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-J Part Second. 'fflI'1ftY1ft' tTsK LfessW. ; li irl'lf' I hmfttnn
"" - 1 ' 1- ;
MEMPHIS, TENN.. -SUXD VY, AP1UL I t, 1SS0.
VOL. XLIX XO. 73
Tha Order Again in the Courts.
A Distinguished Slator Who Saw
Nothing But Assessments,
As a Stockholder In tha Corpora
tion Store-SEe Didn't Like It.
Whon Her Monthly Bill Camo
Alonjf It Wa3 Ropudlatod.
J. Madison Vonner Delivers Himself of
An Astrological Exordium, Which
May Have Turned the Decision
"D. L. F. Bunks vs. Para Williams,"
BiiiJ Justice. Illuukwull yesterday after
rummaging throitvc!) it lot of papers, "uro
yon ready far trial?"
"We nro ready," said tho plaintiff.
"We are ready," said the defendant.
Tlio case wim for debt; f S.43 being tlio
amount. It seems that there is a sisdcty
'"known as tho Seven Stars in tho city.
Tlio members pay 51.50 initiation foo.
When they ride tho gont they are taken
Into fellowship in tlio store a corporation
concern by paying for a share of stock,
$". This order niul sturo is a secret organ
isation. Tho iiicinbcrs are sworn to niako
their purchases tliero and nowhere clso.
They are particularly enjoined from trad
trading witli white people.
A good many of tho pood sis
ters took stock, and tho (1 m was
known as IX L. K. Hanks A Co. ltanks
is tho master uiiuil, the general manager,
tho presiding gonlo who runs tlio thing
and collects tribute. When thing became
prosperous a dry goods depnriment was
Miu'd mid the iiicinlierrthip assessed an
other dollar around. loiter mill another
assessment was levied (or the purpose of
purchasing a lot upon which to build.
The high council met eveiy Sunday. They
ci-t up mvoiitils, found out what was
owing mi. I so on. They never declared a
dividend or gave any of the stockholders,
it is alleged, a cliaiico for their whito
allies. 'Ihiiigs Ist-amo unpleasant, ami
s mm of the good sisters grew lired over
i lie umnnionnus frcq'tency of Die listens
incuts, li became irksome. Anions tho
liti Up violently ie. alci.r..to Wu tho de
fendant in thin c.i-e. Mio refused longer
to mile. tMk up the limit of her credit
mid sullenly withdrew. The suit fol
lowed. "Oct your witnesses in jn0 tint they
may be sworn," s.iid Justice Muckwell.
'Ihcre i re no witn-sts on either sido
nnd an adjournment of the c:v;o was had
f r an hour to give time to hiiul up some.
'ihe I'ust nnd only witness put on the
stand w:u Mm. Mitmio lianks. wilu of tho
bead man. Mix was a mends r of the
Seven Mars nil I scorned to be one of tho
brightest in the constellation. Sho w.i
c'.eik nnd Ikm k kisepcr and Ihe tiri.i was 1.
1- F. i 'auks & Co. The account was due
""and unpaid, hut outside of this sho did
Hot know much. Mie.lidnot know who
vvn the company. She did hot know if
(he place hil l been sold to K. Marshall.
Mie used to turn the money over to It.ink,
now it went to Marshall. She didn't
know why. Mo-ro. Marshall and Hanks
were not orcseiil. I.iku Castor and I'ol
lux tin y had nimoveil from nr-live pnrtici
palion in .ilfairs inutiduno. The defend
nnt. Surah Williams, was not there in the
tlesh. She was a loot pie. ild from the
cluster of sown, but she was there by at
torney. There was but little testimony
adduced, but grave constitutional quis.
tions were discussed Willi learned do
qnenco. Cnly onu of the njsjcchcs is given
"May it please tho Court," said Attor
ney and Counsellor at law Madison Von
ner, "I arise to answer for this Party, de
fendant. 1 believe that I fully under
stand my duties and the risqxu'isihilities
that rest iiKn mo rs an olliccr of this
court. An attorney's duty, as I under
stand it," continued tho learned counsel
lor, "is to assist tho court in arriving at
correct conclusions of law, and to assist
the jury in arriving at correct Conclusions
df fact. In your dual capacity as Judge
and jury you will have to hear and weigh
carefully all tho evidence, reconciling it
where it conflicts, ascertaining on which
side la the rrMinderMnco of credible testi
mony, snd then me sun nit out equal and
exact justice with what lird Coke calls
'the golden inetwniid of tho law.' This
justice should be gl veil load alike; whether
the suitor comes in rain from his lowly
hovel, or in purple mi l line linen from a
' cnstlo that npproaches in niitgudlccuco the
Cirrciin wshs of lofty Tuinuluiii.
"Since," continued Counsellor Vonner,
lukiiiit a step nearer the court with arms
tikitnbo, "since I have put on the loga
virilis of the Isw it bus been my oW na
tion that in courts like this one over which
your honor presides with so much dignity,
Justice can lie obtained sw liter and more
sure t ln a in courts n( higher authority,
lb re you lsik al the rasi from a common
sense stauilkitnt. You distil justice ill ils
original purity and simplicity, uncncutii-Is-n-d
by precedents sn 1 fslse and (iHilish
Interpretations. Yon are In Hint serene
nMiiosphern of trnniulity claimed by
lvliniind Iturko as U'liig the attitudo of
the I'.ritish Mouse of Coniinons, in refer
ence to the law, with this difference: That
while the I loure of Commons was abovo
the law, greater than tho law, creator of
the law. vour houor's court is beneiith the
Inw and diss not rise blch into the con
flict of flnr-hnircd technicalities, enjoyed
or siilTercd bv courts of mora extended
Counsellor Vonner moved back one
St P, let his li ft hand drop from his hip
and drip on a copy id Poiimroy on "item
dies ni lie medial Itiuhts" that lar on
tlio tablu, then continued: "It is well for
conns and attorneys to tnNsrly under
stand the relations which they ls?r toesch
other, and the charge of presumption
should not lay at my door, if, forsooth, I
tiave the temerity to esssy a recital of the
familiar story, i believe wiih Tolstoi, that
J am a Nincvito with respect to other
Jonahs from whom 1 have learned and
rhsll learn tho truth; and that 1 am a
Jonah with reswct to other Ninrvltes to
whom I must transmit tho truth.
My duty as an attorney," con
tinued Counsellor Vonner, turning
over I'oincrov on "Iteroeilies and licmcdml
liighta," and placing an indei linger be
tween Itapagtss, "My duty ss an aitor
nry la clear to assist In administering jus
tice and maintaining the supremacy of the
law. And I believe in the ultimate tri
umph of tho just, 'it is spldom that
1iinishmont, though lninn of foot, hsth
ailed to overtake a villian,' says old
lloraco. and bis words have reverberated
for twelvo centuries. Mustlco treads with
leaden heol but strikes w ith iron hnud,'
says tho luto Jero Clack, stealing and
metn'uorpliojing Horace' Ideas, Cut I
Tho Court -Confine you remarks to
the caso on trial, ploase.
"All right, 1 w ill; 1, a pillar of my own
night, nt the other end of tho arch that
separates mo from Virgil's side partner,
will say, in plain United States, that tlio
man who is crooked or dishonest will get
into tho clutches of the constabie; will be
Muldooned, Kullivaiied, imbdiod tlat, lired
down into un artesian well 400 feet deep,
nnd a locomotive melted and poured lu on
top of him."
. After this exordium, Counsellor Vonner
went into tho inerita of tho case, and the
ell'uigenco which iiirroundod Sir Charles
Uiifsijli soon dwindled into u tallow dip
when lost in the incandescent glare of
Counsellor Vonuer'a transcendent genius.
The new world was put once more in the
van by this sable Domoalhoncs from the
land of W. II. Urndy.
Tliero were interruptions, of cotirso.
The learned counsel on tho othor side.
Mei-srs. Coolli and Tyler, interjected
troublesome and annoying questions.
Counselor Vonner told Counselor Tyler
to interrupt him no more or tliero would
(ieorgo Klliott heeled and handled
Hancock and an Ai'fKtt. roorter put
the gallles on Counselor Tvler, and if hos
tilities hud begun it would have been at
least "forty sliullles to the fly."
Counselor Vonner moved his chair closo
to his colleague, intending at tho next
breach of neutrality to pass Counselor
Tyler a dill" in the butt of tho car.
Counsellor Tyler looked ns though ho
was meditating tho figure which Counsel
lor Vonner would cut as chief guei i in a
The learned counsellors glared at each
other fiercely, both talking eloquently at
the samo time, lly a herculean effort' tho
presiding jmtice caught tlio eaker's eve
nnd was recognized ns pre-empting tlio
floor. The court thundered the bollicoso
lawyers into silence, then stroking its
philosophic beard, give judgment for tho
There are two remedies when a suitjs
decided adversely; one is to upKal, the
other is to "cuss the court." Counsellor
Madison Vonner did the former, and
strongly, almost audiby, thought the lat
ter. TUtf UAMOAN DISASTER.
The Olgs, Arrives at bydnsy and Ualces
Fvdnev, X. S. W., April 13, Tho Ger
man war ship Olgn, w hich was stranded
during the'recent hurricano a Samoa, lias
nr.ivc 1 hero for the purposo of repairing
her damages, which aro alight. She
brought from Apia tho commander, two
officers and thirty of the crew of the tier
man war ship Ad'cr, which was wrecked
in tho sumo hurricane.
The screw steamer liockton, 1,11)4 tons,
will proceed from hero to H.unoa, whero
sho will tako on board tho crews of tho
wriH'ked American war shin. She will
then convey tlieni to San Francisco. Tho
steamer Lubock, from Apia April 2, ba
arrived here. Mio reiMirls that tiie Nip-ip
is so ba lly inj ireil that it is doubtful
w hether sho will be able to leturn to the
.V iurgo numU'r of tho bodies of tho
olhn rs and men of tho various ships, who
were urowued during tlio storm, have
been recovered and buried.
Tho olllcers of the wrec ke3 C.i rrnnn
warship liUcr wero also on board the Lu
bock. They w ill proceed to (iermany on
the steamer I IarMburi(. which sails from
here April 24. One hundred men belong
ing to tho (iermau Heel, including three
officers, remain in Apia to guard German
Tho Olgs reports that the Nirsic toil her
rudder aud projK iler and that the Truuton
is full of water.
Ihe Adler lies in the same position in
w hich the storm left her.
The hull of tho Olga is sound, with the
exception of a hole in hor stern which was
made when she stranded. Two plates had
Ix-cn riveted over tins holo ami the ship
uiado no water during tho voyage hero.
A OHA8TLY riNO.
A Prominent 8t Louis Man Hangs Him
self In Bis Offlos.
Ft. Locis, Mo., April IX At an early
hour this morning when Ixiuis Napoleon,
the janitor of tho St. Louis (irain K.evalor
olllce, southwest corner ot lliddlo stni t
and tho levco, went into tha oilii-e to clean
up lie found John Jackson, presidoul of
Ihe elevator company, hanging to one of
the high po.4s of a counter railing dead
and the body col I. Mr. Jackson had evi
dently stood iion a chair while adjusting
thn roD a pus-e of nn ordinary clothes
line then kicking the chair away, the
noose closed on tin) windpipe, destli ensil
ing by stmngn'.allon. The janitor and his
wife cut thn body down and hud It on a
sola, where It mumiiittd until Mr. It ibort
I'. Owens, cashier of Ihe eotnpiny, rams
to the oflli-o. Several letter were found
on Mr. Jackson's deik, ono addressed to
his sou. aud mhers to business friend,
whirh Sir. Owens took charge of. and at
this writing ttieir rori!nU aro not known.
Word was immrdintnly sent to tlio family
residence, and tho ' body and letters
were sent down shortly afterward.
Mr. Jackson was ono of the best known
business men of the city, with very larve
interests, and the news of his suicide
r i used a great sensation at the exchange.
Ho i said to bar been heavily interested
In May wheat, and it is reported oil
'cbangit that his grain transactions proba
bly bad something to do with his self
destruction, but of this nothing definite
has transpired as yet.
S.svlsl M.pntrb lo Ui Assl.
V ATka Vai.i r.v, Mis., Apri 11 Tho
North Mississippi I'n-sbytery ailjomnud
late Inst night, after a very harmonious
session, to meet again in Holly Springs,
Wednesday, May 8. The Key. lr. I'lilmer,
of Oxford, was the Moderator, and he dis
patched business In a most satisfactory
manner. The I to v. W. F. i)owd, of Tu
nica, after a thorough examination, re
ceived bis license, and will enter upon his
ministcry at once.
A Dnprralt Alltispl ( K,rsp.
Uhhasa, III., April l:k A desperate at
tempt to csrae from jail waa made yester
day by Ford, tho university student,
brought back from Arisona for forgery, by
which several Illinois banks were victim
ised. When Sheriff llurke entered the
iiptier corridors at supper time, Ford and
another Prisoner sprang from U hlnd tho
door and seised him by the iLroat. To
gether they choked hi in until thev gup.
pewed him dead. Then tliev sltilled ins
mouth full of rags nnd lied 'from tho jail
Southward. A httlo later Dr. Whito was
calling professionally on Mm. Curko. and,
hearing a strange noise, tliev proceeded to
tho corridor and found tho Sheritl recover
ing. l)r. White drovo rapidly Southward,
and guided by somo boys who saw tho
prisoners hide in a hay mow, and aided 1 y
a stranger fiom lianville, advanced on
thorn with a p t hf. rk and captured them.
Ford narrowly oc.iim1 lynching on his re
turn to tho jail, as tho citizens were ve-y
iudinant at tho assault on Sheriff lluiko.
NORTH WK3T2RN DRAIN CR0P3.
Reports From Mlnneaota and tae Two
Dnlcotas Fair Prospects.
St. Tail, Minn., April U-KejSortn
have been received tiiis week from inojt of
tho principul grain points in Minnesota
and tho two Dnkotas concerning tho im
mediate condition and prospects of crops
of all kinds. These reports cover nearly
100 counties, several places having been
heard from In each county, and the infor
mation they contain is tho most relinblo
and complete obtainable. With respect to
crops other than wheat it is yet too early
in the season to give any very definitu in
formation. The soeiling of wheat has pro
gressed rapidly under tho encouragement
of lino weather and with tho ground in
better condition for working than it has
been in for years. In Southern Minnesota
and Southern Dakota tho seeding Is prac
tically over, and somo of tlio early sow u
bus sprouted aud begun to grow. In tho
Central s-ctiou about half the seed is in,
and in tlio Northern wheat belt, including
tho Ked Civor valley, about one-third tho
seeding bus b: i dono except on the Co
linnza wheat farms whero the sowers have
practically complete! their work. Cut
while the land is in prime condition for
working, it is loo dry to give tho seed a
good start. Kvery resirt received, wiih
the exception of two or throe outof several
hundred, mentions tho dryness of the soil
and tho iiiuuediato need of rain. The
storm of Thursday encourages tlio dinners
to believe the dry spell has been broken,
but a steady rain, lasting four or live days,
is needed to place tlio soil iu pros'r condi
tion to give tho seeded grain a good start.
With respect lo acrvago, iluru will bo
an Increase over last year, dun to various
causes. It will probably average about
10 per rent. A feature of the s.tuation in
several of tho Soullicru Minnusola coun
ties is the fact that the farmers are grow
ing wheat aud oats mixed toMhcr in
iiIkuiI equal proportions. They claim that
lields sown wiih Ihe mixed crop urn less
liable to be allni'kcd by chinch iu, aud
ills.) that they gel as much wheal out of
the ileal as if they had sown wheat kc pa
ra I el v, uud that at the same lime the
quality is butter. Then lliey g.-t ion lo
lifteeu bushels of oats to nn acre besides.
From nearly all winter w heat area, tho
rvsirts are favorable. The indications ure
lh.it lheaiTv.1,-0 for oats will be increased
iu Minnesota, for, while some counties ro
sirt a decrease, in many mow prepara
tions are being uiado to seed a greater
acreage. O.iti have nol yet Im-cii seeded
g'lier.illv'. Cyo and barley will bo sown
lo about tho kiimu extent as last year, and
there will be a considerable incrcaso in
corn ncrvngu and s imo iu tho acrvno
sown lo ILix and millet.
ARKANSAS NSW J.
A New Bank In Srlnkls A Couway
County KUlor Captured.
Hprrisl llati'h lo The Apkm1.
Litti.s K.s x, Ark., April 1.1 The Mon
roe County ll.ink Hied articles of incorpo
ration today. The place of business will
be nt Itiinkley. The capital stock it K0,-
000. The InconioraUirs aro William
Clack, II. A. Parker, C. It. Mills, ll N.
Counts, II. I. (ireer, F-d Whwlisk, Ixuis
Sallingcr, llattio Myslck, A. Salinger, A,
C. Carter, C. U. Labollo, Harry Mybcl, A.
U. lb ley, T. IL Jscksoo, O. M. Norman,
W. H. Wright and F. E. Sapn.
About a year ago I.nra MinyarJ killed
his brother-ln law, lnrd Il.iyuna, in a
drunken brawl at Solgoliatcliie, Conway
County. There was an ol 1 grudge betwivn
the two fuHiilies, and tho two Dion had
been drinking heavily all tho forenoon on
the day of tho killing. Luto in the slier
nism HsyiK-s got into an allerrstion with
Mmyanl's father, who is an old man, and
began lo abuse him. Tin young man
isk his father's part and a light ensued.
While tho two were struggling in the ojion
street Minynrd got his knuo out and rut
llnviii-s so sevuiuly th.il bo died iiuuie.li.
atefy. Minyard insdo Ins csc:is' and fled
the couiilr y. The Itoveruor oll. red a re
ward of i '.trfl for his arrest and a youn
limn named Conly began tho pursuit. He
followed Msynsrd into New Mexico and
finally located him at Periling, where ho
c Ih-cti'd his arrest a few days sgn, and ar
rived in this eiiy with Ins prisoner last
night The prisoner w ill bo takon to Con
way County, the scene of his crime,
.esses fer Ills New IHd.
IIoston, Mass., April IX On Monday
Charles C. Oraflon, bishop-elit't of the
diis'eso of Fun d il laic, wdl leavo for bis
new ll' ld of bill tr. To lay a ccl.-hration of
the holy communion was had at the
Church of the Advent, of which Mr. (itsf
ton was rector, and many co-workers and
friends assembled to bid bi n 11 id spoo I.
Among the pioiuliienl clergymen present
wero I'r. l'liillist Crooks, Dr. (ieorgo W.
Sbinn, tlio itcv. A. C. A. Hall, tho U. y.
Charles W. Kctchoin and tho It"V. Fn.d
eruk C. Allen. There was aUi muny
promilictlt lay IlieiiiU'ls of the Lpiscrqud
Church in stU'iid men. Follow iiy were
the olllciating clergy: Celebrant, Dr.
Chamlxir; cpitolnr, Dr. Sull. Ihe Kt.
It.-v. Ik nj imin II. I'ad lis k, lli-hopof
Sluss.ichuiM-tts, wished thn Cishoi-eleet
liod sH'e.l in a feeling address, ami nlso
gavo (ho blessing and iHjuediclioii.
1h Re. Frederick Ilwwr4 Arrltes
Ss-cUI I.nal h to Ills A l.
Jacksos, Telin., April 1.1. Tho Coy.
Frederick Howard, who has been in In
don several months looking afior his fa
mous hlsd suit sgsinsta nuuibur of prom
inent en pi Hi I its here and several newspa
pers ol tho Stale, of whom thn resders of
Tin A pit a i, are familiar, arrived home
A Hm.pprr "! IUmsIs.
piwrlal PtMti b lu IIm Aeis .il.
CoM Mius, Miss., April 1.1,-Capl. It.
W. Hanks today bought the Columbus
IwUs snd hikes iuimcdiate control. CnpU
Ikinksisono of onr most prominent eili
sens, lie is a clear and focihlu writer and
the paper could nol have fallen in'o belter
0.1. A. S.Coljar's Earnest Warning.
Tho L3i!sla'Jva Attao'c o:i tho Ia
duitrloa of tha St.it 3.
The Dnniooratlo Party Mu3t bo
Suvod From Foolish Loaders.
An Appoal to tho Noxt Democratic
Stato Convention Proposed.
is to be Ask id to Do1;ia Its Po
eltlon With Regard to Indus
trial InvoetmonU In Ton
To tlio Editor of The A)isiil:
Kabhviuk, Ten il, April '.'.Just crit
icism of public men and their ollicial nets
is the riuhtof tho private cili.i n. Ma
liciom criticism is a gravo oll'ctisj, but a
trutliful and resjNH'tful analysis of the nets
mid even the motives of public men is tho
Courni!ous discharge of duly.
Tho action of tho House of K"prtsentii
tives iu tho sesssion of the Tennessee
islaturu which baa just sojourned, on the
question of taxing tlio ms-rty of corpora
tions, demands at the hands of tho whole
people, but especially tlinso who hnvo
ventured to invest money. lu private cor
porations, a rnreful reckoning.
Shortly before tho meeting of tho legis
lature the Supremo Court bad made n de
cision which alarmed the Industrial inter
ests of the State greatly, and from all the
new enterprises in every part of tho Stato
there came ignitions to lli I-cgislaluro for
relief from the unequal an! excessive tax
ation which tho Supreme Court's decision
imposed under former IcgUlntion.
Tho result was, altera most fearful strug
gle, that a conservative tpirit in the Sou
ale In opMlion tow hut si-emed a deadly
hostility in the House If tho narrowest
m irgiii saved tho now industries of the
Slate all Ihe industries where capital is
combined from destruction.
Tho narrow escape of nil our ininingund
manufacturing industries l)y legislative ac
tion demand, nbso'iitety) demands, that
every possible prec.iulioii shall be taken
to prevent fulnr i disasters;
The motive which proulpled tho ni'tiou
of the House coiiniiiltees-illrst, tho Com
mittee on Ways nnd Mi-.uis, and second,
Ihe part of tho Confovnej Coinuiiitoo ap
siiiited by the House, niid w hoso several
steps the House followed, ins-1 not ls in
quired into: iu fact, it is due the gentle
men composing these cotntiiittces to sav
that the motive wiis not vicious, but nil
honest and conscientious UMief tbul the
inleri'st of the Male would Is) promoted
by crippling instead of tost ling these new
Industries, nna Una points. It is well lo
sav, from a hundred years of training in a
school whom teaching was: "There is
honor only in agriculture and the learned
Having said Ibis much, It is due those,
mininithvs and tho nielli's rs of the House
that 1 shnll stale Willi Sivurncy the issue
between tho House and thn N nnte.
Ihe Hou.o abandoned tho theory of
double Insation, gniwing out of former
legislation, as construed by I ho Supremo
Court, but aiilwtitulcd as a rule for all cor
porations, liiut tho tax on tho capital
stock of the company should in no case bo
lists than thu aggregate market valuo .of
the bonds nud s locks, and tiiat tho assess
ment should be made whero Ihe principal
ollico was situated, and Hist il should take
into consideration tho corsrale properly,
the fruuehise, the cjisoinuiits, etc.
Thn attention of the Couiiuitteo was
called to the fuels that tho bonds were
taxed in Ihe hsrnls of the owners, and that
many of our corpotations owned prots-rty
n-nl estule in several cotnities7 and llm't
under the Coiislilution and the decisions
of tb Supreme Court, the real estate of
CorKiratioiis bsd to Is) taxed in tho coun
ties where il lay. This was finally con
ceded lo be the law, but tho coiuiiulloc re
jit ud nn amendment lo give crudil, when
the assessment waa madeatlho piincipul
olliei', for tho taxes lw'i oil tho real
estate 111 other Counties.
It was shown tho committee (hut In
many instance but a am ill part of tho
property was in the county of tho princi
pal otlliv, whilo the bonds and slock
wero based on the entire pr orty, and
their valued were made up i.niniy frmn
the proporiy already taxed in tho other
ben Ihe bill in this simp" went to the
Smate, by sn ovi'islir-.iiuiig majority,
thai burly struck out the nrliitr.try tiixaiion
bused on tlio aggregate luiirknt h1iim of
Uiuds and st'S'k, snd ntn'inlid by pinking
il tlio duty of the sssvss.tr lo hmli as evi
dence lo the hinds and stisk as well ss
Ihe proHrty and the income, so I lo thus
nsseM tlio pniMirty at lis bid value includ
ing fraiiclii!, easriietil'i, etc., giving
credit lor prniH-rly already t.mod in oilier
'1 ho House promptly rcf.ise I to c. incur
in this amendment, an I trim I I to a con
Irreoi o coiiiimtlis, w neii 1'ie House coin
liilllisa inelnlsTS ri'luct.iuliy cuiseiili-d lo
give credit for proKrty uirrs !y laxed. and
rolin ta illy suhstuute I "a tii.il'' for "mar
kr't" valll", but refu I to iibandon the
nrbitmry llxing of tho val'S) by tho aggre
gate of tsnnls ami stis k.
It is due to truth to sitf, further, Hint
alter tho bill was rrpurnd to the I bono by
the Ways and Means ('.iiiiiinttis! -lo tiled
down as il was with bo-tni'y to all cor
sirate intcrisiU thn House, by a decided
inajiftily, voted down all ouii ii lni"iils of
iiiisirluucn, and Csh-, mllv the amr-iid-llieuts
looking to eon oit itioii w ith other
proM'rty in tho mode ol Uixs'ioti. Among
other things the House, up m a plant
simple proposition, icfu-'d lo allow tr.id.t
at Itie principal olll,.' wliri tin1 Bs-1.
uieiit on thn aggregate of Ikiii Is snd s'is k
is made, for prqurty tax d iu other
All this alarmed poplolm have money
Invested in corHiraiioiis. U'l the moro so
because the action wat di li ieb'd us sound
Democratic diM'trine, an I a especially
pressed by the loaders of the Democratic
parly in the House.
Tho narrow eseae fries -1 bill which, In
all its features, was In. do to every inter
est connected will) corp ir.inoii, nJ tho
fuel ibiit the couservsl'io nn'iiil-sT on tho
C-ouferenee (Hjininlilee. sn I tl"' N-nalo n
a Isnly, wero coiiimiI .1 si last, rather
than do nothing, to ahan l""
(air piopxwliioii (,,r Usui.' orporiili"iis as
individuals a-e Isxed - tri.it is, on all their
orojrty; tho value lo la- ascertained by
taking into consideration tho properly, tho
franchise, tho bonds, tho stock and the
income and to ugreo to a do::mafie nnd
arbitrary assessment not made by n
liO'tilo House making a totally dilleient
rule (or ascertaining the value of corporatn
property makes a caso for culling iu o
requisition tho Inalienable riht of Belf
Kvery possible effort lu:a been Iliads to
mollify the :i- periti s of inherited hostility
to our new industries i, in nig lliat class of
people wlioso dirf.ivor liiitU a resting placo
in imaginary political dogmas. The hos
tility bus been so reasonable, and in truth
so unnatural, that people who had etn
barked ill iniuing and uianulacttiriug have
with somo coiiliili.'iico waited tor a reac
tion. Charters nro not favors bestowed they
are iniitjers of right, mid equally accessible
to all. IVople who have taken thft risk
of n new business in tho South nnd gone
to mining or iimnufaeiiiring are conscious
that their charters give them no exclusive
privileges, but they are doing what all
others may do. And they are conscious,
ulsn, that others w ho follow only Ihe long
established pursuits take little or no risks,
while their business, being new and uu
trie I, is very risky, even witli friendly
lu the South they are not funning
trusts or making uuia'wiul combines, but
they aro inventing uioicy aud trying to
work out new problems for the South
problems which they believe, though they
may be mistaken, will be promotive of tho
These problems, it is well known, can
not io worked out Ulld solved except
through corporations chnrters which
liny live cih.em may obtain.
At each succeeding Uoii'-nd Assembly
in Tcnnes-.ee, instead of being niollitieil
the asperities of Inherited hostility to nil
new industries seem to hi'sharpcncd, until
nt last the most numerous branch of tlio
( ieneral Assembly makes its every step
with unmistakable purpose to load theni
wiih burdens which are uneoual nnd un
just, in a taxing sense, nnd w lin h it is
manliest lliey cannot bear.
The refusal of the House to oven con
sider the S mate's proposition to look al
the property, nud then the income, the
IxmuIs, the Block and the franchise of cor- i
isirations ns evidence, nn I lakini nil into
consideration let the iiss-'ssor who assesses
nil other properly nlso nwss the prorieri v
of corporations, and then llio refmd of
the lioii-e, until the alternative was no as-
s ssiueut aii'l perhaps no appropriation
bill, to givo credit on the main usoei-nnent
for properly assessed in other co.inties,
cinp!ui-ics with great force the suggestion
already made, that we have reieliedn
point win II self defense U tlio lightlill if
not tho only remedy.
Tno encouragement given, to inlning nnd
liiinufacturiiig interests in the Mates
around uspvufiilly euhunee thecotiscioiu
Iksss of our ov n hostile legislation.
After staling these fne.s niuke nn apol
ogy for sug ;.-sl nig tho mo In nud manner
of protect nig our industrial interests and
the capital invested.
The Iinio bus not arrived for considering
new party nlbiiations; but lb.! lime has
come, when llm people who have invested
money iu mining nnd manufacturing nud
the hihorors who lin t employment by
these inveslmeiils shnll b.ivp somo dcuuila
uuderstaii bug with the duiuiiiaiit pirly In
I ho people w liose III vestment are pul
in property, nna whose lawlul hiioneni is
asssilud by party leielem w i ill a persisieucy
if not a to dignity, which Inherited preju-
dice onlv can actsiunl for as n rule, Is-long
to Ihe dominant party, nn l their past bis
lory in connectioii Willi the party juMilles
tlieni iu uiei liiig fin 0 to lino with those
w ho prosse to use party power to crush
them and destroy their lawful business
nnd to know by what authority Ihe power
of organised I eiiiis-nicy Is made available
for cru-hing out the lawful business of miy
class of citizens, aud, monv.vor, to demiud
in convention at the ban Is of the party
whose iuten-sls lliey have served in tho
main (sir dealing in Ihe future.
In older wor.ls, w hen a Detii's-rallo
Velitiori is called nexi year, mm thing
must be done done Isiidly and icsiimIv
and Ihst is lo hnvo the party in a formal
wsv solemnly il.s i.lc, ami muko a n-eunl
of Iff whether tho docltine of tho IVino
cralic lloiiso of Itepreseiilntives in fixing
one rule for taxing inonwy invested in
mining aud manufacturing and another
for taxing money in all other Pursuit is
Democratic doctrine; wleMher tho b-gil:i-
ture shall nsss-sa, by a lixed and oppn-ss-
Ive rule, money thus Invested, wlulo nil
other investments shall he mailt) by an as
sessor on his Is -st judgment.
I write III us) plainly im-ciiuso Ilia bill Is a
discrimination, by the legislature, s; iinst
corp.irato interesis which will greatly crip-
plothem, and Ib-i iim. the lull, ss it passed
thn House, would hsvo destroyed, or
pnralvt"d into slow death, sll thn corix.rs-
lions in the Mate, Slid I credit this hostile,
b'k'islntion to the doiniiiiiiit pany, simply
In'Ciiiisc Hie iloiuinant parly u resMiiisilili
for it. ygils,ion Hint p'i ru rilHa ml
for tsxing eitu ois.or their money invesied
in nuintiii or manufacturing, who sre ii-iug
charier, which all the eilis ns of the st.on
limy ue whieli rulo I iirtutr iry sii. op
pressive, liking awnv from the A'er
tbsl lliscrell ill which be CKere.e ss to sl
other ciIk mis mid Ihi-ir tuori. riv - should
Is! met by tint Miplo whose pioH rty is
llius singled nut for hostile and oppressive
l.ix ilioti with a bold and manly protest
lo Iki read in tho councils of the isirty.
Tho legislature not only di-eriiulinti-1
in tin inodii of laxntioii, ng.iiusl i--..i.lo
who have cmb irked in the new Industries.
but it put on I'm it a system of reiisu-smeni
ng.iiusl corp nations, giving enormous
pii'iiinim iu the way of c iin'oissioii lo
a'turin'i lo Ih apMiinlci to liisiitute bar
ssong Isw suits; and nlri ndy several of Hie
metnlH-ra wno eie te. llio t oiniit roller,
created the oltiees, nnd lliell pus-ei the
law giving him the tsiwer to mnkn the sp
Hiniini n', are holding out ll.eir haiids to
llm ( ouip'ro'ler wl.oin lin y elected for the
olllret i tiicli I hey thomselyes rrs-iti-l, sn I
tins it: 1 in loo ntinospliere fell. I witn
rumors of bsryaiu and lutilgun.
Ik-sites Is'ing oppressive, unjust nnd
h missing lo i be ts-ople and their inl. ie.
S-sulled by thn I eg'sl.dure. II is a ui'ml
uiin.iv.il r dish and must ho rebuke I in un
mistakable ter ns by Ihe domiii tut party
of too Male.
The oppressive system of doub'e tsts-
tiou, under the guiss of rn-assi-Miueiit, M
sln-iely b.-iug niaiiipuliilod by its Im-iio.
Hcisri-s, snd the indicslions Isiint unerr
ingly to uneiiiil., h'irrsiuoul during the
next two years for all who hsvo money in
inining, manufacturing, or other corporate
If corisirata Interests Wero dlslsised to
retaliate on oilier interests, for cL-iln:ivo
oppression, they might readily begin al A
and li to on real estate sswswiiieiiis.
Cm this Is not the remedy (or a wrong
which IS founded on traditions! nrcliidices
and vicious h-glshitlon by tlie doiuinint
party: tho remedy is a fseo to face mill
ing, insula tha miriv and around thn
council board, snd then a d and vet, a
demand -that tho Oat shall be Issued put-
ii g tho mining nnd manufacturing inter
(mis of the Slain on the same footing of nil
other business interests in carrying bur
dens nnd mi unequivocal condemnation of
the legislative discrimination ex rcisi by
the dominant parlv iu tlie last General
Assoatbly toward thesj interests.
W hen party poiver is turned upon mi v
law ful business making iliscrimin itiona
ngainist it, by imposing on it more than its
iiluire of the burdens of government, party
fealty nt once gives way to tlio n,-ht of
Kclf-dofeusp, nnd those who uro injured
have a rigid, not simply to nppeir nnd
argue the question, but to demand justice
nnd fair deilinz; nnd especially wh m tho
oppressive disriniiiiatiiiiH-;ncvery manu
facturer in tiie Siat i knows thesa will t i
threnteutlie ruin of the buniue. . assailed
nnd turu away into friendly lields every
dollar id capital seeking investment iu tin)
No such blow has been strin k nt Ten
nessee. What shall we do? The uiiswer
is: Let nil who luivo money invesied in
coiiinraiions, who uro niiniiiL' or manufae-
tntiniT. ntlil ulill lint, in,. I., tli.i .l.,,,i,,..,,t1
party the party reqiousiblo for the in
justice org.mix.) an ussiieia'ioii ulicrebv
lliey can co-operate, an I insidntho party
demand an iuimediate nbiiu.loiiineul of
the policy adopted, of hoslilo discrimina
tion, iigiiinst their business Interests.
Our party leaders have used the power
of the parly to destroy our business inter
ests, nnd we owe it'to ourselves to meet
them before they are iy.ini relumed to
power, uud say to each' one of them,
"wherefore dost thou this?"
A. H. Coi.vaiu
Their DeprodHtlons In Indlnnn tn Hplla
of Rocent rroHjcutto.is.
Kvansviixi:, I ml., April IX--The Whito
Cups, unterritied by recent prosecutions,
and rather emboldened by Ihe release and
ncquitttil of a n umber of tho band, have
commenced fresh depredations in Warrick
nud Dubois Counties. John Linsford is
n road supervisor in .Midism township,
Dubois County, and one of bis duties is to
tako up stray ho. Ceccntly ho has
galheicd in Ill's wav aud impounded a
l.i re number of poikcrs, w hich he refused
to release without the customary line.
Uist Monday he received notice from tho
White Cap in regulation st In that lb iso
hog i were the pioperly of p ir p 'nplo,
un ib!e to pay the line, and if not prompily
tv ears si In" would be visil'd on We lie's
diiy nibt nnd compelled to suireielei
1 1 1 o in. I lints 1. iv morning ut 1 o'clock
the White caps appealed to cat.y
out their threat, nnd Mr. I.ins
ford was nwakeii'd I v u body of
twenty ma-ked Ineu, who deiii.m led tho
ho.', lie re'iised, Ulld they lilsuiouilted
arid priH'eeded logo thr ill;;.! his preiuis -s.
He wained them to deiist, nnd when lliey
disregarded 1 1 i tit ho 0H'iied lire with a
di.ublo li.il relied shotgun, wmiuding two
with tlie first volley. Tin) While Cap
iuimcdi.itclv returned the ti e thtotigh tiie
w ni'low i of the hoiiso, wounding a young
son of laillsfoid's, who was deM elidiuJlhe
interior st.in siiy. The old gelitleuiail look
i i t - i. . . . i. i
Iiiuv) ii u i.riiru ui w.'veii-siiiMiiers iiuor his
i barging bis uun, nud continued lo pour
tsM't aitr losit ttitn ttin r jn'ss nf 1.1s umsiiiI.
ants, who, alter discharging lln-ir we.iuis.
Is ut a hasty retreat, beaniiu three ol llieir
wounded roniruilrs oul ol the var.l. I inn
of Iheiu has since biH'il ideuliliisl bv lint
wounds ho received, snd through him it
is learned that live of ton While I 'ap were
wounded. I.Hiisf.ird's son only r.seived a
ll.'sh wound, wb.ih is not serious. Mr.
Ijin fonl is satisijed that he knows several
ol tin) While Cap, and they will nt ouco
oc summoned Ism ire tho liran.l Jury.
Thn WbiteCiii uiso appeure I 1 huts lay
ni.'lit near Newburgli, Uiiriick County.
about tnelvemilcs ftom Ibis cilv. A baud
of ten visited the house ol W. T. Master
sou, who is alleged to fail to provide lor
bis family. Hit was irlveli ten i.i.hes mi l
piomisetl lorty mum il lie did nol iiu
prove Ins wajs. Tho siuio night they
visited a negro mimed J sines t rews. who
lias a while wilu, au l who bad been pro
vmusiy warned, juey Iisik iuiii lo a
wood nesrbv. tied 1 1 1 in uaked lo a lns nnd
sdiiiinisierisl forty lashns to bis bare back.
I In was left tied to Iho tree, where some ol
his (riends sulMM-queiilly n uei him. Thn
terrors ol last year instituted bv this amu
of Whito lYss are breaking out afresh.
I ho Indignation ol law abnling citieus is
great, slid ills said will result iii the or
gainxalion of vigilance coiniuitlecs to sup
Until KnaMtrr.' Sjreks.
0.UIK, Mo., Ajirii IX A lust snd earn-
est eflort is Is'ing made to save llio I'. il I
Kuobbers from tho gallows. 'Ibis llnnl
moveriieiit lo urge thn linvcrnor lo com
mute Iho sentence sgninst the three con-
lemned men to imiiiiMiiiiiieiit lor life, is
the most extensive sllorl to seeiire execu
tive l lelinni V thai bus vet Ix-eil made,
and roiileiiipi.des a united ple from rep
resentative ineu tnnii Cliristimi, iKiiiglass,
Mono, Tracy uud I irieii Couiilies. 1-iljiicis
are lo call on the tiovernor uboiit April
l.. The two Walkers still Is iir lln ir up-
puieiil ilisi ii with a wonderful nerve.
A KhmsIi Trip Wis Ihs far in.
Sax I nimisio, Cnl., April IX - The
stenni.hip Al.iiued i, of Ihe Oceanic Lino,
Coinui ni'ler II. J. Marsn, arrive I hern at
H o'cloi k Ibis morning, having sailed from
Sydney March 'JO. She bid onu of Ihe
toughest lriis iu her experiem e, encoiinl
eriug gil" snd heavy sens until she
n srhed llouobilii. She slopped nt To
lil.i. sn is. nn I ol iho alll.l.'ll group, nl 10
u'ei.s k on tint moiniiigol Man li i . where
hn I'. nnd th" A in. ri. .in s-'lio-ioi r li.pi.itor
Willi Aiiii r.c.in mails and It n cad. I Irom
Ihe Aun-iiesii w irsbqs wrecked at Ann.
I 'oinin inder Morse, up ill lesriiiiig ol Ihe
disaster lo tho A me' i, sn ship, at oncw
laiiel (or Apia. On thn way bo inel
llm mild cutter Slid reesived the I ier
limn in i Is id Apia, llm Aliiine.l.i look
on b".ir I Ihirlv s.x wounded s...i'n n, also
I -it-iit. Ihi'ley and Iwinly-niue woomled
sc. linen lo rolin) Il pi i ii tin) Honolulu
si "inner. Ihe Al.cne.l.i brought the lol
loAing naval cadeis Iro n llm mnn-of-wsr
Intitou: It. Kihk'0, F. W. I lei. Ik, II. C.
De. k. r, II. W. Wells, W. S. Cloke. li. W.
l.g.iu un I It. Jsi kon, nud Naval Cadets
II. A. Wiley, l A. M afford and 1. A.
I jpiine, of Ihe Vaudalia.
Ciiii A'.o, Ii i., April IX l.d lio li.illery,
eleven year old, was killed lost evening
by Ihe accidental discharge of a revolver.
bile oeih.iuliiigthe drawers of a bureau
in hi fathers room the lad called oul to bis
mother that ho bsd found his father's pis
tol, 'i hs mother hurried Into tho room
sud gnipedlhs we ii i sn by the handle and
not kiiusnig Ihst II was double action, un
(oriiinalely isugld hold of Iho trigtor. An
explosion followed. The bullet lodged
ju-l under l.ddie's right eyn ami be (ell to
Ihe II sir, dying In hsl( an hour. Mr. and
Mm. liallciy are distracted with griuf.
TO BE TWINS.
McmDilis to Havd a Pretty Sister.
Weat MomphU Qathorlnsr It3 Foroaa
fir a Pluiifio Forward.
Largo Manufacturing Ooncarna Lo
cated and Othorj Comlnjr.
Th.C.)ni;loMou of the BrldaoProm
luod li.vrlior Thau Expcctod.
When tho Now City nnd tlio Old, or
Queenly 8lu:or, Clot to Humping
Themselves, All Kivils Mast
Oo to Gross.
Indications point to a boom In West
Memphis unprecedented in the history of
that thriving city. It is attracting tlio no
tire of capitalists all oyer tho country, and
many there are who believe that at this
siiut on tho .Mis-issippi West Memphis
will play Minneapolis to the ancient city's
St. Paul. There is tin accounting for the
growth of cities, and frequently llio least
promising ou'strips all others. When
Hull, on the Ottawa I liver, in Ijuebcc,
Canada, was n thriving and well estab
lished city, a yoke of oxen, two barrels of
II air nnd a p ur of ludiati m wca-dii had
lo be given to u man to indue.) blin to live
on the other side, on tho rts'ks of
l'.ytown. I'.ytowu is now O'.tawa City, tho
capital and s.-nt of Ihe Dominion liovem
incut. Hull has her saw-mills nnd match
factory. Thousands of instances might be
eniimnrated of slnii.ar Import. There are
I hose w ho I.Hik forward lo '.he new Iohii
on Iho went sidy of the river with great
expectation. Jusl al present their argu
ment ure visionary, save this: There is no
debt iiicubiis over I here.
Among the iiuiiiIkii' nl enlerprisi'S that
nre going to West .Memphis, limy Isy men
lioncl ihe company rcrvnlly formed in
New Votk for ihe purpose of preserving
I i iiiImt. This company will simiu establish
n large pliml, uud, by some pr.s-i ss, pre
serve limber ol nil kinds lor nn in.lcllnito
Another Is s Kunsis I'ity enmpnuy that
has lncn surveying ground Willi n view to
tliu erection ol u large gram elevator near
lli't leirv Unidiiig.
Another company is bidding on land bo
low Ihe present elevator along tho river
front, where laigo nan mills uro lo bo
I. round bus bvn leased bv A largo
woodenwam l.ictory, nnd woik on Iho
s.i i nn will be commenced ut un early day.
io in. ko Ihe place nttr..c!ive, llio West
Memphis I'uckel Comptny contemplate
Ihe erection ol n pavilion i ixl'sl (cet to he
entirely t l wed In with a nice (eiice. This
is lor the use ol pirniot, p vrt.es, etc., dur
ing tlie summer.
11 iu new Oihlgs sompwny Is at present
coiisiruetiiig. nu ibis side of tho river, an
other caisson to be used ou the other side,
ami piling ill larke iuaiilities lias been
con i railed fur mil a will Is1 delivered
noil. The oiillisik now is llnil a great
army of l.ihorcrs will he employed on that
side of thn nver this summer. Il is esti
mate I that in onu vear nnd a half Iho
groat bridge will bo completed ncro.-s tho
liver. I his Is caused ,y thn unusually
favorable condition of tiio river nnd tha
low water. The Cairo bridge was lln slu d
six months earlier than was cxecled ou
this in count.
The (iovrriiiuetit survey tlint starts in
Missoiin and ciiiteiiiplates extending to
the SL Fiancis Itiver, has nlremly reuciied
as fur soii'.h as lllcdsoe's Lain'liiig and
work is orogresMing rapidly. This levee is
inn ndi d to protect the M, Kiancis b.isin
and will redeem a vast teintorv of line
hind. Altogether the outlook for Ihe west
side of Ihe river is bright.
ti I'rsMklt AelalMH.
Nnw Yoiik, April IX Tho tmtimj r4
iviys: lldward HL laiivy, of Michigan,
who was a Iteprcsciit.itive in tho Forty
N vciitli nnd Forty-Kighth Congress, will
Im inade Comptroller o( the Cum. nry, ami
John It, Thomiu, of Illinois, who has
ss rved lu lb" Inst II vo Congresses, is to be
Ibo Fiisl loniptrollcr ol ihn Treasury.
The .niioij I url isahlulo inako tins an
lioiiiiis ineiil coiiildciilly, tipuii the author
it v 1. 1 a Kepulilii un ihuii whom there
could 1st no l.etl. r authority. The I'resi
il.uil bus t, hourly delerioilie I iiiniii these
spNtitil uts, and Ihey will Im insdo
wi bin a lew das. Mr. I .aery owes his
cots I loituii - to inn flit nl-hip and iiieiba-
Inni ol liov. AIl-i i, i I .Me In.-. in, wlnlo
S n.ilor Collinu, of Illinois, Is the potent
in ll a- in o iu llm appointmeiii of Mr.
In 1'o-sraslon ml llMllsws.
I. mill, Col. Aid IX I'-ssiou, a town
cl.liiy live miles sou lb of hero and tho
sumo distent c Irein miy milread, is in sit
m ssiou of a gang of outlaws headed by
H it Thumps., ii, an old pnl of "Hilly tha
k I." 'ihey bsve liken poMcsMion u(
St.. i is, -nlisms and Ihe hmoI11co, have
ill.llll:,.'. d 1 1.0 COIltelits sil l lllleulell till)
live of cilij'ii il they attempt miy inter-fen-licit.
Ibe town ha been lired in sev-
end places and Iho Hsipln have fled to
surrounding lown lur s.uely. 11 is . nr.- l
Hull lle tuMii Hill In burned liny inghl.
I i iirn rs h.ivo Is-t n sen! to Iriind.ld and
Lis Animus for in I.
Ai m sti, Oa., A pi il IX A c. is-
sin d yesler.liiy by I'rcsileiit II. II. 1 1 ak
in. m, of the Southern Manufacturers' A-
sts iiilioii, for a in -cling of all Sjuthorn
in.iiiut.iiiiireri in Aiigutt.i, (l u, ou M ty I,
lo discuss Ihe matters of gelieiul illtciest
lo iiiiiiiufiii turvr. Odie-'liof Iho Farmers'
Alliance in iiisngiii nnd North Carolina
will holuvitcl lu meet with tbotn lo th-
rii Ihe qiieslioii ol col ton lugging lor tiie
next crop in opRnitio:i to jutu b.iggiug.
illsllM . ulshrS I' isseniers.
Nrw YoiiS, April IX Among tho IVX)
saloon passenger on the Canard steamship
Ciiibrnl, for l.lverss.l, today, Wero the
ineiiils'rs of Ihe Ssmosn commission
John A. Kaswii, Wilhaui Waller I'belps
aud liisir,-e II. Uates. Mr. Itates is ac-
coiup.iuie.l by Ins family. Lx-Mayor
Abr.nn S. Ilesilt and laiuity are also oa
U. VS. iBslln Kealasis.
IVi.timohx, Md., April IX Mr. lieorge
W. M vlin has resigned lib) petition in the
ollice of the First Vice-President of tha
llalliiiiore A Ohio, to bm-iime the HuisTln-
undent of tlm lUuuiuke A Southern luul