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MEMPHIS DAILY APPEAL SUNDAY, OCTOBER 31, 18815.
MOTES OF THE El ELY DAIS OF
ow Be WM'BeleBUotsly Punned
j Jealoai Hatred, by the Tress
and the Politicians.
The silenct with which Gen. Mc
Clellan reci-ited all the adreraa eriti
tiamaof bli motives and work, and
which he heroically preferred op to
the hoar of his death, will be broken
by hia own memoirs on Dtcembtr lr-t.
when theprecaof Webster & Co. will
five his Tolame to the world. It is
not tea much to siy that this work
will be second in Importance only to
the memoirs of Geo. Grant hitrss'f,
and in many respects it will po-aea an
interest not held by that of the hero
of Appomattox. From its modest pre
face to the final pages of the book the
lamented author has endeavored only
lo trac his own connection with the
war and bis imprrssions oi his asso
tis'es in the field, not avoiding the
Teponaibilities which were the inev
itable reen't of bis position nor seek
ing to attach credit to his own name
for the work which others performed.
The book ia the Tank and manly story
of a frank srxl manly life, told as the
stories of biave men who have noth
ing to defend always are told, in the
hope, not of wronging anyone else,
but of ti '(tricing the unjust criticisms
of pclMial enemies for the bent-lit of
a beloved j steritr. Written with
each a motive and in no resentful
vein, be must be a prejudiced partinsn
indeed who for any reason withholds
the proper measnre of praue from it
or ita famous author.
The preface of the book explicitly
declare! tuat MtOlellan never souitht
either rank or command. Whatever,
it says, of that nature which came to
him came without effort of hia own.
Desiring nothing so much as the suc
cess of the North, be never consulted
his personal comfort or interest", and
contented, in view of this, to maintain
the policy which seemed prepay to
bim without regard for the abuse
which early began to be h s. The
simple acd only assertion which he
elected to leave us on this score is the
obviously truthful decUrition that "I
loyally served my country in its dark
est hour, and that o hers, who during
their lifetimes have been more favored
than myie'f, would probably have
done no better under the circum
stances which surrounded me, when,
twice a least, I saved the Capital, once
created ana once reorganized a great
army." Not all his critic have baen
As the B'ciet history of thst period
haa proved Gen. Scott was one of the
most ijrmuiable obstacles to early ana
decisive sction. Of th's there was no
donbt in the mind of McClellan at
least "Gen. Scott will not compre
hend the danger," he wrote at the
time to his bride of a year. "I have
to fight my way against him. Tomor
row the question will probably be de
cided by giving me absolute control
independently of him. I suppose it
will result in enmity on his part
against me, but I have no choice." Of
the historic September conference at
Gen. Scott's of lice, during which the
rapture between the two occurred,
McClellan says: "Before we got
through the General 'ra'sed a row
with me.' In the conree of the con
versation he very strongly intimated
thst we were no longer friends. I said
nothing, merely looked At him and
bowed. He tried to avoid me when
we let, but I wa'ked square np to
bim, loaked him fully in the eye, ex
- tended mv band and said : 'Good
morning, Gen. Scott.' lie had to take
my hand, and so w parted. 1 bave
one ttrong poiut that I do not care
one iota for my present position."
That it was not Lis intention to tiler
battle uutil his forces were organized
the General frankly admits. "Bo soon
as I fuel that my army is well organ
ised and well disciplined," be wrote,
"I will advance and force the rebels to
a battle in a field of my own selection.
A long tims must yet elapse before I
can do this, and I expect all the news
papers to abuse me for delay," Nor
was he much diseppointad.
Certainly if there was a person in
the world lo whom thin rhiuftain, at
wlio-e yonth tho President and a sori
oas Senate marveled, would have com
plained or murmured had be felt B)
Inclined, it was to the accompli died
woman, then in her youth, who bnt a
short time before had linked her for
tune with bis. Yet not an unkind
word of Scott appears in the letters
which he sent her nor even one of ex
ultation over his senior's final retire
ment "I have already been np once
this morning that wss at 4 o'clock to
effort Gen. Scott to the depot," he
writes on that eventful day. ' I can
easily understand his sensations; and
it may be that at some distant day I
too shall totter away from Washington
a worn out soldier, with naught to do
bnt make my peace with God. Should
J ever become vainglorious remind me
el tbat spectacle. I pray," he then
lots on to say, "Every night snd
every morning that I may become
neither va n nor ambitions, and that I
may keep one single objeot in view
the gt'Oi of my country. Atlastla-n
the 'Malar General commandlntf tha
arsay.' I do not feel in the least
There letters it is policy to remem
ber were written in the flush that fol
lowed hti elevation to the highest mil
TSary cflic, of the day and when any
secret hope be entertained wonld nat
urally have found its way into his
home correspondence. Bat "I re
ceived letter alter lettjj," he writes,
"have conversation at let tonve nation,
calling on me to save the nation, al
luding to tha Presidency, dictatorship,
etc. As 1 hose one day to he united
with yon forever in heaven, 1 have no
sneh aspiration.,' Nor was there the
iaintet-t wish needlessly to prolong the
etHigg'e. On August 16, 18tll, he adds:
"I am here in a terrible place; the
enemy bave from three to fonr times
my farce; the President cannot or will
not see the tree eUte of strain. Most
of my tronpa are demoralised by the
defeat at Boll Bun; some regiments
even mutinous. I am weary of all
this. I have no ambition only to save
my country and the incapables around
nae will not permit it. Tney sit on the
verge of the precipice snd cannot re
alise what they eee. Their reply to
every) hing is 'Impossible I inipowi
bler" How many there were in this
broad land at the time who shsred in
the delusive hope that the rebellion
was bnt an insignificant revolt I
Under the restraints of a Cabinet, at
laast a portion of which cherished
mingled feelirgs with regard to his
success, be chafed as every other man
would have chafed wboie sieg'o pa
triotic pnrpoe e was, being thwarted.
"When I returned yesterday, af er a
, long ride, '5 runs his letter of October
, 10th, "I wan obliged to attend a mett
' ing of the Cabinet at 8 p.m. and was
bar d and annoyed. There are some
' of the greatest geeee in the Cabinet I
have ever seen, auough. to tax tie p
tienco of Job. How weary I
aw of all this bufiinetf ! Care niter
care, blander after blnnder.trick apon
trick. I appreciate." he continues
farther on, "all the difficulties in my
path the impatience of the people,
the venality and bad faith of the poll
tic At: a, the gross neglect that has oc
curred In obtaining arms, clothing,
etc., and, above all, I feel in my in
most eonl how small is my ability in
comparison with the ginantio dimen
sions cf the task." Yet, even then
they er eerrd and said his besd wa)
turned. And when tbe needed stores
and arms did not come, and an inact
ive winter stared him and his army in
the face, he was writing snch words as
these: "I ana doing all I can to get
ready to move before winter sets in,
bu it begins to look aa if we were
condemned to inactivity. I( it is so
the fault will not bs mine; there will
be tbat consolation for my conscience,
even if the world st large never knows
it" Tbe world is finding it out, sure
- He found, ai did all others who
were near to President Lincoln,
that the jovial nature of that great
man could not be wholly cait down
by any circumstances whatsoever, and
tbe fund of anecdote which seemed
inexhaustible in Lincoln be marveled
at, as did thourands of others. "I
bave just been interrupted here," are
his words, "by tbe President snd
Secretary Beward, who had nothing
very particu'ar to fay, excrpt some
stories to tell, which were, ss neual,
very pertinent and some pretty good,
I never in my life met any one so full
cf anecdote as our friend. He is
never at a loss fir a story apropos of
any known entject or incident."
When the rumor tbat he himself had
been shot was sant sbroid, be writes:
"What a shame that anyone should
spread snch a wicked rumor in regard
to my being killed I I beg to a enre
you tbat I bave not been killed a
eingle lime since I reached Washing
ton." And of bis love for the brave
fallows who would have gone to the
death for "Little Mac7': "'Our
George' they have tikrm it into ttieir
heads to call me. I ought to take
good care of these men, for I believe
they love me from the bottom of their
hearts. I can see it in their faces
when I pass among them."
Whatever the differences between
the President snd his military com
pandor, due to the several caues
which hive become .historic, there
was mutual admiration and respect
accorded by one to tbe other.
"The President is honest and means
wel ," ia;s another letter. "As I
parted from bim on Seward's steps, he
said it had been sngges'ed to him that
it wai more safe for me than for him
to walk out at n'ght without some
attendant. I told him t! at I felt no
fear; tbat no on 9 would take the
trouble to interfere with me. On
which he deigned to remark tbat they
would probably give more for my
scalp at Kichmond than for his," a
fitting rebuke, we mnst all admit, to
those whs reprieented Lincoln as
(On Ik. Kamo fitter.)
'Tin nliht, and e'er tht home of man
The moon ahinea Tom a nloadleat ikf ;
Like rirtimio indolent I lie.
And string the lute like aemiaen.
Near be. in itrrtnietr flnired town,
A product of Kioto' art,
O-buga mistreuof my heart,
Bin, with darkya demurely down.
Child nf Japan, nln. one retain
Trmt bulled old I love so much :
Lift up thy tender votoe end loach,
With fitter dett, th sanilion.
Lift np thy voice and let me heer,
In tliy nionoronouB, low atrains,
The itorv of (tointiaohi'at limine.
Ko-Aturaaaki'a loviui tear.
far iroin my boy noon home I lie.
Above me bends the Nintiun ikv.
I hour the ruila of the fan.
Trill la the Kmti no restteas brain,
H i Paxon hand must enter la ;
Mikado, tfullui. mandarin.
Kule hers i forever may they reign.
Ai on Xtln't Island oaat,
t'iroeauu win Ulyaaea oharmed.
Who. by tiie roean and unharmed.
Retained Penelope at lait.
So, in thla land of old Japan,
Kni-iroled by the aummeraea,
Ami oharmed, with no wiah to flee,
My iaiand queen, O-ttuaa-aan.
O-Sun-inn, look forth attain
1' pun the awiflly g lidini rivor 1
Heeat thou the myriad lempa that nulver?
llear'it thou the tinkling aaruiaen?
High o'er the Kamo'a Pebbly bed
A thoasaad bootha like oura are lot)
Tonight, methinka, ae treublea fret
Theie heart whioh from dull oro have fled.
Sweat ohlld of nature, lifetof'ee
la but to love and to be levod ;
And, aa the moon the wave hath moved,
So bath thy apirit maatered me.
Come what oome. may I rlae not apt
Hut bere a wanderer, I will real
My bead against thy nontlo broaat,
Within mv handthe taakeoupl
Kioto, JxriH, Juliu:
8emiaen. a arultar or benio of three atrlna-a.
tUompaohl and Ko-Muraaaki, tha Abalard
ana ueioiae or tfapaa.
ttiaka, a Manor brewed from rieo.
A ftUl rtilUMpbrr.
I'm disgusted with Powderlr and
his whole shebang. They are going
to rue labor into politics the mean
est sort of politics when capital ia
menu and labor is a fooj ; between the
two we are bonnd to live in an ever
lasting fuse. Bnt they can't get tbe
farming negroes into their ring, for
they are not hirelings. Most of there
are renters in this region and are their
own hosees. Powderlyand Blaine are
in cahoot, and say tbe northern white
labor can t csmpets with the South
era blaok labor ; tbat the Southerners
don't pay anything hardly and they
must be made to pay, and as they will
fool the negra again. I reckon. - Well,
those fellows up there do have the
hardest time regulating us rebels and
ttiey do make the least prngrres in the
world. They have been dopging atui
for twenty years trying to ron against
nature, and nature iust moves along
calm and serene. The Hon' hern white
man is just tin same and the negro is
just the same that the Grantor made
bim. Tbe Northern faratio believes
them to bs 'both alike in all respects
except color. They don't know a
thing about the rce traits and in
etincts. They don't believe an Indian
or a Chinaman is the same, but a
negro is tbe white man's equal and
may bs bis superior. But the argu
ment is exhausted. We will just lot
them fellows po along and eee what
they will try to do. Of course they
can't do anything, but we will have the
fun of waU-hing them try. Uf Arji,
in Atlanta VonntiMion.
U Tit Trk Uh Afanraa Would-lit Vilto.
Oh, I wouldn't dare propose yon,
ior you're really not the atyle.
You're a decent aort of follow.
But you wear an aaotent tile.
You are kamliome, and your tatenta
The enaainbla do enhanoe,
But yon haven't got the proper
Utile wrinkle on your rants,
I admit you're of rood family,
And your manners ere the beat;
But you aluaya will make tito of
Juory buttiin on your vest.
You are honest, ani your wisdom
Keepayon indoora when thcru'a rain I
Bet 1 never are you sucking
Un tbe handle ui your cano.
Indeed I can't, old fellow.
1 do keg yvu'il not get warm
I'm unnblo to prop.se you.
fur you're truly nut govt! form.
A TEXT FOB. FBOHIDITIOXISTS
FBOM DAILY LIFE
Tbe Effect Tbat Liquors Bave Upon
Some Weak Minds Leading te
the Commission of Crime.
New York Commercial Aditrluer:
T. D. Crotbers, M.D., contributes an
interes it-g article to tbe Popular Sci
ence Monthly npon "Inebriate Mani
acs," in which he cla-sifles tbe vic
tims of alcoholism, and se's forth tbe
ecientiflo theory of tbe mania which
his been so much discussed oi laid
years, with its causes and the meas
ures to oe taaen ior lis cure, us i
nlains tbat Dbvaioloaists and students
of mental science have long been
aware of this new division of the
army of the insane, but that public
opinion refuses to recognira tbe symp
toms because they are associated with
Intervals of apparent tanity in acts
and conduct. This be attiibotis to
the fact tbat clergymen and moralists
teach that these are only instances of
moral disorder that are to bs reme
died by moral and legal measures.
Tbe firrt tires of tbeee inebriate
maniacs, Dr. Orotbers states, aie vic
tims of hereditary disorder of tbe
brain, and many o.her and complex
causes contribute in bringing them to
the new condition in which they
come before public notice in tbe
courts aa malefactors. The writer ex
plains: "Any general history of the crime
reveals delirium, hallucinations, delu
sions and maniacal impulses. Thus,
in one day, the papers recorded the
following among other cases of this
claes: An inehria'eof previously qniet
disposition killed bis wife, supposing
she bad put poison in his food. An
other man in a similar state shot a
stranger who differed with him on the
sge of Queen Victoria. Another men
killed his father, who remonstrated
with him for over driving a horse.
Slill another a saulted fatally his
brother, who would not give him
money. Two men, both intoxicated,
mortally wounded each other in a
qnsrrel who ehould psy for the spirits
drank. Another man killed both wife
and child, supposing the former was
going to deseit bim."'
Dr. Crotbers thinks that the cir
cumstance that the criminal in these
easts ia always held in court to be a
free agent, and that the legal fiction
that drunkenness is no excuse for
crime prevails is largely to blame for
the spread of such disorders since
"the victim is dettroved and the ob
ject of tbe law, to reform tbe offender
and deter others from the commission
of crime, lamentably fails."
Tbe second cla's of inebriate mani
acs the author cf tbe article considers
to be made up of the subjects who do
not come so prominently before the
public, but are often held in the police
court for drnnkennesf, minor aitaalts
and all grades of breaches of the peace,
who "use alcohol, opium or any other
drug for its effect," while their charac
ter and conduct "are a continuous his
tory of insane and imbecile acts."
Their crimes are of alow and imbe
cile type, and the doctor considers
them to be mental and moral paraly
tics. Their sentence to prisons and
reformatories, he thinks, tends to in
crease the very crimes for which they
Dr. Crothers's third claes of maniacs
is composed of men who are ktiown
only as moderate, or not excessive,
users of alcoho1, opium or chloral, who
will suddenly exhibit great chants of
character and conduct and do the
most ineane acts, then resume a de
cree of eanitv tbat corresponds with
their previous character. He gives
the following illustrations:
"Thus a prominent clergyman of
wealth and nigh standing in the com
munitv. who was a w.ne drinker, eud
denlv began a series of Wall street
ppeculat ons oi me most uncertain,
fraudulent nature. He implicated
himeelf and a large number of friends,
and finally was disgraced. A judge,
occupying a mofit enviable poeition of
character and reputation, who had
used spirits and opium for years at
night for various reasons, suddenly
gave up bis place and became a low
office seeker was elected to the L?g
idlature, and became prominent ae an
unscrupulous politician. 'A New Eng
land clergyman, after thirty years of
mest earnest, devoted work, re
nounced the chnrch and became an
infidel of the mrat aggressive type.
Later it was found that he had used
chloroform and spirits in secret for
years. A aasm of ten years of tested
honesty and trustworthiness proved
to be a defaulter. It wus ascertained
that he used chloral and opium in se
cret." It ia impossible in this article to re
view the minute and elaborate rcien
tiflc reasoning with which Dr. Oroth
ers presents his demonstration of the
theory that these men sre not free
ntoral agents, and that, while to the
moralist their conduct presents only
phases of human depravity, to the
psychologist these crimes are "explo
sions oi masked diaeaies a' most un
known' and undiscovered." The
remedy, he thinks, will ceme after the
efforts shall cease of moralists, clergy
men and temperance societies to re
move an evil of which they have no
comprehension. He conclades : "When
all this thunder and roar of temper
ance reformation shall pais away the
still small voice of science will be
heard, and tbe true condition of the
inebriate and the nature of his malady
will be recognixfd." 1
The writer makei it a curious non
evfuifur, however, fr a seientitle rea
soner when he bolittles'the restraint
of moral and social agents in prevent
ing the acquirement of habits that cer
tainly assist to bring on tbesvmptoms
he so graphically describes. As long
age as Ousaio men found that liqnor
was an enemy which stole away the
brains. But this does not argue, cer
tainly, tbat religions and social bedies
are impeitinent intruders into the do
main of science in their labois to pre
vent and reduce drnnkenneu. If
science is anxions to remedy this un
toward state of affairs let it demon
strate its ability to do so snd the other
sgencies will be forced to step aside.
The LateAaaater Yulre's ramllj.
The Washington correspondent of
the Louisville Oourw-Journul tells the
following about the late Senator Ya-le-e,
wboee name was originally Levy:
His grandfathei was Grand Vizier of
Morocco. The Emperor's sou con
spired to dethrone his father, and was
found out by the Grand Vuler, and
for a time was frustrated, but when
he ascended the throne he woald have
beheaded the Grand Vnier hut for
the tlight of that r tlicer to Gibraltar.
The Grand Vizier was accompanied in
his (light by his family, which con.
emted of a son and daughter named
Moses snd Rachel. The Uraud Vizier
died in Gibraltar. After his tlea h the
son and daughter emigrated to tho Iai
and of St. Thomas, in tbe West Indira.
After a seven yenn' courtship, Mr.
& let) a 'married tne
of the Ben E in!) as is old
er than tbat of any of the European
nobility, and their antiquity cannot be
disrn'ed. Tbie family, as well as tbat
of D'leraeli. D'Coata, and others, be
longed to tne Bepbardin or learned
men. Tbe Ben Eligha family assumed
the more euphonious spelling of Ben
Lisa, and one of that name still lives
in Florida. Moses E. L?vy married
Mies Abendaoon, a Jewish lady, in
England. In 1815 he moved from fit.
Thomas to Florida, taking with him
liia wile and son, David L. Levy. lie
was a man of great culture and litera
ry attainments, and enjoyed a high
social poiiiion. He received several
small grants from the Spanish govern
ment These lands have bacome so
valuable since Florida has developed
tbat the late Mr. Ynlee sold them for
so good a sum that he built a palace
in Washington and has left a large
fortune to his children.
Often I think la my trim awallow-Uil,
At partiea where Bowers their fragreace ax
hale. Of times when m pate waa a bower of curia.
auu a u.eoeu wim ui grnnamee oi an we
I look on tha obarms that their beautiai un
fold They seem tha lame damieli, while I have
like whit winter without a warm
They look lika tha reiea that bloaiom In
Bnt winter may look with its ihiver and
Through the window at (lowers tbat bloom
An IVi alll
And 1 may aak Edith with ringlet of jet
If ahe will dan.e with ae tiie next minuet.
I go to all partiea, reeeption, first night",
I'm a merry old bird iu my lancifal flight!
I may look like tha witter, a inowy old
Bnt deep in mv bearCdwella tha apirit of
I know that I am act aa old aa I look, '
May voice bu no oraok and my back haa no
And happy I'd ba II liuy, Maud and Lu
Wonld treat ma aa on who' a young a
I f.ei." -fuck.
OLE MASTEB "NED"
It He aa Described by 'Ty,"
Hia Tvnalcd get vans.
Correspondence' of the St. Lou's
Globe-Democrat: A well known charac
ter of Vicksburg is Fanny, or Mrs.
Cruwfo.d, as she is Uss frequently
called. Fanny was raited in the fam
ily of old Ned Richardson, and cal s
bim "Pa." Mr. Kicbr.rdson, before
his death, a year or so ano, was k nown
as the largest cotton planter in tbe
world. He left an estate valued at
little short of $20,000,0(0. Mrs. Craw
ford is a middle sged, sharp eyed,
quick moving, light co'ored woman.
As her old master's businets expand
ed he employed Fanny to recruit labor
tor htm. from that she has come to
be the principal labor azent in Vicks
burg, is reputed to be worth $15,000 or
$20,0C0i and is educating her children
at the Fisk University at Nashville.
"What kind of a man was Mr. R ch
ardson with his labor ?" she was asked.
"He WS a kind man. He got better
work out of them by kind treatment
Yon know he made all of his money
after the war. I remember when he
used ti bave a little store in Brandon.
He sold ice water for fifteen cents and
gave away whisky. That was the way
he escaped the law. I used to carry
bis dinner to him, and they had me
np as a witness. - I had to say I didn't
know he sold whisky, for I didn't. He
always said to bis customers, 'I charge
you for the ice water; the whisky is
free!' Old Ned'd first big etart came
irora going on the bond of a man who
had killed another. He got a mort
gage on a plantation, tbe man ran
away, and Old Ned got the plantation
Mrs. Iiiohardeon was a Miss Patton, of
South Carolina. Tbat is the way all
the children came ti have a P. in
their names. Patton is the middle
name for each one of them. Old Ned
couldn't write his name until Mrs.
Richardson taught bim."
"He made a good deal out of con
"Yes. When he got the contract
from the Mississippi Legislature right
after the war he had liquors, cham
pagne and all that set out in my parlor
for the colored members who voted
for him. The prisoners nsed to say
Old Ned trf ated them well, but I know
bs didn't like convict labor. He naed
t say, 'Yon can't get work ont of the
miserable dovils umlens vou treat 'em
mean and cruel, and I don't want to
do that.' He wanted all free labor.
You know Old Ned never bad bnt two
slaves in his whole life. When the
old men died be didn't owe a dollar.
He always kept his affairs closed right
up. I remember one day we were
having a settlement of the business I
had been doing for him. There was
five cents coming to bim and I didn't
offer to give It up. 'I want my
five c.nts, Fanny,' he said,
'I'm not going to give it to
yon,' I said. 'Yes,' he said, 'give it to
me. That's the way I do business. I
most have the books right,' Then I
handed him tbe five cents, and be
gave me a dollar. He wis that kind
of a man. He was very strict in busi
ness matters, bnt libeial ontdde. The
night before be died he came into my
house bere and htnded mv daughter
El ra some money, and said ahe must
go back to Fisk University and finish
her education. The next morning my
children woke me up knocking en the
door and crying, 'Mother, mother, get
up, yonr pa is dead.' "
Mr. Richardson went from Vicks
bnrg to Jackson the night referred to,
and some time af ;er leaving the train
was found on the street in a dying
condition, having been stricken by
apoplexy. Jackeon waa his old home,
although his extensive business inter
ests kept him in New Orleans most oi
the time. Years ago he had bis mon
ument erected in the cemetery at
vJackson. It is a tall shaft sur
mounted by a lifis ss n:nr of Old
Med. He stands facing the East, and
the wit of Jjcksoo, away back in re
construction days, when there wai a
good deal of talk aboat Richardson's
penitentiary contract, apnetrophired
the marble figure lhs: "There von
itand, Old Ned, in desth as in life,
with one eye on the Mississippi Legis
lature aad the other on the Mississip
MplMlac the Banal.
A writer in the current number of
All the year Jiound remarks that "the
act of spitting on the band, so often
seen among laborers and workingmen
before beginning a task, is, though not
generally known, the remains of a
cbarm. According ta Pliny, spitting
was snperetitiously observed in avert
ing witchcraft, and in giving a more
vigorous blow to sn enemy. Hence
we get the cuntoin with prize fighters
of spitting on their hands before they
begin to fight. Boys, a few genera
tions ago, u?ed to 'spit their faith'
when required to make a promise;
and when colliers combined to get
their wagos raised they ued, before
the days of trade unions, to spit on a
etone together byway of cementing
their union. When persons were oi
the same party, or agreed in their
eentiments, there nsed at one time to
be a popular saying that they had
'spit on the same stone.' "
THE GREAIEST BRIDGE
IS TOE WOBLT,TniT OYEB THE
The Most Marvellous of the Feats or
Engineering Skill-Two Spans
of 17 10 Feet Each.
"As a grenadier guardsman is to a
new born iofant, so is tbe Forth
bridge to the largest railway bridge
yet bnilt in this country." This is
the graphic comparison by which
Benjamin Baker, (J. E , illustrated the
extraordinary character of the struc
ture now in progress at Qaeentferry,
of which Sir John Fowlr and he are
tbe engineers, says tbe Engineer. But
he did not confine the comparison to
bridges in this country only; fjr in
the paper read to the British Asso
ciation from which the description is
taken, Mr. Baker added: "Badges a
few feet larger in span than tbe Brit
tannia have bseu built e'se where,
bnt thy are baby bridges, after all."
There is thus a del, berate claim nude
on behalf of the Forth bridge, by one
of its designere, that it is tbe most
wonderful bridge in the world; that
the greatest of existing bridges is but
chilu's play in comparison
with it. What is it tbat
gives the Forth bridge this
re-eminence it is certainly not its
trgth. In Oat respect it is fur ex-
ce'.led by the Victoria brides at Mon
treal, and alo by tbe unfortuoate
Tay bridge at Dundee, which is now
being rebuilt. . Tbe Victoria bridge is
now 10,380 feet long, or within 180
feet of two mile?. Tne Tay bridge is,
or will be, 10,612 feet long, or fifty two
feet over two milts. Tne length of
the Forth bridge is only 8. 91 fret, or
2289 feet less .ban the Victoria, snd
2521 lees than the Tay bridge. Neither
is the hfght cf the roadway, its dis
tinguishing feature. In tbie respect,
though nearly twice tbe height of the
Newcastle high level bridge, it is ex
celled by many others abroad. Tbe
striking and unprecedented feature in
the Foth bridge is the length of its
greates t span;.- The two longest span s
of tbe Brit'ania biidge of Menai ttrait
measure 405 feet each. Ihe Forth
bridge has two spans of 1710 feet each,
which is not far ehort of being four
times as great. This is a fair compari
son, because the Britannia and the
Forth bridge are both fixed and stable
bridges. Other bridges exiet wbich
have longer spans than the Btitannia
can beast of, but they are suspension
bridges, and are therefore swinging
and nnetable. Tbe Niagara suspen
sion bridge has a single spaa of 820
feet. The central span of the Brook
lyn bridge, at New York, measures
1,600 feet, which is the nearest ap
proach to the giant strides of the
Forth bridge. But there, I raid, are
suspension bridges, wbich have a cer
tain mobility and elasticity. Ihe
Forth bridge will bs as solid and as
stable ss the Britannia bridge, or as
Waterloo bridge in London, or as the
North bridge in Edinburgh, and yet
its great spans will be greater than
those of any bridge in existence.
Well, therefore, ' may Mr. Baker boast
that the greatest of existing bridges
wilt be but as a bby in comparison
with his giant. The building of such
a biidge is a daring exploit. Wbat,
it may be asked, has led tbe
engineers to attempt it? Is it
the love of adventure, the mere desire
to surpass their predecessors and to
' lick creation," al the Americana sy,
by the production of the biggest bridge
on record? Considering the enormous
capital involved in tbe venture, in tbe
cost of material and labor, and consid
ering still more the risk to Latimn life
which it entails, tbe engineers would
not have been warranted in entering
any merely heroic or ambiticus enter
prise. The simple answer to the
question of motive is, that the engi
neers bad really no choice in the mat
ter. They bad either to accept the
conditions imposed on them by nature
and circumstances or to decline the
task altoge hor. They were required
to prepcre plans for a bridge on a site
including two spans 1710 feet ea h,
over a deptl of water S3 great ae to
preclude tbe construction of inter
mediate pier?, and thi-y were bonnd
either to face and grabble with
these difficulties or to declare them
to be insuperable. They preferred
the firmer alternative, and the Forth
bridge is the result. The contract
price of tbe bridge is 1,600,000, of
which 200,000 baa been expended on
plant The number of workmen em
ployed in the varions departments ia
2000. The work has now been going
on for three years, and another three
at least nauet elapse before it is com
pleted. It can scarcely bs said, per
haps, that the Foith bridge will be a
beautiful object. To those who look
for lines of neauty in such structures
it will appear eccentric, extravagant,
odd perhaps, outrageoas. But to
those whose sense of the beautiful
depends on the realiz ttion of the use
ful, the daring grandeur of tbe de
sign., and its manifest adaptation cf
means to ends, will appear to be a
marvelona triumph of engineering
skill, of patient labor and of com
HAMI.it THIS BlTHaOSM,
I A nxdlaal Journal haa been throw Int
(rev donbt npen the need and tiiity.
even the salubrity end safety, of that aeora J
inatilution, tbe eotd aaoraim tab.)
Tubbing or sot tubbing, that ia tbe Quea
tion; Whether 'tia nobler ia the man to affr
The atinsa and shiver of aa iey apoaiin;,
Or tithe area agaiaat a tyrant custom.
And by opposing end it? T peel to plunc
No more; nt, fresh from deep, to underao
The dull ache, and th doaobVt friid
That flash ao shrinks from 'tia a consum
mation Devoutly to b wished. To ho to aleep
loaleepl perchanc to dreams noahudder
No dismal thought of what cold chill mutt
When we hav shuffled our pvjamaa ef,
Need give us pausel 'lis tne respect ior
j nai maiea ine morning ids viae lung mv.
tor who would bear th whip and tmg of
Th tumble out, th hasty lee breaking,
Taw rains el the first plung, th heart a
Th tremulous kn-anoking, and th
That quivering ganlioni of th howr bath
Wbn he at ease bis morning wash eonld do
In ttnid comfort T Who would gooaeski
To grunt and ihak under a down-pour
But tbat th dread of whatth world woald
That "unknown auantltv."
Wo fellow disobey pnailea the will,
And males us rather bear the ilia w hav
Than fly to comfort that we're wishful of?
Thua custom doth make coward of ua all,
And thua toe see re and oomfortof ablution
A re (acritieed t false idea of health l
And (jawbones' aawa and sanitary twaddle
Make winter's mornings frigid misery
All in th name of clnanlin ssl Punch.
An Opinion hy th AllerJ ar
Washingta, October 30. Attorney
General Garland has given an opinion
to the Secretary of the TreaBtiry tbat
national banks nisst deprsit interest
bearing bonds to secure their circula
tion, and tbat called 3 per cent, bonds
rannot be nsed as a basis of circulation.
For Fifty Tears the great Remedy for
Blood PoisonanaSkLn Diseases.
For 60 bv. S i w v
-' -lt FsAJ I
Inter Btipg Treatise onBlood and Skin Diseases
Nmiiled free to all who applyl "It should be
carefully read by everybody. Address
THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., AtlantaQ
s s s s ssssssss
Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants.
No. 3H Fr( vt Street. Comer ot Monroe, Memphis Terni.
And Commission Merchants,
IT, 84 nnd SO Hadison Street, HeraM
S. TOOF. B. L. MoOOWAN.
Wholesale Grocers and Cotton Factors
And Dealers In Levee anil Railroad Supplies,
KTo. 274 Front Street Memphis. Tennessee.
SLEDGE BROS,, of Come, Mlsi.
Ron. 816 and 3S8 Front Street - Memphia Ten.
W. A. SMITH, Proprietor.
BY MUTUAL CONSENT, the firm of Alston, Crowoll 4 Co. Ia thij day dissolved, E. W.
Crosrnll retiring Th remaining partner, P. H- Alston and U. H. Maury, will . con
tinue the buainess at the o'd (land, corner front and Union atresti, aaauminar all liakiiUti
and eolleoting all outstanding acoounU. K. W. CMOWSLL.
Mernphia.Tenn., September 1.188T.. . , tf. H. MAURY.
r0n retiring as above. I bespeak for my incoeasor a continuation of the liberalpatron
ace heretofore extended the old firm. " . CBOWbLl..
ALSTON, MAURY & CO.
W. T KOWDKI-i
34 and Madison
(SVUOCSSOBS TO HEACBAH HORTOH1
Old Stand No. 9
IUMBER YAK S
junnauey, atk mauniacinrera
YELLOW PINE AND OAK LUMBER.
-n a . .
AID DIALERS IS-
Doers, Sash . Bllita, Dregaed
vy press sninKies, iains. iic
ifjr nvellltie are manrpad by any
(Mll&a, Bidia. Step Limber and
ef all dlaaeasioas. We make th
am BAYIIILLEB, AGENT,
Z7V134 Jefferson Street Memphis Tennessee
HjbIESIEB to ILalES
(SUCCESSORS TO S. L. LEt), JOBBERS OF ; 1
Cigars and Tobacco
27.1 Main Mreot. Opp. Court Square. Mew phi. Team.
To tKe Trade and Boiokers
GRID REPUBLIC (BROS
HT attained, h Indued unprinelplod manufacturer to place on the market iTLT
imUation W hereby caution the public that all (lonulne Ciiinrroa will bear A Kl.ls
on mob. boa, and our Factory Number, 0, 8.1 lsilrlrl, W. .
Th only all long liarana filler oigar on th market for O cent.
1 GHO. X. IjI3EI3 GO., .
Factory 300, 3d District, Y.
TOR SAtK BY-P. A. Franaloli, P. Carlin, H. J. Helater. R. MaiaUr, K. CampMIAC.
MOON & .JOTHED, Wholesale Atjents,
j ix never
J. S.IMoTIGHE. W. fl. PATTES0N
AVERY GIN CO.
W. A. Smith's l'at. Separator.
Eagle Eclipse Hnller Gins,
Flaln 10-Inch Gin, and
SOUTHERN STANDARD PKEHS.
Prlc at Factor, 100 and UO.
ALLISON SEED COT I ON CLEANERS.
aoa- All klnda of Gin Repaired. SixdaJ
S91 and 9 rront St., HfinptaH, Teas
S. P. UOWJD11C
St.. : f2e.tilii, T" n.
Union St., Memphis.
ar . . m 1 t .
Floorlnr,' CeQlnr, WeiUterBoardJiCi
aawailll la th South for Hint rdr yrompttr.
Cypres Shlnal a (peoialtyt Jo, Framtaal
Wholesale Busln a p0)al rWbar). Ora