Newspaper Page Text
MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL-. SUNDAY, OCTOBER 10, 18S6.
"WHIT THEY AKB PAH
How Ihey Clotbe and Feed Tliem
selTCs Their Habits and
Manner of Life.
iRTieUL TO TBI AFH1.L.I
Va8hhsgton, Ojtobr9. Publ-'c at
' tention has beta prominently attnict
ed toward M xico for tome time by
reason of a Bciitus political question,
now happily settled. Bnt lilt'.e notict
hag been given to the grailnal Ameri
canizing t f tbe Iirt'e Eepablic.altboujfh
teveral very larjie eolouies of Ameri
rana are now anting in that topical
Dominkn. The lcpcrts just received
from the American Consuls tt r-an
limit-, Montetey, Niuvo Laiedo,
Mexico City, Ma aruorfs, Merida unci
Gutrrro show tl at ti-ete is ro opet
iiig for ajrrU u'tural Ubo era in Mex
ico. TrattUeuof woikera irer.oo.ly
paid r nd are pl n y in ibe main.
The general condit on of the f gri
cnltural lab. rf r in MpxIco is bb uncn
viuble as tan be well imauined. While
the 8) stem of peonage, which made
the master a'mojt the absolute owmr
of the peraon cf man, b a mea ure
doDe sway with, still enough of its
worm fea ures remain to make thn
condithn of a laborer for hire an tx
t eiiibiy urpUa'atit one. Aside fnm
tbat the tiller of tbe rn.il takei life very
eaeily. Of money ha knows bnt little,
and cons'qneritly in gome respects he
is to be envied. His home, if he be
connect-d with lome hae'enda, is
c irafortob'e enough as a protection
from the w either, but in little adapt' d
to any other purpose. Built of adobe,
without wicdows, and having bnt ne
door, its fl x r but the hard beaten
ground, and with the addition of the
untamed cowtide, seiviog for chair,
table and b d, it ahelttM and only
Bhelteis tbat half wild progency that
every laboier, however door, anr
ronrids himself with. The ienorante
rf the apricu tural p.op'e in Northern
Mexico is (OMipuls uy and all tbeevils
whieh follow in the train of ignorance
Tbe rate of wasei paid agncnltaral
laborers varies with tbe sei sins, the
highest rate prevailing dining harvest.
-Ordinary day labor is paid at the rate
of 87 csnie perdav, and in barvest
time tbe rate h aa high as 50 cart".
Payments are made monthly, weekly
or daily, as tne employers eee flF, and
ee'dom in crst. Ntarly all the own
eia in tbe Itrye hiciendas use a eve
Urn of pnym?MR in order) upon them
eeivts for supplies. Of Cju-fe the
employer is also the elore keeper,
and, as his idea of profit is by no
m'anfl email, the result is tiac tbe
em doyeis almoit couttant'y ia debt
to the emolsver. Tbe miserab'e pit
tance paid the laborer, coupled with
thetxort itaut pr. fits exacted cn lup
pl'es by tbe tu attar, ecarcoly enab oj
tuepcor woikman to obtain th bare
necessaries o: lila for himself and
Il'iurs of labor extend from the first
break of dy to the last moment of
light, but muter and man alike in
du'gin frequsnt aiestas durirg the
day, sa tt at the actuil time epaut in
work is not Urge. In addition to the
money paid for labor, facta laborer e
ci ives one bushel of corn per montn
and house lent fiee. Tbe Wexuan
farm band iscon'ent with tbe simplest
kind of food, which consists cf tar
tillascake, made from earnmeal with
out seasoning rf any kind, and frijoles
brans. Vegetab'es generally and me it
aie luxuries. Wheat bread ia never
used. Meit and flah do not enter into
tbe laborers' fare tt all.
The Mexican laborer spends little in
clothing. He wears sandals tied to
his feet with etrips of dressed hide.
The sandal is nctuing more than a
piece of sole leather cat to the Ei'ze
of tbe bottom of tne foot. liis clothe,
wbich are of htavy native linen, coet
$2 50 for a full suit. He always carries
a blanket, which is woven by tbe
women of the fimily, but if he buys
one itcorts.f om 12 50 to $10. One
blanket will last f jr several years. His
crownirg glory is his bat. No matter
how poor he may bs, every Mexican
wi.l bave hi t ombre o, gorgeous with
silver spaugles and heavy with cords,
or if he prefers straw to felt be will be
equally txtravfgjnt in its decoration.
One sombreio does duty for many
year?. The total cost for clothing does
not exceed $12 annually, ami an
rqnally small expense in necessary fi r
the ctber members of the family.
Four or five dollars will provide two
calico drceS'S for bis w.fe, and the
childien, when clotlud at fell, are bnt
scantily covered with the remnants
laid aside by the pareDls. . Of house
hold goods tbe laboier is ignorant. A
few untanncd bides are used for beds,
and dreietd goat or sheepskin serve
for mattresses and covering. Knivt,
forkp, spoons, pillows, window glass
and many similar articles are rare and
often unknown among the mral popu
lation. In Lower California farm laborers
are pa d fioni $3 t j $3 75 per week.
In the State cf Aguas Callen'oj field
laborers receive fcr a day's work 12
cents and two quarts rf shelled num.
In Chiapas tbe nunthly wages are ii
with Euppliee, etc., the whole aggre
gating about $18 per month.
In Coabuiln, which is about the i'zi
of Oregon, t)0 day's wages are about
37 cents. In Durango miners are
paid 75 cents per day in money, end
other laborers from $4 to f 8 per month
with supplies. Nineteen cents per
day is the rate for farmers in Guana
joa, 25 in Guerrero, Ilida'gi, Jalieco
and Micboacan. Twenty-dive cents is
also the prevailing ra'e in Nenvo
Leon, Ozica, Poebla, San Luis. Potosi
and Zacatecu. Field bands ia the
State of Veta Cruz are paid $9 er
, month from January to Jane, and $(
from Jnne to December. The rate
per day is 37 cents in Tlacala and
Morelos, 19 cent in Timanlipas and
' Queretare. In Tabaeco workmen earn
50 cents per day in winter and 37 in
'Ihe meet productive State ia Jalisco,
which is about equal to Nnbraeka In
area. Jalisco harvests $16,000,000
worth of corn every year, which most
ly finds a home market at prices about
three times a gnat as those prevail
irr in tbe Ur i ed Slates.
It ia difficult for foreigners to ac
quire land in Mexico, but in the dis
tricts where it can be bad the price is
Fredrika Jirrraer nnd the Htgf
Btooklyn (S. Y.) Magazine: Misi
Fredrika Bremer, who visited Charles
ton prior to thii period, did so
with very peculiar and exaggerated
ideas of ber institution!. Meeting an
old darky woman on the street one
day, she said: "Auntie, is it true that
yoa eat worms?" ''Me eat wurrum,
missis I My Lord, whar dis bucra
'oinan come from I No, m'am, I
doen't eat wurmms, but when I'te
dead an' gone da wurrums will eat
me." Avain Miss Bremer ventured
to ask: "Do yoa lire underground?
I've beard that yon did." ''Lib ondet
gronnd. miseis! No. m'am: I ain't.
J'b onderground. J bVpngs to f mt
Middleton, 'n dat big nous yardir,
and whfn IV d"d I p'c to Ht
ondertroiird w A de same wnrrnu3
yi u ax ui 'f I Hit." Itiae.rd at
Mi-s Bremer r-tnrn?d wi h her iui.
much ctanjj-itia rfgarj to t'e rdla
Uve poj:tiui a of u as er end tlave.
FEDERAL AIL) F0U SCHOOLS
NOT A P1FLITICAI., KVT
kconoism At. ti rio.
Ab1 Thrrn In Jio Gnod, KrnKlble Ren
nan lor Optioning It I.rl la
llHve Ibe Mouej lot tbe
Chattanooga Times: Tbe BUir bill,
aa we observed in July lntt, is as dead
rb slavery, as dead as lltctor or any
mummy in tie pyramida. Wta a
caiidiiiae's viows on the detailed pro
vision's o! iha. bill may b is of no con
fequ-n'e, for it c .n utver pa 'he
House, lo matier whH pnliticil cora
p'exicn ihat body may tak-. It is
not this queB ion cf Fdera' a d to
S tt soho ji syHemi a pcliticr.1 one
in Hny K-ne. P. rties in t'e Senate
were a l riiv d-d up on tbe Blair
tcheme. Nineteen of the lea'ing
Democrats vted f r it, including euch
tfen&tors aa Vonihiis Biown, of Geor
gia; Gibfl'.n, of Louisiana; tor.e, of
Several Uepubliians voted aga'u.st it or
dodged. 'Itie lines on the Dill in t::e
Unite are very crcokei indeed,
as they ztj.z g through par, lea
and factions. Some of the rnos,
etilwart S a o s vereinly Bour
bons favor ir, while Hanila'l, 'he
1 ader ot tbe 1. ber.il D.motri'p, issliflly
opposed t i it. A m jo ity of Republi
cans in it e Moufe would antigoniz it
pmly, if they acted hooestly, on the
ground that they come from Statts
that t ave provided for iha echo fling
of tbeir ciuldien, and cannot justly be
texed for tbe educaion tf Sniihetn
ilit -rates. The Kepub ican pretense
of making this a party question is
demajiosy. Had that party desired ti
give eid 'o iron .hern Stale schools
why didn't it do eo when it hal .wo
tbinW of both hnoses from 1805 to
1876? Then w-s the nm of ''perwfc
ing need" in the Hout'i ; but not a dol
lar wai oflBred by tLe party tha'. had
things al its own way. Why? Be
cause) then the negro c uld bi used ti
foht to csled R 'pub'ican giverumenta
on Southern S a es by the sid of the
bayonet, and he needrd no promise of
a echooi fucd cr of anything but po
litical powr, to keep him in line.
Times have changed. K)nbl:c4o
tactics in the Sjiith luve changed
with tbe times. Tne party's lead
e's now propose lo make headway
in this tecfor. by making the
psor and illiterate, white and bUck,
its debt its for tbe uieans of enlighten
ment. Tbe aim is noble; tbe motive
is sordid and mean. The Timet favors
liberal aid to i ur Mate schools from
the surplus in the national tnasury.
We would give direct to tha btstes,
affixing no conditions. The peop'e
pay the taxes, and can be trusted to
diip me a few millions rf echool
money as part of the machinery of
their local government. We never
liked the featuirs ol tbe Bl.ir till
Col. Nfa! justly rritxisM nnd b1ios
to be rangercuf innovations on the
best policy of tbe F.deral Govern
ment. Ui'less the money can be had
free we think it had bettor not be
given cr am epte ). We beliere it will
f.e given free of humiliating irorn'Vp.
Mr. Willis, of Kentucky, has a bill in
the House that is a great improvement
TUB TALE OF TUB TATLOIM.
Come, wife, get out my belt bilcd shirt ;
Rub bear greaee on my hair.
And dress tbe gala in their Sunday olotliei.
For we've got no tin- to spare.
We're tot o bustle lively now.
For town's six miles away,
And I want to get there early,
'Csute the Taylors speak today.
Come. Andy Jackson, get up there,
And grease my brngan shoes,
And, James K. Polk, you run out, boy,
And hitch up Beck and Sole.
Stow the iug and f( dder under tbe seat.
And we II soon be on our way,
We go to town or burst a trace.
For the Taylors speak today.
Tbe town is packed with people,
Full of tangle-foot and glee,
And the saloun-keeper rubs his bands and
As he thinks what tbe harvest will be.
Two men now appear on a platform,
In tbe midflt of tbe crowded square,
And you'd swear a circus bad struck the
From the number of people there.
But it wasn't exaotly oircui
No, indeed, qui'o a different nffnir,
For too men on the stand wero the Taylor
Both alter the Governor's cbair
Now tbe li lo and drum band plays "Dixie,"
And tt.e people they yell and muall,
And the small try canuidutes husileuuout,
With a word and a smile for all.
And all tbo old colonels and majors,
Who helped us get licked in the war.
Got her round anj shake Kobert by the hand,
And toll him he's sure to get 'bar.
Now, a yell as Bob gots up to open the ball,
But before be can commence bis say,
The sotiool nirl (who always gets stuok in her
Is on hand with her bandfome bomiuet.
And the negroes they sweat and they holler
When Alf raises bis voice an high,
And the colored brass band makes sn awful
To play "Wait Till the Clouds Roll By."
Boon tbe lifer has fifed himself silly,
And the bass drummer smashed In his
And all the barkeepers in town are knocked
Trying to wait on them fast as they oonie.
And when tbe last 'roe drink is swallowed,
And all go home haupy and hoarse.
Bob and Alfred set down for a nice quiet
O'er their bottle of water, of course s
For are they not natives of old Tennessee,
And the villian I'll brand as a liar,
Who says Tennesseans use anything else
(That is, for washing or putting out fire.)
Bo they chuokle and laugh to themselves, as
How they're taking the good people in,
For no mattor which one of them gets tha
The family is dead sure to win.
So tbey fix up their gags for the morrow.
And note down each good point and faot,
And the very next day, In some other jay
They are working the same old act.
And so the strange battle goes merrily on,
From one end of the Male fi tbe other.
If you don't like tbe one, you've no chance
to get square,
For you have to go vote for his brother.
And you'll find when the Ides of November
And the atmosphere onoemore Is clean.
Tbat no matter who gets the big 'Alf of the
Tbe other will Bob up serene.
Dick Qoi by.
Tbnckeray and Mtre. Klw.
Brooklyn Magazine: Thackeray, dur
ing his f tay in Charleston, met the fa
mous Mrs. King, tbe daughter of Jas.
L. Pettigrew, a great Umonitt, who,
on being questioned af er the seces
sion of thti Stte as to what he intend
ed doiag, replied : "Well, tbe Slate is
going to the devil, and I'm going with
it." Mrs. King was at that time one of
tne leaders of society. Thackeray re
marked, with rather juorebrnequenesa
tban elegance, on his introduction to
her, "I understand, Mr. King, Ihat
vou are very fast," whereupon the
brilliant womnn, whoe lorte was re
partae, repllid, "Ah, Mr. Thtckeray,
we must not place loo much vconfijence
in what wo hear, for I was .once in
formed tbat you wre a gentleman."
It is (aid that the proud Englishman
never forgot this retort tf tne high
fpirited Southern woman.
THE OLD OMR ClUXCES
IS TH T1I I.E OF MALLOCK'S
In Which the Rascal Cblcr or Bir
mingham, Joe I bambf rlnln, la the
Hero A Savage Luuipoun.
London letter to the New Yoi k Star:
Mr. Mallock's new rove!, which has
been issued to the librnr.ts within tbe
past couple of days, is creating a bit of
a sns!it!on. All the club! thos)
clot b tlie.t have memters ytt rema n
int in town waiting on the plta-uie
of Pa:l':ament and all t' e country
house are talking of it. Everybody is
identifying tbe principal characters a
tohk eiey e: ough, f r the b ok is not a
novel in rraliiy. but a pereoinl politi
cal satire and Mr. Chambolain, the
victim-in-chief, has jaet started lor a
continental t ur under pjliie pro
t ctlon, foaming, it is n!d, at the thin
lip:, and almost crunclvrglrseye glas
in the finrcsne s ot bis frowi'. (Mr.
Chamberlain, who states he is in dread
of aiScBsinaiion, has taken with him
an inspector of Birmingham ' lc
who is to accompany him evety wuere
on his travelp. Thie affords the wags
a chance for a weak j ike. They say
wi:h 'Ar y hencef ,rth personally con
ducted touts will go out of faahion ia
favor of pblice protected ones )
The chit:f citicatu'e in ttio book is
that of Mr. Chamberlain, who is li
heied under therameof Mr. Jephet
S tapper Next to hi in Mr. Ilyndman,
the socialist, is tbe most prominent
perjonaiie of tboie lampooned. Tbe
heto is a vapid, Belli h and tiresome
aristicrat he BtaTds for nobidy in
particular, but is Mr. Mullock's ideal.
I have no fondriew for Mr. Chambsr
lain. In fact, I din't like him at all.
N-y, to hi quite frank, I bave a vio
lent antipatny to him. Eu. this at
tick is so mean, coarse and uojmt
tbat I a most f jel line defending the
BFsas in of Mr. Gladstone' home rule
bill Mr. Chamberlain, whn e appoint
ment to tbe Cabinet Mr. Mullock tails
a ro'.tan egg fling in toe face of civili
nt on, is thos discDBsed in a convoca
tion between two ladie?. Tiio mention
of bis nam", we are told, so red to
affect them aa if it were eome disagree
"That man!" exclaimed Mi'bs Mil
dred. "One can hardly bear t think
"I sm afraid,'1 said Mrs. Ilarley,
laughing, "that you and I and all of
us shall be obliged to think of liini
so n Mr. S iappar, Mildred, is the
futnre Prime Miui-tir of England."
"Mercy !" said Mies Elfrida, with a
quiet but CDutemptuous gravity. "We
have sunk low enough, but we have
hurdly come yet to that. Fancy a man
who in public lives by denouncing
gentlemen and in private doea nothing
but vainly ttrngiln to imitate them !"
"Yes," added M as Miidred; "and
a'l be succeeds in doirg iB to make
himself look like a 'swell' outsido
one of Charley's comic songs. Really,
Evelyn, I wonder how you can bring
youinelf to know such peaple."
"Of cour.-e tbe man is not a gentle
man," gos on Mi.s Alfrida again. "A
gent'eman may f jrget the people or
offer them stones for bread. It is only
men like Snapper who will at empt to
coax i htm witn poison."
In the course of this interesting con
versation Mr Chambtrlaio is deaciibed
as a bru'al tyrant t the employees in
his factory in Birmingham (B.rches
ter), and it is wonders d bow he can
bave the face tt pretend ia pnUx that
he is the fiiend and champion of the
poor and tbe oppressed.
"We have seen him, as it were,
when he thought no one was looking,"
remarks onother of thta atniabe
ladies. "We hava seen him in the
light nan of what be recommends for
tbe poor, but of what he does for
them. lie has bingbt teveral streets
of workmen's houses in Birches er,
and I am not epeeking at random
when I tell you this that there is
mere squalor, mere overcrowding,
more rack-renting on h's property than
in any other part of the town."
' He ha, I asanre too, nn objection
to r ches," rays anoth"r lady.
"I thould have said to gentlemen,
the upper classes, the anetacracy," re
torted Mits Elfrida, "Idle bates them
mora than he loves the poor."
"After all he is rn'y human, and
when one thinks of the wy in which
he hfs been treated in London the
snubs be has bad from all the fine lads
a-:d lad'es the even worse Biiubs he
has bad from stuffy old country gen
tlemen my dear Elfrida, if you had
seen him as I bave done, b.tiog his
lip at dinner and wincing at the way
be wa? well treated by some peoplei
rb if hi were ono of the footmen."
Here h a remark, to conclude theFe
ext-ac:s with, about thu Kidical parly
in general: "Each one of them with
his little horde of personal bitterness,
carries the scdwI of the belli -d or
hopelces toady under the pasteboard
m' sk tf the vapid, smirking philan
thropUt. The desire of a Mr. Japhet
Snapper to rob the gentlemen of their
position is simply a fermentation of
his de-ire to lick their shoes."
I am far from Eaying that there is no
truth in all this. Indd, from my
own knowledge of many very loud
vo'ctd Knglibtt Radicals, I tut can
strained to Bij that there are many
baiis of trntb woven through the mor
tar of the lie ('o us a pl ras) of Col.
lngersoll's), More than this, I thluk
I have even written things myself in
these columns which wou:d go tiehow
that I would hot be at all out of sym
pathy with an earnest rasligatorof the
sham Democrats and . real snots,
grovelers, tyrants and power worship
ers to bs found in the ranks rf the
Radical party in England. But Mr.
Matlock's attack on Mr. Cbamherlain
is, all tbe same, mainly a lie. Tnat it
is brntal and paltry can be seen from
the few extracts above quoted. It
might bs shown to be even paltrier
still if it were wotth taking np space
with tbe various remarks on "the up-s'-art"
Snapper's drefs, what servants
said about him, how he was taken for
an undertaker's man, how be looked
more like a bairdies-er tban a gentle
man, and so f jrth. All of which only
srves to bring out befora the leader s
diegusted gaz the fact that the wri'er
the author of The New Rfjmblic
is a more thorough paced, more ac
rimonious, more d Ehonest, more con
temptible snob, toady and lickspittle
than the man hs is so bitterly libeling.
This discovery is quite enough to
spoil for tbe time being your apprecia
tion of whatever other things theie
may be in a book from which yoa had
hoped for something bo very different.
The lampoon on Chamberlain and tbe
oiher on Ilyndman, which is not eo
vile, fill eo large a share of tbe book
that they entirely disfigure it. But
tbeie are other things In the work,
nevertheless views upon the condi
tion of England, suggested remedies
and some philosophising in Mr. M al
loc k's better vein which ra worthy
of consideration, and to which 1 may
refer on an early occasion.
Harriet Beeclter Mowr.
Brooklyn Maaazitut: It is hardly
surpr.sing, in view of tbe many Te
nor rirfulatfd of 'at " nrem'tig ti e
present bea fi of M e.H-"ie 1! -e'n-r
tt3we, 'ht many of her 'rui's
should feel sniie anxietjr to iern
whi t' er the eta entina es regnr.lg er
'Mia tered be. I I " .r- trn. Kir the
be- eti'. of thosH cf her inen la who
have writ'en eating u t co-roVrite
or deny theeo teporta we Uke pleas
nre in printkg th f illowiog extract
from a personal lutttr t- the editor,
written by Mra 8towe only a few days
ago: ''Concerning the repotted re-
rortj of rav l:e;th, let me tay ihat as
am now in my 75th year, and a,
after a vear of lingering and painful
illnes', I have astn my lnitbu d laid
to his final erlhly res', it is i ot sur
prising that 1 abould feel tha' an in
terval of ret ia required. I do not
consider my heal h as 'stiat'tr d' by
any means, bnt only enfeebled and
r.quhing caro. I nn r.ox sotkirg
rentor.ttion by daily opoa ait exer
cisi." A LEGAYF0lt' UE0KUE.
A aiKSHYM AN REMKMBKHH Milt
IN Hit WILL
And Rnba Hit Willow to Endow (he
Aulher of "Froart-eis snl lv-t-rl"
Grnrsre Nhould Hp.
is in luck. When be reached his phce
cf biismtes yesterday morning he
lourd upon his desk a le'ter, tin ion
t"nts of which surpiised him g o.-t!y.
It was a ronicaraively suiill rr.is ive,
t u' its subject matter was rf impnit
ance. This unfs uming conimnuiia
tion, which was ei.c!csed in an en
velcpe blaring tbe catna ol a Cnmden
(N. J.) a'.toiney, acqnainteil h'tn with
the fact ihat one lieorgs Ilnteliins, of
A icora, N. J., recently dead, had left
him the bulk of his eaiate. "I doi.'t
kn-iw what this meant"," said Mr.
Giorga yesterday, as he showed tbe
letter to a H'orfd repoiter, "hut it ap
peals tbat s jinebody his lift me roni
"Did y.u know the man?" wao
"No. This is the firs', time I ever
beard of him, but I suppose he was a
read-r of my works."
" What do you piopose to do about
''Ob, I will take the rtece-sary stepa
to claim the money, and I have ul
raady replied to the writer of this let
ter to that effect."
The will itsilf is rather a curious
document. After the usual formula,
declaring tha' he is Geotgn llutchinp,
of Anco.a, county tf Camden, State of
New Jeisey, being of sound mind, and
bequeathe, etc.t) bis wife, Mary, one
third of h b real estate and Northern
1'rtufii! preferred stock, audsttch ot his
personal property and houtiabold ef
fects as Bits may require for her own
use, a single other bique t is mado of
a retying machine to gat her enough
money to put it in chipping order to
Sarah Wood, of Randolph county, Ia
diana. Then comes the residuary
clause, wh ch is aa follows:
All the rest and residue of estate of
any and every foim, kind and de
(cripiion whatever, I hereby (live, de
viie and bequeath under tbe name of
tha Hutcbits fund to Henry Geore,
the well known author nf Progren and
Poverty, his heirs, executors and ad
ministrators, in eacred trust lor tha
exprees pnrpo e of "spteading the
light" on social and political liberty
and ju tice in the United - (states of
America by means cf tbe gratuitous,
wise, elhViout and economically con
ducted dial ribution all over thia land
ofeaid Henry George's pabli.a ions
on the important land question and
cognate subjects, including bit Progrm
and Poverty, his leolies to the critiaisms
thereon, his Problemt of the Timet, and
any other of his boiks which be may
think it wise and proper ti gratui
touely distribute in ihia country, pro
vided; firet, that sa'd Gecrge shall
regularly furntah true annual reports
of the management and distribution
of the fund to the paper
called the Irith World and American
Industrial Liberator, or i's ac
knowledged successor, and shall a'so
annually mail or otlierwi e s nd a
copy ot said paper containing such
annual repo'ts to each of the follow
ing persons, tc-wit: Myaf .retaidwife,
Mary, now o! this place; Wro. S.
Wood, now of Randolph county, State
of Indian, and Jamea Hutt Inns, now
Selina, Delaware crunty, Slate of In
diana, and provided second that eeid
George shall cante to be ii.sjr ed or
printed 0 p v-itethe tit'e ppg of every
f ee copy of h's books d etiihu e i by
means of this fund, tbie, my solemn
request, virtually ta-wit: That each
recipient thall read it and then circu
late it among such ntiuhbor or other
peis,-ns as in his bet jaitgment will
make the best use of it."
Tbe eetate, which conisis chiefly of
rr a1 estate and a number nf shares of
Northern Pacific preftrrel slock,
worth at present 62J tents oil tbe
dollar isva'ued at about tlO.OOO. W.
8. Braddock is nrmod rs the fole ex
ecntor. Mr. Braddo k ia about 65
years old, of medium s ce, and he has
a dark complexion and iron gray hair
and beard. He owns a sawmill and
is one c f the larges'. cranberry ra'sers
in New Jersey. The will is now on
file in the Surrogate's Ciurt, and the
questions pertaining to it will be
heard by Judae Weatcott. Touching
the validity of the will, the executor,
Mr. Braddock, says there can bn no
question aa to the perfect sanity of
la st Pfianajlvealn Mlolntr Town
Tbirty-rive Biillillnge Bnrsted.
riiTSBOBO, Pa., October 9. Pnnx
BUtamey, a mining town in the noith
ern part of this State, was visited by a
disastrous conflagrali'in this morning.
The lire startsd in tbe St. Elmo llotsl
about 2 o'clock this morning and
spread eo rapidly to the surrounding
properly that by dayllitbt thiity-five
buildings in the business pat t of the
town weie in ashoj. Among the
buildings destroyed were the St. E'tno
Hotal blork, AVasbington llouee, Firat
National Bank, Koaenbu'g's dry goods
enabliBhmanr, Campbell's grocery and
KnorrA Co.'s hardware store. The
loss will reach $H5,000, on which
there is insurance of about $1CO,000.
The origin of the fire is unknown.
Pardoned by tbe Freelleut.
Washington, Ostobsr 9 The Pres
ident hat pardoned A mmon M. Ten
ney, J. Kemp and J. R Cbristefler
aon, three bishops of the Mormon
Church, who wera convicted in Ati
ziua abmt two years ago for violation
of the Edmonds law, and sentenced
to imprisonment at Detroit, Mich.
Tbey weie the first persons tried un
der that law, and the Preaidont and
Attorney General, as well as the judge
befoie whom the caes were beard,
are now satisfied that tbe sentences
imposed were illegal and excessive. It
appears that they' were tried on a
charge of unlawful cohabitation, a
misdemeanor, and convicted and sen
tenced of poljgacoy, a felony, and
that there were suvtral otherinformal
ities in the trial?.
1Y0)H DEIWD SUFFRAGE
IX SEW T0RK ASI ARE L1EELT
TO ET IT,
At the C'lnslltotlon of (he Stale
Makes So Di.-lluction of Sex
What A. S. Wood !aj.
New Yoks, O . t'lber 9 If any of
tbe women ot New Yoik should de
sire to have their names entered on
the e.i tr.tion toaks wliih opened
on Thured y.thpy can c'aim tbe privi
lege, says the Sur, wnh the full cun
iciousnes' that hih authority (xists
for the belief thu their r ghtoUuf
frg.' ia unaesailab'e.
llamil on Willcor, chairman o' tho
Executive Committee of the New York
Sti-ta Comuiitto of The Woman's
Snflrag party, contends that in the
' li eel on Codu" of inetrtu tlo m is
med fri.m th r dice of the Hecritiry
of Male, at Albany, "the sections of
atticln 1 if the dtimitution which se
cure euflVaue to women are omitte.l,
while section I i i ar.icle 2, which so
cntes it for men, and ukeu alono id
claimed tj exclude women, is
Under dale of 8.jptember 15'h lad,
Anaon S. Wood, formerly Deputy
.si-cetary cf rite, baa wri t n Mr.
W lhiox as follows:
I t.ave to say that it is true, as you
stat", that the oinpilatiou of exi-tirg
ata ut; s, called Lit co ivenieure fin
"election code," wai made under my
immediate supervision when holding
tbe tWcrtof D -puty Secretary of Siate.
In aa tUc'al letter to you, written in
D.cembtr, 1885, I 6tat d that tno "in
st uctions to iuapectora" appnnded to
tbe "oltc ion todo" w. re Bdded there
to merely for the convenience of eltc
tioa oflicera and ara ni t binding on
iusptct iiB, exc pt in so ftr as they
ara fouud t'J tie in accirdanen with the
provitions of the Bta ute. What dot s
control is the law.
On an examination t f t'oe subject I
am inclined to think tbat yiur view
of it is substantially comet. It is
tertainly true that botti uiuhr com
mon law and ur.der the colonial and
provincial statutes woman were.vo era
on the same tatnis with men. Tbe
esse of Lady Debjrah Mot dy, of
Gravesond, ci el by you in th s cor
rection, is a tttikirg ilutratirn; for
it shows that a woman, it solo vot-r
o! the town, repeati dly eleotfd tbe
town ofllcere. It in also trtita that tho
constitution, wh n formed iu 177,
ai d the Rev s d Statu es, when flret
phased half a ce'itory later, exjr ssly
guarded aad preserved all existing
rights, and that the provisions wnicii
did si ate s'ill in foice, the constitu
tional ones having bean retained and
realliriued in the revisions of tho con
stitution in 1821 and If -111.
It 18 further true tbat the cmalitu
tion, as originally formed in 1777, sa
cured eulf.age to women on like terms
w th men; and the Legislature, in ex
tending tbe anil rag.- from class iocIiub
ui to 1820, d d so in nlmrBt every case
in terms which included women.
Tbe question then is, whether the
right ol suffrage that existed in 1820
was taktn away by the adoption i f
the present wotdiug of article 2, sec
tion , of the constitution, "Ever
male citizen of tho United States, 21
y.;ara of age," etc., "shall be entitled
to vote." .
On tbis point you appear to be sus-t-ined
by tne fifty members of the
New Yoik bar who bave approyed
your argument, and who hold with
yoa that tnis eection was clearly de
signed as a guarantee to the enu
nciated clashes against being disfran
chised by the repeal of any f nfran
cbiaing act by tbe Legion' ure, or
otherw:sB ; and not to exclude any one.
la revising the cons itution in 1821,
an exe'uding provsion was for the lb si
time inserted one forbidding tha
newly emaucipated slaves to vote.
Had the revisers designed to exclude
others by the oons'itution, they would
have extended this new prohibitory
clause to cover other classes.
It is well settled by the statutes and
by repeat! d decisions cf tbe con its
that tbe inspector's duty is to register
and receive a vote from every person
who takes the oath required by the
election statutes. Tbe law on the sub
Wt is stated in the People ex rel
Smith vs. Pease. 27 New York. 45. In
'that case tbe Court of Appeals tav:
''The inspectors have no discretion in
such a cabe (whtre the challenged
peison takes tbn oath), but must de
posit the bailot in the box, whatovir
they may believe or know of tbe oual
iUcaiions c( the voter. Tbey are re
quired lo act cn the evidence which
tne eta'ute preucrlbee, end have ro
judicial power to pasi on tbe question
of its iru'.li or falsehood ; nor can they
act upon their own opinion or knowl
edge. The inspector has no
power to rej set the vote, even when
he knows tne persrm cflVr'iiifr it riot t)
be a voter. His duty iB discharged by
requiring the voter to submit to tbe
examination and to take the oath
which the statute prescribes."
Tbe c Delusion seems to be nlmo.'t
irres stib'e tbat any inspec'or who re
fuses registry (when required) cr to
accept toe vo'e of any person who ap
peara and offers to take the oath re
quired fails to do his duty aod violates
It is believed that the Women's Suf
frage parly, acting on this opinion,
wi.l endeavor to liave women regis
tered at once; and, in the event of a
refasal on the part of the registrar to
put their names on the books, they
will carry their grievance into tbe
A Buinor Frosn Hhllou.
"Endnrin' of tbe war" it was not
safe in Kentucky for Southern sympa
thizers to rejoice over Southern suc
cesses A certain old "secesh" from
the hills of Tate's creek in Madison
county bad teen frequently admon
ished by Judge Turner, of Richmond,
Ky., Ihat if he was not more cautious
he would land in Camp Chase oreotno
O'lier Northern prison. One day the
Judge observed his old friend glanc
ing anxiously into his o flic a as he
paesed and repeated the door. Cal'ing
him in the Judge asked him what wes
the matter. "Well." said tbe old
man, "Jedge. If you'll lock jour door
I'll tell you." After assuring himself
tbat there were no listeners be pro
ceeded: "Jedge, I beam as the reblls an' the
Yankees has bad a master fight. As I
beam it, the rebils and the Yankees
they met away down on the Mass-is-sippi
river, an' they fit three days in
and three days ont, an' the eon nv the
third day cum John C. Brackenrldge,
Kentucky's noble son, an' axed far
the priverlige nv tbe fiel' fur fifteen
minutes, an Judge they do say he
slew er hundred thousand uv'in. The
Tub "Exposition Unlverselle de Part
Culinaire" awarded the highest hon
ors to Angostura Bitters as the most
fcfliciciotiH stimulant to excite the ap
petite and to keep the digestive or
gans in gnod order. Ask for the gen
uine atticle, manufactured only by
Dr. J. G. B. Siogort & Sons, and be
ware of imitations.
fnlmer,Thorotoa & Co
Cotton Factors, Wholesale Grocer?,
Wis. 80ft Front nirret. Tfemhlft, Tc;.
E, 11 APPERSOM & CB.
Wholesale Grocers & Cotton Factors,
364 FRONT STREET. MEMPHIS. TENN.
BrMleyCar Worts Mannfact'ii Co
YELLOW PINE AND OAK LUMBER.
AKI UCAI.KIM in
ItHrors, Naah, B1I4, Dressed Flooring, Olli-iir, Weather-Boardlac,
typreeus NIiIukI", Lath, t:tc
ej-Onr fsnlllttes are nniarinned b tny sewuill In the Hoath for HI mi orders promptly.
JMoorlnc, Ceillftt, )illi, 8ti l.ntubsr end Orpreis Shingles a speclallv; elsn, Framlaa
Limber of all dlineasions. We muse tbe Wholesale business a special feature. Ureea
sollolud aod promptly Ailed.
GEO. IIAYtfleLIJFalt, ACJ1SMT,
Po. 124 Jeffemon Street Memphis. Tenneisej
J. A. BAILEY.
J. 1. BAILEYS 00., .
S Sjb "O" IMS! IB 2ES "ESS, iS e
ALARflft Ar-'l) COMPLKTR STOCK OF PHIMltKKfl, OAU AND KT8AM KITTKB
MtnrUli. Pumps, llriva Wells, lrn. Lend nnd rltona Pipe.tlHS Fiituma, (linhfts. wis
HILL, FONTAINE & Gl
Cotton Factors and Wholesale Grocers
2&G-83S Frnt St., JETemplilB Tcsub.
HILL, FONTAINE k 0
Cotton Factors, Commission ier
Wn. 11C fitouth Sffiln Ht.. Ui. Itul
DEALER IN WALL PAPER
AVindow Sbadcs, Picture Kail Miuldlngs and Mixed Paints.
. HOU6E, SIGN AND FRESCO PAINTER.
K. 225 Nl.( OM NTUKKT, - MEMPHIS,
J. m. IT, W. If. IIORTOS.
LaU ef i. B. Par Son. Late of M.aoham k ilortoa.
DAY, HORTON & BAILEY,
GROCERS AND COTTON FACTORS,
360-363 Front Street Memphii Tenn.
COTTON FACIOKS & COMMISSION MEUCIIAA 1 1
fc'o. J:l Front NtroH. )or. Union. MennplilM, Toian.
Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants.
No. 314 Front iStroct, Tornr ot Vonrop, Montnlilfl. Tenn.
hah; i.hv is
chi mm iv i ',
T1I.K, riltftl Tfi.Atr,
X2 motWT RTB.HFT. MEMPHIS TTTWV.
EDWARD MOON & CO.,
GRAIN, PRODUCE, HIDES, FURS, Etc.
LIBERAL ADVANCES ON CONSIGNMENTS.
SON. H and 10 UNION NTICEKT, - - - MEMPHIS. TKXX.
ARDKBW 8TEWA.BT, Raw Orlsjsuu.
STEllllT, mn & CO.,
no. ts AND SOS fkont sti&ket, kersfiiis, TNH
STEWMT BROTHERS & COHPAIIf
COTTON FACT0E8 AND C0MISSI0N MJERCIIANT8,
WEW Oni.KIKH. I4)lTf HI AlA
SUGGS & PETTIT
GROCERS, COTTON FACTORS
And Commission Merchants,
260 and 2G2Front St., Jlempliis, Teuu.
SEE TARB !
tt. B. WITT.
1. W. RAII.BT.
Late of Bailer OoTlai'
KOSI Hil.K OICMI'.VT.
LODINVIIiLK OI MENT,
PI.ANTt .lt PA KIN.
1IAIH nnd VIHK JtRICK, Et(
I AHDEBW D, Kair