
Partisan Consider atloa Pieiall.
ed in the Commission.
Nbw York, Septombfr 11. In a
letter to the Time Ex-Civil Service
Commissioner Dorman B. Eaton Bays:
la former letter I promised to
answer specifically oil the charges
-which Commissioner Obsrly has made
in his lett r in the Timtsoith 18th
of An gust:
First The first and princ'pal cha'ge
is that partisan considerations pre
va'led in tbe matter of making a
special rule approved July 22, 1S84, in
conducting ezamina iois and in m ek
ing general certifications thereunder
for tcepoition of special examiners
for the Per: a on Office.
Now let ns return to Mr. Oberly's
main charge, concerning the certifica
tions and appointmeLti fir pension
eximiners. The one peculiarity about
them was tbis, that when the c.m
miiBion made the certifications for
their appointment it found it necefsi
ry to ce.tify the names of all the ap
plicants on its registers, i::sttad of
only the four marked higLe t as the
rules requiied in other cases. The
appointii officer could, therefore, at
his discretion, with which tbey could
not interfere, select from the whole
lists instead of bung compelled to
take one f i om each set of four. In
the facts which made the eptciul ru e
involving the general certifications
neces'S'y is tie ccmp'tta answer to
Commissioner ODtrly's indictmect
Let us understand th sb facts. As a
member of President Gr.nt'a commis
sion I helped to enfoice a rule which
provided fur tbe ceit fixations of only
thrae names at once, and, approving
that rule, I prrpowu tie same provis
ion for President Arthui's rules. It
was approved by the commission, but
was disipproved by mKmbcrs of his
Cabinet. Oaeofihem, at least, fav-n-ed
general certifications in all cases.
No one of them favored thr-e on y.
and several, it is believed, favored
miny more than four names on a cer
tificate. The vomiuission regardtd it
as fortunate that only four as a general
rule were, by a compromise, provided
for in the ru es. This rule ol four was
rigidly er foicsd in every ctse until
July, 1884, save one exception,
for imperative reason, was al
ways made as to a few techni
cal places in the State Department. Oa
t'ne 7th infant of that month, and tbe
las' day of its leiim, Congress ad
journed, having tuddealy passed that
tame day an uaprecedentad net cre
ating 150 new offices t) bs filled, of
which toe occupants were to bs ca:led
pension examiners, whrs t service was
to be in the ri -1 i and whose duties, to
be performed in full measure in the
outee, were to be the inves'igaticn
and rtpoit ng upon claims for pet
simp, eveb examiner acting independ
ent'y for the locality of Lis assign
ment. It was plain, therefore, that
matured judgment as well ai some t-x-peiitnca
in life were qualifications far
more important thai in the cle-ical
work of tbe before existing clfsa o
pension examiners who served un
der the eyes of the chief at Wash
ington. The prac ice bad b en to as
sign the-e ot3 -o examiners to the
field after adequtt3 experience show
ing practical capacity. Contrary to
all precedent and to the law fs to
the other c'a s-cf examiners, these
new examiners were, by the expreis
terms of the new law, to hold office
fcr only one year, and yet the civil
service rules, is they could be held to
cover tbem, required a probation of
six mon'h?, even before complete ap
pointment; and the civil service law,
if held to cover the new places, rigid
ly required the appointments ti them
to be apportioned ttmong tbe States
and Territories in the ratio of propor
tion. The purpose of Congress w h to
have a great amount of work done
within tbe year before i s next secsion.
Members- and treat politicians, hold
ing that tha act and iu'e did not
cover tha new placts, and believing
the commission cou'd net fill them
BPBsmabiy, bad eocugh applicants,
whom they were pr.siing upon the
President and his Cabinet for filling
these pla es ten times over. What
was worse still, there was ground ft r
g ave solicitude lest it might be
held by the Attorney General
that no examination was required
for these. And here let us cor
rect one of those ttrange, careless
misstatements on which the whole
fabric of Mr. Oberly's indictment aud
the peculiar theories rest. 11a de
clare?, to use his own words, "That it
was provided that these officers should
be appointed under the civil servicn
act by exarnina'iou and certification."
This statement is without a shadow of
foundation. The prop ion of the
Commissioner is even indicrously ab
surd. He is ignorant and therefore
innocent of; the fact that there was so
much do .bion the points, even nearly
a year after a Republican President
had decided in favor of the jurisdiciion
of the commission upon my presenta
tion of tbe legal points in favor of that
view, that a member of the Cabinot of
President Cleveland, at the instigation
of the Demorra'ic Pension Commis
sioner, Gen. Black, antually submitted
that very qtustion twice within the
same month to a Democra'ie Attorney
General (Garland) and apparently the
late Mr. Oberley knows nothing of it.
The Attorney General's opinion, now
before me, are dated, respectively,
May 7 and May 25, 1885. I suggest
that Mr. Obsrly get copies and
read them. Thus, in May,
1885, a Democratic Commission
er of Pensions grasped for that un
limited party patronage which a Re
publican administration had denied to
its bead of Pension Office, Dudley, in
July,1884. Such was the need of prompt
action. The first duty was at all htz
ards to prevent the spoilsmen captur
ing the places. It was next essential
to fill them with tbe ntmcst prompt
ness. It would be disastrous to oc
cupy several months in operatirg tha
technical machinery of the commis
sion for that purpose. It was mid
summer vacation time, and the com
mission had not a single person ex
amined or even an appliaant for 'filing
any one of them. To meet the stem
conditions of apportionment, exami
nation, after due notice given, must
bo in such numerous and remote
places as tn arc.mmnda'e the country
from the lakes to the gulf and from
ocean to ocean. It was plainly im
possible to complete thee eiamina
tiocs and then go through (he slow
process of certifying by fours for all
the vacancies whi'e keeping up the
appointment on less than two months
at least. If was plainly unjust to set
off a place of one year to
one State sgaiost appointment! to
other States for an indefinite time.
The request for certifications to fill
these vacancies came promptly to the
commission July 8tb. In that exi
genzy tbe only tning it could do was
to ctrtify in tbe usual form the
oames of the thirty-two applicants for
the before existing claesof examiner',
which it was hoped were fairly quali
fied, and it did si. Ac'ing with the
ntmott dispatch, the con nrssion was
not able before the 11th of July to
fix a series tf examinations, and the
dates could not be made earlier than
between the 10th and 25th of the
month, and even then many remote
States ctu'.d tot be included. Hers
would be neara mmth gone, and af 'er
the examination papers should reach
Washington another month might be
used in the d-tdls of marking and
certifying. In the meantime the pub
lic business seemed to be arrested by
tbe cbs'.iuctive methods cf the com
mission. It was certain the commis
sion wonld be attacked on that
ground. Thongh a crisis caused by
Conttre.se, it was certain that all the
politicians of both parties would
cbarga it gainf tue "farce of
civil service reform," for which
Commissioner Oseriy end tets
of thousands of Democrats in
Ind ana and elsewhere, who are now
much wiser, then felt do more respect
than wps Mt for it by bis friends,
Si nut or Voorhees aod Mr. Hendricks.
There wore anxious diEcufsi?ns ot
the perplexing pituation. President
Arthur was consulted. He was always
firm and faithful for a reform policy.
On tbe 2S',h of July the commission
advised the adoption of the special
rule already referred to, which Com-mis.-ioner
Oberly holds up to public
censure on partisan grounda in his
letter to tbe Times. m
This policy resulted in relieving
the crisis and in seasonably filling the
places with competent examiners. The
enemies of reform were defeated of
their spoils and in their hopes of dis
crediting the commirslon.
BLOODY WORK.
Three If en Mortally Wounded In a
Fight t Dante.
Houston, Mo.,8eptember 11. 'Night
before last at a farm bouse near Sum
merville, twenty-one miles southeast
of Housion, in this ounty, occurrcd
one of the most fa'al tragedies ever
known In this section. Lan Saturday
at tSummerville, during a game of
b seball, Jere Orchard and Riley Mar
tin engaged in a violent dispute, but
were separated before doming to
blows. Lint Thursday a "corn cut
ting" was given at tha retidence of a
farmer near Summervilie, and during
the dancing in the evenicg the base
ball dispute was revived, and p'stols
were diawn. In the melee that en
sued 0. chard was seen to discharge
his weapon at Ma-tin, tbe ballet pass
inz entirely tnrou.h the latttr's tody,
ircm the ba k to the bieaat. Orchard
was thereupon attacked by a friend of
Mar in's, Stogerla'e by name, who
s'lot him in the breas',. inflicting a
mortal wound. He, St isdale, not lat
isfird with his bloody work, attacked
otber friend tA Martin, the first being
Zm McCa.kel1, who sustained a
wound Jrjm, the former's pistol over
tbe hrarr. Lewis Ruder, a man of
great ttrenjttb, thinking th!s indiF-c.-iminate
. shooting had gone far
enough, rushed through the crowd and
at'eaip'.ed to disarm Stogedale. The
latter had one more charge in his pis
tol and this he fired at Raider. The
ball took eflcct in tbe letter's thigh
inflicting an ug'y wound. Mariin,
Orchard and IdcCaskell are, it is be
lieved, fatally wounded, and Raider
dangerously sr. Great excitement
prevails over the affair. Stogedale has
not been captured and is believed to
bs on his way to Texas.
ATS OLD SIOSY.
When tha apring- wu beginning-, and May
day wu nigh,
On a country tin (pinning tha King cut hit
eye:
Fair flourish the roses anear the coort wall.
But tho roie of the heilios ii faireit of all,
"Let me hide my fuol'i laoa 'neath a lying
tombstone,
For the world's gone a Maying, I mope here
alone,
Said the jet tor, who tat on the steps of the
throne.
But the blossoms will fade which the theught-
less hare torn,
And the cheek! of a maid will grow ithered
and worn.
Why should therefor such a small matter
be woe,
Since ench hedge ana eaoh Tillage such roses
will thow.
"King! go to your wine; pretty maiden I go
moan I
When its meat hath been mumbled, we leave
the picked bone,"
Said the jetter, who eat on the steps of the
throne.
Yet a peasant is grinding a knife, sharp and
strong.
And silently wending hit way through the
thron
Thenthe doga must be driven from licking
the gore
Of a monarch struck down at his own palace
dour,
"Though her name bt a gibe and her altara
o'erthrown
In the end Oossin Justice will seize on her
own," . ,
Said the jester, who sat on the steps of the
throne. TnnpU liar.
Mast be Tried by a Military- Com.
uilnHlen.
Washington, September 10. The
Army and Navy liegixter tomorrow will
say : "If public opinion in and out of
tbe army has weight in deciding the
lute f Geronimo and his murderous
band they will be tried by a mihUry
commission, speedily convicted aud
executed without undue dulay. There
isaprfcfdent fjrsuch treatment of
tbem, if one is needed, in the caee of
the trial by military commission of
tbe Sioux after the Minnesota massacre
in 1862. Five hundred of the prison
ers were then put on trial, 300 of
whom were found gulty of murder
and thirty-eight were hanged, livery
one of the bsnd was a prisoner of war
at the time cf his escape fiom the San
Carlos reservation. They had ben
phced there by Gen. Crouk aod were
given the liberty of the reservation on
condition of not leaving it. They
broke their promise and need their
privileges to escape in order egain to
to take to the warpath. They are
paroled prisoners, taken red handed
in the acts of war, and should suffer
the punishment adjudged by the law
of war to such acts of treachery."
A Poller for Mamma.
Comtc Weekly: Child And von
won't give me a penny, mamma? Yet
yon always say you love me. Mother
When you are older dear, you will
nnders'aud how much I love jou.
Child (disparagingly) Yes, if you
loved mo so much, mamma, why
didn't you marry the candy- store
man?
He Wanted tbe Srlneera to Rattle.
Texts Siiingi: Customer I say
Mr. Barber, I don't hear your scissors
at work on my hair. Uarber There
is very little hair on your head. Cus
tomer That makes no diffeience. I
pay you money, and I want you to
rattle the ecis-ors on tbe bald p'ace
just the sume as if it had hair on it.
A Bad Failure.
Puel: Eastern drommer (to St.
Louis merchant) That was a pretty
bad failure of Isaac S.ein's? Merchant
Pad ? Veil, you vas right it was. It
vas de vorst failure of de season. His
greditorg made him bay 75 cents on de
dollar. It is petter to stay in peesness
as to fail like dot.
Subscribe lor tbe "Appeal.'
THE TAX ON DRUMERS.
TIEWS OF A COXXERCUL TBAT
ELER ON HIE
Workings of the Mississippi Privilege
Tax Law-Ai Injustice to the
Business Public.
To the Editors of The Appeal :
Mabunna, Abk., September 9. I
see a circular from the Auditor of the
S ate of Missiesippi in regard to com
mercial travelers, aud calling the at
tention of the tax collec'.ors to bs vig
ilant in seeing that all travelers have
license. Toat is tbe law of Mississip
pi, and that it nlnuld be obeyed in an
a :know'eded fact, and all law abidirg
people who go there to sell merchan
dise shoald comply with these laws,
and especially one tf that class a
commercial traveler. The nt.tice at
racted my a'tention, and afforded me
food for thought, lc appears a strange
thing to me tnat any St its would en
act euch a law, and especially in this
enlightened asje ; and we, as a data of
men who depend npjn the trade and
patronage of the merchants in the re
spective Sta'es in which we travel,
cannot but notice legislation in any
Sttte that direc ly affects our own pro
fusion, as the Stite tax does a
drummer. The idea cf a great
many people is radically wron.
They do not really want to
kgUIate against the traveling men. I
cannot balieve that, aLd I r-peak the
sentiment of many ot my fellow sales
men but they imagine it comes
from tbe merchant princs that send
us out. But it is not so. ItsiTectsus
direct y, for each expense that is in
curred in traveling is charged up
aguinet the salesman, and his trade in
the State must justify, beyond a sure
profit, a'l his expenses, and our eala
r es are graded accordingly. Many
hotels cbargs extraordinary prices for
the accommodation tbey give travel
ing n eo, and that the salesman is not
the loser by it is a wrong impression.
Toe ealary and the expenses cf the
traveler at the end of tbe month are
made up and charged to his expense
account; that is the expense the
houce hts undergone in sending out
their agents, aad tbe sales and prcfi's
are figured up. If the sales do not
justify all expenditures, then the sales
man mnBt bs w fidrawn and the
houie, being able to 'uke care of itself,
tbe salesman loses bis position. Tbe
position of the traveler is so little uri
iorsood, and seldom defended,
I feel it my duty to no
t'ce and to correct as far as I
I can what is considered a usury, that
we as a class generally bear, because
helpless to remedy the evil. If nil
were placed or eituated as I and some
o'hers are, it would make no material
difference, as I have other H:ates
where there are no licenjw, and I can
spend my monoy there. I nave made
two or three trip 3 a year in the S.ate
of Mississippi, and I have spent from
twelve ti fifteen hundred dollarj in
the State soliciting orders, whereas
since the tax on commercial trave'er-t
I do not spend a dollar, neither shall
I do so while it is a law. The S ate of
Mississippi loses a hundred dollars
that would be spent and left there,
where it makes on, and quite a num
ber have left it for good. The hotels,
the livery Stables and the merchants
are the loeers by it, the nuuib r of
ea'esmen is lessened, the competition
is It ss, and those who do go there get
better prices. Drive away strong com
petition in any State, leesen the num
ber of traveling salesmen, and tbe mer
chant pays more for his goods, has
more trouble and must go to mtrket,
where before he had a market at his
door daily and could buy his goods
intelligently and at tho lowest figuies.
Net a house in the land would sell
goods through traveling salesmen if
tbey were certain that the merchant
would cotne to marke', for there they
get better prices for goods sold, and
tbe merchant has )e.;s ground for com
plaint if his gocds are in any way
wrong. Traveling men are a great
benefit to any State; they are no detri
ment in any way. If one takes any
advantage of a merchant the next one
will give him away, and the traveler
dares not to do a mean act, if so at his
peril, and he et amis a good chance to
lose a customer, which in these times
no one ran afford to do. While ethe
Stats fills her safe with what the
license will bring and a f.e to the offi
cer, it depletes the pockets of the hotel
man and tbe livery man and the mer
chant, lessens thereby competition,
and the merchant pays more for his
goods, and the traveler cannot feci
toward the Stte and those he deals
with the same interest when ho foels
he is taxed to placo tbe goods be
sells, and this advantage is taken of
him. I hope, Mr. Editor, you
will give this spate in your
paper, and as it has a large circulation
in the Stte that imposes this burden
on the traveling man, that it may be
read with profit and have some effect
that will in the future prove beneficial
to cs in the removal cf what must be
an unjuet exaction on a class of men
who can little afford to pay the tax. I
have no ill will toward tbe State or
her good people. I believe in obeying
tbe law and complying with its re
quirements, and I would allow my
fellow travelers to do as the law di
rects, and not be liable thereby. But,
as for myself, I shall remain away to
will many others until it shall be re
pealed, which will, I hope, be at no
distant day. t. a. martin.
John Balrd'a Insanity.
Niw Yobk, September 10. Old
John Baird, the Scotch elevated road
engineer, appeared before a sheriff's
jury and tbe Lunacy Commissioners
today in proceedings brought to estab
lish the question of his sanity. The
suit was brought by his children be
cause he leit his wife. In his testi
mony Mr. Btlrd said be was born near
Glasgow, Scotland, in 1820. He was
the builder of the first propeller that
went from this city outside Sandy
Hook, and aTso tbe fi st one that went
arour d Cape Horn without stopping
on the way to coal up. He built over
forty vessels fw tbe Cromwell Com
pany and invested $100,000 in it, and
recognizing tbe merit of the elevated
railroad system he mortgaged bis
house for $10,000 to invest In tbe syf
tem. He was cons'ructing ecgineor of
tbe road, but refused to' accept his
salary ($10,000 a year) until it was completed.
Tbe President Sbootsj a Deer.
Washington Post.' Yesterday the
President nad a most thrilling adven
ture with a deer. A few of these ani
mals have been placed at regular in
tervals in the vicinity of the Presi
dent's cottage, in order that he may
not be disappointed when he goes out
to shoot. Ibis is quite English, you
Vdow.
When the Presiden sallied forth af
ter bis quarry, his billycock bat was
tilted on an angle on the left side of
his head. His yellow corduroy pants
were tied tigbtly around bis ankles
with a corset string, and bis red shirt
si one respondent in the morning sun.
It ws t ed with a bright green bow.
"My .dear, you look quite like a
dudf, said Mrs. C, as shs g red in
admirat-'on npon ber husband.
The President smiled. "I rather
think this is handsome," he said, and
your correspondent jotted down the
conversation in short hand.
There were only three psisons in
tbe bunting party.
The President carried a gun, tie
guide carried a bcttla and the Putt
man carried a note b:ok.
"We leve one dear to find s'mother
deers." sa'd the Presidont.
"Ha! ha!" langhed Mrs. Cleveland.
"Ha! ha!" shouted Dr. Ward.
"Tinkle, tinkle, tinkle," said a little
cow bell nnder a chestnut tret by the
fence.
When the party itirted the fi st
deer was tied to a tree about a quarter
of a mile away. At a B gnal from tho
guide it was liberated. Instead of
bolting away as it had been trained to
do, it raised up in a most friendly way
to the Prestlent aud began to nibble
at the grten how.
"Ob, dear," taid the President, na
theticatly.' this will never doe." You
see it was a little git I deer and didn't
know any bettor.
Half a milufurthiraple.es wasfound
where a deer htd been tied; but,
gr eat, heavens, it had escaped I The
sport was now gi tttng exciting.
Deepfrand deeper t':e party pushed
into the woods. Tbe great trees
waved the r arms in joy at having
such a dittinguislnd person beneath
their shady branches. Trie grass
quivered in very ecstasy. The little
birds sarg sweet y on tha bonehs
Your correspondent and the guide
took a drink.
At that moment the President saw
a deer leaning egaiuBt a tree. Trem
bling with eicitHint-nt, bn raised his
brand new Vii.chister riile and fir, d
six and a half shots in rapid succes
sion. Each ballet entered the deer's
side, but tha animal did not move.
We rushed to whre it B'cd.
Great heaven, it was stuffed!
STIUMJE PHENOMENON.
Storm on lake (superior Mtopped
by the Kartbquake.
Ciitc.uio, Iil., September 11. Capt.
Marooen, of the propeller DjuK1sju,
relates a strange experience he had on
the trip to Chicago. One night last
week, while comii g up to Lake Supe
rior with tho schooners Brlghtie and
Nellie Mason in tiw, a furious gale
from the northeast ws encountered.
Toe wind attained a velocity of fully
forty miles an hour and continued
with unabated fury for several hourj.
It was accompanied by a vicious cross
ass, the waves running very ulgb,even
for Lake Superior. Tue steamer la
bored badly in the heavy teas, and it
was with grest difficulty that she sue
ce ded in weatho iog. Suddenly and
witbeut any apparent causo the wind
died away into a dead ctlrn, and in
has than five minut s the white
capped wavts flattened out into
a perfectly smooth sea. The trews of
all three vespels were grea'ly mystified
by the strange phenomenon and all
agreed that they bad never seon any
thing like it on the lake bofore. Turn
ing to his mate, the captain remarked
that there must haveb-im some un
usual dis uibance on land. On reach
ing the S.nulte, the captain went
t shore and secured a newspaper. It
was then he learned that at about the
same thus be had witnessed this sin
gular auticn of wind and wave Charles
ton had been badly shaken by an
earthquake.
WIIITJDOKM IT MAT1KUT
Wealth and ulnry and place and power.
What are they worth to me or you?
For the lea.e ot I fe runs out in an hour.
And donth stands ready to olaiiu his due;
Snanding honors or heape of gold,
What are tbey all when all is told?
A Vain or a p'easure, a smile or a toar
Whatdoos it matter which we claim?
For we step from the cradle into the bier,
And a oureloss world goes on the same i
Hours of gladness or houra of aorrow,
What does it matter to us tomorrow?
Truth of love or vow of friend
Tender caresses or eruel sneers
What do they matter to us in the end?
l.For the brief day dies, and the long night
nears.
Pnfeionate kisses, or tears ol gall.
The graie will open and eover them all.
Homoless vagrant, or honored guest,
Poor and humblo, or rich aed great,
All are racked with the world's uurost.
All must meet with a common (ato.
Life frein childhood till we old,
What is all when all la told?
Ella WheeUr Wdcox in Vliea Btrald.
Tbe Twim of I.oennn.
A Vienna correspondent of tt e
New London Gaulle wii'es: John and
Jacob Tccci, the twins of Locana, who
have been shown in almost evory city
of Europe as tbe successors of the fa
mous Siamese twins, are dying in the
Prater. Tho biys resemble each
other exactly, and are now in their
tonth year. John and Jacob are
separate as far as the sixth
rib, and have one abdomen
and one pair of legs between
them, Jacob moves tbe right leg,
John the loft. The twins canuot walk,
and keep their balance by lacing their
arms round each other's neck. Jacob
eats of.en and heartily, and is the
healthier of tbe two, and to all ap
pearance it is he who t esps his brother
alive. Two days ago tbe twins quar
reled over a toy, and John giew to ex
cited that his heart blood suddenly
ceased to fbw, and he changed to a
condition of complete lethargy, from
which be had not awoke on the fol
lowing morning. The boy suflVed
from the earns complaint a year ago in
Berlin, and Prof. Virchow then de
clared that a recurrence of the leth
argy would certainly put ail end to
the twins' life. A number of
Vienna physicians are observ
ing tbe malady, but they enter
tain little hope of John's life, and if
John dies, Jacob must follow him to
the grave. The twins as they lie in
their bed offer a strange contrast:
Jacob, with feverish eyes and a red
face, seems to harbor all the blood that
has retreated from John's lifeless body.
The conscious hty cries incessantly,
because he has often beard Prof. Vir
chow's remark repeated, and knows
that his brother's death is bntthu har
binger of his own. The pcor creatures
are meeting with the same fate that
gome time ago put an end to the life
of the Siamese twins, the sec
ond of whom died of poisoned
blood vessels, after having spent six
terrible hours with the corpse of his
brother. The advisability of an oper
ation eeparating the living from the
dead brother was discussed at the.time ;
but before a n solution could be taken
death had done its work The
twins Jof Locana, who for the last
eight years bave traveled to all
the world's shows, were to have left
tomorrow for New Yoik, where Bar
num is eaid to bave engaged them for
a year at a salary of 30,000 francs. In
the event of their death the parents
have sold the body to a London un
stomical museum lor the price of
JC8.O0O.
"Onr Baby's 'lrt Tear."
bv Marion Harland, with other valua
ble in'ormation; forty-eight page book.
Sent free on receipt of 2 cent stamp.
Address Reed & Carnrick, Mercantile
Exchange Building, New York City.
THE M., B. & A. ROID.
A PROTEST AUAJNST THE PRO
rOSED CUASUE
Id the Line of Nuney Leaving Oat
Fulton, Miss., by the New
Owner.
laoaaisroNOMCi or tbs irrnL.l
Fulton, Miss , September 8. Your
spec'al correspondent having visited
the countiesof Lv, Monroe end Ita
wamba deem it not out of place to give
a few do's in ngard to the only topic
discuBfed in this eeclion, to wit: lhe
location of tbe la'e Memphis, Bir
mingham and Atlantic railroad. It
seems that before the sale of this toad
tbe lne had bmn run and located
fiom Tupelo, Leo county, to the Ala
bama line, by way of Fulton, in Ita
wamba county. This seemed to be in
accordance with the charter, that says
the road must g) in one mile of Ful
ton, and that no other road can be
built within twelve miles of said lice.
As soon as lh new owners of the
road took cbargs of the survty tbey
commenced lnta'.inga line from Tupe
lo down Old Town creek, by way of
Coitjn Gin, leaving the thtrtered line
by wy of Fulton from twen
ty to twenty-five miles, and lapping
the towns of Vetona, Snannon, Oko
lona and Aberdeen, and by this means
cutting oft' ailtho trsdntn that vast
slops of country east and north of ea d
tine, a distance of seventy five oi
eighty miles, as a mat'er of liiiBines?.
Tlieee cities and towns become some
what excited over the matter, and it
common expressions are worth any
thing, they will urge the tx'entioii of
the Illinois Central r.ilroad or the
Mobile and Ohio road into this unmo
lested territory, and as a matter of
couis, divert this trade to New Or
leans or Mobile, to the detriment ot
Memphis. There is also a strong sen
timent in thin section to contest the
right ot a corporation to violate its
charter and no wfiorti it pit as. s, and
no doubt if it becomes the eo'.tled
policy of tbe present company to make
the divergence now contemplated,
that every legal means will
be taken to force tbem to
the contract, and further
antagonism to the company will be
inaugurated in the election for the
next Legislature, and every impedi
ment thrown in the way that is possible.
Even the people of Lee county, outeide
of Tupelo, are almost solidly against
the change. The people of Fulton and
Itnwamba county feel sadly disap
pointed; they fully expocUd the road
and was anxious to got in communica
tion with Memph's. They bave done
all tbey c u'd to gr t their country do
ve'opeil. In an int rview with some ot
tbe leading nues of Fu t in, among
them the Hon. I'avid Johnson, now
snperintendont c f tbe State peuiten
tury, I found tho latter firm in the
opinion that the read would be built
through Fulton as tbe charter directs,
lis gives as his retsons, first, that the
rich corporations were more strict in
obeying the law and fulfilling
their contracts than smallrr ones,
and it was a qutstion of doubt
in law whether they had the
right to locate and operate a road from
Tuptlo to the distance of twelve
miles or whether they would not en
' danger the forfeiture ot their chatter
by stopping at Tupelo. Taking those
cors'derations in view, and also tbe
competition they would necesr-arlly
meet by going the lower line, and un
disputed control of all the vat t territo
ry passed by them on the main line,
with no antagonism from any source
whatever, in view of these and many
other tacts, be was of the full opinion
the company would build by Fulton,
as the charter directs and Is now lo
cated. By tbis route the right of way
through the county will be guaranteed
and a drawbridge over the IJIboa will
be granted if possible. So time will
s.ou tell what will happen, Rovkb.
fcEYEXrY YEARsT
What Has Been Aecompllahed In
Frodurta and Prices In 1 lint Time
San Franc's -o Call: The Milling
World, an Eng ieh publica'ion, bas re
cently printed an interesting tabulated
statement which compares the prices
for farm products now with what they
were seventy years ago. From it the
following extracts are made:
1813. issfi.
Wheat, por bushel 0 44 WW
Oatj, per bushel lr 41
Corn, per bushel ft) 4H
Barley, per bushel 'Hi H"
Butler, per pound 12 ft!
Cheese, per pound 0 HI
Bvgs, por docen ft 'l
t'ows, per head 15 00 Ml ll
Hay, per ton 5 00 17 dO
Mraw, por ton 4 ) J5 0'l
fihoep. per bond 75 2 Is)
Farm labor, por month 800 I860
In the strne direction is a table
which the Scientific American furnishes
giving a comparison of the price of
manufactured articles in tbe same
years. It reads as follows:
lHllt. IS!.
Steel, per pound 1 17 (0 12
Nails, per pound 12 , 4
llroadoloth, por yard 101 4 00
Woolen blankets, per p'r. 15 00 7 00
Cotton cloth, per yard M 12
Calico, per yard 25 n
Salt, per bushel 8131 152ro
It will thus bs seen that while farm
1 roducts have increased very largely
in price in the period comprehended
in these tables, the price of manufac
tured articles has decreased in almo6t
the came ratio. Farm labor Is paid
over 100 per cent, more now than in
1810, while the selling prices of all
kinds of farm produce bave increased
100 per cent, and upward and the cost
of manufactured articles has dr creased
to such an extent as, taking the two
tables together, to show enormous dif
ferences in favor of I ho farmer and
against tho manufacturer. A volume
of sermons for tbe poli ical economist
can be found in these tables.
Crop In Bllculaan.
Lansino, Mich., September 11.
The Michigan monthly crop report,
jurt issued from lhe office of the Sec
retory of State, shows the average
yio'd of whaet now thrashed to be
sixteen bushels and a half per acre,
indicating a total yield in the Statu oi
about 26,500,000 bushel?, being '2,'2'yO,
000 bushels in excess cf tbe Auguit
estimate. Oats indicate aa average
yield of tbirty-one and barley tweuiy
nine bushels per acre. Winter ap
ples promise 89 per cent, and late
peaches 57 per cent, of an average
crop.
Labor Demonstration at Toronto
Toronto, Ont., September 11. The
Knights of Labor demonstration today
was a great success. F'ive thousand
men Ttere in tbe procesrion, which,
with bands playing and banners fly
ing, presented a novel and pleasing
sight. All the trades were represented-.
The streets were lined with people.
Arreeteel for KsnbeEilIn.
St. Louis, Mo., Septembor 11. A
special to the Pott Dispatch from Peo
ria, III., says: Charles Barrett, a pop
alar traveling talesman of S. H.
Thompson A Co., wholesale grocers of
this city, was arrested for embezzling
f2000. He does not deny the charge.
SUGGS & FE1TIT
WHOLESALE
GROCERS, COTTON FACTORS
And Commission Merchants,
20O mid 202 Front St., Memphis, Teim.
K'.iil t t!i
1 BS ATT GIN CO.
! Mannfaotnrer'ilAfentj fir -
Daniel Pratt Cotton Olns,
KEEDEH8 AND CONDENSERS,
AMD
SMII.EY, SMITl! A CO.,
Manufacturers of
Pratt Kellpse Hailev dlaa, Feed
rn and Win Kenalrera,
US to 104 Poplar St., Memphis.
arl'ratt BevolYlBt-Ilead Qlns nne
qunletl. btook now complete. Prioea
reduced. Corre'pondenee ana orders
i olioited. Old dins Repaired In first
lass (hrdo . All work guaranteed.
J. T. LiPRADE,
Late J. X. LaPrade A Co.
JOHN MoQRATH,
LaU with i. 1. LaFrau. k Cl
LaPRADE,McGRATH&Cc
COTTON FACTORS
ANI COMMISSION ME It CHANTS
No. 30 1 Front street, : Memphis, Tcnn.
ar Tlnvins retired from the Saddlery and llamosa bulnosa and orened an offlce as abor
we are pleated to announce to our friends and the publlo nenerallr that we are now pre pan
to serve them tn our now oapai'tty. Returning thanka t the Terr liberal patronaw e
tended us in the old line, we trust to morit and reoeive a nn at roar favors In ' the ne
lj A " K A I ' h. Melt K A 1 It it IjI
LANGSTAPF & COMPANT
LiuiKNtnlT ItiitldiuK,
322 and 324 Main Street.
HARDWARE
SAFES, SCALES,
ItAltBEO WI1XE.
SPECIAL LOW PRICES ON
soiiuium MILLS,
EVAPORATORS,
CIDER MILLS
(M I'CKNNWIIN TO B. L. I. KB), JOI1BKIIM OF
Cigars and Tobacc
275 Main MreH.Opp. Court quarts 5sVtiililH,TiMiii.
HERNANDO INSURANCE P'
OF MEMPHIS, TESN.
OFFJCE-33 llndlHon Si. (Deaoto Hunk Building).
sinnoTonsi
8. If. PT1N810 MB, R. h. COCI1 RAN, J. If. McDAVITT,
T IUM1IIL-U A VliniUil T U UIFIIUL'U
N. rUNl'AlNK, J UK. UttUUK, J, X. WlbblNU.
rMI.1UNSC0MU,lWt. JOS.liRUCE, V.-Prea't. J.N.DUNSCOMD
F. M. NLS
W, B. MALI'
KENTUCKY
MILITARY
INSTITUTE
I.OCATEIt AT FA KM DALE P. O., FKANHLI
alz miles from Frankfort, Ky., opena 42d Annual's
Nrsitrmbstr 0, 16, nnder mora larcrable auplceal
lor twenty years. The Superintendent and Faculty lr
divided attention during all houra of every day to the
ernment and Instruction of the pupils, all of whom af
(antsed into ont family. ' Before plaoini your son elaewl
atnd for Catalogue and Clroular of Information to
HOBT. D. Al I.EBf Bnperlalfiudf
W. IT. BROWN.
Liberal Advances ou ('onMlgiimeiiU.
2 Front Ntreot, :
Mem nh In, Te
St
o mniii nil i w
.n. uuimin on
Cotton Paotd
And Commission Merchants,
IWoa. 84 nnd 3Q MadUon Street, Mem.
J. C. NEELY. 8. n. BRDOKS. II. M. N
BROOKS, BY & GO.
WHOLESALE
GROCERS, COTTON FACTO:
And Commission Merchants, t
No. 3Q7 Front Htreet, ; Memphla,
L. C. TYLER.
W.T.
STONE & TYLJL
(SUCCESSORS TO ECKERLY, STONE A 00.)
Cotton Factor
V
AIho, Agents for the Winship Cotton Gin aod Pra
NO. 288 FRONT STREET, - MEMPHIS, T
JOHF.PH SIM ARM AW.
HENRY FRANK.
JOSKPII-
FADER, FRANK & Cf
Cotti telK.&ilale Gil
291 Front Street, OppoHite Canton. UonNO.'
JAMES DEGK'i
uur
TV IT! A T "171 T TTAT TTT ATT TJ A
JUTJLUXXJJJUJLli A.JLH VV XXXJJJ X Ja.!irg
"Window Shades, IMct aro Kail Mouldings ani Mised
HOUSE, SIG7.J AND FRESCO PAINT
NO. 83 8ECOXI STREET, - MEJUI'W'

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