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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, October 20, 1886, Image 4

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MEMPHIS APPEAL.
WEDNESDAY, I t OCT. 20, 1886.
Bt BOrEABf Wil FROSPKtTM.
The Bulgarian question is rill rgl
tatisg all tba cabinets of Europe,
arousing the sympathitsof tbe various
peoples, and troubling trade and fi
nance with uncertainty. Russia takea
good care tbat tbe question aball lose
none of its exciting fetturei, and al
most daily adda to thiir number. Tbe
telegraph told us yesterday tbat ita
government had, in an official note ti
(he Bulgarian national authorities, in
formed them that the late elections
were illegal, and requiring them to
postpone tbe meeting of the legisla
ture the people have elected. Gould
anything be more arrogant or unjust T
Fancy Germany declaring that our
present Congress is illegally consli
tuted, and demanding that it sball not
meet. Such an act would be a parallel
case. Wbat foreign power tan have a
right to interfere about the legal or
illegal way in which an independent
country elects ita representatives?
Manfully the Bulgarians refuse
obedience to the haughty and
insolent lumraons of tbe
despot. The Cur's tool in Bulgaria,
Kaulbars, is evidently "sick of his
lob." He can neither excite tbe Bul
garians to tumult, and so supply a
pretense for the entrance of the Rub
aian soldiery, nor coax, nor frighten
them into engendering their inde
pendence. Me advises the Czar, it is
said, to a military occupation of tbe
country, or "to throw up the sponge."
The Russian newspaper Viedemotti
declares, because Kaul hare's dictation
is not submitted to, that "Russia was
never more grossly aflrontsd. A de
cieive word from the Vr. it must cave
tbe boner of Russia." Honor 1 the
honor of a tyrant rutin; in the man
ner of a Pharoah, only Fharoah did
not detcend to kidnapping. The Bui'
garlans have appealed to that broken
reed Turkey, tbeir suzerain, but of
coutBS nosupport is to be found thore.
Tbat a European war will grow out of
the complication Is in every country
regirded as probable. If so, it will ba
fearful one. For the first time dyna
mite, machine cannon, and magnalne
rlflas. and other modern destructive
Instrumentalities are to come into col
lision, and with wbat fearful human
slaughter humanity shrinks from con
ttmplatlnfc. Expedients are raid
to be arranging to avert
the i dread catastrophe. Tbe
Vienna Pout states tbat Russia has of
fered Turkey, if it will jolawlth.it
against England and Austria, the res
toratlon to it of Bosnia and Herze
govina; Russia to occupy Bulgaiia;
Egypt to be occupied by Turkish and
Froncb soldiers under tbe command
of a French general; Greece to have
her lost territory ; Euwia to begin
campaign against India, and Fiancs
to aopport Russia and give financial
aid to Turkey, This Is a specimen
of the sort of talk going on in Eu
rope, which proves how grave the mut
ter U ondidered there. The govern
ments are all on the alert. Austria
and Germany have their works going
on night and day, altering their 'pres
ent weapons to the improved maga
tine rifles, the most formidablo
weapon ever put into a soldier's
hands. Austria is the power neces
sarily most inimical to Russia. Eng
land supports her. France Is die
gracing itsslf by coquetting with Rus
sia, and appeals likoly to degrade the
republic by supporting it, and perhaps
fighting as Its nlly. A feverish
war feeling prevails in France,
and its popular general, Boulanger,
has brought the army there Int j but
ter fluhting condition than it baa been
since Napoleon the Little demoral zed
it. The feeling against Germany is at
the bottom of this shameful bargain
ing with tbe greatest despot on earth.
Italy is with England in sentiment,
and is at woik improving Its arma
ments. Germany, by holding Alface
and Lorraine, has her hands Bhackled.
France is her nightmare and cripples
her energies. She therefore stands in
a neutral altitude that materially
strengthens Russia, Tbe Emperor ia
old, and ia opposed to Germany hav
ing any more fighting whllo hi Uvea.
Russia cannot contemplate wr with
Austria lightly. Austria's soldier sre
on the frontier of Bervia ; its rank and
file has been completely organised
npon tbe German pattern, and is aim
lng with that death dealing weapon
the migailue rifli. Austria Is reluc-
Unt to go to war, but if (he does, with
the aentlment of Europe oa her aide,
and possibly allioe open or tecret'y
assisting she would prove a formida
ble opponent. If war break out it will
be a murderous one, deadly and quick
in its operations. War is therefore
dreaded, and that dread is the cause
of hesitation all thiough Europe to
engsge in war.
II E HIW (OTTO FICKF.K.
For centuries tboora-idt of men have
ip nt millions of dollars in trying to
discover perpetual motion. The In
centive is great. He w ho invents per
petual motion will live in song and
story. Marvelous will to his wealth
snd his fame will be immortal. The
filure of to many to solve tbe myste
rious problem which mechanical sci
ence still regards as possible has tt'm
ulated tbe ambition of others, snd the
world would be eurpiised to know
bow many are 'pending their time
atd money on perpetual ttotion. A
few years ago a printer in this city
occopied an obicuie room which no
one was permitted to enter. While at
work be was silent and contemplative.
He died w.th tie yellow fiver in 187S
when it was discovered that he rpmt
years in dying to invert porpetunl
motior. li s machine wis a tnaivrl
ous curiosity. He I ad cvntelveJ tha
idea of nuking a perpi tual circu t of
(hot by a sjstetu of giavitutlcn whioh
he wts laboiing io solv:. For half
a century tha Inventive genius o 1
tbe country has .' been wasted
on type setting machines, which
would ee eqnal to the sewing ma
china anal MeOormack'a reaper in
labor saving. Bat this fr tbe type
setting machine has been a failure.
Such disoovery is by no meana im-
pcseible; for, since tbe wbl.e newepa
pei aheet passes through the prets and
comes ont printed, . cut, folded
and pasted, it Is' probable tbat
machine will be invented
for setting type. The fact that
it costs ao much to pick the cotton
after it has been grown has greatly
restricted tbe quantity and Increased
the C3t of prcdoct'on. To obviate
these difficulties the , mechanical
genius of tbe country baa been labor
ing to invent cotton picker which
would be in the cotton Jeld what Mo
Cormaek'a reaper is In the wheat field.
Many have been tbe inventions of
cetton picking machines, bat all have
been failures. At last a cotton picker
has been rrade which' seems to be a
auccesa. It is called "1 be Mason Har
vester," and, driven by cne man, can
gather aa much cotton sa ten or
twelve expert pickera can gather
in tbe same time. It wes teited st
Sumter, 8. 0 , on Wednesday lest, and
all pronounced it a succors. In speak
ing of tbe experiment, tbe Cbarleaton
New and Courier says:
It perforata Hi w.rk, moroir, with th
aame Bearc7 at niibt u ia the dar time,
to tbat e.ph uiaohlne cm b. operated In the
plakinf itiita to rereaeat th. work of
twenty or more Orat elaaa iickera, Wht
rr in nv be tbe eap.olt jr of lb. harreiur ai
It itandi, Ibereloro, it ii evident lhat U
romii.e to remove all heretofore eiit'.iac
restriction! upon tbe aoreate tbat fouid be
devoted to the cultivation of cotton, leavinc
liaaidoa a coaaidorable reaerve cai'aniif te
meet an? future domandn. What tbeae de
inaada .mar I cannot now be antici
pated. It ia enough tn keow that
the barveatar la oapable of more
work than can be required ef
it lor Joan to eoiaa, and tbat ita tendency
will be to atiaiulate the production ol outtoa
to thehifktal poaaible point. Nor ia Ihia all.
Th. valne of the machine to the fermart of
the Hmiln will not only be felt In the war ef
enabling then tu doable thuir mini Import
ant profitable crop. It will enable theui at
ti e aame time to handle tbat crop muck
more eoonenrtoally. It ia eatiinatad that the
coit of barveating a crop of .(HA),ir bal.a
amounte to at lent Wo,(MiO,000. With the
g.neral uie of the Maeon baiTaaler thla ooat
will be rediiod by thrne-fourtha at laaat,
aaving to the Southern l-tatea on thla aingl
aooount about IHO.OUU.OIjU eei year.
If this machine proves tbe sccceaa
claimed by Its friends and those wbo
have witneeaed its marvelous opera
tions in tbe cotton field, it will pro
duce a complete revolution In the
growth of cotton. The invention of
the reaper was a blessing to the wheat
growers and the cotton picker will be
a still greater blessirg' to the cotton
planters. More acnes.-cf cotton can
be cultivated thin can be haivested
with the force employed in Ita culti
vation. But with the .Mason har
vester every bale can be picked with
one-third tbe force rtqolred to grow
tbe cotton crop. All the1 cotton whleh
is now beat cut, by the rains and
whitens the ground, because there is
not force enough to pick it, will be
gathered, sod the fiber Will bs cleaner
and whiter, This harvester will pro
duce a revolution equal inimpoitsnce
to that which followid the Invention
cf Eli Whltney'sicotton gin. History
tells us tbat in 1785 eight balea of cot
ton which had beou. shipped to Eng
land from Charleston were ee'sad by
the officers of tbe English Govern
ment npon the ground tbat so much
cotton could not be produced in tbe
United States. Batjtbe cotton gin baa
iccroated the annual crop in this
country to nearly 6,000,0:0 ba'es, and
Meson's harvester will still greatly in
crease the production. This talk of
increase always alarms t'ae planter,
berae.se he regards IncteAte as sycony
mons wiih low ' prices. Bat the
world is rapidly increasing in pop
ulstion, and as a consequence
there will be constant Increase of the
consumption, and a tno area tor proi
itable cotton laieing is confined to a
few State, cotton will always com
mand a good price. There is only one
small patch of eaith that product the
tobacco out of which Havana cigars
are made, and thla tobacco will always
command high prices. The cotlee
growers fear no crmpetition, and aa
the climate and a ill for producing cot
ton ia confined to a email area of ter
ritory the planter has nothing to fear
from over production. The world will
o increase in population and in the-
consumption of ootton that tbe cotton
belt and Mason's barveeter will not be
able to supply the demand for cotton.
COLORED STAVE FAIR
At Plate IllnfT, Ark , Mate at Very Ada
picaona vaeaana;.
Israelii to Tsa irratvl .
Pint Bluff, Ark., October 19. Tbe
Colored Hi ate Fair opened today very
aa'plc'ousiy. A procession, conflating
ol thirty ollicials, directors ol tbe asso
ciation and citiasna. formed in the
city and proceeded to the grounds,
where, after prayer by Dr. J. T. Jeni
fer, of Bostou. Mayor II. King White
delivered the opering address and the
fair Wis formally declared open by Dr.
J. H. r-mith, the president. Tbe street
railroad to the nark, owned exelti-
rive'y by Wiley Jones, a colored man,
aleo began operations today. Many
very cuditablo exhibits appsar in
floral lL
ABLRDLLN, MISS.
The Fair mimI V. N. t'onrt Brine lb
a... .-vu.Ia ...... v
iRriatikTO th affsal.!
AimitnuN, Miss., October ID. The
Aberdetn Fair ofiened yeetorday with
a uir att ndance antl a rreuititb'e ex
hibit The fair and the Unilod KUtos
Conrt have brjnglit an unusual num
ber of atrangers t town.
Last niuht Joe llatawav. cf S.nith-
ville, Mies, who is under indictment
in tie United Sates Uourt Iori llr.it
distilling, stole 188 from John Boling,
otthesiine nelghbothood, who bad
sold two ba'es of c Jtton. He confessed
Lis guilt when am s!ed on auapirion,
and returned $80 of the stolen money.
He Is n"W in jail.
The Hon. Juhn M. Allen, member
of Congress for thie distric', and can
didate for re-electiou, ia in the city.
A spirited cit z 'us' meeting ws
held at the Mayor's olllce last night to
cot s der a location for our public
sihool bnildir g.
Cjtton is coining in freely and trade
is improving.
Tb t liulrra.
'iknna, Octobvr II). Yesterday
nineteen peritors tii'd cf cholera in
1'es.h uud cne in Trieste and f jrty
aeven tew caeca weie rtxritd in the
former place and seven in the latlor.
MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL WEDNESDAY,
HEM GEORGE INDORSED
BT THE IBTLTa.HlLLiDSMOO
EACI
for layer of Hew York CUj
Speeches by tbe Brothers Taylor
at Oallatln Yesterday.
laraoiALTO tbi afpbai.1
6allatih, Tknk., October 19. Tbe
people of Sumner county had ar
ranged to give Oo). R. L. Taylor a
grand reception at Gallatin today, and
itiey came in from all poiot all over
the county, in fnll force, at an early
hour, ready and anxious to sdd, every
man, bis full quota to swell and make
the reception such in all particular.
Tbey formed a procession of eome 800
and went to meet Bob at Dr. James
Franklin's, tbree miles on the Nash
ville pike, snd placed their cham
pion leader at the head of the column
and moved forward, increasing their
numbers all along tbe march, till
neirlng the town tbey were nearly
doubled, moving into town with fine
musio and enthusiastic democracy, in
vehicles, on horseback, and beautiful
ladies, handsomely babited, escorted
by knightly gallants, adding much
presiiue to tbe general impression cl a
most superb demonstration. After 1
o'clock tbe aneakine took nines in vt.
Hchell's yard. Bob opened bis speech
ia fine style and proceeded to
deal heavy blows upon tbe Re
publican party, and i'8 derelictions
were bsndlcd without gloves. He
warned the voters to look Into the
history, theories and practices. Tkey
have been in favor ot centralizing all
the power in tbe general government.
to the utter ruin of the rights of tbe
BUtea; bad kept up a war tarifTof 43
per cent, for twenty years after the
close of the war, taxing over 20,000
articles of commerce used by tbe
great mes-rss of the common people,
with only light rates on the luxuries
need by the rich, making the rich
richer and the poor ' pcorer. Ho
spoke of our country's vast resources
and licbne s and abundance of
its minera's, its vast surplus products,
all kept out of tbe marktts of the
world by the policy of the Repub
licans, by the Chinese wall of their
war tarilT in time of peace. He
showed bow they taxed the people of
ten Htatta after dislraucbising them
and declaring them out of the Union,
and when Aadrew Johnson, as Presi
dent of tbe United Slates, took hsuo
with them they accused him of
blirh crimes and misdemeanors,
and npon that charge tried
to impeach him, but failed,
and they then forced him, by an un
constitutional law, to retain Stanton
and others in bis Cabinet, notwith
standing tbey were obnoxious to him
and bis constitutional policy. He thus
went on from point to point in his ar
raignment of tbe Republican party and
policies till the vast crowd were with
him and profoundly convinced that,
as he raid, it was the corrnptest party
tbat ever disgraced the earth. Ilesway
ed bis audience as tbe winds do the
forests and tbey shouted for Bob long
and loud and pledged him the roue
ingest vote ever given any candidate
in lhat county, and they will do what
they say. Alf was in pretty flee trim
and made one of the best speeches he
has during the canvass and he made a
good laipresiion on the crowd. Ilia
speech did not differ from the ones de
livered before. He acquitted himself
with much credit, even b fore an
audience largely Democratic, wbo as
far as possible, gave close and earnest
attention. At no place has the broth
ers Lad a batter cla s of cit tens to
bear them, and the Impres.-lon left by
the brothers is that they desorve great
credit for planning and carrying on
thla canvass on a scalo so kindly aud
elevating. As Bjb was not well, they
made in rejoinders, but returned to
Nashville to go to Lebanon tomorrow.
Ia the Interest f the Denaocratle
Parlj.
tSPaOUI, TO THl APPBAL.I
Jackson, Tenn., October 19. The
Hon. Thomas L. Williame, of Knox
ville, spoke to a fair audience at the
comthouw in this city tonight. Mr.
Williams is a nice gentleman and a
?;oodrpwkor. He is rot a ctndidnte
or eny olllce, He is canvassing the
State solely in tbe interest of tbe
Democratic party.
Neuntor Walthall at Menalobla.'
ISFISIAL TO THl AFFBAb.l
Bbnatcbia, Miss., October 19 The
booming of cannon and loud huzzss
a- rouneed the arrival Inet night of
North Mississippi's favorite son, Sena
tor Waltha'l, Long bifjre tbe time
anconcctd for speaking today our
courthouse wits crowded with one of
tbe most intelligent audiences ever as
sembled therein. At U o'clock Sena
tor Walthall was introduced by Ira D.
Oglesby, and for two houra enter
tained his audience with a most mas
terly speech on national politics. At
the conclusion of the speech Gen.
Walthall addressed the ladies and
thanked them for their inspiring pres
ence in tuch large numbers, snd said
while a speech on national isaues was
necesrarily dry, ho was proud te aee
that the ladies appreciated it so well.
The Ooldwater Brass Band added
much to the enjoyment of the occa
sion, and discoursed sweetest music
before and after tbe speech. Can.
Walthall's first visit to Senatolda will
long be remembered by her Citizens.
Reaater Idmuadi KoKlerted.
MoHTrit.ixR, Vt October 19. In
the Vermont LegsUture today the
Senate gave. George F. Edmunds 29
votes for United Mates Honator and
W. II. II. Bingham 1. The vote of the
House atood: Edmunds, 1!)!); Bing
ham, 27, and VT. K. Veaswy, 8,
Derllur th t'hnllva-s.
N aw Yobk, October 19. The Hon.
Abrom S. Hewitt, Ooniecrrttio candi
date for Mayor of New York, hB writ
ten an open letter to Henry Seorg,
labor candidate for the tame ollice, in
which he declinea the lutter's chal
lenge to a public dhcueiion of the
issues betwwt-n them.
CotiBrreelonal Noinlaialloaaa.
Hartkord. Conn., October 19. Ths
Democrats of tha F'irst District today
nominated R. J. Vance, of New
Britain, for Oorgreas.
tifosr) Iadoravd tlj Irvlnaj Hall.
Niw Yobk O.tober 19. Ths Irving
Hull wing of the Demccrarty tonight
indorsed Henry George for Mayor.
Gave Tongaline a trial in a case of
acute rheumatism in the shoulder. It
acted like a charm.
M. 11. K0K, M. D., Sorgho, Kr.
A Kew '490,000 llnilaUa.
Detroit, Mini., October 19. The
Young Men's Cnrstiin A8ocitLn,of
til's ciiy,tbisafierno-n Li I the corner
stone of their new S'.Vfl.COl) building,
which will bs one of the finest of the
kind in the country.
The Rwltrbmra'a Nit ike at Hlnae
aitolla MiSNSArous, Minn., Ojlober 19.
While crowds of switchmen and o her
unemployed persons have been about
tbe railroad yards In both cities today
tbey have not attempted tj interfere
with the moving of trains, which has
been progressing under tbe protection
of regular and special pilice with only
j'oi.-i.- : ! l . . i . i I j
uiiucmiy wuiuuut to eii'rv umuru
crewa of new men. Repre'entatives
of the awitohmen say tbey have re
solved to bold ont, but in the mean
time to abstain from any ac's of vio
lence. Tbey do not believe tbe rail
roads can get enough men to move
tbeir freight, and with the financial
aid promised them by tbe different
labor unions they feel able to stand
tbe strike as long as tbe reads can.
NASHVILLIJ, TENN.
SOT BGIClDjr, BPr HEART DIS-
.: r.AE.
I i rrr
lm tbe t'rloi I aa I (Jeart-Oeld Trllowa
ad Uoael Teaaalara tloeeal
hf the hrrlir.
iBFiOIAL TO THl AFFIAL.I
Nasbviliji, Tens., October 19.
Yesterday morning a young man ar
rived at the Maxwell House and
registered aa F. Middleton, Richmond,
Va. At 10:30 o'clock this morning a
chambermaid went to his room and
found it locked np. She knocked en
the door but received no response.
Clerk Johnson was informed, and,
going to tbe room, looked in through
the tranEom and discoveiei that Mid
dleton was dead. Coroner Fuliiom
was summoned and an entrance was
gained by an adjoining room. An
nnfinitihed letter to bis wife, Mrs.
II. V. Middletjn, 1100 North Second
street, Richmond, Va., was found
lying on the table. Midd'eton claimed
to represent a shoe manufactory, and
in his letter t his wif bespoke of
Nashville as a place ailbrdin a floe
field for a manu'actcry. He told his
wife tbat he had been traveling in the
South, but that he had filled his sys
tem with malaria, an indication that
tbe South was not the proper place for
a home for bim. The coronor re
viewed the body, and an autopsy re
vealed that death resulted from heart
disease. It was at lirtt thought to be
a cbsb of sulcid.
After speaking at Gallatin today
Bob and Alf came back toihi8cily,
and tonight occupied a box at the
Masonic Theater, where Joe Jefferson
is playing.
'i he cue of the R;-v. R. T. Huffman,
colored, charged with (eduction, is
pending in tbe Criminal Court and is
attracting much attention. The court
room was pack to its utmost cajiac.ty
today.
The Grand Lodge of Tenneseee In
dependent Order of Good Templars,
root here at 10 o'clock this morning,
Grand Worthy Chief Templar! C. I.
Kelley, presiding. All the grand offi
cers were present. The Grand Lodge
degree was conferred on thirty-five
new members. This is the largest
meeting held in five years. A net
gain of 2000 new numbers and eighty
new lodges was reported. '
The Grand Eccampmenf of Ten
nessee Odd Fellows convened here
today, with Grand Chief Patriarch
P. Pnillips presidios. The session
was taken np by routine work and in
conferring the Grand Encampment
degrees upon those entitled to them.
The Grand Chief Patriarch's report
shows moat decided and gratifying
progress since the last meeting of the
Grand Encampment. There were
instituted five new encampments dur
ing the present administration. The
reports tf ths various District Deputy
Grand Patriacha as tu'ade to the Grand
Patriarch show, for the most part, a
healthy growth throughout the State.
Tbe Grand Representative's report
contained mncn matter cl vital im
portance to tbe members of the order
in general.
Hirech & Co , wholesale and retail
millinery and dry goods, and flinch
& Loweuaten, clothiers, were closed
by the Sheriff today. The assets con
sist ot the stocks cl coin stores, which
will invoics about $80,000, and out
standing acteunts $20,OOU. Liabilities.
$110,00011. B. Clatlin & Co, New
York, $01,721; Nashville Savings
Bank, $j4,235, and nutre-ous other
(null ci editors. All tho bills allege as
gtounds of attachment illegal re
moval for the purpese of fraudulently
evading payment ot tbe claims.
TOE LIQUOR MINIFACIUREES,
Reaolnlloua Adoptxd by tbe Ma.
Ilonal ('onvrntloa.
Chicaod, III , Ojtober 19. The Na-
tiqnal Convention of L'qnor Manu
fac'urers n assembled this morning
and adoptod the report of the special
rommittee appointed to outline a p'an
for future action. The report pro
vides that the association shall bo
known as "The National Protective
AfsocatlOD." and that it sball be di
rected by a Natioral Committee of
one representative iron each State.
Of this number sn Executive Commit
tee of seven is to be appointed to ac
tively conduct the work of the aes
c'a ion. Tbe reso utions adopted de
clare tbat ,. we meat earnestly favor
temperance and most strongly con
demn intemperance, and appeal to
every member of the trade to make
proof of thi declaration by his daily
life and tbe daily conduct of his busi
ness. The resolutions further declare
in favor of bo'.h public and private
morality and gocd order and popular
education. Tbey unalterably oppose
prohibition as an invadon of
the r ghts of cltiaens, and therefore
wrong in principle and impracticable
in policy. Instead of attempting to
dea'roy a business that employs im
mense capital and supports a vast
cumber of honest workmen, the ef
for.s of our enemies should be directed
to eliminating the evils existing in
and resulting from tho abuse of
liquors. Iu this work we would unite.
The cli-sing resoiut'on Is in favor of
absolute nonintervention in politics as
aa organiza ion, except in such places
and at such times aa united action is
noceesary to protect ourselves and our
bnsinees against such legislation as
steks to destroy cur trade, aud not to
remedy evils therein existing.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK.
Appolated General Maaar or tbe
- St. l... A. and T. K. R.
ISFICIAb TO TUB AFFIAL.I
Littlb Rcck. Akx., October 19.
Rumor is prevalent here tbat Col. W,
P. Homan, of Little Rock, baa been
oppointed general manager of the St.
liouts, Arkansas end Texas railroad.
He is well known in railroad circles
as a big railroad contractor, while in
the business world be is recognised as
among the heaviest capitalist. His
appointment will etengthen the road's
executive power coniderably.
PrlDctt Hapoleoa at thlcaiTO.
Chicago, 111, October 19. Prince
Napolton and party, cf France, ar
rivid in this cry at 2 o'clock this
afternoon, via the Burlington route,
from San Fruncisco. The Prince's
traveling comparion and physician is
Dr. M. Micbela. He will remain here
a few days and then travel Estward,
stopping at Niagara en route to ew
York.
OCTOBER 207 1886.
THE MIGHTS OF tABOR!
0JLY REPORTS OF COMMITTEES
REM AIM TO BE
Disposed Of-The Question of the
Salaries of Officers to Come
Up Today.
Richmond, Va , October 19. "When
the General Assembly of Knights of
Labor went into session this morning
no one could answer the question
positively whether it wonld fane final
adjournment today or prolong its life
nntil tomorrow. The reference of the
greater portion of tbe proposed revis
ion of the constitution to tbe Execu
tive Board and a committee of four,
with a final reference to the loc A as
semblies, bss saved much time, and
there now remain to be disposed of
the reports of only a half doam special
committees, tbe Committees on Fi
nance and Appeals and Grievances.
It is understood that the latter com
mittee has little to present, and that
little is of such a nature that it can be
easily disposed of. With the report
of tbe Committee of Finance will come
up the question of talaries cf officers.
Would-be prophets have predicted a
big fight over this, but thoBe who are
in the best position to know how tbe
delegates feel eay it will be settled in
a harmonious, peaceful manner.
Tbe Committee on Appeals and
Grievances obtained the floor when
the General Assembly went into ses
sion and still held it when the noon
recess was taken. Their report relates
to matters of general discipline tbat
are of little interest to any tnan mem
bers of the order.
One of the cases dealt with wbb a
charge made ag iiost a delegate that
he bad loaned his badge to a woman
of questioLable chancier, who bad
walked through the stree's with it.
Tbe charge was proved to be without
foundation, the lady in question being
a respectable meuibtr id the order.
Another charge made was sustain' d.
It was tbat ol conduct unbecoming a
delegate bronght vgainst Simnel Lef
fingwell, of District Afsembly No. 106.
of Indianapolis, Ind. His name was
ordered to be stricken from the roll of
delegates.
A committee was appointed which
sent tbe following telegram to Gov.
Richard A. Oglesby, ot Illinois, at
Q'lincy, 111., where the Soldiers' Home
is being dedicated today:
"The General Assembly, Knights of
Libor in annual convention aseein
bled, both tbe Blue and the Giey
s?nd yon greeting on tbe occasion of
the dedication of the Soldiers and
Sailors' Home at Quincy. May the
duty so nobly done by your State be
an incentive to other 8 tales to do like
wise nntil every needy hero may have
tbe shelter of a home."
During tbe noon recese, General
Secretary Lichman said' he saw no
reason why the Gr'neral Assembly
could not finish its business and ad
journ tonigbA
' . After noon Saailoa,
At tbe af ternoon session tbe Gen
eral Assembly continued for consid
eration the report of the Commitee
on Appeals and Grievances, and
adopted -A ' resolution dtc'tding th.t
the membera nf tha International
tigermakera' Union must elect
whether tbey will remain members of
the union or the order of the Knights
of Labor, but that they cannot remain
members of both. The report of the
Committee on Finance was presented
and adrpted. It provides that tbe
salary of the Grand Master Workman
sball henceforth be fSOOO a year,
these of the General Secretary and
General Treasurer each $2000,and that
the members of the Executive Board
and General Worthy Foreman shall
receive $1 ptr day aud expenses while
on duty.
A resolution wis adopted providing
that when the assembly meets tomor
row it shall remain in session until
business is concluded.
LABOR'S TROUBLES.
RKNFOSHE OF USER A I, MAM.
AttEK MILLKK, OF TIIK
Chicago, Milwaukee and Bt. Paul, to
tbe Proclamation or the Mayor
of Minneapolis.
Milwaukie, Wis., Ocbb-r. 19.
Reepondirg to the proclamation of
Mayor Ames, of Minneapolis, calling
npon the striking switchmen of that
citv and the railroads to eut mit tbeir
differences ti arbitration, General
Manager Roswell Miller, of the Chi
cago, Milwaukee and St. Paul road,
today sent a reply declining to enter
into such an arrangement. He says
there is nothing to arbitrate; that
the mes, upon a king for an increase
in wages, were told their request
wonld be referred to tbe general man
ager, and tbey promised to work until
his decision urrlvsd. They stated free
ly that there whs no cause to strike,
but the next day, without further
notice, they quit work, Manager
Miller continues, that under the cir
cumstances these men cannot bs
taken back. Besides if it were a
question of wages, they could
not arbitrate. If employers cannot
say what wages they will pay, ttey
may as well turn the management of
their business ever to arbitraors.
The question cf wages in a corpora
tion like this amounts to the disposi
tion of nearly one-half its revenues,
aud virtually involvea tbe financial
condition of the company. With an
armynf 20,0(0 emploes, dietribu'ed
over five States and Territories, it
cannot be considered piecemeal.
Maneger Miller adds that if it is
neceeeary to regulate railway wag a by
aib'.tration there is but one way to do
it and he favors it. Let the Stftto own
and operat9 the mllways. He con
cludes, "The practical "result of arbit
ration as propped wou'd be tlrs:
Minneapolis switchmen c'aim Chicago
wages; the arbit-ators decide that tbey
muat have them. Then come the
Chicago switchmen claiming that as
expenses of livicg are greater and ths
character of the work mors difficult
they should have higher wages
than Minneapolis. Nereseatily in view
of the decision of the Minneapolis ar
bitra'or?, we cannot consider this and
the Chicago switchmen's strike. The
Mayor and business men, seeing the
commerce of tbe city embsrraseed,
call for arbitration, which decides that
the claim of the Chicago switchmen is
Inst, and up go their w;ges. The
Minneapolis principle is already etib
libhed and up go Minneapolis wages,
and as we are toted from one horn cf
the dilemma t j ths other ad flnitum."
To laqnlre Into Harbor Aceem
mudntlona. London, October 19. The appoint
ment is g.iz ;tted cf a royal commission
to inquire into harbor accommoda
tions and the s'ate of inland naviga
t on, railways, etc , in Ireland. The
members of the commission are Sir
James Alport, James Aberoathy, Jno.
Barry and James Pirn
is"
SHELF AND HEAVY HARDYARE.
SEND FOB CIRCULARS ASD PRICES.
Sorglium nXcTilliss,
Jz3 !Ei ZLj T1 X -D5TGr
ALL SIZES RUBBER AND LEATHER.
ORGILL BROTHERS & CO;
WHAT BENJ. II. FOLS0M
HAS TO BAT ABOUT BIS) AP.
FOISTMEHT
To tba Important Poaltloa ef Cob
anl loBbefHeld His Bclatloaabla
to tba Prcaldeat'a Wise.
Buffalo, N. Y., October 19. Benj.
H. Folaom, President Cleveland's ap-
Soiotee as United States Consul to
he ffle'd, England, was seen lest night
by a reporter, with whom he con-
"This Cons'nlf-hip of Sheffield," said
he, "I know little about, except that
it is considered by tbe government an
important place. I have made tba
tour of England three times, and if
my recollection serves me right, the
popnlation is aomething larger than
Buffalo. According to the rui(s of the
department, a man hue thirty days in
which to receive his icstrnution?.
So I expect I shall go to England in a
month. I htvrt a number cf im
portant matters to close up. I have a
law case over which I have been
working for two yean, and I must try
and get that out of tbe way. Then I
have ibe estates of my father and my
uncle to look aftt r. They are largely
identical, an a Una amount of tin
properly is owned jointly. The great
er part of the property is in Omaha,
Neb.
"To t et aida the queslk n of any re
lationship between the President aod
myself I will say this: I am a cousin
of the father of the President's wife.
I was a cousin cf Oacar Folfom, de
ceased. I believe I have mor eym
Vathy with reporters thau any fellow
you cau fiad, because I Eerved two
years on a New York paper end I
know how it is. I can tell
you wbat you want to know
about me in a very f 'W words. I
araduated at RocheHer University in
1871. Then I went into the news
paper business and served a couple of
years in the city department ot the
World. I next woiked a year as asso
ciate editor of the Rochester Union
and Adverliter. In 1873 I bsgan the
study of law in Buffalo with toe firm
of Bass & Bissell, which subs quentiy
became Baes, Cleveland & liUeil.
I served tWJ years as cleik in
their attorney's cilice under John B.
Green. There were then simply
sn attorney depniy and the clerk. X
had charge of tbe bank paper), the
mortgages and that eort of thing. I
have, since 1881, been tbe secretary
and treasurer of tha Bjard of TuatefS
of the City snd County Ha". I am
36 years old and unmarried, and have
lived at tbe Tiffi House for seven or
eight years. I was a member of the
Buffalo Democratic L'.ague with Sen
ator Titas, and t tumped this and ad
joining tewns in the campaign of 1881.
"The President has been a very
warm triend of mine ever since I
came to Buffalo. My relations with
his wife never had anvthing to do
with my appoiatment. Yen tan see
tbat very p:ainly, for he baa plenty cf
his own relations ti look after if he
wss anxious to provide for tbe family.
I never expressed any preference for
this piece over othera. Before tbe
Sunday papers were established
in Buffalo, and when I was on
the Union and Advertiser, I knew
Joseph Warren very well, and
urged him to start a Sunday paper,
and he was inclined to star; one en
tirely separate from the da ly iuo of
the Courier. I was an enthusiast, you
know, and said to bico: 'If you'll
ttart it, I'll write something right
along for the first year, anyway.'
When the Sunday paper was started I
wrote for a yesr and a half, and had a
Bcreed in something or utherunderthe
nom de plume. of 'Bene ) De Quisoy.' I
have of en been sorry I did not po
into a Sunday paper myself. I
needed a budnrss heed and eome
capital. I had a little, aid if I knew
what I know now I would have been
the pioneer. Warren said to me.'Ben,
if this paper is started you must re
member that the m3ney comes in in
pennies and goes out in dollars." ' It
looks foolish now to leok back on it,
but there was an awful prejudice
against Sunday papers ten years
ago, and against their being sold on
the s reets. The Sunday paper now
ia the cream of the whole week. I
went to Washington lor a week's vaca
tion tbree or four weeks ago and bad a
very pleasant time. I had some gen
eral tak about ths matter of this ap
pointment, but nothing was settled.
The first news I bad wss when a re
porter congratulated me on tbe street.
When in Washington I drove out to
the President's new house. That's
the place Where he is going to take a
great deal ot comfort af'er awhile, and
he is entitled to it, for he is
working his life out in office.
I have a l'evor to ask jou before
you go," sa d Mr. Fo som, in taking
leave of the rLpottr. "I want you, in
what you say abont me, to make your
article read just, aa modesty aa you
wculd if I were the reporter and you
t!-.e victim. I know wbat the papers
will eay about my appointment, and I
want yon to do me the favor to draw
it modestly. I know how an ittrr
view reads in cold type, to do not
make me out badly."
Loaaea by tbe Fire at Oakland, III.
Terrs II acts, Ind., October 19
The total loss to Oakland, 1 1 , by the
fire lat night will aggregate between
$150,00 and $200,001). Tbe individual
lcaes are many and range from $500
to $5000. Tbe insurance covers about
one-third, tbo .Mtna and Pbaenix be
ing the principal losers. Many cf the
business me a are ruined. Oakland
contains about 10C0 inhabitants snd is
surrounded by one of th beet farming
and grating counties in Illinois.
tag able Scull Rare at Worcester,
Mam.
Worcistir, Mass, October 19.
Hosmer and McKay defeated Enright
nnd Connor by tbree lengths in a
double ecull, three miles with a turn.
The nee was for $500 a side, on Lake
Qn;ns'gamond, this afternoon. Time
18 m., 11 s
Died From llle Wonnds.
Cdicaoo, III., October 19, 2 a.m.
Begley, the nun who was shot by the
Pinketton) this afternoon, died - tonight.
CA
WARRING EXPRESS COMPANIES.
Tbe Erie to Brine; the Othera Be.
fore tbe United Btatea Courts
for Overrharalnc.
Chicago, III., October 19 The war
of rates that has been engaged in be
tween the express companus since
tbe Erie express was established will,
according to a representative of tbe
Erie here, lead to lawsu t. He states
tbat tbe old companies have b'en
charging . on all matter the Erie
Company offered them hero fer
points beyond Chicago, in addition
to their local rat's, full ra'e from the
starting point to dea'inatien. Satur
day tbe Erie made a demand on the
other companies for a refund, which
was not granted, and they new state
that the Erie exores proooses test
ing the legality of th's taction in the
United States court', to ascertain what
right these companies have to charge
more than their advertised local rates
on express matter transferred to them.
AN APPEAL TO THE COUNTRY
By Galveaton'a Katllef Committee
Need of Immediate Aid.
Galvhston, Tax , Ojtob 19. The
Galveston Relief Committes has is
sued an appeal to the people of the
United States, and especially to those
of Louisiana and Texae, lor aid for
the destitute survivor of tbe Sabine
Pass and Johnson's Biyoa disaster.
They say that about $15,000 has thus
far been contributed from all sources,
but that it is totally inadequate to the
needs of tbeae poor people, who have
lost everything, the land on which
they lived even being rendered unin
habitable. BUSINESS TROUBLES.
Grala Dealer at Boaloa Antlgm.
Boston, Mass., October 19. Dorr,
Allison & Co., di a era in grain and
flour, made an assignment. Tbey were
selling agents for Lebard, Day & Co.,
of Minneapolis, Minn., and tbe D. R.
Sgsrks Milling Company, cf Alton, -III.
Their liabilities are said to be
nll'fn laroA anil ara rhitflv in tha
Went, The failure was a great surprise
to the trade;
Deed of Trust for BeneaU of Credit
era. ,
Richmond, Va., October 19. A.
Ostarlohm, dealer in leaf tobacco,
made a deed of trust today for tbe
benefit of creditors. The only credit
ors nsmed are the Fir?t NatioLal Bank
cf Richmond, $60,000, and the Union
Bank, $15,000. The deed conveys
about $i0,000 of real r s'ate, which, to
gether with the collateral the banks
already hold, will tecura tbe insti
tu'ions. Failure in tba Hop Trade.
NiwYcbk, October 19 Barremore
& Co., dealers in bops at No. 43 Broad
way, made an alignment today. Es
timated liabilities, $l2i,C0D; asieta,
nominally that amount.
A Lumber Dealer Falla.
Boston, Mass., October 19. Na
thaniel Littlefield, lumber dea'er, to
day made an assignment. His liabil
ities are es'imrtted at between $60,000
and $75,01.0. Tbe failure will affect
the old firm cf Littlefield & Folsom,
with which, Littlefield was formerly
connected, as the affairs are not yet
fully settled. Folsom's labilities in
this connection are thought to be
large.
A Hilling Company Fail.
Boston, Mss., October 19. The D.
R. Sparks Milling Company, of Alton,
111 , bave failed, aud assigned to Frank
D. iMilner, of Litchfield, IU. The cor
poration was chartered September 30,
1885, with a paid in capital of $25,000.
The directois are D. R. Sparks and H.
R. Sparks, of Alton; Cornelius Dow
and Geo. A. Allison, of Cambridge,
Maes., wbo conetitute the firm of
Dow, AH son 4 Co., flour and grain,
No. 3 Commerc al street, Boston. This
company own the National mills, of
AHod, HI., aod the elevators of Car
heltjn, Medera and Plaiaville, III.
The company attribute their failure to
the short crop of wheat last year and
the low pr'ce at which their products
sdd in the market. Tbeir liabilities
are estimated at about $150,000. -
Tbe Saloon all rioel and tbe Law
to Be Blgldly Enforced.
Atlanta, Qa., October 19. For the
first time Atlanta is today a complete
prohibition city. All the barrooms
closed on July 1st last, but several
wholesale, licenses held over. They
have been expiricg gradually nntil to
day, when there was only one in the
city, aud that would havs expired six
dya from now, but by dtcision of
tbe Supreme Court of the State
today, that store wts closed.
Two weeks ago the City Council
parsed a resolution allowing the City
Brawery to deliver beer in tbe city
to residences on order. Mayor Hill
yer last night vetoed the measure,
which now makes the city absolutely
prohibit'on. The tity authorities are
mostly rrjhibit'onisls and tho law
will be rigidly enforced.
Judge Mnnutair at toe tity of Mex
iee. El Paeo, Txx , Oetobs-r 19, Judge
Manning, the new Minister, has ar
rived in the City of Mexico, where he
was wermly received by the Ameri
can colony. II s arrival has brought
up a new dUcuesion of the old Sedg
wick scandal and it appeals from dis
closures made by the most respectable
American residents that tbe balf of
the scandal has never been told, and
tha the efforts of the prf ss t3 white
wash the Envoy excite here only ridi
cule and amusement.
New Bfaeoale Temple Dedicated.
Cleveland, O, October 19. The
Masonic Temple, tbat ost the mem
bers of the order in Cleve'and $70,000
to build, waa dedi ;ttid tcday by tbe
Grand Lodge of Ohio. Several thou
sand people attended the rervices.
E llled by a Gate Fxlllna; Oa Ilim.
East Saginaw, Vich., October 19.
William H. H. Cob vigh, a wealthy
farmer, aged 73, wts killed nine miles
s:alh of here on Friday afternoon,
i'he wind blew o heavy gale on bim.
He struggled deaperaUly, but died
befv re help came to remove tbe gate.
He leavs a wife ard two eons.

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