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MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 18SG.
Jl'DGE JOILU. T. SMD
EXTBESSES HIS TIEWS OX THE
Xm Able aid ExhamtlTe Paper
Tfhich Deserres to Be Care
To tht Editors of tho Appeal:
The eeneroaa tender o( yonr col
jmns ts present in this form my reply
Jb an inquiry by your diBtinjroiabed
enlor m to my viewa on tariff reform,
ia most gratefully appreciated. Ae a
pf I vitecit'ten my opinions opon pnbllo
jnesilons r curiauoiy 01 no special
interest to the people ; but as an aspi
rant for a teat In the Benate of the
Unitad SUtee, where private opinloni
may atsnme a practical abape, either
salutary or detiimental to the popular
veal, they become public property,
and whatever may be the effect of a
candid avowal 01 my own, 1 am can
tent to stand or fall by tbem.
A Dhiloanpher of old divided man
kind into tbr.-e classes. The first class
think fjr tbemselvea; the second
think as otbe-s do, and the third do
not think at all. It ia certainly true
that there are mea who never chanes an
opinion, never correct an error. Yet
of all men in a popular government.
the most umafa counselor is he who
makes a soit of pendulum of his opin
ions, and without invoking his own
honest rt flection, vacillates from right
to left acd left to right, to follow the
popular bretza or the theory of some
accredited tribune of the people. If
all men belonged to the first clnsa re
ferred to by the philosopher, it teems
to me thera could be bat one opinion
in this country npun the subject
of tiriff reform. It was aa cb.erva
tion of Mr. Clay that a perfect tuiff
Byetem isaa impossibility, and he who
is expectirg it will never see it. l!u',
said be, where, upon trial it turns out
that ctr ain provis'ons of the tariff
operate haishly upon ceriain in'er
esta, they ought lo ue promptly modi
fied, and no one, he cintinued, would
co-opemie more cheerf ally than myself
in read justing it, bo that abjoluU jus
tice shall be done.
IT IH A fIBKAT MIBTAKI
to suppose that tbo old commoner
ever favored that sort of protection
which either fosters monopoly or
builds up one Industry at the expense
of another. His theory was so to ad
just customs duties as to protect all
our inlant industries while they were
crawling but when they have -acquired
vigor enough to stand and
walk without help, then to let tbem
severely alone under aucb incidental
protection as is Inseparable from every
revenue tariff, lie was always afi aid
of surplus revenues lying Idle in the
Treasury, bsrause they become a per
ilous temptation to extravagance, pec
ulation and corruption. He was
alarmed even at a surplus of $10,000.
000 in the Treasury. 'The revenue,"
said he, "mutt be reduced. The coun
ter will not bear an annual surplus of
$10,000,000 or (15,000,000, when un
.. iecessary. Its dietributlou would be
a subject of perpetual contention." If
we have not been mis'ed by the figures
purporting to emanate from authentic
source, the surplus accumu'ationa in
the Treasury .for the last six years have
touched the enormous flgares of
$1130,838,104, distributed as follows:
For 1881, f 100.0H0.405; 1882, $145,51:1,
811; 1883, $132,87t,444; 1884, $:04,
393,626; 1885, 163,463.771, and for 1880,
up to the clone of the fiscal year, 30tn
of June. $90,528,547. The present ac
complished Speaker of the House of
Representative is regarded as
A MAN Of IXTRIMK VIEWS
on the tariff question, who nrght be a
free trader if free trade were a prac
ticable thing, and not an impA'pable
myth so long aa we have $1,500.
000,000 Of debt, and a pension roll. It
was a terse and laconic utterance of
his before a Pennsylvania audience
that laid bare the pith and substance
of the "tariff plank'' of the Democratic
platform of 184, and reconciled the
discordant elements of the paity to
stand harmoniously upon it through a
great and tiiutnph&Lt struggle, aad
now to turn, periodically, to praise the
bridge that brought them over the
flood, lie eaid it means reortn, but
not revolution. In those few words he
has chrjBtallzed the Idea that under
lies the somewhat involved phraseology
' of thst ingenious paper, which, in a
tingle breath, denouuiei the fostering
of monopolies jtabu free trade U
death incnlratfs the policy of fair and
discriminating protection to industries
that need it but qualities the whole
by limiting castoms taxation to the
exact requirements of an economical
government He lived in tbe hlatorio
Commonwealth beneath whose sod
sleeps the accredited father of the
American system, lie knew, full well,
that the post bellum Democratic party
was a eoit of composite concern,
blended together by a common mem
ory of oppretslon, iiijustics and wroug
that the two wings constituting that
powerful party today had been edu
cated in diverse schools, but had
united after the war t3 rescue consti
tutional liberty from
TBI CLUTCHES OF TBI SPOILER
to bring order out of chaos to reha
bilitate the Slates and the people in
all the sanctions of popular govern-
uivui. uu vi lug prBLo auu ivuuiTBUifi
to a distracted country, lie waa wise
enough to know, wbaicertain thought'
lest partisans do not seem to realise
now, that tbe reopening of the old
lends would sever in twain tbe bond
of fellowship, which, like the Siamese
ligament, had for twenty years so bap
pily bound tbe two wings of Dsmoc
racv together, and bririr certain de'
structlon to both; and therefore, like
the patriot and true Democrat be Ih,
he accepted tbe Chicago tariff plat
form, not m the best exponent of his
own peculiar v'awi, but an a csm
promissof coillictins oniuions uoon
which all might honorably frater
nize in barmony together. 1 am in fa
vor of tbe tirill relorm contemplated
id mat piauorm. Tne Democracy
of Tennessee have been wise enonsh
to allow the assembled wisdom of tbo
national Democracy ta formulate their
policy ou the subject, and to teallirm
at their late convention their unfalter
ing loyalty to the tariff doctrines
wbich have thus far triumphed at tha
polls. For one, I regretted the failure
of the Monison bill Tor the revision of
the tariff, and hsd I been a member
ot Uongrets 1 would have supported it,
aa it involves in my judgment no ma-
I k tcr'al depjrture from the principles of
the Chicago plattorm. The onlv re
source the govornment has to raise a
steady, regular and absolutely ade
iiua'.e revenue, except by direct taxa
tion, is by tariff duties, and all tariff
duties upon Imported fabrics, the like
of which ara manufactured here, must
raoTimva to a certain degree.
v Free trade on the otber hand, must be
followed by direct taxation, and this
involves the necessary presence in the
KtAtes of hordes of pragmatio Ftderal
clficialn connected with the assessment
and collection of United States taxes,
who take the money directly from the
jocketa of tbe people. The tariff, on
tha rnntnrv. "ataak from onr nocon
scions purses," and to him who is
obliged to buy largely of foreign fab
rics taxed at the custom house under
tbe present tariff it is alwaya oppres
sive. In Una respect the present
war tariff, which it seems can
never be reformed until tbe
Senate and House of Kepresentstives
are reformed, ia monument of op
pression more especially to the p:or
men and the farmer, inasmuch as it
prrs its heaviest burdens upon the
prima necessaries instead of tbe lux
uries of life. Tariff taxation, however,
waa inaugurated In the time of Wash
Ington, and bas been the permanent
policy, and ai the Ch'cigo plrm
declares, "must continue to be. It
direct Federal taxation, wbich can
alone come as tbe eccDinpaniment of
free trade, or on account of some tre
mendous exigency of the government,
could obtain for a single year, there
would be blood upon the moon end
discord in tae air. For no form of
over the people of the States, North or
South, is more hateful than this. And
vet, if all tariffs were abolished and
free trade substituted, this would be
tbe logical and inevitable sequence.
To live witbin our means; to practice
tbe viituea of Industry and economy;
to bny ooly wbat we need, and not
what we merely want, ia tbe true rule
at last, and the best guaranty of a pros
perous 6tat9. That waa a splendid
lesson of ecinomy so adroitly taught
by the cynic philosopher of o'd. A
gay and femve ptv of Athenian
youth earned blm into a bszar to see
if they could tempt him to spend
money for things he might fake a fan
cy to but did not really need. There
waa everything around him to attract
and deraoralizs a spendthrift epicn
rean food, fashionable raiment,
confections, toye, pictures and fantas
tio notions of every conceivable de
scrip ion. The eld man looked at
tbem all, and, lifting up hia hands,
exclaimed : "Oh I ye gods, how maoy
things there are in this world Diogents
doesn't want." Bu while ie is true
that the government at this time bas
only the alternative of a tariff or a di
rect tax from wbich to ralss a revenue
adequate beyond all peradventu'e to
its ample support, yet there are more
tban twenty otber sources from wbich
revenue is derived, all of which to
gether do not bring an amount ade
quate t tVe
WANTS OF TH tlOVERNMENT,
if the tariff incomes be excluded. The
total revenue from all sauces for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1885, was
$323.(0 60 8 33. Of this sum, $181,
417,031) 34 was raised by the tariff and
$142,218,707 04 from the other sources
tefurrtd to, one of which is the public
lands, which contributed $5,705,086 44.
This latter, however, is irregu'ar and
unreliable, as a vast empire ol the beat
of our public lands has been squan
dered in gifts and subsidies ti Ue
railroad corporations of tbe aountry.
The total revenue from all these
source for the flsctl year ending
June 30, 1886, nas 13.11,144,202. Of
(his amount, $245,615,745 was ex
pended in the necessary sup
port of the government, in
reducing the public debt under
the reirular clan and system
adopted by the government, and in
the extraordinary expenses demanded
br river and harbor improvement, the
building of custom houses, pogtollics,
courthouses and tbe like, leaving in
tbe vaults of tbe Treasury at last, the
excess ovei expenditure already re
ferred to of $00,528,547. I exhibit
these figures to stow tbat it is a great
mis'ake to suppose that the whole sur
plus left in the Treasury every year
comes of tariff Incomes; and to show,
also, that perhaps the whole ol this
last surplus of $00,528,547, or much of
it, might have been saved to tbe peo
ple either by a judicions
REVISION OP Till TARIFF
itself, or a recasting of the schedule
ot internaal revenue taxation, irom
which was deiived tar the la't fiscal
ver the large sum ol 112,4118,725 64.
we hear it often said on tbe huBicgs
that tbe tariff ought ti be reduced ti a
revenue s'andara, and we see this eet
firm of speech injected into all cur
platforms. But who can denne stunt
revenue standard meaner lt.it
means that the tariff ought to brin
Into the Treasury jntt tuch a
sum. and no more, as when added to
the Incomes from all otber sources
will pay the annual expenses of the
government as fixed acd regulated by
the written law, then we know where
of we speak. For this includes the
millions paid every month in dis
charge of the national debt and tbe
pension roils, tbs amounts of
which can be approximate
ly anticipated. Hut if intended
to include tbe extraordinary expenses
of the government, these are "un
known o (untitles," and canto' be an
ticipated. It is impo'sible in this
vast country now without a navy,
without coatt defenses, and without
much else tbat it needs to prognosti
cate what the next year's expendi
tures will be. i nere are a thousand
drains upon the Treasury the people
know not of. Just think cf it ! There
were near 13.CO0 bills introduced Into
the last Congress, at least 10,000 of
which were bills asking for money out
of the Trersury, either for some pub
lic improvement of a local nature, of
special interest ti the champion vof
each bill, or private pensions or the
like. We do know, however, that it
requires ss many millions to defray
ACTUAL, STATUTORY BX TENSE
of running the government. We know
how much of the Interest bearing
debt will mature and must be paid.
We know ti a dollar how much to
appropriate to the pensioners now on
tha roll. Further than this ths words
"revenue sinndsrd" are a myth; for
we do not know what extrat rJinary
expenses will be damanded for the
next year, and therefore no accurate
budget can be calculated, and de
ficiency hit's every session ae neces
sary. Hut we do know that, after all
theie diaf s upon tbe Treasuiy, our
annual surplue,averiigingone hundred
millions of moaey, all coming directly
or indirectly ftom the pocksts
of tbe people, is' an oppress
ion and a wrong which the
statesman should make basts to
red res-. But what are we going to do
about it? The taritl cannot be modl-
the Democrata are divided among
themselves and the Senate Is Kepuuli
can. The resolution passed through
Congress tbe other day demanda that
all surplus revenues bslong to tbe pub
lic creditor. That, In the abstract, is
trus and just. But Is it practicable
under the regulation adopted by the
government lor the gradual extinguish
ment of the public debt to apply the
whole corpus ol these excesses of reve
nue to tbat purpose? Let us remember
tbat estimates are regularly made for
every fiscal year, ami appropriations
follow accordingly. These appropria
tions contain the necessary funds
TO PAY TBI DEBT
or tbe interest ikatii'ing during that
lisal year, wbich is rogu'arlv called iu
and pid. On the Jet of Soveuiber,
1HH'), the interest bearing debt of the
Vnited Statos wvs f 1.2l0,778,l(i2. Tho
accrued interest on that day was $9,.
5D3,yi3 10. The debt matured at tba.t
date and accrued interest not vet pre
ented waa $3,953,689 76. Tbe debt
bearing n interest at all was $574,012,-
635 88 For tbe year ending Jane
lnro. tnere was a reduction oi
$06,097,766 25. Of the entire debt
bearing interest the sum of $408,814,
012 will fall due by or before tbe close
of this century. Senator Berk said in
a late speech tbat only $144,000,000 of
the debt cou'd be paid off before Sep
tember, 1891, and for that there ia
$244,000,000 lying idle in the Treasury.
About all the balance of tbe debt is
in tbe 4 per cents, and does not fall
due nntil the year 1907. Whatever
may be aaid f jt or against tbe present
banking system, it bas furnished an a
currency that ia instsntly convertible
Into tbe precious metals at any bank in
tbe United States. These banki sre
operated upon a deposit of Uoited
States bonds as a security to note
holders acd depositors. All the bonds
of the government are payable at tbe
pleiBttie of tbe government on a day
certain, and of all tbe bonds only $11,
772,850 are held abroad. We have
seen that tbe surplus revenues accrued
for six yeirs up to 30th June, 18-6,
amounted to the large sum of $636,
838,104. Now, suppose this resolution
that all surplus revenues be'ong to tbe
pnblie creditors had passed six yeira
ago and in pursuance of it tbe Secre
tary of the Treaeury bad called in the
hmda to that amount, including tbote
TBI NATIONAL BANKS,
whst would have been its effect upon
tbe business of tbe country? The cur
rency would have suffered a contrac
tion to the extent of the issues of the
banks, amonnting to between three
and four bundreu millions, and it re
quires no great financier to foretell the
ollapse tbat would have f illowed. I
am no friend of tbat iniquitous legis
lation by which tbe bulk of our pub
lic debt was metamorphosed int) gold
interest bearing securities in positive
violation of the original contiact; but
we must fake tbe situati nas it is.
The public debt Is absolutely secure.
Special appropriations, sinking funds,
every necessary appliance is provided
for Us smooth and gradual extinction
without embarrassment to tbe govern
ment, the creditor or the currency of
the, country. The decadence
of ' tbe nat:oual bank will
be gradual, and no fioaccial
convulsion will follow if things go on
according to tha eagaci us programme
formulated by tbe best financial
minds of the country. So ihat in ar
riving; at a proper solution of these
"A little slraumsnectlon. my lord.
Il food, ii wall for empires at for men."
Then, what should be done with
this ennrmons surplus fr)ra year to
year. Well, I say, fi st.'if it can be
done contistently with the csnsidera
liots I have pres anted, let it all gi to
the publio Creditor. If only a part of
it, under the plans of the government,
can go that way, let that part go. But
out of the balance let us carve out in
some way not obnoxious to tbe or
ganic law an endowment to the States
for the purposes of free school educa
tion for the poor, and thus go back to
FOUNTAINS OF DEMOCRACY,
the rock of Meribab, first stricken by
Thomas Jefferson himself, who, in
December, 1806, recommended to
CongresB, even when tbe country waa
grosning with debt, to apply not only
tne surplus in the Treasury, but ad
surplus in the process of accumula
tion, and went further tban eiiherof
the bills now before uongrees Dy
recommending tbat the constitution
be so amended as to make the educa
tion of the peoplA a permanent cue
of tbe Federal (iavernmeht. I', was
under the inspiration of this grand old
pa'riarch that a committee of Con
gres, on the 27th of February,
1806, recommended national aid
to education as follows: lour
committee are cf opinion that
it ought to be a primary object
with the general government to en
courage and promote education in
every part of the Union, si far as the
same can Ve done cons stent with the
general policy of the nation, and so
tar ai not to iolrlrge tne municipal
renulatior s that are or mar be adopted
by the respective State authorises on
tils subject. It wai in the light of
thnse and scores of oilier precedent!
snd examples that Chief Justice Waite
considered this question ia 1880, when
nepututbus: "Does uotgress poi-
sess the constitutional power not to
control, but to contribute to tbe edu
cation of citiz'ns of the States?
If doubts weie entertained as to the
exis'ence of such power, in any un
qualified sense, it might be coLtmded
that the cose of
THB COI.BRKI) POPULATION
la surrounded by peculiar circum
stances tbat take it out of the loflu-1
ence of the geneial mle." "Bat, for
tunately," lie continues, "the-question,
even in its general asooct, Is not
a new one, presented now for the first
time to hi decided. The laws of the
United States preient innumerable
precedents in which Congress has
exercised the power to contribute to
ward the general education of citi
zens of the new btates, and in no in
stance has its constitutional right to
do so been questioned." My position
upon this question is well understood.
As a member of the Legislature from
this county in early life, tbe first
speech I ever made in that body was
In favor of national aid to education
ia the Stater, and t I0.COO came to one
of our colleges as the result of
legislative action at that time. I fol
lowed Jefferson then and I follow him
now. I am in favor of it in the bist
ebape in which it can come, and in
favor of just as much as the Treasury
nan spare. It t ie Blair bill, so called,
ia "a sentiment" since the Morrison
resolution, and not "a practical ques
tion," now as some politicians asiert
then let it come from tbe proceeds
of the public hinds. I bave no Beri
ous objection to that old Whig doc
trine. I only fear the annual sales
will not yield enough. It c mes out
of the same surplus at Uh'.. Tbe gov
ernment ciawines ill eourc a 01 rev
enuo, but dees not keep separate
riouches for its revenues as they ccme
a. They are all mixed and laid away
in the Treasury vaults together and
the incomes from lands is just as much
an indistinguishable part thereof as
internal levennes or tariff incomes. If
the whole $77,000,000 proposed to be
donated to all tbe States in eight an
nual distributions should be given to
Tennessee alone, it would be but a
scant restitution of the tremendous
ksses her people mflered by tbe
events of the war the wrongs aud ex
tortions incident t) carpet bag rule
afier the war and the consequent
burdens they aro bearing so bravely
today. Wil l my contrite arology for
extfiiJing this letter to such a length,
I have tho honor tj be yonr obliged
and obedient servant.
JOHN L. T. SNEED.
Motrins, Soptomlitr is, lssii.
A MIMIMH KSTASDIKU.
"Will yu Uko ourrofuUr dinnor,
Or ill rou (linen U carteY"
Bum the wittr lu a itrwiMr
k torn iti other gueU) apart.
The patron flushed wllh antcr,
And toward the door did atari;
"1 am no ho," he houted,
"AuJaat nvtbllis cart."
LIKES OF KILLARM.
THE BEtUTIFlL LEGE5D
THE FAIBT WELL.
Fantastic Shapes Traced In tbe
Parple On the Horizon Ex-
qnlsite Tints of Color.
When Lord Palmeretin spent a
brief holiday in Ireland hia hoet apolo
gized for the tain (which rained every
day) asasbower; and twenty yeais
after, in writing to Loid Carlisle1, Lord
Palmeraton added: "P. S. Is that
shower over yet ?" Tbe shower con
tinues still, with twenty years added
to the original scor, and to see fair
Erin aright it must be visited in mack
intosh, Thua equipped, tbe gentle
dews of heaven may be defied, as they
fall from a mild gray sky. laced here
and there with a atiay sunbeam. Im
mediately on reaching Killarney the
t-aveler becomes sb.'orbed in the great
hctsl system, wbich is the same in
Palis, Geneva, Munich, aod probab'y
in every corner of tbe babiUb'e globe.
A man is slu t da1 ten miles off in
Tralee, but the table d bo e is con
ducted on the same safe principles aa
if it we e in London. Tbe shaggy
corner boys lounge sbou' the a reeta
in Killarney the same as in Dublin,
but the spruce waiters cf tbe great ho
tels do their work in the last fashion of
Italy or JIamm-g; and tbe boe',
eitua ed in the f .in Ht position to catch
the firtt morning rays upon the uu
lullld 1 us tor of tbe lake, is as vast a
pile of dollars as energy and capi
tal can make it. The lake itself
differs from the great continental
watera in' many qualities. Tho:-e of
pure cobalt take tbe place of the
striking yellow and strong high lights
of foreign lands. There is no eparkle
in tbe sunshine; the slow, calm move
meLt of tha light travels over the vast
aod plumy mountains as it the side of
a lantern were opened and shut, now
disclosing a gentle slope cf fervid
green or purple heather, now the
thick rounded growth of trees, of a
brilliant emerald; or as the light falls
on the hill tops. diecovering the bights
of purple slate and gay stone, which
wall in a foreground of exquisitely
humid myrtle green, every changing
hue softly given hack in the wateri of
K.illn'ney. The t nt of gray, dear to
Sir Edwin Landsetr, spreads over tbe
sky, opening on pale tiansoarent
ezure, indicative of eerene higtits
above. The billy distances retreat
coyly into the beckgrouud, unlike
foreun mountains, which are cutout
in bright lines on the eyetiight. Fan
tastic shapes traced in purple on the
horizon mark MneillicudJy's (the
second i is s'lent) Keeks, and beyond
tbem tbe Imagination passes over
seven miles easily and quietly to the
Atlantic, wbich joins tne Killarney
Ic is said tbat. once in teven years,
in tbe dew of a May morning, the
great O'Donoghue rises frjm bis lair
under tbe depths, and, drawn by
milk white coursers, drives over thepe
shining gulfs to a cave, where old men
become young again if they duly light
upon the spot. Once upon a time,
too, all the lake was a green valley
watered by a fairy well. The well
was closed by a largs grrvy stone, and
tbe condition by which it ws held
decreed that no one maid, wife or
widow should leave tbe spring un
tested at suniet. A girl, due at the
trusting place, fjrgot to c ose the well :
and as tha sun set the watar res) and
swelled forth to 'abuo dantly tbat not
only tbe maiden acd her lover, bu t
all the township, wai des'royed, and
melted away under tbe faiiy tempest
But at evening, ones eveiv seven
years or si, pinnacle and battlement
lino from the waves; for one brief
micu'e the lover clasis his sweetheart
to his breast, the hum of tbe spinning
wheel and the lowing of cattle rise
from the drowned settlement, till in an
other instant alll is swept away and the
radiait waters clce again over their
eecrt. These acd tcores of other le
gends people the lakes and their su--
ounding hills, side by side wi .h tour
ists in checkered suits and water
prco's, and with the herd of t jurists on
Lorceback or cn foot, selling potheen,
morning dew, gca's' milk, coase
knitted sects, inlaid gevg.ws, or
t'affiie king in combustions of cannon
or tbe racket of penny whistles, in
order te rousa an echo. There is a
moral in the 'a tthat a coane instru
ment struck witbio tha embrasure if
the hills repeats half a dczen aweet
echoes of fairy music; such is the
power of lake snd mountain. It is
to euch music tbat tbe lair outlines ot
Howth and of Dublin bay fade upon
the sky, and the traveler addresses
himselt to his berth and hia xefho-
tlon. London Newt.
A LOSS UOOD-BTC.
The day wai heavy with wind and rain
ben laat we said (tood-bye,
When I aid my lore shall meet again
I here will be a cloudlets sky.
I ctaaped your hand; but I made noiign,
I could not speak nor itay;
Yet something flatbed from your eyes to
I dream of, night and day.
And strangers stood in the dreary atreet,
And marked each glanoe and tone :
When I and my love once mora (hall meet, 1
Weihell be all alone.
There1! many a troth breaka eully ;
There'i many a love may quail.
I know, wherever our tryat may be,
We two ahall never fail.
And death may sweep our years apart.
And all hut laith iha.l die
Aa my own nean i irutt your Heart
A long, a long good-bye.
M iv Krmtatt in Mrgntiit oj Art.
A Mexican Crime.
A horrlb'e crime has taken place at
El Jiinbal, Tabasco, Mexico. A ser
vant and bis wife led a most uuhappy
married life. They were constantly
Suatreling and fiithiing. At latt one
ay they resolved to separate, but as
they had a child, they began to dis
pute about tbe possession of the little
one. ibis disnate ended with blows,
and, whilst the husband and wife
were pummeling each other, the baby
began to cry. This so enraged the
woman that, seizing tbe child, she
threw it through an open window into
the river that flowed by the side of the
bouse. The little one was found next
morning floating on the river. BMh
the woman and tbe man have been ar
rested, aad are to be tried torn for in
fanticide. RaolBat at Ftaaorala.
R icing at funerals is hardly ia ac
cord with proper decorom, yet such
sights are sometimes seen in New
York, and a Graphic writer eays:
"There were four funerals crossing
Broadway Suuday afternoon latt at
the same time one at Thirty-fourth
street, one at Thirty -fifth, one at
Thirty-sixth, snd the other at Thlrly-
Biventh street ana tbey were all go
ing to the Tbirty-foutth street ferry.
The rule at the ferry ia : 'First come.
lirat over.' There was a race to the
fir. -v. aud it seemed as if the TbirtT
louith street funeral would get there
first. It waen t very nice, of course.
but the ones in the firs', vehicles didn't
2S2 ADAMS ST., MEMPHIS.
MONDAY, SEPT. 6.1886.
tor Board, Tuition, ate., Me catalogue, tr
BOTHER MAURELTAN. President.
Clara Conway Institute.
Monday, October 4, 1886.
Enrollment Lt term. 822.
A SCHOOL for the development of vigor
ona. tbonghlui, noble womanhood.
This reaalt ia reached by breadth and
thoronghneai of inatrnotion and tha awaken
ing of patient, earned endeavor. A new
and eommodiona boarding department a
juit baen completed.
The department of drese making and mil
linery ia added for tbe Brat time.
in the abtenec of the Prinoipal. who il ia
Europe fcr tha anmmer, catalogues will be
fnrni-hed on application to Mra. E. P. -Morton,
223 Adama atreet, or they will be iound
at any of the city book ttnre.
rs. Bowies' School
O JensSept.il, at 155 Adams St
SrfeCIAL adTantagei for yonng ladies In
Engliih 'onrae, Latin, German, Jfrench,
Mnaio and Elocution.
Thorough inatrnotion b modern method!
la offered to boyi and girla Irom primary
claaaeg thrrugh grammar oonrre.
The Higbee School
FOB THE HIGHER
Education of Young Ladies
Bealc, Lauderdale and Jetiamine bti.,
Incorporated wtib t'olleglnte Prlv
llf(ce. AN INSTITt'TIoN OF HIGH REPUTE
AND KNOWN EXCELLENCE.
Fall Term Opens Monday, Sept. 20.
atar-Tborou.h English and Clargicil Course.
Modern Lmguagea by Foreign Teachera.
Book-keeping, bbort-hand and Type
bohoola of Art. Music and Elocution noted
for exceptional advantagei.
Special student, received in every depart
ment. A new and elegant building will beerrcted
during the aummer and tall, wharein will be
lurniahed a apaoloua itudy hall, large pri
mary aohool-roomi, olata-roomi, laboratory,
library, gymnasium and art gallery, which,
with tne elegant man-ion used lor boarding
pupils and tha wooded pleasure grounds,
will form one ot the most complete school
foundations in the South.
Catalorues ready August 4tb.
For information address
MISS JENNY M. HIGBEE, Principal,
SCHOOL OF ART
THE HIGBEE SCHOOL.
MEMPHIS, .... TE.W.
DRAWING, Painting and Wood Carving
taught by the methods of the celebrated
Cincinnati Sohool of Design. First success
fully introduced here by Miss Carrie 1'es
Innde Dobyna, Principal School of Art, the
Bend for Special Circular for Art
HIS CLASSES In MUSIC
on the first of September. Voice Training
and Vocalisation a specialtj . '
Apply at K. Wittmann A Co.'s, Fecond
atreet, or O. K. Honck, Main street.
lilrs. Wade's School
For Yonoat Ladles and Children,
NO. 498 SHELBY ST.
Eleventh Annual Session will begin Mou-
day, ricptf inner go, Ifrsa.
Miss S. F. May's Art Studio.
REOPENS OCT. 4, 1SS6.
PUPILS prepared for "The Art Students'
League," of New York, or any other
Drat class art scnooi tncy may desire to enter
Address No. 57 nadlanai Street.
WITH eiperienced assistants in all de
partments, will begin iu sixth year
On September 13. 1886.
at No. 174 Hernando street, formerly Grace
Church. Boys prepared for either Business
or College. Discipline firm and strict; in
struction thorough and modern in methods.
Modern Languages a special feature.
Jfor terms, etc , address or call n
WHARTON 8. JONES,
138 Hernando street, Memphis, Tenn.
EtkUISfErsTIKW UKPART1 EXT,
Maahvllle. Tenn. Thorough instruction
in distinct courses of tiyil, Mechanical and
Mining Engineering :(Annul Tuition f-V')),
and in Manual 'Technology (Free). Full
Faculty. Extensile equipments and facili
ties in draoghting-rooms.l aboratones, shops
and field practice. Entrance Ex. ruinations
Sept.14, 16 and IU. For circulars address
w ils n tiitiiA.tio, man. a.
Tulane University of Louisiana.
(Formerly, 1847-1884, the University of
r'S advantages for praotical Instruction In
diseases ot the Southwest are unrivaled,
as the law secures it superabundant materi
als from the great Charity Hospital with it
700 beda, and 20,000 patients annually. Stu
dents have no hoap tal-fees to pay and spe
cial instruction is daily given at the bedside
ol the sick, as in no other institution. For
catalogue or Information, addresa
rror. b. m. lUAiiiijB, m. v.,
P. O. Drawer 861. New Orleans. La.
PETERSBURG, VA. The Twenty-second
Annual Session of this School for Boys
begins the first Monday in Ootober. Thor
ough preparations for University of Vir
ginia, leading Engineering Sohools and
United btatee Military and Naval Acade
mies! highly recommended by Faculty of
University ot Virginia; full staff ef instruct
ors i situation healthful. Early anplioatiop
adviaed, as number of boardera ia atrictl
limited. For catalogue address
W. HORDON MoCABE. Head Master.
MJTKK BAME ot MARYLAND.
voiieaiai insiuaie lor - H,lu
Preparatory School for S.lltl Mlrla, EM-
nun, r. u., inree miles irom " i
Nd, Conducted by the Sisters of Notre
Dame. Bend for catalogue.
Georgetown College, D. C.
THE ArADSNIU AMIS MI'IEXTIFIC
M IIOOLM open September 9, lori. Apply
to President of the College.
THE M 1IOOL OF MaDK'IKE opens
Sept. 20, MM. Apply to Prof. J. W. H.
Lnvejoy, M. D., UuO 12th street, N. W.,
Washington, D. C.
T1IK Hi llwOL OF I-AW opens on tha
First Wednesday in October. Apply to
Kami. M. Veatman, Sec'y, corner Cta and
F. streets, N. W., Wafhfngton. D, C.
.1 A m KS A. flOOVAN. R. Pres't.
A Valuable Patent.
Daacjr'a (none) rorsa and Pea Plan-
HAVING perfected my invention, I wish
:o place it before the pnblie, especially
manufacturers. As a Corn Planter, it is a
perteei suocess opens the drill, distributed
the seed accurately, uninlured, and coverd
the same, thereby one man performing the
work of three. Thev have been used in
this section for over a doien years with per
fect satisfaction. (Jan give responsible Ustl
JOHN a. DANCT.Dancyrllla.
Havwond eonatT. TenT
ON SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2, ISM, at No.
U0 Market atreet, Memphis. Teen., I
will sell to the highent bidder for cash, all
the Household and Kitchen Furniture, in
cluding one Parlor Set, three Koom Sets and
Kitcben Furniture, in laid residence. I sell
under trust deed made by John Zent 'o me,
recorded in book 41, psgeM3. in Register a
ofBoe, and by direction ot beneficiary there
into. iL 15. McFARLASlsi Irmtts.
SUGGS & FBITIT
GROCERS, COTTON FACTORS
And Commission Merchants,
SCO and 263 Front St., Hem phis, Tenn.
DEALER IN WALL PAPER
Window Shades, Picture Kail Mouldings and Mixed Paints.
HOUSE, SIGN AND FRESCO PAINTER.
MO. 285 SECOND STREET. - - . - MEMPHIS, TEJIIf.
MANUFACTURERS OP FIRST-CLASS
Steam Engines, Boilers and Tank Wort, Cotton Gins, Cottot.
Presses, Hood Pulleys, Shafting, Agricultural
and Plantation Work,
AND DEALER3 IN
Corn eEtnd Sstarw IIills-
V We have the LARGEST WORKS ot the kind in the United States, and will meet
piioes for same quality of work, bend for Catalogue, Price-LUu
and Testimonials. -
322 and 324 Main Street.
SPECIAL LOW PRICES ON
W. H. BROWN,
266 Front Street, ;
(SUCCESSORS TO S. L. LKE), JOBBEKS OF
Cigars and Tobacco
875 Main Street. Opp. Conrt Square, Memphis, Tenu.
L. C. TYLER.
TOME & TYLER
(SUCCESSORS TO ECKERLY, STOSE k CO.)
Also, Agents tor the Winsliip Cotton Gin and Tress,
XO. 268 FRONT STREET. - - MEMPHIS, TEN IT.
J. T. LiPRADR.
Late J. T. LaPrade Jt Co.
AK COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 304 Front street, : Memphis, Tenn.
garBavIng retired from tbe Saddlery and lis
we are pieiuea to announce to our friends and
iu servo lu.inin our new eapaoity. upturning toanai o me Terr nnerai patropage ex
tended ns in the old line, wa trait to merit and receive a share of your favors in the new.
All Cotton Covered by Insurance th Seiworthy Vessels oi
In Ginhouse. Sacks furnished to responsible parties.
124 and 120 POPLAJl STREET, MEMPIHS.
HERNANDO INSURANCE GO.
OF MEMPHIS, TEAX.
OFFICE-23 Madison St. (Desoto Hank ISnilding).
8. II. PUNSPOMD, R. I. COCHRAN, J. H. McDAVITT, F. M. NELSON,
L. 11AAUER, A. VACCAKO. J. R. PEPPER, W. B. MALLUKY,
N. FONTAINE, JOE. BRUCE. J. T. WILLINS.
S.H.DUSC0MB,Pre8't. JOS. BRICK, Y.-rres't. J. 8. DUMiSCOMB, Sec'y
MBta. aVWVwk eTl"WW Da"S
Sioetuori to P0BTEB, T1TL0S CO
HO. SOO TROUT STREET, t ME3IPHIR. TENTI
J. A. BAILEY.
J. A. BAILEY & CO,,
3,10 Second Street, Memphis.
ALAR3B AND C0MPLKTK STOCK OF PLUMBERS, O A3 AND STB AM FITTERS
Hatsriali, Paisps, Drive Walls, Iron, Lead and stone Pipe, Gas futures, Qluhes, Eta
: Memphis, Tenn,
W. T. 6T0SE.
Late with J. X. LaPrade Jr. Co
reels bniinesa and opened an office is above.
tbe public venerallr to at we are now prepared
PRADE. MrORATH Sc CO.
f 4 je w . T
yrj' ",l ... 'ii.
Q. W. HACBAE.
B. K. WITT.
m & a fro a