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The Memphis appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1886-1890, November 18, 1886, Image 3

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MEMPHIS DAILY APPEALTHURSDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1S8G.
GEN. JAMES R, CHALMERS,
IKrEBTIEWED BI IX APPEAL
' BEL'OU'IER,
States Frankly That He U Going to
Caste t Judge Jforgaii's
Right to a Seat
I J THE BOUSE OF THE FIFTIETH
COSUKES
Upon the Ground of Intimidation
and Dallot Box Stuffing A
Characteristic Paper.
The affbal. having learned that
Gen. James B. Chxlmers, of Missis
ippi, wia in the city, lent report r
yesterday to interview him ai to hia
S reposed contest for the aeat orcnp-ed
Judge J. B. Morgan in the House
of Keprt8"n'ativ.B as member for the
Second District. The reporter etated
the occasion ot bia visit to the Gen
eral, who received him cordial y, and
in response to the question wby he
waa going to contest Judge Moman'a
aeat, replied that :twa because I have
reason to oeiieve mat 1 am J astir en-
titled to it. I do not contest o so-
eoant of any errors in the Judge 'i
name as primed on the ballots; that
woald be silly and cheap and I do not
resort to such me; hods. The Geneial
then told the reporter that he had bis
protest to legal lorm bt fore mm, ana
that the reporter was welcome to the
whole or any part of it. The re
porter availed himself of this
offer and - made extracts from
the very ' lengthy document.
The General, in his protest, speaks
first ot the Gommistiontrs and then
of the Inspectors of Election, and
says be was rtfustd representation on
otb, end this was such a violation of
law as to vitiate Morgan's certificate
of election. He says if the party
in power can appoint all the
election officers in disregard ot the
wishes of the opposition teat tbis cre
ates an oligarchy which can perpetu
ate itf elL He speaks next of the reg
istration cl voter, and says tbe boots
have been mutilated by illegally eras
ing the names of color fd voters; that
at Olive Branch, in Desoto county,
every man but two who came up to
vote for him were told they were
marked "dead" or "removed" on the
registration bock. He then proceeds
as follows:
BALLOT BOX STUFFING
Fourth I charge that when von
were canvtssirjg for tbe Democratic
nomination for Congress against tbe
Hon. Yen H. Manning you said on
the stump, in Lifsyette county, that
you weie in tavor ot counting cut the
negro vote, or words to ttat effect,
and that you have not changed your
views or advice to your mends on
that quea'ion. That your speeches
and tne speeches made by Senator
George and others for you in this can
vass, and tae rpaecbes made for you
in 1884 by Senator Lamar and Gen.
Lowry, all advised the whites to carry
the election at all h surds, and that
this was understood to mean and does
mean ballot box stuffing. I cbarse
that Cant Willis Hunter, ex-chairman
of the Dcmrcratio Executive Commit
tee of Panola county, and Capt John
w. o. late, ex-cnairman 01 tbe Dem
ocratic Executive Committee of Union
county, who served tbis time ss in
pector at Keownsviile, and other
prominent Democrats in this district
openly said, "it tbe Uemocrata can
not beat Chalmers tby would or
should count him out," or words to
that effect. Tbat B. L. Brandon, a
prominent cnppoiter of yours, who
was a clerk at the late eleo ion at the
fast Holly (tarings box, In Marshall
ounty, said. "II Chalmers beats
Morgan 4000 votes we will count him
out, or words that effect. I charge
that thefe speeches and these public
declarations of prominent Democrats
meant, first, to intimidate, dishearten
and deter my sopporters from coming
to tbe polls; and second, to encourage
the inspector of election to count me
out if elected.
Ichaigi that the bcxatComo, in
Panola eounty, wai Bluffed; that Col.
Van 11. Manning was far more p-pn
larly in 1882 than you were in 1886,
and tbat tbe Democratic strength at
tbat box bai not increased tinea 1882.
That when I had an inspector who
could read and wute to repre
sent me at Co mo, so tbat
fraud conld not be perepetrated,
Col. Manning received only 112 votes
which wts then, and is now, the full
strength oi tbe Democrat; at Com",
and I received SS3 votes,' while forty
.Republican vttes were cast for 11. V
Carter, a colored Repnblican, showing
a majority of 811 vo'.es sgainet tbe
Democrats at tbat box. That in lfc84
I was lefus d an inspector that I
asked for wh could rrad and write,
and one was appointed to represent
tne Kepuhitcan party who coma, not
read or wiite aid tbe box was stuffed,
so as to count 293 votes for you, COO votes
for me and six for Dave Johnson, a
colored Bepublican, and tbe fraud
was made more transparent by count
ing Cleveland 285 and Blaine 266, when
tbe Bepublican majority had been un
changed and was at a former election,
two years beiore, an.
Nothing was done to punish the per
petrators of this frand.iand becoming
emboldened thereby they this
time counted the Democratic strength
112 for me and the opposition vote
245 for you, thus giving you a major!
ty of 133 Vvtes at ihe largest, the most
determined and consistent Bepubli
can preoinot in Panola county. This
was easily accomplished, because there
was bo United elates enpervtsor at
that box and the inspector who rep
resented me and the opposition to the
.Democratic party could not read or
write. I asked for the appointment of
John Taylor as Inspector and the
Commissioners so made the appoint
ment. The person recommended by
me could read and write and was a
suitable Iaspector. He was notified
by my fr ends of his appointment and
was present at the opening of the
polls sad ready to serve, but he was
rejected by your friends because his
name was toau u. 4 ay or auaaaomer
John Taylor was made inspector, who
eould not read or write and who signed
the returns with bis mark.-
I charge that at BHesvllle the ballot
was stuffed. That the election was
not held in the Court House, aa it bad
been la days whea the elections were
uuumuj conuuDwu m i
but in a Brivatetffiue. peculiarly fitted I
noneetl conducted tn ranoia county
tor the MrDetraiion of frauds and I
where the great frauds of 1885 Were
committed. BUesville is the strong
est greenback box in tbe county and
whan the elections were fairly con
ducted my majority over Col. Man
ning in 1882 was 348, and my majority
over yoa in 1881 was 291. At this box
I asked for the appointment of a white
men named J. B. Cox as inspector,
who wai in every way competent and
suitable, bat a ngro was appointed to
represent my pany who could not
read and write and who signed his
matk to tha returns. I charge at this
box waitkey was used to bribe voters
a-d cumulate the bnl'd sera, thu in
tiiuidat on wa used by county olfl
lias and tha by brib-rv. intimiaa
tmu ar d ba lot tox stiffing a lares
majo-iiy for me was conv. r ed into 60
majori y for you. I rbarge thit by
similar pi a ii res at Jf ersa tUr ve. i
Panola county, a maj -rity for me wa
eoun'ea l"'0 ou mriorry lor you.
tt is box Col. Ma .nin iereved 76
vrtei in 18S2 ad ycu AO in 1884, the
full s'rentth of tue Democrats in
Prueid ntul year, and this time by
ra lot nox stutti ie yn are connte
157 voea in an ofl ymr and after a r
duced teuiBt ration. 1 cturgs tbat
P- pis, in fa d county, jour inspector,
Dave Bier, was caught in the act ol
fl anging the vote of my tupporter,
w. Nu.ith, into a vote for you, an
tbat at Sircis. a leading snppoitir of
yon s, who attempt' d the sime thirg
for C 1 Manning ia 1882, wa i caught
attempting to vo'e twj t cketa foryou
I charge tbat at Chu'aboma, in alar
shall orun'y, your inspector who re
ceived the tickets from the vole ra was
seen constantly putting tickets hatd
ed in for me into hts pocket and put
ting into the box other tickets f jr yon
and by tbis means the strangest Bs-
nublican box in Marshall ciunty,
which in 18S2 gave me a majority of
252 over C . Manning, and in 1884
majority of 223 over you, was counted
into a majotity of 104 for you over
me. I charge that the ballot boxes
were ituffed at the various boxes I
Marshall, DeSoto, Tate, Panola. Talla
hatchie, Lafayette, Benton and Union
counties so as to convert
msiority cast for me in the dis
trict into about 3000 majority f or you
I charge tbat Tippah was the only
county in the district where I was al
lowed a fair representation in the In
spec ors cf Election, acd the only
county where tbe election was fairly
held and tbe votes honestly counted
and tbat in Tippah, where tbe Demo
cratic majority ranges usually from
800 to 1500, you beat me only 209
votes, thus showing bow badly you
would bave been deleated It tbe elec
tion had been fairly held and the votes
hontstly counted.
INTIMIDATIOK.
Fifth I charge that large numbers
of my supporters were disheartened
and deterred from coming to th
pol's by the various methods of fraud
and intimidation nracticed bv vouand
vour friends. 1 cbarga tt at tbe unlair
appointments of tbe Commissioners
and Inspector of E'ection deterred
many from coming to the polls, who
knew from experience when they saw
tbis repeated tbat it meant their votes
would not be lairly counted if cast for
me.
I charge tbat in your speech at
Bybaliaand other places you said if
the nfgroes wereorganis dintoeqaa-is
often, as recommended by me, and
came thus to tha polls witb their lead.
ers. thev should be met as you and
others met tbem in 1875, when you
buckled on your S'X sbooters, and
itb club iu your bands, knocked
the leaders down, and said: "Take
that, and damn you;" and that your
advice was partia ly followed at Bites
villi", where 1 state on intimation
and De ief tbat one of your supporters
who 's a leading county officer, met
tbe negroes at tbe polls, and, snatch'
ing my tickets from their bands, gave
tbem tickets tor you ana said: "Damn
you. vote tbat," or words to that effect
I charge tbat you bad heard how the
Democra's ol ranoia went out with
guns and pistols to Greenback meet
inas to intimidate Greenback speak.
ers in tbe canvass of : 1885, and
how one of their inspectors at
Sardls held the election with
a loaded double barreled gun
aear mm in the room, and which
I aver to be true, and tbat in your
speecn atjHtesvuie you urged jour
party to carry the county again as
they bad carried in 1885; that is, that
tbey sbou'd by intim dation and bal
lot box stumng convert tue ureenback
majority of 1400 into a Democratic
majority of about 200.
1 cbarge tnat the open threat made
by your prominent Democratic
friends tbat I should or wou'd bs
counted ont, and the speeches made
by yon and others it you. and e?p
c'ally three made by Senator George,
weie intended to intimidate and deter
tbe negroes fiom coming to tbe polls.
and to show that you succeeded there
in to a very great extent I exhibit the
comparison of votes in Lafayette
c unty. bsth tn an on year one at
fair election and the other fraudulent:
mi.
1886.
g 9 ? 3
5 c. a
S. B S B
o 3 0 S
19 2! 4 14
192 Z7 2.M) 30
IV) 217 14 41
W 124 6 10
6S &K) 1(0 13D
M U H6 1
1M 151 70 45
t 42 41
79 36 48 6
61 21 37 1
25 24 37 1
2 1W 7(1 54
86 15 30 4
37 23
1115 1478 'I 1020 "7T
Fro. Spring!
Oxford, north box
Oxford, south box
Al'innil f
Ollene Hill
Delay
Taylor
Binders
Lafayette tiprinii
ball! .......
Paris
Abbeville
Horinadale
Clu'r Greek, new box
When you bad thus aucceeded iu
keeping so many from the colls your
friends and your party papers boasted
.L-AXI -1 l! .J I 1 . ...
luai i'iq eieuuuu uny looieo ine Sun
day. You made a wildernesa and voa
called it peace.
hacb issrjia.
Sixth I charge that in every speech
jou maae yoa cnarged tbat 1 whs
attempting to organize the negroes
against the whites; yoa tried to
make it appear that you were tbe
white man's candidate, and I tbe ne
gro's candidate. Tour papers urged
that for this I should be socially ostra
cised, and yet now when tbe election
is over you claim to have majorities
where the negroes were largely in the
uiujoriij, ana io De elected DV negro
votes. In Tippah county, where the
wbi'.es have 1600 msiority, you beat
me only 209 votes. In Union, where
the whites have 1600 majority, you
beat me only 543 votes, and I am in
formed tbat tome of those were atolenl
In Marshall, where there is a negro
msiority of 700. you claim to have
beaten me eighty vo'es. And while
at Wells'a Store and Mount Plea1 ant,
two large white boxes, where tbe elec
tion was fair, I beat you more than
two to one. you claim to have 104 ma-
jirity at Gholahoma, where thirty
whltei and zii negroes voted. In De
soto, where there is a negro majority
of 1100, you claim to bave beaten me
775 votes. And vst at Enrtnr where
the election was fair and where there
is about the largest white vote in tbe
cuunij, i oeat you latrty-lour votes,
while at PUanant Hill
I beat you
majority, where ahont
whites and 149 nesroeti mtcii. In
Ta'lahatchie, where tie negroes have
oiv umiuriiT, you ciaim to bave io
maj irity over me. In Panola county,
while I beat you nearly thrna to one
at Springport and E.ireka, two white
boxes, where the eltc'ion was fair, you
c'a m to have 133 majority at Cauio,
where about 112 whites and 245 ne-
f rjes vo'pd, and you claim a majority
Hx y-five at Bethel, where 161 whites
and 264 negroes voted. Such trans
parent fraud and inconaifanr will be
too much for the credulity of honest
mm in Cjngress. : . ra
3G.
ADJBFSSEHTHEIKOQTTOISCLUB,
AT TlltlR 11 tyiET,
Settlrr Forth His Vlrws nn th? Tar
Iff, Holding H ut l ax.tlou
Dcrtro)8 Health.
Chicago, III, November 17. The
fourth annual Iihi que of the In Q ioie
C ui occurred io iikht at iht 1'a mer
Hous?. Amorg ths lirgo number of
diatiku'shi d Demociatato whom in
vitations bed bteu s nt the f l ovii g
are amorg trie mist widely Known
who aiCip'ed and we-e present;
Capt John tt. l'aliKlp, tbe Hon. J. Is.
Beck, the Hon. Edwaid S. Bragg and
the 11 n. etuart ' r on
Among prominent p: isooages wbo
sent merely Lrmal letters ot rrg'et
are: Abram S. Hcwett, S. S. Cox,
Boswell P. Flower, Will am C. Eudi-
soit, reny Belmont, (i, vs. J. M.
Hill and Fitzhugh Lee, A. G. Thur
man and Fits John Porter.
The Hon. John G. Carlisle, of Ken
tucky, WjS received with great ap
plause, and spoke as fo lows in re
sponse to a toast on "American In
dustries: their growth and prosperity
cannot be promoted by unnecessary
or unequal taxation:
Although the toast jost readas'erts
a ee f evident troth, we cannot afford
to ignore tbe fact that even In this age
of philosophical f peculation and prac
tical anowieag mere are meu in the
front tanks of literature, politics and
business who seriously contend that
the government can make its cit sens
rich and prosperous by taxing tbem.
If these gentlemen should attempt to
convince tbe public that the farmer
cou'd be made mure prosperous by in
creasing Ihe tax on his land, or tbat
the manufacturer could bs benefited
by compelling him t) pay a high rats
of taxation on his macr.inery or his
income, the absurdity of their position
would be so apparent as to excite uni
versal ridicule, and yet such prrposl.
tions would be no more absurd or nn
reasonable than tbe awertion that the
prosperity of the people generally can
be increased by imposing taxes upon
their food, their c'othing, tbeir
balking materials, their mars
of transportation and the tools
and implements used in tbeir indus
tries. Taxes do not c eite wealth:
they destroy it. All taxation, whether
it be direct or indirect, and no ma ter
how it maybe dirguised or in what
manner its payment may be enlorced,
is ultimately a charge upon labor,
while its immediata and invariable
effect is to w thdraw the full amount
of the exec' ion from the productive
industries of the people. When it is
equitably imposed for public purposes
only, and its proceeds are honestly
aaed in delaying tue neneeBarv ex.
pensei and meeting the iu;t obliga.
tions of the government, ah are equally
bent fited and no one has a riuht to
complain; but when a tax is imposed
upon one part ot the people or one
elites ol industries simply lor tbe pur
pose of increasing tbe probts of an-
o her part ot the poopie or another
ilars of industries, or when a tax is so
laid that ita necessary effect la to in
crease the profits in some other indus
tries at tbe expense of others equally
meritorious, the impolicy and the
injustice of the proceeding are
too obvious to requite comment.
Absolute equsli'y in the adjust
ment of tbe rates of taxation
and in the designation of the articles
upon which it shall be imposed is not
to be expected and in fact is not at
tainable; but substantial equality and
unnormity are essential in every last
revenue system. Sj long as the power
of taxation is exercised only for the
purpose of rat ing revenue for the
support of the government, the prin
ciples of equality and uniformity can
be recognised and enforced in a large
degree at least: but when the Dower
is perverieu ana aseu to increase tbe
profits o! private individuals and pre
vent tne collection oi revenue by tbe
government it is impossible to regu
late its exercise by any lule or princi
ple, except favoritism and selflihness.
In suih a case, equaiiiy end uniform
ity would necessarily defeat the pri
mary object of the tax. because it ia
evident ihat if all were compelled to
pay equal tribute to each other no
body would oe beneut ed, and It is
art ss evident tbat if all do cot pay
equal tribute somebody must be
cheated. American industries and
by these I mean to Inc.ude every hon
est and ueefol occupation cam ot
be promoted by any by stem of taxa
tion or any policy of legislation
which discriminates between them.
and compels ono to contribute a part
of its own earnings to increase tbe
profits or prevent losses in sno'her.
There should b no expatriated or
persecuted industries in this country:
there shou'd be to rank) or degrees
among the legitimate occupations of
the people, aor any road to the favor
or bounty of the government net opeu
to all alike. Mining and manufactur
ing, and the occupations dependent
upon them, are great and va uable in
dustries, and should be cherished and
promoted in every proper way. They
affjrd employment to many millions
of capital and many thousands of la
borers, acd their products contribute
largely to the wealth ana; coaafort of
the people; out they are not by any
means the only American industries.
o tbe households of the poor, in the
fields and toreet?, in the mines and
factories, in the etores and shops, on
the railroads and canals and rivers, on
the high seas everywhere there ate
American ind at tries atrugg'iog with
tbe magnetic forces of nature.and sub
duing, combining and utilizing tbe
ements of the eaith and tbe air,
and any view of our industrial
system wkicb fails to comprehend all
these neceesariiy leads to partial and
erroneous caccluslons. Taking tbat
broad view of them which compre
hends tbe smallest as well as tbe
greatest, and appreciates the interests
ot the whole, instead of a cart only, it
la impossible to understand now their
growth acd prosperity tan be promot
ed by taxation in any form. It is not
difficult to see bow a system which
prevents competition, and therefore
increase prices, may enable an Indi
vidual who has capital involved in a
particular industry, to realize profits
instead of suffering loeses, but it Is
manliest tbat this must . always be
done at tbe expense of tbe consumers
of his products, wbo are alto, as a gen
eral iule, engaged in industrial ptr
suits. In every such case the actual
losses are precisely the same as if
competition hsd not been prevented
and prices had not been increased, but
instead of being borne by the indi
vidual wbo carries on the business1,
tbey fall upon the purchasers of his
pro nets, and are pa'd out of
the earnings of other indus
tries. The other industries,
therefore, not only make good his
losses but pay him a profit besides,
tbui giving him a bonus for invetiog
his capital and wasting his eklll and
ltbor in an UDproficubla business,
lhnt taxation for protective purposes
has resulted so far in a continuous
waste of capital and labor in this
C'nn ry Is enrc'osire y ehown hy th
nmeiit C 'nd tr n ot th so .'ailrl ty
tfcei industries, ard hy the l.is'n
of ou' leaili t ouon th; eu' i ;ct. Th
early advoca'eaol thee-V'tcrn proposed
it only ss a tempora-y exp-d ent to
ai l iu the permnei.t i s'ah is'iment of
certain iudiuit-i-', "'i WHited that
after a few ya s of dpnd-nne npo
the bounty r f the goven ment an I
people they w uH be strn.g enough
to stand alone and conipsit-am cess-
fully wi h their rivals, rot only in the
home market nut in ai otn r-i. u
cer tbe In ounce oi this sign
ment the tirst cn-ective tur fl
wis enacted ia 18 Hi, ai d
after tevmy yiars la? petl
many ot the same mourn. s whu
thtn asked temporary a&ia'anre are
now demaudiog moie th n douhU the
rat-sol duty then aeemei autbeten',
end their acoredited commit ees and
ergons unanimously dec a-e that nn
lea thee e enormous boui ties shall b:
icdefini'ely continued, the industries
cease to exist. According to their
own showing, the policy inaugurated
nearly three quarters of a century ago
for tbe purpose of rendering thera in
dependent and self tustaicing have
had exactly the opposite effect. It
constant tendency has been and is
now to impair tbeir ablli y to compete
with tbe products ol s milar indus
tries elsewhere and to make tbem
mora and mors dependent udib bou
ties and special legislation for support.
It baa added large' y to the cost of
production by increasing the price of
machinery ana mawnais anu the
neeetaaries of life. It has confined
tbe products of the so called
protec ed industries to the home
market exclusively, so that th
amount of production must be
regulated by the djmeitic demand
alcne, and operations must be sua
pended when that demand is satisfied,
It has obstructed international ex
changes, thus par ially excluding the
products of our other Indmtri-e from
nrofiiab'e markota abroad, diminish.
ins their earnings and arreetirs their
growth and prosperity. It baa p o-
voked other governments io resort to
retaliatory mearariB, discriminating
against our products ana iraue io tbeir
own ports and markets, and giving
preference to the products aud trade
of our most formidable rivals; and
here at home by enouraging ctoital
and labor to rely upon leg s ation for
profit!1, rather than tbeir own ca
pacity, it has greatly impaired that
suirit of independence and ente'prlae
which ia absolutely indis. ensable to
the successful prosecution of bosinesj
iu this age of improvement acd pro
gress. These are only a few of tbe
evils which tbe exiting system of
taxation has inflicted uuoa the coun
try. Many valuable industries which
Wuuld have flourished without it have
been toitu ed to death by its uniqnal
bmdens and unjust discriminations,
while others have been crushed by
the comoinatnns ana monopoilt
which it creates and sus'aios. Some
have prospered in spite tf it, but the
sum of tbe people's wealth, the aggre
gae accumulation oi si vines in al
branches of Industry, is undoubtedly
mnch ltes than it eught to have been
ar d would have been uuder a more
equal tevecue system and a more lib
eral commercial policy. A few bave
become very rich, but many hare be
come very poor, and the gulf between
luxury and penury ia becoming wider
and deeper day by day. This onna
ral and dangerous condition of af
fairs could Dot possibly exist In
young and rapidly developing country
like
ours If the laws and tegulatlocs
aff.'Ctiog the creation and distribution
of wealth were jost end equri In tbeir
opera'iou. With a tent e oii and a
friendly clima'e; with inexhanstable
storea of coal and iron tbe two mor-t
powerf al material agencies in our mod
ern civilization ; with a vast extent of
nnoocnpled and undeveloped territory
with free institutions and an intelli
gent, industrious snd enterprising
population, we ought to be exempt
from the social and political diseases
which afflict the crowded nations of
the old world ; and we will be exempt
from tbem when we tax all alike and
protect all alike. Living in such a
country and surrounded by tbe mar-
vekus achievements of tbe rncst won
deiful half century in theannalsof
the human race, if the people on
t'nne unproeperous and d scontented
if wealth continues to accnmula'e
ranidly in the hands of the idle few
while hunger and cakednnts increase
in the very homes of mdnstiy ; and
if invested capita! remains uneasy and
insecure and labor dir-ea iisfid, it will
be a burning disgrace t the stnt
manabip of the ege, and a terrible
weight of lesporeibility will rest up"n
the s i who re jfet all rot astir es of relief
and clirg witb ctnbborn tenacity to
the woiat I a ures of the system
under which these evils have
originated and a talned their pres
ent p-opoitions. But, gentlemen,
no matter who may desmt or
who may falter, the great fiirht for
reform will go oo. This country dees
not belonu io either the monopolists
or tbe communists, aud the people
will save itf i om both. Between the
two there stands a treat at d powerful
b:dy of enliahtenea, conservative and
patriotio citizens, who respect equally
the rights of capital and labor, wbo
obey the laws and preserve the public
peace, and who, in spte ol ail comm.
nations and conspiracies, will ulti
mately sae that the true principles of
justice and equality prevail in the
legislation of tbe country. Even to
prevent tbe continuance of long exist
ing and constantly increasing evils
they will not rush from one extrenae
to another, but will proofed carefully,
deliberately and resolutely to correct
inequalities, remove unnecessary bur
dens, and open the paths that lead to
peace and prosperity. While free
trade is impracticable, Industrial acd
commercial emancipation can and will
be accomplished by wise and
moderate measures of reform, without
interfering witi any private enter
prises or injuring any public interest
To this s:me of us at least are irrev
ocably p'edged, not only by the tradi
tions and declarations tl the political
party to which we belong, but by a
sense of personal and official duty
wbich cannot be disregarded without
betraying the confidence reposed in
us by the people. Whether in pub
lio or private life, I shall stand by
tbat pledge and, to the extent of my
abilities and opportunities, contribute
in every way to early and complete
triumph of revenue reform. i
auk row (Math Tnr Kit Original S3 HhaW
Mewnreof Imitation. -
pea Genuine Bnlea bwurloz thUBtaaa,
JAME8 MEANS' $3 SHOE.1
Villain Button, Murmai Mid Una. BttOalf
I pJttn, Unoxoeuea in irmnm
vtiit i, Ou rnjort arm Apvtar
One. ApoKlftJuudK-nlto
ion linwIOKHi" Bwm iu
bt&teor laratarr.
', Means Co;
41 unooin Bi
ThS aboe Manila kUrho- tn thaMtTraatmn ot
Vaurar Uian any etnur In thfl world. Thoo.
anda wbo weuil WIU laUou u
Uoa
rt U
J. W. VOEOELI & CO.
A Common Cold
Is often the hqTlnnin; of si-rinu afft
tiona of the Throat, l'.ron.liiiil TuIm-si,
and Lulls'!. Thereforo, the? Importance of
rnrly ami effective treutment ciuinot be
vcrcstiui:itcil. Ayrr'a Chorry rcctornl
may always bo mica upou lor the speedy
cure of a Cold or Cough.
Last Janunry I wns attiicknl with a
ovcro Cold, which, by nnalet't aud fre
quent cxposurva, bocutno wornp, fnullv
aettlin-r on my lunirs. A trniblo couijli
soon followed, ni'conipatilctl by palnn in
'hp chi-Ht, from wlilch 1 miltrn'il Inti-ii.n-ly.
Aflr trying VHrions rpnu'diiii, without
cbliitnlm; ivlii-f, 1 rommi-nivd taking
Ayur'it Cherry l'ectoral, aud was
Speedily Cured.
I am antlsfjpil Hint this remedy saved my
lltu. J uo. Webster, l'awluoket.K. I.
I contracted a severe cold, which sud
denly developed into rnemnoui, present
ing duniroroun ami obntiimte sviuptonis.
II y pliy ficlmi at ones entered the uw of
Ayer'a Cherry reetornl. llin iutruction
were followed, and the reault waa a rapid
ami permanent cure.- It. K. Simpnou,
ltogers l'raU lu, Ttwaa.
Two yenra airo I suffered from a aevere
Cold which aetlletl on my Luiiks. 1 non
suited various physician, am took tha
medicines they prwcrlbcil, hut rei-elved
only temiwrary relief. A friend lndured
me to try AVer's t'hemr l'ectoral. AfUar
taking two bottle of this medicine I waa
cured. Since then I bave given the Peo
toral to my children, aud ooiulder It
The Best Remedy
for Colds, Coughs, and all Throat and
l.une dlKcmcn, ever uiil In my family.-
Hubert Vandcrpool, Jdcadvllle, V.
Some time airo I took a slight CoM.
which, being neirleeted, Rrew worse, and
settled on my Iuiik. I had a hacking
eough, and waa Very weak. Those who
know me best conlUercd my itfe to be
lu great danger. I continued to differ
until I commenced uMup AVer's Cherry
l'ectoral. I.mi than one bottle ot this val
uable medicine cured me, aud I fix-1 that
I owe the preservation of my life to ita
curative powers. Mrs. Ann Lock wood,
Akron, New York.
Ayer'a Cherry Poctoral Is eniiiiilcred.
here, the one great remedy for all diacnaea
of tha throat III Tarn;, an A ia mora
tn demand thna 1 1 y tier med rlne uf its
elaas. J. K. M lirU, Masnolii. Ark.
Ayer's Olnrfy Peclaral,
IrerMndbyIT.J.O.AnrfcCo..LiRtl1. Maaa.
fold by l)ru(UU. 1'ri (1; all kutUaa, K
DR. D. &. JOUJiSON
l'UIVATK
MEDICAL DISPENSARY,
o. 17 Jefferson Street,
(Batwaan Mala and Front.) MEMPHIS.
IBiUbltiaed In IttXl.l
DR.JOHNBONtaaeknowladiradbr all par
tiel Intcraatad a by far tha moat loo
ooaaful nhvaioian in tha traataiantof rrlTat-
or aaerat diaeaaaa. Quick, permanent cnrai
ruarantead in (Terr eaaa, male or female
Keoent eaaea of Uonorrnaa and HTohillr
eurad in a f. w daya without tha aaa oi mar
ouri, ohanira of diet or hlndrano froo.
buaineaa. Heoondary Byehllia, thalaatVM
tiiiaernilleatad witbonttna aaa of morenry.
Inrolanaary loaa ot kemen atorpad In abort a
time. Hufierers troin Impotanoy or loaa o'
aaiual pnwera raatora to freatirof in a few
weeka. Viotima of aall-abnaa and aieaaaiv
vaoary. snfl'arini from anarmaUirrhaa nd
loaaof physical and mental twiwer, aieadlli
and permanently eared. Partlealar atUui
tion nald to tha Dlsaaaaa of Woman, aad
enrea luarantasd. Plies and old sores cured
without tha naa of eauatie or tba kniia. All
ennsaltatone atrictly eontdeotial. Medi
einaa aant by aipraaa to alt porta ol tha
aonntrr.
Workingmaa Anrad at half the van
imea Anrad
rates. Offloe hours trom S o'clock a.m. to
o'clook p.m.
D. 8. JOHNBON, M.P.
Fon
INFANTS.
i'lNVALIDS
K
O
1
TrlC tthLV aarfM k-lllat. for MOJ
till
Ilk. InTaliialU. In l lllll.r K I N r a H
t ii la
lMlkl.il! A H H HIS and aU ill
a BrmllvM.tea fiMMl far 1.B
orahllitn.a
avallM, Ca.aaa-
tlvM, l!.avaleavaa4a, Aa, Parft aetrtrat In aU
WMtlnr iliMtaata, lu-qulraa ao oooklnc. krfp ta
all rllmalra. Sold t-rwry whi-ra. tmr book ,-Ile
ta1 uxi reniir or lucaata," maji.kii . hkr.
r inii
Umt, alUQDAiJC A OO, JMh, Maaa.
Trnatfe'sj Male. '
FAILURB harlntbeaa made In the pay
ment ot tbe lndebtednoM aeorad in a
on deea msda b u. l. Kadiatl
Kate Padaett, en the 2Sth of Marob, 1HH1
ana reeoraen in oenc ino, p tw.
Heglaier a oraee or tsnelbt eounty, Tennea.
aee, In pnrananoe ot the power therein con
lorraa, i win, on
nla-e), "Jweeanher to, laWS.
between 12 o dock m and 1 o slock p.m., at
tne soutbweat corner or Main and Madison
atroets, in the city of Memiihia. Tenn., soil
to tbe blsheat bidder, for naah, the -oHowine
traota of land, lylna and being nn I'reaidenta
Island, in bbelby eounty, Tennessee, and
bounded aa tollowai
Bealnnlne at the sonthwat earner of a MO
aore tract in the name ot w.reraonf thenee
norm w onaina ana ou links to a atake with
box elder. Dawniw and
hickory pointers
thenee weat 80 chains to an eb aaa
a Kfh aanlinr with
wola'ea eottouwood nointarat thinoa south
24 chaina to a atake in tbe mouth of a ravine
on the. bauk ol the cfauto. wi h willow, eut
tonwood and aycamore rolntoni thence bp
tbechnte with Its raaanilerlnKSV2 chaina to
the Deainnine. eon tuninn 4U aaraa. Alao.
one other Iraot on auld ialaod, bounded aa
follows: Beiinnlni at a hot elder marked V,
on the east bank ol Iho main braneh at tha
Misalnippl rivon tbenoe ilowa laid rlrerSJ
ehalns to lha eitreme point ol said Island :
the"oa north 50 eat no tha east nhnU It
enains to tn eastern line or said tract, Indi
ct tad by eedar posta l thenee due north 46
chains te atake in the aontbwest corner ol
788K acre tract In the name of kobart (In m-
mlnai tnenoe due weat to the beatainlna, eon
lalnina 10 aarca aaid twe traata aaaLalnlna
eu acraa.
The canity of redemption, homestead and
ower ejnres-lr waived and lilla haliaaad to
be food, ball sell aa truatee only.
nm..A. ytiLL.iitK, Traatee.
CURTIS t CO
MANUFACTURING CO.
817 and 819
.'LOUIS,
JN. Hecoitd st.
uimrumnxU or
1
ENGINES
f BOILERS
saw; Mil, its
OQCERS' A RAFTERt.'IP.'L'JiLLJJtt
SAW AND PLANING MILL SUPPLIES
4ar warns fob cataloove.
HEAFNESS
IU eenaea. and a near
and laoeessful tUSS
aar at vone earn waiaa. k ana h. m H..I
twantT-ajiaht vaara. TraataJ h moat of
the noted apaoialiaU without benefit. OuaiD
iveaLr in three months, and since th.n
andreda of otderi. f nil bartlcularf aant
oa application. T. 8. PAHH.
So.il Weat Mat rtreet.Hew York City.
Tms BHLT or bVe
sener tor ia made ea
preaaly lor the onr
ol derenaration Ol
iaej teneratire or
anna. There la no
mistake abon thisin-
atroment th oon-
tlnnona stream ol
ki.ai TRtm r v ....
rj,i vk
01; I I maatina throanh the
IlLI barta mn.. raatora
them to healthv notion. Do not confound
thit with Kleetrlo Bella adTwrtiaed to enra
all Ilia from bead to too. It is for the ON 1
apeoiOo pnrpoee. Tor olroatars riylna fall
lormatllon, aoaraaa vnaerer Klactric tteJI
, 1U9 WaaUlnrten a tnat. Uhioaa , ill.
. llin . 4
ja
Tnant ";ytgaSy alaan'.'
SAVS
PQ
W. A. GAGE & CO.
Cotton Factors,
No. SOO Front Wtroa t. ; yietaphlai, Teai.
LIVERMORE MJUNDRY AND MACHINE COMPANY.
FOUNDRY & HACIIINE DEP'T, 160 to 174 Adams St Xemphis
Iawsa auael
CaiatlBBw,
Saajllaew,
Haw-nillB,, if
Saiaa- BJUar-f
HtaH
rraala al
Bnlldlna
Work.
DeaienU
eipatlra. '.
IKON ft RAILWAY SUPPLY
V:,xoriawj
Ajfi(fWGSIaJraa
a'r"-. .
' ' WnoeeaeorflBlhlilepajtmentto JOHN MAMOUUX.)
aaw-WrlUa for Information nn ANY TIIINit In attberllna.
.!?.. W-t-l-.'-Jt-t tH
in jv"wamjiiiT."r;Ti 'T: .
AXfiXSW 8XBWAJBT,Bsw Orlaana. I AHDSSW D. QVmrKB, KMrrfM
STEWART, HI fi Cl
WliolesaleGroceis, Cot.Factora
IO.SM AID SOS FttONT irrilUET, VLEM(JPVIM,TKSMj
ASIr
STE17AUT EJiOTDEBS & COUPAUV
tXHTON FACTORS AND O0MISSI0N IEROUSTB,
J. A. BAILXT. .
J.1 BAILEY & CO,,
IILrilEJ3KariE3 IES IES S
ii.. i
336 Second Street, Memphis.
A LAROB ANb OOMPLBTfS STOCK Of
XX Meterlala, Hum pi, LrHra Walla, Iron,
aMMAMAJOI.
.0.EHJI.
J. T. FARGASON & GO.
UlicIcsrJe Grocers & Cotton Factor,
SCt From. Street, M emphia, Teaa.
OeMea eaaaUaed la aa will bare ear earefal atteitlen. Wa aarrr al all Isaus a wajB
, . eel e. tad stank el
Staple & Fancy Greceriei, Wlnst , Uquora.Tobacca & Clfan,
SUGGS & PEITIT
WHOLESALE
GROCERS. COTTON FACTOBS
And Commission rierchants,
2GO and 202 Front
A. ACG ARO & Co
VnOLESALE UQUOR DEALEHS,
Va. 178 AND 280 FIIONT STREET. MEMPHn.
i. T. LaPRADI.
Late J. T. LaPrada 0.
LaPRADEJcGRATMCo
COTTON
AND COMSXISSIOrr
No. 304 Front street,
arnavlnf retired rrom the rJaddlery ana uareess oasinoan ana openea an ouioa a. inn.
waare pleaiea to annoaneo to oar trienaa ana tne puuuo aeaoratiy tuat .nw. now rmrHn
to aery, them in oar soar oeeeolty. Keturnlna thanka for the very liberal patron aaa ea
tesded ai In the old Una, wa true! to merit and reoeiva a ahara of' your lorj in the new.
Cotton Factors, Wholesale Grocers,
TT. 11 tJniBVL Street,
U. 0. PIAKCB.
rvI.O.FBAl&B&Co
Cotton Factors & Commission f.larcii'is,
No. 280 FIIONT STREET1 32EIIPIIJS, TENN.
nUw WaMhoaaa-aa. M nn reilom 1tre4
S3
xa 55
2
CO
rr
CD
Ok
CO
Pi
OA
CO
ft
r nmtwtitsiid,
iniiiiaiiaiir,'
Ulllj
iTwj;
BjaUwny, fl
Mupiillen
DEPT. 226 and 228 Second St.
PSIATT I1V0.
Manutaotnrer'i Aaeata for
Daniel Pratt Cotton Gin.
FEKDKRS ANDOONDKNSERri.
1KD i
SMILEY. NtllTII A CO
Uannfacturers of
PraiU Evllpae Huiler 4.1am, feral
on staid win ttepnlrar. i
08 to 104 Toplar HtM Metaphla.
arPratt HcToWlni-IIoad Olna nne
qu.tled. btock now complete. Prioea
reduced. Onrreciiondenoe aaa orders
ollnited. Old (iins lUpalred In Klrat-
la a Ord . All work vuarantaad.
J. 1. WITT.
1
im itt
PLUMBKR9, OAS AMD STBAM
Lead ami itnn. fine, aa rutnraa
aioka
k. a. r Airu.
I. aw' VMM.
Hi.,
Mom phis, Tenn.
JOHN McORATH,
LaU with J. T. UPrade A Oa
Fi
:
Memphis. Tenn.
x t nemphu, Tejtn,
JOHN Iu MoCLXLLAH.
' ' C aud
wheel lra
, l . raw la.
t" -a
ivur 'T
1CT0RS
a
CO
Z3 t
HWS

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